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Codes and Frequencies



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Description

BATH indicates whether the household had access to bathing facilities and, in most cases, whether it had exclusive access.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Argentina
Armenia
Canada
Chile
Costa Rica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
Ethiopia
France
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Guatemala
Honduras
Hungary
Indonesia
Ireland
Israel
Jamaica
Mexico
Mongolia
Morocco
Nicaragua
Palestine
Panama
Paraguay
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Sierra Leone
Turkey
Uganda
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Venezuela

Comparability — General

The samples that include BATH are of two general varieties: samples that indicate only whether the household had bathing facilities; and those that distinguish between whether the facilities were for the exclusive use of the household or shared with other households.

Many samples specify the requirement of fixed facilities and connection to a drainage system. See the enumeration text for the various samples.

Comparability — Argentina [top]

The 1980 sample does not distinguish exclusive or shared use.

Comparability — Armenia [top]

Households with facilities outside their dwelling -- whether inside or outside their building -- are considered to have bathing facilities. They can be distinguished in the unharmonized source variable for the sample.

Comparability — Canada [top]

The 1971 sample identifies exclusive or shared use.

Comparability — Chile [top]

The samples from 1960 to 1982 identify exclusive or shared use; the later samples do not.

Comparability — Costa Rica [top]

Bathing facilities in 1973 explicitly include those which used unpiped water.

Comparability — Dominican Republic [top]

The unharmonized source variables contain information on whether the bathroom was located inside or outside the dwelling.

Comparability — Ecuador [top]

The data are comparable across samples.

Comparability — Egypt [top]

The data are comparable across samples except for slight variations in the question universes, and indicate whether the household has either a bathroom with a toilet or without a toilet. If a household had both a shared and a private bathroom available, it is classified as having exclusive use.

Comparability — Ethiopia [top]

The 1984 and 1994, information was collected only for urban areas. The 2007 sample includes households from both the short and long forms; bath information was included only on the long form.

Comparability — France [top]

The data are comparable across samples, indicating whether the household had a bathtub or a shower. The 2006 and 2011 sample additionally includes households in overseas departments; metropolitan France and overseas departments are split in the unharmonized variables.

Comparability — Germany [top]

The 1971 (East Germany) and 1987 (West Germany) samples indicates simply the presence of a bath/shower within the dwelling, whereas the 1981 (East Germany) sample indicates whether the bath/shower is within the dwelling ("exclusive use"), outside of the dwelling ("shared use"), or unavailable ("no facility").

All three samples are dwelling-specific; there may be multiple households in the same dwelling.

Comparability — Ghana [top]

The data are comparable across samples.

Comparability — Greece [top]

The data are comparable across samples, with only 2001 distinguishing a very few cases of shared use of facilities.

Comparability — Guatemala [top]

The census question in 1964 asks whether there is shower, bathtub or washstand in the household, without distinguishing shared or exclusive use.

Comparability — Honduras [top]

The 1961 census is a sample of individuals, not households. Information is only available for households consisting of a head. This sample distinguishes between shared and exclusive facilities, defining bathing facilities as a shower, bathtub, or other appliance and only if water arrives via pipes.

Comparability — Hungary [top]

The data are comparable across samples.

Comparability — Indonesia [top]

The data are comparable across samples and indicate the place where members of the household bathe. "Public" facilities are coded as "no bathing facilities", and are distinguished from facilities "shared" with a specific set of other households. Use of public bathing facilities is identified in the unharmonized source variable for each year.

Comparability — Ireland [top]

The data are comparable across samples, except that the 1971 sample distinguishes between shared and exclusive facilities. All samples indicate whether the household uses fixed facilities.

Comparability — Israel [top]

The data are comparable across samples.

Comparability — Jamaica [top]

The 2001 sample distinguishes between exclusive and shared use; a subsequent question addresses whether a fixed bath or shower is present in the bathroom.

Comparability — Mexico [top]

In 2010 and 2015, the census question refers specifically to showers. In 2010, cases when the household lives in a housing complex with common access are counted and are not distinguished from private showers.

Comparability — Mongolia [top]

The 2000 sample distinguishes between exclusive and shared access.

Comparability — Morocco [top]

The variable indicates if the household has private or shared access to a "modern" bathroom, defined as a bathroom with a shower or bathtub. There are separate questions in each sample on "traditional" Moroccan bathrooms, which can be found in the unharmonized source variables.

Comparability — Nicaragua [top]

The variable is only available for the 1971 census and indicates if the dwelling has a bathroom and its exclusivity. The unharmonized source variable retains detail on whether the bathroom has means of wastewater disposal.

Comparability — Palestine [top]

The data are comparable across samples except for slight variations in the question universes. The unharmonized variables distinguish between bathing facilities with and without piped water.

Comparability — Panama [top]

Bathing facilities include those without piped water.

Comparability — Paraguay [top]

The 1972-1982 samples distinguish between shared and exclusive use of bathing facilities. The 2002 sample does not.

Comparability — Portugal [top]

Only fixed baths are included, meaning only baths or showers that are connected to a water supply and to a drainage system.

Comparability — Puerto Rico [top]

The 1970-1980 samples separate shared and exclusive use of bathing facilities; the 1990 sample combines them.

Comparability — Sierra Leone [top]

The unharmonized variable details the location (inside or outside) and type (built or makeshift) of bathing facilities.

Comparability — Turkey [top]

The variable is only available for the 2000 census and indicates if there is a room set aside for bathing enclosed by four walls located either inside or outside (detached from) the dwelling. The locational detail is preserved in the unharmonized source variable.

Comparability — Uganda [top]

In 2002 makeshift facilities are included as having bathing facilities, because it appears consistent with 1991. The 1991 sample distinguishes between shared and exclusive use.

Comparability — United Kingdom [top]

The 2001 sample has data on shared or exclusive use, but does not identify households without any facilities.

Comparability — United States [top]

The data are comparable across samples.

Comparability — Uruguay [top]

The data indicate if the household has a bath or shower for common or shared use. The 1975 census has a separate question on whether the bath or shower has hot water.

Comparability — Venezuela [top]

The 2001 sample distinguishes between exclusive and shared access.

Universe

  • Argentina 1980: Private dwellings
  • Argentina 2010: Private dwellings
  • Armenia 2001: All households
  • Armenia 2011: All households
  • Belarus 1999: All households
  • Bolivia 1976: Occupied dwellings
  • Brazil 2000: Households in permanent dwellings
  • Brazil 2010: Households in permanent dwellings
  • Canada 1971: Private households
  • Canada 1981: Private households
  • Chile 1960: Households in which the head was sampled
  • Chile 1970: Occupied dwellings
  • Chile 1982: Private occupied dwellings
  • Chile 1992: Private occupied dwellings
  • Chile 2002: Private occupied dwellings
  • Costa Rica 1973: Private occupied dwellings
  • Costa Rica 1984: Private occupied dwellings
  • Cuba 2002: Private occupied dwellings
  • Dominican Republic 1981: Primary household in occupied dwellings
  • Ecuador 1990: Private occupied dwellings
  • Ecuador 2001: Private occupied dwellings
  • Ecuador 2010: Private occupied dwellings
  • Egypt 1986: All households
  • Egypt 1996: All households
  • Egypt 2006: Private households
  • Ethiopia 1984: Urban households
  • Ethiopia 1994: Urban households with information collected
  • Ethiopia 2007: Households that responded to the long form
  • France 1968: Private ordinary dwellings
  • France 1975: Private ordinary dwellings
  • France 1982: Private ordinary dwellings
  • France 1990: Private ordinary dwellings
  • France 1999: Households in principal residence
  • France 2006: Private ordinary dwellings
  • France 2011: Households in ordinary dwellings
  • Germany 1971: Households in private dwellings
  • Germany 1981: Occupied households
  • Germany 1987: All households
  • Ghana 2000: Private occupied households
  • Ghana 2010: Private occupied households
  • Greece 1971: Regular dwellings
  • Greece 1981: Regular dwellings
  • Greece 1991: Regular dwellings
  • Greece 2001: Regular dwellings
  • Greece 2011: All households
  • Guatemala 1964: All households
  • Honduras 1961: Households consisting of a head
  • Hungary 1970: Non-collective households
  • Hungary 1980: Non-collective households
  • Hungary 1990: Non-collective households
  • Hungary 2001: Non-collective households
  • Indonesia 1980: All households
  • Indonesia 1985: All households
  • Indonesia 1990: All households
  • Indonesia 1995: All households
  • Indonesia 2005: All households
  • Iran 2006: All households
  • Iraq 1997: Private dwellings
  • Ireland 1971: Households in permanent dwellings
  • Ireland 1981: Households in permanent dwellings
  • Ireland 1991: Households in permanent dwellings
  • Israel 1972: Dwellings that filled household questionnaire
  • Israel 1983: Regular households
  • Israel 1995: Private and Kibbutz households
  • Italy 2001: Private households living in a dwelling
  • Jamaica 2001: Private households
  • Kyrgyz Republic 1999: Non-collective dwellings
  • Mexico 2010: Dwellings built for habitation
  • Mexico 2015: Dwellings built for habitation
  • Mongolia 1989: Households living in houses
  • Mongolia 2000: Households living in houses
  • Morocco 1982: Non-nomadic households
  • Morocco 1994: Non-tent households
  • Morocco 2004: Non-tent households
  • Nicaragua 1971: Private occupied households
  • Pakistan 1998: All households
  • Palestine 1997: All households
  • Palestine 2007: All households except those in Jerusalem annexed by Israel in 1967
  • Panama 1980: Private occupied non-condemned households
  • Paraguay 1972: Private occupied households
  • Paraguay 1982: Private occupied households
  • Paraguay 1992: Private occupied households
  • Poland 1988: Dwellings only
  • Poland 2002: Private dwellings excluding rooms not being dwellings
  • Portugal 1981: Non-collective occupied households
  • Portugal 1991: Private households in usual residence
  • Portugal 2001: Private households in usual residence
  • Portugal 2011: Private dwellings
  • Puerto Rico 1970: Private households
  • Puerto Rico 1980: Private households
  • Puerto Rico 1990: Private households
  • Puerto Rico 2010: Private households
  • Romania 1977: All households
  • Romania 1992: All households
  • Romania 2002: All households
  • Romania 2011: All households
  • Sierra Leone 2004: All households
  • Slovenia 2002: All households
  • Spain 1991: All dwellings except lodging
  • Spain 2011: All households
  • Thailand 1980: Private households
  • Turkey 2000: Housing units
  • Uganda 1991: Not institutions
  • Uganda 2002: Not institutions
  • United Kingdom 1991: All households
  • United States 1960: Not group quarters; only answered by 80 percent of cases
  • United States 1970: Not group quarters
  • United States 1980: Not group quarters
  • United States 2010: Private households
  • United States 2015: Private households
  • Uruguay 1963: Private occupied dwellings
  • Uruguay 1975: Occupied dwellings
  • Venezuela 1981: Permanently occupied private dwellings
  • Venezuela 1990: Permanently occupied private dwellings
  • Venezuela 2001: Permanently occupied private dwellings

Availability

  • Argentina: 1980, 2010
  • Armenia: 2001, 2011
  • Belarus: 1999
  • Bolivia: 1976
  • Brazil: 2000, 2010
  • Canada: 1971, 1981
  • Chile: 1960, 1970, 1982, 1992, 2002
  • Costa Rica: 1973, 1984
  • Cuba: 2002
  • Dominican Republic: 1981
  • Ecuador: 1990, 2001, 2010
  • Egypt: 1986, 1996, 2006
  • Ethiopia: 1984, 1994, 2007
  • France: 1968, 1975, 1982, 1990, 1999, 2006, 2011
  • Germany: 1971, 1981, 1987
  • Ghana: 2000, 2010
  • Greece: 1971, 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Guatemala: 1964
  • Honduras: 1961
  • Hungary: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2001
  • Indonesia: 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2005
  • Iran: 2006
  • Iraq: 1997
  • Ireland: 1971, 1981, 1991
  • Israel: 1972, 1983, 1995
  • Italy: 2001
  • Jamaica: 2001
  • Kyrgyz Republic: 1999
  • Mexico: 2010, 2015
  • Mongolia: 1989, 2000
  • Morocco: 1982, 1994, 2004
  • Nicaragua: 1971
  • Pakistan: 1998
  • Palestine: 1997, 2007
  • Panama: 1980
  • Paraguay: 1972, 1982, 1992
  • Poland: 1988, 2002
  • Portugal: 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Puerto Rico: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2010
  • Romania: 1977, 1992, 2002, 2011
  • Sierra Leone: 2004
  • Slovenia: 2002
  • Spain: 1991, 2011
  • Thailand: 1980
  • Turkey: 2000
  • Uganda: 1991, 2002
  • United Kingdom: 1991
  • United States: 1960, 1970, 1980, 2010, 2015
  • Uruguay: 1963, 1975
  • Venezuela: 1981, 1990, 2001