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DHS-IPUMS-I Mali regions, 1987-2012 [consistent boundaries, GIS]

Codes and Frequencies

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Explore how IPUMS created this variable


DHS_IPUMSI_ML provides geographic codes for Mali that match those in the DHS and IPUMS-International databases. This variable can be used to link contextual area data from IPUMS-DHS to IPUMS-International or vice versa. The codes in DHS_IPUMSI_ML indicate the major administrative unit in which the household was enumerated or surveyed.
GIS shapefiles for Mali can be downloaded here.

Comparability — General

The units in DHS_IPUMSI_ML are harmonized across DHS and IPUMS-International samples to account for changing boundaries in the major administrative level of geography. The time span for DHS samples are 1995 to 2018 and corresponds to the census samples from 1987 to 2009 in IPUMS-International.

Mali 1987 DHS sample is excluded from DHS_IPUMSI_ML due to inconsistent boundaries and geographic units.

The 2012 DHS Mali survey excludes the following regions:

  • Tombouctou, Kidal, and Gao.
  • Parts of Mopti (Douentza, Tenenkou, and Youwarou cercles)
Boundary changes: Kidal was created from Gao before 2000.


  • All households


  • Mali: 1987, 1998, 2009