Codes and Frequencies
Most IPUMS data transformations are performed using variable harmonization tables that specify how each value in the source data is recoded. Some variables also require programming logic in addition to the harmonization table. The harmonization documents for this variable are:
ETHNICMY reports the ethnic group, community, or dialect group to which the person reported they belonged.
Comparability — General
The variable differs greatly across samples. All persons answered the question in 1970-1980, and many categories are identified. Only Malaysian citizens were asked the question in 1991-2000, and only a few categories are identified. The 1991-2000 censuses also identify a cross-cultural group, Bumiputera ("sons of the soil").
- Malaysia 1970: All persons
- Malaysia 1980: All persons
- Malaysia 1991: Citizens
- Malaysia 2000: Citizens
- Malaysia: 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000