Questionnaire Text

Argentina 1970 Ecuador 1982 Italy 2011 Puerto Rico 2000
Argentina 1980 Ecuador 1990 Jamaica 1982 Puerto Rico 2005
Argentina 1991 Ecuador 2001 Jamaica 1991 Puerto Rico 2010
Argentina 2001 Ecuador 2010 Jamaica 2001 Romania 1992
Argentina 2010 Egypt 1986 Jordan 2004 Romania 2002
Armenia 2001 Egypt 1996 Kenya 1989 Romania 2011
Armenia 2011 Egypt 2006 Kenya 1999 Rwanda 1991
Austria 1971 El Salvador 1992 Kenya 2009 Rwanda 2002
Austria 1981 El Salvador 2007 Kyrgyz Republic 1999 Rwanda 2012
Austria 1991 Ethiopia 2007 Kyrgyz Republic 2009 Saint Lucia 1980
Austria 2001 Fiji 1976 Lesotho 1996 Saint Lucia 1991
Austria 2011 Fiji 1986 Lesotho 2006 Senegal 1988
Bangladesh 1991 Fiji 1996 Liberia 2008 Senegal 2002
Bangladesh 2001 Fiji 2007 Malawi 1987 Sierra Leone 2004
Bangladesh 2011 France 1962 Malawi 1998 Slovenia 2002
Belarus 1999 France 1968 Malawi 2008 South Africa 1996
Belarus 2009 France 1975 Malaysia 1970 South Africa 2001
Benin 1979 France 1982 Malaysia 1980 South Africa 2007
Benin 1992 France 1990 Malaysia 1991 South Africa 2011
Benin 2002 France 1999 Malaysia 2000 South Sudan 2008
Benin 2013 France 2006 Mali 1987 Spain 1981
Bolivia 1976 France 2011 Mali 1998 Spain 1991
Bolivia 1992 Germany 1970 Mali 2009 Spain 2001
Bolivia 2001 Germany 1987 Mexico 1970 Spain 2011
Botswana 1991 Ghana 1984 Mexico 1990 Sudan 2008
Botswana 2001 Ghana 2000 Mexico 1995 Switzerland 1970
Botswana 2011 Ghana 2010 Mexico 2000 Switzerland 1980
Brazil 1960 Greece 1971 Mexico 2010 Switzerland 1990
Brazil 1970 Greece 1981 Mexico 2015 Switzerland 2000
Brazil 1980 Greece 1991 Mongolia 2000 Tanzania 1988
Brazil 1991 Greece 2001 Morocco 1982 Tanzania 2002
Brazil 2000 Greece 2011 Morocco 1994 Tanzania 2012
Brazil 2010 Guinea 1983 Morocco 2004 Trinidad and Tobago 1970
Burkina Faso 1985 Guinea 1996 Mozambique 1997 Trinidad and Tobago 1980
Burkina Faso 1996 Haiti 1971 Mozambique 2007 Trinidad and Tobago 1990
Burkina Faso 2006 Haiti 1982 Netherlands 2001 Trinidad and Tobago 2000
Cambodia 1998 Haiti 2003 Netherlands 2011 Trinidad and Tobago 2011
Cambodia 2008 Honduras 1961 Nicaragua 1971 Turkey 1985
Cameroon 1976 Honduras 1974 Nicaragua 1995 Turkey 1990
Cameroon 1987 Honduras 1988 Nicaragua 2005 Turkey 2000
Cameroon 2005 Honduras 2001 Nigeria 2006 Uganda 1991
Canada 1971 Hungary 1990 Nigeria 2007 Uganda 2002
Canada 1981 Hungary 2001 Nigeria 2008 Ukraine 2001
Canada 1991 Hungary 2011 Nigeria 2009 United Kingdom 1991
Canada 2001 India 1983 Nigeria 2010 United Kingdom 2001
Canada 2011 India 1987 Pakistan 1973 United States 1960
Chile 1960 India 1993 Palestine 1997 United States 1970
Chile 1970 India 1999 Palestine 2007 United States 1980
Chile 1982 India 2004 Panama 1960 United States 1990
Chile 1992 India 2009 Panama 1970 United States 2000
Chile 2002 Indonesia 1971 Panama 1980 United States 2005
China 1982 Indonesia 1976 Panama 1990 United States 2010
China 1990 Indonesia 1980 Panama 2000 United States 2015
Colombia 1964 Indonesia 1985 Panama 2010 Uruguay 1963
Colombia 1973 Indonesia 1990 Papua New Guinea 1980 Uruguay 1975
Colombia 1985 Indonesia 1995 Papua New Guinea 1990 Uruguay 1985
Colombia 1993 Indonesia 2010 Papua New Guinea 2000 Uruguay 1996
Colombia 2005 Iran 2006 Paraguay 1962 Uruguay 2006
Costa Rica 1963 Iran 2011 Paraguay 1972 Uruguay 2011
Costa Rica 1973 Iraq 1997 Paraguay 1982 Venezuela 1971
Costa Rica 1984 Ireland 1971 Paraguay 1992 Venezuela 1981
Costa Rica 2000 Ireland 1981 Paraguay 2002 Venezuela 1990
Costa Rica 2011 Ireland 1986 Peru 1993 Venezuela 2001
Cuba 2002 Ireland 1991 Peru 2007 Vietnam 1989
Dominican Republic 1960 Ireland 1996 Philippines 1990 Vietnam 1999
Dominican Republic 1970 Ireland 2002 Poland 2002 Vietnam 2009
Dominican Republic 1981 Ireland 2006 Portugal 1981 Zambia 1990
Dominican Republic 2002 Ireland 2011 Portugal 1991 Zambia 2000
Dominican Republic 2010 Israel 1972 Portugal 2001 Zambia 2010
Ecuador 1962 Israel 1995 Portugal 2011 Zimbabwe 2012
Ecuador 1974 Italy 2001 Puerto Rico 1990
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Argentina 1970 — source variable AR1970A_0416 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Economic Characteristics -- for all individuals ten years of age and older
[Questions 13-17 were asked of all persons 10 years and older.]

13. What did you do during the greater part of the week of September 21st to 26th?

Ask each question in the order given (worked? did not work but had a job? etc.), and upon receiving an affirmative response mark the appropriate box and go on to question number 14.

The concept of "the greater part of the week" refers to four normal work days according to the occupation the person carries out, or if the person worked more than 35 hours.

[] 1 Worked?
[] 2 Did not work, but had a job?
[] 3 Looked for work, having worked before?
[] 4 Looked for work for the first time?
[] 5 Retired or pensioner and did not work?
[] 6 Received investment income and did not work?
[] 7 Studied and did not work?
[] 8 Took care of the home?
[] 9 Other
[] 0 Unanswered

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Economic Characteristics

1. In this section of the form, all persons should respond who are [10] years old and [more] (consult the census form).

[p.161]

2. The Census will take place on September 30.

You will ask each person who you are enumerating: What did you do during the majority of the week from September 21 to 26.

The question refers to the week immediately [before] the "Census Day."

[p.162]

3. To complete the following box, consult the census form, question number 13.

The concept of "the majority of last week" refers to [4] normal work shifts, according to the occupation that the person practices, or if he/she worked more than [35] hours a week.

[p.163]

4. Observe that the question number 13 includes ten alternatives that are listed in a column. Once you have read question number 13, without waiting for an answer, begin reading each of the ten choices. If the person answers affirmatively to the choices 1, 2, or 3, you should mark the corresponding box and then continue with the question 14.

Miss Garcia answers "Yes" to choice 2 (Didn't work, but had employment?). You mark [x]2 and move immediately to question number [14].

[p.164]

5. When you enumerate Mr. Pereira you ask: What did you do during the majority of the week from September 21 to 26? Immediately, without waiting for an answer, begin to read the ten possible options. When you read the first (worked?), Mr. Pereira answers, "yes." You mark this answer [x]1, and immediately move on to question number [14].

[p.165]

6. If a person answering the census answers "Yes" to the alternative [1], [2] or [3], you move on to question 14, then mark the respective box.

But if person answering the census answers "Yes" to any of the alternative 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, or 10, you move directly to question number 17.


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Argentina 1980 — source variable AR1980A_0414 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C. Population

For all of the persons 14 years and more
[Questions 10-15 were asked of persons age 14 and older.]

10. What did you do last week?

Ask the questions one at a time in the indicated order (worked, didn't work but had a job etc.) when you get an affirmative answer, mark the corresponding box.

[] Worked
[] Didn't work but had a job
[] Looked for work having worked before
[] Looked for work for the first time
[] Retired and didn't work
[] Received rental income and didn't work
[] Studied and didn't work
[] Took care of their home
[] Other situation
[] Unanswered

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

C. Population

Census home is a person or group of persons, related or not, who occupy the same dwelling. You will write down first the name and surname of the head of the household, then ask all the corresponding questions.

You will ask the following questions to all persons 14 years old or older.

10. What did you do last week?
The questions should refer to the activity done during the period known between the Sunday of the week previous to the day of the census. As it is expressed in the questionnaire, you will ask a question once in the order indicated, until obtaining an affirmative response. You will ask questions 11, 12 and 13, only if you obtained a response to one of the first three alternatives of this question.

If you obtained a response starting with the fourth alternative, you will go directly to question 14.


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Argentina 1991 — source variable AR1991A_0420 — Activity status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all women and men fourteen years of age or older.
[Questions 17-25 were asked of persons age 14 years +.]

17. During the past week, did you work, even if it was for just a few hours?

[] Yes [skip questions 18-20]
[] No
[] Unanswered [skip questions 18-24]

18. Did you do anything in the house that was for outside or help anyone in a business, small farm, or work?

[Question 18 was asked of persons age 14+ who did not formally work last week, per question 17.]

[] Yes [skip questions 19-20]
[] No
[] Unanswered [skip questions 19-24]

19. Were you off work because of illness, vacation, etc?

[Question 19 was asked of persons age 14+ who did not formally work last week, per question 17, and did not do any informal work last week, per question 18.]

[] Yes [skip question 20]
[] No
[] Unanswered [skip questions 20-24]

20. During the past four weeks, did you look for work?

[Question 20 was asked of persons age 14+ who did not do any work last week due to reasons other then sickness, vacation, etc., per questions 17-19.]

[] Yes [skip questions 21-24]
[] No [skip questions 21-24]
[] Unanswered [skip questions 21-24]

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

The next questions (from 17 to 25) are asked to all women and men 14 years old or older

17 During the past week, did you work, even if it was for just a few hours?

"Work" includes those who worked even if it was for one hour last week to the census week, that is, between Sunday May 5 to Saturday, May 11. It refers to those who receive a payment in money or in kind for the work that they do. It includes soldiers in active service and conscripts. It does not include those who do a job, of community or voluntarily without payment in any nature.

[Instructions omitted which refer to a graphic of the census form including the following question:]

18. Did you do anything in the house that was for outside or help anyone in a business, small farm, or work?

This question is asked to those in spite of having answered that they "did not work" in the previous question, doing jobs such as regularly helping a family member in a store, kiosk, farm, making something in the house to sell, etc., receive or not remuneration for it.

[The instructions refer to a graphic of the census form including the following question:]

19. Were you off work because of illness, vacation, etc.?

The leave should be for sickness, vacation, bad weather, strike, suspension, etc.
[The instructions refer to a graphic of the census form including the following question:]
20. During the last four weeks, did you look for work?
"Looked for work" refers to responding to public advertisements in newspapers or other means, applying for jobs, registering in employment agencies, looking for financial resources or materials to establish a company, applying for permits and licenses to start a labor activity; asking in work places, small farms chacras, farms, factories, markets, and other meeting places, etc.


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Argentina 2001 — source variable AR2001A_0424 — Employment Status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 20-36 were asked of persons age 14+.]

24. During last week, did you work, even if for only a few hours?

[] Yes -- go to 28 [skip questions 25-27]
[] No
[] Unknown

25. Did you perform any non-chore activity at home or did you help anyone in a business, small farm or job?

[Question 25 was asked of persons age 14+ who did not indicate that they formally worked last week, per question 24.]

[] Yes -- go to 28 [skip questions 26-27]
[] No
[] Unknown

26. Did you have a job but were on-leave because of sickness, vacations, etc.?

[Question 26 was asked of persons age 14+ who did not indicate that they worked last week, either formally or informally, per questions 24-25.]

[] Yes -- go to 28 [skip question 27]
[] No
[] Unknown

27. During the last four weeks, did you look for work?

[Question 27 was asked of persons age 14+ who did not indicate that they worked last week, either formally or informally, and did not indicate that they have a job, per questions 24-26.]

If female: continue with question 37 [skip questions 28-36].
If male: end questionnaire [skip questions 28-40].

[] Yes
[] No
[] Unknown

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Starting here, men and women who are 14 years old and more should answer the questions.

Follow the order of the questions strictly.

Pay attention to the sequence indicated by the arrows and the steps to continue asking the questions.

The questions 20 to 23 refer to the marital status of the persons 14 years old or more.

Questions 24 to 37
These questions ask about the employment of the population. We will now see how some of the questions should be completed.

Carefully observe sequence indicated by the arrows and the steps tom continue asking questions.

Question 24: During the past week, did you work, even for a few hours?

Work means carry out any activity (paid or not) that generates goods or services for the "market." This means labor activities that a person has done, during for at least one hour in the week previous to the beginning day of the Census.

Considered work
--Labor activity paid in money or materials.

--Labor activity that is not remunerated. For example: medical doctors giving concurrent treatments, an ad--honorem adjunct faculty position, judicial emeritus positions, etc.

--Activity carried out to help a family member obtain income. For example: make pastries, bread or sandwiches so that the husband can sell them.
Not considered work
--Domestic activities carried out by housewives.

--Volunteer activity with no payment of any type. For example, the activity carried out by solidarity helpers in neighborhood kitchens.

--The activity oriented toward personal or family self--consumption. For example, growing a family vegetable plot for consumption by the family members.
Question 27: During the past four weeks, did you look for work?
For the Census, "look for work" implies an active search which supposes that the person: responds to or publishes advertisements in newspapers or other means in which he/she requests employment; registers in employment centers; asks about employment in places of employment, farms, ranches, factories, markets and other places where people get together; look for financial resources or materials to establish your own business; request permits and licenses to initiate a labor activity; look for work through people you know, friends, people close to you, etc.


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Argentina 2010 — source variable AR2010A_0417 — Worked at least 1 hour last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

From here, all persons 14 years old or more answer
[Questions 13 to 16 were asked of persons 14 years old and over]

13. During the last week, did this person work for at least one hour?

(Without counting household task in your own household)

[] Yes - End of the interview for this person
[] No

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Work is to carry out any activity (paid or not) that generates goods or services for the ?market?. This deals with labor activities that the person has carried out, for at least one hour, during the week before the day on which the Census begings.

[83]

Considered Work:

-The labor activity is paid in money or goods.
-Labor activity that is not paid. For example: attending doctors, an ad-honorum assistantship in the faculty, pro-bono legal services, etc.
-The activity carried out to aid a family member to achieve an income. For example: make empanadas, bread or cakes so that the husband can sell them.

Not considered Work

-The domestic labor of the housewife.
-Unpaid volunteer work. For example: those done by supporting aids in neighborhood dining services.
-The activity aimed at auto-consumtion, whether personal or family. For example: cultivating a family vegetable garden for the consumption by members of the household.


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Argentina 2010 — source variable AR2010A_0418 — Informal work last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

From here, all persons 14 years old or more answer
[Questions 13 to 16 were asked of persons 14 years old and over]

14. In the last week, did this person do any odd-job, do something to sell outside the household or help any relative/friend in a job or business?

[] Yes -- End of the interview for this person
[] No


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Argentina 2010 — source variable AR2010A_0419 — Did not work but had work
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From here, all persons 14 years old or more answer
[Questions 13 to 16 were asked of persons 14 years old and over]

15. In this week, did this person have a job but were on leave with permission for vacations or illness; suspension; labor conflict; etc.?

[] Yes -- End of the interview for this person
[] No


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Argentina 2010 — source variable AR2010A_0420 — Looked for work last 4 weeks
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

From here, all persons 14 years old or more answer
[Questions 13 to 16 were asked of persons 14 years old and over]

16. In the last four weeks, were this person looking for work: answered ads, asked among friends/relatives, put up signs, did something to set up in business himself/herself?

[] Yes
[] No -- End of the interview for this person

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Looking for work: this is the person who does not have a job, who actively seeks employment and is available to work in the past 30 days before the date of reference of the Census.
The activities of looking for work imply: respond to or publish ads requesting work in newspapers or other mediums; register in labor offices; ask in the places of work, shops, ranches, factories, markets, and other gathering places; look for financial resources or materials to establish one?s own business; request permission and licenses to begin a labor activity; look for work through acquaintances, friends, family, etc.

This includes: persons who have momentarily interrupted the search in the past thirty days before the date of reference of the Census for circumstancial reasons and those who have been suspended for more than a month and who actively looked for work.
Does not include: persons who were suspended and their pay was not maintained.


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Armenia 2001 — source variable AM2001A_0427 — Had a job the week before the census
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Is not completed for temporary presents
[Questions 16-32 were asked of persons absent and permanently present only. Persons who are temporarily present are not included.]

Q25: During October 3-9, did you have a job or other income-producing business?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No [Skip to Question 29]

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions 22-32 are registered only for the people of 15 years old and higher.

Question 25

Did you have a job from October 3 to 9 or some other profitable occupation?

Identification code 1 that corresponds to the "Yes" prompt code is written for those people who in 2001 October 3-9:

a) Worked only one hour regardless of the fact if their work was permanent, temporary, seasonal, by chance or paying as well as if they had a profitable job, alone or with other workmates or hired people, also regardless of the period of the work.
b) Worked with the member of the family, in the relative's organization, on the farm without payment.
c) Worked in a personal (additional) farm doing agricultural work or keeping domestic animals in the case it had marketing characteristics.
d) Temporarily absent from the work but still had the position with the workplace.

Temporarily absent from the work are the following cases:

a) Illness or injury, taking care of the sick people
b) Vacations and days off, additional vacations, and days off for overtime work and holidays
c) The vacation established by the law for pregnancy and for taking care of the children
d) Shift work and other works of special characteristics
e) The vacation taken by the administration with wholly to partially keeping the salary as well as without keeping the salary
f) Strikes

The students and the pensioners who had work or some other profitable occupation during October 3-9, 2001, are registered as workers and for them also "yes" prompt code is written.

"No" prompt code is written for those people who didn't have work or other profitable occupation during October 3-9, 2001 as well as for the following people:

a) People who serve within their household (cleaning the house, doing the laundry, taking care of the children and the old and so on)
b) People who do a volunteer work on a personal and social basis, without payment and those who serve different people or charity organizations
c) People who manage the borrowings of the establishment or the organization, but they don't take part in their financial activities
d) People who beg money (even if it is profitable)


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Armenia 2001 — source variable AM2001A_0431 — Searched for work
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Is not completed for temporary presents
[Questions 16-32 were asked of persons absent and permanently present only. Persons who are temporarily present are not included.]

[Questions 29-32 were asked of persons who did not have a job or some other income-producing business per question 25.]

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions 22-32 are registered only for the people of 15 years old and higher.

Questions 29-30 are filled in for those who do not have a job or any other profitable occupation (including students, pensioners)

Question 29

Are you looking for a job?

For all those people who are looking for a job or are trying to organize their own business, the "yes" prompt code is written, and for those people who are not looking for a job the "no" prompt code is written.

The exact ways of looking for a job are applying for a job in the employment centers, administrations of the organizations, establishments, putting advertisements in the newspapers, asking friends, relatives, starting the personal business (getting an allowance or a license, looking for a place for the business and so on).

For those people who answered "yes" to this question, questions 30 and 31 are, and for those people who answered "no" question 32d is filled in.


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Armenia 2001 — source variable AM2001A_0433 — Looking for work the first time
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Is not completed for temporary presents
[Questions 16-32 were asked of persons absent and permanently present only. Persons who are temporarily present are not included.]

[Questions 29-32 were asked of persons who did not have a job or some other income-producing business per question 25.]

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions 22-32 are registered only for the people of 15 years old and higher.

Questions 29-30 are filled in for those who do not have a job or any other profitable occupation (including students, pensioners)

Question 31

Are you looking for a job for the first time?

The "Yes" prompt code is written for those people who are looking for a job for the first time, that is to say they have never worked before. The "No" prompt code is written for those people who have looked for a job for many times.


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Armenia 2011 — source variable AM2011A_0430 — Job or income-producing business
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Questions 21-28 are filled in for 15-75 years old persons.

21. Whether the respondent had a job or income-producing business during the week preceding the census i.e. from October 4 - 11 (including those who are temporarily absent from their job)

[] Yes
[] No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 26

Question 26 is answered by persons age 15 to 75.

Did you have any paid work or profitable job during the last 7 days from October 4 to 11 (including temporarily absence)?

Identification code "1", which corresponds to answer "Yes", is written for those people who in 2011 October 4-11:
1. Worked on paid basis or were self-employed, regardless of whether the job was permanent, temporary or seasonal, one-off, or casual, even if that job was for only one hour during the reference week.
2. Worked in the organization (farm), which belongs to a family member or relative, with the aim to support and help and doesn't receive any compensation in cash and (or) in kind.
3. Were engaged in household or farming activities, while the production was intended for full or partial sale or exclusively for own final use, provided that the production had a significant share in household consumption
4. Were in armed forces, including conscripts.
5. Provide services in other household, like housecleaning, laundry, caretakers for kids and adults, etc.
6. Were temporarily absent from work for various reasons keeping the position related with the workplace.
The following cases are considered as a temporarily absence from the work:

a. Illness or getting an injury, taking care of the sick people,
b. Annual and additional leaves, lockout with or without compensation, the vacation established by the law for pregnancy and for taking care of the children up to 3 years old, educational or vocational training vacation,
c. Works of special character,
d. Seasonal works,
e. Strikes.

The students and the retiree, who had any paid work or profitable job during the last 7 days from October 4 to 11, are registered as employed and for them also prompt code "1" corresponding to the answer "Yes" is written.
Prompt code "No" is written for those people who didn't have any paid work or profitable job during the last 7 days from October 4 to 11, as well as for the following people:

1. People who serve within their household (cleaning the house, doing the laundry, taking care of the children and the old and so on);
2. People who do a volunteer works on the personal and social bases, without compensation and those who serve different people or charity organizations;
3. People who own shares of some companies but they don't take part in their economic activities;
4. People who beg money (even if it is profitable).

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Armenia 2011 — source variable AM2011A_0434 — Looked for work during last 4 weeks
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Questions 21-28 are filled in for 15-75 years old persons.

21. Whether the respondent had a job or income-producing business during the week preceding the census i.e. from October 4 - 11 (including those who are temporarily absent from their job)

[] Yes
[] No

For those who don't have job or income-producing work:

25. Did the respondent look for a job during 4 weeks preceding census day?

[] Yes, looked for a paid job
[] Yes, tried to start own business
[] No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 30

Have you looked for a job during the last 4 weeks preceding the Census?

This question is filled in for all those people who have looked for a job or are trying to organize their own business during the last 4 weeks preceding the October 11, but could not find it at the moment of interview.
"1" "Yes, I looked for a paid job" answer is written for those people, who have been looking for a paid job.
The ways of looking for a job are followings: applying to the state employment service, applying to the private employment agency, applying directly to the employer, Regularly studying jobs advertisements, Periodically placing advertisements, Internet, Seeking assistance of relatives, friends, participating in competition(s) and interview(s).
"2" "Yes, I tried to start my own business" answer is written for those people, who have been looking for land, machinery, equipment, attempting to raise funds/get credit, applying to state authorized bodies for permits and licenses, etc.
"3" "No" answer is written for those people, who have not been looking for a job.

The questions 31 and 32 are filled in for those people who are looking for a job (for whom in the question 30 the code "1" was filled in.)


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Armenia 2011 — source variable AM2011A_0435 — Seeking first job
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Questions 21-28 are filled in for 15-75 years old persons.

21. Whether the respondent had a job or income-producing business during the week preceding the census i.e. from October 4 - 11 (including those who are temporarily absent from their job)

[] Yes
[] No

For those who don't have job or income-producing work:

25. Did the respondent look for a job during 4 weeks preceding census day?

[] Yes, looked for a paid job
[] Yes, tried to start own business
[] No

If looked for a paid job:

26. Looking for a job for the first time?

[] Yes
[] No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 31

Are you looking for a job for the first time?

Code "1" is written for those people who are looking for a job for the first time, and for those people who have looked for a job for many times code "2" is written.


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Austria 1971 — source variable AT1971A_0415 — Activity status (livelihood concept)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

10. Predominant profession:
Only mark one box.
Unemployed persons and active duty guardsmen comment for Questions 12, 13, 15-17 on their previously practiced profession or their previously visited school.
Those receiving pension, retired persons, and housewives with side employment, work students, as long as the assisting relatives in the family business are included as employed, when they work approximately a minimum of 14 hours in the week.
Housewives with pension or retirement are noted as pensioners, or rather retired persons.
Are you:

[] Employed
[] Unemployed
[] Active duty guardsman for the National Army
[] Pensioner, retired person
[] Homemaker without personal income
[] Child, Pupil, Student without personal income

________ Predominant living from another livelihood, namely:
(e.g. Rent, scholarship, support from relatives, etc.)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 10 of the persons sheet

Every person must answer must answer either by marking or with words about the
predominant livelihood. However, only one answer is allowed--as is clearly noted on the persons sheet.

Whoever works 14 hours weekly on average is considered as "employed".

For a person who is a family member assisting in a family business, especially for housewives, who assist with the business of their husband, for pensioned persons with a side job and for working students it is often difficult to determine if they are employed. In such cases, it is noted in the explanations as a decision making aid, a minimum average weekly time of 14 hours [is required]. Any persons who works less, is "unemployed". Any person who therefore works 14 or more hours a week on average, is considered as employed.

With Question 10 it is decided, which questions on the right half of the persons sheet must be answered. If "employed" was marked, then all questions on the right-hand side of the sheet should be answered. If "Child, pupil, student" was marked, then questions 12 through 14 for the currently attended school should be answered--omitted naturally are children who do not yet attend school. If "unemployed" or "active duty personnel" is marked, then all the questions on the right-hand side of the sheet up through question 14 should be answered (an employment therefore cannot be given for this person). As a result, give answers about the last practiced profession or the previously attended school.
If something different was marked or written in words in Question 10 (i.e. pensioner, retired person, or housewife, etc.), thus only Question 11 should be answered. For Question 10 of the persons sheet, compare also the test specimen on page 16.


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Austria 1981 — source variable AT1981A_0415 — Activity status (livelihood concept)
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(10) Livelihood:
[Question 10(a) was asked only of those persons employed. Question 10(b) was asked only of those persons not working.]

(a) Employed: Please answer questions 11-17.
Wives and other dependents who work 13 or more hours per week in a family-run business are considered "employed".

[] Full time (35 or more hours a week)
[] Part-time (13 to 34 hours per week)
(b) Not working, specifically:
When they were previously employed: Ask questions 11-14 concerning the last career position they pursued.

[] Unemployed
[] Active duty servant with the National Guard, civil servant

When they were previously employed: Ask questions 11-12 concerning the last career position they pursued.

[] Medical or maternity leave
[] Retired

When they presently attend a school: Ask questions 13, 15, and 16 concerning the school in which they are enrolled.

[] Homemaker who is without a profession or pension
[] Child, school-aged or college pupil without their own income
[] Other livelihood (i.e. rent, scholarship / fellowship, support from relatives, etc.
Which other livelihood: ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

For Question 10, Livelihood:

Who is employed?

For a person who is a family member assisting in a family business, especially for housewives, who assist with the business of their husband, for pensioned persons with a side job and for working students it is often difficult to determine if they are employed. In such cases, it is noted in the explanations as a decision making aid that a minimum average weekly time of 13 hours is required. Any person who therefore works at least 13 hours a week on average, is considered as employed; any persons who works less, is "unemployed".

Farmers are counted as employed (as long as they spend at least 13 hours weekly for the running of the business). Farmers are not required to completed questions 13, 14, and 15.

Wives of farmers are handled differently since the last people's census. Please address in every case, if the wife of the farmer helps out in the stable and in the fields or only carries out housework. (In case of doubt, note the 13 hour week limit)

Members of a holy order (i.e. nuns) are counted as employed. The corresponding questions concerning their worldly professions (i.e. child care worker, nurse) should be answered.

A person who only carries out volunteer positions is not counted as employed.

Classification of unemployed persons

The explanations for the individual answer possibilities are stated on the household list (fourth page). Concerning this, there is also the following advice:

[p. 28]

Persons are counted as unemployed who do not have any employment and either receive unemployment payments or seek work. The exception is made for persons in professional retraining. These persons mark themselves as "employed" and answer all corresponding questions for the last practiced profession.

Question 10 serves as a "switchman"

Each person should answer question 10. Only a single answer is allowed--as is noted on the persons sheet.

Based upon the answer in question 10, it is decided, which questions of the persons sheet must further be answered:

If "employed" was marked, then all questions on the right-hand side of the sheet should be answered.

If "Child, pupil, student" was marked, then questions 15 and 16 for the currently attended school should be answered--omitted naturally are children who do not yet attend school.

If "unemployed", "active duty personnel" is marked, then all the questions on the right-hand side of the sheet up through question 14 should be answered (an employment therefore cannot be given for this person).

As a result, give answers about the last practiced profession or the previously attended school.

"Pensioners and retired persons" also answer questions 11 and 12 with reference to the last practiced profession. The survey of the previous profession for pensioners is new. The answers serve primarily to be able to assess the growing number of pensioners in tables according to their previous employment. In addition, the calculation of profession-specific morality tables is planned.

If "Housewife (stay-at-home husband) is marked in question 10 or "other livelihood" is noted in words, no further questions need to be answered.


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Austria 1991 — source variable AT1991A_0419 — Activity status (livelihood concept)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

10. Are you:

[] a. Employed: please answer questions 11 to 16.
[] Full-time work (33 and more hours per week)
[] Part-time work (12 to 32 hours per week)

Employers, the self-employed, farmers, as well as workers in the family business are considered to be employed if they work 12 hours a week or more.

[If you are economically active,] Please answer questions 11 to 16.
[] b. Not economically active, but:
[] Unemployed
[] On parental leave, maternity leave

[If you are unemployed or on parental leave, maternity leave], please answer questions 11 to 13 on your last occupation.

If you have never worked before and are looking for a job, answer question 12 with "no profession yet".
[This question was asked of those who were on parental or maternity leave.]

Were you unemployed at the time you entered maternity leave?:

[] Yes
[] No
[] Military service, replacement service: Please answer question 15 and 16 for your journey to the barracks or to your place of service.
[] Retirement benefits from own employment: Please answer questions 11 and 12 on your last occupation.
[] Widow's pension
[] Homemaker
[] Pupil, student: Please answer questions 14 to 16 on the school you are presently attending
[] Child presently not attending school
[] Other livelihood: e.g. rent, alimony, social aid, financial support through relatives, etc.

Persons under 15 years of age are not required to answer this question.

10. Are you: the situation in the last weeks prior to the census day applies in answering this question: in cases of doubt, the situation on May 15, 1991 applies.

Employed: Persons over the age of 15 working 12 hours or more per week are considered "employed". This also included those persons who are self-employed or who are unpaid workers in a family business.

Full-time or part-time: employed persons mark whether they are working full-time or part-time. The limit for full-time work is the 33-hour week, so that e.g. teachers mark "full-time work" if they have a full teaching commitment. Other professional groups, such as free-lancers, judges, etc. also mark "full-time work" even if their weekly working hours are less than 33. This also applies to employees in businesses with "shortened schedules". If several activities are performed in part-time, "full-time work" is to be marked, provided that the sum of these activities adds up to 33 or more working hours per week.

Unemployed: Persons over the age of 15 years are considered unemployed if they are not in employed and are seeking work or an apprenticeship, regardless whether they are receiving unemployment or relief benefits or not.
Persons who have never been employed and are presently seeking work or an apprenticeship also mark "unemployed" and put down "no profession yet" for questions 12 (exact description of occupation). These persons may also skip questions 11 and 13.

Pensioners are persons receiving their own retirement benefits and/or survivors' pension benefits and are not engaged in an occupation with a minimum average of 12 working hours per week.

Homemakers: this box is marked by persons who are occupied with work in their own household and are supported by their spouse (companion).

Pupils, students: persons who are not employed (with at least 12 working hours per week) and are presently attending a school, university, etc. mark this box and answer questions 14 to 16 on their schooling.

Persons presently receiving practical vocational training, such as persons being trained as teachers, persons in an apprenticeship, trainees, unpaid trainees, police students, nurse trainees, etc. mark "full-time work" and answer questions 11 to 16 with regard to this vocational training.

Persons being vocationally retrained, provided that their employment is maintained or they receive health insurance through the labor administration, mark the box "full-time work", and in question 11 to 16 give statements regarding your prior profession (not "employment agency").

Persons attending vocational preparatory courses: if this is a full-time course these persons mark "pupils, students", if this is an evening course, mark the box "other livelihood".

Persons receiving "Sondernotstandshilfe" are not considered unemployed and mark "other livelihood".

Other livelihood is marked in cases of e.g. rent, support through relatives, receipt of alimony, social aid, special aid, special supplementary retirement payment, etc.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

10, Are you:
Possible answers:
a employed: full time (33 hours or more per week), part time (12 to 32 hours per work)
b not employed, rather: unemployed, parental or maternity leave, military draftee in the armed forces or civil servant, pension from own employment, widow pension, homemaker, pupil or student, child without current school attendance, other livelihood.

This question refers to the situation in last weeks prior to the census day only in cases of doubt (e.g. change of employer) to May 15, 1991.

Employed: Persons over the age of 15 that work 12 hours or more per week are considered "employed." This also includes those persons who are self-employed or who are unpaid workers in a family business.

Full-time or part-time: Employed persons mark whether they are employed full-time or part-time. The 33 hour limit for the full employment should be understood as a benchmark: so that teachers mark "full employment" if they have a full teaching commitment. Other professional groups such as freelancers, judges, etc. also mark "full-time employment" even if their weekly working hours are less than 33. This also applies to employees in businesses with "short time work." If several part-time jobs are performed, "full employment" should be marked, provided that the sum of these activities amounts to 33 hours or more per week.

Unemployed: Persons over the age of 15 years are considered unemployed if they are not in an employment relationship and are seeking work or an apprenticeship, regardless of whether they receive unemployment or relief benefits.

Persons who were never employed and are presently seeking work or an apprenticeship also mark "unemployed" and enter "no profession yet" for question 12 (exact description of occupation). Answering questions 11 and 13 is not required for these persons.

Pensioners: are persons that receive their won retirement benefits and/or survivors' pension benefits and are not employed with an average minimum working time of 12 hours per week.

Homemakers: this box should be marked by persons who hare occupied with work in their own household and are supported by their spouse (partner).

[p. 73]

Pupils, students: persons who are not employed (at least 12 working hours per week) and are currently attending a school, university, etc. mark this box and answer questions 14 to 16 for this school attendance.

Persons currently in practical vocational training, such as persons being trained as teachers, interns, unpaid trainees, police school students, nursing school students, etc. are considered in "full-time employment" and answer questions 11 to 16 with regard to this vocational training.

Persons undergoing professional retraining, provided that their employment is maintained or they receive health insurance through the labor administration, mark the box "full-time employment" and give statements regarding their previous profession (not "employment agency") in questions 11 to 16.

Persons attending vocational preparatory courses: if this is a full-time course, these persons mark "pupils, students." If this is an evening course, the box "other livelihood" should be marked.

Persons receiving "special relief benefits" are not considered unemployed and mark "other livelihood."

Other livelihood is marked for example: rent, support by relatives, receipt of alimony, social aid, other support, special supplementary retirement payment, etc.

Enumerator guideline:
Question 10 must be answered by all persons. However, only on single answer may be made - except for retired persons (individual and widow pension).

Who is employed?
For workers in a family business, especially housewives that assist in the business of their husband, retired persons with secondary job and working students, it can often be difficult to decide if they are employed. In such cases, an average weekly minimum working time of 12 hours is given in the instructions as a decision aid. Those who work at least 12 hours weekly on average are considered "employed," and those who work less are considered "unemployed."

Farmers are considered employed in so far as they spend at least 12 hours weekly for the regulation of the business.

Wives of farmers were entered differently in the last population census. In any case, please go according to if the wife of the farmer works in the stall and in the field (=employed) or only performs house work (=housewife). In cases of doubt, please pay attention to the 12 hour per week benchmark.

Members of a religious order (e.g. nuns) are considered employed. The further questions (11 to 16) are answered for their spiritual or secular profession (e.g. Kindergarten teacher, nurse).

Persons in disabled places of employment are considered employed and answer the further questions on the person questionnaire about the job that they practice in this work place.

Persons who only practice a job voluntarily are not considered employed.

"Setting the course" with question 10
Which questions of the person questionnaire must still be answered is decided with the answer to question 10.

Employed (full and part time): All questions of the right half of the questionnaire should be answered.

Unemployed: Questions 11 to 13 should be answered for the last job practiced. Persons who have not yet been employed and are now searching for a job or apprenticeship are excepted. These persons answer question 12 with "no profession yet."

Parental leave, maternity leave: Questions 11 to 13 should be answered for the last job practiced.

Military draftees in the Austrian Armed Forces and civil servants: Questions 15 and 16 should be answered for the route to the barracks or to the place of service.

Retirement pension from own employment: Questions 11 and 12 should be answered for the last job practiced.

Only widow or widower's pension: No further questions should be answered.

Homemakers: No further questions should be answered.

Pupils, students: Questions 14 to 16 should be answered for the current school attendance.

Child without current school attendance: No further questions should be answered.

Other livelihood: No further questions should be answered.

[p. 74]

Purpose of the question:
With this question it is determined who is "employed" (and therefore must answer further occupational questions). The structural data about employed persons and commuters are among the most important results of the population census.

The numbers about employed persons are further needed for calculating general and specific labor force participation rates and are used as a basis for different predictions.

Information about participation in working life is important for labor market analyses and international comparisons. Especially of interest are the type and scope of the employment of older employees, women, youth and foreigners. Data about full and part time employment in connection with information about gender, age and marital status gain increasing weight in the face of growing importance of part time work, especially for family policy and at regional levels.

The question regarding the predominant livelihood of the non employed population makes it possible to subdivide these persons according to the predominant source of livelihood. This differentiation is of central importance for many economic and socio-political questions, for example: the dependent children and homemakers of employed persons, the employment of in the course of age as well as the numerical proportion of employed and retired persons.


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Austria 2001 — source variable AT2001A_0418 — Activity status (labor force concept)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

11. You are (multiple answers are possible, e.g. retired marginally employed on a part-time basis):

Self-employed, farmers, freelances and liberal professionals, family members helping out in the family business, apprentices and nursing trainees are also considered to be gainfully employed.

[] Gainfully employed full time (32 and more hours a week)
[] Gainfully employed part time (12 to 31 hours a week)
[] Marginally employed part time (1 to 11 hours a week):
[Those who chosen three choices above,]
Please answer questions 12 to 15
[] Looking for gainful employment for the first time (never gainfully employed before)
Thank you, no further questions.
[] Unemployed (was gainfully employed before)
[] On parental or maternity leave
[] Was gainfully employed before the leave
[] Was unemployed before the leave

[For those who chose "Unemployed" and "On parental or maternity leave",] Please answer questions 12 to 14 on the type of work you last did.
If you are also (marginally) gainfully employed, please answer questions 12 to 15 on the work you are currently doing.
[] On compulsory military service or conscientious objector doing non-military service
Please answer just questions 14 and 15 on the route taken to the barracks or place of service.
[] Homemaker
[] Retirement pension from own gainful employment
[] Widow's or widower's pension
[For those who chose three choices above,] If you are also gainfully employed, please proceed to question 12. Otherwise, thank you, no further questions.
[] Pupil or university student: Please answer question 15 regarding the route taken to school.
If you are also gainfully employed (e.g. working a job on the side as a student) please answer questions 12 to 15 regarding this employment.
[] Child not currently attending school
Thank you, no further questions.
[] Other means of livelihood (e.g. public welfare, support payments, supported by relatives, rent revenues):
If you are also gainfully employed please proceed to question 12. Otherwise, thank you, no further questions.

Question 11:
General instructions:
Please put an "X" in all boxes applicable to you and note the references to further questions.
Example: A housewife with marginal part-time employment puts an "X" in both boxes. The note next to "Marginally employed part time" indicates that the person should proceed to questions 12 to 15 and answer them.

Instructions for individual groups of persons:
Gainfully employed persons: Persons over 15 years of age who do paid work at least 1 hour per week or help in a family business without being formally paid are deemed to be gainfully employed.

A person who does just voluntary work is not deemed to be gainfully employed.

Whether you have full-time, part-time or marginally part-time employment depends on how many hours a week you work on average. If you work several jobs, you should add up the total number of hours worked per week and mark the appropriate box

Answer questions 12 to 15 for this gainful employment (if several part-time positions are held, for the job involving the most working hours.)

Exceptions: Teachers with a full-time teaching position and judges put an "X" next to "gainfully employed full time" even if their work week is less than 32 hours. This is also true of workers in businesses with "short-time working" arrangements (i.e. temporarily reduced working hours).

The unemployed: Persons over 15 years of age who were previously employed and who are seeking work or an apprenticeship position are deemed to be unemployed regardless of whether or not they receive unemployment benefits. Seasonally unemployed persons (e.g. waiters who are without a job between the summer season and the winter season) are deemed to be unemployed unless they pursue other work in the intervening period (in the period around May 15) (e.g. helping out on the family farm).

Persons undergoing practical training, e.g. apprentices, trainees, unpaid interns, pupils being trained for police work and for nursing, are deemed to be fully employed.

Persons undergoing vocational retraining put an "X" next to "gainfully employed full time" if they still hold their position or if they have health insurance through the public employment services agency (AMS) but should answer the questions 12 to 15 for their previous occupation (i.e. not "Public Employment Services Agency").

Persons attending vocational or professional preparatory courses put an "X" next to "pupil or university student" and answer the question 10.1 "School currently attended" and question 15.

Persons drawing special emergency relief assistance (Sondernotstandshilfe) are not deemed to be unemployed and put an "X" next to "Other means of livelihood."

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

11. You are:
Explanation:
General instructions: Please mark all boxes that are applicable to you and note the references to further questions. Example: A housewife with marginal part-time employment marks both boxes. The note next to "Marginally employed part-time" indicates that the person should proceed to questions 12 through 15 and answer them.

Instructions for individual groups of persons:
Gainfully employed persons: Persons over 15 years of age who do paid work at least 1 hour per week or help in a family business without being formally paid are considered to be gainfully employed.

A person who only works voluntarily is not considered to be gainfully employed.

Whether you are employed full-time, part-time or marginally part-time depends on how many hours a week you work on average. If you work several jobs, you should add up the total number of hours worked per week and mark the appropriate box.

Answer questions 12 through 15 for this gainful employment (if several part-time positions are held, answer the questions for the job involving the most working hours.)

Exceptions: Teachers with a full-time teaching position and judges mark "gainfully employed full time" even if their work week is less than 32 hours. This is also true of workers in businesses with "short-time working" arrangements (i.e. temporarily reduced working hours).

Unemployed: Persons over 15 years of age who were previously employed and who are seeking work or an [p. 91] apprenticeship position are deemed to be unemployed regardless of whether or not they receive unemployment benefits. Seasonally unemployed persons (e.g. waiters who are without a job between the summer season and winter season) are considered unemployed unless they pursue other work in the intervening period (in the period around May 15) (e.g. helping out on the family farm).

Persons undergoing practical training, (e.g. apprentices, trainees, unpaid interns, pupils being trained for police work and nursing) are considered gainfully employed.

Persons undergoing vocational retraining mark "gainfully employed full time" if they still hold their position or if they have health insurance through the public employment services agency (AMS) but should answer questions 12 through 15 for their previous occupation (i.e. not "Public Employment Services Agency")

Persons attending vocational or professional preparatory courses should mark "pupil or university student" and answer the question 10.1 "School currently attended" as well as question 15.

Persons receiving special emergency relief assistance are not considered to be unemployed and should mark "Other means of livelihood."

Question 11 must be answered by every person. Double markings are possible.

The situation in the last weeks before the census is to be considered, in cases of doubt, the situation on May 15, 2001.

Who is gainfully employed?
Anyone who works at least 1 hour per week on average is gainfully employed and answers questions 12 through 15 for this employment.

The following groups of persons are considered gainfully employed, although they often do not identify themselves as such:

Helpers in a family business (especially housewives)
Retirees with a secondary occupation
Working students
Farmers
Wives of farmers with at least 1 hour per week of yard or field work
Apprentices
Nursing students
Contractors for work and services
Freelance employees
Freelancers
Tradesman
Members of a religious order (e.g. nuns): Questions 12 through 15 should be answered for the secular profession (e.g. Kindergarten teacher, nurse). If no secular profession is available, "Nun" or "monk" is entered for the job title in question 13.
Persons in disabled local units of employment: Questions 12 through 15 are answered for the job that is performed in this local unit of employment.

Below you will find further instructions on the specific characteristics:
Working for the home or family: This box should be marked by persons that devote their work to their own household. If these persons are also gainfully employed, they should mark the appropriate box and answer questions 12 through 15 for this occupation.

Seeking gainful employment for the first time: This box should be marked by persons that have not previously been gainfully employed and are now searching for work or an apprenticeship.

On parental or maternity leave: Questions 12 through 15 should be answered for the occupation practiced before entering parental or maternity leave.

Retirement pension from own gainful employment: This box should be marked by persons that receive their own pension.

[p. 92]

Widow or widower's pension: Persons that receive a widow or widower's pension should mark this box.

Pupil or university student: Persons that currently attend a school, university, etc. should mark this box.

Other means of livelihood: Persons that live on an orphan pension or accident benefits should also mark this box.

With this questions it is determined, who, and to what extent, is "gainfully employed" (and accordingly who must answer the further questions). The structural data about gainfully employed and commuters are among the most important results of the population census.

The numbers about gainfully employed are needed for calculating general and specific labor force participation rates and find application as a basis for different predictions.

Information about participation in working life is important for labor market analyses and international comparisons. Especially of interest are the type and scope of the gainful employment of older employees, women, youth and foreigners. Data about the extent of gainful employment in connection with information about gender, age and marital status gain increasing weight in the face of growing importance of part time work, especially for family policy and regional levels.

This question further makes it possible to divide the not gainfully employed population into the predominant source of livelihood. This differentiation is of central importance for many economic and socio-political questions, for example: the dependent children and homemakers of gainfully employed persons, the occupation of women in terms of age as well as the numerical proportion of gainfully employed and retired persons.


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Austria 2011 — source variable AT2011A_0411 — Employment status

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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Bangladesh 1991 — source variable BD1991A_0409 — Industry
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

23. Main profession/work (last one month)
[] 1. Not working
[] 2. Looking for work
[] 3. Household work
[] 4. Agriculture
[] 5. Industry
[] 6. Water/Electricity/Gas
[] 7. Construction
[] 8. Transport/Communication
[] 9. Business
[] 10. Service
[] 11. Others

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

23. Field of main work/occupation:

This information is to be collected for each. Someone might have more than one occupation. In this case select the field which the respondent thinks as his main occupation. Works are divided into two groups on the basis of most of the times engaged in last month, so that the data can be collected easily.

a. Economically inactive and
b. Economically active.

Those who are "economically inactive" are classified into two categories:

1. Not working: Those who are not suitable for work or old pensioner, student, disabled or unwilling to work
2. Looking for work: Those who are not working but looking for work.

"Economically active" is divided into 9 sectors:

3. House work: Those who look after sons, daughters and do family works at house. Women those who were engaged in economic activities and earned mentionable money from that work in last month, are to be shown where it is applicable.
4. Agriculture: Engaged in work of Agriculture, Forest, Livestock, Apiculture, Sericulture, Pisciculture activities.
5. Industry: Engaged in industry and factory work.
6. Water/Electricity/Gas: Engaged in works relating to water, electricity, gas etc.
7. Construction: Engaged in construction work of roads, houses, building, bridge, culvert etc.
8. Transport and Communications: Engaged in mechanized or non-mechanized (manual) transports and communication works.
9. Business: Engaged in business.
10. Service: Engaged in works of service like Barbour, laundryman, lawyer etc.
11. Others: Other than mentioned in classification 1 to 10, remaining others who are engaged in some other works.

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Bangladesh 2001 — source variable BD2001A_0413 — Main work field
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions from 23 to 28 is applicable for persons aged 5 years and above]

27. Main field of Profession/work (last one week)

[] 1 Not working
[] 2 Looking for work
[] 3 Household work
[] 4 Agriculture
[] 5 Industry
[] 6 Water/Electricity/Gas
[] 7 Construction
[] 8 Transport/communication
[] 9 Hotel/restaurant
[] 10 Business
[] 11 Service
[] 12 Others

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 27: Field Main Activity
There are 12 alternative answers for economic activity. Fill out the appropriate oval box considering the main activity for the last one week.

Question 27: Field of Main Activity: Some body may have multiple field of activity. In this case ask the respondent which one he likes as field of main activity. For the convenience of collecting information consider maximum time of engagement for the last week as follows:

i. Do not work: Those who are not yet grown up for doing work i.e. minor aged, old, student, unable to work and not willing to work.
ii. Looking for work: Those who do not work but looking for work.
iii. Household work: Those who do the household work and take care of children.
iv. Agriculture: Engaged in agriculture, forest, poultry, livestock raising, bee keeping, raising of worm, nursery and hatchery.
v. Industry: Engaged in industry and factory.
vi. Water/Electricity/Gas: Engaged in water/electricity and gas works.
vii. Construction: Engaged in construction of roads, buildings, bridges, culverts, factories etc.
viii. Transport/Communication: Engaged in mechanized or non-mechanized vehicles, transport and communication. Such as bus, truck, launch boat, rickshaw, airplane, etc.
ix. Hotel/Restaurant: Engaged in hotel or restaurant work.
x. Business: Engaged in wholesale or retail business.
xi. Service: Engaged in work like barber, washerman, advocate, doctor (self employed) house tutor etc. Persons engaged in works like commission agent will include in this categories.
xii. Others: Engaged in works other than the above categories.


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Bangladesh 2011 — source variable BD2011A_0411 — Activity status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For members age 7 years and above
[Questions 21-25 were asked for persons 7 years of age and older.]

24. Activity status

[] Employed
[] Looking for job
[] Household work
[] Do not work

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Fill out Questions- 21 to 25 only for persons aged 7 years and over.

Question-24. Working Status:
Working status has been categorized into four categories such as working, looking for work, household work and do not work. Enter a cross in the box for 'engaged in work' for working, enter a cross in the box for 'looking for work' for persons who are not currently working but willing for work, enter a cross in the box for 'household work' for persons who are engaged in household work, and enter a cross in the box for 'do not work' for persons who do not work or are unable to work.


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Belarus 1999 — source variable BY1999A_0430 — Did person have a job or business?
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

12. Did you have a job or business for profit in the period from February 8 through February 15, 1999? (for persons aged 15 and over)
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

[Persons working multiple jobs respond to items 13-14 on their main activity]

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 12. Did you have a job or business for profit in the period from 8 through 15 February 1999?
(for persons aged 15 years and over)

This question is to be put to persons aged 15 years and over.

It is necessary to make sure whether a person questioned had work or gainful business during the week from 8 to 15 February 1999 while it could be permanent, temporary, casual or other work regardless of the dates of direct payment for or profit from his/her activity. For professional soldiers it will be their service in the army.

Those having work or gainful business cover the following persons:

- persons working for wages or salaries, including commission charges or payment in-kind;
- persons temporarily absent from work by the following reasons:
- illness or injury, care for sick person;
- annual leave or weekend, compensatory leave or time-off, compensation of overtime or work on a public holyday;
- statutory maternity and child-care leave;
- unpaid or paid leave on the initiative of administration;
- rotational or other specialized mode of operation;
- other similar reasons.

- persons working for profit or fee at own enterprise (farm), even if there were no actual work or profit in the period mentioned;
- persons working in their personal subsidiary plot, engaged in production of agricultural products, flower production, fishing, hunting, etc. with the purpose of further sale of all taken and produced;
- persons engaged in purchasing goods with the purpose of further sale thereof or in distributing goods, even if the activity has not been registered.

The following activity is not considered paid work or gainful business:

- paid public work obtained from the employment service;
- agricultural works performed by students and pupils seconded by their educational institutions;
- voluntary work in hospitals, parents' committees, and similar organizations;
- work in own personal subsidiary plot aimed at production for own consumption;
- holding stocks or shares in a business if a person does not actually work in this business;
- construction or repair of own house;
- unpaid homework (housecleaning, cooking, etc. for own family).

For persons having work or gainful business is to be marked "yes" and for those not having -- "no".

Persons who answered in positive to question 12, are to be asked questions 13 and 14 of the enumeration questionnaire.

Herewith persons having more than one job (gainful business) should indicate which job (or gainful business) they consider main (where the greatest number of hours were worked, where the service record is kept, and which brings the highest income, etc.)

Persons who answered in negative to question 12, are not to be asked questions 13 and 14 of the enumeration questionnaire and a skip to question 15 is to be made.


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Belarus 1999 — source variable BY1999A_0432 — Did person look for a job?
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

15. For those not having a job or business for profit, ask: Did you look for a job or try to organize your own business (for persons aged 15-65)
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

[If yes to question 15]
a) If you found a job, could you start working in the next 2 weeks?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

b) Are you registered with the employment agency as unemployed?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

[If no to question 15] Why not?

[] 1 Have got a job and will start working in the next 2 weeks
[] 2 Have organized own business and will start activity in the near future
[] 3 Discouraged about finding a job
[] 4 Have no necessity or wish to work
[] 5 Run the house
[] 6 Other reason

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 15. For those not having job or gainful business specify: did you look for a job or try to organize your own business
(for persons aged 15-65)

The question is to be completed for persons aged 15-65 years (including pupils, students, and pensioners) who did not have work or any gainful business, i.e. who answered in negative to question 12 of the enumeration questionnaire.

At the same time, for persons actively looking for work or trying to organize own business, "yes" should be marked.

Specific kinds of job search include: registration with a state or commercial employment service, visiting enterprises, institutions, and organizations, consulting private employers, placing job postings and answering vacancy advertisements, recourse to friends, acquaintances, relatives; efforts to organize own business (registration of own enterprise or acquisition of patent, search for premises, land, resources, equipment, etc.).

In addition, to persons taking steps for seeking work the availability for work should be indicated.

a) if you have found a job, could you start working in the nearest 2 weeks?
"Yes" is to be marked for persons available for work during the nearest two weeks.
For persons not available for work during the two nearest weeks "no" is to be marked.

b) are you registered with the employment agency as unemployed?
The code corresponding to one of responses listed is to be marked.

For persons aged 15-65 years who are not looking for work or gainful business "no" is to be marked and, in addition, reasons are to be indicated (the code corresponding to one of responses listed is to be labeled).

"Have got a job and will start working in the nearest 2 weeks" is to be marked for those who have already found a job by 16 February 1999 and are to start it (or have already started) within the nearest two weeks following the reference week.

"Have organized own business and will start activity in the nearest future" is to be marked for persons who have completed all preparatory work for organizing own business, but have not started it yet in the reference week (have not opened a store, have not got any orders, etc.).

"Discouraged to find a job" is to be marked for persons who have stopped looking for work having used all possibilities to get it.

"Have no necessity or wish to work" may be marked for those having sufficient income from pension, shares, etc., or for those living at expense of the other household member sufficiently keeping the family.

"Keep the house" is to be marked for persons having neither work nor gainful business, but performing domestic duties for own family without payment (for example, cooking, cleaning up, laundering, care for children and other family members, etc.).

"Other reason" is to be marked for persons not looking for work by some other reason than those listed. This category may include persons having applied for a job and waiting for a reply, having participated in the contest for post and waiting for a result, those not able to work (because of age, disability, illness, etc.), those having received calling-up papers, those who are going to leave for a new place of permanent residence in the other city, country, etc.


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Belarus 1999 — source variable BY1999A_0435 — Reason for not looking for a job
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

15. For those not having a job or business for profit, ask: Did you look for a job or try to organize your own business (for persons aged 15-65)
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

[If yes to question 15]
a) If you found a job, could you start working in the next 2 weeks?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

b) Are you registered with the employment agency as unemployed?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

[If no to question 15] Why not?

[] 1 Have got a job and will start working in the next 2 weeks
[] 2 Have organized own business and will start activity in the near future
[] 3 Discouraged about finding a job
[] 4 Have no necessity or wish to work
[] 5 Run the house
[] 6 Other reason

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 15. For those not having job or gainful business specify: did you look for a job or try to organize your own business
(for persons aged 15-65)

The question is to be completed for persons aged 15-65 years (including pupils, students, and pensioners) who did not have work or any gainful business, i.e. who answered in negative to question 12 of the enumeration questionnaire.

At the same time, for persons actively looking for work or trying to organize own business, "yes" should be marked.

Specific kinds of job search include: registration with a state or commercial employment service, visiting enterprises, institutions, and organizations, consulting private employers, placing job postings and answering vacancy advertisements, recourse to friends, acquaintances, relatives; efforts to organize own business (registration of own enterprise or acquisition of patent, search for premises, land, resources, equipment, etc.).

In addition, to persons taking steps for seeking work the availability for work should be indicated.

a) if you have found a job, could you start working in the nearest 2 weeks?
"Yes" is to be marked for persons available for work during the nearest two weeks.
For persons not available for work during the two nearest weeks "no" is to be marked.

b) are you registered with the employment agency as unemployed?
The code corresponding to one of responses listed is to be marked.

For persons aged 15-65 years who are not looking for work or gainful business "no" is to be marked and, in addition, reasons are to be indicated (the code corresponding to one of responses listed is to be labeled).

"Have got a job and will start working in the nearest 2 weeks" is to be marked for those who have already found a job by 16 February 1999 and are to start it (or have already started) within the nearest two weeks following the reference week.

"Have organized own business and will start activity in the nearest future" is to be marked for persons who have completed all preparatory work for organizing own business, but have not started it yet in the reference week (have not opened a store, have not got any orders, etc.).

"Discouraged to find a job" is to be marked for persons who have stopped looking for work having used all possibilities to get it.

"Have no necessity or wish to work" may be marked for those having sufficient income from pension, shares, etc., or for those living at expense of the other household member sufficiently keeping the family.

"Keep the house" is to be marked for persons having neither work nor gainful business, but performing domestic duties for own family without payment (for example, cooking, cleaning up, laundering, care for children and other family members, etc.).

"Other reason" is to be marked for persons not looking for work by some other reason than those listed. This category may include persons having applied for a job and waiting for a reply, having participated in the contest for post and waiting for a result, those not able to work (because of age, disability, illness, etc.), those having received calling-up papers, those who are going to leave for a new place of permanent residence in the other city, country, etc.


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Belarus 2009 — source variable BY2009A_0424 — Employment during the week before the census
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Form 2H: Personal Questionnaire

17. Did you work during the last week prior to census (7-13 October 2009 of the current year)? (any paid job or income-generating activity, unpaid job in family business)

[] 1 Yes [to question 17.1]
[] 2 Temporarily did not work because of illness, paid leave, maternity leave, child care leave up to 3 years old, work on the rotational basis and other specific work type, taking extension courses and so on [to question 17.1]
[] 3 No [to question 18]
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
33.14.?In question?17 "Did you work during the last week prior to the census (7-13 October of the current year)?":

The positive answer should be completed for respondents who in the period from 7 to 13 October 2009:
- worked (at least one hour) in paid employment, whether it was regular, temporary or other work;
- worked at their own account or with one or a few partners, both engaging or not any employees;
- worked without pay for relatives (other than those performing housework);
- worked at the personal subsidiary plot with the purpose of further sale of goods produced.
Employees also include respondents who were temporarily absent from work but at the same time had agreements or contracts with their employers. Reasons for temporary absence from work may be as follows:
- illness or injury;
- care for sick person;
- leave, including maternity leave and leave to care for a child under 3;
- off-the-job vocational training (vocational preparation, professional development, probation, retraining);
- rotational or other special type of work and other similar reasons.
Employees also include military servicemen, both regular and conscripts, churchmen. Pupils, students, and pensioners having gainful employment in the period from 7 to 13 October 2009 also refer to those employed.

Persons without employment include:
- contributing family workers who work (help) without pay for a related person, but in the period under review did not perform any work;
- seasonal workers whose employment contract has expired;
- persons who obtained employment (own business), but did not start it yet;
- persons without labour relationship with their employers (performed occasional works) who were not in paid employment in the period from 7 to 13 October 2009;
- those unemployed assigned by employment services for paid social works;
- persons attending full-time military colleges, military academies, postgraduate schools, and doctoral training centers;
- persons producing goods at personal subsidiary plots for own consumption;
- persons performing domestic work at home (housewives);
- persons providing voluntary unpaid services to individuals or charitable organizations, parents' committees, committees of veterans, hospitals, orphanages and homes for the elderly, etc.; those who hold shares of economic societies without direct involvement in economic activities of these societies;
persons engaged in begging, collecting bottles, waste paper, etc.

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Belarus 2009 — source variable BY2009A_0431 — Search for employment during the previous month
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Form 2H: Personal Questionnaire

17. Did you work during the last week prior to census (7-13 October 2009 of the current year)? (any paid job or income-generating activity, unpaid job in family business)

[] 1 Yes [to question 17.1]
[] 2 Temporarily did not work because of illness, paid leave, maternity leave, child care leave up to 3 years old, work on the rotational basis and other specific work type, taking extension courses and so on [to question 17.1]
[] 3 No [to question 18]
If the respondent had two or more places of employment, questions 17.1-17.4 should refer to the place of employment which he/she considers the main.
[After responding to questions 17.1-17.4, skip question 18.]

18. Have you been seeking employment during the last month before the population census (from 13 September till 13 October of the current year)?

[Question 18 were asked of persons age 15+ who did not work during the last week prior to census (7-13 October 2009 of the current year), per question 17.]

[] 1 Yes
In case you find the job, would you be able to start in two weeks?
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
[] 2 No
Please indicate one main reason:
[] 1 Found employment, started own business and would do it in the nearest 2 weeks
[] 2 Found employment expecting the answer
[] 3 Expecting the start of working season
[] 4 Lost hope to find employment
[] 5 Retired
[] 6 Health status
[] 7 Study at educational institution
[] 8 Housewife, take care of children and other family members
[] 9 No need or desire to work
[] 10 Other reason ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
33.19.?In question?18 "Have you been seeking employment during the last month preceding the census" (from 13 September to 13 October of the current year)?", specific steps to seek employment include:
- registration at public employment services, application to employers (companies and individual entrepreneurs);
- placing or answering newspaper advertisements;
- seeking assistance of friends or relatives;
- arranging for own business (registration of own business (company) or applying for a patent or license, looking for premises, land, equipment, etc.) and other.
If the respondent did not seek employment during a specified recent period, one of the options offered in the questionnaire is to be marked.
The answer "found employment, started own business and will be able for work in the nearest two weeks" should be completed for respondents who had found employment before October 13, 2009 and began working or were going to begin from 14 to 27 October. The same answer should also be entered for respondents who have completed all preparatory activity for arranging own business, but have not started it yet (have not opened a shop, have not got any order, etc.).

The answer "found employment and am waiting for a reply" should be completed for persons who found employment and were waiting for a reply if the waiting period did not exceed four weeks preceding the census moment, and also for those who competed for vacant posts and were waiting for a reply.

The answer "expecting to start the season" should be completed for persons mainly performing seasonal works (for example, at peat harvest or those employed to gather the harvest during the summer-and-autumn period, etc.) who were without work at the census moment and did not seek for another job, but were going to perform seasonal works in the next year.

The answer "other reason" should be completed for respondents who were not looking for a job for any reason other than those listed. For example, for respondents who received a call out notice for military service in the armed forces or those going to move for another residence (to the other city or country) and other;

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Belarus 2009 — source variable BY2009A_0433 — Reason for not seeking employment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Form 2H: Personal Questionnaire

17. Did you work during the last week prior to census (7-13 October 2009 of the current year)? (any paid job or income-generating activity, unpaid job in family business)

[] 1 Yes [to question 17.1]
[] 2 Temporarily did not work because of illness, paid leave, maternity leave, child care leave up to 3 years old, work on the rotational basis and other specific work type, taking extension courses and so on [to question 17.1]
[] 3 No [to question 18]
If the respondent had two or more places of employment, questions 17.1-17.4 should refer to the place of employment which he/she considers the main.
[After responding to questions 17.1-17.4, skip question 18.]

18. Have you been seeking employment during the last month before the population census (from 13 September till 13 October of the current year)?

[Question 18 were asked of persons age 15+ who did not work during the last week prior to census (7-13 October 2009 of the current year), per question 17.]

[] 1 Yes
In case you find the job, would you be able to start in two weeks?
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No
[] 2 No
Please indicate one main reason:
[] 1 Found employment, started own business and would do it in the nearest 2 weeks
[] 2 Found employment expecting the answer
[] 3 Expecting the start of working season
[] 4 Lost hope to find employment
[] 5 Retired
[] 6 Health status
[] 7 Study at educational institution
[] 8 Housewife, take care of children and other family members
[] 9 No need or desire to work
[] 10 Other reason ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
33.19.?In question?18 "Have you been seeking employment during the last month preceding the census" (from 13 September to 13 October of the current year)?", specific steps to seek employment include:
- registration at public employment services, application to employers (companies and individual entrepreneurs);
- placing or answering newspaper advertisements;
- seeking assistance of friends or relatives;
- arranging for own business (registration of own business (company) or applying for a patent or license, looking for premises, land, equipment, etc.) and other.
If the respondent did not seek employment during a specified recent period, one of the options offered in the questionnaire is to be marked.
The answer "found employment, started own business and will be able for work in the nearest two weeks" should be completed for respondents who had found employment before October 13, 2009 and began working or were going to begin from 14 to 27 October. The same answer should also be entered for respondents who have completed all preparatory activity for arranging own business, but have not started it yet (have not opened a shop, have not got any order, etc.).

The answer "found employment and am waiting for a reply" should be completed for persons who found employment and were waiting for a reply if the waiting period did not exceed four weeks preceding the census moment, and also for those who competed for vacant posts and were waiting for a reply.

The answer "expecting to start the season" should be completed for persons mainly performing seasonal works (for example, at peat harvest or those employed to gather the harvest during the summer-and-autumn period, etc.) who were without work at the census moment and did not seek for another job, but were going to perform seasonal works in the next year.

The answer "other reason" should be completed for respondents who were not looking for a job for any reason other than those listed. For example, for respondents who received a call out notice for military service in the armed forces or those going to move for another residence (to the other city or country) and other;

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Benin 1979 — source variable BJ1979A_0414 — Type of activity (last month)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Economic Characteristics (for persons 10 years or older) (Only for ordinary households)
[Columns 13-16]

(13) Type of activity____

Write down:

[] OCC = employed
[] CHO = unemployed
[] CT = first time seeking employment
[] MEN = housewife
[] ETU = student
[] RET = retired
[] DP = physically disabled
[] AUT = other
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Economic characteristics

The information classified under this broad rubric relates to the last 4 questions of the census.
The first set of information, column (13) "Type of activity" shall be asked to all persons of 10 or more years of age, without exception. This will allow classifying such persons either in the economically active population or the economically inactive population.

While the last 3 sets of information, columns (14), (15), and (16) shall only be asked to persons classified under the 2 types of activity: employed and unemployed. These sets of information provide more details on the population

Column (13): Type of activity
Ask the following question to each person of 10 or more years of age: What did you do during the month preceding the census?

Then report:

- OCC (employed) for each person with a job even if seasonal;

- CHO (unemployed) for each person having previously worked for at least once and who is unemployed and seeking employment during the census;

- CT (seeking employment) for each person seeking employment for the first time;

- MEN (household) for women who only take care of their household and children.

- ETU (student) for schoolchildren, high school students, and students in higher education.

- RET (retirement) for retired persons and rentiers. Is considered retired, every person who regularly receives income as a result of previous employment. A rentier is a person who possesses a personal fortune allowing him to live without having to work. However, a retired person or a rentier helping a relative with his work or who also holds a job that provides him with income shall be classified as OCC i.e. employed. This is the case of retired persons who work in commerce or agriculture;

- DP (disabled) for each person suffering from a mental or physical disability that precludes him/her from working. Certain disabilities do not however preclude all activities and a partially disabled individual who works should be naturally considered as employed.

- AUT (other) for other. This category comprises all persons who are not engaged in any economic activity or all other persons who are not included in the categories below such as children in school.

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Benin 1992 — source variable BJ1992A_0420 — Type of activity (last 3 months)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image


Persons of 10 years or more of age

[Questions in columns 17 - 21 were asked of persons age 10 or older.]

(18) Occupation

[] 1 OCC: employed
[] 2 CT: seeking first employment
[] 3 CHO: unemployed
[] 4 MEN: housewife
[] 5 ETU: school children and students
[] 6 RET: retired
[] 7 REN: rentier
[] 8 SO: Not applicable for persons younger than 10
[] 9 ND: Undeclared
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

II. How to fill out the questionnaire (Document RGPH 2 Number 1).

Columns (17) to (21): These columns are only for persons older than 10 i.e. born before February 1982.

Column (17): Marital Status
Is considered married, each individual whose union was celebrated in a civil, religious, or customary rite. The census agent shall circle the codes according to the interviewee's answer.

[] 0 Single i.e. a man or a woman who was never been married.
[] 1 M1: monogamous marriage
[] 2 M2: polygamous marriage with 2 wives
[] 3 M3: polygamous marriage with 3 wives
[] 4 M4+: polygamous marriage with 4 or more wives
[] 5 D: divorced for each person whose marriage ended through divorce and has not remarried.
[] 6 V: widowed for each person who was married and has lost his or her partner through death and was not remarried at the time of the census.
[] 7 S: separated for each person previously married but declares to be separated at the time of the census.
[] 8 UL (free union) [unmarried couple] for each person living with a partner without an official celebration of a legal marriage, religious or customary.

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Benin 2002 — source variable BJ2002A_0424 — Economic activity (in the last 3 months)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons
[Questions in columns 1 to 11 were asked of all persons]

Now we would like to ask for information on you and the persons habitually living in your household or currently residing in your home

Residents of 6 years or more of age
[Questions in columns 18 - 22 were asked of residents 6+ years old]

(19) Occupation status

[] 0 OCSI = employed informal sector
[] 1 OCFP = employed formal state sector
[] 2 OCFP = employed formal private sector
[] 3 CT = seeking first employment
[] 4 CHO = unemployed
[] 5 MEN = housewife
[] 6 ETU = school children and students
[] 7 RET = retired
[] 8 REN = rentier
[] 9 AINA = other unemployed
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

iv) Economic Characteristics

For all questions related to economic activity, the census agent shall refer to the 3-month periods preceding the interview.

Column (18): Occupation
For all questions related to occupation, the census agent shall refer to the 3-month period immediately preceding the interview.

Ask the following question to each person of 10 years or more of age: "Have you worked for at least one week in the last 3 months?"

The census agent shall then circle:
The code 1. OCC (employed) for each person who has worked during this period.
Included in this category, are:

Persons working or having worked as independents,
Persons working or having worked for a compensation of any kind.
Persons working or having worked under the authority of the head of household with or without compensation.
Example: A child (of at least 10) guarding or having guarded cattle for his/her parents.
A woman who in addition to her household duties has worked independently or for her family (saleswoman, sewer, farmer, potter).
A woman or a man who does housekeeping for a salary. Example pages boys, wet nurse.
CT: for persons seeking first employment.
CHO: (unemployed) for every person without employment during the period of reference but who has worked before and is currently looking for a job. Ask if this person has no activity allowing him/her to survive. If yes, he/she is employed.
MEN: (housewife): for women only working in the household and taking care of children without any monetary compensation.
ETU: for elementary schoolchildren, middle and high school children, and students of higher education,
RET: for retired persons,
REN: for annuitants, i.e. persons possessing a personal fortune that allows them to live without having to work.

Note: a retired person or an annuitant who has helped a family member in his/her work or has performed another activity that generated him/her money shall be classified under the rubric of "OCC" i.e. employed. This is the case of retired persons who work in commerce or agriculture.

This question does not apply to those below 10 years of age during the census. The census agent must not note anything in this section for these persons.

Note: Apprentices are "employed"

Column (19): Occupation status
As the following question to each person aged 6 or higher: "Does [the respondent] currently work or has worked continuously for at least one week during the last three months?"
If the answer is YES, the census agent shall ask "if [the respondent] works in the informal sector, public formal sector, or private formal sector" and shall circle the code corresponding to the interviewee's declaration according to the following:

0. OCSI: Occupied informal sector;
1. OCFE: Occupied formal public sector;
2. OCFP: occupied formal private sector.

Example: Is occupied each person having worked for at least one week during the reference period. Are included in this category:

-Persons having worked independently.
-Persons having worked for any kind of remuneration.
-Persons having worked under the authority of the head of household with or without remuneration.
-Children of at least 6 years of age having guarded their parents' cattle.
-Women, who in addition to household chores, have worked independently or for their families (saleswoman, seamstress, farmer, potter, gardener, etc.)
-Women or men who perform household duties for a salary (Example: pages, baby-sitters, etc.).

If the answer is NO, the census agent shall ask the following question:
"Has [the respondent] worked during the reference period?" If the answer is Yes, circle the code 4 corresponding to unemployed. If the answer is no, ask:
"Is [the respondent] a housewife, elementary or middle school/high school/university student, retired, rentier?" If the answer is yes, circle the appropriate code according to the following options below:

5. MEN: housewife;
6. ETU: elementary or middle school, high school, university student;
7. RET: retired;
8. RENT: rentier;

If the answer is NO, ask: "Is [the respondent] seeking first employment?" If yes, circle 3. CT (Seeking 1st employment or 1st job); if no, circle 9. AINA: other unemployed.

Important:

1) A retired person or a rentier who has assisted a family member in his/her work or who has performed an activity that brought in money shall be classified under the rubric "employed." This is the case of retired persons who work in commerce or agriculture.
2) Apprentices shall be counted as "employed."

Note: If the circled code corresponds to one of the following options, go to column 23 (marital status).

4. CT: seeking 1st employment or 1st job;
6. MEN: housewife;
7. ETU: elementary or middle school, high school, university student;
8. RET: retired;
9. RENT: rentier;
0. AINA: other unemployed;

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Benin 2013 — source variable BJ2013A_0427 — Economic activity (last 3 months)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Residents of 6 years or more of age (questions 20 to 24)
[Questions 20-24 were asked of persons aged 6 years or older]

21. Occupation status - Does [the person] currently work or has [the person] worked in the last 3 months for at least one continuous week?

[] 0 OCSI: employed informal sector
[] 1 OCFP: employed formal state sector
[] 2 OCFP: employed formal private sector
[] 3 CHO: unemployed
[] 4 CT: seeking first employment
[] 5 MEN: housewife
[] 6 ETU: school children and students
[] 7 RET: retired
[] 8 REN: rentier
[] 9 AINA: other inactive

[If the person chose an option between 4 and 9, go to question 25]
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

21. Occupation status

This variable allows knowing whether a person has worked for at least 7 days [continuously or not] during the last 3 months preceding your visit in the household. In other words, the reference period is determined starting on the date of your first visit in the household. This means that you should count back 3 months starting with the date of your first visit, and those 3 months correspond to the reference period [3 months in this specific case equal 90 days].

This variable's categories are:

[] 0. Employed in the informal sector [OCSI]: i.e. the company in which the person works has not be constituted according to the rules provided by legislation. In other words, this enterprise does not have a book-keeping that is regularly established and does not possess a INSAE number or a unique fiscal identifier [IFU];
[] 1. Employed in the public formal sector [OCFE]: i.e. the establishment in which the person works is an administration or a public enterprise;
[] 2. Employed in the formal private sector [OCFP]: i.e. the enterprise in which the person works a private enterprise constituted according to the rules established by law.
[] 3. Unemployed [CHO]: this is the case of a person who has worked for at least once but has not worked for at least 7 days [continuously or not] during the last 3 months and who is seeking employment;
[] 4. Seeking 1st employment [CT]: this is the case of a person who has never worked and who is seeking their first employment;
[] 5. Housewife [MEN]: all persons who exclusively take care of house work without receiving a salary and who are not seeking employment;
[] 6. Elementary school student, middle and high school student, university student [ETU]: all persons regularly attending an education establishment and who do not exercise an economic activity;
[] 7. Retired [RET]: this is an individual who no longer exercises a remunerative activity and who benefits from a retirement pension;
[] 8. Rentier [RENT]: this is a person who does not work and who lives exclusively from revenue on their property or capital;
[] 9. Other non-active [AINA]: this is a person without employment, capable of working, but who is not seeking employment.
Following the registration order for household members, circle the code corresponding to the declared occupation status of the counted person;

NB: The data on persons taking care of the household require particular attention, because some of their activities are considered part of the domain of production according to the definition of the National Accounting System and meaning that these persons have an employment [for example production and/or transformation of agricultural products, weaving, sewing], while they risk of being considered as not have an economic activity.

Q: "Have you/has [the respondent] exercised a good and services production activity in the last 3 months?"

If yes, ask:

[] Interdependently or for someone who is independent?"
[] In this case, circle the code 0 corresponding to employed informal sector;
[] In an administration or public enterprise?
[] In this case, circle the code 1 corresponding to employed formal public sector
[] In a private enterprise?
[] In this case, circle the code 2 corresponding to employed formal private sector

If No, ask:
[] Have you/has [the respondent] worked before the last 3 months?
[] If yes, chicle the code 3 corresponding to unemployed;
[] If no, ask the habitual occupation of the person, circle the corresponding code and go to question 25

NB: Apprentices are employed person and must be classified in the corresponding sectors: informal, formal private, or formal public.

If for question 21 [Occupation status], the response code if different from 0, 1, 2, or 3, do not ask questions number 22, 23, and 24. In this case, directly skip to questions number 25 [marital status].


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Bolivia 1976 — source variable BO1976A_0411 — Activity last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C. Economic Information

Only for those 7 years of age and older

12. What did you do for the largest amount of your time during the last week (the week before the census date)?

Questions 13, 14 and 15 should be answered only by those who marked boxes 1, 2 or 3. If marking one of the remaining boxes, skip directly to question 16.
[] 1 Worked
[] 2 Did not work, but had a job (vacation, illness, etc.)
[] 3 Unemployed
[] 4 Looked for work for the first time [skip to Question 16]
[] 5 Only household tasks [skip to Question 16]
[] 6 Only student [skip to Question 16]
[] 7 Retired and/or rentier [skip to Question 16]
[] 8 Other (specify) ____ [skip to Question 16]

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

C. Economic information

Questions 12, 13, 14 and 15 of Economic Information should be asked to all persons 7 years old or older.

Question 12. What did you do the main part of your time last week (before census day)?

When asking the question, read the alternatives in the indicated order, "Did you work?", "You did not work but had a job?" and so on, until obtaining a response; then, mark the respective box.

If you mark box 1, 2 or 3, ask questions 13, 14 and 15. If you mark one of the other boxes (4 to 8), go directly to question 16.


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Bolivia 1992 — source variable BO1992A_0429 — Worked last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C. Only for those 7 years of age and older - Economic characteristics

15. Of the following type of activity, which did you perform last week?

Ask in the order given and upon receiving an affirmative answer, mark the appropriate box.
If marking one of the choices in part A, go on to question 16.
If marking one of the choices in part B, skip to question 19.
A:
[] 0 Worked last week?
[] 1 Did not work but had a job? (leave, illness, vacation, etc.)
[] 2 Did household tasks and [also] worked?
[] 3 Looked for work having worked before (unemployed)?
B:
[] 4 Looked for work for the first time? [skip to Q19]
[] 5 Retired, pensioner or rentier, and did not [also] work? [skip to Q19]
[] 6 Is a student and did not [also] work? [skip to Q19]
[] 7 Did household tasks and did not [also] work? [skip to Q19]
[] 8 Other? (specify) ____ [skip to Q19]

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

C. Only for people 7 years of age and older. Economic characteristics.

Question 15. Of the following types of activity, which did you perform last week?

When asking the question, read the alternatives slowly and in the order that they appear on the Form until you get an affirmative response. When this happens, move on to the next question (16) or jump to question 19, depending on the alternative that you marked. The alternative should be marked in accordance with the following considerations:

0. Did you work last week?

This is a person who performed compensated work during the week in question, continuously or incidentally, accepting as work even activities performed for an hour or more during the week in question. Household domestic employees are included in this category. Furthermore, uncompensated family employees and apprentices are also included in this category.

1. Did you not work but had a job? (Leave, sickness, vacation, etc.)

When the person being enumerated has a job or business, but during the week in question did not work because they were on leave, on vacation, sick, temporarily absent, etc.

2. Did you perform tasks in the house and work?

When the person dedicates himself to the tasks of the home and also performed some activity, even if it was for an hour such as: selling food, handicrafts; washing, sewing or ironing for money, or helping with field work, [p. 43] planting, harvesting, or taking care or animals.

3. Did you look for work, having worked previously? (Unemployed)

This is a person who didn't work last week and actively looked for work. This person, currently unemployed, necessarily must have worked before in order to be considered within this category.

4. Did you look for work for the first time?

This is appropriate for the person who, without having worked previously, actively looked for work during the week previous to the Day of the Census.

5. Are you retired, a pensioner, or do you live off investments and did not work?

When the person receives a retirement pension, old-age benefits, or income and didn't perform any activity during the period in question.

6. Are you a student and didn't work?

When the person being enumerated devoted him/herself to study without performing any type of work.

7. Did you perform household chores and not work?

When the person devotes him/herself exclusively to household chores. People who work in compensated domestic service are not included in this category.

8. Others?

This includes those people who are not included in the previous classifications. Examples: in the case of disabled people or minors who neither work nor study.

Note: Questions 16, 17, and 18 should only be asked of those who answered within part a [responses 0 to 3] in question 15.

[p. 44]

People who responded to one of the questions in part b [responses 4 through 8] should go on to question 19.


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Bolivia 2001 — source variable BO2001A_0454 — Worked last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Chapter F. Only for persons seven years old or more.
[Questions 42-47 were asked of all persons seven years or older.]

42. Did you work last week?

[] 1 Yes [Continue with question 45]
[] 2 No

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Chapter F. Only for persons 7 years of age and older

If the person is 7 year of age or older, question 42 is presented. If younger than 7 years of age, the interview is ended and the next person is interviewed.

Question 42. During the last week, did you work?

If the answer is "yes", the oval is filled in and the enumerator will skip to question 45.

[p. 66]

The following information will allow the enumerator to differentiate between what is considered to be work and the activities not considered to be work.

What is work?

  • Work is the activity completed during the last week in the production or commercialization of goods and/or the providing of services that have an economic value in the market.
  • A remuneration or income in money or in-kind is received in exchange for this work.
  • A person is considered to have worked if at least one hour of work was completed during the last week.

Some examples of work.

  • The activities carried out in an institution, company, or public or private office.
  • The sale of articles in the street; either in a stand or as a mobile peddler.
  • The lending of services to other persons, e.g. as a domestic worker, caring for children, cooking, cleaning, etc.
  • Activities carried out in family businesses as helpers or apprentices without pay.

What activities are not considered to be work?

  • Household duties in the home, carried out by household members; with or without remuneration.
  • Un-paid volunteer work for the community.


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Bolivia 2001 — source variable BO2001A_0455 — Nonwork activity 1
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Chapter F. Only for persons seven years old or more.
[Questions 42-47 were asked of all persons seven years or older.]

43. During last week?

[Question 43 was asked of persons aged 7 years and older who did not work during the week prior to enumeration, per Question 42.]

[] 1 Had a job, but did not work due to permission, vacations, of lack of materials
[] 2 Tended to agriculture or animal husbandry
[] 3 Tended to some business, either personal or family
[] 4 Carried out some activity to receive an income
[] 5 Did not work

Answers 1, 2, 3, 4-Continue with question 45

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Chapter F. Only for persons 7 years of age and older

If the person is 7 year of age or older, question 42 is presented. If younger than 7 years of age, the interview is ended and the next person is interviewed.

Question 43. During the last week...

The question should be presented by reading each option slowly and deliberately until reaching the question mark. When an answer is given, the oval is filled in and the next question is presented.

If the answer is one of the options 1 to 4, the enumerator will skip to question 45.

For example:

Juana says that she helps her mother in the food stand.

The form is filled out as follows:

[The instructions refer to a graphic of the census form with appropriate ovals filled in.]

[p. 67]

If the person "did not work", the enumerator will proceed to question 44.

For example:

Juan, 19 years old, says that he studies to be an agricultural specialist and that he does not work.

The form is filled out as follows:

[The instructions refer to a graphic of the census form with appropriate ovals filled in.]

There are activities carried out by women and children that are only considered to be collaboration or help but [these activities] are actually work. Because of this, it is important that all of the alternatives for this question be read.


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Bolivia 2001 — source variable BO2001A_0456 — Nonwork activity 2
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Chapter F. Only for persons seven years old or more.
[Questions 42-47 were asked of all persons seven years or older.]

44. During last week?

[Question 44 was asked of persons aged 7 years and older who did not work or engage in any productive activity during the week prior to enumeration, per Questions 42 and 43.]

[] 1 Looked for work having worked before
[] 2 Looked for work for the first time
[] 3 Was a student
[] 4 Household duties or helped in a self-owned business or family business
[] 5 Retired-pensioner, collected rents
[] 6 Other

Answers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6-Continue with Chapter G

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Chapter F. Only for persons 7 years of age and older

If the person is 7 year of age or older, question 42 is presented. If younger than 7 years of age, the interview is ended and the next person is interviewed.

Question 44. During the last week...

The question should be presented by reading each option slowly and deliberately until reaching the question mark. When an answer is given, the oval is filled in and the next question is presented.

The reason for not working during the last week is investigated with this question.

The following clarifications will serve as a reference:

Did you look for work having worked previously?

Did you look for work for the first time?

Are you a student?

Did you carry out household duties? When the person carried out duties pertaining to the home, without participating in any economic activity.

This alternative does not include household employees.

Are you retired, a pensioner, or a rentier? For example: a retired teacher, benem?rito [military veteran], a person who receives an income from renting out an apartment, etc.

Other: Any other reason for not working during the reference week that is not mentioned in the previous options; for example: disabled persons, elderly persons, etc.

If any of these options are filled in, the enumerator will skip to Chapter G.


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Botswana 1991 — source variable BW1991A_0432 — Working status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Section A

(12 years and over)

12. During the past 30 days did [the respondent] work for cash?

[] 1 Yes for someone else (Go to Q. 14)
[] 2 Yes, for self (Go to Q. 14)
[] 3 No (Go to Q. 13)

13. Then what did [the person] do during the last 30 days?

[] 1 Family business
[] 2 Work at lands/farms/cattle post
[For responses 1 or 2,] go to Q.14
[] 3 Actively seeking work
[] 4 Housework
[] 5 Student
[] 6 Retired
[] 7 Other (specify)
[For responses 3 to 6,] go to Q.16 if female, else go to next person
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column A12: Work done for cash during the past 30 days

During the past 30 days did [the respondent] work for cash?

Enter the appropriate one-digit code in the shaded area:

1 Yes, for someone else: This code applies if a person has worked for someone else for cash payment during the 30 days before the census, no matter how short the period. If a person was on paid leave - annual, sick or maternity - 1 is still the appropriate code. If you enter 1 in column A12, you should put a dash in column A13 and go to column A14.

2 Yes, for self: This code applies if a person was self-employed during the 30 days before the census. Remember that those who work for cash reward include those who work for wages, salaries, fees, commissions and the like, while the self-employed include those who are in business for themselves, such as farmers (who farm with the specific intention of selling their products), shop owners, hawkers, those who repair shoes or cut hair under a tree, or those who weave baskets or sell oranges for their living. If you enter 2 in column A12, you should put a dash in column A13 and go to column A14.

3 No: This code applies if the person did not work at all for cash payment during the last 30 days. Included in this group are farmers who grow mainly for household consumption; individuals who worked at farms, lands or cattleposts without receiving cash payment; and those who worked in a family business without receiving cash payment. If any of these individuals received any cash payment for their work, however small, they should be coded 1 or 2, as appropriate.

If you enter 3 in column A12, you should go to A13 to find out what the person was doing during the past 30 days (since he/she was not working for cash).

In the sample questionnaire on page 26, James worked for someone else during the past 30 days and received cash, so he is coded 1 in column A12. Anne did not work for cash (although she did some farming on the lands), so she is coded 3. Since Mimi and Molelo are under 12 years old, the question does not apply to them, and dashes are entered in column A12 for them. Anthony did not work for cash (since he is a student), so he is coded 3. David was self-employed and is coded 2. Thembe did not work for cash either and is coded 3.


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Botswana 2001 — source variable BW2001A_0421 — Working status during the past 7 days
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

All persons 12 years and over
[Questions A16-A26]

A22. Did [the person] do any type of work for pay, profit or home use for at least 1 hour in the past 7 days?

[] 1 Yes [Go to A24]
[] 2 No [If no, has the person worked at lands/ cattle posts?]
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

109b. Column A16-A26: These questions apply only to persons aged 12 years and more. If the person is under 12 years of age, then when you reach column A16 you should put dashes in the shaded areas for columns A16 -- A32 and proceed to the next listed person in the household.

112. Column A22: Current economic activity: This is the work or something of economic value that someone is currently doing either for payment in any form or for no pay.

Q: What has [the person] been doing mainly in the past 7days?

Enter the appropriate one-digit code in the shaded area:

[] 01 Worked for payment (cash or in-kind):
Codes 01 should be used for someone who did work or any economic activity for payment where the payment was either hard cash or in any form (referred to as payment in kind)

[] 02 Worked in family business (unpaid):
There are people who work in businesses of family members or other relatives and they are not paid as the work they do is regarded as help to the owner of the business, because the owner is a family member, relative or a friend. So those people engaging in such activities for no payment like those in family business should be coded 02.

[] 03 Worked at the lands/farms/cattle post (unpaid):
Those individuals who worked at farms, lands or cattle-posts, but did not receive payment of any form should be coded 03. This situation is common among farmers who grow mainly for household consumption (rather than to sell their products), and their children, other relatives and friends are normally expected to do work without any reward. Seasonal workers are the most affected by this situation.

[] 04 Job Seeker:
This category applies to all those people who are actively looking for a job. These people could be visiting potential employers, looking for jobs advertisements on the newspapers, or in any other way of looking for a job. The steps should have been taken during the past seven days. When this category is encountered A23 to A25 which for persons who have not reported to be unemployed are skipped, as such this category takes us to A26 where there is more probing on job seeking efforts.

Note: If the person in question is male and the response are categories 05 to 08, then skip to the next person.

[] 05 Home maker:
Remember that either a female or a male not economically active could be responsible for daily housework, i.e. cleaning of the house and premises, preparing food and other household duties. People doing this kind of activity should be coded 05. It should however be noted that domestic servants working for pay are classified as economically active.

[] 06 Student:
A student is a person, at least 12 years of age, who, as a result of attending school for most of the day, does not work.

[] 07 Retired:
A retired person is a woman or a man who, as a result of old age or disability, cannot do any type of work.

[] 08 Sick:
This is a person who cannot or who had to leave work as a result of illness or due to poor health conditions. A medical doctor could have made a recommendation that the person should not work at all.

[] Other (specify):
If the person was doing something else, other than the possibilities listed above, then write in what the person was doing in the unshaded area in column A22. If you need more space, use the comments box.

Generally speaking, if a person has had more than one activity during the past 7 days, it is the foremost of these that must be taken (i.e. that which took up most time and/or which was most rewarding). There is, however, an exception to this:

Everything takes precedence over "home maker". For example, if a person spent all his time doing housework - except for half a day when he went looking for work - he must be coded 04 as "job seeker" and not 05 as being "homemaker".


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Botswana 2001 — source variable BW2001A_0422 — Activity if not working in the past 7 days
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

All persons 12 years and over
[Questions A16-A26]

A23. Since [the person] was not working, what did he/she do?

[] 1 Actively seeking work
[] 2 Home maker
[] 3 Student
[] 4 Retired
[] 5 Sick
[] Other (specify)

[If female, go to A27, if male go to next person]

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

109b. Column A16-A26: These questions apply only to persons aged 12 years and more. If the person is under 12 years of age, then when you reach column A16 you should put dashes in the shaded areas for columns A16 -- A32 and proceed to the next listed person in the household.

112. Column A22: Current economic activity: This is the work or something of economic value that someone is currently doing either for payment in any form or for no pay.

Q: What has [the person] been doing mainly in the past 7days?

Enter the appropriate one-digit code in the shaded area:

[] 01 Worked for payment (cash or in-kind):
Codes 01 should be used for someone who did work or any economic activity for payment where the payment was either hard cash or in any form (referred to as payment in kind)

[] 02 Worked in family business (unpaid):
There are people who work in businesses of family members or other relatives and they are not paid as the work they do is regarded as help to the owner of the business, because the owner is a family member, relative or a friend. So those people engaging in such activities for no payment like those in family business should be coded 02.

[] 03 Worked at the lands/farms/cattle post (unpaid):
Those individuals who worked at farms, lands or cattle-posts, but did not receive payment of any form should be coded 03. This situation is common among farmers who grow mainly for household consumption (rather than to sell their products), and their children, other relatives and friends are normally expected to do work without any reward. Seasonal workers are the most affected by this situation.

[] 04 Job Seeker:
This category applies to all those people who are actively looking for a job. These people could be visiting potential employers, looking for jobs advertisements on the newspapers, or in any other way of looking for a job. The steps should have been taken during the past seven days. When this category is encountered A23 to A25 which for persons who have not reported to be unemployed are skipped, as such this category takes us to A26 where there is more probing on job seeking efforts.

Note: If the person in question is male and the response are categories 05 to 08, then skip to the next person.

[] 05 Home maker:
Remember that either a female or a male not economically active could be responsible for daily housework, i.e. cleaning of the house and premises, preparing food and other household duties. People doing this kind of activity should be coded 05. It should however be noted that domestic servants working for pay are classified as economically active.

[] 06 Student:
A student is a person, at least 12 years of age, who, as a result of attending school for most of the day, does not work.

[] 07 Retired:
A retired person is a woman or a man who, as a result of old age or disability, cannot do any type of work.

[] 08 Sick:
This is a person who cannot or who had to leave work as a result of illness or due to poor health conditions. A medical doctor could have made a recommendation that the person should not work at all.

[] Other (specify):
If the person was doing something else, other than the possibilities listed above, then write in what the person was doing in the unshaded area in column A22. If you need more space, use the comments box.

Generally speaking, if a person has had more than one activity during the past 7 days, it is the foremost of these that must be taken (i.e. that which took up most time and/or which was most rewarding). There is, however, an exception to this:

Everything takes precedence over "home maker". For example, if a person spent all his time doing housework - except for half a day when he went looking for work - he must be coded 04 as "job seeker" and not 05 as being "homemaker".


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Botswana 2011 — source variable BW2011A_0440 — Employment status since Independence Day 2010
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

A. Person Information

Economic activity

19. What has [the respondent] been doing mainly since Independence Day 2010?

Seasonal work
[] 01 Paid
[] 02 Unpaid
Non-seasonal work
[] 03 Paid
[] 04 Unpaid
Other
[] 05 Job seeker
[] 06 Home work
[] 07 Student
[] 08 Retired
[] 09 Sick
[] 10 Prisoner
[] 12 Other (specify) ________
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

All Persons Aged 12 years and over

145. Column A18-A25
These questions apply only to persons aged 12 and years and over. If the person is less than 12 years of age, then when you reach column A16 you should put dashes in the shaded areas for columns A16-A31 and proceed to the next listed person in the household.

148. Column A20: Usual economic activity
Q. What has the respondent been doing mainly since Independence Day 2010?
You must call out all the listed work activities. These work activities are to assist in determining the employment status of an individual. Often one would have been engaged in more than one work activity during the past twelve months. For instance, an individual could have had casual wage employment some months back, but during other months performed an agricultural activity. A person is usually employed if months employed is greater or equal to months unemployed. A person is usually unemployed if months unemployed are greater than months employed. If a person did none of the listed work activities, ask him/her what was his/her main activity in the past 12 months.
Enter the appropriate two-digit code in the shaded area

a. 01 and 02: Seasonal work
Codes 01 and 02 should be used for someone who did seasonal work for payment and for no payment respectively. Seasonal work should be regarded as work or economic activity, which is normally done during certain seasons or periods of the year. An example of this type of work is harvesting which is normally done for three months of the year when it is the time for harvesting. So those people engaging in such activities for no payment like those in family lands etc. should be coded 02. Payments could be in cash, in kind, or any other form.
b. 03 and 04: Non-seasonal work
This refers to economic activity or normal work usually done at all times of the year. Just like in seasonal work above this could also be paid in kind or for cash payment. When the activity is done for payment the code to be used should be 03 and 04 when the activity is done for no pay.
c. 05: Job seeker
A person who was mainly seeking work during the past year should be considered to be actively seeking work.
d. 06: Housework
Remember that either a female or a male could be responsible for daily housework, i.e. cleaning of the house and premises, preparing food, and other household duties. People doing this kind of activity should be coded 06. It should however be noted that domestic servants working for pay are classified as economically active.
e. 07: Student
A student is a person, at least 12 years of age, who, as a result of attending school for most of the day, does not work.
f. 08: Retired
A retired person is someone who as a result of old age, ill health, or other reason is not doing any type of work. It should be noted that a person who has retired from his/her permanent job but at the moment working somewhere (working on contract basis or any paying job) should not fall under this category.
g. Sick
This is a person who cannot or who had to leave work as a result of illness or due to poor health conditions. A medical doctor could have made a recommendation that the person should not work at all.
h. Other (specify)
If a person was doing something else other than in the categories listed above, then write in what the person was doing in the unshaded area of column A20. If you need more space, use the comments box.

[Table omitted.]


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Brazil 1960 — source variable BR1960A_0422 — Non-economic activity
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Only for people 10 years and older
[Applies to questions O - U]

U. If person didn't work in the year prior to the date of the census, what is the occupation or situation that he/she considers principal?

[] 74 domestic affairs
[] 75 student
[] 76 retired
[] 77 lives on rent income
[] 78 temporary illness
[] 79 permanent incapacity
[] 80 imprisoned
[] 81 no occupation

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

The following questions are shown only on questionnaire C.d. 2. The questions will be asked only to persons age 10 or over

Question U - If the respondent did not work during the year preceding the date of the Census, what occupation or situation does he or she consider the most important?

Only persons who did not exercise any economic occupation during the year preceding the date of the Census, that is, during the period extending from September 1, 1959, to August 31, 1960, should answer this question.

Economic occupation is considered any work which is exercised for the purpose of receiving monetary remuneration (salaries, wages, bonuses, subsidies, profits, income from artistic or handicraft-related work, commissions, tips, etc.) or in kind (part of products received from farming, extractive or industrial operations). Even without remuneration, economic occupations exercised by family members (Question Z) and religious (priests, ministers, friars, nuns, etc.) should be considered.
One of the rectangles for this question should be marked with an X only for those who did not exercise any economic occupation during the year preceding the date of the Census, according to the following criteria:

Domestic chores - A person who exercises his or her occupation at home, without remuneration.
Student - a person who is attending school;
Retired - a person who receives income resulting from retirement from work which he or she exercised at an earlier date or who receives a pension from pension funds left by the death of a person upon whom he or she was dependent;
Lives on earnings - a person who earns income deriving from investment of his or her own capital;
Temporary illness - a person who did not work during the year preceding the date of the Census due to temporary illness, whether employed or not;
Permanent disability - a person who does not work due to permanent illness or disability, without being retired or living on revenue. Persons age 70 or over who do not exercise an occupation should be included in this case;
Prisoner - Serving sentence, even if he or she exercises an occupation in the prison;
[p. 36]
Unoccupied - a person who does not exercise an occupation, even though he or she is able to do so. Persons who are able to work but live on donations, help from others, etc. should be included in this case.


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Brazil 1960 — source variable BR1960A_0424 — Occupation last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Only for people who worked in the year prior to the census date
[Applies to questions V - Z]

W. During the last week, person was exercising occupation declared in the previous question (inclusive of vacation or leave), other occupation, or was unemployed?

[] 82 occupation declared in previous question
[] 83 other occupation
[] 84 unemployed

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

The following questions will only be asked of those persons who worked during the year preceding the date of the census
(September 1, 1959, to August 31, 1960)

[Applies to questions V - Z]

Question W - In the last week, were you exercising the occupation declared in the preceding question (including being on vacation or on leave), another occupation, or were you unemployed?

This question will be answered by persons who exercised an economic occupation during the year preceding the date of the Census
One of the following should be marked:

Occupation declared in the preceding question - if, during the week preceding the date of the Census, the respondent was exercising the occupation declared in Question V (even if on vacation or on leave).
Another occupation - if, during the week preceding the date of the Census, the respondent was exercising an economic occupation different from that declared in Question V.
Unemployed - if the respondent, having worked during the year preceding the date of the Census, was unemployed during the week preceding the date of the Census.


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Brazil 1970 — source variable BR1970A_0421 — Employment situation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Only for people 10 years and older
[Applies to questions 18 - 22]

22. If person doesn't work, nor seeks work, what is the occupation or situation that he/she considers principal?

[] 0 domestic affairs
[] 1 student
[] 2 retired
[] 3 lives on rent income
[] 4 sick or invalid
[] 5 imprisoned
[] 6 no occupation
[] 7 working or seeking work

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 22 - If respondent neither works nor is looking for work, what occupation or situation does he or she consider the main one?

(Only for persons age 10 or over)

Record:

a) one of the following situations for those who neither exercise an occupation nor are looking for work:
[p. 42]
Domestic chores - A person who renders domestic services at home, without remuneration.
Student - a person who is attending school;
Retired - a person who receives income resulting from retirement from work which he or she exercised at an earlier date (retired, etc.) or who receives a pension from a government pension or social assistance fund left upon the death of a person upon whom he or she was dependent;
Lives on earnings - a person who earns income deriving from investment of his or her own capital;
Sickness or disability - a person who did not work during the year preceding the date of the Census due to illness, or temporary or permanent disability, without being retired or living on earnings. Persons age 70 or over who do not exercise an occupation should be included in this category;
Prisoner - Serving sentence, even if he or she exercises an occupation in the prison;
Unoccupied - a person who does not exercise an occupation, even though he or she is able to do so. Persons who are able to work, but who live on donations, help from others, etc., are included in this category.
b) Works or is looking for work - a person who exercises an economic occupation, that is, one which is practiced in order to receive payment in cash or kind (part of the products obtained from exercising agricultural, extractive or industrial activity) and a person who is looking for work, even if he or she has never worked before.

Work exercised by members of the family of the owners or partners of a company is also considered an economic occupation, even if no remuneration is received, as well as work exercised by religious people (priests, ministers, friars, nuns, etc.).


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Brazil 1970 — source variable BR1970A_0425 — Occupation last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Only for people who worked in the 12 months prior to the census date (Sept-1-1969 through Aug-31-1970) or who are seeking work (response 7 in #22)
[Applies to questions 23 - 28]

26. During the last week (August 25-31, 1970), person was :

[] 1 working in primary occupation only
[] 2 working in other occupation only
[] 3 working in primary occupation and other occupation
[] 4 unemployed
[] 5 seeking employment for the 1st time

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 26 - In the last week (August 25 to 31, 1970), was exercising:

(Only for persons age 10 or over who worked during the twelve month period prior to the date of the Census or are looking for work for the 1st time)

Record:

Only usual occupation - for persons who, in the week prior to the date of the Census, exercised only the occupation recorded in Question 23;
[p. 51]
Usual occupation and other occupation - for persons who, during the week prior to the date of the Census, exercised some other occupation besides that recorded in Question 23;
Other occupation - for those who, during the week prior to the date of the Census, exercised only one occupation different from that recorded for Question 23;
Unemployed - for persons who exercised an economic occupation during the twelve month period prior to the date of the Census and were unemployed during the last week;
Looking for work for 1st time - for those who never worked and were looking for work on the date of the Census.


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Brazil 1980 — source variable BR1980A_0429 — Current activity
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

The following questions are to be filled out only for the person 10 years or older
[Applies to questions 25 -49]

29. If responded yes in question 28 mark 0 box and go to question 30. If responded no in question 28, indicate the situation or occupation in the correct place and skip to question 46

[] 0 worked
Seeking work:
[] 1x has worked
[] 2x never worked
[] 3x retired or prisoner
[] 4x live on rent
[] 5x imprisoned
[] 6x student
[] 7x sick or invalid
[] 8x homemaker
[] 9x no occupation

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

The following questions will only be filled out for persons age 10 or over, that is, those born before September 1, 1970.

[Applies to questions 25-49]

Question 29 - If the person answered yes in Question 28, mark Box 0 (zero) and go on to Question 30. If he or she answered no, indicate the appropriate situation or occupation, following the numbered order, and then go on to Question 46

When the answer to Question 28 is yes, the Box - Worked - will be marked and the following questions will be answered.
When the answer to Question 28 is no, one of Boxes 1 to 9 will be marked, as the case may be; Question 46 will then be asked, and Questions 30 to 45 will be left blank.
If the person can be classified into more than one of the situations presented, the first in the order presented will be marked. For these, consider:

Looking for work - Already worked - a person who had worked before 9/1/1979, is willing to work, and has taken some measure in the last 2 months to find work, specifically: made contact with employers, employment agencies, labor unions or the like; asked relatives, friends or colleagues; looked for a job in want ads, etc.; this category includes those who have found work and are waiting to be called or who have signed up for a selection process;
Looking for work - Never worked - a person who never worked but is willing to work and who, in recent months, took at least one of the measures described in the preceding item;
Retired or pensioner - a person who receives income resulting from retirement from work which he or she exercised at an earlier date (retired, etc.) or who receives a pension from a government pension or social assistance fund left upon the death of a person upon whom he or she was dependent. A person who, retired during the reference period (9/1/1979 to 8/31/1980), should not be considered as retired. In this case yes will be marked in Question 28, - the declared [occupation], and the occupation exercised upon retirement, in Question 30.
Lives on earnings - a person who lives only on earnings arising from use of capital or property of which he or she has usus fructus, such as rent from real estate, movable items, etc., interest from stocks and bonds, dividends, etc.;
Prisoner - serving sentence, even if he or she exercises an occupation in the prison;
Student - a person who did not work nor looked for work, does not live on earnings, nor was a prisoner, and was attending some course among those listed in Questions 21 or 22;
Sick or invalid - a person who cannot work due to illness or permanent disability, but is not on leave from work, retired, living on earnings, in prison or a student;
Domestic chores - a person who only works caring for the house where he or she lives; or
No occupation - a person who does not want to work or who, although desiring to work, stopped looking because he or she failed to find any job and does not fit into any of the above categories.


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Brazil 1991 — source variable BR1991A_0448 — Worked during all or some of the last 12 months
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

45. Worked all or part of the last 12 months (1 September 1989 to 31 August 1990). If 3 (didn't work), skip to question 58.
Worked:
[] 1 regularly
[] 2 sporadically
[] 3 didn't work

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 45 - Worked during all or some of the last 12 months (9/1/1989 to 8/31/1990)

This question is intended to identify whether the person worked during the last 12 months, that is, between September 1, 1989 and August 31, 1990.

Persons will be considered as having worked if, during the entire last 12 months or part thereof, they exercised remunerated work paid in monetary values or in products or merchandise, including workers on paid leave (determined by the Federal Health Service (INAMPS)), scholarship grant, pregnancy allowance, breast feeding allowance, etc. and those without remuneration who worked regularly at least 15 hours per week in an economic activity helping a person with whom he or she lived or cooperating with charitable, social, or cooperative institutions or as a trainee, apprentice, etc.

For persons who worked, mark:

1 - Regularly - persons who exercised a remunerated occupation, even if only for a few hours per day, per week or per month as a salaried or self-employed worker or as an employer, or non-remunerated persons who worked regularly at least 15 hours per week.
[p. 74]
According to these criteria, the following people are included in this category:
Persons who exercised seasonal or intermittent work in the last 12 months, as is the case of persons who are contracted during certain periods for agricultural activity (planting, harvesting, cutting, etc.), for an activity involving plant extraction (pickers, cutters, breakers, etc.) or mineral extraction (gold miner, diver) who worked only during certain periods for climactic reasons, such as the rainy season, high water season on the rivers, etc.;
Workers such as plumbers, gas workers, stone masons, house painters, upholsterers, seamstresses, manicures, etc. who exercise one or multiple unestablished trades and who do not work all the time, but who have a place where they can be found or receive a message when their work is needed;
Religious who exercised some productive work, such as education, nursing, social work, religious services, etc.;
Soldiers convoked for military service;
Women who worked during the last 12 months even if, at the end of the period, have ceased working due to marriage or childbirth; or
Persons who worked part of the year preceding the date of the census but ceased to work due to retirement, whether or not they currently exercise an economic activity.
2 - Worked occasionally - persons who exercised only remunerated work for a certain period, without being able to continue due to any of a number of situations, such as:
Students during vacation periods;
Lack of job opportunities - for persons who only work in industrial establishments or clothing factories during periods of heavy production;
In commercial or service establishments for periodic events such as religious celebrations (Christmas, pilgrimages, etc.), Mardi Gras, or other tourist occasions; or
For not wanting to work or for lack of opportunity, better known as "jack-of-all-trades" or persons who do "odd jobs."
[p. 75]
3 - Did not work - persons who, between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, was only looking for work, exercising domestic tasks at their own home, studying, living on earnings, on capital investments, on retirement, on pension left by another person, on alimony, being sick or invalid without being on leave from a job, or who did not work for having given up looking, for lack of success.

The following will also be included as not worked:
Persons not remunerated who worked regularly for less than 15 hours per week;
Religious who are dedicated exclusively to study or meditation; or
Prisoners serving sentence, even if they exercised a productive activity in the prison.
If Box 3 - Did not work - was marked, go on to Question 58.

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Brazil 1991 — source variable BR1991A_0467 — Condition of activities
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

58. If in question 45, responded "don't work", indicate the situation or occupation currently in, following the enumerated order. If "worked", skip to question 59.
Seeking work:
[] 1 have worked
[] 2 never worked
[] 3 retired
[] 4 pensioner
[] 5 live on rent
[] 6 prisoner
[] 7 student
[] 8 sick or invalid
[] 9 homemaker
[] 0 no occupation

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 58 - If, in question 45, the person marked did not work, indicate his or her situation or occupation, according to the specified numbered order. if the person worked, do not fill out this question, and go on to question 59

When, in Question 45, the answer was Did Not Work, one of the Boxes from 1 to 0 should be marked, as the case may be.

If the person is classified into more than one of the listed situations, the first in the order established will be marked.

Consider:

1 - Looking for work - Already worked - a person who had worked before 9/1/1989, is willing to work, and has taken some measure in the last 2 months to find work, specifically: made contact with employers, employment agencies, labor unions or the like; asked relatives, friends or colleagues; looked for a job in want ads, etc.; this category includes those who have found work and are waiting to be called or who have signed up for a selection process;
[p. 93]
2 - Looking for work - Never worked - a person who never worked but is willing to work and who, in the last 2 months, took at least one of the measures described in the preceding item;
3 - Retired - a person who lives on income deriving from work exercised in the past (retired, etc.). Do not consider as retired a person who has worked part of the period of reference;
4 - Pensioner - a person who lives on income from a pension fund or institute. Do not consider a person who lives only on alimony as a pensioner;
5 -Lives on earnings - a person who lives only on earnings arising from use of capital or property of which he or she has usus fructus, such as rent from real estate, movable items, etc., interest from stocks and bonds, dividends, etc.;
6. Prisoner - serving sentence, even if he or she exercises an occupation in the prison;
7. Student - a person who did not work nor looked for work, does not live on earnings, nor was a prisoner, and was attending some course among those listed in Questions 25 or 26;
8. Sick or invalid - a person who cannot work due to illness or permanent disability, but is not on leave from work, retired, living on earnings, in prison or a student;
9. Domestic chores - a person who only works caring for the house where he or she lives and is not remunerated.
A person who regularly carries out domestic chores but who helps a person with whom he or she lives (even without remuneration) in an economic activity (cutting sugar cane, clearing land, harvesting, etc.) will be considered as having worked; or
0 - No occupation - a person who does not want to work or who, although desiring to work, stopped looking because he or she failed to find any job and does not fit into any of the above categories.


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Brazil 2000 — source variable BR2000A_0484 — Had remunerated work last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons 10 years old or older (born until July 31, 1990)
[Applies to questions 4.36 - 4.61]

4.39 During the week of July 23-29, 2000, did you work in any remunerated activity? (Including the activity of the preparation of any product, sale or supply of any service in your own home)

[] 1 yes (go to 4.44)
[] 2 no

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

For persons age 10 or over (born on or before July 31, 1990)
[Applies to questions 4.36 - 4.61]

Question 4.39 - Did you work in any remunerated activity during the week July of 23 to 29, 2000? (including the activity of preparing some product or selling or rendering some service in the household itself).

Mark, as the case may be:

1 - Yes - for persons who exercised some remunerated work (Items a and b of the concept of work) during all or part of the week of reference.
Also include as "Yes" persons the nature of whose work entails offering their services or waiting in certain places for clients or customers even if, during the entire week of reference, failed to have any customers or clients.
2 - No - for persons who, during the week of reference, did not have any remunerated work or had only non-remunerated work (Item c of the concept of work) or worked only in production for his or her own consumption (Item d of the concept of work).
Also include as "No" persons who had remunerated work in the week of reference, but did not exercise it due to being temporarily away from work for reasons of vacation, leave (remunerated or not), voluntarily absence, on strike, temporary suspension of contract, illness, bad weather or some other reason.


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Brazil 2000 — source variable BR2000A_0486 — Had work but was off last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons 10 years old or older (born until July 31, 1990)
[Applies to questions 4.36 - 4.61]

4.40 During the week of July 23-29, 2000 did you have any remunerated work from which you were temporarily absent? (Because of vacation, leave, voluntary leave, bad weather conditions or for another reason)

[] 1 yes (go to 4.44)
[] 2 no

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

For persons age 10 or over (born on or before July 31, 1990)
[Applies to questions 4.36 - 4.61]

Question 4.40 - In the week of July 23 to 29, 2000, did you have any remunerated work from which you were temporarily absent? (for reasons of vacation, leave, voluntary absence, illness, bad weather or some other reason).

Mark, as the case may be:

1 - Yes - for persons who had some remunerated work (See Items a and b of the concept of work) but did not exercise it during the entire week of reference for reasons of vacation, leave (remunerated or not), voluntary absence from work, on strike, temporary suspension of employment contract, illness, bad weather, machine breakdown, reduced production or any other impediment not dependent on the person's will.
2 - No - for persons who had no remunerated work during the week of reference or had only non-remunerated work (Item c of the concept of work) or worked only in the production for personal consumption (Item d of the concept of work).


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Brazil 2000 — source variable BR2000A_0488 — Unpaid non-farm household or apprentice work last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons 10 years old or older (born until July 31, 1990)
[Applies to questions 4.36 - 4.61]

4.41 During the week of July 23-29, 2000 did you help, without remuneration, in the work of a member of the household who is self-employed or an employer, or as a apprentice or intern?

[] 1 yes (go to 4.44)
[] 2 no

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

For persons age 10 or over (born on or before July 31, 1990)
[Applies to questions 4.36 - 4.61]

Question 4.41 - During the week of July 23 to 29, 2000, did you help in the work exercised by a self-employed person or employer, resident of the household, either as an apprentice or trainee, without remuneration?

Mark, as the case may be:

1 - Yes - for persons who, during the week of reference, worked but was not remunerated, helping in the work of a self-employed person or employer who was a resident of the household, or worked as a non-remunerated apprentice or trainee.
2 - No - for persons who did not have work during the week of reference or had only non-remunerated work in helping a resident of the household who was employed in the production of primary goods (Item c2 of the concept of work) or in production for personal consumption (Item d of the concept of work).

Consider as self-employed any person who worked at his or her own enterprise, alone or with a partner, without having employees but possibly with the help of a non-remunerated worker;

Consider as employer any person who worked at his or her own enterprise with at least one employee;

Consider as an enterprise any company, institution, organization, firm, business undertaking, etc., or work without an establishment, carried out individually or with the help of other persons (employees, partners or non-remunerated workers).


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Brazil 2000 — source variable BR2000A_0490 — Unpaid farm labor last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons 10 years old or older (born until July 31, 1990)
[Applies to questions 4.36 - 4.61]

4.42 During the week of July 23-29, 2000, did you help without remuneration, in the work of a member of the household employed in the activity of cultivation, plant extraction, raising of animals, hunting, fishing or mining?

[] 1 yes (go to 4.44)
[] 2 no

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

For persons age 10 or over (born on or before July 31, 1990)
[Applies to questions 4.36 - 4.61]

Question 4.42 - Did you, during the week of July 23 to 29, 2000 help, without remuneration, in the work exercised by a resident of the household employed in an activity related to farming, plant extraction, animal raising, hunting, fishing or gold mining?

Mark, as the case may be:

1 - Yes - for persons who, during the week of reference, exercised non-remunerated work helping in the work of a resident of the household employed in the production of primary goods (farming, silviculture, cattle raising, plant or mineral extraction, hunting, fishing or fish raising);
2 - No - for persons who did not have any work during the week of reference or had only work in production for personal consumption (Item d of the concept of work).

Consider as employed persons who worked for an employer (individual or legal entity) generally agreeing to comply with working hours and, in return receiving payment in monetary values, merchandise, products or benefits (housing, food, clothing, etc.).


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Brazil 2000 — source variable BR2000A_0492 — Grew crops to feed household last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons 10 years old or older (born until July 31, 1990)
[Applies to questions 4.36 - 4.61]

4.43 During the week of July 23-29, 2000, did you work in the activity of cultivation, plant extraction, raising of animals or fish that was meant to feed members of the household?

[] 1 yes
[] 2 no (go to 4.45)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

For persons age 10 or over (born on or before July 31, 1990)
[Applies to questions 4.36 - 4.61]

Question 4.43 - Did you, during the week of July 23 to 29, 2000, work in an activity related to crops, plant extraction, animal raising or fishing for the purpose of providing food for residents in the household?

Mark, as the case may be:

1 - Yes - for persons who, during the week of reference, worked in the production of goods in the type of work which includes farming, silviculture, cattle raising, plant extraction, fishing, and fish raising, destined to serve only as food for at least one resident of the household.
2 - No - for persons who did not have any work during the week of reference.
Enterprise

Consider as an enterprise any company, institution, organization, firm, business undertaking, etc., or work without an establishment, carried out individually or with the help of other persons (employees, partners or non-remunerated workers).

[p. 121]

The enterprise may consist of:

  • a single establishment;
  • two or more establishments; or
  • no establishment.


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Brazil 2000 — source variable BR2000A_0531 — Efforts to find work
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons 10 years old or older (born until July 31, 1990)
[Applies to questions 4.36 - 4.61]

4.55 During the period June 30 and July 29, did you do anything to get a job?

[] 1 yes
[] 2 no

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

For persons age 10 or over (born on or before July 31, 1990)
[Applies to questions 4.36 - 4.61]

Question 4.55 - In the period between June 30 and July 29, 2000, did you take any measures to obtain some type of work?

Mark, as the case may be:

1 - Yes
2 - No

Consider the following as measures to find work:

  • consult employers;
  • participate in selection processes;
  • check at employment agencies or labor unions;
  • place or respond to an advertisement;
  • consult relatives, friends or colleagues; and
[pg. 130]
  • take measures to start one's own company or some other measure with the specific purpose of getting work.


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Brazil 2010 — source variable BR2010A_0451 — Paid work last week (for at least one hour)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

6. Resident characteristics

Work and earnings
For persons aged 10 years or older
[Questions 6.41 to 6.59 were asked for persons 10 years of age or older.]

In the week of 25 to 31 July, 2010, for at least 1 hour:
6.41 Did you work in some paid activity: for cash, products, goods or benefits?
(Benefits: housing, food, training, etc.)

[] 1 Yes (Skip to 6.45)
[] 2 No (Go to 6.42)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Work and Income
For residents 10 years of age or older

During the week of July 25 to July 31 2010, for at least one hour:
6.41 - Have you worked and earned cash, products, goods or benefits?
Depending on the situation, record:

1 - Yes - If a person has had a paid job for at least a full hour on the week of reference. Include in this option, a person whose work involves offering his/her services or waiting on customers or clients and, worked for at least a full hour on the week of reference, even if he/she did not have customers or clients.

2 - No- For a person who:
  • Did not have a paid job on the week in reference;
  • During the week of reference did not have paid work because he/she was temporarily away due: to vacation days, leave (paid or unpaid), voluntary absence, strike, temporary suspension of the contract, illness, bad weather conditions or another reason.

For example: a person was employed in a bank and, on the week in reference, did not work because of vacation days. For that person you must register option 2 - No, because he/she was working, but did not exert his/her function throughout the week of reference.


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Brazil 2010 — source variable BR2010A_0452 — Paid work last week while temporarily away from that job
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

6. Resident characteristics

Work and earnings
For persons aged 10 years or older
[Questions 6.41 to 6.59 were asked for persons 10 years of age or older.]

In the week of 25 to 31 July, 2010:
6.42 Did you have any paid work from which you were temporarily away?
(Due to: vacations, leave, voluntary absence, strike, disease, bad weather conditions, etc.)

[Question 6.42 was asked of persons who had not worked and earned in the reference week, per question 6.41.]
[] 1 Yes (Skip to 6.45)
[] 2 No (Go to 6.43)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Work and Income
For residents 10 years of age or older

During the week July 25 to 31, 2010:
6.42 - Did you have a paid job in which you were temporarily away?

Depending on the situation, record:

1 - Yes- For the person who had a paid job on the week in reference, but did not work even a full hour because he/she was temporarily away due to: vacation days, leave (paid), voluntary absence, strike, temporary suspension of the contract, illness, bad weather conditions, broken machinery, or any other reason that impeded her/him to work.
For example: a person was employed in a bank and, on the week in reference, did not work because of vacation days. For that person you must register code 1-Yes, because she/he has a job, but did not work during the week in reference.
2 - No - For the person who, on the week in reference, had no paid work.

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Brazil 2010 — source variable BR2010A_0453 — Unpaid work for other resident last week (for at least one hour)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

6. Resident characteristics

Work and earnings
For persons aged 10 years or older
[Questions 6.41 to 6.59 were asked for persons 10 years of age or older.]

In the week of 25 to 31 July, 2010, for at least 1 hour:
6.43 Did you have any kind of work without payment, like helping another member of household who is paid for this work?

[Question 6.43 was asked for persons who had not worked for pay in the reference week and did not report being temporarily away from paid work in that time period, per 6.42.]
[] 1 Yes (Skip to 6.45)
[] 2 No (Go to 6.44)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
In the week of July 25 to 31, 2010, for at least one hour:
6.43 ? Did you work without payment for a member of your household?

Depending on the situation, record:

1 - Yes - For the person who, for at least a full hour on the week in reference, did unpaid work in order to help in an economic activity for a member of his/her household.
For example: A person lives with his/her father, who runs a bar. This person helps his/her father as a clerk at the bar every day for 2 (two) hours without payment. To that person, you should assign the code 1- Yes.
2 - No - For a person who:
  • Has not, throughout the week in reference, worked and has not received payment to help a household resident.
  • For example: A seamstress receives daily help from her daughter to do trimming. The daughter, who lives with her mother receives no payment, but she traveled and has not worked on the week of reference. For the daughter, select code 2 - No.

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Brazil 2010 — source variable BR2010A_0454 — Worked for household subsistence last week (for at least one hour)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

6. Resident characteristics

Work and earnings
For persons aged 10 years or older
[Questions 6.41 to 6.59 were asked for persons 10 years of age or older.]

In the week of 25 to 31 July, 2010, for at least 1 hour:
6.44 Did you work in any agricultural, animal breeding or fishing activities for only household members' consumption?
(Including hunting, and vegetal extraction.)

[Question 6.44 was asked of persons who reported not working for pay, not being on leave, and not helping with the paid work of other members of the household during the reference week, per question 6.43.]
[] 1 Yes (Skip to 6.46)
[] 2 No (Skip to 6.54)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Work and Income
For residents 10 years of age or older

In the week of July 25 to 31 2010, for at least one hour:
6.44 ? Have you worked on a plantation, farming or fishing, only to acquire food supplies for the household's residents?
(Including hunting and plant extraction)

Depending on the situation, record:

1 - Yes - For the person who worked for at least one hour, in cultivation, plant extraction, fishing, aquaculture, breeding or hunting animals intended only to acquire food supplies for at least one member of the household (i.e., production was not for sale or exchange).
For example: A person reported that in addition to housework, she/he worked on the cultivation of vegetables for household food supplies. During the week in reference, this person spent eight (8) hours working on cultivation of vegetables. For that person you must code 1 ? Yes.
2 - No - For the person who, on the week in reference, had no job

.


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Brazil 2010 — source variable BR2010A_0477 — Looked for job from July 25 to July 31, 2010
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

6. Resident characteristics

6.54 During the period of 02 to 31 July, 2010, have you taken steps to get a job?

[Question 6.54 was asked for persons who reported not having worked during the reference period, per questions 6.41 to 6.44.]
[] 1 Yes (Go to 6.55)
[] 2 No (Go to 6.56)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
For people without a job on the week of reference

6.54 - During July 2 to July 31, 2010, have you received assistance to get a job?
1 - Yes
2 - No
The purpose of this question is count a person without a job on the week of reference and:

? did not have any work during the reference period of 30 days, but try to get a job within this period, and
? after losing his/her last job he/she had on the reference period of 30 days, try to get a job within this period.

Depending on the situation, record one of two options (yes or no).

But what does it mean to "try to get a job"?
Some strategies might be considered when a person try to get a job:

  • Consult employers;
  • Be examined for public jobs;
  • Apply for public jobs;
  • Consult an employment agency or labor union;
  • Consult the National Employment System ? SINE (Ministry of Labor and Employment);
  • Place or answer advertisements;


[page 271]

  • Consulting a relative, friend or colleague;
  • Start his/her own business or become an employer, and
  • Do any other activity to get a job.

Consider also using the Internet as a way to find a job. For example, emailing a friend, sending CVs to employers through e-mail or registering as a jobseeker at an employment agency website on the Internet.

To fill in this question better, see the examples for each response option.

Example: a person worked until June 30, 2010. On that date, he/she resigned and began consulting agencies to get another job. In this case, record 1 - Yes

Example: a person worked in a factory for three years but was fired on June 5, 2010. He/she is still without a job, but he/she is not looking for a new one because he/she wants to wait for unemployment. In this case, register 2 - No.

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Burkina Faso 1985 — source variable BF1985A_0408 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Residents 10 years of age and older
[Questions 9-15 were asked for residents age 10 and older.]

Economic activity

11. Employment status ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column eleven - occupational status:

The reference period is the week preceding the census agent's visit to the household.

Occupational status is the connection between each person and economic activity within a determined time period.

This fundamental question allows the classification of the population into two categories: active and inactive.

a) Active

The active population includes those employed and those not employed but actively seeking employment.

- A person is considered employed if they have worked at least three days during the reference period. Record: OCC.
Attention:

Farmers and their family helpers are considered employed even if the reference week falls during a period of inactivity due to climate conditions. For example after a harvest, a farmer that carries out no activity should still be considered as employed.

- Workers that are sick, on vacation or laid-off during the reference period are also considered employed; a person who already works and is in training during the census counting is also considered employed.

- A person is considered not employed but actively looking if they did not work at all or worked less than three days during the reference period, but who are searching for employment. Two categories are distinguished:
[p. 29]
- Persons who worked previously but lost their job and are looking for employment during the reference period. For this category, record: CHO.

- Persons who have never worked, that is to say persons who are searching for their first job. For this category, record: QUE.

b) Inactive

Inactive persons are those that follow within the following classifications:

- Persons taking care of the household: POF
- Students: ETU
- Retired persons: RET
- Stockholders: REN
- Sick persons: INV
- Other inactive persons: AUT.
Some precisions

- Persons taking care of the household (POF):

These are persons of either sex that are not exercising any form of economic activity (neither agricultural, artisanal nor commercial), and who perform household tasks at their place of residence, such as housewives or family members taking care of the household and the children. However, domestic workers that receive remuneration should be classified as employed because they are part of the active population.
Attention: In rural areas, a woman that takes part in cultivation or livestock farming as well as performing household duties is employed.

- A wife that aids her husband or another household member in their profession or performs a paid activity (dying, cutting/styling hair, pottery) is considered employed, even if she also takes care of the household.

[p. 30]

- A woman who, for example, goes to the market in the morning to sell produce or other products and then returns to do housework is also considered employed.

- Students (STU):

A person of either sex is in this category if they perform no economic activity and frequent an establishment of private or public education to receive schooling at any level.

For persons in this category, refer to the situation of the person during the 1985/1986 school year.

For persons taking night or literacy classes, the following situations may arise:

- The person has a job they attend during the day. They should be recorded as employed.
- The person does not have a job. They should be recorded as CHO, QUE, POF, etc. based upon their situation.

- Retired (RET):

A person of either sex is in this category if they perform no economic activity and their resources come principally from a pension, state-funded or otherwise, resulting from previous activity.

If a person claiming to be "retired" performs an economic activity that earns them more money then their pension, this person should be considered employed.

- Stockholder (REN):

A person is in this category if they perform no economic activity and their primary resources come from placement of funds and assets, notably real estate.

[p. 31]

- Sick persons (INV):

A person of either sex is in this category if they have a physical or mental illness that prevents them from working. Nevertheless, sick persons who work should be classified as employed.

- Other inactive persons (AUT):

An inactive person of either sex is in this category if they perform no economic activity and are not classified in any of the categories mentioned above. Classified in this category in particular are children older than 10 years of age who do not attend school and are not economically active, and elderly persons who no longer work and have no pension or personal fortune and depend on the charity of family or others.

N.B.: Every person 10 years of age and older must have an occupational status recorded in column 11.


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Burkina Faso 1996 — source variable BF1996A_0420 — Occupational status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Residents age 10 years or older:
[Questions P18 to P22 were asked for persons 10 years of age or older who were household residents.]

Occupational status:

P18. Has [person] worked during the last seven days?

If yes, circle code 1.
If no, circle the corresponding code and go to P21.

[] 1. Employed (OCC)
[] 2. Unemployed and looking (CHO)
[] 3. Looking for first job (QUE)
[] 4. Retired (RET)
[] 5. Housewife (FOY)
[] 6. Student (ETU)
[] 7. Shareholder (REN)
[] 8. Other inactive persons (AUT)


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Burkina Faso 2006 — source variable BF2006A_0425 — Occupational status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Participation in economic activity
[For persons five years of age and older]

P21. Occupational situation

Has [the person] worked at least three out of the last seven days (OCC) or was working and lost his/her job (CHO)?

If yes, circle code 1 or 2. If no, circle the corresponding code.

[] 1. Employed (OCC)
[] 2. Unemployed and looking (CHO)
[] 3. Looking for first job (QUE)
[] 4. Retired (RET)
[] 5. Housewife (FOY)
[] 6. Student (ETU)
[] 7. Shareholder (REN)
[] 8. Other inactive persons (AUT)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

3.2 Reference period

-- Reference period for economic activity: the reference period for information regarding economic activity is the week that precedes the census agent's visit to the household. This reference period is one week (7 days).


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Cambodia 1998 — source variable KH1998A_0414 — Economic activity
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
15 Main Activity (Enter Code from list below)
Main activity during last year

Codes for Column 15 Main Activity During Last Year
1 Employed (Fill in Cols. 16 to 20)
2 Unemployed (Employed any time before - Fill in Cols. 16 to 20 for last employment)
3 Unemployed (Never employed any time before)
Inactive
4 Homemaker
5 Student
6 Dependent
7 Rent-receiver, retired or other income recipient
8 ___ Other (Specify)
(For codes 3 to 8, put dash ( - ) in Cols. 16 to 20)]
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Columns 15 to 20 on Economic Characteristics of Population

97. These columns relate to the economic characteristics of population both male and female. Information proposed to be collected on economic characteristics of population includes information on economically active and economically not active population. Economically active population includes those who are employed and unemployed. Economically inactive population includes home makers; full time students; dependents; rent-receivers, retired people and other categories of income recipients; and others who are neither employed nor unemployed and also do not come under any of the inactive categories mentioned. The reference period for this is the last one year.

Column 15: Main Activity During Last Year.

98. First we want to know what has been the main activity of the person during the one year preceding the Census Night. Main Activity means the activity during 6 months (183 days) or more during the last one year (i.e. for the major part of the last year). Codes have been provided on the schedule itself which are to be used while answering this question.

Employed

98.1 The "employed" comprises all persons who were in the following categories for 6 months (183 days) or more during the last one year:-

(
a) Persons who were in paid employment (e.g. working in public or private organization etc.).
(b) Persons who during the reference period performed some work for wages, salary, profit or family gains in cash or kind.
(c) Persons who did not do any work for pay or profit during the reference period although they had a job to which they could return (e.g. off season workers like farmers or fishermen), those on sick leave or leave without pay, those who could not work due to strike or lockout in the organization they were working.
(d) Persons who were self employed (e.g. running a shop by himself or herself, selling eatables, practicing as doctors, lawyers etc.).


98.2 Work is defined as any economically productive activity that a person does for pay (in cash or kind, in any establishment, office, market, farm, private house) or for profit; or without pay on family farm or enterprise. Workers (other than those working without pay in a family farm or business) should receive pay or profit in cash or kind for their activity. Unpaid activities which are not contributing to the person's family business such as voluntary social work or voluntary community support are not classified as "work" for the purposes of this census. Work may be physical or mental in nature. Work involves not only actual work but also effective supervision and direction of work. It is important to note that it includes unpaid work on farm or family enterprise. You must ask probing questions to ascertain the existence of a job or employment or unpaid work on family farm or enterprise during the last year. Please also do not assume that women are generally home-makers. You have to specifically ask probing questions of women whether they were working. Please also remember that in rural areas where most men are engaged in cultivation, wives and daughters also participate as unpaid family workers in cultivation. Such women should be treated as working instead of treating them as home-makers or housewives since they attend to domestic duty also. You have to be very careful not to make this mistake. Similarly children who work should be regarded as employed.

98.3 What about men or women engaged in production of goods for own consumption?

Please note that the following activities for own consumption are treated as work:

(i) Production of primary products for own consumption as growing of food grains or vegetables for own consumption.
(ii) Collection of water and firewood for own consumption.
(iii) The processing of primary commodities for own consumption by the producers of these items (such as drying own vegetables for later use).
(iv) Production of fixed assets for own use (such as building a house or rice paddy dike).


98.4 Activities for own consumption other than the above are not treated as work (e.g. cooking one's own food, washing one's own clothes etc.). If a person is employed but at the same time does also attend to household chores or attend school etc., he/she should be treated basically as employed.

98.5 If you give code 1 for a person after following the above instructions, you have to fill in Columns 16 to 20 which will be described subsequently.

Unemployed

98.6 If a person (man or woman) is not employed you should ask whether he or she was unemployed for six months (or 183 days) or over during the last year. Unemployed refers to those who were without work but were seeking work or available for work.

98.7 Please note that homemakers, students and others mainly engaged in non-economic activities during the reference period who satisfy the above criteria of unemployment should be regarded as unemployed and not as home makers, students etc., If a person returns that he / she is unemployed for the major part of the last year according these criteria, you should ask whether the person was employed any time before he / she became unemployed. If he / she says Yes, you have to record Code 2 for the person in Column 15. On the other hand, if the person says that he / she was unemployed and seeking work for the first time and was never employed any time before you should record Code 3 in Column 15. In the case of unemployed who was employed any time before (Code 2 in Column 15), you have to fill in Columns 16-20 for last employment. In case of Code 3 in Column 15, enter dash (--) in each of the Columns 16 to 20.

Inactive Population

98.8 The employed and unemployed constitute economically active population. Those who are not employed or unemployed spend most of their time as home makers, students etc. which are not considered as economically active and hence they are called Inactive population. Use the codes given in the schedule for recording the category of people inactive for six months (or 183 days) or more during the last year.

98.9 The inactive categories are explained below:-

Home Maker is a person who was solely engaged during the reference period in household duties in his or her home. Give code 4 for this category in Column 15.

Student is a person who was attending school/ educational institution(with Code 2 in Column 14a). Give Code 5 for this category in Column 15.

Dependent: This category includes all dependents like infants and children not attending school, persons permanently disabled and hence cannot do any work and persons who cannot work because of illness or old age. Dependents will include able bodied persons who cannot be categorized in any other inactive category and are dependent on others. However if such a person was seeking or available for work he or she should be categorized as unemployed and not as dependent. For people who were dependents give Code 6 in Column 15.

Rent-receiver, retired or other income recipients: A person who has retired from service and is doing no other work, i.e. not employed again in some work or not engaged in some other work such as cultivation, business, trade etc. or a person who is a rent-receiver or a person living on agricultural or non-agricultural royalty, rent or dividend who is neither employed nor unemployed, or any other person of independent means for securing which he/she does not have to work will come under this category. You should give Code 7 in Column 15 for this category of inactive person.

Other, (specify): This category will include all inactive persons who may not come under any of the above four categories of inactive persons. For such a person (e.g. beggar) you should give Code 8 and specify
(e.g. 8 Beggar) in column 15.

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Cambodia 2008 — source variable KH2008A_0419 — Activity status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
16. Main activity:
Main activity of the person during last year

For codes 3, 4, 6 and 8, put a dash (-) in columns 17 to 21, fill in column 22, and put a dash (-) in column 23.

[] 1 Employed (fill in columns 17 to 23)
[] 2 Unemployed (employed any time before: fill in columns 17 to 21 for the last employment, fill in column 22, and put a dash (-) in column 23)
[] 3 Unemployed (never employed any time before)
[] 4 Homemaker
[] 5 Student (put a dash (-) in columns 17 to 21, and fill in columns 22 and 23)
[] 6 Dependent
[] 7 Rent-receiver, retired or other income recipient
[] 8 Other (specify) ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Columns 16 to 21 on Economic Characteristics of Population

98. These columns relate to the economic characteristics of population both male and female. Information proposed to be collected on economic characteristics of population include information on economically active
[p.37]
and economically not active population. The economically active population includes those who are employed and unemployed. The economically inactive population includes those who are mainly home makers, full-time students, dependents, rent-receivers, retired people and other categories of income recipients; and others who are neither employed or unemployed and also do not come under any of the inactive categories mentioned. The reference period for this is the one year or 12 months before the census night, that is from 4 March 2007 to 3 March 2008. This is also referred to as last year or last one year in this instruction manual.

Column 16: Main Activity during Last Year.

99. First we want to know what has been the main activity of the person during the one year preceding the Census Night. Main Activity means the activity during 6 months (183 days) or more during the last one year (i.e. for the major part of the last year). Codes have been provided on the schedule itself which are to be used while answering this question.

Employed
99.1 The "employed" comprises all persons who were in the following categories for 6 months (183 days) or more during the last one year:
(a) Persons who were in paid employment (e.g. working in public or private organization, etc.).
(b) Persons who during the reference period performed some work for wages, salary, profit or family gains in cash or kind.
(c) Persons who did not do any work for pay or profit during the reference period although they had a job to which they could return (e.g. off season workers like farmers or fishermen), those on sick leave or leave without pay, those who could not work due to strike or lockout in the organization they were working.
(d) Persons who were self-employed (e.g. running a shop by himself or herself, selling eatables, practicing as doctors, lawyers, etc.).
99.2 Work is defined as any economically productive activity that a person does for pay (in cash or kind, in any establishment, office, market, farm, private house) or for profit; or without pay for a family farm or enterprise. Workers (other than those working without pay for a family farm or business) should receive pay or profit in cash or kind for their activity. Unpaid activities which are not contributing to the person's family business such as voluntary social work or voluntary community support are not classified as "work" for the purposes of this census. Work may be physical or mental in nature. Work involves not only actual work but also effective supervision and direction of work. It is important to note that it includes unpaid work for a farm or family enterprise. You must ask probing questions to ascertain the existence of a job or employment or unpaid work for a family farm or enterprise during the last year. Please also do not assume that women are generally home makers. You have to specifically ask probing
[p.38]
questions of women whether they were working. Please also remember that in rural areas where most men are engaged in cultivation, wives and daughters also participate as unpaid family workers in cultivation. Such women should be treated as working instead of treating them as home makers or housewives since they attend to domestic duty also. You have to be very careful not to make this mistake. Similarly, children who work should be regarded as employed.

99.3 What about men or women engaged in production of goods for own consumption?
Please note that the following activities for own consumption are treated as work:
(i) Production of primary products for own consumption, as growing of food grains or vegetables for own consumption.
(ii) Collection of water and firewood for own consumption.
(iii) The processing of primary commodities for own consumption by the producers of these items (such as drying own vegetables for later use).
(iv) Production of fixed assets for own use (such as building a house or rice paddy dike).
99.4 Activities for own consumption other than the above are not treated as work (e.g. cooking one's own food, washing one's own clothes, etc.). If a person is employed but at the same time also attends to household chores or attends school, etc., he/she should be treated basically as employed.

99.5 If you give Code 1 for a person after following the above instructions, you have to fill in Columns 17 to 21 which will be described subsequently. Please note that Col. 22 and Col. 23 also have to be filled in for an employed person (Code 1 in Col. 16). This will be explained separately later.

Unemployed
99.6 If a person (man or woman) is not employed you should ask whether he or she was unemployed for six months (or 183 days) or over during the last year. Unemployed refers to those who were without work but were seeking work or available for work.

99.7 Please note that home makers, students and others mainly engaged in non-economic activities during the reference period who satisfy the above criteria of unemployment should be regarded as unemployed and not as home makers, students ,etc. If a person returns that he/she is unemployed for the major part of the last year according to these criteria, you should ask whether the person was employed any time before he/she became unemployed. If he/she says Yes, you have to record Code 2 for the person in Column 16. On the other hand, if the person says that he/she was unemployed and seeking work for the first time and was never employed any time before, you should record Code 3 in Column 16. In the case of a person who was
[p.39]
unemployed but was employed any time before (Code 2 in Column 16), you have to fill in Columns 17-21 for last employment. In case of Code 3 in Column 16, enter dash (-) in each of the Columns 17 to 21.

Population mainly not employed or unemployed

99.8 The employed and unemployed constitute the economically active population. Those who are not mainly employed or unemployed spend most of their time as home makers, students, etc. which are not considered as economically active. Use the codes given in the schedule for recording the category of people not economically active for six months (or 183 days) or more during the last year.

99.9 The economically not active categories for most of the time last year are explained below:
Home Maker is a person who was mostly engaged during the reference period in household duties in his or her home. Give Code 4 for this category in Column 16.

Student is a person who was mostly attending school/educational institution (with Code 2 in Column 14(a)). Give Code 5 for this category in Column 16.

Dependent: This category includes all dependents like infants and children not attending school, persons permanently disabled and hence cannot do any work and persons who cannot work because of illness or old age. Dependents will include able bodied persons who cannot be categorized in any other inactive category and are dependent on others. However if such a person was seeking or available for work, he or she should be categorized as unemployed and not as dependent. For people who were dependents give Code 6 in Column 16.

Rent-receiver, retired or other income recipients: A person who had retired from service and for most of the time was doing no other work, i.e. mostly not employed again in some work or not engaged in some other work such as cultivation, business, trade, etc., or a person who was for most of the time a rent-receiver or a person living on agricultural or nonagricultural royalty, rent or dividend who was neither employed nor unemployed, or any other person of independent means where he/she did not have to work would come under this category. You should give Code 7 in Column 16 for this category of inactive person.

Other, (specify): This category would include all persons not economically active for most of the time and who might not come under any of the above four categories. For such a person (e.g. beggar) you should give Code 8 and specify (e.g. 8 Beggar) in Column 16.

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Cameroon 1976 — source variable CM1976A_0418 — Activity situation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Population 4 years old or older

21) Economic activity
Did you work during the period from _______ to _______?
Mark the abbreviation corresponding to the work based on the instructions at the bottom of the page.

[] 1 WK= Has worked
[] 2 UN= Without a job but has already worked
[] 3 LK= Looking for a job for the first time
[] 4 HK= Housewife
[] 5 ST= Student
[] 6 REN= Person of independent means
[] 7 RET= Retiree, old person
[] 8 HAN= Handicapped
[] 9 OIS= Idle

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

b) Column 17 to 25:

To be filled out individually for the people ages 4 and over (mark a line in column 17 to 25 for children under 4.

Column 21: Employment status (1)

The purpose of this question is to determine the economic activity of each person aged 4 and over during the week preceding the beginning of the surveying (week of April 2 to 8 1976).

First mark the dates below on the instruction insert in column 19 under the following form: "period from April 2 to April 8." Then mark

WK: for all the individuals having worked at some point during the week of reference. This category is made up of family workers who work under the authority of the head of household, with or without remuneration (for example wives who farm while taking care of the household) and individuals who have a permanent job but haven't worked during the reference period because of illness, off agricultural season, vacation, etc?

[Codes omitted]

UN for individuals who were without employment during the week of reference who already had worked and who are looking for another job

LK for individuals who have never worked and who are looking for their first job.

HK for women who perform only the housework at their home without other economic activity. Consider rather as WK women who do another job, either with an employer, or at her home: for example a farmer, a tailor, a factory worker, a sales clerk, etc.

ST for students who don't work. Consider rather as WK students who also work

REN for persons of independent means: people living off regular revenue from capital or all other annuity (revenue not coming from work)

RENT for retirees and old people who can no longer work.

HAND for those with physical and mental handicaps who cannot work because of their handicap (class in another category those handicapped individuals likely to work)

OIS for person who cannot be classed in the above categories (idle). In these situations, provide explains in "observations" if needed.


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Cameroon 1987 — source variable CM1987A_0417 — Economic activity
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Population of 6 years and older (born before April 1981)
[Questions 19-22 were asked of persons 6 years old or more.]

P19. Economic activity ____

During the week from ... to ... what was [the respondent] doing most of the time? Put the appropriate abbreviation according to the instructions at the bottom of the page.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Columns P19 to P22: Population of 6 years and older (born before April 1981)

These columns concern only persons who are 6 or- more years old, in other words persons born before April 1981.
For all children who are less than six years old, put a dash in columns P19, P20, P21 and P22.
For all persons who are six or more years old, you should determine their economic activity during the reference week -that preceding the interview in the household.

Column 19: Situation of activity

You should record in this column what the person did during the reference week; write one of the following abbreviations as the case may be:
WK: all persons who worked for themselves,

- all persons who worked for any remuneration (wages, salary, pay in kind, etc.)
- all persons who worked for the family under the supervision of the family head, with or without remuneration.(Example: a child who tended his parent's flock)
- all women who, in addition to doing housework, worked either with an employer, for themselves of for their family (Example: farmer, seamstress, worker, sales woman)


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Cameroon 2005 — source variable CM2005A_0504 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Economic activity for persons aged 6 years and above
[Questions 27 to 33 were asked of persons aged 6 years and older.]

28. Employment status
During the last 7 days preceding the census, what was this person's activity? _ _

[Question 28 was asked of persons aged 6 years and older.]
If code greater than 02, go to question 34.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions (Questions 27-33) related to the economic activity are only ask to people 6 years old and older

28. Activity
This variable allows you to learn if a person worked over the course of the 7 days before your first visit to the household. In other words, the week of reference is determined by the date of your first visit in the household. This means that you count 7 days back starting with the day of your first visit; and these are the 7 days that correspond to the reference week (1 week in this specific case equals 7 days).

[Example omitted]

Q. What was your activity/what was the activity of ______ over the last 7 days.

The terms of this variable are:
01 = At work: This is the situation of a person who worked at a job over the last 7 days before your first visit to the household, whether the work was compensated or not. You must note that all the people on vacation are part of this group.
[Examples omitted]
02 = Unemployed, having already worked: This is the situation of a person who has already worked at least once but did not have a job over the course of the last 7 days and who is looking for a job
03 = Looking for work for the first time: This is a situation where the person who never had a job is looking for their first job
04 = Housewife: These are all people who are exclusively looking after the household and household work, without getting a salary and without looking for work
05 = Student: These are people who regularly go to an educational establishment and who are not engaged in economic activity
06 = Person of independent means: These are people who do not work and who live exclusively off of revenue from their property of their capital.
07 = Retiree: This is an individual who no longer works and who has a retiree's pension
08 = Old person: This is an aging person who doesn't have independent means and isn't a retiree, who does not work and who is no longer looking for work and who lives off of financial assistance and the finances of a relative
09 = Handicapped: This is a person cannot work because of his handicap
10 = Idle: This is a person without work, capable of work, but not looking for a job

The codes of the terms of this variable are:
01 = worked
02 = didn't work, is looking for a job but already worked in his life
03 = didn't work, looking for a job, never worked before
04 = didn't work, housewife who is not looking for a job
05 = didn't work, student (not looking for work)
06 = didn't work, person of independent means not looking for work
07 = didn't' work, retiree not looking for work
08 = didn't work, can't work or can't work anymore because of age, old person
09 = didn't work, can't work or can't work anymore because of his handicap or because of his illness, handicap
10 = didn't work, doesn't want to work and isn't looking for work

Following the order number:

-Legibly write on the dotted line corresponding to the registration order number of the surveyed person the situation of activity
-Mark the corresponding code in the reserved space

N.B. If the code is above 02, go to Q34.
If the code of the answer to question 28 (Activity) is equal to 01 (at work) or 02 (doesn't work, is looking for work and has already worked), first ask Q30 (work) then Q29 (Employment status), then Q31 (type of employment), Q32 (employment sector) and Q33 (Branch of business).


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Canada 1971 — source variable CA1971A_0426 — Labour force status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
[Questions 22-40 were asked of persons age 15+, per question 21.]

31. a. How many hours did you work for pay or profit last week?

Include all jobs and overtime.
[] None
[] 1-19
[] 20 or more

b. Last week, how many hours did you help without pay in the operation of a family business or a farm?

Do not include housework in own home.
[] None
[] 1-19
[] 20 or more

c. Did you look for work last week?

For example, contact a Canada Manpower Centre, check with employers, place or answer newspaper ads, etc.
[] Yes
[] No

d. Last week did you have a job from which you were on temporary lay-off?

[] Yes
[] No

e. Last week, did you have a job or business from which you were absent because of illness, vacation, strike, training courses, etc.?

[] Yes
[] No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
31.
(a) Fill the circle opposite 1-19 or 20+ hours according to the actual hours you worked last week under on one or more of the following conditions:

(1) Your worked for someone else even for a few hours on a full-time or part-time job,
for wages, salary, piece-rates, tips, commission, or payment "in kind" (such as room, board, or supplies received in place of cash wages).
[p. 15]
(2) You operated your own business or professional practice, alone or in partnership; this includes operating a lodging-house.
(3) You operated your own farm, either owned or rented, alone or in partnership. Mark hours worked even if no profit was made.
(4) You preformed services last week for which you were paid in kind (or cash) while undergoing training, for example, a nurse-in-training in a hospital.
(5) You served in the Armed Forces.
(6) Your worked with pay for non-family members at such jobs as baby-sitting, keeping house, sewing, delivering papers, etc.
(7) You served as a member of a religious order as a priest, monk or nun.

Note that "hours without pay, worked for a related member of our household" should be reported in part (b).
Fill the circle opposite "None" if none of these conditions apply. Housework in your own home, volunteer work and school homework are not to be considered as work for the special purposes of this question.
(b) Fill the circle opposite 1-19 or 20+ hours as appropriate if you worked without regular money wages for a related member of your household in a family business or farm. Otherwise, fill the circle opposite "None".
Note: Self-employed persons should report their hours in part (a) and not in part (b).
(c) Fill the "Yes" circle if, at any time last week, you:

(1) actively looked for work by efforts such as:
contacting a Canada Manpower Centre;
placing or answering advertisements;
writing letters of application for jobs;
registering at a private employment office;
meeting with prospective employers; or
(2) would have actually looked for worked but for your own temporary illness or the belief that there was no work available.
(d) Fill the "Yes" circle if, at any time last week, you were on temporary lay-off (for not more than 30 days) from your job.
(e) Fill the "Yes" circle if, at any time last week, you were absent from your job because of:

(1) illness, vacation, labour dispute at your place of work, bad weather, fire, personal
reasons, etc.; or
(2) training courses or educational leave with or without pay provided your job is being
held for your return.

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Canada 1981 — source variable CA1981A_0420 — Labour force activity (based on 1971 definition)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
[Questions 31-46 were asked of persons age 15+, per question 30.]

35. Have you attended a school, college or university at any time since last September? (Include attendance at elementary or secondary schools, business or trade schools, community colleges, institutes of technology, CEGEPs, etc.)

Mark one box only.
[] No
[] Yes, full-time
[] Yes, part-time, day or evening

39a. Last week, how many hours did you work (not excluding house-work or other work around your home)?

Include:
Working for wages, salary, tips or commission,
Working in your own business, farm or professional practice,
Working without pay in a family farm or business.
[] None: Continue with questions 39b to 46.
Or
[] Hours (to the nearest hour): _ _ Go to question 41

[Questions 39b to 40 was asked of persons 15+ who did not work for pay last week, per question 39a.]
b. Last week, were you on temporary lay-off or absent from your job or business?

Mark one box only.
[] No
[] Yes, on temporary lay-off
[] Yes, on vacation, ill, on strike or locked out, or absent for other reasons

c. Last week, did you have definite arrangements to start a new job within the next four weeks?

[] No
[] Yes

d) Did you look for work during the past four weeks? For example, did you contact a Canada Employment Centre, check with employers, place or answer newspaper ads?

Mark one box only
[] No : Go to Question 40
[] Yes, looked for full-time work
[] Yes, looked for part-time work (less than 30 hours per week)

e. Was there any reason why you could not start work last week?

Mark one box only
[] No, could have started work
[] Yes, already had a job
[] Yes, temporary illness or disability
[] Yes, personal or family responsibilities
[] Yes, going to school
[] Yes, other reasons

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Canada 1991 — source variable CA1991A_0477 — Labour force activity
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
STEP 10: Answer Questions 20 to 45 for each person aged 15 and over.

30. Last week, how many hours did this person work (not including volunteer work, housework, maintenance or repairs for his/her own home)?

Include as work: working without pay in a family farm or business (e.g., assisting in seeding, doing accounts); working in his/her own business, farm or professional practice, alone or in partnership; working for wages, salary, tips or commission.
Number of hours (to the nearest hour) - go to Question 36 ____
Or
[] None - continue with the next question

31. Last week, was this person on temporary lay-off or absent from his/her job or business?

Mark one circle only.
[] No
[] Yes, on temporary lay-off from a job to which this person expects to return
[] Yes, on vacation, ill, on strike or locked out, or absent for other reasons

32. Last week, did this person have definite arrangements to start a new job within the next four weeks?

[] 08 No
[] 09 Yes

33. Did this person look for work during the past four weeks?

For example, did this person contact a Canada Employment Centre, check with employers, place or answer newspaper ads?
Mark one circle only.
[] No -- go to Question 35
[] Yes, looked for full-time work
[] Yes, looked for part-time work (less than 30 hours per week)
[p. 17]
[Space to fill out answers from questions on page 16 for household members 3 through 6.]
[p. 18]
1991 Census Form 2B Questionnaire - continued
34. Could this person have started work last week had a job been available?

[Question 34 was asked of persons 15+ who were looking for work during the past four weeks, per question 33.]
Mark one circle only.
[] Yes, could have started work
[] No, already had a job
[] No, temporary illness or disability
[] No, personal or family responsibilities
[] No, going to school
[] No, other reasons

35. When did this person last work, even for a few hours (not including volunteer work, housework, maintenance or repairs for his/her own home)?

[] In 1991 -- continue with the next question
[] In 1990 -- continue with the next question
[] Before 1990 -- go to Question 45
[] Never worked in lifetime -- go to Question 45

Note: Questions 36 to 42 refer to this person's job or business last week. If this person held no job last week, answer for the job of longest duration since January 1, 1990. If this person held more than one job last week, answer for the job at which he/she worked the most hours.

41. In this job, was this person mainly:

[] Working for wages, salary, tips or commission? Go to Question 43
[] Working without pay for his/her spouse or another relative in a family farm or business? Go to Question 43
[] Self-employed without paid help (alone or in partnership)? Continue with the next question
[] Self-employed with paid help (alone or in partnership)? Continue with the next question
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Question 31: Work absence
This question should be answered only for persons aged 15 and over who did not work in the week prior to Census Day (June 4, 1991).
Mark the circle labelled Yes, on temporary lay-off for persons who expect the return to the job from which they were laid off, regardless of how long ago the lay-off occurred.
Mark Yes, on vacation, ill, on strike or locked out, or absent for other reasons for persons who had a job or business last week from which they were absent for the whole week (with or without pay) for one of the reasons indicated. Include absences for maternity leave, bad weather, fire, personal or family responsibilities. For paid workers, only report absences on training courses if they are receiving wages or salary from their employer.
Question 32: New job arrangements
This question should be answered only for persons aged 15 and over who did not work in the week prior to Census Day (June 4, 1991).
Question 33: Recent job search
This question should be answered only for persons aged 15 and over who did not work in the week prior to Census Day (June 4, 1991).
Question 34: Availability for work
This question should be answered only for persons aged 15 and over who did not work in the week prior to Census Day (June 4, 1991) and who had actively looked for work in the four weeks prior to Census Day.
Mark the circle labelled No, personal or family responsibilities for persons who could not have started work last week because of family illness, child care difficulties, jury duty, etc.
Mark No, other reasons only for persons who did not already have a job, were not temporarily ill or disabled, did not have personal or family responsibilities, or were not going to school (for example, if they were no longer interested in working or if they were out of town last week).

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Canada 2001 — source variable CA2001A_0494 — Labour force activity - in reference week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
23. Answer questions 24 to 51 for each person aged 15 and over.

34. Last week, how many hours did this person spend working for pay or in self-employment?

Include: working for wages, salary, tips or commission; working in his/her own business, farm or professional practice, alone or in partnership; working directly towards the operation of a family farm or business without formal pay arrangements (e.g., assisting in seeding, doing accounts).
Number of hours (to the nearest hour) - go to Question 40 ____
[] None - continue with the next question

[Questions 35-39 were asked of persons who had not worked last week, per question 34.]

35. Last week, was this person on temporary lay-off or absent from his/her job or business?

Mark "x" one circle only.
[] No
[] Yes, on temporary lay-off from a job to which this person expects to return
[] Yes, on vacation, ill, on strike or locked out, or absent for other reasons

36. Last week, did this person have definite arrangements to start a new job within the next four weeks?

[] No
[] Yes

37. Did this person look for paid work during the past four weeks?

For example, did this person contact an employment centre, check with employers, place or answer newspaper ads, etc.?
Mark "x" one circle only.
[] No
[] Yes, looked for full-time work
[] Yes, looked for part-time work (less than 30 hours per week)

38. Could this person have started a job last week had one been available?

Mark "x" one circle only.
[] Yes, could have started a job
[] No, already had a job
[] No, because of temporary illness or disability
[] No, because of personal or family responsibilities
[] No, going to school
[] No, other reasons
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
[Questions 34 to 50 collect information on paid work done by people aged 15 and older.]

Retired Persons
All persons who were retired on Census Day (May 15, 2001) and who did not work at any time between January 1, 2000 and May 12, 2001 should answer Questions 34 to 39 only, and then go directly to Question 51 (Income in 2000).
Some retired persons may have returned to the workforce following official retirement. All retired persons who returned to the workforce between January 1, 2000 and May 12, 2001 should answer Questions 34 to 50.

Question 35 -- Absence from job
Answer only for persons aged 15 and over who did not work for pay in the entire week before Census Day, May 15, 2001 (Sunday, May 6 to Saturday, May 12, 2001).
Mark Yes, on temporary lay-off for persons who expect to return to the job from which they were laid off, no matter how long ago they were laid off.
Mark Yes, on vacation, ill, on strike or locked out, or absent for other reasons for persons who had a job or business last week and were absent with or without pay for the whole week.
Include absence because of maternity leave, bad weather, fire, personal or family responsibilities, etc.
[p. 17]
Question 36 -- New job arrangements
Answer only for persons aged 15 and over who did not work for pay in the week before Census Day, May 15, 2001 (Sunday, May 6 to Saturday, May 12, 2001).
Question 37 -- Recent search for paid work
Answer only for persons aged 15 and over who did not work for pay in the week before Census Day, May 15, 2001 (Sunday, May 6 to Saturday, May 12, 2001).
Question 38 -- Availability for work
Answer only for persons 15 and over who did not work for pay in the week before Census Day, May 15, 2001 (Sunday, May 6 to Saturday, May 12, 2001) and who had actively looked for work in the previous four weeks.
Mark No, because of personal or family responsibilities for persons who could not have started work last week because of family illness, childcare difficulties, jury duty, etc.
Mark No, other reasons only for persons who: did not already have a job; were not temporarily ill or disabled; were not going to school; were no longer interested in working; were out of town last week.

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Canada 2011 — source variable CA2011A_0434 — Labor force status during reference week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Labour market activities

The next few questions were asked of persons aged 15+ about paid work.

34. During the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, how many hours did this person spend working for pay or in self-employment?

Please enter the total number of hours worked for pay or in self-employment at all jobs held during the week of May 1 to May 7.

Include:
Working for wages, salary, tips or commission;
Waking, selling or trading arts and crafts;
Running a business;
Trapping, hunting and fishing (except as a leisure activity);
Fixing gear used to hunt, fish or trap;
Working as a guide.
[] Number of hours (to the nearest hour): _ _ _ [Go to question 40.]
[] None [Continue with the next question.]
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Labor Market Activities
Questions 34 to 45 and 49 to 51 provide information on Canada's workforce including the industries and occupations in which they work, as well as the language used at work. Employment information is used to assess the economic conditions of communities and specific populations such as Aboriginal Peoples and immigrants.
Industry and occupation information is used to forecast job opportunities.

Retired Persons
All persons who did not work any hours during the week of May 1 to May 7, 2011 (answered 'None' to Question 34), should answer Questions 34 to 39 even if the reason they did not work was because they retired.

All persons who did any work for pay or in self-employment between January 1, 2010 and May 7, 2011 should answer Questions 40 to 51, even if they are retired at the time of the survey.

Recent Immigrants
Persons who did not have a job during the week of May 1 to May 7, 2011, but who have worked since January 1, 2010, should answer Questions 34 to 39 for the last job they held even if it was in another country and continue with Questions 40 to 51.

Question 34 -- Hours worked for pay or in self-employment
For each person 15 years and over, enter the total number of hours worked for pay at all jobs and in self-employment during the week of May 1 to May 7, 2011.

Include:

Hours spent working for salary, wages, tips or commission
Hours spent working in one's own business, agricultural operation or professional practice, alone or with a partner

Include as hours worked:

All time spent maintaining and administering the operation of one's own agricultural operation, business or professional practice
All time spent fishing, trapping or hunting for profit or to maintain the community, with equipment that is rented, owned or owned in part
For fishers, hours spent preparing and maintaining boats, nets, etc.
For farmers, hours spent maintaining farm fences, buildings or machinery, cultivating, sowing, milking, etc.
Hours spent working directly towards the operation of a family agricultural operation, business or professional practice without pay. This means working for a spouse or another relative who is a member of the same household. Include any work that helped the relative run his or her agricultural operation or business. For example, include bookkeeping for a business owned by a spouse.

If the number of hours is not known, report the best estimate.


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Chile 1960 — source variable CL1960A_0422 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all individuals 12 years of age and older. [applies to questions 15-18]

15. Type of activity ____

Write as appropriate:

OC = Employed
CE = Unemployed
BT = Looking for work for the first time
QH = Domestic duties
ES = Student
RT = Rentier (rentista)
JB = Retired or pensioner
IR = Disabled or confined
OT = Others

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column 15: Employment Status. The employment status or occupational situation of people on the "Day of the Census" will be recorded in this column, with the different situations being distinguished by various groups identified by the letters indicated in the header row [of this column]. The type of people that make up each group is specified below:

Group "OC": (Employed). Includes all people employed on the day of the census, that is, that have a job.

The following classes can be distinguished:

a) People that work for another person who is not a relative, receiving monetary (salary, commission, etc.) compensation or payment in kind (house, food, etc.), whatever the type of work they do;

[p. 36]

b) People who work on a large farm, in a business or industry, or practicing a profession, be it by themselves or with the help of one or more people they pay;

c) People who work for a member of their family on a large farm, in a business, industry, or office, etc., with or without compensation.

In this last situation (without compensation), the person must work at least three hours per day, or its equivalent of two eight-hour days per week.

Also included in group "OC," that is, considered to be employed, will be those people who, on the date of the Census, are not working because of health reasons, vacation, strike, a temporary interruption of their job, or any other reason other than having permanently left [the job].

Group "CE": (Unemployed). Includes people who, on the date of the Census, do not have an occupation or paid job, but who have worked and who are looking for work. Also included are those who aren't looking for work because they have gotten a job that will start after the date of the census.

Group "BT": (Seeking work). Includes people who have never worked and who are seeking their first job.

Group "QH": (Household duties). Includes people who devote themselves to household duties in their own households.

When this work is compensated (monetarily or in kind), as is the case with domestic workers, the person in question will be recorded as employed within group "OC."

Group "ES": (Student). Includes students who devote themselves exclusively to studying.

If a person devoted to "household duties" or a "student" has a compensated occupation on the date of the Census, the person will in fact be part of the group "OC."

[Translator's note: please see comment at beginning of document]

Group "RT": [from Rentista] (Rentier). Includes those who don't work at any compensated activity and live off the profits of their capital.

Group "JB": (Retiree or Pensioner). Includes those people who don't work at any compensated activity and who, because of having done so before under certain conditions, receive a pension. Also included in this group are widows and other people who receive a dependent's pension or a granted pension [pensi?n de gracia].

Group "IR": (Disabled or Imprisoned). Includes all those people who are unable to work at a compensated activity because of a physical or mental handicap, living a cloistered lifestyle, or because of their legal situation (prisoners). If the handicap is temporary, the person will be classified under the group "OC," as long as the person has some form of work secured.

[p. 38]

Group "OT": (Others). Includes all people that can't be classified in any of the previous groups, like minors that don't attend school, the elderly without any economic resources, etc.

Once the information for each case has been recorded in this column, continue with the information pertinent to the next column, column 16, only for those who have been classified in the groups: "OC," "CE," and "BT."

For the rest of the people who belong to any one of the other groups ("QH," "ES," "RT," "JB, "m" [sic, census form states "IR" instead of "m"], and "OT"), that is the end of the census and a horizontal line should be drawn across columns 16, 17, and 18 for the corresponding entries on the enumeration form.


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Chile 1970 — source variable CL1970A_0419 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

III Economic Characteristics

Only for those 12 years of age and older.

13. Type of activity:

What did you do during the greater part of the week of April 13th to the 18th?

[] 0 Worked?
[] 1 Did not work but had a job?
[] 2 Looked for work and had worked before?
[] 3 Looked for work for the first time?
[] 4 Retired or pensioner?
[] 5 Rentier?
[] 6 Student?
[] 7 Household duties?
[] 8 Other?
[] 9 Unknown?

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question No. 13--Type of Activity

The purpose of this question is to determine what part of the population 12 years and older is "economically active," and, of that part, how many can be considered "employed" and how many "unemployed."

The responses are exclusive, it being unacceptable to mark more than one response.

Faced with this question, you will read each one of the alternatives that appear as a response, pausing between alternatives in order to permit the informant to precisely determine which of the responses describes their situation during the week of April 13 to 18.

The questions: "Did you work?," "Did you not work but were employed?," etc. should be asked in the order that they appear on the census form.

[p. 37]

You will mark only one of the alternatives, according to the following guidelines:

0) Did you work? If the person performed compensated labor during the week of April 13 to 18 of a continuous nature equivalent to at least one day of work.

1) Did you not work but were employed? Mark this box if the person didn't work during the week of April 13 to 18 but had a job or business and was temporarily absent because of vacation, sickness, or another reason.

2) Did you look for work and had worked before? (Unemployed). You should mark this box in the case of people who didn't have a job during the week of April 13 to 18 because they withdrew from their job, because of being let go or for another reason, and who are waiting to be called again or are looking for a new job.

3) Did you seek work for the first time? You will mark this box if the person has never had a compensated job and, during the week of April 13 to 18 they took steps to get a job.

4) Retired or Pensioner? You will mark this box if the person didn't do any compensated activity during the week of April 13 to 18 but receives a retirement or dependent's pension in return for services previously rendered, by him or his relatives.

5) Rentier? Is he who didn't do any compensated activity during the week of April 13 to 18, and lives off of the profits of his capital.

6) Student? You will mark this box if the person being enumerated was attending school the majority of the time during the week of April 13 to 18.

7) Household duties? You should mark this box if the person be enumerated dedicated him or herself to the care of the household the majority of the time during the week of April 13 to 18.

8) Other? You should mark the box after the line "other" if the person being enumerated was not, during the week of April 13 to 18, in any of the situations previously listed: for example, disabled persons or shut-ins who don't work.


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Chile 1982 — source variable CL1982A_0426 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all those age 15 and older

10. How did you spend the majority of your time in the past week?

A.

1. You worked at your job where you were paid
2. You worked for a family member without pay in the form of money
3. You had a job, but did not work (because of sickness, vacation, leave, etc.)
4. Unemployed (having worked before)
If you selected one of these alternatives (1-4), continue on to question 11 and those questions following it.

B.

5. Looking for work for the first time

C.

6. Working in the home (When it is not considered domestic service)
7. Student
8. As a renter or living only on your pension
9. Permanently incapacitated and unable to work.
10. Another situation

If you selected one of these alternatives (5-10) and are a woman, pass on to question 14, if you are a man, pass on to question 18.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

10. What did you do the majority of the time last week?

These questions should refer to the activity done during the period of time between Monday and Sunday of the week prior to the day of the census.

When asking the question, read the alternatives in order just as they appear on the questionnaire until you get an affirmative response.

Ask questions 11, 12 and 13 only if you get a response to one of the alternatives in group A.

[p. 20]

Worked in an occupation that gave them money: if the person performed a paid job that gave them any earnings

Worked for a relative without receiving monetary payment for the work; for example, the wife who usually helps out her husband; the son who works with his father without receiving monetary payment, etc.

Had a job but did not work; a person who, having a job or employment, did not perform it last week because of: vacation, sickness, permission, temporary suspension of activities, etc.

Was unemployed: a person who didn't have a job or employment last week, but who had worked before. For example: because of a closing or reduction in personnel at factories, businesses, mines, or other [places]; dismissals or another cause.

If you get a response to one of the alternatives in group B or C, continue on to question 14, if the person being interviewed is a woman, and to question 18, if the person being interviewed is a man.

Looked for work for the first time: a person who never before had a job and who was actively seeking employment last week.

Household duties: a person who was totally dedicated to the care of the household. It does not include domestic service, which should be considered under the alternative worked in an occupation that gave them money.

Student: a person who, the majority of the time last week, attended classes in a regular teaching establishment and didn't dedicate themselves to any other activity.

Since the question refers to Economic Activity, if the person works the majority of the time and also studies, you should register the information under the alternative worked in an occupation that gave them money or worked for a relative without receiving monetary payment for the work, as appropriate.

Retired or pensioner: a person who lives only off of their retirement funds, pension, or dependent's pension and doesn't perform any other activity.

Permanently unable to work: a person permanently impeded from working. For example: disabled people, the mentally ill, etc.

Other situation: this alternative includes those people who can't be classified under any of the previous alternatives. Example: a temporarily ill person who doesn't work and doesn't have a job; a prisoner who doesn't work, etc.

[The above directions refer to a picture of question 10 in this section of the enumeration form.]


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Chile 1992 — source variable CL1992A_0426 — Employment status in previous week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all individuals 14 years of age and older [applies to questions 10 to 16]

11. Which of the following was your situation during the last week?

[] 1 Working for pay
[] 2 Not working, but having a job
[] 3 Working for a family member without receiving payment in money
[] 4 Looking for work, having worked before

For any of the above answers, go on to question 12.

[] 5 Looking for work for the first time
[] 6 Engaged in household duties
[] 7 Studying, without also working
[] 8 Retired or pensioner without also working
[] 9 Permanently disabled for purposes of work
[] 10 Other situation

For answers 5 through 10, if female, skip to question 15 and following; if male, skip to only questions 15 and 16.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

11. In which of these situations did you find yourself last week?

These questions should refer to the activity done during the period of time between Monday and Sunday of the week prior to the day of the Census, that is, between April 13 and 19, 1992.

When asking the question, read the alternatives in order just as they appear on the questionnaire, until you get an affirmative response. If the person did two or more activities, always choose the one to which the person dedicated the majority of their time.

1. Working for income: If the person performed a job for which they received monetary payment.

2. Didn't Work, but has a job: A person who has a job, but didn't perform it last week because of: vacation, sickness, temporary suspension of activities, etc.

3. Working for a relative without monetary payment: A wife who usually helps out her husband; a son who works with his father without receiving monetary payment, etc.

4. Looking for work and has worked before: A person who, having worked before, now has no employment or job, but has made definite efforts to get it on the date of the Census. (Unemployed)

[p. 29]

Important: If you get a response of any of the options in the first group (1 through 4), Continue to question 12 and the subsequent questions; otherwise, continue probing with the following alternatives.

5. Looking for work for the first time: A person who has never before worked but wants to work and has made definite efforts to get it on the date of the Census.

6. Has household duties: A person who was totally dedicated to the care of the household. It does not include domestic service, which should be considered under the alternative Working for income.

7. Studying without working: A person who, the majority of the time last week, attended classes in a teaching establishment.

Important: Since this question refers to Economic Activity, if the person works the majority of the time and also studies, you should register the information under the alternative Working for income or Working for a relative without monetary payment, as appropriate.

8. Pensioner or Retired who doesn't work: A person who lives only off of their retirement funds, pension, or dependent's pension and doesn't perform any compensated activity.

9. Permanently unable to work: A person who is permanently impeded from working. For example: disabled people, the mentally ill, etc.

10. Other situation: This alternative includes those people who can't be classified under any of the previous alternatives. Example: a temporarily ill person who doesn't work and doesn't have a job; a prisoner who doesn't work, etc.

Important: If you get a response of any of the options in the second group (5 through 10) and the person being surveyed is a woman, you should continue on to question 15 and the subsequent questions. If it is a man, you should ask him only questions 15 and 16 and then end the interview, continuing with the next member of the household.

[The above directions refer to a picture of question 11 in this section of the enumeration form.]


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Chile 2002 — source variable CL2002A_0421 — Employment status last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all individuals 15 years of age and older

29. In which of the following situations did you find yourself during the last week?

[] 1 Working for pay
[] 2 Not working, but having a job
[] 3 Looking for work, having worked before
[] 4 Working for a family member without receiving payment in money

For any of the above answers, go on to question 30.

[] 5 Looking for work for the first time
[] 6 Engaged in household duties
[] 7 Studying
[] 8 Retired or pensioner
[] 9 Permanently disabled for purposes of work
[] 10 Other situation

For the above answers, skip to question 33.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 29

"Last week": Between Monday, April 15 and Sunday, April 21. [These instructions refer to a graphic of question 29 on the census form.]

In this question, you should only mark one oval. The informant determines the option that best describes him/her. [These instructions refer to a graphic of question 29 on the census form.]


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China 1982 — source variable CN1982A_0408 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Persons aged 15 and above
[Applies to questions VIII - XI]

IX. Occupation

____
_ _ _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

9. Occupation. Working people age 15 and above should report their occupation. Under this topic, specific types of work these people are doing should be written down. For example, workers should register as "spinner", "fitter'', "typesetter", "driver", etc. Peasants should register as "grain grower", "cotton grower", "pig breeder", "poultry raiser", etc. Commercial and service trades personnel may be identified as "shop assistant", "chef", "conductor", etc. Government staff may be classified as "X X section chief", "typist", etc. The answer should not be in such general terms as "workers", "peasants", or "cadres".

When a person is holding two or more jobs, the one he/she spends most of his/her time on counts. If their responsibilities are inconsistent with their titles, describe their present jobs. For example, for a worker who is released from production to do administrative work, fill in this column with "workshop statistician", "clerk of X X section" etc. Those who are not at their post presently on account of illness, injury, holiday-leave, being released from work to study, enterprise readjustment, labor-reform, etc., should register under the original work. Apprentices should register under the trade they are learning to do. If his/her trade is still undecided, the person can put down "type of work undecided".


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China 1982 — source variable CN1982A_0409 — Status of non-working person
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Persons aged 15 and above
[Applies to questions VIII - XI]

X. Status of non-working person

[] 1. Student
[] 2. Housekeeping
[] 3. Awaiting school enrollment
[] 4. Awaiting state employment
[] 5. Awaiting job assignment in city/town
[] 6. Retired or resigned
[] 7. Other

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

10. Status of non-working people. Non-working people age 15 and above, should circle one answer category accordingly.

For student now studying at school, draw a circle on "student at school".

Those who are doing mostly housework belong to "doing housework". Those people who engage in sideline production at home as their major means of upkeep should fill in under the employed population and should write down their industry and occupation and should not mark down as "doing housework".

Young people attending continuation courses or studying on their own in preparation for entering a school of a higher grade may circle on "awaiting school enrollment" if they so wish.

Graduates from institutions of higher learning, technical and vocational middle school as well as demobilized soldiers in city/town who are [pg. 26] waiting for state assignment, should be identified as "awaiting state employment".

Jobless people living in urban areas who are of working age and are capable of and willing to work, (the definition of working population is given in item 8 of Chapter III in the Instructions), draw a circle on "awaiting job assignment in city/town".

The difference between "awaiting school enrollment" and "awaiting job assignment in city/town" lies in the fact that the former do not want a job while the latter has applied for a job. To differentiate between the two, the answer categories under the topic should be circled according to the respondent's statement.

Retired cadres, workers and staff and those who have quit the work, as well as peasants living on pension, should be recorded as "retired or resigned", their industry or occupation before retirement should not be taken. Neither should they circle "doing housework" even though they do look after the house. Retired workers and staff who participate in a kind of social labor at the census time and earn a supplementary income making up his/her pension to become 100% of the original pay should fill in their industry and occupation rather than circling on "retired or resigned". Those who do not belong to any of the above-mentioned categories, for instance, someone incapable of work due to deformity, should circle on "other"; people being arrested and serving a sentence are dealt with in the same way as well.


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China 1990 — source variable CN1990A_0413 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 10-13 were asked of persons age 15 and older.]

11. Occupation: _ _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

11. Occupations of employed/working people: -- Those aged 15 and over.

Fill in the detailed work. For example, worker can be "locksmith", "car driver" etc. Commercial or Service staff can be "salesperson", "cook", "ticket seller" etc. Office staff can be "planning staff", "statistical staff", "secretary", "accountant", "typist", etc. Do not fill in general terms such as "worker" or "cadre". For those who are in charge of government institutions and related organizations, or communist-party organizations, fill in their posts; for those who hold both technical and administrative posts, fill in the administrative ones. For those who are in charge of enterprise and public institutions, they should fill in the rank of their institutions in addition to their posts. For example, "factory director of an institution at the rank of regiment in this county". If the rank of an institution is unclear, fill in respondent's post only.

For farmers, do not use general term "Farmer". Fill in the details: "grain farmer", "truck farmer", "pannage", etc. For those who engage in other activities in addition to agricultural activity, fill in the occupation in which they engage longest. For example, if someone spends most of his/her time on construction, fill in "bricklayer", or "laborer" etc, instead of "farmer".

For those working persons who engage in more than one activity, fill in the occupation in which they engage longest.

For apprentices, fill in the type of work that they learn or engage in. For those whose type of work hasn't be specified, fill in "Type of work unsettled".


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China 1990 — source variable CN1990A_0414 — Non-employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 10-13 were asked of persons age 15 and older.]

12. Status of non-working people:

[] 1 Students
[] 2 Housekeeping
[] 3 Awaiting school enrollment
[] 4 Awaiting job assignment in city/town
[] 5 Retired
[] 6 Disabled/aged
[] 7 Others

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

12. Status of non-working persons --- Those non-working persons aged 15 and over. There are seven answers as follows

1. Students: are those who are enrolled and receiving education at different types of schools at different levels.
2. Housekeeping: are those who engage in household work in their own households.
3. Awaiting school enrollment: are those aged below 25 who are participating in cram school or study independently in order to enroll at the schools.
4. Awaiting job assignment in city/town: are those with non-agricultural, urban household registration who are within working ages, able to work, do not have jobs, do not seek employment, and register at the local urban authorities to await job assignment. The people include those secondary/high school graduates aged 15-25 who don't enroll to higher-level schools, don't join the army, or don't work; and those males (females) aged 25 - 50 (45) who await job assignment. Those workers from institutions declaring bankrupt, those from institutions close to bankrupt, those laid off during the period of legal consolidation, those whose contract is terminated by the companies, or those laid off by their companies, those seeking employment at the time of Census, circle "awaiting job assignment in city/town".
5. Retired: are those retired workers or cadres and those farmers dependent on pension. The retired persons who engage in household works after retirement should circle this answer. The retired persons who return to engage in social works and are receiving reimbursement (or payment) are the employed/working persons.
6. Disabled/aged: are those who lost their ability to work due to mental or physical reasons, or aging. These do not include those receiving pensions.
7. Others: are those non-working persons who do not belong to above categories.


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Colombia 1964 — source variable CO1964A_0414 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

15. Do you currently have paid employment? ____

Write "yes" or "no".

19. Occupation or condition of unemployment ____ _

Write the occupation or usual employment of the person. Examples: Farmer, doctor, carpenter, accountant, manual laborer, servant, etc. If the person does not work, write the unemployment condition: renter, pensioner, disabled, elderly, household domestic duties, student, etc. For those who are unemployed, write their last paid occupation.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column No. 15 - Remunerated activity on the census date

Are you working a remunerated occupation on the census date? The enumerator should ask this question to all persons 10 years old or older.

[p. 20]

For persons who have a remunerated occupation on the census date, the word yes should be written down. For persons who did not have a remunerated occupation on this date, the word no should be written down.

A remunerated occupation refers to a craft a person does by which they obtain a retribution in money or in kind.

Occupation and condition of unemployment

Column No. 19 - What is your habitual occupation or craft? Occupation is understood as profession, craft or class of job that a person who is working does habitually or what a person who is unemployed did on the census date.

One should write down in this column of the form:

a) The habitual occupation of persons who are working on the census date.

b) The habitual occupation of persons who are found without work on the census date.
[p. 21]
c) The condition of persons who do not work because of being of being under age, elderly or invalids, rentiers, pensioned, or who do domestic duties without remuneration, etc.
Habitual occupation. - The habitual occupation of a person, that is, the occupation to which the most time is dedicated should be written down. When a person has many occupations and it is hard for them to know in which the most time is spent, the occupation that produces the greatest incomes should be written down.

In this column, the complete name of the occupation should be written down in a manner that clearly indicates the class or craft or task that is done. In many occupations it is necessary to employ more than one word to be able to describe them correctly, like "wholesale storekeeper", "engineer of mines", "automobile greaser", "retail storekeeper", "upholsterer of furniture", etc., single names like "storekeeper", "engineer", "greaser", "upholsterer", etc indicate nothing respective of the specific occupation. Equally, generic names should not be employed like "manual laborer", "white collar worker", "industrial", etc., since they also do not correctly define the occupation correctly. In some occupations like those of accountant, typist, superintendent, etc., this single name describes the craft or task correctly and therefore can be written down without other specification.

The habitual occupation also should be registered for persons interned temporarily in hospitals, clinics, as also those who are found detained for police reasons.

Occupation of family helpers. - For members of a family (spouse, children relatives) who collaborate in the economic company of the Head of the family or other relative during a time less than two days a week, 10 days a month or 4 months a year, without pay or fixed daily wages, they should be written down as the same occupation as the Head of family or the relative who they help.

Food, in these cases, should not be considered remuneration.

Secondary remunerated occupations: For students, housewives and the rest of persons whose principal activity is not remunerated but who at the same time has a secondary occupation that permits them some monetary income, this last occupation should be registered even though they only do it on some days or some hours a day.

Agricultural occupations. - The following occupations should be distinguished as agricultural occupations:

Farmer: The person who directs the planting and collection of crops, either on private property or for a third party company without depending on other persons.

Also family helpers who work on the farm of the Head of family or relative are farmers, without pay or fixed daily wage and during a time not shorter than two days a week, 10 days a month or 4 months a year.

Administrator of a farm: A person who directs jobs of an agricultural or livestock farm, and for it receives remuneration from the corresponding owner or from the manager of the farm.

[p. 22]

Foreman of the farm: A person who directs a group of agricultural manual laborers, controls their jobs and for this receives remuneration.

Agricultural manual laborer: A person who works as a worker in a farm for a daily wages in money, products or both.

The rest of the occupations of persons who work in farms as helpers in the agricultural labors should be registered as their specific names, such as: Agronomist Engineer, Farm Pilot, Tractor driver, and the same with the personnel of administration and services: Mechanic, Accountant, Inspector, Typist, Servant, etc.

Are you looking for work for the first time?

The cases of persons who on the census date because of not having worked before are found looking for work for the first time should be written down. The annotation will be made in the same column 19, as: "B. T. X. 1a vez"

Condition of inactivity. - For a persons who do not work due to conditions of age, health or are dedicating their time to study in education centers, domestic duties, or those who live on investments or pensions and do not have a remunerated occupation, the condition of inactivity that corresponds to them, in accordance with the following names should be registered:

Home: Women who without having a remunerated occupation do domestic duties.

Minor: A person younger than 14 years who does not study and does not have an occupation.

Student: A person who studies in an education establishment and does not have a remunerated occupation.

Elderly person: A person who cannot work because of age.

Invalid: A person who cannot carry out a job because of a physical incapacity.

Rentier: A person without remunerated occupation who lives from the product of investments or stocks.

Pensioned: A person without remunerated occupation who lives on a pension supplied by official and private entities.

Interned: A person who resides and is attended in a social institution of health, like mental hospitals, sanitariums, old peoples home, hospices, etc.

Imprisoned: A resident in jails where they complete a sentence. They should not be confused with a simple detainee.

Religious person: Persons of both sexes who live in convents.

For persons who are found in collective residences (barracks, convents, hospitals, boarding schools, etc.) the habitual occupation, grade, title or condition should be registered, for example: administrator, superintendent, servant, lieutenant, sergeant, corporal, soldier, student, priest, etc.

Persons who do not work should not be confused with those who having worked in some part of the census year, are found without a job or employment on the official day of the census. Equally, these last persons also should not be confused with those looking for a job for the first time, such as persons who finished their studies and are looking for work.


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Colombia 1964 — source variable CO1964A_0415 — Looked for work
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

16. If you do not currently have paid employment, have you looked for work in the previous month? ____

Write "yes" or "no".

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column No. 16 - This column will be employed only for persons who do not have an occupation on the census date, that is, for those for whom no was written in column 15.

If an unemployed person looked for work during the month that ended with the census date, the word yes will be written down. In the case of not having looked for work during this month, the word no will be written down.


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Colombia 1973 — source variable CO1973A_0419 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C. Economic characteristics (For persons 10 years old or more)
[Applies to questions 14 - 19]

14. What did you do the week before the census (14 to 20 October)

[] 1 Work
[] 2 Did not work but has a job
[] 3 Looking for work and has worked before
[] 4 Looking for work for the first time
[] 5 Lives on rent payments
[] 6 Has a pension
[] 7 In school
[] 8 Home business, self-employed
[] 9 No work

If the answer is 1, 2, or 3, continue with question 15. If the answer is 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, or 9, continue with question 18.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Section C. Economic characteristics

This section should be filled out only for persons 10 years old or older.
[Applies to questions 14 - 19]

Question No. 14. Activity during the week previous to the day of the census.

[Below the text is a form.]

[P. 50]

Take into account the following:

The question refers to what a person did during the week understood to be October 14 to 20.

Mark an "x" in the box corresponding to the obtained information.

Two or more alternatives will never be marked for the same person. If someone had two activities, only pick the alternative that is put first, in the form.

1. Mark "x" in the box "worked" when a person did any labor during one or more hours during the week in exchange for remuneration. In this category persons who without receiving remuneration for their work are included, working in family businesses or exploitations for 15 or more hours in the week.

2. Mark "x" in the box "did not work but had a job", when a person had employment during the week of October 14 to 20, but did not work for any temporary reason like sickness, passage, vacation, on leave, work conflict, machine injury, bad weather, etc.

3. Mark "x" in the box "looked for work but worked before", in the case of persons who worked some time in their life, but did not have employment during the week of October 14 to 20, and spent this week looking for new employment.

4. Mark "x" in the box "looked for work for the first time", when a person looked for work the week before the Census day, but had not worked previously.

5. Mark "x" in the box "lived by their investments", when a person did not do any job, or did not look for employment during the week before the Census day and periodically receives income provided from interest on loaned money, participation in earnings of a business, stocks (dividends) or leasing of buildings, houses, lands, machinery or equipment.
[p. 51]
6. Mark "x" in the box "retired or pensioned", when a person does not work or look for work during the week of October 14 to 20 and receives pensions of widow, physical incapacity, etc., or retirement by leaving a job after becoming a certain age or certain number of years of service.

7. Mark "x" in the box "studied" when a person did not work, or look for work in the week before the Census, and attended educational classes of any type.

8. Mark "x" in the box "domestic duties", when a person did not work or did not look for work in the week of October 14 to 20, and did domestic activities (washing, cooking, taking care of children, etc.) in their own household without receiving remuneration.

9. Mark "x" in the box "without activity", for persons who are not located in any of the previous alternatives.
How to continue the filling out of the form

For persons who are in the alternatives 1 (worked), in 2 (did not work but looked for work) or 3 (Looked for work but worked before) ask all the other questions in section C. about economic characteristics.

For persons who are in the other alternative (4, 5, 6, 7, 8 or 9) go directly to questions 18 and 19, without filling out questions 15, 16 and 17.


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Colombia 1985 — source variable CO1985A_0418 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

D. For persons ten years old or more.
[Applies to questions 42 - 45]

44. Read all of the options in order and as soon as you get an affirmative response, make an X in the box
Last week:

[] 1 Worked
[] 2 Did not work but had a job
[] 3 Looked for work and have worked before

(Answers 1, 2, and 3 continue with 45)

[] 5 Looked for work for the first time
[] 6 Lived from investments and did not work or look for work
[] 7 Lived on a pension and did not work or look for work
[] 7 In school and did not work or look for work
[] 8 Did domestic work in the home and did not work or look for work
[] 9 Was without activity

(Answers 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9 continue with question 46)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

D. For persons 10 years old or older
[Applies to questions 42 - 45]

Question No. 44 Condition of activity

[Below the text is a form.]

Read the alternatives in order, if the response is negative, do not make any mark in the boxes. If the response is affirmative mark "x" in the corresponding box and follow the instructions you have at the front, in the square, that is to say:

If you marked boxes 1, 2 or 3, go to question 45.
If you marked boxes 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 or 9 and the person that it concerns is a man or woman younger than 15, go to the other person.
If you marked boxes 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 or 9 and the person that it concerns is a man or woman 15 years old or older, go to question 46.

Help the person found the pertinent response, taking into account the following definitions:

Worked. A person worked during the indicated week.

If they carried out any activity in the production of goods (food, drugs, clothes, etc.) or services (of education, guarding, etc.) in exchange for income, for a time not shorter than 1 hour (or not less than 15 hours if it is a family helper worker without pay. In this case the duties of "key persons" ["amas de casa"] in a home are not considered jobs.

If they received income from two or more pensioners (persons who pay because they prepare meals for them).

Did not work but had a job. If a person had employment during the week indicated, but was temporarily absent for it for any reason like passing sickness, on leave or with permission, vacations, labor conflict, machines in repair, suspended, etc.
[p. 48]
Looked for work but had worked before. If a person has worked any time in their life and in the indicated week did not have a job but was looking for work, that is to say was taking steps to get it or was waiting for results of applications.

Looked for work for the first time. If a person never has worked before but in the indicated week looked for work for the first time.

Lived from investments and did not work or look for work. If a person did not work or look for work during the indicated week but receives income or investments for their goods (interest, participation in company benefits, lease, renting of land, etc.)

Lived on retirement benefits or pension and did not work or look for work. If a person did not work or look for work during the indicated week but lived on pensions (widow, physical incapacity, etc.) or on retirement benefits (by retirement form work because of becoming a certain age or number of years of service).

Studied and did not work or look for work. If a person, during the indicated week, spent the largest amount of time in any school, secondary school, university, or academy or was dedicated to studying in their own house and were not working or looking for work.

This box also should be marked is a person is dedicated to studying, even if in the indicated week has not studied because of sickness or vacation.

If a person worked and studied they should not be marked in this box, but rather in front of box 1 (worked).

If a person, along with studying, carried out household duties, mark the box corresponding to studied.

Did domestic duties and did not work or look for work. Duties of the home are understood to be the care of children and chores of the dwelling like cooking, washing, cleaning, repairing the dwelling, arranging the gardens of the dwelling, etc. when these duties are not carried out by an employee.

Take into account that persons who do these labors are not necessarily women.

Mark this box if a person, during the indicated week, was dedicated to directing their home or carrying out household duties and did not work or look for work. This box should also be marked if a person is dedicated to the home even if during the indicated week, for temporary reasons (trip, sickness, etc.) did not do this activity.

Take into account that persons who do household duties and non remunerated family workers are different in that family workers work in companies of any family member and not in household duties.

Was without activity. Is a person, during the indicated week, who did not carry out a paid or remunerated job and did not look for work.
[p. 49]

Persons who worked without pay (for friendship, for charity, for solidarity, etc.) and persons who, because of permanent disability or old age, now cannot carry out any class of job and do not have an income should be included here.


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Colombia 1993 — source variable CO1993A_0426 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

F3. Ask these questions of all persons who are ten years old or more.

37. Principal activity of last week -- you . . .

[] 1 Looked for work having worked before
[] 2 Looked for work for the first time (continue with F 4)
[] 3 Did not work, on vacation or leave or other reason
[] 4 Worked
[] 5 Student (continue with F 4)
[] 6 Household domestic duties (continue with F 4)
[] 7 Disabled (continue with F 4)
[] 8 Retired (continue with F 4)
[] 9 Other situation (continue with F 4)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

F3. Ask these questions to all persons 10 years old or older

37. Last week [the respondent] principally did:

Read the question and the alternatives to the interviewed person until obtaining an affirmative response. You should mark with "x" a single option.

[Below the text is a form.]

Keep in mind the following criteria:

Looked for work but had worked before
A person who having worked any other time did not have a job last week but did look for work or was waiting for a response to requests that had been carried out previously (Unemployed, unemployed person who looks for work).

Looked for work for the first time
A person who had never worked, but during the reference week was looking for work (applicant).

Did not work because of being on vacation or with permission or other reason
A person who, having employment or work, in the reference week and did not do it. For example, on vacation, on leave, repair of equipment, sickness, strike, or any other temporary interruption of their job.

Worked
It corresponds to persons who in the week before the census carried out a job for an income in money or kind.

Studied
A person who during the reference week was dedicated to studying and did not have or look for a job. Students on vacation are included in this category.

Carried out household duties
A person who, during the reference week, was dedicated to the duties of their own household or directed them and did not have or look for work.

Is incapacitated to work
A person who because of any permanent disability could not carry out any type of work.

Lived from retirement payments, pension or investments
A person who, without working, receives income by investments (interest, leasing, dividends or companies) or pensions (of old age, invalid or death). Retirees are those who receive an old age pension.
[p. 171]
Another situation
Persons whose activity in the reference week cannot be classified in any of the previous options. For example, one who worked without remuneration for goodwill or voluntary entities.

If an interviewed person responds to you that they "studied", "carried out domestic duties" or "lived from retirement payments or investments", ask if along with this, they carried out any other productive activity like for example driving a taxi, worker in a store, etc. If they respond affirmatively to you, mark option 4 ("working") and erase the other option.

If you marked options 1, 3 or 4 continue with question 38.

If you marked options 2, 5, 6, 7, 8 or 9, go directly to filter F4 and do not ask questions 38 and 39


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Colombia 2005 — source variable CO2005A_0499 — Type of work that he/she did last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons five years old or more (generated through the DMC )
[Questions 45-52 were asked of persons age 5+.]

47. During the past week, [the respondent]: (basic)

[] 1 Worked?
[] 2 Did not work, but had a job?
[] 3 Looked for work having worked previously?
[] 4 Looked for work for the first time? (Continue with 51)
[] 5 Studied only, neither worked nor looked for work? (Continue with 51)
[] 6 Did household chores and neither did not work nor look for work? (Continue with 51)
[] 7 Was permanently incapacitated for work? (Continue with 51)
[] 8 Lived off of retirement pension or rents and neither did not work nor look for work? (Continue with 51)
[] 9 Was in another situation? (Continue with 51)


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Costa Rica 1963 — source variable CR1963A_0447 — Economic activity
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Occupational Characteristics
Only for those 12 years of age and older [applies to questions 14 to 19]

14. General classification - Mark the appropriate box

Employed: one who worked 6 days or more during the month of March 1963
Student: one who only studied during March 1963
Unemployed: one who did not work or worked fewer than 6 days in March 1963
Household duties: one who only did household work
Other: pensioner, retiree, rentier, beggar, insane, institutionalized, etc.
[] 1 Employed
[] 2 Student
[] 3 Unemployed
[] 4 Household duties
9 Other (specify) ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Occupational Characteristics

Ask these questions only to persons 12 years old or older.

This part of the form joins many interesting aspects relative to the occupation of the individuals. By means of these six questions it will be able to be known where and in what the Costa Rican population works, how many are employees, employers or exclusively students; how many women work only in the house, and much more information.

Logically to arrive at obtaining comparable information, all the enumerators should follow the norms and established definitions.

Line No. 14.- General classification

By means of the mark that you make in the appropriate box, the whole population will be classified, agreeing with its primary occupational characteristics.

You should only mark one box for each person. Ask what a person does and then include it in the line that corresponds, according to the following definitions that are given:

Employed: is each person 12 years old or older who, during the reference period (March 1963), has worked for at least 6 days or work days. If they were absent from their job because of vacations, sickness, involuntary stoppage of work or strike, consider them as employed. Take them as such, since by having worked an occupation they have received or not, directly or indirectly, a payment in cash, in kind, or in both forms.

Student: is any person 12 years old or older who is dedicated exclusively to studying. If a person as well as studying, worked 6 or more days during the reference period (March 1963) consider them as "employed".

Unemployed: is all persons 12 years old or older capable of working (that is to say, they worked before and look for work) not one who looked for it for the first time), who during the month of March 1963 did not work any occupation, for at least 6 days or work days.

If a person12 years old or older, capable of working, worked less than 6 days or work days in the month of March, write them down as "Unemployed".

If a person 12 years old or older, capable of working, is not working on the date of the Census, or when the enumerator interviews them, but worked for a space of 6 or more days or work days in the month of March, they should be classified as "Employed", since this information does not refer to the date of the Census nor to the interview that the enumerator did, but rather that there is for them a period of reference: the month of March 1963.

Keep in mind that in this group also are included all persons, capable of working, who did not work during the reference period; therefore do not include here the incapacitated (blind, paralytic, etc.), who do not work due to their physical condition, nor pensioners, who are included in another group.

Domestic Craft: In this group are included women 12 years old or older who dedicate their time to chores of the home and do not work any other occupation, except pensioners or retirees. Generally they are understood to be a mother or daughters, also any other relative who resides in the Dwelling.

Servants and other employees are "Employed" and should be written down as such in the form.

Other: You should include in this group all persons 12 years old or older who are not included in the previous concepts. The persons referred to in this group are:

a) Pensioner and retirees; or that is those who live exclusively on a pension or retirement payments. They should always be written down even if they do domestics chores in their home.

[p. 51]

b) Rentiers; or those persons who draw investments from any origin and live exclusively from them. They should always be written down even if they do domestic labors in their home.

c) Persons interned in institutions; who are residents in jails, hospitals, convents, asylums, etc., permanently. Temporary interned (or that is who are going to remain there less then a year) who have an occupation, which they are not doing because of being interned occasionally in the institution should not be included among these; such persons should be classified as "Employed".

Other persons; includes persons such as blind, beggars, paralytics, etc. always who do not have any occupation, nor are interned in institutions.

When a person should be included in this group, it is necessary to specify, writing down that which corresponds to concepts a), b), c) and d).


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Costa Rica 1973 — source variable CR1973A_0419 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Only for individuals 12 years of age and older
[Applies to questions 17 - 22]

17. Activity status.

Mark only one circle according to the instruction on page 47 of the Enumerator's Manual.
[] 1 Worked
[] 2 Did not work
[] 3X Looked for work for the first time
[] 4X Student
[] 5X Household duties
[] 6X Pensioner or rentier
[] 9X Others (specify) ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

23.- Question No. 17.- Activity status

Only one circle should be marked for each person. Ask what the person does and then include it in the corresponding space.

23.1.- Worked: refers to all persons 12 years old or older who during the week of may 7 to 12 worked one hour or more or was in possession of a job.

This job could have been for:

23.1.1.- a) Received remuneration, in money, in kind or in both.

23.1.2.- b) Having had incomes or not; such is the case of "worker by own account".

23.1.3.- c) Not having had remuneration or incomes, such is the case of "non remunerated family worker".

All persons who during the week of May 7 to 12 were in possession of a job should be included, even if they were on vacation, sick, on strike, involuntary work stoppage, etc.

It is not considered that a person "worked", if a person is dedicated exclusively to domestic crafts or household duties, such as painting it, working in the garden, repairing it, etc.

23.2.- Did not Work: refers to every person 12 years old or more WHO WAS CAPABLE OF WORKING who in the week of May 7 to 12 did not have a job, and either was looking for it or did not look for it because they thought they were not going to find it.

23.3.- Looked for Work for the First Time: refers to every person 12 years old or more who was capable of working, who never has worked and looks for work for the first time, including those who took the steps to work for their own account or as employer.

23.4.- Student: refers to a person 12 years old or more who is dedicated exclusively to studying during the week from May 7 to 12. That is, if a person worked during the aforementioned week, it should be written down as such.

23.5.- Domestic Crafts: refers to every person 12 years old or more who in the week of May 7 to 12 were dedicated exclusively to the care of their own home. Generally they are understood to be women and as an exception, men.

Servants and other paid employees of the house should be written down as "worked".

23.6.- Pensioned, Rentiers or Retirees: refer to persons who live exclusively from a pension, retirement payment or investment. They should always be written down as such, even if they do household duties "Domestic Crafts".

23.7.- Others: are those persons 12 years old or older who cannot be classified in the previous points. The persons referred to in this group are

23.7.1.- Persons Interned in Institutions: are residents in a permanent form in jails, convents, asylums, etc.
[p. 47]
23.7.2.- Other Persons: includes persons such as the blind, beggars, paralytics, and others with mental or physical deficiencies who do not work in any occupation.

Children who finished their primary education or now do not attend school, who do not work, or who do not look for work for the first time, should be included in this group.

Also all persons not included in the previous classifications are included here, such as: Persons 65 years old or older, vagabonds, antisocial persons, etc.


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Costa Rica 1984 — source variable CR1984A_0416 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Only for those 12 years of age and older
[Applies to questions 12-16]

12. Economic activity

What did you do the week of the 3rd to the 9th of June?

[] 1 Worked or had a job
[] 2 Was unemployed
[] 3 Looked for work for the first time

[] 4 Pensioned or rentier
[] 5 Student
[] 6 Household duties
[] 7 Other

If 4 - 7 are selected, end the interview here

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Fourth block of questions: only for persons 12 years old or more

This block of questions is formed by questions 12 to 16 and should be asked only to persons 12 years old and older. If a person that you enumerate does not meet this requirement, you should cross out the whole block with two diagonally crossed lines and go to the next person. This part has some complexity because of this it is recommended to put much care to each one of the concepts noted here. This block has as its objective gathering information about the work characteristics of the interviewed persons to attain correct information and a good understanding of the questions it is necessary that you keep in mind the following concepts:

1. Working age population
It is the group of persons 12 years old or older.
2. Work Force or Economically Active Population
It is the group of persons 12 years old or older who work, look for work.
3. Economically Inactive Population
It is the group of persons 12 years old or older who do not work and do not look for work.
4. Work
Work is understood to be a labor activity that has as its goal the production of goods and services with economic value in the market.

Question 12: Economic activity

The condition of activity or type of activity, is the relation that exists between each person and the current economic activity that is done within our country, in and of its sectors (industrial, agricultural or livestock, services, etc).

[Below the text is a form.]

[p. 53]

To determine the condition of every interviewed person, you should ask each person 12 years old or older: What did you do the week of June 3 to 9? (last week). The question refers to what the person did during this week, because of this it you need to know if the interviewed person was working, was a student, or any of the situations that appear in the question. Once you have asked the question begin to read each of the alternatives and mark with an X for that which the person answered affirmatively. It is recommended to make an effort to get information about the economic activity of women; many times women tend to be classified that they are in their house as "domestic craft", nevertheless, some of them carry out another type of economic activity in their house (sew, make cigars, make handicrafts, etc).

In the case of the agricultural work for self-consumption, do not consider persons who carry out these activities, within the category of "work". Some following basic concepts are given so that you can correctly fill out question 12. Nevertheless, before going to it is necessary to give a warning. The categories corresponding to "condition of activity" are not mutually exclusive, that is to say, a person can be working and at the same time looking for work or studying; also the case is given of women who work and attend the domestic work of their household. Then, to answer this question adequately, the first condition that the person has should be written down as the response according to the order established for the categories (for example if a person worked and studied, they remain classified as worked).

Definition of useful terms for correctly filling out question 12

[1. ]Worked or had a job: In this category a person who during the week of June 3 to 9 worked at least one hour or was in possession of a job is included, even if they are on vacation, incapacitated, on strike or in a similar situation. They could in exchange for the job: Have received remuneration in money, in kind or in both forms. Have had incomes or not. Have not had remuneration or income (family worker without wage).
2. Was unemployed :refers to a person having the capacity to work, who in the reference week did not work but looked for work and has worked at another time.
By looking for work it is understood to be the fact of trying to find a job through friends or relatives, answering ads in the newspaper or visiting places in search for a position. It includes also one who waits for responses to applications made recently or one who stopped looking for work momentarily because of a passing sickness. A person who already had obtained a job, but will begin to work after June 9, also is considered as being unemployed (or looking for the first time if they had no labor experience).
3. Looked for work for the first time: refers to a person with the capacity to work, who never has done it but during the week of June 3 to 9 was looking for it.
4. Pensioned or rentier: refers to a person who has a pension or investments and did not work or look for work. They should be considered in this category even though they do chores in the household.
5. Student: refers to a person dedicated to studying, without working or looking for work during the reference week.
6. Household duties: refers to a person who carried out household duties, such as washing, cleaning, cooking, etc. in their own house and does not fall into the previous categories.
7. Other: is understood to be persons not classified in the previous points, for example: residents permanently in jails; convents; asylums, hospitals; blind; beggars; disabled persons (always who do not have any occupation); older persons; tramps; those who already finished their primary education and do not attend school, and who do not look for work for the first time.


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Costa Rica 2000 — source variable CR2000A_0421 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For those 12 years of age and older [Applies to questions 13-18]

14. Last week, did [was] ____

[] 1 work?
[] 2 work for or help a family member without receiving payment?
[] 3 not work, but have a job?
[] 4 look for work having worked before?
[] 5 look for work for the first time?
[] 6 retired or live from investments and not work?
[] 7 a student and did not work?
[] 8 work only on household duties?
[] 9 Other?
For responses 4 - 9, skip to 19
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Third Block

Only for persons 12 years old or older

Question 14: Condition of Activity

The principal objective of this question is to determine the participation that persons 12 years old or older had in the economic activity of the country in the reference period.

[To the right of the text is a form.]

In accordance with the explained objective, three basic concepts should stand out:

Reference period: The Population Census has the moment of reference as 0 hours June 18, but in the case of questions about economic activity (questions 14-18), the reference period is the week previous to the census moment. The information that is compiled should refer to the week (from Sunday to Saturday) immediately before the interview.

Economic Activity: is all activity and work directed toward the production of economic goods and services meant for sale or barter.

Condition of Activity: is the participation (or not) of each person in the economic activities that are developed in the country, in any of its sectors (industrial, commercial, agricultural and livestock, service, etc.).

To determine the condition of activity of each interviewed person their situation is investigated respective to having or not a job or employment, if they looked for a job or if they were economically inactive in the reference week.

The following possible response options are defined:

1. Worked: Included in the category is a person who in the week before the day of the interview, worked for at least one hour, in any economic activity, and for it received remuneration or income in money, in kind or both, as salary or earnings. In this sense, not only working in a formal and permanent factory but also that which is done occasionally are included, if it was done during the reference week.

[Below the text are two pictures of people working.]

2. Worked or helped a family member without receiving pay: refers to a person who worked or helped for at least one hour in a relation of dependence with a member of the home or with another person, on a farm, company or family business and who did not receive remuneration nor earnings for the work, either in money or in kind.

3. Did not work, but had a job: A person who had employment but who, in the week before the interview, did not work for reasons of vacation, incapacity, strike, or any other circumstance, when a formal tie exists with the employment.

[Below the text is a picture of a person not working.]

[p. 68]

Remember that many economic activities that persons do, especially children, youths and women; frequently the enumerated person does not consider them work, because they dedicate little time to them, they are not remunerated or they are complementary to their studies or household duties. Because of this it is important to insist on the possession of a job when a person responses negatively to the first three categories.

These activities can include, for example, sewing, ironing other's clothes, making food for sale, helping the family in agricultural or livestock activities (milking cows, raising chickens, taking care of crops, among others) or also dividing time in a family business.

4. Looked for work having worked before: refers to a person of working age, who in the reference week did not have a job but was looking for one and who had worked before.

[Below the text is a picture of persons looking for work.]

Looking for work is understood as:

The act of trying to get a salaried or independent job through means of friends or relatives, answering ads in the newspaper, visiting places in search of a position or taking steps toward working on their own account such as looking for financing, materials, equipment or clients.

Also included is one who waits for a response to requests made recently or who stopped looking momentarily because of a temporary sickness.

Also a person who has found a job but will begin to work after the day of the interview should be considered.

5. Looked for work for the first time: refers to a person of working age, who never has done it before but who in the week before the interview was looking for work. Looking for work is considered the same conditions mentioned in the previous category.

[Below the text is a picture of a person looking for work.]

6. Pensioned or rentier: refers to a person who did not work or look for work and who received a pension from some form of social security (r?gimen previsional), or who lives from the investments that renting dwellings or offices produce, or from utilities that pay deposits, bonds, stocks, etc.. They should be considered in this category even if they did household duties.

7. Student: refers to a person who is dedicated to studying, without working or looking for work during the reference week, if also they help or take charge of household duties they will always be considered students.

8. Household duties: refers to a person who is dedicated exclusively to work or domestic chores of their own house and cannot be classified in the previous categories. Keep in mind that currently this activity is done by both men and women.

9. Other: is understood to be persons not classified in the previous categories, for example: residents permanently in jails, convents, asylums, hospitals, etc; persons of advanced age or permanently disabled; in all the cases those who always do not have a job should not be classified here. Also consider bums and indigents among those not classified previously.

Once you make the reference period clear, you should complete the question with each one of the alternatives that we have defined, until getting an affirmative response.

Some additional recommendations that it is necessary to take into account are:

The categories of condition of activity are not mutually exclusive (for example, many persons work and study or work and do household duties) but, it requires a single response.

[p. 69]

Nevertheless, you should write down the condition of activity that the person has, in accordance with the order of priority in which the categories appear.

Make an effort to get information about the activity fulfilled by women that tend to call themselves "housewives", when in reality they combine the chores of the house with some other activity of an economic type within or outside of the house (sewing, making handicrafts, sale of food, raising animals, etc.).

Do not consider the following situations to be work

Having exclusively done a voluntary job like firepersons, Red Cross workers, or lady volunteers who go to hospitals.

Voluntary help of domesticated duties in another home, without receiving remuneration.

Help done by a friend or relative as a favor.

Farm work exclusively for self consumption.

Asking for alms.

The professional practice without remuneration that students must do for companies in order to graduate. [internship]

If any doubtful situations present themselves to you, write them down in observations so that the supervisor may clarify them.

The following questions, 15 to 18, are applied only to persons classified in categories 1, 2 and 3, of question 14, that is, persons who work or had employment.

In the case that a person works for many establishments (has more than one job), you should refer the following questions to the job where the most time is spent, which is considered the principal employment or job: because of this before question 15, "For the Principal Job" is indicated in the questionnaire.


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Costa Rica 2011 — source variable CR2011A_0435 — Worked last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Only for people 12 years or older
[Questions 20 through 23 are asked only of persons aged 20 and older]

21. Last week [the respondent]...?

[] 1 Worked for an hour or more (excluding domestic tasks) (go to 24)
[] 2 Did not work but has employment (go to 24)
[] 3 Helped with a family business or farm without payment (go to 24)
[] 4 None of the above
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions 20 to 31 are asked only of people 12 years of age or older.

Questions 21 to 23: Determine the activity status of the people.

In order to adequately establish the economic activity condition of the people of the household as "employed, unemployed, or inactive" it is important that you analyze the following diagram and know the main concepts and related definitions.

Activity status

Active economic population (work force)
Employed population
Worked for an hour or more in the last week
Carried out economic activities for money or something in exchange
Did not work but has employment
Worked or helped in the family business without pay
Unemployed population
Looked for work and had worked previously
Looked for work for the first time
Inactive economic population (not in work force)
Student
Retired or renter
People with domestic chores in their own home
Other situation
[p. 157]

Keep in mind the following definitions:

Reference week: the information that is collected about the activity status must refer to the week immediately prior to the interview (from Sunday the 22nd to Saturday the 28th of May).

Activity status: this refers to the classification of the population 12 years or older according to their participation in economic activities.

Economic activity: all activity or work directed to the production of goods or economic services, designed for sale or exchange.

Work: the participation of the population in economic activities.

Employed population: according to the previous definitions employed people are those that during the reference week:

a) Worked or carried out some economic activity for at least one hour, without counting domestic tasks of their own home.

b) Were found not working but who have employment (they did not work because of some incapacity, vacations, suspension or leave of absence for a month or less, strike, lack of clients at the premise or office, bad weather, equipment failure, lack of raw materials, or closure period).

c) Worked or helped in a family business without pay.

[p. 158]

Keep in mind that for the purposes of the census, the following activities are not considered work:

Having exclusively carried out volunteer work as a fireman, red cross worker, and other volunteers that go to the hospitals and do not receive pay.

Voluntary help in domestic tasks in another household different from one's own, without receiving remuneration.

Help given to a friend or relative as a favor.

Ad honorem labor.

Begging.

Professional internship without remuneration that the students are required to do in order to graduate.

Agricultural activities exclusively for self consumption.
Unemployed population: people that are unemployed during the reference week are those that did not work and did not have employment, they were available to work and took concrete actions to look for a salaried or independent employment.

Economically inactive population: this is composed of the collection of people that during the reference week did not form part of the work force, that's to say, they did not participate in the production of goods and economic services, they were not available to do so and they did not look for work.

Question 21: Worked the past week

21. Last week [name]...?

[] 1 worked for an hour or more (excluding domestic tasks) (go to
24)
[] 2 did not work but has employment (go to 24)
[] 3 helped with a family business or farm without payment (go to 24)
[] 4 none of the above

You must ask this question of all household members 12 years or older, applying the definitions and concepts previously explained.

The categories of the response are:

Worked for an hour or more: people that carried out some economic activity for at least one hour, without counting the domestic tasks of their own home.

Did not work but has employment: people that are without work during the reference week because of incapacity, vacations, strikes, or other, but they have employment.

Helped with a family business or farm without payment: person that helped for at least an hour, without receiving remuneration or profit, for some person that works independently or salaried in economic activities, in a farm, business, or company.


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Costa Rica 2011 — source variable CR2011A_0437 — Unemployed and inactive persons
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Only for people 12 years or older
[Questions 20 through 23 are asked only of persons aged 20 and older]

23. Last week [the respondent]...?

[] 1 Looked for work and had worked previously (go to 30)
[] 2 Looked for work for the first time (go to 30)
[] 3 Is pensioned or retired (go to 30)
[] 4 Makes a living by renting (go to 30)
[] 5 Only studies (go to 30)
[] 6 Dedicates time to domestic chores of the household (go to 30)
[] 7 Another situation (go to 30)
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions 20 to 31 are asked only of people 12 years of age or older.

Questions 21 to 23: Determine the activity status of the people.

In order to adequately establish the economic activity condition of the people of the household as "employed, unemployed, or inactive" it is important that you analyze the following diagram and know the main concepts and related definitions.

Activity status

Active economic population (work force)
Employed population
Worked for an hour or more in the last week
Carried out economic activities for money or something in exchange
Did not work but has employment
Worked or helped in the family business without pay
Unemployed population
Looked for work and had worked previously
Looked for work for the first time
Inactive economic population (not in work force)
Student
Retired or renter
People with domestic chores in their own home
Other situation
[p. 157]

Keep in mind the following definitions:

Reference week: the information that is collected about the activity status must refer to the week immediately prior to the interview (from Sunday the 22nd to Saturday the 28th of May).

Activity status: this refers to the classification of the population 12 years or older according to their participation in economic activities.

Economic activity: all activity or work directed to the production of goods or economic services, designed for sale or exchange.

Work: the participation of the population in economic activities.

Employed population: according to the previous definitions employed people are those that during the reference week:

a) Worked or carried out some economic activity for at least one hour, without counting domestic tasks of their own home.

b) Were found not working but who have employment (they did not work because of some incapacity, vacations, suspension or leave of absence for a month or less, strike, lack of clients at the premise or office, bad weather, equipment failure, lack of raw materials, or closure period).

c) Worked or helped in a family business without pay.

[p. 158]

Keep in mind that for the purposes of the census, the following activities are not considered work:

Having exclusively carried out volunteer work as a fireman, red cross worker, and other volunteers that go to the hospitals and do not receive pay.

Voluntary help in domestic tasks in another household different from one's own, without receiving remuneration.

Help given to a friend or relative as a favor.

Ad honorem labor.

Begging.

Professional internship without remuneration that the students are required to do in order to graduate.

Agricultural activities exclusively for self consumption.
Unemployed population: people that are unemployed during the reference week are those that did not work and did not have employment, they were available to work and took concrete actions to look for a salaried or independent employment.

Economically inactive population: this is composed of the collection of people that during the reference week did not form part of the work force, that's to say, they did not participate in the production of goods and economic services, they were not available to do so and they did not look for work.

Question 23: Unemployed or inactive people

23. Last week [name]...?

[] 1 looked for work and had worked before (go to 30)
[] 2 looked for work for the first time (go to 30)
[] 3 is pensioned or retired (go to 30)
[] 4 makes a living by renting (go to 30)
[] 5 only studies (go to 30)
[] 6 dedicates time to domestic chores of the household (go to 30)
[] 7 another situation (go to 30)

This question is applied to those who responded in question 22 "I didn't carry out any of the previous." Keep in mind that if one person declared to find himself/herself in situations 1 and 2, it is an "unemployed person" and the people that declare to find themselves in situations 3 to 7 will be considered "inactive."

Looked for work and had worked before: this refers to the person at working age that during the reference week did not have work, was available, and took action to find it and they have worked at some point.

Looked for work for the first time: this refers to the person at working age that has never worked but that during the reference week was available and took action to find work.

The actions to find work include the following:

a) Trying to obtain a salaried or independent employment through friends or relatives, answering announcements in the newspaper, visiting places to look for a position or taking actions to work

[p. 161]

on one's own account, such as seeking financing, materials, equipment, or clients.

b) Waiting for a response from recent applications or stopping to look momentarily because of a passing sickness.

c) Conversations in the street with acquaintances or not. Assisting an employment fair. Looking for work via the internet.

Is pensioned or retired: this refers to the person that did not work nor looked for work and that receives a pension from some agreement.

Makes a living by renting: this includes those that live by renting dwelling or offices or from utilities, interests, banking, bonds, investments, etc.

Only studies: this refers to someone that dedicates himself/herself to his/her studies without working nor looking for work during the reference week; if in addition he/she helped with the domestic tasks of the home he/she must be considered a student. In this case it can include people that in question 13 said that they did not attend school but attended free classes at the INA or other places.

Dedicates time to domestic chores of the household: the person that exclusively dedicates his/her time to the domestic tasks of his/her own household and cannot be classified in the previous categories. Keep in mind that this activity is carried out by men and women.

Other situation: this includes the people not classified in the previous categories, for example: people with a permanent work disability, residents permanently in jails that don't work, convents, hospitals, etc. Also consider lazy people, homeless, and others that are not already classified.

The categories are mutually exclusive. It only requires one response.

[p. 162]

Remember that the employment condition is priority over unemployment and inactivity and that the condition of unemployment is priority over any condition of inactivity.


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Cuba 2002 — source variable CU2002A_0419 — Job status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons 15 years old or more
[Questions 17-21]

17. What did you do during the week before September 7?

[] 01 Worked - Continue with question 18
[] 02 Had a job, but did not work - Continue with question 18
[] 03 Looked for work because he/she had lost his/her job
[] 04 Looked for work for the first time
[] 05 Retired or receiving a pension
[] 06 Collects rents or receives economic support
[] 07 Household chores
[] 08 Student
[] 09 Incapacitated for work
[] 10 Does not carry out any economic activity
[] 11 In the hospital, in an asylum, or recluse who does not work
[] 12 Other situation

For answers 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 10, 11, 12: end of interview.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 17. What did you do in the week before the day of September 7th?

This block of questions should be answered by persons who are fifteen years old or more. It is the most complicated block of questions, for which we recommend that you pay attention to it.

[illustration]

17. What did you do in the week before the day of September 7th?

[] 01 Worked
[] 02 Had a job, but did not work
Answers 1-2 -- Continue with question 18
[] 03 Looked for work because he/she had lost his/her job
[] 04 Looked for work for the first time
[] 05 Retired or pension
[] 06 Receives rents or economic assistance
[] 07 Household chores
[] 08 Student
[] 09 Disabled for working
[] 10 Did not do any activity
[] 11 In the hospital, asylum or prison, did not work
[] 12 Other situation
Answers 3 to 12 -- The interview is concluded.

You will take the week of Sunday to Saturday of the week before the week of the Census Moment as the reference period. If we consider the Census Moment as twelve o'clock midnight of the night of September 6th, the reference week will be from August 25th to 31st.

[Illustration of the calendar for August and September 2002, with the weeks of August 25 and September 8, and the dates Sept. 15 and Sept. 16 highlighted. Illustration not reported here]

The economic questions of the Questionnaire begin with question 17. You should ask this question of each person who is fifteen years old or more:
What did you do the week before the day of September 7th?

The question refers to what the person dedicated his/her time or what he/she did in the week immediately before the Census Day (from Sunday to Saturday), and for this it is necessary to know if the interviewee was working, was a student, retired or any of the different situations that appear listed in this question.

After you ask the question to the interviewee, without waiting for an answer, you should begin to read each of the alternatives, and mark an (x) for the one that the interviewee gives an affirmative response.

[Header: Instructions for the use of the Enumerator / Section IV. Information about the Person -- 67 ]

To select the correct box, you should take into account the following clarifications.

Worked: This is group of persons who, in the week before the Day of the Census, as a reference period, worked at least eight hours in an occupation in the public sector, cooperative, private sector, self-employed or for someone else, in the national territory or in another country (embassies, consulates, commercial offices and other medical missions, or other professions, etc.). As week before, we understand the period before the Census Day and not, for example, from Wednesday to Tuesday, if the interview is carried out on a Wednesday.

We consider as "worked":

- Unpaid family assistants
- Members of SMG and the EJT
- The university graduates in the stage of "social service"
- Persons who are presumed inactive (retirees, housework, etc.), who during the reference week did any paid work.
- The persons who work in their own household under the orders of a state entity.
- The persons who are found being trained under the system of workers directly in production. (Res. 4248 of CETSS)
- The rural laborers (compassions) who rented their lands to the state and who work in the state sector.
- In this group, you should include the persons who are found in training courses or re-training courses as a result of their jobs being cancelled.
- The persons who have been sent by some organization, business or budgeted unit to be training, without this person loosing his/her labor ties to the entity that sends it.

Do not include as working (even if they work or receive payment):

- The students in field schools or in fields.
- The students who are interns in organizations, businesses, etc., who do not included in the "Registry of Workers of the Center".
- The student-teachers and student-assistants of any level.
- The students in the last year of Medical Sciences, who are doing their practice in health centers.
- The person who do any type of work that is not paid (volunteer work, etc.), except the family assistant who does not receive payment.
- The persons who did paid work, but for a period of less than eight hours in the reference week.

Whenever a person declares that he/she "worked", you should ask if the work was paid (not voluntary) and also the time that the person worked in this week to determine if he/she truly worked.

Consider as paid work when the person receives payment in money or in kind for the work done.

[Header: Instructions for the use of the Enumerator / Section IV. Information about the Person -- 68 ]

Had a job, but did not work: These are all persons who, in the reference week before the Census Day, had secure employment, but did not work because of one of the following conditions:

- Vacations
- Temporary illness
- Work-related accident or another type of accident
- Unpaid permission
- Maternity leave
- Sports leave
- Deployed
- Affected by raw materials, fuels, etc.
- Other temporary labor interruption that permits him/her to return to his/ her job at a later time. This includes persons who are processing their retirement and have not lost their link to the labor center.

Looking for work because he/she has lost his/her job. This includes persons at working age (men from 17 to 59 years old and women from 17 to 54 years old) who in the reference week made direct efforts in the Municipal Employment Office of the Popular Forces, Businesses of Budgeted Units, personnel departments, permission requests or permits for self-employment, to obtain a paid job or who are waiting for the result of these efforts, as long as the person is willing to accept the job for which he/she has applied or a similar job, and as long as the persons have previously been state or private sector workers, who lost their labor links for any reason.

Remember that the persons in this group had to declare that they did not work in the reference week, but that they were making efforts to obtain another job.

Included in this group:

- Self-employed workers who look for employment because they have ended this condition.
- Available workers who are looking for a job.
- Those that have been fired but have not started training courses in organisms.
- Those who wish to do the above-mentioned procedures, but who have not been able to, due to temporary illness or another justified cause.
- Those that have just received a new job, but have not started to work yet.
- The cases of persons who are contracted to work, but due to violations in the work center, are waiting to be called back to work. An example of this could be persons contracted for a specific period for jobs that are not vacant yet, as a violation that was detected through an audit of the work center.

Looked for work for the first time: This includes the persons who are at working age (men between 17 and 59 years old and women between 17 and 54 years old) who in the reference week made efforts to obtain his/her first employment without having worked previously, whether because of his/her age or because of having been previously classified as doing household chores, students, or as unemployed persons in other conditions.

Here we include the members of the labor reserve classified as never having had a previous labor tie, and who in the reference week had not been incorporated in an useful job or in training courses.

Retired or collection pension: This includes the persons who did not carry out any paid work, or they did so for less than eight hours in the reference week, and those who collected income from Social Security for:

[Header: Instructions for the use of the Enumerator / Section IV. Information about the Person -- 69 ]

- Age-related pension (retired)
- Pensions for disability, widows, orphans, or other cases of benefits received by relatives of workers who have died.

Observe that these persons come from a previous labor relationship of the worker in benefit of himself/herself or his/her family.
Therefore, do not include maintenance pension given from one person to another.

Collects rents or receives economic assistance: This includes the persons who did not do any paid work at all or who did so for less than eight hours in the reference week, and who received income for:

- Rents or pensions paid to previous owners of dwellings or lands as result of the dispositions of the Law of Urban Reform or other causes. In the case of rural workers (campesinos) who do not work the land for the State, they are considered rent collectors even if they work a parcel of land for their own consumption; those who work for the State will be considered "state workers" instead of rent collectors.
- Economic assistant given by organizations such as the Ministry of the Interior, the Department of Social Security and Social Assistance from the Popular Forces (previously Social Welfare), etc.

Observe that these rents or economic assistances do not originate in a labor activity, even if they should always be given by state organisms, and never from one person to another in the cases of maintenance pensions.

You should consider the rural workers (campesinos) who rented their lands to the State and who work for the State in this group.

Household tasks: This includes the housewives, as well as the members of the household nucleus who are primarily dedicated to the tasks of the household (e.g. food preparation, cleaning, childcare) and who did not do any paid labor at all, whether state, in a cooperative, private, self-employed or other form, for at least eight hours in the reference week.

Generally, these are persons of the female sex, but it can also include persons of the masculine sex.

If any of the persons included in this definition also:

- Studies (training courses, sewing, etc.), he/she should be classified as household chores and not as students.
- Receives pension income (for age or other reason), he/she will be classified as pensioner (according to the situation), if it is for rent or economic assistance, he/she will be classified as collecting rents or receiving economic assistance.

Student: This includes all of the persons who, without doing any paid economic activity (or who did them circumstantially during the reference period) systematically attend an educational establishment with the goal of receiving instruction at any of the educational levels contained in the National Educational System.

[Header: Instructions for the use of the Enumerator / Section IV. Information about the Person -- 70 ]

Included as students (even if they work and/or receive assistance)

- Persons who are fifteen years old or more, fundamentally dedicated to studying, who regularly attend classes given by the National Educational System (with a scholarship, living off campus, etc.).
- Those students who are practicing as student-teachers and student assistants, even if they receive some payment, since this is generally in relation to the teacher training.
- Here we also include the students in the Higher Teacher Training who work as professors in the ESBEC and the students in the last years of Medical Sciences, who receive similar support.
- Those students who are interns in organizations, businesses or budgeted units, whether or not they receive any stipend for said labor, as long as this is related to the practice or laboratory of his/her future profession.
- Students who are studying on scholarships in foreign countries.
- Those students with learning problems or behavioral problems who are found doing their studies in centers called workshop schools.
- The students who are found working as Enumerators or Supervisors in the Population and Dwelling Census.
- Young persons (17 to 30 years old) incorporated in the Integral Superation Courses, as well as those enrolled in the Schools for Social Workers.

Do not include:

- Persons who study as a secondary activity and who, because of their primary activity, are included in any of the above situations, including working.
- Persons who have been sent by any organization or business to be trained, without this person loosing his/her labor relation with the organization or business that sends him/her to the training.

- Persons who are found being trained, according to the learning system for workers directly in production (Resolution 4248 of the CETSS).

Disabled for work: This includes persons whose physical or mental state impedes carrying out any labor activity as the result of an illness, wound, congenital problem or hereditary problem.

In this situation, you can encounter persons who were working until the time of the illness or wound and who were not protected by the laws of Social Security before the Triumph of the Revolution, as well as those whose limitations date to their birth, infancy, or childhood.

Generally, this group includes: persons who are blind, mentally ill, terminal cancer patients, advanced stage tuberculosis, Down's Syndrome, partial or total motor disability, advance rheumatism, persons with neurological conditions, and with other health problems that make them permanently disabled for work.

Do not include:

- Persons who are temporarily ill.
- Disabled persons who receive retirement, pension, rents, economic assistance, etc., from whom you will mark the corresponding boxes.

Did not do any activity: This includes persons who do not work nor study, and who declare that they did not do any activity.

[Header: Instructions for the use of the Enumerator / Section IV. Information about the Person -- 71 ]

In the hospital, asylum, or prison and does not work: This includes persons who reside permanently in hospitals, asylums, or other similar institutions or establishments, as well as those who are in prison and not working, which means, those who do not carry out any type of productive labor or services.

This box will only be used by collective dwellings that are of permanent nature: hospitals, asylums, etc.

The persons who reside permanently in hospitals, asylums, etc. and who receive income for pension, rent, etc. will not be included in this group, but should be included in the group that corresponds to each condition.

Other Situation: This includes the persons who do not declare nor indicate any occupation as a means of living, nor a situation that permits inclusion in the previous categories. Here we categorize: training, out of working age, not working nor studying, and others.

Training: This includes those persons who are found receiving training in a course given by some organization or business, receiving a stipend for this and without labor ties with this or any other center. This situation should not be confused with the situation where an organization, business or budgeted unit has sent a person to be trained without the person loosing the labor ties to said entity, in which case he/she is classified as working.

Out of labor age, not working nor studying: This includes the persons who are out of labor age (men less than 17 years old and more than 59 years old and women who are less than 17 years old and over 54 years old) who do not work nor study and who are not found in any of the above situations.

Others: This includes the persons who within neither labor age (men 17 years old to 59 years old and women from 17 years old to 54 years old) who do not declare or indicate any means of earning a living, nor a situation that permits inclusion in any of the previous categories.

Important
The persons who are retired and housewives, who are hired to work in the Census, if not contracted in the week before the Census Day, will be classified as Retirees and Housewives, respectively; if they were already contracted for work related to the Census, then you will consider them as working.

Be aware that the alternatives are in descending order of importance, so if a person declares that he/she is in two different alternatives, you should mark the one that has the lowest code.

For the persons who responded in the affirmative for box 1 or 2 (because he/she is a worker), you should continue asking the questions in the order that they appear in the questionnaire.

For those who declare to be in one of the other boxes (3 to 12), you should not ask the rest of the questions, considering the interview concluded.


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Dominican Republic 1960 — source variable DO1960A_0408 — Economic activity

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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Dominican Republic 1960 — source variable DO1960A_0409 — Status in employment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For those individuals 10 years of age and older
[Applies to questions 14 - 18]

17. Occupational category.

E = employer, T. P. = self-employed, A = salaried employee, T. F. = family worker
____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Economic characteristics

64. The questions 14, 15, 16, 17, and 18 are presented to all persons 10 years of age or older. A dash [-] is traced in the spaces 14, 15, 16, 17, and 18 for those younger than 10 years of age.

It may be difficult to obtain accurate answers due to the nature of this information. Great care should be taken to ensure that the annotation reflects the desired information.

Reference period

65. The information recorded in the spaces mentioned above (14, 15, 16, 17, and 18) refers to the following period of time: from January 1st to August 7th, 1960. In other words, the time that has passed since the beginning of the year to the date of the census. Whenever the "reference period" is mentioned, it is to be interpreted as the period of time between the two dates mentioned above.

74. Question 17. The symbol that represents the category or position that corresponds, or corresponded, to the persons with an annotation in question 15, those who carried out an occupation during the "reference period", is recorded in this space. Excluded are those "new workers" and "old workers", for whom a dash (-) is recorded.

Symbol: E
Category: Employer

Symbol: TP
Category: Own-account

Symbol: A
Category: Salaried

Symbol: TF
Category: Family worker

Definitions:

a) Employer. The owner of an economic enterprise, or one who works on own-account in a profession or trade and who has one or more employees.

Examples:

1) Owner of a fabric store with one or more employees;

2) Farmer, owner of a farm, who employs field workers;

3) Farmer, owner of a farm, who pays his son for work carried out on the agricultural operation;

4) Owner of a boarding house that employs a cook and servants;

5) A lawyer who pays a secretary; a medical doctor who pays a nurse and secretary.
p. 43

b) Own-account worker. One who operates his own economic enterprise or who carries out a profession or trade on his own-account but who does not have any salaried employees. This person can work alone, in association, or with relatives who are un-paid.

Examples:

1) Professionals who earn honorariums for their work and who do not have assistants;

2) Store owner who only works with the help of unpaid family members;

3) Farm owner who only works with the help of unpaid family members;

4) Traveling salesmen or street peddlers who work alone.

Note: If one of these persons uses one or more paid workers, other than unpaid family members, their category changes from "Own-Account Worker" to "Employer".
c) Salaried. One who works for a public or private employer and receives remuneration in the form of a salary, wage, commission, tips, piece-rate, or pay in-kind.

Examples:

1) Those who work for employers (or for private organizations) and receive a wage or salary;

2) Those who work for any branch of the Government, including elected and remunerated officials and members of the Armed Forces.
p. 44
3) Administrators, directors, and other employees of economic enterprises who are not owners of the business in which they work, even if they carry out the functions of an employer.

4) Those who only receive tips for their work and do not receive a salary or wage.

5) Those who do piecework in their home or in a workshop for one or more employers or for their own clientele;

6) Domestic employees who receive a salary, wage, or pay in-kind.
d) Family worker. One who carries out an unpaid occupation in a business or economic enterprise operated by a member of the census household.

Examples:

1) The woman who helps her husband in the store without being paid.

2) The son who helps his father on the farm and does not receive pay.

3) The boy who helps his uncle in the uncle?s business.

4) The wife of a doctor who keeps the books and makes appointments.

5) The son of a farm owner who takes products to the market and sells them.

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Dominican Republic 1970 — source variable DO1970A_0414 — Economic activity
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Persons 10 years of age and older [Applies to questions 12-16]

12. Occupation condition [economic activity] of the enumerated person. What was the occupational condition of the enumerated person between the 1st and the 9th of this January, according to the options I am going to read to you?
(Read the list to the right)

[] 1 Employed (had paid work of any kind)
[] 2 Unemployed
[] 3 Seeking first job
[] 4 Household duties
[] 5 Student
[] 6 Renter
[] 7 Retired or receiving pension
[] 8 Disabled or institutionalized
[] 9 Other (specify) ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

11.5.4 Economic characteristics. Questions 12-16 are presented only to those 10 years of age and older. It is also pointed out that questions 13-16 are only presented to those who were classified in either of the first two groups of question 12: "employed" or "unemployed".

a) Question 12. Economic activity of the enumerated person. For this question, the "census moment" is the period of January 1-9, 1970; that is, the employment status of the enumerated person during this period is requested. In order to obtain a correct answer, it is strictly necessary that all of the classification found in the census form opposite the question be read to the enumerated person. Each of the alternatives is explained below:

[The following paragraph has been broken into smaller paragraphs.]
i) Had work of any kind (with pay or earnings). Those who were occupied (or who had an occupation) from January 1-9
p. 17]
are classified into this group. One who is occupied worked for pay, salary, or any other type of remuneration during the indicated time period. Also included in this group are those who are employed or have work but who are temporarily absent because of an illness, accident, labor conflict, vacation, leave, etc.
ii) Without work (unemployed). This category includes those who did not have a paid occupation or job from January 1-9 but who had been previously employed and who are looking for work. Also included are those who are not looking for work because they have found employment that will start after January 9
iii) Looked for work for the first time. This includes those who have never worked before and who had been looking for their first employment between January 1-9.
iv) Household duties. This refers to those who carry out household duties, without remuneration, in their own homes. Also included are those who, besides their household duties, carry out a paid activity during a period of time less than one-third of the normal working day [less than 1/3 time]. For the purposes of the census (only for the purposes of the census), the normal working day is understood to be nine hours per day. Therefore, a person who carries out domestic duties and also a remunerated activity can be classified in this group if the activity is carried out for less than three hours per day.
v) Student. This comprises all those who are exclusively dedicated to studying and those who, besides studying, carry out a paid activity during a period of time less than one-third of the normal working day [less than 1/3 time].
vi) Rentier. Included in this category are those who do not carry out a remunerated activity and who live from the product of their capital; such as interest, dividends, or income coming from stocks, bonds, houses, or other real estate properties.
vii) Retired or pensioned. This includes those, usually of an advanced age, who do not carry out a paid activity and who receive a periodic income, normally called a retirement or pension, because they had been previously employed. Included in this category are those who receive a "pensi?n de gracia" [#tr probably a welfare check]. Those pensioned or retired persons carrying out a remunerated activity for less than one-third of the normal laboral working day, they are placed in this category.
viii) Invalid or prisoner or recluse. This includes those who cannot carry out a paid activity because of a physical or mental disability or because of adopting a cloistered life (as is the case for certain religious orders) or because of a judicial sentence (prisoners). If the disability is temporary or accidental and the occupation is guaranteed or reserved, they are classified in the first group "1 X Had work of any king (with pay or earnings)".
ix) Other. Included in this group are all those whose situations cannot be fit into the previous classifications; e.g. minors who do not attend school, elderly with no economic resources, prisoners who carry out a paid activity for more than three hours per day, etc.

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Dominican Republic 1981 — source variable DO1981A_0464 — Economic activity

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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Dominican Republic 2002 — source variable DO2002A_0473 — Economic activity
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons of 10 years old and more

46. Last week (i.e. the last seven days) did [the respondent] have any job or work for payment or reward, even though he/she may have been absent from work owing to vacations, illness or some other reason?

[] 1 Yes (Skip to question 50)
[] 2 No

47. Did [the respondent] undertake any activity for payment or gain last week, such as selling food or clothing, sewing, guarding automobiles, selling tickets, etc., for at least one hour?

[] 1 Yes (Skip to question 50)
[] 2 No

49. Has [the respondent] previously worked for payment or gain?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No (Skip to question 55)

55. Last week, did [the respondent] seek work for payment or gain, or try to establish his/her own business or enterprise?

[] 1 Yes (Skip to question 59)
[] 2 No

56. What was [the respondent]'s main activity last week? Read all options and select just one:

[] 1 Household chores
[] 2 Studies
[] 3 Living from investments
[] 4 Retired or receiving pension
[] 5 Disabled/elderly
[] 6 No activity
[] 7 Other

57. At the present time, would [the respondent] be willing to work if offered a job?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No (Skip to question 59)

58. Why did [the respondent] not seek work last week? Read all options and select just one

[] 1 Has looked for work before and did not find it
[] 2 Believes it is very difficult to find work
[] 3 Other people are looking for work
[] 4 Is waiting for a reply to a job application
[] 5 Has to study
[] 6 Has to look after the home/children
[] 7 Lives from investment income or is retired
[] 8 Does not need or want to work
[] 9 Is disabled or elderly
[] 10 Partner does not allow him/her to work
[] 11 Other
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

For people age 10 or older

For the census purposes we distinguish between work that is paid or earns something in kind and unpaid or non-remunerated work.

Paid Work or Earnings in kind refers to the production of good and services that a person works on and that generates him/her an income in cash or in kind, being a salary or in kind. The paid work can be of two types:

a) Fix payment: is an established payment that is given regularly by an institution, business, company to a specific person or family house, that in exchange works a workday for profit.

b) Other type of remunerated work refers to the irregular activities and occupations, commonly worked independently although the person might get help from family members for which the person gains some sort of profit.
Unpaid or non-remunerated work is the activity of producing goods and services that a person does as a help to a business, company or family farm in which he/she does not receive any remuneration or payment.

Question 46: During the past week (seven days) have (NAME) done any type of work in which he/she received any kind of payment, even if he/she was not working because of vacations, illness or other reason?

Fill in the correct answer.
1. If the interviewee had a permanent job (paid or earned in kind) the previous week of the census, even if he/she is not working because he/she had vacations or had an illness or other reason, fill in the option "Yes" and then skip to question 50.
2. If the interviewee did not have a job or worked the previous week of the census, fill in "No" and then continue to question 47.

Question 47: During the past week (seven days) have (NAME) done any type of work for at least one hour such as selling food or clothes, sewing, motorcycle taxi, selling tickets, etc. in which he/she received any kind of payment?

Fill in the correct answer.
1. If the person answered "Yes" fill in the corresponding bubble and then skip to question 50.
2. In case that the person has not done any type of work, fill in "No" and then proceed to the next question.

Question 49: Has (NAME) worked before for a remunerated work?

Fill in the correct answer.
1. If the person had a paid work or earned in kind any time before the previous week of the census, not matter how long the person has been unemployed, mask "Yes" in the corresponding bubble.
2. If a person never worked fill in "No" and then skip to question 55.

Question 55: During the last week, was (NAME) looking for a paid job or trying to establish his/her own business or company?

This question should be posed only if the interviewee answered "No" in questions 46, 47 and 48.
If the answer is "Yes" fill it in and skip to question 59.
If the answer is "No" fill it in and continue to the following question.

Question 57: Currently, would (NAME) work if he/she was offered a job?

1. If the person is available to work if he/she was offered a paid job, record "Yes" and then continue to question 58.
2. If the person is not available to work even if there is a paid job offer, record "No", and then skip to question 59.

Question 58: Why didn't (NAME) look for a job, last week?

Read all options to the interviewee and fill in the correct one.
The following guidelines can help you to clarify any doubt that the interviewee might have:

The person has look for a job in the past and does not find one. In the case that a person has filled in job applications, has had job interviews and done anything necessary to find a job but had not been able to get one.

[PAGE 36]

The person believes that is very difficult to get a job. The person did not look for a job because he/she believes is very difficult to find one.

Other people are helping him/her look for a job. In the case that other people, (such as friends, and relatives) are helping him/her look for work.

The person is waiting for a job application or employment answer. When the person has applied for a job and done all the necessary to get a job and still waiting for an answer.

The person studies. When a person only studies and is not looking for a job.

The person has to take care of the children at home. A person stays at home to take care of children and household chores.

The person is a landlord or retired. A person that gets his/her income from rent or retirement and is not looking for a job.

The person does not need or want to work. In case that a person does not need to work or does not want to work.

The person is disable or very old to work. When a person has a permanent disability or is very old and cannot work.

His/her partner does not allow him/her to work. A person that has a partner that does not him/her work and therefore is not looking for a job.

Other. When there is a different reason from the ones previously mentioned, in which the person did not find a job.


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Dominican Republic 2010 — source variable DO2010A_0468 — Economic activity of individual
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons age 10 or older

53. In that job [the respondent] was (or is)?

Read all answers and mark only one.

[] 1 Salary or waged employee?
[] 2 Employer or owner?
[] 3 Family worker or unpaid worker?
[] 4 Self-employed?
[] 5 Other?
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 53. In that job [the respondent] was (or is)?

This question has the goal of defining the occupational category that the person being surveyed had in the business or company where they worked during the week before the census interview. In the case of people who were not working the week prior to the census, but who did work some time in the past, the question refers to the occupational category in their last paid job. Fill in the bubble according to the informant's answer.

What follows is an explanation of the concepts related to the various alternatives of occupational categories, with the purpose of providing you with enough knowledge to choose the correct response based on the informant's answer.

  • Salary paid employee is the person who maintains a dependent relationship with the company or institution that he/she works for and receives pay in the form of a salary, either in cash or kind.
  • Employer or Owner is the person who runs or manages on their own a business or career, employing one or more paid employees, in addition to family members or non-relatives who work, not necessarily paid.
  • Family worker with no remuneration is the person who works in the business or company of a family member or non-family member without pay, for at least one hour during the week before the census. However, if the person is regularly paid a pre-determined amount of money, that could be considered a salary, he/she should be recorded as a paid employee.
  • Independent Worker is the type of worker that has neither a boss, nor is in charge of employees or laborers. The business or company only has one worker, not belonging to another organization, that sells and/or produces goods and/or services for that which a price is charged. Examples: an independent lawyer, engineer, plumber, electrician, door to door salesperson, artisan, etc.
  • Other. This category exists for people who are economically active and cannot be included in any of the previous categories.

Ask the question exactly as it is written in the census survey and fill in the bubble corresponding to the code that fits the informant's answer.


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Ecuador 1962 — source variable EC1962A_0426 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Only for those 12 years of age and older
[Applies to items 14 through 18]

X. Economic Characteristics

(15) Class
1 Employed
2 Unemployed
3 Looking for work for the first time
4 Household duties
5 Student
6 Rentier
7 Institutionalized
8 Other (specify)
____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column 15: Type. Write down the type of activity performed by the person being enumerated, in accordance with the following classifications:

a) Employed. When the person states that they are working;

b) Unemployed. When the person being enumerated indicates that they have had a previous job, but that at the time of the Census they are out of work;

c) Seeking work for the first time. When the person being enumerated reports not having worked previously and is looking for work for the first time.

d) Domestic Duties. When the person is dedicated to household chores and doesn't receive any salary or wage.

e) Student. When the majority of time is dedicated to studying and the person doesn't work. If the person studies and work, record them as employed;

f) Rentier. When, without working, the person receives some regular income or pension, as in the case of pensioners, retirees, moneylenders, etc.;
[p. 20]
g) Confined. When the person being enumerated is living in a permanent or stable condition in medical or assistance facilities (shelter, mental hospital, leper colony, etc.), or also in penal institutions, religious institutions, cloistered institutions, etc.; and

h) Other. When the person isn't categorized in any of the previous types, as in the case of invalids, the elderly, disabled people, etc., who don't work and who form part of the census household.


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Ecuador 1974 — source variable EC1974A_0416 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all individuals 12 years of age and older [Applies to questions 12-15.]

12. What did you do the greater part of the days between the 3rd and 7th of June? Ask the questions in the order indicated: Worked? Did not work but had a job? Etc. and upon receiving a reply, mark the respective box and go on the next appropriate question.

[] 1 Worked?
[] 2 Did not work but had a job?
[] 3 Unemployed? (Looked for work having worked before)

For responses 1-3, continue with question 13.

[] 4 Looked for work without having ever worked before?
[] 5 Studied exclusively?
[] 6 Did household tasks exclusively?
[] 7 Exclusively retired or pensioner?
[] 8 Others
[] 9 Unknown

For responses 4 - 9, women skip to 16, men skip to 19.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

D. Economic characteristics for people 12 and older

[Note that this section corresponds to section C. on the enumeration form. There appears to be no section C. in the enumerator's manual, but rather two sections labeled D.]

Question No. 14

[The following directions refer to a graphic representing question 14, "what did you do the majority of the week of the . . . to the . . . of . . .?", in this section of the enumeration form.]

Slowly read the alternatives on the form and mark the one that the person being enumerated places themself in. If the person places themself in option 0, 1, or 2, continue with question no. 15, otherwise go directly to question [p. 26] no. 21.

[Note that this question corresponds to question 12 on the enumeration form. Further, the enumerator's manual includes two response options ("rentier" and "shut-in") that don't appear on the enumeration form. The enumerator's manual, however, lacks the option "unknown," which does appear on the enumeration form.]


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Ecuador 1982 — source variable EC1982A_0421 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all individuals 12 years of age and older

13. What did you do the greater part of the days between the 7th and the 13th of November?

Ask the questions in the order indicated: Worked? Did not work but had a job? Etc. and upon receiving a reply, mark the respective box and go on the next appropriate question.

[] 1 Worked?
[] 2 Did not work but had a job?
[] 3 Unemployed? (Looked for work having worked before)

For responses 1-3, continue with question 14

[] 4 Looked for work for the first time?
[] 5 Studied exclusively?
[] 6 Did household tasks exclusively?
[] 7 Exclusively retired or pensioner?
[] 8 Others
[] 9 Unknown
For responses 4 - 9, women skip to 17, men skip to 21
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions 12, 13, 14, 15 and 16 on Economic characteristics should be asked of all people 12 and older.

Question 13. What did you do the majority of the days between the 7th and the 13th of November?

When asking the question, read the options in the order indicated. Did you work?, Did you not work but had a job?, and thus successively until you get an answer; then, mark the appropriate box and follow the directions that appear next to it and which indicate to you the question with which to continue.

[The following instructions are in the rural manual, on pages 36 and 37.] In this question, it's important to take special care with the following aspects:

As much as possible, ask those 12 and older directly. Pay a lot of attention when enumerating women. In rural areas, at the same time that they carry out domestic tasks in the household, women generally do work with agriculture/livestock, handicrafts or business that they frequently don't report because they consider it to be part of their domestic activity. In these circumstances, it is necessary to determine what the person did the majority of the week prior to the Census, in order to establish the questions that should be asked next. When people 12 years and older, especially women, report that they performed household duties, find out if they were done in their household or if it was a compensated activity in another place, in which case you should mark box 0, which corresponds to the option: Did you work?.


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Ecuador 1990 — source variable EC1990A_0412 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all individuals 8 years of age and older
[Applies to questions 13-18.]

13. What did you do last week?

Read the response options in the order indicated: Worked (at least one hour), had a job but did not work (due to illness, vacation, strike, etc.), looked for work having worked before (unemployed), looked for work for the first time, etc. Upon receiving an answer, mark the appropriate box and go on the next question as indicated.

[] 0 Worked (at least one hour)
[] 1 Had a job but did not work
[] 2 Looked for a job having worked before (unemployed)
For any of these responses, skip to question 15
[] 3 Looked for work for the first time
[] 4 Household duties only
[] 5 Student only
[] 6 Retired only
[] 7 Pensioner only
[] 8 Disabled for purposes of work
[] 9 Unknown
For any of these responses, continue with question 14

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 13. What did he/she do last week?

Read the question and all of the categories of answers. Observe instructions that tell you how to continue, this way you will avoid asking unnecessary questions.

Just like the other questions, there can only be one answer.

Pay attention to the following definitions:

"Did you work?" refers to all persons that carried out one or more activities during the week of the 19th to the 24th of November, whether they were paid or not, in the home or outside the home, for at least one hour.

"Do you have a job but did not work?", when the person has a job but in the week of the 19th to the 24 of November he/she did not work because of vacations, illness, strike, bad weather, etc.

"Looked for work, having worked before (unemployed)", is the person who left his/her job, voluntarily or involuntarily, and was looking for work in the week of the 19th to the 24th of November.

"Looked for work for the first time?", when the person has never held a job and in the week of the 19th to the 24th of November the person was seeking employment.

"Only housework?", when the person being interviewed only did domestic household tasks. If this was a paid job, you should mark "worked", code "0".

"Only studied?", when the person only went to school.

"Only retired?", when the person receives a retirement pension for services provided previously and the week from the 19th to the 24th of November, the person did not carry out any productive activity.

"Only pensioner?', when the person did not carry out any productive activity and receives a pension (charity, orphan) for services previously provided by a relative affiliated with Social Security.

Take into account that for women (and only for them) 15 years old or more, you must investigate chapter D, fertility and mortality characteristics, questions 19-22.

Last week, did you carry out or help carry out any activity that was paid or unpaid? For example, did you plant, harvest, care for animals that would be sold; prepare textiles to sell; wash, iron or sew clothing for someone else? Did you help attend any business; sell food, artisan goods, fruit, newspapers or other goods? Did you take care of or watch children or elderly persons or carry any similar tasks?
[ ] 1 Yes. Continue with question 15.
[ ] 2 No. For women, continue with question 19; for men, continue with question 23.


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Ecuador 2001 — source variable EC2001A_0431 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

18. What did he/she do last week?

Read the possible answers in the indicated order: Worked (at least one hour), has a job but did not work (because of illness, vacation, strike, etc), looked for work having worked before (unemployed), looked for work for the first time, etc. When you receive an answer, mark the corresponding box and move on to the next question. This question only allows one answer.

[ ] 01 Worked (at least one hour); continue with question 20
[ ] 02 Has a job but did not work; continue with question 20
[ ] 03 Looked for work having worked before (unemployed); continue with question 19
[ ] 04 Looked for work for the first time; continue with question 19
[ ] 05 Only did housework; continue with question 19
[ ] 06 Only student; continue with question 19
[ ] 07 Only retired; continue with question 19
[ ] 08 Only pensioner; continue with question 19
[ ] 09 Handicapped, cannot work; continue with question 19
[ ] 10 Other, specify___; continue with question 19
[ ] 99 Don't know; continue with question 19

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 18.- What did you do last week?

[There is a picture of question 18 from this section of the enumeration form.]

Read the question and all of the response options verbatim. Abide by the directions which indicate to you what question to continue with. That way you will avoid asking inopportune questions.

Just as in the rest of the questions, this one admits only one response.

Keep in mind the following definitions:

Worked (at least one hour).- This refers to any person who, during the previous week (from November 19th to the 24th) performed one or more activities, paid or otherwise, inside or outside of the house, for at least one hour. For example, helped out in a family business.

Has a job but didn't work.- When the person being enumerated has a job but, during the week of November 19th to the 24th didn't work because of vacation, sickness, a strike, bad weather, etc.

Looked for work having worked previously (unemployed).- A person who left their job, voluntarily or involuntarily, and who looked for work during the week of November 19th to the 24th.

Looked for work for the first time.- When the person has never worked before and was looking for work during the week of November 19th to the 24th.

Only household chores.- When the person being investigated performs household chores exclusively. Example: housewives who, for their work in the home, don't receive any payment. If these activities are paid, you should mark worked, code "00." Example: domestic employees who receive income for services rendered.

[p. 49]

Only student.- When the person is devoted exclusively to studying.

Only retired.- When the person receives a retirement pension for services previously rendered and during the week of November 19th to the 24th didn't perform any productive activity.

Only pensioner.- When the person doesn't perform any productive activity and receives a pension (dependent's or orphan's pension) in exchange for services previously rendered, through a relative affiliated with Social Security.

Prevented from working.- A person who, because of a physical or mental deficiency, was not working during the week of November 19th to the 24th.

Other (specify).- If the person does not fit into the previous categories.

Unknown.- When the information is provided by third parties who don't know if, during the week of November 19th to the 24th, the person in question was included in one of the previously described categories.

Keep in mind that, in the case of people who responded with categories 01 or 02, the interview continues with question 20. For those who responded with categories 03 to 10 and 99, they should go to question 19.


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Ecuador 2010 — source variable EC2010A_0467 — Activity performed last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons five years old and older
[Questions 27 to 33 were asked of all people five years and older.]

27. What did [the respondent] do last week:

[] 1 Worked at least one hour?
[] 2 Did not work, but has a job?
[] 3 Made some product or provided some service for at least one hour?
[] 4 Helped in some way in a business or work of a relative for at least one hour?
[] 5 Did at least one hour of agricultural labor or took care of animals?
[] 6 Is unemployed: If he/she looked for work having worked before and it is available to work?
[] 7 Did not work?

For answers 1-6, skip to question 29.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

[Section 4]

Step 14: Continue with section 4, information about the population / D: Economic characteristics (annex, pages 41-45)

[A copy of section 4D of the census questionnaire is omitted here.]

Tips:

  • Follow the sequential order of the questions.
  • Remember that the questions are for people 5 years old and older.
  • (A)The week of reference will be Sunday the 21st to Saturday the 27th of November.
  • Question 27 serves to identify people who did some activity for an income or not.
  • (B)Take into account the leaps of questions 27 and 28.
  • Question 29 is written literally, the activity of the business or company in which the interviewed person works or worked.
  • If the informant mentions having more than one job, you should register the one that he/she considers the principal one.
  • Question 30 is written very literally, what does the interviewed person do or what he/she did where he/she works/worked
  • Question 31 indicates the dependency relation that the person has in the place where he/she works.
  • Question 32 registers the total number of worked hours, at his/her principal work, in the past week or the last week that he/she worked.
  • In question 33, register if the activity that the person does is inside or outside the household.
  • If the person does more than one activity, as for example weave wool clothing in the household and leave to sell in the streets; for the registry of question 33 priority will be given to the production, therefore you will mark x in code 1 (within the home).

8. Economic characteristics

Worked at least one hour:
This refers to the person who, during the week from the 21st to the 27th of November, did one or more activities, remunerated or not, inside or outside of the home, for at least one hour, excluding the domestic tasks done by housewives in their own homes.

[Page 42]

Did not work, but has a job:
When the person has a job but did not work during the reference period (from the 21st to the 27th of November) due to vacations, illness, strike, bad weather, or another reason.

For at least one hour, made some product or provided some service:
This is the activity that the person did for pay or without payment. This category helps us identify the work that is done by persons who do not consider the following activities as work, among others: weave, embroider, mow the lawn, to take care of cars, to clean houses, tend to the store, tend to telephone booths, or to do some activity in some business.

For at least one hour, helped in some way in a business or work of a relative:
This is the activity that the person does, with payment or without payment, in a family business or work. This category helps us to identify work that is done by the people.

Did at least one hour of agricultural labor or took care of animals:
In the same way, this category of answer helps to identify the activity that is done by the people, with or without payment. Especially for people who do agricultural tasks and take care of animals, without considering it to be work.

Is unemployed:
If he/she looked for work having worked before and it is available to work: that person who retired from his/her job, voluntarily or involuntarily, and who has looked for work during the week previous to the census (from the 21st to the 27th of November), and who is available to work.

Did not work:
When the informant responds that he/she has not done any economic activity to help maintain the household during the week before the census (from the 21st to the 27th of November).


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Ecuador 2010 — source variable EC2010A_0468 — Activity of the unemployed
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons five years old and older
[Questions 27 to 33 were asked of all people five years and older.]

28. If [the respondent] has not worked:

[Question 27 was asked of people 5 years and older who did not work in the last week.]

[] 1 Looked for work for the first time and is available to work?
[] 2 He/she collects rents?
[] 3 He/she is retired or a pensioner?
[] 4 He/she is a student?
[] 5 Does household chores?
[] 6 Prevented from working by a disability?
[] 7 Other?

Skip to question 34.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

[Section 4]

Step 14: Continue with section 4, information about the population / D: Economic characteristics (annex, pages 41-45)

[A copy of section 4D of the census questionnaire is omitted here.]

Tips:

  • Follow the sequential order of the questions.
  • Remember that the questions are for people 5 years old and older.
  • (A)The week of reference will be Sunday the 21st to Saturday the 27th of November.
  • Question 27 serves to identify people who did some activity for an income or not.
  • (B)Take into account the leaps of questions 27 and 28.
  • Question 29 is written literally, the activity of the business or company in which the interviewed person works or worked.
  • If the informant mentions having more than one job, you should register the one that he/she considers the principal one.
  • Question 30 is written very literally, what does the interviewed person do or what he/she did where he/she works/worked
  • Question 31 indicates the dependency relation that the person has in the place where he/she works.
  • Question 32 registers the total number of worked hours, at his/her principal work, in the past week or the last week that he/she worked.
  • In question 33, register if the activity that the person does is inside or outside the household.
  • If the person does more than one activity, as for example weave wool clothing in the household and leave to sell in the streets; for the registry of question 33 priority will be given to the production, therefore you will mark x in code 1 (within the home).

8. Economic characteristics

[Question 28 is asked of persons who did no work during the week before the census]

Looked for work for the first time and is available to work:
When the person has never worked and in week previous to the census (from the 21st to the 27th of November) is looking for work for the first time and that he/she is available to work.

He/she collects rents:
A person who does not work and receives income that come from the rents of a company or business and/ or rents of buildings, machinery, or dividends that are derived from his/her properties or capital.

He/she is retired or a pensioner:
When the person who does not do any economic activity and receives income originating of a pension or retirement whether by having retired from a company or institution by fulfilling age requirements, years of service, old age, or by permanent incapacity and the established period of service; as well as those who receive a pension for widowhood, or being an orphan.

He/she is a student:
A person who is dedicated exclusively to studying.

Does household chores:
When the person does exclusively domestic chores in his/her own household. For example: The housewives who receive no payment for workings in the home.

Prevented from working by a disability:
That person who by his/her physical, sensorial or mental deficiency is prevented from working.


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Egypt 1986 — source variable EG1986A_0411 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Part B: Individual data

Persons six years and over
[Questions 8-11 asked of persons six years and over.]

8. Employment status

[] 1 Under age
[] 2 Employer
[] 3 Self-employed
[] 4 Employee
[] 5 Unpaid worker
[] 6 Seeking work (old)
[] 7 Seeking work (new)
[] 8 Student
[] 9 Housewife
[] 10 Not willing to work
[] 11 Retired
[] 12 Aged not working
[] 13 Unable to work
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Employment status: Column number (8)
For the person less than (6) years put the circle round number (1)
For the person (6) years and over put a circle:
Circle number (2) who runs a work on his own account and employs others

Or circle number (3) for the person who works on his own account and doesn't employ others
Or circle number (4) for worker who is paid by others even those others are his relatives
Or circle number (5) a family unpaid worker
Or circle number (6) for the person seeking work but, he was previously working
Or circle number (7) for the person seeking work and has no previous work

The person seeking work means that he is able and willing to work but, he can't find it

Or circle number (8) for the student of full time study
Or circle number (9) for the female who has a full time housework
Or circle number (10) for the person who is able to work but, unwilling to work
Or circle number (11) for the pensioner because of age (60 years but, not reaching 65) and he is not working now either willing or unwilling
If the pensioner is working after the legal age; therefore, number (11) is not given to him but, it is given the suitable employment status "retired" if the retired is under the age of retirement (60) years and he is able to work, the suitable recent employment status and not the employment status before his retirement
Or circle number (12) for the person who is (65) years old and over and he is not working
Or circle number (13) for the person (6) years and over and less than (65) years and not working because he is unable to work

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Egypt 1996 — source variable EG1996A_0411 — Work status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Persons six years and over
[Questions 8-11 were asked of persons 6 years and over.]

8. Employment status

[] 1 Under age
[] 2 Employer
[] 3 Self-employed
[] 4 Employee
[] 5 Unpaid worker
[] 6 Seeking work (old)
[] 7 Seeking work (new)
[] 8 Student
[] 9 Housewife
[] 10 Not willing to work
[] 11 Retired
[] 12 Aged not working
[] 13 Unable to work

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

The employment status column No.(8)
For the person less than (6) years fill in ink the circle in front of No.(1)
For the person six years and over fill in ink the circle:

In front of No.(2) for the employer
In front of No.(3) for the person who is working for his own account (self employed)
In front of No.(4) is for the paid worker who is working to other or to his relatives (employee)
In front of No.(5) for unpaid worker
In front of No.(6) the person who is seeking work but he was previously working
In front of No.(7) is for the person who is seeking for work but, he has no previous work
In front of No.(8) is for student
In front of No.(9) is for the housewife
In front of No.(10) is for the person who is able to work but, he is unwilling
In front of No.(11) is for the retired person because of age (60 years but he does not reach 65) and he is not working now, he is either willing or unwilling.
If the retired person after the legal age is working, the proper employment status is given to him, and not No.(11) as retired is given to him, if he is able to work, it is given to him the proper employment status that he is practicing after finishing his first job
In front of No.(12) for the person whose age is 65 and over and he is not working
In front of No.(13) for the person (6) years and more and less than 65 years and he is not working because he is unable to work


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Egypt 2006 — source variable EG2006A_0414 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 8-14 were asked of persons age 6 and older]

9. Work status

[] 1 Underage
[] 2 Employer
[] 3 Self employed
[] 4 Waged worker
[] 5 Unpaid, working for family
[] 6 Unpaid, working for others
[] 7 Currently unemployed
[] 8 Recently unemployed
[] 9 Full-time student
[] 10 Housewife
[] 11 Retired
[] 12 Oldster and does not work
[] 13 Disabled
[] 14 Does not want to work
[] 15 Others

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Table 1: Household characteristics

11. Member employment status (during the previous week of the enumeration day)

The data regarding the nature of work, for members aged 6 years and older, should be selected from field number (1) to field number (16). There are 2 squares to code one of the correct answers in, writing the verbal response below the squares:

1. Member below age (less than 6 years).
2. Business owner who hires others.
3. Member who works for himself/herself and doesn't hire anyone.
4. Member who works for a wage for others or for family.
5. Member who works for family without wage.
6. Member who works for others without wage.
7. Unemployed who has worked before.
8. Unemployed who has never worked before.
9. Full-time student.
10. Full-time housewife
11. Retired who is less than 65 years and doesn't work
12. Member who is 65 years or above and doesn't work
13. Disabled
14. Doesn't want to work although he/she can work because he/she has enough income.
15. Other, for a male member who is between 6 to below 15 years, who is not enrolled in school and doesn't work.


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El Salvador 1992 — source variable SV1992A_0408 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
V. Information on members of the household

2. Persons age 10 or older
[Questions 14-21 were asked of persons age 10 or older]

14. The week prior to the census you:

[] 1 Worked in exchange for wage in money or kind
[] 2 Worked for somebody else without receiving a wage
[] 3 Had a job, business, enterprise, owned a farm, but did not work (due to sickness, strike, vacation, bad weather, etc.)
(If 1, 2, or 3 are selected, continue with question 16)
[] 4 Looked for a job and had previously worked
[] 5 Looked for a job for the first time (i.e., had not worked previously)
[] 6 Did not look for a job because you though none were available
[] 7 Was a "housewife" exclusively
[] 8 Studied exclusively
[] 9 Were a retiree, pensioned, or renter
[] 10 Were institutionalized [imprisoned]
[] 11 Were permanently unable to work [disabled]
[] 12 Other (specify) ____
(For options 4-12, continue with question 15)
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
4.5.4 Persons age 10 or older
These questions numbered 14 to 21 will be asked to those who are age 10 or older, males and females. If the person is younger than 10, the interview will end, canceling the corresponding page.

Principal activity:
The week prior to the beginning of the census, were you:

- Working for pay in money or in kind?
This category refers to the people who in the previous week up to the day of the census worked one or more hours for pay in money or in-kind compensation acting as employer, worker on their own count, employee or worker, etc.

- Working for another person without compensation?
This refers to those who work for another person without receiving any type of compensation or in kind such as apprentices of mechanics, carpentry, family workers, etc.

- Employed, or did you have a business, a company, a farm, but you didn't work (due to sickness, strikes, vacation, bad weather, etc.)?
This applies to people who have jobs or are occupied but, during the week referred to, did not work due to sickness, strikes, vacation, bad weather or other circumstances.

[The rest of pg. 49 is omitted in this translation]

[pg. 50]

- Looking for work and had you worked previously?
These are unoccupied people who are looking for work but have experience, as they have worked previously.

- Looking for work for the first time (never had a job before)?
This refers to recently graduated people of any university major, non-university course of study, or any vocational specialty and they are looking for work for the first time, even if they are young people who out of economic necessity have to work and have never worked before.

- Not looking for work because you thought there wasn't any? These are persons who had worked before, but for different reasons are without work and are not looking for work because they think that there are no vacant positions and sometimes they may be waiting for the seasons of agricultural harvest.
[pg. 51]
Only a housewife: This refers to women who are dedicated exclusively to daily chores of the household.

- Just studying?
This is all people whose only responsibility is to study, whether in school, high school, higher education centers, university, academy, etc.

- Retired, pensioned or rentier?
  • Retired: This is a person who, having completed the time of work service required and having reached the official age, retired, receiving a monthly or biweekly compensation.
  • Pensioned: This is a person who for reasons of sickness, accidents, age or another cause has retired from work, receiving a monthly salary.
  • Rentier: This is a person who lives off the interest of the money put away in savings accounts, installments or personal loans, from renting houses or lands.
[pg. 52]
- Imprisoned?
These are people who are in jail whether or not they have received a sentence.

- Permanently disabled?
This is about people who as a result of suffering from some physical or mental impediment are completely unable to work, which is why they are not working, such as: the blind, amputees of either upper or lower limbs, the insane, etc.

- Other?
In this group list all people who did not fit into the previous categories.
If they responded to one of the options 4 through 12, continue to question 15.

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El Salvador 2007 — source variable SV2007A_0468 — Status in economic activity
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
[Questions 13-24 are for persons age 10 or older. If the person is younger than 10, end the interview and cross out the corresponding page]

Question 22: Are you or were you the following in this job?
The information desired is the position the person had in the principal job he/she performed in the week prior to the census. Was the person an employee or worker in the public or private sector, a boss or [employed in] any of the following categories:

Employee or worker in the public sector:
This is a person who works or worked in a public sector institution, be it the central government, an autonomous agency or a mayor's office.

Employee or worker in the private sector:
This is a person who worked in a company, establishment, business or institution in the private sector. Also include persons who work for international organizations such as the United Nations, USAID [US Agency for International Development], the Organization of American States, etc.
Keep in mind that, even if the person holds the position of director, manager or president, if he/she is not president of the company then he/she is considered an employee. This is the case for both the public and the private sector.
Boss or employer: A boss, entrepreneur or owner is a person who runs his/her own company or business or is self-employed in a profession or trade and who has one or more paid employees or workers.

Unpaid family worker:
This is a person who helps in the family business.

Unpaid non-family worker:
This is a person who helps in the business, on the farm, in the shop, etc., without receiving pay.

Independent worker (self-employed):
This is someone who is self-employed and does not have any employees or workers in his/her service. He/she may receive help from a family member if the family member is unpaid. Be careful not to confuse the self-employed worker with a boss or employer.

Domestic employee:
This is a man or woman who is permanently employed in a dwelling doing housework such as washing, ironing, cooking, cleaning, child care, running errands, gardening, etc. He/she receives pay for his/her work.

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Ethiopia 2007 — source variable ET2007A_0421 — Economic activity (for most of last 2 months)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Section 3: Details of persons in the household

[Questions 21-25 were asked of long form respondents' age 10+.]

23. Was [the respondent] engaged in productive activity during most of the last 12 months?

If "yes," record 01. If "no," code main reason.
[] 1 Engaged in productive activity
[] 2 Unemployed with work experience
[] 3 Unemployed without work experience
[] 4 Student/training
[] 5 Homemaking
[] 6 Disabled
[] 7 Injury/illness
[] 8 Too young
[] 9 Old age/pensioner/remittance
[] 10 Begging
[] 11 Other
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 21 - 24:- Economic Activity

In this section the enumerators collect data regarding the economic activities and indicators of unemployment characteristics during the last seven days and the last twelve months prior to the date of enumeration.

Question 23:- Was [the respondent] engaged in productive activity during most of the last 12 months? If not what was the main reason?

The last 12 months means the day before the enumerator reached the respondents house back to 12 months (one year or 52 weeks before the enumeration date).Suppose that the enumerator reached the household on 2 June 2007, then the last 12 month covers the period between 2 June 2006 and 1 June 2007. Thus, every members of the household aged 10 years and above were asked whether they were engaged in or not in productive activity for most of the last 12 months prior to the date of enumeration. If the respondent(s) engaged in the productive activities, then mark (shade) the space corresponding to code 1. If not, shade any one of the choice from code 2 - 11 as given by the respondent.

NB: The definition and explanation given for productive activity in question 21 is also applicable here. The difference is only the reference period. So, enumerators should take it into considerations.

What do we mean by most of the last 12 months?
A person is to be classified as most of the last 12 months active (engaged in productive activity) usually if he/she has been economically active (engaged in productive activity) for more than 6 months or 26 weeks or above during the last 12 months. The above clarification is general definition/ concept. But engagement in productive activity for most of the last 12 months depends on the type and nature of activity they were involved and vary from country to country. The following three examples elaborate how most of the last 12 months are applicable.

a) If a person is engaged in agriculture, he/she was decided to consider him/her as being engaged in economic activity during most of the last 12 months if he/she has worked during most of the main agricultural seasons of the reference year in that area/ locality.

For example
Suppose that the main agricultural season for a particular area is 8 months. A person in this particular area is said to be engaged in most of the last 12 months if he/she has worked for 4 months and more. Agricultural season includes the main and the "Belg" Season and the time from preparing the land to harvesting (seeding, ploughing, sawing, weeding, harvesting and collecting).

b) If a person is engaged in other agricultural activity, like livestock, poultry, cattle rearing... etc. for 6 months or more in the last 12 months, then that person is considered as he is engaged for most of the last 12 months.

c) Those who are working in rural or urban areas of the country engaged either non-agricultural sectors like, trade, weaving, something Government organization etc...., if they were worked for more than 6 months and above in the last 12 months , then these people were at work for most of the last 12 months.

Based on the above three explanations every member of the household aged 10 years and above were asked whether they engaged in productive activities or not in the last 12 months, then shade/mark the response accordingly the codes (1 -11) listed below.

-Engaged in productive activity:- if he/she was engaged in productive/ economic active or employed during most of the last 12 months.

-Unemployed with work experience:-Even though these people had a job some time before a year but due to lack of job they were not engaged in any productive activity during most of the last 12 months. This people may seek or may not to get jobs. But if opportunity comes, they were ready to work.

-Unemployed without work experience:- These people were not engaged in productive activity during most of the last 12 months and they have no job before 12 months and they may or may not seek to get a job during the reference time. If opportunity comes, they are ready to work.

-Student/ Training:- The category includes all persons, aged 10 years and above who, during most of the last 12 months do not engaged in productive activity due to attending school/training during day time. But those students who engaged in productive activity during most of the last 12 months are not included in this code

-Homemaking:- All persons, male or female, who are aged 10 years and above, and who, during most of the last 12 months were not engaged in productive activity due to domestic activities like preparing food for family,...etc. For example, housemaid. It is important to note that those persons may or may not engage in economic activity during the last 12 months.

-Disabled:- These persons were not working in the economic activity most of the last 12 months because of their disability or handicap ness.
Note:- Disabled or handicapped persons who were engaged in productive activity (in Que.21) should not be included here.

-Injury/ Illness/ mental problem/ retardation:- Those persons who were not working in the economic activities most of the last 12 months because of their injury/ illness.

-Too young:- All persons (male or female) who are aged 10 years and above and who, during most of the last 12 months were not engaged in productive /economic activity because they are too young. For those persons who are aged 15 and above were not included in this code. For those persons who are attending school should be given code 4, rather than code 8

-Old age/ retired/ remittance: These are persons who were not engaged in productive /economic activity during most of the last 12 months because of old age/retired or remittance or renting a house.
Remark: In addition to remittance, pensions and earning money from renting housing if they are engaged in economic activity during most of the last 12 months should not be included here;

-Begging:- Those persons who were not working in the productive activity during most of the last 12 months because they spent their time on begging.

-Others such as delivery/pregnancy....etc.:-Those persons who were not working in the productive activity during most of the last 12 months because of delivery/ pregnancy and were not classified from code 1-10 are grouped here.
Remark: Unemployed students are those students attending school during the night and seeking job and were not engaged in any productive activity during the day should be included either in code 2 or 3.

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Fiji 1976 — source variable FJ1976A_0421 — Employment status in past week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons born in 1962 and before

12. Type of activity last week

State whether the person was working last week; normally working but sick, holiday, etc.; unemployed looking for work (exp/inexp); other, specify housewife, student, disabled, etc.
____


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Fiji 1986 — source variable FJ1986A_0420 — Type of activity last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons born in 1971 or before
[Questions 14-17 were asked of all persons born in 1971 or before]

14. Type of activity last week

What did the person do last week? Cash work or other work.
____

If no work, what was the reason? Looking for work, not looking, housewife, student, pensioner, too old, disabled, etc.
____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 14 - Type of activity last week

142. "What did this person do last week?"

143. A person either worked last week or did not.

144. By work we mean any activity concerned with providing the necessities of life for the person or the person's family or household. The question applies to women as well as men.

145. Anyone who was active last week, in any way, in providing for themselves or the household worked. It does not matter whether they had a job or were paid for what they did. A person who farmed, fished, cut copra, looked after livestock, replaced thatch on a roof, or cultivated in a vegetable garden worked. So did a person who was in paid employment.

146. Those who worked fall into two categories for the purposes of the census -- those who worked mainly for money last week and those who provided for themselves in other ways.

Cash work: A person who was employed last week or who worked mainly for cash is a cash worker. Such a person may have had a paid job or may have worked on his or her own account making, growing, or selling things for money.

Other work: Many people provide for themselves or their families in other ways than by working for cash. Such people may perform a variety of tasks in growing, gathering produce, or fishing to feed their families and may sell some produce. But such people are not mainly working to sell produce for cash.

147. A person may have combined cash work and other last week. In such cases write "cash work".

[p. 16]

148. A person may not have worked last week because he or she was temporarily absent from work by reason of being on holiday, sickness, or for some other reason. In such cases ask about the person's normal activity. A teacher on holiday, for example, may not have been teaching last week because the schools were closed. Such people should be regarded as having worked.

149. If a person did no work, ask: "What was the reason?"

150. There are many reasons why a person may have done no work last week. Those which are most important to the census are:

Looking for work: This applies to people who would have worked, who wanted to work and who actively looked for work last week. The test is, "Did this person do anything about finding work?"

Not looking for work: This category applies to those of working age who were capable of working but who did no work last week and did nothing about finding work, either because they knew there were no jobs available or because they did not want to work. The test is, 'Did this person do anything to provide for himself or herself?' If he or she did so, enter "cash work" or "other work" as appropriate. Only if the person did nothing last week and was dependent upon others for food or shelter should you enter "Not looking".

Housewife: This applies to those who did not work last week and were occupied with purely domestic duties around the house. Many housewives combine domestic duties with working outside the house -- in the garden, collecting food, or in paid employment. In such cases you should write "cash work" or "other work" as appropriate.

Student: If the person is attending school, a training course, or a university full-time, write "Student". Full-time students will be on holiday at the time of the census and some may have worked last week but for the purpose of the census such people should be entered as "Student".

Other: There are other reasons why a person may have done no work last week. Ask and record the reason -- 'too old', 'disabled', 'pensioner', 'patient', or as the case may be.


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Fiji 1996 — source variable FJ1996A_0422 — Activity in the past week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons born in 1981 or before
[Questions D14-D17 were asked of persons born in 1981 or before.]

D14. Type of activity last week
(a) Did person do any work for money? If yes or if temporarily absent from work write (M). If no work for money write (NO).
______

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Economic activity last week

For all persons born in 1981 or before
138. The next set of questions, D14 to D17, apply to all persons born in 1981 or before. Look back at the year of birth you have entered for each person. For those born 1982-1996 write 'N/A' for question D14[a] and leave the rest of the column [D14-D17] blank.

139. Questions D14-D17 are concerned with how people provide for themselves, how they make their living. It is restricted to persons 15 years of age and over.

140. In the week before census night, almost everyone in Fiji will have done something to provide for himself or herself. It is your job to discover and record what each person did.

141. Ask the questions as they are set out here and on the questionnaire and talk about each member of the household until you understand what he or she did in the way of making a living last week. Make entries on the questionnaire only when you have the picture clear in your mind.

Question D14 - Type of activity last week

142. Question 14[a]
Ask,
Did this person do any work for money last week?

Money work here means:
A wage and salary job.
Business, shop, taxi/carrier business, repair shop
Grow things for sale
Raise animals for sale
Catch fish, collect shells for sale
[p.26]
Provide services for money

You should write 'M' against money work. Include also persons who had a job but were either sick or on leave or did not attend work for some other reason.

For persons who did not work for money last week write 'NO' in this box.

145. For those persons responding with 'M' in D14[a], you should also complete

D14[b] Number of days worked last week.
D14[c] Did the person do any subsistence work as well
D15 Describe the task performed last week.
D16 The type of activity, service or product produced at place of work.
D17 How was the person paid
weekly wages
fortnightly/monthly salary
by sale of crops, livestock
for job done
unpaid family worker


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Fiji 1996 — source variable FJ1996A_0424 — Subsistence
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons born in 1981 or before
[Questions D14-D17 were asked of persons born in 1981 or before.]

(c) Did person plant or collect shells, fish or provide for own use? Write (SUBS) otherwise write (NO).
______

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Economic activity last week

For all persons born in 1981 or before
138. The next set of questions, D14 to D17, apply to all persons born in 1981 or before. Look back at the year of birth you have entered for each person. For those born 1982-1996 write 'N/A' for question D14[a] and leave the rest of the column [D14-D17] blank.

139. Questions D14-D17 are concerned with how people provide for themselves, how they make their living. It is restricted to persons 15 years of age and over.

140. In the week before census night, almost everyone in Fiji will have done something to provide for himself or herself. It is your job to discover and record what each person did.

141. Ask the questions as they are set out here and on the questionnaire and talk about each member of the household until you understand what he or she did in the way of making a living last week. Make entries on the questionnaire only when you have the picture clear in your mind.

Question D14 - Type of activity last week

142. Question 14[a]
Ask,
Did this person do any work for money last week?

Money work here means:
A wage and salary job.
Business, shop, taxi/carrier business, repair shop
Grow things for sale
Raise animals for sale
Catch fish, collect shells for sale
[p.26]
Provide services for money

You should write 'M' against money work. Include also persons who had a job but were either sick or on leave or did not attend work for some other reason.

For persons who did not work for money last week write 'NO' in this box.

145. For those persons responding with 'M' in D14[a], you should also complete

D14[b] Number of days worked last week.
D14[c] Did the person do any subsistence work as well
D15 Describe the task performed last week.
D16 The type of activity, service or product produced at place of work.
D17 How was the person paid
weekly wages
fortnightly/monthly salary
by sale of crops, livestock
for job done
unpaid family worker

146. Question D14[c]

Ask,
Did the person plant crops, collect shells or fish or provide anything for own use in any other way?'

If 'Yes' write 'SUBS' [subsistence] otherwise write 'NO'.

Subsistence type of work is not aimed at earning money. It includes work in food gardens or collecting of food, sea-shells, catching fish for own use. It is also communal work, assisting in cleaning village, building house, construction of road or water system in a settlement.


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Fiji 1996 — source variable FJ1996A_0425 — Economic activity
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons born in 1981 or before
[Questions D14-D17 were asked of persons born in 1981 or before.]

(d) If doing (M), (UNEMP) or (SUBS) write (NA). For others, state Student, Not looking for work, Fulltime homemaker, retired, disabled, other - specify.
______

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Economic activity last week

For all persons born in 1981 or before
138. The next set of questions, D14 to D17, apply to all persons born in 1981 or before. Look back at the year of birth you have entered for each person. For those born 1982-1996 write 'N/A' for question D14[a] and leave the rest of the column [D14-D17] blank.

139. Questions D14-D17 are concerned with how people provide for themselves, how they make their living. It is restricted to persons 15 years of age and over.

140. In the week before census night, almost everyone in Fiji will have done something to provide for himself or herself. It is your job to discover and record what each person did.

141. Ask the questions as they are set out here and on the questionnaire and talk about each member of the household until you understand what he or she did in the way of making a living last week. Make entries on the questionnaire only when you have the picture clear in your mind.

Question D14 - Type of activity last week

142. Question 14[a]
Ask,
Did this person do any work for money last week?

Money work here means:
A wage and salary job.
Business, shop, taxi/carrier business, repair shop
Grow things for sale
Raise animals for sale
Catch fish, collect shells for sale
[p.26]
Provide services for money

You should write 'M' against money work. Include also persons who had a job but were either sick or on leave or did not attend work for some other reason.

For persons who did not work for money last week write 'NO' in this box.

145. For those persons responding with 'M' in D14[a], you should also complete

D14[b] Number of days worked last week.
D14[c] Did the person do any subsistence work as well
D15 Describe the task performed last week.
D16 The type of activity, service or product produced at place of work.
D17 How was the person paid
weekly wages
fortnightly/monthly salary
by sale of crops, livestock
for job done
unpaid family worker

147. Question D14[d]

So far you have classified

person who has worked for money 'M'
person who has worked for money as well as 'SUBS'
person who was actively looking for work 'UNEMP'
person who provided for himself 'SUBS'

Therefore for persons who are classed in 14[a] as 'M' or 14[b] as 'UNEMP' or 14[c] as 'SUBS'. Write 'NA' in 14[d] box.

For other classify in one of the following category:

[p.29]

'STUDENT' if the person is attending school or a training course full time. Full time students will be on holiday at the time of the census and some may have worked last week, but for the purpose of the census, such people should be entered as 'STUDENT'.

'NOT LOOKING FOR WORK' This category applies to persons who were capable of working but did not work last week and did nothing about finding work, either because they knew there were no jobs available or because they did not want to work.

Ask,
Did this person do anything to provide for himself or herself?

If 'yes' then go back to either 14[a] for money work 'M'
or 14[c] for subsistence work 'SUBS' as appropriate.

Only if person did nothing and was dependent on someone else for food and shelter you should enter 'not looking'.

Full time homemaker.- This applies to those persons who did no work for money 'M' or Subsistence 'SUBS' or did not actively look for work last week 'UNEMP' and were occupied with purely domestic duties around the house.
Many housewives combine domestic duties with working outside the house - in the garden, collecting food [SUBS] or in paid employment [M]. Such cases should be reclassified along the appropriate box.
Retired person has regular income and does not have to work anymore.
Disabled person who suffered some form of permanent mental or physical disability and cannot work.
[p.30]
Other.- There may be other reasons why a person may not have worked last week, apart from persons who had a job but were either sick or on leave. Specify as the case may be.

When a person worked for money last week ie. 'M' in 14[a] or was 'UNEMP' in 14[b] or 'SUBS' in 14[c], write 'NA' [not applicable] in the box for 14[d].


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Fiji 2007 — source variable FJ2007A_0432 — Person did any work last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons born in 1997 or before
[Questions D19-24.]
(Questions D19-D24 refer to last week)

D19. a. Did [the person] do any work?

(For money, payment in kind or subsistence).
Tick appropriate box.
Important: For those temporarily absent from their work: tick "yes"
[ ] 1 Yes
[ ] 2 No (Go to D24)

b. If "yes", what type of work did [the person] do?

(If applicable, select more than one option)
[ ] 1 Work for money
[ ] 2 Work to support household by producing goods for sale
[ ] 3 Work to support household by producing goods for own consumption
(If only 3: Go to D24)


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Fiji 2007 — source variable FJ2007A_0443 — Looking for work last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons born in 1997 or before
[Questions D19-24.]
(Questions D19-D24 refer to last week)

D24.a. Did [person] actively look for work?
[Question D24a was asked of persons born in 1997 or earlier who were not working or worked for subsistence.]

Tick appropriate box.
[ ] 1 Yes (Go to D24c)
[ ] 2 No


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Fiji 2007 — source variable FJ2007A_0444 — Reason not looking for work
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all persons born in 1997 or before
[Questions D19-24.]
(Questions D19-D24 refer to last week)

b. If "no" why didn't [person] actively look for work?
[Questions 24b was asked of persons who were born in 1997 or earlier, were not working or worked for subsistence, and did not actively look for work.]

[ ] 1 Fulltime homemaker
[ ] 2 Fulltime student
[ ] 3 Retired
[ ] 4 Disabled
[ ] 5 No intention
[ ] 6 Believes no work available
[ ] 7 Other-specify____


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France 1962 — source variable FR1962A_0413 — Type of activity
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Education and professional training

(For all persons born before January 1, 1952)
[Applies to questions 8 - 10]

Professional Activity

(For all persons born before January 1, 1948)
[Applies to questions 11 - 16]

If you are currently without work and you are looking for work, go directly to question 16.
If you are no longer working, go directly to question 17.

16. For persons who are currently without work and who are looking for work.

a. Have you ever worked?
[] yes
[] no
b. What is your profession?
____
c. For how long have you been seeking work?
____

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France 1968 — source variable FR1968A_0408 — Unemployment duration
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Professional activity (for all persons born before January 1st, 1954)
[Applies to questions 12- 18]

17. If you are currently without work and if you are looking for some:

a. Have you already worked?
[] Yes
[] No
b. What is your occupation? ____
c. How long have you been looking for work?
[] 1 less than 3 months
[] 2 from 3 to 6 months
[] 3 from 6 months to less than a year
[] 4 a year or more
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Question 17: The case of the unemployed and those who are looking for work.
This question concerns all people having or having not already worked, who fulfill the following conditions simultaneously:
a) do not have a job:
b) are actively looking for work.
Do not apply to these people the label "unemployed" which is sometimes judged offensive and which has a slightly different connotation.

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France 1968 — source variable FR1968A_0430 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Education and professional formation (for all persons born before January 1st, 1962)
[Applies to questions 8 - 11]

8. Are you currently a student?

[] Yes (Answer question 9)
[] No (Answer questions 10 and 11)

Do not answer "yes" unless you are taking classes (including professional or technical classes) or at the university for the normal duration of the school year.
If you are apprenticed under contract, if you are not taking any classes except for some professional classes part-time, or classes by correspondence for perfecting your skills, seasonal agricultural classes, etc. answer "no".

Professional activity (for all persons born before January 1st, 1954)
[Applies to questions 12- 18]

17. If you are currently without work and if you are looking for some:

a. Have you already worked?
[] Yes
[] No
b. What is your occupation? ____
c. How long have you been looking for work?
[] 1 less than 3 months
[] 2 from 3 to 6 months
[] 3 from 6 months to less than a year
[] 4 a year or more
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Question 8: Students must answer "Yes".
Others must answer "No"

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France 1975 — source variable FR1975A_0409 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
For all people 16 years of age or older
[Applies to questions 8 -18]

17. If you are currently without work and if you are looking for some:

a. For how long have you been looking for work?
[] 1 less than 3 months
[] 2 3 to less than 6 months
[] 3 6 months to less than a year
[] 4 one year or more
b. Have you already worked?
[] Yes
[] No
c. What is your career? ____

18. If you do not work anymore:

(You are, for example, retired from public service, a retired worker, retired executive, former farmer, retired from business, etc.)

What was your principal profession? ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
[Questions 8 - 18 are for persons age 16 or older]

Question 17: The case of the unemployed and those who are looking for work.
This question concerns all people having or having not already worked, who fulfill the following conditions simultaneously:
a) do not have a job:
b) are actively looking for work.
Do not apply to these people the label "unemployed" which is sometimes judged offensive and which has a slightly different connotation.


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France 1975 — source variable FR1975A_0412 — Duration of unemployment
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
For all people 16 years of age or older
[Applies to questions 8 -18]

17. If you are currently without work and if you are looking for some:

a. For how long have you been looking for work?
[] 1 less than 3 months
[] 2 3 to less than 6 months
[] 3 6 months to less than a year
[] 4 one year or more
b. Have you already worked?
[] Yes
[] No
c. What is your career? ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
[Questions 8 - 18 are for persons age 16 or older]

Question 17: The case of the unemployed and those who are looking for work.
This question concerns all people having or having not already worked, who fulfill the following conditions simultaneously:
a) do not have a job:
b) are actively looking for work.
Do not apply to these people the label "unemployed" which is sometimes judged offensive and which has a slightly different connotation.


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France 1982 — source variable FR1982A_0408 — Type of activity
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
For all persons aged 14 or older

If have practice a professional activity, answer questions 12 through 15,
Including: If you help a family member at work, even if part time
If you are an apprentice under contract or a paid intern

If you are not currently practice a professional activity or if you are unemployed: answer question 16.

16. If you do not actually practice any professional activity, or if you are unemployed:

a. Are you:
[] 1 A mother or housewife
[] 2 Retired (non age-related) from business (former shop keeper, former farmer, etc.)
If you checked box 1 or 2, indicate your previous professions: ____
[] 3 High school or college/university student
[] 4 Unemployed
[] 5 If other, please indicate: ____
b. Are you currently seeking work?
[] 1 Yes
Have you ever worked?
[] 1 Yes
[] 0 No
[] 0 No

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France 1990 — source variable FR1990A_0436 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Questions 8 through 21 are only for those people 14 years old or more

If you work, go to the back of the page (questions 12 to 21)
Includes:

If you are on sick leave or maternity leave
If you help a member of your family in his or her work without pay
If you are apprenticed under contract, a paid intern (TUC, SIVP..), etc.

If you do not work (or do not work anymore), answer questions 9-11

9. Are you?

[] 1 High school student, university student, volunteer intern
[] 2 Unemployed (enrolled or not with the ANPE [Agence nationale pour l'emploi - National agency for unemployment])
[] 3 Retired (formerly paid) or retired early
[] 4 Retired from business (former farmer, former artist, former merchant)
[] 5 Housewife
[] 6 Other (not active at this time) (including people not receiving anything but a reversion benefit)

Questions 19 to 21 are only addressed to people who are paid and to paid interns

19. If you are in one of the following situations, check the box which best describes your situation:

[] 1 Apprenticed under contract
[] 2 Practicing beneficial community work (TUC [Travail d'utilit? collective], etc.)
[] 3 Under a Contrat d'adaptation (contract for young people ages 16 to 25 who needed additional education in order to quickly get a job; replaced November 2004 by the Contrat de professionalisation ) or Contrat de qualification (same contract, but for people 26 years of age or older)
[] 4 Intern (mainly in a business: SIVP [Stage d'Insertion ? la vie professionnelle - Internship of integration into professional life], etc.)
[] 5 Intern (mainly in an educational center: FPA [Formation Professionnelle Acc?l?r?e - Accelerated Professional Education], etc.)
[] 6 Placed by an interim agency
[] 7 Under work contract for a determined duration

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France 1999 — source variable FR1999A_0426 — Type of employment activity
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Questions 9 through 24 are only addressed to people 14 years old or more
[Questions 9-24 were asked only of persons 14 years or older.]

11. What is your situation?

You work
[] 1 Check the box and continue to the back of the page (questions 15 to 24) including if you are on sick leave or maternity leave, if you help a member of your family in his/her work or if you are apprenticed under contract, or a salaried intern. [skip to question 15]
You don't work (or no longer work)
[] 2 Check the box and answer questions 12 to 14

[Questions 12-14 were asked of persons who do not work per question 11.]

12. Are you a _?

[] 1 University student (university, IUT, teacher-training school, etc.)
[] 2 Student (middle school, high school)
[] 3 Unpaid intern
[] 4 Unemployed (registered or not with the ANPE)
[] 5 Early retirement
Retired
[] 6 Former employee
[] 7 Former independent worker (farmer, artisan, businessman, etc.)
[] 8 Other (woman or man working from home, person receiving only a surviving spouse's benefit, disability retirement, etc.)

14. Have you worked before?

[] 1 Yes
What was your main profession? ______
[] 2 No

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France 1999 — source variable FR1999A_0437 — Socio-professional category
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Questions 9 through 24 are only addressed to people 14 years old or more
[Questions 9-24 were asked only of persons 14 years or older.]

11. What is your situation?

You work
[] 1 Check the box and continue to the back of the page (questions 15 to 24) including if you are on sick leave or maternity leave, if you help a member of your family in his/her work or if you are apprenticed under contract, or a salaried intern. [skip to question 15]
You don't work (or no longer work)
[] 2 Check the box and answer questions 12 to 14

[Questions 15-21 were asked of persons who work per question 11.]

15. Profession currently practiced ____

Be specific (ex. robotics maintenance electrician, insurance accountant, chemical technician, etc.)
If you are an agent of public services for the state or cities (including HLMs, public hospitals), specify your rank (organization, category) ____

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France 2006 — source variable FR2006A_0414 — Socio-professional category (2-digit)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[6. The rest of the questionnaire is for persons age 14 or older.]

[12. If you are not currently working answer questions 13-16]

13. Have you ever worked?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No, check here and then go to Question 16.

15. What is your principal profession?__________

[17. The rest of the questionnaire is for persons who are currently working. If you have several jobs, only describe your principal job in questions 18-30]

25. If you are not a paid employee, what is your profession?

Be specific. For example, "Florist" rather than "Retailer"

___________________

28. In your job, are you a/an:

[] 1 Unskilled worker, a semi-skilled worker
[] 2 Skilled or highly skilled worker, workshop technician [technician d'atelier]
[] 3 Technician/engineer (non-executive)
[] 4 Category B civil service employee
[] 5 Supervisor, commercial or administrative supervisor, salesperson
[] 6 Category A civil service employee
[] 7 Engineer, executive
[] 8 Category C or D civil service employee
[] 9 Employee (for example: in an office, salespeople/clerks, in a restaurant or house)

29. What is your principal profession?

Be specific. For example: "Cashier" and not "Employee", "Head of client services" and not "Executive". If you are a state, territorial or hospital civil service employee, indicate your rank (unit, category, etc.)

_______________

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France 2006 — source variable FR2006A_0456 — Type of activity
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[6. The rest of the questionnaire is for persons age 14 or older.]

10. What is your principal status?

Check off only one box.

[] 1 Employment (paid employee or working for self, including helping a person with his/her work). Check here and then go to Question 17.
[] 2 Contract apprenticeship or paid internship. Check here and then go to Question 17.
[] 3 Studies (student) or unpaid internship
[] 4 Unemployed (whether enrolled or not with the National Employment Agency)
[] 5 Retired or early retirement
[] 6 Housewife or househusband
[] 7 Other status


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France 2011 — source variable FR2011A_0455 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Individual form

6) The following portion of the questionnaire is for individuals age 14 or older.

10) What is your primary occupation?
Only tick one space

[ ] 1 Job (employee or self-employed, including helping someone in his/her work)
Tick then skip to 17
[ ] 2 Apprenticeship under contract or paid internship
Tick then skip to 17
[ ] 3 Studies (pupil, student) or unpaid internship
[ ] 4 Unemployed (whether registered or not at the unemployment center)
[ ] 5 Retired or pre-retired (formerly employed or formerly independent)
[ ] 6 Homemaker
[ ] 7 Other circumstances

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Germany 1970 — source variable DE1970A_0425 — Economically active

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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Germany 1970 — source variable DE1970A_0428 — Unemployed / seeking work
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

11. Are you:

[] Economically active
[] Farmer
[] Unpaid family worker
[] Unemployed/looking for work
[] Not economically active
[] Housewife
[] Regular soldier


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Germany 1987 — source variable DE1987A_0439 — Employment indicator
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Question 7: Are you economically active, unemployed?
Persons who are part of an employment/service relationship, pursue an independent trade, practice a liberal profession, or work as family workers are considered economically active. Persons participating in programs aimed at further education, retraining/reeducation and rehabilitation and are in possession of a work contract should also mark "economically active". Services performed on an honorary basis are not considered an economic activity.

"Economically active up to 36 hours per week" should also be marked if work is performed by the hour, half days or on certain days of the week only.

Unemployed persons who are earning some money on the side should mark "economically active up to 36 hours per week" in addition to "unemployed, looking for work."

Juveniles in their first year of vocational training who do not have a contract of employment/training should mark both "not economically active" and "pupil, student".

7. Are you:

Several answers are possible

[] Economically active (1) full-time (over 36 hours (2) per week)
[] Economically active (1) part-time (up to 36 hours (2) per week)
[] Unemployed, looking for work
[] Not economically active
[] Housewife, "houseman"
[] Pupil, student

(1) = Also farmer, family worker, apprentice, soldier, person doing civilian alternative service
(2) = Based on the number of hours normally worked during a week


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Ghana 1984 — source variable GH1984A_0410 — Activity during past week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Answer only for persons aged 10 years and over, the answers should, except where otherwise stated, refer to the seven days before census night
[Questions 8-11 were asked of persons age 10 and older.]

8. Type of activity

(a) Did you do any work for pay or profit?
[] Yes
[] No
(b) If no, how were you mainly occupied?
2 [] Had job but did not work
3 [] Unemployed
4 [] Homemaker
5 [] Student
[] Other, specify ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

8. Economic characteristics.

Questions 8, 9, 10 and 11 are restricted to persons aged 10 years and over.

8a. Did you do any work for pay or profit during the seven days before census night?

Two boxes have been provided for this question and you should mark a cross in the appropriate box according to the answer you receive. If a person tells you that he did some work (as defined below) for at least one day or for unpaid family workers· three days during the seven days preceding census night, you should mark a cross in the box marked yes. Otherwise you should mark a cross in in the other box marked no.

Note that whenever the yes box is marked, column 8b should be left blank. This means that as soon as you mark the yes box you must proceed to ask question 8c.

Those who worked-For the purpose of this Census the following categories of persons should be regarded as working and the yes box marked.

(a) All those aged 10 years and over who were in regular employment during the 7 days before census night but who may or may not have done any active work during the reference period.
(b) All those aged 10 years and over who worked for at least one day for pay or profit during the seven days before census night.
(c) All those aged 10 years and over who during the reference period worked on their own farms or went out to fish at least one day even though they may not have sold any produce daring the period.
(d) Domestic servants aged 10 years and over who worked for at least one day and were remunerated for their work either in kind or in money.
(e) Apprentice workers (i.e. persons learning a trade and who normally work under the supervision of qualified workers) aged 10 years and over and who worked for at least one day during the reference period.
(f) All persons aged 10 years and over who worked without pay for three days or more in an establishment or farm operated by a member of their family. This category of persons known as unpaid family workers includes the following:
pg. 53
(i) Wives who during the reference period worked in their husband's store or farm or other economic enterprise. If these wives are paid, they should not be classified as unpaid family workers or homemakers.
(ii) Children aged 10 years and over who during the reference period helped in the father's or any family member's farm or shop or assisted them in other economic activities such as cocoa selling.

Note that paid family workers should be classified as having worked in the usual way. You should also remember to exclude as family workers all persons aged 10 years and over who helped family members in their economic activities but were full-time students in educational institutions. These persons should be treated as students.

8b. If no, how were you mainly occupied?

This question is restricted to persons who did not do any work for pay or profit during the seven days before census night, i.e. those for whom the "no" box was marked. For these persons, four boxes and a dotted line have been provided and you are expected to mark a cross in one of the boxes or write down what the person did on the dotted line.

(a) Had job but did not work- Mark a cross in this box for any person who during the reference period did not do any work for pay or profit although he had a job to which he could return. Persons who come under this category may or may not be paid during their absence from their jobs and include the following who were temporarily absent from their jobs for any of the following reasons:

(i) On leave without pay but with definite instructions to return to work after a certain period. Note that persons on study leave who are receiving full-time education in an educational institution, e.g. teachers on study leave, etc. should be regarded as students.

(ii) Off-season, e.g. farmers or fishermen who did not do any work because 1t was their off-season. Note that in certain parts of the country, particularly in the northern and upper regions work on the farms takes
pg. 54
place during certain months of the year while in other months the farmers remain virtually idle. The same applies to fishermen.

(iii) Temporarily ill without pay, but would return to a fixed job after recovery, e.g. workers on sick leave or on admission at hospitals.

(iv) Labour dispute, strike or lock-out.

(v) Temporary lay-off with definite instructions to return r o work at a specific date. Such workers include permanent farm labourers, workers in various enterprises and establishments whose work has been interrupted temporarily for lack of raw materials and or other reasons.

(vi) Bad weather, i.e. persons not working because of bad weather. For example, farmers who could not go to their farms because the paths leading to their farms were flooded; fishermen who could not fish because of stormy weather, masons who did not work because of bad weather, etc.

(b) "Unemployed"- Mark a cross in this box for any person who did not work and had no fixed job during the seven days preceding census night but was actively looking for work· (e.g. by visiting employment agencies, writing applications, seeing relatives for help in securing jobs, etc.). This category also includes any person who was not looking for work because he believed that no work was available for him.

Note that a person should not be classified as unemployed simply because he or she was without work during the seven days preceding census night. The person should, during the period, have been actively looking for work or should have given up looking for work because he had despaired of getting any work. Otherwise he or she should be classified as voluntarily unemployed (see below).

(c) A Homemaker- Mark a cross in this box for a person of either sex who was wholly engaged in household duties and was not paid for this work. If such a person traded one full working day in the

pg. 55

seven days preceding census night or worked regularly some hours daily or engaged in some other economic enterprise (e.g. worked on a farm or in a beer bar) or did any part-time work (e.g. typing, dressmaking) for which the person was paid or did any work on the family farm or business for three days or more without pay, the person should not be classified as homemaker but should be grouped with the working population. You should not assume that a married person who did not do any work during the reference period is necessarily a homemaker.

(d) Student- Mark a cross in .this box for a person aged 10 years or over who is pursuing full-time education in an educational institution and for whom the "now" box has been marked in question
1a.

(e) "Other specify''- An answer which does not fall into any of the above categories, i.e., homemaker, unemployed, student, should be written down on the dotted line marked "other, specify". The main types of persons who come under this group are:

(i) Vocational trainee-This refers to a trainee in an educational institution which aims at preparing the pupils solely for a trade or occupation other than teaching. For persons in this category you should record the type of trainee, e.g. vocational trainee (nurse), vocational trainee (priest). Note that vocational training differs from apprenticeship where persons work under experienced craftsmen to learn a craft or a trade, e.g. a private seamstress or a tailor's establishment where the main emphasis is on the practical aspects of the trade. Such persons should be considered as apprentice workers and treated as working.
(ii) Pensioned or retired
(iii) Living on independent income
(iv) Old
(v) Disabled
(iv) Prisoner
pg. 56
(vii) Hospital patient and not going to return to a fixed job
(viii) Voluntarily unemployed, i.e. not employed although able to work and not interested in seeking work
(ix) Too young to work

Note that the permanent and paid staff of educational institutions, hospitals, prisons and similar institutions should be regarded as working while the inmates even if they receive a small allowance should be regarded as not working and entered on the dotted line marked "other, specify".

Remember that the remaining questions, 9, 10 and 11 are for only those who during the reference period worked for pay or profit, "had jobs but did not work" and the "unemployed". ·


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Ghana 2000 — source variable GH2000A_0421 — Unemployment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

P13 Type of activity: For P13 to P17; answer only for ages 7 years or older. The answer should refer to the 7 days before census night:

P13a Did (name) work for pay or profit or family gain? (If yes, go to P13c)

[] Yes
[] No

P13b If no, how was (name) occupied? (if P13b= 1 or 2, go to P14) (if P13b = 3 or more, go to P18)

[] 1 Had job but did not work (Go to P14)
[] 2 Unemployed (Go to P14)
[] 3 Homemaker (Go to P18)
[] 4 Student (Go to P18)
[] 5 Old age (Go to P18)
[] 6 Pensioner (Go to P18)
[] 7 Persons with disability (Go to P18)
[] 8 Other (Go to P18)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

P13 Type of activity: questions are to be asked of only persons aged 7 years or older; and refer to the seven days before census night

P13b If no, how was (name) occupied?

This question is restricted to persons who did not do any work for pay or profit or family gain during the seven days before Census Night, i.e. those for whom the "No" box was marked in P13a. For these persons, write in and mark the appropriate code.

a. Had job but did not work - Mark box 1 for any person who during the reference period did not do any work for pay or profit or family gain although he/she had a job to which he/she could return. Persons who come under this category may or may not be paid during their absence from their jobs and include the following who were temporarily absent from their jobs for any of the following reasons:

i. On leave with/without pay but with definite instructions to return to work after a certain period. Note that persons on study leave who are receiving full-time education in an educational institution, e.g. teachers on study leave with or without pay, etc. must be regarded as students.

ii. Off-season, e.g. farmers or fishermen who did not do any work because it was their off-season. Note that in certain parts of the country, particularly in the northern and upper regions, work on the farms takes place during certain months of the year while in other months the farmers remain virtually idle. The same applies to fishermen.

iii. Temporarily ill without pay, but would return to a fixed job after recovery, e.g. workers on sick leave or on admission at hospitals.

iv. Labour dispute, strike or lockout.

v. Temporary lay-off with definite instructions to return to work at a specific date. Such workers include permanent farm labourers, workers in various enterprises and establishments whose work has been interrupted temporarily for lack of raw materials and or other reasons.

vi Bad weather, i.e. persons not working because of bad weather. For example, farmers who could not go to their farms because the paths leading to their farms were flooded; fishermen who could not fish because of stormy weather, masons who did not work because of bad weather, etc.

Note: If the person had a job but did not work, then after marking 1, skip to P14.

b. "Unemployed"- Mark box 2 for any person who did not work and had no fixed job during the seven days preceding Census Night but was actively looking for work (e.g. by visiting employment agencies, writing applications, seeing relatives for help in securing jobs, etc.). This category also includes any person who was not looking for work because he/she believed that no work was available for him/her.

Note that a person should not be classified as unemployed simply because he/she was without work during the seven days preceding Census Night. The person should, during the period, have been actively looking for work or must have given up looking for work because he/she became despaired of getting any work. Otherwise he/she or she must be classified as other. (See (h) below, voluntarily unemployed)

c. Homemaker- Mark box 3 for a person of either sex who was wholly engaged in household duties and was not paid for this work. If such a person traded one full working day in the seven days preceding Census Night or worked regularly some hours daily or engaged in some other economic enterprise (e.g. worked on a farm or in a bar) or did any part-time work (e.g. typing, dressmaking) for which the person was paid or did any work on the family farm or business for one hour or more without pay, the person must not be classified as homemaker but must be grouped with the working population. You must not assume that a married person who did not do any work during the reference period is necessarily a homemaker.

[p. 43]

d. Student - Mark box 4 for a person aged 7 years or older who is pursuing full-time education in an educational institution and for whom the "Now" box (i.e. box 2) has been marked in question P12a.

e. Old age- Mark box 5 for any person who did not work during the seven days preceding Census Night because of old age.

f. Pensioner- Mark box 6 for any person who did not work during the seven days preceding Census Night because he/she has attained the age of 60 years in an establishment and is on pension. Such persons are normally paid government pension or Social Security every month.

g. Persons with Disability - Mark box 7 for any person who did not work during the seven days preceding Census Night because the person has a disability. A person with a disability is one whose impairment inhibits his/her ability to work or participate or perform an activity in a manner or within the range considered normal. (An impairment refers to any physical, functional or psychological defect, which results from illness, injury or congenital malformation people who are born with disability).

h. Other:- An answer, which does not fall into any of the above categories, must be marked in the Other box. The main types of persons who come under this group are:-

i. Living on independent income -- those who live on remittance;
ii. Hospital patient and not going to return to a fixed job;
iii. Voluntarily unemployed i.e. not employed although able to work and not interested in seeking work (e.g. beggars);
iv. Too young to work.

Note: Question P13b is to be answered for only those who answer No in P13a.

If the answer in P13b = 1 or 2 (i.e. had job but did not work = 1 or unemployed = 2) then continue asking the rest of the questions from P14.

If the answer in P13b = 3 or more (i.e. 3, 4, . . . . 8) and the person is a male or a female less than 12 years old then you need not ask the person the rest of the questions.

You, however, need to ask the next member the population questions, starting from P01. If the person is a female and 12 years or older then skip to P18.


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Ghana 2010 — source variable GH2010A_0419 — Reason for not seeking work
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions P00-P20 were asked for persons in both the household and non-household populations.]

Economic activity -- P13-P17: Should be related to the past 7 days preceding census night

[P13 to P17 were asked of all persons age 5 years or older.]

P13c. Why did [the respondent] not seek work?

[P13b was asked of persons who were 5 years of age and were not engaged in any activity for pay in the 7 days prior to the census (per question P13a) and was not seeking work (per P13b).]

[After responding to P13c, skip P14-P17]

[] 1 Did home duties (household chores/full time homemaker)
[] 2 In full time education/student
[] 3 Pensioner/retired
[] 4 Disabled/too sick to work
[] 5 Too old/too young
[] 6 Other
Go to P18.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Economic activity (P13 - P17)

Economic activity questions cover P13a, P13b, P13c, P14, P15, P15a, P16 and P17. All these questions should be related to the period of 7 days preceding Census Night. They should be asked only for persons aged 5 years and older.

P13c. Why did (name) not seek work?

This question is restricted to persons who were not engaged in any activity for pay or profit or family gain during the seven days before Census Night, i.e. those who "did not work and were not seeking for work" in P13b. For these persons, enter the appropriate code as defined below.

This category includes those who;

1. Did home duties (household chores)/full time homemaker
Enter code 1 for a person of either sex who was wholly engaged in household duties and was not paid for this work. If, however, a person traded one full working day in the seven days before Census Night, or worked regularly some hours daily, or engaged in some other economic enterprise (e.g. worked on a farm or in a bar), or did any part-time work e.g. typing, dressmaking for which the person was paid or did any work on the family farm or business for one hour or more without pay, such person must not be classified as homemaker but must be classified as employed. You must not assume that any married female who did not do any work during the reference period is necessarily a homemaker. You should probe further to ascertain her correct status.

2. In full time education/student
Enter code 2 for a person aged 5 years and older who is pursuing full-time education in an educational institution and for whom a code of 2 ("now") is entered in P12a.

3. Pensioner/retired
Record code 3 for any person who did not work during the seven days preceding Census Night because he/she is retired and on pension. Such persons normally receive government/company pension or social security payments every month.

4. Disabled/too sick
Enter code 4 for any person who did not work during the seven days preceding Census Night because he/she has a disability or was too sick to work. A person with a disability is one whose impairment inhibits his/her ability to work, participate in or perform an activity in a manner or within the range considered normal. (Impairment refers to any physical, functional or psychological defect, which results from illness, injury or congenital [people who are born with disability] malformation).

5. Too old/too young
Enter code 5 for any person who did not work during the seven days preceding Census Night because he/she is too old or too young to work.

6. Other [specify]
An answer, which does not fall into any of the above categories must be entered as other (code 6) in the appropriate box. The main types of persons who come under this group are:
i. Living on independent income - those who live on remittances;
ii. Hospital patient and not returning to a fixed job;
iii. Voluntarily unemployed i.e. not employed although able to work and not interested in seeking work (e.g. beggars);

All persons who are recorded in P13a as working (i.e. yes in P13a) or in P13b as had job but did not work, unemployed, worked before and seeking work and available for work, and unemployed and seeking work for the first time are classified as economically active.

All others who did not work and were not seeking for work in P13b are classified as economically inactive.

For all categories in P13c (i.e. 1, 2, …, 6) skip to P 18.


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Ghana 2010 — source variable GH2010A_0443 — Economic activity

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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Greece 1971 — source variable GR1971A_0414 — Employment status previous week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

The following questions 13-24 should only be completed for persons born in 1960 or earlier.

The following questions (13-16) refer to the person's usual occupation during the last twelve months (March 1970-February 1971).

15. What was his/her occupational status in the establishment, farm, enterprise, or service where he/she was working?

[] 1 Employer
[] 2 Self-employed
[] 3 Assistant in the family business
[] 4 Employee or wage-earner
16. If he/she is not usually working, what is the reason?
[] 1 Pupil
[] 2 Student
[] 3 Household activities
[] 4 Sickness or disability
[] 5 Conscript
[] 6 Other reason

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions 13-16, Usual occupation during the last twelve months (March 1970-February 1971)

148. Questions 13-24 should only be completed only for persons of age 10 and more.

[Omitted, definitions and instructions]

149. An individual is to be considered as working at if he has a job that provides his and the household's livelihood. That is, that the individual is working in order to profit, or for pay (salary, a day's wages, contract work) or assist in the family business even without pay apart from his livelihood as a member of the family.

150. Working individuals may be distinguished in two categories: Those that are always working at the same job and those that that are working in various jobs.

151. Usual occupation is the work that the individual is specialized or is working for the most part of the year. E.g. tailor, shoe-maker, builder, miner, loader, tobacco worker, land worker etc.

Question 15, Occupational status

167. Employer is considered the owner of an establishment (either by himself or with partners) and is employing salaried or wage earning staff.

168. Self-employed is the one that does not employ salaried or wage earning staff apart maybe a member of his family without pay.

169. Assistant in the family business is the family member working in the family business without pay, except his livelihood.

170. Employee or wage earner is the person who for his work is having a salary or a day's wage or by contract.

The employee or wage earner that works on contract but has the materials is considered as employer (if he employs staff) or self-employed (if not employing staff).

Employee is considered as well the one working for percentages on sales but the one working for percentages on profit is considered as businessman.

[p. 49]

Question 16, Reason for not working [omitted]


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Greece 1981 — source variable GR1981A_0414 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

The following questions should be answered only by persons born in 1970 or earlier.

Occupation [Questions 11 to 14]

11. What is his/her main activity? Specify working even if the person is only working seasonally for money or pay or if the person is assisting in the family business or farm without pay. Specify job seeking if persons are looking for work, regardless of whether they were dismissed from their work, or the business closed, or they are seeking their first job. If they do not work and are not seeking work, then, then specify: Are they engaged in household activities in their own home? Is the person a pupil or student? Is he a conscript? Etc. Put an X next to only one answer.

[] 1 Working
[] 2 Job seeker
[] 3 Household activities
[] 4 Pupil or student
[] 5 Conscript
___ [] 6 Other (Indicate)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Questions 10-15 should only be completed for persons born in 1970 or before

[Omitted, question 11 as in the form]

178. The enumerated is to be considered (by the Enumerator) as working at the day of the census taking if he has a job that provides his or/and the household's livelihood. That is, that the individual is working in order to:

-profit, as in case of a businessman
-pay, i.e. salary, a day's wages, contract work etc.
or finally,
-assist in the family business or agricultural land without pay (apart from his livelihood).

179. The respondent's work during the census taking may be seasonal so that he may be not working that certain period as in the case of a farmer whose work covers a period of 8 months or a manager of a hotel that is closed during the winter months. [p. 58] These individuals are to be considered as working although due to the nature of their jobs were not working at the time of the census taking.

180. As working are to be considered all individuals having a job as was defined in paragraph 178 but during the census taking were not working due to leave, sickness, accident, weather conditions, strike etc. or just started working (employed a few days before the census taking).

181. The individual assisting in the family business without pay (salary or day's wages) is to be considered as working if he is systematically working i.e. daily (except bank holidays) and at least of 1/3 of the business's usual operating time. If the member of the family is working on the agricultural land in order to be considered as working he will have to be working full time for a period of more than three months per year or more than 90 days of work a year.

But the member of the family working in the family or agricultural land occasionally and for less time that the before mentioned is not to be considered as working and on occasion that is active in the household (household activities).

182. Individuals which even the day before the census taking stopped or lost their work e.g. someone who on Friday the 13th March 1981 got his pension or were dismissed from the shop he were working are not to be considered as working.

Finally, those serving in the Army either as conscripts (draftees) or reserves are to be considered as conscripts and not working even if they were working before their conscription and are to go back when dismissed.

In contrast, all permanent personnel of the armed forces either officers or non-commissioned officers or soldiers are considered as working.

[p. 59]

183. The enumerated is to be considered as job seeker (by the Enumerator) if during the census taking is not working and is seeking work, i.e. taking initiatives towards that end.

In this category are included:

a) Individuals that lost their work for any reason (such as an individual who was dismissed or left his work because the working conditions were unprofitable or unhealthy, or his business was closed etc.) and are seeking work.
b) Individuals seeking work for the first time e.g. having just finished school, or their studies or professional training and are seeking work for the first time.

184. In the cases of job seekers the enumerator apart from the fact that they are not working has to find out that they are not only intended to seek work but are making certain efforts to do so and specially for the individuals of case (b).

185. If the respondent is not working or seeking work (as defined before) on the day of the census taking then will be considered as:
Household activities, as in the case of a housewife
or
pupil or student if he is mainly studying
or
conscript serving as conscript or reserve
or finally,
as belonging to any other case when is not working at all or seeking work and has to clarify in this case whether e.g. his main source of likelihood is capital income, or has stopped working due to age, health or any other reasons.


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Greece 1991 — source variable GR1991A_0419 — Occupation during the previous week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

The following questions should only be completed for persons born in 1980 or earlier.


15. What was he/she doing during the previous week (March 10-16)?

-Every person who worked for even one hour during the previous week, either for pay or without pay in the family business, should answer "working." The same applies to persons who had a job from which they were temporarily absent during the specified week. This includes those who had a job (either as an employee or as a self-employed person) and those who normally work in the family business without pay but who did not work at all during the previous week, due to a temporary reason such as sickness, leave of absence, poor weather conditions, or an absence of seasonal work (e.g., for a farmer).
-Every person who was seeking work during the previous week and who was ready to accept work that was offered should answer "looking for work." This is true regardless of whether persons were seeking work because they had been dismissed or they had finished a job or the business where they worked had closed or they were looking for a first job.
-Keeping house, student, etc.: People not in the labor force during the previous week (i.e., neither working nor temporarily absent from a job, as in answer 1, nor looking for work, as in answer 2) should specify their main non-labor force activity, selecting one of the answers numbered 3-7. Every person who is mainly occupied in keeping house or who is primarily a pupil or student or conscript or pensioner (answers 3-6) and who also worked during the previous week, even for one hour, should give one of the answers 3, 4, 5 or 6 as well as 1, i.e., "working." (In such cases, two answers are admissible.)

[] 1 Working
[] 2 Looking for work
[] 3 Keeping house
[] 4 Pupil or student
[] 5 Conscript
[] 6 Pensioner
[] 7 Other ___ (specify)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

The following questions (12-25) were answered only by individuals born in 1980 or before.

12. Level of education
[As in the form, omitted]

13.
[As in the form, omitted]

The question was clear and without problems. In the case of graduates of a foreign educational institution the code of the respective Greek educational institution was checked.

15. What was his/her occupation during the previous week (10-16 March)?
Working- [as in the form, omitted]
Individuals which left or lost their job even one day before the census taking were not considered as working.

Job seeker [as in the form, omitted]
Individuals that were ready to take offered jobs and that during the last four (4) weeks took initiatives towards finding work (applying in companies, registering in the OAED, participating in competitions, answering or placing adds, asking for the help of friends and relations etc.).

Individuals who did not work but were available and had agreed to work at a future date from the reference period were considered as seeking work as well as the individuals that were available and were trying to seek work.

If the individual did not give any of these two answers (working, seeking work) the cases 3-7, economically non active, were checked. [As in the form, omitted]


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Greece 2001 — source variable GR2001A_0422 — Employment status last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Questions 15-26 below should only be completed for persons born in 1990 or earlier

16. What was your main activity during the previous week (11-17 March)?
If the person worked for even one hour, check no. 1 ("Working"). Give only one answer.

[] 1 Working
[] 2 Looking for work
[] 3 Looking for first job
[] 4 Pupil or student
[] 5 Pensioner
[] 6 Person of independent means
[] 7 Keeping house
[] 8 Conscript
[] 9 Other case ___ (indicate)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 16: Working is any person that was working during the week prior to the census (12-17 March, 2001) even for one hour only, for money or without payment in the family business. The same answer applies also to persons who were absent from work because of illness, leave etc. Persons that started to work recently are considered as working, but not those who stopped working recently and have no intention of working in the future.

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Greece 2011 — source variable GR2011A_0420 — Employment status during last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

13. What was your main occupation during the previous week (May 3- 9, 2011)?

If the person has worked even for one hour, check box number 1.

Give only one answer.

[] 1 Working
[] Public Sector
[] Broader Public Sector
[] Private Sector
[] 2 Job seeker
[] 3 First time job seeker
[] 4 Pupil or student
[] 5 Pensioner
[] 6 Person of independent means
[] 7 Housekeeping
[] 8 Conscript
[] 9 Other case (state) ____
[For persons who checked numbers 3-9, skip to question 20.]
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 13 "Main occupation during the week of 3-9 of May 2011"

Caution: this question has to be answered by all individuals. Persons aged 5- would answer "Other case".
With this question we want to know the main occupation of the individual during the week of 3-9 May, particularly if he/she was working, if he/she requested for work, if he/she sought work for the first time or if he/she was not economically active, i.e. if he/she was a pupil or student, if engaged in household, whether they were retired, earner, etc. militant.

Working: In general, an individual aged 10+ is considered as working when with his work provides on the whole or part for his livelihood or/and his household, i.e. he is working for profit or pay in money or in kind (salary, a day's wages, contract work etc.) or assist in the family business even without pay but the expenses for his livelihood as a family member.
Individuals that work during the week 3-9 of May for at least for an hour they are to be considered as working.

Also, as working are to be considered the individuals having a place of work (dependent or self-employed) that did not work at all during the week 3-9 of May due to sickness, leave, strike, weather conditions, seasonal work (e.g. farmers) or any other temporal reason. These individuals as well as pupils, students, pensioners that work for at least an hour during the reference week are to be recorded as case 1.

The individuals answering working during the week 3-9 of May (case 1 of question 13) they would have to answer in the same question whether they are working in the 'Public sector", "Broader public sector" or "Private sector".

Public sector includes:

- The office of the Greek Presidency
- Ministries
- Decentralized departments
- Independent authorities
Broader public sector includes:

- Local councils (Regional departments, municipalities and their institutions, i.e. KAPI [centres for the aged], KEP [centres for providing services to the general public], nurseries etc.
- Social security organizations (their institutions, hospitals)
- Institutes of Public sector
- Institutes of Private sector of public character intended for purposes of welfare
- Public businesses and organizations.
Private sector includes all businesses not belonging to the Public or Broader public sector.

Job seeker: will be recorded for the individual who during the week 3-9 May was seeking work because he was dismissed or finished his work or the business was closed etc. and was ready to take an offered job.

For an individual to be considered as job seeker during the before mentioned week, he should:

- Be aged 10+, had not worked at all, did not have a job from which he was temporarily absent during this week.
- Was seeking work during the week 3-9 May and was actively seeking work during the last 4 weeks, e.g. registered in a public or private employment office, participated in competitions for employment in a public service awaiting the results, inserted add in newspapers and periodicals, replied to newspapers' and periodicals' adds, contacted in person an employer etc.
- Is able to undertake work immediately (within 2 weeks) if offered.

Case 3 of the question "seeking work for the first time" is to be answered by every individual aged 10+ who had never worked in the past and was seeking work for the first time, because e.g. completed his military service, or finished his studies etc. In cases 2 and 3 of the question, it should be investigated whether the declaration of the enumerated individual that he is seeking work is not a simple intention but efforts towards finding work with certain actions taken.

[p. 25]

If the individual was not economically active during the week 3-9 May, an answer is required for cases 4 to 9 [omitted, labels as in the form]. We clarify that in case 5, "Pensioner", includes only those that had worked in the past and they are now receiving pension. Those receiving someone else's pension or welfare benefits are not to be included.


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Guinea 1983 — source variable GN1983A_0413 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For the population aged 10 years and above: Economic characteristics
[Questions 15-18 were asked of persons aged 10 years and above.]

15. Activity status
[The French text says "Type of activity"]

[] 1 Employed
[] 2 Unemployed, jobless
[] 3 Domestic/housewife
[] 4 Student
[] 5 Retired, pensioned
[] 6 Disabled, handicapped
[] 9 Other

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

C. Economic characteristics for the population aged 10 and older

Column (15): Type of Activity
133. The census enumerator (AR) will ask each member of the household aged 10 years and above in order to know what economic activity he or she had in the week preceding the census. According to the answers, the census enumerator (AR) will write:

OCC for employed, i.e., any person having a job, even seasonal.
In rural areas, farmers and their family helpers are employed (OCC) even if the census takes place during an inactive period (during the dry period, for example).
People who have been laid off or are on sick leave or other type of leave during the census are employed (OCC).

ST for without work, i.e., any person who does not have a job and would like to have one at the time of the census. This category is found in urban areas above all. In rural areas it is generally a question of paid agricultural workers (workers, unskilled agricultural laborers and others in the same category), if there are any, who do not find work at the time of the Census. However, a farmer (farmer-stockbreeder) who finds himself in the city for a determined amount of time for family, health or other reasons is considered employed (OCC).

MEN for housekeeper, i.e., any woman who is employed only in taking care of children and the household (cooking, maintaining the house, etc.).
A craftswoman (seamstress, for example) should be recorded in the "employed" (OCC) category, even if she does her sewing at home.
In rural areas most, perhaps even all women, should be recorded in the "employed" (OCC) category because, in addition to childcare and housework (cooking, finding food, maintaining the house, etc.) they are very active participants in agricultural work.

ELE or ETU for any person who is attending an academic institution: any primary school, high school or university student.
It should perhaps be clarified that for the census, any person who was involved strictly in learning/training during the week prior to the census should be included in the ELE-ETU category, even if that person is a civil servant who is in training, for example.

RET for retired, i.e., any person receiving benefits from a previous job.
However, a retired person who helps a relative in his work or who exercises an activity that pays him should be classified in the "employed" (OCC) category.

HAN for handicapped: any person who is afflicted with a serious physical or mental infirmity which prevents him/her from working.

AUT for any other type of activity not mentioned above. In this category, for example, are the following:

Children aged 10 years and above, who are neither OCC, nor ST, nor ELE, nor ETU;
Elderly persons, who do not receive any pension, and who cannot work at the time of the census, except if they are disabled or handicapped (HAN).

134. The following 3 columns, (16), (17) and (18) are relative to the branch of economic activity and professional status and will only be filled out for employed (OCC) and unemployed (ST) from column 15.

135. For housekeepers (MEN), high school students (ELE), university students (ETU), retired people (RET), the handicapped (HAN) and those in the category "other" (AUT), put a dash (--) in columns 16,17 and 18 without asking any questions, which would be pointless.


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Guinea 1996 — source variable GN1996A_0418 — Economic activity status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Resident population aged 6 years and above
[Questions P13-P18 were asked of resident population aged 6 years and above.]

P15 Activity status
[The French text says "Individual situation with respect to the economic activity"]

[] 1 Employed
[] 2 Unemployed
[] 3 Seeking first job
[] 4 Housewife
[] 5 Retired
[] 6 Pensioner
[] 7 Student
[] 8 Other undetermined

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column P15 Individual's Status with Regard to Economic Activity Status (Situation Individuelle Par Rapport ? l'Activite Economique)

Economic activity refers to productive work, i.e., paid work or remunerative labor. Thus, a mother who works hard in the fields to grow food destined for consumption by her family engages in remunerative labor; if she sells part of her agricultural production one could say that she is paid. She can buy other goods and services used to supply her family's basic needs with this money. Obviously, the salaried worker, the store keeper, the traveling salesperson, the blacksmith, etc., [all] engage in productive work or rather, economic activity. Thus, for the purposes of the census, the terms "economic activity," "profession," "occupation," and "employment" are all synonyms, since they all refer to the exercise of "productive work," "paid work," or "remunerative work".

[p. 46]

The variable "Individual's Status with Regard to Economic Activity" attempts to distinguish what they practice, whether or not they are engaged in an economic activity during the course of the given reference period related to economic activity. In the definition of modalities of this the National Census Bureau has moreover highlighted the concern with having too many details on [an] an individual case/instance where there is no exercise of an economic activity. In effect, all these cases [are] identical. Here, one of the modalities/options is presented:

a) Employed. Anyone, male or female, who has an economic activity in the course of the data reference period is "employed."
b) Unemployed. Any worker who has stopped practicing his/her economic activity and is, in the course of the data reference period, without paid or remunerative work, and is looking for a job, is "unemployed."
c) Looking for first job. Anyone, male or female, who has never had a paid or remunerative job and who is, over the course of the data reference period, looking for his/her first paying or remunerative job, is considered to be "looking for his/her first job."
d) Housewife. A "housewife" is any woman who, over the course of the data reference period has not been engaged in any economic activity, is not looking for an economic activity, has not looked for an economic activity or gone to any learning establishment, and dedicates herself exclusively to household tasks in her own household.
e) Retired. Any person, male or female, who has stopped exercising his/her economic activity and receives any type of retirement or disability pension paid by a social security administration or the state for a previous economic activity, is "retired."
f) Independent Income. This category is for any person, male or female, who does not engage in any economic activity over the course of the data reference period; is not seeking an economic activity over the course of the data reference period; draws his/her revenue and support from a guaranteed source of income (interest due on a more or less regular basis from invested funds or funds invested in farming, such as rental of land and/or buildings, certain types of capital equipment, etc.)
g) Student. Anyone registered for and attending a scholastic institution for the purpose of a general, technical or vocational education, or anyone attending a university in order to pursue and advanced degree, is a "student."
h) Other Inactive. This category groups anyone who does not engage in any economic activity, is not looking to engage in any economic activity over the course of the data reference period, and does not fall into one of the preceding categories.

How can you ask questions that will allow you to receive the appropriate answers? In the most cases proceed as follows:

[p. 47]

"Have you worked in the last 7 days?"
Or
"Have you engaged in any paid work in the last 7 days?"
Or
"Have you engaged in any remunerative activity in the last 7 days?"

a) If the answer is yes, the person is employed.
b) If the answer is no, many answers are still possible: 7 of them, to be precise.
You should then ask a series of questions, in the order given in the questionnaire, to successively verify which of the 7 answers is the correct one, unless you have good reasons for proceeding in another way.

Specific cases
1) The reference period in rural areas is one year in order to eliminate the negative effects of farmers' normal period of inactivity (dry season, off season). Thus, all individuals (man, woman, and women not attending an educational establishment) who work in agricultural, fishing, hunting or pastoral activities in this way are employed.
2) All married women who work at any economic activity during the reference period (fields, gardens, small business or micro-business, sewing, craftwork, etc.) while at the same time working in the home as a housewife in the classical sense (cooking, collecting water, gathering firewood, caring for children, etc.) should be considered employed regardless of the magnitude and regularity of her economic activity. Apply this same rule in the case of all unmarried women who have domestic responsibilities within the household while at the same time engaging in an economic activity.
3) Children aged 6-18 who regularly attend a general, technical or vocational schooling/educational establishment full time should be considered as students, even if, during the reference week, they have engaged in an economic activity.
4) Retired workers who draw a pension should be classified as employed if they have worked in an economic activity during the reference week, or in agricultural or pastoral work in the course of the year.
5) A business executive who has been relieved of his duties and is without a new appointment, and stays at home doing nothing during the reference period, is not considered unemployed if he continues to draw a salary and figure on the list of personnel: he is employed.

Given that the individual's type of economic activity is pre-coded, circle the corresponding number once you have received the appropriate response.

Warning: 1) If the answer is "employed" or "unemployed that is, if you have code number (1) or (2), ask questions related to one of the following variables: "profession or economic activity exercised," "employment status in economic activity exercised" and "branch of economic activity," which are situated in columns P16, P17 and P18, respectively.

2) If the answer is "looking for first job," "housewife," "retired," "independent income/pensioner" (rentier), "student," or "non-active other," you should have circled one of the following numbers: (3), (4), (5), (6), (7) or (8). In these cases, do not ask any questions related to the variables: "profession or economic activity exercised," and "branch of economic activity," and therefore you won't write anything in columns P16, P17, and PIS. Go directly to the variable "marital status," (column P19).


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Haiti 1971 — source variable HT1971A_0419 — Main activity during the last six months
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 15 to 21 are asked to persons 5 years old and over]

15. Main activity during the last six months
By main activity we mean the activity in which the person in question spent the greatest part of his/her time.

[] 1 Worker
[] 2 Unemployed
[] 3 Housewife
[] 4 Student
[] 5 Retired
[] 6 Other

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

D) Questions 15-21: Working Population

[Questions 15 to 21 are asked to persons 5 years old and over]

Column 15- Main activity during the Last 6 Months: This is understood to be the employment at which the person in question spent most of his/her time. The purpose of this answer is to gather information

pg 34

about what people aged 5 and older did during the 6 months prior to the census. There are 6 possibilities. Mark an 'x' in the box corresponding to the answer you receive:

1. A worker is any person whose main employment is paid in kind or in cash. This group constitutes working people. The following enumerated persons should be included in this category:

a) Persons who are momentarily absent from their work because of illness, accident or vacation.

b) The wives, sons, daughters or other relatives who are part of the household and who work most of their time in a family business without receiving payment.

c) The wives, sons and daughters or other relatives who are part of the household and who work most of their time helping the head of the household in work in the field.

d) The housewives (spouses or domestic partners) who work part of the day in or outside the house and who receive payment in kind or cash for piece work, hourly work, etc.

2. Unemployed means anyone of either sex aged 5 or older who was not employed but who was looking for paid or paying work during the reference period (six months), including those who had never worked. Persons who were not looking for a job after an illness or temporary or indefinite layoff without salary during this six month period are also included in this group, as are those who are about to begin a new job during the period of reference.

3. A Housewife is a wife, domestic partner or

pg 35

any other woman of the household who does not engage in any paid work in or outside of the house and who is not looking for work. In general the housewife dedicates herself to work inside. She takes care of the upkeep of the house, her spouse or domestic partner, and her children.

Important ? If the woman engages in paid work in or outside of the house, she should be considered as working.

Example: A married woman who is a secretary in a public office, or another woman who has employment at home such as sewing or embroidery for a third party and for which she receives pay.

4. Student: A student is anyone aged 5 or older in primary or secondary school, in higher education, university or professional school who does not work and is not looking for work.. If a student is both student and worker, for example an office worker who spends more time working than studying, then he/she should be recorded as a worker.

5. Retired (and receiving a pension/private income): This is for people of both sexes who are not engaged in any work and who receive revenue from goods/property or other investments, payments or pension benefits/annuities from previous employment. If a retired person works full time in a different profession, such as a government employee who now runs a business, for example, he/she should be recorded as a worker and not as 'retired'.

6. Other: Put all people who cannot be considered as 'workers', 'unemployed', 'student', or 'retired' in this category. In a certain sense [this is] anyone older than 5 who does not work, is not looking for work, and who is supported by his/her parents.


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Haiti 1982 — source variable HT1982A_0416 — Type of work (last 12 months)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

D. Economic characteristics
For persons 10 years and older.
[Questions 17-21 were asked of persons 10 years of age and older.]

17. Type of job: What type of work did this person do during the 12 months preceding the census?

(Mark only one box)
[] 1 Worked.
[] 2 Has a job but did not work
[] 3 Is currently looking for employment
[] 4 Student only - does not work
[] 5 Retired, private income
[] 6 Takes care of house only
[] 7 Does not work because of illness
Person whose answer is from 3 to 6: Go to Question 22.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

D) Economic characteristics
[Questions 17-21.]
Ask questions relative to the economic characteristics of people age 10 years old or more.

Question 17: Type of activity
78. The point of this question is to obtain information on the most important economic activity of the person during the period of 12 months preceding the census.
The situation in regards to the economic activity of the people is divided into 7 exclusive categories.

1) Has worked - You must count in this category:
a. Any person who has worked at one time or another during the period in question.
b. Family worker who works under the authority of the head of household with our without pay. A woman who takes care of the home and who helps at the same time in farm work must be considered in this category because she lends her service to a given economic activity which, in this case, is agriculture.
2) Has a job, but has not worked - This applies to a person who has a regular job but who, because of illness, has not worked during the period in question.
3) Is currently still looking for work - This applies to the unemployed who has not worked at any time during the period in question.
4) Only studies and does not work - Check this box for the person who does not practice any economic activity and who attends a public or private teaching establishment no matter what the level of learning.
[p. 34]
5) Boarder, pensioner - This is the person who does not practice any economic activity and who has revenue constituted by goods or other investments, royalties, or pensions coming from previous activities.
6) Only takes care of the home - This is the person who does not practice any economic activity, and who carries out household work at her own home. For example, the housewife or the relative who takes care of the household and the children.
Paid housekeepers, on the other hand, must be classified in box "1" (has worked)
7) Does not work because of handicap - Mark down in this category the person who, because of sickness, a severe physical or mental handicap, is incapable of working or practicing work of any economic kind.


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Haiti 2003 — source variable HT2003A_0435 — Terms of occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

F3. Population aged 10 and older
[Questions 21-28 were asked for individuals 10 years of age and older.]

22. What did this person do from __________ to ______________?

[] 01 Worked (go to question 24)
[] 02 Did not work but had a job (go to question 24)
[] 03 Looked for work having previously had a job
[] 04 Looked for work not having previously had a job
[] 05 Did not work because discouraged
[] 06 Studied only
[] 07 Is retired, receives a pension or a private income
[] 08 Took care of home only
[] 09 Is an invalid
[] 10 Other


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Honduras 1961 — source variable HN1961A_0410 — Economic activity in the reference year
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Economic Characteristics

For persons 10 years of age and older
[Questions 11-19 were asked of people aged 10 years or older]

15. [Working] Condition
Write one of the following categories, according to the case:

[] Employed
[] Unemployed
[] Student
[] Elderly person
[] Retired or pensioner
[] Lives from rents
[] Ill person
[] Confined
[] Disabled
[] Other
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Economic characteristics
This section comprises questions 11 to 19 which are asked to persons aged 10 years or older.

Column number 15: [Employment] situation
As mentioned above, for every affirmative answer in questions 11, 12, or 13, the word "employed" must be recorded in column 15. When the answer is "No" for these three questions, but "Yes" in question 14, the situation is "unemployed".

When the answer for questions 11, 12, 13, and 14 is "No", investigate the [employment] situation of the person and record the corresponding word: Unemployed, household duties, students, elderly, retired, pensioned, rentier, disabled, sick, religious, imprisoned, etcetera.

[p. 23]

Unemployed: other than those persons seeking employment, included in this group are those who are not working and not looking for work, because of a temporary illness, because the person has made arrangements for a job to begin at a future date, or because the person is temporarily or permanently without paid employment.

Household duties: this category includes all persons dedicated exclusively to the care of their own home; e.g. housewives and other relatives who are in charge of caring for the house and children. Domestic servants are considered to be "employed".

If a person receives retirement or pension [payments], he or she is considered to be "retired" or "pensioned".

Student: those who are not working because they are attending school (any educational center). If studying and carrying out a paid occupation or job, they are considered to be "employed".

Elderly or retired: those who have stopped working and are receiving income in the form of retirement or a pension.

Rentier: those who do not work but receive money from rents coming from a business or company, interests, etcetera.

Disabled: those who cannot work because they suffer a physical or mental defect.

Sick: those who suffer from an illness whose cure requires long-term care or rest.

Religious: the condition of persons who consider themselves to be in such a condition [in religious service]. This can be in spite of the fact that these persons carry out, or carried out, even without direct remuneration, occupations that are usually remunerated; such as: teaching, assisting the sick or indigent, administering, etc.

Imprisoned: those who are in penal or correctional facilities, barracks, etc., carrying out a sentence or punishment, military service, etc.


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Honduras 1974 — source variable HN1974A_0418 — Economic activity in the previous week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C. - Economic Characteristics

(For all individuals 10 years of age and older)

14. What activity did you do during the week of February 25th to March 2nd?

Mark the appropriate box according to page 38 of your manual.

[] 1 Worked [Go to question 15.]
[] 2 Had a job but did not work [Go to question 15.]
[] 3 Looked for work [Go to question 15.]
[] 4 Studied [Go to question 18.]
[] 5 Household duties (unpaid) [Go to question 18.]
[] 6 Lived from investment or retirement income [Go to question 18.]
[] 7 Disabled [Go to question 18.]
[] 8 Other [Go to question 18.]
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

C. Economic Characteristics (For persons aged ten and older)
Do not ask persons aged less than ten any more questions from the form. Cross out questions 14-21 with a large X.

The answers in question set 14 are the basis for categorizing the population aged ten and older as economically active (employed and unemployed) and economically inactive (students, domestic work (unpaid), those who live from rental or investment income, retired workers and the disabled).

The questions in this section refer to the situation in the week immediately preceding the census date (the week of February 25-March 2).

Question set 14: What did you/the person do during the week of February 25 - March 2?

Ask the questions in the order in which they appear on the form. Continue asking until you check off a box which corresponds to the principal activity performed by the person during the reference week, and according to the following instructions:

a) If you check off box 1, 2 or 3, go on to question 15-17. If the enumerated person is a woman aged 15 or older also ask questions 18-21.

b) If you check off box 4, 5, 6, 7 or 8 and the enumerated person is male, do not ask any more questions. If the enumerated person is a female aged 15 or older, do not ask questions 15-17, but do ask questions 18-21.
[p. 39]

When deciding which type of activity to choose, give preference to economic activity and then student activity before household tasks.

The following definitions will help you to decide the appropriate box to check off:

Box 1: Worked. This is a person who performed the equivalent of at least one day of paid work during the week of February 25-March 2.

Broaden the census term for "work" by including the following:

A) Paid work for another person as an employee or worker (paid) which includes:
a) Work paid by the day, or as regular pay
b) Work paid in kind (food, lodging or supplies received in place of cash payment).
c) Work paid by the piece, on commission or as tips.
d) Active duty in the armed forces.
B) Worked in his/her own business or profession, or as an independent worker (self-employed).

C) Worked without pay in a business or on a farm run by a family member (a son who works without pay in his father's store, for example) for more than 15 hours per week.

D. Worked part time i.e., any work performed in the last week on a part-time basis for which the person received payment in money.

Include in this category sewing and other work performed in the home for other persons or businesses, and for which payment in cash or kind is received. Also include the preparation of food, candy, etc. for sale.

Keep in mind that housewives, students and seniors who don't appear to work may actually perform

[p. 40]

activity that earns them money, and this is considered "work" for census purposes. Therefore, when a person answers that he/she hasn't worked, confirm that he/she has not in fact worked.

Do not consider the following as work (for census purposes):

A. Household tasks performed at home, such as housework (except work as a servant with or without pay), and jobs performed in or on one's own house, such as cutting the lawn, painting the walls, etc.

B. Unpaid volunteer work for the church, the Red Cross, or other non-profit organizations.

C. Work performed by persons who are in an institution such as a prison, sanitarium, retirement home or work farm. This does not include regular workers who are in fact performing a job.
Box 2: Had a job but did not work. This is a person who did not work during the week of February 25 - March 2, but who has a job or business from which he/she was absent for reasons of illness, bad weather, vacation, self-employed agricultural workers waiting for the sowing or harvesting season, etc.

Box 3: Looked for work. This is a person who did not have work during the week of February 25-March 2 because he/she was laid off or for other reasons; this person is looking for a new job.

Also, include in this category persons who are seeking work for the first time. These are people who have never had paid work and were taking steps to obtain a work for the first time during the week of February 25 - March 2.

Box 4: Studied. This is a person who was attending school (primary, high school or university) during the week of February 25 - March 2 as long as he/she did not perform any paid work during this period.

[p. 41]

Box 5: Performed household tasks (unpaid). This is a person who did not perform any paid work for the majority of the week of February 25 - March 2 and dedicated himself/herself exclusively to housework. Remember that domestic employees should not be included in this category, but in the "Worked" category.

Box 6: Lived off of rental or retirement income. This is a person who did not perform any paid activity during the week of February 25 - March 2, and received retirement income, a pension, or payment for services previously rendered by the person or a relative. Include in this category those persons who receive rental or other income without performing any type of paid activity.

Box 7: Disabled. This is person who cannot be categorized in any of the previous categories and who does not perform any economic activity because he/she is physically or mentally prevented from doing so.

Box 8: Other. This is a person who cannot be categorized in any of the previous categories. Include inactive persons who do not want to work.


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Honduras 1988 — source variable HN1988A_0427 — Economic activity in the last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

C. Economic characteristics

19. During the last week, did you:

[] 1 Work in an occupation for which you were paid
[] 2 Work in an occupation without payment
[] 3 Have a job but did not work (due to illness, vacation, leave, etcetera)
[] 4 Look for work (had worked before)
(For the above answers, skip to question 21)
[] 5 Look for work for the first time (never had worked before)
[] 6 Perform household duties
[] 7 Study exclusively
[] 8 Retired or pensioned (and live only from pension income)
[] 9 Permanently disabled for purposes of work
[] 0 Other
(For answers 5-0, go on to question 20)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

C. Economic characteristics

19. During the last week the person:

Note: This question is designed to determine the condition of activity or type of activity; that is, the relationship between each person and economic activity that takes place in the country. To determine the condition of each person, all residents 10 years of age or older are asked if, during the week of May 15-21, 1988 (last week), they "worked in an occupation that gave them money", "worked for another person without receiving money", or any of the other eight alternatives that follow.

Important: The condition of each person, during last week, should be carefully investigated. Each of the alternatives should be read and only one "X" is marked for the alternative that receives the affirmative answer.

[p. 49]

Each of the alternatives for question 19 is presented below. They should be carefully analyzed.

[] 1 Did you work in an occupation that gave you money?
This is the person who carried out some type of work in the week of May 15-21, 1988, for at least the work equivalent to one work day.

Other than what is normally considered to be work, a person is considered to have worked in the last week if:

- He or she worked for a daily or regular wage.
- He or she worked for in-kind pay: "food, supplies, or shelter in place of pay in cash."
- He or she was directing or collaborating in the work of his or her own farm.
- He or she worked for commission, tips, or for a piece-rate.
- He or she was directing the work for his or her own business, professional practice, or was working as an independent worker (on own-account).
- He or she was in the armed services.
- He or she occasionally worked.
- He or she worked part-time, or if they carried out any part-time job during the past week for which was paid in money.
[] 2 Did you work for another person without receiving pay in money?
The person who worked for a relative or other person, who, instead of money, received pay in-kind such as: food, clothing, and supplies; or who received pay in services such as: dwelling, transportation, etc.

[p. 50]

[] 3 Did you have a job but did not work?
This refers to those who are employed but who did not carry out their activities during the last week because they were absent because of illness, vacation, or leave. Many agricultural employees who wait for the planting and harvesting season are in this situation.

Note: The following two categories allow the classification of the unemployed; therefore, the enumerator should be very careful to include all persons who are in this situation.

[] 4 Did you look for employment? ([the person] had worked before)
Include in this category those who had lost their employment, job, or business; because of this they did not work last week but they are currently looking for work.

[] 5 Did you look for work for the first time? (never having worked before)
Include in this category those who are looking for work for the first time and having never worked before. This category is very common for those young persons who have recently finished some level of education, either primary, secondary, or university.

[] 6 Did you perform domestic duties?
Those who did not carry out any remunerated activity during the past week, having been exclusively dedicated to domestic duties, are included in this category. The domestic employee should not be included in this category, rather in the category of "Worked in an occupation that gave money".

[] 7 Did you study exclusively?
This question refers to those who, during the last week, were only dedicated to studying; that is, they did not carry out a productive activity at the same time.

Reminder: For the purposes of the census, for those who study and work at the same time, only the activity that occupies most of the person's time during the week of 15-21 May, 1988, is considered.

[p. 51]

[] 8 Are you a retiree or pensioner? (lives only from pension)
This question refers to those who receive their income exclusively from a pension that can be because of widowhood, disability, or retirement because of age or years of service.

[] 9 Are you permanently disabled, unable to work?
This category refers to those who, because of illness, accident, or advanced age, are completely or permanently disabled and unable to carry out a productive activity.

[] 0 Other?
Include in this category those who did not work during the last week, but the reason for this is not found in question 19. Example: when a person claims to work when he or she want to, or the person does not like to work, etcetera.


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Honduras 2001 — source variable HN2001A_0418 — Worked last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Section F. Characteristics of the persons

For persons 7 years old or more
[Questions 12-16 were asked of persons aged 7 years or older]

12. Did the person work last week?

[] 1 Yes (Continue to question 14)
[] 2 No
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

For persons 7 years old and older
[Questions 12-16 were asked of persons aged 7 years or older]

Question 12: Did you work during the past week?
Mark the box 'yes' for all of the persons who worked during the past week in a public or private business, in a workshop owned by himself/herself or by a relative; on a ranch or farm owned himself/herself or by a relative, in exchange for a payment, salary, or payment-in-kind (food products, dwelling, clothing, etc.), profit or utility, or worked as an unpaid family worker. Continue with question 14.

If you marked the box 'No', then move on to the next question.


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Honduras 2001 — source variable HN2001A_0419 — Activity last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Section F. Characteristics of the persons

For persons 7 years old or more
[Questions 12-16 were asked of persons aged 7 years or older]

13. Last week, did the person:

[Part] A:

[] 01 Worked on agricultural or forestry crops or raised animals that belong to [him or her] or a relative
[] 02 Worked on or assisted in a business or shop that belongs to [him or her] or a relative
[] 03 Prepared food or produced articles for sale
[] 04 Had work, but did not work because of vacations, leave, illness, etc.
[] 05 Looked for work, having worked previously

[Part] B:

[] 06 Looked for work, not having worked previously
[] 07 Lived off retirement or pension
[] 08 Lived off of rental income
[] 09 Only studied
[] 10 Only did housework
[] 11 Is permanently incapacitated to work
[] 12 Other

(For answers 6-12, continue to question 17)
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

For persons 7 years old and older
[Questions 12-16 were asked of persons aged 7 years or older]

Question 13: During the past week, did you tend agricultural crops, forestry, or animal breeding on your property or the property of a relative? Did you attend or help in some business or workshop that is yours or belongs to a family member? Did you have work but not work because of vacations, permission, illness, etc.? Did you look for work having never worked before? Did you live off from retirement funds or pension? Did you live off from rents? Did you only study? Did you only do household chores? Are you permanently incapacitated for work? Other?

With this question, you try to rescue all of the persons that in the above question answered that they did not work, but they do have an economic activity that generates for them a utility or they work in a family business. For example: making tortillas to sell, making bread, make clothing, repair shoes, etc.

Make an emphasis that this is about last week, and read each of the alternative answers in the order indicated; and mark the corresponding box for the first affirmative answer.

Below we describe each of the alternatives to the question:

1. Tended agricultural crops, forestry, or animal breeding on your property or the property of a relative: Here you should include all persons who worked during the past week, whether on a farm, ranch, or business dedicated to agriculture, forestry exploitation, animal breeding, or all activities related to agriculture. Either on his or her own account (as an employer or independent worker) or in a family business (unpaid family worker).

2. Attended or helped in some business or workshop that belongs himself/herself or to a family member: Here you should include all persons who last week worked on a business, workshop or self-owned business (as an employer or independent worker), dedicated to the preparation of a product (manufacturing industry), or commercialization (buying and selling), or provided a service (legal office, customs agency, etc.)

3. Prepared foods or made other articles to sell: Include the persons who are dedicated to preparing foods (candies, cakes, etc.) and any other type of article or product (tortillas, bread, embroidery, hats, pi?atas, floral arrangements, etc.) for sale that permits them to obtain some income to contribute to the household economy.

4. Had work but did not work because of vacations, permission, illness, etc.: This refers to the persons who had work, however, last week they did not do their activities because they were on vacation, had license, due to illness, temporary lay-off, lack of prime material, etc.

5. Looked for work and had worked previously: This is the person who having lost his or her employment, work or business, did not work but did look for work or made efforts to establish his or her own business or to cultivate land. You should also include here all of the persons who last week were being trained to obtain a job.

6. Looked for work having never worked before: This is all of the persons who are looking for work for the first time, which means that he or she has never worked before, not even in his or her own business or in a business of a family member. Also, include here those persons who were trained for a job, but have never worked before. This case is very common in young persons.
[p. 51]
7. Lived off from a retirement fund or pension: Here you include all persons who last week did not work because he or she lives off of an income that comes from a retirement pension, whether, because of his or her age, for the years of services provided in a business or a widow's or disability pension, etc.

8. Lived off from rents: This is all persons who did not work, because he or she lives off from the income that he or she receives for rent of real estate (buildings, dwellings, etc.), or from the interests earned by the capital that is saved in banking institutes. Also, include here those persons who rent agricultural machinery for construction, only if the person does not participate directly in the administration or direction of the business.

9. Only studied: This refers to the person who during the past week was dedicated only to studying, which means that he or she did not do any type of work.

10. Only did household chores: Considered as such is the person who the past week was dedicated exclusively to doing domestic chores (housewife) in the dwelling where he or she lives.

11. [The person] is permanently incapacitated for work: This category refers to persons who physically or mentally are permanently unable to work.

12. Other: This category should be marked when the informant cannot be placed in any of the above categories, whether because the past week he/she did not work, did not work, nor is interested in working.
Instructions that should be followed by the enumerator
-If you mark any box of block 'A; options 01 to 01', continue with the next question.

-If you mark any box of block 'B; options 06 to 12', continue with question 17.

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Honduras 2001 — source variable HN2001A_0440 — Employment status last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Section F. Characteristics of the persons

For persons 5 years old or more
[Questions 6-11 were asked of persons aged 5 years or older.]

For persons 7 years old or more
[Questions 12-16 were asked of persons aged 7 years or older]

13. Last week, did the person:

[Part] A:

[] 01 Worked on agricultural or forestry crops or raised animals that belong to [him or her] or a relative
[] 02 Worked on or assisted in a business or shop that belongs to [him or her] or a relative
[] 03 Prepared food or produced articles for sale
[] 04 Had work, but did not work because of vacations, leave, illness, etc.
[] 05 Looked for work, having worked previously

[Part] B:

[] 06 Looked for work, not having worked previously
[] 07 Lived off retirement or pension
[] 08 Lived off of rental income
[] 09 Only studied
[] 10 Only did housework
[] 11 Is permanently incapacitated to work
[] 12 Other

(For answers 6-12, continue to question 17)
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

For persons 7 years old and older
[Questions 12-16 were asked of persons aged 7 years or older]

Question 13: During the past week, did you tend agricultural crops, forestry, or animal breeding on your property or the property of a relative? Did you attend or help in some business or workshop that is yours or belongs to a family member? Did you have work but not work because of vacations, permission, illness, etc.? Did you look for work having never worked before? Did you live off from retirement funds or pension? Did you live off from rents? Did you only study? Did you only do household chores? Are you permanently incapacitated for work? Other?

With this question, you try to rescue all of the persons that in the above question answered that they did not work, but they do have an economic activity that generates for them a utility or they work in a family business. For example: making tortillas to sell, making bread, make clothing, repair shoes, etc.

Make an emphasis that this is about last week, and read each of the alternative answers in the order indicated; and mark the corresponding box for the first affirmative answer.

Below we describe each of the alternatives to the question:

1. Tended agricultural crops, forestry, or animal breeding on your property or the property of a relative: Here you should include all persons who worked during the past week, whether on a farm, ranch, or business dedicated to agriculture, forestry exploitation, animal breeding, or all activities related to agriculture. Either on his or her own account (as an employer or independent worker) or in a family business (unpaid family worker).

2. Attended or helped in some business or workshop that belongs himself/herself or to a family member: Here you should include all persons who last week worked on a business, workshop or self-owned business (as an employer or independent worker), dedicated to the preparation of a product (manufacturing industry), or commercialization (buying and selling), or provided a service (legal office, customs agency, etc.)

3. Prepared foods or made other articles to sell: Include the persons who are dedicated to preparing foods (candies, cakes, etc.) and any other type of article or product (tortillas, bread, embroidery, hats, pi?atas, floral arrangements, etc.) for sale that permits them to obtain some income to contribute to the household economy.

4. Had work but did not work because of vacations, permission, illness, etc.: This refers to the persons who had work, however, last week they did not do their activities because they were on vacation, had license, due to illness, temporary lay-off, lack of prime material, etc.

5. Looked for work and had worked previously: This is the person who having lost his or her employment, work or business, did not work but did look for work or made efforts to establish his or her own business or to cultivate land. You should also include here all of the persons who last week were being trained to obtain a job.

6. Looked for work having never worked before: This is all of the persons who are looking for work for the first time, which means that he or she has never worked before, not even in his or her own business or in a business of a family member. Also, include here those persons who were trained for a job, but have never worked before. This case is very common in young persons.
[p. 51]
7. Lived off from a retirement fund or pension: Here you include all persons who last week did not work because he or she lives off of an income that comes from a retirement pension, whether, because of his or her age, for the years of services provided in a business or a widow's or disability pension, etc.

8. Lived off from rents: This is all persons who did not work, because he or she lives off from the income that he or she receives for rent of real estate (buildings, dwellings, etc.), or from the interests earned by the capital that is saved in banking institutes. Also, include here those persons who rent agricultural machinery for construction, only if the person does not participate directly in the administration or direction of the business.

9. Only studied: This refers to the person who during the past week was dedicated only to studying, which means that he or she did not do any type of work.

10. Only did household chores: Considered as such is the person who the past week was dedicated exclusively to doing domestic chores (housewife) in the dwelling where he or she lives.

11. [The person] is permanently incapacitated for work: This category refers to persons who physically or mentally are permanently unable to work.

12. Other: This category should be marked when the informant cannot be placed in any of the above categories, whether because the past week he/she did not work, did not work, nor is interested in working.
Instructions that should be followed by the enumerator
-If you mark any box of block 'A; options 01 to 01', continue with the next question.

-If you mark any box of block 'B; options 06 to 12', continue with question 17.

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Hungary 1990 — source variable HU1990A_0424 — Economic activity
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

14. Do you work, are you economically active?

Those working while getting a pension by own right or a child care allowance must underline "no".

[] Yes
[] No, because:
[] 20 You get a child care fee
[] 21 You get a child care allowance
[] 30 You are an old-age pensioner by own right
[] 31 You are a disability pensioner by own right
[] 32 You are a disability or other rentier by own right
[] 33 You are a pensioner, rentier by widow's right
[] 40 You want to get a job the first time
[] 50 You are unemployed looking for a job
[] 60 You are a child attending a cr?che
[] 61 You are a child attending a kindergarten
[] 70 You are a pupil of primary school
[] 71 You are an apprentice
[] 72 You are a pupil of secondary vocational school
[] 73 You are a pupil of secondary school
[] 74 You are a student of college, university
[] 80 Other dependent
[] You don't belong to the above groups; Specify: _____
E.g. you entered into a contract relating to support for life or life annuity; you get a social allowance; you are a bed-tenant; you make your living by having a bed-tenant.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

14. Work performance, work for material compensation (active earner)

The persons having been worked for wage, enumeration in the last week of 1989 are regarded as active earners. The category does not include those who worked besides receiving child care allowance or pension on own right. The following people belong to the group:

-- Employees, outside workers working for companies, institutions, public offices, co-operatives, business association formed by private persons;

-- Working members of agricultural, special, industrial and handicraft co-operatives;

-- Private entrepreneurs;

-- Family helper in non agricultural activities.

Irrespective the factual working activity in the last week of 1989, i.e. persons might have been absent from the work due to being on winter holidays, maternity or other unpaid holidays, illness, participating on a training course, etc.

The following persons are regarded also as active earners:

-- Persons living in the course of 1989 of work performed as causal hand (including the agricultural day-laborers);

-- Persons having performed in 1989 at least 90 (10 hours) days agricultural work as family helper (with the exemption of the same agricultural performance of the students on daily course, the persons receiving childcare allowance or pension on own right);
[p. 12]
-- Conscripts and reservist on duty provided they were active earners before the enrolment;

-- The imprisoned persons provided they were active earners before the enrolment;

-- Persons receiving invalidity pension or pension on derivative right while working actively;

-- Old age pensioners working without receiving their pension.

In case of the above persons, the answer is "yes (10)".

In case the persons can not be classified as active earner after underlining the answer "no", it should be indicated which category the given person belongs to. The answer will be marked by taking into account the following:

-- The person is on "childcare allowance leave (20)" if when taking care of the child the given person is on unpaid holidays, and till the 2nd year the child is entitled to get an allowance from the state in a defined percentage of the salary before the unpaid leave.

-- The person is on "childcare contribution (30)" if taking care of a child from 2 to 3 years of age the persons is on unpaid holidays and receives a cash contribution to the upbringing of the child. The status in case of a child with acute illness, can be prolonged till the 6th year of age. The person on childcare contribution leave -- within certain limits -- is entitled to work for cash compensation.

-- "Old age pensioner on own right (30)" , "invalidity pensioner on own right (31)" and "invalidity or other renter on own right (32)" is the person who is receiving old-age pension, invalidity pension or invalidity or other rent on own right and does not perform any working activity for compensation>

-- "Pensioner on derivative (widow's) right (33)" is the person receiving a pension on the right of the deceased spouse or other relative and he/she is not a student on day course of an educational institution and neither has a working contract, is nor working member of a co-operative or private entrepreneur.

-- The person is qualified as "never worked, looking for first job (40)" if a person, after concluding his studies is not working yet nevertheless is actively looking for an employment (e.g. contacted the labor office, placed an advertisement, have asked the help of friends to find the job, etc.).

-- The person is "unemployed looking for a job (50)" if he/she has been working before but at the date of the enumeration does not have a workplace and has already taken the steps for finding a new job.

-- The answers to questions "child in nursery (60)" and child in kindergarten (61)" are self-evident.

One of the following answers will be underlined if the person is not working for money, is not conducting his studies while receiving childcare allowance or childcare contribution but is studying on the daily course or private pupil in a

-- "General, primary school (70)";

-- "Trainee (71)";

-- "Student in a special institution of secondary level (72)";

-- "Secondary school student (73)";

-- "University (higher educational institution's) student (74)".

To ensure the unequivocal classification it should be mentioned that the pupils attending the school of the mentally handicapped are regarded as pupils in general (primary) schools, the persons studying in schools for stenographers/shorthand writers and medical assistants are regarded as secondary school attendants while those visiting the so called "special vocational schools" are regarded as trainees. The trainees attending the third grade of the special vocational school and already receiving some compensation for their work will be regarded as students. Similarly the persons studying in a high level educational institution university while receiving a bursary or performing some (usually causal) work for compensation will be regarded as students as well.

[p. 13]

The answer is "other dependent (80)" in case of children under 14 years of age not attending the day nursery or kindergarten, and in case of a person aged 15 years and over working as a housewife or family helper in agriculture performing in 1989 less than 90 days. The persons not belonging to the categories listed above and who do not have any regular income or social benefit practically maintained by the members of the family, etc. are classified into this group too. Furthermore the category includes the conscripts and the imprisoned persons not having been worked before their enrolment.

If the answer is "persons not belonging to any other category listed (90)" the source of livelihood should be always entered at the dotted line at the answer. The entry might be: living of letting their land, house, holiday house, etc., of having subtenants, night-lodgers, of selling their property, of having a life annuity contract, etc.

The base rules of answering the questions from 15 to 19 are as follows:

Question 14:

-- Persons answering "yes (10)" will give information on their main occupation.

-- Persons being on child-care leave answering "no (20)" should give should give information on their main occupation before the leave. Each person other than before should not give an answer to questions form 15 to 19.

Questions from 16 to 19:

-- Professional and civilian members of the armed forces and security bodies will not answer question 19/a.

-- Private entrepreneurs should not answer questions 17 and 19/a.

-- Family helpers should not answer questions 17, 18 and 19/a.

-- Causal workers and agricultural day laborers will skip questions from 16 to 19.

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Hungary 2001 — source variable HU2001A_0417 — Economic activity
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

13. What is your source of livelihood?

Please mark at most three answers
[] 10 Work, activity providing income
[] 11 Regular or reserve military service
[] 20 Child care allowance
[] 21 Child care fee
[] 30 Old age pension on own right
[] 31 Disability or accident pension
[] 40 Pension or benefit of relative's right
[] 50 Unemployment benefit
[] 51 Welfare assistance for unemployed
[] 60 Other regular benefit, aid
[] 70 From own asset and other resource
[] 80 Dependent by private person
[] 81 Dependent by public institution

13. Please mark three boxes maximum which relate to a contribution to your livelihood. If you have regular income from work (e.g. you are employed) or you worked at least one hour during the week preceding the enumeration please mark the box code 10. All activities providing income (salary, fee, etc. or compensation in kind) apply here.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 13: What provides your livelihood?

The enumerator should prepare himself/herself that in enumerating the sources of livelihood an increased mistrust might be felt. In case of questioning the income, revenue of the people the reservation is even stronger if the profit earning activity is not or not fully in compliance with the legislation (e.g. business activity without license, working for enumeration besides receiving unemployment benefit, etc.). Therefore it is very important that the enumerator creates a proper ambiance for conducting the questioning.

The enumerator should let it understand that the enumeration is not intended to enumerate the revenues, and especially not the amount, the size of those. The enumeration of the sources of livelihood will be used only for

Classification of the population according to the types of their source of livelihood and
Having a proper description of the unemployment in the country.

The answer to the question should refer to the week preceding the reference date of the census.

The imprisoned persons are the only exemptions; in their case the answer should refer to the situation preceding their arrest, imprisonment.

In recording the sources of livelihood it is inevitable to define all the factors contributing to the sources of livelihood of the individuals. Therefore a single answer can be marked only in case the enumerated person has only one source of livelihood; in case of multiple sources of livelihood, it is not sufficient to mark only the main source. In the case of a pensioner who worked (had a working contract) on the week preceding the reference date of the census, both sources, i.e. the pension and the work will be recorded. Not more than three sources of livelihood can be marked.

It is most important that in the case of the persons receiving compensation for work, the source of livelihood is indicated.

Income generating work is every activity -- including civil services, work performed as family helper, participation in activities of public utility, the causal, odd works -- which is compensated in cash (wage, salary) or in kind. In answering the question it is indifferent if the compensation had been or had not been already paid. While answering the question the legal frames of the work performance -- i.e. performed as employee or private entrepreneur, with or without a working contract, registered or not registered by the social insurance, with or without the working license -- are indifferent.

The following activities are not regarded as income generating work: voluntary, unpaid work (charity, etc.) for any other household, institution; construction, repair, maintenance of the house in the person's property; works performed in the household, including the works in the garden (unless the aim is to sell the products).

The employed persons -- elected or contracted civil servants, judges, prosecutors, working members of co-operatives, persons having a working contract, private entrepreneurs will be regarded people performing income generating work even if due to different reasons (illness, paid or unpaid holidays, temporary standstill of production, etc.) on the week preceding the reference date of the census did not work. The so called "childcare leave" -- which is guaranteed by the social security and the given person receives a cash compensation -- on the other hand must not be regarded as income generating activity. The persons being on childcare leave can be marked as working for income only if while receiving the childcare allowance they also perform additional paid work.

The entry is "conscript, reservist on duty" in case of persons who by allegiance serve the allotted military service as enrolled civilians or reservists on duty. The service might mean the base training, continuing drill, exercise, special service, service with or without weapons, etc. Persons not accepting the military service based on conscience are obliged to perform civilian service, which is equivalent with the enrolment into the army. Nevertheless the civilian service from the point of view of the given question will be regarded as the other civilian works that is the civilian service will be marked as income generating activity.

The parent, foster parent having a young child in the family is entitled to receive childcare allowance. The social security is paying the childcare allowance generally till the forth year of age of the newborn child nevertheless in case the child has definite deficiencies in body or mentally it is possible to prolong the payment till the age of 15th year.

Allowance for upbringing a child (gyet) is paid to the parent, foster parent in case there are at least three children and the youngest one is below the age of 9 years.

The pension, rent on own right is a regular income paid to the person on the base of his/her working activity after reaching the defined age

The pension on own right might be:

Old-age (full or partial) pension (the category includes the miner's pension, the old-age pension of some artists, the old-age pension granted by the Fund of the Hungarian Artists as well as the so called service pension),
Advanced old-age pension
The reduced advanced old age pension which is granted in case the given person acquired the right for getting the pension on the base of a reduced service period. The answer is the same in case of the pensioners of the agricultural co-operatives.

Provided the persons receives a pension on own right and pension on derivative (widow's) right too the answer is "pension, rent on own right".

Disability pension is paid to the persons who are not entitled (by their age or years of service) to get the old-age pension but due to their disability caused by an accident are not able to work. The regular subsidies paid for persons with disabilities (allowance for invalids, payments to blind people, transport/traffic contribution paid to persons disabled in body, allowances for health problems, rents for agricultural invalids) are also marked here.

The answer "pensioner on derivative right" is marked in case the persons receives pension not on his own right but based on the social security contract of his close deceased relative (spouse, parent). The payment might permanent or temporary widow's pension, support to orphans, parent's pension on the right of the child, disability pension on the right of the spouse.

Unemployment benefit or support to unemployed is payable only to persons under the retirement age. The support to unemployed is paid by the local self-government to the unemployed persons not having regular work and not receiving unemployment benefit.

In each of the cases not listed above (family allowance, bourse, subsidies for students, child protection grant, fees for nursing, etc.), the answer is "receiving other assistance, support".

The answer is "living on his property, income of other sources" if the person has an income upon a life annuity contract, from interest on deposited money, from dividends, etc.

Provided the person does not have a regular personal income his livelihood is secured by a supporter. Always should be defined whether who is the supporter of the given person. In case the supporter is one of the parents, member of the household or other relative, the answer is "supported by a private person", while in case the supporter is an organization, institution, foundation, etc., the answer is "supported by public".

The answer must be marked in case of children younger than 16 years of age, not working (due to studies, illness) children over 16 years of age and the housewife. Children under state care are regarded as institutional dependents; the same category is valid for the people living of casual grants, donations, charity benefits.


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Hungary 2011 — source variable HU2011A_0415 — Current activity status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Personal questionnaire

IV. Occupation, workplace and transport

22. Mark which of the following groups you belong to.

If you belong to more than one group (e.g. you work while receiving a pension), please mark all of them.

[] 1 Working (employee, entrepreneur, helping family member, casual worker, primary producer, member of a cooperative
[] 2 Jobless, job seeker
[] 3 Old age pension and retirement provision recipient on own right
[] 4 Disability pensioner and accident annuity beneficiary on own right, survivors (widows/widowers, parent), pension and retirement provision recipient)
[] 5 Child care benefit (child care allowance, child care fee, child care support) recipient
[] 6 Nursing allowance recipient
[] 7 Child attending infant nursery or kindergarten, student, student of a tertiary education institution
[] 8 0-15 years old child not attending infant nursery, kindergarten or school living on own assert or on real estate leasing
[] 9 Housewife
[] 10 Social support recipient
[] 11 Other, specify____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

IV. Occupation, workplace and transport

22. Mark which of the following groups you belong to.
More than one answer can be marked for this question (e.g. in case of working beside studying or pension, child-care allowance etc. working and studying, pension, child-care allowance also has to be marked.) In case the respondent cannot be classified into any category, write in the respondent's answer about himself/herself in the white box next to other.


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India 1983 — source variable IN1983A_0411 — Current weekly activity status code
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Current weekly activity [Questions 14 to 15]

14. Status:

Working with an employer under obligation/ work not specifically compensated by prevalent wage or salary:
[] 1 Attached to landlord
[] 2 Attached to money-lender
[] 3 Attached to landlord-cum-money lender
[] 4 Attached to others
[] 11 Worked (self-employed) in household enterprise
[] 21 Worked as a helper in household enterprise
[] 31 Worked as regular salaried/wage employee
[] 41 Worked as casual wage labour in public works
[] 51 Worked as casual wage labour in other types of work
[] 61 Did not work though there was work in household enterprise
[] 71 Did not work but had regular salaried/wage employment
[] 81 Sought work
[] 82 Did not seek but was available for work
[] 91 Attended educational institutions
[] 92 Attended domestic duties only
[] 93 Attended domestic duties and was also engaged in free collection of goods (vegetables, roots, firewood, cattle feed etc.), sewing, tailoring, weaving etc., for household use
[] 94 Too young to work/ to attend school/ to seek employment
[] 95 Old and disabled
[] 96 Rentiers, pensioners, remittance recipients etc.
[] 97 Beggars, prostitutes, etc.
[] 98 Others
[] 99 Did not work due to temporary sickness (for casual workers only)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

5.4.1.0 Block 4.1 : demographic and current activity particulars during the week :
This block is meant for recording the demographic and the current activity status particulars of all the normal members of the household. Besides that, the information as to whether the household members are to be considered migrants according to certain laid down criterion will also be collected in this block.

(a) Activity status : The activity status of an individual is the activity situation obtaining for the person is respect of his/her participation in gainful and also non-gainful activities during a given reference period. Normally, one of the following three major activity situations of a combination of them will obtain to a person:

(i) of working or being engaged in gainful activities (or work) for pay, profit or family gain,

(ii) of being not engaged in gainful activities (of work ) but either of making tangible efforts to seek work or of being available for work, and

(iii) of being not available for work because of various reasons.

Identification of each individual according to a unique situation poses a problem when more than one of the three activity situations listed above concurrently obtain to a person. In such an eventuality, the unique identification under any one of the three activity situations is done by adopting either the 'relatively long time' or the major time) or the 'priority' criterion. The former is used for classification of persons under 'usual activity status' with reference to a period of 365 days preceding the data of survey and the latter for classification of persons under 'current activity status' with reference to a period of 7 days preceding the date of survey or to each day of the seven days period. The three major activity status referred to above have been further sub-divided into several detailed activity categories. The detailed categories (under each of the three major activity status categories) along with the corresponding coded to be used in the 38th round survey are listed below:

(i) Situation of working or being engaged in gainful activities (employed)

1. worked with an employer under obligation/work not specifically compensated by prevalent wage/salary.
(a) attached to land lord - 01
(b) attached to money lender - 02
(c) attached to land lord-cum-money lender - 03
(d) attached to others - 04
2. worked (self-employed) in household enterprise - 11

3. worked as helper in household enterprise - 21

4. worked as regular salaried/wage employee - 31

5. worked as casual wage labour in public works - 41

6. worked as casual wage labour in other types of work - 51

7. did not work though there was work in the household enterprise - 61

8. did not work but had regular salaried/wage employment - 71

(ii) situation of being not engaged in work but available for work:

1. sought work - 81

2. did not seek but was available for work - 82

(iii) situation of being not available for work:

1. attended education institution - 91
2. attended domestic duties only - 92
3. attended domestic duties and was also engaged in free collection of good, sewing, tailoring, weaving etc. for household use - 93
4. too young to work/attend school/seek employment - 94
5. old and disabled - 95
6. rentiers, pensioners, remittance recipients etc - 96
7. beggars, prostitutes, etc - 97
8. others - 98
9. did not work due to sickness (for casual workers only) - 99

for usual status classification, codes 61, 71, 82 and 99 are not applicable and code 81 will be used to indicate both the situations-seeking work and being available for work.

5.4.1.13 Column (14): current weekly activity status:
The current weekly activity status of a person will be the activity status obtaining for a person during a reference period of seven days preceding the date of survey. Irrespective of the usual activity pursued by a person, his/her current weekly activity will be determined strictly on the basis of the activities pursued by the person during the reference period of seven days adopting the priority criterion. Even for self-employed persons, one need not prejudge and take for granted that the current activity situation for them will be identical to the usual activity situation. A careful probe on the part of the investigator regarding the various activities pursued by the person during the seven days preceding the date of survey is therefore, necessary for ascertaining his/her current weekly activity status. In defining the activity status (paragraph 5.4.1.1) it has already been mentioned that the activities are grouped broadly into three categories namely: (i) working, (ii) not working but seeking and/or available for work, and (iii) neither working nor available for work.

According to the priority criterion, the status of 'working' gets priority over the status 'not working but seeking and/or available for work' which in turn gets priority over the status of 'neither working nor available for work'.

In the category 'not working but seeking and/or available for work', the status 'seeking' gets priority over the status or 'not seeking but available for work'.

A person would be considered 'working (or employed)' if he or she while pursuing any gainful activity had worked for at least one hour on at least one day during the week preceding the date of survey.

A person would be considered 'seeking and/or available for work (or unemployed)' if during the reference week no gainful work was done by the person but he or she had made efforts to get work or had been available for work during the reference week though not actively seeking work.

A person who had neither worked nor was available for work will be considered to be engaged in 'non-gainful activities (or not in labour force)':

The three broad groups of activities are further classified into 22 detailed 'status' categories, 11 for persons categorized 'working' (codes 01-71), 2 for those categorized 'not working but seeking and/or available for work' (coded 81 and 82) and 9 for those categorized 'neither working nor available for work' (coded 91-99). For a person, the appropriate broad 'status' will be determined first adopting the priority criterion.

If a person categorized 'working' is found to be pursuing more than one gainful activity during the reference week, the gainful activity in which relatively more time has been spent will be the appropriate detailed 'status' that will be assigned to him/her. In case more than one 'non-gainful activity status' (codes 91-99) are assignable to a person in view of the typical activity pattern followed by his/her during the reference week, the activity which appears first in the code list in the ascending order starting from 91 will be assigned. But it may be noted that a person essentially engaged in 'domestic duties' should not be classified as 'student' simply because he/she was attending some training. Similarly, an old or disabled person who was a recipient of regular pension, remittance etc. should be classified as 'renters, pensioners, remittance recipients etc.' and not as 'old or disabled'. After thus determining the current weekly activity status of a household member, the appropriate 2-digit code (see paragraph 5.4.1.1) will be recorded in column (14). The following points may be noted while assigning to the 'activity status' to a person.

(a) A person found to be engaged in domestic duties should not be categorized 'in domestic duties' (code 92) if the person reports that he/she has also been available for work concurrently.

(b) A person engaged in regular wage/salaried employment but currently not at work, will be assigned code 71 irrespective of whether he is engaged in any other 'gainful' or 'non-gainful' activity.

(c) Unpaid apprentices will be treated as 'students'.

(d) Person under 'paid lay off' will be considered employed and those under 'unpaid lay off' unemployed if they are seeking and/or available for work.

(e) 'Free collection for sale' will be treated as self-employment. If the products collected relate to agricultural sector the industry division will be 'O' and for other goods like rag, waste paper, tins etc., the industry division will be '6'.


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India 1987 — source variable IN1987A_0412 — Current weekly activity status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Current weekly activity particulars
[Questions 11-15]

11. Status:

[] 11 Worked in household enterprise (self-employed)
[] 21 Worked as a helper in household enterprise
[] 31 Worked as regular salaried/wage employee
[] 41 Worked as casual wage labour in public works
[] 51 Worked as casual wage labour in other types of work
[] 61 Had worked in household enterprise but did not work due to sickness
[] 62 Had worked in household enterprise but did not work due to other reasons
[] 71 Had regular salaried/wage employment but did not work due to sickness
[] 72 Had regular salaried/wage employment but did not work due to other reasons
[] 81 Sought work
[] 82 Did not seek but was available for work
[] 91 Attended educational institutions
[] 92 Attended domestic duties only
[] 93 Attended domestic duties and was also engaged in free collection of goods (vegetables, roots, firewood, cattle feed etc.) sewing, tailoring, weaving etc., for household use
[] 94 Rentiers, pensioners, remittance recipients etc.
[] 95 Not able to work due to disability
[] 96 Beggars, prostitutes, etc.
[] 97 Others
[] 98 Did not work due to temporary sickness (for casual workers only)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

5.4.11 Column (11): Current week activity status: The current week activity status of a person will be activity status obtaining for a person during a reference period of seven days preceding the date of survey. Irrespective of the usual activity pursued by a person, his/her current week activity will be determined strictly on the basis of the activities pursued by the person during the reference period of seven days preceding the date of survey adopting the priority criterion. Even for self-employed persons, one need not prejudge and take for granted that the current activity situation for them will be identical to the usual activity situation. A careful probe on the part of the investigator regarding the various activities pursued by the person during the seven days preceding the date of survey is, therefore, necessary for ascertaining his/her current week activity status. In defining the 'activity status' (paragraph 5.4.1) it has already been mentioned that the activities are grouped broadly into three categories namely (i) working, (ii) not working but seeking and /or available for week and (iii ) neither working nor available for work. According to the priority criterion, the status of 'working gets priority over the status 'not working but seeking and/or available for work' which in turn gets priority over the status of 'neither working nor available for work' , the status 'seeking ' gets priority over the status of 'not seeking but available for work'. A person would be considered 'working (or employed)' if he/she while pursuing any gainful activity had worked for at least one hour on at least one day during the week preceding the date of survey. A person would be considered 'seeking and /or available for work (or unemployed)' if during the reference week no 'work' was done by the person but he or she had made efforts to get work or had been available for work during the reference week though not activity seeking work, in the belief that no work was available. A person who had neither worked nor was available for work will be considered to be engaged in non-gainful activities (or not in labour force). The three broad groups of activities are further classified into 19 detailed 'status' categories, 9 for persons categorized 'working' (codes 11-72), 2 for those categorized 'not working but seeking and/or available for work' (codes 81 and 82) and 8 for those categorized 'neither working nor available for work' (codes 91-98). For a person, the appropriate broad 'status' will be determined first adopting the priority criterion. If a person categorized 'working' is found to be pursuing more than one gainful activity during the reference week, the gainful activity in which relatively more time has been spent will be the appropriate detailed 'status' that will be assigned to him/her. If the time spent on the different activities is found to be equal, the activity that appears first in the list will be assigned to the person. In case more than one 'non-gainful activity status' (codes 91-98) are assignable to a person in view of the typical activity pattern followed by him/her during the references week, the activity which appears first in the code list in the ascending order starting from 91 will be assigned. But it may be noted that a person engaged in 'domestic duties' should not be classified as 'student' simply because he/she was attending some training. Similarly, a disabled person who was a recipient of regular pension, remittance, etc., should be classified as 'renters, pensioners, remittance recipients, etc.' and not as the category 'nor able to work due to disability' (code 95). After thus determining the current weekly activity status of a household member, the corporate 2 --digit code (see paragraph 5.4.1) will be recorded in column (11). The following points may be noted while assigning the 'activity status' to a person.

a. A person found to be engage in domestic duties should not be categorized 'engaged in domestic duties' (code 92) if the person reports that he/ she has also been available for work concurrently.

b. A person engaged in regular wage/salaried employment but currently not at work, will be assigned code 71 or 72 irrespective of whether he is in engaged in any other 'gainful or non-gainful' activity.

c. Unpaid apprentices will be treated as 'students', while paid apprentices will be treated as 'employees.

d. Persons under 'paid lay off' will be considered 'employed' and those under 'unpaid lay off', 'unemployed' if they are seeking and/or available for work.

e. 'Free collection for sale' will be treated as self-employment. If the products collected relate to agricultural sector (even if the products collected are not for sale but for household consumption) the industry division will be 'O') and for other goods like rag, waste paper, tins etc., the industry division will be '6'.


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India 1993 — source variable IN1993A_0424 — Current weekly activity status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Current weekly activity particulars
[Questions 19-21.]

19. Status:

[] 11 Worked in household enterprise (self-employed): own account worker
[] 12 Worked in household enterprise (self-employed): employer
[] 21 Worked as a helper in household enterprise (unpaid family worker)
[] 31 Worked as regular salaried/wage employee
[] 41 Worked as casual wage labour: in public works
[] 51 Worked as casual wage labour: in other types of work
[] 61 Had worked in household enterprise but did not work due to sickness
[] 62 Had worked in household enterprise but did not work due to other reasons
[] 71 Had regular salaried/wage employment but did not work due to sickness
[] 72 Had regular salaried/wage employment but did not work due to other reasons
[] 81 Sought work
[] 82 Did not seek but was available for work
[] 91 Attended educational institution
[] 92 Attended domestic duties only
[] 93 Attended domestic duties and was also engaged in free collection of goods (vegetables, roots, firewood, cattle feed etc.) sewing, tailoring, weaving etc., for household use
[] 94 Rentiers, pensioners, remittance recipients etc.
[] 95 Not able to work due to disability
[] 96 Beggars, prostitutes
[] 97 Others
[] 98 Did not work due to temporary sickness (for casual workers only)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
5.5.11 Column (19): Current weekly activity particulars: Status (codes) based on the activity statuses obtaining for a person on the seven days of the reference week, the current weekly status is to be identified and the status code so obtained is to be recorded here. This will be done as follows.

As already explained the activity statuses of a person falls into one of three broad categories, viz. employed (any of codes 11-72), unemployed (any of codes 81 or 82) and out of labour force (any of codes 91-98). The activity statuses for any day of the seven days are recorded in column (4). If any of these is a work related activity code i.e., any of 11 to 72 the person will fall in the employed category on the current weekly status. In other words, if the person is found to have been assigned a work status code on any of the day of the last week he will be considered as working in the current weekly status. For assigning the unemployed status code (i.e., either 81 or 82) to a person as his weekly activity status code, the person should not have had any work activity status codes on any of the days of the last week but should have one of codes 81 or 82 on at least one day of the last week (i.e., the entry in column (4) should not be any of 11-72 but should be 81 or 82 against one of the serial nos. of activity). Persons without any of codes 11-82 in column (4) will be those who will be treated as out of labour force in the current weekly status.

Further within the three broad activity status categorisation, the detailed activity status codes will be assigned taking into account the number of days in each activity recorded in column (14) in terms of the aggregate of intensities obtaining on various days. Within the broad activity status category identified for a person, the activity status code in column (4) which has the highest value in column (14) will be recorded in column (19). A few cases are reported below as illustrations.

[The illustration is not presented here.]

The entries for column (19) will be made in the line corresponding to the first line for each person, i.e., the line in which serial no. of activity in col. (3) is 1. This third stage of assigning the CWS to the person is explained in the form of a flow chart (flow chart no. 5.3).

Flow chart 5.3 : Deciding current weekly status (for cols. (19)-(21))

[p. 33]
Consider the total no. of days recorded in col. (4) for each of statuses recorded in
col. (4) [Go to the next line.]

Is there any positive entry against any of the status codes 11-72? [Go to yes or no below.]

Yes: The broad category is employed. Identify the status industry in cols. (19) and (20) with the highest entry in column (14). This will be the current weekly status (CWS). [End here.]

No: Is there any positive entry against the status code 81 or 82 ? [Go yes or no below.]
Yes: The broad category is unemployed. Assign status code 81 or 82 as CWS depending on the highest entry in column (14)

No: The broad category is 'out of labour force', assign any of the codes 91-98 as CWS depending on the highest entry in column (14).


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India 1999 — source variable IN1999A_0471 — Weekly status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
20. Status:

[] 11 Worked in household enterprise (self-employed): own account worker
[] 12 Worked in household enterprise (self-employed): employer
[] 21 Worked as a helper in household enterprise (unpaid family worker)
[] 31 Worked as regular salaried/wage employee
[] 41 Worked as casual wage labour: in public works
[] 51 Worked as casual wage labour: in other types of work
[] 61 Had worked in household enterprise but did not work due to sickness
[] 62 Had worked in household enterprise but did not work due to other reasons
[] 71 Had regular salaried/wage employment but did not work due to sickness
[] 72 Had regular salaried/wage employment but did not work due to other reasons
[] 81 Sought work
[] 82 Did not seek but was available for work
[] 91 Attended educational institution
[] 92 Attended domestic duties only
[] 93 Attended domestic duties and was also engaged in free collection of goods (vegetables, roots, firewood, cattle feed etc.) sewing, tailoring, weaving etc., for household use
[] 94 Rentiers, pensioners, remittance recipients etc.
[] 95 Not able to work due to disability
[] 96 Beggars, prostitutes
[] 97 Others
[] 98 Did not work due to temporary sickness (for casual workers only)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
5.5.3.3 Column (4): Status: The current activity 'status' codes corresponding to the serial number of activity entered in column (3) will be recorded in this column. The status codes which will be used in recording daily activity particulars and the weekly activity particulars are as follows:

Situation of working or being engaged in economic activities (employed)

11 Worked in hh. enterprise (self-employed) as own account worker
12 Worked in hh. enterprise (self-employed) as employer
21 Worked as helper in hh. enterprises (unpaid family worker)
31 Worked as regular salaried/wage employee
41 Worked as casual wage labour: in public works
51 Worked as casual wage labour in other types of work
61 Had work in household enterprise but did not work due to sickness
62 Had work in household enterprise but did not work due to other reasons
71 Had regular salaried/wage employment but did not work due to sickness
72 Had regular salaried/wage employment but did not work due to other reasons

Situation of being not engaged in work but available for work (unemployed)

81 Sought work
82 Did not seek but was available for work

Situation of being not available for work (not in labour force)

91 Attended educational institutions
92 Attended domestic duties only
93 Attended domestic duties and was also engaged in free collection of goods (vegetables, roots, firewood, cattle-feed etc.) sewing, tailoring, weaving etc. for household use
94 Rentiers, pensioners, remittance recipient, etc.
95 Not able to work due to disability
96 Beggars, prostitutes
97 Others
98 Did not work due to sickness (for casual workers only)

These are same as the usual status codes except that codes 61, 62, 71, 72, 82 and 98 are not applicable for usual status and code 81 is used to indicate both the situations of seeking and being available for work. Further, the current weekly activity status for each individual will be identified based on the daily activity status codes. The procedure for doing this will be explained later in this chapter. The following paragraphs describe in details the procedure to be followed in making entries in each of the columns.

Although it may be theoretically possible that on a particular day of the reference week, a person may have any number of activities, the particulars relating to two activities identified on the basis of priority cum major time criterion need only be considered for making entries in this column. Thus, on a day, a person may either have only one activity with 'full' intensity or two activities with 'half' intensity for each. If the activity is pursued with intensity 'half' on a particular day, the entry will be 0.5 against that activity and if that is pursued with intensity more than half, 1.0 will be recorded against that activity in the relevant columns (7) - (13). Generally, an activity which is pursued for more than 1 hour but less than 4 hours is considered to have been pursued with half intensity. If it is pursued for more than 4 hours, the activity is considered to have been pursued with full intensity. However, for some persons, less than four hours of work daily is their normal working hours for the work or profession. In such cases he will be considered to have worked with full intensity. The decision whether the intensity to be recorded for an activity will be 0.5 or 1.0 has to be taken by the investigating staff making careful probes into the actual situation obtaining for the person on a particular day. Mere declaration made by the informants, that less than four hours of work daily is their normal working hours for the work or profession, should not be the basis for recording the intensity as 1.0. In the case of a cultivator, a village artisan or a small trader, it should not be presumed that a few hours on a day, say during the lean periods of the year is their normal work, and the intensity 1.0 need not necessarily be recorded for them. Since the particular block of the schedule is meant for recording the information on periodical or seasonal under-utilisation of available labour time, careful probes about the nature of work performed by a person during the day has to be made before recording the relevant entries. To illustrate, in so far as the daily activity pattern of a person is concerned, the following seven different situations can be visualised:

(i) on a single day a person may be engaged fully in one economic activity;
(ii) on a single day a person may be engaged in two different types of economic activities;
(iii) on a single day a person may be partly engaged in economic activity and for the rest of the time he may be seeking or available for work and at the same time may or may not be engaged in some non-economic activities;
(iv) on a single day a person may be partly engaged in economic activity and during the rest
of the time he may not be available for work for the whole day and at the same time may or may not be doing some non-economic activities;
(v) on a single day a person may be available for work for the entire day;
(vi) on a single day a person may be available for work for part of the day and for the remaining part he may not be available for work and may be pursuing some non-economic activity and
(vii) on a single day a person may be fully engaged in non-economic activities.

Which of the status codes are to be entered in column (4) will depend on whichever of the above situations are obtaining for a person on the different days of the reference week. The investigator is to first ascertain the exact situation from the informant and will record the appropriate status code or codes, as the case may be, in this column using the priority-cum-major time criterion. The relevant codes to be used for recording the status are already given. In case more than one 'non-economic activity status' (codes 91-98) are assignable to a person, in view of the typical activity pattern followed by him/her during the reference period, the activity which appears first in the code list in the ascending order starting from 91 will be assigned. But it may be noted that a person engaged in 'domestic duties' should not be classified as 'student' simply because he/she was attending some training. Similarly, a disabled person who was a recipient of regular pensions, remittances, etc. should be classified as 'rentiers, pensioners, remittance recipients, etc.' (code 94) and not as the category 'not able to work due to disability' (code 95). The following illustrations may be noted for general guidance.

(a) A person found to be engaged in domestic duties should not be categorised 'engaged in domestic duties' (code 92) if the person reports that he/she has also been available for work concurrently.

(b) A person engaged in regular wage/salaried employment but currently not at work will be assigned code 71 or 72 irrespective of whether he is engaged in any other 'economic or non-economic' activity.

(c) Unpaid apprentices will be treated as 'students' while paid apprentices will be treated as employees.

(d) 'Free collection for sale' will be treated as self- employment.


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India 2004 — source variable IN2004A_0435 — Current weekly activity status

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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India 2009 — source variable IN2009A_0422 — Class of worker (usual principal activity)
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

5.1. Usual principal activity particulars of household members

Usual principal activity

3. What is the respondent's activity status?

[] 11 Own account worker
[] 12 Employer
[] 21 Worked as a helper in household enterprise (unpaid family worker)
[] 31 Worked as a regular salaried/ wage employee
[] 41 Worked as casual wage labor: in public works
[] 51 Other types of work
[] 81 Did not work but was seeking and/or available for work
[] 91 Attended educational institution
[] 92 Attended domestic duties only
[] 93 Attended domestic duties and was also engaged in free collection of goods (vegetables, roots, firewood, cattle feed, etc.), sewing tailoring, weaving, etc. for household use.
[] 94 Rentiers, pensioners, remittance recipients, etc.
[] 95 Not able to work due to disability
[] 97 Others (including begging, prostitution, etc.)
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

4.5.1.3 Column (3): Status: For each of the members, the usual principal activity status will be recorded in this column. In the first instance, the broad usual principal activity of the person will be identified based on the various activities pursued by the person during the reference period of last 365 days adopting a 'relatively long time (or major time)' criterion, not necessarily for a continuous period. The broad usual principal activity status will be one of the three categories viz. 'employed' (working), 'unemployed' (available for work) or 'not in labour force' (neither working nor available for work). It is to be noted that in deciding this, only the period normally available in a day for pursuing various activities need to be considered, and not the 24 hours of a day.

4.5.1.4 Identification of broad usual principal activity status: The broad usual principal activity status will be obtained on the basis of a two stage dichotomous classification depending on the major time spent. Persons will be classified in the first stage into (i) those who are engaged in any economic activity (i.e. employed) and / or available for any economic activity (i.e., unemployed) and (ii) who are not engaged and also not available for any economic activity (i.e., not in labour force). Thus, the persons will be first classified as those in the labour force and those not in the labour force depending on in which status, out of these two, the person spent major part of the year. In the second stage, those who are found in the labour force will be further classified into working (i.e., engaged in economic activity or employed) and seeking and/or available for work (i.e., unemployed) based on the major time spent. Thus, we can obtain the broad usual principal status as one of the three viz. employed, unemployed and out of labour force. Flow chart 2 explains the procedure for determining the broad usual principal activity status.
[Flow chart about the Determination of Broad Usual Principal Status omitted]

4.5.1.5 The following examples will help in clarifying the procedure for identifying broad usual principal activity status of individual.
[Table omitted]

4.5.1.6 Detailed usual principal activity status: With the broad activity status identified for a person, detailed activity categories will be assigned on the basis of relatively longer time spent on a detailed activity. For example, suppose person A, in the example given above worked in household enterprises without hiring labour for 3 months and worked as casual labour for 2 months, then his usual principal activity status would be, worked in household enterprise (own account worker).
The detailed usual principal status activity codes are as given below:
[Table omitted]
Codes 11, 12, 21, 31, 41 and 51 refer to the 'employed', 81 to the 'unemployed' and the remaining viz. 91 to 97 refer to the 'not in labour force'. For children of age 0 - 4 years, code 97 may be given.

4.5.1.7 Some special cases for determining usual principal activity status are listed below:

(i) It is to be noted that availability for work being more of a status than an activity, a person being available for work may well be engaged in one or more of the activities denoted by codes 91 to 97. In all such cases except those engaged as students (code 91), persons will be categorized as 'unemployed' if he/she reports to be available for work for a relatively longer period, inspite of his/her being engaged simultaneously in a non-economic activity. But, if a person who is available for work is reported to have attended educational institution more or less regularly for a relatively longer period during the preceding 365 days, further probing as to whether he will give up the study if the job is available is to be made before considering him as 'unemployed'.

(ii) Again, it also needs to be emphasised that the procedure to be followed in ascertaining the activity status of a domestic servant who is a member of the employer's household is different from that adopted for other members of the household. It may be noted that engagement in domestic duties by such household members is not considered economic activity as defined for the survey. On the other hand, although a domestic servant staying in the employer's household and taking food from the common kitchen is, by definition, a member of the employer's household, he/she is also engaged in domestic duties in return for wages in cash and/or kind. Thus, as a special case, domestic duties pursued by a domestic servant will be considered as an economic activity and the activity status code as is applicable will be assigned to him/her.

(iii) Carpenters, masons, plumbers, etc., who move from place to place in search of work and carry out the work on a contract basis (not on wage basis) whenever work is available, will be considered as 'own-account worker'. But if such persons are working on a wage basis under a contractor, they will be considered as employee.

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Indonesia 1971 — source variable ID1971A_0419 — Worked last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Individual form
[Section I is the same as Section I: Household and Living Unit Information above]

IV. 10 years or older

18. Did you do any work last week?

[] Yes (skip to question 21)
[] No

19. What were you doing last week?

[Question 19 was asked of persons age 10 or older who did not work last week, per question 18]

[] Looking for work
[] School (skip to question 24)
[] Household [duties] (skip to question 24)
[] Retired (skip to question 24)
[] Other (skip to question 24)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

8. Part IV: For age 10 or older
All the Questions in this part are intended for household members age 10 or older. Skip this part and the Questions if younger than 10.

8.1. Questions 18 to 23
The Questions are:

Question 18: "Have you been working in the past week?"
Question 19: "What have you been doing in the past week?"
Question 20: "Have you worked before?"
Question 21: "Type/status of job"
Question 22: "What is your job?"
Question 23: "Industry"

8.1.1. Concept and definition

8.1.2. Filling procedure for Questions 18 to 23
The accuracy of the answer for these Questions depends on the enumerator's ability to ask the questions. To obtain the best results, follow these directions:

1. Question 18
Follow the sequence of these questions:

Firstly, ask this question:
"Have you worked in this past week?"

There are two possibilities; the answer could be "Yes" or "No". Do not fill in Question 18 yet. Obtain the complete answer first by further asking this question:
"Is this work a permanent job?"

If the answer for the second question is "Yes", then fill in the "Yes" box for Question 18 and move forward to Question 21.
If the answer is "No", ask the third question:
"How many days did you work in the past week?"

If the answer is "More than 2 days", then fill the "Yes" box for Question 18 and move on to Question 21.
If the answer is "Less than 2 days", then fill the "No" box for Question 18 and move on to Question 19.

The question sequence above is applicable if the first answer is "Yes". If the first answer is "No" the second question is:
"You did not work in the past week, are you temporarily out of work?"

If the answer is "Yes", ask the third question:
"Do you have a permanent job?"

If the answer is "Yes", fill the "Yes" box for Question 18 and move on to Question 21. If the answer is "No", fill the "No" box for Question 18 and move on to Question 19.

If both of the first two answers are "No" then ask the third question:
"In the past week, did you help your relative's business, for instance, at the shop or at the farm?"

If the answer is "Yes", ask the fourth question:
"How many days did you help your relative's business?"

If the answer is "More than 2 days", fill the "Yes" box for Question 18 then move on to Question 21. If the answer is "Less than 2 days", fill in the "No" box on Question 18 and move on to Question 19.

If all the answers are "No", fill in the "No" box on Question 18 and move on to Question 19.


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Indonesia 1971 — source variable ID1971A_0420 — Activity last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Individual form
[Section I is the same as Section I: Household and Living Unit Information above]

IV. 10 years or older

19. What were you doing last week?

[Question 19 was asked of persons age 10 or older who did not work last week, per question 18]

[] Looking for work
[] School (skip to question 24)
[] Household [duties] (skip to question 24)
[] Retired (skip to question 24)
[] Other (skip to question 24)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

8. Part IV: For age 10 or older
All the Questions in this part are intended for household members age 10 or older. Skip this part and the Questions if younger than 10.

8.1. Questions 18 to 23
The Questions are:

Question 18: "Have you been working in the past week?"
Question 19: "What have you been doing in the past week?"
Question 20: "Have you worked before?"
Question 21: "Type/status of job"
Question 22: "What is your job?"
Question 23: "Industry"

8.1.1. Concept and definition

8.1.2. Filling procedure for Questions 18 to 23
The accuracy of the answer for these Questions depends on the enumerator's ability to ask the questions. To obtain the best results, follow these directions:

Question 19
If the answer for Question 18 [Have you worked in the past week?] is "Yes", then ask these questions below:

First question:
"In the past week, did you try to seek work?"

If the answer is "Yes", fill in the "Job seeker" box for Question 19 and move on to Question 20. If the answer is "No", ask the second question:
"In the past week, why did you not seek work?"

If the answer are "Waiting for a reply of a work application", "Just obtained a job and have not started to work", or "Work suspended but will work again," then fill in the "Job seeker" box for Question 19 and move on to Question 20.

If the answers are "Still in school", "Managing household", "Retired" and so on, then fill in one of the appropriate boxes for Question 19. Move on to Questionnaire 24.


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Indonesia 1971 — source variable ID1971A_0421 — Ever worked before
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Individual form
[Section I is the same as Section I: Household and Living Unit Information above]

IV. 10 years or older

20. Did you ever do any work?

[Question 20 was asked of persons age 10 or older who did not work last week but are looking for work, per questions 18 and 19]

[] Yes
[] No (skip to question 24)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

8. Part IV: For age 10 or older
All the Questions in this part are intended for household members age 10 or older. Skip this part and the Questions if younger than 10.

8.1. Questions 18 to 23
The Questions are:

Question 18: "Have you been working in the past week?"
Question 19: "What have you been doing in the past week?"
Question 20: "Have you worked before?"
Question 21: "Type/status of job"
Question 22: "What is your job?"
Question 23: "Industry"

C. Have worked
Those who have worked are included in the "Work seeker" group.

8.1.2. Filling procedure for Questions 18 to 23
The accuracy of the answer for these Questions depends on the enumerator's ability to ask the questions. To obtain the best results, follow these directions:

3. Question 20
If the answer for Question 19 is "Job seeker", ask this question:
"Have you ever worked?"

If the answer is "Yes", fill in the "Yes" box for Question 20 then move on to Question 21. If the answer is "No" or "Not yet", fill in the "No" box for Question 20 and move on to Question 24.


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Indonesia 1976 — source variable ID1976A_0425 — Primary activity during past week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

D. Information on economic activity

Ask of household members age 10 or older. Ask questions person by person.

D1. What was your primary activity during the past week?

[] 1 Working
[] 2 Temporarily away from work but with a job
[] 3 Looking for work
[] 4 Housekeeping
[] 5 Attending school
[] 6 Unable to work
[] 7 Other

If code 1, go to D3.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

D. Economic activity

Questions for all columns in this section should only be asked to household members age 10 or older. For household members younger than 10, these columns should not be filled in at all.

Activity during the past week
What is intended by activity during the past week is whether the respondent was engaged in any economic activity during the past week.

Page 07 [of the enumeration form.]

Column (2)
The main activity that the respondent engaged in during the past week is the one he was engaged in the most or the longest during the past week.

Concept and definition
A. What is classified as "Working" is:
- Those who were engaged in an activity for the purpose of obtaining or helping obtain income or profit.

B. What is classified as "Temporarily not working" is:
- Those who usually are engaged in an activity but temporarily are not working and not conducting any other activity.
For example:

a. Permanent worker, public/private sector worker who is currently not working because he is on leave, sick, on strike, on leave of absence, company had a temporary stoppage, bad weather etc.
b. Farmers who till the farmland who are not working because of reasons like those in [section] A above and are waiting to continue their work.
c. People who are usually self-employed in a professional field but who are not working because of reasons given in [sections] A and B.
Example:
a. A farmer is waiting for the harvest or waiting for the rain to till the rice field.
b. Barber, doctor, puppeteer, etc. who are waiting for work.

C. Those classified as "Looking for work":

1. Those who never worked and are currently looking for work.
2. Those who worked in the past, but because of certain circumstances they have stopped working/been fired and are now looking for work.
[p.23]
3. Those who been released from their current assignment and will be called to return or not, but are actively looking for work.
4. Those are now working but are also looking for work.

D. What is intended by "Housekeeper" are persons who manage a household/help to manage a household without being paid a salary.

E. "School" means those are attending school.

F. Those who "Did not find work".

G. "Other": Those who are not engaged in any activity such as A through E, for example, because they are too old to work, are paralyzed, retarded, etc., do not have any activity or their only activity is a hobby.

Filling in the form
Ask the question about main activity engaged in during the past week as follows:

D1 "What usual activity were you engaged in during the past week?"

If someone had more than one activity, for example: Working and doing household work, working and then doing household work or on leave, etc., then the enumerator should ask which activity is the main activity. The activity that required the longest time during the past week is the main activity.


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Indonesia 1976 — source variable ID1976A_0426 — Worked one or more hours during past week
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D. Information on economic activity

Ask of household members age 10 or older. Ask questions person by person.

D2. Did you do any work for one hour or more during the past week?

[Question D2 was asked of persons age 10 or older primarily not working during the past week, per question D1.]

[] Y Yes
[] T No

If D2 = code "T" go to D10. If D1 = code 3, go to D11.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

D. Economic activity

Questions for all columns in this section should only be asked to household members age 10 or older. For household members younger than 10, these columns should not be filled in at all.

Column (3) main activity during the past week
Column (2) those records who had a main activity during the past week. For those whose main activity was not work, ask if they did any work for at least 1 (one) hour during the past week.

Filling in the form.
If in column (2) the main activity during the past week is not work (column 2 is not code 1), then ask:

"During the past week did you work at least 1 (one) hour?"

Thus, maybe the main activity was going to school, but a week ago he worked at least 1 (one) hour, then he is classified as worked during the past week. Fill in code "Y", if he answered "Yes" he worked at least 1 (one) hour during the past week, and code "T" if the person did not work at all during the past week.

For those who worked or who ever worked during the past week (D1 code 1 or D2 code Y).


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Indonesia 1980 — source variable ID1980A_0427 — Primary activity during the previous week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Persons 10 years or older
VIII. Activities of persons aged 10 years or older
[Questions 27-42.]

27. Primary activity during the previous week

[] 1 Working (go to question 31)
[] 2 Attending school
[] 3 Housekeeping
[] 4 Other


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Indonesia 1980 — source variable ID1980A_0428 — Worked last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Persons 10 years or older
VIII. Activities of persons aged 10 years or older
[Questions 27-42.]

27. Primary activity during the previous week

[] 1 Working (go to question 31)
[] 2 Attending school
[] 3 Housekeeping
[] 4 Other

28. In addition to 2, 3, or 4 [answer choices in the previous question], also worked for at least one hour during the previous week?

[Question 28 was asked of persons who did not work last week [chose any option other than 1 Working], as per question 27.]

[] 1 Yes (go to question 31)
[] 2 No


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Indonesia 1980 — source variable ID1980A_0429 — Holds a job but absent during the previous week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Persons 10 years or older
VIII. Activities of persons aged 10 years or older
[Questions 27-42.]

29. Holds a job but was absent during the previous week?

[Question 29 was asked of persons who did not work for even one hour last week, per questions 27 and 28.]

[] 1 Yes (go to question 31)
[] 2 No


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Indonesia 1980 — source variable ID1980A_0430 — Ever worked
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Persons 10 years or older
VIII. Activities of persons aged 10 years or older
[Questions 27-42.]

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Indonesia 1980 — source variable ID1980A_0439 — Looked for work during the previous week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

39. Did you look for work during the previous week?

[] 1 Yes (go to question 41)
[] 2 No


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Indonesia 1980 — source variable ID1980A_0440 — Primary reason for not seeking work during the previous week
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40. Primary reason for not seeking for work during the previous week

[Question 40 was asked of persons who did not look for work during the previous week.]

[] 1 Did not need work
[] 2 Waiting for the outcome of an application
[] 3 Gave up trying
[] 4 Attending school
[] 5 Housekeeping
[] 6 Not able to work
[] 7 Other


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Indonesia 1985 — source variable ID1985A_0424 — Primary activity last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

VII.C. Person age 10 or older
[Questions 1-5 were asked of persons age 10 or older]

Q.1 What kind of activity [was] done during the previous week?

[] 1 Working (go to block VIII)
[] 2 School
[] 3 Homemaking
[] 4 Unable to work
[] 5 Other

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

X. Information on household members

A. Block VII: General information on household members
1. The objective of this block is to record information on items such as sex, age, schooling status, and activities conducted during the past week for every household member, starting with the member with serial number "01" and continuing to the last household member.

2. Method of filling out the form
Circle one of the codes corresponding to the respondent's answer, and then write the code in the box on the right.

D. Block VII. C: Persons age 10 or older

Question 1: What were your activities during the past week? Circle one of the codes "1" through "5" in accordance with the respondent's answer. If the answer is code "1", continue the interview with the questions in block VIII.

  • "During the past week" is the period of 7 consecutive days that ends the day before the day of the enumeration. For example, the enumeration is conducted on 20 October, then the past week means the period beginning 13 October and continuing through 19 October.
  • Activities cover work, attending school, homemaking and others (for example, actively looking for work, sports, recreation, etc.).
  • "Main activity" is the activity that requires the most time compared to the other activities of the respondent.
  • "Most of the time" is the longest time spent by comparing the time spent for all activities such as work, school, homemaking and others (actively looking for work, engaged in sports, handicapped, too old to work, very ill). Time used for relaxation, sleep and play are not considered when comparing amounts of time spent for activities.
  • "Work" is an economic activity with the intention to obtain or help to obtain earnings or profits for at least one hour during the past week. Work for at least one hour must be work that is done continuously, without a break, for one hour or more. Earnings and profits cover wages/salaries including all allowances, bonuses and other earnings such as rent, interest, and profit in both cash and in kind.
[pg. 60]

Explanation:
a. Those activities that produce grains (rice, corn, sorghum) and/or crops (cassava, parsnips, sweet potatoes, taro, potatoes), which are consumed by those who produce them, are considered work.

Those activities that produce something other than grains or crops, which are used by those who produce them such as clothes sewn by the person for his/her own use, painting for themselves, cooking for one's own family, and fishing as a hobby, are not considered work.

b. A household member who assists in the work of the head of household or other household member, for example in a rice field, farm, food stall/store, etc., is considered to be working even though he/she does not receive a wage/salary.

c. Someone who rents agricultural equipment/tools, industrial equipment, party supplies/equipment, vehicles, etc., to others is considered to be working.

d. A housemaid is considered to work, whether or not she/he is a member of the employer's household.

e. Prisoners who carry out activities such as planting, furniture making, etc. are not considered to be working.

f. Someone who leases farm land to others in a crop-sharing arrangement is considered to be working if he/she is partly responsible for or participates in the management of the operation.

  • "School" is the activity of someone who attends a formal school from the primary level up to an institution of higher education, including those who might be on vacation from school. If besides attending school a respondent also works, the respondent's activity will be categorized depending on which activity he/she does most of the time.
  • "Homemaking" is the activity of someone who manages the household or assists in managing the household without receiving a wage/salary.
Example: The activities of a housewife or children who assist in managing the household are considered to be homemaking. On the other hand, the activity of a maid who manages the household is classified as work because he/she receives a wage/salary.
[pg. 61]
  • Unable to conduct any activity is the classification of those who because of their physical situation are not able to conduct any activity (physically handicapped, elderly, mentally handicapped, etc.).
  • Other is the classification of the activities other than work, school, and homemaking.


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Indonesia 1985 — source variable ID1985A_0425 — Worked at least 1 hour last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

VII.C. Person age 10 or older
[Questions 1-5 were asked of persons age 10 or older]

Q.2 Did [the respondent] work at least 1 hour during the previous week?

[] 1 Yes (go to block VIII)
[] 2 No

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

X. Information on household members

A. Block VII: General information on household members
1. The objective of this block is to record information on items such as sex, age, schooling status, and activities conducted during the past week for every household member, starting with the member with serial number "01" and continuing to the last household member.

2. Method of filling out the form
Circle one of the codes corresponding to the respondent's answer, and then write the code in the box on the right.

D. Block VII. C: Persons age 10 or older

Question 1: What were your activities during the past week? Circle one of the codes "1" through "5" in accordance with the respondent's answer. If the answer is code "1", continue the interview with the questions in block VIII.

  • "During the past week" is the period of 7 consecutive days that ends the day before the day of the enumeration. For example, the enumeration is conducted on 20 October, then the past week means the period beginning 13 October and continuing through 19 October.
  • Activities cover work, attending school, homemaking and others (for example, actively looking for work, sports, recreation, etc.).
  • "Main activity" is the activity that requires the most time compared to the other activities of the respondent.
  • "Most of the time" is the longest time spent by comparing the time spent for all activities such as work, school, homemaking and others (actively looking for work, engaged in sports, handicapped, too old to work, very ill). Time used for relaxation, sleep and play are not considered when comparing amounts of time spent for activities.
  • "Work" is an economic activity with the intention to obtain or help to obtain earnings or profits for at least one hour during the past week. Work for at least one hour must be work that is done continuously, without a break, for one hour or more. Earnings and profits cover wages/salaries including all allowances, bonuses and other earnings such as rent, interest, and profit in both cash and in kind.
[pg. 60]

Explanation:
a. Those activities that produce grains (rice, corn, sorghum) and/or crops (cassava, parsnips, sweet potatoes, taro, potatoes), which are consumed by those who produce them, are considered work.

Those activities that produce something other than grains or crops, which are used by those who produce them such as clothes sewn by the person for his/her own use, painting for themselves, cooking for one's own family, and fishing as a hobby, are not considered work.

b. A household member who assists in the work of the head of household or other household member, for example in a rice field, farm, food stall/store, etc., is considered to be working even though he/she does not receive a wage/salary.

c. Someone who rents agricultural equipment/tools, industrial equipment, party supplies/equipment, vehicles, etc., to others is considered to be working.

d. A housemaid is considered to work, whether or not she/he is a member of the employer's household.

e. Prisoners who carry out activities such as planting, furniture making, etc. are not considered to be working.

f. Someone who leases farm land to others in a crop-sharing arrangement is considered to be working if he/she is partly responsible for or participates in the management of the operation.

  • "School" is the activity of someone who attends a formal school from the primary level up to an institution of higher education, including those who might be on vacation from school. If besides attending school a respondent also works, the respondent's activity will be categorized depending on which activity he/she does most of the time.
  • "Homemaking" is the activity of someone who manages the household or assists in managing the household without receiving a wage/salary.
Example: The activities of a housewife or children who assist in managing the household are considered to be homemaking. On the other hand, the activity of a maid who manages the household is classified as work because he/she receives a wage/salary.
[pg. 61]
  • Unable to conduct any activity is the classification of those who because of their physical situation are not able to conduct any activity (physically handicapped, elderly, mentally handicapped, etc.).
  • Other is the classification of the activities other than work, school, and homemaking.

Question 2: Did you work at least one hour during the past week?

If the answer is "Yes" (code 1), go directly to the questions in block VIII.


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Indonesia 1985 — source variable ID1985A_0426 — Temporarily not working last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

VII.C. Person age 10 or older
[Questions 1-5 were asked of persons age 10 or older]

Q.3 Does [the respondent] have a permanent job but is temporarily not working during the previous week?

[] 1 Yes (go to block VIII)
[] 2 No

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

X. Information on household members

A. Block VII: General information on household members
1. The objective of this block is to record information on items such as sex, age, schooling status, and activities conducted during the past week for every household member, starting with the member with serial number "01" and continuing to the last household member.

2. Method of filling out the form
Circle one of the codes corresponding to the respondent's answer, and then write the code in the box on the right.

D. Block VII. C: Persons age 10 or older

Question 3: Do you have a job/business but were temporarily not working during the past week?

If the answer is "Yes", code 1, go directly to the questions in block VIII.

"Have a job, but temporarily not working" means the respondent has a job but during the past week did not work for reasons such as illness, on leave, awaiting harvest, or on strike. Included in this category are those who have been accepted for work but during the past week had not yet started working.

Example:
Those classified as having a job, but temporarily not working are:

a. Professionals not working because of illness or waiting for the next job, such as puppeteer, masseuse, shaman and singer.
b. Permanent employee, civil servant or private sector employee who are not working due to leave, illness, absence from work, on strike, or on temporary leave due to the company's temporary work stoppage, for example due to equipment break down, shortage of raw material, etc.
c. Farmers who are not working due to illness or waiting for the next activity, such as waiting for harvest or the rains to till the rice fields.


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Indonesia 1985 — source variable ID1985A_0427 — Ever worked before
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

VII.C. Person age 10 or older
[Questions 1-5 were asked of persons age 10 or older]

Q.4 Has [the respondent] ever worked before?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

X. Information on household members

A. Block VII: General information on household members
1. The objective of this block is to record information on items such as sex, age, schooling status, and activities conducted during the past week for every household member, starting with the member with serial number "01" and continuing to the last household member.

2. Method of filling out the form
Circle one of the codes corresponding to the respondent's answer, and then write the code in the box on the right.

D. Block VII. C: Persons age 10 or older

Question 4: Have you ever worked previously?


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Indonesia 1985 — source variable ID1985A_0428 — Looked for work last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

VII.C. Person age 10 or older
[Questions 1-5 were asked of persons age 10 or older]

Q.5 Did [the respondent] look for work during the previous week?

[] 1 Yes (go to Q.11, section VIII)
[] 2 No (go to Q.14, section VIII)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

X. Information on household members

A. Block VII: General information on household members
1. The objective of this block is to record information on items such as sex, age, schooling status, and activities conducted during the past week for every household member, starting with the member with serial number "01" and continuing to the last household member.

2. Method of filling out the form
Circle one of the codes corresponding to the respondent's answer, and then write the code in the box on the right.

D. Block VII. C: Persons age 10 or older

Question 5: Were you looking for work during the past week?

If the answer is "Yes" (code "1"), go directly to question 11 [length of time looking for work] in block VIII; if the answer is "No" (code "2"), go directly to question 14 [reasons for not looking for work] in block VIII.

"Looking for work" is the activity of those who were looking for a job.

Explanation:
The activity of looking for work is not limited to the period of the past week, but can include those activities conducted earlier than a week ago; also included as looking for work are those who are waiting for replies to their applications. Thus, those who have sent applications are also in the category of looking for work.

Those classified as looking for work here are:

a. Those who never worked and are now making an effort to find work.
b. Those who ever worked, but for some reason had stopped working and are now looking for work.


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Indonesia 1990 — source variable ID1990A_0427 — Primary activity during previous week
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VII. Activity of persons age 10 or older
Household members age 10 or older
[Questions 24-38.]

24. The main activity done during previous week

[] 1 Working
[] 2 Attending school
[] 3 Housekeeping
[] 4 Other

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

D. Block VII. Activities of persons age 10 or older

1. Purpose
The purpose of the questions in this block is to collect characteristics on the economic activities of every household member age 10 or older, such as field of work, type of work, work status and number of working days/hours during the past week. The work force of the community age 10 or older is divided into two categories: labor force and not in labor force. The population age 10 or older included in the labor force are those who had a job in the past week, those who are working or temporarily not working due to a certain cause such as waiting for harvesting time, or is on leave, etc. Also included in this group are those who do not have a job but are seeking one, hopefully to obtain a job. Populations that are not in the labor force are those who in the [previous] week only attended school, took care of a household, or others who did not do any activities that could be categorized as working, temporarily not working, or seeking work. There are several questions that are specifically asked to people who are either working or seeking a job. Also there are some [questions] for the non-working force that attends school, takes care of a household or elderly people, or [performs] other activities. In order to gain confirmation of the total population that is or is not included in the labor force, several questions will be asked in this block. Pay attention to the arrows and instructions that arrange the sequence of questions.

Question 24: Most frequent activity conducted during the past week

A week ago is a time period of 7 consecutive days that ends a day before the date of the enumeration. For example, if the enumeration was conducted on October 14, the week before began from October 7 until October 13.

Activity covers the activity of working, attending school, a homemaking and others (for example, actively seeking a job, join courses, sports, or recreation). Those who are incapable of working are categorized as "Other".

Most frequent activity is the most time consuming activity compared to the others.

The most time consuming activity is calculated by comparing the time used for work, school, household work and others (actively seeking a job, incapable of conducting an activity, courses or sports). Leisure time used for relaxing, resting, sleeping and planting for working people, attending school, or taking care of a household are not used as a comparison.

Working is an activity of conducting work in order to obtain income or profits at least for one hour during the previous week. Working for an hour has to be conducted consecutively and continuously, including those who have a job but is temporarily not working. Earnings or profits cover salary/wages including all allowances, bonus and earnings from leasing, interests and profits in the form of cash or goods.

Explanation:

a. A person who conducts activities that produce grain (paddy, maize, sorghum) or palawija = second crop (cassava, sweet potato, potato) for self-consumption and mainly for fundamental needs, not as a hobby, is considered to be working.
b. A person who conducts activities that produce goods (not rice or a second crop) for self-consumption such as sewing one's own clothes, painting for a private collection, cooking for one's own family and fishing for pleasure, is not considered to be working.
c. Household members who help the work of the household head or that of other members, for example in the rice field, stall/shop, etc. are considered to be working, although they do not receive salary/wages ("Unpaid worker")
d. A person who hires machines/farm machinery, industrial machines, party equipments, transportation vehicle or others is categorized as "Working".
e. Housemaid/servant is categorized as "Working", whether or not they are a member of their employer's household.
f. A prisoner who conducts activities such as planting, making furniture or other is not considered to be working.
g. A person who rents his farm to another person and shares the products is categorized as "Working" if he/she is responsible or is managing the farm.
Attending school is attending classes in a formal school at the primary level or other levels (secondary and high), including those on vacation. For those who also go to school and work, the activity during the past week is the one which is the most time consuming.

Taking care of the household is the activity of doing household work/helping without receiving salary/wages.

Example:
A housewife, or her children who help with household activities, is categorized as "Taking care of a household". A helper who does the same activities but receives salary/wages is not categorized as "Taking care of a household", but rather is categorized as "Working".

"Other" are activities besides working, such as attending school, household work, those who are incapable of conducting activities, such as elderly people, handicapped or those who obtain pension and do not work anymore.

Circle one of the appropriate codes based on the respondent's answer; if the answer is Code 1 continue the interview to Question 28.


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Indonesia 1990 — source variable ID1990A_0428 — Worked at least 1 hour last week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

VII. Activity of persons age 10 or older
Household members age 10 or older
[Questions 24-38.]

24. The main activity done during previous week

[] 1 Working
[] 2 Attending school
[] 3 Housekeeping
[] 4 Other

25. Besides [answers] 2, 3, and 4 [in question 24], also worked at least 1 hour during the previous week

[Question 25 was asked of persons age 10 or older who did not work last week, as per question 24.]

[] 1 Yes (go to question 28)
[] 2 No

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

D. Block VII. Activities of persons age 10 or older

1. Purpose
The purpose of the questions in this block is to collect characteristics on the economic activities of every household member age 10 or older, such as field of work, type of work, work status and number of working days/hours during the past week. The work force of the community age 10 or older is divided into two categories: labor force and not in labor force. The population age 10 or older included in the labor force are those who had a job in the past week, those who are working or temporarily not working due to a certain cause such as waiting for harvesting time, or is on leave, etc. Also included in this group are those who do not have a job but are seeking one, hopefully to obtain a job. Populations that are not in the labor force are those who in the [previous] week only attended school, took care of a household, or others who did not do any activities that could be categorized as working, temporarily not working, or seeking work. There are several questions that are specifically asked to people who are either working or seeking a job. Also there are some [questions] for the non-working force that attends school, takes care of a household or elderly people, or [performs] other activities. In order to gain confirmation of the total population that is or is not included in the labor force, several questions will be asked in this block. Pay attention to the arrows and instructions that arrange the sequence of questions.

Question 25: Did you work at least one hour during the past week?
Circle code 1 if the answer is "Yes" then continue to Question 28. Circle code 2 if the answer is "No" then continue to Question 26.


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Indonesia 1990 — source variable ID1990A_0429 — Has job but did not work last week
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VII. Activity of persons age 10 or older
Household members age 10 or older
[Questions 24-38.]

24. The main activity done during previous week

[] 1 Working
[] 2 Attending school
[] 3 Housekeeping
[] 4 Other

25. Besides [answers] 2, 3, and 4 [in question 24], also worked at least 1 hour during the previous week

[Question 25 was asked of persons age 10 or older who did not work last week, as per question 24.]

[] 1 Yes (go to question 28)
[] 2 No

26. Having a job/business but temporarily not working during previous week

[Question 26 was asked of persons age 10 or older who did not work at least one hour last week, as per questions 24 and 25.]

[] 1 Yes (go to question 30)
[] 2 No

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

D. Block VII. Activities of persons age 10 or older

1. Purpose
The purpose of the questions in this block is to collect characteristics on the economic activities of every household member age 10 or older, such as field of work, type of work, work status and number of working days/hours during the past week. The work force of the community age 10 or older is divided into two categories: labor force and not in labor force. The population age 10 or older included in the labor force are those who had a job in the past week, those who are working or temporarily not working due to a certain cause such as waiting for harvesting time, or is on leave, etc. Also included in this group are those who do not have a job but are seeking one, hopefully to obtain a job. Populations that are not in the labor force are those who in the [previous] week only attended school, took care of a household, or others who did not do any activities that could be categorized as working, temporarily not working, or seeking work. There are several questions that are specifically asked to people who are either working or seeking a job. Also there are some [questions] for the non-working force that attends school, takes care of a household or elderly people, or [performs] other activities. In order to gain confirmation of the total population that is or is not included in the labor force, several questions will be asked in this block. Pay attention to the arrows and instructions that arrange the sequence of questions.

Question 25: Did you work at least one hour during the past week?
Circle code 1 if the answer is "Yes" then continue to Question 28. Circle code 2 if the answer is "No" then continue to Question 26.

Question 26: Employed but temporarily not working during the past week?
Circle code 1 if the answer is "Yes" then continue to Question 30. Circle code 2 if the answer is "No" then continue to Question 27.

Those who are categorized as employed but are temporarily not working are those who have a job but during the past week did not work because of several causes such as illness, waiting for harvest, or on strike. Also [include] those who had a job but did not start work in the previous week.

Example:

a. A freelance professional worker who is not working because he/she is sick or waiting for the next job, such as a puppeteer, masseur, native healer and singer.
b. A civil worker or a private worker who is not working because on leave, sick, on strike, or is temporarily relieved because the establishment has stopped its activities due to for example: machinery problems, lack of raw material, etc.
c. A farmer who is not working because he/she is sick or waiting for a next job, such as waiting for harvest or the rainy season to work at the rice field.
d. A person who is in the process of waiting to be selected as a worker or has received a letter from the company (although has not started working).


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Indonesia 1990 — source variable ID1990A_0430 — Ever worked before
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

VII. Activity of persons age 10 or older
Household members age 10 or older
[Questions 24-38.]

24. The main activity done during previous week

[] 1 Working
[] 2 Attending school
[] 3 Housekeeping
[] 4 Other

25. Besides [answers] 2, 3, and 4 [in question 24], also worked at least 1 hour during the previous week

[Question 25 was asked of persons age 10 or older who did not work last week, as per question 24.]

[] 1 Yes (go to question 28)
[] 2 No

26. Having a job/business but temporarily not working during previous week

[Question 26 was asked of persons age 10 or older who did not work at least one hour last week, as per questions 24 and 25.]

[] 1 Yes (go to question 30)
[] 2 No

27. Ever worked before?

[Question 27 was asked of persons age 10 or older who did not work at least one hour last week and did not have a job or business to return to, per questions 24, 25 and 26.]

[] 1 Yes (go to question 35)
[] 2 No (go to question 35)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

D. Block VII. Activities of persons age 10 or older

1. Purpose
The purpose of the questions in this block is to collect characteristics on the economic activities of every household member age 10 or older, such as field of work, type of work, work status and number of working days/hours during the past week. The work force of the community age 10 or older is divided into two categories: labor force and not in labor force. The population age 10 or older included in the labor force are those who had a job in the past week, those who are working or temporarily not working due to a certain cause such as waiting for harvesting time, or is on leave, etc. Also included in this group are those who do not have a job but are seeking one, hopefully to obtain a job. Populations that are not in the labor force are those who in the [previous] week only attended school, took care of a household, or others who did not do any activities that could be categorized as working, temporarily not working, or seeking work. There are several questions that are specifically asked to people who are either working or seeking a job. Also there are some [questions] for the non-working force that attends school, takes care of a household or elderly people, or [performs] other activities. In order to gain confirmation of the total population that is or is not included in the labor force, several questions will be asked in this block. Pay attention to the arrows and instructions that arrange the sequence of questions.

Question 25: Did you work at least one hour during the past week?
Circle code 1 if the answer is "Yes" then continue to Question 28. Circle code 2 if the answer is "No" then continue to Question 26.

Question 26: Employed but temporarily not working during the past week?
Circle code 1 if the answer is "Yes" then continue to Question 30. Circle code 2 if the answer is "No" then continue to Question 27.

Those who are categorized as employed but are temporarily not working are those who have a job but during the past week did not work because of several causes such as illness, waiting for harvest, or on strike. Also [include] those who had a job but did not start work in the previous week.

Example:

a. A freelance professional worker who is not working because he/she is sick or waiting for the next job, such as a puppeteer, masseur, native healer and singer.
b. A civil worker or a private worker who is not working because on leave, sick, on strike, or is temporarily relieved because the establishment has stopped its activities due to for example: machinery problems, lack of raw material, etc.
c. A farmer who is not working because he/she is sick or waiting for a next job, such as waiting for harvest or the rainy season to work at the rice field.
d. A person who is in the process of waiting to be selected as a worker or has received a letter from the company (although has not started working).

Question 27: Have you ever worked before?
Circle code 1 if the answer is "Yes" and code 2 if the answer is "No", then continue interview to Question 35.


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Indonesia 1990 — source variable ID1990A_0441 — Looked for work during the previous week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

VII. Activity of persons age 10 or older
Household members age 10 or older
[Questions 24-38.]

35. Looking for a job during previous week

[] 1 Yes (go to question 37)
[] 2 No

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

D. Block VII. Activities of persons age 10 or older

1. Purpose
The purpose of the questions in this block is to collect characteristics on the economic activities of every household member age 10 or older, such as field of work, type of work, work status and number of working days/hours during the past week. The work force of the community age 10 or older is divided into two categories: labor force and not in labor force. The population age 10 or older included in the labor force are those who had a job in the past week, those who are working or temporarily not working due to a certain cause such as waiting for harvesting time, or is on leave, etc. Also included in this group are those who do not have a job but are seeking one, hopefully to obtain a job. Populations that are not in the labor force are those who in the [previous] week only attended school, took care of a household, or others who did not do any activities that could be categorized as working, temporarily not working, or seeking work. There are several questions that are specifically asked to people who are either working or seeking a job. Also there are some [questions] for the non-working force that attends school, takes care of a household or elderly people, or [performs] other activities. In order to gain confirmation of the total population that is or is not included in the labor force, several questions will be asked in this block. Pay attention to the arrows and instructions that arrange the sequence of questions.

Question 35: Were you seeking a job during the past week?
Seeking a job is an activity of a person to obtain a job. People who are seeking a job are categorized into:

a. Those who are working or have a job, but because of a certain cause are trying to obtain another job.
b. Those who are not employed and will be called back, but are still trying to obtain another job.
c. Those that have never worked and are looking for a job.
Explanation:
The activity of seeking a job is not limited to the period of the previous week, but could be ongoing from several weeks before, as long as the current status is still waiting for the answer of the work application.

Circle code 1 and fill in the box if the answer is "Yes" and continue to Question 37. Circle code 2 if the answer is "No" and continue to Question 36.


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Indonesia 1990 — source variable ID1990A_0442 — Main reason for not looking for work during the previous week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

VII. Activity of persons age 10 or older
Household members age 10 or older
[Questions 24-38.]

35. Looking for a job during previous week

[] 1 Yes (go to question 37)
[] 2 No

36. Reason not looking for a job

[Question 36 was asked of persons age 10 or older who were not looking for a job last week, as per question 35.]

[] 1 Unnecessary
[] 2 Hopeless/gave up
[] 3 Attending school
[] 4 Housekeeping
[] 5 Incapable
[] 6 Other ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Question 35: Were you seeking a job during the past week?
Seeking a job is an activity of a person to obtain a job. People who are seeking a job are categorized into:

a. Those who are working or have a job, but because of a certain cause are trying to obtain another job.
b. Those who are not employed and will be called back, but are still trying to obtain another job.
c. Those that have never worked and are looking for a job.
Explanation:
The activity of seeking a job is not limited to the period of the previous week, but could be ongoing from several weeks before, as long as the current status is still waiting for the answer of the work application.

Circle code 1 and fill in the box if the answer is "Yes" and continue to Question 37. Circle code 2 if the answer is "No" and continue to Question 36.

Question 36: Reason for not seeking a job during the last week.
Circle one of codes 1 up to 6 that is matched with the answer and fill into the box on the right side.

Unnecessary: This reason especially addressed to those who already have a job or worked and consider it unnecessary to seek a job. Also those who consider it unnecessary to seek a job because they have savings, collects rent or [have] other means that produce income such as interest, lease income, and others who do not need working.
Hopeless/gave up: The reason is having failed several times in finding a job and gave up trying to obtain a job again.
Still in school: The reason for not seeking a job is because [the respondent] is still attending school.
Taking care of the household: The reason for not seeking a job is because [the respondent] is taking care of the household.
Incapable of working: The reason for not seeking a job is being physically and mentally incapable to work. [This category includes] the elderly, handicapped, or paralyzed.
Others: The reasons for not seeking a job are not mentioned above. Write the reason in the provided area.


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Indonesia 1995 — source variable ID1995A_0439 — Primary activity in the previous week
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

VI. Economic activity of persons age 10 or older
[Questions 601 to 615]

601. Primary activity in the previous week

[] 1 Working (go to Q604)
[] 2 Attending school
[] 3 Housekeeping
[] 6 Other, specify ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

6.6. Block VI. Activities of household members age 10 or older
This block is used to collect characteristics on the economic activities of every household member who is 10 or older, such as field of business, type and work status and number of working days/hours during the past week.

The work force of the community age 10 or older is categorized into two groups: work force and non-work force. The work force are those who have jobs during the past week, those who are working or temporarily not working due to a certain cause such as waiting for harvest, on leave, etc. Also included in this group are those who do not have a job but are seeking one/hopefully obtaining a job. The non-working force are those who during the week only attended school, took care of a household, and others who do not do any activities that could be categorized as working, temporarily not working, or seeking a job.

There are several questions that are specifically asked to people who are either working or seeking a job, and also some for the non-working force who attends school, takes care of a household, elderly people, or other non-economic activities. Then there are some that confirm the number of people who are categorized as working force and non-working force.

This block consists of 16 questions: P601 to P615, beginning with the most frequent activity conducted during the week through the field of business during the previous year.

Question 601: The most frequent activity conducted during the past week
Activity covers the activity of working, attending school, homemaking and others (examples: actively seeking a job, taking courses, sports, or recreation). Those who are incapable of working are categorized as "Other".

Most frequent activity is the most time consuming activity conducted.

The most time consuming activity is calculated by comparing the time used for work, school, household work and others (actively seeking a job, incapable of conducting activities, courses and sports). Leisure time used for relaxing, resting, sleeping and dining for working people, attending school, or taking care of a household, is not used as a comparison.

[p.55]

The previous week is a time period of seven consecutive days that ends one day before the date of enumeration. For example: if the enumeration was conducted on October 14, the previous week is from October 7 through October 13.

Working is the activity of conducting work and obtaining income or profits for at least one hour during the previous week. Working for an hour has to be conducted consecutively and continuously, including those that have a job but are temporarily not working. Earnings or profits covers salary/wages including all allowances, bonuses and earnings from leasing, interests, and profits in the form of cash or goods.

Information:

a. A person who conducts activities that produce cereals (rice, corn, sorghum) or palawija = second crop (cassava, sweet potato, potato) for self-consumption and main needs, not as a hobby, is considered as "Working".

b. A person who conducts activities that produce a product (not rice or a second crop) for self-consumption such as sewing [one's] own clothes, painting for a private collection, cooking for [one's] own family and fishing for pleasure, is not considered as "Working".

c. Household members who help the work of head of the household or other household members, for example in the rice fields, stall/shop, etc. are considered as working although they do not receive salary/wages ("Unpaid worker")

d. A person who hires machines/farm machinery, industrial machines, party instruments, transportation mode, or other is categorized as "Working".

e. Household helpers are categorized as "Working", [regardless of whether they are] household members of their employer's [household] or non-household members

f. A prisoner who does activities such as agriculture, making furniture and others is not considered as "Working".

g. A person who rents his farm to another person and shares the products is categorized as "Working" if he/she is responsible or is managing the farm.
Attending school is going to a school in a formal school at the primary level or other levels (secondary and high) including those on vacation. For those who go to school and work, the activity during the past week is whichever is most time consuming.

Housekeeping is an activity of doing household work/helping without receiving salary/wages.

Note:
A housewife, or her child who helps with the household activities, is categorized as taking care of a household. A helper who does the same activities but receives salary/wages is not categorized as taking care of a household but is categorized as "Working" instead.

Other are activities besides working, attending school, household work, and also those who are incapable to conduct activities, such as old aged people, handicapped people, and those who get pensions and do not work anymore.

Others are divided into two categories:

a. Seeking work, sports, courses, picnic and other positive activities (joining an organization, voluntary work and others)
b. Sleeping, leisure, socializing, and not engaged in any activities.

Activities that are used for comparison to determine the most time consuming activities are those categorized in group A.

[p.56]

Circle one of the appropriate codes based on the respondent's answer, if the answer is coded 1, continue the interview to P604.

Example:
Ance is a homemaker who works 4 hours every day as a temporary worker in a company named PT Sukses Selalu and every Tuesday and Friday beginning at 15:00 until 16:30, she takes a beautician course. The remaining time is used for activities for the household. This example shows that Ance is categorized as taking care of a household because most of the time is used for household activities.


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Indonesia 1995 — source variable ID1995A_0440 — Worked for at least one hour
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

VI. Economic activity of persons age 10 or older
[Questions 601 to 615]

602. In addition to [selections in Q601] 2, 3 and 6, also worked for at least one hour during the previous week

[Question 602 was asked of persons age 10 or older whose primary activity in the previous week was not work, as per question 601.]

[] 1 Yes (go to Q604)
[] 2 No

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

6.6. Block VI. Activities of household members age 10 or older
This block is used to collect characteristics on the economic activities of every household member who is 10 or older, such as field of business, type and work status and number of working days/hours during the past week.

The work force of the community age 10 or older is categorized into two groups: work force and non-work force. The work force are those who have jobs during the past week, those who are working or temporarily not working due to a certain cause such as waiting for harvest, on leave, etc. Also included in this group are those who do not have a job but are seeking one/hopefully obtaining a job. The non-working force are those who during the week only attended school, took care of a household, and others who do not do any activities that could be categorized as working, temporarily not working, or seeking a job.

There are several questions that are specifically asked to people who are either working or seeking a job, and also some for the non-working force who attends school, takes care of a household, elderly people, or other non-economic activities. Then there are some that confirm the number of people who are categorized as working force and non-working force.

This block consists of 16 questions: P601 to P615, beginning with the most frequent activity conducted during the week through the field of business during the previous year.

Question 602: Besides attending school/taking care of the household/other, [the respondent] also worked at least one hour during the past week
This question is asked to those who mostly did not conduct activities during the week. This question is to understand if besides attending school/taking care of the household and others, they also performed working activities for at least 1 hour during the past week. This is counted whether as a temporary worker and receiving wages, or as an unpaid worker in stalls or rice fields/gardens and others.

Circle code 1 if the answer is "Yes", then continue the interview to P604. If the answer is "No", continue to P603.


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Indonesia 1995 — source variable ID1995A_0441 — Held a job but temporarily absent
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

VI. Economic activity of persons age 10 or older
[Questions 601 to 615]

603. Hold a job but temporarily absent

[Question 603 was asked of persons age 10 or older who did not work during the previous week, as per questions 601 and 602.]

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No (go to Q612)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

6.6. Block VI. Activities of household members age 10 or older
This block is used to collect characteristics on the economic activities of every household member who is 10 or older, such as field of business, type and work status and number of working days/hours during the past week.

The work force of the community age 10 or older is categorized into two groups: work force and non-work force. The work force are those who have jobs during the past week, those who are working or temporarily not working due to a certain cause such as waiting for harvest, on leave, etc. Also included in this group are those who do not have a job but are seeking one/hopefully obtaining a job. The non-working force are those who during the week only attended school, took care of a household, and others who do not do any activities that could be categorized as working, temporarily not working, or seeking a job.

There are several questions that are specifically asked to people who are either working or seeking a job, and also some for the non-working force who attends school, takes care of a household, elderly people, or other non-economic activities. Then there are some that confirm the number of people who are categorized as working force and non-working force.

This block consists of 16 questions: P601 to P615, beginning with the most frequent activity conducted during the week through the field of business during the previous year.

Question 603: Employed/temporarily not working during the past week
Circle code 1 if the answer is "Yes" then continues the interview to P604. If the answer is "No" circle code 2, then continue to P612.

Those who are categorized as employed but are temporarily not working are those who have a job but during the past week did not work because of various causes such as sickness, waiting for harvest, or on strike. Also counted are those who have just obtained a job but during the past week did not start working yet.

Example:
a. A freelance professional worker who is not working because he is sick or waiting for the next job such as a puppeteer, masseur, native healer or singer.
b. A civil worker or a private worker who is not working because of leave, sickness, on strike, or is temporarily relieved because the establishment has stopped its activities due to, for example: machinery problems, lack of raw materials, etc.
c. A farmer who is not working because he is sick or waiting for a next job such as waiting for harvest or the rainy season to work at the rice field.
d. A person who is in the process of waiting to be elected as a worker or has received a letter from the company (although has not started working).

Information:
Non-professional workers -- such as freelancers, persons who work, including farm workers and other freelancers who temporarily do not have a job or are not conducting activities as "Working" during the past week -- are not categorized as "Temporarily not working".


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Indonesia 1995 — source variable ID1995A_0452 — Looking for work
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

VI. Economic activity of persons age 10 or older
[Questions 601 to 615]

612. Did you look for work?

[] 1 Yes (go to Q614)
[] 2 No

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

6.6. Block VI. Activities of household members age 10 or older
This block is used to collect characteristics on the economic activities of every household member who is 10 or older, such as field of business, type and work status and number of working days/hours during the past week.

The work force of the community age 10 or older is categorized into two groups: work force and non-work force. The work force are those who have jobs during the past week, those who are working or temporarily not working due to a certain cause such as waiting for harvest, on leave, etc. Also included in this group are those who do not have a job but are seeking one/hopefully obtaining a job. The non-working force are those who during the week only attended school, took care of a household, and others who do not do any activities that could be categorized as working, temporarily not working, or seeking a job.

There are several questions that are specifically asked to people who are either working or seeking a job, and also some for the non-working force who attends school, takes care of a household, elderly people, or other non-economic activities. Then there are some that confirm the number of people who are categorized as working force and non-working force.

This block consists of 16 questions: P601 to P615, beginning with the most frequent activity conducted during the week through the field of business during the previous year.

Question 612: Are you seeking a job?
Seeking a job is an activity of a person to try and obtain a job.
People who are seeking a job are categorized into:

a. Those who are working or have jobs, but because of a certain cause are still trying to obtain other jobs.
b. Those who are not employed and will be called back by a potential employer, but are still trying to obtain other jobs.
c. Those who worked at least one hour during the past week, and are also trying to obtain other jobs.
d. Those who have never worked and are trying to obtain jobs.
e. Those who have worked but because of a certain cause have quit or were fired and are trying to obtain jobs.

Information:
The activity of seeking a job is not limited to a period of the past week, but could be done several periods ago, as long as during the past week the status is still waiting for the answer of the work application.

Circle code 1 if the answer is "Yes" and continue to P614. Circle code 2 if the answer is "No" and continue the interview to P613.


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Indonesia 1995 — source variable ID1995A_0453 — Primary reason for not seeking work
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

VI. Economic activity of persons age 10 or older
[Questions 601 to 615]

613. Primary reason for not seeking work

[Question 613(a) was asked of persons age 10 or older who did not look for work, as per question 612.]

[] 1 Did not need work
[] 2 Gave up trying
[] 3 Attending school
[] 4 Housekeeping
[] 5 Incapable of work
[] 6 Other, specify ____

613a. Do you want to receive a job?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

6.6. Block VI. Activities of household members age 10 or older
This block is used to collect characteristics on the economic activities of every household member who is 10 or older, such as field of business, type and work status and number of working days/hours during the past week.

The work force of the community age 10 or older is categorized into two groups: work force and non-work force. The work force are those who have jobs during the past week, those who are working or temporarily not working due to a certain cause such as waiting for harvest, on leave, etc. Also included in this group are those who do not have a job but are seeking one/hopefully obtaining a job. The non-working force are those who during the week only attended school, took care of a household, and others who do not do any activities that could be categorized as working, temporarily not working, or seeking a job.

There are several questions that are specifically asked to people who are either working or seeking a job, and also some for the non-working force who attends school, takes care of a household, elderly people, or other non-economic activities. Then there are some that confirm the number of people who are categorized as working force and non-working force.

This block consists of 16 questions: P601 to P615, beginning with the most frequent activity conducted during the week through the field of business during the previous year.

Question 613: Main reason for not seeking a job
Did not need work: this category is aimed to those who already have jobs or have worked and consider it unnecessary to seek a job. Also, [this category includes] those who consider it unnecessary to seek a job because of savings, rental payments received from a house, and/or other means of income such as interest, lease income and others who do not need to work.

Gave up trying: the person has not succeeded in finding a job several times, and stopped trying to obtain a job again.

Attending school the reason for not seeking a job is because of current school attendance .

Housekeeping: the reason for not seeking a job is taking care of the household.

Incapable of work: the reason for not seeking a job is physical and mental incapacity such as being elderly, handicapped or paralyzed.

Others: the reasons for not seeking a job are not mentioned above. Write the reason in the provided area.


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Indonesia 1995 — source variable ID1995A_0454 — Want to receive a job
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

VI. Economic activity of persons age 10 or older
[Questions 601 to 615]

613. Primary reason for not seeking work

[Question 613(a) was asked of persons age 10 or older who did not look for work, as per question 612.]

[] 1 Did not need work
[] 2 Gave up trying
[] 3 Attending school
[] 4 Housekeeping
[] 5 Incapable of work
[] 6 Other, specify ____

613a. Do you want to receive a job?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

6.6. Block VI. Activities of household members age 10 or older
This block is used to collect characteristics on the economic activities of every household member who is 10 or older, such as field of business, type and work status and number of working days/hours during the past week.

The work force of the community age 10 or older is categorized into two groups: work force and non-work force. The work force are those who have jobs during the past week, those who are working or temporarily not working due to a certain cause such as waiting for harvest, on leave, etc. Also included in this group are those who do not have a job but are seeking one/hopefully obtaining a job. The non-working force are those who during the week only attended school, took care of a household, and others who do not do any activities that could be categorized as working, temporarily not working, or seeking a job.

There are several questions that are specifically asked to people who are either working or seeking a job, and also some for the non-working force who attends school, takes care of a household, elderly people, or other non-economic activities. Then there are some that confirm the number of people who are categorized as working force and non-working force.

This block consists of 16 questions: P601 to P615, beginning with the most frequent activity conducted during the week through the field of business during the previous year.

Question 613A: Do you want to receive a job?
Circle code 1 if the answer is "Yes" and circle code 2 if the answer is "No".


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Indonesia 2010 — source variable ID2010A_0431 — Working
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons age 10 or older
[Questions 215-218 were asked of persons age 10 or older.]

216. [The respondent's] activities during the previous week:

a. Working/carrying out activities?
Working/carrying out activities are doing activities to earn/help others to earn wages/salaries/profit for at least one hour.

[] 1 Yes (to Q217)
[] 2 No
b. Does he/she have a permanent job but is temporarily not working?
For example: waiting for harvesting, holidays, illness, etc.

[] 1 Yes (to Q217)
[] 2 No
c. Seeking work?
[] 1 Yes (to Q219)
[] 2 No
d. Available for work?
[] 1 Yes (to Q219)
[] 2 No (to Q219)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Household Members 10 Years or Older
Questions 215 through 218 are asked to household members who are 10 years of age or older. See Q204; if 10, 11, 12... 98 have been entered, then the relevant household member must be asked Q215 through Q218 where appropriate.

Questions 216 through 218: Labor Force
The objective of Q216 and Q218 is to obtain information about the labor force situation which covers activities carried out during the previous week, the main industry of that work, and the employment status of that main work activity.

Questions 216a through 216d: Activities during the Previous Week
Before asking the questions, begin with an introduction something like: "Now I will ask about work activities or endeavors of (Name) during the previous week. By previous week I mean the time period including yesterday, 2 days ago, 3 days ago, 4 days ago, 5 days ago, 6 days ago, and 7 days ago. During those 7 days (Pak Dodi) what were your activities?"
[p. 131]
Follow the questioning path correctly:

1. Begin with Q216a: Did the household member work or have some activity? If yes, go directly to QP217; if no, go directly to Q216b.
2. Q216b: Does the household member have a permanent job but was temporarily not working? If yes, go directly to Q217; if no, go directly to Q216c.
3. Q216c: Did the household member look for work or prepare for some activity? If yes, go directly to Q219; if no, go directly to Q216d.
4. Q216d: Is the household member available for work if there is some work? Regardless of the answer go directly to Q219.

Put a mark in the oval beside "Yes" or "No" in accordance with the respondent's answers to Q216a through 216d.
Activities the Previous Week
Some information necessary for filling in this question:

1. Previous week is the period of 7 consecutive days immediately prior to the day of the enumeration. For example, the enumeration is conducted on 16 May 2010, then the intended previous week includes 9 May through 15 May 2010.
2. Work is any type of activity that is carried out with the intention of obtaining or helping to obtain income or profit if performed for a period of at least one hour during the previous week. Work performed for one hour has to be performed continuously and cannot be interrupted. Income or profit can be in the form of wages/salary/income including all allowances and bonuses for a laborer/employee/worker or in the form of rent or profit for an entrepreneur.
3. Has a permanent job but during the previous week temporarily did not work due to vacation, illness, leave of absence, waiting for the next phase of work, or waiting to be called back to work.
[p. 132]
Explanation:
a. Carrying out work in the concept of working means conducting some economic activity which produces goods or services. Example: A household maid is considered working whether he/she is a member of the employer's household or not.
b. A person who has a profession which he uses to provide for his household needs is considered working. Example: A Doctor who gives medicine to one of his own household members, a construction worker who makes repairs to his own home and a tailor who sews his own clothes.
c. A household member who assists the head of household or another household member carry out his work such as in the rice field, other agricultural field, kiosk/shop and the like is considered to have work even though he does not receive wages/salary/income (unpaid worker).
d. A person who cultivates plants which are only for his own consumption is considered not working, except for the cultivation of main staple foods such as rice, corn, sago palm, or alternative crops (cassava, sweet potato, potato).
e. A casual worker either in the agricultural sector or nonagricultural sector who is waiting for work is considered not working.
4. Looking for work is the activity of those who are trying to find work.
Explanation:
Those classified as looking for work:
a. Those who have been relieved of their duties and will be called back to work, but currently they are looking for some other work.
b. Those who have never worked and now are looking for work.
c. Those who have ever worked, but for some reason stopped working or were terminated and now are looking for work.
d. Those who usually attend school or manage the household and now are looking for work. The time period is the previous week. Looking for work is not limited to the previous week, but can be carried out some time in the past as long as during the previous week they were still looking for work. Also included in this category are those who sent applications and are waiting for replies.
[p. 133]
5. Preparing for some activity is an activity carried out by someone in the framework of preparing for some "new" endeavor (not expanding or developing a current endeavor), with the intention of producing an income/profit at his own risk with or without employing a laborer/employee/worker either paid or unpaid.
Preparing for some activity means whether or not these measures were successful such as obtaining capital or equipment, looking for a place, obtaining license/permission to conduct a business and so on, these efforts were carried out.
Preparing for some activity doesn't include an activity which is just being planned, or just an intention and just attending courses/training for starting a business. Preparing for some activity in this question will later lead to a classification of one who works on his own (own account worker/self employed) or carries out a business/effort assisted by temporary workers/unpaid workers or assisted by permanent workers/paid workers.
Explanation:
The activity of preparing for some endeavor should not be limited to the period of the previous week, but could have been carried out some time earlier as long as during the previous week the respondent was still preparing for the endeavor.
Preparing for some endeavor includes the following:
a. Obtaining capital in the form of cash or kind needed for the endeavor or business either by obtaining the funds needed (the plans for the business are already clear/definite) or by borrowing from others or institutions which can extend credit.

[p. 134]

b. Those who are currently or have just recently organized the necessary licenses/permits in an effort to create a venture or business.
c. Those who currently or recently have looked for a place for the business or venture.
d. Those who have ever had a business and stopped/went bankrupt, but at the time of the enumeration were preparing for a venture/endeavor.
Examples:
a. Rahmi is building a store in the yard of his home as a means of preparing a business to sell Muslim clothing using funds borrowed from a cooperative.
b. After completing a beauty course last month, Intan is shopping for the items she needs for a beauty salon that she will open using money she has saved as the capital which she took from the bank two days ago.
c. Because Udin was let go from the company where he worked, he bought a motorbike last week in order to form a business of offering rides to those who need them [in Indonesian this type of business is called ojek).
d. Bingket is looking for a location to start a restaurant after her clothing store went bankrupt eight months ago.
6. Available for work means a person has the desire to work or accept a job, but is not actively looking for work. A respondent is categorized as available for work if the respondent spontaneously answers "Yes" or "I will". However, if the response contains certain conditions such as "Must see what the salary/wages are or asks what type of work it is or has other conditions or uses other words to express some hesitation such as perhaps, nevertheless, depends . . . ", then the respondent's answer is not classified as available for work.


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Indonesia 2010 — source variable ID2010A_0432 — Temporarily not working
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons age 10 or older
[Questions 215-218 were asked of persons age 10 or older.]

216. [The respondent's] activities during the previous week:

a. Working/carrying out activities?
Working/carrying out activities are doing activities to earn/help others to earn wages/salaries/profit for at least one hour.

[] 1 Yes (to Q217)
[] 2 No
b. Does he/she have a permanent job but is temporarily not working?
For example: waiting for harvesting, holidays, illness, etc.

[] 1 Yes (to Q217)
[] 2 No
c. Seeking work?
[] 1 Yes (to Q219)
[] 2 No
d. Available for work?
[] 1 Yes (to Q219)
[] 2 No (to Q219)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Household Members 10 Years or Older
Questions 215 through 218 are asked to household members who are 10 years of age or older. See Q204; if 10, 11, 12... 98 have been entered, then the relevant household member must be asked Q215 through Q218 where appropriate.

Questions 216 through 218: Labor Force
The objective of Q216 and Q218 is to obtain information about the labor force situation which covers activities carried out during the previous week, the main industry of that work, and the employment status of that main work activity.

Questions 216a through 216d: Activities during the Previous Week
Before asking the questions, begin with an introduction something like: "Now I will ask about work activities or endeavors of (Name) during the previous week. By previous week I mean the time period including yesterday, 2 days ago, 3 days ago, 4 days ago, 5 days ago, 6 days ago, and 7 days ago. During those 7 days (Pak Dodi) what were your activities?"
[p. 131]
Follow the questioning path correctly:

1. Begin with Q216a: Did the household member work or have some activity? If yes, go directly to QP217; if no, go directly to Q216b.
2. Q216b: Does the household member have a permanent job but was temporarily not working? If yes, go directly to Q217; if no, go directly to Q216c.
3. Q216c: Did the household member look for work or prepare for some activity? If yes, go directly to Q219; if no, go directly to Q216d.
4. Q216d: Is the household member available for work if there is some work? Regardless of the answer go directly to Q219.

Put a mark in the oval beside "Yes" or "No" in accordance with the respondent's answers to Q216a through 216d.
Activities the Previous Week
Some information necessary for filling in this question:

1. Previous week is the period of 7 consecutive days immediately prior to the day of the enumeration. For example, the enumeration is conducted on 16 May 2010, then the intended previous week includes 9 May through 15 May 2010.
2. Work is any type of activity that is carried out with the intention of obtaining or helping to obtain income or profit if performed for a period of at least one hour during the previous week. Work performed for one hour has to be performed continuously and cannot be interrupted. Income or profit can be in the form of wages/salary/income including all allowances and bonuses for a laborer/employee/worker or in the form of rent or profit for an entrepreneur.
3. Has a permanent job but during the previous week temporarily did not work due to vacation, illness, leave of absence, waiting for the next phase of work, or waiting to be called back to work.
[p. 132]
Explanation:
a. Carrying out work in the concept of working means conducting some economic activity which produces goods or services. Example: A household maid is considered working whether he/she is a member of the employer's household or not.
b. A person who has a profession which he uses to provide for his household needs is considered working. Example: A Doctor who gives medicine to one of his own household members, a construction worker who makes repairs to his own home and a tailor who sews his own clothes.
c. A household member who assists the head of household or another household member carry out his work such as in the rice field, other agricultural field, kiosk/shop and the like is considered to have work even though he does not receive wages/salary/income (unpaid worker).
d. A person who cultivates plants which are only for his own consumption is considered not working, except for the cultivation of main staple foods such as rice, corn, sago palm, or alternative crops (cassava, sweet potato, potato).
e. A casual worker either in the agricultural sector or nonagricultural sector who is waiting for work is considered not working.
4. Looking for work is the activity of those who are trying to find work.
Explanation:
Those classified as looking for work:
a. Those who have been relieved of their duties and will be called back to work, but currently they are looking for some other work.
b. Those who have never worked and now are looking for work.
c. Those who have ever worked, but for some reason stopped working or were terminated and now are looking for work.
d. Those who usually attend school or manage the household and now are looking for work. The time period is the previous week. Looking for work is not limited to the previous week, but can be carried out some time in the past as long as during the previous week they were still looking for work. Also included in this category are those who sent applications and are waiting for replies.
[p. 133]
5. Preparing for some activity is an activity carried out by someone in the framework of preparing for some "new" endeavor (not expanding or developing a current endeavor), with the intention of producing an income/profit at his own risk with or without employing a laborer/employee/worker either paid or unpaid.
Preparing for some activity means whether or not these measures were successful such as obtaining capital or equipment, looking for a place, obtaining license/permission to conduct a business and so on, these efforts were carried out.
Preparing for some activity doesn't include an activity which is just being planned, or just an intention and just attending courses/training for starting a business. Preparing for some activity in this question will later lead to a classification of one who works on his own (own account worker/self employed) or carries out a business/effort assisted by temporary workers/unpaid workers or assisted by permanent workers/paid workers.
Explanation:
The activity of preparing for some endeavor should not be limited to the period of the previous week, but could have been carried out some time earlier as long as during the previous week the respondent was still preparing for the endeavor.
Preparing for some endeavor includes the following:
a. Obtaining capital in the form of cash or kind needed for the endeavor or business either by obtaining the funds needed (the plans for the business are already clear/definite) or by borrowing from others or institutions which can extend credit.

[p. 134]

b. Those who are currently or have just recently organized the necessary licenses/permits in an effort to create a venture or business.
c. Those who currently or recently have looked for a place for the business or venture.
d. Those who have ever had a business and stopped/went bankrupt, but at the time of the enumeration were preparing for a venture/endeavor.
Examples:
a. Rahmi is building a store in the yard of his home as a means of preparing a business to sell Muslim clothing using funds borrowed from a cooperative.
b. After completing a beauty course last month, Intan is shopping for the items she needs for a beauty salon that she will open using money she has saved as the capital which she took from the bank two days ago.
c. Because Udin was let go from the company where he worked, he bought a motorbike last week in order to form a business of offering rides to those who need them [in Indonesian this type of business is called ojek).
d. Bingket is looking for a location to start a restaurant after her clothing store went bankrupt eight months ago.
6. Available for work means a person has the desire to work or accept a job, but is not actively looking for work. A respondent is categorized as available for work if the respondent spontaneously answers "Yes" or "I will". However, if the response contains certain conditions such as "Must see what the salary/wages are or asks what type of work it is or has other conditions or uses other words to express some hesitation such as perhaps, nevertheless, depends . . . ", then the respondent's answer is not classified as available for work.


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Indonesia 2010 — source variable ID2010A_0433 — Seeking work
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons age 10 or older
[Questions 215-218 were asked of persons age 10 or older.]

216. [The respondent's] activities during the previous week:

a. Working/carrying out activities?
Working/carrying out activities are doing activities to earn/help others to earn wages/salaries/profit for at least one hour.

[] 1 Yes (to Q217)
[] 2 No
b. Does he/she have a permanent job but is temporarily not working?
For example: waiting for harvesting, holidays, illness, etc.

[] 1 Yes (to Q217)
[] 2 No
c. Seeking work?
[] 1 Yes (to Q219)
[] 2 No
d. Available for work?
[] 1 Yes (to Q219)
[] 2 No (to Q219)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Household Members 10 Years or Older
Questions 215 through 218 are asked to household members who are 10 years of age or older. See Q204; if 10, 11, 12... 98 have been entered, then the relevant household member must be asked Q215 through Q218 where appropriate.

Questions 216 through 218: Labor Force
The objective of Q216 and Q218 is to obtain information about the labor force situation which covers activities carried out during the previous week, the main industry of that work, and the employment status of that main work activity.

Questions 216a through 216d: Activities during the Previous Week
Before asking the questions, begin with an introduction something like: "Now I will ask about work activities or endeavors of (Name) during the previous week. By previous week I mean the time period including yesterday, 2 days ago, 3 days ago, 4 days ago, 5 days ago, 6 days ago, and 7 days ago. During those 7 days (Pak Dodi) what were your activities?"
[p. 131]
Follow the questioning path correctly:

1. Begin with Q216a: Did the household member work or have some activity? If yes, go directly to QP217; if no, go directly to Q216b.
2. Q216b: Does the household member have a permanent job but was temporarily not working? If yes, go directly to Q217; if no, go directly to Q216c.
3. Q216c: Did the household member look for work or prepare for some activity? If yes, go directly to Q219; if no, go directly to Q216d.
4. Q216d: Is the household member available for work if there is some work? Regardless of the answer go directly to Q219.

Put a mark in the oval beside "Yes" or "No" in accordance with the respondent's answers to Q216a through 216d.
Activities the Previous Week
Some information necessary for filling in this question:

1. Previous week is the period of 7 consecutive days immediately prior to the day of the enumeration. For example, the enumeration is conducted on 16 May 2010, then the intended previous week includes 9 May through 15 May 2010.
2. Work is any type of activity that is carried out with the intention of obtaining or helping to obtain income or profit if performed for a period of at least one hour during the previous week. Work performed for one hour has to be performed continuously and cannot be interrupted. Income or profit can be in the form of wages/salary/income including all allowances and bonuses for a laborer/employee/worker or in the form of rent or profit for an entrepreneur.
3. Has a permanent job but during the previous week temporarily did not work due to vacation, illness, leave of absence, waiting for the next phase of work, or waiting to be called back to work.
[p. 132]
Explanation:
a. Carrying out work in the concept of working means conducting some economic activity which produces goods or services. Example: A household maid is considered working whether he/she is a member of the employer's household or not.
b. A person who has a profession which he uses to provide for his household needs is considered working. Example: A Doctor who gives medicine to one of his own household members, a construction worker who makes repairs to his own home and a tailor who sews his own clothes.
c. A household member who assists the head of household or another household member carry out his work such as in the rice field, other agricultural field, kiosk/shop and the like is considered to have work even though he does not receive wages/salary/income (unpaid worker).
d. A person who cultivates plants which are only for his own consumption is considered not working, except for the cultivation of main staple foods such as rice, corn, sago palm, or alternative crops (cassava, sweet potato, potato).
e. A casual worker either in the agricultural sector or nonagricultural sector who is waiting for work is considered not working.
4. Looking for work is the activity of those who are trying to find work.
Explanation:
Those classified as looking for work:
a. Those who have been relieved of their duties and will be called back to work, but currently they are looking for some other work.
b. Those who have never worked and now are looking for work.
c. Those who have ever worked, but for some reason stopped working or were terminated and now are looking for work.
d. Those who usually attend school or manage the household and now are looking for work. The time period is the previous week. Looking for work is not limited to the previous week, but can be carried out some time in the past as long as during the previous week they were still looking for work. Also included in this category are those who sent applications and are waiting for replies.
[p. 133]
5. Preparing for some activity is an activity carried out by someone in the framework of preparing for some "new" endeavor (not expanding or developing a current endeavor), with the intention of producing an income/profit at his own risk with or without employing a laborer/employee/worker either paid or unpaid.
Preparing for some activity means whether or not these measures were successful such as obtaining capital or equipment, looking for a place, obtaining license/permission to conduct a business and so on, these efforts were carried out.
Preparing for some activity doesn't include an activity which is just being planned, or just an intention and just attending courses/training for starting a business. Preparing for some activity in this question will later lead to a classification of one who works on his own (own account worker/self employed) or carries out a business/effort assisted by temporary workers/unpaid workers or assisted by permanent workers/paid workers.
Explanation:
The activity of preparing for some endeavor should not be limited to the period of the previous week, but could have been carried out some time earlier as long as during the previous week the respondent was still preparing for the endeavor.
Preparing for some endeavor includes the following:
a. Obtaining capital in the form of cash or kind needed for the endeavor or business either by obtaining the funds needed (the plans for the business are already clear/definite) or by borrowing from others or institutions which can extend credit.

[p. 134]

b. Those who are currently or have just recently organized the necessary licenses/permits in an effort to create a venture or business.
c. Those who currently or recently have looked for a place for the business or venture.
d. Those who have ever had a business and stopped/went bankrupt, but at the time of the enumeration were preparing for a venture/endeavor.
Examples:
a. Rahmi is building a store in the yard of his home as a means of preparing a business to sell Muslim clothing using funds borrowed from a cooperative.
b. After completing a beauty course last month, Intan is shopping for the items she needs for a beauty salon that she will open using money she has saved as the capital which she took from the bank two days ago.
c. Because Udin was let go from the company where he worked, he bought a motorbike last week in order to form a business of offering rides to those who need them [in Indonesian this type of business is called ojek).
d. Bingket is looking for a location to start a restaurant after her clothing store went bankrupt eight months ago.
6. Available for work means a person has the desire to work or accept a job, but is not actively looking for work. A respondent is categorized as available for work if the respondent spontaneously answers "Yes" or "I will". However, if the response contains certain conditions such as "Must see what the salary/wages are or asks what type of work it is or has other conditions or uses other words to express some hesitation such as perhaps, nevertheless, depends . . . ", then the respondent's answer is not classified as available for work.


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Indonesia 2010 — source variable ID2010A_0434 — Available for work
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For persons age 10 or older
[Questions 215-218 were asked of persons age 10 or older.]

216. [The respondent's] activities during the previous week:

a. Working/carrying out activities?
Working/carrying out activities are doing activities to earn/help others to earn wages/salaries/profit for at least one hour.

[] 1 Yes (to Q217)
[] 2 No
b. Does he/she have a permanent job but is temporarily not working?
For example: waiting for harvesting, holidays, illness, etc.

[] 1 Yes (to Q217)
[] 2 No
c. Seeking work?
[] 1 Yes (to Q219)
[] 2 No
d. Available for work?
[] 1 Yes (to Q219)
[] 2 No (to Q219)

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Household Members 10 Years or Older
Questions 215 through 218 are asked to household members who are 10 years of age or older. See Q204; if 10, 11, 12... 98 have been entered, then the relevant household member must be asked Q215 through Q218 where appropriate.

Questions 216 through 218: Labor Force
The objective of Q216 and Q218 is to obtain information about the labor force situation which covers activities carried out during the previous week, the main industry of that work, and the employment status of that main work activity.

Questions 216a through 216d: Activities during the Previous Week
Before asking the questions, begin with an introduction something like: "Now I will ask about work activities or endeavors of (Name) during the previous week. By previous week I mean the time period including yesterday, 2 days ago, 3 days ago, 4 days ago, 5 days ago, 6 days ago, and 7 days ago. During those 7 days (Pak Dodi) what were your activities?"
[p. 131]
Follow the questioning path correctly:

1. Begin with Q216a: Did the household member work or have some activity? If yes, go directly to QP217; if no, go directly to Q216b.
2. Q216b: Does the household member have a permanent job but was temporarily not working? If yes, go directly to Q217; if no, go directly to Q216c.
3. Q216c: Did the household member look for work or prepare for some activity? If yes, go directly to Q219; if no, go directly to Q216d.
4. Q216d: Is the household member available for work if there is some work? Regardless of the answer go directly to Q219.

Put a mark in the oval beside "Yes" or "No" in accordance with the respondent's answers to Q216a through 216d.
Activities the Previous Week
Some information necessary for filling in this question:

1. Previous week is the period of 7 consecutive days immediately prior to the day of the enumeration. For example, the enumeration is conducted on 16 May 2010, then the intended previous week includes 9 May through 15 May 2010.
2. Work is any type of activity that is carried out with the intention of obtaining or helping to obtain income or profit if performed for a period of at least one hour during the previous week. Work performed for one hour has to be performed continuously and cannot be interrupted. Income or profit can be in the form of wages/salary/income including all allowances and bonuses for a laborer/employee/worker or in the form of rent or profit for an entrepreneur.
3. Has a permanent job but during the previous week temporarily did not work due to vacation, illness, leave of absence, waiting for the next phase of work, or waiting to be called back to work.
[p. 132]
Explanation:
a. Carrying out work in the concept of working means conducting some economic activity which produces goods or services. Example: A household maid is considered working whether he/she is a member of the employer's household or not.
b. A person who has a profession which he uses to provide for his household needs is considered working. Example: A Doctor who gives medicine to one of his own household members, a construction worker who makes repairs to his own home and a tailor who sews his own clothes.
c. A household member who assists the head of household or another household member carry out his work such as in the rice field, other agricultural field, kiosk/shop and the like is considered to have work even though he does not receive wages/salary/income (unpaid worker).
d. A person who cultivates plants which are only for his own consumption is considered not working, except for the cultivation of main staple foods such as rice, corn, sago palm, or alternative crops (cassava, sweet potato, potato).
e. A casual worker either in the agricultural sector or nonagricultural sector who is waiting for work is considered not working.
4. Looking for work is the activity of those who are trying to find work.
Explanation:
Those classified as looking for work:
a. Those who have been relieved of their duties and will be called back to work, but currently they are looking for some other work.
b. Those who have never worked and now are looking for work.
c. Those who have ever worked, but for some reason stopped working or were terminated and now are looking for work.
d. Those who usually attend school or manage the household and now are looking for work. The time period is the previous week. Looking for work is not limited to the previous week, but can be carried out some time in the past as long as during the previous week they were still looking for work. Also included in this category are those who sent applications and are waiting for replies.
[p. 133]
5. Preparing for some activity is an activity carried out by someone in the framework of preparing for some "new" endeavor (not expanding or developing a current endeavor), with the intention of producing an income/profit at his own risk with or without employing a laborer/employee/worker either paid or unpaid.
Preparing for some activity means whether or not these measures were successful such as obtaining capital or equipment, looking for a place, obtaining license/permission to conduct a business and so on, these efforts were carried out.
Preparing for some activity doesn't include an activity which is just being planned, or just an intention and just attending courses/training for starting a business. Preparing for some activity in this question will later lead to a classification of one who works on his own (own account worker/self employed) or carries out a business/effort assisted by temporary workers/unpaid workers or assisted by permanent workers/paid workers.
Explanation:
The activity of preparing for some endeavor should not be limited to the period of the previous week, but could have been carried out some time earlier as long as during the previous week the respondent was still preparing for the endeavor.
Preparing for some endeavor includes the following:
a. Obtaining capital in the form of cash or kind needed for the endeavor or business either by obtaining the funds needed (the plans for the business are already clear/definite) or by borrowing from others or institutions which can extend credit.

[p. 134]

b. Those who are currently or have just recently organized the necessary licenses/permits in an effort to create a venture or business.
c. Those who currently or recently have looked for a place for the business or venture.
d. Those who have ever had a business and stopped/went bankrupt, but at the time of the enumeration were preparing for a venture/endeavor.
Examples:
a. Rahmi is building a store in the yard of his home as a means of preparing a business to sell Muslim clothing using funds borrowed from a cooperative.
b. After completing a beauty course last month, Intan is shopping for the items she needs for a beauty salon that she will open using money she has saved as the capital which she took from the bank two days ago.
c. Because Udin was let go from the company where he worked, he bought a motorbike last week in order to form a business of offering rides to those who need them [in Indonesian this type of business is called ojek).
d. Bingket is looking for a location to start a restaurant after her clothing store went bankrupt eight months ago.
6. Available for work means a person has the desire to work or accept a job, but is not actively looking for work. A respondent is categorized as available for work if the respondent spontaneously answers "Yes" or "I will". However, if the response contains certain conditions such as "Must see what the salary/wages are or asks what type of work it is or has other conditions or uses other words to express some hesitation such as perhaps, nevertheless, depends . . . ", then the respondent's answer is not classified as available for work.


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Iran 2006 — source variable IR2006A_0424 — Work status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For 10 years old and older

23. Working status

[] 1 Has worked at least 1 hour in the past 7 days
[] 2 Has a job, but hasn't worked for some reason in the past 7 days
[] 3 Has been seeking for a job in the past 30 days and is available to work
[] 4 Waiting for the new job to begin or to return to the old job and is available to work
[] 5 Student
[] 6 Has income, without a job
[] 7 House keeper
[] 8 Other

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
22. Working status, column 23
Fill this column based on the following directions for all the members of the household who are 10 years old and above and leave it blank for the rest of them. To define an individual's working status, you should know the definition of work.
Work: the part of economic activities (physical or intellectual), the purpose of which is to gain profits (cash or non-cash) for the goal of producing goods or demonstrating service.
People who work are distributed in two major groups; freelance (they work for themselves) and salaried (they get paid in exchange for their work). Pay attention to the following:
The following people's activities are also considered as work:
- Individuals who work for one of the household members without earning an income (working for free for family). These people are usually women and teenagers who help other members of the family for free in activities such as farming, animal husbandry, carpet weaving, etc.
- Individuals serving in the military service.
- Individuals who serve in the Basij militia and earn money from it.
- Individuals who work at their residence in order to earn money, such as carpet weaving, sewing, hairdressing, typing, tutoring, fixing small electronics, baby-sitting, etc.
- Individuals who are occupied with activities like carpet weaving and sewing in order to produce durable goods for their own consumption.
- Individuals who are building, fixing or redecorating their own residence.
- Individuals who are interning and are involved directly in the production of goods and service, whether it is for exchange of money or not.
- Women or men who are occupied with activities such as farming, gardening, animal husbandry, fishing, etc.
The following activities are not considered as work:
- Unpaid activities at home for other members of the household like cooking, house holding, taking care of children, etc., which are mostly done by women.
- Social volunteering services at charities and Basij, etc.
- Small house maintenances such as faucets and valves, fixing windows and small electronics.
- Investing in economical activities without participating in management or actual operations, such as the stock exchange or investing money in companies.

Based on the definition of work and its examples, define the working status of those 10 years old and above based on the following explanations and write the code in column 23.
[] 1 Has worked at least 1 hour in the past 7 days
For those who have worked (based on the definition of work) at least 1 hour in the past 7 days. Note:

- Place 1 for those who have at least worked an hour in the past 7 days, even if not in their usual occupation.
- Investigate all those 10 years old and above members of the household and do not stop for the reason that they are housewives or students, because usually in rural areas women and children of the household participate in economic activities based on the work definition, such as farming and animal husbandry. If they have worked at least one hour in the past 7 days, write code 1 for them.
- For those individuals who have a job but have not worked in the past 7 days, do not allocate code 1 and act as explained for code 2.
[] 2 Has a job, but has not worked for some reason in the past 7 days
For those individuals who have not worked at least an hour in the past 7 days (did not get code 1) but have a job, allocate code 2. These people, who are called temporarily absent from work, should be certain about their return to the employer, if they are salaried. Usually during this absence, these individuals receive all or part of their earnings, and their nonappearance is allowed by the rules. If these people are self-employed, their business should endure and they should be able to retrieve it again.
Note: those who work for family without earning money are not considered temporarily absent from work if they have not worked at least 1 hour in the past 7 days.
The following are some hints about temporarily absent individuals from work:

- Farmers who work for their own selves and have not worked in the past 7 days due to the seasonal nature of their work.
- People who have not worked in the past 7 days since they have a sequential job.
- People who have gotten a scholarship from their company and are students, and for that reason have not worked in the past 7 days.
- Individuals who have not worked in the past 7 days because of a leave of absence, holidays, sickness, vacation, etc.
- Individuals, who have not worked temporarily due to impermanent changes in their company, machinery and systems breakdown, lack of clients and projects.
- People who lost their jobs but still have official bonds to their job.
- For those who have a job but have not worked in that job for the past 7 days but have worked in another area which matches the definition of work, do not allocate code 2. Instead, consider code 1.
- For those who work for family without earning an income, if they have worked at least an hour in the last 7 days, allocate code 1, and if they have not worked for at least 1 hour, do not allocate code 2 and perform as described below.
[] 3 Has been seeking for a job in the past 30 days and is available to work
For those individuals who have not worked at least 1 hour in the past 7 days and did not have a job (do not have code 1 or 2), if they have both of the following conditions, allocate code 3:

- Those who have done certain attempts in the past 30 days in order to find a job, such as: register and follow job agencies, asking friends, contacting employers, job ads, etc.
- Those who are available to work, which means they are prepared to start a job in a 15 day period (including the past and the coming 7 days).
[] 4 Waiting for a new job to begin or to return to the old job and is available to work
For those who were not allocated any of the codes 1, 2, or 3 and have the following conditions, designate code 4:

- They are waiting for a new job, meaning that there is a job available for them and they will start working in the near future and are prepared for work (based on the definition).
- They are waiting to restart their old jobs and prepared for work (based on the definition). "Waiting to restart their old jobs" means that they have lost their job for a reason but are waiting to restart it.
[] 5 Student
For those who were not allocated any of the 1, 2, 3, or 4 codes and are considered as students by official education curriculum, in or outside of the country, assign code 5.
[] 6 Has income - without a job
For those who were not allocated any of the 1, 2, 3, or 4 codes and have an income like social security, real estate, interest from savings or stocks, etc., designate code 6
[] 7 Housekeeper
For those who were not allocated any of the 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6 codes and are occupied with housekeeping, assign code 7.
[] 8 Other
For those who have none of the above conditions, such as people trying to get to college, seniors, etc., allocate code 8.

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Iran 2011 — source variable IR2011A_0435 — Employment in the past 7 days
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Activity and marital status - For people aged 10 and over

23. Activity status during the last 7 days

[] 1 Worked during the last 7 days
[] 2 Unpaid work in the household business
[] 3 Temporarily absent from work
[] 4 Did not work during the last 7 days
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column 23 -30, Employment and marital status -General description

[Picture omitted]
Fill these columns for individual 10-year or older.
Column 23 -Employment status in the past 7 days

[Picture omitted]
Employment includes business activities performed either physically or mentally to manufacture merchandise or provide service in return for cash or in-kind income. Employees are divided into paid-employees and own- account workers.
Activities of the following individuals are considered employment:
? Conscription
? Individuals paid to serve in Basij militia [Organization for Mobilization of Oppressed]
? Individuals manufacturing goods or providing services e.g. carpet weaving, sewing, hair-dressing, private tutoring, typing, electronics repair, elderly/baby-sitting, etc. in places of residence to generate income.
? Individuals manufacturing durable goods for own or their households use e.g. carpet weaving, Kilim tapestry, sewing, etc.
? Individuals who are building or remodeling their own place of residence.
? Interns who are directly involved with manufacturing goods or providing services at workplaces whether or not they are paid.
? Individuals involved with farming, horticulture, livestock, animal husbandry, fishing, etc.
Ask specific questions about the status of employment for each household member over 10-year old. Do not automatically consider housewives and students unemployed.
Code 1, worked 7 out of 7 days
? Whether or not this period of individual's work activity involved usual employment.
Code 2, worked unpaid for family business
These individuals are commonly women and adolescents who work in family businesses such as animal farming, carpet weaving, etc. Check code 2 if the individual worked this type of job at least one hour in the past 7 days.
In rural area adolescents and women are involved with activities such as farming. If a household member helped with such activities at least one hour in the past 7 days, consider that person employed.
Code 3, employed but temporarily absent from work in the past 7 days
Code 3 is applied if the absence from work is due to vacation, travel, seasonal nature of the job, shift-work, etc. but the worker is definitely returns to the same job.
[] If individuals are paid workers then should have contract to guarantee their return to work. The absences is authorized based on the conditions and regulations of employment and they are usually paid partially or in full during their absence.
[] If individuals are own- account workers, the business should have continuity in order for the individual to return to activity again.
Examples:
? Own-account farmers who have not worked in the past 7 days due to seasonal nature of the job.
? Individuals who have not gone to work in the past 7 days due to shift-work or alternate work schedule.
? Individuals who were absent from work in the past 7 days due to sickness, travel, vacation, holidays, etc.
? Individuals who have not gone to work due to temporary organizational changes, failure of equipment, lack of customer or work order.
? Individuals on administrative leave or suspension but still have valid contracts.
Check code 2 for unpaid family workers if have worked at least one hour in the past 7 days. Do not consider the individual temporarily absent if he has not worked at all in the past 7 days, therefore do not check 3 but check code 4.
Code 4, has not worked in the past 7 days
For individuals who have not worked in the past 7 days, and are not unpaid family worker neither temporarily absent, check code 4. The following activities are not considered employment:
? Unpaid activities at home done for the household, e.g. cooking, housekeeping, raising children, etc., namely activities commonly done by women.
? Volunteer work in charities and Basij.
? Minor repairs of residences such changing faucet, window frame and glass, and repair of appliances.
?Investment in stock market or businesses without participation in operation or management.
If codes 1 - 3 are checked columns 24 - 25 should be left blank and columns 26 - 29 should be completed.



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Iran 2011 — source variable IR2011A_0436 — Job search in the past 30 days
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Activity and marital status - For people aged 10 and over

For those who did not work during the last 7 days

24. Status of seeking work during the last 30 days

[] 1 Seeking work
Not seeking work due to:
[] 2 Starting work in future
[] 3 Has not been working, waiting to return to previous work
[] 4 Education
[] 5 Homemaker
[] 6 Income recipient
[] 7 Other
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column 23 -30, Employment and marital status -General description

[Picture omitted]
Fill these columns for individual 10-year or older.
Column 24-Status of job search in the past 30 days
[Picture omitted]
Fill column 24 as below if code 4 is checked in column 23:
Code 1, has been seeking employment in the past 30 days
Seeking employment includes registering with or seeking job from recruitment agencies, asking friends, contacting employer, reading employment column in paper, etc. Check code 1 for these individuals.
If the individual has not sought employment, ask about the main reason and check one of the codes 2 - 7.
Code 2, set date of employment in the future
Code 3, awaiting return to the previous job
Code 4, education
For individuals who are currently enrolled in school either in Iran or abroad.
Code 5, homemaking
Code 6, relying on assets and revenues
For individuals who have incomes from retirement, real estate, stock market, term deposit, etc. without being participation with actual work.
Code 7, Others
For individuals preparing for college-entrance exam, elderly, etc.

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Iraq 1997 — source variable IQ1997A_0418 — Labor force status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
For persons six years old and more
[Applies to questions 46-52]

46. Labor force information

[] 1 Working
[] 2 Unemployed seeking work
[] 3 Housewife with part-time work
[] 4 Full-time student
[] 5 Housewife
[] 6 Pensioner
[] 7 Have income but not working
[] 8 Others
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
46. Distribution of labor force:
This field is filled by all persons male or female who are (6) years old it means those who were born in 1991 and less. The purpose of this distribution is to know the economically active population and economically inactive population .
The active population includes the persons from both sexes male and female those who provide labor to produce goods and services and this includes working persons and unemployed persons seeking for work. The not active population includes housewives, students full time, persons having income but not working and others such as pensioner, those living on monthly payments from the government or charity establishments or special alliances or those who were unable to work.
1. Working
Indicated by the sign (x) in the square opposite to the word (working) for each person works daily no less than two hours and a half that means no less than (15) hours during the previous week of the census day (16/10/1997), the sign is also put for each student was working for no less than (15) hours during the previous week of the census day either that work was for his own account or employee with payment in (cash or exchange of goods or services) or unpaid. The same sign is put for each person stopped working the previous week to the census day (16/10/1997) because of sickness or rest holiday or for any reason but he is still connected with his work. It is indicated by the sign (x) in the square opposite to the word (working) for each person connected with a job and he hasn't joined it yet.
As for the housewives with part time work the sign is not put for them in this square but we follow the special instructions related to them in item (3).
2. Unemployed seeking for work
Indicated by the sign (x) in the square opposite to the phrase (Unemployed seeking for work) for each male or female doesn't work in the previous week to the census day (16/10/1997). Previously he has practiced a certain work but he is not connected with any work although he is seriously seeking for it.
Indicated in this square also each person unemployed and he had no previous work but he is able to work and seeking for it earnestly such as the newly graduate and others seeking for work for the first time. As for students who are continuing their studies not asked if they are seeking for work or not.
3. Housewife with part time work
Indicated by the sign (x) in the square opposite to the phrase (housewife with part time work) for female who work part time outside or inside the house for sale purpose such as sewing cloths, knitting manufacturing, food products, pickles, dates honey , etc. besides their housework. The numerator has to regard these cases especially agricultural holdings and livestock. Most of housewives in rural areas wok in agriculture, livestock and manufacturing home made things such as knitting mats and milk dairy besides their housework.
[p.15]
4. Student full time
If the person is student full time and continuing his studies in one of the schools, institutes or colleges and doesn't work indicated by the sign (x) in the square opposite to the phrase (Student full time) this includes persons related to work and left it for studying purposes as a scholarship, fellowship, etc.
5. Housewife
Indicated by the sign (x) in the square opposite to the word (housewife) for each female whose age is (6) years and more if she is a housewife. The house servants are not included in this field but included in the field (working).
6. Pensioner
Indicated by the sign (x) in the square opposite to the word (Pensioner) for each person from both sexes previously working and retired from work and receive a pension for his previous work. This person is either work or not during the previous week of the census. This doesn't include the persons who receive pensions of their parents (as pensioner's heirs). The special data of the fields (47-51) is recorded as (occupation, name of the establishment, employment status, and sector and work time). Each pensioner working during the previous week to the census day no less than 2 hours and a half daily that is no less than (15) hours during the week previous to the census day.
7. Have income but not working
The person that runs his living from an income of an estate or the profits of shares and bonds or from an establishment that he doesn't share in its productive work or from assistance indicated in the square opposite to the phrase (Have income but not working).
8. Others
Include not working and not seeking for work and not correspond on them the status in the previous items for example the disable person is the person who is unable to work because of age and mental or physical handicapped or he is a person who is able to work but not seeking for it never continuing his studies indicated to the square opposite to the word (others) and this square includes beggars and prisoners.
Note: The fields (47-51) are filled for each person at the age of (6) and more who work for an average daily no less than two hours and a half or no less than (15) hours during the week previous to the census day and this includes the students who are working, pensioners who are working and persons who are not employed and seeking for a work but they are previously working, housewives working part-time.

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Ireland 1971 — source variable IE1971A_0414 — Class of worker, employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 14-18 are be completed for each person aged 14 years or older]

15. Employment status_____

If usually working for payment or profit, state whether "Employee", "Assisting relative", "Self employed", "Employs others" or "Self employed, without employees". If at present out of work, write "Out of work".

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

The Enumerator should check that, within his knowledge, there is no inconsistency between the answers in this column and those given in Columns 4, 14 and 16.
Questions 14, 15 and 16 are the most difficult and require the most careful scrutiny. Question 14 should be answered for all persons aged 14 years or over, while questions 15 and 16 should be answered for persons who have a job or who are out of work.

Question 15 - Employment status.
This question should be answered for persons aged 14 years or over with a job or who are out of work. Note that the term "Employee" should be used for a person receiving a fixed wage or salary, even if he is assisting a relative. If, however, he is assisting a relative without receiving a fixed wage or salary he should be described as "Assisting relative". Members of religious orders should be described as "Employees". Persons without any paid employees, even though assisted by relatives who are not receiving fixed wages, should be described as "self employed without employees". Persons in partnership in a firm not having paid employees should be described as "self employed, without employees", while persons in partnership in a firm having paid employees should be described as "self employed, employs others". Persons employed to manage commercial concerns should be described as "Employee".


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Ireland 1981 — source variable IE1981A_0417 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Q.15 Present status

Indicate, by inserting check mark in the appropriate box, the person's present principal status. Self-employed persons should insert check mark in Box 1. Persons temporarily absent from work because of illness, holidays, etc., should insert check mark in Box 1.

[] 1 At work
[] 2 Seeking regular work for first time
[] 3 Unemployed
[] 4 At school, student
[] 5 Home (i.e. domestic) duties
[] 6 Retired
[] 7 Unable to work owing to permanent sickness or disability
[] 8 Other (specify ______)

Question 15: Present status

(i) Self-employed persons should insert [the check mark in] in Box 1.
(ii) Persons temporarily absent from work because of illness, holidays, etc., should insert [the check mark in] in Box 1.
(iii) Apprentices who are in employment and who also attend technical schools or colleges of technology should insert the [check mark in] in Box 1.
(iv) Full-time students who are in part-time employment should insert the [check mark in] in Box 4.

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Q.15 to Q.19:
The Questions on the person's position in regard to employment (Questions 15-19) are the most difficult to check and require the most careful study. These Questions should be answered for each persons aged 15 years and over. (i.e. born on or before 5 April, 1966). Answers in respect of persons aged under 15 should be ignored.

Q.15: Present status
Note that it is the persons principal status that is required and only one of the listed categories should be ticked. A persons who is mainly engaged as an assisting relative on a farm, in a shop or in any other commercial enterprise, should be regarded as "at work" even if he or she receives no payment or no regular payment. A member of a religious body (other than a member who is retired or permanently unable to work owing to illness, etc.) should be regarded as "at work" even if he or she receives no payment.

A housewife however who assists in the family business, but is mainly engaged on housework should be entered as on "home (or domestic) duties".

If category 8 is ticked, the precise status should be described in the space provided.


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Ireland 1986 — source variable IE1986A_0415 — Present status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 15-22 relate to persons aged 15 years or over]

Q.15 Present status

Indicate by inserting a check mark in the appropriate box, the person's present principal status. Self-employed persons should insert check mark in box 1. Persons temporarily absent from work because of illness, holidays, etc. should insert a check mark in box 1.

[] 1 At work
[] 2 Seeking regular work for first time
[] 3 Unemployed
[] 4 At school, student
[] 5 Home (i.e. domestic) duties
[] 6 Retired
[] 7 Unable to work owing to permanent sickness or disability
[] 8 Other (specify ____)

Question 15: Present status

(i) Self-employed persons should insert [a check mark in] Box 1.
(ii) Persons temporarily absent from work because of illness, holidays, etc., should insert [a check mark in] in Box 1.
(iii) Apprentices who are in employment and also attend technical schools or colleges of technology should insert [a check mark in] in Box 1.
(iv) Full-time students who are in part-time employment should insert [a check mark in] in Box 4.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Q.15 to Q.20:
The questions on the person's position in regard to employment (questions 15-20) are the most difficult to check and require the most careful study. These Questions should be answered for each person aged 15 years and over (i.e., born on or before 13 April, 1971). For persons younger than 15, these questions should be ignored.

Q.15: Present status
Note that it is the persons principal status is required and only one of the listed categories should be ticked. A person who is mainly engaged as an assisting relative on a farm, in a shop or in any other commercial enterprise, should be regarded as "at work" even if he or she receives no payment or no regular payment. A member of a religious body (other than a member who is retired or permanently unable to "work owing to illness etc.) should be regarded as "at work" even if he or she receives no payment.

A housewife however who assists in the family business, but is mainly engaged on housework should be entered as on "home (or domestic) duties".

If category 8 is ticked, the precise status should be described in the space provided. If persons on AnCo or other training courses/employment schemes require assistance in deciding their status at Q. 15 the information given in Appendix 10 may be used as a guide.

Appendix 10

Procedure to be followed when assistance is required in completing question 15 (present status)

At Question 15 (Present status) what is required is the subjective view of the person as to his/her present status with regard to employment. At any one time there are over 20,000 persons on the various training or other employment schemes and if such persons are unsure as to which status to indicate and ask for the assistance of the Enumerator, the following guidelines should be followed:

A. Persons on the following schemes should be treated as being "At work" (Box 1)

(1) Teamwork/grant scheme for youth employment: This scheme is operated by the Department of Labour, where grants are paid to voluntary bodies to employ young unemployed people for an average period of 6 months on projects beneficial to the community.

(2) Apprentice training: Apprenticeships in designated industries are the responsibility of AnCo and apprentices are often supported/ sponsored by an employer. The majority of apprentices spend the first year of their course in an off-the-job training centre.

(3) Employment incentive scheme: The scheme, which is organised by the Department of Labour, provides a subsidy to employers who take on additional staff for jobs of at least 6 months duration. Many young people may not even know that they are being supported under this scheme.

(4) Enterprise allowance scheme: This NMS scheme is designed to help individuals or groups of individuals to set up their own business. Under Question 17 (Employment status) such persons should be self-employed, coded 1 or 2 as appropriate.

(5) Community enterprise programme: Under this programme the YEA provides assistance to local groups, mainly co-operatives, setting up production or service-type business enterprises.

(6) Youth Self-Employment Programme: This YEA/Bank of Ireland programme is targeted at unemployed young people with a business idea that could provide them with full-time employment but who would have difficulty gaining access to bank loans.

(7) National Co-Operative Farm Relief Services: The YEA provides funding to place young people as farm relief service workers with farm relief co-operatives.

(8) Work Experience Programmes: Under this programme young people with no previous employment experience are giving an allowance for about 6 months while they are gaining some work experience.
[p.69]
(9) Community youth training programme: Participants are given basic training and work experience on community projects and receive a weekly payment from AnCo.

(10) CERT craft/management courses: These courses provide training for school leavers in bar, kitchen, dining room and reception skills. Participants receive a training allowance from CERT in the initial part of the course and are paid by a sponsor during the later (work experience) part.

(11) NRB sheltered employment: The National Rehabilitation Board provides sheltered employment and participants should be regarded as being employed.

(12) BIM - Training in the fishing industry: Courses are offered to young persons wishing to take up a career in fishing. Four months is spent at a training centre and eight months on board a trawler.
B. Persons on the following schemes should be treated as being either "Seeking regular work for the first time" (Box 2) or "Unemployed" (Box 3):
(13) AnCo adult training courses: These short-duration courses are designed to prepare unemployed people for a wide range of occupations at skilled and semi-skilled level.

(14) Community training workshops: This programme, conducted by AnCo, provides basic training in community-based workshops, mainly for early school leavers and travelling people. The programme revolves to a high degree around educational and personal development.

(15) CERT unemployed training programme: These short-duration courses aim to provide basic skills to unemployed persons in cooking food and bar service.

C. Persons on ACOT courses should be regarded as being students (Box 4). Courses in General agriculture are of 9 months duration through an agricultural college. Courses in Amenity / Commercial horticulture are of 2/3 year duration.


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Ireland 1991 — source variable IE1991A_0417 — Employment status
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions 16-24 relate to persons aged 15 years and over]

Q.19 Present status

Indicate the person's present principal status. Self-employed persons should insert a check mark in Box 1 by inserting a check mark in the appropriate box. Persons temporarily absent from work because of illness, holidays, etc., should insert a check mark in Box 1.

[] 1 At work
[] 2 Seeking regular work for first time
[] 3 Unemployed
[] 4 At school, student
[] 5 Home (i.e. domestic) duties
[] 6 Retired
[] 7 Unable to work owing to permanent sickness or disability
[] 8 Other (specify ___)
Explanatory notes

Question 19: Present status

(i) Self-employed persons should insert a check mark in box 1.
(ii) Persons temporarily absent from work because of illness, holidays, etc. should insert a check mark in box 1.
(iii) Apprentices who are in employment and who also attend technical schools or colleges of technology should insert a check mark in box 1.
(iv) Full-time students who are in part-time employment should insert a check mark in box 4.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Appendix 1

Q.19 through Q.23: Employment
The questions on the person's position in regard to employment (Questions 19-23) are the most difficult to check and require the most careful study. These questions should be answered for all persons aged 15 years and over (i.e., born on or before 21 April, 1976). Answers in respect of persons aged younger than 15 should be ignored.

Q.19: Present status
Note that it is the person's principal status which is required and only one of the listed categorie should be ticked. A person who is mainly engaged as an "Assisting relative" on a farm, in a shop or in any other commercial enterprise, should be regarded as "At work" even if he or she receives no payment or no regular payment. A member of a religious body (other than a member who is retired or permanently unable to work owing to illness, etc.) should be regarded as "At work" even if he or site receives no payment. A housewife however who assists in the family business, but is mainly engaged on housework should be entered as on "Home (or domestic) duties". If category 8 is ticked, the precise status should be described in the same provided. If persons on FAs or other training courses/employment schemes require assistance in deciding their status, please use the information given at Appendix 11 as a guide.

A. Persons on the following schemes should be treated as being "At work" (Box 1)

1 Teamwork/grant scheme for youth employment: This scheme is operated by FAS, where grants are paid to voluntary bodies to employ young unempl