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INTERNET
Internet access

Codes and Frequencies



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      class Internet:public Editor {

public:
    Internet(VarPointer varInfo) : Editor(varInfo) {}
    void edit() {

        long a = getRecoded();
        switch (dataSet) {
        case dataset_id::jm2001a:
        {
            if (JM2001A_0062(0) == 9 && JM2001A_0101(0) > 0)
                a = 0;
        }
        break;
        case dataset_id::ng2008a:
        {
            if (NG2008A_0049(0) == 2 && NG2008A_0055(0) == 1)
                a = 2;
        }
        break;
        case dataset_id::ng2009a:
        {
            if (NG2009A_0053(0) == 2 && NG2009A_0059(0) == 1)
                a = 2;
        }
        break;
        }


        setData(a);
    }
};

    

Description

INTERNET indicates whether or not the household had an internet connection.

Comparability — Index

GENERAL
Armenia
Belarus
Benin
Botswana
Cambodia
Chile
Egypt
El Salvador
Fiji
Iran
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jordan
Malaysia
Mexico
Nepal
Nicaragua
Nigeria
Palestine
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Rwanda
Senegal
South Africa
Spain
Suriname
Trinidad and Tobago
United States

Comparability — General

The variable is loosely comparable across samples. There is variation across countries and samples with regards to measuring access and ownership. Most samples ask about internet access, while some specify or imply that the household surveyed owned an internet connection or a computer with an internet connection. See the country-specific comparability discussions for information on the concept measured in each sample.

Users should note that in the Indonesia 2010 and Mozambique 2007 samples, there are questions that ask whether or not household members have accessed the internet during a time period prior to the census. These samples have not been included here since it is unclear whether or not there is an internet connection in the household. These data can be accessed through the unharmonized variables.

Comparability — Armenia [top]

This variable is only available for the 2011 sample. The question was only asked to households that indicated they owned a personal computer. The original source variable distinguishes between permanent and temporary internet connection. See the unharmonized source variable for more detail.

Comparability — Belarus [top]

In 2009, a large number of households have unknown internet connection, but this seems to be associated to the leading question that asks whether or not the household has a computer.

Comparability — Benin [top]

In 2013, the census question referred to ownership of an internet connection for the household, but only if it is functional. The source variables for this sample include another question indicating the method of internet access usually used by household members.

Comparability — Botswana [top]

In 2011, the census question asked whether or not any member of this household had access to internet from home.

Comparability — Cambodia [top]

The 2008 and 2013 samples indicate whether the household accessed the internet at home. Whether or not the household owned an internet connection is unclear. Users can refer to the source variables to identify whether the household accessed the internet outside home.

Comparability — Chile [top]

This variable is only available for the 2002 sample. The census question asked if the household had an internet connection.

Comparability — Egypt [top]

This variable is only available for the 2006 sample. The original source variables indicate if there was only an internet connection in the household and the number of internet connections available in the household.

Comparability — El Salvador [top]

This variable is only available for the 2007 sample. The census question asked whether or not the household had internet service that "belonged" to it.

Comparability — Fiji [top]

The 2007 and 2014 census questions ask about the number of internet connections owned by the household.

Comparability — Iran [top]

The question asked if at least one household member used the internet in his or her place of residence. Whether or not the household owned an internet connection is unclear.

Comparability — Ireland [top]

The underlying source variables distinguish between broadband and non-broadband access.

Comparability — Israel [top]

In 2008, households that did not have a computer were classified as not having an internet connection. See the unharmonized source variable for more detail.

Comparability — Italy [top]

The 2011 sample indicates whether an internet connection of any kind is available in the household. The source variables for this sample allow identifying the type of internet connection.

Comparability — Jordan [top]

The census question asked if the household had internet access. Whether or not the household owned an internet connection is unclear.

Comparability — Malaysia [top]

This variable is only available in the 2000 sample. The question asked whether or not the household had an internet subscription.

Comparability — Mexico [top]

For the 2010 and 2015 samples, the census question asked whether or not there was an internet connection within the dwelling. Whether or not the household owned the connection is unclear.

Comparability — Nepal [top]

In 2011, the census question refers to any type of internet access for the household, even through personal digital assistants (PDA) or mobile phones.

Comparability — Nicaragua [top]

This variable is only available for the 2005 sample. The census question explicitly asks if the household owns then internet.

Comparability — Nigeria [top]

The 2006 and 2007 samples have a single source variable concerning internet in the household with "access" and "owns" as separate response categories. Households with access to or ownership of an internet source are included in the "Yes" category in the integrated variable.

The 2008 and 2009 samples have two source variable concerning internet in the household. One variable records whether the household owns an internet source. The other variable records whether the household has access to the internet. Households that own or have access to the internet are included in the "Yes" category in the integrated variable. See source variables for detail on ownership versus access.

Comparability — Palestine [top]

This variable is only available for the 2007 sample. Two separate questions asked whether the household had an Israeli or Palestinian internet "line". See the unharmonized sources variables for more detail.

Comparability — Paraguay [top]

This variable is only available for the 2002 sample. The census question asked whether or not there was a computer connected to the internet in the household.

Comparability — Peru [top]

This variable is only available for the 2007 sample. The census question asks whether the household has an internet connection.

Comparability — Philippines [top]

The 2010 sample asked if a household had access to the internet from home. The source variables also identify internet access from elsewhere.

Comparability — Rwanda [top]

The 2002 sample asks whether the household owns a personal computer and if it is connected to the internet. The 2012 census asks whether any member of this household had access to the internet: responses indicating access from home have been included in INTERNET, but the source variables allow identifying other locations for internet access.

Comparability — Senegal [top]

In 2013, households that had internet in the dwelling as part of their means for production were harmonized with other households who indicated having internet at home. See unharmonized source variables for more detail.

Comparability — South Africa [top]

The 2007 sample identifies whether there are internet facilities at home.

In 2011, the census question asks how the household mainly accesses the internet. Only those households that responded "from home" are considered to have an internet connection. Households that indicated that they mainly access the internet from a cell phone, from work, or from another source are included in the unknown cases. See the unharmonized source variable for more detail.

In 2016, households who reported owning working internet and those who use internet available from the dwelling are considered to have an internet connection.

Comparability — Spain [top]

This variable is only available for the 2011 sample. The census question asked if household had a contract with an Internet service provider.

Comparability — Suriname [top]

In 2012, the question asked whether there is internet access that is working and directly owned by the household. Separate unharmonized variables indicate use of internet at different locations within the last three months.

Comparability — Trinidad and Tobago [top]

The 2000 sample asks about the household access to the internet, while in 2011 respondents could indicate whether they had access to different types of internet services. For INTERNET, a household is considered to have access if they had any type of internet service.

Comparability — United States [top]

The question asked if the household had access to the internet. The question differentiates between access to the internet with a subscription, when a household member obtains access through a contract with an internet service provider, a landlord, the government, or someone else, and without a subscription. INTERNET includes both types of internet access at home. The source variables for this sample allow identifying the type of internet service for households with an internet subscription (fiber to optic, satellite, etc.).

Universe

  • Argentina 2001: Non-collective dwellings and not homeless
  • Armenia 2011: Households with computers
  • Belarus 2009: Residential non-collective houses or apartments with a computer
  • Benin 2013: All households
  • Bolivia 2012: Private dwellings
  • Botswana 2011: Private households
  • Brazil 2010: Occupied permanent private housing units with computer
  • Burkina Faso 2006: All households
  • Cambodia 2008: Regular households
  • Cambodia 2013: All households
  • Chile 2002: Private occupied dwellings
  • Costa Rica 2011: Private dwellings
  • Dominican Republic 2002: Private occupied designated household
  • Dominican Republic 2010: Private, occupied dwelling
  • Ecuador 2010: Private households
  • Egypt 2006: Private households
  • El Salvador 2007: Occupied private dwellings with people present
  • Fiji 2007: All households
  • Fiji 2014: All households
  • Greece 2011: All households
  • Iran 2006: Private dwellings
  • Ireland 2002: Private households
  • Ireland 2006: Private households
  • Ireland 2011: Private households
  • Ireland 2016: Private households
  • Israel 2008: Private households
  • Italy 2011: Private households
  • Jamaica 2001: Private households
  • Jordan 2004: Not hotel or public housing unit
  • Malaysia 2000: All households
  • Mexico 2010: Dwellings built for habitation
  • Mexico 2015: Dwellings built for habitation
  • Morocco 2014: All households
  • Myanmar 2014: Conventional households
  • Nepal 2011: All households
  • Nicaragua 2005: Private households with inhabitants present or hotel, boarding house and guest house
  • Nigeria 2006: All households
  • Nigeria 2007: All households
  • Nigeria 2008: All households
  • Nigeria 2009: All households
  • Palestine 2007: All households except Jerusalem annexed by Israel in 1967
  • Panama 2010: Households other than the collective type that have computers
  • Paraguay 2002: Private or multi-household dwellings
  • Peru 2007: Private occupied dwellings
  • Philippines 2010: All households
  • Rwanda 2002: Private households
  • Rwanda 2012: Private households
  • Senegal 2013: Ordinary households
  • South Africa 2007: Private households
  • South Africa 2011: Households in housing units or converted hostels
  • South Africa 2016: All households
  • Spain 2011: All households
  • Suriname 2012: All households
  • Tanzania 2012: All households
  • Trinidad and Tobago 2000: Households that completed interview
  • Trinidad and Tobago 2011: Private occupied households
  • United States 2015: Private occupied households
  • Uruguay 2006: All households
  • Uruguay 2011: Private occupied households
  • Venezuela 2001: Permanently occupied private dwellings
  • Zambia 2010: All households

Availability

  • Argentina: 2001
  • Armenia: 2011
  • Belarus: 2009
  • Benin: 2013
  • Bolivia: 2012
  • Botswana: 2011
  • Brazil: 2010
  • Burkina Faso: 2006
  • Cambodia: 2008, 2013
  • Chile: 2002
  • Costa Rica: 2011
  • Dominican Republic: 2002, 2010
  • Ecuador: 2010
  • Egypt: 2006
  • El Salvador: 2007
  • Fiji: 2007, 2014
  • Greece: 2011
  • Iran: 2006
  • Ireland: 2002, 2006, 2011, 2016
  • Israel: 2008
  • Italy: 2011
  • Jamaica: 2001
  • Jordan: 2004
  • Malaysia: 2000
  • Mexico: 2010, 2015
  • Morocco: 2014
  • Myanmar: 2014
  • Nepal: 2011
  • Nicaragua: 2005
  • Nigeria: 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009
  • Palestine: 2007
  • Panama: 2010
  • Paraguay: 2002
  • Peru: 2007
  • Philippines: 2010
  • Rwanda: 2002, 2012
  • Senegal: 2013
  • South Africa: 2007, 2011, 2016
  • Spain: 2011
  • Suriname: 2012
  • Tanzania: 2012
  • Trinidad and Tobago: 2000, 2011
  • United States: 2015
  • Uruguay: 2006, 2011
  • Venezuela: 2001
  • Zambia: 2010