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CHDEAD
Number of children dead

Codes and Frequencies



Can't find the category you are looking for? Try the Detailed codes

Description

CHDEAD reports how many of the children ever born to a woman were no longer living at the time of the census. Women were to consider all live births by all fathers; they were to exclude still births.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Bolivia
Botswana
Cambodia
El Salvador
Ethiopia
Fiji
Honduras
Indonesia
Kenya
Lesotho
Malawi
Mexico
Morocco
Nigeria
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Sierra Leone
Tanzania
Thailand
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Comparability — General

The universes differ across samples, but are typically asked of women over a certain age who ever gave birth. Some samples only include women of child-bearing age in the universe for the variable; others restrict the universe to ever-married women only.

Users should be sensitive about the interpretation of the "Unknown" category, which is large for some samples.

Unless otherwise indicated, the variable is top-coded at 20 or more; see the codes page for details.

Data on child births are recorded in CHBORN. Some samples report deaths of children born within the past year. Those data are not included in CHDEAD.

It is possible to calculate total child deaths for samples that have both the Children Ever Born and Children Surviving variables. That is not done in CHDEAD, which includes only the samples that directly reported the information in the appropriate form.

Comparability — Bolivia [top]

The 2001 sample is top-coded at 12+.

Comparability — Botswana [top]

The 1981 sample is top-coded at 10+. The 2001 sample is top-coded at 5+. The 2011 sample is top-coded at 8+. For 2001, CHDEAD is constructed from separate variables for male and female children, both of which are top-coded; the data therefore underreport the actual number of children for a small number of cases. See the unharmonized source variables to identify the affected cases.

Comparability — Cambodia [top]

The data are calculated from separate variables for male and female children.

Comparability — El Salvador [top]

The data are comparable across samples. The only difference is that the 2007 sample includes an "Unknown" category, while the 1992 sample does not.

Comparability — Ethiopia [top]

The 2007 sample includes data only for long-form female respondents. In all years the data are constructed from separate variables for male and female children.

Comparability — Fiji [top]

The data are calculated from separate variables for male and female children; top-codes vary across sample years.

The variable is constructed from two variables that are each top-coded; the data therefore underreport the actual number of children for a small number of cases. See the unharmonized source variables to identify the affected cases.

Comparability — Honduras [top]

The data in 1974 and 1988 are top-coded at 12+.

Comparability — Indonesia [top]

Data are not available in all sample years, and the universe varies across samples with respect to age and marital status. Data for the 1990, 1995, and 2010 samples are calculated from separate variables for male and female children. The 1976 and 1980 samples, instead, report the total number of children dead.

Comparability — Kenya [top]

The universe is females age 12 and older who ever gave birth for all samples except 1979. The 1979 enumeration form indicates that the universe was females age 12+, but it appears to actually be females age 15+ who ever gave birth. There are a large proportion of missing cases.

For most samples, the variable is constructed from two variables that are each top-coded; the data therefore underreport the actual number of children for a small number of cases. See the unharmonized source variables to identify the affected cases.

Comparability — Lesotho [top]

The integrated variable was created from male and female children dead. The 1996 sample is top-coded at 6+; 2006 is top-coded at 4+.

Comparability — Malawi [top]

There is a minor age universe change between samples. The data are calculated from separate variables for male and female children.

Comparability — Mexico [top]

The 2015 sample is top-coded at 17+.

Comparability — Morocco [top]

The universe statement varies across samples. In 1982, the universe includes ever-married women age 50 or younger. In 1994, the universe includes married, divorced or widowed women age 10+. In 2004, the universe includes ever-married women. The 1994 and 2004 samples include an "Unknown" category, while the 1982 sample does not. The remaining categories are comparable across samples.

Comparability — Nigeria [top]

The universe differs across between samples.

Comparability — Papua New Guinea [top]

The integrated variable was created from male and female children dead. The 1980 sample is top-coded at 3+; 2000 is top-coded at 5+; 2011 is top-coded at 4+.

Comparability — Paraguay [top]

The age universe varies across samples as do the top-codes.

Comparability — Sierra Leone [top]

The data are calculated from separate variables for male and female children.

Comparability — Tanzania [top]

The data are calculated from separate responses for male and female children. The source variables for 2002 and 2012 are each top-coded; the data therefore underreport the actual number of children for a small number of cases. See the unharmonized source variables to identify the affected cases.

Comparability — Thailand [top]

The data in both samples are restricted to ever-married women.

Comparability — Zambia [top]

The universe differs across samples.

Comparability — Zimbabwe [top]

The integrated variable was created from male and female children dead. The 2012 sample is top-coded at 5+.

Universe

  • Bolivia 2001: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Botswana 1981: Present resident females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Botswana 1991: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Botswana 2001: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth except institutionalized non-residents
  • Botswana 2011: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth except institutionalized non-residents
  • Cambodia 2008: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Dominican Republic 1981: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • El Salvador 1992: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • El Salvador 2007: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Ethiopia 1984: Female residents age 10+ who ever gave birth
  • Ethiopia 1994: Female residents age 10+ who ever gave birth
  • Ethiopia 2007: Long form female respondents age 10+ who ever gave birth
  • Fiji 1986: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Fiji 1996: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Fiji 2007: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Haiti 1982: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Honduras 1974: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Honduras 1988: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Indonesia 1976: Ever-married females who had ever given birth
  • Indonesia 1980: Ever-married females who ever gave birth
  • Indonesia 1990: Ever-married females age 10+ who ever gave birth
  • Indonesia 1995: Ever-married females age 10 to 54 who ever gave birth
  • Indonesia 2010: Females age 10+ in regular enumeration areas who ever gave birth
  • Kenya 1969: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Kenya 1979: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Kenya 1989: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Kenya 1999: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Kenya 2009: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Lesotho 1996: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Lesotho 2006: Females age 12 to 49 who ever gave birth
  • Liberia 2008: Females age 12 to 54 who ever gave birth
  • Malawi 1987: Females age 10+ who ever gave birth
  • Malawi 1998: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Mexico 2000: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Mexico 2010: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Mexico 2015: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Morocco 1982: Ever-married females age 50 or younger who ever gave birth
  • Morocco 1994: Ever-married females age 10+ who ever gave birth
  • Morocco 2004: Ever-married females who ever gave birth
  • Nigeria 2006: Females age 15+ or ever-married who have ever been pregnant
  • Nigeria 2007: Females age 15+ ever pregnant
  • Papua New Guinea 1980: Urban females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Papua New Guinea 2000: Citizen females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Paraguay 1982: Females age 14+ who ever gave birth
  • Paraguay 1992: Females age 14+ who ever gave birth
  • Paraguay 2002: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Sierra Leone 2004: Females age 10+ who ever gave birth
  • South Africa 2007: Females age 12 to 50 who ever gave birth
  • South Sudan 2008: Females age 12 to 54 who ever gave birth
  • Sudan 2008: Ever-married females age 12 to 54 who ever gave birth
  • Tanzania 1988: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Tanzania 2002: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Tanzania 2012: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Thailand 1980: Ever-married females age 11+ who ever gave birth
  • Thailand 1990: Ever-married females age 13+ who ever gave birth
  • Thailand 2000: Ever-married females age 13+ who ever gave birth
  • Uganda 2002: Females age 12 to 54 who ever gave birth
  • Uruguay 1985: Females age 15+ who ever gave birth
  • Uruguay 2006: Females age 14+ who ever gave birth
  • Vietnam 1989: Females age 15 to 49 who ever gave birth
  • Vietnam 1999: Females age 15 to 49 who ever gave birth
  • Vietnam 2009: Females age 15 to 49 who ever gave birth
  • Zambia 1990: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Zambia 2000: Females age 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Zambia 2010: Present and visitor females 12+ who ever gave birth
  • Zimbabwe 2012: Females age 15 to 49 who ever gave birth

Availability

  • Bolivia: 2001
  • Botswana: 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Cambodia: 2008
  • Dominican Republic: 1981
  • El Salvador: 1992, 2007
  • Ethiopia: 1984, 1994, 2007
  • Fiji: 1986, 1996, 2007
  • Haiti: 1982
  • Honduras: 1974, 1988
  • Iceland: 1901, 1910
  • Indonesia: 1976, 1980, 1990, 1995, 2010
  • Kenya: 1969, 1979, 1989, 1999, 2009
  • Lesotho: 1996, 2006
  • Liberia: 2008
  • Malawi: 1987, 1998
  • Mexico: 2000, 2010, 2015
  • Morocco: 1982, 1994, 2004
  • Nigeria: 2006, 2007
  • Papua New Guinea: 1980, 2000, 2011
  • Paraguay: 1982, 1992, 2002
  • Sierra Leone: 2004
  • South Africa: 2007
  • South Sudan: 2008
  • Sudan: 2008
  • Tanzania: 1988, 2002, 2012
  • Thailand: 1980, 1990, 2000
  • Uganda: 2002
  • Uruguay: 1985, 1985, 2006
  • Vietnam: 1989, 1999, 2009
  • Zambia: 1990, 2000, 2010
  • Zimbabwe: 2012