Codes and Frequencies
Most IPUMS data transformations are performed using variable harmonization tables that specify how each value in the source data is recoded. Some variables also require programming logic in addition to the harmonization table. The harmonization documents for this variable are:
EDUCUK indicates the person's educational attainment based on the United Kingdom's system of qualifications.
Comparability — General
No attempt has been made to harmonize the education variable between the 1991 and 2001 censuses. Moreover, within the 2001 census, there are two different education classifications: one for England, Wales, and Northern Ireland; and one for Scotland.
The 1991 levels of highest qualification and their meaning are:
Level B: first degrees and all other qualifications of UK first degree standard; and
Level C: qualifications that are: (i) generally obtained at 18 and over (ii) above GCE 'A' level standard; and (iii) below UK first degree standard.
The 2001 levels of highest qualification for England, Wales, and Northern Ireland and their meaning are:
Level 2: 5+ 'O' level passes, 5+ CSEs (grade 1). 5+ GCSEs (grades A-C), School Certificate, 1+ 'A' levels/ AS levels, NVQ level 2, Intermediate GNVQ
Level 3: 2+ 'A' levels, 4+ AS levels, Higher School certificate, NVQ level 3, Advanced GNVQ
Level 4/5: First degree, Higher degree, NVQ levels 4 and 5, HNC, HND, Qualified Teacher status, Qualified Medical Doctor, Qualified Dentist, Qualified Nurse, Midwife, Health Visitor
Other qualifications/level unknown::
The 2001 levels of highest qualification for Scotland and their meaning are:
Group 2: Higher Grade, CSYS, ONC, OND, City and Guilds Advanced Craft, RSA, Advanced Diploma, SVQ level 3 or equivalent
Group 3: HND, HNC, RSA Higher Diploma, SVQ level 4 or 5 or equivalent
Group 4: First degree, Higher degree, Professional Qualification
- United Kingdom 1991: Persons with higher qualifications
- United Kingdom 2001: Persons age 16-74 who are not non-resident students
- United Kingdom: 1991, 2001