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Educational attainment, Rwanda

Codes and Frequencies

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      class Educrw:public Editor {

    Educrw(VarPointer varInfo) : Editor(varInfo) {}
    void edit() {

        long a = getRecoded();
        switch (dataSet) {
        case dataset_id::rw2002a:
            if (RW2002A_0419() == 99 && RW2002A_0418() == 2)
                a = 100;
        case dataset_id::rw2012a:
            if (RW2012A_0431() == 1)
                a = 100;




EDUCRW indicates the person's educational attainment in Rwanda in terms of the level of schooling completed.

Comparability — General

The current structure of the educational system in Rwanda is 6 years of primary, 3 years of lower secondary, and 3 years of upper secondary. From 1977 to 1996, primary education lasted 8 years; thus, some responses indicate 7 or 8 years of primary school in the 2002 sample.

Vocational courses after finishing primary education were offered by the primary rural polytechnic schools called Integral Rural and Artisanal Education Centers (CERAI), the Family Section program (SF), and the Rural and Artisanal Education Centers of Rwanda program (CERAR). These schools were simultaneous, but not equivalent, to lower secondary schools. The vocational post-primary education was discontinued after 1992.

The lower and upper secondary cycles each last 3 years, and both of them offer general, vocational, and technical tracks. The vocational and technical tracks in secondary (lower or upper) are identified in the 2002 sample, but they are grouped into a single track in 2012.

The first stage of higher education includes bachelor's degree programs, which last 3 to 5 years, and 6 years in the field of medicine. Master's degree programs take 1 to 2 years, while doctorate programs last at least 3 years.

The 2002 and 2012 census questionnaires allowed responses of "0 years" completed at any level. Preschool is only identified in the 2012 sample.


  • Rwanda 2002: Non-visitors age 6+
  • Rwanda 2012: Persons age 3+


  • Rwanda: 2002, 2012