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DHS-IPUMS-I Zambia regions, 1990-2013 [consistent boundaries, GIS]

Codes and Frequencies

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Explore how IPUMS created this variable


DHS_IPUMSI_ZM provides geographic codes for Zambia that match those in the DHS and IPUMS-International databases. This variable can be used to link contextual area data from IPUMS-DHS to IPUMS-International or vice versa. The codes in DHS_IPUMSI_ZM indicate the major administrative unit in which the household was enumerated or surveyed.

GIS shapefiles for Zambia can be downloaded here.

Comparability — General

The units in DHS_IPUMSI_ZM are harmonized across DHS and IPUMS-International samples to account for changing boundaries in the major administrative level of geography. The time span for DHS samples are 1992 to 2018 and corresponds to the census samples from 1990 to 2010 in IPUMS-International.

Boundary Changes: Muchinga province was formed from parts of Northern and Eastern provinces after 2010.


  • All households


  • Zambia: 1990, 2000, 2010