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Eastern Republic of Uruguay
National Institute of Statistics

Extended National Survey of Households

Interviewer's Manual

November 2005

[p. 2]

The present manual constitutes the basic training material of the interviewers of the Extended National Survey of Households, which will be carried out by the National Institute of Statistics in all the national territory during the year 2006. Instruction books for the different modules that incorporate the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th trimester of the year will likewise be used as complements.

The drafting of this [manual] was under the charge of the technicians of the Socio-demographic Statistics Division, contracted specially for this task.

Version 3, revised on November 17, 2005.

[p. 3]

Introduction

On June 7th, 2005, the decree 218/005 established that the National Institute of Statistics will carry out in the course of the year 2006 an Extended Survey of Households that will cover the entire national territory including the rural zones; the VIII Population Census, the IV Households Census, and the VI Dwelling Census will be postponed until the year 2010.

The Extended National Survey of Households (ENHA) constitutes the most relevant statistical investigation to understand the socioeconomic reality of the population.

One of the fundamental steps of the Survey is the field work, the stage in which the necessary information is received to fulfill the project objectives. The success of the investigation depends basically on the correct collection of information that the households and their members should contribute.

This manual has as its objective to provide the knowledge and instructions that the interviewers need to carry out in a fluid way the questionnaire and the way to register the information. This will be utilized as the basic text in the training course and constitutes the permanent document to reference during the development of the field work.

The National Institute of Statistics (INE) thanks you for your participation in this important project, surely with your commitment, responsibility, and dedication in this step of the work, the goals and proposed objectives will be met.

This manual will help you recognize and identify the tasks that must be carried out to deepen the knowledge of the criteria to execute a good work:

Suggestions:

  • Read the manual in the order and logical sequence in which it is presented.
  • Make some outlines or simple diagrams that allow you to understand the information and the specific tasks to develop.
  • Write all your doubts that come up in the course of the reading, to have them present and consultable in an opportune moment.
  • Underline everything that calls your attention and seems important for the job.
  • Don't leave the materials unread. It's necessary to have a dominion over all the themes in order to correctly complete the task.

[Note: Pages 4-10 are omitted here consisting of administrative enumerator instructions.]

[p. 11]

Rejection of the interview

If in some household complete resistance to providing the information is found, you will always first try to persuade the members by indicating the importance of the objectives of the survey, the propaganda that will be disbursed related to the program, and then indicate the obligatory nature of providing the information. If the situation persists, the supervisor will be informed.

Possible questions asked

The majority of those interviewed haven't ever received an interviewer from the INE without it being to do with census activities and it may even be that they don't know what the National Institute of Statistics is. For these respondents, it is a novelty to participate in the survey.

In addition, we must assume that the interviewees aren't familiar with the technical terms that are of daily use at work for the interviewers, supervisors of the INE, etc.

The interviewer also must be prepared for certain questions or doubts of the respondents that reflect an attitude of rejection to participate for a variety of motives: mistrust, insecurity, lack of time, etc.

Don't worry! Below are the questions most frequently asked by respondents and the responses you should give.

It isn't intended that you memorize the questions, or the literal content of the responses for that matter. You must study the responses in order to transmit their content with surety and naturally before the possible questions of the interviewees. The respondents tend to ask the majority of these questions during the initial contact or at the beginning of the interview. However, you must also be prepared for questions that come up at any time.

What is the INE?

The National Institute of Statistics, the INE, is the organization in charge of the execution of numerous surveys included in the National Statistical Plan: The Extended National Survey of Households, The National Survey of Expenditures and Income of the Households, the Index of Consumer Prices, or better known as the IPC that can sometimes be heard for appearing periodically in the means of communication, etc.

Also, in accordance to the 16.616 law, the INE is in charge of the general coordination of the statistics of the country.

What is a survey?

A survey is a technique of investigation that permits us to elaborate conclusions about a population based on the information that a representative group of the population provides. Such information is obtained through the completion of a questionnaire. For example, through a survey a group of households can elaborate conclusions about the level of life of the population, the appliances that the households have, etc., always when the said group of households is representative of all the households. In order to select a group that is representative of the population, some special techniques designated in the sample are used.

The surveys are indispensable in an advanced society since they provide trustworthy and valid information about the demographic, social and economic realities of the country--about the situation of the citizens and their necessities. This information permits the administrators and other social agents to plan actions of social or economic character

[p. 12]

And take the necessary decisions and so permitting those interested in valuing the effect and repercussion of adopted policies.

What is a sample?

Not all the people of the population should be asked. Imagine, for example, how much it would cost to ask in all the households if they have a refrigerator. There are more than a million households! It would be very costly and would take too much time.

Because of this, through a rigorous process, a representative group of that population is chosen to respond to the questionnaire. The choice should be careful so that, with what people say that respond to the questionnaire, we can make conclusions about all the people of the population. The chosen group will be designated the sample.

If each unity of the population has a known probability of selection, the results of the survey are extrapolated to the total population, with the notable advantage that this obtains a considerable savings of time and monetary and human resources.

Why have they chosen this dwelling and not another?

All the dwellings and all the people have the same probabilities of being selected in the sample that is chosen to participate in the survey. Your dwelling has been selected by the INE following a rigorous procedure. In order that the sample chosen represents the population well, none of the chosen dwellings can be omitted or substituted for another dwelling. Only in this way, the group of people who we interview can give us information with which we can make valid conclusions about the population.

Why is the interview being done in this house?

The survey is being performed in this house because this address has been selected by the INE to participate in the survey.

The selection procedure is the following: 1st the zones are selected (blocks in the urban area), and as a 2nd step the dwellings are selected: three main dwellings and two substitutes in each urban area.

In the rural areas 4 interviews should be carried out for each selected zone; of those the address of one of them will be indicated and the 3 remainders will be chosen based on closeness to the other.

All the information of all the people who live in the dwelling at these addresses should be obtained.

All the dwellings have the same probability of being selected in the sample to participate in the survey, independently of the characteristics that the people have the live in them.

Where have they gotten my information?

In reality, they don't have your information, but rather those of the dwelling that were offered by the person who was living there the day that the collection of the 2004 Census Phase 1 was completed on behalf of the INE.

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Am I obligated to respond to the survey?

The National Institute of Statistics solicits your collaboration because this survey is a very important source of information for the establishment of programs and policies.

If the law 16.616 indicates the obligatory nature, it doesn't deal with being obligatory or not. The society needs to collaborate so that the information that seeks to improve the conditions of life of the citizens has the highest quality possible. "The information of everyone helps everyone": even though this is the slogan of the program, you should mark and indicate the reason of the investigation.

Think that the survey provides indispensable information so that the country takes measures that improve the economic and social situation of everyone.

And if I refuse to collaborate?

Very few people refuse to collaborate since the population recognizes the importance of the information that the survey provides. You can be fined but in the same way you have to respond, but the most important [thing] is that refusing to collaborate makes it more difficult to obtain results.

If I don't answer, are they going to penalize me?

The policy of the INE isn't to penalize people who don't want to answer. All of us citizens are obligated by law to provide the information for the surveys that the National Statistical System carries out.

The importance of the decisions that are made with the information that these surveys provide justify the obligation to answer and obligates me to participate.

Not responding to the obligatory surveys constitutes an administrative infraction and the INE has the sanctioning capacity granted by the law, however the INE prefers to appeal to your collaboration in order to obtain a benefit for all society.

What happens if I don't answer some questions?

You can answer all the questions of the questionnaire. The questions are not difficult and there are not questions about compromising topics.

In order to increase the quality of the survey, it's very important that you respond to all the questions because the response of all the households is needed to all the questions that are asked, in order that all the possible situations are reflected in the results, such that yours is needed as well.

Confidentiality

Assuring the confidentiality of the information is an unavoidable obligation of all the professionals involved in the Extended Survey of Households. The secret of the statistics is a guarantee for the interviewees and also for the professionals.

The interviewees should be conscious that this guarantee of having security in his job must not be questioned with accusations of manipulation, lack of clarity or carelessness in the protection of personal information about the interviewees.

[p. 14]

In article 16 of the law 16.616 it is established that "the individual information provided for statistical ends can't be used for other ends, not even by the expressed wish of the informer". The responses are recorded through electronic instruments and the names are not digitalized. What is of interest is to know the information of the household, in a way that"No"person can be identified. The names are solicited only in order to complete the questionnaires in an orderly way.

Complementing the aforementioned the article 17 indicates "... the obligatory nature of keeping the statistical secret reaches its organizations just as its functionaries, just as the third persons who take knowledge from the information exempt from the protection of the secret statistic..".

Being convinced that this guarantee can utilize the following arguments to answer the most frequent doubts of the interviewees:

Is this interview for tax purposes?

No. In addition, the information that you provide us for the INE is protected by the secret statistic. The information will never be given out along with first names and last names, nor in an individualized form, nor given to any organization of administration in a way that can identify the people who have answered the survey.

For example, think about how results of the survey are presented in the communications media. One talks, for example, of how many women work, not whether one woman in particular (with first and last name) works.

How can I be sure that the information that I provide will be confidential?

Your responses to the questions of the questionnaire are protected by statistical secret. The law guarantees the statistical secret and obligates all of us who work with this information to comply.

I can assure you that all the employees of the National Institute of Statistics have the obligation to keep the statistical secret, not revealing any of the information they find out in their job.

And what happens with all the questionnaires once the survey ends?

They are destroyed.

Why do I have to give personal information?

The secret of the information that is given us is protected by law.

It wouldn't be possible to obtain this information from other organizations?

The information that we ask of you isn't available from other organizations. In addition, this information should be up-to-date. You know better than anyone your situation in this moment, so that the best way to find it out is to ask you.

Couldn't the money be spent on something more useful than this survey?

The money that is spent on the survey is a good investment. The information obtained saves money since it permits us to makes decisions that without this information would be more likely to be mistaken.

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Keep in mind that companies, institutions, and public organizations, in order to plan their activities in an efficient manner, have the necessity of obtaining adequate information.

Disinterest and rejection

We insisted on the necessity of obtaining information about all the "surveyable" people in the selected dwelling. However, we must accept that people refuse to collaborate in the survey for various reasons. Anyways, below, you will find the most habitual expressions of this rejection and arguments to try to obtain the collaboration and participation of the "surveyable" people in the ENHA.

I don't care about responding!

Wait until you are informed about the content of the survey. Perhaps, when you are aware of it, you will see its importance and change your opinion. Your collaboration is indispensable in order to know the situation of the country. Help us by contributing your responses to help inform the situation. The knowledge of this situation will make allow the different social actors to plan their policies and actions.

I don't have time!

We are all very busy and always have something to do. Your time is very valuable, but your collaboration is indispensable to obtain quality information. Responding will not take very much time. Anyway, if you don't have enough time, we can plan an appointment for some more appropriate time.

I don't want to provide information that could be used against me!

No one will use this information against you. After responding, your answers cannot be identified, that's to say, the answers will be analyzed without knowing who has provided them.

I don't believe in the surveys, the government manipulates them!

The INE is a technical organization. Law 16.616 guarantees technical independence, in addition it has a long history that demonstrates the opposite of what you just said.

What is this survey for?

The Extended National Survey of Households has, as its principal objectives, to extend the geographical cover of the current Continuous Survey of Households to the entire country, including the rural area, so to broaden the topics investigated. The Extended Survey will cover the localities of 5,000 or more habitants with a sample of nearly 59,000 households, the brief surveys will be represented by around 12,000 and the rural area of the interior of the country will reach 16,000 households. So that, in total, a little more than 8% of the households of the entire country will be visited in the course of the year 2006.

The thematic consulted will have its focus on the conditions of life of the population.

[p. 16]

With a block of common questions throughout the year, trimester modules will be added that will be integrated with the basic questions, deepening the areas of living, education, health, work, child labor, family, social policies, use of information and communication technologies (TICS), income and migration.

Insecurity

With frequency the rejection is due to a sincere insecurity about one's capacity to answer the questions. The interviewer should generate trust and transmit security.

The interview though only one informer

The ENHA needs to obtain information about all the "surveyable" people of each one of the selected dwellings. Obviously, it is always preferable to obtain the information from the very person we must interview. However, it is also habitual that just one member gives the information on the rest of the members of the household.

Below, some brief recommendations will be provided to help you in this type of interview. The general objective in this type of interview is twofold: a) obtain the responses to the questionnaire and b) obtain the information of the other members who are not informants themselves with the best quality possible.

It is also necessary to assume that the person responding to the interview can have more doubts or insecurity than a direct informant. Doubts or insecurity can be due to truly not knowing about the situation of whom the information is asked, the denial of responding in the name of the other person, etc. These doubts can be manifested at the beginning of the interview or in any moment throughout.

Some of the most habitual reactions in these cases:

At the beginning of the interview: "I can't respond for another person"

This response reflects in the majority of the cases a sincere reaction because of a lack of knowledge about the situation of the other person or the fear to harm the person. In these cases, your response should try to emit confidence alluding to the easiness of the question and their non-compromising character, just as the very interviewee as experienced during the interview. For example "Don't worry. The questions about this person are the same or very similar to the ones that you have answered. Remember that they are not hard questions or compromising. The statistical secret protect you. In addition, if you have some doubt I will try to help you so that you can respond".

Upon asking the informer that he respond by thinking about the situation of the other person, we are also offering an opportunity to abandon the survey at little "cost". You must try to maintain the implications of the interviewee in his role as informer. Allude to the importance of the survey because of the information that it can provide. For example: "The utility of the ENHA depends on us having information about all the people in the dwelling. You can provide a valuable collaboration by giving us information about the situation of this person".

During the interview: "I cannot/do not know how to answer that question about that person"

With higher frequency than with the direct informant, the person who responds to the interview in the name of another can express doubt, give imprecise answers, or even refuse to respond to determined questions of the questionnaire. Remember that the general objective is to respond to questions as well as make the responses as precise as possible.

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How to react to negativity upon responding to a question?

Just as with direct informants, your first option is to repeat the question.

You must also be prepared for when the response is not adequate or is ambiguous. Remember that an inadequate response is one that cannot be codified in any of the established response options. In this case, act in the same way: repeat the reading of the question. If following the reading, the response continues to be inadequate of ambiguous, look into the possibility of having him check it out in order to move on, or call attention to it in another moment to complete the response.

How to react to negativity, ambiguity, or incoherence in the responses of income?

In the first instance, insist upon the confidentiality of the data and then clarify that it is obligatory to respond faithfully to the reality. It is suggested to continue treating the rest of the points of the questionnaire and or formulating the questions about the rest of the members of the household in case there are others. Then try to make him see that the income is being asked of each one of the members of the household and is not related to the rest of the responses of the questionnaire. For example, the cost of the medical coverage paid by some member of the household, the high school of the children if they go to a private school, vehicle ownership, etc.

[p. 18-24 are not presented here, dealing with how to locate the dwellings enumerated]

Questionnaire

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It is important that, before determining not to carry out the survey in one of the selected dwellings for whichever of the causes of"No"contact indicated, [you] exhaust all possibilities such as consulting the neighbors, persuading in the case of negative responses, etc. with the end of making sure that it is impossible to conduct the interview.

Section C. Dwelling

1. Type of dwelling

What is a dwelling? It is a room or collection of rooms and its outbuildings occupying a building or a structurally separate part of the building that have been constructed or modified with the intent of being inhabited by people, and, on the date of the survey, is not being used exclusively for other purpose. In order to be considered a dwelling, the set of rooms and outbuildings must have a separate and independent access.

The response to this question is established according to the following criteria:

House: an individual or independent construction, constructed to accommodate people, whose access is direct from the outside of the dwelling.

Apartment: an individual or independent construction, constructed to accommodate people, whose access is from a hallway, corridor, or other common space share with one or more apartments.

There is a distinction between apartments or houses in residential complexes and apartments in a multi-story buildings or single-story buidlings, since these characteristics are associated with different housing values. A residential complex is considered a collection of dwellings that share common services (gardens, security services, etc.). In the case of apartments, in order to be considered a residental complex, in addition to sharing these services, there must be more than one block of flats. Keep in mind that the term is not applied solely to those constructed by the Mortgage Bank but also to those dwellings that fulfill the mentioned requirements.

Building not for residential purposes: This corresponds to the buildings in which economic activities are developed or those constructed for such activities and not transformed in a dwelling. These are distinguished from the previous case in which the part occupied by people is not found delineated by stonework walls from the rest of the premise.

2. What is the predominant material of the exterior walls?

Select the primary material used in the construction of exterior walls. In case of a doubt, consult the occupants of the dwelling. If in the construction there is more than one material, only make reference to the one used with the greatest proportion.

The following explanations will help you determine the nature of some materials:

Brick, ticholos, or finished blocks. The ticholos are hollow "blocks" (of bigger dimensions than those of a brick). The level of completion refers to the exterior part of the wall, it is said that they are finished when they possess mechanisms of thermal insulation and protection against moisture, like waterproof plastic, asphalt, sand, Portland cement, etc. Rock walls are included in this category.

Brick, ticholos, or unfinished blocks. It is said that they are unfinished when they lack exterior thermal insulation and/or protection against moisture.

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Light materials with coating. This deals with smooth or corrugated panels of fibro-cement or new panels, that are also known as their brand name like Dolmenit, Eternit, Fibrolit etc. When they have some type of thermal insulation and or insulation against moisture they have a coating. In general if they have"No"outer covering they may have insulation on the inside as plastic foam.

Light materials without coating. These are like the previous case but have"No"thermal insulation or insulation against moisture. If the walls are made of wood it should be classified as light material without coating.

Adobe. This deals with walls made of clay.

Waste materials. Waste materials are those of little or"No"value that were previously used for other ends (plastic bags, wooden boxes, tin cans) or materials used for construction but were already used and deteriorated (pieces of chopped metal, pieces of broken concrete). Generally in constructions of this type their parts have come loose and the open joints are exposed to wind penetration.

3. What is the predominant material of the roof?

This refers to the structural materials and not to the ceiling. In constructions of a multi-story building, it corresponds to the material of the roof of the building.

Circle code 1 if it deals with a heavy material like pieces of concrete, slabs, etc. always when it has some covering that isolates it from humidity (tiles, asphalt, sand, waterproof plaster, Portland cement, etc.).

If it doesn't have this protection or insulation, circle code 2.

In the cases of light roofs, that is to say fiber cement paneling (Dolmenit, Eternit, Fibrolit, etc.), zinc or tiles supported by wood ties, specify the existence or not of a flat ceiling by circling code 3 or 4 according to what corresponds. It is understood that the dwelling has a flat ceiling when the exterior material of the roofs is not visible from the interior of the rooms. This is, when there is a lining of plastic foam, wood, plaster, etc. which is used to isolate or decorate. In order to identify the waste material, use the same criteria as in the previous question.

In the case that the predominant material of the roof is wood and tiles, you must use ceiling material to make the light roof match.

4. What is the predominant material of the floors?

Consider the floors of all the rooms of the dwelling. When there is more than one material in the floors you must indicate only the one that occupies the most surface area.

Tiles, parquet, carpet, linoleum. Tiles refer to ceramic materials that already have either enamel (tiles with colors or stamps) or sponge-texture (brick-like, press bricks, etc. without enamel). Parquet refers to a wood surface, carpet to a textile glued to the subfloor, and linoleum or plastic pavement of plastic origin in rolls or tiles that sticks to the subfloor.

Limestone tiles. Sand and cement tiles similar to street sidewalks.

Smoothed concrete. This deals of the cases in which there is, on the subfloor, a cap of 1 to 2 cm of sand and concrete.

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No floor underlay. The subfloor is the layer of 8 to 12 cm that is constructed on the natural floor or compact earth; it can be of concrete, cement rubble of coarse cement and so on. Its surface is hard and rough.

MV1. How many years ago was the dwelling built or restored?

In order to determine the age of the dwelling the years since construction of the last restoration need to be considered. Restoration is understood, for this survey, as the reform or important restoration of the dwelling, that is to say this implies a substantial alteration of the structure of built area, which will cause an increment of its real value.

MV2. Do you have any of the following problems in your dwelling?

This question seeks to determine the state of conservation of the dwelling. You must read all the options that refer to concrete situations of deterioration of the roof, walls, and floors. It intends to determine in an objective way if the dwelling requires repairs, and in the case of needing them, the importance of them. In addition this includes items that determine the living conditions of households, which are important for determining the value of the household.

MV3. (Only for urban areas) In the block where the dwelling is located, do you have [the following]?
(Only for rural areas) Does the road through which you have access to your dwelling get flooded?

This question seeks to determine the conditions of the area where the dwelling is situated, since this aspect influences the wellbeing of the household, including the value of the dwelling and even the health conditions. In the urban area you must investigate about each one of the options that are detailed, reading all the options. Remember that in the rural area the question only refers to the access road of the dwelling.

Section D. Household

5. Does everyone that lives in this dwelling depend on a single food source, that is to say, is part of a single household?

What is a household? A person or group of people (family or not) that generally live under the same roof and provide for food needs in a communal way.

Generally the members of a household tend to pool their income, set up a common budget, establish shared use of durable and nondurable resources, etc. which give the members of the household similar characteristics.

"To depend on the same food source" constitutes a main discriminatory factor. In the case of which all the occupants of the selected dwelling fulfill the previous criteria, code 1 is circled, in case of the contrary, you will investigate how many groups of people are sharing food sources in the house and note what corresponds.

Renters are not part of the principal household, they form a separate household, because they don't participate in a common source but rather pay for a service.

If in the broad majority of the cases a household consists of a head and family members, you can find one-person households, that is to say, constituted by only one person.

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It's important to clarify that the population of interest for the Extended National Survey of Households is private households, which is defined in the paragraphs above, explicitly excluding collective households. That's to say people who share a dwelling for reasons of study (student residences), health (sanatoriums, hospitals, etc.), penitentiaries (prisons, etc.), religion (convents, etc.), etc.

6. Household number

This space is reserved for the case that it is determined to carry out an investigation in all the households of the dwellings. If the contrary is not indicated, you must always note "01".

7. Regarding this dwelling, is this household [in any of the following categories]?

This question is asked to determine the tenure status of the dwelling occupied by the household and, among other things, to determine the share of household income that is committed to housing costs. For owners, we distinguish between those how have paid in full for the dwelling and those who are still paying for the dwelling.

The question also intends to identify informal settlements, investigating dwelling and land owernship.

Non-paying occupants refer to the cases in which the occupants are not the owners of the dwelling or the terrain, nor are they renters; three types are distinguished:

  • Occupant with dependency relationship: those who occupy the dwelling for labor reasons and therefore possess an income in-kind.
  • Free occupant (dwelling was ceded by owner): those cases in which the dwelling was directly ceded by the owner, for example, the parents who give a dwelling to their children to live.
  • Occupant without permission of the owner, commonly called "squatters".

For each type of housing tenure, the expense associated with the occupation of the dwelling or the rental value, as approproiate. The expense associated with the occupation of the dwelling is the sum of the share of the home or land purchase, or the rental fee if respondent is tenant.

The rental value is the estimated amount that the household (not tenant) would pay if renting the dwelling. The imputation of the rental value of owned homes is a common practice in household surveys conducted internationally to allow comparison between tenants and home owners, with the understanding that although ownership does not provide a monetary income, it does provide a service that can be valued by the net income to be derived from rent. This consideration is also valid for the owners of various durable goods but, perhaps due to its lesser quantitative importance, the discussion around the topic hasn't acquired the same relevance.

It is important to keep in mind that this question must only be asked in the urban areas.

Once the option to question 7 is selected, question MV4 is asked that is to the right of the response to question 7, in the same box.

[p. 29]

MV4. Only for the enumerator, following the PIAI definition, is this dwelling located in an informal settlement?

This question must not be asked of ther respondent; it only emerges from the observation of the enumerator. It seeks to determine if the enumerator is dealing with an informal settlement in accordance with the definition of the PIAI. According to this definition, a complex of four or more dwellings raised in a premise of which its occupants are not owners is considered an informal settlement. It's to say that the households are owners of the dwelling, but not of the land. It can be that there are renters or occupants of a dwelling that is in conditions of an informal settlement. In this case, the owner of the dwelling, who is renting or lending his dwelling, is the owner of the land; however, through the surveys that are carried out in the zone with other owners of the dwelling, you will be able to identify the settlement zones. The quality of the dwelling doesn't factor into this definition of settlements. You would be able to find a complex of four dwellings of good construction, where the people declare to be owners of the dwelling but not of the land, and it would deal with an informal settlement.

MV5. Only for households renting the dwelling, do you have a written or oral lease contract?

This seeks to find out the conditions in which the renters find themselves. Even when the contract isn't valid, if there is a written contract, you must signal so. For example, if it's within the following year of the validity of the renter's contract, when the renter has the right to remain renting the dwelling without adjustments, there exists a written contract that protects the lease.

MV6. Who gave you the guarantee to rent?

Circle the option that corresponds.

MV7. How did you obtain this dwelling? (mark the principal option)

This seeks to know the principal way the dwelling was acquired. If the respondent names more than one option, ask that he identify the main one. In case he indicates that he obtained it through a credit or public program, move to the following question.

MV8. Through which public credit or program did you get access to your dwelling?

Circle the option that corresponds.

MV9. In what year was the assistance or credit received?

Indicate the year in which the public help or credit was conceded. It doesn't necessarily coincide with the year in which he obtained the house, since a period of time can pass after the help is conceded and he has access to the dwelling.

MV10. For how much time has your household been located in this dwelling?

(If it is more than five years, go to question 8 of the basic questionnaire)

MV11. What was the reason you left your previous dwelling? (the last time)

Circle the option that corresponds, according to the interviewee's response.

[p. 30]

8. How many rooms are used in this household, not considering bathrooms or kitchens?

This question is destined to find out the number of rooms (sections or spaces delineated by bricks or rock walls in which the dwelling is divided) that the household utilizes. This information is necessary to determine the existence or not of crowding.

The bathrooms and kitchens must be excluded (if these are used with that end), just as all those rooms that don't have a residential end (for example: room in the front used exclusively as storage). In the case of dwellings shared by more than one household, only those of exclusive use of the household being interviewed should be considered.

9. How many rooms are used by this household to sleep?

This question allows us to know the level of comfort and thus the living conditions of the population. You must keep present that this question asks about the rooms used for sleeping and not bedrooms.

It's possible that rooms are found with multiple uses. For example, if in the dining room there is also a bed in which one of the members of the household habitually sleeps, this should be counted for this question. Following the previous reasoning, in every case in which the kitchen is also used for sleeping, it will not be integrated only in this question but rather in the previous one as well.

You must keep present that the quantity annotated for question 8 must always be greater than or equal to the summation figured in question 9, but never less.

10. What is the source of water used by this household for drinking and cooking?

This investigates the origin of the water used for drinking and cooking which is fundamental to assessing the health conditions of the population.

It can be the situation that the water used comes from more than one source, in all cases only the principal source should be investigated and recorded.

11. In the last 12 months, was a control analysis of drinkability performed?

This question seeks to investigate the true sanitary conditions of the population in respect to the access to potable water. It is only asked in the case water comes from a well or tank. The control analysis of drinkability implies sending a sample to a laboratory, public or private, in order to know if it is suitable for drinking or cooking.

12. Did you perform any treatment on the water used for drinking or cooking?

This question also helps reveal the sanitary conditions of the household. The most common treatments to drinking and cooking water are: boiling it, using neutralizing pills, or having a filter. The most "artisanal" treatments (ex: having animals that eat insects in the tank), shouldn't be considered.

13. How does the dwelling of this household receive water?

This intends to find out the way water is supplied to the dwelling, important for a correct study on health. The various categories lead to different degrees of pollution due to differing exposure to environmental contaminants.

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To consider that there is water inside the dwelling, there should exist at least one working faucet inside the dwelling. Water arrives by other means when it does not come via tubing.

According to the situation that is presented the corresponding code will be circled.

14. Does this dwelling have a bathroom?

This question and those that follow are also asked to determine the living conditions of the people as well as their level of sanitation. A dwelling is considered as having sanitary service when it has at least one space that has a bathroom, latrine, or toilet--with or without a cistern.

According to the response, the corresponding code will be marked. Whenever the item "No" is marked, the interview continues with question 18.

15. How many bathrooms does it have?

Indicate the quantity of bathrooms.

16. The bathroom is:

Indicate if the bathroom is of exclusive use of the household or shared with other households. Even though it is common that those dwellings inhabited by more than one household share sanitary service, it can also be that the dwelling has more than one bathroom and each household uses one exclusively.

17. The toilet is discharged to:

According to the response obtained, the corresponding code will be circled. The option "Piping leading towards the river" tends to be present in irregular settlements.

18. What is the main source of lighting for this dwelling?

In case there is more than one form of lighting in the dwelling, indicate the principal source, that's to say the one used the majority of the time.

When the principal source of lighting is UTE electric energy, indicate the monthly amount paid (the average, considering the last months). If the household is lighted by electric energy but not paid for, indicate that it is being taken illegally from the mains.

19. In this household, is there an appropriate place for cooking, with a sink and faucet?

Remember that in order for this response to be affirmative, the sink and faucet should be in working order.

This place doesn't need to be exclusively used for cooking and can be integrated into another space, for example the living room or dining room. If the dwelling has a kitchenette, mark "Yes".

20. What is the main source of energy used by this household to cook?

You must select only one option. If there are various sources of energy, indicate the main one, the one that is used most. For example: if the kitchen has a

[p. 32]

Supergas with an electric oven and the oven is used very seldom, in the questionnaire the code for "Supergas" will be registered.

MV12. Does this household use any means of heating? Mention the main type.

This question is interested in finding out the main means of heating used by the household. In the case that the interviewee declares more than one, identify the principle one, that's to say the one used the majority of the time. The stove includes the heating fan, quartz, radiator oil or panel, wood stove, etc. This question about the main means of heating is complemented with one about the main fuel, in order to collect more complete information on this topic.

MV13. What is the main energy source used by this household to heat the rooms?

Indicate the main fuel used for the heating of the household.

MV14. Are any rooms in the dwelling used exclusively for the operation of a business?

This question seeks to identify the operation of businesses in private dwellings. It has usefulness beyond simply understanding the living conditions of the household. Remember that it deals with identifying rooms that are only used for the operation of a business. If a person does sewing projects for others in the dining room of the house, but the room is also used as a dining room, it should not be included.

MV15. Does this household rent some rooms to persons who are not members of the household?

This seeks to determine the presence of renters inside the household. This question serves to adjust, if applicable, the number of household members and renters. In these cases there should not be more than one household in the dwelling. When investigating household income, the enumerator must remember to inquire about rental income.

21. Does this household have [the following appliances]?

By determining the possession (or lack) of certain electrical household appliances, it is possible to classify the household in terms of features and comfort. Similarly, it serves as a way to check the declared income.

In order to be considered possessions, the appliances must be in working order.

Complementing the list of appliances are means of communication and locomotion (without considering animal-drawn vehicles or bicycles) that allows the identification of special situations.

Within the means of communication, the landline and the cellular phone are included.

The refrigerator refers to the cooling unit, whether or not it has a freezer. The item freezer refers to the possession of the apparatus that only freezes (and is not incorporated to a refrigerator).

Automobiles should be of private use and it must work (with the exception of momentary breakage) in order to be considered. On the other hand, vehicles that are used only for working (taxis, delivery trucks) will not be considered; that's to say only take into consideration those of family use or those that, in addition to work purposes, are alsos used for private purposes.

[p. 33]

In the case of color TV, computer or laptop, cellular phone, automobile, or truck and motorcycle you must indicate the quantity of units. In the case of the telephone, keep in mind that the number of telephone lines (and not the number of apparatuses) is solicited.

It's important to clarify that a code must always be circled: those that are not marked will be considered as an error of the interviewer. While you should not assume the absence of items, act with tact and discretion in the consultation. In a precarious dwelling where there is not electricity, for example, it is unlikely that the household will possess many of the listed items.

22. Does this household have domestic service?

This question provides relevant information for determining the socio-economic level of the households. The cases in which the household contracts a service at least weekly (for example, cleaning service once per week) are revealed. If this deals with the domestic workers who reside in the household, you must also record it later on in the corresponding kinship relationship.

23. How many people age 14 or older usually live in this household?

24. And, how many people younger than 14, including children and newborns?

25. Total number of people

In the cases of the questions 23, 24, and 25, the quantity of people age 14 or older must be registered separately from those younger than this age. You must always give time the respondent time to consider all household members, not forgetting children and the elderly.

To obtain the correct responses to these questions, keep in mind the criteria noted below.

These are members of the household:

  • People who habitually live in the household and are present at the time of enumeration
  • People who habitually live in the household but are temporarily absent from the household because they are on vacation, are visiting friends, have been admitted to a hospital or sanatorium for a short amount of time
  • People who are absent at the time of enumeration for work reasons but whose income or a significant portion of it is given to the household and who return to the household periodically.
  • People who, while habitually integrated in the household, are found temporarily absent for education reason, but who depend fundamentally or completely of the income of the household for their sustentation.
  • People with scholarships and are momentarily not found in the household.

These are not members of the household:

  • People who reside in another location but that are found in the household temporarily to visit, study, etc.
  • People who periodically return to the household but have another household to which they provide the main part of their personal income.
  • People who, if integrated in the household, are found absent because they have been admitted admitted to an asylum or sanitorium for an indefinite amount of time and will likely not return to the household.

Like indicated previously, determining membership of the household is fundamentally carried out by considering the destination or origin of income, and, secondly, the place of residency. Keep in mind that it does not matter how much time a person spends away from the household

[p. 34]

if the principle destination of his or her income is the household. On the other hand, people who are permanently admitted to a hospital or sanitorium due to chronic health problems or are in a home for the elderly should not be considered as members of the household even if their income is sent to the household.

As examples of other situations we can find:
1. A student from the interior of the country who comes to Montevideo but is supported by his family; provided that the student isn't working nor looking for work, he will be considered as a member of his household in the interior.
2. A soldier who is found on a peace mission abroad will be considered a member of the household to which he belongs.

In all the cases, when confronted with doubt it is recommended that you consider as household members all people that are surveyed, clearly noting your reservations and informing the office of the situation.

In this instance you must complete the supplied box, indicating the name and last name of all the members of the household and their ages, starting with the head. This part is fundamental since it will allow you to determine whether or not all the members of the household have been interviewed.

What is the head of the household? It is the person (man or woman) recognized as such by the other members of the household.

The person(s) who respond(s) personally to the survey must signal so with a circle around the corresponding person number. This will help identify the direct informers of the interview.

The last person number assigned should coincide with the number indicated in the question about the total number of people in the household (question 25).

Box with the first name, last name, and age of the members of the household
Inquiring after the first and last name is not for the purpose of identifying the person. Rather it facilitates the task of supervising the interviews. If the respondent is surprised by this question, clarify the point of the question and the reiterate the confidentiality of the information obtained. It is not necessary to collect last names as long as the names are not repeated. Still, the last name of the head of the household will be noted since it is extremely useful for the cases in which the supervisor has to visit the household.

Section E. Personal information
General characteristics

The questions that are included here provide insight into the basic demographic characteristics of the population that are of great importance in order to determine the employment situation of the people.

This section of the questionnaire must be completed by each member of the household, in such a way that we will have as many "general characteristics" as the total number of people noted in the section D Household.

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Person number

Each household member must be registered according to the person number that was assigned in the previous section. Always start with the head of the household. This number is of great importances since it allows you to assign all the information to a determined person.

26. Are you male or female?

Circle the code that corresponds according to the response that is obtained. It is fundamental that this question is always asked, and is not determined only by the name that is given, since this can cause an error. The declared sex of the person must always be recorded.

27. How old are you, in completed years?

According to the response the corresponding age will be noted. The response should be marked in completed years, so that for all those younger than 1 year, "00" will be noted, and "98" for those age 98 or older.

28. Do you have an identity card?

Indicate if the person has a document of identity. This seeks to determine if at some time the person has completed the corresponding paperwork. That is to say that in the case that the person has lost his identity cart and is completing the paperwork to get a new one, "Yes" will be marked. In the case of having a number for getting the card for the first time, "Yes" will be indicated as well. This question is important for social policy planning; it seeks to identify individuals that are not registered in the civil identification system.

29. Only for people age 6 or older: How would you define yourself from a religious point of view? (In this question the use of "you" in reality only corresponds to the person who is answering the questions, for the other questions it can be assumed).

This question investigates the auto-definition of the individuals with respect to their religion.

This question should only be asked if the person is age 6 or older.

The option non-Catholic Christian includes the people who ascribe to the evangelical church (including Pentecostals and Baptists), Protestants, Adventists, and Armenians.

30. What kind of ancestry do you think you have?

For each option it will be signaled if the person believes to have family ancestors of that race or not. If the person is not familiar with this information, circle the option "Does not know".

31. What is your relationship with the household head?

The kinship relationship that the person being interviewed has with the head of the household will be registered.

In the case where there are children in the household, you must keep in mind that the option "Child of both" or "Child of the spouse" is only possible if the head and the spouse are found present. If the person declares spontaneously that it deals with an adopted child, record it in the same way as the biological children, in the category that corresponds (of both, of the spouse, and of the head).

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It is necessary to verify the consistency between the different relationships and ages:

  • For "Child of both", there should not be a difference of fewer than 14 years [between the child and] the head and his/her spouse
  • For "Child of the head", there should not be a difference of fewer than 14 years [between the child and] the head
  • For "Child of the spouse", there should not be a difference of fewer than 14 years [between the child and] the spouse
  • For "Grandchild", there should not be a difference of fewer than 30 years [between the child and] the head

In the category "Domestic worker", record those cases in which the person permanently lives in the household, that is to say, the cases known as "Domestic worker with bed" and who do not have another household of reference.

32. Does the mother live in this household?

33. Does the father live in this household?

The objective of the questions 32 and 33 is to obtain the information that allows us to reconstruct some family relationships relevant within the household.

Keep in mind that from the question "Kinship relationship with the head" one can only know the relationship that each member of the household has with the head, but one cannot identify the relationships between the members themselves. The inclusion of these questions allows us to identify, for example, who are the parents of a person declared "Grandchild" and if both parents are present in the interviewed household.

The two questions should be asked to the people who satisfy the following conditions:

  • The relationship is "Grandchild", of any age
  • The relationship is "Other relative", and the person is younger than 18
  • The relationship is "Other non-relative", and the person is younger than 18

If the mother and/or father of these people form part of the interviewed household, their person number must be noted in the corresponding questions.

If one or both of the parents do not form part of the household, the category "99" should be circled in order to confirm that the mother, father, or both are not part of this household.

34. Does your spouse or partner live in this household?

This question and the following (35 to 38) are asked only to people age 14 or older.

The objective of the question is to identify the couples in the household. From the question "Relationship" with the head of the household, it is only possible to identify if the head has a spouse in the household. The inclusion of this question allows us to know if there are other couples in the household and identify the members that compose them.

Spouse or partner is understood to be any conjugal relationship that implies cohabitation in the household, independent of the type of union (legal or consensual) or whether it deals with a same-sex or opposite-sex couple.
- If the person answers "Yes", circle the corresponding code and complete the following question (who is the spouse/partner)
- If the person answers "No", do not ask the next two questions and inquire after the civil status of the person (question 37).

[p. 37]

35. Who is this person?

Register the number of the person in the household that is identified as the spouse or partner.

One particular case is that of same-sex couples. If the person spontaneously declares that the partner is a member of the household of the same sex, proceed to register the information in the same way as for the couples of the opposite sex.

36. What kind of union do you have with this person?

Ask this question and circle the code that corresponds to the response received. Remember that it is only asked to those people who declared having a spouse or partner in the household interviewed.

This question aims to capture the type of union of the people that declared having a partner in the household. In respect to co-habitating couples, there can be two situations: the union is legalized (civil matrimony) or the union is unofficial (consensual union).

If the person declares that the union is a legal marraige, do not ask the following question (marital status). Since the respondent answered that the union is a civil marraige, the person by definition is married, as well as the spouse.

If the person declares that the union is a "Consensual union", ask the following question (marital status).

37. What is your marital status?

This question is asked

  • Of the people who declare not having a spouse in the household in question 34
  • Of the people who declare being in a "Consensual union" in question 36

Ask the question and read all the codes that appear in the list.

While in the previous questions (34 and 36) the conjugal situation of the people (living or not with a partner) is investigated, this question seeks to capture marital status.

For example
- A person who is in a consensual union can have any of the following marital statuses:

a) Divorced
b) Married (separated from a previous partner with whom he was married and still hasn't divorced)
c) Widow
d) Single

- A person who does not have a spouse currently in the household can be in any of the categories making up this question.

In contrast to the couples who declared having been in a civil matrimony, the members of a relationship who are in a "Consensual union" can each have a different marital status. One member of the couple can declare [to be] "Divorced" while the other can be "Married (separated and still not divorced)".

[p. 38]

38. During your lifetime, did you give birth to any live children?

This question is asked to men and women age 14 or older.

The objective is to obtain information about the fertility of the men and women who live in Uruguay, the information will be useful if the question is answered by all the people, men and women age 14 or older, whatever the conjugal situation. It's crucial to record information for every person, whether or not they have children. Not having had children is information very relevant for the study of the fertility of the population.

It is important that the question is posed exactly as it is written on the form. Only record cases of live birth. A live birth is understood as showing signs of life (cried, breathed, moved) at the moment of birth. If after the birth the child died, it will still be considered as a live birth. All children, including those had with other partners, living or not living in the household interviewed, should be considered. Stillborn children should not be considered.

It can happen that the person declares that he or she has an adopted son or daughter. Adopted children should not be recorded in this question. The objective is to measure the number of biological children had by the respondent. Similarly, given that the biological mother or father of the adopted child will declare the live birth, there is a risk of double-counting this child as a live birth. If the person shows feelings of exclusion or irritation, remind him that the adopted children are included as forming a part of the family, in the relationship of kinship that includes all the children, biological or adopted.

If the person declares that he has not had any children born alive, questions 39 to 41 should not be asked.

39. How many?

If the person declares having had children born alive, ask and record the number of children born alive. This question will be asked to men as well as women.

Only women will be asked the following questions about fertility, so, for men, after the total number of children born alive has been asked you will go to question 42 (E.2).

For women, you will ask, how many of [the children]:

Live in this household _ _
Live in a different household in Uruguay _ _
Live abroad _ _
Have passed away _ _

If after asking this question it is apparent that the total number of live-born children does not coincide with the number declared in the previous question, correct the number noted in the previous question.

For various reasons, it is common that people, especially older people and people who have had many children, tend to forget the total number of children theu have had throughout life, especially if a child passed away when it was very young. When the situation of each child is detailed, it can be that the women remember children who they had not included in the total number of live births previously declared.

If the woman is between ages 14 and 49, the following questions about fertility (40 and 41) should be asked. In these conditions are not satisfied, go to the following module.

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40. In what month and year was your first child born?

Ask the question and note the month and year in which the first of the son or daughter was born.

Note that the two digits correspond to the month, for example, "08" if born in August. If the person can't provide information about the birth date, note "00".

Do not forget to fill in the four digits corresponding to the year. If the person who answers can't provide information about the year of birth, enter four zeros ("0000"). It is important to register it this way if the person doesn't remember or know the birth date, since the change of century can provoke confusions at the moment of processing the information. For example, if you only note two zeros ("00") it won't be known if the person was born in the year 2000 or if the person couldn't provide information about the birth date. The information will have to be taken for lost.

41. In what month and year was the last child born?

The same. If through the interview it emerges that the person only had one son or daughter born alive, do not ask the question and circle the code "9999".

Health

42. Do you currently have benefits in any of the following healthcare institutions?

This question seeks to determine if the healthcare institution can effectively attend to the health of the interviewee, that's to say it deals with current benefits. "Yes" or "No" will be marked for each of the options according to what corresponds. In the case in which the interviewee doesn't have current benefits in any assistance institution, "No" will be marked in all.

The annotations that will be made according to the following criteria:

Ministry of Public Health [MSP]. This includes all the departments of the MSP. It is considered that he has current benefits when he has a current card of assistance.

Clinical hospital. This is distinguished from the MSP for depending on the University of the Republic. As in the previous case it is considered that he has current benefits when he has a current card of assistance.

Police health services. For the people who declare having current benefits in the Police health services you should investigate the way that this benefit was acquired. The attention in the Police health services can be a monetary benefit as well as for the families. Being such, it must be included in part G of Incomes as mutual quotas not declared in the salary of the worker that generates the benefits. In the case of being retired or a renter this should be noted in the part G3 of Incomes as transfers like "Scholarships, subsidies, or donations from the country".

Remember that the right of attendance is not necessarily applicable to all the family, so that you must dig deeper to determine if access is a benefit or a voluntary decision of the members of the household.

A necessary control for this question is to verify that the type of occupation of one of the members of the household corresponds with the attention rights in the Police health services or that some member of the household is retired from the police.

[p. 40]

Army health services. Same as the previous case.

Municipal clinic. You are considered as having current benefits when you have a corresponding membership card.

BPS health area [social security institution] (family assignments). Note here all those people who have rights to healthcare in the different services of this system (maternal, infant center, etc.). Just as in the case of the MSP and the municipality clinics, it is considered that you have current rights when you have a corresponding membership card.

IAMC [collective medical care institutions]. Note here all those who habitually have care privileges in these institutions. Having current benefits implies having a card, receipt, or other document that make possible that attention, without other paperwork, in the moment needed. Clarify that it is not necessary for the interviewee to present the interviewer with this type of documentation.

Private partial medical insurance. This corresponds to the people who declare having healthcare benefits in the form of insurance that doesn't cover everything. This type of insurance doesn't cover the hospitalization. You must not confuse this with the mobile medical emergencies that will be asked about further on. An example is the health insurance of the ANDA.

Private partial surgical insurance. This corresponds with those who have healthcare benefits only in the case of hospitalization. There exist, for example, private partial surgical insurance in the Britannic hospital.

Complete private health insurance. This corresponds to the people who have healthcare benefits in the form of insurance that covers everything.

Other. This will only be used for the cases that are not covered in the previous items and will always include a corresponding annotation. Examples of cases in the other category are people who have healthcare benefits in the medical centers of the ANCAP or the BHU or BSE.

43. With respect to health care, where are you normally seen?

You must only mark one of the institutions included on the list. This seeks to reveal the institution where the person is seen the majority of the time.

This question together with question 42 allows us to capture to what degree people, even while having current benefits in an IAMC, opt for being seen in institutions with free or reduced-cost services, because of the monetary expenditure that the mutual attention can suppose.

If the person declares that he does not use health care, the corresponding response is "Is not seen".

44. Only for those who answered IAMC [collective medical care institutions] and private insurance, who pays the cost?

As indicated in the annotation of the questionnaire, this question will only be asked of those people who respond as depending on the attention benefits in an IAMC or private insurance (total or partial).

It's frequent that whoever makes the payments of the medical attention services is a person or entity other than he who possesses the benefit. Even though this case is more frequent in the DISSE, different ways such as the payment of family members that are not part of the household (parents to children or vice versa) or businesses that assume the payment of the mutual quotas of the direct family members of the employees have been treated.

[p. 41]

Therefore, this question seeks information about the transfers between households or additional income obtained by a worker.

The reading of the different options will be carried out in the order established.

Employer of some household member: this option corresponds when the fees of the medical institution are paid (giving the money or directly the receipt) by the employer of some member of the household; and in these cases in particular you must indicate the person number that receives the complementary salary. For example, if you're interviewing person 02 (spouse of person 01 who works at the XXXX Bank) who indicates that the mutual quota is paid for in the bank where the spouse works, this corresponds with noting in the box: which? 01.

It's very important to clarify that the goal is to obtain information about an additional benefit at the moment of paying the mutual quotas of the members of the family (for example husband/wife and children); and that way achieving sure information about who should be assigned the amount regarding the mutual quotas paid by the employer.

If the employer doesn't control the total quota directly, but rather transfers a part of it to the worker, you must indicate "A member of the household" and the money received from this should be registered as a complementary payment by the employer (question 127).

A relative who is not part of this household: for the case mentioned about the transfers from other households, when parents to children, or grandparents to grandchildren, etc. who aren't part of the household that is being interviewed helps them pay for health, it will correspond to mark this item.

BPS [social security institution], DISSE [office of social security for illnesses], or other similar institution: (case of public-sector pension funds, assistance funds). It is the case of the workers in that their affiliation to a health institution is through these organizations.

Some retired, according to their income level, receive the benefit of the mutual quota, a situation that is being contemplated in this item. It is the case of state pension funds or of the affiliates of some public-sector pension funds.

A member of this household: this corresponds with all those cases in which [the head] or a member of the same household pays the quota of the medical institution to which he finds himself affiliated.

Other: this item will only be used if it is not possible to fit the situation within the cases described previously, but always indicating with what it corresponds.

45. Are you affiliated with any mobile emergency system?

Circle the code that corresponds in agreement with the response that is obtained. For this question the same criteria indicated for the IAMC is used, that's to say you must have a card, receipt, or other element that permits you to receive immediate attention without major obstacles to obtain the service.

46. Who pays the cost?

To respond to this question the same criteria indicated in question 44 will be used. In the case in which the interviewee indicates that he is not affiliated to a mobile emergency system, the question will not be asked. Keep present the option that the quota of the mobile emergency system is included in the mutual quota or medical insurance (5), for those cases in which the service is offered for the simple reason of belonging to a collective institution or insurance.

[p. 42]

Education

47. Do you know how to read and write?

This question asks about the literacy of the individual, without considering whether or not he ever went to a learning institution. The code is assigned to those who know to read and write (both things) at least a complete paragraph. If he only knows how to read or only to write, "No" will be marked.

48. Do you currently attend some educational center: pre-school, elementary school, secondary school, post-secondary school, or technical school?

All those people who at the moment of the survey attend an establishment of formal teaching (public or private) or who, while enrolled, are temporarily not attending are considered as currently attending.

An establishment of teaching is an institution where children initiate learning habits (pre-school establishments, childcare), as well as those where a regular course of learning is given subject to the current educational regulations.

If the response to this question is negative, a circle will be marked around code 2, continuing the interview with question 51.

49. Is this educational center public or private?

Indicate if the person attends a public or private institution. It can happen that the person attends a private center but with a scholarship (without paying), in this case it will be marked as a private institution.

50. In what level and year are you currently enrolled?

The level and year that the respondent is currently attending will be indicated. In the case that vacations are in session, you must record the grade he will enter when classes resume.

In the case that the person declares attending different levels (for example teacher training and university) he will be asked to opt for one of them, following the criteria of the level to which he dedicates the majority of time (including hours of study).

How to proceed in the case that the interview is being carried out during vacations? In these cases you must investigate the enrollment of the student. Anyone who, even while temporarily not attending, is enrolled is considered as attending an establishment of learning.

An example that can present doubt is the following: a person who is interviewed in the months of the summer finished one level (ex: elementary school) and is enrolled in the next level, you must mark the next level and note "1" in the year that he is attending.

Some clarifications with respect to the options:

Pre-school: Daycare, nursery school, etc. are included. The level that he is taking will be indicated.

Special elementary school: This level will be signaled in the case of the people who attend special schools for the disabled/handicapped. In this case the level that he is taking should be indicated.

Middle school: If the person is taking the first, second, or third year in a middle school

[p. 43]

University of Work (UTU): If the person is taking first, second, or third year in a technical school. You must be careful not to confuse the UTU with basic professional formation. The basic cycle of the UTU is equivalent to the middle school, that's to say that it has the same curriculum content as the formation in the first cycle of the middle school (except for small differences).

High school: If the person is taking fourth, fifth, or sixth grade in a high school

Basic professional formation: corresponds to the courses of the UTU that only require elementary schooling. It is different from the basic cycle in the UTU because it deals with a formation orientated specifically to some trade and is not equivalent to the basic cycle in the middle school. In addition, the courses are of shorter duration than the basic cycle of the UTU. It is required that the people are age 15 or older to participate in these courses.

Technical high school: If the person is taking fourth, fifth, or sixth grade in a technical school.

Non-university higher education: This includes for example the National School of Police (officials), the technicians of administration (the private universities as well we the University of the Republic), the physiotherapists, speech therapists, occupational therapists, students of hotel management, etc.

Graduate school (masters or Ph.D.): If the person is attending a postgraduate course, always when it deals with a masters of at least a year of duration (don't record postgraduate studies shorter than one year) or a doctorate, in both cases they must require a finalized university degree in order for admission.

Education module

The objective of this module is to broaden the information about attendance in the education system to improve studies about the distribution of public spending on education. It also investigates the episodes of repition in elementary and middle school education, since this information is very useful for the specific studies about education.

ME1. What type of educational center are you attending?

It is important to ask this question carefully; it corresponds to the type of educational center and not its public or private condition.

The CAIF centers attend to children ages 0 to 3 years, and it must be distinguished whether they go every day or only some days of the week (CAIF new modality)

The daycare centers are centers of care for your children, while the preschools or kindergartens are institutions fit for teaching.

The primary school (regular schedule) is the traditional elementary school of 4 hours, while the extended schedule in the public case corresponds to the full-time schools, and double-shift schools in the private case.

The high school (regular schedule) corresponds to the school with the simple schedule, including reform schools where the schedule can reach six hours.

The high school (extended time) corresponds to more than six hours, in this case the private high schools are included.

The technical school corresponds to the educational establishments of the UTU.

[p. 44]

51. Even though you are not currently attending, have you ever attended an educational center at the pre-school, elementary, secondary, post-secondary, or technical level?

For all the people who don't currently attend, it is of interest to know if the previously did it to distinguish their level of education.

According to the response that is obtained from the interviewee, the interview will continue according to that indicated in the questionnaire.

52. What is the highest level and year attained? Level completed?

This corresponds with noting the last year reached in this highest level. If the person declares more than one level (for example masters and university) he will be asked to opt for one of the levels, for example what results of most use for his insertion into the work force.

You must remember that today in the country there exist courses given by private institutes that are recognized as equivalent to those dictated by the U.T.U. or the University of the Republic. These must be assimilated to those who correspond.

Only in the case in which the interviewee indicates in this question that he attended Technical school (UTU or similar), this question has been complemented with a requirement that permits one to access this category, with the objective of being able to adequately classify the type of technical education of the person.

Important clarifications

It is indispensable to correctly follow the sequence that is marked in the questionnaire.

All the people who currently attend an educational center ("Yes" in question 48) cannot have finished the highest level. There can be exceptions to this rule like in the case of the people who having completed a university degree are resolved to reincorporate themselves in studies and complete a baking class in the UTU that according to its requirements is in the secondary level. In these cases, clarify it in the margin of the questionnaire or indicate the specialty of both courses and degrees.

For all those who indicate some course of technical learning the requirements for admission are also solicited (for example: only elementary school completed, middle school completed (the six years, etc.), with permits adequately codifying the indicated course.

The access to many job positions demands as a necessary condition a determined level of completed instruction. Additionally because of this it's necessary to reveal if the interviewee completed or not the level of instruction declared (ex: different durations of university degrees). According to the interviewee's response you will circle the corresponding code. You must keep present that a person who currently attends cannot have had completed that level.

It's important that you control the coherency of all the questions that this topic involves, but never marking a response by supposing a situation.

53. What is the area, career, or major that you study or studied?

For the levels technical school, teacher training, university or similar, non-university higher education, and graduate school the interviewee will be asked to indicate the name of the course, major and orientation that you study or studied, noting it in clear letter, preferably in print.

[p. 45]

54. Did you spend all your years of secondary education in a public school?

If answered "Yes", go to question 56. Remember that secondary education corresponds to technical training and high school.

55. How many years did you complete in a public high school?

56. Did you spend all your years of elementary education in a public school?

Question 57 will only be asked in the individual answers no.

57. How many years did you pass in the public elementary school?

Questions 54 to 57 seek to reveal the principle features of the educational trajectory of the individual. These questions will be useful, amongst other things, for the specific studies related with the labor market.

ME2. Did you attend pre-school or the CAIF? (understood as attends or attended)

You must indicate the code that corresponds. The CAIF are Centers of Attention to the Infancy and the Family, which are for children younger than 4. If he assisted the CAIF as well as pre-school, don't forget to circle the code that corresponds to both options (and not each one of them separately). You must ask this question of everyone ages 6 to 17.

ME3. Did you repeat any year in primary school?

This seeks to determine if the respondent repeated one or more years during elementary school. Don't ask this question to those younger than age 7.

ME4. Did you repeat any year in secondary school?

This seeks to determine if the respondent repeated one or more years during secondary school (secondary or technical). You must ask the question to everyone ages 12 to 17.

Social policies

The following group of questions must be asked of all the people of the household. They seek to identify the users of the public food help, which will be of use for the imputation of the income from transfers as well as the analysis of the focus of policies. Whether or not the person is enrolled in a program of help for the dwelling is also asked.

58. Have you attended any free dining facility in the last 30 days?

Indicate if the person attended some dining hall or eating area in the last 30 days, remember that it's only important to identify the free facilities.

Which one(s) and how often?

Record the dining facilities that correspond, and the number of times per week that [the respondent] visits them. For example, if he goes from Monday to Friday to eat lunch and dinner, it corresponds to five for the weekly frequency of each type of meal. In the case of school dining facilities, it will be sufficient to indicate the type of meal the child receives, since it is understood that he attends from Monday to Friday.

[p. 46]

59. Do you receive in your household any type of food from a public program, excluding food baskets?

In this case it is investigated whether or not some type of food is received, for example food from the INDA. It deals with a different service than the help of a dining facility, since the person is not relocated, and also than the food basket, since prepared foods are received and not non-perishable foods. In the case that he declares receiving food, signal the frequency declared by the interviewee, whether weekly or monthly (do not mark both, both options are offered in order to facilitate the work of the interviewer).

60. Do you receive any type of food basket?

This question refers to all food baskets. If he doesn't receive, continue with the next person of the household. If he receives, you must indicate which and how many of each one.

What type of basket and how many of each one, per month?

The food baskets refer fundamentally to different forms of support that the INDA offers. They are detailed in a specific way because people generally identify them in such a way, and additionally each type of basket has a different composition.

Even though the baskets are coming from the IDNA, many can be delivered by instances of Public Health, municipal police clinics, or other services that have agreed with INDA to distribute baskets, like SOCAF or other institutions. For example, the basket of nutritional risk is recognized in many cases as the "low weight" basket since it generally is arranged in instances of health and one of the indicators refers to the weight of the children. If the mother declares that she receives this basket, you must take care to not return to note it when you investigate about the child, in order to not double count baskets per household.

61. Are you currently enrolled in any housing public credit or aid program?

If the person indicates "Yes", you must indicate the name of the program. In the case of the people who are "registered" in the BHU but have already obtained their credit or help, that's to say they are paying for the help, but are not demanding new help, "No" will be indicated.

F) Work activity
(Only for people age 14 or older)

This section of the questionnaire will be carried out only for people age 14 or older.

This collection of questions intends to investigate not only the current occupational status of a person, but also the basic characteristics of the employed, unemployed, and inactive.

The concepts and criteria to determine the occupational status of the population are those recommended by the International Office of Work (OIT), recognized by the different social actors of the country.

Who are the employed? They are all those who worked for at least an hour the week previous to the survey or that didn't work because of vacations, a sickness or accident, work conflict, or job interruption because of bad weather, or lack of raw materials, but he has employment to which it is sure he will return.

[p. 47]

62. During the last week, did you work for at least one hour without considering domestic chores?

Work is considered all tasks that are carried out by a person with certain periodicity and are his main responsibility, independently of whether remuneration in money or in kind is perceived, or if it is performed without remuneration of any kind in a family business. Domestic chores are not always considered work when they are not performed by some third person.

According to the response of the interviewee, the corresponding option will be circled. If it is affirmative the interview will continue on page 66, if the contrary, it will be continued with the following question.

63. Did you do something outside your household, helped in a business, or collaborated in taking care of animals, crops, or a farm, for ends different than self-consumption?

This question intends to recover work situations not considered as such by the interviewee. It deals with a very important question in the case of the rural area, where the people often forget to consider the work carried out by the women and adolescents.

If the person did something for outside the household, even though he hasn't received payment, then a circle must be made around option "1" and to continue you will jump to question 66, if the contrary, you will continue with the following:

64. Even though you did not work last week, do you have a job or business you will return to for sure?

According to the second of the criteria annotated in the definition of a working person "Didn't work the last week but has a job to return to" is the one included in this question. The person will be employed only in the cases in which he has assurance that he will return to work. Upon answering affirmatively, the following question will be asked, if the contrary, you will pass to the sequence of the people without work (section F.5, question 101)

65. Why didn't you work last week?

For those who have work but haven't worked during the reference period (the week before) we are interested in knowing the motive for which they didn't work.

66. How many jobs do you have?

Work or jobs are considered different when carried out in different producing entities (that is to say for different employers).

Let's note some examples: a teacher who offers classes in two public high schools, only has one job, since both are carried out for the same employer (Board of Secondary Education). On the other hand if another teacher offers classes in two high schools but one is public and the other private, then he does indeed have two jobs since he carries them out for different employers.

The situations described above, of working for more than one employer, shouldn't be applied in any case to the free-lance workers, since their labor relationship is with themselves (each one of them constitutes a company or producing entity).

[p. 48]

Attending to the criteria noted and in accordance with the response of the interviewee, the quantity of jobs that he has will be noted in the corresponding boxes.

Characteristics of the main job

67. What activity do you perform in your work that gives you the most income?

The objective that this question pursues is to determine the occupation type of the interviewee, that in total is the collection of tasks completed by a person, and can be classified according to their complexity and level of knowledge required to carry them out.

It will be described with clear letters and in brief, but precise, form in order to achieve an adequate classification of the occupation of the people, avoiding in all cases annotations such as employee, worker, supervisor, boss, owner, odd-job worker, person in-charge, pawn, go-for. To serve as an example a brief list will be transcribed of the uniform international classifier of occupations (CIUO '88) that is currently used by the ECH.

68. What does the establishment where you work do or produce?

We are interested in knowing the branch of the activity of the establishment where the individual carries out his work. The branch of economic activity is determined by the goods and services that he produces and the nature of the process that carries out the establishment.

The name or social reason of the company should not be put under any of the concepts. You must always specify if it deals with a wholesale or retail commercial endeavor and what it is that this sells and in the case of industry, what it is that it produces and in what material.

Following the example in question 67 you should indicate the work carried out in the high school.

As an example a brief list of uniform international industrial classifications currently used by the ECH are transcribed below.

[p. 49]

If the establishment carries out more than one activity, you must investigate about which of them is the most important.

69. In this job, you are...?

This question investigates the occupational status of the interviewee, which all in all is the relationship of the worker with his work.

Working for a wage/salary: worker or employee; a person who works for an employer (public or private) and receives a remuneration in the form of a salary, payments in installments or in kind. If he is a public salaried worker, the following question will be asked; if he is a private salaried worker you will go on to question

Member of a cooperative: person who is cooperative, whatever the productive activity to which the cooperative is dedicated. If this is the response you will go on to question 75.

Employer: person who operates his own economic business and has one or more salaried or day laborers under his charge. If this is the response, you will go on to question 75.

Self-employed: person who without depending on an employer operates his own economic business without having remunerated workers, allowing for one or more family workers that are not remunerated. There is a distinction between those who have some installation or investment in order to carry out the activity (with premise) and those who don't possess it (a premise). In both questions, you will go on to question 75.

Household member not receiving wage/salary: person who works for the company or business of a family member that lives within the dwelling and from which he does not receive a salary, wages, or goods for his work. If this is the response, you will go on to question 75.

Public program employee: people who are working in transitory jobs created in the framework of social programs to help the low-income population. The person can declare working for example in the Intendencia, the program of Barrida OtoƱal, but it doesn't deal with a public employer but rather a job in a public employment program. The same occurs with the people who are found working in the program Trabajo por Uruguay del Plan de Atencion Nacional a la Emergencia Social (PANES).

Attending to the criteria indicated and the response of the interviewee the corresponding code will be circled.

70. Where in the public sector do you work?

Indicate the place of work of the salaried public.

The Central government consists of all the Ministers and President of the Republic.

The public entities in the 220 categories consist of the judicial power, the accounts tribunal, the tribunal of contentious administration, the ANEP, the University of the Republic, and the INAU.

The autonomous entities and decentralized services consist of the UTE, BHU, OSE, ANC (Mail), ANCAP, PLUNA, AFE, BROU, BSE, BCU, ANTEL, BPS, and the National Institution of Colonization

The governmental departments consist of the municipal divisions and the departmental meetings.

Other: public institutions not included in the aforementioned, like the legislative power.

[p. 50]

Attending to the criteria indicated and the interviewee's response the corresponding code will be circled.

71. What kind of work contract do you have?

This questions seeks to know the work contracts that the public salaried workers have.

The corresponding code will be circled and you will go on to question 76.

72. Is the establishment that you work for part of the firm that hires you?

This desires to identify the case in which the worker is contracted by a company but develops his tasks in another.

Returning to the example of question 68, in which the person is contracted by a cleaning company and does the cleaning in a high school, the response to the question is: "No". In this case, question 73 will be asked.

73. What does the firm that hires you do or produce?

Like that indicated in question 68, it will be described with clear print and in a brief but precise form to achieve an adequate classification of the branch of the service, avoiding that in all the cases annotated like commercial, industrial, etc. and even more so the commercial name of the firm.

It's important to keep in mind that it is asked about the firm that contracts him. For example, a person who is contracted by a cleaning firm and does the cleaning in a high school, the response is: "Sale of cleaning services".

74. In this job, do you have the right to receive a vacation bonus wage/salary?

This question wants to find out if the worker charges his end of the year bonus in order to have a better estimate of his labor income. You must circle 1 or 2 according to the response of the interviewee.

Not all workers have this bonus: only some salaried workers will respond "Yes".

75. How many people work in the firm or institution?

This question determines the scheme of the working personnel of the firm that contracts them (in which the interviewee is dependent).

You must pay special attention that the question consults about the firm and not about the branch or specific establishment in which the interviewee works.

76. Where do you perform your job?

[p. 51]

You must indicate the place where the person habitually carries out his job. Select only one, in the case in which the person signals two options, you must choose the place where he clocks the most hours during the work schedule. In the case of divided tasks (for example the police who carry out service 222), you must indicate the job that is carried out in the place where he performs the majority of the hours for his main occupations (police station, street, etc.)

In the case of a person who works as a domestic worker, if he goes to the house of this employer but doesn't live there in a permanent form, you must indicate the address. In the case in which it deals with domestic service with a bed, you must indicate: "In a fixed place".

This question investigates about a characteristic of work that is relevant in order to evaluate the quality of work.

77. Is this job in this department?

The objective that this question seeks is to study the special mobility of the population for labor reasons with the end of determining the existence or not of the departments that have additional labor force for the premise.

What is of interest is to know whether the person develops his labor activity in a department distinct from his habitual residency.

According to the response and if it corresponds, you will note the name of the department to which the interviewee transfers in order to perform his work. If the person interviewed is a bus chauffer of an international or interdepartmental route and the agency is found within the department where he resides, it will not be considered as a transfer.

A situation that can arise is the labor migration outside of Uruguay, in this case the option "In another country" will be signaled.

78. Do you contribute to a pension fund for this job?

This question desires to find out if the interviewee is protected or not by social security. [Codes] 1 or 2 should be circled according to the answer of the interviewee. Remember that this question is intimately connected with health attention because of DISSE, so that you must control the consistency, always maintaining discretion in order to not alter the true objective of this investigation.

If the worker doesn't contribute to a pension fund go on to question 81.

79. Which pension fund do you contribute to?

One of the institutions that are signaled below will be marked.

BPS: Bank of Social Prevision. The majority of the workers contribute to the BPS. The BPS consists of various funds: civil, scholarly, industrial and commercial, rural, domestic service. It could happen that the worker mentions a fund (for example, the teacher knows that he contributes or the Scholarly Fund) and wouldn't know it belongs to the BPS.

BPS and AFAP. This deals with the workers that contribute simultaneously to the BPS and an AFAP. In the case in which some contribute to an AFAP, it is necessary that they contribute to the BPS also.

Police fund. Only the policemen contribute to this fund

Military fund. Only the personal of the Armed Forces contribute to this fund

Professional fund. Only the professionals contribute to this fund.

[p. 52]

Public notary fund: The scribes and their personal dependents contribute.

Banking fund. Only the people who work in the financial institutions contribute to this fund.

With other cases that aren't contemplated, the interviewer must specify it with observations.

80. Only if the respondent is working for a salary/wage in the private sector, do you contribute part of your total salary/wage in this job?

This desires to know if there exist sub-declarations of salary when the contribution to the fund is calculated. This question only makes sense for the salaried since the self-employed pay an inconsistent amount.

81. How many hours per week do you usually work in this job?

This is interested in knowing the number of hours habitually worked in the week by the interviewee, avoiding all present situations that could introduce distortions to the normal situation.

82. How long ago did you begin working for this firm or business, in a continuous way?

This desires to know the length of a person with the firm, which allows us to know the continuity of that employment.

If the person answers with the number of years, it will be noted in the boxes on top of "Years". If it is less than a year since he began working for the firm, the number of months will be noted in the boxes on top of "Months".

If the person answers with the number of months and there are more than 12 (more than one year of length) you will round, so that 6 months or more will become one year and 5 months or fewer will not be counted. For example: if the person says 15 months, you will note "1 year"; if the person says 18 to 20 months, you will note "2 years".

83. In the last three years, how many times did you change your main occupation?

This question desires to know the rotation of the people between jobs and indicate how many workers (and their characteristics) suffer from employment instability. There is a distinction between those who changed up to five times, and [those who changed] more than five times. In the first case, you must specify the quantity of times (between 0 and 5). If they didn't change jobs, indicate "0".

Keep in mind that in the case of dependent workers, the different number of employers (bosses) is considered. In the case of self-employed workers, the different number of occupations or trades is considered. For example: if he has been gardener, carpenter, and barber indicate "3". If he only has worked as gardener but in different houses, it corresponds to indicate "1", as well as if he has only been brick-layer even though he has constructed or repaired various houses.

84. In the last 12 months, have you been unemployed?

Record if there was at least one episode of unemployment during the last twelve months.
[p. 53]

Characteristics of the Secondary Job

Questions 85 to 93 are asked to all those people who indicate having more than one job. For the response to these questions, you will keep in mind the same criteria indicated for the questions referring to the principal occupations.

85. What activities do you perform in your other job?

86. What does the establishment that you work for do or produce?

87. In your other job, you are...?

88. How many persons work in the firm or institution?

89. Is this other job in this department?

90. In this other job, do you have the right to receive the vacation bonus wage/salary [aguinaldo]?

91. Do you contribute to a pension fund for this job?

92. Which pension fund do you contribute to?

93. How many hours per week do you usually work in other jobs?

Job search of the employed

This block of questions has as its objective to know about the search of another job in addition to the current one in order to be able to determine situations of underemployment.

What is an underemployed? Any person who workers less than the normal work day (in our country it has been considered to be 40 hours), desires to work more hours, and is available to do so.

94. Even though you are employed, are you looking for other job?

It is important to signal that he is being asked if he is carrying out concrete actions of looking for another job, not is he would desire to have another job.

95. Is it to change your current job or complement it?

Seeking to change: when the person is looking for a job with the objective of abandoning his current job, while what deals with a search for complementing is when the person looks for a job that allows him to maintain his current job, adding an additional job.

[p. 54]

96. Why do you want another job?

The people can be looking for a job for various reasons. In this question a list of reasons is offered and it is desired that the person choose the main reason. When he declares that he is looking for a job "to become independent" that corresponds with more income, since that is the cause that prohibits him from becoming independent.

97. Do you want to work more hours?

In the case that the person doesn't want to work more hours go on to section F.7 question 0.

98. Are you available to work for more hours?

To be available means that the person can effectively work more hours. According to the response obtained the corresponding code will be circled.

For the case in which the person is not available go on to section F.7 question 0.

99. Why don't you usually work more hours per week?

This question confirms or not the availability to work more hours, since by attending to the conditions required in order to be considered an underemployed person, it's necessary to be able to effectively work more. Even though many would like it, if they have family or personal reasons that impede them, they are not considered underemployed.

Therefore this question allows us to annotate the situations of underemployment, given that when the alternative are read in the order established, the interviewee will recognize, if it corresponds, the limitation for which he cannot work more hours.

In the cases in which the interviewee responds with more than one of the options that are presented in the questionnaire, he will be asked to indicate the main one, marking only one.

100. What did you mainly do to look for more work hours per week?

This question tries to differentiate the different forms of looking to work more hours.

According to the response the corresponding code will be circled. Remember that you can only admit one response, so that, if the interviewee responds that he has tried more than one of the search methods noted, he will be asked to indicate the main one.

Job search of the unemployed

In this block of questions the interview continues with those people who are not working.

Unemployed: is any person who during the reference period considered (last week) is not working because of not having work, is actively looking for work, and is available to start working right now. By definition, those people who are not looking for work since they are waiting for the results of processes already started and those who begin working in the next 30 days are also unemployed.

[p. 55]

Inactive: is any person who, during the reference period considered, did not work and didn't carry out concrete steps or is not available to work right now.

101. Are you available to begin working?

This question is asked to get at one of the conditions of unemployment. According to the international recommendations, if a person is carrying out concrete steps in order to obtain an employment but is not available in that moment to start working, he is not considered unemployed.

102. Last week, did you look for a job or try to create your own business?

A job search is understood to be when a person carries out some concrete effort during the period established (in this case, the past week) in order to become incorporated into the job market, trying to get a job or establish a business or profession though distinct steps using different means.

Attending to the criteria mentioned above, according to the response of the informer, you will circle the code that corresponds. If he indicates "Yes", go on to question 105.

103. Why didn't you look for a job or try to create your own business?

For all those who responded as not having found a job, you will try to find out the cause.

This question allows differences between those people who didn't look for a job because of a lack of interest in working ("No reason in particular") from those who abandoned the search because of a lack of work after trying repeatedly, or from those who today don't do it for having had success previously and are waiting for a reply or a job to start.

According to the response of the interview you will circle the code that corresponds. Remember that only one answer is accepted, so that, in the case that the interviewee indicates more than one, he will be invited to determine which one of them was the main one.

104. Even though you did not look for a job or try to create your own business last week, did you look for a job or try to do one in the last four weeks?

If the response is negative (in this case the person will be classified as inactive) the interview will be continued with section F6, question 111.

105. What did you mostly do to look for job or create your own business?

The objective of this question is to determine if the person is effectively looking for work. Different options of job searching are presented.

According to the response of the interviewee you will circle the code that corresponds. Remember that only one response is admitted, so that, in the cases in which the interviewee indicates more than one, you will invite him to determine which of them was the main one.

Some clarifications about the available options:

Directly consulted an employer: is when the person establishes direct contact with the firms, without the existence of an intermediary (employment agency, friend, relative, etc.)

[p. 56]

Did paperwork, applied for loans: these are the actions that a person generally does to establish himself on his own, without any dependency relationship.

If the response to this question is "Nothing", the interview will continue with question 111.

106. Do you look for a job with special conditions?

This question is asked with the objective of differentiating those who would accept whichever job from those who look for one with a determined characteristic. In this last case continue on to the following question.

107. What is the main condition you require when looking for a job?

For all those who impose conditions at the hour of accepting a job, this question intends to know which the principal one is.

Different options have been noted that cover the possible situations and amongst which you must fit the response of the informer. Some clarifications about the available options:

Reduced working hours: it's for the case of those who don't want a full-time job (that's to say they look to work fewer than 8 hours daily which is in our country what has been taken as a normal work day).

Special schedule: shouldn't be confused with the aforementioned, in this case the quantity of hours isn't of interest but rather that the schedule is convenient.

Something that fits your knowledge or experience: is the case of those who desire that their level of studies or experience they have achieved in their previous job(s) is recognized.

Working place or personal conditions: includes those such as that the workplace is close, that they consider a physical deficiency, etc.

108. How long have you been looking for a job?

Even though it is requested that the time is indicated in weeks, in some cases in can be that for the interviewee it is easier to remember in months, in this case note this number in the margin and later do the conversion multiplying by 4.

It's fundamental that when encountering prolonged search times, clarify to the interviewee whether or not he was doing concrete actions during all the time, that's to say that there were not interruptions in the search.

Concrete actions are understood as answering ads in the newspaper, consulting employment agencies, directly consulting the employer or with friends and relatives, doing paperwork, or working off loans in order to establish oneself, etc.

109. (If looked for 24 or more weeks), during all this time did you take any concrete actions?

[p. 57]

Just as established in the previous question, we are interested in knowing if during the whole time the person took uninterrupted concrete actions in order to look for work.

It has been seen that in many cases certain people who even when having firm intentions of incorporating themselves into the job market, during periods (of study, or for other obligations or reasons) abandon the active search since they can"No"longer do it, but at the moment of responding to question 108 omit removing these times and don't indicate until that last moment that they reinitiated it. Thus, this question is added in order to classify the unemployed for continuous search time or not.

The same criteria of question 105 will be used in terms of the job search (concrete actions).

In synthesis this question will allow us to determine for long searches if the person did it with interruptions or not.

110. During this time, did you perform any temporary job?

The interest is to know if during the time that the interviewee indicated that he was looking for work, performed some temporary job, that's to say if he occupied himself in something passing in order to earn an income that allows him to cover his budget. Generally as these jobs are done in passing and don't fulfill the aspirations of the people, they are not considered as jobs for the interviewees (an example can be cited: substitute cargo worker, cleaner of some garden, painter of the wall of a house, etc.).

An affirmative response to this question, using the base of the aforementioned, will permit us to understand prolonged job search times on the part of the interviewee and improve the response.

If the interviewee indicates that he has performed some temporary job, you must consult:

The time in weeks that you indicated it is since this temporary job to today?

If the response is affirmative: you will continue with the interview.

If the response is negative: you must reform question 108 requesting that the job search time is since this temporary work ended until today.

The characteristics requested in questions 113 to 118 must refer to the last job performed by the interviewee, that's to say if he indicated doing some temporary job, you must have the surety that all the responses to these questions are referring to that one. In order to facilitate the task you must clarify before starting this series: "With respect to that temporary job that you indicated to me..."

As seen with this all the questions refer to the same thing, that's to say to the last job performed by the interviewee (independently of whether it was recognized or not by him, or similarly whether it was temporary or not).

Previous jobs of the unemployed

This collection of questions tries to find out the most recent labor history of the unemployed or inactive people.

[p. 58]

It is important to clarify that if the interviewee responds affirmatively in question 110 the response of this block should refer to that temporary job.

111. Did you work before?

According to the response obtained the interview will continue, attending to the instructions of the questionnaire.

112. Are you receiving unemployment benefits?

The person who responds affirmatively to this question is that who has the security that he is not going to return to work, so that it is fundamental that you make a note of this situation since if the contrary the person should have answered affirmatively in question 64.

113. With respect to your last job, how long ago did you cease working there?

If the person answers the number of years, they will be noted in the boxes above the "Years". If it is less than one year since he left this job, the number of months will be noted in the boxes above the "Months".

If the person answers the number of months and they are more than 12 (more than one year of time) an estimate will be made, in such a way that six months or more will become one year while 5 months or fewer will not be counted. For example: if the person says 15 months, "1 year" will be noted; if the person says 18 or 20 months, "2 years" will be noted.

114. What activities did you perform in this job?

You will take into account that indicated for question 67.

115. What did the establishment that you work for do or produce?

You will take into account that indicated for question 68.

116. In this occupation, you were...?

You will take into account that indicated for question 69.

117. For which of the following reasons did you leave this job?

The objective is to know the main reason for which the interviewee left his last job, intending on one side to determine if the withdrawal was voluntary or not and one the other side to analyze the possible reintegration of the person in the job market.

The reasons connected to the business or firm are:

Layoff: he was a salaried worker and they let him go, being that the sanctioned him for a disciplinary reasons, that the firm was having problems and was not in need of so many workers, etc.

Establishment closed: this can deal with the closing of the work place of the salaried worker of the closing of the business of a self-employed worker or employer. For example in the case of a worker of domestic service that indicates that his employer passed away, this option will be marked.

Contract ended: the worker had been contracted to perform a job that ended, etc.

Seasonal job: This deals with the case of the seasonal worker.

Inadequate wage/salary: the salaried worker quit or the independent worker stopped working because it didn't help him to continue performing that activity since the remuneration was very low.

Study reasons: in that moment, he preferred to dedicate more time to studies and the work did not permit him to do so.

Family reasons: in that moment, some reason linked to family made him take the decision to stop working.

He or she retired.

Other reasons (resignation): this refers to any other reason for quitting. Reasons for quitting must always be chosen; the loss of job occasioned by motives of the company or firm must be classified in the first five options. A person could say: "I left because they were going to throw me out" or "I left before they could fire me". In spite of the person indicating a reason that signals that he firm was going to make the decision, we will put this in this option "Other reasons".

Just like in the previous cases, if the interviewee responds with more than one reason he will be invited to determine which one of them was the main one.

118. In this job, did you contribute to a pension fund?

This question seeks to identify the level of formality that the job of those who abandoned it involuntarily had.

For everyone age 14 or older

119. Are you?

Finally this question will be asked with the objective of finding out about the inactive situation that can even simultaneously belong to a person who has a job.

A complete investigation is fundamental since it constitutes a very important reminder at the hour of consulting the income.

In all these themes a code according to the response will be circled.

Retired: a person who receives a retirement from an organization of social retirement provisions. The retired has worked in the past and has contributed to the social security system; that has generated him the right to be inactive and receive a provision from the system. This provision is called retirement and can be processed when: i) the worker arrived at some determined age and reached a minimum number of years of work; ii) being active and contributing to the system, the worker remained unable to work.

Pensioner: person who receives a pension from an organization of social retirement provisions. Unlike the retired, the pensioner receives a transfer in money

[p. 60]

(pension) without having contributed in the past to the social security system, at least for the minimum amount of time that is required in order to access retirement. The difference between being a pensioner and a retired revolves around having contributed. There are three basic reasons for which a person who did not contribute to the social security system can access a pension: i) for having an advanced age and not having other income; ii) for having "inherited" a retirement; iii) for having some disability that affects the labor activity.

Rentier : person who receives a sum of monthly, weekly, or annual sum from rent or interests of invested capital, rent, or property rent, etc.

Student.

The person who does household chores: person who is occupied with the domestic labor of his household.

You will have to keep in mind the responses obtained in this question along with the others, for example if in question 117 he indicated item 8 his response to retirement should be affirmative.

120. If you are pensioner, what type of pension do you receive?

The pensioner receives a transfer from a social security organization. Unlike the retired, he hasn't contributed to the system the minimum number of years necessary in order to retire. There are three ways of accessing the pension financed with national resources. A fourth option corresponds to the individuals that receive pensions from abroad.

Elderly pension: people receive this when they are not retired but have an advanced age (this age has been changing in the years) and are of low-income. Even when the interviewer has the intuition that the interviewee doesn't satisfy these requirements, you must mark the answer that the interviewee gives.

Survival pension: this is received by the relatives of a worker who passed away, disappeared, or is in prison (for example, the spouse, the widow, the children younger than 18, the children age 18 or older with some additional demands like for example having certain disabilities, amongst others).

Disability pension: people receive this when they are seen as unable to have labor activity

Pension from abroad: this deals with pensions paid with funds from abroad, for example the pensions of the Government of Spain, etc.

Section G. Personal income

The current income that the household interviewed receives through each one of its members is of principal importance in this investigation.

Given that a same person can receive income coming from more than one source, all the interviewees should be consulted for all the items that appear on the questionnaire.

The investigation of the personal income has been organized in groups of questions attending to the different origins of them, and will be asked to all the members of the household age 14 or older, independently of whether or not they are working. If income obtained by those [persons] younger than this age it will be added to those of the head of the household and noted in the observations.

[p. 61]

The chapter on personal income consists of three groups of questions that investigate about the personal income of each member of the household.

The first block investigates the income derived from the dependent work, that is, from the labor activities that are performed under the direction of an employer.

The second block investigates the income derived from independent work, that is, from work that is performed when the worker is the boss of his own company, works on his own account and/or has personnel under his charge.

In each block, there first appears a collection of questions that reveal the information for the main occupation. Afterwards, the same questions are repeated to investigate about the other occupations.

The third block of questions (income from transfers) captures personal income that doesn't come from work.

It doesn't consist of only obtaining income from work if the person indicates being occupied, or by retirement if the person informs you that he is retired, since he can receive other income that only will be captured if you complete this section of the questionnaire.

Once these three blocks have been revealed to the member of the household, perform the sequence of questions in reference to the other member. Upon finishing the block of questions of "Personal income" for all the members of the household, you will go on to chapter H.

Before establishing some guidelines to carry out the interview of this section, it's pertinent to define some concepts of interest.

What is a recipient of income?

This is all members of the household age 14 or older that in some moment of the reference period of this chapter of the survey (the last 12 months) received some current income.

What is a current income?

This is the collection of all monetary and non-monetary income (in-kind) that the members of the household receive for the performance of a job; the property of real assets; the property of financial assets; current transfers; including the value of one's own production (non-industrialized products) that the households perform for their own consumption

What is a monetary income?

It is the income that is received under the form of money.

What is a non-monetary income?

It can happen that in addition to the remuneration of money a worker receives a payment in-kind. This forms part of the labor income of the worker.

Nonmonetary income is denominated the income that is received in some form different from money.

In the case of the workers that receive alimentation or clothing in his place of work, or that receives products from the firm to bring household, as well as the reimbursement that the firm gives out because of expenses paid by the receiver in goods or services for personal consumption or that of the household (ex: fuel, car insurance, food, transportation, etc.).

[p. 62]

In these cases the goods or services that correspond should be estimated according to their market value.

Income from dependent employees (salaried workers)

This group of questions is aimed at collecting the amount of all the income perceived to be the completion of a job under a dependent relationship (workers or employees from the public and private sector), including the remunerations that business partners could receive for carrying out specific jobs in the company, in a relationship of dependency.

Example: The business partner that effectively performs functions in commercial management, for which he receives a monthly remuneration. This person in his status as partner or investor receives profits in addition. This block corresponds with the registration for the remuneration of managerial work, so that the income in terms of profit will be collected in the following blocks.

Income from the main occupation:
Monetary wages or salaries that the people who work in the dependency relationship, whether daily or monthly workers, received in the reference period.

Even though it corresponds to record in this question the net monthly income, sometimes the people identify the income amounts with reference to a shorter period.

It's common to have daily payments or biweekly payments, like for example in the case of the people who work in domestic service. In these cases, you can help make the calculations to arrive at the monthly amount or the interviewee can make them, but you must always make sure that what is registered corresponds to the period of time solicited (one month).

It can occur that a person declares a permanent job and doesn't have income from the month before because the job was just started in the month in which he is being interviewed. In these cases, the income is not revealed but you much keep a record of this situation by registering in the observations that the income of that job wasn't revealed because the person started to week recently the week before the interview.

In the case in which the person presents two or more employments, and these are as salaried workers, you should incorporate them in the highest paying job as well as in other occupations.

121. How much did you receive at work last month from your highest paying job?

Net wage or salary: You should consult about the net income, that's to say the quantity of money that is received in CASH regularly and already has the tributes and obligations linked to social security (pension, contribution for Sick Insurance, quota for the Accident and Professional Sickness Insurance, contribution to the National Funds of Reconversion, Taxes of Personal Retributions) deducted.

You must include, in the amount that is noted, the deductions due to loans, advances, consumption that the worker has solicited. Common examples of these situations are the values of advances solicited by the workers to the employers, which are deducted at the moment of the salary payment.

[p. 63]

Commissions, incentives, extra hours: The total amount that was received in this category the last month will be noted, making sure that they haven't been included in that declared by the wages and salaries.

Per diem expenditures not needing a report: Just as in the previous cases, you must note the amount received in the corresponding boxes, understanding as per diem expenditures not needing a report as those quantities that are received to cover the expenses of: food when traveling, the same with the lodging, etc. and when it is not necessary to present receipts of the expenses.

Tips: Just in the previous case, the total amount received the last month under this category will be noted, making sure that is hasn't been included in that declared as wages and salary.

Example: taxi workers, waiters in bars and restaurants, people who watch cars, etc.

Christmas wage/salary bonus: Keep present that it is obligatorily received at least twice per year, the first part being received at the middle of the year and the second at the end of the year (whenever the amount receives corresponds to this it will be noted).

Vacations wage/salary bonus: Amount of money that is received in some firms and can reach 100% of the salary. It is received together with the leave that the worker begins to enjoy.

Back wages: Register here the amount received the month earlier that corresponds to the payments due to the worker.

Transportation: This item is included separate in order to facilitate the input of this income in specific, which is very common in the case of domestic service. Record the estimated amount that the worker receives by determining the price of transportation tickets.

Attention: You must always consult the interviewee if it was received in the period for which the survey was administered, since the periods of leave vary between one firm and another.

122. Did you receive food or beverages from your highest paying job?

This desires to capture the non-monetary income that the worker receives in the form of food or beverages. If the interviewee responds no, you must make a circle around the corresponding option and pass to the following question.

If the interviewee responds "Yes", you must make a circle around the corresponding option, and later, you must indicate the quantity of breakfasts/snacks, lunches/dinners and he received last month, as well as specifying the amount that corresponds to other foods and beverages received.

If the worker only receives food coupons, mark"No"in this question and "Yes" in the following.

123. Did you receive food coupons from your highest paying job?

[p. 64]

This desires to capture the non-monetary income that the worker receives in the form of food or drinks. If the interviewee responds "No", a circle must be made around the corresponding option and you must go on to the following question.

If the interviewee responds "Yes", you must make a circle around the corresponding option and ask about the value of the food coupons received.

124. Did you receive housing or lodging from your highest paying job?

This desires to capture the non-monetary income that the worker receives in the form of lodging. If the interviewee responds "No", you must make a circle around the corresponding option and go on to the following question.

If the interviewee responds "Yes", you must make a circle around the corresponding option and ask how much he would have paid if he had had to pay (the last month) for this housing. Remember that the value of the amount received for the concession of the lodging should not be asked in the rural areas.

125. Last month did you receive mutual shares not declared in your wage/salary from your highest paying job? (do not include if received through DISSE [office of social security for illnesses])

You must note the quantity of mutual shares to which you have right in the firm or institution where you carry out your activities, always and when they haven't been included in the wages or salary. You must also omit the mutual share of the interviewee if it is through DISSE or a similar entity, since its value will be imputed.

Remember especially that diverse employers, like military, police men, university workers, and others, can present benefits of this type. You must go in depth in the interview at this point since the benefit is not automatically extended to all the members of the family. For the family members of the worker you must specifically ask if the rights acquired in the health institution that he declares are due to benefits given by the job or to individual decisions.

Example: Your house is composed of you, your wife, and two children, receiving three monthly funds from the firm. Being yourself a private worker, yours is obtained through DISSE. In this case you must note three mutual shares not declared in the wages.

With respect to the shares for police or military health, keep in mind the note with respect to question 42.

126. Last month did you receive any other type of compensation from your highest paying job? (transportation, clothing, childcare services, academic scholarships, company products)

This desires to capture the non-monetary income that the worker receives in different forms like transportation, clothing, etc. If the interviewee responds "No", you must make a circle around the corresponding option and go on to the following question.

If the interviewee responds "Yes" you must make a circle around the corresponding option and underline the categories from which he receives. Later you must estimate how much he would have paid if he had had to be in charge of those expenses.

[p. 65]

Attention: In this item everything that was already registered in the part exclusively reserved for transportation tickets (question 121) is excluded.

127. Last month did you receive any other benefits paid by your employer? (for example, unemployment or sickness insurance)

This desires to capture the income corresponding to other benefits. If the interviewee responds "No", you must make a circle around the corresponding option and go on to the next question.

If the interviewee responds "Yes", you must make a circle around the corresponding option and ask for the total amount received the last month for these items.

128. (Only for the agricultural worker) In your workplace, do you have grazing rights?

This [question] asks to identify if the salaried agricultural worker has the right to have animals in the land of the producers that contracts him, without making a payment in exchange. Remember that this question only is made to the agricultural workers.

If the worker has grazing rights, in order to estimate the value of having this right you must ask how many cattle, how many sheep, and how many horses this land has.

129. (Only for the agricultural worker) In your workplace, do you have the right to cultivate or grow crops for your own consumption?

This desires to identify if the salaried agricultural worker has the right to plant a fraction of the land of the producer that contracts him, without making a payment in exchange. That produced by this parcel is used by the worker for his consumption, or it even can be used to sell to third persons. Remember that this question is only asked to agricultural workers.

If the worker has this right, it corresponds to estimate how much would have been paid the month earlier for the food obtained from the use of this right.

G.1.2) Other occupations in dependency relationship

130. How much did you receive last month in your other jobs working for a wage/salary?

131. In your other jobs working for a wage/salary, did you receive food or beverages?

132. In your other jobs working for a wage/salary, did you receive food coupons?

133. In your other jobs working for a wage/salary, did you receive housing or lodging?

134. In your other jobs working for a wage/salary, last month did you receive mutual shares not declared in your wage/salary? (do not include if received through DISSE [office of social security for illnesses])

135. In your other jobs working for a wage/salary, last month did you receive any other type of compensation (transportation, clothing, childcare services, academic scholarships, company products)?

[p. 66]

136. In your other jobs working for a wage/salary, last month did you receive any other benefits paid by your employer? (for example, unemployment or sickness insurance)

137. (Only for the agricultural worker) In your workplace, do you have grazing rights?

138. (Only for the agricultural worker) In your workplace, do you have the right to grow crops for your own consumption?

In order to answer questions 130 to 139 you must follow the same criteria indicated in the questions referring to the income of the main occupation.

Income from self-employment (own businesses)
(bosses, self-employed workers, members of production cooperatives)

This group of questions is aimed at capturing the income of the people who are working--not under a dependency relationship (bosses, self-employed workers, members of production cooperatives)--and receive income derived from their participation in businesses whether or not they are formalized from a judicial point of view.

Two situations can present themselves:

1) Income derived from firms constituted formally, whatever their juridical nature. In this case the partners or cooperatives will have clear that their income corresponds to the income distributed or withdrawn from an account of profit.

2) Income derived from firms not constituted formally. This is the case that more clearly illustrates the denominated mixed income that results in the derived surplus of the business activity and includes in parts not identifiable the remuneration of the job, the capital, the risk, and the management capacity. In general, in these businesses withdrawals are made from the income that is covering the needs of the people or of the households that participate in the business.

Whichever of these cases involves income that is independent of those eventually received in the form of salaries for carrying out specific functions in the firm of the owner(s) and in all cases must be registered in the group of questions corresponding to the dependent workers.

Independently of how these workers conceptually visualize their income it is of interest to be able to capture them, so that the two concepts that are usually used to identify them will be identified: withdrawals and profits.

139. How much money did you withdraw to pay for your house expenses? (include your salary if you have one)

The withdrawals that the person took out in order to attend to the personal expenses and household expenses must be noted, independently of the type of society of which the income comes. If the person receives in addition a salary you must include it.

140. How much did you receive in the last 12 months as distribution of profits? (do not include items already registered)

You will include here the monetary income received in terms of distributed earnings higher than those withdrawals made and investigated in question 139.

[p. 67]

Example: If in the last twelve months a firm distributed profits for $100,000 to each partner and one of them declares having withdrawn $5,000 from the account on average per month, it corresponds to note $5,000 in question 149 and $40,000 (100,000-5,000*12) in question 140; but you must not note $5,000 in question 139 and $100,000 in question 140 (in this case the income registered would sum to $160,000 when in reality to the true income in the year $100,000).

141. During the last month, did you withdraw products from your business for your own consumption or household?

It's habitual that the worker retires products independently of his business for his own consumption or household. These situations are very frequent in groceries, restaurant owners, agricultural workers, etc. that provide their households with products from their business or production.

If he withdrew products, it is desired to have an estimate of their value. They will only be considered product withdrawal for self-consumption and the market price will be valued according to the judgment of the person being interviewed. If the interviewee is not able to value these products that he withdraws, reveal the quantities and make the clarifications in the observations.

For the agricultural worker, a collection of questions aimed to capture the principle products that are habitually taken are asked. You must specifically ask about the value of what is consumed the month earlier in: meats or sausages, dairy products, eggs and birds, harvest products, other foods.

For the other workers, it will be asked how much they would pay in general if they had to pay for the goods they withdrew the month before.

142. (Only if working in agricultural business) How much did you receive in the last 12 months for sharecropping?

Sharecropping: is the income for ceding the exploitation of part of a field to third parties, whether for pasture, for cultivation, or other type of agricultural production. Everything including the person who cedes the field for exploitation as well as he that carries out the exploitation is denominated "Medianero".

This question refers to the case in which the interviewee exploits an extension of land through sharecropping. This question seeks to know the amount of income that was received for this item.

143. (Only if working in agricultural business) How much did you receive in the last 12 months for grazing?

The same criteria indicated in the previous question will be used.

144. (Only if working in agricultural business) How much did you receive in the last 12 months for sharecropping through cattle?

Sharecropping through cattle is the investment in cattle to fatten and commercialize them.

Here you will only note the income for this item of those who participate in the care of the animals.

Income from transfers
(received from other entities)

[p. 68]

The questions in this block seek to reveal the personal income that is not directly related to the present job of the people. In some cases, where the one responsible of the benefit is a person younger than 14, the record corresponds to the person who has the faculty for making the said transfer, as in the case of a family payment or pension that bypasses a divorced father who doesn't live with his son.

145. How much did you receive last month from [the following]?

Retirement: This seeks to know the amount of retirement, distinguishing the entity that pays it. If he receives retirement from more than one entity, you must figure the amount that each one pays. Be consistent with the response to question 0, en which the retired is distinguished from the pensioner.

You must note the net amounts received after making the obligatory deductions, but always adding advances or deductions for quota payments.

Pension: This desires the note the pension, distinguishing the organization that pays it. Be consistent with the response to question 0, in which the retired is distinguished from the pensioner.

You must note the net amount received after making the obligatory deductions, but always adding advances or deductions for quota payments.

Unemployment benefits: You must note the net amount received for being unemployed.

Accidents, maternity, or sickness compensations: This refers to the payments to which a person has a right because of accidents occurring in the workplace (compensations paid for the decrease of the ability to work caused by an accident). You must also include maternity compensations.

Scholarships, subsidies, donations: Scholarships are income coming from a public or private institution that has as its end subsidizing a study activity. Subsidies are income in money or kind proportioned by public or private institutions attending to some deficient characteristic of the household.

146. Do you receive compensation for dependents?

If the person responds "Yes", you must ask if he declared it in his salary. It is not necessary to ask the amount because there is a single amount per month that will be imputed.

147. Do you receive family allowances?

If the person says "Yes", you must ask the number of allowances received, if they were declared in the salary and how much he charged the last time in total for the item of the family allowances. The allowances have different amounts. Because of that it is desired to investigate the total amount that the interviewee receives.

148. Did you receive food payments or some contribution from divorce or separation?

This constitutes the income that is received from another household (ex. partner) since it isn't a member of this household. This amount can have been determined judicially or in a mutual agreement between both. It will distinguish between the alimony payments coming from the country and those from abroad.

[p. 69]

Household income

In this section the income that is difficult to exclusively impute for a member of the household appear, as for example the rent that a pair obtains from renting a dwelling of their property.

In general the questions investigate first if the person has some type of asset that generates income; if she responds "Yes", then how much income derived from this asset received the month before is asked.

149. Does any member of this household receive money from a relative or other person residing in this country?

In the affirmative case, register the amount in money of the monetary helps received (the month earlier) from some family member (not member of the household) or household, whenever these are residents in the country. Keep in mind that you must exclude what already was registered in question 148.

150. Does any member of this household receive help in kind from a relative or other person in this country? (mutual payments, school payments, etc.)

In the affirmative case, register the value, estimated by the interviewee, corresponding to these helps, received the month before.

151. If the household owns the dwelling, which members of the household are the owners?

Register the number of the member(s) of the household that are owners of the dwelling. In the case of a dwelling in succession, the owner is/are the inheritors (if one doesn't live in the household, indicate only the residents of the household). If he is paying for the dwelling, the owner is the future title holder.

152. Not considering the dwelling that you are residing in, is any member of this household an owner of another dwelling or building?

In case that there exists a resistance to respond to this question, remember that it deals with confidential information that seeks to best characterize the households. It seeks to also improve the capture of the rent income.

If the response is negative, go to question 154.

153. Have they been rented in the last 12 months?

In the affirmative case, register the value of the rent received in the last 12 months. Distinguish if it comes from dwellings or businesses in the country or if it deals with rent coming from properties abroad.

154. Is any member of this household an owner of a farm or field who is not currently working?

In case there exists resistance to respond to this question, remember that it deals with confidential information that seeks to better characterize the households. It seeks to also improve the capture of the income coming from these properties.

In the rural setting it corresponds to "Another farmhouse or field" in addition to what makes up the household.

In case of the affirmative response, you must continue with the questionnaire. If the response is negative, you must continue with question 159.

[p. 70]

155. Have they been rented in the last 12 months?

If the response is negative go to question 157.

156. How much was received in the last 12 months as rent for the land, farms, or fields?

Register the value of the rent received in the last 12 months. Distinguish if it comes from properties of the country or if it deals with rent coming from properties abroad.

157. How much was received in the last 12 months for sharecropping, not having worked?

Remember that it deals with income received without having worked; it's because of this that it is distinguished in question 142, which corresponds to income for independent work. A party or sharecropper is a producer that exploits the earth that isn't his own and for which he pays, to the owner of the land, a proportional part of the product obtained or its equivalent in money. In this case you will be consulting the households that are owners of lands, if they have received income for the sharecropping item without having worked.

158. How much was received in the last 12 months for grazing, not having worked?

Remember that it deals with income received without having worked; it's because of this that it is distinguished from question 143 which corresponds to income for independent work. In the case of the grazing, the interviewee is the owner of the lands that are always being exploited by a third person; the objective of the question is to investigate how much was received from this item in the last twelve months, without having worked.

159. How much was received in the last 12 months for sharecropping through cattle, not having worked?

In the case of sharecropping through cattle, it deals with an association between the owner of the cattle and the owner of the land: one provides the animals and the other the terrain for grazing and they agree to divide the income derived from this association. One of the most generalized variants is the case in which the owner of the cattle leaves his animals grazing in the field owned by another person, the cattle is weighed at the beginning of the process and also at the end, and later is sold and both share the income according to the different in weight at the beginning and in the moment of sale of the cattle. [This occurs] for the case of the sharecropping through cattle, independently whether he is or not a land owner.

160. Did any member of this household receive, in the last 12 months, interest from deposits, bills of exchange, bonds, loans to third parties, etc.)?

This question is an introduction to the next, with the objective of bettering the capture of this type of income derived from the possession of financial assets.

If the response is negative go to question 162.

161. How much was received as interest in the last 12 months?

Register the value of the interest received in the last 12 months. Distinguish if it comes from assets that are in the country or abroad.

[p. 71]

162. Does any member of this household have a business for which he is not currently working?

This question is an introduction to the next. It seeks to better the capture of the income from dividends and profits from businesses in which the person doesn't work. If the response is negative go to question 164.

163. How much did you receive as profits and dividends in businesses that you have not worked for in the last 12 months?

Register the value received in the last 12 months. Distinguish if it comes from businesses of the country or abroad.

164. Did any member of this household receive a severance pay in the last 12 months?

In the case in which the response is affirmative you must indicate the amount of the income received. In the case in which he is being paid the compensation for the layoff in quotas, you must only note the amount of the quotas that have been received in the last twelve months.

165. Did any member of this household receive in the last twelve months money or any monetary compensation from a relative living abroad?

In the case in which the response is affirmative, you must indicate the amount of the economic help coming from the exterior.

166. Did any member of this household get any extraordinary income in the last 12 months (gambling)?

In case of an affirmative response, indicate the amount.

167. Is this household registered for the Social Emergency (PANES) program?

For this question and the following, it's important to remind the interviewee that the information is strictly confidential and that it will only be used for the ends of the evaluation of the program. The quality of the responses to these questions will be relevant for the evaluation of the focus of the social policies implemented through the Emergency Plan. It interests us to register if the household is found subscribed in the PANES. Some member of the household could have signed up the household, moving to the offices fit for this end, or the household could have been visited by a representative of the program that subscribed the household in the moment of visiting it. This last modality was much extended in the most marginal zones at the beginning of the program. It is of interest to register both situations (in both cases "Yes" will be marked), since in both cases the household is a postulant to the benefits granted by the program.

If the response is negative, go to question 171.

168. Was this household visited by an enumerator from the Social Emergency (PANES) program?

Once the household is signed-up in the PANES, it is visited by a surveyor that reveals some socio-economic information with the objective of determining if the benefit corresponds to this household. The household will be consulted as to whether or not it has been visited by a surveyor. In case that the household received a representative that signed it up and simultaneously carried out the recollection of the socio-economic information, it corresponds with registering that it has already been visited by an interviewer of the PANES

If the response is negative go to question 171.

169. Did this household receive money from PANES the last month?

This question will result useful for the evaluation of the focus of PANES. The possible responses are the following:

"Yes"
No, participated in the program Work for Uruguay
No, still haven't answered them
No, they denied it

In the case of the benefits of the citizen income during the period in which they are participating in the program Work for Uruguay, within the Emergency Social Plan, don't receive the citizen income. In this case, some member of the household is participating in the program Work for Uruguay, which only lasts a few months, and during this period the citizen income is suspended after those months he returns to collect it.

In this case of the households that don't charge it, it is of interest to know if they have been rejected or have not replied, to the effect of evaluating the focus of the program.

170. Did this household receive food support from the Social Emergency (PANES) program?

In addition to the citizen income of the Emergency Social Program it includes a component of food help, [and] it will be registered whether or not the household receives it.

Section I. Household expenditures

171. How much did you pay during last month due to divorce or separation contributions?

Register the amount paid to the other households for the item of alimony pensions transferred from divorced or separated parents, not co-residents because of divorce or separation.

172. How much did you pay during last month due to other family contributions to other households?

Register the amount of the monetary transfers to other households (for example, payment of mutual quotas, scholarly quotas, etc.).

[Note: the following constitutes a separate document on the labor module]

[p. 1]

Eastern Republic of Uruguay
National Institute of Statistics

Extended National Survey of Households

Instruction Book
2nd Trimester Questionnaire
Work, TICS, Child Labor

March 2006

[p. 2]

The present instruction book complements the Interviewer's Manual of the ENHA in the topics work, information and communication technology, and child labor.
The drafting of which was under the charge of the Technicians of the Sociodemographic Statistics Division.
First version, March 2006

[p. 3]

Introduction

Just as anticipated by the Original Survey Plan of the Extended National Survey of Households, during the second trimester of the year 2006 the theme Work will be studied at depth and Child Labor and Information and Communication Technology will be investigated.

These three themes constitute the independent chapters that are indentified in the questionnaire with the letters L, M, and N.

Given that all these themes are very specific to the person interviewed, it is requested that you put forth the best effort to capture the information directly for each one of them.

For the theme "Work", as it has been planned to have a similar questionnaire and collection after-the-fact, including via telephone, the responses of each economically active person. You will be able to take advantage of this opportunity to capture the particular questions of the other themes that haven't been able to be answered for the informer of the general body of the questionnaire.

On a different note, to prevent how generally sensitive the ones about child labor can be, never prejudge situations and always ask the questions with tact and naturalness and you will receive the best answers.

L. Characteristics of work

The questions of this chapter aim to find out more deeply some of the characteristics of work. As it is challenging that a third person (the reference person who has been responding) knows these characteristics, this chapter must be responded directly by each one of the persons.

In the sub-chapter L1, all the active members of the household (busy and available) must be interviewed and in the L2 only the busy ones. It's possible that some of these are not to be found in the household; in this case, a copy of the chapter will be left with the aim that the interviewee understands the questions that he/she will answer personally or by telephone.

Active people

Attention: This group of questions only will be carried out with the people who in Question 66 don't respond "0" (that is to say he/she has at least one work) or in the Question 108 don't respond with a blank (that is to say he/she is looking for work and because of that is available).

L1. Training and labor history

MT1. Do you know English?

If the person responds "No", you will pass to question MT4, if the contrary you will ask the following two questions, with the intent that the interviewee self-evaluates his performance in the speaking and the writing of the language.

[p. 4]

MT2. How well do you speak it?

Read the different options and note the one that corresponds.

MT3. How well do you write it?

Read the different options and note the one that corresponds.

MT4. Have you had some training course (not including those of the university, UTU, etc.) of two months or more in duration during the last five years?

This question seeks to capture those courses that are not part of the formal education system (UTU, universities) and that are oriented to an activity or a profession. With any doubt on behalf of the interviewee, help him take into account that those courses taken exclusively for personal enjoyment are not taken into account (for example, a baking course taken by a medic that doesn't have interest in working as a cook).

If the response is affirmative, you must continue with the following questions of the questionnaire, if the contrary, you will continue the interview with the Question MT12.

MT5. How many courses did you take?

It can happen that the person has taken more than one course in the period considered; keep in mind that for the response to this question the courses always must be at least two months in length and they must have been taken in the last five years.

MT6. In what year was the last one taken?

For this course or the last one of them, in the case that he/she has taken more than one, the year in which it was taken must be noted.

Keep in mind that it could never be before the year 2001.

MT7. That course...

This question expects to find out how the course was financed. If the course was financed in more than one way, only indicate the main source of financing when responding.

It was financed by a public program. This deals with the courses whose financing comes from a public training program, for example those financed by the National Meeting of Employment of the unemployed workers.

It was financed by the company in which he/she works/worked. You should mark this option when it deals with a worker that took a course financed by the place where he/she works (or was working in that moment), interpreting the word company in a broad context. For example, include an administrator of the university that took an informatics course as financed by the university.

You paid for it. This is the case in which the person (or some member of the household) directly took on the cost, that is to say, paid for the course with his/her own money.

Received a scholarship from the training institute. This option corresponds in all those cases in which the same institute where the course was taken gives the person a scholarship to complete it.

[p. 5]

Drawings for spaces that many institutions do for promotional ends are typical examples. This option only corresponds when it is a full scholarship.

MT8. What is the specialty of the course?

The type of course that the interviewee took will be registered here with clear letters in print. In the case that he/she has taken more than one in the period considered, always respond with the most recent.

MT9. Where did you take it?

The type of institution where the interviewee took the course will be noted with clear print letters, remembering the indicated for the cases in which there is more than one course.

M10. Did you finish [your training course]?

You will mark what corresponds with the answer of the interviewee; in case that he/she has not finished it you will continue the interview with the Question MT12.

MT11. How did the course serve you?

This question intends to know the usefulness of the course taken by the interviewee, to the effect of determining how it affected him in his labor situation. According to the response, circle the response that corresponds. Remember that in the case there exists more than one possibility only register the main utility that the course had for the interviewee.

MT12. How old were you when you started to work in your first stable employment? (that lasted at least three months)

This question intends to know that age in which the person started to work with a stable employment. It doesn't seek to collect the age in which the person completed his/her first intermittent tasks (for example, watching a neighbor's children or working at a premise for a month in the summer). Because of this, the limit of the three month duration of the employment has been placed.

Attention: Remember that the age of initial labor and stable employment is what is being looked for; because of this the current job that the interviewee has does not have to be referred.

If the person is looking for work for the first time (he/she never worked) you will circle the code "99" and finish this chapter, continuing the interview with [section] M. "Information and communication technologies".

Only for the occupied

Attention: This group of questions only will be completed with the people of the household in which the Question 66 is different than "0" (that is to say he/she has at least one job).

[p. 6]

L.2 Principal occupation

All the questions of this section are referring to the principal occupation of the person interviewed, that is to say it must correspond with the answers given to the questions of the section 4.2; because of this pay attention to the agreement of the answers (for example: Branch of activity of the principal occupation and unionization of the person).

MT13. Are you satisfied with your job?

This intends to know that conformity of the person with his/her current job. How this question is viewed is very personal, so that the question will be planted with its possible response options and in accordance with the indicated answer, the corresponding item will be circled.

MT14. What means of transportation do you use habitually to get to work?

You must circle the option that corresponds, keeping in mind to always consider the trip to work.

In the cases that combine means of transportation you will circle the only used the majority of time, for example from the house to the bus terminal he/she goes in his/her private auto where he/she leaves his/her auto and takes a bus to his/her work place, if the first leg, that is done in the auto, takes 5 minutes and the second, that is taken in bus for 60 minutes, you must indicate public transportation as the means.

MT15. How long does it take to go from your house to your place of work?

This intends to know that time that the person must assign in order to travel to his/her work. The number of minutes will be noted; if the response is given in hours, together with the interviewee and taking the due action of the case, estimate the corresponding minutes.

It can happen that a person combines different means of transportation. For example, a person goes from his/her house to his/her place of work in automobile because he/she takes advantage of the opportunity that an acquaintance gives him/her; but returns in bus, which takes him/her more time, in these cases, you must always note the time from going from his/her house to his/her place of work, so that it would be the time assumed to go in the auto.

MT16. How did you obtain your current job?

This intends to know the way in which the people obtain their job and proposes a list of options. The question doesn't refer to how the person found out about the existence of an opening but rather the fundamental mechanism that permitted him to obtain it. For example: if a friend told him/her that he had seen an announcement in the paper and because of this he/she showed up in the place mentioned in the announcement, the option "Via the press" should be circled; if a friend recommends him to go to speak with the owner of a bowling alley, the option 3 "Via friends or family" should be circled; if he/she showed up in the bowling alley to speak with the owner and offered his/her abilities for the job, the option 7 "Via a direct consultation with the employers" should be circled.

MT17. How many hours do you habitually work per week in your principal occupation?

Keep in mind that the response to this question must coincide exactly with that given for the Question 81.

[p. 7]

MT18. Last week, did you work that number of hours or more or less? (Remember even if you were absent from work only for a couple of hours)

Attention: If last week the person worked the same number of hours that are figured in MT17, "Yes" will be circled, and continue the interview with the question MT22; in the contrary, you will investigate if it was more or fewer hours continuing the interview according to that indicated on the questionnaire.

MT19. How many hours less did you work last week?

Here the number of hours fewer than the habitual hours that the interviewee worked last week will be noted.

MT20. How many hours less did you work for the following reasons?

This intends to know the time that he worked less or the different motives for which he did it.

They corresponded with holidays: last week there was a habitual holiday. In addition to national holidays, note also here the hours corresponding to the holidays for some specific activities. For example, the vacations in September for the teachers, the 23 of September for the workers of the University of the Republic, the monthly day of rest of the written press, etc.

Use of the ordinary leave/ habitual vacations: this option will be marked when the worker is making use of his ordinary leave. Ordinary leave is the right that all the salaried workers have for taking rest days. In the case of the independent worker, this option will be marked when these days have been taken for rest or vacations.

Sickness or general health (going to the doctor, dentist, maternity leave): this option is marked when the person was absent for some hours or days due to health reasons. For example, in order to take a blood test during the hours that habitually are dedicated to work; he/she didn't go one or more days because he/she found himself/herself sick; missing an entire week for being on maternity leave; using the day to get a pap smear test or donate blood, etc.

Permissions to leave and extraordinary leave (except for health): this option will be marked before whichever extraordinary leave, that has been motivated by personal reasons but not health problems. This includes absences of entire work days or of some hours of the work day. In the case of the independent worker, this option will be marked when for personal reasons he couldn't go to work excluding habitual vacations or health motives. For example, an absence for bringing a son to the doctor; leave for mourning.

Labor conflict (partial stop, strike, lockout): you will mark this option when the previous week was not worked due to a measure of decided force in the frame of a labor conflict, being of the workers or the employer.

Lack of work (this includes the temporary suspension of the salaried workers for economic reasons of for the production of the company): you will mark this option when the hourly load of the last week was less because there was not work. For example, the company is producing less than the habitual so they have reduced the work hours; the worker is unemployed for a suspension of activities; a painter or carpenter that doesn't have sufficient clients.

[p. 8]

Bad weather: this happens often in agricultural activities or in construction, where the climatic inclemency make the completion of determined labors impossible, also in street sales or fixed or mobile stalls in the public way where in many cases the rain makes its installation impossible.

He doesn't need to complete a fixed number of weekly hours: you will mark this option when the habitual hours correspond with an average and the week earlier had a load fewer than this average. For example, a salaried worker has a free schedule in the sense that he has to work a determined number of hours a month.

Others: This option will be utilized always with a reason not contemplated earlier, it's convenient to note what the reason is for the verification in the office that it doesn't correspond with any of the previously coded reasons.

After noting the responses obtained in this question you will continue the interview with question MT22, verifying previously that the total hours of this question coincides with that noted in the question MT19.

MT21. How many additional hours?

You will note here the quantity of hours additional to the habitual hours that the person worked the past week.

MT22. How many days per week do you work?

This expects to find out the number of days that the person works per week. Remember that this question is being referred, as in all the questions of this section, to the principal activity, for which if a person works Monday to Friday in public administration (the activity declared as principal) and on Saturday works for a self business, this will correspond to five days.

MT23. How many days of leave were taken in the last twelve months?

This intends to find out the number of days of leave with the objective of resting or taking vacations were taken in the last twelve months. Because of the previously mentioned, keep in mind to explain to the interviewee that medical leave should not be included.

MT24. Does there exist some union, workers association or professional association in the occupation that you work?

According to the response indicate the option that corresponds.

It's possible that there exists more than one, in these cases you should request of the interviewee that with the following questions he should only respond for one of [the associations]. For example, an accountant who works at ANTEL can be a member of the ANTEL union and of the workers association; in this case the interviewee should opt to respond for only one of them.

MT25. What is the name of the union, guild, or association?

Note with a clear print letter the complete name of the union, workers association, or guild that the interviewee indicates. Remember that only one should be noted.

MT26. Are you a member of this union, association, or guild?

[p. 9]

According to the interviewee's response you will mark the option that corresponds. Remember that the existence (question MT24) of them is independent of whether or not the interviewee is affiliated with them.

MT27. In which year did you become affiliated?

You will register the year that corresponds with the response of the interviewee.

MT28. Do you participate with the union assemblies?

This question should be asked with the possible response options and in accordance with the indicated response you will circle the item that corresponds.

MT29. Do your salary increases adjust to the agreed-upon criteria established by the council of salaries?

For the affirmative cases don't forget to consult about which is the union that regulates this council noting its name in the space that corresponds with clear print letters.

M. Information and communication technology

This chapter expects to collect information about the utilization of the information and communication technology by the part of the population age 6 or older.

These questions complement those already carried out in the basic questionnaire, about the possession of elements of communication and microcomputers.

MTICS1. Did you utilize a PC in the past 6 months?

This question intends to find out the proportion of the population age 6 or older that utilizes personal computers. Note that this is asked of an extensive period of 6 months and will be marked "Yes" independently of the frequency of use.

In case that the response is "No", you will continue the interview in chapter N. "Child labor" always when the interviewee is a person age 17 or younger, or in chapter G. "Personal income" if it is a person older than this age.

MTICS2. Did you use Internet in the past 6 months?

With this question the intent is to know the proportion of the population of 6 or years of age or older that uses computers to access the Internet. Note that it is asked for an extensive period of 6 months and "Yes" is marked independently of the frequency of use.

In case that the response is "No", you will continue the interview in chapter N. "Child labor" always when the interviewee is a person age 17 or younger, or in chapter G. "Personal income" if it is a person older than this age.

MTICS3. Where did you use Internet in the last 6 months?

All the possible places where Internet can be accessed are offered to the interviewee. For each option you should mark "Yes" or "No"; the absence of a response is considered an omission of the

[p. 10]

question and not a negative response itself, so that all the possibilities should have a mark.

MTICS4. Why was the Internet used in the last 6 months?

Just like the last question, all the possible uses of the internet are offered. Read each option and save the response.

Remember that previously mentioned about the absence of a response in some option.

MTICS5. With what frequency did you use the Internet in the last six months?

According to the response of the interviewee circle the option that corresponds.

Attention: In case the informer doubts about whatever aspect of the Internet on the part of some member of the household, request the time that you can contact him to complete the question, personally or by telephone.

N. Child labor

This module intends to contribute information for quantifying and characterizing the child labor in the country. The immediate precedent about this type of investigations dates to 1999/2000, where, in a similar way to the current investigation, a group of questions of the continued questionnaire of households was incorporated.

Before commenting on each particular question it's important to use precision attending to the norms dictated by the International Organizations with competence on the topic (OIT and UNICEF):

All people ages 5 to 17, to the effect of measuring child labor, are considered children.
Child labor is understood as not only what is framed within the recommendations of OIT about work force (and that are applied in chapter F of the questionnaire), that's to say economic activity, but also all those non-economic activities that are carried out by children. These are all those personal services of domestic nature that are performed by members of the household who are minors, without remuneration, and as such are considered as non-economic services, being outside the production realm of the National Accounts System. This includes preparing and serving foods; making, sewing, repairing, washing, and ironing clothes; taking care of siblings or the sick and disabled of the household; cleaning and maintaining the household; the cleaning, use, and repair of tools of the household; the transport of the members of the household and their goods; etc., considering them as work always when the child is the primary one responsible for this task, by command of the parents or tutors.

[p. 11]

This module, adjacent to the general body of the survey, will not only allow the magnitude of the child labor to be estimated, but also, will characterize it in order to intend determining the circumstances that bring it about.

For this last one, it's important to really pay attention and obtain the direct responses on part of the interviewees, that's to say the same children who respond. Without doubt it's difficult and in some cases even complicated. Generally the child labor is associated with illegality and because of such you should make the maximum effort to avoid violent situations and obtain the best responses.

Attention: It is very important to carry out this block of questions with the most tact possible, since, given the thematic that is being investigated and the nature of the necessary interview, you should give special attention so that this doesn't affect the sensitivity of the interviewees.

MTI1. Last week, were you in charge of one of the following house tasks?

This desires to know if the child or adolescent carried out tasks for his household. For this a list of tasks are presented: you should ask each one of these, circling "Yes" or "No" according to the response.

Attention: Keep in mind that the response "Yes" only corresponds in the cases in which the child is the one primarily responsible of the task as well as carrying it out routinely.

DON'T include those tasks carried out for another household. For example, if a child cooks dinner (or collaborates) for the members of his household, you should mark "Yes" in the corresponding option. When a child cooks (or collaborates with) food to be sold in a fair, you should mark "No" in the corresponding option.

In some cases, he will have collaborated some hours during the week; in other cases, he is the habitual one in charge of the task. In whichever case a circle that indicates that he carries out this task will be put, always attending to that mentioned above. The fact that the child cleans his room is not considered child labor, it will be considered so in the cases in that the hygiene of the dwelling falls on him habitually.

MTI2. How many hours did you dedicate (in total) to the tasks of the last week?

If the youngest carried out the domestic tasks, make sure to ask how many hours were dedicated to these tasks. The total hours dedicated to all the tasks of the last week should be estimated.

It's good in these cases to use common sense and consider the rest of the questions from the questionnaire for each person, especially the attendance to the educational center, etc., so as not to have excess or deficit of hours in each response.

[p. 12]

Keep in mind that this question attempts to determine the schedule volume that each labor activity occupies, that when summed with the hours dedicated to the child's education, allows you to estimate the quantity that the child has for recreation activities or age-appropriate activities; for this reason it is very important to achieve the best approximation.

MTI3. Last week did you participate in any of the following activities?

This question seeks to know if the child carried out tasks for third people, that is to say, whether or not he has a job or carries out some economic activity as formally defined by the OIT. Again, a list of tasks will be presented and you should ask about each one of these, marking if "Yes" or "No" corresponds in each case.

The activity list acts like an important reminder at the time of the interview of determined activities, mainly used in the rural area like the care or animals or going out to beg in the urban areas, which in many cases are not recognizes as work. It's frequently assumed that the completion of some determined economic activities by women or children are not considered as work; however these activities bring to the nuclear family a source of income and in the case of the children constitute an important reduction of free time or the time needed for their own age-appropriate activities, just like exaggerated physical demands for their level of development in some cases.

MTI4. How many hours did you dedicate last week to these activities?

The same criteria indicated in question MT12 will be used.

MTI5. With whom did you do it, who did it help?

This intends to identify with whom the child works. It can happen that according to the task, he accomplishes it alone or with different people, the intent is to establish a single response, which is made primary and in the cases of the majority of time of the tasks.

Alone: This option should be marked when the child or adolescent is alone the majority of the time in which he performs these activities.

With the parents: This response should be marked when the child works in the same physical place with his father, mother, or whouseholdver takes the part of father or mother (for example, the husband of the mother), independently of whether or not there are other workers in the place. For example, this option is marked in the case of: going to a fair stand in which the father as well as uncle and grandfather work; begging in the street with your mother and siblings; working in the accounting study of your father. It's possible that only "sometimes" the father or mother are present, if that are not the majority of the time in which the child develops his tasks, this option should not be marked.

With other adults from the family or household: this response should be marked when the child or adolescent works in the same physical place with an adult family member (without being the father, mother, or he/she that plays the part of the father or mother) or with some adult that lives in the same household. The objective of this option is to see if in some measure any adult with whom the child or adolescent works has a connection to the adults that are in charge of him. For example, this option will be marked in the case of: attending to a fair stand where the uncles work as well or cleaning glass with a fried of your aunt. It is

[p. 13]

possible that only "sometimes" there is an adult of the family of the household, if he's not there the majority of the time in which the child or adolescent develops his tasks, this option shouldn't be marked.

With other adults: this option should be marked when he works with other adults, of which none is a family member of lives with him. It's possible that "sometimes" there is an adult: if the majority of the time the child or adolescent spends on the task there is not an adult present, this option shouldn't be marked.

With others younger than 18: This option should be marked with he only works with others younger than 18. Typical cases are groups of minors that juggle on corners or board means of transportation to sell stamps and other items at will.

MTI6. Did you receive some money for doing these tasks?

"Yes" or "No" should be noted in accordance to the response of the interviewee, in the case of an affirmative response, the amount receive will be consulted. For this last case you should have very present the indications that are presented below.

If the response is "Yes" and deals with a person younger than 14, the amount earned the month before will be noted, remembering that this amount should be noted also in question 165b "Some other current source of a member of the household".

If the response is "Yes" and it deals with a person age 14 or older, make sure the employment module in chapter 4 is completed. If he didn't do it (the questionnaire didn't indicate that he works). In an elegant way you should re-do chapter F from the questionnaire, modifying the information collected previously and noting in addition the corresponding amount in chapter G.

MTI7. Was the payment given to you by another member of the household?

This question aims to know if the payment was made by a member of the household or a third person ("A person outside the household"), in accordance to the response obtained note the corresponding item.

[Note: the following constitutes a separate document for the disability/health module]

[p. 1]

Eastern Republic of Uruguay
National Institute of Statistics

Extended National Survey of Households

Instruction Book
3rd Trimester Questionnaire
Health Situation and Sickness
June 2006

[p. 2]

The present instruction book complements the Interviewer's Manual of the ENHA in the topics health situation and sickness.
The drafting of which was under the charge of the Technicians of the Sociodemographic Statistics Division.
First version, June 2006

[p. 3]

1. Introduction

Just as anticipated by the Original Survey Plan of the Extended National Survey of Households, during the third trimester of the year 2006 the themes "Education" and "Health" will be studied in depth.

The education module, like the one in the first trimester, is found inserted into the section E3 (education) while the health module, makes up an independent chapter before the chapter on income.

Attending to the fact that the topic "Health" is very specific of the person interviewed, you are asked to put the most efforts to capture the information directly for each one of them.

2. Objectives

The objective of this module is to investigate the general health conditions of the population, and specifically, the access to health services, related it to other sociodemographic and basic economic activities. This will facilitate the formulation of plans and offer solutions to health problems faced by the population, to better their conditions of life and facilitate the access to one of the basic rights of every human being, health.

Attention! The present module should be applied to all members of the household without exception.

Questions MS1 and MS6b intend to determine a person's disabilities. In order to have the basic concepts necessary in order to correctly reveal the questions, the concepts of disability and limitations will be presented below.

What is understood by disability?

A disability is any limitation activity limitation or participation restriction that originates from a deficiency that permanently affects a person's ability to function in their daily lives within their physical and social environment.

  • Activity is the execution of a task or action by a person.
  • Participation is the act of getting involved in a vital situation.
  • Limitation of activity refers to the difficulties that a person can have in his performance and execution of activities, originating in the deficiency. For example, to see, to hear, to walk, to speak, to learn, etc.
  • Restriction of participation refers to the problems that a person can experience after getting involved in the vital situations, originating in a deficiency. For example, at work, while learning, in recreation, etc.
[p. 4]
  • Deficiencies are problems with the function or structure of the body, such as a significant alteration or loss.

The limitations or restrictions are evaluated by contrasting them with the standards commonly accepted by the population. Every deviation from the "norm" generally accepted with relation to the biomedical state and its functions are represented with a limitation or restriction.

Remember that to be considered a disability, the limitation or restriction must have originated in a deficiency, referring to the area of health. This means that limitation or restriction caused by other cultural or socioeconomic factors are excluded.

The deficiencies should be part of or expressions of a state of health, but do not always indicate that a disease is present or that the individual should be considered sick. The concept of deficiency is broader, and includes more aspects than that of a disorder or disease; example, the loss of a leg is a deficiency, not a disorder or a disease.

3. Questionnaire.

MS1. Do you have permanent sight limitations, even when using glasses?

This question seeks to find out if the person has some visual disability, it's important that you ask the entire question, that's to say only to mark "Yes" when the person, even having glasses on, doesn't see well.

Refer in the first place to people who suffer blindness in both e"Yes", that is to say that don't have perception of light or image in either eye, independently of the deficiency that is has produced. The people blind in one eye are considered having a sight limitation.

The people who, even using glasses, have difficulty perceiving size, shape and contour of objects at a normal distance should be considered. In this case, record option "1".

Examples of question MS1.

  • In spite of the fact that Juana uses glasses, she has difficulty recognizing the people even when they are close. This corresponds to making option "1".
  • Pedro had a cataracts operation but with glasses can see just fine. In this case, it corresponds to mark option "2".
  • With reference to Mariana, age 30 years, it is revealed that she has many problems seeing. You must investigate: what difficulties or problems does she have? What way is her daily activity (studies, work, etc.) limited?

MS2. Do you have permanent hearing limitations, even when using hearing aids?

This question seeks to find out if the person has some auditory disability, it's important that you ask the entire question, that's to say only mark "Yes" when the person, even with the hearing aids on, doesn't hear well.

[p. 5]

This refers to people who can't hear any sound due to a total deafness and to those who still using hearing aids cannot overcome their limitation.

Examples of question MS2

  • Pablo only hears if he uses hearing aid, [which] corresponds to marking option "2".
  • Camile is 9 years old, and her mother says that, due to reiterated ear inflammation, she has hearing problems. It is necessary to investigate:
Interviewer: What difficulties or problems does she currently have?
Response: She has difficulties in school because she doesn't hear the teacher or the classmates that don't direct themselves directly to hear and the people who aren't looking at her.
Interviewer: What is that due to?
Response: The medic is doing studies and says that he still doesn't know.
Interviewer: Since when?
Response: Since the ear inflammation began, two years ago, but recently, we brought her to the doctor the end of last year and since that date she has been in treatment.
This corresponds with option "2".

MS3. Do you have permanent limitations walking, even when using canes, crutches, or prosthetics?

This question seeks to find out if the person has difficulties with locomotion, just as in the earlier cases it's important that you ask the entire question, that's to say that you only mark "Yes" when the person, even with canes, crutches, or prosthetics has problems walking.

This refers to the people who a wheelchair daily and permanently and those who have permanent difficulties walking even with external help (crutches, walker, Canadian canes, rods, prosthetics, etc.) This excludes any person with a temporary difficulty as a cause of fractures, the application of casts, that's in a postoperative period, or rehabilitation treatment for less than a year, etc.

Examples of question MS3.

  • Gabriela, of 80 years, can't walk because she gets tired a lot due to a cardiac sickness. This corresponds to option "1".
  • Federico has moved in a wheelchair for the last 4 months, but will only use it until he recuperates from the accident. This corresponds to option "2".

MS4. Do you have permanent limitations using your arms or hands?

This question intends to find out if the people have motor difficulties in the superior members. This refers to people who don't have any mobility in the arms or hands and those who have permanent difficulties moving and manipulating objects. This excludes whichever person with temporary difficulty due to twists, fractures, application of casts, or in rehabilitation treatment for less than one year, etc.

Examples of question MS4

  • Nicolas is missing some fingers from both hands due to a birth malformation. He can't write on his own even though he can take care of it writing slowly with a computer keyboard. He needs help to eat and sometimes to get dressed and he found a job as an elevator operator. This corresponds to option "1".
  • Manuel has a prosthetic in one hand and drives his auto to work as a taxi driver but can't manipulate objects. This corresponds with option "1".

MS5. Do you have permanent speech limitations?

This refers to the people who have a total impossibility to articulate words or generate and emit messages with their voice and the people who have difficulties of permanent restrictions speaking. For example: people with serious long-term effects of language produced by cerebral lesions, cerebral-vascular accidents, mental delay, stuttering, cleft lip, autism, etc.

Examples for question MS5

  • Ricardo has difficulties articulating words because he suffers a mental delay. This corresponds to option "1".
  • Dario is 6 years old and can't pronounce correctly the letter "r". This corresponds to option "2".

MS6a. Do you have permanent mental limitations that make it difficult to relate with others?

This refers to people who have difficulty relating conventionally with others. They have difficulties controlling emotions and impulses and the verbally or physically aggressive manifestations with the interactions with others. These are people with alterations of the mental functions related with thought, memory, language, etc. For example: people who are psychosis carriers, autism, dementia, and other senile dementia including Alzheimer's etc.

Examples of question MS6a:

  • Susana had a problem at work, she believed that her workmates wanted to harm her and she was hearing "things". She was admitted, took psychiatric medicine, was reintegrated at work and didn't have difficulties. This corresponds to option "2".
  • It is hard for Juan to understand, he leaves suddenly, loses his memory. He forgets the name of things of daily use, for example, bread, key, etc. This corresponds to option "1".

MS6b. Do you have permanent mental limitations that make learning difficult?

This refers to people with difficulty (according to age) to learn, memorize, understand, reproduce, and execute indications of different nature.

Examples of question MS6b:

  • Juan turned 10 years old and has a [mental] delay, he goes to the common school but receives particular psycho-pedagogical support. This corresponds to option "1".
[p. 7]
  • Jose is 11 years old, in his third year of school and has difficulties reading and writing. This corresponds to option "2".

MS7. Do you receive psychological attention?

This question seeks to identify those people who currently or periodically attend meetings with a specialist of the field for psychological therapy. Those who go to complete vocational tests or whose consultation is a requirement to get a job should not be considered.

MS8. Are you under psychiatric treatment?

You should record option 1 ("Yes") for all those interviewed that currently are treated by a psychiatric doctor. A simple, first-time consultation should not be considered an affirmative response as long as it doesn't trigger a treatment.

MS9. Do you have any of the following illnesses?

With this question it is hoped to reduce the incidence of three illnesses of important prevalence in the population, often detected when they have existed for a long period of time. This is marked "Yes" or "No" for each one of the illness according to what corresponds.

In the case of diabetes it refers to the Mellitus diabetes, an illness produced by an alteration of metabolism of carbohydrates in which an excessive quantity of sugar appears in the blood and urine. This affects 1 to 2 percent of the population, even though 50 percent of the cases aren't detected. Two forms of Mellitus diabetes are distinguished: Type I, or insulin-dependent Mellitus diabetes, also denominated juvenile diabetes, affects children and adolescents, and is believed to be produced by an autoimmune mechanism. This constitutes 10 to 15 percent of the cases and evolves quickly. Type II, or non-insulin-dependent Mellitus diabetes, or adult diabetes, tends to appear in people older than 40 years and evolves slowly. Many times it doesn't produce symptoms and the diagnostic is made because of the elevated levels of glucose in an analysis of blood and urine.

MS10. In the last 30 days, have you felt sick?

This question seeks to find if recently (30 days) the person experienced physical discomfort of relative importance. For example, if he declares a headache, unless it deals with sever and habitual migraines, don't record it. If he declares "No", go on to MS8.

MS11. Did you have to give up any regular activities because of this problem (work, school, domestic tasks)?

This seeks to find out the magnitude of the health problem that motivated the affirmative response in the previous question, taking as a parameter the fact of having abandoned the regular activities (study, work, domestic chores).

[p. 8]

MS12. Did you consult a doctor?

This intends to evaluate if the health problem or problems referred to in the last 30 days motivated a consultation with a health professional. If declared "Yes", go to MS14.

MS13. Why didn't you have a consultation?

Record the spontaneous declaration of the person. If the person answers that he doesn't know, read the options. Go to MS18. Remember that only one question is allowed, so if more than one is indicated, invite the interviewee to indicate the principal one.

MS14. What institution did you utilize to carry out this consultation?

Keep referring to the time or times that he felt sick in the past 30 days. Record the place of the consultation, if in more than one place, note the one considered principal.

MS15. Did they prescribe you remedies or medications?

"Yes" is recorded in the cases in which the medic that saw him in this case indicated a medicine. If "No" is answered, go on to MS18. Self medicating remains excluded from an affirmative response.

MS16. Did you obtain these medicines?

Record if the person obtained all the medicines indicated to him. If he didn't obtain at least one, signal option 2 ("No"). If he answers "Yes", go to MS18.

MS17. Why not?

Indicate the cause for which he didn't have access to the medicine. This expects to evaluate the distant cause of personal decisions to not take the medicine prescribed by the treating medic.

MS18. In the last 30 years, have you had some health check-up?

This seeks to find in what way the people complete preventative or routine controls of health, independently of whether or not they feel sick. If the person declares "No", go to MS24.

MS19. For what reason was the check-up performed?

Indicate the reason of the consultation. If it was more of a control, refer to the last one. You should keep in mind as indicated in the different response options, that the controls of chronic sickness are not considered routine controls.

[p. 9]

MS20. Where was the consultation carried out?

Keep referring to the last time that a health control was completed without feeling sick.

MS21. Did they prescribe you remedies or medications?

This records if the doctor that treated the person on this occasion gave him medicine. If answered "No", pass to MS24.

MS22. Did you obtain these medicines?

Record if the person obtained all the medicines that were indicated. If he didn't obtain at least one, signal option 2 ("No"). If answered "Yes", go to MS24.

MS23. Why not?

Indicate the cause for which he didn't have access to the medicines. This intends to evaluate the distant cause of personal decisions of not taking the medicine prescribed by the treating doctor.

MS24. In the last 30 days, have they indicated to you that clinical exams will be performed (laboratory exams, ultrasound scans, X-rays)?

Indicate if the person has been recommended at least one clinical exam in the last 30 days (on behalf of a medic). The indication doesn't imply that it has been performed. It's important that you read the whole question, including the types of exams. If "No" is declared, go to MS27.

MS25. Were they carried out?

If declared that they were carried out, go to MS27. If at least one of them wasn't completed, mark "No" and continue the questionnaire.

MS26. Why were they not carried out?

Record the spontaneous declaration of the person. If the person answers that he doesn't know, read the options.

MS27. In the last 12 months, have you been hospitalized or has some surgical intervention been carried out?

This question looks to find out if the person was hospitalized either to complete exams, surgical interventions, for observation, or for treatment of some sickness. If "No" is declared, go to MS32.

[p. 10]

MS28. How many nights were you hospitalized? _ _ _

Indicate the number of nights that were passed in the hospital. If he was hospitalized more than one time last year, refer to the last time.

MS29. Where were you hospitalized? (ask about the last hospitalization)

Indicate the place where he was hospitalized. If he was hospitalizes more than one time last year, refer to the last time.

MS30. For what reason were you admitted?

If he was admitted more than one time, refer to the last time. Go to MS32 unless he has been admitted to complete a programmed surgical intervention.

MS31. How much time passed between the indication of the intervention and its completion? _ _ _ (days)

Indicate the number of days passed since the indication of the intervention until its completion. This looks to find out the magnitude of the problem of installation availability for admittance as well as for carrying out the interventions that aren't of urgent character or of human resources.

MS32. In the last six months, have you received dental attention?

"Yes" is recorded, in all those cases in with the interviewee has attended a dental consultation, either for prevention or treatment. Upon receiving an affirmative response go to MS34.

MS33. Why not?

This looks to know if the person who did not receive dental care did not receive care because he or she considered it unnecessary or for some other cause that made its occurrence impossible. Whatever the answer is, go to MS36.

MS34. Did it deal with preventative dental care?

This seeks to differentiate between the attendance to the dentist for prevention and for treatment of some dental pain. If you received dental care on numerous occasions in the last six months, refer to the last time.

MS35. Where were you seen?

If dental care was received on multiple occasions in the past six months, refer to the last time.

MS36. Do you smoke?

You must indicate "Yes" when the person smokes at least one cigarette every day.

[Note: the following constitutes a separate document for the family module]

[p. 1]

Eastern Republic of Uruguay
National Institute of Statistics

Extended National Survey of Households

Instruction Book
4th Trimester Questionnaire
National and International Migration
September 2006

[p. 2]

The present instruction book complements the Interviewer's Manual of the ENHA in the topics family, migration, and international migration.
The drafting of which was under the charge of the Technicians of the Sociodemographic Statistics Division.
First version, September 2006

[p. 3]

1. Introduction

Just as anticipated by the Original Survey Plan of the Extended National Survey of Households, during the fourth trimester of the year 2006 the themes family, migration, and international migration will be studied at depth.

The family module is found inside section E1 ("Personal information"); the module "Migration" after the chapter "Social politics" identified as section J, while the module "International Migration", constitutes an independent chapter, identified as section O applied exclusively to the head of the household after the module "Migration".

Attending to the themes referred to in "Migration", they are specific to the person interviewed; you are asked to make the most effort to achieve the information directly for each one of them.

2. Objectives

The objective of the "Family" module is to investigate for the children younger than 18 who don't live with both parents, the conditions of their relations with them and for all members of the household age 14 or older the history of the life in partnership. The modules referring to "Migration" will permit a detailed study of the migratory movements inside as well as outside the country.
Attention! The age ranges indicated for each question must be respected, to avoid asking unnecessary questions. It is worthwhile to recalculate the importance of asking the questions in the modules referring to "Migration" so that everyone give us the most precise information.

Family module

Only for persons younger than 18:

MF1. How many nights a week do you spend in the household of your father or mother?

This question has two objectives. On one side it seeks to determine which of the criteria of inclusion in the household of the other progenitor when there is a double residency, whose importance is growing given the rise of divorce and separation. For example, a girl who spends four days a week in her mother's house and three in her father's house, the days corresponding to the reference week will be noted.

On the other side, the question permits us to study the intensity of the contact between parents and children in the context of the increasing spousal separations.

Procedure: This question is only asked to those members of the household who are younger than 18 and whose kinship relationship with the head of the household is the following: son only of the head ("4") / son only of the spouse ("5") / grandson ("11") / other relative ("12") / other non-relative ("13").

If the person fits with the conditions above, proceed to ask the question. If the person can respond affirmatively, note the number of nights a week.

It can happen that the person declares that the son or daughter stays in the father or mother's household every fifteen days, once a month, or sporadically, in this case mark "0" days.

If the person who is responding signals that the parent not living with the child died, if there is contact but the child doesn't spend the night in the house of the non-cohabitating parent, if he lost contact with mother or father, if the mother or father lives in another department (and the child doesn't spend the night at least once a week in one of their houses), or if the mother or father lives in another country, proceed to mark the response in the corresponding category.

In the particular case following the questions 32 and 33, it is determined that both parents are in the household, don't ask the question.

MF2. How many times have you married or cohabitated? _ _

The objective of the question is to determine the number of pairs among which has existed cohabitation and lasted for at least three months. Simply note the number of times declared by each person, noting "0" if the person has never married or lived in consensual union. In this case, don't ask the following questions of the module and go on to question 38 ("Children born live").

MF3. In what year did the cohabitations with the current/last partner begin? _ _ _ _ (year)

The objective is to capture the starting year of the cohabitation for all the people who are currently living together in pairs or have lived together at least once. What is important to record is the year that the person started to cohabitate, independently of the type of connection. For example, if the person started to cohabitate in the year 1982 and got married to that same partner in 1985 the starting year would be 1982.

If the person currently lives in partnership, note the starting year of the cohabitation with respect to the current partner.

If the person doesn't currently live in partnership, but lived at least once with another, note the starting year of cohabitation of the last partner with whom he has lived.

Remember to always enter the 4 digits of the year that the person declares.

It can happen that, for the person responding, it's easier to declare the number of years that they have lived together. In this case the interviewer should perform the calculation of the starting year of cohabitation and note it in the corresponding box.

If the person can't remember the date or time that the cohabitation started, record that he doesn't know.

MF4. In what year did this cohabitation with this last pair end? _ _ _ _ (year)

The objective of this question is to identify the year in which the cohabitation with the last partner ended. Again, here it's important to record the year that the cohabitation actually ended. For example, if the person was married, separated in 2000 and divorced in 2001, you must register 2000.

If the person can't remember the date of the end time of the cohabitation, record that he doesn't know.

In case the pair is still together, you must mark option "99".

J. Migration

For everyone in the household

MI1. Did any one of the following family members go to live abroad since 1996 (inclusive) and didn't return to live in Uruguay?

Parents no. _
Brothers no. _
Children no. _

This is the first question of the "International Emigration" module. The question is asked to all the members of the household. The objective is to determine how many of the relatives in the direct line of the interviewee (parents, brothers, and children) emigrated since 1996 inclusive, independently of whether or not they left from the household interviewed.

Internal migration and return migration:

MI2. Where did you go to live immediately after birth?

This question seeks to obtain information about the locality or place that constituted the first habitual residency of the person interviewed. Generally this deals with the same locality where his mother was living at the moment of his birth. Consequently, you must not note here the locality where the hospital or sanatorium was located or where the mother was moved for the birth of the interviewed person. For example, many mother residents from Canelones went to hospitals in Montevideo to give birth, if the question was asked more simply, where was he born?, many people would respond "in Montevideo" and the response would be erroneous, according to the objectives planted at the beginning.

If the person constituted his first habitual residency in the same locality or place in which he is being interviewed, circle the corresponding code (1).

If the person was living in another locality or place when he was born, note the name if it is in the same department of the interview. If the person was living in another locality or place when he was born, but a different department than that of the interview, you must note the name. Below, record the name of the locality or place. If he was born in another country, register the name of the country of birth.

MI3. How much time have you lived in this city or locality without interruption?

If the person answers that he always lived here, circle the code 1 "Always lived here" and go to the next module (MG1).

In the contrary case, note the number of years since he resides in the locality or place where he is being interviewed by the person. If it is easier for the person to remember the year in which he established residency in the locality or place where he is being interviewed, make the calculation and record the number of years that he has living in that locality or place. If it's been more than a year, circle the code "00". If the person left the locality for short periods (less than 1 year), since it was because he lived in another locality or country, it is considered that he has always lived in the locality.

MI4. Where did you leave before moving to reside in this city or locality?

If the person resided in another locality or place within Uruguay, proceed to record the department and locality that correspond.

If the person lived in another country, record the country and proceed to carry out question MI8 (motives).

The movements within the same city shouldn't be recorded, the interest of the question is to determine those moving from one city to another, from one rural place to the city or vice versa, or between rural places, just as from abroad to Uruguay.

MI5. Did you live abroad at some time?

This question seeks to explore the international return emigrants that haven't been defined in the last two questions. For example, if a person returned from abroad, but established residency in a locality different of the current residency, with the interior questions internal movement is captured but the information is lost if it is an international return emigration.

[p. 6]

If "Yes" is answered, proceed to ask the following question.
If "No" is answered, ask question MI9 (residency of 5 years)

MI6. What was the last country in which you lived?

Circle the name of the country in which you lived before returning to Uruguay. In case of not being contemplated in the list of codified countries, circle the category "Other", note the name of the country and ask the following question.

MI7. In what year did you return to Uruguay? _ _ _ _

This question seeks to capture the year in which the person returned definitively to Uruguay, with respect to the last country in which he was.

MI8. What was the main reason that you returned or came to Uruguay? (don't read the options)

The question seeks to capture the motives for which the person decided to come to the country. Ask the question and wait for the person to respond spontaneously. If it coincides with the motives listed, circle the corresponding code, if the contrary, note the motive.

MI9. Where were you living 5 years ago (in 2001)?

This question is asked of all the people of the household (of any age), so that if you are interviewing a person younger than 5, you must mark "Had not been born" and go to the module (F1).

If the person was living in the same locality or place in which he is being interviewed, circle the code "2" and go to the module (F1).

If the person was residing in another locality, record first of all the name of the department and then the name of the locality.

If the person was residing abroad, record the name of the country and go to the module (F1).

MI10. What was the main reason that you left this locality? (don't read the options)

Ask the question and wait for the person to respond spontaneously. If it coincides with the motives listed circle the corresponding code, if the contrary, note the motive.

International migration

The module in its totality is directed towards studying the impact of recent international emigration on the households and the economic and non-economic ties of the emigrants with their households of origin. Given that there are indices of the last migratory wave started in the year 2000, it has been chosen as the initial year of the recent period.

Remember that question MI1 makes a reference to relatives that emigrated during the last decade (since 1996) without importance to his belonging to the household interviewed. In this module it is extremely important to determine if the person belonged to the household at the moment of leaving.

MG1. During the last six years, did someone that was living with you go to live in another country and hasn't returned to live in Uruguay? (since January 1, 2000)

This question seeks to describe those people who were part of the household but left the country in the recent period and have not returned to live in Uruguay. Even though they could have come

[p. 7]

to visit or for short periods. The module in its totality only applies if there is at least one ex member of the household that fulfills both conditions: a) he left that household (even though not necessarily from that household, for example, if the household moved between 2000 and 2006). b) he left following January 1, 2000.

If the person answers "No", end the module (go to F.1).
If the person answers "Yes", continue asking the following questions.

MG2. How many people? _ _

Record the total number of people who belonged to the household and emigrated from the country.

In addition, solicit the name of each one of the emigrants, request that the person interviewed start with himself or the oldest emigrant. Record each one of the names in the corresponding headers and add the number of the emigrant. Continue to ask the questions of the module of the emigrant that has been recorded in the first place and then continue with the following if it corresponds.

MG3. When [the respondent] left, was he living with you?

Even though it seems repetitive, it's important that you ask the question. If in the investigation the answer is "No", go to the following emigrant or end the module, if the household only recorded one emigrant in the previous question.

MG4. Man or woman?

Note the corresponding code.

MG5. What is the kinship relation with the head of the household?

Note the corresponding code.

MG6. What year did he leave? 20 _ _

Record the year, if it appears there was a mistake in the response to question MG1, and the person left before 2000, finish asking about that emigrant, pass to the next or finish the module according to what corresponds. Note this fact in the observations.

MG7. How old was he when he left? _ _

Record the completed years at the moment of departure.

If the person has difficulties to remember the age at the moment of departure, ask the current age and calculate the age based on the year of departure.

MG8. In what country does he currently live?

Circle the name of the country in which he resides. In case it is not contemplated within the list of codified countries, circle the category "Other", note the name of the country.

MG9. What was the main reason for which he left Uruguay? (Don't read the options).

Ask the question and wait for the person to respond spontaneously. In case the motive is not contemplated in the list of codified reasons, select the option "Other" and note the motive. Observe that only the principal one should be marked.

If the person is younger than 14 at the moment of the interview, finish asking that emigrant, pass to the following emigrant or finish the module that corresponds.

[p. 8]

Only for emigrants age 14 or older

MG10. What was the highest education level that he had achieved in Uruguay, before leaving?

Circle the code that corresponds.

MG11. Was that level finished before leaving?

Circle the code that corresponds.

MG12. Did he continue to study abroad?

Circle the code that corresponds.

MG13. Before leaving Uruguay...

Circle the code that corresponds. If the person abandoned the work at some point before leaving, in order to prepare the entry, it is considered that he had a job.

If the response is "3", "4", "5", or "6" go to question MG16.

MG14. Which was the main occupation, profession, or trade immediately before leaving? ____________ _ _ _ _

Note the occupation that he performed before leaving, following the same criteria stipulated in the question about the current occupation of the people of the household.

MG15. In that job, he was...

Circle the code that corresponds, following the criteria stipulated in the question about the occupational category of the people of the household.

MG16. What is the main activity currently?

Circle the corresponding code. Refer to the occupation that he performed in the country in which he currently lived. If the person is not currently working, go to question MG18.

MG17. What is the main occupation, profession, or trade currently? _________ _ _ _ _

Refer to the occupation that he performs in the country in which he currently lives. Note the current occupation following the same criteria stipulated in the question about current occupation of the people of the household.

MG18. Before leaving, did he contribute to the household budget?

The question looks to gather if the household lost a member that provided (referring to monetary contributions), independently of whether or not the person worked. For example, he could be retired and provided part of the income of the household.

MG19. With what frequency has he come to Uruguay?

Circle the code that corresponds.

MG20. With what frequency did he communicate with this household during the last six months?

Circle the code that corresponds. Allude to the frequency in which he communicated on average during the last semester, independent of the means of communication (telephone, mail, letter, etc.) If he communicated more than once a week, record "Weekly".

[p. 9]

MG21. Before leaving, did he have close family or friends that helped him set-up in the place where he went?

Circle the code that corresponds. The question seeks to determine if the person had networks or people installed in the country of destination, which had some active role in the installation of the emigrant. For example, helping him look for a house, work, receiving him when he arrived, etc. If the response is "No", go to question MG23.

MG22. These friends or family...

Circle the code that corresponds. The question seeks to determine if the help networks are composed of Uruguayans emigrated previously or native people of the country of destination.

MG23. During the last twelve months, did he contribute economically to this household, with money or ___?

This question is directed to capture the remittances of the emigrants towards the household from with they left. Investigate if the person contributed to the household with money or in kind and mark the code that corresponds. If the person didn't contribute during the last twelve months, mark the option "No" and end the module for this emigrant.

MG24. With what frequency did he contribute to this household during the last twelve months?

Circle the code that corresponds.

MG25. How did he send the economic help during the last twelve months?

Read all the options and circle "Yes" or "No", according to what corresponds, for each one of them.