The United Republic of Tanzania
Clarifications of 2012 Population and Housing Census Questions
Ministry of Finance
[3.0] General description of census questions
[4.0] Explanations/clarifications of questions
This enumerators' manual explains step by step all the questions that will be asked during census. Clarifications provided in this manual provide explanations why a particular question is asked and what types of answers are expected from each question asked.
Explanation of these questions will help the government follow-up and evaluate National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty [NSGRP] and Zanzibar Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty [ZSGRP], National Development Vision of 2025 for Tanzania mainland and 2020 for Tanzania Zanzibar, the five year Development Plans [2011/12-2015/2016] and the Millennium Development Goals for 2015.
For further clarifications, contact;
Dr. Albina Chuwa
Office of National Bureau of Statistics
Dar es Salaam
Hajjat Amina Mrisho Said
Mohamed Hafidh Rajab
Office of Director General, Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar
Mwalim Haji Ameir
This census has questions not exceeding 62 compared to the 2002 census which had 37 questions; questions included focus on agriculture, Tanzanians living in foreign countries, and more. The objective of these questions is to collect more information which will provide the status of Tanzanians demographically, economically, and socially. There are important questions which are normally asked in every census, and new questions, depending on current and future information needs.
Therefore, in order to ensure that all the citizens understand fully these questions, it is appropriate to print this 2012 population and housing census questionnaire manual. This manual is part of efforts put in place to educate the public about the need to fully participate in the census exercise.
We believe that there will be no challenges in answering questions during census if clarifications provided here are well understood by citizens, and thus we will get more accurate information. Clarifications of these questions also understand the importance of removing fear or doubts amongst some citizens, who due to their cultures, traditions, or other reasons have a different perception towards the population and housing census, a perception that is different from that of the nation, which is to collect information for development purposes of the nation.
The short questionnaire will have 37 questions and the long questionnaire will have 62 questions. In areas where the short questionnaire will be use, the long questionnaire will not be used, and in places where the long questionnaire will be used, the short questionnaire will not be used. 70 percent of the census areas will use a short questionnaire and the remaining percentage will use the long questionnaire. All the questions found in the short questionnaire are also found in the long questionnaire; therefore, these questions will be answered by everyone wherever either questionnaire is used. These questions will ask about the name of the head of the household; names of all the people who slept in the respective house the night before August 26th, 2012, and the relationships of these people to the head of the household.
Other questions that follow ask about sex, age, disability status, marital status, citizenship and place of residence, place where the household member spends most of his/her time, and whether or not the household member has a birth certificate. Other questions will focus on general and reproduction-related death in the household; agricultural questions; number of livestock and fish keeping; education for people with ages of four and above; getting the number of households with at least one household member who has social security fund membership; and Tanzanians who live in foreign countries.
For those who will be asked questions from the long questionnaire, they'll be required to answer extra questions which will ask about the following; place of birth, place lived in 2011, whether or not parents are alive, economic activities for people who are five years and above, child-bearing status for women aged 12 and above, and on house characteristics and asset/property ownership.
All these questions aim at meeting the various current and future needs of the nation for planning and implementation purposes of various development programs. Therefore, we ask that everyone needs to understand and pay attention to all the questions so that they can answer them correctly.
4.0 Clarifications of questions
Question 2: Please tell me the names of persons who spent the census night [that is, the night before Sunday 26 August, 2012] in your household, starting with the name of the head of household.
Explanation/clarification of the question: This question wants to know the list of all the people who slept in the respective house on the night before census day?that is, the night of 25th before 26th August 2012, starting with the head of the household.
The head of household is a person responsible for a particular household or a person recognized as the leader by other household members in a particular household.
Answers to this question will enable us get the total number of persons from the whole country, average number of persons in households and the level of poverty in the country.
Question 3: What is the relationship of [the respondent] to the head of the household?
Answers to this question will enable the nation to get information which will provide an understanding of the real situation in terms of the level of dependency within households, households headed by females and children, for the purpose of planning development programs and formulation of good policies.
Answers to this question will facilitate the understanding of population of males and females in every household, village/street, ward/shehia, district, region, and nation.
Answers to this question will help in planning of development programs. Age is very important information in statistics of people in any nation on this earth. Knowing the correct ages of people enables the nation to develop strategies for improving services such as health, education, water, community development, and many others.
Questions 6 to 11 aim to get information on the disability status of people in the communities.
Is [the respondent] an albino, or has difficulty seeing, hearing, walking or climbing stairs, remembering or concentrating, caring for him/herself such as washing or dressing, has a cleft palate, has spinal befida, has spinal cord injuries, mental illness, or psoriasis?
These questions aim to obtain information about disability status in the communities.
Answers on these questions will enable the nation understand how many people have disabilities and types of disabilities, and thus allow the nation develop sustainable programs for this special group in the community.
Explanation/clarification of the question: This question asks about the marital status of every household member; the question wants to know the marital status of household member depending on marriage laws and traditions in Tanzania.
Answers to this question will enable the nation to understand the number of people in the communities who are married and those who are not in order to plan for their special needs. The answers will also help understand at what age people get married for the first time [Age at First Marriage].
Question 13: [the respondent] is a citizen of which country?
Answers to this question will enable the nation understand the exact number of citizens of Tanzania, citizens of other countries present on the night before census, and those with two nationalities. The nation will understand the distribution of nationalities in the country.
Questions 14, 16, 17, and 18 asks about household member's place of birth, current place of residence, place lived in 2011, and weather the household member has a birth certificate or birth documentation.
Answers to these questions will help the nation understand the amount of people moving from one place to another. Also, these questions will enable the understanding of the amount of growth of towns/cities, and how many people have birth certificates or birth documentations
Answers to this question will help the nation improve services provided in towns/cities especially during the day. Answers to this question will also help get the population of people found in towns/cities during the day [day time population].
Answers to this question will help the nation get the population of orphans, as a result, facilitate development of programs and improve policies on orphans.
Explanation/clarification of the question: Answers to these questions will enable the nation understand the number of people who can read and write, distribution of education levels, and number of people who completed and those who dropped out of school.
Questions 23, 24, 25, 26, and 27 ask about economic activities in the past 24 months and past one week, employments status, work, and main activities at work place [industry] for individuals aged 5 years and above.
Explanation/clarification of the question: Questions on economic activities will enable the nation understand the level of employment in various economic sectors, types of employment, scarcity of employment, amount of available labor force, and areas of employment.
Question 28 to 32 aims to understand the fertility trends in our communities, including child born alive but died [i.e., stillbirth and neonatal or perinatal deaths], and children born alive in the past twelve months and whether they're still alive.
Questions 33 to 40 ask about death and death that resulted from child bearing in the past 12 months. These questions are asked and answered by the head of the household or another person who will respond to these questions on behalf of the household head.
The answers to these questions will enable the nation understand whether there was any death within a household during the period specified.
Explanation/clarification of the question: Answers to these questions will enable the nation understand the level of poverty in the households.
Questions 53 to 57 ask about food crops, livestock, and fish keeping.
Question: Is there any member from this household who engaged [or currently] him/herself in farming corn/maize, cassava, banana, or rice during 2011/12 agricultural year, keeping of cows, goats, sheep, chickens, or fish up to the night before census?
Explanation/clarification of the question: The answers to these questions will help steer the discussions on dual citizenship in the right direction during preparation of a new constitution.
Question 62 asks about social security funds for communities.
Is there a person in this household who is a member of any of the following social security funds? National Social Security Fund [NSSF], Zanzibar Social Security Fund [ZSSF], Parastatal Pension Fund [PPF], Public Service Pension Fund [PSPF], Government Employee Provident Fund [GEPF], Local Authority Pension Fund [LAPF], and National Health Insurance Fund/Community Health Fund [NHIF/CHF].
Answers to this question will help understand the numbers of households with at least one household member who is a member of social security funds. This information will enable social security funds to expand provision of their services and improve the economies at household level, and consequently reduce poverty.