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DHS-IPUMS-I Malawi regions, 1987-2010 [consistent boundaries, GIS]

Codes and Frequencies

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Explore how IPUMS created this variable


DHS_IPUMSI_MW provides geographic codes for Malawi that match those in the DHS and IPUMS-International databases. This variable can be used to link contextual area data from IPUMS-DHS to IPUMS-International or vice versa. The codes in DHS_IPUMSI_MW indicate the major administrative unit in which the household was enumerated or surveyed.

GIS shapefiles for Malawi can be downloaded here.

Comparability — General

The units in DHS_IPUMSI_MW are harmonized across DHS and IPUMS-International samples to account for changing boundaries in the major administrative level of geography. The time span for DHS samples are 1992 to 2016 and corresponds to the census samples from 1987 to 2008 in IPUMS-International.

The DHS samples provide geographical information for groups of districts, while the IPUMS-International samples uses districts.


  • All households


  • Malawi: 1987, 1998, 2008