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      class Religion:public Editor {

public:
    Religion(VarPointer varInfo) : Editor(varInfo) {}
    void edit() {

        long a = getRecoded();
        switch (dataSet) {
        case dataset_id::vn1999a:
        {

            if (VN1999A_0408() == 2)
            a = 1000;
        }
        break;
        case dataset_id::uk2001a:
        {
            if (UK2001A_0434() == 99) {
                if (UK2001A_0435() == 1)
                    a = 1000;
                if (UK2001A_0435() >= 2 && UK2001A_0435() <= 4)
                    a = 6000;
                if (UK2001A_0435() == 5)
                    a = 2000;
                if (UK2001A_0435() == 6)
                    a = 3000;
                if (UK2001A_0435() == 7)
                    a = 4000;
                if (UK2001A_0435() == 8)
                    a = 5000;
                if (UK2001A_0435() >= 9 && UK2001A_0435() <= 10)
                    a = 7000;
                if (UK2001A_0435() == 98)
                    a = 9999;
                if (UK2001A_0436() <= 5)
                    a = 6000;
                if (UK2001A_0436() == 6)
                    a = 7000;
                if (UK2001A_0436() == 7)
                    a = 1000;
            }
        }
        break;
        }


        setData(a);
    }
};

    

Description

RELIGION indicates the person's religion, including "none."

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Armenia
Austria
Bangladesh
Benin
Brazil
Burkina Faso
Cambodia
Canada
Chile
Egypt
Fiji
Germany
Guatemala
Guinea
Haiti
India
Iran
Ireland
Jamaica
Laos
Malawi
Mauritius
Mexico
Pakistan
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Philippines
Romania
Rwanda
Senegal
South Africa
Suriname
Thailand
Togo
Trinidad and Tobago
Uganda
United Kingdom
Vietnam
Zambia

Comparability — General

RELIGION is only moderately comparable across samples at the first digit. All samples did not distinguish every major category. For any given sample, users must pay attention to the available categories to infer when a given religion may have been lumped into a residual "other" category.

Little integration of codes has been attempted after the first digit. Detailed codes are restricted to the Christian and "Other" major groupings. There is no particular ordering of religions within the major categories. The order is usually alphabetic or vaguely reflects the order of the codes in the original samples. In some cases, the same religion with the same label is categorized into separate codes in different samples.

Within the Christian major group, denominations clearly identified across samples are coded first and receive consistent codes across samples. Residual "other" groupings specific to samples or countries are listed below, and no attempt was made to integrate categories within these groups.

The universe differs across samples: most censuses asked all persons; others excluded children.

In Cambodia 1998-2013 and Uganda 1991, persons indicating no religious affiliation were grouped with the "other" category. Several other census samples do not identify persons with "no religion" or state explicitly how these were treated, which seemingly indicates those were grouped into some residual "other" category.

Comparability — Armenia [top]

Persons who refused to respond are included in the unknown category.

Comparability — Austria [top]

The 2001 sample identifies subgroups of Christian Catholic and Orthodox in the unharmonized source variable.

Comparability — Bangladesh [top]

The categories are completely comparable between years.

Comparability — Benin [top]

The census asked each household person what religion their practice. The 1992 and 2002 samples indicate that minors are usually assigned the same religion as they parents, but it would also be appropriate to ask this question of the minors themselves.

Comparability — Brazil [top]

The 1991, 2000 and 2010 samples reported many more categories of religion than the earlier samples.

Comparability — Burkina Faso [top]

The categories are completely comparable between years.

Comparability — Cambodia [top]

Persons with "no religion" are included with "other." The universe changes from all persons in 1998, 2004 and 2008, to present persons in 2013.

Comparability — Canada [top]

"No religion" in 1981 includes "other" religions not specified.

Comparability — Chile [top]

The universe changes from all persons in 1960 and 1970, to persons age 14+ in 1992 and 15+ in 2002.

Comparability — Egypt [top]

The 2006 and 1986 census includes "Jewish" as an additional category, which was considered as "Other" in the 1996 census.

Comparability — Fiji [top]

The categories are largely comparable across years, but there is variation among the identified "Other Christian" groups.

Comparability — Germany [top]

The 1970 sample offers more detailed religion breakdowns of the "other Christian" and "other" categories in a separate unharmonized source variable.

Comparability — Guatemala [top]

"Other" in 1964 includes "no religion" not specified.

Comparability — Guinea [top]

The universe is all persons in 1983 and 2014, while it includes only household residents in 1996.

Comparability — Haiti [top]

The 1971 categories are less detailed than the later years. Weslyans are combined with Methodists in 1982, but can be separately identified in the source variable.

Comparability — India [top]

The religion question for all Indian samples was asked for the household ("household religion"), not for individual persons. For RELIGION, all persons in a household receive the household religion response.

Comparability — Iran [top]

In the 2006 census, children who haven't attained puberty yet are considered to have the father's religion or any religion they are practicing.

Comparability — Ireland [top]

The universe for the Ireland 2002, 2006, 2011, and 2016 samples excludes persons who were absent on census day.

The 1971 and 1981 censuses include relatively more categories with respect to other samples. In Ireland 1991, 2002, and 2006 the "Anglican" category includes both the "Church of Ireland" and "Protestants," which were separately identified in 1971 and 1981. The 2016 sample only differentiates between Roman Catholic and other religions.

Comparability — Jamaica [top]

A small number of persons in certain collective dwellings were not asked the religion question in 1982 and 1991.

The categories in all three censuses are broadly comparable. The Muslim and Hindu religions are merged into one category in Jamaica 1982 and classified under "other". Judging from the 2001 sample, there the category likely contains somewhat more Hindus than Muslims.

Comparability — Laos [top]

Animism, Christianity, Islam, other religions and no religion are included in "other". Data has not been separated as records of questionnaire.

Comparability — Malawi [top]

For both samples, if a child's religion is not known, he/she is assigned the parents' religion, or the mother's religion if the parents have different religions.

Comparability — Mauritius [top]

The 1990, 2000 and 2011 distinguish between types of Hindu and Muslim religions, but these distinctions are preserved in the corresponding unharmonized source variables.

Comparability — Mexico [top]

The universe was all persons in 1960, 1970, and 2010, and persons age 5 and older in 1990 and 2000.

The Mexico 2000 and 2010 samples have much more detail. In 1960-1990, the possible responses to the religion question were specified on the census questionnaire. In 2000, the questionnaire had printed responses only for "none" and "Catholic," while the "other" responses were to be written into a space on the form. In 2010, only blank spaces were offered to write responses. For both Mexico 2000 and 2010 samples instructions required to be specific and refer to the person's church, congregation, or religious denomination.

Comparability — Pakistan [top]

The 1998 sample identifies persons in a "scheduled caste."

Comparability — Papua New Guinea [top]

The census asked each person what church or religion they belong to. Persons who do not belong to a church are considered to have "no religion".

Comparability — Paraguay [top]

In all samples respondents were asked to indicate if their religion was Catholic, other, or none. In the 1962 sample, "Catholic" and "Christian not Catholic" are the only unique response categories. The 1992 and 2002 censuses asked respondents to specify non-Catholic religions. These samples have several unique response categories. The age universe changes after 1962 to persons age 10+.

Comparability — Philippines [top]

The 2000 sample reported many more categories of religion than the 1990 sample; similarly, the 2010 sample included additional categories with respect to the 2000 sample.

Comparability — Romania [top]

The 1992 and 2002 samples distinguish between "no religion" and "atheist."

Comparability — Rwanda [top]

The 2002 and 2012 census questions suggest that religion for children would be that of their parents, unless each parent reports a different religion. In the latter situation, enumerators were to ask each child about their religious beliefs. If a person refused to answer the question, they were considered to be reporting "No religion".

Comparability — Senegal [top]

Senegal in 1988, 2002 and 2013 samples identifies distinct groups (Khadrya, Layene, Murid, Tidiane) of Muslim separately. These can be distinguished in the unharmonized variable.

The universe in 2013 includes only residents in ordinary households, but it includes all persons in 1988 and 2002.

Comparability — South Africa [top]

The 1996 census asked the question only of persons in private households. Response to the religion question in 1996 was optional, as stated on the questionnaire.

Comparability — Suriname [top]

The 2004 and 2012 samples are generally comparable, except that Christians appear grouped in 2004 while specific Christian religions are separately identified in 2012. The 2012 sample also distinguishes types of Hindu and Muslim religions, which are available in the unharmonized source variable.

Comparability — Thailand [top]

The question is consistently directed to all persons in all samples. In the 1970 and 1980 censuses, the child's religion was considered to be the same as the father if the child was not able to give an answer; in the 1990 and 2000 censuses, the child's religion was considered to be the same as either the father or the mother, if the child was not able to give an answer and the parents had different religions.

Comparability — Togo [top]

The 2010 census reports more category detail among Christian groups. The 1970 sample does not identify a "no religion" group, presumably including them among "other religions."

Comparability — Trinidad and Tobago [top]

The 2011 sample distinguishes between "no religion" and "atheist." The 2011 census asked the question only of persons in private households. There are significantly less detailed response categories for the 1970 and 1990 censuses.

Comparability — Uganda [top]

Persons with "no religion" are coded to NIU in 1991 and in "other" in 2002, while they are separately identified in 2014.

Comparability — United Kingdom [top]

Data for religion were spread across three separate variables for the different regions of the United Kingdom. Some categories for Scotland and Northern Ireland are combined with others in RELIGION but can be recovered using the unharmonized source variables.

Comparability — Vietnam [top]

Relative to most other countries, Vietnam has a high proportion of persons claiming no religion.

Comparability — Zambia [top]

There is a minor universe difference between samples.

In 2000, the question was asked of all persons. In 2010, the question was asked of present household members and visitors. The 2000 enumeration instructions indicate that this question should have been asked only of present household members and visitors, but religion is reported for almost all absent household members; they are included in the universe.

Universe

  • Armenia 2011: All persons
  • Austria 1971: All persons
  • Austria 1981: All persons
  • Austria 1991: All persons
  • Austria 2001: All persons
  • Bangladesh 1991: All persons
  • Bangladesh 2001: All persons
  • Bangladesh 2011: All persons
  • Benin 1992: All persons
  • Benin 2002: All persons
  • Benin 2013: All persons
  • Botswana 2001: Persons age 12+ except institutionalized non-residents
  • Botswana 2011: Persons age 12+ except institutionalized non-residents
  • Brazil 1960: All persons
  • Brazil 1970: All persons
  • Brazil 1980: All persons
  • Brazil 1991: All persons
  • Brazil 2000: All persons
  • Brazil 2010: All persons
  • Burkina Faso 1996: Present or absent residents of the household
  • Burkina Faso 2006: All persons
  • Cambodia 1998: All persons
  • Cambodia 2004: All persons
  • Cambodia 2008: All persons
  • Cambodia 2013: Present persons
  • Cameroon 2005: All persons
  • Canada 1971: All persons
  • Canada 1981: All persons, excluding inmates
  • Canada 1991: All persons
  • Canada 2001: Persons not from the Atlantic provinces and the territories
  • Canada 2011: All persons
  • Chile 1960: All persons
  • Chile 1970: All persons
  • Chile 1992: All persons age 14+
  • Chile 2002: All persons age 15+
  • Egypt 1986: All persons
  • Egypt 1996: All persons
  • Egypt 2006: All persons
  • Ethiopia 1984: Present and absent household residents
  • Ethiopia 1994: Present and absent household residents
  • Ethiopia 2007: All persons
  • Fiji 1966: All persons
  • Fiji 1976: All persons
  • Fiji 1986: All persons
  • Fiji 1996: All persons
  • Fiji 2007: All persons
  • Fiji 2014: All persons
  • Germany 1970: All persons
  • Germany 1987: All persons
  • Ghana 2000: All persons
  • Ghana 2010: All persons
  • Guatemala 1964: All persons
  • Guinea 1983: All persons
  • Guinea 1996: Residents
  • Guinea 2014: All persons
  • Haiti 1971: All persons
  • Haiti 1982: All persons
  • Haiti 2003: All persons
  • India 1983: All persons
  • India 1987: All persons
  • India 1993: All persons
  • India 1999: All persons
  • India 2004: All persons
  • Indonesia 1971: All persons
  • Indonesia 1976: All persons
  • Indonesia 1980: All persons
  • Indonesia 1985: All persons
  • Indonesia 1990: All persons
  • Indonesia 1995: All persons
  • Indonesia 2000: All persons
  • Indonesia 2010: Persons in regular enumeration areas
  • Iran 2006: All persons
  • Ireland 1971: All persons
  • Ireland 1981: All persons
  • Ireland 1991: All persons
  • Ireland 2002: Present persons
  • Ireland 2006: Present persons
  • Ireland 2011: Present persons
  • Ireland 2016: Present persons
  • Israel 1972: All persons
  • Israel 1983: All persons
  • Israel 1995: All persons
  • Israel 2008: All persons
  • Jamaica 1982: Persons in private households or selected collective dwellings
  • Jamaica 1991: Persons in private households or selected collective dwellings
  • Jamaica 2001: All persons
  • Laos 2005: All persons
  • Liberia 2008: All persons
  • Malawi 1998: All persons
  • Malawi 2008: Non-absent persons
  • Malaysia 1970: All persons
  • Malaysia 1980: All persons
  • Malaysia 1991: All persons
  • Malaysia 2000: All persons
  • Mali 2009: All persons
  • Mauritius 1990: All persons
  • Mauritius 2000: All persons
  • Mauritius 2011: All persons
  • Mexico 1960: All persons
  • Mexico 1970: All persons
  • Mexico 1990: Persons age 5+
  • Mexico 2000: Persons age 5+
  • Mexico 2010: All persons
  • Mozambique 2007: Present and absent household residents
  • Nepal 2001: All persons
  • Nepal 2011: All persons
  • Netherlands 1960: All persons
  • Netherlands 1971: All persons
  • Nicaragua 1995: Persons age 5+
  • Nicaragua 2005: Persons age 5+
  • Nigeria 2010: All persons
  • Pakistan 1981: All persons
  • Pakistan 1998: All persons
  • Papua New Guinea 1980: Urban persons age 10+
  • Papua New Guinea 1990: All persons
  • Papua New Guinea 2000: All persons
  • Paraguay 1962: All persons
  • Paraguay 1992: Persons age 10+
  • Paraguay 2002: Persons age 10+
  • Peru 1993: Persons age 12+
  • Peru 2007: Persons age 12+
  • Philippines 1990: All persons
  • Philippines 2000: All persons
  • Philippines 2010: All persons
  • Portugal 1981: Persons age 12+
  • Portugal 1991: Persons age 12+
  • Portugal 2001: Persons age 15+
  • Portugal 2011: Persons age 15+
  • Romania 1992: All persons
  • Romania 2002: All persons
  • Romania 2011: All persons
  • Rwanda 1991: Non-visitors
  • Rwanda 2002: Non-visitors
  • Rwanda 2012: All persons
  • Saint Lucia 1980: All persons
  • Saint Lucia 1991: All persons
  • Senegal 1988: All persons
  • Senegal 2002: All persons
  • Senegal 2013: Residents in ordinary households
  • Sierra Leone 2004: All persons
  • South Africa 1996: Persons in private households
  • South Africa 2001: All persons
  • South Africa 2016: All persons
  • Suriname 2004: All persons
  • Suriname 2012: All persons
  • Switzerland 1970: All persons
  • Switzerland 1980: All persons
  • Switzerland 1990: All persons
  • Switzerland 2000: All persons
  • Thailand 1970: All persons
  • Thailand 1980: All persons
  • Thailand 1990: All persons
  • Thailand 2000: All persons
  • Togo 1970: All persons
  • Togo 2010: All persons
  • Trinidad and Tobago 1970: All persons
  • Trinidad and Tobago 1980: All persons
  • Trinidad and Tobago 1990: All persons
  • Trinidad and Tobago 2000: All persons
  • Trinidad and Tobago 2011: Persons in private households
  • Uganda 1991: All persons
  • Uganda 2002: All persons
  • Uganda 2014: All persons
  • United Kingdom 2001: All persons, except non-resident students
  • Uruguay 2006: Persons age 7+
  • Vietnam 1999: All persons
  • Zambia 2000: All persons
  • Zambia 2010: Present household members and visitors

Availability

  • Armenia: 2011
  • Austria: 1971, 1981, 1991, 2001
  • Bangladesh: 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Benin: 1992, 2002, 2013
  • Botswana: 2001, 2011
  • Brazil: 1960, 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000, 2010
  • Burkina Faso: 1996, 2006
  • Cambodia: 1998, 2004, 2008, 2013
  • Cameroon: 2005
  • Canada: 1852, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Chile: 1960, 1970, 1992, 2002
  • Egypt: 1986, 1996, 2006
  • Ethiopia: 1984, 1994, 2007
  • Fiji: 1966, 1976, 1986, 1996, 2007, 2014
  • Germany: 1819, 1970, 1987
  • Ghana: 2000, 2010
  • Guatemala: 1964
  • Guinea: 1983, 1996, 2014
  • Haiti: 1971, 1982, 2003
  • Iceland: 1901, 1910
  • India: 1983, 1987, 1993, 1999, 2004
  • Indonesia: 1971, 1976, 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2010
  • Iran: 2006
  • Ireland: 1901, 1911, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002, 2006, 2011, 2016
  • Israel: 1972, 1983, 1995, 2008
  • Jamaica: 1982, 1991, 2001
  • Laos: 2005
  • Liberia: 2008
  • Malawi: 1998, 2008
  • Malaysia: 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000
  • Mali: 2009
  • Mauritius: 1990, 2000, 2011
  • Mexico: 1960, 1970, 1990, 2000, 2010
  • Mozambique: 2007
  • Nepal: 2001, 2011
  • Netherlands: 1960, 1971
  • Nicaragua: 1995, 2005
  • Nigeria: 2010
  • Norway: 1865, 1875, 1900, 1910
  • Pakistan: 1981, 1998
  • Papua New Guinea: 1980, 1990, 2000
  • Paraguay: 1962, 1992, 2002
  • Peru: 1993, 2007
  • Philippines: 1990, 2000, 2010
  • Portugal: 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011
  • Romania: 1992, 2002, 2011
  • Rwanda: 1991, 2002, 2012
  • Saint Lucia: 1980, 1991
  • Senegal: 1988, 2002, 2013
  • Sierra Leone: 2004
  • South Africa: 1996, 2001, 2016
  • Suriname: 2004, 2012
  • Sweden: 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910
  • Switzerland: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000
  • Thailand: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000
  • Togo: 1970, 2010
  • Trinidad and Tobago: 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2011
  • Uganda: 1991, 2002, 2014
  • United Kingdom: 2001
  • Uruguay: 2006
  • Vietnam: 1999
  • Zambia: 2000, 2010