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Enumeration Manual
V Population Census, III of Dwellings
Republic of Uruguay
Ministry of Economics and Finance
General Committee of Statistics and Censuses
[1975]

[Page 2 omitted]

[p. 3]

Introduction
Do you realize that ten years have passed since we began the last General Census of Population and Dwellings? Ten years is the maximum period that can exist between Censuses if one wants to keep the knowledge about the level, composition, and growth of the populations and dwellings of the country up to date. Because of this, the next 24th of October -- "Day of the Census" -- we will carry out another General Census of Population, Dwellings and Homes.

What is a Census?
We all have a general, more or less approximate, idea about "what" a Census is for, or even what it is not for, but what we don't know exactly what a General Census is. We begin then, by defining in a precise manner, what is a General Census of Population, Dwellings and Homes.

A General Census of Population, Dwellings and Homes is a gathering of operations meant to recover, compile, evaluate and publish information referring to all inhabitants, dwellings and homes of this country.

The new part, with respect to the previous Census, is that this one will also be a Census of Homes. The reason is very simple, as you will already have realized: a single dwelling can be inhabited by more than one home (some, by many homes).

Enumeration
As you have seen, they are various operations divided into four principle stages of which, in the first, collection of the information or enumeration, you will do the duties of enumerator.

Imagine that on the Zero Hour on the "Day of the Census" a photograph is taken of the whole country at one time. Then, the enumerator will be like an inventory taker of people, homes and dwellings of the country, which would have appeared in this photograph exactly at the Zero Hour of the "Day of the Census".

From this, the information about those who died before as well as those who were born after this hour will not be registered: they would not appear to be alive in this photograph.

[p. 4]

Where will people be registered? You will go immediately where they were photographed. Exactly. Each person will be enumerated in the home where they slept the night before the "Day of the Census".

Importance of the enumerator
The enumerator has a fundamental importance, upon which the level of validity of the Census depends. The last three stages and therefore the whole Census will not make sense if the enumeration is not correct. Because of that, the enumeration should be complete and exact.

Complete, means that all information that is needed in the Census questionnaires to all people, homes, and dwellings of the country should be registered.

Exact, this is, you should faithfully register all information that your enumerated people declare to you, without omitting, modifying, or inventing anything.

So that the enumeration can be done in a single day with the maximum of perfection, thousands of hours of previous work with a large amount of people will be needed, including you. All converges on the "Day of the Census" in which you, we, and many thousands of people will begin the Census operation.

The success of the Census will depend on the responsibility that you and we all put into the task.

We are sure that you will offer us all your collaboration. We then thank you for it.

Usefulness of the censuses
Accompanying this manual you received a control sheet, and a Census document. With all certainty, you began to read the Census questionnaires before the manual.

Your first concern is knowing "what they were for".

You will have realized that the addresses of all locations (dwellings or not) and homes that exist in your sector of enumeration should be written down in the control sheet.

In the first sheet of the Census document, you will call attention to the fact that you should repeat in each document, the geographic location of the control sheet; for the titles of the big sections in which the document is divided, you will have seen that information of the private dwelling, of the private home of every one of the members of the home -- private or collective -- who have slept there the night before, the day of the Census will be requested.

[p. 5]

Reading more carefully, you will realize that it is not only about "how many we are", but rather also about knowing other data, some of which seem important, others, not as much and some in which you have no idea "what they are for", correct?

Since you are definitively the one who will request this information it interests you to know what it is for, what usefulness it has. Why, for example, it is important to find out if a home that occupies a dwelling is private or collective, why it is very important to distinguish if in this dwelling a single private home inhabits it, or if it is shared by two or more private homes; why one should not request information about a collective dwelling but instead of a private dwelling; why all this information about each one of the members of the home that has slept there the night before the day of the Census, etc.

The information that is requested in this Census has multiple applications. We will summarize the most important for you. As you advance in reading the manual yourself, you will discover the rest. You will realize how all the questions, along with having a reason for being, are intimately related and you will agree that it is fundamental not to omit any.

In the control sheet, upon ending the enumeration, you are going to have registered in an ordered form, all the buildings in your sector of enumeration. This information is indispensable for getting a global knowledge of the enumerated area and will serve as guide in the sample surveys for adequately selecting the units to survey.

This geographic location that should be repeated in each Census document will permit us to establish the distribution of dwellings, homes and people in the sphere of the national territory.

It is important that you distinguish -- and that you distinguish at the beginning of the interview -- if a household that occupies a dwelling is private or collective. The type of home defines the type of dwelling and, with the effect of establishing the current shortage of dwellings and to face up to their solutions, the situation of the private dwellings is much more important obviously than the of the collectives.

It is important to detect if a private dwelling is occupied by a single private home or if it is shared by two or more because, besides the sociological problems that this situation expresses, it is evident that there exists a potential demand for dwellings that should be attended to.

The questions referred to as "General characteristics of the population" will be to determine their composition by sex and age and will contribute to determining the internal and external migrations of the population.

[p. 6]

In "Educational characteristics", the level of instruction and attendance at establishments of education is investigated, information about whose importance it is not necessary to insist to you.

In "Occupational characteristics", the occupation of each person (age 12 or older) is requested, this is, the work that a person really does. Obviously, the result points out the importance this information has for the planning and development of the country. Also the level of unemployment or sub-employment of the work force will be able to be determined, at a national level.

"Other characteristics" is the last chapter of the form, but is not the least important because of this. From the exactness and seriousness with which your ask and write down the answers to these questions, the now unknown aspects of the birth rate of our country will be able to be known, which, as you know, is one of the lowest in America.

[p. 7]

Functions of the enumerator
You are the person designed by the corresponding authorities to visit the places and fill out the Census questionnaires on the "Day of the Census".

As enumerator, you are authorized by the law to go to each home and request the information that is detailed in the Census document.

If any citizen refuses to submit this information, the law establishes sanctions that will make it possible; nevertheless, you are not the person charged with enforcing the law. Your action will be limited to persuading the interviewed person and in the case of failing at your attempt; you will take note of the situation that has arisen, making it known to your segment head.

This is the person who will inform the authorities.

Principle obligations of the enumerator
a) Carefully reading the enumerator's manual.

It is essential that, before the training sessions, you read the manual totally and carefully. Later we will explain to you what the programmed method of instruction consists of and how the reading should be done so that this method is helpful for you.

b) Carefully revising the Census document and the control sheet.

In other words, you should familiarize yourself with the Census questionnaires: that will give you more security and will facilitate your work of enumeration.

c) Attending the training sessions.

d) Checking the route of your sector of enumeration before the "Day of the Census".

It is important that you verify the location of all of the dwellings that you will enumerate and mark their location in a corresponding street map or outline.

e) Returning all the Census material to the head of the segment in the place meant for it.

f) Ending the enumeration on the same "Day of the Census".

Excluding special cases that will be authorized expressly by the head of the segment, the whole urban enumeration should be completed on the day.
[p. 8]

What the enumerator should not do
As Enumerator, you are expressly prohibited from:

a) Divulging or commenting on, with a third party, any census information given by those who are enumerated. Doing so is equal to violating the statistical secret, especially guaranteed by the law.

b) Delegating your faculties of enumerator to another person, or carrying out the interviews accompanied by people not in the Census. In the case of you carrying out your job with a companion, this should be authorized by the head of the segment, and will be cleared by the respective Census credential.

c) Inventing, omitting, or altering information given by those enumerated.

d) Holding conversation of political or religious nature, or of any kind that does not have a goal of, strictly, getting census information.

e) Using the census interview for means other than the exclusive work of the enumeration.

f) Abandoning your work without having done all of the visits that have been assigned to you and turning in the Census material to the head of the segment.

g) Suggesting answers to those being enumerated.

You should never respond for a person being enumerated.
Explanations for the use of the manual
The method of auto-teaching applied in this programmed instruction manual requires that you carefully read paragraph by paragraph, in the order in which they are presented.

Every time a question is presented, you should respond to it, writing down your answer in the space meant for it. If you are not sure how to respond correctly, or do not understand the question well, re-read the paragraph and go back, if necessary, until your doubt has cleared up.

Frequently, a paragraph will be followed by a question. Following all questions are three little black circles that precede the correct answer. The manual includes a card; place it so that the correct answer is not seen by you.

[p. 9]

Here we see an example:

Following all questions are three little black circles that precede the correct answer

In the majority of the Census themes where the possible answers are given, a box appears next to each one. You must decide always on one of them, and mark the corresponding box with an "X".

For example: you arrive at a house with a garden that has a front made of brick and the other exterior walls made of Dolmenit [fiber cement]. Mark the corresponding box in the Census document.

Plan of work
1. The day of the Census you should enumerate a Census sector.

2. Census sector is the area that your segment head will assign to you so that you precede to enumerate all dwellings, homes and people that are in it.

3. Every enumerator will know on the "Day of the Census" the sector where the enumeration will be done.

[p. 10]

4. Your segment head will give you a street map with the precise indication of your location, borders and identification number.
The first duty will consist of doing a careful study of the sector, especially its borders. If you find any error, consult immediately with your segment head.

5. These errors should be corrected before the "Day of the Census"; but do not make any corrections without your segment head knowing.
If when checking your sector you find that the map or outline does not correspond with reality, you should consult with your segment head, who will authorize you to correct the outline.

6. You should familiarize yourself with the sector that has been assigned to you. If one of the borders is a road or street, confirm which is the side or sidewalk that is inside your sector and which corresponds to a neighboring sector. This will avoid enumerating where it does not apply to you, or allowing that some part that belongs to you does not get enumerated.

7. On the "Day of the Census" you should visit all the dwellings in your sector. Make sure not to omit visiting any dwelling within your boundaries. Carefully examine each building to know if it has an apartment or another type of dwelling annexed to it (for example, prefabricated houses with a flat roof in the back).

Find out about business, garages, industrial storages, etc. Also do not omit churches, schools, public buildings, offices, banks, etc. Remember that they may be closed on the "Day of the Census": nevertheless inside of them Census homes can be found.

[Pages 11-13 omitted]

[p. 14]

The day of the Census
22. On the "Day of the Census" at the hour of 8 o'clock the enumeration of the population will begin in each one of the census sectors of the republic, until it is completely finished.

In the urban sectors, you will go to your respective segment place, bringing with you the census documents in your charge. In rural sectors, you will proceed according to the directions of the segment head.

23. Census documentation:

  • Identity seal
  • Census credential
  • Census folder with the outline of the sector
  • Census documents
  • Enumerator's control sheets
How to approach the interviews
All people will be told about doing the interviews and the importance of the Census and, in a bigger or smaller level, all will know the questions that you will ask in each home.

When presenting your documents, stress the confidential nature of the information that they give to you and, if you find resistance to responding to some of the questions, point out to the head of household that it is obligatory to give the information.

[p. 15]

You should not hurry at your duty, but also do not take too much unnecessary time. Avoid making any conversation about political, religious or sporting themes and in general anything that does not refer specifically to the Census.

26. At every moment you should show respect, common sense, patience and tact. Make sure that every question is understood. Every time it is not understood, repeat it, without acting bothered. If some clarification is needed, try to explain briefly, without suggesting the answers to the informant.

The person to be interviewed is the person who should respond, and you should concentrate on registering exactly what an informant says. If you doubt the truth of any information, clarify it in "Observation", adding your point of view.

27. When finishing your interview, before leaving, verify that the Census document is complete and thank your informants for their collaboration.

Refusal of the interview
28. If in any home you find total resistance to giving the information, try to persuade with good manners, the head of household.

If you are not successful, fill out the part "A. Identification" of the Census document and give details about the situation in "Observations". Do not forget to register this home in the control sheet. Finally, communicate this fact personally to your segment head.

29. If in a home they inform you that they have been enumerated, you should make sure that this is so. Write down the fact in "Observations" of the control sheet and in the Census document and consult with your segment head.

How to proceed when in a dwelling they do not respond to your call
30. When you do not get a response to your call in a dwelling you should find out, consulting the neighbors or through your own observation, if it is a dwelling inhabited occasionally, uninhabited, or if, instead, it concerns a momentary absence of its inhabitants. If it is a momentary absence, write down in the Census document its corresponding number and leave this dwelling to be enumerated later; but keep in mind that you should return as many times as necessary, until you succeed in enumerating its inhabitants.

[p. 16]

In the enumerator's control sheet you should write down the address of all places, dwellings and homes that you find in your sector.

Every home will occupy a line in the control sheet. Also a factory, a church, a school, will occupy a line in the control sheet.

Principal definitions
Now we come to, in a grouped form, the most important definitions that will be used in this Census. It is fundamental that you keep them in mind in a very clear form.

Dwelling
It is any lodging, fixed or mobile, separate and independent, that has been built or transformed to lodge people in permanent or temporary forms.

For the Census, a dwelling is also any lodging in general, fixed or mobile, where any person has spent the night, the night before the "Day of the Census".

Census home
The Census home can be: private or collective.

Private home: It is a person or group of people (relatives or not) who live under the same roof and, at least for their meals, depend on a common fund (they participate in a "common pot").

Collective home: It is a group of people, normally not tied by the binds of relations, who share the same dwelling for reasons of: work, medical attention, studies, military, religious, punishment, etc. Boarding homes, hotels, hospitals, sanatoriums, interned, barracks, religious communities, jails, among others, are collective homes.
[p. 17]
Private dwelling: It is one that is occupied by one or more private homes.
Collective dwelling: It is one that is occupied by a collective home.

39. You will fill out a Census document for each home and/or dwelling of your sector of enumeration.

If a dwelling is shared by two or more homes, you will fill out the part about dwelling in the document only for the first of the homes and omit it in the rest of the homes that inhabit this dwelling.

40. If a dwelling is unoccupied or is seasonally unoccupied, register the requested information in Section D. After registering the type of dwelling write down in "Observations": "Seasonally unoccupied", "Unoccupied, for rent", "For sale", or whatever it is.

41. If it is a collective dwelling, after registering the type of collective dwelling that it is, ("Hotel", "Hostel", "Boarding house", "Other") continue requesting information from the people who slept there the night before the "Day of the Census", Section G. Do not register anything in Sections E and F because they refer to information about the private dwellings and homes.

[p. 18]

The Census questionnaires
42. The questionnaires that you will fill out during the enumeration are:

a) The control sheet of the enumeration
b) The Census document
The control sheet
The control sheet of the enumeration is the questionnaire that helps you orderly enumerate your sector of enumeration. You will register in it all the places that you find on your route, if they are inhabited or not and if they have or not served as a place of lodging the night before the "Day of the Census".

44. After beginning the enumeration, transfer the information about identification to the control sheet, so they appear in the sleeve of your folder. Also write down the number of the department and of the place or locality that corresponds, specifying what category it has, that is to say, it is a city, villa, village, hamlet, spot, etc.

In the case your sector is made of more than one zone, in title "6. Zone" the numbers of each one of the zones appear. You should assign a control sheet to each zone, identifying each control sheet with the number of the corresponding zone.

Fill out the identification of the control sheet corresponding to the zone no. 11 when a sector has been assigned to you in the following form:

[Below the text are three forms, two of which are filled out.]

[p. 19]

46. You will dedicate a line on the control sheet to each dwelling and home and to each place not meant to be a dwelling that you find in your route, writing down in each column the corresponding information.

47. If a single place is meant for more than one use at the same time (for example, storage and dwelling) it will be registered in a single line on the control sheet.

48. For example: about Florencio Sanchez Street:

  • No. 1301 -- Storage, bar and dwelling
  • No. 1309 -- Occupied house
  • No. 1311 -- A delicatessen
  • No. 1313 -- Two apartments

Register it below, on the control sheet:

[Below the text are two charts; one is filled out, in corresponding order: "Storage, bar and dwelling", "Dwelling", "Delicatessen", "Dwelling", "Dwelling"]

[p. 20]

If a place is not a dwelling, you will only use columns 1 to 5 of the control sheet. If it is a dwelling, continue filling out the rest of the columns.

50. In column 6 you will assign a number in correlative order beginning with No. 1, to each house, apartment, or place where, at least the night before the "Day of the Census", one or more person has spent the night.

You should also consider, for assigning the aforementioned correlated number, the dwellings that are uninhabited at the moment of the Census.

In column 7 you will write down the number that corresponds to a home that you are enumerating, numbering it in correlated order, starting with No. 1 in each zone. This number will not be repeated within the zone.

Let us see a case in which a dwelling is shared by more than one home. Each home will be registered in your corresponding Census document. Nevertheless, in the control sheet a line for each home is designated.

In each of these lines, you will follow the same order number of the dwelling, (because the dwelling is the same) but the number of the Census document will be different.

53. Let us complete up to column 7 the example from paragraph 48, about Florencio Sánchez Street.

  • No. 1301 -- Storage, bar and dwelling
  • No. 1309 -- Occupied house by one home
  • No. 1311 -- A delicatessen
  • No. 1313 -- Apartment 1: Unoccupied; Apartment 2: Occupied by two homes

[Below the text are two charts; one is filled out]

[p. 21]

After filling out columns 6 and 7 you should begin a Census document and start to enumerate the home, registering all the information requested in the document.

Upon finishing the interview, completing the Census document, return to the control sheet.

In columns 8, 9 and 10 write down the number of men, women and all enumerated people, in the home.

Register in column 11 -- "Observations" -- all information that can help for:

a) Locating those dwellings that were closed on your first visit and those that should be returned to in order to do the enumeration.

b) Anything that could help for a later revision.

For example: Uninhabited; return later; interior dwelling; building under construction; information given by neighbors, etc.

57. Once the enumeration of the sector is completed, add columns 8, 9 and 10 on the back of the control sheet.

It is possible that, in the complete enumeration of the control sheet you should continue on a second sheet.

Repeat on it the information about geographic location, and continue the correlative order number of the dwellings and documents.

[p. 22]

The Census document
The Census document is divided into seven sections

A. Identification

B. Condition of occupation of the dwelling

C. Homes in the dwelling

D. Type of dwelling

E. Information about the private dwelling

F. Information about the private home

G. Information about the people

The document has four grey zones. In them, you should not make any notation: they are for the exclusive use of the office.

No. of the document
61. Transfer the number that you assigned to the Census document, in column 7 of the Control sheet.

A. Identification
This section is meant to individualize each Census document; all its information figures in the control sheet. Before beginning the interview transfer them to the Census document.

The address should identify the dwelling in such a manner that it is distinguished from any other dwelling or place.

If a dwelling does not have a street number, or is not on a street, road or highway, some fixed point that serves as a reference should be mentioned. You can use for it, a close intersection of streets or routes, distance to a street, route, railroad, geographic feature and in general, any other point of reference that is permanent.

64. The dwelling of the Fernández family is situated on Sarandí Street between Rincón and Ituzaingó, next to the house of Mr. Morales and 30 meters from the intersection with Ituzaingó. Register the address of this dwelling.

[Below the text are two charts; one is filled out with the address of the dwelling]

[p. 23]

65. Resuming, the dwelling should be identified with the maximum precision. If it is necessary, some point of reference should be registered in its address that distinguishes it.

B. Condition of occupation of the dwelling
66. You should put special care in registering all the dwellings of your sector occupied or not.

67. "Occupied dwelling" (box 1) is one where at least one person spent the night, the night before the "Day of the Census". It can be occupied by one or more Census homes.

68. If upon arriving at a dwelling, it is inhabited by its inhabitants, you will mark in the Census document.

[Below the text are two charts; one has the box "Occupied" marked]

If they are not in a dwelling, find out from the neighbors what the true situation is. If they inform you that the occupants of this dwelling will return the next day, you will register said dwelling as occupied and you will return.

70. "Unoccupied dwelling" is one in which no one has spent the night the night before the "Day of the Census".

71. "Dwelling occupied with absent inhabitants" is a habitual residence of a home, whose members, nevertheless, did not spend the night in it the night before the "Day of the Census".

72. "Seasonally unoccupied" is a sporadic dwelling or lodging of a home. Typical cases are rest houses and summer homes.

"Other unoccupied" are dwellings that are for sale, for rent, in litigation, etc.

For the cases of "Unoccupied dwelling" you will fill out only the requested information in Sections "B. Condition of occupation of the dwelling" and "D. Type of dwelling".

Remember that an unoccupied dwelling should remain registered in the control sheet. Fill out columns 1 to 7 and write down in "Observations": "Unoccupied".

Any building under construction in which anyone [slept] the night before the "Day of the Census" will be considered a dwelling. If in a building under construction no one [slept] the night before the "Day of the Census", do not register it in the control sheet nor in the document.

C. Homes in a dwelling
77. The Census home can be: private or collective.

By extension, the dwellings are also classified as private or collective.

78. Private Census home: It is a person or group of people (relatives or not) who inhabit under the same roof and, at least for meals, depend on a common fund (they participate in a "common pot").

[Page 24 is missing]

[p. 25]

Generally this group is made up of a head of household, spouse and children. Also it can be formed by only one person.

79. Domestic personnel who sleep in the dwelling will be considered a member of the home.

80. Lodgers who inhabit the dwelling, and participate in the "common pot" will also be considered members of the private home. Nevertheless, if the number of lodgers is 6 or more, the home will be collective.

81. There can be more than one Census home in a dwelling, if more than one common fund for meals exists (more than one "common pot"). There will be in these dwellings as many private homes as there are common funds for meals.

82. In this case, each home will be registered in a different Census document.

83. It is fundamental that you know how to determine in each dwelling and at the beginning of the interview, how many homes are in it. A practice form is asking the following question: "Do you all share food expenses?"

84. Mark box 1 if this dwelling is occupied by a single private home.

Suppose that in a dwelling they tell you that the Gomez husband and wife live there, [along with] three small children and a servant with a bed.

Register it in the Census document.

[Below the text are two charts; one with the box "Single home" marked]

[p.26]

85. When a dwelling is shared by two or more private households, mark box 2 when registering the information of the first of them; mark box 3 when registering the information for each of the rest of the private homes that inhabit this dwelling.

86. This situation is presented in a dwelling: there lives the Fagúndez family with their nephew. This nephew does not give money to the house and eats outside of it.

In this house you will distinguish two Census homes.

If you answered correctly, go to paragraph 89.

If not, continue to the following.

87. There should be no doubt for you when a dwelling is private.

Therefore, one or more private homes inhabit it.

At first, because they are all relatives, you will be inclined to believe that there is only one private home. When you are finding out if all support or depend on, for their meals, a common fund and you learn that the nephew does not support it, it will seem to you to be two private homes; the family on one hand and the nephew on the other.

They do not form among themselves a common fund for their meals: therefore, they cannot be members of the same Census home.

Remember that a single person can constitute a Census private home.

88. In this dwelling the two private homes are:

a) the family
b) the nephew

Then, you will register the family in one document and the nephew in another: in total two Census documents, with different document numbers for each one, but all with the same order number of the dwelling.

[p. 27]

Now register each Census home in Section "C. Homes in the dwelling" on their respective Census documents.

[Below the text are two charts; one with "First home" and another with "Second home" marked]

We suppose that it is the sixth dwelling of your sector and that each one of the five previous is occupied by a single home.

89. The Larrosa family lives with a married son and their daughter-in-law. Due to their work schedules, the son and daughter-in-law eat at different hours as the parents, but all support a general common fund. How many homes are there in this dwelling?

  • One, only.
[p. 28]

If your answer was correct, go to paragraph 91; if not, continue with the following paragraph.

90. Remember that the private Census home is a person or group of people who live under the same roof and depend on a common fund to provide their necessary meals.

In the example from paragraph 89, the four people share the dwelling and support a common fund from which their meals are provided. It does not matter that they eat at different times.

Now you will understand that in the dwelling of the Larrosas family, there is a single private home.

91. On Lavalleje Street No. 735 lives Juan Sala and his wife; they have as tenants the Fernández and Rodríguez families. Each one of the three families cooks, eats, and pays its own bills. It is clear that you are with three private Census homes that inhabit the same dwelling and you will enumerate each family in a different Census document.

Register each Census home in Section "C. Homes in the dwelling" in their respective Census documents:

[Below the text are six charts; three with the boxes "First", "Second" and "Third" marked, respectively]

[p. 29]

The Bianchini family has two lodgers in their house to whom they provide accommodations and food.

This dwelling is occupied by a private dwelling

If each one of the lodgers who is lodged in the Bianchini's house received only accommodations and eats separately outside the dwelling, how many homes would there be in this dwelling and what type?

  • 3 private homes
Collective Census home: It is a group of people, normally not tied by binds of relation, who share the same dwelling for reasons of: work, medical attention, studies, military, religion, punishment, etc.

Hotels, boarding houses with six or more lodgers, hospitals, jails, barracks, convents are cases of collective Census homes.

95. A boarding school has a building for classes, two buildings where the pupils and their care takers are lodged and a small house with an independent entrance where the superintendent and family live.

a) The family of the superintendent is a private Census home.
b) The house of the superintendent is considered a private dwelling.
c) The pupils form a collective Census home.
d) The buildings of the pupils are a collective dwelling

[p. 30]

D. Types of dwellings

96. Private dwellings: Give special care to the precision we will give you for differentiating the types of private dwellings, which can lead to confusion.

House: It is a private dwelling with direct and exclusive entrance to the outside.

You will not have difficulties in registering in this category: chalets, bungalows, and isolated houses. In the urban zone, with compact buildings, there can be doubts in differentiating house and apartment.

Look at the previous figure: two two-story buildings are seen. In the first, you recognize without difficulty one house with two stories.

In the second there are two houses: observe that each house has its direct and exclusive entrance. Each one is a dwelling independent of the other.
[p. 31]

Apartment: It is a group of independent rooms that, within a building, constitute a single private dwelling. This building is always understood to be more than one of these private dwellings.

Each apartment always provides a bathroom.

The entrance to an apartment always comes from a corridor, hall or any other common space with one or more apartments.

100. At Tacuarembo Street No. 2528, you walk through a corridor that has four doors, entrances of other such dwellings, all of them with a bathroom. You will register each one of these dwellings as:

[Below the text is an unmarked chart]

[] 12 Apartment
[p. 32]
101. Look at the figure:

[Below the text is a picture of a building]

In spite of being a single building, you distinguish two houses and a group of apartments.

Two houses, since both have their own, independent entrance. The center entrance, common to many dwellings, is evidently, one for a group of apartments.

Apartment or room in school, workshop, office, etc.: It is a room or group of rooms that makes a private dwelling, well differentiated, within a building or place meant to be a school, workshop, office, storage place, factory, etc..

The space occupied for a dwelling of this type is, within the building, inferior to the space occupied for other activities. Everything should form part of the same building and the entrance of the dwelling is the same as the building.

On Uruguay Street No. 2863, you register a courthouse on the control sheet, guiding yourself by the façade. You enter the only access door and find that the caretaker and his spouse occupy two rooms of the first floor as a dwelling. You will register here:
[p. 33]
[On the top of the page is an unmarked chart]

[] 13 Apartment or room in school, workshop, office, etc.

104. In the case of the Rodríguez family, a room that opens to the street is used by a daughter as beauty salon. You will register this dwelling as:

[Below the text is an unmarked form]

[] 11 House

105. This dwelling is registered as "House" and not "Apartment or room in school, workshop, office, etc.", since the space occupied for beauty salon is a room, very inferior to what is meant for residential purposes (the rest of the house).
[p. 34]
It is the same case for doctors and dentists, for example, who have offices and waiting rooms in their dwelling.

Shack: It is any dwelling with walls made of mud.

The fundamental thing about this type of dwelling is that the walls are made of mud; the roof generally made of straw, can be made of zinc or another light material.

Many people wrongly call a shack a dwelling made of waste material, characteristic of the shantytowns and "pueblos de ratas".

In the outskirts of a city, you find two dwellings, the first, with walls made of material and a roof made of straw; the second, with walls of mud and a roof made of tin. Are any of these dwellings a shack? Do not worry about the roofs. The second dwelling is a shack, because it has walls made of mud.

Tenement house: It is any dwelling shared by six or more private homes, in which the use of sanitary service is common.

On Reconquista Street No. 1620 there exists a house with eight rooms, a kitchen and a bathroom. Each room is occupied by a private home, that is, the dwelling is shared by eight private homes. You will register this dwelling as:
[p. 35]
[On the top of the page is an unmarked chart]

[] 21 Tenement house

House made of waste material: It is a poor dwelling, made from a base of second hand material, like: tin, cardboard, planks of crates, pieces of panels, burlap, etc., of scarce or no value.

It is a dwelling typical of the so-called shantytowns or "pueblos de ratas", although they can also be found in any part of a city.

Trailer, wagon, tent, etc.: Two types of dwellings are registered here:

1. The dwellings of mobile type or built to be transported.
2. The provisionary dwellings, night watchmen on construction jobs, workers in highway administration, etc. generally of wood.

Dwelling in a building not meant for residential purposes:

When we define dwelling to you, we mean that any place where a person has spent the night before the "Day of the Census" should also be considered a dwelling.

It is so that a building or place, in which economic activities are done (agricultural and livestock, industrial, commercial or service industries), or built for these activities and not changed into dwelling, should be registered in this type of dwelling if someone slept in it the night before the "Day of the Census".
[p. 36]
Common examples are: basement or warehouse of a bar, where a bartender sleeps, the garage, where a shoe store is in the front and, behind a curtain the shoemaker sleeps, a stall or warehouse where families are lodged, the storage place of an agricultural and livestock establishment where a traveler spent the night, etc.

Other: Register here any other place where any person has spent the night the night before the "Day of the Census" and that, according to its criteria, you cannot register it in any other previous types.

Write down here the people who did not spend the night in any building the night before the "Day of the Census".
Collective dwellings: Collective dwelling is what is occupied by a Census collective home. Therefore, a hotel, a boarding house with six or more lodgers, a barracks, a hospital, a jail, a boarding school, etc., consist of collective dwellings.

116. You are registering a dwelling. In the room in the front live the Gómez family, tenants of the house, who tell you that the rest of the dwelling is occupied by seven lodgers.

Before registering this dwelling as a boarding house, you should make sure that these lodgers reside permanently and, furthermore, are provided meals.

In Piedras Street No. 1537, you find an old big house in whose front you read a sign that says "Family boarding house". The manager tells you that he occupies a room and sub-lets the remaining ones to ten lodgers, without providing them meals.

You will register this dwelling as _____
  • A tenement house: It is not a boarding house, since the service of food is not provided.

E. Private dwelling information
1. Exterior walls of the dwelling

118. You should ask all occupants of a dwelling what is the construction material that predominates the exterior walls, and mark it according to what is specified in the Census document.
[p. 37]
The following explanations will help you to determine the nature of some materials:
a) Ticholos are bricks with holes in them;
b) The flat and wavy sheets of fiber cement are also known with the name of its factory brand, like Dolmenit, Eternit, Fibrolit, etc.
119. Classify the predominant materials in the walls of the following dwellings:
[] 1 Apartment in a three story building
[] 2 Shack
[] 3 Small house from planks of the hut from work
[] 4 Dwelling built with waste wood, tin and burlap
[] 5 Small house made from cement blocks form a team of workers of the Highway Administration
[] 6 House with concrete planks and plastered walls.
[Below the text are two charts, one with case no. 1, 5 and 6 marked for "Masonry" box, case 3 for "Wood, pieces of zinc, fibro cement" box, case 2 for "Mud" box, case 4 for "Tin or waste material" box and none for "Other"]

120. In certain dwellings, the external walls are built with more than one of the materials specified in the Census Document, for example:
a) Bricks and concrete blocks
b) Bricks and Dolmenit
c) Stones and wood
[p. 38]
As you will understand, the first example will not present difficulties, since both materials are marked in the box ____
[] 1 Masonry: bricks, concrete blocks, ticholos, stones, etc.
121 In both remaining cases, both materials are marked in different boxes. If you mark only one, when more than one material exists, mark the one that predominates.

2. Origin of the water of the dwelling

In the case that there exist more than one origin, for example: underground well and stream and tank and stream, etc., you should mark only one of them.

You should choose as origin the water that is used for drinking and cooking.

You are enumerating a dwelling in which you see a waterwheel for the extraction of water. However when you ask the occupants about the origin of the water, they tell you that in the dwelling they have service or running water provided by O.S.E. [Obras Sanitarias del Estado] and that the water from the well is for cleaning and irrigation.

Mark the corresponding box in the Census document.

[Below the text are two charts, one of them with the box "Public service" marked]

[p. 39]

3. System of supply of water of the dwelling

[] By pipes within the dwelling
124. Look at the figure [below the text is a picture of a sink]: It illustrates the minimum that can exist to consider that there is water within the dwelling: at least a faucet in it. The installation for water should be working, it should flow water into the dwelling.

126. A dwelling can have water inside it, without the origin being from the public system. The water can come from an underground well or from a tank to a tank and from there, through pipes, arrive at a faucet inside the dwelling.
[] By pipes outside the dwelling
In boxes 2, 3 and 4 the cases in which there is no water within the dwelling are registered [below the text is a picture of a house and an outside well]. The water can come from pipes from land, as the figure illustrates.

128. In other cases, the faucet where the water is from is supplied to the occupants of the dwelling is not in their land: neighbor's house, public faucet, etc. If this faucet is within 100 meters, you will mark box 3. If it is 100 meters away or more, you will mark box 4.
[p. 40]
[] Without supply by pipes
129. In this box 5 the cases in which the water used in the dwelling is not obtained by pipes are registered.

130. If in the dwelling they inform you that they only have a faucet in the garden, you will register this situation as:
[Below the text are two charts, one of them with the box "Fewer than 100 meters in the garden" marked.]

131. If they inform you that they must bring the water from a public faucet, on foot from an O.S.E. tank from the place, you should ask at what distance is this faucet.

132. In some zones, water is provided by a water carrier. Register the system of supply of water.

[Below the text are two charts, one with the box "Without water by pipes" marked]

[p. 41]

4. Service of lighting of the dwelling

133. Below you will register the lighting service, a theme that does not offer difficulties. Two large groups are distinguished: electric and non-electric.

If the electric service is not provided by the U.T.E. [Usinas y Terminales Eléctricas], register it by marking box 2.

If the service is non-electric, register this situation in box 3 without specifying the type of lighting.

F. Information about the private home
Once the dwelling part is finished, you will ask questions referring to the Census home.

Remember that if in a dwelling inhabited by more than one private home you should fill out as many documents as there are homes.

Write in each one of the documents the information about each of the homes. You should not repeat information in Section "E. Information about the private dwelling".

Cancel this section upon enumerating the second and following homes that share this dwelling.

1. Order number of the home within the dwelling

When a dwelling is shared by more than one home, write down "First", "Second", "Third",... according to the order that corresponds to this home that is being enumerated.

When a dwelling is shared by a single home, write down "First".

Remember that this order number is for each dwelling, that is, in each dwelling you will begin with "First".

[p. 42]

2. Sanitary service: W.C., squat toilet, latrine, etc.

136. You will consult the members of a home if they have a sanitary service and of what type, the use and the evacuation of the service.

Use of the sanitary service
137. The use will be "Private" when the sanitary service is used only by members of a family that you are enumerating.

You will consider it "Common" when it is shared with members of one or more homes. In general, when a dwelling is shared by many homes, you will find that they use the sanitary service in common.

If a dwelling "Does not have" a sanitary service in use, you will register:
0 "Does not apply".

Disposal of the sanitary service
If the sanitary service is not connected to the public system, a septic tank, or black well, you will register it as 3 "Other".

If a home does not have sanitary service, in disposal you will register:
0 "Does not apply".

141 Consider below the following cases: An apartment is occupied by a single home. The sanitary service has a cistern and it is connected to the public system. Register this situation.
[p. 43]
[Below the text are two charts, one of them with boxes "With instant discharging water", "Private of the home" and "Public system" marked.]

142. Mr. Rodríquez lives in an old house with his spouse, two children and a lodger to whom is provided accommodations and meals. The house has a sanitary service with cistern (discharging water) and a waste pipe into a black well-built underneath. Register this case in the Census document:

[p. 44]

[Below the text are two charts, one of them with boxes "With instant discharging water", "Private of the home" and "Septic tank, black well" marked.]
3. Shower or bath service

143. Look at the Census document. In part 3, you will mark two things: If a home has shower or bath services and the use of said service.

144. Only in dwellings in which you wrote the supply of water "By pipes, within the dwelling", will they be able to have the class of bathroom specified in boxes 1 or 2.

145. For any other system of supply, mark the box 3 "Does not have".

If a home does not have shower or bath services in use you will register:
[p. 45]
[Below the text are two charts, one of them with box "Does not apply" marked]

146. In the home of the Silva family, the only one in the dwelling, they have a bathtub in the bathroom, but they carry the water in buckets from the well. Register this case:

[Below the text are two charts, one of them with boxes "Does not have" and "Does not apply" marked]

147. Remember that the installation of the shower or bath service, because of being considered as such, should be working; if not, you will register "Does not have" (box 3) and in use, "Does not apply" (box "0").

Use of the shower and bath service
148. You should mark if the shower and bath service is used only by the home, or if it is shared with one or more homes.
[p. 46]
149. You are enumerating a dwelling occupied by two homes. You registered the system of supply of water as "By pipes within the dwelling" (box "1").

In the bathroom there is an installed "Water heater" and the bathroom is used by both homes. Register the situation of the first home.

[Below the text are two charts, one of them boxes "Has with hot and cold water" and "Common with other homes" marked]

For the second home you will register in the same form as the first.

4. Kitchen

You will consider that a home has a kitchen when it has a room used principally for cooking.

If a home has a kitchen, you will find out if it is with installations (kitchen sink and faucet). Remember that for installations to exist, there has to be water within the dwelling. Verify if you marked "By pipes within the dwelling" in "System of supply of water".

152. In Brazil Avenue No. 4993 you are enumerating the first of two homes that share a dwelling.
[p. 47]
They inform you that they have a kitchen. You should find out if this kitchen has the installations kitchen sink and faucet.

In the previous example, this first family informs you that they have a kitchen sink and faucet installed in the kitchen and that they use them exclusively. Write down in kitchen what corresponds:

[Below the text are two charts, one of them with boxes "Has with hot and cold water" and "Private of the home"]

When enumerating the second home, they inform you that they prepare meals in the only room that they occupy in the dwelling, and where they also eat and sleep. Register the situation of this home.
[p. 48]
[Below the text are two charts, one of them with boxes "Does not have" and "Does not apply" marked.]

155. If in this dwelling you are given a situation that both homes use a kitchen mentioned in the first home, you will register in "Use of kitchen".
[Below the text are two charts, one of them with boxes "Has with installations" and "Common with other homes" marked]
[p. 49]

5. Principal fuel used for cooking

If a home cooks in a dwelling, find out the type of fuel that it uses.

You should only mark one box: When more than one type of fuel is used, find out what is used most.

6. Tenancy of the home

Some explanations:
  • Sharecropper or medianero: It is the situation of a home that inhabits a dwelling as part of a contract or agreement (written or by word), by which it occupies or uses a good or exploitation, for half of the goods produced, by said good or exploitation.
  • Usufructuary: It is the situation of a home that occupies a dwelling, with authorization of the owner, without paying rent.
  • De facto occupant: It is the situation of a home that occupies a dwelling or abandoned piece of land, without the authorization of the owner of the property.
160. The other situations: "Owned", "Rented" or "Subleased", do not need explanations. Your informant will give you the information directly.

161. Don Juan Matínez, owner of a farm at Ciudadela street No. 1217, authorized Pedro López to occupy his dwelling, without collecting rent. Register this situation:

[Below the text are two charts, one of them with the box "Usufructuary" marked]
[p. 50]
On Aparicio Savaria Avenue, a family constructed a building made of waste material, in an area of waste land, without asking for permission. Register this situation:

[Below the text are two charts, one of them with the box "De facto occupant" marked]

Any other situation of tenancy of home that is not understood in the previous cases, (succession, prominent buyer, etc.) will be registered in box 6 "Other", and specify on the dotted line, the case that it concerns.

7. Rooms of the home

164. A room will be considered all spaces within a dwelling that are closed off by walls from a height not more than two meters and that has sufficient room to contain an adult's bed.

Rooms of the home considered: bedrooms, dining rooms, living rooms, rooms for service personnel and the rest of the separated spaces, used for lodging people.

Bathrooms, halls, corridors, garages, or rooms used habitually with non-residential purposes (for example: commercial, professional places, etc.) will not be considered rooms of a home.

[p. 51]

No. of rooms used for sleeping
Include here: bedrooms, bedrooms of guests and all rooms that are used normally for sleeping, even when during the day they have another purpose (living room, dining room, pantry, etc.). You should write down the number of these bedrooms on the dotted line.

No. of rooms used for other residential purposes
167. Register on the dotted line the number of the rest of the rooms of the home that are not normally used for sleeping.

A dwelling on Colonial Street No. 3529 has 4 rooms, of which one is used exclusively as a doctor's office; two other are meant to be bedrooms and the remaining has the double function of: living room of the members of the home and as a waiting room (during hours that the doctor works). Register this case:

[Below the text are two charts, one of them with "No. of rooms used for sleeping" filled out at 2 and "No. of rooms used for other residential purposes" filled out at 1 (living room).]

[p. 52]

G. Information of the people
169. Once the Section "F. Information of the home" is finished, you should ask the population questions to each one of the people who you are to enumerate.

When possible, you should try to make each person provide you with their own information. Only in the case of a person who is absent at the time of your visit, or if it concerns children, will you receive their information from a third party.

In each home, you will enumerate all people who slept in it the night before the "Day of the Census" or who, being absent this night for reasons of work, return to the home during the day. In such form, a doctor who did not sleep in his/her house because of being on guard in a hospital will be enumerated in their home. On the contrary, a traveler who spent many days away from their home will be enumerated in the place slept in during the night before the "Day of the Census."

172. If in a home they tell you that the night before the head, spouse and two children slept there, how many people should you enumerate?

  • Four

173. The Ríos family lived with their son, but he got married two days before the "Day of the Census" and went to live in another city. How many people will you enumerate in the Ríos home?

  • Two

174. A telephone operator spent the night the night before the "Day of the Census" working at the phone company. Where should they be enumerated?

[Below the text are two choices, "In the office where work is done" or "In the home". The box for "In the home" is marked]

[p. 53]

The daughter of the Pereira studies teaching at the Mercedes Institute, residing there Monday through Friday and spending the weekends with her family in the city of Cardona. Taking into account that the "Day of the Census" is a Wednesday, where should this person be enumerated?

[Below the text are two charts, one of them with box "In Mercedes" marked]

In a home they tell you that the night before the head and spouse slept there. The son is on vacation in the country. A daughter is a nurse and this night she was at the hospital where she works. How many of these people should be enumerated?

  • The head, spouse, and daughter.

Remember that the daughter should be enumerated in the home, since for reasons of work she spent the night away from the house and returned that day. The son -- who is on vacation -- will be enumerated in the place where he spent the night before the "Day of the Census."

To get an exact count of the population of the country, the criterion is to enumerate all children born before 0 (zero) Hour of the "Day of the Census". Following the same criteria, those who died after 0 (zero) Hour on the "Day of the Census" will be enumerated.

In the home of the Fagúndez family, a child is born at two in the morning on the "Day of the Census". Should you enumerate this child?

[Below the text are two charts, one of them with the box "No" marked]

If you go to a home in which someone died at four in the morning on the "Day of the Census", will you enumerate this person?

[p. 54]

[Below the text are two charts, one of them with the box "Yes" marked]

Look at the Census document. The section "Information of the people" is divided into four chapters.

I. General characteristics of all persons
II. Educational characteristics: for persons age 6 or older
III. Occupational characteristics: for persons age 12 or older
IV. Other characteristics: for women age 15 or older
I. General characteristics of all people
The questions included in this chapter are for knowing the distribution of the population by sex, age and civil state; their territorial distribution and movements made within the country in the last 5 years.

You should ask the questions in this chapter to all people who are to be enumerated in the home.

183. First, try to locate the head of household.
Head of household: It is the person recognized as such by the other members of the home.

184. To locate the head of household you should find out who is the person recognized as such by the other members of the home.

185. In all private homes, it is necessary that there is someone who you will register in the Census document, in the column "First person".

  • Head

[p. 55]

The first question that you will ask will be: "What is the name and surname of every one of the people who slept last night in this home?" It should immediately be clarified that the head of household should be named in the first column.

Following this, you will write down the names and surnames of all the people, insisting in finding out if there are any young children not written down.

When possible, while writing down the names and surnames try to maintain the correct order, following from the head:

[] 1 Spouse or companion of the head
[] 2 Child of the head
[] 3 Son or daughter-in-law of the head
[] 4 Parents and mother or father-in-laws of the head
[] 5 Other relatives of the head
[] 6 Domestic servants
[] 7 Others not related

In all cases you should write down the first name and the paternal surname.

When it is a married woman, write down the first name, paternal surname and the surname of the husband, preceded by the word "of".

According to the enumeration of paragraph 186, you should enumerate in second place the spouse and if not there, the child, writing it in the column corresponding to the second person.

In the home of the Alonso family, Mr. Alonso (head), his son, the mother of Mr. Alonso and a brother-in-law slept there last night. What would be the order in which you enumerate, if possible, the members of this home?

  • Head, child, mother, brother-in-law

190. The domestic service personnel will be enumerated as members of the private Census home, when they sleep in the dwelling that occupies this home, and do it habitually.

[p. 56]

In the González's house you find a person who spends 5 hours a day doing the cleaning. Do you enumerate this person?

[Below the text are two charts, one of them with box "No" marked]

The following example is part of the visit of the enumerator to the home of the Suárez family:

Enumerator: What is the name and surname of every one of the people who slept here last night? Please begin with the head.

Mr. Suárez: I am the head: Pedro Suárez, Susana Peña is my wife and Ana María is my daughter.

Register the names and surnames of these people in the order that you would do it in the Census document.

[Below the text are two charts, one of them filled out as follows: first person: Pedro Suárez; second person: Susana Pena de Suárez; third person: Ana María Suárez]

The enumerator is in the home of the González family:

Enumerator: What is the name and surname of every one of the people who slept here last night? Please begin with the head.

Mrs. González: The head is my husband, but he did not sleep here last night because he was on guard for 24 hours in the hospital.

What will the enumerator do? You will enumerate Mr. González in this home and register him as head of it.
[p. 57]

194. In collective homes you should distinguish those people who are members of the collective home, from those others who, having been passing the night in it for reasons of work, have their own private home, where they will return today.

195. When arriving at a collective home, which of these people will you enumerate?

  • Only members of the collective home.
  • Only people who spent the night in the collective home for reasons of work and return today to their own private home
  • All people who spent the night in the collective home.

[Answer: only members of the collective home]

In collective homes there will not be a head of household, there will only be members of the collective home and you will enumerate them beginning with any of them.

197. Then write down the names and surnames of all the people who are to be enumerated in the home, you will complete, for each one of them, the rest of the questions vertically.

198. For question no. 2, "What relation or relationship do you have with the head of household?", you should mark the corresponding box, according to the obtained answer. In the case of collective homes you will mark the box "Member of the collective home" for all people.

199. For question No. 3, "Are you a man or a woman?", you should mark the box corresponding to the sex of the enumerated person

Solve the following examples:

The Home of the Gómez family is composed of the head (Juan), his wife (Ana Méndez) and his son (Pedro). They all slept there the night before the "Day of the Census". Register this home in the Census document. Remember that in all the cases you should write down the complete name and surname and with married women you should get the surname of their husband.

201. The home of the González family is made up of Mr. Mario González, his wife Carmen Ramos and their daughters Daniela and Claudia. Mr. Jorge Morales, friend of the family, is spending a few days in the city and spent the night the night before the "Day of the Census". The domestic service of this home is made up of the cook Hortensia Gutiérrez, who lives there in a permanent form and a cleaner who leaves after finishing work, after 5 o'clock. Which of these people should be enumerated in the home of the González family?

[Page 58 is missing]
[p. 59]
All except for the cleaner, since they did not sleep there. Remember that you should enumerate in this home all people who slept in it, even if it is not their habitual residence. This is the case of Jorge Morales, who you should register.

202. In the home of the Acosta family, Mr. Manuel Acosta, his wife Julia Cabrera, their sons Nery and René and his father Ricardo Acosta, who is head of household slept there the night before the "Day of the Census". Complete the first three questions of the Census document.
[p. 60]

In order to write down the correct information, remember that the relationship should be with reference to the head of household.

To mark the sex, do not be guided by the name of the person: always ask the question as it is in the Census document. In the previous example, the names of Nery and René can be vaguely used to determine a man or a woman, which makes it indispensable to ask the question.

203. For question No. 4 "How old are you?", you should write down the age in completed years at 0 (Zero) Hour of the "Day of the Census".

204. Mrs. González turned 29 years old on the "Day of the Census", what will you write down for question No. 4 "How old are you?"

  • 28 years

205. Daniela, the oldest daughter of the González family, turned four years old on October 15. What age will you write down for question No. 4?

  • 4 years

206. If you find children younger than 1 year, write down "0" (zero).

207. Claudia, the youngest daughter of the González family is three months old. How old is she?

  • 0 (zero) years

208. It is very important to write down the exact age of each person, so you should be very careful with this respect and not omit it in any case.

209. For question No. 5 "What is your current civil or married state?", you should read the list of possible responses, one by one, and in the order in which they are presented in the Census document, waiting for an affirmative response.

[p.61]

When you get it, mark the corresponding box with an "X" and do not read the rest of the alternatives.

210. Register the civil or married state of the following people:

1. Mr. Rodríguez lives with a woman with whom he is not married.

2. The companion of Rodríguez did not finish divorce procedures from her previous marriage.

3. Their son is single.

4. Rodríguez's mother lives with them, since her husband died.

5. A brother of Rodríguez lives in the same home since he separated from his companion, with whom he was not married.

[Below the text are two forms, one of which is filled out as follows:
1. "Free union"
2. "Free union"
3. "Single"
4. "Widowed"
5. "Separated from free union"]

Note that the companion of Mr. Rodríguez, although legally still married to her previous husband, on the "Day of the Census" is in free union with Mr. Rodriguez.

211. How will you register the civil or married state of the following people?

[p. 62]

1. A lady who is married but does not live with her husband.

2. Mrs. Carmen Ramos de González who lives with her husband.

3. A person who just finished divorce proceedings.

4. A man who divorced his first wife, who lived next in free union and whose companion died last month.

[Below the text are two forms, one of which is filled out as follows:
1. "Separated"
2. "Married"
3. "Divorced"
4. "Widowed of free union"]

When a person has gone through many civil or married states, you should register the current one.

Look at question no. 5 in the Census document and suppose that you are interviewing a person to whom you ask the question in the following order:

What is your current civil or marital state? Married?

You wait for an answer; if negative you ask the following:

Free union?

You wait for an answer and if negative you ask the following:

Widowed?

Suppose that at this moment the person answers yes, then you should mark the box "Widow" with an X and go to question no. 6.

For question No. 6 "In what locality or place do you live habitually?", you should write down the response in the following manner:

If a person lives in the same locality or place in which they are being enumerated, mark the box "Here".

If a person lives habitually in another place in the country, you should write down the department and locality or place in which the person lives habitually.

If a person lives habitually in another country, you will write the name of this country.

In the home of the Alonso family the night before the "Day of the Census" a nephew slept there who habitually lives in Buenos Aires (Republic of Argentina), but is here spending his vacation. Register in this case in the Census document.

[Below the text are two forms, one of which is filled out "Argentina"]

Mr. Jorge Morales, who you are enumerating in the home of the González family, in Nueva Palmira, has his habitual residence in the city of Trinidad, department of Flores. Register the habitual residence of Mr. Morales.

[Below the text are two forms, one of which is filled out "Flores, Trinidad"]

The home of the González family is in the city of Nueva Palmira, department of Colonia. Supposing that you are enumerating Mr. Mario González (head of this household), make the following annotations corresponding to question No. 6.

[Page 63 is missing]

[p. 64]

218. Question no. 7 is: "In what locality or place did you begin living habitually when you were born?"

With this question we look to get information about the locality or place that constituted the first habitual residence of the person being enumerated. It is, generally, the home of their parents at the moment of birth of this person. Consequently, the place or locality of the hospital, sanitarium, or private house where, eventually, the mother moved for the birth of the enumerated person should not be written down.

219. To register the information corresponding to this question, follow the same criteria as for no. 6 (paragraph 214)

220. While enumerating Mr. López in Tranqueras, who always lived there, he declares to have been born in Rivera, where his mother moved with the purpose of receiving adequate medical assistance.

When you ask the question "In what locality or place did you begin living habitually when you were born?", Mr. López should respond:

[Below the text are two forms, one of which has a box marked "Tranqueras"]

221. Mr. Pereira declares that he was born in the city of Durazno and lived there for 10 years, then moving to the department of Canelones, where you are enumerating him.

Read question No. 7 and write down the department and locality corresponding to this example.

[p. 65]

222. If a person who you are enumerating was born in this country, go directly to question number 8; but if they declare to be born abroad, you should ask the year of arrival in Uruguay to live here.

Mr. Rojas was born in Santiago, Chile and arrived in Uruguay in the year 1941. Make the corresponding notations in the Census document.

[Below the text are two forms, one of which is filled out "Chile, 1941"]

For question No. 8 "In which locality or place were you living habitually five years ago, on this date?", you will write down the place where the person you are enumerating was living October 1968.

In order to register the information corresponding to this question, follow the same criteria of no. 6 (paragraph 214).

Mrs. De Rojas says that she has lived in Montevideo (where you are enumerating her) since 1961. Do you mark the box "Here" for question No. 8?

[Below the text are two forms, one of which has a box marked "Yes"]

227. Mrs. Carmen Ramos de González says that in October 1968 she lived with her parents in the city of Dolores, department of Soriano and that she came to live in Nueva Palmira, where you are enumerating her, in December of the same year. Make the notations corresponding to question No. 8:

[p. 66]

[Below the text are two forms, one of which is filled out "Loriano, Dolores"]

Mr. Parodi, who you are enumerating in the neighborhood of Maroñas, in the city Montevideo, tells you that in October 1968 he lived in the neighborhood Pocitos in the same city. Make the corresponding notation in the Census document.

[Below the text are two forms, one of which has a box marked "Here"]

Remember that the movements within the same city should not be registered, since the interest of this question is to determine the movements from one city to another, from a rural place to the city or vice versa, or between rural places, like from outside the country to our country, done in the last 5 years.

For this reason, in the case of a person who moved in the same city, locality or place, you should mark "Here".

229. Take special care in writing down exactly the department and locality.

230. Question No. 8 is the last of the chapter "General characteristics".

If a person that you are enumerating is younger than age 6, you should not ask any more questions; cross out with a diagonal line the questions of chapters II, III, and IV and go to the next person.

On the contrary, if a person is age 6 or older, ask all the questions of chapter II "Educational characteristics".

[p. 67]

231. In the home of the Ruíz family live two children, one is 3 years old and the other is 6. You will ask the "Educational characteristics" only to the child of six years.

II. Educational characteristics
[Persons age 6 or older]

The questions of this chapter are for the purpose of knowing the educational level of the population and its specialization in different disciplines, acquired from regular courses.

The first question of this chapter is "Do you or did you attend any establishment of regular education?" Attendance at educational establishments is understood to be the attendance at an establishment of regular, public or private education, in order to systematically study at the primary, secondary, university or other level either in this country or abroad.

233. If the son of Mr. Pereira attends second year of high school, in which box will you mark this case?

Mr. Pereira completed fourth year of primary school. In which box will you mark the attendance at educational establishments for Mr. Pereira?

[p. 68]

The cook of the Gómez family, in spite of being able to read and write, answers that she never went to school. What will you mark?

If a person that you are enumerating tells you that they never attended an educational establishment, do not ask questions 10, 11, 12 and 13; cross them out with a diagonal line and go directly to question no. 14.

If you marked "Attended" or "Does not attend but attended", go to question no. 10.

237. Question no. 10, "What is the highest level that you attend or attended in establishments of regular education?", should be asked to all people who attend or attended educational establishments a one time.

Educational level will be understood to mean each one of the categories included in the Census document. This classification is divided into two parts, A and B.

Look at the Census document. If a person you are enumerating answers part A, do not ask question No. 13. Cross it out with a diagonal line and go to question No. 14. If on the contrary, a person answers part B you should ask question 13 and clearly specify what course [he/she] attends or attended.

238. When a person declares more than one level to you, you should find out which of them is a continuation of the other that would be considered superior. For example, one cannot write "Dentist courses" without having finished high school: nevertheless, it will be "Dentist courses". Remember that in this case you should write down only the highest level finished.

239. If a person attended two equal courses, mark the one considered more important and register the other in the space meant for "Observations".

[p. 69]

For question no. 11 "Did you finish this level?", you should mark "Yes" if an enumerated person passed the level answered in question no. 10.

Make the notation corresponding to the son of Mr. Pereira who attends the second year of high school, for questions 10 and 11 of the Document.

For question no. 12, "What is the last grade or year passed in this level?", you should mark the box corresponding to the last grade or year passed in the level that you marked for question No. 10. If they did not even pass the first year, mark "0" (zero).

Mr. Pereira completed fourth grade in primary school. Make the corresponding notation in the Census document.

[p. 70]

244. [There is no text]

[Below the text are two forms, one of which is filled out but illegible]

245. A person you are enumerating answers you that they are attending the first year of law school and they passed all the preparatory courses. Look closely at the Census document, remember what we told you in previous paragraphs and register this case.

[Below the text are two forms, one of which has a box marked "University of the Republic"]

[p. 71]

Question no. 13 "What is the major or career that you study or studies?", should only be asked to those who answered within part B of question no. 10.

Mr. González declares that he attended medical school and passed the sixth year, (last of the courses); that he has the profession of doctor and received his degree three years ago. Make the corresponding notation in the Census document for questions 10, 11, 12 and 13.

[Below the text are two forms, one of which has the box "Yes" marked and "Medicine" is written]

Miss Amalia Requena says that she passed fifth year of Piloto High School. Do you ask this person question no. 13?

[p. 72]

  • No

Remember that question no. 13 is asked only to those who responded within part B for question no. 10.

249. For question no. 14 "Do you know how to read or write?", you should mark the corresponding box.

  • Mark "Yes" if a person reads and writes, in our language or another.
  • If a person only reads or only writes, you will mark "No".

250. Mr. Ruiz reads and writes numbers and signs his name, but cannot write words or phrases. In the Census document you will mark the box.

  • No

251. If a person of German origin tells you that they speak Spanish, but only reads and writes in the native language, you will mark:

[Below the text are two forms, one of which has box "Yes" marked]

If a person who you are enumerating is younger than age 12, you should not ask any more questions. Cross out with a diagonal line the questions of chapters III and IV and go the next person. On the contrary, if a person is age 12 or older you will ask the questions that correspond to chapter III.

III. Occupational characteristics
[Persons age 12 or older]

252. With the questions from this chapter, we look to quantify the active population and determine what the activities that are done are.

253. For question no. 15 "Of the following types of activities, which did you do last week?", you should read the list of possible answers, one by one and in the order that is presented in the Census document, waiting for an affirmative answer. When you get it, mark the corresponding box with an "X", and do not read the following alternatives.

[p. 73]

As you will observe, the series of possible answers is divided into two parts: A and B.

If a person being enumerated answers part A, you will ask the following questions from the chapter. On the contrary, if a person answers part B, you will not ask the rest of the questions from chapter III; cross them out with a diagonal line and go to chapter IV.

Taking into account the previous instructions, if a person answers within part A of question no. 15 you should ask questions no. 16, 17, and 18.

Mrs. de Gonzáles (28 years old) answers that during last week she only took care of the home. (Part B). Looking at the Census document, indicate what you should do to the following:

  • Cross out questions no. 16, 17 and 18 and go to chapter IV.

A young woman of 14 years answers affirmatively to the question "Did you study and not work?" What will you do in this case?

  • Cross out questions no. 16, 17 and 18 and go to chapter IV.

Mrs. De González says that last week, along with habitual duties of the home, she knit a sweater for her husband. What should you do?

  • Mark "Took care of the home only" for question no. 15, crossing out questions no. 16, 17 and 18 and going to chapter IV.
[p. 74]

259. Remember that all jobs that are done in a home for the use of its members or for gifts to other people should be considered "Duties of the home".

260. If you responded correctly to these examples continue ahead; if not return to paragraph 252.

Question no. 16 is: "What is the occupation, profession or office that supplies the most income?"

Here you should write down as exactly as possible the occupation of the person being enumerated.

In the case of people who did not work the previous week, but answered part A of question no. 15, you should write down the occupation, profession, or class of work that was done the last time they worked.

In the case in which an enumerated person has more than one occupation, write down the principal, that is to say, the one that provides the largest income. Do not forget that your notation should give a precise idea of the duty that the enumerated person really does.

264. Miss García works as a supervisor of purchasing at a supermarket. In this case you will write as occupation:

  • Supervisor of purchasing

If a person tells you, "I work in a family's house where I only take care of the children" in question no. 16 of the following occupations, what will you mark?

  • Nanny
[p. 75]

Mr. Pereira fixes radios in his house and also works in a shop that sells electric appliances. He says that he "Makes more as a vendor" What answer will you write down for question no. 16?

  • Vendor of electric appliances.

267. You should avoid less precise answers like worker, employee, farm worker, etc. If a person tells you that he is a worker in a factory, you should determine exactly what is the specific task done.

Question no. 17 is "What is principally done in the establishment in which you work or worked the last time?"

The answer to the question should clarify what was done in the establishment where the enumerated person worked.

If the principal occupation of Mr. Pereira is "Vendor of electric appliances" in the shop "El Rayo" (remember that you already wrote down "Vendor of electric appliances" for question no. 16), what answer then corresponds to question No. 17?

  • Sale of electronic appliances.

You enumerate a person who cleans shoes; and says they are a "Shoe shiner" in the public street. What answers do you write down together for questions 16 and 17?

  • Shoe shiner
  • Shoe cleaning
[p. 76]

As you saw in the previous example, people who work in a traveling form should be considered an individual establishment.

If an enumerated person is a public employee, of a centralized, decentralized, or autonomous organization, you will write down the name of the governmental department where they work.

Mrs. García is a typist for the General Committee of Statistics and Censuses; last week she was on sick leave. Register this case in the Census document.

[Below the text are two forms, one of which is filled out "Typist, General Committee of Statistics and Censuses"]

[p. 77]

274. If a person works their occupation in an establishment that does two or more different activities, you will write down the activity with which the person is most directly linked.

275. A man is a furniture polisher in a refrigerator factory that, as its secondary activity, makes furniture. Complete for this case questions No. 16 and 17.

  • Polisher of furniture
  • Furniture factory

Mrs. Ferreira works as a secretary in the manager's office in the factory of the previous example, whose principal line is making refrigerators. Make the corresponding notation in the Census document:

[Below the text are two forms, one of which is filled out "Secretary in the manager's office"]

If a person works in the house making certain products, that then are taken to a factory that sells or produces them, for question No. 17 you will write down the principal activity of the factory.

A woman claims to work in her house, sewing pants for another maker of this product. What will you write down for questions no. 16 and 17?

  • Pants tailor
[p. 78]
  • Tailoring studio of the making of pants

279. A man tells you that he is a worker in a factory. What should you do in this case? Ask the person to clarify what his specific job is and what does the factory where he works produce.

280. For question no. 18: "Of the following, what is the category in the occupation that you indicated?", you should read the list of possible answers, one by one in the order presented in the Census document, waiting for an affirmative answer. When you get it, mark the corresponding box with an "X" and do not read the rest of the alternatives.

In case an interviewed person has doubts and asks for clarifications, you should present the following definitions:

  • Boss or employer is a person who does their own economic enterprise and who has one or more employees by salary or daily pay.
  • Worker for their own account is a person who, without depending on a boss, does their own economic enterprise, without having any remunerated employee.
  • Employee or worker is a person who works for a boss or employee, public or private, and who receives remuneration in the form of paycheck, salary, daily pay or commissions paid item for item or in kind.
  • All people who work in central administration, decentralized services, state companies, that is to say, those cases in which the employer is the state, or in those in which the state participates, such as the Family Service Fund, C.H.A.S.E.C., C.H.A.S.T.T.A., etc. are public employees.
  • Non-remunerated family worker is a person who works (at least 15 hours per week) in a company or business whose owner is related and does not receive any remuneration.
[p. 79]
  • Member of a production cooperative is a person who is an active member of a production cooperative, whatever activity is done.

If a person has a job whose category is not present in the Census document, write it down in "Other" as exactly as possible.

If a person you are enumerating tells you that their category is non-remunerated family worker, you should ask them if they worked more than 15 hours last week. If they answer affirmatively continue ahead, on the contrary, tell them that their answers to questions no. 15, 16 and 17 should not be registered, erase what you have written in them and ask question no. 15 again.

What box would you mark if you had to enumerate the following people?

1. A foreman on a construction site.
2. A person who sells newspapers and works alone.
3. An owner of a carpenter shop, in which three people work.
4. A fence maker at a farm.
5. A teacher at a public school.
6. A chauffer of a bus cooperative, of which he is a member.

[Below the text are two forms, one of which is filled out as follows:
1. Private employee or worker for a paycheck or salary
2. Worker for their own account
3. Employer with employees in their charge
4. Private employee or worker for a paycheck or salary
5. Public employee or worker for a paycheck or salary
6. Member of a production cooperative]

You have to enumerate three taxi drivers named Ferrari, Arcos, and Pérez for whom the following conditions are given:

  • Ferrari drives his own car and does not have any employees;
[p.80]
  • Arcos drives his own car and has two helpers;
  • Pérez is an employee of Arcos.

How do you fill out this information for question No. 18?

285. A young man declares to you that he worked last week making orders for the department store of his father without receiving any remuneration for it. What should you do?

  • Ask if he worked 15 hours or more last week.

286. If you answered this question correctly, continue ahead; if contrary, read paragraph 282 again.

[p. 81]

287. Dr. Gil is a doctor, works in his private office and also if head of the departmental ward of a hospital, where he receives the largest income. Make the notations corresponding to this case for questions no. 15, 16, 17 and 18.

[p. 82]

288. The nephew of Mr. Alvarez works in the store of his uncle, where he eats lunch and dinner every day; weekly he takes to his house something from the store. Make the notations corresponding to this case.

Keeping in mind that a weekly something represents a remuneration in kind; the nephew of Mr. Alvarez receives a remuneration for his work and therefore you should mark the box indicated in the answer.

289. If you answered correctly, continue ahead. If the contrary, read paragraph 281 again.

290. Remember that when asking the occupation you should make sure that the enumerated person clearly specifies where they worked.

291. In the series of answers that follows, mark in the column C those that are considered to be correct and in column N.A. those that need explanation.

[Below the text are two forms, one of which is filled out as follows:
a) Peón, N.A.
b) Foreman in a factory that makes screws, C
c) Office worker, N.A.
d) Supervisor, N.A.
e) Typist
f) Municipal supervisor, N.A.; Public employee, N.A.; Secretary]

[p. 83]

IV. Other characteristics
[Women age 15 or older]

This is the last chapter of the form, but is not the least important because of it. From the exactitude and seriousness that you ask and write down the results of these questions, now unknown aspects about the birth rate of our country will be able to be known, that as you know, is one of the lowest in America.

Review the previous questions; if a person that you are enumerating is a woman and is 15 years old or older, you should ask her the questions of chapter IV.

If it is a man or a woman younger than 15 years old, you will not ask any more questions, cross out with a diagonal line questions no. 19, 20 and 21 and go to the next person.

Do not forget that the result of your work will be useful only if the question is answered by all women age 15 or older, whatever their civil or married state is.

For question No. 19, "Have you had a children born alive?", you should mark the box corresponding to the answer given.

296. If the answer is affirmative, you should continue the interview. In the contrary case, do not ask questions no. 20 and 21; cross them out with a diagonal line and go to the next person.

[p. 84]

297. For the question: "Have you had children born alive?", Luisa Alsono informs you that she has two children. Make the corresponding notations:

[Below the text are two forms, one of which is filled out but illegible]

298. Ask the questions in a natural manner.

299. When you ask the question "Have you had children born alive", it refers to all children born alive during the life of the enumerated woman up to the day of the Census, whether legitimate or natural, from a marriage, current union, or any other previous state. Since it concerns children born alive, stillborn children should not be included, but those who were born alive and died soon thereafter should be included.

300. For question no. 20, "Of the children that were born alive, how many live in this house?"; "How many live in another place?"; "How many died?"

You should pause between questions, with the purpose of getting the answer and writing it down in the corresponding place. If the answer to some of the questions is none, write down "0" (zero).

A woman informs you that she had two children; a daughter who lives with her and a son who died at the age of 21. Make the corresponding notations.

[Below the text are two forms, one of which is filled out but illegible]

You should always ask the written questions, never leave a question to be implied.

303. Mrs. González says that she had three children, of which one died a few hours after birth and the rest live in her home. How many children will you mark?

[p. 85]

[Below the text are two forms, one of which is filled out but illegible]

The companion of Rodríquez has a son who lives with her. From her other marriage she had three children, of which one died, and the others live in another place. Make the corresponding notation in the Census document.

[Below the text are two forms, one of which is filled out but illegible]

Question no. 21, "Of them, how many were born in the last 12 months?", refers to children born in the last 12 months before the "Day of the Census." If she answers none, write down "0" (zero).

Mrs. González., whom you are enumerating, tells you that she gave birth to a daughter three months ago. Make the corresponding notation for question no. 21.

[Below the text are two forms, one of which is filled out but illegible]

307. Make sure to ask the questions directly to the enumerated woman.

308. The companion of Rodríguez tells you that she did not have a child in the last 12 years. Register this case in the Census document.

[Below the text are two forms, one of which is filled out but illegible]

[p. 86]

309. Remember that in the questions of chapter IV, you should write down the children born alive. When asking them, you should not take into account the stillborn, even in a case of having arrived at the end of the pregnancy term. When finishing this question, go to the next person.

In a Census document, the information of up to six people can be registered. When a home, private or collective, is formed by more members, use as many documents as is necessary. In each of the rest of the documents that you use for this home, proceed in the following manner:

a) Repeat the same number of the document and the same information from the first.

b) Cross out with diagonal lines the sections referring to dwelling B, C, D and E and to home (F).

c) If it is a private home, cross out with a diagonal line the column for the first person and continue registering from the second column. The first column is crossed out because it is reserved for the head of the private home.

d) If it is a collective home, continue registering in the first column of the second and the rest of the documents that you need, because there is no head of household: all members are "Members of the collective home" (box 8).

You should ask all questions as they are written in a Census document and never leave a question to be implied.

After you have enumerated all the people of a home, revise the document; there should not be any question remaining without its corresponding answer.

Every question that does not need to be asked should be crossed out with a diagonal line. If any appears without an answer, observe if it is an omission of yours in asking it, or that it does not seem to be asked.

[p. 87]

If you forgot to ask a question, ask it now and complete the document.

It can occur in some cases that during an interview some people who slept there the night before are not present; another person will respond for those who are momentarily absent.

It is probable that this person will not know how to respond to some of the questions. In this case, you should write down in the Census document, in the column, "Observations" that you should return to this home to complete the interview of this person.

If the interview is not possible in repeated visits, you will mark "Not known" for the questions for which you could not get information.

Remember that you will mark the box "Not known" only in the case of not having been able to get an answer.

Summary of the people in the home
After finishing the interview you should recount the people in the home, separating them by sex and you will put this information in the part "Summary of people of the home", which is located in the lower right corner of the first page of the Census document.

Remember that in the home of the González family, you enumerated Mr. Mario González, his wife, their two children, a friend of the family, and the cook.

[Below the text are two forms, one filled out as follow: men, 2; women, 4; total 6]

[p. 88]

317. Finally, before finalizing the interview of a home, you should put the information of the "Summary of people of the home" in the place meant for this purpose in the enumerator's control sheet (columns 8, 9 and 10).

318. Then sign the Census document and go to the next home.

319. When you have finished the enumerating of your sector, total it on the back of the control sheet in columns 8, 9 and 10.

320. Your last duty before turning in your folder to the head of segment will be to fill out the "preliminary recount of population and dwellings" card.

Preliminary recount of dwellings, homes and people
321. The preliminary recount card consists of two parts:

a) Identification
b) Total number of population, dwellings and homes in your sector of enumeration.

The identification will be filled out, copying it from the folder. The total number of population will be those who you wrote down on the back of the control sheet, upon totaling columns 8, 9, and 10.

The total number of dwellings will coincide with the order number of the last dwelling enumerated.

The total number of homes will be found by counting the lines from your control sheet in which you have written down homes.

Do not forget to sign and write your name on all the census documents that you use.

Once you have come to this point, you have completed your mission. We hope you complete it happily and with it is assured the success of the Census, success that, we repeat, depends fundamentally on the enumerator.