## Questionnaire Text

 Botswana 2001 Indonesia 1990 Myanmar 2014 Sudan 2008 Botswana 2011 Indonesia 1995 Nepal 2001 Suriname 2004 Cambodia 2004 Indonesia 2010 Nepal 2011 Tanzania 1988 Cambodia 2008 Kenya 1979 Nigeria 2006 Tanzania 2002 Cambodia 2013 Kenya 1989 Nigeria 2007 Tanzania 2012 Dominican Republic 1981 Kenya 1999 Papua New Guinea 1980 Uganda 2002 Ethiopia 1984 Kenya 2009 Papua New Guinea 2000 Uganda 2014 Ethiopia 1994 Laos 2005 Paraguay 1982 Zambia 1990 Ethiopia 2007 Lesotho 1996 Sierra Leone 2004 Zambia 2000 Fiji 1986 Lesotho 2006 Sierra Leone 2015 Zambia 2010 Fiji 1996 Liberia 2008 South Africa 2007 Zimbabwe 2012 Fiji 2007 Malawi 1987 South Africa 2016 Honduras 1988 Malawi 1998 South Sudan 2008
Botswana 2001 — source variable BW2001A_CHDEADM — Number of male children dead
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Fertility and child survival -- females

A30. How many of these children have died?

_ _ Males
_ _ Females
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Questions A27 - A30 must be completed for all females aged 12 years and over, regardless of their marital status and their relationship to the head of household. For males of any age and females under 12 years of age, enter a dash in these columns. For young girls (e.g. 12-15 years old) who are still living at home with their parents, this question may be considered rather personal. Take care how you ask the question.

120. Column A30: Children who have died

Q: How many children have died?

In column A30 enter the number of children born alive by the woman who have since died separately for males and females. Sometimes a woman may forget to mention children who died in infancy or may not want to be reminded of painful events; you must therefore put the question sympathetically and tactfully. These children should be recorded by their sex such that they satisfy the sum condition in 117.

121. Check that the number of male children and female children entered in column A27 is the sum of the male and female children respectively entered in columns A28, A29, and A30. Reconcile any differences with the respondent before leaving the household.

Remember that the codes in columns A27 - A30 are all two-digit codes. In most cases you must therefore remember to put a zero in front, e.g. 2 children would be coded as 02.

If a woman has never had a live birth, enter 00 in all the columns. Never leave any column blank. If a woman has children in only one or two categories, insert the figures in the appropriate columns and enter 00 in the remaining column(s).

If unknown, enter 99 and explain in the comments box.

Botswana 2001 — source variable BW2001A_CHBORNM — Number of male children ever born
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Fertility and child survival -- females

A27. How many children have been born (include those who have died) alive by [the person]?

_ _ Males
_ _ Females
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Questions A27 - A30 must be completed for all females aged 12 years and over, regardless of their marital status and their relationship to the head of household. For males of any age and females under 12 years of age, enter a dash in these columns. For young girls (e.g. 12-15 years old) who are still living at home with their parents, this question may be considered rather personal. Take care how you ask the question.

117. Column A27: Children born alive

Q: How many children have been born alive by[the person]?

In column A27 you must record (as a two-digit code) the total number of children ever born alive to the woman/girl. Children born alive are those children who cried at least once after birth. All other births are stillbirths. Remember to include all those children who have died, but do not include stillbirths. When recording, you must always ensure that the total number of male children ever born to a woman in A27 equals to those living with the mother (in A28) plus those living elsewhere (in A29) and those dead (in A30). Similarly the sum of females in A28 and A29 and A30 should sum to females in A27.

121. Check that the number of male children and female children entered in column A27 is the sum of the male and female children respectively entered in columns A28, A29, and A30. Reconcile any differences with the respondent before leaving the household.

Remember that the codes in columns A27 - A30 are all two-digit codes. In most cases you must therefore remember to put a zero in front, e.g. 2 children would be coded as 02.

If a woman has never had a live birth, enter 00 in all the columns. Never leave any column blank. If a woman has children in only one or two categories, insert the figures in the appropriate columns and enter 00 in the remaining column(s).

If unknown, enter 99 and explain in the comments box.

Botswana 2011 — source variable BW2011A_CHDEADM — Male children died
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A. Person Information

Fertility and child survival

28. How many of the children have died?

Number of males ____
Number of females ____
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154. Columns A26-A31: Fertility and child survival (females only)
It must be noted that fertility is defined as actual birth performance of a woman.
Questions A26-A29 must be completed for all females aged 12 years and over, regardless of their marital status and their relationship to the head of household. For males of any age and females less than 12 years of age, enter a dash in these columns. For young girls (i.e. 12-15 years old) who are still living at home with their parents, this question may be considered rather personal. Take care how you ask the question.

Questions A30-A31 are only asked of females aged 12 to 49 years old. For others, enter a dash in these columns. The enumerator should always check at all times that the number of children in A26 should be equal to the sum of this in A27, A28, and A29. The enumerator should therefore always crosscheck that these balances before moving on to the next section.

The relevant portion of the sample questionnaire is shown on page 61 for easy reference.

158. Column A29: Children who have died
Q. How many children have died?
In column A29 enter the number of children born alive to a woman who have since died separately for males and females. Sometimes a woman may forget to mention children who died in infancy or may not want to be reminded of painful events; you must therefore put the question sympathetically and tactfully. These children should be recorded with respect to their sex such that they satisfy the sum condition as explained in paragraph 144.

Botswana 2011 — source variable BW2011A_CHBORNM — Male children ever born
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A. Person Information

Fertility and child survival

25. How many children have been born alive by [the respondent]?
[Include those who have died]

Number of males ____
Number of females ____
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154. Columns A26-A31: Fertility and child survival (females only)
It must be noted that fertility is defined as actual birth performance of a woman.
Questions A26-A29 must be completed for all females aged 12 years and over, regardless of their marital status and their relationship to the head of household. For males of any age and females less than 12 years of age, enter a dash in these columns. For young girls (i.e. 12-15 years old) who are still living at home with their parents, this question may be considered rather personal. Take care how you ask the question.

Questions A30-A31 are only asked of females aged 12 to 49 years old. For others, enter a dash in these columns. The enumerator should always check at all times that the number of children in A26 should be equal to the sum of this in A27, A28, and A29. The enumerator should therefore always crosscheck that these balances before moving on to the next section.

The relevant portion of the sample questionnaire is shown on page 61 for easy reference.

155. Column A26: Children born alive
Q. How many children have been born alive by the respondent?
In column A26 you must record (as a two-digit code) the total number of children ever born alive to the woman. Children born alive are those children who cried at least once after birth. All other births are stillbirths. Remember to include all those children who have died, but do not include stillbirths. When recording, you must always ensure that the total number of male children ever born to a woman in A26 equals to those living with the mother (in A27) plus those living elsewhere (in A28) and those dead (in A29). Similarly the sum of females in A27 and A28 and A29 should sum to females in A26.

Cambodia 2004 — source variable KH2004A_CHDEADM — Children deceased male
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Form B: Household questionnaire Part 3

Part 3: Fertility information of females aged 15 and over listed in column 2 of part 2

[Questions 1-8 were asked of females age 15 and older]

Fertility information

Number of children born (give number in two digits, like 01, 02... 10, 11, etc. If none, write 00)

[6] How many of them have died?

_ _ Male
_ _ Female
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
82. Filling-in of Form B Household Questionnaire: Part 3: Fertility Information of Females Aged 15 and over Listed in Columns 2 of Part 2
This part of the questionnaire relates to fertility information. These questions will be asked in the case of female aged 15 and over in the household who have already been enumerated in part 2 of Form B household Questionnaire. Note that fertility information should be collected in column 4 to 6 for all women ages 15 and about in the household irrespective of their age or marital status. In other words, this will include elderly women and women who were never married, widowed, divorced, or separated.

86. Column 4, 5, 6: Number of children born.
The questions in these Columns have been designed in such a way as to elicit the vital information we require without embarrassing the respondents. We have to find out the total number of children born to a woman, number of children living and number of children dead among them. Please remember that the nature of responses you will obtain will depend, to a great extent, on how tactfully you put these questions. Great care must be taken to choose words which, while retaining the exact meaning of the questions will not give rise to any emotional feelings Finally, please note that the word "children" in the questions refer to the woman's own offspring of whatever age and sex and not the children of a brother, sister or husband or other relative or non-relative or adopted ones who may be living with her. You should also note that some of the respondents may be old and their memory weak. You should, therefore, exercise patience and help them to recollect the correct number of children born to them. If no child is reported for any of the questions, write 00 in the Column concerned.
Note: It is common experience that the birth of child may not be reported readily if the child is not actually surviving at the time of enumeration. Infant deaths are still high in the country. There is a chance of a number of such cases being missed unless specifically questioned about. It is necessary to record all live births even if the child has died soon thereafter or had not survived to the day of enumeration. Where a woman first answers that no child was ever born to her, you may perhaps question as follows: "It has been found in some houses that a child was born and had died soon after or a few days or month later and such cases had not been reported. It is my hope that there are no such cases here. Am I right?". This may bring in the required response. If she reports 'No' then you can be sure that no birth has been missed.

89. Column 6: (e) and (f) How many of them have died? (Separately for male children dead in Column (e) and female children dead in Column (f)
Record in the space provided the number of the woman's own children by sex who are dead. Note that some women may not easily remember the number of their children who have died. Therefore, you should help the respondent to find the correct number by counting your fingers as she mentions the names of the children dead. This is a sensitive question and you must ascertain the answer without wounding the feelings of the respondent.
Note: Make sure that no child is counted more than once or omitted. Please remember that the number of children born alive to a woman should be equal to the total of number of children living and number of children dead.
Column 4 (a) = Column 5 (c) + Column 6 (e) Column 4 (b) = Column 5 (d) + Column 6 (f)

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Form B: household questionnaire - part 3: fertility information of females aged 15 and over listed in column 2 of part 2
[Questions 1-6 were asked of females age 15 and older]

Number of children born
(Give number in two digits, like: 01, 02... 10, 11, etc. If none, write 00)

6. How many of them have died?

a. Male _ _
b. Female _ _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Filling in of Form B Household Questionnaire Part 3: Fertility Information of Females Aged 15 and over Listed in Column 2 of Part 2
[p.46]
110. This part of the questionnaire relates to fertility information. These questions will be asked in the case of females aged 15 and over in the household who have already been enumerated in Part 2 of Form B Household Questionnaire. Note that fertility information should be collected for all women aged 15 and above in the household irrespective of their age or marital status. In other words, this will include elderly women and women who were never married, married, widowed, divorced or separated.

110.1 You have already listed the names of usual members present and visitors present in the household on Census Night in Column 2 of Part 2. You have also filled in Columns 3 to 23 of Part 2. Now you have to first identify from Columns 2, 4 and 5 of Part 2, all females aged 15 and over in the household. As an indication that you have identified each such female, you should tick mark the serial number of the female concerned in Column 1 of Part 2. You have to collect fertility information about these women and record them in Columns 4 to 8 of Form B Part 3 of the questionnaire. The following are the instructions for filling in Columns 1 to 8 of Form B Part 3 of the questionnaire:

Columns 4 to 6: Number of Children Born

114. The questions in this Column have been designed in such a way as to elicit the vital information we require without embarrassing the respondents. We have to find out the total number of children born to a woman, number of children living and number of children dead among them. Please remember that the nature of responses you will obtain will depend, to a great extent, on how tactfully you put these questions. Great care must be taken to choose words which, while retaining the exact meaning of the questions, will not give rise to any emotional feelings. Finally, please note that the word "children" in the questions refers to the woman's own offspring of whatever age and sex and not the children of a brother, sister or husband or other relative or non-relative or adopted ones who may be living with her. You should also note that some of the respondents may be old and their memory weak. You should, therefore, exercise patience and help them to recollect the correct number of children born to them. If no child is reported for any of the questions, write 00 in the column concerned.

114.1 It is common experience that the birth of the child may not be reported readily if the child is not actually surviving at the time of enumeration. Infant deaths are still high in the country. There is a chance of a number of such cases being missed unless specifically questioned about. It is necessary to record all live births even if the child has died soon thereafter or had not survived to the day of enumeration. Where a woman first answers that no child was ever born to her, you may perhaps question her as follows: "It has been found in some houses that a child was born and had died soon after or a few days or months later and such cases had not been reported. It is my hope that there are no such cases here. Am I right?" This may bring in the required response. If she reports "No" then you can be sure that no birth has been missed.

Columns 6 (a) and (b): How many of them have died? (separately for male children dead in Column (a) and female children dead in Column (b)

118. Record in the space provided the number of the woman's own children by sex who are dead. Note that some women may not easily remember the number of their children who have died. Therefore, you should help the respondent to find the correct number by counting your fingers as she mentions the names of the children dead. This is a sensitive question and you must ascertain the answer without wounding the feelings of the respondent.

Note: Make sure that no child is counted more than once or omitted. Please remember that the number of children born alive to a woman should be equal to the total of number of children living and number of children dead.

Column 4 (a) = Column 5 (a) + Column 6 (a) and
Column 4 (b) = Column 5 (b) + Column 6 (b).

Cambodia 2013 — source variable KH2013A_CHDEADM — Male children deceased
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
[Questions 1-7 were asked of females age 15 and older]

Fertility information

Number of children born (give number in two digits, like: 01, 02... 10, 11, etc. If none, write 00)

6. How many of them are living?

_ _ Male
_ _ Female
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
82. Filling-in of Form B household questionnaire part 3: fertility information of females aged 15 and over listed in column 2 of part 2

This part of the questionnaire relates to fertility information. These questions will be asked in the case of female aged 15 and over in the household who have already been enumerated in part 2 of Form B household Questionnaire. Note that information should be collected in this part for all women ages 15 and over in the household irrespective of their age or marital status. In other words, this will include elderly women and women who were never married, widowed, divorced, or separated.

82.1 you have already listed the names of usual members present and visitors present in the household on survey night in column 2 of part 2. You have also collected information about the persons in column 3 to 25 of part 2. Now you have to first identify from columns 2, 4 and 5 of part 2, all female aged 15 and over in the household. As an indication that you have identified each such female, you should tick mark the serial number of the female concerned in column 1 of part 2. You have to collect fertility information about these women and record them in columns 4 to 7 of Form B Part 3 of the questionnaire.

Following are the instructions for filling-in columns 1 to 7 of Form B part 3 of the questionnaire

90. Column 7: (a) and (b): how many of them have died? (separately for male children dead in column (a) and female children dead in column (b)

Record in the space provided the number of the woman's own children by sex who are dead. Note that some women may not easily remember the number of their children who have died. Therefore, you should help the respondent to find the correct number by counting your fingers as she mentions the names of the children dead. This is a sensitive question and you must ascertain the answer without wounding the feelings of the respondent.

Note: make sure that no child is counted more than once or omitted. Please remember that the number of children born alive to a woman should be equal to the total of number of children living and number of children dead.

Column 5 (a) = Column 6 (a) + Column7 (a)
Column 5 (b) = Column 6 (b) + Column 7 (b)

Dominican Republic 1981 — source variable DO1981A_CHDEADM — Male children deceased
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For women 12 years of age and older [Applies to questions 66-72.]

D. Fertility Characteristics

72. How many have died?

____ Total
____ Males
____ Females
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For women 12 years of age and older

Question 72: How many [children] have passed away?

The number of males and females and the total number of children born alive who have passed away up to the census day is recorded. The circles are filled in.

Ethiopia 1984 — source variable ET1984A_CHDEADM — Number of male children dead
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
What is the total number of children ever born to [person]?
37. Living at home
_ _ Males
_ _ Females
38. Living elsewhere
_ _ Males
_ _ Females
_ _ Males
_ _ Females
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Columns 37 - 40: For All women Ten Years Old and Over

In these columns all women aged ten years and over will be asked the number live birth they have given and the number filled in these columns.

Before entering any data in these columns, it is important to understand the definition of "live birth". Live birth means a newborn baby has life as the time of birth. In general number of babies born live does not include abortion or still birth.

Columns 37 - 39: Total number of children ever born to [the respondent]?

For women ten years and over who has never had children born to them "00" will be entered in the card columns under columns 37, 38 and 39.

Column 37: Living at Home

Number of children by gender living with the household their mother is a member of will be entered in card columns 68 and 69 under column 37. Code "00" will be entered in card columns 68 and 69 for women aged ten years and over if the children do not live with them.

Column 38: Living elsewhere

In column 38 card columns 70 and 71 number of children living elsewhere will be entered by gender. If the children born to the woman do not live elsewhere then "00" will be entered in this column and in card columns 70 and 71.

Number of children dead by gender, if any, will be entered in column 39 card columns 72 and 73. However if there are no children dead "00" will be entered in this column card columns 72 and 73. When filling this column it has to be noted that children dead means those who died after they were born.

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Section III: Detailed particulars of household members

Asked for women aged 10 years and above
[Questions 34-38 were asked of female residents' age 10+.]

Total number of children ever born alive

36. What is the number of children dead?

_ _ Male
_ _ Female
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Column 34 - 38: Are questions referring the fertility experience of women aged 10 years and over.

Column 34 - 37: The total number of children ever born alive

This question is going to be asked for female member of a given household who are aged 10 years and above regarding the number of children they have ever born during life time
pg 81
(which includes children who are living with them, children who are dead and children who are living in other places). Nevertheless, Females whose age is less than ten years and members who are males of any age are excluded from being asked this question.

Before forwarding the question to the respondent, the enumerator should understand the concept of being "born alive". Being "born alive" means without considering the number of months the fetus stayed in its mother's womb, if the child breaths at the time of birth or if he/she shows life before or after the umbilical chord is cut; such as when the child experiences a heart beat, umbilical chord beat, crying, muscle movement etc?, it is only under this condition we come to say that the child is "born alive." What should be noted here is that if the child shows life even for a very little time and die soon no matter how long the pregnancy lasted, the child will be considered to be "born alive". However, in situation when the fetus dead in the womb and abortion cases are not taken in to an account.

Traditionally, some mothers consider their adopted children as their own biological children, so due attention must be taken while asking the question to the respondent. What is required to collect is the information regarding the number of children ever born by their biological parents. For this purpose three separate questions (questions regarding children who are living with their parents, who are not living with them and who are dead) are built to collect the required information on the number of children ever born by a given respondent. This method helps parents to remember their entire biological children; so we can get the exact information on the number of ever born children. But adopted children are not counted and therefore enumerators should take care while collecting the information.

Column 36: What is the number of children dead? (Male, Female).

By asking the respondent that among the children who are "born alive" how many of them died, the information will be filled on the space provided. But if there is no child dead the space will be filled with "0" for both sexes. When the enumerator fills this question you should remember that children ever dead mean, children who are born alive but dead after some time. As mentioned earlier it is important to remember that children who are dead include children born with marriage and died or children born out of marriage and died.

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Section 3: Details of persons in the household

[Questions 26-29 were asked of long form respondents 10+.]

28. Did you have children who have died?

If "yes," how many are males and how many are females.
Record "0" if none.
Record "0" for women who have no child at all.
_ _ Male
_ _ Female
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Question 26-29:- Are questions referring the fertility experience of women aged 10 years and over.

Question 26-28:- The number of children the respondent has ever born

This question is going to be asked for member of a given household who are females aged 10 years and above regarding the number of children they have ever born during life time (which includes children who are living with them, children who are dead and children who are living in other places). Nevertheless, Females whose age is less than ten years and members who are males of any age are excluded from being asked this question.

Before forwarding the question to the respondent, the enumerator should understand the concept of being "born alive". Being "born alive" means without considering the number of months the fetus stayed in its mother's womb, if the child breaths at the time of birth or if he/she shows life before or after the umbilical chord is cut; such as when the child experiences a heart beat, umbilical chord beat, crying, muscle movement etc..., it is only under this condition we come to say that the child is "born alive." What should be noted here is that if the child shows life even for a very little time and die soon no matter how long the pregnancy lasted, the child will be considered to be "born alive". However, in situation when the fetus dead in the womb and abortion cases are not taken in to an account.

Traditionally, some mothers consider their adopted children as their own biological children, so due attention must be taken while asking the question to the respondent. What is required to collect is the information regarding the number of children ever born by their biological parents. For this purpose three separate questions (questions regarding children who are living with their parents, who are not living with them and who are dead) are built to collect the required information on the number of children ever born by a given respondent. This method helps parents to remember their entire biological children; so we can get the exact information on the number of ever born children. But adopted children are not counted and therefore enumerators should take care while collecting the information.

Question 28:- Did you have children who have died? If yes, record how many died (Male, Female).

By asking the respondent that among the children who are "born alive" how many of them died, the information will be filled on the space provided. But if there is no child dead the space will be filled with code "0" for both sexes. When the enumerator fills this question you should remember that children ever dead mean, children who are born alive but dead after some time. As mentioned earlier it is important to remember that children who are dead include children born with marriage and died or children born out of marriage and died.

Fiji 1986 — source variable FJ1986A_CHDEADM — Number of male children who have died
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For all women born in 1971 or before
[Questions 18-22 were asked of all women born in 1971 or before]

20. How many have died?

If none, [write] '0'.
Boys: _
Girls: _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

176. The next set of questions, 18 to 22, applies to all women born in 1971 or before.

177. An answer is required of all women in this category whether or not they are married, whether or not they are still attending school, and whether or not you think they may have borne children.

178. If the person is male or is a girl born 1972 to 1986, write 'N/A' on line 18 and leave the rest of the column blank.

179. If possible speak to the woman herself. She will know about the children she has borne and will be able to answer the questions more accurately than anyone else.

180. The census is concerned with all the children a woman has borne. Include children who have grown up and left home, children borne by the woman to other men as well as to her present husband, her children who are living away from home and children who have died even if they died shortly after birth. Be careful to include very young babies.

181. Do not include adopted children, step children or children who may be staying in the household but were not borne by the woman herself.

182. We are concerned with the number of children the woman has borne alive. '0' is a number. If the appropriate number on any line is '0', then write '0'. Do not leave lines blank and do not use any other symbol.

183. A child born alive is one who cries after being born. The census is concerned with children born alive. Do not include still births -- that is, children who did not cry.

184. Ask, "Has this woman borne any children?"

185. If the woman has never borne any children alive, write '0' for boys and '0' for girls.

186. If the woman has borne a child or children, ask: "How many were with her on census night?"

187. Write the number of boys and the number of girls who were in this household on census night on line 18. If the answer is 'none', write '0' in the appropriate box.

188. "How many were elsewhere on census night?"

189. Write the number of boys and the number of girls whom the woman has borne who were not in the household on census night. If the answer is 'none', write '0' in the appropriate box.

190. "How many have died?"

191. Write the number of boys and girls whom the woman has borne alive but who have since died. If the answer is 'none', write '0' in the appropriate box.

[p. 21]

192. You have recorded details of all the children the woman has borne alive. You are next required to record particulars of her most recent live birth -- that is, of the last child she had borne alive.

193. "When was the last child born?"

194. Whenever possible record the day, month and year.

195. If the day is not known, record at least the month and year for all children born between 1980 and 1986 even if it takes time to establish the month by questioning the mother and other members of the household.

196. For children born before 1980 it will be enough to record the year of birth.

197. "Is the child still alive?"

198. Write 'yes' or 'no' as appropriate.

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For all women born in 1981 or before
[Questions F1-F5 were asked of women born in 1981 or before.]

F3. How many have died? If none, 0.

Boys ______
Girls ______

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Children ever born

To women born in 1981 or before

The next set of questions, F1 to F5, apply to all women born in 1981 or before.

163. An answer is required of all women in this category whether or not they are married, whether or not they are still attending school, and whether or not you think they may have borne children.

If the person is male or is a girl born 1982 to 1996, write 'N/A' on line F1 and leave the rest of the column blank.

If possible speak to the woman herself. She will know about the children she has borne and will be able to answer the questions more accurately than anyone else.

The census is concerned with all the children a woman has borne. Include children who have grown up and left home, children borne by the woman to other men as well as to her present husband, her children who are living away from home and children who have died even if they died shortly after birth. Be careful to include very young babies.

Do not include adopted children, step children or children who may be staying in the household but were not borne by the woman herself.

We are concerned with the number of children the woman has borne alive. '0' is a number. If the appropriate number of any line is '0', then write '0'. Do not leave lines blank and do not use any other symbol. It is just as important to record women who have not given birth as it to record those who have.

[p.39]

A child born alive is one who cries after being born. The census is concerned with children born alive. Do not include still births - that is children who did not cry and were born dead.

Question F3

'How many have died?'

Write the number of boys and girls whom the woman has borne alive but who have since died. If the answer is 'none' write '0' in the appropriate box.

167. You have recorded details of all the children the woman has borne alive. You are next required to record particulars of her most recent live birth - that is of the last child she has borne alive.

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For all women born in 1992 or before
[Questions F1-F6 were asked of women born in 1992 or before.]

F2. How many live born children of each sex, [the person] has given birth to have died?

(If none, write 0)
____ Male
____ Female
____ Total

Honduras 1988 — source variable HN1988A_CHDEADM — Number of dead male children
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For women 12 years of age and older
[Questions 26-30 were asked of female aged 12 years or older]

30. Out of those born alive

a) How many have passed away?

____ Total
____ Male
____ Female

b) How many are currently alive?

____ Total
____ Male
____ Female

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
30. Of those children born alive:

a) How many have passed away?
Record the total number of children who have passed away, along with the number of boys and number of girls.

[p. 58]

b) How many are currently alive?
If there are children still alive, write down the total number of children currently alive, along with the number of boys and number of girls.

Indonesia 1990 — source variable ID1990A_DEADMALE — Number of male children who have died
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

VIII. Women with status of married, divorced, widowed
[Questions 39-46 were asked of women who indicated being married, divorced, or widowed, as per question 5.]

44. Number of children who have passed away:

_ _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

F. Block VIII. Women who are married, divorced, or widowed

Question 44: Total number of children who died
Fill in number of children who died (excluding stillbirths) in the available space, and the content of the box is categorized by sex. If respondents do not have any children who died, write down "00" in the box provided for men and "00" in the box provided for women.

Indonesia 1995 — source variable ID1995A_DEADMALE — Number of sons who died
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

VII. Ever married women age 10-54
[Questions 701-716]

709. How many boys and girls have died?

Sons_ _
Daughters _ _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

6.7 Block VII. Women age 10-54 who ever married
This block is only asked to women aged 10-54 years old who ever married in order to obtain information on marriage, number of children born alive, children currently alive and deceased children. The characteristics are very useful to count the total number of births and the number of stillbirths. Try to interview the mother in question.

Block VII is filled in after the characteristics of all household members are recorded into Block V and Block VI. In a set of SUPAS95-S there are 4 pages of Block VII that are in pages 26-29. Write the characteristics of ever married women age 10-54 first on page 26, then on page 27 and so forth. If in one household there are more than four ever married women aged 10-54 years old, use an extra page.

For Block VII, read the questions that are printed in small letters.

Question 706 to 716: Number of children born alive
These questions are to collect the characteristics on all of the children born alive to the respondent, regardless of who the father is. When collecting the data on this matter, please explain to the respondent that the events to be covered are the children born alive even if [they are] not living in the same household or have passed away. Born alive is a child who, when born, showed signs of life such as crying, moving or breathing, even if the child only lived a few moments.

Also ask the respondent not to report the number of stillbirths (when the child did not show signs of life), foster children, or stepchildren.

Question 709: Number of children who passed away
Fill in the number of children who passed away (not including stillborn) in the provided box based on the sex. If the respondent does not have any children who passed away, fill in "00" in the box "Son", and "00" in the box "Daughter".

Indonesia 2010 — source variable ID2010A_CHDIEDM — Number of male children ever born who have died
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Ever married women age 10 or older
[Questions 219-221 were asked of ever-married women age 10 or older.]

[Questions 220-221 were asked of ever-married women age 10 or older who had a live birth.]

220. How many of [the respondent's] children are:

a. Living in this household?

_ _ Sons
_ _ Daughters

b. Living elsewhere?

_ _ Sons
_ _ Daughters

a. Have died?

_ _ Sons
_ _ Daughters

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Ever Married Women Who Are 10 Years or Older
[p. 142]
Questions number 219, 220 and 221 are asked to women who have ever married who are 10 years or older. If Q203 has a code 2, Q204 (age) 10 or older, and Q215 has codes 2, 3 or 4, then Q219, Q220 and Q221 must be asked. If not all requirements are met, then Q219, Q220 and Q221 should not be asked and should be left BLANK (Don't enter code 00).
The information which will be collected from every female household member who has ever married aged 10 or older is: has she ever given birth to a baby born alive, number of children still living, number of children who have died and whether she has given birth to a child after 1 January 2009. Information about number of children born alive who are still living and number of children who died must be recorded in detail classified by sex and whether or not the living children live in this household or a different household. Stillborn children are not included in this question.

Questions 220a, 220b and 220c: Total Number of Children Born Alive
Ask the total number of own children who were ever born alive to the household member who meets all the requirements [respondent has had a live birth]. Record the total number of children born alive, those who are still alive and live in this household or live in a different household as well as those who have already died. For the household member who has been married several times, this should include the children from all marriages from the first through the last.
Child born alive is an own child who at the time of its birth had signs of life, even though only for a very short time, such as heart beating, breathing, and crying.
Stillborn means that at the time of birth the child did not show any signs of life. A stillborn child is not included in this question.
If a child lives outside this household and it is not known whether the child is still alive, then it is assumed to be still alive.
In order to be clear and correct, the enumerator should read aloud the results he/she has recorded to confirm the information with the respondent. Say:

"So that I am sure that I have correctly recorded the information, please correct me if I have made any mistakes.

a. Number of own children of (Mrs. Arina, for example) still alive and who live in this household is (2, for example) boys and (1) girl.
b. Number of own children of (Mrs. Arina, for example) still alive and who live outside this household is (1, for example) boy and (no) girl.
c. Number of own children of (Mrs. Arina) who have died is (no) boy and (1) girl."

Kenya 1979 — source variable KE1979A_DEADMALE — Male children died
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For all females aged 12 years and older

How many children has this woman given birth to, who were born alive and who have died?

q. Boys ____
r. Girls ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

The questions in columns (m) to (u) apply to all women and girls aged twelve years and over.

124. Answers are required for all women in this category. It does not matter whether or not they are married, single, divorced or separated; whether or not they are still attending school; whether or not you think they have or have not borne children; or what their relationship to the head of the household -- you must ask the questions of all women and girls aged twelve and over.

125. For males and for girls under twelve years of age, write 'n/a' in column (m) and leave the rest blank.

126. Many women do not like answering questions about their children. There are various reasons for this, but it is your job to obtain the answers. It will require firmness and tact.

'Of the children she has borne alive, how many have died?'

137. Many people do not talk of the dead and many others find it painful to talk about their dead children. It is best to ask this question in a matter of fact way and without embarrassment.

138. Write the number of boys who have died in column (q) and the number of girls in column (r). If none of the boys and girls she has borne has died, write '0' in the appropriate column.

139. If, in spite of your best efforts, you cannot obtain this information about the children who have died, write 'refuses' in columns (q) and (r). Do not leave these, or any other columns, blank.

140. You have recorded in columns (m) to (r) details of all the children the woman has borne alive. You are next required to record particulars of her most recent birth, that is the particulars relating to the birth of her last borne child.

Kenya 1989 — source variable KE1989A_DEADMALE — Male children who have died
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D. Females aged 12 years and over

How many children has [the respondent] born alive who have died?

P44. Boys ____
P45. Girls ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

The questions in columns P40 to P51 apply to all women and girls aged 12 years and over

146. Answers are required of all women in this category. It does not matter whether or not they are married, single, divorced or separated; whether or not they are still attending school; or their relationship to the head of the household: you must ask the questions of all women and girls aged twelve years and over. The first thing to do is check column P00 to identify all those to whom these questions should be addressed.

147. For males and for girls under twelve years of age, leave columns P40 to P51 blank.

148. Many women do not like answering questions about their children. There are various reasons for this, but it is your job to obtain the answers. It will require firmness, politeness and tact.

149. Ask of all females age 12 and over whether they have borne any live children.

150. A child borne alive is one who cries after birth. The census is concerned only with children borne alive. Do not include stillbirths; that is, children who were born dead and therefore did not cry at the time of birth.

151. If the woman has never borne any live children, write '00' in each of columns P40 to P51.

152. If the woman has borne live children, ask, 'of the children she has borne alive, how many are living in this household?'

153. Write the number of boys who are living in the household in column P40 and the number of girls in column P41. If none of the boys or girls are living in the household, write '00' in the appropriate columns. You should be able to verify this information from column P00. If, for example, the woman has only two boys and two girls, you should write '02' in column P40 and '02' in column P41.

154. Next, of the children borne alive, ask her how many are living elsewhere?'

155. Write the number of boys who are living elsewhere in column P42 and the number of girls in column P43. If none of the boys or girls she has borne alive are living elsewhere, write '00' in the appropriate columns.

156. Include in these columns all the children she has borne alive who are living elsewhere. It may be that they have grown up and married, or have gone off to work, or are living with relatives, or are in a boarding school, and so on. Make sure that none of the children she has borne alive are missed and ask further questions to probe the matter fully, such as, 'are any of your children away, at work, or with relatives?'

157. Then ask, 'of the children you have borne alive, how many have died?'

158. Many people do not talk of the dead and many others find it painful. It is best to ask this question in a matter of fact way and without embarrassment. Please refer to item 150 above for the definition of a live birth.

159. Write the number of boys who have died in column P44 and number of girls in column P45. If none of the boys and girls she has borne have died, write '00' in the appropriate columns.

160. If, in-spite of your best efforts, you cannot obtain this information about the children who have died, code '99' in column P44 and P45. Do not leave any of these columns blank.

161. Before proceeding to columns P46 through P51, probe to know whether the number of children given in columns P40 through P 45 is correct by asking the woman again how many children she has given birth to. If this number differs from the total number in columns P40 through P 45, adjust your entries accordingly.

162. Ask, 'in what year was her last child born?'

163. Record the year of birth in column P47. For the years 1970 to 1989 state the year, but if the child was born before 1970 and the year is not known you may write '1969'. Code the last two digits of the year (e.g., 70 for 1970, 79 for 1979, and so forth).

164. If the child was born in 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988 or 1989, ask, 'in what month of the year was the child born?'

165. Code the month in column P46. Use '01' for January, '02' for February, etc. If the child was born in 1984 or before, you need not code the month of birth. However if the month is known, even for years before 1984, you may code them.

166. Then ask, 'was it a boy or a girl?'

167. Code the sex of the last borne child in column P48. Code '1' for males and '2' for females. If they were male twins, code '3', if female twins code '4', it twins with one of each sex, code '5', code '6' for other multiple births.

168. In column P49 indicate whether the child is still alive. If in column P48 it was indicated that they were twins or multiple births, preference will be given to dead children. If all the children of the above birth categories have died, preference will be given to the one who died latest. If the last born child is alive, and is living with the mother in the household, check that the year of birth agrees with the age of the child given is in column P12. If the dates do not agree, find out what has gone wrong and make the necessary corrections. If the child has died (see column P49), code the month and year of death in columns P50 and P51, respectively.

Kenya 1999 — source variable KE1999A_MDEAD — Number of males born alive who are dead
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C. Information regarding females aged 12 years and above:

How many children have you born alive who have died?

Mark X in the box and fill single digit only for 10 and above

P-46 Boys ____
P-47 Girls ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Columns P40-51: Particulars of all live births

88. The questions in columns P40 to P51 apply to all females aged 12 years and over

89. Answers are required of all females in this category. It does not matter whether or not they are married, never married, divorced or separated; whether or not they are still attending school; or what their relationship to the head of the household is. You must ask the questions of all females aged twelve years and over. First thing to do is check in column P11 and P12 and then identify all those to whom these questions should be posed. Make sure you make your entries in the correct serial numbers for the eligible women.

90. For all males and for girls below twelve years of age, leave columns P40 to P51 blank. Also, if a female aged 12 years and above has, for some reason, declined to respond to the questions, leave columns P40 to P51 blank. However, this will not be tolerated. For childless women, code "0" in the appropriate bigger boxes.

91. Many women do not like answering questions about their children. There are various reasons for this, but it is your job to obtain the answers. It will require firmness, politeness and tact.

92. Ask of all females aged 12 years and over "Have you borne any children alive?"

(a, A child borne alive is one who shows one or more of the following signs of life immediately after birth:
(i) Crying or similar sounds
(ii) Movement of the limbs or any other parts of the body
(iii) Any other tangible signs of life.
The census is concerned only with children born alive. Do not include stillbirths, that is, children who were born dead and therefore did not show any sign(s) of life as above at the time of birth.

(b) If the woman has born any child alive, write the number of boys in the bigger box in P40 and the number of girls in P41 if it is a single digit. However; mark an "X" in the smaller box and then fill in the last digit for 1019. The following are examples:

93. If the woman has born children alive, ask, "of the children you have born alive, how many usually live with you in this household?" Write the number of boys who usually live in the household in column P42 and number of girls in column P43. If none of the boys or girls she has borne alive are living in the household, write "0" in the appropriate boxes. For female headed households, you should be able to verify this information from column P10 and P11. If for example the woman has only two boys and two 'girls then you should write "2" in column P42 and "2" in column P43, leaving the smaller boxes in each sub-column blank.

94. Next ask, "of the children you have born alive, how many usually live elsewhere?"

(a) Write the number of boys who usually live elsewhere in column P44 and the number of girls in column P45. Fill in a single digit in the bigger box under the appropriate column if less than ten (10); for 10 and above mark an "X" the smaller box and fill in the last single digit in the bigger box. If none of the boys or girls she has borne alive live elsewhere, write, "0" in the appropriate bigger boxes, leaving the smaller boxes blank.

(b) Include in these columns all the children she has borne alive who usually live elsewhere. It may be that they have grown up and married, or have gone off to work, or are living with relatives, or are in a boarding school etc. Make sure that none of the children she has borne alive are missed out. Ask further questions to probe the matter fully - "are any of your children away?" "at work?" "with relatives?", etc.

95. Then ask, "of the children you have born alive, how many have died?"

(a) Many people do not want to talk of the dead and many others find it painful to talk about their dead children. It is best to ask this question in a matter of fact way and without embarrassment. Please refer to paragraph 92(a) above for the definition of a live birth.

(b) Write the number of boys who have died in column P46 and number of girls in column in P47 using the same procedure as in 94 (a). If none of the boys and girls she has borne alive has died, code "0" in the appropriate columns.

(c) If, in spite of your best efforts, you cannot obtain this information about the children who have died, leave columns P46 and P47 blank. However, you should not encourage this.

96. Before proceeding to columns P48-P51, probe to know whether the number of children given in columns P42-x'47 is correct by comparing with the entry in columns P40 and P41. If these totals differ, probe further and adjust your entries accordingly.

97. Ask, "in what year and month was your last child born?" Record the month and year of birth in columns P48 and P49 respectively. Code the month in column P48 i.e. "01" for January, "02" for February, "12" for December. Code the last two digits of the year i.e. "80" for 1980, "89" for 1989 in column P49 etc.

98. Then ask, 'was it a boy or a girl?' Write the sex of the last borne child in column P50. Code "1" for male, "2" for female, "3" for male twins, "4" for female twins, "5" for twins with one of either sex, and "6" for other multiple births.

99. In column P51 indicate whether the child is still alive. If the last live birth is alive and living with the mother, check that year of birth agrees with the age of the child which is in column P12. If the dates do not agree, find out what has gone wrong and make any correction that is necessary. For single births code "1" if the child is still alive and "2" if dead. For twins code "3" if both twins are alive and "4" if only one of the twins is alive. For multiple births, code "5" if all the multiples are alive, "6" if two of the multiples are alive, "7" if only one of the multiples is alive and "8" if none of the multiples is alive. Write "9" if the survival status of the last birth is not known.

Kenya 2009 — source variable KE2009A_CHDEADM — Number of boys born alive who have died
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B: Information regarding females aged 12 years and above
[Questions P-24 to P-36 were asked of females age 12+ only.]

P-30, P-31. How many children have you born alive who died?

_ _ Boys
_ _ Girls

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

- Section B: Information regarding females 12 years old and above. This section covers columns P24 to P36. It pertains to live births and should be asked of all females aged 12 years and above and make appropriate entries for each. As much as possible, obtain the information directly from the female concerned. Information should only be obtained from someone else if the respondent cannot be reached.

31. Section B: Information regarding females aged 12 years and above

31.5 Columns P30?P31: Children who have died

Then ask, "of the children you have born alive, how many have died?"
Many people find it painful to talk about their dead children. It is best to ask this question in a matter of fact and without embarrassment. Please refer to section B above for the definition of a live birth.

Write the number of boys and girls who have died in columns P30 and P31 respectively. If none of the boys and girls she has borne alive has died, code "0" in the appropriate columns. If, in spite of your best efforts, you cannot obtain this information about the children who have died, leave columns P30 and P31 blank. However, this will not be encouraged.

Before proceeding to columns P32?P36, probe to confirm whether the number of children given in columns P26?P31 is correct by comparing with the entries in columns P24 and P25. If these totals differ, probe further and adjust your entries accordingly.

Laos 2005 — source variable LA2005A_CHDEADM — Male children that died
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
E. For women, aged 15 to 49 years
Ask woman that are present at enumeration
[Questions 18-20 were asked of present women age 15 to 49].

[In Question 18] If no (2) or (9): continue with next woman. If yes (1): How many children born alive to you...
Have died?
_Male
_Female
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Section E: For women aged 15 - 49 years
The purpose of questions 18 -- 20 is to collect information for estimating fertility and infant and child mortality, preferably directly from the woman concerned.
Information on live births (fertility) should be obtained for all women aged 15 to 49 years. For all others, i.e. for women less than 15 years and those more than 49 years and all males, use the tick-box for alternative "9" in question 18, and leave the rest blank.
Information should be requested of all women 15-49 years, irrespective of their marital status or whether you think they have borne children or not. Efforts should be made to get responses from the women themselves and permission to do so should be obtained from the head of household. If the woman concerned is not present, someone else - preferably the head of household - should be used to answer the questions.
Definition of live birth: A child born alive is one who cries after being born. Thus, a live birth is a birth which results in a child that shows any sign of life irrespective of the time of period within which these signs are manifest.

Question 18: Children ever born
Identify all eligible women using the age of the woman. Check with question 2 for consistency; the number of children in question 2 must be equal or higher than the number in question 17 (the higher number in question 2 accepted because foster children also are eligible in that question).
There are four parts to this question and the order of asking them is as follows:

d. How many children born alive to you (or name) have died?

Make the appropriate entries under columns for males and females.
This information is extremely important and it is difficult to obtain accurate data, because some respondents may fail to mention children who died very young or a long time ago. Probe by asking "Any male or female child who was born alive but only survived a few days or hours?"
Many respondents will be reluctant to talk about child deaths and become sad or upset that you are asking such questions. Be very tactful in such situations. Explain that you know the subject is painful but that the information is very important for calculation of death rates (mortality).

Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Section E. For women aged 12 years and over

26. Has (the respondent) given any live birth?

[Question 26 not applicable to males and those under 12 years.]
Enter 00 if no. If Yes, how many children were born alive to (the respondent) altogether?

____Live births
How many have died?
_ _ Male
_ _ Female
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

5. Part E of the questionnaire

Columns 26 to 30 should be asked only of women aged 12 years and over

138. Column 27 to 30. Enter NA if the person is male or female under 12 years and 99 if the respondent does not know about the woman's fertility and the woman in question is absent. If the woman is 12 years and over and has never born a child enter a 0 in sections 271 to 276.
Sections 271 and 272 Total number of children living with the mother at the time of census. Write in these columns the total number of male and/or female children actually born to this woman living with her.
Sections 273 and 274: Those who are living elsewhere (such as those in institutions, married and living with their family elsewhere).
Sections 275 and 276: Those that were born alive and died even if they only lived for a few minutes. Do not include still births (ba hlahileng ba khathetse).
Note: before asking the next question check that the total number of children given in column 26 agrees with the numbers given in sections 271 to 276.

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Section F. Women aged 12 to 49 years (Fertility)

43. How many sons have died?

_ _ Sons
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Part F of the questionnaire
For women aged 12 to 49 years (fertility)

113. Column 43: How many sons have died?

Liberia 2008 — source variable LR2008A_CHDEADM — Number of male children dead
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Females aged 12 years and over

P27-32. How many children have been born alive to [the respondent] who are?

(Record as given -- '0' no child)
P31. M _ _

P32. F _ _

Malawi 1987 — source variable MW1987A_CHDEADM — Children who have died, males
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Women aged 10 years or older
[Questions P and Q were asked of women aged 10 years or more]

Number of children ever born alive

Living in this household
_ _ Male
_ _ Female
Living elsewhere
_ _ Male
_ _ Female
Have since died
_ _ Male
_ _ Female
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Women aged 10 years or more
[Question (p) and (q) should only be asked to women age 10 years or older]

Number of children ever born alive:

(i) Living in this household: Ask each woman age 10 years or older the number of children ever born alive to her who are currently living in the same household. Record the number of male children and female children in columns 44-45 and columns 46-47, respectively.

(ii) Living elsewhere: Ask each woman age 10 years or older the number of children ever born alive to her who are living elsewhere that is away from the household the woman is living in. Record the number of male children in column 48 and female children in column 49, accordingly.

Remember that all children, young or grown up, who are living on their own or with relatives whether within or outside the same village or place but away from the household the woman is living in are to be recorded in this category. Emphasise to the woman that you want to know the number of all her children who were born alive irrespective of their ages and where they are living.

(iii) Have since died: Ask the woman the total number of children she has ever borne alive, but have since died. Record the number of male and female children who have died in column 50 and column 51, respectively.
While probing for this information make sure that the woman does not exclude any of her children who might have died shortly after birth as long as they were born alive.

[Rest of the paragraph is unclear in the original copy.]

Note: You should make sure that you do not leave any columns from 42 to 55 blank for any woman aged 10 years or more. For instance where a woman has reported to have no children ever born alive under any specific column in question (p) or no live births under any specific column in question (q), you should record zeroes) and not leave the columns blank.

Malawi 1998 — source variable MW1998A_DEADMAL — Total male children, deceased
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Children ever born [Questions B20-B26]
[Questions B20-B30 were asked of women age 12 and older]

How many have died? If none, enter "00".

B25. Male _ _
B26. Female _ _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Part B: Characteristics of Individual Household Members

5. Women age 12 years or older
Questions B20 to B30 should be asked only of women aged 12 years or more.

How many children has this woman borne alive?

B25-B26. How many have died?
Ask the woman how many male and female children of the total number of children born alive have since died. Record in 2 digits the number of dead male children in column B25 and the number of dead female children in column B26.

Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Ever married women (aged 15 and above) (25 through 31)
[Question 25 through 31 were only asked of ever married women age 15 and older.]

28. How many of those children are no longer alive (dead)?

_ _ Male
_ _ Female
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Births to Ever Married Women Section (Fertility)

186. The questions on births and children related issues will be asked to ever-married women aged 15 and above. Many women may be reluctant to answer questions about their children. There are various reasons for this, but it is your duty to obtain the answers. It will require firmness, politeness, tact, understanding and, for some questions such as death, sympathy.

187. Only females above 15 years who have ever married should respond to the questions on births. Use Q4 - sex, Q5 - age, and Q6 - marital status, to determine eligible persons for this section. These questions will be used to estimate fertility and childhood mortality levels in Myanmar. The information would also be used to undertake population projections required for future planning purposes.

Nepal 2001 — source variable NP2001A_MALEDEAD — Number of children dead, male
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Only for married women (15-49 year of age)
[Questions 13 and 14 were asked of only married women age 15-49 years.]

13. How many children were ever born to ____?
(State all children live born by sex)

Son ____
Daughter ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Column 13: How many children were ever born alive____?
[Only for ever married women between the ages of 15 and 49 years]
1. Living together son ____ daughter ____
2. Living separately son ____ daughter ____
3. Dead son ____ daughter ____
4. Total son ____ daughter ____

Born live means -- children that give signs of live birth by crying or by some movement after the birth are known as live births. If children don't have any sign of live birth like crying or movement, sound, then this birth could not be a live birth. Still birth (abortion or end pregnancy) should not be counted; however all the live birth should be enumerated.

For all women ever married (marital status of codes 2 through 7 in column 11) and aged 15-49 years, it should be asked how many children (son/daughter) were ever born alive, and recorded in the form. The fertility-related questionnaire should be administered to concerned women only. The answer category obtained by asking men might be wrong.

To minimize the problem of undercounting all live birth children, the current status of children living together in the household, living separately, or dead should be asked and reported separately, and the total should also be written. For the purpose of enumeration, only the number of children delivered by concerned women should be mentioned. Children delivered by other women, like adopted sons or daughters, should not be included on her number of child born.

1. Sons and daughters living together: The number of sons and daughters living in the same household (with their mother) should be mentioned here. Usually unmarried and married sons and unmarried daughters live with her mother.

2. Sons and daughters living separately: The number of sons and daughters living separately, if they are not living in the same household or with her mother (migrants due to marriage or living outside for study), should be mentioned in this column. If any sons or daughters are living separately inside the country or outside the country, they should be enumerated as not living together with her mother.

3. Dead sons and daughters: The number of sons and daughters who died immediately after live birth or dies after some times. The number of sons and daughters should be mentioned separately. But still births should not be included.

4. Total sons and daughters: As mentioned above, among the total number of children born alive, the separate total of sons and daughters living together, living separately or dead should be mentioned separately. If separate totals and the grand total are not consistent (different), then ask the reason of difference and make corrected accordingly.

Note: While administering these questions, the sons and daughters dead after live birth should be asked in depth. However, the topic of dead sons and daughters is a very sensitive subject, so some may refuse to give information on dead sons and daughters. Some may have the concept that this information need not be reported. But for the purpose of fertility and mortality related study, this information is important. Especially the children dead immediately or after some time of live birth are considered to be under reported. For collecting information on fertility, special time should be allotted and the status of sons and daughters should be mentioned separately.

Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Personal Information

[20] How many children were ever born to [the respondent]?

Only for married women [15-49 years of age]
State all children born alive, by sex.
[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No [If No, go to 22]
If Yes,
Description
[Indicate number of sons and daughters for each category]
_ Son
_ Daughter
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Fertility status of married women in fertility age [columns 20-21]

Column 20: has [the respondent] ever given birth to an alive child?
(Ask the married women aged 15-49 years old)

1. Yes
Description: living in the household
Son: _ _
Daughter: _ _

Description: living elsewhere
Son: _ _
Daughter: _ _

Son: _ _
Daughter: _ _

Description: total
Son: _ _
Daughter: _ _
2. No [Go to question 22]

The purpose of this question is to determine fertility rate of married women in fertility age. Therefore, this question should be asked the married women in fertility age (15-49) at the time of enumeration.

Born alive means the child born by giving sound, crying, and movement when out of the mother's womb or giving indication of living. At the time of birth if a child does not give any indication of living such as sound, crying, or movement, then such child is not considered alive. Miscarriage or stillbirth is not also considered alive. If it is stillbirth, there is no need to include in counting. But the living child should not be left in counting.

[Image is omitted]

Ask whether they have alive children to women who have been married once (any marital status from reference 2 to 7 of column 7) and women from 15-49 years old, and if they have, circle the reference 1. Also ask how many alive children they gave birth and their current status (living in the household, living elsewhere, or dead), and accordingly fill up the information in the related box. While writing the number of children, only state the children born from the counted woman's womb. The children born from others, another wife of husband, adopted children should not be written under the children from the woman.

[p. 71]

The questions related to birth are known more to the concerned woman. If you asked these question [to a man], the responses likely to be wrong and hence, such question should be asked to the woman as far as possible.

3. Dead children - If any child was born alive but died immediately after birth or later in the family, then his/her number should be written in this section, separating the numbers of son and daughter. But children from stillbirth should not be included here.

Nigeria 2006 — source variable NG2006A_OWNCHDM — Number of own male children that have died
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Part D: Female contraceptive prevalence - Children ever born by women married or aged 15 years and over
[Applies to questions 0-15]

8. Number of own children that have died

Male _
Female _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
How to complete Part D: Female contraceptive prevalence.

Col. 8 Number of own Children that have Died:
State the number of the children that may have died by gender. However, care should be exercised in asking about children who have died. Note that Children of previous marriage should be included in the answers to columns 6-8

Nigeria 2007 — source variable NG2007A_NMCHDEAD — Number of own male children dead
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Part D: Contraceptive prevalence (For both male and female)

Children ever born by women married or aged 15 years and over
[Applies to questions 9-16]

12. Number of own children that have died

Male _
Female _
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
How to complete Part D: Female contraceptive prevalence.

Col. 8 Number of own Children that have Died:
State the number of the children that may have died by gender. However, care should be exercised in asking about children who have died. Note that Children of previous marriage should be included in the answers to columns 6-8

Papua New Guinea 1980 — source variable PG1980A_CHDEADM — Male children died
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
For all females 15 years of age and older (born in 1965 or before)
[Questions 15-16 were asked of females age 15+.]

15B. Have any of your children died?

____ Number of boys
____ Number of girls
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Section 6 - The census questions

Urban RNVs and rural villages

Question 15
This question has 4 parts, A, B, C and D.
For all females 15 years of age and older (born in 1965 or before)

A. How many children have you given birth?
B. Have any of your children died?
C. Do any live somewhere else?
D. How many live here with you?

Part B

'Have any of your children died', is probably the most difficult question to get a good answer to. People forget or don't like remembering their dead children.
However, the question is important and you should try to get an answer to it.

Papua New Guinea 2000 — source variable PG2000A_CHDEADM — Male children dead
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Continue only for all citizen women aged 15 years or more
[Questions 20-23 were asked of females age 15+.]

23. How many of [the respondent's] own children are dead?

____Boys
____Girls
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Records of births and deaths of children
The next four questions are about the number of children women have had, and the number of children who have died. This is important information to help us estimate how many people PNG will have in the future, and to help us plan for maternal and child health services.

Question 23: Number of Own Children Dead

____Boys
____Girls
Who to ask: Ask all PNG citizen women aged 15 years or more who said in Q20 that they have given birth to a child.

Get this information for: All PNG citizen women aged 15 years or more who have given birth to at least one child.

"Have any of your own children have died?"
It may be difficult to get a good response because some women don't like to talk about dead children. Be kind and considerate when you ask.
The question is important and must be asked.
Even if the answer is No, ask "Did you ever have any babies who cried or showed signs of life but survived only a few minutes/days/weeks?"
When a number is given, ask "How many of these dead children were boys and how many were girls?"

How to record: Record the number of dead male children in the box for Boys, and the number of dead female children in the box for Girls.
Note: Do not record still births (that is, giving birth to a dead child), adopted/foster children, step-children.

The figures in Q21, Q22 and Q23 for each woman MUST add up to the figures in Q20. Check these totals as you go. If the numbers don't add up to the number in Q20, ask the respondent to clarify.

Paraguay 1982 — source variable PY1982A_CHDEADM — Male children deceased
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Only for women 14 years of age and older

How many children have died?

____ Total
____ Males
____ Females

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Question 10

[A depiction of question 10 to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

If the answer is no or do not know, annul the rest of the questions in this box. If the answer is yes, ask the following questions.

How many children born alive have you had in total?

On the corresponding line write the total number of children born alive; the number of men and women, including those who are absent or who have died.

[A depiction of the question to the right of the preceding text and a drawing below the text are omitted here.]

How many of them currently live in Paraguay?

Write down the total number of men and women children who currently live in Paraguay, be it in the place of enumeration or in another district.

[A depiction of question to the right of the preceding text and a drawing below the text is omitted here.]

[P. 43]

How many of them currently live outside of the country?

Write down the total number of men and women children who currently reside outside of the country. Do not include those who are outside of the country on a visit or for business.

[A depiction of question and a drawing to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

How many children have died?

[A depiction of question below the preceding text and a drawing to the left of the text is omitted here.]

Write down the total number of children, men and/or women, who have died. Do not include those born dead.

On what date was your last child born? Is that child still alive?

On the corresponding line write the day, month, and year of birth of the last child born alive.
Make an X in the corresponding box, indicating if this child is alive or dead.

[A depiction of question to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

Sierra Leone 2004 — source variable SL2004A_CHDEADM — Number of male children dead
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[Questions P26 - P33: Females age 10 years or older]

How many children have been born alive to [the respondent] who are:

P32. Male _ _
P33. Female _ _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Columns P26 to P33 -- Fertility
These questions apply to all women age 10 years or older. For all males and for girls younger than 10 years, draw a straight line in each of these columns as appropriate.

134. These questions must be answered for all women age 10 years and older, irrespective of their marital status, and whatever their relationship to the head of the household.

145. Ask: "How many of the male children are dead?" Write the answer in column P32. Record "00" if she has no male child dead. Always use two digits.

147. Sometimes a woman may forget to mention children who died in infancy and does not wish to be reminded of painful events; you must therefore put this question tactfully and sympathetically.

148. If a woman has never borne a child, record "00" in each of the eight columns. Similarly, if a woman has children in one or two categories only enter the numbers as appropriate and record "00" in the remaining column or columns. Never leave them blank.

149. You have to be careful when you record answers pertaining to the total number of children borne by a woman in her lifetime. The total number of children ever born by a woman will not likely exceed 17 and use that number as a guide. You must therefore probe further if the total number of children recorded for a woman in P26 and P27 exceeds 17.

[Questions P26 - P33: Females age 10 or older]

P32-33 Dead (record as given) ("00" No child)

[] M __
[] F __

Sierra Leone 2015 — source variable SL2015A_CHDEADM — Number of male children dead
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
[Section II was answered for all persons who selected living in occupied housing units in question I15]

Females aged 10 years and over [Questions P34-P37]

_ _ P37M. Male children dead
_ _ P37F. Female children dead
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Section 2: Population characteristics

Columns (P01) to (P20) -- These should provide particulars of all persons who slept in the household on census night. The questions therefore apply to all persons irrespective of age or sex, except P13 which applies to persons 5 years and above.

Columns (P34M) to (P37F) -- Fertility.
Questions P34M to P37F apply to all women aged 10 years and over. For all males and for girls aged less than 10 years, put a dash in each of these spaces as appropriate.

161. These questions must be answered for all women aged 10 years and over, irrespective of their marital status, and whatever their relationship to the head of the household is.

172. Ask, "How many of the male children born to (name) are dead?" Write the answer in column (P37M). Record '00' if she has no male child dead.

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Section F: Fertility - ask of women aged 12 to 50 years (born between and including 1957 and 1995) listed on the flap
[Questions P-40 to P-47.]

P-44 Total children no longer alive

a. How many of (the person's) children are no longer alive?
_ _
b. How many were boys?
_ _
c. How many were girls?
_ _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

5.7. Section F: Fertility

This section is to be asked only of women aged 12 to 50 years (born between and including 1957 and 1995) listed on the flap.

(P-44) Total children no longer alive:
a. How many of (the person's) children are no longer alive?
b. How many were boys?
c. How many were girls?

As this is a sensitive question, care should be taken when asking it.

Confirm that the total of b. and c. matches a. If there are any discrepancies, probe.

The total for P-42 plus P-43 plus P-44 cannot be greater than the total for children ever born alive in P-41.

South Africa 2016 — source variable ZA2016A_CHDEADM — Total number of boys no longer alive
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
3. Person information

[3.7] Household members

[3.7.8] Fertility

[3.7.8.6] How many of the respondent's children are no longer alive? _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

[3.7.8.7] How many are boys? _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

South Sudan 2008 — source variable SS2008A_DEADMAL — Male children deceased
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Number of children ever born alive
[Questions 26 - 32: Women aged 12 to 54 years]
If no children, write "00"

29. How many of those children are no longer alive?

Male _ _
Female _ _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
7.7. LFQ fertility questions 26-32
The remaining questions are only asked of women aged 12 to 54 years old. If you are asking questions for a male, or a female 11 years old or less or 55 years or older, stop and go to the next person listed on the questionnaire. In the 15 states of North Sudan, these questions are not asked of never married females as reported in Q24.

Q29 "How many of those children are no longer alive?" Continuing with the same female respondent, ask question 29.

• You should ask the question as it is written on the questionnaire." Do not ask: "How many of your children are dead?"
• Write the number of male and female children who are reported as no longer alive in their respective columns.
• Again make sure to use two digits. If all her children are alive, then you should write "00" in the respective male and female columns.
• Shade in the numbers corresponding to the numbers written in the boxes.

Verifying the number of children:
• Add the number of male children from Q27-29 and verify that the sum equals the total number of males in Q26.
• Add the number of female children from Q27-29 and verify that the sum equals the total number of females in Q26.
• If the number of males or females is not equal, you must go through the questions again with the respondent and make the necessary corrections.

Verify the number of children as soon as you complete question 29, so that you can correct any mistakes with the respondent.

Sudan 2008 — source variable SD2008A_DEADMAL — Male children deceased
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Number of children ever born alive
[Questions 26 - 32: Women aged 12 to 54 years (if in North Sudan only complete this section for women who are or have ever been married)]
If no children, write "00"

29. How many of those children are no longer alive?

Male _ _
Female _ _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
7.7. LFQ fertility questions 26-32
The remaining questions are only asked of women aged 12 to 54 years old. If you are asking questions for a male, or a female 11 years old or less or 55 years or older, stop and go to the next person listed on the questionnaire. In the 15 states of North Sudan, these questions are not asked of never married females as reported in Q24.

Q29 "How many of those children are no longer alive?" Continuing with the same female respondent, ask question 29.

• You should ask the question as it is written on the questionnaire." Do not ask: "How many of your children are dead?"
• Write the number of male and female children who are reported as no longer alive in their respective columns.
• Again make sure to use two digits. If all her children are alive, then you should write "00" in the respective male and female columns.
• Shade in the numbers corresponding to the numbers written in the boxes.

Verifying the number of children:
• Add the number of male children from Q27-29 and verify that the sum equals the total number of males in Q26.
• Add the number of female children from Q27-29 and verify that the sum equals the total number of females in Q26.
• If the number of males or females is not equal, you must go through the questions again with the respondent and make the necessary corrections.

Verify the number of children as soon as you complete question 29, so that you can correct any mistakes with the respondent.

Suriname 2004 — source variable SR2004A_CHDEADM — Male children deceased
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Personal form

Women aged 12 to 64
[Questions P26 through P30 were asked of women aged 12 to 64.]

P28. How many live-born children of this woman have died?

If: NONE, enter: 0 / 0

_ a. Daughters
_ b. Sons

Tanzania 1988 — source variable TZ1988A_CHDEADM — Male children not surviving
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Females 12 years and older
[Applied to questions 19 to 22]

21. How many children were born alive to [the respondent] and who are now dead?

If none, enter "00".
Indicate the sex of the children:
____ Males
____ Females

Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

E. Female respondents age 12 and older
[Questions 21-24.]
Children ever born

23. How many male/female children were born alive to [respondent] and are now dead?

If none of her children has died, write "00".
Male _ _
Female _ _

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

E. Women with the age of 12 and above
This part is important so, you should be very careful when asking questions and filling in the answers. Questions 21 to 24 are specifically for women age 12 and older.
All men (without age consideration) and women younger than 12 years should not be asked these questions. You acquire every detail about the number of children born alive from the woman you are interviewing for the whole period, up to the night before the Census day.
[p. 62]
It is stressed that a baby born "alive" is one who shows signs of being alive (he/she breathed or cried), even if for a short time. Please make sure that the children mentioned by the respondent are only those she gave birth to, not those she is raising.
Remember that the night before the Census day is the one between the 24th and the 25th of August, 2002.Therefore, all babies born after the night before the Census day should not be counted, though they will be in that household when your enumerating those in the household. For example, all children born after midnight in the night between August 24th and 25th, 2002 are not to be counted. This may happen when you are forced take more than a day to enumerate in your area.
The answers are to be given by all women age 12 and older without taking into consideration their marital status. Even if she is still in school or university, as long as she is 12 or older, she must be asked this question.
Note: Questions about births are to be answered by the respective woman, for she is the one who knows her birth history.
It is possible to meet women who do not want to give information about their children. There are different reasons that may lead to this situation, but make sure you get the correct information about the live births from that woman. If this situation arises, seek for help from the street/village chairman/sheha or any leader in that area.

Question 23: How many children did you give birth to who were alive but died?
Most people do not like to talk about the deceased, and most of them feel pain to talk about their decease children. It is good to ask this question in a polite way without upsetting the respondent.
Write the number of male and female children who are deceased and shade the corresponding spaces. Children involved here are those who were born alive and later passed away. Use two digits in writing the answer given.
If the respondent has never lost a child, write "00" in the space for male children and "00" in the space for female children, then shade in the corresponding spaces.
[P. 64]
[Illustration for question 23 is omitted]

Tanzania 2012 — source variable TZ2012A_CHDEADM — Number of male children dead
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
E. Females aged 12 years and above
[Questions 28-32 were asked of females aged 12+]

Children ever born

30. How many male/female children were born alive to [the respondent] and are now unfortunately dead?

_ _ Male
_ _ Female

If none of her children has died, write and shade '00'.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Question 28 to 32 aims to understand the fertility trends in our communities, including child born alive but died [i.e., stillbirth and neonatal or perinatal deaths], and children born alive in the past twelve months and whether they're still alive.

Explanation/clarification of the question: The purpose of these questions is to get the fertility rate in the country.

Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

For women aged twelve (12) to fifty four (54) years

For all children ever born

P23 How many children has name borne? (Write number, if none, write "00") male ___ female ___

P24 How many are living in this household? (Write number, if none, write "00") male ___ female ___

P25 How many are alive, but living elsewhere? (Write number, if none, write "00") male ___ female ___

P26 How many are dead? (Write number, if none, write "00") male ___ female ___

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Child Birth History
170. Questions P23 to P30, apply to All Women Aged 12 - 54 Years.
171. An answer is required of all women in this age category irrespective of whether or not they are married, whether or not they are still attending school, and whether or not they may have produced children.
172. If the person is male or is a girl aged 0-11 years, or a woman aged 55 years or more write "N/A" for Question P23 and leave the rest of the column blank.
173. We are concerned with the number of children a woman has borne alive. A child born alive is one who cries after being born, breathes or shows any evidence of life such as beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord or definite movement of voluntary muscles. Do not include stillbirths - that is children who are delivered when they were already dead.
174. Remember to use a two-digit code for all the questions in this section except P28 and P29 which require a one-digit code.
175. It is important that you speak to the woman herself. Some women may not be willing to give information about the exact numbers of children they have produced, if they know that some of them do not belong to their current husband and they are living somewhere else. The female herself will know about the children she has borne and will be able to answer the question more accurately than anyone else.
176. Ask questions P23 - P26 separately for male and female children.

182. Write the number of dead children. In case none of her children has died, write code "00"
183. Remember to include those children who died immediately after being born. Always try to be very careful when collecting such information. Use the same format as used in Question P23.
184. Be sympathetic to her but remind her that the information is useful
185. Check questions P23 to P26 for consistency. P23 = P24 + P25 + P26. This is true for either sex. If this equation does not balance, probe to ensure that it balances before you proceed to the next question.

Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Section 1: Particulars of household members

For females (12-54 years) only

P29 Of the total children ever borne, how many are dead? Among these children, how many are boys and how many are girls? If the woman has never given birth, record 00 in the boxes below. 97 = N/A.

_ _ Total
_ _ Boys
_ _ Girls

Zambia 1990 — source variable ZM1990A_DEADMAL — Male children born alive who are dead
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Fertility (Own children ever born alive)
[Question F-1 to F-6 were asked of females 12 years and over]

F-1 Live birth
Have you ever had a live birth? (Including babies who dies after birth)

[] 1-Yes
[] 2-No (If "No", go to next person or M-1)

F-2 Age at first live birth
How old were you when you first had a live birth? ____

F-4
a. How many are still living with you? How many of these are male and how many female?
b. How many are living elsewhere in some other household? How many of these are male and how many are female?
c. How many died? How many of these are male and how many are female?

Male ____
Female ____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Chapter VI-Fertility

1. You are about to start a new topic so you have to prepare the respondent by informing her that you are now going to ask her questions about children and child bearing. Remember these are questions to be asked of female adults and not for husbands to answer for their wives, except where it is inevitable. Questions on fertility are to be asked only of those females who are 12 years old and over and they involve only their own children.

F - 4: Of the children born to you alive how many ...?
5. The number of male and female children ever born alive to this female is to be recorded separately in three different categories. These are: still living and still at home with the respondent (i.e staying in the same household with the respondent); still living but staying with some other households e.g other relatives, married off, in institutions e.t.c; 'and those who have since died (regardless of whether the death took place just after birth or much later in life).

45

6. If a woman is visiting, then the question of "still living with you should be asked with respect to her usual place of residence. That is about children she normally stays with. Enter the number of children as reported by sex in two digits e.g. 1 male child living with her = 01, 2 children = 02, 10 children = 10 and they should be entered into the respective boxes. If the answer is none enter 00, never leave a box blank except where there is a 'Go To instruction.

Zambia 2000 — source variable ZM2000A_DEADMAL — Number of male births currently dead
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
For Females 12 Years and Older ? Fertility
(Own children ever born alive)

27. Of the children born to you alive:
a. How many are still living with you? How many of these are male and how many are female?

Total: _____
Male:____
Female:_____

b. how many are living elsewhere in some other household? How many of these are male and how many are female?

Total: _____
Male:____
Female:_____

c. how many died? How many of these are male and how many are female?

Total: _____
Male:____
Female:_____
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
5.8 Fertility: for females 12 years and older

You are about to start a new topic so you have to prepare the respondent by informing her that you are now going to ask her questions about children and child bearing. Remember these are questions to be asked of female adults and not for husbands to answer for their wives, except where it is inevitable. Questions on fertility are to be asked only of those females who are 12 years and older and they involve only their own children.

P29: Live Births
This is a child who, after being delivered showed signs of life, like crying, movement by involuntary reflexes, etc. If a child never showed any of these actions when it was born, then it was not a live birth. Married females tend to leave out children from earlier marriages. These are also supposed to be included for all the questions. Shade first box for YES and the second for No. If the answer is NO, skip to Question P-33.

P30: Of The Children Born To You Alive How Many....?
The number of male and female children ever born alive to this female is to be recorded separately in three different categories. These are

a. Still living and still at home with the respondent (i.e staying in the same household with the respondent);
b. Still living but staying with some other households" e.g other relatives, married off, in institutions etc.; and
c. Those who have since died (regardless of whether the death took place just after or much later in life).

If a woman is visiting, then the question of "still living with you" should be asked with respect to her usual place of residence. That is about children she normally stays with. Enter the number of children as reported by sex in two digits e.g. if 1 male child is living with her shade 0 in the first column and I in the second column under male. If the answer is none, enter 00 and shade the 2 zeros in the two columns. Never leave a column blank.

Zambia 2010 — source variable ZM2010A_MALESDEAD — Number of male live births now dead
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Females 12 years and older
[Applies to questions 38-41]

Of the children born to you alive how many are?.?

_ Male
_ Female
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
4.19 Fertility: for females 12 years and older

You are about to start a new topic so you have to prepare the respondent by informing her that you are now going to ask her questions about children and child bearing. Remember these are questions to be asked to females 12 years and older and not for husbands to answer for their wives. Questions on fertility are to be asked only to those females who are 12 years and older and they involve only their own children. If the female is a usual member present or a visitor, fertility questions have to be asked to them personally. If they are not around, a call back has to be made until they are found and information is collected. If the enumerator cannot find the female respondent even after making at least three visits, the enumerator should inform the supervisor.

P-41: Of the children born to you alive, how many are dead?

This question is asking for the number of male and female children ever born alive to this female but have since died (regardless of whether the death took place just after birth or much later in life).

Enter the number of children as reported by sex e.g. if 1 male child is dead, enter 1 in the box for male. If the answer is none, enter 0 in the box but if the number of male or female children is ten or more enter the two digits in one box according to sex. Never leave a box blank.

Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
E- For women age 15-49 years
[Question 23 to 27 were asked of women age 15 to 49 years]

If yes, how many children born to (the respondent) have died?

Male
[] 0
[] 1
[] 2
[] 3
[] 4
[] 5
[] 6
[] 7
[] 8
[] 9
Female
[] 0
[] 1
[] 2
[] 3
[] 4
[] 5
[] 6
[] 7
[] 8
[] 9
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
Section E: For Women Age 15-49 Years
Introduce this section by saying, "Now I would like to talk to you about all the live births you have, (if you are talking to the respondent) or (the respondent) has had (if respondent is a proxy). The live births I want information on are about children born alive who live with you, live elsewhere and those who have died".

Information on live births (fertility) should be obtained for all women age 15 to 49 years. Information should be requested of all of them irrespective of the marital status, whether or not they are visitors, at school, or you think they have never given birth to any children.

Effort should be made to get responses from the women themselves and permission to do this should be obtained from the head of household. Where the woman concerned is not present, a proxy should be used to answer the question.

[pg. 35]

Definition of Live Birth: a life birth is one which results in a child that shows any sign of life irrespective of the time or the period within which these signs are manifested, e.g. crying, movement of limbs.

Before proceeding with the actual interview, identify all eligible women using the age of the woman. Lumping ages should be discouraged as it can be shown on the pyramid that the age distribution has been improperly entered.

How many children born alive to you (or name) have died?
Make the appropriate entries under columns for males and females.

This information is extremely important and is the most difficult on which to obtain accurate data, because some respondents may fail to mention children who died very young. Probe by asking "Any male or female who was born alive but only survived a few days or hours?"

Some respondents may be reluctant to talk about it or may become sad or upset that you are asking such questions. Be tactful in such situations. Say you know the subject is painful but the information is important.