Codes and Frequencies
Most IPUMS data transformations are performed using variable harmonization tables that specify how each value in the source data is recoded. Some variables also require programming logic in addition to the harmonization table. The harmonization documents for this variable are:
LANGML indicates the language spoken in everyday life by the person in Mali.
Comparability — General
This variable is generally comparable across samples, except for the separate identification of French and English in the 1987 sample. The 2009 census asked the question of persons age 3+, while earlier censuses restricted this question to persons age 6+. The 2009 census counts Bambara and Malinké as well as Bobo and Dafing as separate languages; this detail is available in the unharmonized source variable.
The person's maternal language is recorded in the variable MTONGML.
- Persons age 6+
- Mali: 1987, 1998, 2009