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SPEAKWELSH indicates whether the respondent could speak Welsh or if Welsh was the respondent's language of literacy.

Comparability — Index

United Kingdom

Comparability — General

SPEAKWELSH is available for countries with Welsh-speaking populations that made a specific effort to report Welsh usage.

Comparability — United Kingdom [top]

The 1991 sample includes persons who are able to speak, read, or write in Welsh. The 2001 sample identifies persons who are able to speak, read, write, or understand Welsh. The unharmonized source variables for the 1991 and 2001 samples retain these distinctions.

The 1971 sample includes an unharmonized source variable indicating whether the person was able to speak Welsh or Gaelic, without identifying them separately. Thus, this sample was not included in SPEAKWELSH.


  • United Kingdom 1991: Persons age 3+ residing in Wales
  • United Kingdom 2001: Persons residing in Wales, excluding non-resident students


  • United Kingdom: 1901a, 1991, 2001