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Educational attainment, Tanzania

Codes and Frequencies

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Explore how IPUMS created this variable


      class Eductz:public Editor {

    Eductz(VarPointer varInfo) : Editor(varInfo) {}
    void edit() {

        long a = getRecoded();
        switch (dataSet) {
        case dataset_id::tz2002a:
            if (TZ2002A_0416() == 99 && TZ2002A_0403() >= 5)
                a = 10;
        case dataset_id::tz2012a:
            if (TZ2012A_0426() == 4 && TZ2012A_0427() == 99 && TZ2012A_0403() >= 4)
                a = 10;




EDUCTZ indicates the person's educational attainment in Tanzania in terms of the level of schooling completed.

Comparability — General

Tanzania has a 7-4-2 education system structure. Primary includes 7 years, with a 4-year first cycle. Secondary education is split into two levels: 4 years in the ordinary (lower) secondary education and 2 additional years in the advanced (upper) secondary education. Graduates of ordinary secondary education may continue with a secondary vocational program, which lasts 2 to 3 years.

Higher education includes both non-university and university studies. Non-university education is taught in technical, vocational, and professional schools, leading to different qualifications, such as certificates and diplomas. University education offers degree (bachelor, masters, and doctorate) and non-degree programs (certificates and diplomas).

The variable is fully comparable across samples. The samples include the number of years completed but only for primary and secondary education.

The universe for this variable had a slight change over time: it includes persons aged 5+ in 1988 and 2002, while it is persons aged 4+ in 2012.


  • Tanzania 1988: Persons age 5+
  • Tanzania 2002: Persons age 5+
  • Tanzania 2012: Persons age 4+


  • Tanzania: 1988, 2002, 2012