Data Cart

Your data extract

0 variables
0 samples
View Cart
CHSURV
Children surviving

Codes and Frequencies



Can't find the category you are looking for? Try the Detailed codes

Description

CHSURV reports the number of children born to a woman who was still living at the time of the census.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Argentina
Armenia
Belarus
Bolivia
Botswana
Brazil
Burkina Faso
Cameroon
Chile
China
Colombia
Costa Rica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Ethiopia
Fiji
Ghana
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Jamaica
Kenya
Kyrgyz Republic
Liberia
Malawi
Malaysia
Mali
Mexico
Morocco
Mozambique
Nicaragua
Nigeria
Pakistan
Palestine
Panama
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Rwanda
Sierra Leone
South Africa
South Sudan
Sudan
Tanzania
Thailand
Trinidad and Tobago
Turkey
Uganda
Uruguay
Venezuela
Vietnam
Zambia

Comparability — General

CHSURV is comparable across samples, if one accounts for the differing universes. These universe differences can be significant. There are three basic universe constraints: all women above a certain age; only women of childbearing age; only ever-married women.

Census data on childbirths and deaths are often considered unreliable. Some samples report implausible or impossible numbers of children surviving. We have not attempted to impose consistency between the reported number of children surviving and number of children ever born. In all samples, responses above 30 children are top-coded to 30.

Data on childbirths are recorded in CHBORN.

Comparability — Argentina [top]

The universe changes from females age 12 or older in 1970, to females age 14 and older who ever gave birth in 1980-1991. The question was not asked in the 2001 census.

Comparability — Armenia [top]

The 2001 and 2011 samples have a top-code at 7+.

Comparability — Belarus [top]

The 1999 sample is top-coded at 11+.

Comparability — Bolivia [top]

The age universe for Bolivia changes from 12 and older in 1976 and 1992 to 15 and older in 2001. Responses in 2001 are top-coded at 14 or more children.

Comparability — Botswana [top]

For all samples, CHSURV is constructed from original variables indicating children living in the household and children living elsewhere. The 1981, 1991, and 2011 samples are top-coded at 10+. The 2001 sample is top-coded at 7+.

Comparability — Brazil [top]

The age universe changes from 10 in 1960, to 15 in 1970-1980, and back to 10 in 1991-2010. The 1960 sample includes stillbirths in CHBORN. Calculations using that variable in combination with CHSURV will be affected.

The 2010 sample is top-coded at 20+.

Comparability — Burkina Faso [top]

The universe changes over time. The 1996 and 2006 samples are constructed by combining male and female children surviving.

Comparability — Cameroon [top]

The 2005 sample is top-coded at 15+.

Comparability — Chile [top]

There is a slight change in the age universe in 1992.

The 1982 sample is top-coded at 14+. The 1992 sample is top-coded at 18+. The 2002 sample is top-coded at 16+.

Comparability — China [top]

The 1990 sample was top-coded at 9+ and is constructed using male and female survival. The 2000 sample does not have a top code.

Comparability — Colombia [top]

The age universe changes from 15 and older in 1973-1985 to 12 and older in 1993-2005. The 1993 sample is constructed using male and female survival. The 2005 sample is top-coded at 16+.

Comparability — Costa Rica [top]

The age universe changes from 15 and older in 1973-1984 to 12 and older in 2000 and 2011. The 200 sample is top-coded at 16+ and the 2011 sample is top-coded at 15+.

Comparability — Dominican Republic [top]

The age universe for the 1970, 2002 and 2010 samples is women age 15 and older; in the 1981 sample it is women age 12 and older.
The 1981 integrated variable is constructed through multiple harmonized variables.
The 2002 sample is top-coded at 15+. The 2010 sample is top-coded at 15+.

Comparability — Ecuador [top]

The age universe changes from 15+ for 1974-1990, to 12+ in 2001-2010. The 2010 sample has a top-code of 16+.

Comparability — Ethiopia [top]

The universe statement varies across samples. The 1984 and 1994 samples include female residents age 10 or older. The 2007 sample includes long-form female respondents age 10 or older.

For all samples, the integrated variable is constructed from the subtraction of the number of dead children born alive from the number of live births.

Comparability — Fiji [top]

The 2007 sample is top-coded at 10+ children.

Comparability — Ghana [top]

The 2000 sample is top-coded at 16+ while the 2010 sample is top-coded at 14+ children.

Comparability — Indonesia [top]

Universes vary across samples with respect to age and marital status. Top-coding also differs among samples.

Comparability — Iran [top]

For both the 2006 and 2011 sample, CHSURV is constructed from input variables indicating male children surviving and female children surviving. The 2006 sample is top-coded at 16+ and the 2011 sample is top-coded at 10+.

Comparability — Iraq [top]

Only ever-married females were asked the question.

Comparability — Jamaica [top]

The universe differs between samples, with the 2001 sample restricting respondents to women of reproductive age. The top-code changes from 15+ children in 1982 to 12+ children in 2001.

Comparability — Kenya [top]

The universe changes over time. In the 1969 sample, the question is asked of women age 12 and older, while the 1989 and 1999 samples ask women age 12 and older who ever gave birth. The 1979 enumeration form indicates that the universe was females age 12+, but it appears to actually be females age 15+ regardless of whether they had given birth. There are a large proportion of missing cases.

The 1979 sample is top-coded at 20 children or more, 1989 at 30 or more, and 1999 at 18 or more.

Comparability — Kyrgyz Republic [top]

The universe differs between samples. The 1999 sample is top-coded at 13+ children and the 2009 sample is top-coded at 14+ children.

Comparability — Liberia [top]

The age universe for the 1974 sample is women age 10 and older; in the 2008 sample it is women age 12 to 54. The 1974 and 2008 samples are top-coded at 13 or more children.

Comparability — Malawi [top]

The universe statement varies across samples. The 2008 sample has a top-code of 13 + children.

Comparability — Malaysia [top]

Only ever-married females were asked the question.

Comparability — Mali [top]

The universe changes from the 1987 and 1998 samples, women age 12 and older who ever gave birth to women age 12 to 49 with live births for the 2009 sample. The 1998 sample is top-coded at 13 or more children while the 2009 sample has a top code of 12 or more children.

Comparability — Mexico [top]

The 2015 sample is top-coded at 20+. The other samples are not top-coded.

Comparability — Morocco [top]

The 1982 sample did not collect data from women over age 50.
For each sample, this integrated variables is calculated by summing the number of children still alive who live in the household to the number of children still alive living elsewhere.

Comparability — Mozambique [top]

The universe statement varies across samples. The 1997 sample includes female residents ages 12 to 50. The 2007 sample include female residents age 12 or older.
The integrated variables are constructed using multiple harmonized variables.

Comparability — Nicaragua [top]

The minimum age of the universe definition changes between the three samples. The top-code for the 1995 and 2005 samples is 15 or more children.

Comparability — Nigeria [top]

The universe changes slightly between samples.

Comparability — Pakistan [top]

Only ever-married women were asked the census question.

Comparability — Palestine [top]

Only ever-married females were asked the census question. In the 2007 sample, women in the section of Jerusalem annexed by Israel in 1967 are not in the universe.
The 1997 sample have a top-code of 18+ children.

Comparability — Panama [top]

The age universe changes from age 15 and older for 1980-1990 to age 12 and older in 2000-2010. The 200 sample is top-coded at 14+ children and the 2010 sample is top-coded at 15+ children.

Comparability — Paraguay [top]

The universe statement varies across samples. The 1972 sample includes females age 15 or older who ever gave birth. The 1982 and 1992 samples include females age 14 or older who ever gave birth. The 2002 sample includes females age 12 or older who ever gave birth.

The top-code varies across samples. It is 15+ children in 1972, 10+ children in 1982 and 1992, and 16+ children in 2002.

For the 1982 and 1992 samples, the integrated variable is constructed from the subtraction of the number of dead children born alive from the number of live births.

Comparability — Peru [top]

The top-code differs across samples. In the 1993 sample it is 16 or more children and in 2007 is it 15 or more children.

Comparability — Philippines [top]

Only ever-married women age 15 to 49 are in the universe.

Comparability — Rwanda [top]

The integrated variable is constructed from the male children surviving and female children surviving unharmonized variables.

Comparability — Sierra Leone [top]

The 2004 sample is top-coded at 14 or more children.

Comparability — South Africa [top]

The universe changes between samples. In 1996 women age 12 and older residing in private households answered the question. In 2001 and 2007, the universe includes only women between the ages of 12 and 50, without regard to household type.

Comparability — South Sudan [top]

The universe for the 2008 sample is women age 12 to 54. The variable is top-coded at 14 or more children.

Comparability — Sudan [top]

In 2008, only ever-married women age 12 to 54 were asked the question. The variable is top-coded at 18 or more children.

Comparability — Tanzania [top]

The integrated variable for 1988 was constructed from multiple unharmonized variables. The 2012 sample is top-coded at 15+.

Comparability — Thailand [top]

There are differences in the universe of respondents. The 2000 sample is top-coded at 16+.

Comparability — Trinidad and Tobago [top]

The 2011 sample is top-coded at 10+.

Comparability — Turkey [top]

The samples from 1985 and 1990 are top-coded at 10 or more children. The integrated variable for 2000 is constructed using male children surviving and female children surviving unharmonized variables.

Comparability — Uganda [top]

The universe changes between samples: the 1991 sample includes all women age 12 and older; the 2002 sample caps the age of women asked the question at 54 years.
The integrated variables form 2002 was constructed using number of children living at home plus the number of children reported living elsewhere.

Comparability — Uruguay [top]

The universe differs across samples. The 1975, 1985 and 1996 restrict the universe to women age 15 or older who ever gave birth. The 2011 sample asked the question to women age 12 or older who ever gave birth.

Comparability — Venezuela [top]

The sample from 2001 is top-coded at 18+ children.

Comparability — Vietnam [top]

In all three samples, the census question was addressed only to women of childbearing age, 15 to 49. The integrated variable is constructed from multiple unharmonized variables.

Comparability — Zambia [top]

The universe differs across samples. The 1990 and 2000 samples restrict the universe to women age 12 or older with children ever born. The 2010 sample asked the question to present women age 12 or older who ever gave birth. The 1990 and 2000 enumeration instructions indicate that this question should have been asked only of present household members and visitors, but the number of surviving children is reported for almost all absent household members; they are included in the universe.

The 1990 sample is top-coded at 9+ children. The 2000 and 2010 samples are top-coded at 10 or more children.
In 1990 and 2010 the integrated variables were constructed from multiple unharmonized variables including male and female children living at home and male and female children living in elsewhere.

Universe

  • Argentina 1970: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Argentina 1980: Females age 14+ who ever gave birth
  • Argentina 1991: Females age 14+ who ever gave birth
  • Armenia 2001: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Armenia 2011: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Belarus 1999: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Bolivia 1976: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Bolivia 1992: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Bolivia 2001: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Botswana 1981: Present resident females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Botswana 1991: Females aged 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Botswana 2001: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth except institutionalized non-residents
  • Botswana 2011: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth except institutionalized non-residents
  • Brazil 1960: Females age 10+ who ever gave birth
  • Brazil 1970: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Brazil 1980: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Brazil 1991: Females age 10+ who ever gave birth
  • Brazil 2000: Females age 10+ who ever gave birth
  • Brazil 2010: Females age 10+ who ever gave birth
  • Burkina Faso 1985: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Burkina Faso 1996: Female household residents age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Burkina Faso 2006: Females age 10+ who ever gave birth
  • Cambodia 1998: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Cambodia 2008: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Cameroon 2005: Females aged 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Chile 1970: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Chile 1982: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Chile 1992: Females age 14+ who ever gave birth
  • Chile 2002: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • China 1982: Females age 15 to 64 who ever gave birth
  • China 1990: Females age 15 to 64 who ever gave birth
  • China 2000: Females age 15 to 50 who ever gave birth
  • Colombia 1973: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Colombia 1985: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Colombia 1993: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Colombia 2005: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Costa Rica 1973: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Costa Rica 1984: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Costa Rica 2000: Female aged 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Costa Rica 2011: Female aged 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Dominican Republic 1970: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Dominican Republic 1981: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Dominican Republic 2002: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Dominican Republic 2010: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Ecuador 1974: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Ecuador 1982: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Ecuador 1990: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Ecuador 2001: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Ecuador 2010: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • El Salvador 1992: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • El Salvador 2007: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Ethiopia 1984: Female residents 10+ who ever gave birth
  • Ethiopia 1994: Female residents 10+ who ever gave birth
  • Ethiopia 2007: Long form female respondents age 10+ who ever gave birth
  • Fiji 1966: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Fiji 1976: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Fiji 2007: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Ghana 2000: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Ghana 2010: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Greece 1991: Females born before 1981 who ever gave birth
  • Guinea 1996: Non-visitor females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Haiti 2003: Females age 13+ who ever gave birth
  • Indonesia 1971: Ever-married females who ever gave birth
  • Indonesia 1976: Ever-married females who ever gave birth
  • Indonesia 1980: Ever-married females who ever gave birth
  • Indonesia 1990: Ever-married females age 10+ who ever gave birth
  • Indonesia 1995: Ever-married females age 10 to 54 who ever gave birth
  • Indonesia 2000: Ever-married females age 10+ who ever gave birth
  • Indonesia 2010: Females age 10+ in regular enumeration areas who ever gave birth
  • Iran 2006: Ever-married females who ever gave birth
  • Iran 2011: Females 10+ who ever gave birth
  • Iraq 1997: Ever-married females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Jamaica 1982: Females age 14+ in private households and some group quarters, not full-time students, who ever gave birth
  • Jamaica 2001: Females between the ages of 14 and 49 and who ever gave birth
  • Kenya 1969: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Kenya 1979: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Kenya 1989: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Kenya 1999: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Kyrgyz Republic 1999: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Kyrgyz Republic 2009: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Liberia 1974: Females age 10+ who ever gave birth
  • Liberia 2008: Females age 12 to 54 who ever gave birth
  • Malawi 1987: Females age 10+ who ever gave birth
  • Malawi 1998: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Malawi 2008: Non-visitor females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Malaysia 1970: Ever-married females age 10+ who ever gave birth
  • Malaysia 1980: Ever-married females age 10+ who ever gave birth
  • Mali 1987: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Mali 1998: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Mali 2009: Females age 12-49 who ever gave birth
  • Mexico 1990: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Mexico 2000: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Mexico 2005: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Mexico 2010: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Mexico 2015: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Mongolia 1989: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Morocco 1982: Ever-married females age 50 or less who ever gave birth
  • Morocco 1994: Ever-married females age 10+ who ever gave birth
  • Morocco 2004: Ever-married females who ever gave birth
  • Mozambique 1997: Female residents age 12 to 50 who have ever given birth
  • Mozambique 2007: Female residents age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Nicaragua 1971: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Nicaragua 1995: Females age 14+ who ever gave birth
  • Nicaragua 2005: Females age 13+ who have had live-born children
  • Nigeria 2006: Females age 15+ or ever-married who have ever been pregnant
  • Nigeria 2007: Females age 15+ who have ever been pregnant
  • Pakistan 1973: Ever-married females who ever gave birth
  • Palestine 1997: Ever-married females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Palestine 2007: Ever-married females age 12+ not in Jerusalem annexed by Israel in 1967 who ever gave birth
  • Panama 1980: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Panama 1990: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Panama 2000: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Panama 2010: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Paraguay 1972: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Paraguay 1982: Females age 14+ who ever gave birth
  • Paraguay 1992: Females age 14+ who ever gave birth
  • Paraguay 2002: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Peru 1993: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Peru 2007: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Philippines 1990: Ever-married females age 15 to 49 who ever gave birth
  • Rwanda 1991: Non-visitor females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Rwanda 2002: Non-visitor females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Senegal 2002: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Sierra Leone 2004: Females age 10+ who ever gave birth
  • South Africa 1996: Females age 12+ in private households who ever gave birth
  • South Africa 2001: Females age 12 to 50 who ever gave birth
  • South Africa 2007: Females age 12 to 50 who ever gave birth
  • South Sudan 2008: Ever-married females age 12 to 54
  • Sudan 2008: Ever-married females age 12 to 54
  • Tanzania 1988: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Tanzania 2002: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Tanzania 2012: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Thailand 1970: Ever-married females age 11+ who ever gave birth
  • Thailand 1980: Ever-married females age 11+ who ever gave birth
  • Thailand 1990: Ever-married females who ever gave birth
  • Thailand 2000: Ever-married females age 13+ who ever gave birth
  • Trinidad and Tobago 2011: Females age 14 to 54 in private households living in Trinidad and Tobago who ever gave birth
  • Turkey 1985: Ever married females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Turkey 1990: Ever married females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Turkey 2000: Ever married females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Uganda 1991: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Uganda 2002: Females age 12 to 54 who ever gave birth
  • Uruguay 1975: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Uruguay 1985: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Uruguay 1996: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Uruguay 2011: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Venezuela 1990: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Venezuela 2001: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Vietnam 1989: Females age 15 to 49 who ever gave birth
  • Vietnam 1999: Females age 15 to 49 who ever gave birth
  • Vietnam 2009: Females age 15 to 49 who ever gave birth
  • Zambia 1990: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Zambia 2000: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Zambia 2010: Present and visitor females 12+ who ever gave birth

Availability

  • Argentina: 1970, 1980, 1991
  • Armenia: 2001, 2011
  • Belarus: 1999
  • Bolivia: 1976, 1992, 2001
  • Botswana: 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Brazil: 1960, 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000, 2010
  • Burkina Faso: 1985, 1996, 2006
  • Cambodia: 1998, 2008
  • Cameroon: 2005
  • Chile: 1970, 1982, 1992, 2002
  • China: 1982, 1990, 2000
  • Colombia: 1973, 1985, 1993, 2005
  • Costa Rica: 1973, 1984, 2000, 2011
  • Dominican Republic: 1970, 1981, 2002, 2010
  • Ecuador: 1974, 1982, 1990, 2001, 2010
  • El Salvador: 1992, 2007
  • Ethiopia: 1984, 1994, 2007
  • Fiji: 1966, 1976, 2007
  • Ghana: 2000, 2010
  • Greece: 1991
  • Guinea: 1996
  • Haiti: 1982, 2003
  • Iceland: 1901, 1910
  • Indonesia: 1971, 1976, 1980, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2010
  • Iran: 2006, 2011
  • Iraq: 1997
  • Jamaica: 1982, 2001
  • Kenya: 1969, 1979, 1989, 1999
  • Kyrgyz Republic: 1999, 2009
  • Liberia: 1974, 2008
  • Malawi: 1987, 1998, 2008
  • Malaysia: 1970, 1980
  • Mali: 1987, 1998, 2009
  • Mexico: 1990, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015
  • Mongolia: 1989
  • Morocco: 1982, 1994, 2004
  • Mozambique: 1997, 2007
  • Nicaragua: 1971, 1995, 2005
  • Nigeria: 2006, 2007
  • Pakistan: 1973
  • Palestine: 1997, 2007
  • Panama: 1980, 1990, 2000, 2010
  • Paraguay: 1972, 1982, 1992, 2002
  • Peru: 1993, 2007
  • Philippines: 1990
  • Rwanda: 1991, 2002
  • Senegal: 2002
  • Sierra Leone: 2004
  • South Africa: 1996, 2001, 2007
  • South Sudan: 2008
  • Sudan: 2008
  • Tanzania: 1988, 2002, 2012
  • Thailand: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000
  • Trinidad and Tobago: 2011
  • Turkey: 1985, 1990, 2000
  • Uganda: 1991, 2002
  • United Kingdom: 1911
  • United States: 1900, 1910
  • Uruguay: 1975, 1975, 1985, 1985, 1996, 1996, 2011, 2011
  • Venezuela: 1990, 2001
  • Vietnam: 1989, 1999, 2009
  • Zambia: 1990, 2000, 2010