Population and Housing Census, 1970
National Statistical Office
Office of the Prime Minister
Chapter 3 Definition
3.1 The listing
The listing is the act of counting the specified units and recording in the listing form (PHC-1). In population and housing census, a household is specified as a unit of counting.
3.2 The enumeration
Enumeration is the process in which the officer interviews members of the household in order to obtain detailed information about the persons living in the particular household, household characteristics and living conditions of the persons in that particular household. Then, the information obtained will be recorded in the enumeration form (PHC-2).
3.3 Date of the Census
The date of the census is a specified date chosen as the time period for counting the population and households in which the population of the census area are living. The 1970 Population and Housing Census has designated April 1, 1970 as the date of the census.
3.4 Time of the Census
The time of the census is the time given to indicate the focal point of the facts that occur on "the date of the census". In the 1970 Population and Housing Census, the time is 0.00 am of April 1, 1970.
3.5 Enumeration Period
The enumeration period runs from April 2, 1970 to April 29, 1970 (excluding the Thai New Year holidays on April 13, 14, and 15). The total time is 25 days.
3.7 Non-municipality area
A non-municipality area is all the areas outside the municipality area, or the area called village. For some villages, a part of the village or the whole village can be a sanitation district.
3.8 Census Area
Census area is a specified area where the enumerators do listing and enumeration. The area can be divided into two categories:
The grouped building refers to the sub-section of the census area located within the municipality area. This sub-section is designed to ease the counted record and the enumeration.
A house is a building or construction used for living. This includes boats and houseboats.
3.11 HouseholdA household is one person or many persons living in the same house, and these persons together seek for, consume, and utilize all facilities for living, regardless of whether they are relatives or not.
b) Multiple-individual household refers to a household that has 2 persons or more living together in the same house, and they seek for and utilize all facilities for living together, regardless of whether they are relatives or not.
b. Patients who stay in a hospital for more than three months, physicians and nurses who do not live in separated houses.
c. Boarding pupils and teachers who stay in the boarding school.
d. People who receive assistance in a foster home or shelter, and the care-takers who do not live at a separate place.
e. Prisoners in a prison or jail.
f. Soldiers or policemen who stay in the camp or barracks, including cadet and police cadet.
b. People who rent a room in a dormitory.
c. Six or more laborers who live together in a factory that is their working place, and the owner of the factory provides food for them to eat together.
b. Several houses located within the same area, that are used as a living place for the same household
c. Row house, row rooms, or row building
e. Rooms in a house
f. Boats or cars (movable)
g. Other types of living place such as caves, cars, boats that are not movable
A single house is a house that is built separately and not attached to another house. A Thai-style house that is composes of separate houses joined together by a platform and is used as a living place for people in the same household is considered a single house. A boathouse that is used as a living place is also considered a single house.
3.14 Row house, row rooms, or row building
These refer to houses that have the floor above the ground or rooms that have the floor attached to the ground. The row houses have two rooms or more attached to one another, and the common wall can be one or more than one side. The building may have single story or multiple stories, and the row houses also include row boathouses.
A suite is a group of rooms that are a part of a building, and it is used as a living place for a household. A suite includes kitchen, bathroom, and its own entrance to that living place.
3.16 Rooms within a house
This refers to a room or more than one room within a house that a household uses as a living place. This household may or may not share the kitchen, bathroom, and the entrance to the living place with another household that lives within the same house.
3.17 Movable boats, rafts or cars
A boat refers to a boat that is used as a living place for a household.
A raft refers to a raft that floats along the river and has a living place on it. This raft does not include the boathouses that stay near the river bank.
A car refers to a car or a trailer that is used as a living place for a household.
3.18 Living places that are used for commercial purposeThese refer to the living places of households and the surrounding area that are used not only for living but also for trading, selling, exchanging merchandises and/or products, and providing services. Examples are newspapers stores, convenient stores, bike shop, tailor shop, barber, restaurant, mechanic garage, etc.
3.19. Head of the Household
The head of the household is the person who the members of the household accept as having the highest responsibility in running and taking care of the welfare of the household.
b. Son/daughter, for the households in which the parents are old and assign the son/daughter with taking care of the welfare of the household members
c. Elder brother/sister, for the households in which siblings live together
d. Senior person, for the household in which friends live together
e. Elder relatives, for the household in which relatives live together
b. Student head in a boarding school
c. Student head in a university dormitory
d. A customer who stays regularly in a general dormitory
e. A prisoner in a prison or jail
f. Superintendent in the nursing student dormitories
g. A customer who stay regularly in a hotel
h. A soldier or policeman in a barrack
i. Head of workers in a factory
b. Son/daughter, step-son/step-daughter, or adopted son/daughter
c. Son-in-law or daughter-in-law
e. Father or mother
f. Other relatives such as father-in-law, mother-in-law, brother, sister, uncle, aunt, nephew, niece, great grandchildren, etc.
h. Servant/maid, gardener, or driver.
3.21 Structure of private households (with more than one member)When the head of the household and the relationship with the head of the households are specified, the structure of the private households can be categorized as follows.
Structure 2: A household that is composed of husband, wife, and children who are not married, or who were married but are now widowed or single, and there are no grandchildren.
Structure 3: A household that is composed of husband, wife, and married children who do not have children (and children that are described in Structure 2, if any)
Structure 4: A household that is composed of husband, wife, married children, and grandchildren (and children that are described in Structure 2 or 3, if any)
Structure 5: A household that has a different structure from all of the above
3.22 CitizenshipCitizenship is a legal status showing that a person is a citizen of a country. Citizenship is given to each individual since birth, and could be changed under the conditions of the laws of his/her own country or the country of which s/he wants to become a citizen.
The guidelines used to consider whether a person has Thai citizenship are:
b. Any person whose mother is Thai, if the citizenship of the father is unknown.
c. Any person who is born in the Kingdom of Thailand.
d. Foreign women who are legally married to Thai men.
e. Foreigners who have already changed their citizenship to Thai.
f. Thai women who change their citizenship to that of their foreign husbands will obtain the Thai citizenship back when they get divorced and wish to have Thai citizenship.
For other people who do not have Thai citizenship, their citizenships are the ones that they used last on April 1, 1970.
b. "Mute" refers to the person who is unable to speak, and is usually deaf.
c. "Deaf" refers to the person who has complete loss of hearing.
d. "Blind" refers to the person who has complete loss of sight.
e. "Others" refer to persons who have the disability other than the ones mentioned above. This includes persons who are mentally disabled, or who lose both legs or both arms due to accidents.
a) Nursery (or pre-school)
b) Primary education: P1 - P4 and P5 - P7 (M1 - M3 of the old system).
[M = Mathayom means secondary level]
Upper secondary education: MS4 - MS5 (M7 - M8 of the old system)
[MS = Mathayomsuksa also means secondary level]
b) Upper vocation: accepts those who complete M3; the curriculum is 3 years.
c) Higher vocation: accepts those who complete M6; the curriculum is 3 years.
b) Upper secondary vocational education: accepts those who complete MS3; the curriculum is 3 years. (MS4-MS5)
b) Higher vocational diploma: continues education from MS3 for 5 more years.
c) Vocational teacher training diploma: accepts those who complete vocational diploma or upper secondary vocational education; the curriculum is 2 years.
d) Secondary teacher training diploma: accepts those who complete higher vocational diploma; the curriculum is 1 year.
e) Higher certificate in technique teacher training: accepts those who complete higher vocational diploma; the curriculum is 2 years
f) Short-training course in vocational education (less than one-year curriculum): examples are Polytechnic school, technician school.
b) Married: those who live together as husband and wife, regardless of whether they have been legally married (having marital registration), or not.
c) Widowed: those whose husband/wife died and have not been remarried.
d) Divorced: husband and wife who have been legally divorced.
e) Separated: those who do not live with their husband/wife, but have not been legally divorced.
3.26 Children ever bornChildren ever born are children who were alive at birth, even though they may have lived for a short moment. Children who do not breathe at birth are not classified as children ever born.
Children ever born include:
b. Children who were born alive but have already died, even though they were alive for a short moment
Children ever born exclude:
b. Aborted children
c. Step son/daughter or adopted son/daughter
Those whose income is from loan interests, deposit interests, bonds, dividends, rent, pension, and who do not have another job are considered as having no occupation.
3.28 Main OccupationMain occupation refers to a job on which the person spends most of the time within a specified period of time. For example, the main occupation within the last 7 days before the date of census refers to a job on which the person spends most of his/her time in the last 7 days before the date of census (that is, between March 25-31, 1970).
"Most of the time" means the time that is spent on a particular job more than on any other job, if the person works on more than one job.
Or the person may work on one job but works only for 2 days. That job is considered the main occupation.
Or the person may not work at all because they are sick or they are on leave during the 7-day period, but he/she has a regular job such as government employee or employee of a private company. That person is considered as having an occupation and his/her regular job is the main occupation.
3.29 Last year main occupation Last year main occupation refers to a job on which the person spent most of his/her time from April 1969 to March 1970.
3.30.2 The type of job on which the person is working such as durian farming, umbrella making, rice farming, transportation service, etc.
Employers in this sense do not include those who hire someone to cook, clean, do laundry, and baby-sit, etc.
Example 2: Mr. Chart owns a coffee shop and hires Mrs. Chusri to cook for Mr. Chart's household. Mr. Chart is not considered as an employer.
Employees can be divided into 2 categories.
b. "Private employees" refers to those who work for private companies or private businesses. Those who work in households such as doing laundry, baby sitting, cooking are also considered private employees.
Example 2: Mrs. Me has a hair salon and a tailor shop at home. Mrs. Me has Miss Sri as a partner, and their share the profits. Both Mrs. Me and Miss Sri are considered as private business owners without employees.
Example 3: Mrs. Me has a hair salon and a tailor shop at home, and she has Miss Som who is her daughter as her assistant. Mrs. Me does not pay any wage to Miss Som. Mrs. Me is regarded as private business owner without employees, and Miss Som is a worker in the household business without receiving any wage.
Example 4: Mr. Daeng, his wife, and their 3 children together plough and plant rice in their own rice farm. They ask for help from their neighbors to help in harvesting. Mr. Daeng is regarded as a private business owner without employees, and his wife and children are workers in the household business without receiving any wage.
Example 2: Mr. Chom lives in Mr. Chob (his brother)'s house, and he helps Mr. Chob in farming without getting paid.
Both Mr. Korn and Mr. Chom are regarded as household business assistants without wages. If anyone is paid or receives allowance, they will be regarded as private employees.
3.32 Time of census and the enumeration
b. People who die at or after the time of the census. That is, they are dead at or after 0:00am on April 1, 1970.
b. Those who were born after the time of the census. That is, they are born after 0:00am on April 1, 1970 although they may be present on the date of the enumeration.
For the information about the number of children ever born, occupation, and enterprise type of the working place, the time of census cannot be used as a criterion in the enumeration. So, the period of time reference is needed.
b. The number of ever born children who are alive is considered from the living of those children at 0:00am on April 1, 1970.
b. Occupation, enterprise, type of the working place, and the employment status of the last year occupation are considered from the fact between April 1969 and March 1970.
5.4 Recording in the enumeration form (PHC 2)
PHC-2 form is the form that the enumerators use to record details on members of households and on location of the households.
5.4.1 Part 1
Location of household
Record the location of the house by recording the name of the road, lane, or canal in column 3. If the households are on the same road, lane, or canal, record the name of the road, lane, or canal only one time.
b. House number
c. Name of place (if any)
d. Village number
If the area is outside a municipal area, record the village number and the enumeration district number. If it is inside a municipal area, an enumeration district number and a block number will be given.
e. Enumeration district number
f. Block number
Record a block number if the enumeration district is in a municipal area.
If the enumerated house is in a municipal area or a sanitary district, circle numbers 1 or 2 that corresponds to the answer.
If the house is outside a municipal area and a sanitary district, circle number 3.
If the house is in a sanitary district, record the name of the sanitary district as well.
Record the household number that corresponds to the number of the household as appeared in PHC-1 form.
For collective households, select one of the following categories:
3 Prison, jail
4 Welfare lodging
6 Boarding school
7 Military or police barracks
5.4.2 Part 2
From column 1 to column 10, ask everyone.
Column 1: Name and surname
Record rank (if any), title (e.g., Mr., Mrs., Miss, etc.), given name, and family name of every person in the household in the following order:
Head of household
Wife or husband
Unmarried children, ranked from the older to the younger
Married children, their spouses, and grandchildren
Father, mother, siblings, nieces, nephews
A child without a given name, record a nick name or "unnamed boy" or "unnamed girl."
Column 2: Relationship with the head of householdFor the head of household, record "Head". For other household members, record the relationship with the head of household (see details in chapter 3 number 3.20).
For the head of a collective household, record only "head" but do not record the relationship with the head of household. Instead, record their status in the collective households such as monk, nun, prisoner, student, worker, etc.
If the interviewee knows only the year of birth, record the year as told.
If the interviewee knows neither the month nor year of birth, write "X".
If the person was born before April, i.e. during January and March, look up the age in the HPC-9A table and always add 1 to that age. For example, if the person was born in January 2485 B.E. [1942 A.D.], record age "28".
For children born between January and March 1970, record "0".
Column 6: Residence statusResidence status can be divided into 3 categories:
2. The person normally lives in the house on a regular basis, but he or she has been temporarily away for no more than 3 months.
3. The person temporarily lives in the house for less than 3 months, and he or she does not live somewhere else.
Record the residence status according to one of the following categories:
For persons who live in the house temporarily, regardless of whether or not they have another house somewhere else, if they live in the house for more than 3 months, they are considered as permanent resident.
Column 7: ReligionRecord the religion held by that person, e.g. Buddhist, Islam, Christian, or Hindu. If the religion is none of the above, record the name of the religion.
If the person is not at the house and the interviewee cannot give the answer, write "X".
If the person answers another citizenship, record according to the country of their citizenship.
Column 9: Place of BirthAsk: "In what province was the person born?" Then, record the name of the province.
For a child who was not born in the place that was the mother's regular living place, consider the mother's regular living place as the child's place of birth. For example, if the boy A was born at Siriraj hospital in Thonburi province, but the mother's house is in Bangkok, consider Bangkok as the boy's place of birth.
If the answer is no physical disability, record "No".
If the number of years is less than 5 years, consider that person as "moved" and continue asking questions in columns 12 and 13.
If the number of years is 5 years or more, consider that person as "not moved" and write a dash in columns 12 and 13.
For children younger than 5 years old, write a dash.
Column 12: Place of previous residenceAsk: "Before moving to this village or municipal area, in which province or country did that person live?" Record the last province in which the person lived before moving into this province.
If the person has moved from abroad, record the name of the last country in which the person has lived.
For children aged 5 years or younger and for people who record the number of years more than 5 years in column 11, write a dash.
If the answer is s/he moved from a village, record "village".
For children aged 5 years or younger and for people who record the number of years more than 5 years in column 11, write a dash in this column.
If the answer is "unable to read and write", record "No".
The ability to read and write in this context refers to the ability to read and write in any language.
If the person can read only but cannot write, consider that person as "unable to read and write" and record "No".
For the persons who are not at the house and the interviewee does not know the answer, write "X".
For children aged younger than 5 years, write a dash.
Ask "On January 1, 1970, did the person study in any school?"
If the person studied in vocational education without any general education program such as hair dressing, dress making, radio fixing courses, etc., record "No".
If the person did not study, record "No".
If the answer is "study" but the interviewee does not know the class or level, record "study, unknown class."
For persons younger than 5 or older than 29, write a dash.
Column 16: Highest education level completedThe highest education level/grade means the last level or grade that the person passed the final examination of that level before January 1, 1970.
Ask the level of education at which the person completed, and record the education level as follows.
Record the level of education such as:
2. Education in the current system, e.g. P5, P6, P7, MS1, MS2, MS3, MS4, MS5, etc.
Record the level of vocational education that the person completed or the certificates of vocation including the highest level of formal education that the person completed. Examples are: year 1 lower vocation (P4), year 2 higher vocation (M6), year 2 upper vocation (M3), MS2 vocational education (P7), MS6 vocational education (MS3), etc.
Record the level that the person completed or the diploma including the university names. Examples are: Year 1 Chulalongkorn University, Year 2 Thammasat University, Year 3 Cadet School, B.S., Certificate of education, etc.
[Examples of highest grades completed are omitted here.]
Column 17: Marital statusThis marital status is considered from the status at the time of census.
Ask whether the person is never married, married, widowed, divorced, or separated, and record accordingly.
For Buddhist nun, record "nun" but also ask whether she has ever been married before. If yes, record "nun-ever married". If not, record "nun-never married".
For the couples that do not live together: if their legal status is married but they cannot live together due to some reasons such as working in a different province, record "married".
For single persons and women aged less than 11 years, write a dash.
Ask: "How many children ever born alive does the woman have?"
If the woman is married but has no children, record "None".
Column 19: Number of children ever born alive who are still livingAsk: "From the number of children even born alive, how many of them are still living as of 0:00 am of April 1, 1970?"
Record the number of children ever born alive who are still living as of 0:00 am of April 1, 1970 in this column.
If record "none" in column 18, do not ask this question and write a dash in this column.
Ever-married women refer to women whose marital status in column 17 is married, widowed, divorced, or separated.
For the nuns whose marital status is "nun-ever married", ask for the number of children ever born alive as well.
Column 20: Main occupation in the last 7 days before the date of census (see details in chapter 3 numbers 3.27 and 3.28)Ask: "What was the person's main occupation during March 25 - 31, 1970?" Record the occupation that the person spent most of his/her time in the last 7 days before the census date.
If the person answers "did not work", record "did not work".
In recording the main occupation, record the most specific occupation. Examples are "construction workers" and not "workers", or "cosmetic seller" and not "seller".
Column 21: Reasons for not working in the last 7 days before the census dateIf the person answers "did not work" in column 20, ask: "Why did the person not work during March 25-31, 1970?" and record the reason in this column.
The reasons are categorized as follows:
b. waiting for agriculture season (record the head of household only)
c. doing household works (work by themselves or supervise the others)
d. being a student (even during the school breaks)
e. unable to work due to sickness, old age, or disability
f. other (specify), e.g. being a monk, millionaire, having earnings from loans, rent, dividends without the need to work, etc.
If the reason for not working is because of temporary absence due to sickness or for vacation during March 25-31, 1970, but the person still has a regular job, do not record in this column. The interviewer needs to go back to column 20, and record the person's regular job as the main occupation.
Column 22: Main occupation last year (see details in chapter 3 number 3.39)Ask: "What did the person mainly work on last year?" and record the occupation that the person spent most of his/her time on during April 1969 - March 1970.
If the answer is "did not work", record "did not work" and terminate the interview. Record a dash in columns 23 and 24.
The main occupation last year may or may not be the same as the main occupation during the last 7 days before the census date.
Column 23: Industry (Type of enterprise of the working place)(See details in chapter 3 number 3.30)
Ask: "What type of enterprise or industry was the person's working place?" Record the type of enterprise of the working place in detail as much as possible.
Examples are: sugar factory, Provincial Electricity Authority, salon, bus station, construction company, etc.
If the person owns a company, store, or factory, record do not record the name of the company, store, or the factory, but record the type of business. For example, for "Thai Namthip factory" record "soft drink factory", or for "Archanay Insurance Company" record "insurance company", etc.
Mr. A works as an accountant in a bag-weaving factory. Mr. A's occupation is "accountant", and the industry of his working place is "bag-weaving factory".
Mr. B works as a ticket collector in a movie theatre. Mr. B's occupation is "ticket collector", and the industry of his working place is "movie theatre".
Mr. C works on a vegetable farm. Mr. C's occupation is "vegetable farmer", and the industry type is "vegetable farming".
Mr. D drives a truck to deliver merchandise. Mr. D's occupation is a "truck driver", and the industry type is "truck driving".
Business owner without employee
Unpaid family worker
[Examples of main occupations and types of the enterprises are omitted.]
For persons who temporarily lived in this household for less than 3 months and have regular living places elsewhere, record in the part 3.
Column 1: Record name and last name
Column 2: Record sex
Column 3: Record age
Columns 4 through 7: Record the regular living place by indicating the names of province, district, and sub-district.
If the person comes from a village within a sanitary district, record the village number and the name of the sanitary district.
If the person comes from a municipal area, record the name of the municipal area.
Rooms (within a house)
Boat, floating house, or car that is mobile
If the characteristics of the living place are none of the above, specify the characteristics of that place.
If the characteristics of the living place are "boat, floating house, or car" or "other", terminate the interview.
Number 26: Whether this house is used for commercial purpose (See details in chapter 3, number 3.18)Consider whether the living place of the household is used for commercial purpose. Select either 1 "Yes" or 2 "No".
b. Non-permanent materials: these include local materials such as palm leaves and bamboos, and used materials that should not be used such as used zinc, rotten wood, etc.
The type of construction materials is considered from the materials of the main house that is used for living. For example, the main house is made of wood and the roof is made of tiles, but the kitchen has thatched roof, consider the construction materials to be permanent materials.
Select the type of construction materials from the following types.
Combination of wooden and cement house
Wooden house made of permanent materials
House made of local materials
House made of used materials
Number 28: Tenure of living place of the household (excluding land)Ask: "What is the possession status of the person in this household?"
Select one of the following answers: owner, hire purchaser, renter, or the person lives without paying rent because it is a part of salary/wages or because the owner allows him/her to live in the house for free.
Hire-purchasing means purchasing of a living quarter by installment according to a written agreement. When the payment is completed, then the buyer is considered the owner of that living place.
Staying without paying rent because it is part of the wage refers to the living places such as worker housing in the factory, government-officer housing, railway officer housing, soldier and policeman housing, or security-guard housing, etc.
Staying free of charge means the household members are allowed to live in the house without giving anything in return, because they may be relatives or friends.
The living place of household in this case refers to the house only, and it excludes land.
Number 30: Land ownership If the person's answer in number 28 is "owner" or "hire purchaser", ask: "Whether a household member is the owner, hire purchaser, renter, or he/she lives without paying rent?"
If the answer is "renter of the land", ask whether the land is rented from the Treasure Department or others such as private sector or the Crown Property, etc.
Hire-purchasing the land means purchasing of the land by installment. When the payment is completed, the buyer is considered as the owner of the land.
Renting the land means constructing a house on other person's land, and paying the monthly or yearly rent to the owner of the land. This can be divided into two groups:
b. Renting the land from the other sources: this can be private sector, the Crown Property, the government, the state enterprise, or municipal government, etc.
Land owned by the Treasure Department refers to the land owned by the government, which includes both the public assets and the ordinary public properties.
Public assets refer to the land that is already in use and is possessed by the government. This land is used for government buildings and housing for government officers, soldiers and police. It excludes the land owned by temples, the Royal family, or the Crown property.
Ordinary public properties refer to the land that is taken away from people who owe tax, or it is donated to the government. This land is in the government's possession, and it has not been used. The government may rent it to private sector to build living places.
The assets or the land of the country such as roads, rivers, canals, forests, or deserted land that are under the responsibility of the Department of Lands are considered as public assets, and not the property of the Treasure Department.
Number 31: Owner of the living placeIf the interviewee answers "rent" or "stay without paying rent" or select either numbers 3, 4, or 5 in column 28, ask: "who is the owner of this place?" and select one of the following answers.
 2 If the owner is state enterprise, municipality or other government units
 3 If the owner is a private party
The owner in this context refers to the owner of the living place that the interviewee rents or lives. The owner of the living place may be the owner of the house only or the owner of the land as well.
The construction owned by the Treasure Department refers to any building or living places that are under the responsibility of the Ministry of Finance or the Revenue Department, and people may rent this place or stay without paying rent such as the house of government employees.
The answer can be divided into the following categories:
20 years or more
Select only one of the above answers. If the interviewee cannot remember or does not know, select number 9.
Number 33: Number of rooms used for sleepingAsk "How many bedrooms and rooms used as bedrooms are there in this house?" Record the number of bedrooms and the number of rooms using as bedrooms separately. If there is none, record "0".
In the case of a one-story Thai house that is lifted from the ground and has a space under the house, if there is no wall or no partition in the space under the house, that space is not considered as a room.
A bedroom means the room that is used particularly for sleeping. Although no one sleeps in the room during the enumeration period, that room is still considered a bedroom.
Other room used for sleeping refers to any room that is not a bedroom, but it is used by household members for sleeping as well. These rooms include parlor, living room, kitchen, dining room, or storage; if they are used for sleeping, then they are considered as rooms used for sleeping.
In the case where there are more than one household within a single house, count the bedrooms and other rooms used for sleeping from each household separately.
In the case where one household lives in many single houses, count the bedrooms and other rooms used for sleeping from all of the houses.
Used by this household only
Used by this household only
If the household lives in more than one house and there are more than one type of toilet, select the type of toilet from the toilet in the house in which the head of household lives.
Other oil lamp
If it is another type of light, specify that type.
Piped water outside the house
River, canal, waterfall
If the water comes from other sources, specify the source.
Water pump for agriculture use
For the shops that sell or repair radio, TV, refrigerator, etc., these appliances are not considered as appliances in possession, except they are for used within the households.
The appliances and tools that are used for work such as rented vehicles, refrigerator in the drinking shop, or soda-fountain are not considered as appliances for personal use. If they are also for personal use within the household, they are counted as appliances in possession.
For the government vehicles of a high-rank officer, if such vehicle is used only by one person, it is counted as the appliance in procession.