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Educational attainment, Sudan

Codes and Frequencies

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Explore how IPUMS created this variable


      class Educsd:public Editor {

    Educsd(VarPointer varInfo) : Editor(varInfo) {}
    void edit() {

        long a = getRecoded();
        switch (dataSet) {
        case dataset_id::sd2008a:
            if (SD2008A_0433() == 99 && SD2008A_0406() >= 6)
                a = 10;




EDUCSD indicates the person's educational attainment in Sudan in terms of the level of schooling and grade completed.

Comparability — General

Since 1990, pre-university education of Sudan follows a 2-8-3 system comprised of pre-school, primary, and secondary levels.

The preschool stage includes secular kindergartens and Koranic schools known as Khalwas. Pre-school starts at age 4 and lasts for two years. Basic primary education starts at age 6 and is comprised of 8 years of primary grade levels (G1-G8) culminating at age 13. Children who pass the primary exit examination in the 8th grade continue on to secondary school or vocational training.

Since 1961, primary education is composed of the sub-grade elementary and the complete elementary stages. The sub-grade elementary stage offers a 3-year incomplete primary program and the complete elementary offers a 4-year program. At the close of the 4-year complete program students take the intermediate entrance examination to qualify for intermediate primary education (Grades 5-8).

Secondary education includes academic, technical, and commercial secondary schools. Academic and technical secondary education is comprised of three grades (Grades 1-3) lasting three years. Vocational training is parallel to secondary education and is not part of the general education system. Students who pass the Sudan Certificate Exam can join higher education, universities and institutes both academic and technical. Vocational training is typically two years and students can join higher education institutes.

Non-governmental (national and foreign) schools can offer curricula that differ from that offered in government-run schools.

In this variable, categories "junior 3" and "junior 4" are interpreted as lower secondary, but the census documentation does not provide information about these categories.

Tertiary education is comprised of universities, higher institutes, and colleges offering degree and diploma courses in academic or technical fields. Bachelor degrees are four years (five in the case of honor degrees) and professional degrees generally take five to six years. Post-graduate diplomas last one or two years after the bachelor's degree and are only offered in certain disciplines. Master's degrees are two to three years and doctorate degrees three to four years after the master's degree.


  • Persons age 6+


  • Sudan: 2008