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Codes and Frequencies

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BPLEC indicates the province in Ecuador in which the person was born.

Comparability — General

The variable is fully comparable across samples, apart from the addition of one province each in 1990 and 2001 and two provinces (Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas and Santa Elena) in 2010.


  • All persons


  • Ecuador: 1962, 1974, 1982, 1990, 2001, 2010