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Educational attainment, Malaysia

Codes and Frequencies

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EDUCMY indicates the person's educational attainment in Malaysia in terms of the level of schooling completed or the level currently attending.

Comparability — General

The 1970 census asked for highest level completed. The 1980-2000 samples modified the question to ask for the level currently attending, for persons still in school.

Primary and secondary education each has six years. The 1970 and 2000 samples provided only limited information on specific years of schooling within primary and secondary education.

The 1970 sample does not identify upper secondary vocational study.

The categories within tertiary education are not comparable across samples. The 1970 and 1991 censuses do not distinguish among types of tertiary education. The 1980 census identifies people with completed vs. incomplete tertiary education. The 2000 census identifies people with technical vs. college degrees.


  • All persons


  • Malaysia: 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000