Questionnaire Text

Argentina 1970 Ecuador 1982 Liberia 2008 Portugal 1991
Argentina 1980 Ecuador 1990 Malawi 1987 Portugal 2001
Argentina 1991 Ecuador 2001 Malawi 1998 Portugal 2011
Argentina 2001 Ecuador 2010 Malawi 2008 Puerto Rico 1970
Argentina 2010 Egypt 1986 Malaysia 1970 Puerto Rico 1980
Armenia 2001 Egypt 1996 Malaysia 1980 Puerto Rico 1990
Armenia 2011 Egypt 2006 Malaysia 2000 Romania 1977
Bangladesh 1991 El Salvador 1992 Mali 1987 Romania 1992
Bangladesh 2001 El Salvador 2007 Mali 1998 Romania 2002
Bangladesh 2011 Ethiopia 1984 Mali 2009 Romania 2011
Belarus 1999 Ethiopia 1994 Mexico 1960 Russia 2002
Benin 1992 Ethiopia 2007 Mexico 1970 Russia 2010
Benin 2002 Ghana 2000 Mexico 1990 Rwanda 1991
Benin 2013 Ghana 2010 Mexico 1995 Rwanda 2002
Bolivia 1976 Greece 1971 Mexico 2000 Rwanda 2012
Bolivia 1992 Greece 1981 Mexico 2005 Senegal 1988
Bolivia 2001 Greece 1991 Mexico 2010 Senegal 2002
Brazil 1960 Greece 2001 Mexico 2015 Sierra Leone 2004
Brazil 1970 Greece 2011 Mongolia 1989 South Sudan 2008
Brazil 1980 Guatemala 1964 Mongolia 2000 Spain 1981
Brazil 1991 Guatemala 1973 Morocco 1982 Spain 1991
Brazil 2000 Guatemala 1981 Morocco 1994 Spain 2001
Brazil 2010 Guatemala 1994 Morocco 2004 Sudan 2008
Burkina Faso 1985 Guatemala 2002 Mozambique 1997 Tanzania 1988
Burkina Faso 1996 Guinea 1983 Mozambique 2007 Tanzania 2002
Burkina Faso 2006 Guinea 1996 Nepal 2001 Tanzania 2012
Cambodia 1998 Haiti 1971 Nepal 2011 Thailand 1970
Cambodia 2004 Haiti 1982 Nicaragua 1971 Thailand 1980
Cambodia 2008 Haiti 2003 Nicaragua 1995 Thailand 1990
Cambodia 2013 Honduras 1961 Nicaragua 2005 Thailand 2000
Cameroon 1987 Honduras 1988 Nigeria 2006 Togo 1960
Cameroon 2005 Honduras 2001 Nigeria 2007 Togo 1970
Chile 1960 India 1983 Nigeria 2008 Togo 2010
Chile 1970 India 1987 Nigeria 2009 Turkey 1985
Chile 1982 India 1993 Nigeria 2010 Turkey 1990
Chile 1992 India 1999 Pakistan 1973 Turkey 2000
Chile 2002 India 2004 Pakistan 1981 Uganda 1991
China 1982 India 2009 Pakistan 1998 Uganda 2002
China 1990 Indonesia 1971 Palestine 1997 Ukraine 2001
China 2000 Indonesia 1976 Palestine 2007 Uruguay 1963
Colombia 1964 Indonesia 1980 Panama 1960 Uruguay 1975
Colombia 1973 Indonesia 1985 Panama 1970 Uruguay 1985
Colombia 1985 Indonesia 1990 Panama 1980 Uruguay 1996
Colombia 1993 Indonesia 1995 Panama 1990 Uruguay 2006
Colombia 2005 Indonesia 2005 Panama 2000 Uruguay 2011
Costa Rica 1963 Indonesia 2010 Panama 2010 Venezuela 1971
Costa Rica 1973 Iran 2006 Papua New Guinea 1990 Venezuela 1981
Costa Rica 1984 Iran 2011 Papua New Guinea 2000 Venezuela 1990
Costa Rica 2000 Iraq 1997 Paraguay 1962 Venezuela 2001
Costa Rica 2011 Italy 2001 Paraguay 1972 Vietnam 1989
Dominican Republic 1960 Jordan 2004 Paraguay 1982 Vietnam 1999
Dominican Republic 1970 Kenya 1989 Peru 1993 Vietnam 2009
Dominican Republic 1981 Kyrgyz Republic 1999 Peru 2007 Zambia 1990
Dominican Republic 2002 Kyrgyz Republic 2009 Philippines 1990 Zambia 2000
Dominican Republic 2010 Laos 2005 Philippines 2000 Zambia 2010
Ecuador 1962 Lesotho 2006 Philippines 2010
Ecuador 1974 Liberia 1974 Portugal 1981
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Argentina 1970 — source variable AR1970A_0415 — Literacy
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Educational Characteristics -- For all individuals five years of age and older

[Questions 9-12 are asked of persons 5 years of age and older.]


12. Are you able to read and write?

Mark the appropriate box. If only able to read or only able to write, mark no.
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Educational Characteristics


For all persons five years old and older.


[p.142]

In the question number 10 you will move on to ask about the highest educational level that the person attends or attended, whether they completed it or not, either in the country or in a foreign country. Remember that the questions 10A, 10B, and 10C should only be asked of the persons who have boxes 1 or 2 marked in question number 9.


[p.158]

16. Now we will consider the part dedicated to literacy (question number 12).

You will ask the persons answering the census if they know how to read and write in our language or any other.

To mark the box "Yes" it is necessary that the person know how to [read] as well as [write] in any language.

[p.159]

17. If the elderly aunt of the Misses Garcia tells you that she only knows how to read, on the census form, you will mark:

[ ]Yes
[x]No


If a person answering the census is of Russian origin and says that he knows how to read and write his native language, you will mark:
[x]Yes
[ ]No



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Argentina 1980 — source variable AR1980A_0408 — Literacy
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C. Population

For all of the persons 5 years old and more

[Questions 7-8 were asked of persons age 5 years or older.]


7. Do you know how to read and write?

If he or she only reads or only writes, mark no.

[] Yes
[] No
[] Unanswered


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C. Population

Census home is a person or group of persons, related or not, who occupy the same dwelling. You will write down first the name and surname of the head of the household, then ask all the corresponding questions.


7. Do you know how to read and write?
Ask this question with reference to our language or to any other language.

When an enumerated person only knows how to read or write [not both] you will mark no.


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Argentina 1991 — source variable AR1991A_0411 — Literacy
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[Questions 1-10 were asked of all persons.]


10. Does the person know how to read and write?

[] Yes
[] No
[] Unanswered


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10. Does the person know how to read and write?

In question No. 10 about literacy, we mark the alternative "Yes" if an enumerated person knows how to read or write in any language.



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Argentina 2001 — source variable AR2001A_0404 — Know how to read and write
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4. Do you know how to read and write?
[] Yes
[] No



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Argentina 2010 — source variable AR2010A_0408 — Literacy
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From here, all persons over three years old answer.
[Questions 7 to 12 were asked of persons 3 years old and over]


7. Does this person know how to read and write?

[] Yes
[] No


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Knows how to read and write: ability to read, write and understand a simple phrase about daily life in any language. This requires the knowledge to do both.


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Armenia 2001 — source variable AM2001A_0422 — Literacy
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Completed for aged 7 and older [Questions 19-21]


Q20: For those without an elementary (primary) education, are they literate?

[Q20 was asked of persons aged 7 years and older who did not have elementary (primary) education, per Q19.]

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


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Questions 19, 20, and 21 are filled for the people at the age of 7 and above.


Question 20

For those who don't have a general elementary education: are you literate?

The interviewer asks if the person is literate for those who don't have an elementary education, that is to say for those people for who in the 19th question had an identification code 11 for the "No elementary" prompt.

People considered literate are those who can read and understand what they have read in some language. For this question, if the answer is "yes" identification code 1 is written, in case of "no" 2 is written.


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Armenia 2011 — source variable AM2011A_0406 — Year of birth
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7. Date of birth: day, month, year ___
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Question 9

The date (year, month, day) of your birth.

For answer to this question 4 columns are allocated. The day of birth is written in the column "9a", the month - in "9b" and in the year of birth is written in column "9c".
Example: if the interviewee was born in August 25, 1954, then in the column "9a" 25 must be written, in "9b" - 08 and in "9c" - 1954.

9. 9. 9C
2. 0. 1954

In the column "9d" the age written by years should be filled in.
After writing down the year of birth, without any additional questions, using "Finding out the age by the year of birth with an additional chart" (Appendix 1), the interviewer finds out the person's age by the filled in years and writes it in the "9d" column. For the above mentioned example "57" should be written.
Besides, in the chart the following fact must be taken into consideration: the age of those who were born from January 1 to October 11 is written in the first column and in the second column the age of those who were born from October 12 to December 13. For the children under the age of 1 year old "0" is written in "9d" column.


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Armenia 2011 — source variable AM2011A_0424 — Literacy
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Questions 15-17 are filled in for persons 6 years and above.

15. Education level, scientific degree

[] Without primary education
[] Primary education
[] Basic education
[] Secondary education
[] Preliminary professional (handicraft)
[] Secondary professional
[] Higher professional (bachelor’s degree, graduated specialist, master’s degree)
[] Post- graduate professional (researcher, postgraduate but haven’t defended thesis)
[] Candidate of the science
[] Doctor of the science

16. For those without primary education, are they literate?

[] Yes
[] No
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Question 22

For those who don't have a general elementary education: are you literate?

For those who don't have an elementary education, that is to say for those people for whom in the 21st question "01" identification code for the "No elementary education" prompt was written, the interviewer asks if the person is literate.
Literate are considered to be those people who can read and understand what they have read in some language. Those who can read and write only their names and numbers, as well as people who can only read but not write, are considered. For this question, if the answer is "yes" identification code "1" is written, in case of no. "2".


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Bangladesh 1991 — source variable BD1991A_0408 — Literacy
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22. Can write a letter?
[] 1. Yes
[] 2. No


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22. Can you write a letter?
If the literacy of a person is clear from his educational attainment then fill the applicable oval without asking him this question. Otherwise ask the person to be clear "Can (the person) write a letter?" If 'yes' fill oval (1), if 'no' fill oval (2).


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Bangladesh 2001 — source variable BD2001A_0412 — Literacy
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[Questions from 23 to 28 is applicable for persons aged 5 years and above]


26. Can write a letter?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


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Question 26: Able to Write letter
Fill out "Yes" oval box if able to write letter and No oval box for not able.


Question 26: Able to write Letter? Ask whether the person is able to write letter. Fill out 1 oval box for "Yes" and 2 oval box for no.


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Bangladesh 2011 — source variable BD2011A_0410 — Literacy
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For members age 7 years and above
[Questions 21-25 were asked for persons 7 years of age and older.]


23. Can write a letter?

[] Yes
[] No


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Fill out Questions- 21 to 25 only for persons aged 7 years and over.


Question-23. Able to Write Letter?
Ask all who are aged 7 years and over whether they are able to write letter or express their views in writing. Enter cross in the yes box for answer 'yes' and enter cross in the no box for answer 'no'.


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Belarus 1999 — source variable BY1999A_0416 — Education
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10. Education (for persons aged 15 and over)
[] 1 Higher vocational (higher)
[] 2 Secondary vocational (secondary specialized)
[] 3 Primary vocational (vocational)
[] 4 Secondary general
[] 5 Basic general (incomplete secondary)
[] 6 Primary general
[] 7 Illiterate


For those having an academic degree, specify:

[] 1 Candidate of science
[] 2 Doctor of science


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Question 10. Education (for persons aged 15 years and over)

For persons 15 years of age and over the code is to be marked, which corresponds to one of the prompts listed.

In marking codes of educational attainment, it should be kept in mind that the current educational levels correspond to the following levels used before:
higher vocational to higher:
secondary vocational to secondary specialized
primary vocational to vocational
primary general to primary
basic general to incomplete secondary


"Higher vocational (higher)" is to be marked for those graduated from higher education institutions: institute, academy, university, higher college, the higher fire-technical school of the MIA of the Republic of Belarus, etc.

"Secondary vocational (secondary specialized)" is to be marked for those graduated from secondary specialized education institutions: technical school, training school (e.g., medical, normal), college, technical school at enterprise, etc.

"Primary vocational (vocational)" is to be marked for those graduated from primary vocational education institutions (vocational school, technical school, vocational education center, etc.) and who along with profession received a certificate or diploma.

"Secondary general" is to be marked for those graduated from secondary general education schools (including those with in-depth study of some subjects), lyceums, gymnasia, etc.

In marking codes for "basic general (incomplete secondary)" and "primary general" it is expedient to use the following table.

Table for determining the educational attainment for persons without the secondary general education on the basis of the number of grades completed

Basic general (incomplete secondary)
Completed an incomplete secondary school (seven-year school in 1961 or before, eight-year school from 1963 to 1989, nine-year school from 1990 to 1991), basic general education school in 1992 and later
Completed 7 grades in 1961 or before
Completed 8 grades in 1989 or before
Completed 9 grades
Completed 10 grades of an eleven-year or twelve-year secondary school
Completed 11 grades of a twelve-year secondary school
Attends the 10th-11th (12th) grade
Dropped out the 8th grade in the 1961/62 academic year or before
Dropped out the 9th grade in the 1988/89 academic year or before
Dropped out the 10th-11th (12th) grade
Completed a primary general education school

Primary general
Completed 3 grades of a three-year primary general education school in 1972 or later
Completed 4-6 grades
Completed 7 grades in 1962 or later
Completed 8 grades in 1990 or later
Attends the 5th - 9th grades
Dropped out the 4th grade in the 1972/73 - 1989/89 academic years
Dropped out the 5th -7th grades
Dropped out the 8th grade in the 1962/63 academic year or later
Dropped out the 9th grade in1989/90 academic year or later


"Illiterate" is to be recorded for those who cannot write and read.

For persons who have no primary education but can read and write the question "Education" is not to be completed.

Educations in correspondence or evening educational institutions, as well as external studies, are to be considered equal to the corresponding full-time educational institutions.

For pupils and graduates of educational institutions not providing general education (e.g., trade schools, sectoral vocational schools, factory schools, training stations, field training units, refresher courses, access courses at educational institutions, etc.) the educational attainment is to be recorded, which was reached before the admission to those educational institutions.

For persons having academic degrees the code corresponding to one of responses listed is to be marked.

For persons under 15 years of age the answer to this question is not to be completed.


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Benin 1992 — source variable BJ1992A_0416 — Literacy
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Persons of 3 years or more of age
[Questions in columns 14 - 16 asked of persons 3 years or more.]

(14) Literacy

[] 1 NLE: cannot read or write
[] 2 SEF: can read and write in French
[] 3 ALN: literate in the national language
[] 4 SLN: can read in the national language
[] 5 AFLN: literate in French and in the national language
[] 6 AUT: literate in other foreign language
[] 8 SO: not applicable (children younger than 3)
[] 9 ND: undeclared

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

II. How to fill out the questionnaire (Document RGPH 2 Number 1).

Column (14): Literacy
Literacy consists of the learning of reading and writing in a given language.
Ask the question "Can you read and write?"

[] French
[] National language
[] French and national language
[] Other foreign languages?

Circle the number corresponding to one of the following situations according to the answer provided by the interviewee.

[] NLE: cannot read or write
[] SEF: can read and write in French
[] ALN: literate in national language
[] SLN: can read in national language
[] AFLN: literate in French and national language
[] Other: literate in another foreign language

This question does not apply to children under 3 years of age.


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Benin 2002 — source variable BJ2002A_0423 — Literacy
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For all persons
[Questions in columns 1 to 11 were asked of all persons]

Now we would like to ask for information on you and the persons habitually living in your household or currently residing in your home

Residents of 6 years or more of age
[Questions in columns 18 - 22 were asked of residents 6+ years old]

(18) Literacy

[] 1 AF = can read, write, and understand French only
[] 2 SLN = can read in the national language
[] 3 ALN = can read, write, and understand the national language only
[] 4 AFLN = can read, write, and understand French and the national language
[] 5 AUT = can read, write, and understand another language only
[] 6 NLE = cannot read nor write
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

iii) Literacy
Column 18 applies to residents aged 6 or higher. For children younger than 6, leave the column empty. (Verify to this effect column i.e. age).

Column (18): Literacy
A person is considered literate if she can read, write, and understand a simple text related to matters from her daily life (UNESCO definitions). Thus, literacy consists of teaching reading, writing, and comprehension in a given language. Ask the following question: "Can [the respondent] read, write, and fluently speak certain specific languages?" If yes, ask which languages? Circle the code corresponding to the declaration of the interviewed person according to the following options:

1. AF: can only read, write, and understand French
3. ALN: can only read, write, and understand the national language
4. AFLN: can read, write, and understand French and the national language
5. AUT: can only read, write, and understand another language

If NO, ask if [the respondent] can at least read in a national language? If yes, circle the code "2" corresponding to "can read in a national language (SLN)." If no, circle code "6" for "can neither read nor write (NLE)."


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Benin 2013 — source variable BJ2013A_0426 — Literacy
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Residents of 6 years or more of age (questions 20 to 24)
[Questions 20-24 were asked of persons aged 6 years or older]

20. Literacy

[] 1 AF: can read, write, and understand French only
[] 2 SLN: can read in the national language
[] 3 ALN: can read, write, and understand the national language only
[] 4 AFLN: can read, write, and understand French and the national language
[] 5 AUT: can read, write, and understand another language only
[] 6 NLE: cannot read nor write
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20. Literacy

The question relative to this variable only concerns those of 6 or more years of age.
Literacy is a persons' ability to read and write, while understanding, a text on daily events in any language [national language, foreign language].

There is only one possible answer per eligible individual.

Ask the following question:

Q: "Can [the respondent] read, write, and fluently speak certain specific languages?"

Circle the code corresponding to the declaration of the counted person according to the following modalities:

[] 1. AF Can read, write, and understand French only
[] 2. SLN Can read in national language
[] 3. ALN Can read, write, and understand a national language only
[] 4. AFLN AF Can read, write, and understand French and a national language
[] 5. AUT Can read, write, and understand another language only
[] 6. NLE Can neither read nor write

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Bolivia 1976 — source variable BO1976A_0408 — Literacy
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B. Educational Information


Only for those 5 years of age and older
[Questions 9-11 were asked of persons 5 years of age or older.]


9. Are you able to read and write?

If only able to read or sign name, mark No.

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


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B. Educational information

Educational information questions 9, 10 and 11 should be asked to all persons 5 years old or older.


Question 9. Do you know how to read and write?

If they know how to read and write, mark the box "Yes".

If they only read or only write, mark the box "No".


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Bolivia 1992 — source variable BO1992A_0423 — Literacy
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B. Only for those 6 years of age and older - Educational Characteristics


10. Are you able to read and write?

If only able to sign name, mark No.

[] 7 Yes
[] 8 No


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B. Only for people 6 years of age or older. Educational characteristics.

The questions contained in part B of the Form should only be asked of people (men and women) who are 6 completed years or older, for which purpose you should look at the answer recorded in question 4 (Years completed) beforehand. When the person being enumerated is less than 6 years old, questions 9 to 23 will not be asked of them, and therefore a diagonal line should be drawn through this part of the questionnaire.


Question 10. Do you know how to read and write?

The enumerator will ask this question of all people who are 6 or older, marking circle 7 with an X when they say YES, and circle 8 if they neither read nor write.

If the person being enumerated only knows how to sign their name, only recognizes or writes the letters of the alphabet and isn't able to read or write a letter or a basic document, mark No.


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Bolivia 2001 — source variable BO2001A_0437 — Literacy
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Chapter E. Only for those 4 years of age and older
[Questions 35-41 were asked of all persons 4 years or older.]


36. Do you know how to read and write?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


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Chapter E. Only for persons 4 years of age and older

If the person is 4 years of age or older, the enumerator will proceed with question 35. If younger, the interview is ended and the next person is interviewed.


Question 36. Do you know how to read and write?

[Literacy]

If the interviewed person claims to only know how to sign his name and cannot read or write a basic letter, the oval corresponding to "no" is filled in.


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Brazil 1960 — source variable BR1960A_0413 — Literacy
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Only for persons 5 years and older
[Applies to questions L - N]


L. School attendance and literacy

Attending school:

[] 40 can read
[] 42 can't read

Not attending school:

[] 41 can read
[] 43 can't read


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The following questions will be asked only of persons age 5 and over
[Applies to questions L - N]


Question L - Attendance at school and literacy

a) Attendance at school
Only persons attending regular schools during the year of the Census should be considered as attending school. The term Regular schools refers to those schools which follow a progressive curriculum or course based on successive years - 1st year, 2nd year, 3rd year, etc. - and whose type of education is regulated by law. This includes Regular ecclesiastical courses are included in this category.
Persons who are on vacation or for any other reason are temporarily unable to attend classes on the date of the Census should nevertheless be enumerated as attending school. Likewise, persons who are attending adult courses, junior high-school preparation [admissão] courses or primary courses given at home will be recorded as attending school.
Persons who receive individual classes or who attend short professional specialization courses, cultural extension courses (sewing, dancing, foreign languages, typing, mechanics, art, cooking, etc.) will be recorded as Not attending school. Students in Kindergarten will also be recorded as Not attending school.

b) Literacy
Persons able to read and write at least a simple note, even if in a foreign language, should be considered as Knows how to read. Persons able to write only their name will be marked as does not know how to read.
Persons who learned how to read and write and who for any reason forgot will be recorded as does not know how to read.



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Brazil 1970 — source variable BR1970A_0413 — Literacy
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Only for people 5 years and older
[Applies to questions 15 - 17]


15. Know how to read and write?

[] 1 yes
[] 2 no


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Question 15 - Do You Know How to Read and Write?

(Only for persons age 5 or over)

Record Yes for persons able to read or write at least a simple note in the language they know.
Record No for:

a) persons who never learned to read or write;
b) persons able to write only their own name;
c) persons who learned how to read and write and who, for some reason, forgot.



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Brazil 1980 — source variable BR1980A_0419 — Know how to read and write
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The following questions are to be filled out only for the person 5 years or older
[Applies to questions 19 - 24]


19. Know how to read and write

[] 2- yes
[] 4- no, did know
[] 6- no, never knew


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The following questions will be filled out only for persons age 5 or over, that is, those born before September 1, 1975.
[Applies to questions 19 - 24]


Question 19 - Knows how to read and write

Mark:

Yes - persons able to read and write at least a simple note in the language he or she knows;
No - Once knew - persons who learned to read and write but forgot; or


[p. 47]

No - Never knew - persons who never learned to read and write.

Consider a person who is only able to write his or her name as Not knowing how to read and write.


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Brazil 1991 — source variable BR1991A_0433 — Literacy
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23. Knows how to read and write
[] 1 knows how to read and write
[] 2 doesn't know


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Question 23 - Do you know how to read and write?

Mark:

1 - Knows how to read and write - a person able to read and write at least a simple note in the language he or she knows; or
2 - Does not know - a person who never learned to read and write or who learned and forgot. Also consider as not knowing how to read and write a person who is only able to write his or her own name.



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Brazil 2000 — source variable BR2000A_0461 — Know how to read and write
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4.28 Do you know how to read and write?
[] 1 yes
[] 2 no


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Question 4.28 (Sample) and 4.06 (Basic) - Do you know how to read and write?

Mark, as the case may be:

1 - Yes - for persons able to read and write at least a simple note in the language he or she knows. Also consider literate those persons who know how to read and write but who later became physically or mentally unable to do.
2 - No - for persons who never learned to read and write or who once learned but later forgot. A person who is only able to write his or her name should also be considered unable to read and write.



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Brazil 2010 — source variable BR2010A_0430 — Can read and write
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6. Resident characteristics


Education
For people aged 5 years or more
[Questions 6.27 to 6.36 were asked for persons 5 years old or over.]


6.27 Can you write and read?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


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For residents 5 years of age or older

B 6.11
6.27 – Do you know how to read and write?


Depending on the situation, record:

1 - Yes: A person who can read and write a simple note in the language he/she knows. Consider also a literate person who has become physically or mentally unable to read or write.

2 - No: A person who cannot read and write or just writes his/her name. Also consider not knowing how to read and write, a person that has learned how to do it, but due to the poor literacy conditions never fulfilled the learning process.


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Burkina Faso 1985 — source variable BF1985A_0406 — Literacy (reading and writing)
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Residents 10 years of age and older
[Questions 9-15 were asked for residents age 10 and older.]


9. Knows how to read and write (in which language) ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Column nine - literacy (in what language?):

A person is considered literate in a language when they are able to interpret and transcribe the details of their everyday life.

[p. 27]

You will use the following abbreviations:

[The abbreviations are omitted from this translation of the original document]

In the event a person is literate in more than one language, record the language most often used.


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Burkina Faso 1996 — source variable BF1996A_0416 — Read write foreign language
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Residents age 8 years or older:
[Questions P16 and P17 were asked for persons 8 years of age or older who were household residents.]


Literacy:

Does [person] know how to read and write a language fluently?

Circle the corresponding code.


P16. Foreign:

[] 0 = None
[] 1 = French
[] 2 = Arabic
[] 3 = English
[] 4 = Other foreign language


P17. National:

[] 0 = None
[] 1 = Mooré [Mossi language]
[] 2 = Dioula [Mande language]
[] 3 = Fufuldé [Fula or Fulani language]
[] 4 = Other national language



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Burkina Faso 1996 — source variable BF1996A_0417 — Read write national language
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Residents age 8 years or older:
[Questions P16 and P17 were asked for persons 8 years of age or older who were household residents.]


Literacy:

Does [person] know how to read and write a language fluently?

Circle the corresponding code.


P16. Foreign:

[] 0 = None
[] 1 = French
[] 2 = Arabic
[] 3 = English
[] 4 = Other foreign language


P17. National:

[] 0 = None
[] 1 = Mooré [Mossi language]
[] 2 = Dioula [Mande language]
[] 3 = Fufuldé [Fula or Fulani language]
[] 4 = Other national language



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Burkina Faso 2006 — source variable BF2006A_0422 — Literacy in foreign language
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Residents three years of age and older
[Question P.17-P.20 are asked of residents who are three years of age and older]


P19. Literacy ____

Can [the person] read and write a language fluently?

Specify the main foreign language spoken and written on the first line and the main local language spoken and written on the second line.
____
____



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Burkina Faso 2006 — source variable BF2006A_0423 — Literacy in national language
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Residents three years of age and older
[Question P.17-P.20 are asked of residents who are three years of age and older]


P19. Literacy ____

Can [the person] read and write a language fluently?

Specify the main foreign language spoken and written on the first line and the main local language spoken and written on the second line.
____
____



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Cambodia 1998 — source variable KH1998A_0411 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

13 Literacy (Enter Code)
Can you read and write with understanding in any language?
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column 13: Literacy

93. Literacy is the ability to read and write with understanding in any language. A person is a literate when he/she can both read and write a simple message in any language or dialect. A person who cannot both read and write a simple message is considered illiterate. Also to be considered as illiterate is that person who is capable of reading only his/her own name or numbers, as well as persons who can read but not write, or vice versa.

93.1 A person who knows how to read and write but at the time of the census he/she can no longer read and write due to some physical defects or illness is still considered literate. An example of this is an aged person who knows how to read and write but can no longer perform these activities due to poor eyesight.

93.2 Disabled persons who can read and write through any means such as Braille system for the blind, are considered literate.

93.3 Enter 1 for those persons who answer ' Yes ' to this question and 2, for those persons who answer ' No '. All children of the age of 6 years or less should be treated as illiterate even if the child is going to a school and may have picked up reading and writing a few odd words.


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Cambodia 2004 — source variable KH2004A_0414 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Form B: Household questionnaire Part 2

For all persons
[Questions 10 to 23 were asked of all persons]

[16] Literacy

Can you read and write with understanding in any language?

Enter code.

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

52. Instructions for filing-in Column 1 to 23 of Form B: Part 2
You have to collect information in part 2 for all persons mentioned in Statement and Statement 1.2 of Part 1. Some of the following questions have been answered in Part 1. Therefore there will be no need to ask these questions again. In such cases all you have to do is to copy the information in the appropriate columns.

69. Column 16: Literacy
Literacy is the ability to read and write with understanding in any language. A person is a literate when he/she can both read and write a simple message in any language or dialect. A person who cannot both read and write a simple message is considered illiterate. Also to be considered as illiterate is that person who is capable of writing or reading only his/her own name or numbers, as well as persons who can read but not write, or vice versa.

69.1 A person who knows how to read and write but at the time of the survey he/she can no longer read and write due to some physical defects or illness is still considered literate. An example of this is an aged person who knows how to read and write but can no longer perform these activities due to poor eyesight.

69.2 Disabled persons who can read and write through any means such as Braille system for the blind, are considered literate.

69.3 This information should be collected for all persons. Enter 1 for those persons who answer 'Yes' to this question and 2, for those persons who answer 'No'. In case of doubt you may test by asking the person to read or write. By definition, children of the age of the 5 years or less should be treated as illiterate even if the child is going to a school and may have picked up reading and writing a few odd words.


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Cambodia 2008 — source variable KH2008A_0414 — Literate in other language
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

13. Literacy


b. Can this person read and write with understanding in any language? If so, which language?

(Enter the code from the list below)

[] 1 No other language
[] 2 Vietnamese
[] 3 Chinese
[] 4 Lao
[] 5 Thai
[] 6 French
[] 7 English
[] 8 Other (specify) ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column 13: Literacy

93. The definition of literacy is the ability to read and write with understanding in a language. A person is literate when he/she can both read and write a simple message in a language or dialect. A person who cannot both read and write a simple message is considered illiterate. Also to be considered as illiterate is that person who is capable of reading only his/her own name or numbers, as well as persons who can read but not write, or vice versa. For the present census all children of the age of 6 years or less (i.e. completed age 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 ) should be treated as illiterate even if the child is going to a school and may have picked up reading and writing a few odd words in a language.

93.1 A person who knows how to read and write, but at the time of the census he/she can no longer read and write due to some physical defects or illness, is still considered literate. An example of this is an aged person who knows how to read and write but can no longer perform these activities due to poor eyesight. Disabled persons who can read and write through any means such as Braille system for the blind, are considered literate.

93.2 Having described the concept of literacy, the following instructions are given for filling in Cols. 13 (a) and 13 (b). For children aged 6 or less enter Code 2 in Col. 13 (a) and Code 1 in Col. 13 (b).


Column 13 (b) Literacy in another language

[p.34]
93.4 The person who said Yes in Col. 13 (a) may be asked whether he/she can read and write with understanding in any other language i.e. whether he/she is literate in one more language (other than Khmer).

93.5 If he/she says "No", record Code 1 for him/her in Col. 13 (b). If he/she tells the name of a language give the code of that language in Col. 13 (b) from the list given under the column. If it is any language other than the six languages with codes, give Code 8 and specify that language.

93.6. The person who said "No" (Code 2) for Col. 13 (a) may be asked to tell the language in which he/she can read and write with understanding. If he/she says again, "No," give Code 1 for him/her in Col. 13 (b). If he/she tells the name of the language in which he/she can read and write with understanding, give the code of that language in Col. 13 (b) for him/her according to the same list of codes. If it is any language other than the six codes, enter Code 8 and specify that language.

93.7 In both the cases mentioned above if the respondent is literate in more than one language, only one language is to be recorded, that being the best of the languages in which he is literate.


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Cambodia 2013 — source variable LIT — Literacy

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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Cameroon 1987 — source variable CM1987A_0424 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Population of 11 years and older (born before April 1976)
[Questions 23-26 were asked of persons 11 years old or more.]


P25. Illiteracy

Can [the respondent] read and write? Circle the number corresponding to the appropriate symbol according to the instructions at the bottom of the page.

[] 1 Can read and write French or English
[] 2 Can read and write one national language only
[] 3 Can read and write another language only
[] 4 Can neither read nor write


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Columns P23 to P25: Population of 11 years and older (born before April 1976)

Note that these columns concern only persons who are 11 or more years old, in other words persons born before April 1976.

1) For persons who are less than 11 years old, put a dash in columns P23, P24 and P25.
2) For persons who are 11 or more years old. Fill in the following columns in compliance with the instructions below.


Column P25: Illiteracy

Fill in this column by encircling one of the following numbers:

1. AF If the person can read and write French or English.
2. LN If the person can read and write only a national language in Cameroon.
3. AU If the person can read and write only another language.
4. IL If the person can neither read nor write any language.



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Cameroon 2005 — source variable CM2005A_0490 — Literacy in national languages
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


19. National literacy languages
In which national language can the interviewee read and write best? _ _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


19. National languages (literacy)
The question related to this variable is only relevant for people 12 years and older.

Literacy is an individual's aptitude for reading and writing, and the ability to understand a text in relation to facts of everyday life, in any language (national language, foreign language).

In the Questionnaire, we've written national languages in the plural; however, for the standard order questions, this question only relates to literacy of the main national language. Also, there is only one answer possible for each eligible individual.
-Ask if the surveyed person knows how to read and write in the any national language.

If the answer is Yes, ask him the following question:
Q. In what main national language does the surveyed person know how to best read and write?

-Mark the name of the main language declared on the dotted line corresponding to the registration order number of the surveyed person.


If the answer is No,
-Mark "no" on the dotted line corresponding to the registration order number of the surveyed person.


The national languages of Cameroon retained in 3rd RGPH are:

[Languages omitted, except the last two codes below]

83=Other
00=None


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Chile 1960 — source variable CL1960A_0419 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


12. Literacy ____

If able to read and write, write "yes." If unable to read and write, write "no."

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Education: The following three questions should be answered by all people five years or older.


Column 12: Literacy. Find out whether the person knows how to read and write, and write yes or no, as the case may be. If the person only knows how to read or only knows how to sign their name, record no in both cases.


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Chile 1970 — source variable CL1970A_0418 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


II -- Educational Characteristics

For all individuals 5 years of age and older.


12. Literacy:

Only for those who answered "none" or "primary" in question number 10.

Are you able to read and write?
If "only" able to real or "only" able to write, mark "no."

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Question No. 12--Literacy

Any person able to read and write a simple paragraph in any language is considered literate.

This question will only be asked of those who answered "none," "primary," or "basic" to question No. 10.

If the person being enumerated only reads or only writes, you will mark box No. 2, that is, following the word "No".


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Chile 1982 — source variable CL1982A_0401 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For all those 5 and older


9. Only for those who answered that they attend/attended fourth year basic or primary or never attended

Do you know how to read and write?
If you only know how to read or only how to write, fill in 'no'

1. Yes ___
2. No ___


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


9. Do you know how to read and write?

Ask this question only of those who reported passing less than the fourth year of elementary or primary school, or none.

If the person only reads or only writes, fill in the oval for the no option.

[The above directions refer to a picture of question 9 in this section of the enumeration form.]

Questions 10, 11, 12 and 13 will be asked of everyone 15 and older.


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Chile 1992 — source variable CL1992A_0411 — Know how to read and write
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For all individuals 5 years of age and older [applies to questions 7 to 9]


Enumerator: only for those who answered "never attended" or lower than 4th grade of basic or primary completed.

9. Are you able to read and write?

If only able to read or only able to write, fill in "no."

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


9. Do you know how to read and write?

Ask this question only of those who answered Never Attended or those who passed the 1st, 2nd, or 3rd year of primary school.

If the person only reads or only writes, fill in circle 2. No.

[The above directions refer to a picture of question 9 in this section of the enumeration form.]


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Chile 2002 — source variable CL2002A_0416 — Able to read and write
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For all individuals 5 years of age and older


25. Are you able to read and write?

If only able to read or only able to write, mark "no."

[] Yes
[] No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Question 25

[A graphic of question 25 on the census form is provided.]


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China 1982 — source variable CN1982A_0406 — Education level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Persons aged 6 and above
VII. Educational level
[] 1. College graduate
[] 2. Undergraduate
[] 3 Senior middle school
[] 4. Junior middle school
[] 5. Primary school
[] 6. Illiterate or semi-literate


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


7. Educational level. People age 6 and above should provide the information on the topic according to their last record of formal schooling at the reference time, or their schooling equivalent to their present educational level. University level is divided into two categories: graduate and undergraduate. Undergraduate refers to one who once studied at university but did not finish. Postgraduates should draw a circle on "Graduate". Make no distinction between "graduate" and "undergraduate" when the educational level involved is senior middle school and [pg. 23] below. For instance, people who have graduated from, or studied, or are studying at the senior middle school, all circle on "Senior middle school".

"University" includes colleges and junior colleges. People who have passed examination and obtained a certificate through self-study and taken advanced courses of a university curriculum can also be considered as "Graduate". Radio and television university, factory-run university, correspondence and night courses, and courses of other forms run by university can be regarded as universities only if they follow the teaching plan or programme (full course) of the college; those which follow the teaching plan or programme of the secondary vocational or technical school are regarded as secondary vocational schools or secondary technical schools. Those who take a single radio, T.V. or correspondence course should not be marked down as having a university education. Those who are studying or have graduated from secondary technical school should be classified in senior middle school. Those of vocational school at junior middle school level should be classified in junior middle school and vocational school of senior middle school level should be classified in senior middle school. Those who are studying in or have graduated from secondary technical school after having graduated from senior middle school still mark themselves down as senior middle school. The enumerator may choose a certain educational level for those who studied under private tutors according to his or her own declaration.

People age 6 and above who are illiterate or know less than 1,500 words with which they cannot read simple language books and newspapers or write a simple message, should circle on "illiterate or semi-literate". People who know more than 1,500 words and can read simple language books and newspapers and write simple message, are considered as having reached non-illiterate level. They may be put down as having primary school level.

According to state stipulations, people age 12 years and above who declare themselves to be "illiterate or know only a few words'' should be counted as illiterate or semi-literate. Some people between age 6 and 11, who mark themselves down as "illiterate or semi-literate", would not be counted as such in tabulations.


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China 1990 — source variable CN1990A_0410 — Educational level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


9. Educational level:
Persons age 6 and over

a)
[] 1 Illiterate or semi-literate
[] 2 Primary
[] 3 Junior middle
[] 4 Senior middle
[] 5 Technical secondary
[] 6 2-year college or certificate
[] 7 College or university

b)
[] 1 Student
[] 2 Graduate
[] 3 Attended, but did not graduate
[] 4 Other


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


9. Education level -- reported by respondents aged 6 and over. This item is divided into two parts. The left column asks education level which indicates the highest level of education attainted by the respondent by the end of the census. It is measured by a 7 category answer scheme. People should be put into corresponding education levels if they have passed equivalent self-taught exams.

1. Illiterate: refers to illiterate people who are aged 6 and over knowing less than 1500 Chinese characters; being unable to read newspapers and/or writing informal notes (don't include students currently enrolled in elementary schools).

2. Elementary School: refers to people who graduated from/studied/or are studying in an elementary school; also include people who have never entered school but master 1500 and over Chinese characters, are able to read news papers and write informal notes.

3. Junior High School: refers to people who graduated from/studied/or are studying in a junior high school. Vocational training equivalent to junior high school should be taken as level of junior high school.

4. Senior High School: refers to people who graduated from / studied / or are studying in a high school or vocational high school. Vocational training equivalent to senior high school should be taken as level of senior high school.

5. Intermediate Vocational School: refers to people who graduated from / studied / or are studying in an intermediate vocational school.

6. 2 Year College or University Certificate below Bachelor: refers to people who graduated from / studied / or are studying in a 2 year college. People who have past equivalent self-taught exams and attained corresponding certificate should be in this category. People who graduated from / studied / or are studying in the following institutions which offer equivalent education of a 2 year college, according to the curriculum issued by the State Education Committee, are also in this category: television college, factory college, correspondence college, night college, and other colleges.

7. Bachelor's degree: refers to people who graduated from / studied / or are studying in a university offering Bachelor's, Master's or PhD degree. People who have past equivalent self-taught exam and attained corresponding certificate should be in this category. People who graduated from / studied / or are studying in the following institutions which offer equivalent education of Bachelor, Master, or PhD, according to the curriculum issued by State Education Committee, are also in this category: television college, factory college, correspondence college, night college, and other colleges.

People who graduated from / studied / or are studying in institutions not offering education following the curriculum issued by the State Education Committee, or only taking single course in certified institutions should not be put into this category. Check their original highest education level.


The right column is about completion status which is measured by a 4 category answer scheme. Those who check category 1 for education level do not need to answer this question.

Attending: attending respective education institutions as registered students
Graduation: graduated from respective education institutions
Attended: attended education institutions without graduation
Others: people who want to attain certificate by attending education institutions as part-time students, studying with private teachers, or self-study.



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China 2000 — source variable CN2000A_0421 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

14. Literate

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

R8. Literacy
Literacy standard is set by the State Council, which refers to city residents and employees of village or township enterprises who are capable of reading 2,000 Chinese characters, and rural residents who are capable of reading 1,500 Chinese characters.
All full-time primary school students should automatically be considered as literate.

Part One. Personal Records

R14 through R16 apply to persons who are 6 years or older.

R14. Literacy
Same as R8 of the short form


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Colombia 1964 — source variable CO1964A_0410 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


11. Literacy ____
Write "yes" for those who know how to read and write. If not, write "no".


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Literacy

Column No. 11 - Do you know how to read and write? If a person knows how to read and write a simple paragraph, yes should be written down in this column. In the contrary case no should be written down.

When a person knows how to read but not write or the opposite, and in the case of one who writes only numbers or barely draws their name, no should be written down. One should proceed equally in cases of persons who forgot how to read and write.

This column cannot remain without information and therefore special care is recommended to the enumerator in the registering of this information.


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Colombia 1973 — source variable CO1973A_0415 — Knows how to read and write
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


B. Educational characteristics (for persons five years old or more).
[Applies to questions 10 - 13]


10. Do you know how to read and write?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Section B. Educational characteristics

Fill out this section for all persons 5 years old or more.
[Applies to questions 10 - 13]


Question No. 10. Do you know how to read and write?

[Below the text is a form.]

Mark an "x" in the box "yes" when a person knows how to read and write correctly; that is, when they have the capacity to read, understand and write a text.

Mark "x" in the box "no", when that person does not read or write correctly.


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Colombia 1985 — source variable CO1985A_0413 — Can read and write
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


C. For persons five years old or more.
[Applies to questions 35 - 41]


39. Do you know how to read and write?

[] 2 Yes
[] 4 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


C. For persons 5 years old or older

(Question 35 to 41)

Take care to fill out this part C of Section V, only for persons who are 5 years old or older.


Question No. 39 Do you know how to read and write?

[Below the text is a form.]

Mark "x" in box 2, if a person knows how to read and write a paragraph or a simple section in their first language, even if it is done slowly.

Mark "x" in box 4, if a person does not know how to read or write a paragraph or a simple section, if they know how to read but not write or if they only know how to write their name.


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Colombia 1993 — source variable CO1993A_0421 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


F.2 Ask these questions of all persons who are five years old or more.


32. Does he/she know how to read and write?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


F2. Ask these questions to all persons 5 years old or older


32. Does [the respondent] know how to read and write?

The response is affirmative if a person can read and write a text even if they do it with difficulty.

[Below the text is a form.]

Although it is infrequent, you can find persons who know how to read but not write. In these cases the response should be negative. It will be equally negative if the person only knows how to sign their name.


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Colombia 2005 — source variable CO2005A_0473 — Knows how to read and write
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For persons age 3 + (generated by the DMC)
[Questions 41-44 were asked of persons age 3 and older.]


41. Does [the respondent] know how to read and write? (basic)

1. Yes


[p. 22]

1.1 During the past twelve months, how many books did [the respondent] read, other than those required for his/her work or studies? (If he/she did not read, write 00) (expanded) _ _

2. No



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Costa Rica 1963 — source variable CR1963A_0446 — Able to read and write
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Educational Characteristics

Only for those 7 years of age and older [applies to questions 11 to 13]


13. Able to read and write?

Mark the appropriate box

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Educational Characteristics

Ask these questions only to persons seven years old or older.

When filling about these lines it is convenient to consult the age (line 4), so that compatibility exists in the responses.

For Census purposes, "regular education" will be understood to be that which persons receive in primary school, secondary schools, and universities.

[p. 48]

Normal schools are considered university level.


Line No. 13.- Do you know how to read and write?

This question is included with the purpose of knowing the literacy and should be asked only for persons 7 years old or older.

Mark the box "Yes" when a person can read and write a simple paragraph in any language. The box "No" should be marked for four groups of persons, namely:

1) Those who do not know how to read or write a simple paragraph

2) Those who only know how to read.

3) Those who only know how to sign and/or write their name, and

4) Those who at one time knew how to read and write, put have forgotten it.

In the case of persons who currently are taking classes in the second grade of primary education or any other higher grade, it is not necessary to ask the question; mark the box "Yes" automatically.


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Costa Rica 1973 — source variable CR1973A_0418 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Only for people 6 years of age or older
[Applies to questions 13 - 16]


16. Literacy. For individuals 10 years of age and older: Are you able to read and write?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


22.- Question No. 16.- Literacy

This question should be asked only for persons 10 years old or older.

Mark the box "Yes" when a person can read and write a simple paragraph in any language. The box "No" should be marked for four groups of persons, namely:

22.1.- Those who do not know how to read or write a simple paragraph.

22.2.- Those who only know how to read.

22.3.- Those who only know how to sign and/or write their name.

Those who at one time knew how to read and write but have forgotten it.


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Costa Rica 1984 — source variable CR1984A_0414 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Only for those 10 years of age and older
[Applies to question 10 - 11]


10. Are you able to read and write?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Third block of questions: only for persons 10 years old or older

The two questions that form this block should be asked only to persons who have ages of 10 years or more. If a person is found who is not this old, then you should cross out the whole block with diagonal crossed lines and go to the next person.


Question 10: Are you able to read and write

[Below the text is a form.]

Information here is gathered about illiteracy, that is to say, whether a person knows how to read and write.

It is understood that you should repeat the question to each and every one of the members of the household that you are enumerating.

Knowing how to read and write is, for census purposes, not only being able to do it with texts of a certain complexity (newspapers, books, magazines), but rather also when is concerns very simple texts in the first language of the interviewed person (be it Spanish, English, French or any other language). You know that persons exist who know how to read and write but only very simple texts, those needed to face common situations of everyday life.

Consequently, if the person tells you that the person being referred to only reads and writes what is needed, then you should mark with an X the circle that follows the word "Yes". Of course, you should do it also in all the rest of the cases of persons that read and write correctly in levels that go from the most simple to the most complex (writers, professionals, etc.) The response is "No" when you are told that the person about whom you are gathering information falls into one of the following possibilities:

a) Does not know how to read or write a simple paragraph in their first language.
b) Only knows how to read.
c) Only know how to sign or write their name.
d) At one time knew how to read and write, but in the moment of the interview they tell you that it was forgotten.



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Costa Rica 2000 — source variable CR2000A_0419 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 9 - 12 are] For those 5 years of age and older

12. Able to read and write?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Second Block:

Only for persons 5 years old or older


Question 12: Literacy

Literacy is investigated to obtain a general indicator of the development of a country.

[To the right of the text is a form.]

This question should only be asked to persons 5 years old or older who say that their level of instruction (question 11) is "None", "Kindergarten or preparatory" or "Primary (from 1st to 6th grade). Only one of the two possible responses is accepted:

1. Yes: knows how to read and write in their first language, at least a simple text that permits them to face situations in daily life: a message or notice.

[Below the text is a picture of a person reading and writing.]

2. No. When a person does not know how to read and write a simple paragraph in their first language. Also are include in this category one who only knows how to sign or write their name or only knows how to read and one who says that at one time they knew how to read and write but now it has been forgotten.



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Costa Rica 2011 — source variable CR2011A_0425 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Only for people 5 years or older
[Questions 15-17 are only applied to persons aged 5 and older]

15. Does [the respondent] know how to read and write?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions 15 to 19 should be asked questions to people 5 years or older.

Question 15: Literacy

Only for people 5 years or older

15. Does [name] know how to read and write?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

It is considered "yes" when the person knows to read and write a simple text that allows one to face situations in daily life, like a message or an announcement. If the person only writes, only reads, or only knows how to sign or write their name, or expresses that in some moment he/she knew how to read and write but says that he/she forgot how, you should mark the option "no."

It is considered that the blind person knows how to read and write if he/she has these abilities in the Braille language.


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Dominican Republic 1960 — source variable DO1960A_0404 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

11. Able to read and write?
Write yes or no.

____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

61. Question 11. Does the person know how to read and write?. For the purposes of the census, a person knows how to read and write if he is capable of reading and writing a simple paragraph in any language. The words "Yes" or "No" are recorded according to the case.

A person is illiterate (does not know how to read or write) if he only knows how to read or is only able to write his name.


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Dominican Republic 1970 — source variable DO1970A_0407 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Persons 5 years of age and older [Applies to questions 7-10]

7. Literacy. Is the enumerated person able to read and write?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

11.5.2. Educational characteristics. Questions 7-10, referring to the enumerated person's educational characteristics, are presented to those 5 years of age and older.

a) Question 7. Literacy. In order to mark "1 X yes", it is necessary that the enumerated person know how to read and write. It is not sufficient that the person only know how to read or write.

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Dominican Republic 1981 — source variable DO1981A_0423 — Able to read and write
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42. Are you able to read and write?
(If only able to read or only able to write, mark the circle No)

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
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Question 42: Do you know how to read and write?

If the person does know how to read and write, circle 1 -- yes -- is filled in.

If the person only knows how to read or to write, circle 2 -- no -- is filled in.


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Dominican Republic 2002 — source variable DO2002A_0427 — Read and write
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons of 3 years old and more
[Questions 37-44 were asked of persons age 3+.]

37. Can [the respondent] read and write?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

For People Age 3 or Older

Question 37: Does (NAME) know how to write and read?

Fill in the correct answer. If the interviewee only reads or only writes record option 2 ("No").


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Dominican Republic 2010 — source variable DO2010A_0423 — Can read and write
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For persons age 3 and over

35. Does [the respondent] know how to write and read?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
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Question 35. Does [the respondent] know how to write and read?

Notice the instructions that are in the box above Question 35, which indicates that question 35 and thereafter are for persons 3 years or older. Therefore, you should ask the questions to all members of the household that are 3 years old or older.

Before beginning to fill out the questions about education, verify, in question 29, if the person being surveyed is 3 years old or older.


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Ecuador 1962 — source variable EC1962A_0423 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

VIII. Educational


For those 6 years of age and older:
[Applies to questions 11 through 13]


(12) Able to read and write?
Yes or No
____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Column 12: Do you know how to read and write?. Ask this question of all people 7 and up, and record "Yes" when the person being enumerated expresses that they know how to read and write in any language. Otherwise, write "no."


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Ecuador 1974 — source variable EC1974A_0413 — Literacy
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For all individuals 6 years of age and older [Applies to questions 9-11]


9. Do you know how to read and write?

If only able to read or only able to write mark the box "no."

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Question No. 10

[The following directions refer to a graphic representing question 10, "do you know how to read and write?", in this section of the enumeration form.]

Ask this question of all people six and older, mark yes with an x when the person reports that they know how to read and write. If the person doesn't read or write or only reads or only writes mark no with an x.

[Note that this question corresponds to question 9 on the enumeration form.]


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Ecuador 1982 — source variable EC1982A_0414 — Able to read and write
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For all individuals 6 years of age and older


9. Do you know how to read and write?

If only able to read or only able to write mark the box "no."

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Questions 9, 10 and 11 on Educational characteristics should be asked of all people 6 and older.


Question 9. Do you know how to read and write?

If the person knows how to read and write, mark the yes box.

If the person only reads or only writes, mark the no box.

If the person doesn't know how to read and write, mark the no box.


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Ecuador 1990 — source variable EC1990A_0400 — Literacy
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For all individuals 6 years of age and older
[Applies to questions 9-12.]


9. Do you know how to read and write? If only able to read or only able to write mark the box "no."

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Question 9. Does he/she know how to read and write?

Mark the corresponding box with an X. If he/she can only read or only write, mark box 2 (no).

Does he/she know how to read and write? If he/she can only read or only write, mark the box "no".

[ ] 1 Yes
[ ] 2 No



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Ecuador 2001 — source variable EC2001A_0422 — Can read and write
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


11. Does he/she know how to read and write? If he/she can only read or only write, mark the "no" box.
[ ] 1 Yes
[ ] 2 No
[ ] 9 Don't know


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Question 11.- Do you know how to read and write?

[There is a picture of question 11 from this section of the enumeration form.]

Mark the appropriate box with an "x." If the person being interviewed only reads or only writes, mark box 2, no.

If the information is provided by a third party and they don't know whether the person in question knows how to read and write, mark box 9, unknown.

[There is a drawing of a man reading a book, with the yes option checked for this question on the enumeration form.]


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Ecuador 2010 — source variable EC2010A_0456 — Knows how to read and write
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons five years old or more.
[Questions 19 to 26 were asked of all people five years and older.]


19. Does [the respondent] know how to read and write?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

If the person only reads or only writes, mark box 2, "no."


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


[Section 4]


Step 13: Continue with section 4, information about the population / C. Educational characteristics.

[A copy of section 4C of the census questionnaire is omitted here.]

Tips:

  • Follow the sequential order of the questions.
  • Remember that this is only for people 5 years old and older.
  • If the person only knows to read or only to write mark x in box 2 and continue with question 21.
  • Questions 21, 23, and 25 have leaps.
  • Mark question 23 according to the answer of the informant. If the informant mentions having finished the school, register x in code 5; if the informant mentions that he/she is in basic education, you should mark code 6.
  • Question 24 will be registered according to the level of instruction marked in question 23.



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Egypt 1986 — source variable EG1986A_0442 — Educational attainment
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Part B: Individual data

7. Educational status or last educational certificate
[Question 7 was asked of persons 10 years and over.]

[] 1 Underage
[] 2 Illiterate
[] 3 Read and write (literate)
[] 4 Certificate
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Educational status or the last certificate: Column number (7)
For the person who is less than (10) years put a circle round Number (1)
For the person (10) years and over put a circle:

Circle number (2) for the illiterate person
Circle number (3) for persons who read and write but, they have no educational certificate
If the person has an educational certificate writes the last certificate he has got next to the word certificate with mentioning the specialization if there is any:
Bachelor of accountancy trade

Bachelor of electric engineering
Agricultural secondary school
Azharya secondary school etc.


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Egypt 1996 — source variable EG1996A_0409 — Literate
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


7. Educational status or last educational certificate
[Question 7 was asked of persons 10 years and over.]

[] 1 Under age
[] 2 Illiterate
[] 3 Read and write (literate)
[] 4 Certificate


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


The educational status or the name of the highest certificate column No.(7)
For the person less than (10) years fill in ink the circle in front of No.(1) and as for the person (10) years and over fill in ink the circle:
In front of No.(2) for the illiterate
In front of No.(3) for those who read and write but, they have no certificate

Those who read and write and having an educational certificate write in front of the word highest certificate, the certificate that the person has got.


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Egypt 2006 — source variable EG2006A_0409 — Educational level (main code)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


7. Education status, or the highest education certificate
[Age 10 or older]

[] 1 Under age
[] 2 Illiterate
[] 3 Read and write without certificate
[] 4 Primary
[] 5 Preparatory
[] 6 Intermediate degree
[] 7 Above intermediate degree
[] 8 University degree
[] 9 Above university degree (specify the highest degree and specialization) ________


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Table 1: Household characteristics


9. Educational level or the highest degree (for those 10 years and older)
There are 2 squares on the right, and 4 squares on the left.

Fill only the 2 squares on the right, leaving the rest of the squares to be coded by the Information Technology sector.

One of the following answers is written:

1. Member is below age
2. Member is illiterate
3. Member who can read and write with no certificate
4. Illiteracy eradication: for the member who was enrolled in illiteracy eradication classes and completed his/her studies and got an illiteracy eradication certificate
5. Member who obtained elementary school certificate (general / azhari)
6. Member who obtained preparatory certificate (general / industrial / agricultural / commercial)
7. Intermediate degree (general / commercial / industrial / agricultural)
8. Above intermediate degree
9. University degree
10. Higher diploma
11. Masters degree
12. Doctorate degree

If the member has a degree, the correct code is written inside the square on the right, and the highest scientific degree he/she obtained and his/her specialization are written below the squares. Nothing will be written in the four squares on the left so that the Information Technology sector can code the degree.

[Example has been omitted.]

If number (7) or (8) is marked, then the degree and specialization are written on the line below the squares, for example: (general secondary certificate - vocational secondary; commerce - vocational secondary; industry - 2 years post-secondary; commerce - vocational institute; 2 years post secondary - industry vocational institute, etc.) and the 4 squares on the left are blank to be coded by the Information Technology sector.


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El Salvador 1992 — source variable SV1992A_0402 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

V. Information on members of the household


2. Persons age 5 or older
[Questions 10-13 were asked of persons age 5 or older]


10. Are you able to read and write?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

4.5.3 For persons age 5 or older
This part just refers to people five years of age and up, as a result the interview ends with question 9b for persons younger than 5, skipping the questions 10 through 13 to the following page.


10. Literacy
Do you know how to read?

"Yes" is marked when the person knows how to read and write at least a paragraph. If they only know how to write their name and a few numbers, the option "No" will be marked.


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El Salvador 2007 — source variable SV2007A_0429 — Can read and write
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[Questions 9-12 are for persons age 5 or older]


9. Do you know how to read and write?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 9-12 are for persons age 5 or older]


Question 9: Do you know how to read and write?

Circle number "1" if the person knows how to read and write at least a paragraph of anything. If the person only knows how to write his/her name and a few numbers, circle number "2".


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Ethiopia 1984 — source variable ET1984A_0415 — Education level completed
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30. Highest grade completed

Is [person] illiterate? Write 00 for illiterate and if literate, highest grade completed.
_ _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column 30 - Highest Grade Completed

Each household member aged five years and over will be first asked if he/she can read and write. A person is said to be able to read and write if he/she can read and understand and also write in any language. People can read and write only their names and numbers are not considered as having educational qualification. Also those who can read only scripture- related and memorized texts are not taken as having been educated.

If the person does not read and write, the term "illiterate" will be entered in column 30 and "00" in card columns 55 and 56. However if the household member is able to read and write, he/she will be asked the highest grade he/she completed and then the correct code for the response among those in the list will be registered in the space provided in column 30 in line with the household member and this same code will be entered in card columns 55 and 56.

Highest grade completed refers to the highest educational grade individuals are currently attending or the highest grade level they completed in the past under the available curriculum in regular schools, universities, training institutes and the like.

The highest grade the household member completed will be registered in the space provided corresponding to the household member in column 30. Then the correct code among those listed below will be identified and entered in card columns 55 and 56.

00 = Illiterate. This includes those currently enrolled but not yet able to read and write and those who have attended in the past and discontinued attending before knowing to read and write and those who have forgotten to read and write .Also those who have never attended are included here.
01 = Completed first grade and able to read and write.
02 = Completed second grade and able to read and write. Those qualified to read and write under literacy program are considered as having completed second grade.
03 = Completed third grade and able to read and write.
04 = Completed fourth grade.
05 = Completed fifth grade.
06 = Completed sixth grade.
07 = Completed seventh grade.
08 = Completed eighth grade.
09 = Completed ninth grade.
10 = Completed tenth grade.
11 = Completed eleventh grade.
12 = Completed twelfth grade.
20 = Completed education of one year or more in a program above 12th grade offered in schools, institutes, colleges or universities, that is not intended to qualify with first degree /BA. BSC/.
21 = Completed education of one year or more in a program above 12th grade offered in colleges or universities, that is intended to qualify with first degree /BA. BSC/ but not yet awarded with degree.
22 = Completed education with first degree /BA, BSC, LLB/ and having similar qualification.
23 = Completed a one year or more of education above first degree in graduate program in university with but not awarded with MA, MSC, LLM.
24 = Completed education with master's degree /MA, MSC, LLM/ and having equivalent qualification.
25 = Completed education with doctorate degree or equivalent qualification.
26 = Able to read and write but their qualification cannot be classified according to the standard educational classification. For example, priests, monks, other members of the clergy, sheiks, etc. who have attended schools in churches, monasteries and mosques and in others and learned how to read and write come under this category with regard to the highest grade completed. Those who could read and write by learning on their own with the help from others prior to completing first grade come under this category. This includes those attending literacy program and who can read and write.

To determine the highest grade completed for a person who has attended or still attending other than regular school and university the number of academic years completed in the institution or equivalent level is added on the grade or level completed in regular school. For example, if some years ago the requirement for entrance to a nursing school was to complete eighth grade in regular education, and the course in the nursing school takes three years to complete the professional training then grade completed will be calculated as: 8 + 3 = 11. Hence 11 will be entered in card columns 55 and 56.

But if the requirement for admission to a nursing school was completion of 11tth grade from regular schools, then the situation has to be treated differently. One who completes a three-year nursing training without any repetition and having no further regular education is said to have completed 14, i.e. /11 + 3/. For people who have attended or currently attending evening schools, teachers training institutes, commercial, technical, telecommunications, etc. schools or institutes, their highest grade completed will have to be determined in the same way.

One thing worth noting here is that the highest grade completed for a person who has studied in different educational institutions will be the highest grade among these. For example, let us assume a nurse completed 11th grade in regular school and also 3 years training in nursing school and later completed 12th grade in evening school and further pursued her education in the university extension program for three years. The highest grade this person completed is: First) grade completed in regular school (11) plus years completed in nursing institute (3) equals 14. On the other hand if she has completed 11th grade in regular school and completed 12th grade in extension session of regular school and further completed 3rd year education in a university, then the highest grade she completed will be 15 /11 + 1 + 3/. If she completed a three year education above 12th grade under a program unintended to obtain degree, code "20" will be entered in card columns 55 and 56 or code "21" will be entered in the card columns under a program intended to obtain a degree.

As can be understood from the second example above, the standard of some vocational training institutes does not match with that in regular schools and universities. And this does not have to create any confusion because the required data is highest grade completed not the school or institute standard people have attended or are still attending.


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Ethiopia 1994 — source variable ET1994A_0415 — Education level completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Section III: Detailed particulars of household members

Five years and above
[Questions 26-27 were asked of resident members age 5+.]

Educational status

26. Enter grade enrolled for those now attending school

97=Attended school in the past
98=Never attended school
_ _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column 26 - 27: Educational status of persons aged 5 years and above
Questions in columns 18 - 20 refer only to members of a given household aged 5 years and over. During the time of enumeration, information on the school attendance status of the person and the highest grade the individual has completed will be asked and collected. All questions refer to the educational status of individuals aged 5 years and over at the time of the census.

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Ethiopia 2007 — source variable ET2007A_0416 — Literacy
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Section 3: Details of persons in the household

[Questions 18-20 were asked of long form respondents age 5+.]

18. Is [the respondent] literate?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 18-20:- About Literacy and Educational Status of Persons Aged 5 Years and Above.

Questions from 18-20 refer to only members of a given household aged 5 years and over. During the time of enumeration information on the ability of the person to read and write with the language he/she speaks, the school attendance status of the person and the highest grade the individual has completed will be asked and collected. All questions refer to the literacy and educational status of individuals aged 5 years and over at the period of the census.

Question 18:- Can [the respondent] read and write?

This question is about the literacy status of members of the household aged 5 years and over. All eligible persons will be asked whether they can read and write with the language they speak. For those who report that they can read and write, code 1 will be given and marked on the given box on the questionnaire. In other words for persons who are found to be unable to read and write, code 2 will be assigned. A person is considered to be literate if he/she can read and write clearly with any language. Those who can read and write only their names and numbers are not taken as literate. Moreover, those who can read and write some statements or words, which they know before through memorization, are not considered as literate.


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Ghana 2000 — source variable GH2000A_0415 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


P11 Literacy: In what language can (name) read and write?
(Answer for persons 15 years or older)

[] 1 Not literate (None)
[] 2 English
[] 3 Ghanaian language
[] 4 English and Ghanaian language
[] 5 Other


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


P11 Literacy: If (name) is 15 years or older. In what language can (name) read and write?

This question relates to the respondent's ability to read and write any language. Note that a respondent is considered literate if he/she can read and write a simple statement with understanding. This is quite different from the respondent being able to write or distinguish between the various letters of the alphabet and counting numbers.

[p. 40]

You should be careful in case where the person(s) concerned did not have any formal education or spent a few years in a primary school and has now forgotten how to read and write.

Note that if a respondent can only read but cannot write or vice versa you must not consider such a person as literate. Similarly, if a person was literate sometime ago but cannot read and write with understanding at the time of the interview then you must consider him/her illiterate and mark X in the box for code 1 i.e. not literate. For instance, if a person completed middle form 4 or JSS 3 and can no longer read and write with understanding you must consider him/her illiterate.


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Ghana 2010 — source variable GH2010A_0412 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions P00-P20 were asked for persons in both the household and non-household populations.]

Literacy: answer for persons 11 years and older

P11. In what language can [the respondent] read and write?

[] 1 None (not literate)
[] 2 English only
[] 03 Ghanaian language only
[] 04 English and Ghanaian language
[] 05 English and French
[] 06 English, French and Ghanaian language
[] 07 Other (Specify) ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

P11. Literacy: In what language can (name) read and write?

This question is to be asked of persons who are 11 years and older.

The question also relates to the respondent's ability to read and write in any language. Note that a respondent is considered literate if he/she can read and write a simple statement with understanding. Literacy is more than the ability to write or distinguish between the various letters of the alphabet and counting numbers.

Note that if a respondent can only read but cannot write or can write but cannot read, he or she cannot be considered as literate. Similarly, if a person was literate some time ago but cannot read and write with understanding at the time of the interview then you must consider him/her illiterate and enter code 1 in the box (i.e. not literate). For instance, if a person completed middle form 4 or JSS/JHS 3 and can no longer read and write with understanding, you must consider him/her non-literate.

The following are the categories for literacy:

1. None (not literate) - Enter code 1 in the box for persons who cannot read and write with understanding in any language.

2. English only - Write 2 in the box for a person who can read and write in English only.

3. Ghanaian language only - Enter code 3 in the in the box for a person who can read and write in a Ghanaian language only.

4. English and Ghanaian language - Enter code 4 in the box for persons who can read and write with understanding in English and any Ghanaian language.

5. English and French - Enter code 5 in the appropriate box for persons who can read and write in both English and French.

6. English, French, and any Ghanaian language - Enter code 6 in the appropriate box for persons who can read and write with understanding in English, French, and any Ghanaian Language.

7. Other (specify) - Enter code 7 in the corresponding box for persons who can read and write in other languages which do not fall into any of the categories listed above and record the actual response in the box provided.

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Greece 1971 — source variable GR1971A_0421 — Does person know how to read and write?
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


The following questions 13-24 should only be completed for persons born in 1960 or earlier.


22. Does he/she know how to read and write?
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Question 22, Knows how to read and write [omitted]

Question 23, Level of education

188. The highest degree is to be recorded [examples omitted].

[p. 52]

Question 24, Higher degree of education [omitted]

[Rest of the document was not translated into English]


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Greece 1981 — source variable GR1981A_0412 — Level of education
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


The following questions should be answered only by persons born in 1970 or earlier.


10. Level of education: Mark an X next to the answer that corresponds to the highest degree attained by the respondent. In addition, in cases 1 or 2, for higher education degrees from a university or other school of higher education, specify: a) the educational institution and b) the department they graduated from.

[] 1 Higher education (university) degree
___ (Educational Institution)
___ _ _ _ (Department)

[] 2 Higher education other, non-university school degree
___ (Educational Institution)
___ _ _ _ (Department)

[] 3 Now attending university or other school of higher education
[] 4 Secondary education certificate (6-grade gymnasium)
[] 5 Lower secondary school certificate
[] 6 Primary school certificate
[] 7 Dropped out of primary school but knows how to read and write
[] 8 Does not know how to read and write



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Greece 1991 — source variable GR1991A_0415 — Level of education
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


The following questions should only be completed for persons born in 1980 or earlier.



12. Level of education

-Provide only one answer, which corresponds to the highest level of study completed by the respondent.
-Answer 1 refers to those who have attained a Ph.D. or a Master's degree.


(3)


[] 1 Postgraduate (Ph.D. or Master's) degree
[] 2 Higher education (University) degree
[] 3 Technical education college degree
[] 4 Higher education school degree
[] 5 Now attending University, Technical college, or Higher education school
[] 6 Secondary education certificate (secondary school or 6-grade gymnasium or comprehensive school)
[] 7 Technical school certificate
[] 8 Technical college certificate
[] 9 Lower secondary school certificate
[] 10 Left lower secondary school without certificate
[] 11 Primary school certificate
[] 12 Left primary school without certificate, knows how to read and write
[] 13 Left primary school without certificate, does not know how to read and write
[] 14 Did not attend primary school and does not know how to read and write



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Greece 2001 — source variable GR2001A_0419 — Level of Education
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


14. Education
(Mark the highest level of study completed by the respondent.)
[] 1 PhD
[] 2 Master's
[] 3 Higher education degree
[] 4 Technical education college or religious education degree
[] 5 Post secondary education degree
[] 6 Secondary education certificate (secondary school or 6-grade gymnasium or comprehensive school)
[] 7 Technical school certificate
[] 8 Technical college certificate
[] 9 Lower secondary school certificate
[] 10 Primary school certificate
[] 11 Now attending primary school
[] 12 Left primary school without certificate, but knows how to read and write
[] 13 Does not know how to read and write


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Question 14: Only one answer, corresponding to the highest level of studies completed by the respondent. Post-secondary education comprises schools not belonging to Higher Education (Universities) for which secondary education certificate is required (e.g. Vocational Training Institutes / Centers, Colleges etc.). Not to be answered by children born later than 1-1-1995.


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Greece 2011 — source variable GR2011A_0417 — Level of education completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

11. Educational attainment.

[Answer questions 11- 12 only children born after 01/01/2005]

State the highest level of studies completed by the respondent.

[] 1 PhD
[] 2 Master's degree
[] 3 Higher education degree
[] 4 Degree of Technical Education colleges
[] 5 Certificate of high technical schools
[] 6 Post-secondary education degree
[] 7 Secondary education certificate
[] 8 Technical school certificate
[] 9 Technical college certificate
[] 10 Lower secondary school certificate
[] 11 Primary school certificate
[] 12 Left primary school, but can read and write
[] 13 Completed pre-primary education
[] 14 Illiterate
[For persons who checked answers 6 through 14, skip to question 13]
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 11 "Level of education"
The question is to be answered by those born up to the 31st of December 2004. Only one answer will be given, that corresponds to the highest degree acquired by the individual. The gradation level of education of inventory concerns all levels of education that is equivalent to the Greek.
Post-secondary education are considered schools that do not belong to higher education and entry into the requiring high school diploma [e.g. IEK Free Study Centers, Colleges, etc.].

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Guatemala 1964 — source variable GT1964A_0418 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Educational and occupational characteristics
Persons 7 years old and more
[Questions 15 to 26 are asked of persons age 7+ years old]

Education

15. Literacy: Does the person know how to read and write?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Educational and occupational characteristics

These questions should be asked exclusively of the persons who have informed that they are seven years old or older.

Question 15: Literacy

Does the person know how to read and write?

[p. 42]

Mark the small box 1 when the person can read and write a simple paragraph in any language.

The small box 2 should be marked in any of these cases:
a) When he or she does not know how to read nor write a simple paragraph;
b) When he or she only knows how to read;
c) When he or she only knows how to sign and/or write his other name; and
d) For persons who at one time knew how to read and write, but have forgotten how to do so.

For persons younger than seven years old, you should make an X over the box corresponding to this question.


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Guatemala 1973 — source variable GT1973A_0416 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C - Cultural characteristics
(For those 7 years of age and older)
[Questions 11 to 14 are asked of persons age 7+ years old]


11. Literacy

Are you able to read and write?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
[] 9 Unknown


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

C) Cultural characteristics (for persons aged seven years or older)

Questions 11-14 refer to the literacy and educational level of the enumerated person; either he or she completed the degree or is currently studying. For this reason, only persons aged seven and older are asked these questions.

The purpose of these questions is to find out the educational level of the population with respect to their demographic, economic, and social characteristics.

Question 11: literacy

1. How to ask the question:
Ask, "Do you know how to read and write?"

The following definitions will help you investigate this question set:
Literate: this person knows how to read and write a simple paragraph in Spanish or another language.

Illiterate: this person does not know how to read or write, or only knows how to read, or who can only write his or her name (signature).

2. How to record the answer:
If the answer is positive, mark an "X" in the box next to the word "yes." Mark an "X" in the box next to the word "no" if the answer is negative.

3. Example:
[This box contains question 11 of the section VI "people in the census household."]


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Guatemala 1981 — source variable GT1981A_0424 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

VII. People in the census household

For those 7 years of age and older
[Questions 13 - 15 were asked for persons age 7+ old]

13. Literacy

Are you able to read and write?

[] 1Yes
[] 2 No
[] 9 Unknown
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


C. Third block: educational characteristics (for those 7 years of age and older).

Questions 13 to 15 refer to the enumerated person's literacy and education completed or education being carried out. For this reason, only those persons 7 years of age and older are asked these questions.

The purpose of these questions is to discover the educational level of the population in relation to demographic, economic, and social characteristics.


Question 13: literacy

1. How to formulate the question

Do you know how to read and write?

The following definitions will help the enumerator to investigate this question.

Literate: The person who knows how to read and write a simple paragraph in Spanish or in another language.

[p. 73]

Illiterate: The person who does not know how to either read or write, or who only knows how to read or can only write his or her name (signature).

2. How to record the data

According to the answer, the number "1. yes" or "2. no" is circled. If an informant does not know if the literacy condition of the person in question, the category "9. Unknown" is circled.

3. Example:

[These instructions refer to a graphic of question 13 of the census form]


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Guatemala 1994 — source variable GT1994A_0421 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

VII. People in the census household

13. Literacy

Do you know how to read and write?

If only reads or write, mark no

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions for persons aged seven and older only
If the person is less than seven, do not ask him/her question 13-24. Instead, go to the next person on the list.

13. Literacy
A person who is literate is a person who can read and write a simple message, idea or paragraph in Spanish or another language.

Ask, "Do you know how to read and write?"

[A graphic of box 13, "literacy," is reproduced on the right-hand side of the page.]

If the person only knows how to read, or only knows how to write, mark the circle for "no."


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Guatemala 2002 — source variable GT2002A_0418 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Chapter VII. Characteristics of the people

For persons of age 7 years and older
[Questions 12 to 20 are for persons of age 7 years and older]

12.Do you know how to read and write?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

[p. 54]

Section 7: Individual characteristics

This section records individual information for a maximum of ten people - those listed in section 6, "total number of persons in the household." If there are more than ten people in the census household use as many additional forms as necessary.

[A graphic of the "individual characteristics", located at the top of section 7 of the census form, is included here.]

Person number: In the grid spaces on the upper left side of the form, write the number that corresponds to the person according to the order from the list of persons in section VI. The head of household is number 1.

Name: In the appropriate space, write the name of each of the persons who make up the household according to the order in which they appear on the list in question 3 of section VI. Begin with the head of household and continue writing according to the order established.

Information supplied by respondent: This is when the person interviewed gives information about his/her own self. Fill in the appropriate oval according to the information you receive.

Questions 1-11 should be asked for all permanent residents of the household in the dwelling.

Questions 12-20 are for persons aged seven or older.

12. Literacy
Ask, "Does the person know how to read and write?"

[A graphic of question 12, from section 7 of the census form, is included here.]

A person who is literate knows how to read and write in a certain language.


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Guinea 1983 — source variable GN1983A_0409 — Literacy and language
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For the population aged 6 years and above: Characteristics of education
[Questions 12-14 were asked of persons aged 6 years and above.]


12. Literacy

[] 1 Illiterate
[] 2 Literate in national language
[] 3 Literate in Arabic
[] 4 Literate in French
[] 9 Literate in other languages


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


B. Educational characteristics for the population aged 6 and older


Column (11): Literacy
122. A person is considered literate in a language if he/she knows how to read and write in that language. Depending on whether or not the person being interviewed is literate or not, record:

ILL for illiterate, .i.e., is not literate in any national or foreign language;
LN for literate in [the] National Language only;
AR for literate in Arabic. Those who can read and write the Koran are considered literate in Arabic;
FR for literate in French;
LN/AR for those who are literate in both the national language and Arabic;
AR/FR for those who are literate in both Arabic and French;
AUT for those who are literate in languages other than those indicate above.



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Guinea 1996 — source variable GN1996A_0414 — Literacy and language
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Resident population aged 6 years and above
[Questions P13-P18 were asked of resident population aged 6 years and above.]


P13 Literacy
[This code is a concatenated code with 2nd adding]

[] 0 Illiterate
[] 1 National language
[] 2 French
[] 4 English
[] 8 Arabic
[] 16 Other languages _ _


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Column P13: Literacy

For the purposes of the census we take literacy to mean the result of the actions of public authorities and certain private institutions which consist of teaching populations to read and write. The reference languages are very numerous because of the presence of foreigners in Guinea. The National Census Bureau has retained 4 reference languages: the national languages (LN); French (Fr); English (En) and Arabic (Ar). All other languages have been grouped [into] a single category called "other languages," whose abbreviation is (Aut). All those who do not know how to read or write are considered illiterate, and the corresponding abbreviation is "Ill." Obviously, a person [may] be able to read or write in several of the languages given above; this is why there is a small [box] across from each of the modalities where you should mark an x if the answer so requires, or else put nothing. In any case, don't write anything in the numbering grid at the bottom. It is certainly easier to ask the following 2 questions to obtain the information you want:

a) "Do you know how to read and write?"
If the answer is no, then the person is illiterate and you should put an "x" in the box "Ill" and continue to level of instruction;

If the answer is yes, then ask the following question: "in which languages?" Or else ask the individual being enumerated to list the languages he or she read and writes, and mark an "x" in the appropriate box.

[p. 44]

A. [As an] example let's look at how to deal with the following 4 cases:
a) The individual does not know how to read or write;
A
Ill X An
LN Ar
Fr Aut
/_/_/

b) The individual knows how to read and write French, English and Russian
B
Ill An X
LN Ar
Fr X Aut X

/_/_/
c) The individual knows how to read and write Arab, French and English
C
Ill An X
LN Ar X
Fr X Aut X
/_/_/

d) The individual knows how to write Chinese, Russian and German.
D
Ill An
LN Ar
Fr X Aut X
/_/_/

You should, of course, write nothing in the numbering grid at the bottom.


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Haiti 1971 — source variable HT1971A_0413 — Do you know how to read and write?
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions 12 to 14 are asked to persons 5 years old and over]


12. Do you know how to read and write?

[] 0 No
[] 1 Only read
[] 2 Read and write


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


C) Questions 12-14 Education

[Questions 12 to 14 are asked to persons 5 years old and over]


Column 12- Do You Know How to Read and Write? There are 3 possible answers to this question. Write an "x" in the box corresponding to the answer you are given. For someone to be considered able to read and write it is not enough that he/she knows how to read numbers or to write his/her name; the person must be able to read or write a text made up of a few simple, commonly-used words.


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Haiti 1982 — source variable HT1982A_0408 — Literate
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


C. Educational characteristics
For persons 6 years and older.
[Questions 10-16 were asked of persons 6 years of age and older.]


14. Literacy: Does this person know how to read and write?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No (Go to question 17)


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


C) Education
[Questions 10-16.]
71. Questions relating to education are only asked of people 6 years old or more. For all people less than 6 years old, the interrogation stops at question 9.


Question 14: Literacy (reading and writing)
75. The data on the reading and writing aptitude must allow you to distinguish between the literate and the illiterate. An illiterate person is a person incapable of reading and writing, with understanding, a short and simple statement of facts related to daily life. As a consequence, a person capable only of reading and writing numbers and his name must be considered as illiterate, just as is the case for a person who knows how to read but cannot write or a person who can only read and write something which they have learned by heart.


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Haiti 2003 — source variable HT2003A_0421 — Knows how to read and write
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

F2. Population aged 5 and older
[Questions F2.13 through F2.20 were asked for persons 5 years of age and older.]


14. Does this person know how to read and write?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No



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Honduras 1961 — source variable HN1961A_0407 — Able to read
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Education

For persons 5 years of age and older
[Questions 8-10 were asked of people aged 5 years or older]

8. Are you able to read and write?

[] Yes
[] No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Educational characteristics
This section comprises questions 8, 9, and 10, and those questions should be asked to persons aged 5 years or older.

Column number 8: Are you able to read and write? (in any language)
Write "Yes" or "No" according to the answer.


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Honduras 1988 — source variable HN1988A_0415 — Able to read and write
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

B. Educational characteristics


9. Are you able to read and write?

(If only able to read mark the circle No)

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

B. Educational characteristics

9. Are you able to read and write?
If the person can to read and write, an "X" is marked in circle 1. If the person only reads, circle 2 is marked.

[These instructions refer to an illustration of a person reading.]


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Honduras 2001 — source variable HN2001A_0411 — Able to read and write
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Section F. Characteristics of the persons

For persons 5 years old or more
[Questions 6-11 were asked of persons aged 5 years or older.]

7. Does [the person] know how to read and write?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

For persons five years old or more
[Questions 6-11 were asked of persons aged 5 years or older]

Question 7: Do you know how to read and write?
You should mark the box that corresponds to the answer received.

Remember that is the person:

- Knows how to read and write you should mark 'yes'.

- Only reads or only writes you should mark 'no'.

- Only knows how to sign his or her name, mark 'no'.

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India 1983 — source variable IN1983A_0406 — General education
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


8. Educational standard: general
[] 0 Not literate
[] 1 Literate without formal schooling
[] 2 Literate but below primary
[] 3 Primary
[] 4 Middle
[] 5 Secondary

Graduate and above in:

[] 6 Agriculture
[] 7 Engineering technology
[] 8 Medicine
[] 9 Other subjects


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


5.4.1.0 Block 4.1 : demographic and current activity particulars during the week :
This block is meant for recording the demographic and the current activity status particulars of all the normal members of the household. Besides that, the information as to whether the household members are to be considered migrants according to certain laid down criterion will also be collected in this block.


5.4.1.8 Column (8) and ( 9): educational standard:
Information regarding the general and technical education attained by the normal members of the household listed in col. (1) will be recorded in columns (8) and (9) respectively in terms of the specified code numbers. For the purpose of making entries in these columns only the course successfully completed will be considered. For instances, for a person who has studied up to say, first year B.A., his educational attainment will be considered only secondary (code number 5). Also, for a person who has studied up to 12th standard but has not sat for the final examination or has failed or ever passed in the examination, his educational attainment will be considered 'secondary' only. The relevant codes to be used for recording entries in these two columns are:

general education[column(8)]

Not literate ... 00
Literate without formal schooling ... 01
Literate but below primary ... 02
Primary ... 03
Middle ... 04
Secondary ... 05

Graduates and above in:

Agriculture ... 06
Engineering/technology ... 07
Medicine ... 08
Other subjects ... 09


technical education[column (9)]
Additional diploma/certificate
Agriculture ... 10
Engineering/technology ... 11
Medicine ... 12
Crafts ... 13
Other subjects ... 14
No technical education ... 15


A person who can both read and write a simple message in at least one language is to be considered literate. Those who are not able to do so are to be considered not literate and will be assigned code 00. Those who are literate but never attended any school, will be assigned code 01. Those who are by definition literate but are yet to pass primary standard examination will get code 02. Similarly codes 03, 04, and 05 will indicate the successive higher standard of examinations passed. Matriculation, School Final, Pre-University, Higher Secondary and Intermediate examination will come under Secondary (code 05). A degree holder will get one of the codes 06 to 09 depending on the subject studied. For code 08, medical graduates belonging to Schools of medicine other than allopathic, e.g., homeopathic, ayurvedic, etc. are also to be taken into consideration. Code 06 will also include graduates in 'forestry', 'fishery science' etc. If more than one of the codes 06 to 09 are relevant for a person the following procedure will be adopted.

i) When code 09 as well as one of the codes 06 to 08 are relevant code 09 will not be considered.
ii) When more than one of the codes 06 to 08 are relevant, the code indicating the degree last obtained will be considered.


Persons who have attained proficiency in oriental languages (e.g. Sanskrit, Persian etc.) through formal but not the general type of education will be classified appropriately at the equivalent level of general education standard.


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India 1987 — source variable IN1987A_0406 — General education
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


7. Educational standard: general
[] 0 Not literate
[] 1 Literate without formal schooling
[] 2 Literate but below primary
[] 3 Primary
[] 4 Middle
[] 5 Secondary

Graduate and above in:

[] 6 Agriculture
[] 7 Engineering/technology
[] 8 Medicine
[] 9 Other subjects


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


5.4.8 Columns (7) and (8): Educational standard: Information regarding the general and technical education attained by the normal members of the household listed in column (1) will be recorded in columns (7) and (8) respectively in terms of the specified code numbers. For the purpose of making entries in those columns, only the course successfully completed will be considered. For instance, for a person who has studies up to say, first year B.A., his educational attainment will be considered only secondary (code number 5). Also, for a person who has studies up to 12th standard but has not set for the final examination or has failed or even passed in the examination, his educational attainment will be considered "secondary" only. The relevant codes to be used for recording entries in these two columns are:

General education [column (7)]
Not literate 0
Literate without formal schooling 1
Literate but below primary 2
Primary 3
Middle 4
Secondary 5

Graduate and above in:
Agriculture 6
Engineering/technology 7
Medicine 8
Other subject 9

Technical education [column (8)]
No technical education 0
Additional diploma/certificate in:
Agriculture 1
Engineering/technology 2
Medicine 3
Crafts 4
Other subjects 5


A person who can both read and write a simple message in at least one language is to be considered literate. Those who are not able to do so are to be considered not literate and will be assigned code 0. Those who are literate but never attended any school will be assigned code 1. Those who are by definition literate but are yet to pass primary standard examination will get code 2. Similarly code 3, 4 and 5 will indicate the successive higher standard of examinations passed. Matriculation, School Final, Pre-University, Higher Secondary and Intermediate Examinations will come under Secondary (code 5). A degree holder will get one of the codes 6 to 9 depending on the subject studied. For code 8, medical graduates belonging to school of medicine other than allopathic, e.g., homeopathic, ayurvedic, etc., are also to be taken into consideration. Code 6 will also include graduates in 'forestry', 'fishery science', etc. If more than one of the codes 6 to 9 are relevant for a person the following procedure will be adopted.
i. When code 9 as well as one of the codes 6 to 8 are relevant code 9 will not be considered.

ii. When more than one of the codes 6 to 8 are relevant, the code indicating the degree last obtained will be considered.


Persons who have attained proficiency in original languages (e.g. Sanskrit, Persian, etc.) through formal but not the general type of education will be classified appropriately at the equivalent level of general education standard.


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India 1993 — source variable IN1993A_0406 — Literacy and general education attained
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


7. Educational standard: general
[] 01 Not literate

Literate through attending:

[] 02 NFEC/AEC
[] 03 TLC
[] 04 Others

[] 05 Literate but below primary
[] 06 Primary
[] 07 Middle
[] 08 Secondary
[] 09 Higher secondary

Graduate and above in:

[] 10 Agriculture
[] 11 Engineering/technology
[] 12 Medicine
[] 13 Other subjects


(6) Follow-up questions for persons unemployed on all the 7 days of work (i.e., code 1 in question 22 of section 5)
[Questions 1-15 were asked of persons who were unemployed for all the 7 days of the week, per question 22 in section 5.]


3. General educational standard:

[] 01 Not literate

Literate through attending:

[] 02 NFEC/AEC
[] 03 TLC
[] 04 Others

[] 05 Literate but below primary
[] 06 Primary
[] 07 Middle
[] 08 Secondary
[] 09 Higher secondary

Graduate and above in:

[] 10 Agriculture
[] 11 Engineering/technology
[] 12 Medicine
[] 13 Other subjects


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

5.4.7 Educational standard: Information on highest general and technical education attained by the members of the household will be recorded in terms of codes in column (7) and column (8), respectively. For the purpose of making entries in these two columns, only the course successfully completed will be considered. For instance for a person who has studied up to say, first year B.A. or has failed in the final B.A. examination, his educational attainment will be considered only as 'higher secondary', for the purpose of column (7).


5.4.7.1 Column (7): General : In column (7), the highest level of general education of the members will be recorded in codes which are given below:

01. Not literate
02. Literate through attending NFEC/AEC
03. Literate through attending TLC
04. Literate through attending others
05. Literate but below primary
06. Primary
07. Middle
08. Secondary
09. Higher secondary
10. Graduate and above in agriculture
11. Graduate and above in engineering/technology
12. Graduate and above in medicine
13. Graduate and above in other subjects


A person who can read and write a simple message in any language with understanding is considered literate. Those who cannot do so will be treated as not literate and will be assigned code 01. Some persons achieve literacy by attending Non-formal Education Courses (NFEC) or Adult Education Centres (AEC). Such persons will be given code 02. During the last two years under the National Literacy Mission, in many parts of India, Total Literacy Campaigns (TLC) are being organised. Persons who have become literate through attending TLC will be given code 03. Persons who are literate through means other than formal schooling or the two above enumerated ways will be given code 04. Those who are by definition literate but are yet to pass primary standard examination but have attended or are attending formal school classes will be assigned code 05. Codes 06, 07, 08, and 09 will be assigned to those who have passed the appropriate levels. The criteria for deciding primary, middle, secondary etc. levels will be that followed in the concerned states/u.t.'s. A graduate will get one of the codes 10 to 13 depending on the subject in which he/she has graduated. For code 12, medical graduates belonging to school of medicine other than allopathic, are also to be considered. In case the person has graduated in more than one discipline and if more than one of the codes 10 to 13 are applicable, then the following procedure may be followed:

(i) When code 13 as well as one of the codes 10 to 12 are relevant, code 13 will not be considered.

(ii) Where more than one of the codes 10 to 12 are relevant the code indicating the degree last obtained will be considered. Persons who have attained proficiency in languages like Sanskrit, Persian etc. through formal but not the general type of education will be classified appropriately at the equivalent level of general education standard.


5.6.0 Block6: Follow-up questions for persons unemployed on all the seven days of the week: This block is meant for collecting information on persons who are found to be unemployed on all the seven days of the week preceding the date of survey. Such persons will be identified on the basis of the daily time disposition recorded in block 5, and column (22) of block 5 will have code 1 for such persons. Information to be recorded in this block broadly includes their academic performance, particulars of work sought/available and for those who had some employment in the past, the particulars of such employment. The item wise description of the blocks is as below.


5.6.2 Column (3): General educational standard: The entry in this column will be copied from corresponding entry recorded in column (7) of block 4.


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India 1999 — source variable IN1999A_0406 — Education, general
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

7. Educational standard - general:
[] 01 Not literate
[] 02 Literate through attending NFEC/AEC
[] 03 Literate through attending TLC
[] 04 Literate through attending others
[] 05 Literate but below primary
[] 06 Primary
[] 07 Middle
[] 08 Secondary
[] 09 Higher secondary
[] 10 Graduate and above in agriculture
[] 11 Graduate and above in engineering/technology
[] 12 Graduate and above in medicine
[] 13 Graduate and above in other subjects


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

5.4.7 Educational standard: Information on highest general and technical education attained by the members of the household will be recorded in terms of codes in column (7) and column (8), respectively. For the purpose of making entries in these two columns, only the course successfully completed will be considered. For instance for a person who has studied up to say, first year B.A. or has failed in the final B.A. examination, his educational attainment will be considered only as 'higher secondary', for the purpose of column (7).


5.4.7.1 Column (7): General: In column (7), the highest level of general education of the members will be recorded in codes which are given below:

01 Not literate
02 Literate through attending NFEC/AEC
03 Literate through attending TLC
04 Literate through attending others
05 Literate but below primary
06 Primary
07 Middle
08 Secondary
09 Higher secondary
10 Graduate and above in agriculture
11 Graduate and above in engineering/technology
12 Graduate and above in medicine
13 Graduate and above in other subjects


A person who can read and write a simple message in any language with understanding is considered literate. Those who cannot do so will be treated as not literate and will be assigned code 01. Some persons achieve literacy by attending Non-formal Education Courses (NFEC) or Adult Education Centres (AEC). Such persons will be given code 02. During the last few years under the National Literacy Mission, in many parts of India, Total Literacy Campaigns (TLC) are being organised. Persons who have become literate through attending TLC will be given code 03. Persons who are literate through means other than formal schooling or the two above enumerated ways will be given code 04. Those who are by definition literate but are yet to pass primary standard examination but have attended or are attending formal school classes will be assigned code 05. Codes 06, 07, 08, and 09 will be assigned to those who have passed the appropriate levels. The criteria for deciding primary, middle, secondary etc. levels will be that followed in the concerned states/u.ts. A graduate will get one of the codes 10 to 13 depending on the subject in which he/she has graduated. For code 12, medical graduates belonging to school of medicine other than allopathic, are also to be considered. In case the person has graduated in more than one discipline and if more than one of the codes 10 to 13 are applicable, then the following procedure may be followed:

(i) when code 13 as well as one of the code 10 to 12 are relevant, code 13 will not be considered.

(ii) where more than one of the codes 10 to 12 are relevant the code indicating the degree last obtained will be considered. Persons who have attained proficiency in languages like Sanskrit, Persian etc. through formal but not the general type of education will be classified appropriately at the equivalent level of general education standard.


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India 2004 — source variable IN2004A_0406 — General education
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[4] Demographic and migration particulars of household members


7. Educational standard - general:

[] 01 Not literate

Literate without formal schooling:

[] 02 EGS/ NFEC/ AEC
[] 03 TLC
[] 04 Others

Literate:

[] 05 Below primary
[] 06 Primary
[] 07 Middle
[] 08 Secondary
[] 10 Higher secondary
[] 11 Diploma/certificate course
[] 12 Graduate
[] 13 Postgraduate and above


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

4.4.0 Block 4: Demographic particulars of household members: This block is meant to record the demographic particulars like sex, age, marital status, educational level, current attendance in educational institution, current registration with employment exchange and receipt of vocational training, etc., of all the household members. The description of the items and the procedure for recording them are explained below:


4.4.7 Educational level: Information on the highest level of education successfully completed by each member of the household considering his/ her all general/ technical/ vocational educational level will be recorded in terms of codes in column (7), whereas in column (8), the highest level of technical education successfully completed will be recorded. A person who has studied up to say, first year B.A. or has failed in the final B.A. Examination, his educational attainment will be considered only as 'higher secondary', for the purpose of column (7).


4.4.8 Column (7): General: In column (7), the highest level of education successfully completed by the members of the household considering general/ technical/ vocational education will be recorded in codes which are given below:

01 Not literate
Literate without formal schooling:
02 EGS/ NFEC/ AEC
03 TLC
04 Others

Literate:
05 Below primary
06 Primary
07 Middle
08 Secondary
10 Higher secondary
11 Diploma/certificate course
12 Graduate
13 Postgraduate and above


A person who can both read and write a simple message with understanding in at least one language is to be considered literate. Those who are not able to do so, are to be considered not literate and will be assigned code 01. Some persons achieve literacy by attending Non-formal Education Courses (NFEC) or Adult Education Centres (AEC) or by attending primary schools created under Education Guarantee Scheme (EGS). Such persons will be given code 02. Persons who have become literate through attending Total Literacy Campaign (TLC) will be given code 03. Persons who are literate through means other than formal schooling or the two enumerated above will be given code 04. Those, who are by definition literate through formal schooling but are yet to pass primary standard examination, will be assigned code 05. Similarly codes 06, 07, 08, and 10 to 13 will be assigned to those who have passed the appropriate levels. The criteria for deciding primary, middle, secondary, etc. levels will be that followed in the concerned states/union territories. Persons who have attained proficiency in Oriental languages (e.g., Sanskrit, Persian, etc.) through formal but not through the general type of education will be classified appropriately at the equivalent level of general education standard. For them who have completed some diploma or certificate course in general or technical education, which is equivalent to below graduation level, code 11 will be assigned. Whereas, code 12 will be recorded for them who have obtained degree or diploma or certificate in general or technical education, which is equivalent to graduation level. Similarly, code 13 will be assigned for them who have obtained degree or diploma or certificate in general or technical education, which is equivalent to post-graduation level and above.


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India 2009 — source variable IN2009A_0407 — General education
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

4. Demographic particulars of household members

Educational level

7. General

[] 1 Not literate
[] 2 Literate without formal schooling: EGS/ NFEC/ AEC
[] 3 TLC
[] 4 Others
Literate:
[] 5 Below primary
[] 6 Primary
[] 7 Middle
[] 8 Secondary
[] 10 Higher secondary
[] 11 Diploma/certificate course
[] 12 Graduate
[] 13 Postgraduate and above
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

4.4.7 Educational level: Information on the highest level of education successfully completed by each member of the household considering his/ her all general/ technical/ vocational educational level will be recorded in terms of codes in column (7), whereas in column (8), the highest level of technical education successfully completed will be recorded. A person who has studied up to say, first year B.A. or has failed in the final B.A. Examination, his educational attainment will be considered only as 'higher secondary', for the purpose of column (7).

4.4.8 Column (7): General: In column (7), the highest level of education successfully completed by the members of the household considering general/ technical/ vocational education will be recorded in codes which are given below:
[Table omitted]

A person who can both read and write a simple message with understanding in at least one language is to be considered literate. Those who are not able to do so, are to be considered not literate and will be assigned code 01. Some persons achieve literacy by attending Non-formal Education Courses (NFEC) or Adult Education Centres (AEC) or by attending primary schools created under Education Guarantee Scheme (EGS). Such persons will be given code 02. Persons who have become literate through attending Total Literacy Campaign (TLC) will be given code 03. Persons who are literate through means other than formal schooling or the two enumerated above will be given code 04. Those, who are by definition literate through formal schooling but are yet to pass primary standard examination will be assigned code 05. Similarly codes 06, 07, 08, and 10 to 13 will be assigned to those who have passed the appropriate levels. The criteria for deciding primary, middle, secondary, etc., levels will be that followed in the concerned states/union territories. Persons who have attained proficiency in Oriental languages (e.g., Sanskrit, Persian, etc.) through formal but not through the general type of education will be classified appropriately at the equivalent level of general education standard. For them who have completed some diploma or certificate course in general or technical education, which is equivalent to below graduation level, code 11 will be assigned. Whereas, code 12 will be recorded for them who have obtained degree or diploma or certificate in general or technical education, which is equivalent to graduation level. Similarly, code 13 will be assigned for them who have obtained degree or diploma or certificate in general or technical education, which is equivalent to post-graduation level and above.


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Indonesia 1971 — source variable ID1971A_0408 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Individual form
[Section I is the same as Section I: Household and Living Unit Information above]


II. For all ages


8. Ability to read and write

[] Latin characters
[] Arabic
[] Chinese
[] Other
[] Illiterate


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


6.9. Question 8: Literacy
6.9.1. Concept and definition
The concept is:
  • Those who can read and write letters or simple sentences.
  • Blind people who can read and write in Braille letters
  • Disabled people who could read and write, but because of their disability, they no longer can read and write.


Note: A person who can only read but can not write is categorized as illiterate.

6.9.2. Procedure
Ask this question:
"Can you read or write in Latin characters?"

If the answer is "Yes", fill in the Latin characters box and move on to Question 9.
If the answer is "No", ask this question:
"Can you read or write in Arabic letters?"

Or if the household in question is of Chinese descent, the question should be:
"Can you read or write in Chinese letters?"
Fill the answer in the appropriate box.

If a person can not read and write in Latin, Arabic, or Chinese, ask this question:
"Can you read and write in any characters, for example, ancient or Braille letters?"

If the answer is "Yes", fill in the other box.

If a person can not read or write in any letters, then this person is categorized as illiterate.


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Indonesia 1976 — source variable ID1976A_0413 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


A10. Literacy

Can you read and write in Latin characters?
For persons with no school or only elementary school, A9 = code 1 or 2.

If "No": Can you read and write in any other characters?

[] 1 Latin
[] 2 Other
[] 3 Unable to read and write


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Column (8) Ability to read and write
Concept and Definitions.

The intention here is [to identify]:
- Those who can read and write simple letters/sentences in any alphabet.


[p.15]

- Blind people who can read and write Braille characters.
- People who are disabled but before the disability could read and write, but later because of the disability could not read and write.


One who can read only but cannot write or vice versa should be classified as "Cannot read and write".

Method of filling in the form:
These questions should only be asked to those who are not currently in school or are now attending or have ever attended elementary school (column 7 codes "1" or "2"). The way to ask this question is as follows:

"Can (mention name of household member) read and write the Roman alphabet?"
If the answer is "Yes", fill in code "1".
If the answer is "'No", ask the following question:

"Can (mention name of household member) read and write other alphabets: for example, Arabic, Japanese, Chinese, Sanskrit, Braille, etc.?"

If the answer is "Yes", fill in code "2".
If the answer is "'No", fill in code "3" (cannot read and write any letters).

Thus only one of the codes can be entered in column (8) because those who have answered that they can read and write the Roman alphabet will not be asked if they can read and write any other alphabet.


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Indonesia 1980 — source variable ID1980A_0426 — Able to read and write
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


26. Able to read and write?
[] 1 Latin alphabet
[] 2 Other alphabet
[] 3 Unable



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Indonesia 1985 — source variable ID1985A_0423 — Ability to read/write
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

VII. B. Persons age 5 or older
[Questions 1-6 were asked of persons age 5 or older]


Q.6 Can write and read

[] 1 Latin alphabet
[] 2 Other alphabet
[] 3 Cannot [read and write]


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


X. Information on household members

A. Block VII: General information on household members
1. The objective of this block is to record information on items such as sex, age, schooling status, and activities conducted during the past week for every household member, starting with the member with serial number "01" and continuing to the last household member.

2. Method of filling out the form
Circle one of the codes corresponding to the respondent's answer, and then write the code in the box on the right.


C. Block VII.B: Persons age 5 or older


Question 6: Ability to read and write
Someone is considered able to read and write if he/she can read and write a sentence of a few simple words written in a given alphabet. If the respondent can read/write Latin and other alphabets, circle code "1" ("Latin alphabet").

Note:

a. A blind person who can read and write Braille is classified as able to read and write Latin characters.
b. A person who was able to read and write, but now due to some handicap is no longer able to read and write, is classified as able to read and write.
c. A person who can only read but is not able to write is classified as not able to read and write.



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Indonesia 1990 — source variable ID1990A_0426 — Ability to read and write
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


VI-A: All ages
[Questions 1-13.]


VI-B. Persons age 5 or older
[Questions 14-23.]


23. Can write and read?

[] 1 Latin
[] 2 Other alphabets
[] 3 Cannot


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


B. Sub Block VIb. For respondents age 5 or older


Question 23: Ability to read and write
A person is said to be able to read and write if he/she is able to read and write a letter or a simple sentences using a certain alphabet.
Note:

a. A blind person who can read and write Braille is considered to be literate.
b. A handicapped person who previously could read and write but because of a handicap is now incapable is considered literate.
c. A person who can only read but cannot write, or vice versa, is considered illiterate.


Ask the Question "Can you read and write using the Latin alphabet?" If the answer is "Yes/able", circle Code 1.

If the answer is "No", ask "Can you read and write using another alphabet such as Arabic, Chinese, Javanese or anothers?" If the answer is "Yes/ able" circle Code 2; but if the answer is "No", circle Code 3.


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Indonesia 1995 — source variable ID1995A_0427 — School attendance
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


V. Characteristics of individual household members


516. School attendance

[] 1 Has never attended school (go to Q521)
[] 2 Attending school
[] 3 Does not attend school anymore


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Question 516: School participation

[p.50]

Has never attended school: are those who never attended school, including those who have passed or never passed kindergarten and did not continue to Elementary School.

Attending school: are those who are still attending a formal school, starting from elementary, secondary or high school/equivalent.

Does not attend school anymore:are those who attended elementary school, secondary or high school, but during enumeration were no longer attending a school. Those following Study Group Package A1-A100 are considered as no longer attending school. Courses such as SESKOAD, SEPALA, SEPADYA, SESPA, etc. are not included as formal schools.

If the answer in P516 is coded 1 (not/never attended school), continue to P521.


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Indonesia 1995 — source variable ID1995A_0433 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


V. Characteristics of individual household members


521. Able to read and write

[Question 521 was asked of persons age 5 or older who have never attended school or have not completed primary school, as per questions 516 and 520.]

[] 1 Latin alphabet
[] 2 Other alphabet
[] 3 Illiterate


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


6.5 Block V. General characteristics of household members
This block is used to record personal characteristics such as sex, age, mobility of living, attained education, school participation and the daily language used by each household members, starting from the first serial number of the household member until the last one.


Question 521: Ability to read and write
A person is said able to read and write if [he/she] is able to read and write a letter/simple sentences using a certain alphabet. This question is only asked to the respondents who did not pass elementary school (P519=01).
Note:

a. A blind person who can read and write Braille is considered as literate
b. A person who previously could read and write but because of a handicap is now incapable is considered literate
c. A person who can only read but cannot write or vice versa, is considered as illiterate


Ask question "Can you read and write using the Latin alphabet?" If the answer is "Yes/able", circle code 1. If the answer is "No", ask "Can you read and write using other alphabet such as Arabic, Chinese, Javanese and others?" If the answer is "Yes/able" circle code 2, but if the answer is "No", circle Code 3.


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Indonesia 2005 — source variable ID2005A_0424 — Can read and write Latin letters
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


620. Are you able to read and write?

Latin letters?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Arabic letters?

[] 3 Yes
[] 4 No

Other letters (specify)?

____
[] 6 Yes
[] 5 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


7.7.2 Block VI.B. Household members age 5 or older
[Questions Q611 through Q625 are asked only to members of the household age 5 or older]


Question 620: Ability to read and write
Someone is considered able to read and write if he/she can read and write a sentence of a few simple words written in a given alphabet.

Note:

a. A blind person who can read and write Braille is classified as able to read and write Latin characters.
b. A person who was able to read and write, but now due to some handicap is no longer able to read and write, is classified as able to read and write.
c. A person who can only read but is not able to write is considered as able to read and write.


Ask: "Can you read and write Latin characters?" If the answer is "Yes/can", circle code "1". Ask also: "Can you read and write Arabic characters?" If the answer is "Yes/can", circle code "3", but if the answer is "No", circle code "4". If the respondent is able to write and read alphabets other than Latin and Arabic, circle code "6" at "Other characters" and write the name of the characters for example, Chinese characters.


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Indonesia 2005 — source variable ID2005A_0425 — Can read and write Arabic letters
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


620. Are you able to read and write?

Latin letters?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Arabic letters?

[] 3 Yes
[] 4 No

Other letters (specify)?

____
[] 6 Yes
[] 5 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


7.7.2 Block VI.B. Household members age 5 or older
[Questions Q611 through Q625 are asked only to members of the household age 5 or older]


Question 620: Ability to read and write
Someone is considered able to read and write if he/she can read and write a sentence of a few simple words written in a given alphabet.

Note:

a. A blind person who can read and write Braille is classified as able to read and write Latin characters.
b. A person who was able to read and write, but now due to some handicap is no longer able to read and write, is classified as able to read and write.
c. A person who can only read but is not able to write is considered as able to read and write.


Ask: "Can you read and write Latin characters?" If the answer is "Yes/can", circle code "1". Ask also: "Can you read and write Arabic characters?" If the answer is "Yes/can", circle code "3", but if the answer is "No", circle code "4". If the respondent is able to write and read alphabets other than Latin and Arabic, circle code "6" at "Other characters" and write the name of the characters for example, Chinese characters.


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Indonesia 2005 — source variable ID2005A_0426 — Can read and write other letters
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


620. Are you able to read and write?

Latin letters?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Arabic letters?

[] 3 Yes
[] 4 No

Other letters (specify)?

____
[] 6 Yes
[] 5 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


7.7.2 Block VI.B. Household members age 5 or older
[Questions Q611 through Q625 are asked only to members of the household age 5 or older]


Question 620: Ability to read and write
Someone is considered able to read and write if he/she can read and write a sentence of a few simple words written in a given alphabet.

Note:

a. A blind person who can read and write Braille is classified as able to read and write Latin characters.
b. A person who was able to read and write, but now due to some handicap is no longer able to read and write, is classified as able to read and write.
c. A person who can only read but is not able to write is considered as able to read and write.


Ask: "Can you read and write Latin characters?" If the answer is "Yes/can", circle code "1". Ask also: "Can you read and write Arabic characters?" If the answer is "Yes/can", circle code "3", but if the answer is "No", circle code "4". If the respondent is able to write and read alphabets other than Latin and Arabic, circle code "6" at "Other characters" and write the name of the characters for example, Chinese characters.


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Indonesia 2010 — source variable ID2010A_0428 — Can read and write Latin characters
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For persons age 5 or older
[Questions 209-214 were asked of persons aged 5+.)


[Questions 213-214 were asked of persons age 5 or older who have ever attended school.]


214. Is [the respondent] able to read and write:

a. Latin characters

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


b. Other characters

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Household members 5 years and older
Questions 209 through 214 are asked only to those household members who are 5 years old or older. See Q204; if the age is 05, 06, 07… 98, then continue the interview with Q209 through Q214. If Q204 has entries 00, 01, 02, 03, or 04, then the interview with this household member is complete and Q209 through Q221 should be left blank. The interview should continue with the next household member.


[Questions 213-214 were asked of persons age 5 or older who have ever attended school.]


Question 214: Ability to Read and Write
Ask: "Can (Name) read and write Latin characters" and put a mark in the oval beside "Yes" or "No" in accordance with the respondent's answer to Q214a. Also ask: "Can (Name) read and write other characters" and put a mark in the oval beside "Yes" or "No" in accordance with the respondent's answer to Q214b.
[p. 129]
Able to Read and Write

A person is said to be able to read and write Latin characters if he/she can read and write some simple words/sentences written in Latin characters. Latin characters are those letters that are normally used to write in Indonesian, English, etc.
A person is said to be able to read and write other characters if he/she can read and write some simple words/sentences written in other characters such as Arabic and those used in Java (Hanacaraka), Batak, Lampung, China/Mandarin, Japan, Korea, and India.

Note:
a. A blind person who can read/write Braille is considered able to read and write.
b. A person who formerly was able to read and write, but because of a disability can no longer read and write is considered able to read and write.
c. A person who can only read but cannot write is considered able to read and write.



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Indonesia 2010 — source variable ID2010A_0429 — Can read and write other characters
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For persons age 5 or older
[Questions 209-214 were asked of persons aged 5+.)


[Questions 213-214 were asked of persons age 5 or older who have ever attended school.]


214. Is [the respondent] able to read and write:

a. Latin characters

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


b. Other characters

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Household members 5 years and older
Questions 209 through 214 are asked only to those household members who are 5 years old or older. See Q204; if the age is 05, 06, 07… 98, then continue the interview with Q209 through Q214. If Q204 has entries 00, 01, 02, 03, or 04, then the interview with this household member is complete and Q209 through Q221 should be left blank. The interview should continue with the next household member.


[Questions 213-214 were asked of persons age 5 or older who have ever attended school.]


Question 214: Ability to Read and Write
Ask: "Can (Name) read and write Latin characters" and put a mark in the oval beside "Yes" or "No" in accordance with the respondent's answer to Q214a. Also ask: "Can (Name) read and write other characters" and put a mark in the oval beside "Yes" or "No" in accordance with the respondent's answer to Q214b.
[p. 129]
Able to Read and Write

A person is said to be able to read and write Latin characters if he/she can read and write some simple words/sentences written in Latin characters. Latin characters are those letters that are normally used to write in Indonesian, English, etc.
A person is said to be able to read and write other characters if he/she can read and write some simple words/sentences written in other characters such as Arabic and those used in Java (Hanacaraka), Batak, Lampung, China/Mandarin, Japan, Korea, and India.

Note:
a. A blind person who can read/write Braille is considered able to read and write.
b. A person who formerly was able to read and write, but because of a disability can no longer read and write is considered able to read and write.
c. A person who can only read but cannot write is considered able to read and write.



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Iran 2006 — source variable IR2006A_0419 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Literacy and education
For 6 years old and older
[Questions 19-20 were asked of persons 6 years and older]


20. Literacy status

[] 1 Literate
[] 2 Illiterate


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

21. Education and literacy, Columns 19 to 22
Fill out these columns for anyone age 6 and older, which means for anyone who was born before November 2000, and leave it blank for anyone born after this date.


21.2. Literacy status, Column 20
Define literacy status for every 6 year old and above and write down the proper code in column 20.
[] 1 Literate: consider everyone who can read and write a simple text in Farsi or any other language a literate person, whether they have an official document or not. All the students (codes 1 and 2 in column 19) are in this category.
[] 2 Illiterate: put down code 2 for those illiterate people. Consider people who can read but cannot write as illiterate. Note not to consider them illiterate only because they are deaf or blind or have speaking disorders; write down code 1 for them if they can read and write.


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Iran 2011 — source variable IR2011A_0430 — Literacy status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons aged 6 and over

19. Literacy status

[] 1 Literate
[] 2 Illiterate
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Columns 17 -22, Internet access, literacy, educational attainment - General description

[Picture omitted]
Fill this section for individuals 6-year or older.

Column 19 -Literacy status

[Picture omitted]
Fill this column for individual 6-year or older.
Code 1, Literate is an individual who can read and write simple Farsi text whether or not he has an official certificate of education.
Code 2, Illiterate is an individual who is not literate. An individual who can read but is not able to write is considered illiterate.
• Beware not to automatically consider the blind, the deaf, or individuals with impaired speech illiterate.

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Iraq 1997 — source variable IQ1997A_0442 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

The fields (68-70) are filled for those who are more than (10) years old, excluding the students who were born in 1987 or earlier.


68. Persons without certificate

[] 1 Reading and writing
[] 2 Reading only
[] 3 Illiterate

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

68. Without a certificate:
This field is filled for all persons of a household (male and female) those who are 10 years old or more (they were born in 1987 or earlier) except the students who were still studying and data were taken on them in the fields (65, 66, 67) if the person neither reads or writes in any language is counted illiterate and the sign is put in the square opposite to the word (illiterate).
The person who is unable to read or write numbers or his name, is counted illiterate. If the person reads only and understands what he is reading in any language the sign (x) is indicated in the square opposite to the phrase (reading only). If the person reads and understands what he is reading in any language and writes at least one paragraph in any language the sign (x) is indicated in the square opposite to the phrase (reading and writing).

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Italy 2001 — source variable IT2001A_0427 — Highest educational degree obtained
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons over 6 years of age
[Questions 5.2 to 5.10 were asked for persons over 6 years of age.]


5.2 Indicate the highest educational degree obtained amongst those listed below

[] 01 No educational degree, cannot read nor write [skip to question 5.8]
[] 02 No educational degree, but can read and write [skip to question 5.8]
[] 03 Primary school certificate [skip to question 5.6]
[] 04 Lower secondary school certificate [skip to question 5.6]

Secondary school diploma obtained at:

[] 05 Secondary school in Classical Studies [skip to question 5.6]
[] 06 Secondary school in Scientific Studies [skip to question 5.6]
[] 07 Secondary school in Linguistic Studies [skip to question 5.6]
[] 08 Secondary school in Artistic Studies (4-5 year course)
[] 09 Professional Institute [answer question 5.3]
[] 10 Teachers Schools [answer question 5.3]
[] 11 Institute of Arts [answer question 5.3]
[] 12 Technical Institute (5 year course) [skip to question 5.4]
[] 13 Teachers Institute (4-5 year course) [skip to question 5.4]

[] 14 Post graduate non-University Diploma [skip to question 5.4]
[] 15 University diploma (Special or University equivalent school, short degree) [skip to question 5.4]
[] 16 Degree [skip to question 5.4]

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions 5.2 and 5.3
Question 5.2 must be answered by those who are over 6 years of age, and those who are less than 6 years old and are in first grade of elementary school (for example children born between 22 October and 31 December 1995).
Only those who crossed one of the boxes from 09 to 11 of Question 5.2 must answer Question 5.3.
Educational degree refers to the official title attributed after successfully completing an educational course.
In order to properly answer questions 5.2 and 5.3, the following instructions must be observed:
Any person with two or more educational degrees at the same level, must indicate only the one considered to be the most important, in relationship with the profession practiced.
Students in first grade of primary school must cross box 02.
Any person with a discharge certificate (3rd grade primary school) must cross: box 01 if they cannot read nor write ("No educational degree and cannot read nor write"); box 02 if they can read and write ("No educational degree but can read and write");
Any person (in particular foreign citizens) who obtained their highest degree abroad must cross the box relative to the corresponding Italian educational degree
Foreign citizens who have not obtained any type of educational degree must chose between 01 ("No educational degree and cannot read nor write") and 02 ("No educational degree but can read and write") with reference to their mother tongue.
Definitions
Primary school certificate: corresponds to completion of the first level of basic education.
Lower Secondary School Certificate: corresponds to the completion of second level basic education. A primary school diploma is required in order to be admitted to these courses.
Secondary school certificate obtained from a Classics, Scientific, Linguistic or Artistic Secondary school: obtained upon completion of a 4 or 5 years secondary school course and needed to enroll in University. A Lower Secondary School Certificate is required in order to be admitted to this course. At question 5.2, those whose highest level of education is the School Leaving Certificate (or state exams) held at a Classics, Scientific, Linguistic or Artistic Secondary School, must cross one of the boxes between 05 and 08.
Secondary school certificate obtained from a Professional Institute, a Teaching School, a Fine Arts Institute, a Technical Institute or a Teachers College. It is broken down into:
a) Professional Institute, Institute of Fine Arts or Teaching School certificate: an educational degree obtained upon completion of secondary school studies with a duration of less than 4 years (2-3 year courses) which does not allow enrollment into University. A Lower Secondary School Certificate is required to be admitted to these courses. Those whose highest degree of education is a diploma from the Professional Institute, Institute of Fine Arts or Teaching School must cross one of the boxes between 09 and 11 in question 5.2, and box 1 in question 5.3;
b) School Leaving Certificate (State exams): obtained after completing secondary school studies with a duration of 4 or 5 years and enables enrollment into University. A Lower Secondary School Certificate is required to be admitted to these courses. Those whose highest degree of education is a secondary school certificate (or state exam) obtained from a Professional Institute, Teaching School, Fine Arts Institute, Technical Institute or Teaching College must cross one of the boxes between 09 and 13 in question 5.2. If the secondary school certificate (or state exam) was obtained from a Professional Institute, Teaching School, Fine Arts Institute cross box 2 in question 5.3;

Post School Leaving non-University Diploma: obtained after completing non-university studies at the Academy of Fine Arts, School of Artistic Industries, National Dramatics Academy, National Dance Academy (3-year specialization course), Academy of Music or Recognized School of Music (2-3 year specialization course), School for Interpreters and Translators or the School for Filing, Paleography and Diplomacy. The duration varies depending on the course selected. A secondary school certificate (4-5 year course) is needed in order to be admitted to these courses. Post-secondary school professional training courses are excluded.
University certificate (Special direct or para-university schools, and short degrees): obtained after completing a university certificate or special direct school course. This certificate is obtained after attending a course of no less than 2 years and no more than 3 (statistics diploma, elementary school surveillance, ISEF diploma, diploma in paleography and musical philology, etc.). The University certificate or short degree internationally corresponds to the first step of the first series of university studies (e.g. bachelor's degree - or first degree - English). A secondary school certificate (4-5 year course) is needed in order to be admitted to these courses.
Degree: obtained after having completed a university course of studies with a duration of no less than 4 years and no more than 6. A degree course aimed at providing students with adequate knowledge on cultural, scientific and professional methods and contents at a higher level. A secondary school certificate (4-5 year course) is needed in order to be admitted to these courses. Internationally, a degree corresponds to the second step of the first series of university studies (e.g. French maitrise).

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Jordan 2004 — source variable JO2004A_0449 — Educational status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

222. Educational status _ _
[Question 222 was asked of persons age 15+.]
[] 01 Illiterate (skip to 224)
[] 02 Read and write (skip to 224)
[] 03 Elementary (skip to 224)
[] 04 Preparatory (skip to 224)
[] 05 Basic education (skip to 224)
[] 06 Vocational apprenticeship (skip to 224)
[] 07 Secondary
[] 08 Intermediate diploma
[] 09 B.A
[] 10 Higher diploma
[] 11 M.A
[] 12 Ph.D


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Kenya 1989 — source variable KE1989A_0410 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


B. Persons aged 6 years and over


P19. Literacy:

Does [the respondent] know how to read and write a simple statement in any language?

[] 0 Not applicable
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Column P19 - Literacy

120. The questions in column P19 apply to persons age 6 and older. Use code 0 for persons age 5 and younger. It is necessary to note that some people have never been to school, yet they have taught themselves how to read and write in some language. Others learned how to read and write through adult education. Some people have also attended school but do not know how to read and write. No test will be given and you have to accept the respondent's answer.

121. Ask, 'Can the respondent read and write a simple statement in any language?' Code 1 if the respondent can read and write in any language, and 2 if he/she cannot read and write in any language. lf he/she can only write or can only read, use code 2.


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Kyrgyz Republic 1999 — source variable KG1999A_0423 — Education
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Persons aged 6 years and over
[Questions 11 to 12 were asked of persons aged 6 years and over.]


11. Education

[] 1 Higher
[] 2 Incomplete higher
[] 3 Secondary specialized
[] 4 Secondary general
[] 5 Primary general
[] 6 Elementary general
[] 7 Without elementary general
[] 8 Illiterate
[] 9 Have graduated from vocational school

Persons with scientific degree, specify

[] 10 Candidate of sciences
[] 11 Doctor of sciences

Educational qualification specified in diploma (codes 1, 2, 3) ____ _ _ _ _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 11. Education

This question is asked of persons aged 6 years and over, in which case the code corresponding to one of the prompts given is to be circled.
Code 1 "Higher" is to be marked for those graduated from higher education institutions (university, institute, academy) and holding a diploma.
Code 2 "Incomplete higher" is to be marked for persons who attend now or attended earlier higher education establishments and completed half or more of a basic programme of higher education.
For persons who completed in a higher education establishment less than half of educational programme, the educational attainment they had before the higher education establishment is to be marked, i.e. "secondary general" or "secondary specialized".
Code 3 "Secondary specialized" is to be marked for those who graduated from secondary specialized education establishments: technical school, training school (medical, musical, art, trade and culinary, etc.) and received a diploma.
Code 4 "Secondary general" is to be encircled for those who graduated from secondary general education schools (including those with in-depth study of some subjects), gymnasia, lyceums, etc. and received a certificate of secondary general education.
When circling codes for the educational levels "Basic general" - Code 5 (i.e. incomplete secondary) and "Primary general" - Code 6 (i.e. primary), it is expedient to use the table given in Annex 2.
Code 7 "No primary general" is to be circled for persons aged 6 years and over (both pupils and not) who have no primary education but can read and write or only read (even if slowly).
Code 8 "Illiterate" is to be circled for persons aged 6 years and over who can not read.
If when completing enumeration forms the enumerator comes across illiterate persons aged 9-49 years, he/she should record data on those in Form 5.
Code 9 "Have you graduated from vocational school?" is to be circled for persons graduated from secondary or other vocational-technical school (industrial school, specialized industrial and technical school), sectoral vocational school, factory apprenticeship school, and technical school. For persons who graduated from a vocational school and received a certificate of secondary education, code 4 "Secondary general" is also to be marked.

For persons attending now or graduated from religious educational establishments the code corresponding to the educational level attained is to be marked.

For students and graduates of educational establishments not providing general education (e.g., refresher courses, professional development courses, access courses at educational institutions, accounting courses, etc.) the educational attainment is to be recorded, which was achieved before the admission to those educational establishments.

Graduation from correspondence or evening educational establishments, as well as externship, is assimilated with the graduation from relevant educational establishments.

If the enumerator finds difficult to determine the educational attainment, he/she should note on a clear part the name of the educational establishment the person in question graduated from, how many grades he/she completed and in which year.

This question is not to be completed for children under 6 years of age.

For persons having higher education (Code 1), incomplete higher (Code 2) or secondary specialized education (Code 3) the qualification given as a result of graduation from the relevant educational establishment is to be recorded in a specially dedicated place. If a person graduated from two or more educational establishments and received different occupations, the qualification given after graduation from the last educational establishment is to be recorded for him/her.

Qualification is not to be indicated for persons with incomplete higher education (Question 11, Code 2) who continue training in a higher educational establishment (Question 12, Code 1).

This question is not to be completed for persons without higher, incomplete higher or secondary special education.

For persons having an academic degree the relevant code is to be entered: Code 10 "Candidate of Science" or Code 11 "Doctor of Science".

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Kyrgyz Republic 2009 — source variable KG2009A_0431 — Read and write
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

11. Education
(for persons 10 years and over)


11.1 Are you able to read and write?
(for persons without elementary general education)

[] 11 Yes
[] 12 No

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 11. Education (for persons aged 10 and over)
To be completed for persons aged 10 and over.


In subquestion 11.1, Code 11 "Yes" is to be encircled for persons who can read and write and Code 12 "No" for persons who can neither read nor write.
If the enumerator finds difficult to determine the educational attainment, he/she should note on a clear part the name of the educational establishment the person in question graduated from or is (or was) enrolled, how many grades he/she completed and in which year.


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Laos 2005 — source variable LA2005A_0412 — Read and write Lao
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C. For 6 years and above
[Questions 11-14 were asked of persons 6 years and older]

11. Can [the respondent] read and write Lao?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
[] 6 Less than 6 years
[] 9 No answer
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Section C: For persons aged 6 years and above
Section C deals with education questions. These questions shall be asked to all who is 6 years and above. For small children, less than 6 years of age, tick alternative "6" for question 11, and leave questions 12 -- 19 blank.

Question 11: Can [the respondent] read and write in Lao language?
The purpose of this question is to measure the literacy rate.
For a person to be considered literate (able to read and write) he/she must at least be able to read a newspaper or a bill-board and also at least be able to write a simple letter in official Lao. Note that both conditions (read and write) must be fulfilled for a positive response to be entered and also that the question refers to Lao official language.
Indicate the response by ticking the appropriate box.


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Lesotho 2006 — source variable LS2006A_0423 — Literacy (read and write)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Section D. Education
[For all persons aged 2 years and over.]

23. Does (the respondent) know how to read and write?

[] 1 Yes, with ease
[] 2 Yes, with difficulty
[] 3 Not at all
[] 4 Blind
[] 5 No card with required language
[] 6 Pre school
[] 8 Not applicable
[] 9 Don't know
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Part D of the Questionnaire
For persons aged 2 years and over

93. Column 23: Does (name) know how to read and write?

Provide each eligible member (i.e. those coded 01-07, 28, and 29 in column 22) with a literacy card and ask them to read out one of the given sentences; alternate the sentences as some members might memorize what some of the members read out even if they cannot read themselves.
Code 1 for those who read with ease, code 2 for those who read with difficulty, code 3 for those who could not read at all, code 4 for the blind, code 5 if someone does not know either Sesotho or English, code 8 for those not eligible in this column (not applicable) and code 9 for Don't Know (DK).
Part E of the questionnaire
For persons aged 10 years and over

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Liberia 1974 — source variable LR1974A_0408 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Ask all persons over the age of five years

10. Literacy
Can person read and write English?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

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Liberia 2008 — source variable LR2008A_0417 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Persons 5 years and over

P18. Literacy

Can [the respondent] read and write in any language?
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

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Malawi 1987 — source variable MW1987A_0412 — Literate in Chichewa
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Persons age 5 or older
[Questions J and K were asked of persons age 5 or older]

j. Literacy

Able to read and write:
Chichewa
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Literacy
49. The information required here is whether a person is able to read and write a simple statement in Chichewa and/or English. This question should be asked to persons who are age 5 years or older.


Persons aged 5 years or more

[Questions (j) and (k) on Literacy and Education apply only to persons aged 5 years or more. Never ask any of these questions to persons younger than 5 years]


(j) Literacy


Able to read and write Chichewa: Ask whether each person is able to read and write a simple statement in Chichewa. Record the appropriate code for the response (yes or no) in column 30.
The codes are:

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No



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Malawi 1998 — source variable MW1998A_0409 — Literate in English
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions B10-B15 are for persons age 5 and older]


B10. Literacy: English

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Part B: Characteristics of Individual Household Members


3. Persons age 5 years or older


Literacy: Literacy refers to a person's ability to read and write a simple statement in Chichewa, English or any other language. Note: This is not necessarily the same as a person's ability to speak and/or understand a particular language.


B10. Able to read and write English: Ask whether each person age 5 years or older is able to read and write any simple statement in English. Record the appropriate code for the response in column B10.


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Malawi 2008 — source variable MW2008A_0434 — Literacy, detailed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions P16-P19 were asked of residents age 3 years or older]


P16. Can [the respondent] read and write in the following languages?

[] 0 None
[] 1 English
[] 2 Chichewa
[] 4 Other


Record the sum of codes marked ____

[Note: max sum is 7, indicating that this reflects the sum of the code values, not the number of languages known]


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Household members age 3 years or older
[Questions P16-P19 were asked of persons age 3 years or older]


P16. Literacy
Questions on literacy should be asked for persons 3 years and over. The enumerator should find out if the respondent can read and write a short sentence in any of the following languages: Chichewa, Tumbuka, English, and other. Then shade the appropriate code.

If a person can read and write, say, Chichewa and English, you enter the sum of codes in the boxes provided (1+2 = 3). For example, enter the sum of Chichewa and French (2+4=6), enter the sum of English and French (1+4=5). Then, shade as appropriate the digit for the sum in the row of digits provided.


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Malaysia 1970 — source variable MY1970A_0431 — Language of literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 25-44 were asked of persons age 10+.]

37. Read a newspaper/letter

[] Yes
[] No
[] Blind

38. Write a letter?

[] Yes
[] No (Skip to 40)

39. What languages can you write?

[Question 39 was asked if the person can write a letter.]

[] Malay
[] Chinese
[] English
[] Tamil
[] Other

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Malaysia 1980 — source variable MY1980A_0439 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons 10 years of age and over
[Questions 25-44b were asked of those who are 10 years old or over.]

37. Can you read a newspaper or a letter?

[] Yes
[] No (Skip to 40)
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image



Questions 25-44 are to be asked of persons who are 10 years of age and above.


Questions 37 and 38

These questions measure the person's ability to read and write. If the person can only read and write a few words you should not record him as having the ability to read and write. It is important to ask the question as stated, that is, whether a person can read a newspaper or letter and whether he can write a simple letter. Persons who answer 'No' to Question 37 need not be asked Question 38.

In some cases you may find that it is rather silly to ask these questions of those who have attended secondary school, college, etc. To avoid this, you can ask these questions only of those who have never attended school or has only been to primary school. If the person has had secondary education and above, you can straight away mark the 'yes' boxes in Questions 37and 38. However, in any case of doubt, you should always ask the question.


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Malaysia 2000 — source variable MY2000A_0420 — Reading and writing in any language
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Question C17 - C29 for person aged 10 years and above


C20. Can you read and write in any language?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No



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Mali 1987 — source variable ML1987A_0416 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For individuals 6 years of age and older.
[Questions 14-22]


14. Knows how to read and write

____


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


1.2.2 QUESTIONS FOR PEOPLE AGED 6 AND OLDER
This is the second group of questions related to the characteristics of the household members. It relates only to persons aged 6 and older. Put a dash or a hyphen (-) for persons of less than 6 years in questions 14 to 25.


14. Ability to read and write:

Information given about this question allows the illiterate population to be distinguished from the literate population.

Definitions: A literate person is one who is able to read, write and understand in any written language a brief text related to his daily life. An illiterate person would be one who does not know how to read or write.
As a result, a person who speaks only one language (French, for example) without being able to write it or write it, should not be considered a literate person. Likewise a

[Page 30]
person who only knows how to read and write his name and some numbers, or a single, very basic phrase, should not be considered literate.

To find out the ability of the household members to read and write ask the following question: "Do you know how to read and write French, Arabic, the national language or any other written language?"

a. If the answer is "Yes", write:

- FREN or French: for a person who knows how to read and write French
- ARAB or Arabic: for Arabic
- LN: for a person who knows how to read and write the national language (Bambara, Peul, Senoufo)
- AUT: for other.


NB: At issue is the ability to read and write in a national language, and not just to be able to speak it. This then is for people who take classes in functional literacy.

b. When the answer to the above question is "no", write "No -- illiterate" in column 14.


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Mali 1998 — source variable ML1998A_0433 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Section B: Individual Characteristics


For persons aged 12 years and above
[Questions 27-28]


28. Literacy [see bottom of this document]

[] 0 Not applicable
[] 1 Knows how to read and write in French (only)
[] 2 Knows how to read and write only in a national language
[] 3 Knows how to read and write only in another language
[] 4 Knows how to read and write in French and in one of the national languages
[] 5 Does not know to read or write


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


1.2.1. Questions for ALL Household Members


1.2.3. Population aged 12 years and more


28. Column P28: Adult literacy

The data to be gathered from this question will allow one to distinguish between the literate and the illiterate persons within the population.

Definition: A literate person is a person able to read and write in any written language, and understand it, a short text related to daily life. An illiterate person will be a person who does not know how to read and write.

As a consequence, a person who only knows to speak a language (for instance French), without being able to read it and to write it, shall not be considered as literate. Likewise, a person who only knows how to read and write his or her name, or numbers, and who does not know how to read and write a very elementary sentence, shall not be counted as literate.

The question to be asked for gathering the ability to read and write, to household members aged 12 years of more is: "Does name know how to read and write in French, in Arabic, in any National language, or in any other written language?"

a. When the answer to the question asked is "yes", write down the number corresponding to the answer given, and according to the items listed at the bottom of the questionnaire.

[] 1 Knows how to read and write in French only
[] 2 Knows how to read and write in one of the National languages
[] 3 Knows how to read and write in another language


[Page 33]

[] 4 Knows how to read and write in French and in a national language.

b. When the answer to the question asked (--) in Column P28, this corresponds to a person who does not know how to read and write.


N.B.: In Column P28, write (0) for all the persons aged less than 12 years, that is the persons who are not concerned by this question.


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Mali 2009 — source variable ML2009A_0435 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Population age twelve or older
[Questions P29-P30 were asked for persons age 12+.]

P30) Literacy
Does (name know how to read and write?

Record the code corresponding to the response

[] 0 Person not applicable
[] 1 Can read and write French only
[] 2 Can read and write a national language only
[] 3 Can read and write only other language
[] 4 Can read and write French and a national language
[] 5 Cannot read or write
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions P29 to P33 are for people aged 12 years or older. Questions P31 to P33 are only for women aged 12 to 49 years.

6.2.3.29 Literacy (Column P30)
The data collected through this question will allow us to distinguish the illiterate from the literate in the population. A literate person is able to read and write in any language. He is able to understand written text related to his everyday life. In contrast, an illiterate is a person who cannot read or write.

Instruction: A person who only speaks one language (e.g. French) without knowing how to read and write is illiterate. Similarly, a person who can only read and write his name and numbers or who can read and write a very basic expression is illiterate.

The question that must be asked to address the ability to read and write for household members aged 12 years or more is: "Can [NAME] read and write in French, Arabic, the national language or any other written language?"

0 = Person not relevant
1 = Can read and write French only
[pg. 33]
2 = Can read and write a national language only
3 = Can read and write another language only
4 = Can read and write French and the national language
5 = Cannot read or write

a. If the answer to the question is "Yes," enter the code corresponding to the answer in accordance with the terms listed at the bottom of the questionnaire.

b. If the answer to the question is "No" Enter Code "5" for "a person who can neither read nor write."

Instruction: Enter "0" for all persons under the age of 12, i.e. people not relevant for this question.


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Mexico 1960 — source variable MX1960A_0409 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


19. Does he/she know how to write? Yes or No.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Education
(Very important)

Column 19. If the enumerated declares that they can currently read and write, the word YES should be written in this column. If they declare that they only know how to read, but not how to write, or they only write but do not read, or they declare that they do not know to read nor right, the word No will be written.

Column 20. Your attention is called to the fact that the number of years of primary instruction study (elementary and superior) that the enumerated has finished and approved in official or private schools should be written in this column. Only one of the following numbers will be written in this column: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6, since primary instruction only includes up to 6 years.

Column 21. The number of years of study finished should be written, that is, attained in a school of a higher grade than that of primary. All the years beyond primary should be added up; therefore, the primary years should not be included, since they were [P. 22] asked about this in column 20. The words "Studies finished" in column 21 means years of study attained.

Column 22. This column is earmarked for collecting data about the type and grade of instruction that the enumerated is receiving on the census date, generally, by way of assistance at a school and, in exceptional cases, by way of classes received in their home or by correspondence. Write the type or studies and the year. For example: Primary 3rd, Secondary 1st, Preparatory 2nd, Medicine 2nd, Architecture 3rd, Electronics by correspondence, etc. Be careful not to write down the type of studies or the grade of instruction received previously by the enumerated, but rather only those that they are receiving on the census date.


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Mexico 1970 — source variable MX1970A_0409 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For all persons 6 years old or more


8. Literacy. (Mark with an X)

This person:

[ ] 4 Knows how to read and write
[ ] 5 Only knows how to read
[ ] 5 Only knows how to write
[ ] 5 Does not know how to read or write


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Literacy

Column 8

In order to write the answer to this question, if there is any doubt, keep in mind the following:

In order to mark the first circle, it is necessary that the person know how to read and write. People who only know how to sign, write their name, or a few random words or numbers, or who can only recognize the letters of the alphabet, or a few random words, are not considered able to read or right. In this case, one of the circles in front of "can only read," or "can only write," or "cannot read or right," should be marked, as it corresponds to them.

Do not deduce the answer to this question by their level of instruction. Some people who, years ago, attended some level of primary instruction, might in actuality not know how to read or write.


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Mexico 1990 — source variable MX1990A_0411 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Ask only if this person is five years old or more


8. Literacy

Does this person know how to read and write a message?
Mark with an X one circle only.

[ ] 1 Yes
[ ] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Questions for persons who are five years old or more

When you ask the questions: 5. Place of previous residency; 6. Indigenous language; 7. Religion; 8. Literacy; 9. School attendance; and 10. Grades completed, you should pay attention to the age of the person about whom you are requesting the information. Remember that these questions are only for persons who are five years old or more.


8. Literacy

A person is considered literate if the person knows how to read and write a message. If the person about whom you are asking the information only knows how to write his/her name or some numbers, it is understood that the person does not know how to read and write.


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Mexico 1995 — source variable MX1995A_0416 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For people 5 years old or older
[Applies to questions 5.1 to 5.4]


Illiteracy
5.1 Does (Name) know how to read and write a message?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


V Educational characteristics

The objective of the section is to provide information about the educational characteristics of the population 5 years old or older starting with the variables that form the theme Illiteracy, School attendance, Level of instruction and Other studies. With it, the advances and needs in the education sector are meant to be evaluated, as well as the relation that it has with the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the population.

[graphic of the question from the census form]


5.1 Illiteracy

The question is directed to the population five years old or older. With it, the ability of the population between six and fourteen years old to read and write is to be known. Also it permits us to distinguish people 15 years older or older who know how to read and write (literate) from those who do not (illiterate).

When the answer is affirmative, circle code 1, in the contrary case, circle code 2.

[p. 102]

A person knows how to read to write when he or she can read and write a message. Not knowing how to read and write is considered when a person can only write his or her name, isolated words, some numbers or can only read ads, signs his or her name and small phrases.

If an informant responds "a little, " "not much," "more or less," "I write with ugly penmanship," it is necessary to know if the person can really read or write. For this, questions are asked like "can you read and write a letter?" or "Can you write something that has happened to you?"

Consider that there are people who know how to read and write and do not necessarily attend or attended school. Also, there are those who attend school yet do not know how to read or write. Because of this, whatever the answer the following questions should not be omitted.


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Mexico 2000 — source variable MX2000A_0426 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Ask only if this person is five years old or more


13. Literacy

Does this person know how to read and write a message? Circle only one answer.

3 Yes
4 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


13. Literacy

A person knows how to read and write when they can read and write at least a message in any tongue or language.

Keep in mind that a person does not know how to read nor write if they can only write their name, a few words, or numbers.

With responses, such as "I read a little," "not much," "more or less," or "I have bad handwriting," it is necessary to ask if they really can read and write a message.

If, because of an accident or advanced age, the person cannot read or write, but they knew how to do so, consider them as knowing how.

[Depiction of this completed question on the enumeration form, and a related drawing]

Even if the person does not know how to read and write, always ask the questions for attendance and schooling.


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Mexico 2005 — source variable MX2005A_0418 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For people 5 years old or older


3.7 Illiteracy
Does (Name) know how to read and write a message?
Mark a single answer

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Questions 3.5, 3.6, 3.7, 3.9 and 3.10 are asked to people who are 5 years old or older. For this, check the answer that you wrote down in question 3.3 Age.

If a person who you are interviewing is less than 5 years old, go to the next person in the list.


3.7 Illiteracy

With this question, people who know how to read and write a message are distinguished from those who do not know how to do it.

Take into account that following indications:

- A person does not read or write when he or she can only write their name, some words or numbers.

- If an informant responds, "a little, not much, more or less," it is necessary that you ask them if they can write about something that has happened to him or her. If it is indicated affirmatively, mark Yes, in the contrary case, register No.


[To the right of the text is a form for 3.7 Illiteracy.]

Although an informant does not know how to read or write, always ask questions 3.8 Attendance and 3.9 Level of instruction.


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Mexico 2010 — source variable MX2010A_0445 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

III. Personal characteristics

Now I am going to ask you about (name): ________
Copy the name of the person from section II


For persons age 5 or older
[Questions 21-23 were asked of persons age 5 or older]


21. Literacy
Can [the respondent] read and write a message?

[Question 21 was asked of persons age 5 or older who had not completed beyond primary education, as per question 18.]

Circle only one code.

[] 1 Yes
[] 3 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

6.5 Section III. Characteristics of the people

In this section the information of the people who inhabit the dwelling, like the sex, age, level of studies, income, among others, is obtained.

Before requesting the information for each person, copy all the names in the spaces designated for them, and for each person start with the phrase: "Now I'm going to ask about (mention the name of the person you previously noted)", so that the informer knows about whom you will be asking the information.


For people age 5 or older
[Questions 21-22 are for persons age 5 or older]


21. Literacy
Consider that a person knows how to read and write when at least he/she can read and write a message in some tongue or language, however this might be.

Also record code 1 when he/she can't read and write because of some accident, sickness, or advanced age, but knows or knew how to do so.

A person doesn't know how to read and write if he/she can only write his/her name, some words, numbers, and read announcements.

Repeat the question after responses like: "Not a lot", "More or less" or "I write letters poorly", to verify if he/she really knows how to read and write.


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Mexico 2015 — source variable MX2015A_0429 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Continue if the person is 5 or more years old]

23. Literacy
Does [the respondent] know how to read and write a note?
[Circle one code]

[] 5 Yes
[] 7 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

23. Literacy
This question distinguishes people who know read and write a message. Consider that the person knows how to do that when:

[] He/she can read and write a message in any language or languages, no matters which ones.
[] Because of an accident, sickness, or being elderly he/she cannot read and write but he/she knew or could do it in the past.

A person cannot read and write if only can write his/her name, some words, numbers, and read advertisements. When the response is "not much", "more or less", or "write with ugly letter", ask whether the person can read and write a complete message to see if he/she is really literate.


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Mongolia 1989 — source variable MN1989A_0417 — Education level
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


12. Education:
[] 1 Completed high
[] 2 Non completed high
[] 3 Technical vocational
[] 4 General education Grade 9-10
[] 5 General education Grade 4-8
[] 6 Primary
[] 7 Literate
[] 8 Illiterate


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Question Twelve. Education

181. Complete High. People who graduated from University of Institute either locally or internationally shall be considered as being educated at "Complete High" level.
Also people who graduated from the Pedagogical Institute before the year of 1959 shall be considered to be as having a "Complete High" education.

182. Incomplete High. People who are studying at Universities or Institutes or people who graduated from the Pedagogical Institute after the year of 1959 or graduates from of Marxism -- Leninism Evening Institute or Institute of Eastern Studies or two years courses at Party's Institute shall be considered to be as having an "Incomplete High" education.

183. Vocational School. People who graduated from technicums or vocational schools or music and dance schools either in Mongolia or abroad shall be considered as having education of a Vocational School.

184. Education of Secondary School. People who finished the 10th grade of a secondary school shall be considered to be as having "complete secondary education"; people who finished the 7th (by an old system) or the 8th grade as having "incomplete secondary education" and people who finished the only 4th (by an old system) or the 3rd grade as having "primary education".

185. Literate or Illiterate. This question shall be answered by those people who are older than 11 and do not have any education. A person who can read and write in Cyrillic or old Mongolian script or any other county's language shall be considered as literate. However, if the person is not able to read at all he/she shall be considered illiterate.

186. School children of the second and third grades shall be considered as literate.

187. For school children of the first grade or children mentally retarded who are younger than 9 and do not go to school the section for education shall not be filled out.


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Mongolia 2000 — source variable MN2000A_0418 — Ability to read and write
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Persons aged 7 and above should answer.
[Questions 11-13 were asked of persons aged 7 and over.]


12. Literacy:

[Answer 12 was asked of persons with less than primary education, per question 11.]

[] 1 Literate
[] 2 Illiterate


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Question 12.

Literacy. A person who responded to the previous question as non-educated should answer this question. A person who can understand, read and write a short, simple statement will be considered a literate person. It involves people who are able to read in modern and old Mongolian languages and any foreign language. A person who cannot read in any languages will be considered as an illiterate person.


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Morocco 1982 — source variable MA1982A_0417 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions 14-17 are for persons age 10 or older]


Q14: Literacy (knows to read and write)

[] 0 None
[] 1 Arabic only
[] 2 Arabic and French only
[] 3 Arabic, French and other languages
[] 4 Arabic and languages other than French
[] 5 Other languages, specify _____________


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

For persons age 10 or older

14. Read and write:

[] 0 None
[] 1 Only Arabic
[] 2 Arabic and French alone
[] 3 Arabic, French and other languages to be mentioned
[] 4 Arabic and other languages excluding French
[] 5 Other cases to be mentioned

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Morocco 1994 — source variable MA1994A_0421 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons age 10 years or older
[Questions 15-16]


Q15. Read and write:

[] 0 None
[] 1 Only Arabic
[] 2 Arabic and French alone
[] 3 Arabic, French and other languages to be mentioned
[] 4 Arabic and other languages besides French
[] 5 Other cases to be mentioned ____


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Individuals: (multiple records)

For persons age 10 or older
[Questions 15-16.]

Q15. Read and write:

0 None
1 Only Arabic
2 Arabic and French alone
3 Arabic, French and other languages to be mentioned
4 Arabic and languages other than French
5 Other cases to be mentioned ____

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Morocco 2004 — source variable MA2004A_0417 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Individual form / population structure

Literacy and education


11. Literacy: languages read and written

[For persons age 10 or older]

[] 0 None
[] 1 Arabic only
[] 2 Arabic and French only
[] 3 Arabic, French and other languages
[] 4 Arabic and languages other than French, specify ____
[] 5 Other cases, specify _____________


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Literacy and education
For persons age 10 or older


Q11: Literacy: languages read and written. Every person capable of reading and writing a simple paragraph related to its daily life is literate. Hence, a person is illiterate if his/her capabilities do not go beyond reading and writing his own name, numbers or a memorized poem. Blind persons mastering the Braille methods to read and write are considered literate. Enumerator should indicate which language the person reads and writes, by noting the appropriate code. Leave empty for persons younger than 10.

0 None
1 Arabic only
2 Arabic and French only
3 Arabic, French and other languages
4 Arabic and languages other than French, specify ____
5 Other cases, specify ____



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Mozambique 1997 — source variable MZ1997A_0422 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 6 through 31 were asked of usual residents of the household.]

FOR PEOPLE AGED 5+ ONLY.

14. Say whether the person: (in any language)

[] Can read and write
[] Can read only
[] Cannot read nor write
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions Only Directed For People With 5 Years And Older

P14. Say if:
This question aims to find out: the interviewee: knows only how to read; knows only how to write, or not does read or write in any language.
Keep in mind that:

- must consider that the person can read and write in any language. Mark X in box number 1;
- when a person only know how to read mark X in number 2;
- if the person cannot read or write mark X in number 3;
- there should be only one answer.

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Mozambique 2007 — source variable MZ2007A_0440 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Question 6 through 36 were asked to the residents]

For peopled aged 5+ only.

18. Say whether (in any language) the person:

[] 1 Can read and write
[] 2 Can read only
[] 3 Cannot read nor write
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

For people aged 5+ only

P18. Say whether (in any language):

With this Question we intend to know whether the respondent Can read and write, Can read only or Cannot read nor write in ANY LANGUAGE. For this Question there should be only one response.

Be aware that:

If the person can read and write in SOME LANGUAGE, mark an X in box number 1;
If the person can read only, mark an X in box number 2;
If the person cannot read nor write, mark an X in box number 3.

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Nepal 2001 — source variable NP2001A_0420 — Can read and write
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Only for persons aged 6 years and above
[Questions 8-10 are asked of persons who are aged 6 years and above.]


8. Can ____ read and write?

(If read only 1, if read and write 2, and if illiterate 3)

[] 1 Read only (skip to column 10)
[] 2 Read and write
[] 3 Illiterate (skip to column 10)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column 8: Can ____ read and write?
(Only for person aged 6 years and above)
[] 1. Read only
[] 2. Read and write
[] 3. Illiterate


If a person can read, write and is able to do simple mathematics in any language, then she/he is said to be able to read and write, or literate. The read only is not to be literate. The person who is able to solve simple mathematics (addition, subtraction) in daily work is said to be able to do the simple mathematics. Thus to be literate, a person should be able to read, write and to do simple mathematics in any language. If the person can read only and also can write the name as imitation (art), then the person should not count as a literate person.

If a person can read only in any language then she/he is said to be able to read only. For the person who can read only but cannot write, she/he is said to be able to read only. Some people might be able to read only but might not be able to write. If a person can read only then code 1 should be encircled. If a person can read and write then code 2 should be encircled. If she/he cannot read and write then code 3 should be encircled. If the person has taken formal education or admitted in school and studied some years, then he /she can read and write. Each respondent should be asked and confirmed that he/she can read, write or not, and encircle the suitable code.

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Nepal 2011 — source variable NP2011A_0412 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Personal Information

For person 5 years and above
[Question 13 to 15 asked of persons 5 years and above.]

[13] Can [the respondent] read and write?

[] 1 Read and write
[] 2 Read only
[] 3 Can't read and write
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Individual information
After collecting the introductory and household information of data sheet 1, there are questions for individual information collection on the right side of the page. To write individual information, a row has been allocated for each member of the family. Sequence and rules for information collection have been put accordingly. In line with this, ask the question and fill the information. The response of each individual question should be written in the respective column.

Column 13: does [the respondent] know how to read and write (literate)?
(Only to the aged 5 years or above)

[] 1 Can read and write
[] 2 Can read only
[] 3 Cannot read and write

If a person knows how to read, write, and count in any language, he should be considered literate. The person who can only read should not be considered literate. The person who can only count or have numeracy skills for daily general activities should be considered a person who can only count. Therefore, to be literate, one should be able to read, write, and count in a language. The person who can read in a language and copy to write only his or her name, should not be counted as literate.

If a person can only read in a language but cannot write, then just say he or she can read. Some people only can read, but cannot write. If the enumerated person can read and write in any one of the scripts, circle the reference 1. If the person can only read, circle the reference 2. If the person cannot read and write, circle the reference 3. If a person has studied for some years in a formal education system, i.e. in a school, then he should read and write. A person who has not taken formal education (e.g. has not enrolled in school) might have studied at home or studied going to child or adult literacy classes or might have studied in similar ways and learned to read and write. Ask to each enumerated person and be clear about whether he/she knows how to read and write and circle the appropriate reference number.


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Nicaragua 1971 — source variable NI1971A_0413 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For those 6 years of age or older
[Applies to Section C]


11. Literacy

Are you able to read and write?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
[] 9 Unknown


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Cultural [educational] characteristics
Questions 11, 12, and 13 refer to the studies that the enumerated person has completed or is completing. Because of this, these questions are only presented to those persons age 6 or older.

The purpose of these questions is to investigate the population's level of education in relation to demographic, economic, and social characteristics.


Question #11: Literacy
This question is only presented to those persons age 6 or older.

a. How to ask the question:
Literate: The person who is capable of reading and writing a brief and simple presentation of facts relating to daily life.

Taking into account the above definition, the following question is asked:

Does the person know how to read and write?

b. How to record the information:
If the answer is affirmative, an "X" is marked in the box located after the word "Yes". If the answer is negative, an "X" is marked in the "No" box.

An "X" is marked in the "Unknown" box if the informant does not know if a household member is literate or not.

c. Examples:



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Nicaragua 1995 — source variable NI1995A_0419 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For persons age 5 or older
[Questions 5-11 were asked of persons age 5 or older]


Literacy
8. This person:

[] 1 Can read and write
[] 2 Can read only
[] 3 Cannot read or write


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Question 8: Literacy
A person is considered literate when he/she knows how to read and write; if he/she can write and read at least a message or paragraph.

A person is considered not able to read and write in the cases where they respond:
  • Only knows how to read a little, but does not know how to write
  • Only knows how to read his/her name or a few words
  • Used to know how to read and write, but has forgotten
  • Only knows how to write, but does not know how to read


In these cases, you will mark choice "3".


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Nicaragua 2005 — source variable NI2005A_0420 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions 11-18 were asked of persons age 5 or older]


14. [The person]:

[] 1 Knows how to read and write
[] 2 Only knows how to read
[] 3 Cannot read or write


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


For persons age 5 or older (Questions 11-18)


Question 14. [The person]:

Read the options and mark an "X" next to the one stated by the informant.

A person can read and write when s/he can read and write at least a message or a paragraph.

A person cannot read or write in the following cases:
a) Can read a little but can't write.
b) Can only read and write his/her name or disconnected words.
c) Used to read and write but forgot how.
d) Can write only but can't read.


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Nigeria 2006 — source variable NG2006A_0412 — Literacy in any language
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Part B: Person(s) present in household (for all persons who slept in this household last night)

10. Literacy in any language

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

3.3 Literacy:
A person is literate if he can read and write in any language, and can carry out simple activities such as writing letters or engage in simple conversation in a language.

Col. 10: Literacy in any Language:
Shade 1 if literate in any language, otherwise shade 2. If a person is literate, he or she can write and read in any language, and carry out simple activities such as writing letters, simple conversation, etc in that language.


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Nigeria 2007 — source variable NG2007A_0411 — Literacy in any language
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Part B: Person(s) present in household (for all persons who slept in this household last night)

10. Literacy in any language

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

3.3 Literacy:
A person is literate if he can read and write in any language, and can carry out simple activities such as writing letters or engage in simple conversation in a language.

How to complete Part B: persons present in household

Col. 10: Literacy in any Language:
Shade 1 if literate in any language, otherwise shade 2. If a person is literate, he or she can write and read in any language, and carry out simple activities such as writing letters, simple conversation, etc in that language.


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Nigeria 2008 — source variable NG2008A_0410 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

10. Literacy in any language

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

3.3 Literacy:
A person is literate if he can read and write in any language, and can carry out simple activities such as writing letters or engage in simple conversation in a language.

Col. 10: Literacy in any Language:
Shade 1 if literate in any language, otherwise shade 2. If a person is literate, he or she can write and read in any language, and carry out simple activities such as writing letters, simple conversation, etc in that language.


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Nigeria 2009 — source variable NG2009A_0409 — Literacy in any language
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

10a. Literacy in any language

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

3.3 Literacy:
A person is literate if he can read and write in any language, and can carry out simple activities such as writing letters or engage in simple conversation in a language.

Col. 10: Literacy in any Language:
Shade 1 if literate in any language, otherwise shade 2. If a person is literate, he or she can write and read in any language, and carry out simple activities such as writing letters, simple conversation, etc in that language.


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Nigeria 2010 — source variable NG2010A_0432 — Literacy in any language
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Section 2: Education
For all household members 5 years and above, please ask the individual the following questions.

3. Can you read and write in any language?

[ ] 1 Yes
[ ] 2 No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

This part covers general information related to education in the past 12 months. Questions are asked on the highest grade and qualification attained, and the expenses incurred on education in the past 12 months.

Question 3 This question seek to know if the respondent is literate in any language, the interviewer should ask the respondent if he/she can read and write in any language, and record the response either yes or no in the space provided. Any language here includes English language, local Nigerian language or other foreign languages.


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Pakistan 1973 — source variable PK1973A_0409 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Educational characteristics
(For persons 5 years of age and above)
[Questions 11-14.]


11. Literacy

[] 1 Literate with formal education
[] 2 Literate without formal education
[] 3 Illiterate


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


6.2 Literacy. Those persons who are able to read and write with understanding in any language will be considered literate. Some people learn reading/writing through education in school, code number 1 will be given to such person. However, in Pakistan quite a big number of people, without going to school or Madarsah, with their efforts, can read and write, code No. 2 will be given to such persons. Such people who can not read or write at all or can read but not write will be considered illiterate in this survey and code No. 3 will be given to such people.


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Pakistan 1981 — source variable PK1981A_0407 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions 9-10 for persons 5 years and above.]


9. Can ____ read newspaper etc, and write a simple letter?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


2.4.10 Column number 10 - Literacy

For this column you will ask about the person of ages five and above whether he can read news paper and can write a simple letter? If answer is "No" then write code "0". But if the answer is "Yes" then ask in which language he can read newspaper and write simple letter write codes of relevant language/languages in the following ways.
[] 1 If they can read/write in Urdu, then write code "1"
[] 2 If they can read/write in English, then write code "2"
[] 3 If they can read/write in language/languages other than Urdu and English, then write code "3"
[] 4 If they can read/write in both Urdu and English languages, then write codes "1" and "2".
[] 5 If they can read/write in Urdu and some other language/languages (except English) then write codes "1" and "3".
[] 6 If they can read/write in English or some other language/languages (except Urdu), then write codes "2" and "3".
[] 7 If they can read/write in some other language/languages besides English, then write codes "1", "2", and "3".


If a person has been reported as literate but did not pass primary school from then some questions may be asked verifying his literacy, for example, which newspaper or which type of books do you read, etc.?


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Pakistan 1998 — source variable PK1998A_0409 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For five years and above
[Questions 10-11.]


10. Literacy

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Column No.14: Literacy
That person will be considered literate if he can read newspaper in any language and can write simple letter. Ask this question of persons of ages five years and above and fill the relevant ovals of the language/languages.


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Palestine 1997 — source variable PS1997A_0411 — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For persons 10 years and over
[Questions 50 and 51 were asked of people aged 10 years or older.]


50. Level of education and specialization (write illiterate, literate, highest scientific certificate with specialization) ____


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Palestine 2007 — source variable PS2007A_0414 — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions 69-72: Persons age 10 or older]


Educational level and specialization

69. Education level

[] 1 Illiterate
[] 2 Can read and write
[] 3 Elementary
[] 4 Preparatory
[] 5 Secondary
[] 6 Intermediate diploma
[] 7 Bachelor
[] 8 Higher diploma
[] 9 Master
[] 10 Ph.D.



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Panama 1960 — source variable PA1960A_0415 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Only for persons 7 years of age and older
[Questions 11-13 were asked only of persons aged 7 and older.]


13. Do you know how to read and write?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

(Only for persons 7 years old or more)


Question 13 Do you know how to read and write?

Mark "X" in the corresponding box. If the person only knows how to read, mark box 2. Also box 2 should be marked if the person only knows how to write numbers or his/her name.


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Panama 1970 — source variable PA1970A_0416 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

B. Educational Characteristics


[Questions 9 to 12 are asked for those who 6 years old or older]


10. Can you read and write?

Mark the appropriate box. When the person has completed at least the third grade of primary school, do not ask this question and mark the box "yes."

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


B. Educational Characteristics

(Questions 9 to 12)
(Only for persons 6 years old or older)


Question 10 Can you read and write?

This question applies to persons that can read or write in any language.

Mark the corresponding box. Ask the question only to persons who never have attended school or only studied to the second grade of primary school. When the person has passed at least the third grade of primary school, do not ask the question and mark the box "yes".
If the person only knows how to read or only knows how to write numbers or sign their name, mark the box " no".


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Panama 1980 — source variable PA1980A_0411 — Able to read and write
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


11. Do you know how to read and write?
When the person has approved at least the third grade of primary, do not ask this question and mark "yes."

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Only for persons 4 years old and older


Question 11 Do you know how to read and write?

[Below the text are pictures of a schoolgirl and schoolboy reading.]

This question applies to persons that can read or write in any language.
Mark the corresponding box. Ask the question only to persons who never have attended school or only studied to the second grade of primary school. When the person has passed at least the third grade of primary school, do not ask the question and mark the box "yes" (X) 1.
If the person only knows how to read or only knows how to write numbers or sign their name, mark the box " no" (X) 2.


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Panama 1990 — source variable PA1990A_0426 — Ability to read and write
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


V. Residence 5 years ago and educational characteristics
For individuals 5 years of age and older
[Questions 10 to 12a were asked of people 5 years and older.]


If "no grade" or up to 3rd grade of primary is marked and over 10 years of age, ask:

12a. Are you able to read and write?

(Mark yes only if able to do both)

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Section V. Residence 5 years ago and educational characteristics

(Questions 10 to 12)
(For persons 5 years old or older)


If you marked no grade or up to 3rd grade of primary [education] and the person is ten years old or older ask:

Question Number 12a: Are you able to read and write?
If the person knows how to read and write a passage [refers to the ability of read and comprehend a passage] mark circle (Yes). If the person only knows how to read or writes numbers, mark circle 2 (no).
This question applies to persons that can read or write in any language.


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Panama 2000 — source variable PA2000A_0424 — Able to read and write
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For individuals 10 years of age and older

[Question 12 -13 were asked of individuals 10 years of age and older.]


12. Are you able to read and write?

(Mark "yes" only if able to do both)

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No (Skip to Section VII)


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Questions 12 and 13. For persons 10 years old or older

If a person declared, in question 11 no grade, special education or until the third grade of primary school and is 10 years old or older, ask question 12 (Do you know how to read and write), if the contrary, draw a diagonal line through this question and go to question 13.


Question No. 12. Are you able to read and write?

This question is asked with the purpose of measuring the literacy level of the population.

[To the left and right of the text are pictures of children reading and writing.]

If a person knows how to read and write a message, mark Yes (circle 1). If they only read or write numbers, although they know how to sign their name, mark No (circle 2) and go to Section VII. Economic Characteristics.


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Panama 2010 — source variable PA2010A_0429 — Able to read and write
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions 15 and 16 were asked to individuals 10 years of age and older]


15. Are you able to read and write?
(Mark yes only when the person knows how to do both.)

[] 1 Yes -- Continue with question 16.
[] 2 No -- Continue with Chapter VII. Economic Characteristics, question 17.


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


[Questions 15 and 16 were asked to individuals 10 years of age and older]


Question No. 15: Are you able to read and write? (Check "Yes", only when persons know both of them.)
[Questions 15 and 16 were asked to persons 10 years old and over.]

This question is asked with the purpose of measuring the literacy level of the population.

Literacy: The ability of the person to read and write.

[To the right of the text there is a picture.]

Literate: Is anyone able to read and write a message and understand it.

Illiterate:

a. A person who cannot read or write.
b. A person who can only read.
c. A person who can only read and / or write numbers and sign her name.


If the person can read and write a message, check "Yes" (circle one). If the person only reads or write numbers, although she knows how to sign her name, check "No" (circle 2) and go to Section VII. Economic Characteristics.


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Papua New Guinea 1990 — source variable LIT — Literacy

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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Papua New Guinea 2000 — source variable LIT — Literacy

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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Paraguay 1962 — source variable PY1962A_0428 — Literacy (reads and writes)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Educational characteristics

For persons 7 years of age and older


14. Literacy:

Mark the appropriate box according to whether the person is able to read and write.

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Educational characteristics

Item XIV: Literacy

174 - Find out if the person knows how to read and write and make an (x) in the corresponding box under yes or no, depending on the case. If the person only knows how to read, or can only sign, in either case an (x) should be annotated in the box corresponding to: no.


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Paraguay 1972 — source variable PY1972A_0419 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

B. Educational characteristics

Only for those persons 7 years of age and older
[Questions 11 to 14 were asked of persons age 7 and older]


12. Can you read and write?

If "only able to read" or "only write," mark "no."

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

IV. Information about the Population

B. Educational characteristics
These questions are asked only of persons seven years old and older.


12. Literacy
Ask if the person knows how to read and write and mark the corresponding box.
If he/she responds that he/she only reads or only writes, mark the box "no". If he/she has secondary or university studies, mark "yes" without asking this question.

12. Do you know how to read and write?

Do you know how to read and write? If he/she "only reads" or "only writes", mark "no".

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

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Paraguay 1982 — source variable PY1982A_0430 — Able to read and write
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

II. Educational characteristics

For those 7 years of age and older


12. Are you able to read and write?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
[] 3 Doesn't know


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

II. For persons age 7 and older. Educational characteristics


Question 12. Do you know how to read and write?

[A depiction of question 12 is omitted here.]

Make an X in the box corresponding to "yes" if the person knows how to correctly read and write in any language.

If they only read or write, make an X if the box corresponding to "no."

If the person giving the information does not know if the individual knows how to read and write make an X if the box corresponding to "does not know."


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Peru 1993 — source variable PE1993A_0419 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For those 5 years of age and older
[Applies to questions 7 - 11]


9. Are you able to read and write?

Circle the appropriate number:

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

For people 5 years of age and older
[Applies to questions 7 - 11]


Question No. 9: Are you able to read and write?
Read the question and wait for the informant's answer.
[There is a picture of question 9 in this section of the Enumeration Form.]
If the person states that they know how to read and write in any language, put a circle around number 1 (Yes).
If the person only knows how to write their name and/or some numbers, then put a circle around number 2 (No).


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Peru 2007 — source variable PE2007A_0430 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons aged three or older
[Applies to questions 9-12]


10. Do you know how to read and write?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

For persons aged three and older
[Applies to questions 9-12]


Question 10: Do you know how to read and write?
Reminders

  • If the person states that he/she knows how to read and write in any language, circle number 1, "Yes".
  • If the respondent only knows how to write his signature, his name, and a few numbers, circle number 2, "No".
  • If the person writes and reads using the Braille system, circle number 1, "Yes".


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Philippines 1990 — source variable PH1990A_0415 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


5 Years Old and Older
[Questions P15-P22 apply to persons 5 years old and over]


P19. Literacy

Can [respondent] read and write a simple message in any language or dialect?

Encircle Code

1 Yes
2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


P19 Literacy

[The publication states: " Follow the instructions in filling up this item in Section 7.3 (p. 77)." This section is pasted from Common Household Questionnaire instructions, section 7.3]

Data on literacy provide an important indication of the capability of the nation for economic, social and cultural development. Such data serve as guide to planners concerned with the policies for the development of the educational system.

Literacy is the ability to read and write a simple message. A person is literate when he can both read and write a simple message in any language or dialect. A person who cannot both read and write a simple message is illiterate. Also consider a person illiterate if he is capable of reading and writing only his own name or numbers, as well as a person who can read but not write, or vice versa.

A person who knows how to read and write but at the time of the census he/she can no longer read and/or write due to some physical defects or illness is considered literate. Example of this is an aged person who knows how to read and write but can no longer perform these activities due to poor eyesight.

Disabled persons who can read and write through any means such as braille are considered literate.

Ask the question in P19, "Is ____ able to read and write a simple message in any dialect/language?" Encircle code 1, Yes, for those persons who are literate, and code 2, No, for those persons who are illiterate.


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Philippines 2000 — source variable PH2000A_0412 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For Persons 5 years Old and Over


P16. Can [respondent] read and write a simple message in any language or dialect?

[] Yes
[] No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


P16 Literacy

Data on literacy provide an important indication of the capability of the nation for economic, social and cultural development. Such data serve as guide to planners concerned with the policies for the development of the educational system.

Simple literacy is the ability to read and write a simple message. A person is literate when he can both read and write a simple message in any language or dialect. A person who cannot both read and write a simple message, like "Census 2000 count me in" is illiterate. Also consider a person illiterate if he is capable of reading and writing only his own name or numbers, as well as a person who can read but not write, or vice versa.

A person who knows how to read and write but at the time of the census he/she can no longer read and/or write due to some physical defects or illness is considered literate. Example of this is an aged person who knows how to read and write but can no longer perform these activities due to poor eyesight.

Disabled persons who can read and write through any means such as Braille are considered literate.

Ask the question in P16: "Can ______ read and write a simple message in any language or dialect?" Enter "x" mark in the circle before YES, for those persons who are literate, or cross out the circle for NO, for those persons who are illiterate.


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Philippines 2010 — source variable PH2010A_0419 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Population Census Questions

For all 5 years old and over.
[Questions P13 to P16 were asked of persons 5 years or over.]

P15. Literacy- Can [the respondent] read and write a simple message in any language or dialect?

Write X in the box.

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

P15-Literacy
Data on literacy provide an important indicator of the capability of the nation for economic, social, and cultural development. Such data serve as guide to planners in formulating policies for the development of the country's educational system.
Ask the respondent the question in P15: "Can read and write a simple message in any language or dialect?" Write "X" in the box for yes, for persons who are literate. Otherwise, write "X" in the box for no, for those illiterate.
Simple literacy is the ability to read and write a simple message. A person is literate when he/she can both read and write a simple message in any language or dialect. A person who cannot read and write a simple message, like "I can read" is illiterate. Also consider a person illiterate if he is capable of reading and writing only his/her own name or numbers, as well as a person who can read but not write, or vice versa.
A person who knows how to read and write but at the time of the census he/she can no longer read and/or write due to some physical defects or illnesses is considered literate. Example of this is an aged person who knows how to read and write but can no longer perform these activities due to poor eyesight.
Persons with disability who can read and write through any means such as Braille are considered literate.

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Portugal 1981 — source variable PT1981A_0415 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions 5-27 were asked of residents of the housing unit, per question 4]


8. Literacy

[] 1 Able to read and write
[] 3 Not able to read and write


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Important: Individuals not residing in the dwelling where they spend 16 March 1981, at 00:00 hours, end the filling-in of the questionnaire here.
[Questions 5-27 were asked of residents of the housing unit, per question 4]


Question 8 - Literacy

The following options are available:

- Able to read and write
- Not able to read and write


Note: Individuals who only know how to sign their name (and do not know how to read or write anything else) are considered as not able to read and write.


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Portugal 1991 — source variable PT1991A_0412 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions 4-28 were asked only of residents present at the time of the census.]


8. Literacy

[] 1 Able to read and write
[] 3 Unable to read and write


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Note: For individuals that reside elsewhere different from where they are staying at 0:00 o'clock of April 15, 1991, end the filling-in of the questionnaire here.
[Applies to questions 4-28]


Question 8: Literacy

The following options are available:

-- Able to read and write
-- Not able to read and write

Note: For individuals that only know how to sign their name (and do not know how to read or write anything else) we consider them as not able to read and write.


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Portugal 2001 — source variable PT2001A_0413 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions 3.1-21 were asked of persons who consider this living quarter their usual place of residence, according to question 3]


11. Literacy:

If you just write numbers or your name; only read out do not write, or just read and write only memorized sentences, then indicate "Not able to read and write"

[] 1 Able to read and write
[] 3 Not able to read and write


Question 11 - Literacy

Able to read and write - you can read and write, even if it is difficult for you, if you are able to read a newspaper and write sentences.

Not able to read and write - if you are unable to read and write sentences, even simple sentences, and understand their content. If you can only write your name, numbers, read but not write or read and write memorized sentences, you are not considered as being able to read and write.


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Question 11 - Literacy

The following options are available:
1. Able to read and write
2. Not able to read and write - even if he only knows how to write his name.



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Portugal 2011 — source variable PT2011A_0417 — Literate
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Individual questionnaire

14. Literacy:

If you can only write numbers or your own name, or only read but do not write, or only read and write memorized sentences, please indicate "Not able to read and write""
[] 1 Able to read and write
[] 3 Not able to read and write
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

7.2.4. Individual

Question 14- Literacy

[There is an image of question 14]

Able to read and write - If the individual knows how to read and write, even with difficulty, is able read a newspaper or write a simple sentence.

Not able to read and write - If the individual does not know how to read and write any type of information, even if it is simple. If the person only knows how to write his/her name, numerals, reads but cannot write, or reads and writes memorized sentences, that person is considered as not able to read and write.


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Puerto Rico 1970 — source variable PR1970A_0527 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

15. Does this person know how to read and write? (in any language)
[] Yes
[] No


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Puerto Rico 1980 — source variable PR1980A_0569 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

14. Does ____ know how to read and write (in any language)?
[] Yes
[] No


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Puerto Rico 1990 — source variable PR1990A_0574 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

14. Does [respondent] know how to read and write (in any language)?
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


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Romania 1977 — source variable RO1977A_0413 — Type of the highest level of school graduated
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


18. Type of the highest level school graduated ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


64. Educational attainment (column 18). The highest level of graduated (completed) school is referring to the highest educational institution the enumerated person graduated from regardless of if this is proved by a certificate or graduation diploma (of the secondary school or of university).

If the enumerated person graduated from two or more educational institutions, at the same level, (for example the Faculty of Low and the Mathematics) only one of them, namely the one given by the enumerated person, will be recorded on the form.

The following will not be recorded as a graduated educational institution:
a) specialization courses at the working place, with or without production process interruption;
b) apprenticeship at the working place (exception: apprenticeship at the working place for a period during 1-3 years, assimilated to the vocational school);
c) courses for specialization of short duration, for the theoretical high schools graduates;
d) course for specialization improvement;
e) post- university courses;
f) popular universities;
g) trade union schools:
h) political schools etc.


In this respect, the name of the graduated educational institution will be written, as it was at the graduation moment, without [text not readable] educational institution [text not readable] or equivalency with other similar existing educational institutions at the census moment.

For example, it will be recorded according to the following cases:

a) Four classes of Primary School, 7 (8) years Elementary School, 10 years General School;
b) Industrial Chemistry High School (secondary school), Commercial High School, Medium General School, Industrial Gymnasium, Theoretical High School -- first 4 years (first degree), Sanitary Medium Technical School, Pedagogical school, Pedagogical High School;
c) Metallurgical vocational school, first degree Wine-grower school, Art and craft school, Forestry rangers school, Vocational school group for public food industry, Vocational school for economics;
d) Institute (university) for Constructions: civil constructions Faculty (Department), Polytechnic Institute the Faculty of Automatics (Department), Academy for Economic Sciences -- the Planning Faculty (Department), Veterinary Medical Faculty (Department), Polytechnic Institute, the Faculty (Department) for machines building -- sub-engineering section, etc.


When the enumerated persons graduated abroad: the name of this institution will be recorded, as declared (for example: University of Cracovia -- the faculty (department) of history, the Moscow's Institute for economics and statistics).

[p. 43]

When a person is attending a school or educational institution (day, evening, extra-mural courses or without attendance), or interrupted the courses of an educational institution, will be recorded in the column 18 the name of the last school or educational institution.

For example, for persons attending or interrupting the courses of a faculty (department) high school or any secondary school will be recorded as the graduated school. For persons who interrupted the second degree of the high school (classes XI and XII) the graduated educational institution will be recorded as high school first degree. For persons who interrupted the first degree of high school, it will be considered as graduated of the general 8 years school; and for those who interrupted the gymnasium's cycle (classes V-VII or V-VIII), it will be recorded as graduated of the primary school (4 classes).

For the children born after 1965 that are attending or have interrupted the classes I-IV are not considered as having graduated any school and a line will be drawn. Also a line will be drawn for preschool age children.

For aged persons who attended only the read and write courses for illiterates, it will be recorded "read and write courses for illiterates".

For persons born before 1966, who didn't graduate and are not attending any educational institution, the enumerator will record, on the basis of their personal statement, as is the case "they know to read and write", or" knowing only to read", or" didn't know to read and write".

The code box from column 18 will not be filled by the enumerator.


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Romania 1992 — source variable RO1992A_0423 — Highest level of schooling completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


18 Level of education
Name and type of the:

_ _ Highest level of school completed (for persons born before 1981) ___
_ _ Level currently attending (for persons born after 1986) ___


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image



Chapter IV - Data on Persons Registered in Households


44. All persons in the household will be recorded in this chapter, regardless whether they were present in the household or absent at the census reference point - "0" hour on the night of January, 6 to 7, 1992, or whether persons had left the household temporarily or for a longer period to work, to study, or for some other reason. Persons temporarily present in the household at the census reference point will not be recorded in this chapter, but in Chapter V.



Q. 18 Level of education


66. The enumerator will record in item Q. 18.l the person's statements regarding:
name of the school and field of study of the highest level attained at school for persons born before 1981). If a person was born before 1986 and currently attends an educational institution, record also name of the school and the field of study.

67. Highest level of school completed refers to the highest educational level attained at graduation by the enumerated person, regardless of whether or not this is documented by a certificate or graduation diploma from secondary school or university.

The name of the educational institution completed should be recorded as it was at the time of graduation, without reflecting the updated names or mergers with other similar educational institutions existing at the census reference point.

Record the specific case following these examples:

Four classes of Primary School, 7 (8) years Elementary School, 10 years General School;
Industrial Chemistry High School (secondary school), Commercial High School, Medium General School, Industrial Gymnasium, Theoretical High School - first 4 years (first degree), Sanitary Medium Technical School, Pedagogical school, Pedagogical High School;

Metallurgical vocational school, first degree Wine-grower school, Art and craft school, Forest ranger school, Vocational school group for public food industry, Vocational school for economics;

Institute for Construction - civil constructions Faculty, Polytechnic Institute - Automotive Faculty, Academy for Economic Sciences - the Planning Faculty, Veterinary Medical Faculty , Polytechnic Institute, the Faculty for machine building - sub-engineering section, etc.

Also record the field of study of the completed educational institution, particularly for higher education, secondary/high schools, and vocational schools. Thus, do not write "Polytechnic Institute", but rather "Polytechnic Institute - electrotechnical Faculty; " do not write " special High School," but rather "construction High School"; do not write "vocational school," but rather "food industry vocational school".
Whenever the enumerated person has graduated at the same level from two or more educational institutions (for example the Faculty of Law and of Mathematics), record on the form only one institution, namely that selection stated by the enumerated person;

When the enumerated person has graduated abroad, recorded the name and the field of study of this institution, as declared; for example: University of Cracovia - the faculty of history; Moscow Institute for economics and statistics; Sorbonne University of Paris - chemistry faculty;

When a person is currently attending a school or educational institution (day, evening, extra-mural courses, without attendance or long-distance open learning), or has interrupted their courses at an educational institution, record the name and field of study of the last school or educational institution completed and the type of attendance.


For example, for persons currently attending or interrupting the courses in a faculty , record high school or secondary school as the highest level of education completed; for persons who interrupted the second degree of high school (classes XI and XII), record high school - first degree as the highest level of education; for persons who interrupted the first degree of high school, record the person as a graduate of a general 8 year school; and for those who interrupted the gymnasium cycle (classes V-VII or V-VIII), recorded them as graduated from primary school (4 classes).
For persons born before 1981 (10 years old and over), who didn't graduate and are not attending any educational institution, the enumerator will record, on the basis of their personal statement whether "they know to read and write," or "only knowhow to read," or "don't know how to read and write;"
For aged persons who attended only reading and writing courses for illiterates, record "reading and writing courses for illiterates;"
For children born after 1980 and for pre-school children, the space for item 18.1 will be barred by a line.


68. The name and field of study of the educational institution attended by the enumerated person will be recorded in item Q. 18.2 for persons born before 1986 who declare that they are attending courses in a private or public school or educational institutions, regardless of whether these are day, evening or without attendance courses.

The enumerator must write the exact name and field of study of the institution the person is attending (see also the provisions for Q. 18.1).

For example: primary school, first degree of high school, theoretical high school; the high school of Transportation and Telecommunications school group; the University of Bucharest - philology faculty, etc.

For persons not attending or interrupting the courses at an educational institution, as well as for children under pre-school age (born after 1985), the space for item 18.2 will be barred by a line.

Do not record as graduates from an educational institution or as attending an educational institution, any of the following cases:
- apprenticeship courses at the work place, with or without production process interruption;
- specialized courses of short duration for theoretical high school graduates;
- apprenticeship at the work place (exception: apprenticeship at the work place for a period of 1-3 years, associated with a vocational school, for whom will be recorded "apprenticeship at the work place");
- course for updating a specialization;
- post- university and doctoral (PhD) courses;
- popular universities;
- driving schools;
- trade union schools, etc.

The enumerators will not code Q. 18.1 or Q. 18.2.


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Romania 2002 — source variable RO2002A_0428 — Highest level of schooling completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


18. Educational attainment
___ _ _ 18.1 Name of the institution and field of study of the highest level of school completed (for persons born before September 15, 1991)

18.2 Type of ownership of the educational institution completed by the person
[] 1 Public (state ownership)
[] 2 Private ownership

___ _ _ 18.3 Name of institution and field of study of school attending (for persons born before September 15, 1995)

18.4 Type of ownership of educational institution attended by the person
[] 1 Public
[] 2 Private


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Educational attainment (item 18)

65. The highest level of graduated (completed) school is referring to the highest educational institution graduated by the enumerated person, regardless of whether this is proved by a certificate or graduation diploma (of the secondary school or of university).

In this respect the enumerator will record the full name of the educational institution, indicating the field of the study:

18.1 The name and the type of the highest level of graduated school will be recorded for persons10 years old and above.

The way of recording:

-- will write the name of the graduated educational institution, as it was at the graduation moment, without updating or equivalency with other similar existing educational institutions at the census moment.

For example, will be recorded according to the case:

a) Four classes of Primary School, Special Primary School, 7 (8) years Elementary School, 10 years General School, General School for Deaf;
b) Industrial Chemistry High School (secondary school), Commercial High School, Medium General School, Industrial Gymnasium, Theoretical High School -- first 4 years (first degree), Sanitary Medium Technical School, Pedagogical school, Pedagogical High School;
c) Metallurgical vocational school, first degree Wine-grower school, Art and craft school, Forestry rangers school, Vocational school group for public food industry, Vocational school for economics;
d) Institute (university) for Constructions -- civil constructions Faculty (Department), Polytechnic Institute the Automatization Faculty (Department), Academy for Economic Sciences -- the Planning Faculty (Department), Veterinary Medical Faculty (Department), Polytechnic Institute, the Faculty (Department) for machines building -- sub-engineering section, etc.

-- will also write the type (field of study) of the graduated educational institution -- particularly for higher education -- special (secondary)high schools, vocational schools. So, it will not be written "Polytechnic Institute", but "Polytechnic Institute- electrotechnical Faculty (Department)"; will not be written " special

[p. 45]

High School" but "construction High School"; will not be written "vocational (professional) school", but "food industry vocational school".

-- In the case when the person graduated (or is attending) a class, having different field of study, than of the type of educational institution unit where the class belongs, the field study of this class will be written too. For example: when a theoretical High School has a class for mechanics, this situation should be recorded, both the high school as well as the field of study of the class; School group for Transportation and Telecommunication -- the informatics class.

Will be not recorded as graduated of the educational institution and as attending of educational institution by the enumerated person, the followings:

-- attending apprenticeship courses at the working place;
-- attending courses of qualification and re-qualification of the unemployed persons, according to the Law no.1/1991, regarding the social protection of the unemployed persons and professional recovery;
-- apprenticeship at the working place (exception: apprenticeship at the working place for a period during 1-3 years, assimilated to the vocational school, for whom "apprenticeship at the working place" will be recorded);
-- course for specialization improvement;
-- post- university and doctorate (PhD) courses;
-- popular universities;
-- trade union schools, etc., so that forms of communication designated for educational goals, for learning, for systematical deliberation, but organized outside of the schools and universities.
Particular situations:

-- whether the enumerated person graduated from two or more educational institutions, at the same level, on the form will be recorded only one of it, namely that selected to be stated by the enumerated person;
-- when the enumerated persons graduated from abroad --the name and the field of study of this institution, as declared (for example: University of Cracovia -- the faculty (department) of history, the Moscow's Institute for economics and statistics, Sorbona University of Paris -- chemistry faculty (department)) will be recorded.

When a person is attending a school or educational institution (day, evening, extra-mural courses, without attendance or far-distance open learning), or interrupted the courses of an educational institution, will be recorded the name and the field of study of the last school or educational institution and the type of attendance (will be considered that a person interrupted an educational institution only whether he was graduated at least to one class or one study year, and then interrupted for various reasons).

For example, for persons attending or interrupting the courses of a faculty (department), as graduated school will be recorded -- high school or any secondary school; for persons who interrupted the second degree of the high school (classes XI and XII) will be recorded as graduated educational institution, high school first degree; for persons who interrupted the first degree of high school, will be considered as graduated of the general 8 years school; and for those who interrupted the gymnasium's cycle (classes V-VII or V-VIII) will be recorded as graduated of the primary school (4 classes).

For persons born before September 15, 1991 (so, those 10 years old and over), who didn't graduate and are not attending any educational institution, the enumerator will record, on the basis of their personal statement , as is the case "they know to read and write", or" knowing only to read", or" doesn't know to read and write".

If a person is able to read and write a brief note regarding the daily life, he is not considered as illiterate, but the person who is not able to read and write, or maybe only to read, or only to write, is considered illiterate. Also, a person able to only read and write own name and numbers, will be considered illiterate.

For the children born after September 1991 and for the pre-school children the space of this item will be barred by a line (the same to the item 18.2).

[p. 46]

For aged persons who attended only the read and write courses for illiterates will be recorded "read and write courses for illiterates".

18.3 The name and the type (field of study) of the educational institution attended by the enumerated person -- will be recorded for the persons 6 years of age and over (born before September 15, 1995) who declare that they are attending the courses of a school or educational institutions, regardless of whether these are day, evening or without attendance courses.

The enumerator must write the exact name and the type (field of study) of the institution the person is attending. For example: Theoretical high school; the High school of school group of Transportation and Telecommunications; the University of Bucharest -- the philology faculty (department), etc.

Whether a person is attending two or more educational institutions at the same time, the one that is selected by the person will be recorded.

For the persons not attending or interrupting the courses of an educational institution, as well as for the children under the pre-school age (born after September 15, 1995) the spaces for items 18.3 and 18.4 will be barred by a line.

In order to assure the correct registration of the level and the field study, of the graduated or attended educational institution by the enumerated persons, the enumerator will use "The classification and coding of the educational institutions of Romania", provided on Annex 1.

The chief enumerator will codify the names and the field of study of the graduated or attended educational institutions, on the basis of "The code list of the educational institutions "(paragraphs 127-130).

Type of ownership -- will be recorded the kind of the ownership of the graduated educational institution (18.2) and /or for the educational institution attended by the enumerated person, by marking x to the corresponding box for: the state (public) -- ownership and the code 1 or private code 2, for private ownership.


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Romania 2011 — source variable RO2011A_0418 — Literacy

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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Russia 2002 — source variable RU2002A_0408 — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

10a. What is your highest level of education?
Question 10 is for persons aged 10 or older

[] 1 General elementary (elementary)
[] 2 General basic (incomplete secondary)
[] 3 General (complete) secondary
[] 4 Secondary vocational (secondary specialized)
[] 5 Incomplete higher vocational (incomplete higher)
[] 6 Higher vocational (higher)
[] 7 Postgraduate vocational
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 8.3. a) Your education

Those who have reached the age of 10 should be identified by one of seven suggested prompts.

The highest educational attainment of a respondent should be recorded.

Apart from the current classification of the levels of education the prompts also suggest former classification of those levels (in brackets).

If a respondent finds difficulty in defining his/her level of education, observe the following rules.

"Primary comprehensive (primary)" and "basic comprehensive (lower secondary)" education can be determined by the highest grade completed and the year of graduation with the help of the following table.

Table for identification of the level of educational attainment of persons without secondary (complete) comprehensive education, with the classification by grades [table]

[Column headings:]
(A) The highest grade of the comprehensive school completed by the respondent, or what grade he/she is attending now
(B) Level of education corresponding to the given grade

(A) Highest completed grade or current grade: Completed primary comprehensive school
(B) Corresponding level of education: Primary comprehensive (primary education)

(A) Highest completed grade or current grade: Completed 3 grades of the three-year primary comprehensive school in 1972 or later
(B) Corresponding level of education: Primary comprehensive (primary education)

(A) Highest completed grade or current grade: Completed 4-6 grades
(B) Corresponding level of education: Primary comprehensive (primary education)

(A) Highest completed grade or current grade: Completed 7 grades in 1962 or later
(B) Corresponding level of education: Primary comprehensive (primary education)

(A) Highest completed grade or current grade: Completed 8 grades in 1990 or later
(B) Corresponding level of education: Primary comprehensive (primary education)

(A) Highest completed grade or current grade: Attends 5-9 grades
(B) Corresponding level of education: Primary comprehensive (primary education)

(A) Highest completed grade or current grade: Dropped out of the 4th grade in 1972/1973 - 1988/1989 school years
(B) Corresponding level of education: Primary comprehensive (primary education)

(A) Highest completed grade or current grade: Dropped out of the 5-7th grades
(B) Corresponding level of education: Primary comprehensive (primary education)

(A) Highest completed grade or current grade: Dropped out of the 8th grade in 1962/1963 school year or later
(B) Corresponding level of education: Primary comprehensive (primary education)

(A) Highest completed grade or current grade: Dropped out of the 9th grade in 1989/1990 school year or later
(B) Corresponding level of education: Primary comprehensive (primary education)

(A) Highest completed grade or current grade:
Completed lower secondary school:
Seven-year school in 1961 or earlier
Either-year school in 1963-1989
Nine-year school in 1990-1992
Basic comprehensive school in 1993 or later
(B) Corresponding level of education: Basic comprehensive (lower secondary) education

(A) Highest completed grade or current grade: Completed 7 grades in 1961 or earlier
(B) Corresponding level of education: Basic comprehensive (lower secondary) education

(A) Highest completed grade or current grade: Completed 8 grades in 1989 or earlier
(B) Corresponding level of education: Basic comprehensive (lower secondary) education

(A) Highest completed grade or current grade: Completed 9 grades
(B) Corresponding level of education: Basic comprehensive (lower secondary) education

(A) Highest completed grade or current grade: Completed 10 grades of eleven- or twelve-year secondary school
(B) Corresponding level of education: Basic comprehensive (lower secondary) education

(A) Highest completed grade or current grade: Completed 11 grades of twelve-year secondary school
(B) Corresponding level of education: Basic comprehensive (lower secondary) education

(A) Highest completed grade or current grade: Attends 10-11 (12) grades
(B) Corresponding level of education: Basic comprehensive (lower secondary) education

(A) Highest completed grade or current grade: Dropped out of the 8th grade in 1961/1962 school year or earlier
(B) Corresponding level of education: Basic comprehensive (lower secondary) education

(A) Highest completed grade or current grade: Dropped out of the 9th grade in 1988/1989 school year or earlier
(B) Corresponding level of education: Basic comprehensive (lower secondary) education

(A) Highest completed grade or current grade: Dropped out of the 10-11th (12th) grades
(B) Corresponding level of education: Basic comprehensive (lower secondary) education

Check off the appropriate prompt:

"Secondary (complete) comprehensive" - for those who completed secondary comprehensive school (including those with them-depth learning of certain subjects), lycees, gymnasia etc. and received a certificate of secondary (complete) comprehensive education.

"Secondary vocational (secondary special)" - for those who completed a secondary vocational educational institution: technical secondary school, medical or pedagogical school, college, technical secondary school at an enterprise etc.

"Incomplete higher (non-graduate)" - for those who completed the basic educational course of higher professional learning, attended the course for not less than 2 years, and received a diploma of incomplete higher education.

Mark the same prompt for those who is now attending or completed the basic educational course of higher professional learning, or attended the course for not less than one half of the established period of learning.

Those who do not have a diploma of incomplete higher education and attended the course for less than one half of the established period of ]earning should be identified by the prompt corresponding to the level of educational attainment they had reached before being admitted to a higher educational establishment i.e., "secondary vocational (secondary special)" or " secondary (complete) comprehensive".

[p. 50]

"Higher professional" for those who graduated from the higher educational establishment: institute, academy, university etc.

"Post-graduate professional" - for those who completed the post-graduate course, doctor's degree course, residency, military post-graduate course in educational establishments of higher professional learning and scientific institutions (regardless of the availability of an academic degree).

Part-time, correspondence or external students who graduated from educational institutions should be identified as graduates of the respective educational establishments.

For students and graduates of educational institutions which do not provide comprehensive education (e.g., training course (center), vocational training center, re-training or advanced training course, preparatory classes of higher educational establishments etc.) you should indicate the level of education attained before their admission to those educational establishments.

If you find difficulty in identifying the level of education, in the "Notes" section on the front page of the cover - Census forms for the dwelling - put down the ordinal number of the person with an unclear level of education, his/her full name, the name of educational establishment he/she graduated from, attended or is attending now, the grades (years) completed, and when (year).

The field should not be completed for children under 10.


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Russia 2010 — source variable RU2010A_0406 — Educational attainment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

8. Education and training
[For persons aged 10 and over.]

8.1 Your education

Indicate only one of the options that corresponds to the highest educational level attained

[] Primary (elementary)
[] Basic general (incomplete secondary)
[] Secondary general (complete)
[] Primary vocational (vocational high school)
[] Secondary vocational (vocational college)
[] Incomplete higher vocational (incomplete higher)
[] Higher vocational (higher)
For persons who graduated before 1995 in Russia indicate "specialist"
[] Bachelor
[] Specialist
[] Master
[] Post-graduate higher vocational (graduate)
[] No education
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Section 8. Education and training

Section 8.1. Your education
Individuals aged 10 years old and over shall put a mark that corresponds to one of the following prompts.
Level of education is identified by the document of the state sample (certificate, certificate of degree, reference and etc.) received upon graduation from education institutions. The highest level of education received by the respondents is taken into account.
In addition to the names of the levels of education accepted nowadays prompts contain the names of the same levels of education which were used earlier (given in parentheses).
In case the respondent has difficulty identifying his level of education the following rules shall be followed.
"Primary comprehensive (primary)" and "basic comprehensive (incomplete secondary)" education can be identified by the number of completed classes and year of graduation, which is given in the table below. The same table is given in the Form No. 10 "A card for a respondent" - it can be shown to the respondent in case of difficulty in identification of the level of education.

[The following was presented in table form. Column 1 included " How many classes of comprehensive educational institution did the respondent finish?". "Educational level ocrresponding to this number of classes" was in column 2.]

Table for identification of the level of education for individuals who did not get (complete) comprehensive secondary education with number of classes

Educational level ocrresponding to this number of classes

How many classes of comprehensive educational institution did the respondent finish?.

Primary comprehensive (elementary)

Finished primary comprehensive school
Finished 3 classes of 3-year primary
comprehensive school in 1972 and later.
Finished 4-6 classes.
Finished 7 classes in 1962 and later.
Finished 8 classes in 1990 and later.
Studies in 5-9 classes.
Left after 4 classes during 1972/73 1988/89 school years.
Left after 5-7 classes.
Left after 8 classes in 1962/63 school years and later
Left after 9 classes in 1989/90 school years and later

General comprehensive (post-primary secondary)

Finished post-primary secondary school:
- 7-year in 1961 and earlier,
- 8-year in 1963-1989,
- 9-year in 1990-1992,
- general comprehensive school in 1993 and later
Finished 7 classes in 1961 and earlier.
Finished 8 classes in 1989 and earlier.
Finished 9 classes
Finished 10 classes of 11-year or
12-year secondary school
Finished 11 classes of 12-year secondary school
Studies in 10-11 (12) grade
Left after 8 classes in 1961/62 school years and earlier
Left after 9 classes in 1988/89 school years and earlier
Left after 10-11 (12) classes

"Secondary (complete) comprehensive" - will be indicated by those who finished secondary comprehensive institution - a school (including the ones with advanced study of several subjects), a lyceum, a gymnasium and etc. and got a certificate of secondary (complete) education.
[pg.36]

"Primary professional" will be indicated by:

- Those who finished 8 or 9 classes of comprehensive educational institution (a school) and who finished educational institution of primary professional education (training college, vocational school, educational-course center, training and manufacturing center, technical school (for example, nautical and etc.);
- Those who received secondary (complete) comprehensive education and who finished educational institution of primary professional education (training college, vocational school, educational-course center, training and manufacturing center, technical school (for example, nautical and etc.);

"Secondary professional (specialized secondary education)" - will be indicated by those who finished educational institution of secondary professional education - technical secondary school, specialized school (for example, medical, pedagogical), college, technical secondary school and enterprise and etc.
"Incomplete higher professional (incomplete professional)" - will be indicated by those who finished education according to the main educational program of higher professional education in the volume of no less than 2 years of the educational period and who received a diploma of undergraduate higher education.
This prompt will be indicated also by those who study and who studied and finished education according to the general educational program of higher professional education in the volume of no less than half of the educational period. Those who studied at the institutes of higher education less than half of the period of education, will mark level of education they had before entering the university, i.e. "secondary professional (secondary specialized)" or "secondary comprehensive (complete)" or "primary professional".
Those who graduated from the institutes of higher education: institute, academy, university and etc., will mark the level of higher professional education:

- "Bachelor" - those who studied in higher educational institution no less than 4 years and received certificate of the "bachelor";
- "Specialist" - those who got a certificate of the "specialist" and who graduated from the university before 1995 (including graduates of the institutes of higher education in the USSR);
- "Master" - those who studied at the institutes of higher education no less than 6 years and got a certificate of the "master".

If a respondent has several levels of professional education, then only the highest one will be marked (for example, those who are bachelors and specialists will mark "specialist").
"Post-graduate professional" - those who finished post-graduates course, residencee training and training in a military academy at the educational institutions of higher professional education and scientific institutions (regardless of defense of a thesis).
Graduation from educational institutions in the correspondence and internally-correspondence form, evening form and also in the form of family education, self-education and in the form of externship is equal to graduation from the relevant full-time educational institutions.
Those who study or finish educational institutions of second education that do not provide comprehensive education (for example, educational-course center (office), training and production center, courses of retraining and improvement of qualification, preliminary courses of the educational institutions, centers of professional orientation, musical and art schools, school of arts, sport schools, the house of youth creativity and etc.) will mark the level of education they received before entering these educational institutions.
"Don't have education" will be marked by those who do not have any education. These people shall be asked a question "Can you read and write?" and depending on the answer mark one of two prompts:

"Yes" - those, who can read and write;
"No" - who can neither read nor write.
If a respondent can either read or write only, mark "no" will be put.
The question is left blank for the individuals under 10 years of age.
Question 8.2. Do you have academic degree of candidate of science, doctor of science?
This question shall be asked to those who answered "bachelor", "specialist", "master" or "post-graduate professional" in question 8.1. Depending on answer one of the marks will be put - "candidate of science", "doctor of science" or "don't know".

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Rwanda 1991 — source variable RW1991A_0418 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Population aged 6 years or older (born before August 1985).
[Questions P16-P20 were asked of persons age 6+]


P16. Literacy

Does [the respondent] know how to read and write?
Circle the number matching the letters corresponding to the answer.

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
[] 3 Reads only



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Rwanda 2002 — source variable RW2002A_0422 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Population aged 6 years or more
[Questions 16-25.]


P20. Literacy

Does ____ know to read and write?

Circle the code corresponding to the answer of the interviewee.

[] 1. Reads and writes
[] 2. Reads only
[] 3. None


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

C. Questions asked to all residents aged 6 years or more (questions from P16 to P25)


These questions aim at knowing the activities related to education and employment for persons aged 6 years or more [the French text says more than 6 years].

Children aged less than 6 years are not concerned with questions from P16 to P25.


P20: Literacy

This questions concerns mostly the persons who never went to school as well as those who could not complete primary school; to those will be added other persons who know how to read and write after learning by non-conventional means (night sessions, reading and writing training sessions, either collective or individual). In P20 one will ask politely whether he/she knows to read and write.

Circle number "1" if the person knows to read and write
Circle number "2" if the person only knows to read
Circle number "3" if the person does not know to read or write



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Rwanda 2012 — source variable RW2012A_0430 — Literacy (languages)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Section P: Characteristics of population

[Questions 16-19 were asked for residents aged 3 years or older.]

16. Can the respondent read and write with understating in the following languages?

Circle all that apply.

[] 1 Kinyarwanda
[] 2 French
[] 4 English
[] 8 Other
[] 0 None
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

P16 to P19: For residents aged 3 years or older

P16: Reading and writing [literacy]
Ask: Can [the person] read, write and understand in the following languages?

Encircle the code number accordingly to the language he/she can read, write and understand. If he/she can read, write and understand one language, encircle the code number of it.

1 - Kinyarwanda
2 - French
4 - English
8 - Other
0 - None

If he/she can read, write and understand many languages, encircle the code numbers of them. Then record the sum of the codes circled responses in provided boxes.
[Example omitted]


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Senegal 1988 — source variable SN1988A_0419 — Literacy (ability to read and write)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For persons aged 6 years and above, or born before 1982
[Questions 15 through 21 were asked of persons age 6 and older]


P17. Literacy

Circle the language usually read and written:

[] 0 None
[] 1 French
[] 2 Arabic
[] 3 National language
[] 4 Other language


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


P17) Literacy (ability to read and write)

If the person does not read and does not write any language, not even a national language,
Circle: "0. NONE" (aucune)
Circle "1. FRENCH" (français) if the person reads and writes in French.
Circle "2. ARABIC" if the person reads and writes in Arabic.
Circle "3. NATIONAL LANGUAGE" if the person reads and writes in one of the national languages (Wolof, Sereer, Poular, Diola, Maninka, Soninke).
Circle "4. OTHER" if the person reads and writes in any other language.


Note: If a person reads and writes in two or more languages, circle the language that he or she estimates to read and write the best.


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Senegal 2002 — source variable SN2002A_0435 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For individuals 6 years of age and older
[B16-B19 were asked of individuals 6 years and older]


B16. Literacy

Record all the languages that the respondent knows to read and write, by writing the number "1" in the appropriate boxes.

[] None
[] French
[] Arabic
[] Wolof
[] Pulaar
[] Sereer
[] Mandinka
[] Diola
[] Soninke
[] Other language


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Note: The following questions (from B16 to B19) apply to all persons aged 6 years and above. Write an oblique hyphen for the persons who are less than 6 years of age.


B16. Literacy

Record all the languages that the respondent knows to read and write, by writing the number "1" in the appropriate boxes.

AU - None, if the person does not read any language
FR - French
AR - Arabic
WO - Wolof
PU - Pulaar
SE - Sereer
MA - Mandinka
DI - Diola
SO - Soninke
AL - Other language



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Sierra Leone 2004 — source variable SL2004A_0418 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions P19-P21: Persons age 6 years and older]


P21. Literacy
Can [the respondent] read and write in any language?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


Columns P19 - P21) -- Education and literacy (Persons age 6 or older)


P21 -- Literacy
121. One of the objectives of collecting information on education is to stretch the definition of literacy to cover persons who can read and write in any language irrespective of the fact that they never attended a formal educational institution.

122. Informal education is now a widespread phenomenon in the country. It means that some persons might not have gone to formal educational institutions, but have gone through informal education and can read and write. Therefore, if the respondent says that he/she never went to school in P19, enter 1, skip P20 and ask "Can [the respondent] read and write in any language?" question P21) and enter the response as appropriate. "Yes" [is] 1, "No" [is] 2. This question is for all persons 6 years and over, irrespective of whether they have been to school or not.

123. Make sure that the person does both the reading and the writing. A person cannot be said to be literate if he only reads and not writes or vice versa.


[Questions P19 - P21: Persons age 6 or older]


P21 Literacy
Can [the respondent] read and write in any language?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No



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South Sudan 2008 — source variable SS2008A_0430 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Education status
[Questions 15 - 18: Persons age 6 or older]


15. Can [the respondent] read and write with understanding a simple sentence in any language?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image


7.4. LFQ educational status questions 15-18
Note: these questions should be asked only to persons aged 6 years and above. Check the age of the persons as reported in question 4. If they are less than 6 years old, then you are finished asking questions about that person. Go to the next person listed in the questionnaire.
Asking questions only for persons of certain ages or only of females is called a "skip pattern". Skip patterns are used to avoid asking questions of persons that don't make sense. For example, asking if a 1-year-old baby attends school.


Q15 "Can [the respondent] read and write, with understanding, a simple sentence in any language?" Continuing with the first person listed "Person 01" if they are 6 years old or over, ask question 15 as written on the questionnaire.

  • Shade the number of the answer given: 1 for "Yes", and 2 for "No"



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Spain 1981 — source variable ES1981A_0413 — Knows how to read?
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

9. Do you know how to read and write?
Mark the corresponding box with an X.
[] 1 Yes
[] 6 No


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Spain 1991 — source variable ES1991A_0432 — Studies completed (level of instruction)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

19. To be answered only by persons age ten or older on March 1, 1991

What is the highest level of schooling that you have completed?

Mark the appropriate choice. Note that "completed" means that schooling at this level is completed, that you passed all courses pertaining to this level, and that you are therefore entitled to the corresponding degree or diploma.
[] 1 Does not know how to read and write
[] 2 Never attended school
[] 3 Elementary school or five completed years of EGB or equivalent
[] 4 Basic baccalaureate degree [translator's note: this is similar to a high school education] (General, Labor, or Technical), EGB completed or equivalent
[] 5 1st level Technical Training; Industrial official education
[] 6 2nd level Technical Training; Industrial masters degree
[] 7 Higher level BUP
[] 8 Other 2nd level degrees
[] 9 Technical architects or engineers (completed third level education) in higher technical schools
[] 10 Diploma from university schools and diploma (third level completed) from University faculties and colleges
[] 11 Upper level architect or engineer
[] 12 University degree
[] 13 Degrees for non-university higher education studies
[] 14 Doctoral degree
[] 15 Diplomas for post-graduate studies or specialized post-graduate studies for university graduates
Specify:
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _


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Spain 2001 — source variable ES2001A_0410 — Level of education completed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

3. Highest level of education completed.
Look for the numbers in Table 3 and mark the corresponding box.
[] 1 Does not know how to read or write.
[] 2 Knows how to read and write, but attended school for less than five years.
[] 3 Attended school for five years or more, but did not complete EGB, ESO, or basic baccalaureate degree [EGB, educación general básica, basic general education / Educación Superior Oficial, Official higher Education]
[] 4 Basic Baccalaureate degree, EGB, or ESO completed (School graduate)
[] 5 Higher Baccalaureate degree, BUP, Bachelors LOGSE, COU, PREU
[BUP, Bachillerato Unificado y Polivalente, integrated upper secondary education, a 3-year course of university-preparatory education for 14 to 17 year old students, which also prepares students for employment. COU, Curso de Orientación Universitaria, a one-year college preparatory program.]

[If answer is 1-5] Go on to question 5.

[] 6 Technical Training, mid-level; Official industrial training, or equivalent
[] 7 Technical Training, second level; advanced Technical Training; Industrial master's degree or equivalent
[] 8 Diploma, Architecture or Technical engineering, 3 years completed of a bachelor's degree, or the first three years of an engineering or architecture degree
[] 9 Completed degree in Architecture or Engineering, Bachelor's degree, or equivalent
[] 10 Doctorate


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Sudan 2008 — source variable SD2008A_0430 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Education status
[Questions 15 - 18: Persons age 6 or older]


15. Can [the respondent] read and write with understanding a simple sentence in any language?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

7.4. LFQ educational status questions 15-18
Note: these questions should be asked only to persons aged 6 years and above. Check the age of the persons as reported in question 4. If they are less than 6 years old, then you are finished asking questions about that person. Go to the next person listed in the questionnaire.
Asking questions only for persons of certain ages or only of females is called a "skip pattern". Skip patterns are used to avoid asking questions of persons that don't make sense. For example, asking if a 1-year-old baby attends school.


Q15 "Can [the respondent] read and write, with understanding, a simple sentence in any language?" Continuing with the first person listed "Person 01" if they are 6 years old or over, ask question 15 as written on the questionnaire.

  • Shade the number of the answer given: 1 for "Yes", and 2 for "No"


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Tanzania 1988 — source variable TZ1988A_0413 — Read and write Kiswahili
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Persons 5 years and older
[Applied to questions 14 to 18]


14. Does [the respondent] know how to read and write in Kiswahili?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


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Tanzania 2002 — source variable TZ2002A_0414 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C. Education
For those 5 years and more
[Questions 13-15.]


13. Literacy
Can [respondent] read and write in Kiswahili, in English, both in English and Kiswahili, or in any other language?

[] 1 Kiswahili
[] 2 English
[] 3 Both English and Kiswahili
[] 4 Other language
[] 5 None

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

C. Education: People of age 5 years and above
This part includes persons age 5 and older. Those who are younger than 5 years (refer to question 5) should not be asked these questions because the interview ends in question 12 for them.
Questions 12, 13, and 14 that are in this part "C" enable us to know if the respondent can read and write in Kiswahili, English, Kiswahili and English, or other languages. Also, [they are used] to know the level of education the respondent has attained.


Question 13: Can you read and write in Kiswahili, English, Kiswahili and English, or any other language?
For census purposes, a person who can read, understand and write short sentences in any language, which he/she uses in daily activities, will be taken as one who can read and write in that language. This question helps us to know the level at which the respondent can read and write in Kiswahili, English, Kiswahili and English, or any other languages.
This means that question 13 divides people in five groups as follows:

  • Ones who can read and write in Kiswahili
  • Ones who can read and write in English
  • Ones who can read English and Kiswahili
  • Ones who can read and write in other languages (apart from English and Kiswahili)
  • Ones who cannot read and write in any language

For Census objectives, the fifth group includes all people who cannot read and write in any language and those who can read but cannot write. It also includes those who can only write numbers and their names.
Codes used in question 13 are as follows:
[] 1 Those who can read and write in Kiswahili
[] 2 Those who can read and write in English
[] 3 Those who can read English and Kiswahili
[] 4 Those who can read and write in other languages (apart from English and Kiswahili)
[] 8 Those who cannot read and write in any language
[] 9 Those who do not mention

[Illustration for question 13 is omitted]
[p. 38]
The case of "those who do not mention" happens only if it is impossible to get information about one or some household members.

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Tanzania 2012 — source variable TZ2012A_0425 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C. Education: All persons aged 4 years and above
[Questions 20-22 were asked of persons aged 4+]

20. Literacy

Can [the respondent] read and write a short sentence in Kiswahili, English, Kiswahili and English or any other language?

[] 1 Kiswahili
[] 2 English
[] 3 Kiswahili and English
[] 4 Other language
[] 5 Illiterate
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions 20 to 22 ask about education for any person aged 4 years and above.

These questions aim to understand whether the household member can read and write, current or level of education reached, and whether he/she is currently in school or dropped out of school.

Explanation/clarification of the question: Answers to these questions will enable the nation understand the number of people who can read and write, distribution of education levels, and number of people who completed and those who dropped out of school.

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Thailand 1970 — source variable TH1970A_0413 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


[Questions 11-16 are asked of persons 5 years and over]


14. Literacy: can read and write in any language?

[] Yes
[] No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

[From column 11 to column 16, record only persons who are 5 years or older. For children who are 4 years old or younger, write a dash.]


Column 14: Literacy
Ask: "Is the person able to read and write?"

If the answer is "able to read and write", record "Yes".

If the answer is "unable to read and write", record "No".

The ability to read and write in this context refers to the ability to read and write in any language.

If the person can read only but cannot write, consider that person as "unable to read and write" and record "No".

For the persons who are not at the house and the interviewee does not know the answer, write "X".

For children aged younger than 5 years, write a dash.


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Thailand 1980 — source variable TH1980A_0417 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For person 5 years and older or those who were born before and in the year 1974 (tiger year)
[Questions L16-L20 were asked of persons age 5 and over.]


L17. Can read and write in any language?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Columns 16 - 21

Ask those who are 5 years old and over, or who were born before and in 1974 (Tiger year in the Thai zodiacal calendar).

Column 17 Literacy

Ask "Let me know ...........are you able to read and write?"

- If literate in any language, record 1 in corresponding to the line of the one being asked in this column.
- If illiterate, record 2 in corresponding to the line of the person being asked in this column.
- If the person’s literacy is not known, record "X."

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Thailand 1990 — source variable TH1990A_0422 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


L20. Literacy
Can (name) read and write any language?
Ask only persons 5 years and over

If can read/write more than one language, record code of language that the person can read/write most.

[] 0 Illiterate
[] 1 Thai
[] 2 Chinese
[] 3 Malaysian, Yawee
[] 4 English
[] 5 Others


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column 20: Literacy
[Ask only persons aged 5 years or older]
Ask: "............ (name) ........... are you able to read and write in any language?"
a) If the respondent cannot read and write, record "0".
b) If the respondent can read and write in one language, record the language code that he/she can read and write.
c) If the respondent can read and write in more than one language, record the code of the language in which he/she can read and write most.
d) If the respondent knows other languages or the respondent can read and write but does not know the language in which he/she can read and write most, record "5".
e) If the respondent does not know whether he/she can read and write, record "9".


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Thailand 2000 — source variable TH2000A_0409 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


For persons 5 years and over
[Questions S11-12 were asked of all individuals 5 years and older]


S11. Literacy

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

17. Literacy
The reading and writing abilities of a person at least 5 years or older. In considering literacy, a person can read or write in any language, or an easy and simple sentence. If a person can only read but is not able to write, he/she is considered illiterate.


Column S11 and S12 ask only persons 5 years and over
[Questions S11 and S12 were asked of persons 5 years and over]


Column S11: Literacy
Procedure for recording the form:

"Literacy" means the ability of a person 5 years of age or older to read and write in any language, [proven] by the ability to read and write a simple sentence. If a person can read but is not able to write, he/she is considered illiterate.

The question asked [to the respondent] will be "Are you able to read and write?"

[] 1 Literate

Record code "1" in the check box

[] 2 Illiterate

Record code "2" in the check box


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Togo 1960 — source variable TG1960A_0420 — Level of education
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

11. Level of education
[] Elementary certificate
[] Certificate of education

For those who know how to read and write a language record this language, for example:
[] German
[] French
[] English
[] None
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column 11: Level of education
This information gives rise to two distinct encryptions (See code number 7).

a) The level of instruction, according to the 1st part of code number 7 (1 figure)
b) The languages spoken, read and written, according to the 2nd part of code number 7 (3 figures).

In this second part will be entered:

- If one sole language has been indicated, the number of code 7 which corresponds to it: for example: English: 002:
- If two languages or more have been indicated, enter the sum of the numbers of the code specified for each of them:

For example:

German and Hausa will be entered 132 (004 + 128)
French, English, Ewé will be entered 035 (001 + 002 + 032)
[p. 7]

Finally, if in column 11 of the collective sheet only one diploma has been recorded such as B.E. or C.E or another French diploma, French will automatically be entered as a language written and read: so, there will always be in this case for the encryption as a whole:

If B.E.: 500 1
If C.E.: 400 1, unless another language is noted in column 11.

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Togo 1970 — source variable TG1970A_0408 — Educational certificate
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

12. Education

____ 12a. School type of institution
____ 12b. Level
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column 12: The goal of this column is to understand the enumerated person's level of education, with as much precision possible. To do this, you must choose the corresponding level of education from among the options listed in the table and write down the corresponding number:

1 - Kindergarten
2 - Primary school
3 - First cycle of secondary school
4 - Second cycle of secondary school
5 - Professional and technical school
6 - Higher education (university)

In column 12b, you will again indicate the level of education for the same person, by writing down the corresponding number from this list of categories:

1 - Cannot read or write
2 - Went to school, but did not obtain a "CEPE" (Certificate of primary elementary studies)
3 - "CEPE" level
4 - "BEPC" (Certificate of first-cycle studies), "BE", "BI", "CAP" (Certificate of professional ability) levels
5 - Probationary level
6 - Completed "BAC" (Baccalaureate)
7 - Higher education level
8 - Undeclared

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Togo 2010 — source variable TG2010A_0436 — Literacy
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Residents of 6 years or more of age
[Columns P19 - P23 were asked of resident people age 6 or more.]

(P19) Literacy

[] 1 Can read, write, and understand French only
[] 2 Can read, write, and understand a national language only
[] 3 Can read, write, and understand French and a national language
[] 4 Can read, write, and understand another language
[] 5 Can read only
[] 6 Cannot read nor write
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Education

The questions on education concern educational attendance (column P16) and the level of instruction (columns P17 and P18). They are addressed to the resident population aged 3 and over and all those born before November 2007. For children under 3 or those born after November 2007, put a dash on the dotted lines. Check to this end column P06, that is, the date of birth or the age.

Column P19: Literacy

A person is said to be literate if they can read, write, and understand a simple text concerning the facts of their daily life (UNESCO definition).

Pose the following question: "Can [the respondent] read, write, and understand certain specified languages?" If yes, ask in what languages? Record in the box the code corresponding to the declaration of the person surveyed according to the following modalities:

1 = Can read, write, and understand French only;
2 = Can read, write, and understand a national language only;
3 = Can read, write, and understand French and a national language;
4 = Can read, write, and understand another language;
5 = Can read only;
6 = Cannot read or write.

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Turkey 1985 — source variable TR1985A_0409 — Literacy
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Part IV: Questions on personal characteristics


Educational background


27. Can you read and write?

Ask persons age 6 or older

[] 4 Yes
[] 5 No


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Section IV: Questions regarding individual characteristics (11-42)
This section includes questions (questions 11-42) about the population's social and economic characteristics. In this section, only write the characteristics of those people present at the time and place where the census is being conducted.
Whether or not the household head is at home, be absolutely sure to begin by first writing his/her name and surname on the first line of Section IV, together with all of his/her characteristics (from question 11 to question 42). Take care that the household head's name and surname entered in this section is identical to the one written in in the first line of Section III.
After writing down all of the characteristics of the household head, whether he/she is at home or not, also write down all the characteristics of the other household members at home, beginning from the oldest and proceeding in order of age, from oldest to youngest. After the household members, write onto the dotted line in printed letters, in order of their ages, the names surnames and all the characteristics of those, who, while being present at home, are not household members. Answer questions with a box, by placing an "X" into it.


Educational status (27-28)


Question 27: Do you know how to read and write?

(Persons age 6 or older)

If the person being administered the census knows how to read and write, place an "X" into the 4 "Y" box and if the person does not know how to read and write, place it into the 5 "N" box.

In ascertaining the literacy status of the person being administered the census, pay attention to the points below:

  • Those able to read and write using the Turkish alphabet are to be considered literate.
  • Those able to read using the Turkish alphabet, but unable to write are not to be considered literate.
  • Those able to read and write using the old Turkish alphabet are not to be considered literate.
  • If foreign nationals are able to read and write in their own languages, they are to be considered literate.


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Turkey 1990 — source variable TR1990A_0406 — Literacy
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Educational background


19. Can you read and write?

Y-Yes
N-No

Ask persons age 6 or older

4 [] Y
5 [] N


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Section IV: Questions regarding individual characteristics (8-34)
This section includes questions (Questions 8-34) about the population's social and economic characteristics. In this section, only write the characteristics of those people present at the time and place where the census is being conducted. Whether the household head is at home or not, be absolutely sure to begin by first writing his/her name and surname on the first line of Section IV, together with all of his/her characteristics (from Question 8 to Question 34). Take care that the household head's name and surname entered in this section are identical to the ones written in the first line of Section III.
After writing down all of the characteristics of the household head, whether he/she is at home or not, (except for household members not at home) also write down all the characteristics of all the household members who are present at home, beginning from the oldest and proceeding in order of age, from oldest to youngest. After the household members, write using printed letters into the pertinent section and in order of their ages the names surnames and all the characteristics of those who, while being present at home, are not household members (guests). Answer questions with a box by placing an "X" into it.


Educational status (19-20)


Question 19: Do you know how to read and write?

(Persons age 6 or older)

If the person being administered the census knows how to read and write, place an "X" into the 4 "Y" box and if the person does not know how to read and write, place it into the 5 "N" box.

In ascertaining the literacy status of the person being administered the census, pay attention to the points below:

  • Those able to read and write using the Turkish alphabet are to be considered as literate.
  • Those able to read using the Turkish alphabet, but unable to write are not to be considered as literate.
  • Those able to read and write using the old Turkish alphabet are not to be considered as literate.
  • If foreign nationals are able to read and write in their own languages, they are considered to be literate.


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Turkey 2000 — source variable TR2000A_0408 — Literacy
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Ask persons age 6 or older
[Questions 28 - 29 were asked of persons age 6 and older.]


28. Are you literate?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No (Go to question 30)


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Questions 28 and 29 are to be asked of people aged 6 or older


Question 28. Do you know how to read and write?


In indicating the household head's literacy status, the following points are to be kept in mind:

a. Those able to read and write using the Turkish alphabet are to be considered as literate.

b. For citizens of foreign countries, if they know how to read and write in their own language, they are to be considered as being literate.

c. Those able to read using the Turkish alphabet, but unable to write are not to be considered as literate.

d. Those able to read and write using the old Turkish alphabet are not to be considered as literate.


An "X" is to be placed into the "Yes" box for the person being administered the census if that person is literate and into the "No" box, if not.

If the "No" option is marked, skip to question 30.

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Uganda 1991 — source variable UG1991A_0414 — Literacy
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For All Persons Aged 10 Years or Over


15. Literacy (can person read and write? yes or no)

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120. The next set of questions, 14. to 18, apply to all persons aged 10 or over. Look back at the age you have entered for each person. For those aged 0 to 9 years write "N/A" for question 14 and leave the rest of the column blank.


Question 15 Literacy

127. "Can this person read and write?"

128. Write "yes" or "no".

129. This question is about both reading with understanding and writing with meaning. If a person can read but not write, enter "no".

130. This completes the questions to be asked on the short form, Schedule A. The remainder of the questions are to be answered in all areas where the long form (Schedule B) is used.


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Uganda 2002 — source variable UG2002A_0427 — Literacy
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For all persons aged ten years and above


P21 Literacy Can name read and write a simple sentence in any language? (Write appropriate code: Yes=1, No=2) ___

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165. Questions P21 and P22 are meant for all persons aged 10 years or above. Look back at the age you have entered for each person. For those aged 0 to 9 years write "N/A" for Question P21, leave the rest of the column blank and continue to the next person.


Question P21: Literacy
Ask, "Can this person read and write a simple sentence in any language"?
166. Write 1 for "Yes" or 2 for "No".
167. This question is about both reading with understanding and writing meaningfully in any language. If a person can read but cannot write, write 2 for "No". Question P22: Marital Status
Ask, "What is (name's) marital status?"


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Ukraine 2001 — source variable UA2001A_0409 — Education
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10 Education (for persons aged 6 and above)

[] 1 Completed high education
[] 2 Basic high education
[] 3 Primary high education
[] 4 Uncompleted high education (for those who graduated before 1996)
[] 5 Completed secondary education
[] 6 Basic secondary education
[] 7 Primary education
[] 8 Do not have primary education
[] 9 Can't write
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Question 10 - Your education (for persons aged 6 and above)

Persons aged 6 and above are filled with a mark that corresponds to the one of the mentioned variant of response.

Determining the responder's educational level you should have in mind that educational levels, established in Ukraine since 1996 under the current legislation, conditionally meet the educational levels functioned before 1996, as follows:

Current educational levels [and corresponding] educational levels functioned before 1996

a. completed high education, basic high education - high education
b. primary high education, completed general secondary education - specialized secondary education, uncompleted high education, general secondary education
c. basic general secondary education, primary general education - uncompleted secondary education, primary education
[p.22]

Completed high education is marked to those who graduated from the higher educational establishment - academy, institute, conservatory, university or other equivalent higher educational establishments that provide educational and qualification levels: specialist, master.

Basic high education is marked to those who graduated from the higher educational establishment - college and other equivalent higher educational establishments that provide educational and qualification level: bachelor.

Primary high education is marked to those who graduated from the technical school, specialized school or other equivalent higher educational establishments that provide educational and qualification level: junior specialist, as well as those who in 1996 and earlier graduated from the technical school, specialized school or other specialized secondary educational establishment.

Uncompleted high education is marked to those who in 1996 and earlier studied in higher educational establishments, have passed a half or more than a half period of study but have not completed it. Those who in 1996 and earlier studied in higher educational establishments and have passed less than a half period of study are marked with the level of education that they had before entering the higher educational establishment.

Completed general secondary education is marked to those who graduated from high school: eleven/ten years of study; graduated from pre-revolutionary gymnasium [a secondary school that prepares pupils for university], non-classical secondary school, for-profit specialized school or other secondary general school.

Persons who have completed vocational school and got along with the profession and qualification of skilled worker complete general secondary education or got the profession and qualification of skilled worker on the basis of secondary education are marked with complete general secondary, other persons are marked with the level of education that they had before entering this school.

Basic general secondary education is marked to those who graduated from primary school, that is to those who completed eight years of school in 1963-1989, seven-year school or 7 classes in 1961 and earlier, 8, 9 classes of middle school in 1963-1989, 10 classes of eleven-year school; are studying in the 10-11th forms; in vocational school (except persons with complete general secondary education); dropped out of the 8th form in 1959/60 academic year and earlier; of the 9th form in 1988/89 academic year and earlier; of the 10-11th forms or of the vocational school (except persons with complete general secondary education).

Primary general education is marked to those who finished primary school or 3 classes in 1972 and later; 6-4 classes; 7 classes in 1960 and later; 8 classes in 1990 and later; are studying in the 5-9th forms; dropped out of the 4th form in 1972/73 academic year and later; of the 5-7th forms, of the 8th form in the 1960/61 school year and later; of the 9th form in 1989/90 academic year and later.

[p.23]

Do not have primary general education is marked to persons aged 6 years and above (both to those who study and those who do not study), persons who do not have primary general education but can read and write in any language or just read (even if slowly).

Determining the level of education of persons who did not get complete general secondary education one should be guided by the Supplemented table (Appendix 2).

Persons aged 6 years and above who cannot read are marked with illiterate.

Graduation from correspondence and evening schools, as well as school of external studies is equated with graduation from the respective educational establishment. Those who graduated from educational establishments that do not provide general education (e.g., instructor-auditing schools, retraining and refresher courses, etc.), as well as those who are studying in these educational establishments are marked with education got by them before entering these educational establishments.

The answer to this question is not filled for children younger than 6 years.

If you have difficulties with determining the level of education it is necessary to write down the name of higher type of educational establishments finished by respondent in the box "Graduated educational establishment, how many classes (courses), what year". Write down how many classes (courses) were completed and when in a specially outlined boxes.


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Uruguay 1963 — source variable UY1963A_0416 — Literacy
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Educational characteristics
For persons age 6 or older
[Questions 10-12 were asked of persons age 6 or older.]


12. Literacy

Mark the corresponding box, according to whether a person knows how to read and write or not.

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


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Title 12: Literacy
221. Find out if a person knows how to read and write down a sign ("X") in the box corresponding to "Yes" or "No", according to the case. If a person only knows how to read or only can sign their name, in both cases, the sign ("X") should be written down in the box corresponding to: "No".


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Uruguay 1975 — source variable UY1975A_0419 — Literacy
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(II) Educational characteristics (for people age 6 or older)


14. Do you know how to read and write?

Mark the corresponding box.

If they only read or only write, mark "No".

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
[] 9 Not known


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G. Information of the people
169. Once the Section "F. Information of the home" is finished, you should ask the population questions to each one of the people who you are to enumerate.

When possible, you should try to make each person provide you with their own information. Only in the case of a person who is absent at the time of your visit, or if it concerns children, will you receive their information from a third party.

In each home, you will enumerate all people who slept in it the night before the "Day of the Census" or who, being absent this night for reasons of work, return to the home during the day. In such form, a doctor who did not sleep in his/her house because of being on guard in a hospital will be enumerated in their home. On the contrary, a traveler who spent many days away from their home will be enumerated in the place slept in during the night before the "Day of the Census."


II. Educational characteristics
[Persons age 6 or older]

The questions of this chapter are for the purpose of knowing the educational level of the population and its specialization in different disciplines, acquired from regular courses.


249. For question no. 14 "Do you know how to read or write?", you should mark the corresponding box.

  • Mark "Yes" if a person reads and writes, in our language or another.
  • If a person only reads or only writes, you will mark "No".


250. Mr. Ruiz reads and writes numbers and signs his name, but cannot write words or phrases. In the Census document you will mark the box.
  • No


251. If a person of German origin tells you that they speak Spanish, but only reads and writes in the native language, you will mark:

[Below the text are two forms, one of which has box "Yes" marked]


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Uruguay 1985 — source variable UY1985A_0414 — Able to read and write
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(II) Educational characteristics
[Questions 9-14 were asked of persons age 6 or older]


9. Do you know how to read and write?

Mark the corresponding box.

If they only read or only write, mark "No".

[] 1 Yes
[] 0 No


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II. Educational characteristics -- for persons age 6 or older


The first question of this chapter is "Do you know how to read and write?" You should mark the corresponding box.

Mark "Yes" if a person reads and writes in our language or another.

If a person only reads or writes, mark "No".


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Uruguay 1996 — source variable UY1996A_0417 — Literacy
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For all people age 3 or older
[Questions 11-15 were asked of persons age 3 or older]


11. Do you know how to both read and write?

If they only read or only write, mark "No".

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


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Persons age 3 or older
The questions of this part have the purpose of knowing the educational level of the population, both on the plane of regular education, as well as training courses or non-regular education, offered by public and private organizations, in this country or abroad.


Question 11. Do you know how to read and write?
You should fill in the box corresponding to the answer you receive. Remember that you should mark "Yes" only if the person can read and write, whatever the language. If a person only reads or only writes, mark "No".


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Uruguay 2006 — source variable UY2006A_0447 — Literacy
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47. Do you know how to read and write?
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


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47. Do you know how to read and write?

This question asks about the literacy of the individual, without considering whether or not he ever went to a learning institution. The code is assigned to those who know to read and write (both things) at least a complete paragraph. If he only knows how to read or only to write, "No" will be marked.


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Uruguay 2011 — source variable UY2011A_0449 — Literacy
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For people 10 years or older that never attended, attend, or took classes in Special Elementary School and passed 3 years of Basic Elementary School:

26. Does [the respondent] know how to read and write? (PerEd08)

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
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Does he/she know how to read and write?

This question is aimed towards people 10 years of age or older that never attended an education center and that attend/attended and have a level of education equal to or less than three years of elementary school or attend/attended a Special Elementary School.

The objective is to investigate the literacy of the population.

  • Select "yes" if the person knows how to read and write (both) at least one complete paragraph.
  • Select "no" if the person responds that he/she only knows to write or only knows to read, or neither.

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Venezuela 1971 — source variable VE1971A_0420 — Able to read and write
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Only for individuals 5 years of age and older
(See Question 5-6)


17. Are you able to read and write?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No


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5.37. Literacy (column 9)
[This corresponds to column 17 in the scan of the enumeration form]

Literacy is understood to be the ability of the person to read and write a simple paragraph in any language. Those who claim to only read or write are not considered literate, therefore the "no" box is checked. The "yes" box is checked for those who claim to both read and write.


7.23. Educational Characteristics (Q - 12 to 18).

To continue the interview, care must be taken as to the age of the person as observed in question 4. If the person is younger than 5 years (see question 4 to be sure) no more questions are asked. End the interview with this person. If the person is 5 years of age or older continue with [p. 83] the information on "Educational Characteristics (12 - 18).


7.29. Able to read and write [Literacy] (Q - 17).

This question corresponds to question 9 of the General Questionnaire, therefore copy the information, unless question 9 was omitted in the General Questionnaire.


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Venezuela 1981 — source variable VE1981A_0412 — Literacy
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(Only for those 5 years of age or older)


10. Are you able to read and write?

[] Yes
[] No


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Question 10


-- Does the person know how to read and write?

When the person is capable of reading and writing a simple paragraph in any language the answer should be in the affirmative.


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Venezuela 1990 — source variable VE1990A_0401 — Literacy
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Questions 11-14 are only for those over the age of 3 years


11. Are you able to read and write?

[] Yes
[] No


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Questions 11-14 are only for those over the age of 3 years


Question No.11

[Literacy]
[The instructions refer to a graphic of section VI, question 11 on the census form.]

-- Fill in the cell that corresponds to the answer given.


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Venezuela 2001 — source variable VE2001A_0420 — Knows how to read and write
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Only for persons three years old or more
[Questions 11- 19 were asked of persons age 3 and older.]


14. Do you know how to read and write?

[] Yes
[] No


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5.1 Literacy

Literacy is the ability to read and write a simple paragraph in any language. UNESCO recommends that literacy be studied in the population 10 years of age and older.


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Vietnam 1989 — source variable VN1989A_0409 — Literacy
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For persons born on or before 1-4-1984 (aged 5 and over) answer following questions [applies to questions 6 to 8]


7. Literacy

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

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6. Place where usually live on 4/1/1984 (5 years ago):
Persons who were born before April 1st, 1984 (5 years of age and older) answer this section.


7. Literacy (read and write)
Persons who were born before April 1st, 1984 (5 years of age and older) answer this question.

7. Literacy

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Literate persons are those who can read and write simple sentences in Vietnamese, their own ethnic language, or a foreign language.

Illiterate persons are defined as follow:
Cannot read or write simple sentences in Vietnamese, their own ethnic language, or a foreign language.
Were able to read or write before, but are currently not able to read or write for some reason.

There are only two choices ("yes" or "no") and interviewers should fill out only one box.
If a person can read and write, interviewers fill out box 1 "[] 1 Yes"
If a person cannot read and write, interviewers fill out box 2 "[] 2 No"

If interviewers don't know for sure that a person can read and write, interviewers can ask two separate questions "do you know how to read?" and "do you know how to write?". If that person answers "being able to read" and "being able to write", interviewers fill out box 1. If that person answers "being able to read but not able to write", interviewers fill out box 2.

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Vietnam 1999 — source variable VN1999A_0421 — Literacy
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Persons born before 4/1994 (5 years old and over) answer the following questions:

[Respond questions 8 to 12]


Check Q.11:

Under grade 5: [Go to] Q.12
Grade 5 or higher: [Go to] Q.13


12. Is (Name) currently able to read and write?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

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Checking question 11:

If question 11 has code "1" and respondent's grade is 5 and higher or has code from "2" or "3" or "4", interviewers skip question 12 and ask question 13. In case that grade at general school is less than 5, interviewers ask question 12.


Question 12. Is (name) currently able to read and write?

This question is only answered by persons who has code "3" in question 10, and persons who has code "1" in question 11 and grade at general school is less than 5.

A person is able to read and write if that person is able to read, write, and fully understand a simple sentence in Vietnamese, other ethnic minority's language, or foreign language.

Persons who can only read and write numbers and their names, or who are just able to read but not able to write, or who are only able to write a sentence learned by heart are not considered as being able to read and write. Persons who are not able to read and write can also include those who are not able to read and write even if they were attending school in the past (re-illiterate).


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Vietnam 2009 — source variable VN2009A_0410 — Literacy
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8. Check if the respondent was born before April, 2004 (5 years or older). [If yes, go to] Q9; otherwise, ask the next [person]
[Questions 9-16 were asked of persons age 5 or older]


16. At present, can [the respondent] read and write?

[Question 16 was asked of persons age 5 or older who have never attended school, or whose highest education grade is primary or lower, per questions 12 and 13]
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

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Question 16: At present, can [the respondent] read and write?

[pg.43]

This is only asked for 2 cases: (1) persons who never attended schools (Question 12 marked (x) in the small box next to code "3"), and (2) persons whose highest education levels are "pre-primary" or "primary" (Question 13 marked (x) in the small box next to codes "00" or "01").

The ability to read and write (literacy): It is the ability that a person can read and write a short, simple statement in Vietnamese, an ethnic or a foreign language in his/her daily life.

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Zambia 1990 — source variable ZM1990A_0419 — Can read and write in any language
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Education
[Question P-14 to P-18 were asked of persons 5 years and over]

P-14 Can [the respondent] read and write in any language?

[] 1-Yes
[] 2-No
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Education: For All Persons 5 Years and Over

P-14 Can [name] read and write?
32. Ask if the person can read and write in any language (local languages included). If the person can read and write in any language enter code 1, if not enter code 2 in the box provided.


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Zambia 2000 — source variable ZM2000A_0432 — Can read and write in any language
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For Persons 5 Years and Older – Education

15. Can you read and write in any language?
[] Yes
[] No

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5.5 Education: for all persons 5 years and older

P18 Can [the respondent] read and write in any language?

Ask if the person can read and write in any language (local languages included) then shade appropriately.


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Zambia 2010 — source variable ZM2010A_0442 — Literacy
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Only for persons aged 5 years and older
[Applies to questions 25-30]

P25. Can [the respondent] read and write in any language?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
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4.14 Education: for all persons 5 years and older

P-25: Can [the respondent] read and write in any language?

Ask if the person can read and write in any language (local languages included) then shade appropriately.