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WRKAVAIL
Available to work

Codes and Frequencies



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Description

WRKAVAIL indicates whether a person is available to work (readiness) within a short period of time.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Armenia
Belarus
Dominican Republic
Ethiopia
Fiji
Indonesia
Italy
Jordan
Malawi
Mauritius
Nigeria
Philippines
Poland
Puerto Rico
Rwanda
South Africa
Spain
Thailand
United States
Uruguay
Vietnam

Comparability — General

The definition of availability to work is generally consistent across samples, but not the reference period used. Some samples assess the respondent's availability in the subsequent two weeks or a similar short-term future period. Others indicate the respondent's availability to work in the previous week or at the present moment. Caution should thus be exercised when comparing WRKAVAIL across samples as they may have different reference periods.

The universe of persons for this question mostly covers those unemployed, but some samples include persons not looking for work, or even employed persons looking for another job. The age universe of persons to whom the question applies varies across samples as well.

Comparability — Armenia [top]

In the 2001 and 2011 samples, the variables indicate whether a person is available to start working in the coming two weeks.

Comparability — Belarus [top]

In 1999 and 2009, the variable indicates whether a person could start working in the next two weeks if they found a job.

Comparability — Dominican Republic [top]

The 2002 and 2010 samples use different reference periods. In 2002, the question specifically asks if the person would be willing and able to start working immediately if offered a job. In 2010, the reference period is whether or not the respondent was available to start working in the previous week.

Comparability — Ethiopia [top]

In 2007, this variable indicates whether a person is available for work in the month following enumeration. The corresponding source variable provides details on the reasons for unavailability for those who are not available.

Comparability — Fiji [top]

In the 2007 and 2014 samples, this variable indicates whether or not a person was available to work in the previous week.

Comparability — Indonesia [top]

The question in 2010 indicates the respondent’s desire to work or accept a job (i.e. their availability) during the week prior to the survey.

Comparability — Italy [top]

In 2001 and 2011, the variable indicates whether a person would be willing to start working within two weeks if an opportunity comes along.

For the 2011-2019 Labor Force surveys, the variable indicates whether the person would have started work during the previous week or within two weeks if they had found a job.

Comparability — Jordan [top]

This variable in the 2004 sample indicates whether the person was prepared to start the job if it was offered during the last seven or the next fifteen days.

Comparability — Malawi [top]

In 2008, this variable indicates whether the person was available to work. The reference period is not defined explicitly, so it might be assumed that the availability for work question is with reference to either the present moment or the near future.

Comparability — Mauritius [top]

The 1990 and 2000 samples indicate the availability for work last week, but the 2011 sample refers to the past four weeks.

Comparability — Nigeria [top]

The variable in the 2010 sample indicates availability for work in the last seven days, for those who took steps to look for a job.

Comparability — Philippines [top]

For the 1990 sample, this variable indicates whether the person was available to work in the last seven days, such that the respondent must not have any reason for refusing a job except for minor illnesses.

Comparability — Poland [top]

This variable indicates whether the person was available to start work in the preceding or following week if they found a job.

Comparability — Puerto Rico [top]

The Puerto Rico 1980-2010 samples record work availability in the preceding seven days if a job was offered. The unharmonized source variables for these samples indicate the reasons for not being available for work. The variable has changes in universes across samples both in terms of age and employment status.

Comparability — Rwanda [top]

The variable in 2012 indicates whether the respondent is available to work. The reference period is not defined explicitly, so it might be assumed that the availability for work question is with reference to either the present moment or the near future. The question is asked to people ages 5+ who did not work last week.

Comparability — South Africa [top]

The South Africa 2001 and 2007 samples ask how soon the person could start working if offered a suitable job, such that availability is inferred from pre-defined time intervals rather than using a reference period. For these samples, respondents able to start working in up to four weeks from now are considered to be available to work. In 2007, persons indicating that they do not know if they can start working are considered unavailable to work.

The South Africa 2011 sample inquires directly whether the individual was available to work in the seven days prior to enumeration.

Comparability — Spain [top]

The 2005-2019 Labor Force Surveys indicate whether the person would be available to work within 15 days from the time of the interview. The question includes persons ages 15-74 who were unemployed or employees looking for another job.

Comparability — Thailand [top]

In 2000, the question asks about the person's availability (readiness) to work, which indicates that a person wants to work and is capable of working.

Comparability — United States [top]

The United States 1980-2015 samples record work availability in the preceding seven days if a job was offered (or returned to work if recalled). The unharmonized source variables for these samples indicate the reasons for not being available to work. The variable has changes in universes across samples both in terms of age and employment status.

Comparability — Uruguay [top]

The variable in 2006 indicates whether the person is currently available to work; responses indicating availability "in a different time this year" are considered as not being available for WRKAVAIL, but are preserved in the corresponding unharmonized source variable.

Comparability — Vietnam [top]

The variable indicates if the person was available for work during the last seven days if they had found suitable work.

Universe

  • Armenia 2001: Persons age 15+ who were unemployed and were looking for work
  • Armenia 2011: Persons age 15-75 who were unemployed and were looking for work
  • Belarus 1999: Persons age 15-65 who were unemployed and were looking for work
  • Belarus 2009: Persons age 15+ who were unemployed and were looking for work
  • Dominican Republic 2002: Persons age 10+ who did not work and did not look for work last week
  • Dominican Republic 2010: Persons age 10+ who did not work and did not look for work last week
  • Ethiopia 2007: Long-form respondents age 10+ who were unemployed
  • Fiji 2007: Persons age 10+ who did not work or worked for subsistence
  • Fiji 2014: Persons age 15+ who did not look for work
  • Indonesia 2010: Persons age 10+ in permanent households in regular and remote enumeration areas who did not work and were not looking for work
  • Italy 2001: Persons age 15+ who did not work last week
  • Italy 2011: Persons age 15+ who did not work last week and were actively seeking employment in the last 4 weeks
  • Italy 2011Q1: Persons age 15-74 who were not employed and who did not seek work but would like to work
  • Italy 2012Q1: Persons age 15-74 who were not employed and who did not seek work but would like to work
  • Italy 2013Q1: Persons age 15-74 who were not employed and who did not seek work but would like to work
  • Italy 2014Q1: Persons age 15-74 who were not employed and who did not seek work but would like to work
  • Italy 2015Q1: Persons age 15-74 who were not employed and who did not seek work but would like to work
  • Italy 2016Q1: Persons age 15-74 who were not employed and who did not seek work but would like to work
  • Italy 2017Q1: Persons age 15-74 who were not employed and who did not seek work but would like to work
  • Italy 2018Q1: Persons age 15-74 who were not employed and who did not seek work but would like to work
  • Italy 2019Q1: Persons age 15-74 who were not employed and who did not seek work but would like to work
  • Jordan 2004: Persons age 15+ who did not work or were absent from work
  • Malawi 2008: Non-visitors age 6+ who did not work last week
  • Mauritius 1990: Persons age 12+ who were unemployed
  • Mauritius 2000: Persons age 12+ who were unemployed
  • Mauritius 2011: Persons age 12+ who were unemployed
  • Nigeria 2010: Persons age 5+ who looked for work in the last week
  • Philippines 1990: Persons age 10+ not employed during the past week
  • Poland 2002: Persons age 15+ who were looking for a job
  • Puerto Rico 1980: Persons age 16+ who did not work last week and were actively looking for work in the last 4 weeks
  • Puerto Rico 1990: Persons age 15+ who did not work last week and were actively looking for work in the last 4 weeks
  • Puerto Rico 2000: Persons age 16+ who did not work last week
  • Puerto Rico 2005: Persons age 15+
  • Puerto Rico 2010: Persons age 16+
  • Rwanda 2012: Persons age 5+ who did not work last week
  • South Africa 2001: Persons age 10+ who did not work last week
  • South Africa 2007: Persons age 15 to 74 who did not work last week
  • South Africa 2011: Persons age 15+ in private households who did not work last week, were looking for work, and would like to work
  • Spain 2005Q1: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2005Q2: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2005Q3: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2005Q4: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2006Q1: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2006Q2: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2006Q3: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2006Q4: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2007Q1: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2007Q2: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2007Q3: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2007Q4: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2008Q1: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2008Q2: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2008Q3: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2008Q4: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2009Q1: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2009Q2: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2009Q3: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2009Q4: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2010Q1: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2010Q2: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2010Q3: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2010Q4: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2011Q1: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2011Q2: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2011Q3: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2011Q4: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2012Q1: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2012Q2: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2012Q3: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2012Q4: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2013Q1: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2013Q2: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2013Q3: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2013Q4: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2014Q1: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2014Q2: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2014Q3: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2014Q4: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2015Q1: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2015Q2: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2015Q3: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2015Q4: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2016Q1: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2016Q2: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2016Q3: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2016Q4: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2017Q1: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2017Q2: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2017Q3: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2017Q4: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2018Q1: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2018Q2: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2018Q3: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2018Q4: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2019Q1: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2019Q2: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2019Q3: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Spain 2019Q4: Persons age 16-74 who were not employed or were employees looking for another job
  • Thailand 2000: Persons age 13+ who did not work last week and were not looking for work
  • United States 1980: Persons age 16+ who did not work last week and were actively looking for work in the last 4 weeks
  • United States 1990: Persons age 16+ who did not work last week and were actively looking for work in the last 4 weeks
  • United States 2000: Persons age 15+ who did not work last week
  • United States 2005: Persons age 15+
  • United States 2010: Persons age 16+
  • United States 2015: Persons age 16+
  • Uruguay 2006: Persons age 14+ who were unemployed
  • Vietnam 2009: Persons age 15+ who did not work last week and who were looking for work in the last 4 weeks

Availability

  • Armenia: 2001, 2011
  • Belarus: 1999, 2009
  • Dominican Republic: 2002, 2010
  • Ethiopia: 2007
  • Fiji: 2007, 2014
  • Indonesia: 2010
  • Italy: 2001, 2011, 2011Q1, 2012Q1, 2013Q1, 2014Q1, 2015Q1, 2016Q1, 2017Q1, 2018Q1, 2019Q1
  • Jordan: 2004
  • Malawi: 2008
  • Mauritius: 1990, 2000, 2011
  • Nigeria: 2010
  • Philippines: 1990
  • Poland: 2002
  • Puerto Rico: 1980, 1990, 2000, 2005, 2010
  • Rwanda: 2012
  • South Africa: 2001, 2007, 2011
  • Spain: 2005Q1, 2005Q2, 2005Q3, 2005Q4, 2006Q1, 2006Q2, 2006Q3, 2006Q4, 2007Q1, 2007Q2, 2007Q3, 2007Q4, 2008Q1, 2008Q2, 2008Q3, 2008Q4, 2009Q1, 2009Q2, 2009Q3, 2009Q4, 2010Q1, 2010Q2, 2010Q3, 2010Q4, 2011Q1, 2011Q2, 2011Q3, 2011Q4, 2012Q1, 2012Q2, 2012Q3, 2012Q4, 2013Q1, 2013Q2, 2013Q3, 2013Q4, 2014Q1, 2014Q2, 2014Q3, 2014Q4, 2015Q1, 2015Q2, 2015Q3, 2015Q4, 2016Q1, 2016Q2, 2016Q3, 2016Q4, 2017Q1, 2017Q2, 2017Q3, 2017Q4, 2018Q1, 2018Q2, 2018Q3, 2018Q4, 2019Q1, 2019Q2, 2019Q3, 2019Q4
  • Thailand: 2000
  • United States: 1980, 1990, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015
  • Uruguay: 2006
  • Vietnam: 2009