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Republic of Senegal
Ministry of the Economy and Finance
National Agency of Statistics and Demography


Grand Census 2013
Population - Habitat - Agriculture - Livestock Farming
Census Fieldworker Manual


Version July 2013
[Table of contents omitted.]
[p. 4]
Foreword
Senegal is undertaking the fourth General Census of Population and Habitat, the second census of Agriculture and the first census of Livestock (RGPHAE). This combined operation is of a particular character. Such an option will allow updating of the data available in these sectors for which the last figures go back to 2002 for the Census of Population and Habitat, and 1997-98 for the country's National Agricultural Census (Recensement National Agricole (RNA)).
It is also an opportunity for public authorities and users to have detailed information on population and housing as well as on farm and livestock households for better planning.
Beyond its innovative nature, this option makes it possible to achieve significant economies of scale, particularly in terms of rationalization of resources1 (reducing the cost of operations, creating a single cartographic base, availability of a multisector survey basis and so on) and the creation of a simultaneous baseline for development planning (same year of reference).
The National Agency for Statistics and Demography (ANSD), with your assistance, is responsible for carrying out this large-scale enterprise in order to meet the expectations of users of census data.
Due to the diversity of the information to be collected and the complexity of its methodology, this operation requires a great deal of rigor, because the quality of the data produced depends on a good knowledge of the state and characteristics of the population. Also new innovations will be introduced in the processing of information. The data will be collected using PDAs (pocket computers). This new data will require, in addition to effective collection, a perfect mastering of the tool.
Whatever the quality of the design and the material and human investment, the census can only be successful if the information collected is of high quality. The policy measures that decision makers will have to take in order to promote the socio-economic development of the country can only bear fruit if they are planned on the basis of good quality data.
That's why your role as census fieldworker is central to this phase, which requires on your part all the skill and dynamism needed to carry out the tasks which will be entrusted to you. We therefore draw your attention to the immense responsibility that you take on and call upon all the seriousness you are capable of so that the census attains all the objectives assigned to it.
[p. 5]
We are already convinced of your total commitment to the noble work that we are going to undertake, with you, for the good of our country.
This manual is a guide to help you in the execution of the work that is entrusted to you.
It describes the procedures to follow and gives you guidance to better understand the methodology of the census and how to complete the questionnaire. You should have it with you throughout the time that the data collection on the ground lasts. Read it carefully and rigorously and apply the instructions contained therein.
Finally, make every effort to ensure that the General Census of Population, Habitat, Agriculture and Livestock Farming is successful.

[p. 6]
Chapter 1: generalities

1.1. Definition of the census
"The General Census of the Population and Habitat may be defined as all operations involving the collection, grouping and publication of demographic, economic and social data relating to a determined time and at certain periods given to all inhabitants of a given country or territory" (NU, 1958).
As can be seen, a census is therefore not just a complete counting of people in a territory using a questionnaire. The Census is done by the method of direct interview. The questionnaire is completed during an interview with the individuals concerned by a census fieldworker (AR).

1.2. Objectives of the RGPHAE
The General Census of the Population and Habitat, Agriculture and Livestock Farming will provide valuable information for the development of economic and social development plans as well as research; it will also constitute an ideal sampling base for various post-census surveys.
This information includes:

- The distribution of the population by sex, age and administrative division.
- The characteristics of household habitat.
- The structure of agricultural households, including pastoral households.
- The availability of survey bases (demographic, agricultural and pastoral).

As an illustration, a few of the many uses of the Census results are shown below.

1.2.1. In the socio-cultural area
In the socio-cultural field, Senegalese school officials make predictions of their needs in schools, equipment and teaching staff, based on the number of children of an age to enter school and children actually at school.
The construction of clinics, maternal units, housing, communication channels and many other infrastructures requires accurate data on the population and at all levels, including the smallest administrative units. This is a response to the needs of the new decentralization policy, which focuses on management at the base level.

1.2.2. In the economic area
Since the population includes both producers and consumers, the public authorities and entrepreneurs use census data for the development of their employment and labor force policy and the determination of the volume of production.
[p. 7]
Planners also need census data to make forecasts closer to reality, because they are based on the population parameters that only a census can provide.

1.2.3. In the agricultural and pastoral area
To reduce the vulnerability of populations, the government has initiated rather bold programs of sectoral development aimed at restoring food security. These programs include the ''Return to agriculture'' or REVA plan and, more recently, the GOANA (Grand National Offensive for Food and Abundance) that could become key elements of the development strategy for the agricultural sector. In this area, however, the overall data available remains old. It dates back to the last census of the agriculture sector in 1997/1998. Its level of obsolescence has the effect of considerably limiting planning in this very strategic sector in Senegal.
The same is true in the livestock sector where knowledge of the situation remains approximate and does not allow reliable forecasts to be made in relation to existing animal resources (livestock) and consumption needs in animal protein to the point that every year relief measures are provided to allow the movement of animals at the level of the borders level to meet the needs of the populations.
With this in mind, and in view of the scarcity of available resources, Senegal, in the context of this next census, intends to enrich the components of this operation of collection by extending it by information collection operations specific to the agricultural and livestock sectors.
Such an option would update the data available in these sectors, of which the most recent goes back to 1997/98, the date of the country's last RNA (National Agricultural Census).

1.2.4. In the research area
Census data are a survey basis for demographic, statistical, economic and sociological studies. Specifically, this means that only a census can collect complete and up-to-date data, from which samples or units can be selected to be the subject of in-depth research.

[p. 8]
Chapter 2: concepts and definitions

The demographic concepts and definitions used in the census are explained below.
You should understand them well and apply them rigorously.

2.1. Definition of technical terms

Cartography
The census cartography is the operation of locating on a map of municipalities and arrondissements or rural communities all the places of habitation, water points, zones of concentration of transhumant livestock, horticultural and submerged areas and sites which exist there. Plans are established for urban centers and villages with more than 500 inhabitants. These maps and plans are divided into portions called DR (census districts).

Municipality
A commune (municipality) is a locality created officially in a town and whose main authority is the Mayor. The municipality is divided into small administrative units called neighborhoods. The complete list of the official municipalities of Senegal is available and will be used in the census.

Arrondissement municipality
An arrondissement municipality is also a locality officially created in the municipality and whose main authority is the Mayor of the arrondissement. They are found in Dakar and Thiès. The arrondissement municipality is divided into small administrative units called neighborhoods. The complete list of Senegal's official arrondissement municipalities is available and will be used in the census.
Rural community
Rural communities are local communities in Senegal, in the same way as arrondissement municipalities, communes, and regions; unlike villages, arrondissements and departments which are administrative districts. They group villages, whereas the communes and arrondissement municipalities concern medium and large towns.

Neighborhood
The neighborhood is a part of an urban center having a name and geographical limits which are well known and officially created by decree. An administrative manager known as the neighborhood head or delegate exerts authority there by delegation. The complete list of official neighborhoods of Senegal is available and will be used in the census.

[p. 9]
Village
The village is the smallest administrative unit in rural areas. It is placed under the responsibility of a village chief. A village can be made up of several localities, the most important of which is the main settlement, which usually gives it its name. The complete list of Senegal's official villages is available and will be used in the census.

Hamlet
The hamlet is made up of one or several compounds situated in an isolated geographical area of the village to which it belongs administratively.

2.2. Demographic concepts

DR - census district
The census district is a geographical area with specific limits and has a number of compounds made up of households. This census unit is generally assigned to a census fieldworker who is responsible for the full enumeration for a period of 21 days.

Compound
The compound is a set of buildings surrounded or not by a wall, a palisade or any other type of fence. It can be reduced in some cases to a single construction (one square, one house or several buildings, or otherwise) with several dwellings. The compound is generally placed under the authority of a head.
It is important to note that a compound may include one or more households. A definition of the household is proposed below
.
Household and household members
A household is generally defined as a group of people, whether related or not, living together under the same roof and pooling all or part of their resources to meet their basic needs, in particular housing and food. Those persons called household members generally take their meals together and recognize the authority of a single person, the head of household. In our national languages, the notions of ''ndieul'' in Wolof, ''ngaak'' in Serer, ''hirandé'' in Toucouleur, ''Niakhamé'' in Soninke, ''Siitik'' or ''Fousil'' or ''Sinkamé'' in Diola and ''Sinkiro'' in Manding faithfully render the meaning of the concept of household.
It should be noted, however, that the definitions of ''household'' and ''household member'' are not very rigorous and that in practice they can take on various aspects. Clarification is therefore needed to better understand the content of each of these terms.
[p. 10]
Apparently simple, the concept of household is quite complex and deserves to be sufficiently explained for a uniform understanding by the people involved in the census. For example, ordinary and collective households will be distinguished. Such as Daara, which will be discussed later.
Similarly, the people surveyed may be in particular situations in relation to the household and the compound. To illustrate, we give here some examples and how to interpret them:

- If a person stays in a compound and takes their meals in a household of this compound, they are a member of this household and should be surveyed there.
- It could be the case, taking account of the limited number of rooms in a household, that a household member lives next door to the CM, or another member; in this case, they should be surveyed in the household of origin and the room that they occupy should be counted among those of the household of origin.
- A person can live alone and eat alone; they then constitute a separate household. This type of household has only one person and is more common in urban areas. It is called an ''isolated household''. The servant or any other employee (''sourgha'' in rural areas, a personal driver or apprentice in an urban household workshop), is considered to be a member of their employer's household if they usually sleep there, that is most of the time.

Here are some examples of ordinary households:

1. A single person who provided for their essential food and other needs, without associating with other persons;
2. A man with his wife or wives without children;
3. A man with his wife or wives with their children;
4. A man with his wife or wives living with their unmarried children and their relatives;
5. A man with his wife or wives living with their married children and sharing their main meals;
6. A single man or woman taking his or her own meals alone or with their children;
7. A divorced man or woman taking his or her own meals alone or with their children;
8. A woman living alone in a room and providing for all her needs constitutes a household of which she is the head;
9. Suppose she has a 20-year-old son, married or not, who has settled elsewhere, without materially depending on his mother, i.e. organizing his own existence alone to satisfy his essential needs, i.e. food, clothing, housing, etc. This man also constitutes a household very distinct from that of his mother and he is the head of his household;
[p. 11]
10. Take the case of Abdoulaye, who lives in a large compound with his wife and children. Among his children, Mamadou is married and lives with his child. He lives in a house in his father's compound for one reason or another. Mamadou is totally independent of his father for his essential needs in food, clothing and so on. That is, he buys them himself. In this case, we have 2 very distinct households, despite the kinship between Abdoulaye and Mamadou. So, for us, it will be necessary to identify Abdoulaye, his wife and the other children as a separate household. Mamadou, his wife and child will also be counted as a separate household;
11. Three unrelated students rent the same house: they pay together for rent, food, water and so on. All three are a single household. They will designate the person they see as the head of the household. On the other hand, if each of these students has a room and organizes their life differently, all alone, without associating with the others, we will then have 3 separate households, each of the students shall be counted as household separately;
12. Moussa is polygamous with 3 women. He lives with all his wives and children in the same compound and they share the meals together; even if each of these women is placed in a different part within the compound, Moussa, his wives and children are a single household of which he is the head;
13. But if one of Moussa's wives does not live in the compound, if they are installed elsewhere, outside the compound, this woman with or without children will be counted as a household of which she is the head;
NB: You may encounter cases of young people renting a room somewhere in the town but having all their meals with an uncle or home tutor in whose home they spend most of their time. These young people have to be surveyed where they have their room and considered as a household.
Take note: Any event that occurs after the visit of the enumerator (for example a birth or death) must not be recorded even if the enumerator and their controller return to the household to ensure the exhaustive nature of the information.

Residence
In the context of the census, membership in an ordinary household or the status of habitual resident or visitor are defined by several criteria that we will examine, namely, residence in the household for a certain duration and sleeping in the compound the night before the census fieldworker's visit to the household.
The period of residence is the main criterion for defining the residence situation of a person in the household, i.e. determining their status as a resident or visitor. For the sake of simplifying the concepts of the census, residence is determined here by the presence of a person in a compound for a duration conventionally fixed at six months or more in relation to the night preceding the visit of the AR.
[p. 12]
However, reality is more complex, and we have to take into account certain particular situations in order to correctly determine the residency status of the individuals involved in the census.
By extension, we will take into account, for example, the intention of some people to settle more or less permanently in a household so as not to exclude them from their household of belonging. Indeed, although some people are present in a household for less than six months, they are resident in that household and must be considered as such. This last aspect will be developed below, in relation to the concept of residence situation.
As mentioned above, the fact of spending the night of reference in the compound (i.e. the night before the visit of the AR) is a criterion which must be taken into account in classifying the persons to be counted in one of the following statuses of residence:
Residence situation: The residence is defined in relation to the household during the visit of the enumerator. Being a resident in a household involves:

- Living habitually with the household for at least 6 months, or;
- Being present there for less than 6 months (length of presence in the household less than the standard employed) but with the intention of living there.

In a household, we will distinguish three categories of persons:
Resident Present (RP): The resident present designates a person present in the compound the night before your visit to the household and who resides there habitually i.e. for six months or more.
Special cases may arise. Thus, the following persons will be considered as residents present, even if they have not yet stayed 6 months in the household:

- Children born in the household less than 6 months ago take the residence situation of their mother or nurse;
- Women who have just joined the conjugal domicile, and possibly their children who accompany them;
- Persons who, for professional reasons, are moved or called to serve in another locality (for example: civil servants, sales representatives) and pupils or students allocated for reasons of study, to cite only those examples.

In summary, all persons who have just moved into a household for less than six months and who have spent the night there prior to the census, regardless of the reason for the move, regardless of duration, will be considered to be RP, regardless of whether the persons have moved individually or collectively (in the case of a household).
[p. 13]
Resident Absent (RA): The resident absent refers to a person who is ordinarily living in the compound but was absent the night before your visit to the household for a period of less than 6 months.
However, women who have just left their home household (that of their parents) to join the marital home, transferees and those who have moved home will not be counted as a RA in the household they left. In fact, they no longer belong to this household but to the one they have joined in which they will be counted as RP. Similarly, household members who have been absent for six months or more will not be counted in the household, regardless of their intent.
Summary: If the period of absence of a person exceeds 6 months, you should not count them. This is usually the case for women who have been absent from their habitual residence (their village) for more than six months and are now in the city where they work as domestic servants. Similarly, if a person has moved or is being transferred or allocated, you should not count them in their home household, regardless of the length of time they are absent.
The visitor (VIS): The visitor designates a person who is not a resident of the household but who has stayed there the night before your visit to that household. A visitor staying for six months or more will be considered as a RP.

A collective household
A collective household is a group of people who, for extra-familial reasons, notably professional, health, educational, denominational, or deprivation of liberty, live together in an establishment or specialized institution. The administrative or legal status of these institutions requires any person outside the institution to have special authorization from the officials before carrying out any activity, including the census.
A household consisting solely of visitors will be identified as a collective household living in a residential center.

Population counted apart
The population of collective households constitutes the population counted apart. They are found mainly in the following places:

- Barracks (army, police, gendarmerie, fire brigade);
- Residential centers (religious or scholarly institutions, university campuses, orphanages, Daaras with boarders);
[p. 14]
- Hospitals, maternal centers and health centers;
- Prisons and re-education centers;
- Mental homes;
- Hotels, motels, holiday villages and tourist camps;
- Diplomatic corps residences.

To survey the population counted apart, the RA must contact the head of the institution concerned.
NB: Sometimes in these households there is a person or group of persons who lodges independently and separately and who takes their meals independently or not in the institution. This group of persons or person constitutes a case of an ordinary household, lodged within the premises and is identified as such.
Example: A caretaker of any institution staying within the premises, alone or with members of their family, will be considered as an ordinary household and identified as such. The same goes for the head of the Daara (marabout) who takes his meals and lives apart with his family (i.e. without the students).

Floating population
The so-called ''floating'' population consists of homeless people living in the vicinity of markets, in warehouses or makeshift shelters, or even sidewalks and so on.
This population is found above all in the urban environment, mainly in Dakar.
NB: The census of the so-called floating population will be carried out according to specific techniques by the AR in their zone of intervention using the paper questionnaire for which the part relating to the identification of the DR is already completed by the AR during the realization phase. The controller must ensure that these questionnaires are forwarded to the departmental level for assessment before the end of the collection.
NB: It must be ensured that the census of the floating population is done outside of events in one single operation to ensure that a comprehensive census is carried out.

Transhumance
According to Diallo et al. (1985), transhumance is defined as herd movement using two grazing areas alternately and seasonally. The system of transhumant production consists then in a seasonal movement of herds, from one locality to another, by livestock farmers who have a permanent habitation established on their territory of origin. Those who accompany these herds (cattle, sheep, goats) are called the transhumant population.
[p. 15]
Transhumance must be distinguished from two other movements, nomadism and migration. Nomadism denotes all pastoral movements of a climatic zone with unpredictable dates and directions with no idea of return and without leaving the climatic zone (Barraud et al., 2001).

Emigrants
The following are considered to be emigrants:

- Persons who have left the country for more than 6 months;
- Persons who have left for less than six months, but with the intention of remaining more than 6 months outside the country;
- Persons who have left the country for more than 6 months but who at the time of the census have returned for some reason (holidays, magal, gamou, and so on) with the intention of returning abroad and staying there for a period of at least 6 months (they will be counted as visitors in the household);
- Persons who have left for less than 6 months, but who at the time of the census have returned for any reason (holidays, magal, gamou, and so on) with the intention of returning abroad and staying there for a period of at least 6 months (they will be counted as visitors in the household).
NB: However, persons who have left for more than 6 months or less than 6 months who have returned to the household with the intention of settling there permanently will not be counted as emigrants but return migrants and will be residents (the same goes for the newly born, a woman who has just joined the marital home, or someone who has just been allocated).

2.3. Agricultural concepts

Agricultural season
This refers to the field work (slashing, sowing, harvesting, marketing) which is carried out during a part of the calendar year to be completed the following year. Part of the agricultural season occurs during the rainy season when farmers grow different products (e.g. cereals such as millet and sorghum; legumes such as cowpeas and groundnuts; and sometimes vegetables like okra, chilli or diakhatou, also called bitter eggplant).
Outside the rainy season, farmers can practice irrigated and out of season crops, often gardening (vegetable crops), from the crops of the floods along the Senegal and Gambia rivers (Kédougou). In this case the upstream crops are sorghum or maize, but lower down there is okra, squash, sweet potato or cowpea as well as market gardening.

[p. 16]
Agricultural household
A household is said to be agricultural if at least one of its members practices agriculture (in the broad sense) without being solely an agricultural employee. Agriculture is referred to in the broad sense if at least one of the following activities is practiced:

- Rain-fed or arable cultivation;
- Flood-based cultivation;
- Shallow cultivation;
- Market gardening;
- Foraging cultivation;
- Fruit plantation;
- Floral or ornamental cultivation;
- Livestock farming;
- Fishing;
- Forestry.

Agricultural holding
The concept of an agricultural holding used in the census is that of a familial production unit. It is therefore defined in relation to the agricultural household. The agricultural holding is therefore all the persons and patrimony of an agricultural household. The patrimony of an agricultural holding includes, in particular, agricultural equipment, fixed buildings and installations, livestock and land in cultivation or fallow, usually exploited by members of the agricultural household for the benefit of the household or benefit of household members. By convention, the head of household is the head of the agricultural holding and will be called ''head of holding''.

Field
A field is an area of land of a single holding bounded by natural boundaries or by other holdings and which may contain one or more plots. A natural boundary of a field can be a road, a backwater, a stream or a forest reserve.

Plot
A plot is an area of land of a single holding, corresponding to a field or part of a field and bearing a single crop or association of cultures. For perennial or shrub crops, a plot is made up of trees that can belong to the same species and have different ages.

Rain-fed agriculture
This farming practice all takes place during the rainy season, usually from June to October.

Flood-based agriculture
During the rainy season, a river can flood out of its bed. This is the flood period. Flood-based agriculture is usually carried out along the rivers after the subsiding of the flood waters.
[p. 17]
Flooding means that a river overflows from its bed, after heavy rains. The plots of land on the edge of the river become a clump of mud. Access to the river becomes difficult. This is the ebb. This period is particularly important for farmers. The land that is long moistened by the river becomes a good place to grow any variety of cereals, tubers and vegetables... this is flood agriculture.
Example: In Bakel, farmland is called ''folo'' or ''dunde''. Every family has its own piece of land. The families in the coastal zone still have their ''gaale'' (agricultural holding) a few meters from their houses while the other families take possession of the islets located between Bakel and the Mauritanian town of Gouraye.

Market gardening
This is the cultivation of vegetables out of season.

Fruit cultivation
This is the cultivation of fruit trees.

Floriculture
This is the exploitation of floral crops (flowers, ornamental plants, and foliage).

Food cultivation
This is cultivation practiced mainly for the food consumption of the household. Sometimes this term is applied to cultivation practiced for consumption on the spot, without marketing.

Cash crop
This is generally intended for sale. In Senegal, the biggest cash crop is peanut followed by cotton. This is the cultivation that can generate liquidity, often destined for export, as opposed to food cultivation, usually intended for personal consumption.

Forage cultivation
This is the culture used for livestock feed.

Cold out of season
This is the season from October to March.

Hot out of season
This is the season from April to June.

Flood
This is the season that goes from October to January.

Livestock farming
This is defined as all the operations that ensure the multiplication of domestic animals for the use of humans. It includes:
[p. 18]
- Cattle (cows, oxen, bulls and so on);
- Sheep;
- Goats;
- Pigs;
- Donkeys;
- Horses;
- Camels
- Poultry (chickens, roosters, geese, ducks, guinea fowl, turkeys, pigeons, and so on).
Animals in transhumance
These are animals that temporarily left the holding in search of water and pasturage.

Draught animals
These are animals used for animal-drawn cultivation. A draught animal is a domestic animal that humans generally use for transport and agricultural work. The farmer uses the animal for his strength and makes him perform the hardest agricultural work:

- Cows or oxen for ploughing, transport of hay, manure, wood.
- Horses for hauling of wood, pulling carts to get to fairs, at feasts or religious ceremonies.
- Donkeys for carrying milk cans, sacks of flour or grain, bundles of wood and sometimes even their master.

Fishing
Fishing is the activity of catching animals (fish, crustaceans, mollusks) in their natural environment:

- In the marine environment, we talk about sea fishing;
- In freshwater (pond, lakes, river, river), it is inland fishing.

Alongside these types of fishing we have fish farming or aquaculture, i.e. the rearing of aquatic animal or plant species.
Seafood
This concerns mollusks (''loin-shell'', for example, oysters), crustaceans (shrimps, lobsters, prawns, and crabs).

[p. 19]
Forestry
This is the cultivation of trees and the maintenance of forests. It includes:

- The production of plants (nursery);
- Reforestation;
- The establishment of protection;
- Assisted artificial regeneration;
- Landscaping.

Forest production
These are products derived from the exploitation of the forest. They include:

- Firewood;
- Charcoal;
- Timber;
- Lumber;
- Products of harvesting;
- Wildlife (hunting, breeding).

Lumber
Includes the species used in carpentry, woodworking, construction (carpentry) and in industry with operating diameters greater than or equal to 45 cm. Its exploitation is done by state-approved bodies which allocate to them an annual quota.

Craft wood includes
- On the one hand: palms and dead palmyra palms;
- On the other hand: dead subjects of lumber species with diameters greater than 15 cm and below the diameters of exploitability. This is for use in sculpture and carpentry.

Timber
Includes bamboo rods, ''crinting'' panels, palmyra palm slats, pickets, poles, perches, and so on.

Products of harvesting
Includes fruits, barks, roots, gum, leaves, pods, oils, resin, fodder, palm wine, wild honey, and so on.

Hunting products
Game, trophies, and derived products.

Establishment of protection
A set of consensual measures taken by local populations to rehabilitate and conserve forest-pastoral resources in their territory.

Animal traction
Is the use of domestic animals by man for agricultural work, especially ploughing. Animal traction equipment (plough, hoe, lifter and so on) is harnessed to animals.

Combine harvester
Is a self-propelled agricultural machine for the harvesting of seed plants, mainly cereals, in a single operation. It allows simultaneous harvesting and threshing, operations that were previously dissociated in time.

[p. 20]
Hoe
A hoe is an agricultural, horticultural and gardening tool used for superficial soil work in fields and gardens. It is indispensable to perform many works, especially to stir and crumble the earth, to weed, to dig the soil for planting.
NB: Because of the tendency towards mechanization of agriculture, the hoe for animal traction is either the western hoe, or the sine hoe, or the Greco hoe.

[Images omitted here.]
Stable
A stable is a manger where animals are locked up. In a farm (a field), the stable is the part reserved for livestock. The stable can also materialize in the form of an enclosure located inside or outside the compound. The stable is therefore the place where the cattle are stabled either tethered or free.

Fonio grain
The fonio is a ''clothed'' cereal whose grain after threshing remains surrounded by glumes and husks (or ''balls''). By analogy with rice, we speak then of rough fonio or ''paddy'' fonio. The grain of paddy fonio, always hooded at the top by envelopes, is ovoid in shape and slightly flattened on the back.
The husked fonio grain, obtained after removal of outer envelopes (or ''bales'') has a bright pericarp of white to yellow to violet (dregs of wine) depending on the varieties. It is only 1.3 mm long and 0.8 mm wide.
[Images omitted here]

[p. 21]
Chapter 3: the work of the census fieldworker

[Sections 3.1 to 3.5 are not presented here, which include census fieldworker's working documents, how to move in the enumeration area, work to be done before enumeration, attitudes and behaviors of the census agent, how to behave in a household.]
[p. 25]
3.6. General principles for the completion of the household questionnaire
A particular care has been given to the preparation of the questionnaire. Questions are dealt with according to an order and logic to make your task easier. In the case of the use of the PDA, the order is provided to you automatically. In the case of the paper questionnaire, follow the order indicated by the manual. For example, the information on the summary table, the number of completed questionnaires, the date of completion of the operations and the name and signature of the persons who have executed them will be carried only at the end of the enumeration of the members of the household, even if it appears on the cover page. For these reasons, the questionnaire will be completed in the following order:
[p. 26]
- The characteristics of identification (module A);
- Individual characteristics (module B);
- Deaths in the household in the last 12 months (module C);
- Emigrants in the household over the last five years (module D);
- Questions on habitat and poverty (module E);
- The module on agricultural data (module G);
- Number of completed questionnaires (cover page);
- Observations (last page of the questionnaire).

The categories
Some questions only concern individuals of a certain age or category. For example:

- Educational attendance and educational level are for persons aged 3 years or older only;
- Literacy, occupation in the last 12 months, activity practiced, and activity situation are addressed to persons aged 6 years and over only;
- The question on marital status is posed only to persons 10 years and over;
- The number of surviving births and the number of children still alive are posed to women aged 10 or more;
- The question about the number of births in the last 12 months is raised for women aged 10 to 54 years only.

The codes
The questionnaire contains many questions with pre-coded answers. These are the questions for which codes or numbers have been assigned. Each of these answers has a number (code). For these questions, you only have to enter the code corresponding to the answer given by the respondent.
With the PDA option, you will have to choose the answers more often on a drop-down list.
Some questions are so-called multiple answers, i.e. questions for which several answers are valid for the same individual or household. For these questions, enter in the appropriate boxes the figure ''1'', which indicates that the corresponding modality is present in the individual or household investigated and ''0'' if not.

How to transcribe the answers
- Write legibly and avoid using abbreviations or initials. If the person has more than one name, write the usual name only if the space is lacking. Instead of Papa Alioune Ndoumbé Gueye, write Papa A. N. Gueye only if ''Papa'' is the most common first name used to designate your respondent.
[p. 27]
- Each individual is listed on a line of the questionnaire. We will see how to proceed below. For answers in all letters, avoid deletions, strikethroughs, abbreviations and the terms ''idem'' or ''id''. Repeat an answer as many times as necessary, if it is the same for all members of the household or several of them. This will often be the case with answers to questions about surnames, religion, ethnicity or nationality, language spoken, to cite only some. You must, for each person, put the answer in all letters.
- If you have doubts about the interpretation of cases that are not dealt with in the instruction manual or the meaning of any part of the manual, refer to your controller. The latter will give you instructions to deal with these particular cases and you must comply with them.
- You should not ask your respondent questions to which the response is obvious.
Thus, you will not ask the question about what sex a person is if they are in front of you. Please take care, however, for those who are absent to ask whether it is a man or a woman, as many first names can refer to either a man or a woman (Adama, Magatto, Joseph, Dominique, and so on).

The filters
- Respect the filters, that is, the ''move to'' instructions which indicate that the question(s) immediately following the question posed is (are) not applicable for a given category of respondent and therefore do(es) not apply to them. In such cases, cross through the non-applicable boxes with an oblique stroke.
Example: Questions about births (B43 to B48) should not be asked of women under the age of 10, because they are not yet old enough to have children and those aged over 54 years, as they have exceeded the age of fertility and should thus not respond to these.
Reminder: Each time you complete a line, make sure that you have circled a code or entered information in each of the boxes provided. For multiple responses, make sure that you have entered the numbers ''1'' or ''0'' in the appropriate boxes. If the question does not apply to the respondent, be sure to put in the boxes provided an oblique line indicating that the question concerned is irrelevant to the respondent. Finally, no box should remain empty.

3.7. The order of recording of individuals in the questionnaire
The order of recording of persons which is recommended here is to facilitate the collection of data in the household and to improve its quality. The method that is adopted will, if rigorously followed, make it possible to minimize the omission of people. Remember that the census is based on the essential principle of exhaustive enumeration, thus a record without omission or repetition.
[p. 28]
The registration of members of the household is based on the principle of the closest family relationship. The first person to enter the questionnaire is the head of household. Next, the relatives who are close to the CM [head] will be recorded before moving on to the distant relatives and people who are not connected. The proposed order is as follows:
For men
1. The head of household;
2. His children whose mother does not reside in the household in descending order of age, i.e. starting with the oldest and ending with the youngest, regardless of sex;
3. His first wife, if applicable;
4. The children of the first wife, starting with the oldest and regardless of sex;
5. Other wives of the CM according to rank if applicable (2nd, 3rd, etc.) followed by their children;
6. Other members of the household; these are the direct ascendants of the CM (father/mother), relatives close to the CM such as brothers and sisters, uncles and aunts, grandsons, nieces and nephews, cousins, other relatives, other people with no relation to the CM, for example, a maid who lives in the household.
NB: However, it may happen that the couple is divorced, but still lives together in the household, in this case, identify the woman as last-rank wife followed by her children and marital status, record as divorced.
For women
1. The head of household;
2. Children of CM in descending order of age, i.e. starting with the oldest and ending with the youngest, regardless of sex;
3. The spouse of the CM, if applicable;
4. The children of the spouse whose mother does not reside in the household, starting with the oldest, irrespective of sex;
5. Other members of the household; these are the direct ascendants of the CM (father/mother), relatives close to the CM such as brothers and sisters, uncles and aunts, grandsons, nieces and nephews, cousins, other relatives, other people with no relation to the CM, for example a maid who lives in the Household.
NB:
- Before starting to complete the questionnaire, list on your scribbling pad all the persons in the household in the order indicated above.
- Before moving on to other questions, ask the respondent if he or she has not forgotten to report another household member (RP or RA) or visitor (VIS).

[p. 29]
Chapter 4: detailed instructions on the completion of the household questionnaire

The questionnaire is divided into 6 large modules each referenced by a letter:

A. Household identification characteristics;
B. Individual characteristics;
C. Deaths in the household in the past 12 months;
D. Emigrations that have occurred in the household over the last five years;
E. Habitat characteristics/questions concerning poverty;
G. Agricultural data.

4.1. Household identification characteristics, questionnaire number and observations

4.1.1. Numbering of questionnaires and observations
The household questionnaire is intended to survey all persons in a household. If only one questionnaire is not enough, use as many additional questionnaires as necessary to survey all of them. Copy the information concerning the geographical identification data (1st page, upper part) onto the supplementary questionnaires.
After completing the identification characteristics, record the number in the box that is on the ''questionnaire number'' line. Once you have finished listing the entire household, enter the number of completed questionnaires for that household (the largest order number of the questionnaires) in the box on the ''number of completed questionnaires'' line for each questionnaire completed for the household.
Example: Three questionnaires were used in a household. This part will be filled in the following way for each of the 3 questionnaires:

1st completed questionnaire:
Questionnaire number [_0] [_1]
Number of questionnaires completed [_0] [_3]
2nd completed questionnaire:
Questionnaire number [_0] [_2]
Number of questionnaires completed [_0] [_3]
3rd completed questionnaire:
Questionnaire number [_0] [_3]
Number of questionnaires completed [_0] [_3]
[p. 30]
NB: Use of the paper questionnaire by the AR must under no circumstances be automatic but subject to the authorization of their controller.
The last page of the questionnaire is intended for you. You can record all relevant observations as you go along. It should note problems that occurred during the interview, for example indicating the reasons why such and such a household was not found on the spot, to report unusual interview situations and the veracity of certain statements which arouse doubt.

4.1.2. Part A: household identification characteristics
[The original document includes a table below.]
[Column headings:]
(A) [Identification characteristics]
(B) [Description]
[Identification characteristics]: A01 - Region; A02 - Department
[Description]: Record clearly the names and codes of the region and department where the census district is located.
[Identification characteristics]: A03 - Municipality/Arrondissement
[Description]: Enter clearly the names and codes of the municipality and arrondissement.
[Identification characteristics]: A04 - CA/CR
[Description]: Enter clearly the names and code of the rural community and municipality arrondissement (if applicable) where the census district is located.
[Identification characteristics]: A05 - Base DR
[Description]: Enter the base DR Number: this is a geographical area including several DRs. This number will be given to you.
[Identification characteristics]: A06 - Number DR
[Description]: Enter the census district number.
[Identification characteristics]: A07 - Village/Neighborhood/Hamlet
[Description]: Enter the name of the village and the code if the DR is in a rural community or the name of the neighborhood and the code if it is a municipality. Also enter the name of the hamlet.
[Identification characteristics]: A08 - Number Compound
[Description]: Enter the number of the compound you noted in the scribbling pad; you have previously numbered the compounds continuously from 1 to inside your DR.
[Identification characteristics]: A09 - Number Household
[Description]: Enter the household number that you mentioned in the draft book. Households are continuously numbered 1 to m within each concession.
[Identification characteristics]: A10 - Place of Residence
[Description]: Enter in the reserved box the code corresponding to the place of residence: urban or rural. The urban environment corresponds to all municipalities (see definition of the municipality in the chapter on definitions of concepts).
[Identification characteristics]: A11 - Type of Household
[Description]: Enter the code corresponding to the type of household: 1 = Ordinary, 2 = Collective
NB:Household identification characteristics are preloaded in the PDA.

[p. 31]
4.2. Part B: individual characteristics

B01: order number
The order number of the individual in the household
You must assign an order number to each person you survey in a household. Example: 01, 02, 03... 10 and so on.
In the event that the collection of a household's information continues on another questionnaire, the numbering must continue. If you scratch a line for one reason or another, correct the numbering if it is already done.
NB: Code Number '01' is reserved for the CM [head], it must be entered first for each household.
The application of the PDA automatically generates the order number of the person to be surveyed.

B02A/B02B: forenames and surname
Record the usual forename of each individual and then the first letter of the other forenames, if applicable to B02A. Fully record the surname in block capitals in B02B:
Example: Amadou M. DIENG.
For the newly born, put ''baby'' for the first name plus the father's name.

B04: relationship with the head of household (CM)
The relationship (by blood or by marriage) with the head of household is that which the household members and visitors have with the CM.
For each member of the household, record the code corresponding to the link with the CM:

01 For head of household (CM);
02 For spouse of CM (EP);
03 Son or daughter of CM (child);
04 Brother or sister of CM (F/S)
05 Father or mother of CM (PAR)
06 Grandson/daughter of CM (PF);
07 Nephew/niece (son/daughter of sister or brother);
08 Uncle/Aunt (elder/younger brother or sister of the father or mother);
09 Daughter in law/Son in law (spouse of the son of the CM or spouse of the daughter of the CM);
10 Other relatives of the CM;
11 Domestic servant;
00 Not related to the CM.
[p. 32]
If the head of household is absent or unavailable to answer the questions and another member presents themselves as a respondent, you should pay particular attention by filling in the 'relationship link' column; you should always remind the respondent that you are interested in the relationship of the member relative to the head of household (absent or unable to be present) and not in relation to himself.
Note: The head of household is not necessarily a man, even if this is the most frequent case. Past surveys have shown that more than 20% of households are headed by a woman. In some households, especially those of polygamists, the household considers the husband to be the CM even though the latter belongs to another household. In this case, the spouse (or one of the spouses) who is a resident member, recognized as the authority in the absence of the husband, shall be considered as CM. In this case, if the latter lives with spouses in the household, her co-spouses will be registered as ''other relatives.''
In cases where the declared CM is a non-member, designate another member as CM (after identifying the person who holds authority) and record it on the first column (person no. = '01'). It may be a brother, mother, uncle, head of household or any other person empowered to make decisions in place of the absent CM.
If the husband is not part of the household investigated but he spent the night of reference there, he will be considered a visiting spouse. In this case, record the wife as CM (code '01'). The husband will be recorded before the children and the other members.
Example: Sélbé Sandor is Diogaye Diouf's second wife. She lives in a house different from her husband who spends most of the time with the first wife. Sélbé will be recorded as CM in all cases. Diogaye Diouf will be registered as a visitor if he has spent the night of reference at Sélbé, otherwise he will not even appear in the questionnaire.
Here, the term spouse (code 02) is synonymous with spouse or partner, whether the head of household is male or female, whether the couple is legally married or not. The sons or daughters (code 03) here are the biological children of the head of household.
Attention: For cultural reasons, respondents often report adoptive children as their sons or daughters; always ask the question to make sure. If necessary, record them as other relatives (code 10). Similarly, the terms father/mother (code 05) of the head of household refer to their direct ascendants. The other persons designated under this term when in reality they are not, will be registered in the category 'other relatives' (code 10). Follow the same logic and the same approach to register siblings (code 04), nephews/nieces (code 07) and grandsons/daughters (code 6) of the head of household, and so on.
[p. 33]
In summary, the adoptive relatives of the CM (adoptive father, adopted child, and so on) will always be classified in ''other relatives'' (code 10). Household members not related to the head of household shall be classified in category '11' if they are domestic servants and in category '00' if they are other persons who are not related to the CM (friends, children of friends and so on).
NB: The meaning of the relationship: (name) is [relative to] the CM.
For example: If the CM is the son of Mahourédia Fall, he is the uncle of Kène Beugoul Diagne.
Relationship of the CM with Mahourédia Fall: Code 05 (Mahourédia is the father of the CM).
Relationship of the CM with Kène Bougoul Diagne: Code 07 (Kène Beugoul is the niece of the CM).

B06: sex
Record 1 for the male sex and 2 for the female sex.
NB: Do not let the first name influence you. If the respondent is not the one who answers, always ask if it is a man or a woman. Some names can refer to a man as well as a woman.
Example: Adama, Ardiouma, Magatte, Dominique, and so on. If you have any doubts about the sex, you can formulate the question in the following way:
''Just to reassure me, is X a man or a woman?''
For babies, always ask for their sex.

B07: date of birth
The date of birth that allows knowing the age of the individual is a very important piece of information from the census. So, you have to do everything you can to get the exact information. Before asking the question about the date of birth of the members and visitors of the household, ask to consult all the birth certificates (or other documents that can inform about the date of birth) if possible, to avoid repeated unnecessary searches that the respondents may be led to do. However, you must make sure that the items that have been presented to you are reliable. If not, make the estimates necessary to determine the date of birth of the person concerned.
Two cases may arise:
1st case: for persons who have a civil registry or identity document with a full date of birth, ask whether this date is a result of a declaration of birth or a judgment.
[p. 34]
- If it is a declaration of birth: Enter the rank of the month in the boxes under which is marked ''month'' and the year in the boxes under which is marked ''year''.
Example: An individual was born on February 3, 1948. Fill in the column as follows:
/_0_/_2_/
Month
/_1_/_9_/_4_/_8_/
Year
NB:
1. If the month and year of birth are known, go to B09:
2. If the month is not known and the year is known, enter 07 (month of July) for the month.
3. If the month and year of birth are not known, fill in the column as follows:
/_9_/_9_/
Month
/_9_/_9_/_9/_9_/
Year
2nd case: The individual does not have any civil registry document: Then make a rigorous estimate using the historical calendar and other means of estimation to have at least the year of birth.
And then you move on to the next question.
NB: For children under the age of 5, accept birth certificates and possibly child health records.

B08: age (on the last birthday)
For every person in the household who has not been able to give date of birth in B07, record their age in complete years. This is the age on their last birthday. If, for example, on the day of the interview, an individual tells you that he will be 25 years in two weeks, that is, after the date of the survey, the recorded age will be 24. Generally speaking, the person must have celebrated their Xth birthday to be aged X years. If the person has not already celebrated their Xth birthday in the current year, their age is equal to (X-1) years.
[p. 35]
If a given member does not know his or her age or date of birth, you must insist on determining it, even if you have to settle for an estimate. To do so, you can refer to significant historical events occurring at a date that may correspond to the person's date of birth; you can also use other methods of estimating age. There are two methods of estimating age using the historical calendar:

- If you are not in front of the individual investigated, and the respondent claims that the person surveyed was born on the same day as the occurrence of an event appearing on the historical calendar then the age is given directly with the help of the historical calendar;
- On the other hand, if the respondent remembers a given event, ask them about their age when the event occurred. It is then up to the AR, with the help of the historical calendar, to estimate the age of the respondent.

Before registering the estimated age, make sure that the person surveyed deems it acceptable.
For persons aged nine years or younger, the age will be recorded preceded by two zeros; For example, we record: '001', '002', '003', '004', '005', '006', '007', '008' and '009' for children aged 1 year, 2 years, 3 years, 4 years, 5 years, 6 years, 7 years, 8 years and 9 years respectively.
For children under one year old, the registered age will be '000'.
Record the declared or estimated age in past years.
With the PDA the age is automatically generated after the date of birth is recorded.

B09: place of birth
This is the place of residence of the registered mother at the time of birth and not necessarily the place mentioned on her identity card. Ask the following question:
''In which rural community, municipality (In Dakar and in Thiès, there are arrondissement municipalities.) or country were you born?''
Enter the name of the municipality followed by the letter C or the rural community of birth for people born in Senegal. If the name of the municipality/rural community is not known, enter the name of the arrondissement followed by the letter A. If the name of the arrondissement is not known, enter the name of the department followed by the letter D. If the latter is not known, enter the name of the region followed by the letter R. Record only the name of the locality if the person does not know the administrative unit to which the locality belongs.
[p. 36]
Example: a person was born in the municipality of Diourbel, register Diourbel C. If the person was born in the department of Diourbel, the name of the rural community is not known, record Diourbel D. If the person was born in the Region of Diourbel without knowing in which department, enter Diourbel R.
If the person was born abroad, enter the name of the country of birth. Example France for a person born in France, Gambia for a person born in the Gambia.
NB: For the specific cases of the regions of Thiès and Dakar, put Dakar City, Pikine City, Guédiawaye City and Thiès City instead of Dakar C or Thiès C.
For people born outside Senegal, give the name of the country of birth and not the name of a locality in that country.
NB: On the PDA, you will choose the answer on a drop-down list.

B10: birth certificate
Enter 1 if the person has a birth certificate, 2 for a supplementary judgment, 3 for none and 9 for do not know.
A birth certificate is a legal deed from the civil registry, an authentic deed signed by a civil registrar who attests to the birth of a person. The term refers to the official document issued by the civil registrar following a declaration of birth within the deadlines (30 days for the normal declaration and 45 days to 1 year for the late declaration).
A supplementary judgement is the decision of the president of the departmental court to authorize the registrar to record certain declarations (birth, marriage, death and so on) on the registers. This judgement is necessary when the declaration has not been made within the time limit (1 year).

B11: residency situation
Insert Code ''1'' in the appropriate box for resident present (see definitions and concepts).
Enter the code ''2'' in the appropriate box for resident absent.
Enter code ''3'' in the appropriate box for visitor.
If B11 is equal to 3, then move on to the next person.
N. B: Identify as a resident absent from the household (RA), fishermen at sea, the navigating crew of airlines or maritime companies, and as RP [resident present] domestic servants who spend the night in the household. Persons travelling for a period of less than 6 months will be identified as RA; beyond 6 months, they will not be counted at all and therefore will not have to be recorded on the household questionnaire. Polygamists with no fixed residence are counted as residents (RA or RP) with the first wife, and as a visitor (Vis) if they spent the night with one of the other wives.
[p. 37]
All students living in boarding schools or attending elsewhere and having spent the night before your visit in the household must be counted as visitors.
Persons working at night have the status of resident present if they spent the night prior to the census fieldworker's visit in their place of duty.

B12: place of residence 10 years ago
This question concerns people aged 10 years and older.
The place of residence (for at least 6 months) of a person 10 years ago is the place where that person lived ten years ago; that is to say in October 2003 (if the collection is held in October 2013).
Ask the question ''Where did [the respondent] live ten years ago?'' (or: ''Where did [the respondents] live in October 2003?'') According to the answer, enter legibly, if it is a locality of Senegal, the name of the municipality/rural community of residence 10 years ago if it is known or the name of the arrondissement, department or region otherwise. For those who resided outside Senegal 10 years ago, enter the name of the country. This is the usual residence in October 2003.
Attention: Do not confuse ''place of residence 10 years ago'' and ''place of residence in the last 10 years''.
NB: On the PDA, you will choose the answer on a drop-down list.

B13: place of residence, 5 years ago
This question concerns persons aged 5 years and older.
The place of residence (for at least 6 months) of a person 5 years ago is the place where that person lived five years ago; that is to say in October 2008 (if the collection is held in October 2013).
Ask the question ''Where was [the respondent] 5 years ago?'' (or: ''Where did [the respondent] live in October 2008?'' According to the answer, enter legibly, if it is a locality of Senegal, the name of the municipality/rural community of residence 5 years ago if it is known or the name of the arrondissement, department, or region otherwise. For those who lived outside Senegal five years ago, enter the name of the country. This is the usual residence in October 2008.
Attention: Do not confuse ''place of residence 5 years ago'' and ''place of residence in the last 5 years.''
NB: On the PDA, you will choose the answer on a drop-down list.

B14: reason for moving
This question concerns persons aged 5 years and over, for whom the current residence differs from that of 5 years ago. If the place of residence declared to question B13 is different from that of the respondent at the time of the interview, then enter the code corresponding to the reason for the change of location (or country):
[p. 38]

''1'', if the change of residence is due to armed conflict (wars);
''2'', if the change of residence is due to a flood or disaster situation;
''3'', if the reasons are purely professional;
''4'', if the change related to a job search;
''5'', if the change of residence is based on studies or any form of learning;
''6'', if the change of residence is due to family reasons;
''7'', if the change of residence is related to health issues;
''8'', if the change of residence is related to religious or social reasons;
and ''9'', if the change of residence is for a reason other than those mentioned above.
NB: On the PDA, you will choose the answer on a drop-down list.
Attention: This is the reason why the person surveyed left their home environment 5 years ago to settle in his current residence.

B15: place of residence, one year ago
This question concerns people aged 1 year and older.
The place of residence (for at least 6 months) of a person one year ago is the place where that person lived a year ago; that is to say in October 2012 (if the collection is held in October 2013).
Ask the question ''Where was [the respondent] a year ago?'' (or: ''Where did [the respondent] live in October 2012?'' According to the answer, write legibly, if it is a locality of Senegal, the name of the municipality/rural community of residence 1 year ago if it is known or the name of the arrondissement of the department or region otherwise. For those who resided outside Senegal one year ago, enter the name of the country. This is the usual residence in October 2012.
Attention: Do not confuse ''place of residence a year ago'' and ''place of residence in the last 12 months''.
NB: On the PDA, you will choose the answer on a drop-down list.

B16: nationality
Clearly indicate nationality. In the case of persons with dual nationality, Senegalese and another nationality, Senegalese nationality must be favored. In any case, we rely on the respondent's statement.
For foreigners, enter the name of the country of origin of which they bear the nationality.
Example: Guinea-Conakry, France, Gambia...
NB: On the PDA, you will choose the answer on a drop-down list.

[p. 39]
B17: ethnic group
Clearly record the declared ethnic group for Senegalese.
Example: Wolof, Diola, Mancagne.
For Senegalese who cannot determine their ethnicity, enter ''other''.
NB: On the PDA, you will choose the answer on a drop-down list.
In the case of the newly born, enter the father's ethnicity.

B18/B19: languages spoken
Enter in order the first and second language spoken by the respondent. This is the language that the individual speaks most often in order of importance even if it is a foreign language. For people who do not have a second language, enter ''none''. For the mute, put ''none'' for the first and second language.
The second language spoken is the one spoken in everyday life after the first.
For the newly born, enter the mother's first and second language.
NB: On the PDA, you will choose the answer on a drop-down list.

B20: religion
For Muslims, enter the code corresponding to the Brotherhood declared among the following modalities:

[Muslims]
1 for Muslim Khadre (KH);
2 For Muslim Layed (LA);
3 For Muslim Murid (MO);
4 For Muslim Tee (TI):
5 for Muslims (MA) who do not belong to the above brotherhoods.
For Christians:
6 for Christian Catholics (CA);
7 For Christian Protestants (PR);
8 For other Christians (Lutherans, Jehovah's Witnesses, and so on) (AC);
9 For other religions (Jews, Buddhists, Animists, and so on);
0 For those without religion, atheists (SR).
NB: Ask for religion for every individual in the household because individuals from the same household may have different religions.
Enter the father's religion for newborns.
NB: On the PDA, you will choose the answer on a drop-down list.

[p. 40]
B21/26: set of short questions on disability recommended for the censuses (population aged 1 year and over)
The questions about disability issues have been greatly altered in relation to what previous censuses proposed. It is about Senegal aligning itself with the progress made in this area. The United Nations, through their experts on global statistics, created in the 2000s a group of experts, the Washington group, which developed a series of short questions for censuses and surveys according to the Basic Principles of Official Statistics. These questions identify the majority of those most at risk in the general population who have limited or restricted participation in public life. It is not a question of identifying the handicap or the cause of disability, the question is to identify the limitations of the respondent (and/or one of his or her family members) to have/potentially have difficulty in performing actions linked to their lifestyle and related functions: seeing, hearing, walking, having cognitive faculty, taking care of themselves, and communicating. These are the areas the questions included in the census questionnaire concern.
The questions to ask relate to the difficulties that the respondent or a family member may have in fulfilling certain tasks in a sustainable manner (6 months or more, in a recurring manner):

1) Do you have difficulty seeing, even if you wear glasses?
- The answer of a person who wears glasses and has no difficulties will then be codified by choice 0 on the PDA.
- On the other hand, the answer of someone who wears glasses and who still has difficulties in seeing must be codified in 1 or 2 depending on the degree of difficulty in seeing.
2) Do you have difficulty hearing even with a hearing aid?
- In the same vein: the response of a person with a hearing aid (it is a device in the ear) but who would still have difficulty hearing would be codified in 1 or 2 depending on the degree of difficulty.
3) Do you have difficulty walking or climbing stairs?
4) Do you have trouble remembering or concentrating?
5) Do you have any difficulties (in taking care of yourself) in performing activities like washing yourself or dressing yourself?
[p. 41]
6) Using your usual (common) language, do you have difficulty communicating, (for example, to understand or make yourself understood by others)?

Each question has four response categories:

0 No, no difficulty,
1 Yes, some difficulties,
2 Yes, lots of difficulties,
3 Not at all able to do it.

The severity scale is used in the response categories to identify the full range of functional domains ranging from the most benign to the most severe form. This is very important because we will have a full range of the respondent's capabilities.
NB: This question concerns the population aged at least 1 year.
On the PDA, you will choose the answer on a drop-down list.

B27/B28: survival of parents
For the whole population, we want to know whether the biological parents are alive or not.

- If the biological father (respectively the mother) of the respondent is alive, then enter the code ''1'' in the box corresponding to question B27 (respectively B28);
- If the biological father (respectively the mother) of the respondent has died, then enter the code ''0'' in the box corresponding to question B27 (respectively B28);
- If the respondent has no information on the survival status of his/her biological parents (father and mother), then enter the code ''9'' in the box corresponding to question B27 (respectively B28).
Attention: The following questions (B29 to B32) are addressed to any person aged at least 3 years.
NB: On the PDA, you will choose the answers to these questions on a drop-down list.

B29: educational attendance
Has [the person] ever attended or attends school presently including Koranic school? Record the corresponding code:

0 for no, never attended;
1 for yes, attended;
2 for yes, currently attending.
NB: If B29 is equal to 0, go to B34.

[p. 42]
B30: type of education
Record the code for the main type of education:

1 for ''French'';
2 For ''Franco-Arabic'';
3 For ''pure Arabic'';
4 For ''Koranic'';
5 For other.
NB: If the individual has followed only Koranic education, proceed to question B34 literacy.

B31: type of institution
Record the code corresponding to the type of institution attended. For people who have attended an educational institution, enter the last type of institution attended.
What distinguishes the private from the public is that in the first case, students pay for the education provided to them while in the second, the courses are not paid for, even if they entail certain fees (registration, insurance and other).

1. Public: institution placed under the responsibility of the State or local authorities;
2. Private secular: private establishment directed by individuals not affiliated to a religious institution;
3. Private Christian denominational: under the aegis of the church or the clergy;
4. Private Islamic denominational: private establishment managed by Muslims;
5. Private other denominational: other types of denominational institution;
6. Community: institutions attended by adults and intended for initiation with a reduced cycle.

B32: level of instruction
This question is for anyone aged 3 years and over who has attended or is still attending a formal educational institution (French; Franco-Arabic and other).
Record the code corresponding to the last class followed or the current class:

Preschool:
01 02 03 (first, second, and third grade)
Elementary
04 Introductory course (CI);
05 Preparatory course (CP);
06 Elementary course first year (CE1);
07 Elementary course second year (CE2);
08 Middle course first year (CM1);
09 Middle course second year (CM2).
[p. 43]
Middle (first cycle of secondary)
10 First year (6th);
11 Second year (5th);
12 Third year (4th);
13 Fourth year (3rd).
Secondary (second cycle of secondary)
14 Second class;
15 First class;
16 Terminal class.
Higher
17 First year of higher;
18 Second year of higher;
19 Third year of higher (license) or equivalent;
20 Fourth year of higher (master's) or equivalent;
21 Fifth year of higher (master 2);
22 Sixth year of higher (1st year of doctoral cycle);
23 Seventh year of higher (2nd year of doctoral cycle);
24 Eighth year of higher (3rd year of doctoral cycle).

Example: For a student currently attending the CE2 class or for a person who no longer attends but whose studies have finished at the CE2 class, record 07.
For a person currently attending the fourth year of middle school or for a person no longer attending school and whose studies have been completed at the 4th year of middle school, record 12.
For a person who is currently attending the university's license year or for a person who has completed his or her studies in the university's undergraduate year, enter 19.
If the person attended a vocational school, first try to determine the level by analogy and then enter the number of years of study completed at that school.
NB: The following questions (from B33 to B40) are addressed to anyone aged 6 years and over.

B33: degree obtained
Record the code corresponding to the highest degree obtained from the individual. In the case where the individual has two degrees of the same level, enter the most recent degree i.e. the last.
[p. 44]

00: None
01: CFEE
02: BFEM
03: CAP
04: BEP
05: BP
06: BT
07: BAC
08: DTS
09: DUT
10: BTS
11: DUEL, DEUG, DUES
12: License
13: Master
14: Master 1
15: Master 2
16: DEA, DESS
17: Engineer
18: Doctorate
99: Do not know
NB: On the PDA, you will choose the answer on a drop-down list.

B34: literacy
Literacy is a person's ability to read and write by understanding a text related to the facts of everyday life in any language.
Record all languages that the respondent can read and write by entering the number ''1'' or ''0'' in the corresponding boxes:

FR: French;
AR: Arabic;
WO: Wolof;
PU: Poular;
SE: Sérer;
MA: Manding;
DI: Diola;
SO: Soninke;
AL: Other language.

B35: professional training
Professional training is provided in training schools commonly known as national schools and any other school of the same type, which train in various fields such as:
[p. 45]
- Administration [Ecole Nationale d'Administration (ENA)],
- Economics and Law [Ecole Supérieure d'Economie Appliquée (ESEA), Centre de Formation Judiciaire (CFJ)],
- Agriculture [Ecole Inter-Etats des Sciences et Médecine Vétérinaires (EISMV)],
- Army trades [Ecole Nationale des Officiers Actifs (ENOA)],
- Customs [Ecole Nationale des Douanes (END)],
- Police [Ecole Nationale de Police (ENP)],
- Arts and culture [Ecole Nationale des Arts (ENA)],
- Teaching [Ecole de Formation d'Instituteurs (EFI)],
- Communication [Centre d'études des sciences et techniques de l'information
- (CESTI)],
- Management [Institut Supérieur de Gestion (ISG ex tertiary of ENSUT and ISG
Permanent training)],
- Commercial and Professional [Centre de Formation Professionnelle et Commerciale (CFPC), Institut de Formation Professionnelle (IFP), Centre National de Qualification Professionnelle (CNQP)],
- Management [Institut Privé de Gestion (IPG) and Institut Supérieur de Management (ISM)],
- Health and Social Sciences [Ecole Nationale de Développement Sanitaire et Social (ENDSS), Ecole Nationale des Travailleurs Sociaux Spécialisés (ENTSS)],
- Sport [Institut National d'Education Populaire et Sportive (INSEPS), Centre National d'Education Populaire et Sportive (CNEPS), Centre Jambar],
- Beauty and hairdressing (Ecole internationale d'esthétique et de coiffure).
- And so on
Informal training includes all activities that explicitly meet a training objective but take place outside of a learning relationship (use of training materials, observation of other people, and so on). This is the case for training on a job.
Enter the appropriate code:

0 If the person has not received any training (either formal nor informal)
1 If the person has received formal training
2 If the person has received informal training.
NB: The professional training declared must be in relation to the last degree obtained and declared by the respondent.

B36: situation in relation to occupation
The question refers to the last 12 months.
''In the last 12 months what did the respondent do as occupation most of the time?''
- Enter code ''1'' for occupied.
Example: During the last 12 months, the person has cultivated a field, has been fishing or breeding, etc. continuously for at least 3 months, record 1 for occupied (OCC).
For trainees who have practiced for at least 3 months during the last twelve months, register 1 for occupied.
[p. 46]
- Record code ''2'' for unemployed persons who have already worked (CHO) if the person is looking for a job and has not worked continuously for at least 3 months during the period of the last 12 months. Make sure that the person is actually looking for a new job if they have lost the one they had.
- Record code ''3'' for those in search of a first job (OUE). Make sure that the person is actually looking for a first job.
- Record code ''4'' for women who have not done other tasks than those they do at home (household tasks) (FOY).
Attention: A woman may, in addition to housework, perform work outside the home; for example, cultivating a field or practicing trade. For such a woman, record 1. In rural areas, it is rare to find a woman who is only doing housework; often she has a main activity that can be either agriculture or livestock farming and so on. So, for a woman who claims to be a housewife, ask her if she is only doing housework.
- Record code ''5'' for pupils and students (ETU).
- Enter code ''6'' for rentiers (REN).
This category includes all persons who practice no economic activity and whose resources are mainly derived from investments of funds and property such as real estate in particular. Example: someone who owns houses and puts them up for rent and lives off the rent from these houses. This is also the case for a person who has enough money and places it in the bank and who lives off the interest generated by the money invested.
- Record code ''7'' for retirees and seniors.
A person of either sex who does not practice any activity and whose resources are mainly derived from a pension paid by the State or any other body, this stemming from a previous activity, is considered to be retired.
NB: If a person who claims to be retired has an activity that provides income, that person must be considered ''occupied''
- Enter code ''9'' for other inactive (AU).
NB: On the PDA, you will choose the answer on a drop-down list.
Note: The following questions (B37 to B39) are intended exclusively for individuals for whom you have already recorded 1 or 2 for respectively occupied and unemployed persons who have already worked.

[p. 47]
B37: main activity practiced in the last 12 months
This is the activity to which the respondent devoted most of their time in the past 12 months. For the occupied, record the activity/occupation that [the respondent] took the most time over in the last 12 months. For the unemployed who have already worked record the occupation [of the respondent when he/she was] occupied.
''To what occupation have you devoted most time in the last twelve months?''
Clearly record the occupation declared by the respondent.
If a person has had several occupations, record the occupation that he or she considers they have practiced for most time.
Example of occupation or activity practiced: administrative manager, managing director, manager, farmer, mason, fisherman, livestock farmer, driver, car mechanic, agricultural engineer, electrical engineer, fishmonger, market gardener.
NB: The declared occupation must always be clearly written.
Examples: retail trader, wholesale trader, hawker (''Banabana''), ''motor boy'' (apprentice on a transport vehicle), ''Coaxer'', postmaster, coach or bus conductor and so on.
NB: On the PDA, you will choose the answer on a drop-down list.

B38: situation in occupation or main activity
Ask the following question:
''What is your situation in the activity declared in the last question B37?''
- Record the independent code ''1''. That is, an individual who works for themselves (on their own behalf) and who does not have employees they pay but who possibly can be helped by family or apprentices.
- Record Code ''2'' for an employer. An employer is a person who employs one or more employees that they pay in cash or in kind or both at the same time.
- Record Code ''3'' for employee/permanent employee. This is the case for an individual who works for a private or public employer and who receives remuneration (a salary or commissions in cash or in kind) on a regular basis.
- Record Code ''4'' for employee/temporary employee. An individual who is used for a specified period is also considered as a temporary or seasonal employee. This is the case with ''Sourgha'' who are paid in part or completely in kind or in cash.
- Record code ''5'' for Apprentice.
[p. 48]
- Record code ''6'' for family aide. A family aide works for a relative without receiving remuneration.
- Record code ''7'' for other.
NB: On the PDA, you will choose the answer on a drop-down list.

B39: branch of activity
Record clearly and legibly the main activity of the company where the person concerned is working. Example: carpentry, construction company, building company, administration, and so on. If the person does not know the branch of activity, take the name of the company.
NB: On the PDA, you will choose the answer on a drop-down list.

B40: profession
Record clearly the profession practiced by the person concerned. Example: refuse collectors, forestry operators, Industrial chemistry technicians, programmers, demographers, teachers, and so on. The profession refers to the degree obtained, i.e. the trade learned.
NB: On the PDA, you will choose the answer on a drop-down list.

B41: marital status
Only persons aged 10 years and older are concerned by this question.

- Record code ''0'' for married men and women in monogamous union (only one wife for men and no co-spouses for women).
- Record code ''1'' for women in polygamous union and who rank first (1st wife);
- Record code ''2'' for men who have 2 wives and for women who are the 2nd wife;
- Record code ''3'' for men who have 3 wives and for women who are the 3rd wife;
- Record code ''4'' for men who have 4 wives and for women who are the 4th wife;
- Record code ''5'' for men who have 5 or more wives and for women who are the fifth or more wives;
- Record code ''6'' for single men or women (who have never been married);
- Record code ''7'' for widows;
- Record code ''8'' for divorced men or women.
[p. 49]
NB: Some divorced or widowed individuals will tend to claim to be single. For this reason, you need to make sure that the person who claims to be single has never been married in his or her life.

- Record code ''9'' for men or women who live in cohabitation or common law.
- Record 10 for couples who live apart while being in the bonds of marriage.
NB: On the PDA, you will choose the answer on a drop-down list.
NB: Marriage is a deed contracted at the town hall or following traditional Senegalese religion and customs.
A man who had two wives and one of them has died is monogamously married. So record 00.
If the response is equal to 06, 07, 08, 09, or 10, go to B43.


B42: declaration to the civil registry
The question concerns women with the following marital situations:
00-monogamous, 01-polygamous/1st wife, 02- polygamous /2nd wife/2 wives, 03- polygamous y/3rd wife/3 wives, 04- polygamous /4th wife/4 wives, 05- polygamous/5th wife, and +/5 wives and more.
Was the marriage of the woman surveyed declared to the civil registry?
Record the appropriate code in the corresponding box:

1 Yes
0 No
9 Do not know

B43/44: number of live births by sex
This part (B43 to B46) is only for women aged 10 years or older.
Record the number of live births by sex.
Example: If the woman has two boys and three girls record:
/_0_/_2_/ under male
/_0_/_3_/ under female.
NB: These are all children born alive to the woman surveyed (regardless of the age of the children and regardless of their father) who are still alive or died after birth. A child is born alive when he or she manifests any sign of life at birth (child's cry, respiration, heartbeat, and so on).
These children can live with their mother in the household or elsewhere.
NB: Do not leave blank, enter 00 if there is no live birth.
[p. 50]
It will be important to remember the births followed by deaths that respondents tend to omit for involuntary or voluntary reasons related to taboos or bans. If the woman had no live birth, record 00 in the ''male'' box and 00 in the ''female'' box.
NB: Do not leave an empty box, put the number of births according to sex.
If there is no birth, put 00 in the corresponding boxes.
Example: A woman who has had a male birth: record 01 in the male box and 00 in the female box.
For a woman who has male twins, record 02 for male and 00 for female.

B45/46: number of children still alive
Record the number of children still living according to sex. These are the children born alive to the woman regardless of the father and who are still alive. These children can live with their mother in the household or elsewhere.
NB: Do not leave blank, record 00 if there are no children still alive.

B47/48: births of the last 12 months
These two questions concern women aged 10 to 54 years old.
The question is to record the number of live births of each sex that the woman has had in the last twelve months. Remember that a child is born alive when he or she manifests any sign of life at birth (child's cry, breathing, heartbeat and so on).
It will be important to remember the births followed by deaths that respondents tend to omit for involuntary or voluntary reasons related to taboos or bans. If the woman had no live birth, record 0 in the ''male'' box and 0 in the ''female'' box.
NB: Do not leave an empty box, put the number of births according to sex.
If there is no birth, put 0 in the corresponding boxes.
Example: A woman who has had a male birth in the last 12 months: record 01 in the ''male'' box and 00 in the ''female'' box.
For a woman who has male twins, record 02 for male and 00 for female.

[p. 51]
4.3 Part C: deaths in the household in the last 12 months
This part has for reference the letter C followed by an index. It is about registering deaths in the household in the last 12 months.

C01: deaths in the household in the last 12 months:
Ask if ''deaths have occurred in the household in the last 12 months'', take a reference to identify the last 12 months.
For example, if the day of your visit to the household is October 15, 2013, you must ask the respondent if there have been any deaths in the household since October 15, 2012.
Record the corresponding code.
If the answer is no, proceed to questions about emigration (part D).
If the answer is yes, go to the next question.

C03: order number:
In the questionnaire there are some lines corresponding to the maximum deaths that could be recorded in the household in the last 12 months. Deaths must be numbered from 1 to N. If there are more deaths in the household than specified lines, use a second questionnaire to record the others and continue the numbering. For the registration order, you can start with the children.

C04: first and last names:
Record the usual first names and the surname of each deceased individual and then the first letter of the other names, if applicable. Fully enter the last name in block capitals. Example: Amadou M. DIENG
NB: If the child's first name is not known put PND (undeclared first name) in the corresponding column.

C05: sex
Record 1 for male and 2 for female. Don't let the first name influence you. Always ask if it is a man or a woman. Some names can refer to a man as well as a woman. Be vigilant for children.

C06: date of death
Record the effective date of death. Two cases may arise:
[p. 52]
Example: An individual died on May 3, 2012. Fill in the column in the following way:
/_0_/_5_/
Month
/_2_/_0_/_1_/_2_/
Year
NB: If the month of death is not known, do everything to estimate it through the historical calendar. Otherwise, fill in the column as follows:
/_9_/_9_/
Month
/_2_/_0/_1/_ 2_/
Year
If the month and year of death are not known, fill in the column in the following way after making cross-cuts:
/_9_/_9_/
Month
/_9_/_9_/_9/_9_/
Year
And proceed to the next question.

C07: age at death
- Age: record the age at which the individual died.
Example: 14 years, record 014 in the boxes reserved for this purpose.
For less than a year, record 000.
The date of death that allows the age of the individual is very important information for the census. So, you have to do everything you can to get the exact information.
In the event that the individual does not have any civil registry document, then make a rigorous estimate using means of estimating age such as conversions in relation to the date of birth of the deceased.

[p. 53]
C08: declaration of death to civil registry
Record 1 for ''yes, declared death'', 0 for ''no, undeclared death'' and 9 for ''do not know''. This information should be matched with the name and surname of the deceased person.

C09/C10/C11: maternal deaths. (Women deceased and aged 10 to 54)
These questions are applicable to non-accidental female deaths only.
Definition of maternal death:
Maternal death is defined as ''the death of a woman during pregnancy or within a period of 42 days after its termination, irrespective of its duration and location, for any particular cause or aggravated by the pregnancy or the care it has motivated, but neither accidental nor fortuitous.'' (WHO, 1993)
Maternal deaths are divided into two groups:
Direct obstetric deaths: these are those that result from obstetric complications (pregnancy, prolonged or dystocia work and post-partum care), interventions, omissions, incorrect treatment, or a sequence of events resulting from any of the above factors.
Indirect obstetric deaths: these are those that result from a pre-existing disease or a condition that arose during pregnancy without being due to direct obstetric causes, but which has been aggravated by the physiological effects of pregnancy.
Ask the following questions:
C09: Is the death of [the deceased woman] related to pregnancy? Enter code 1 for ''yes'' 0 for ''no'' and 9 for ''do not know'' in the appropriate boxes.
C10: Did the death of [the deceased woman] occur during childbirth? Enter code 1 for ''yes'' 0 for ''no'' and 9 for ''do not know'' in the appropriate boxes.
C11: Has the death of [the deceased woman] occurred during the 42 days (6 weeks) following childbirth? Enter code 1 for ''yes'' 0 for ''no'' and 9 for ''do not know'' in the appropriate boxes. These deaths are related to the childbirth within 42 days.

[p. 54]
4.4 Part D: emigrations occurring in the household during the last five years
This is, of course, the emigration that occurred in the household in the last five years before you visited the household. For this, it is advisable to beware of problems of the time frame. This means avoiding the inclusion of household departures that occurred outside the reference period or excluding departures that took place in the reference period.
NB: Emigration only concerns absences from the household (abroad) of six months and more. This question concerns the last emigration in the last five years.
If date of enumeration is October 2013, the reference period will be October 2008 to October 2013.

D01: emigrations in the household over the last 5 years
Ask if during the last 5 years people who usually live in the household have gone abroad for a period of at least 6 months. If the answer is no, go to E01 (dwelling section), if the answer is yes, go to D03.
NB: An emigrant could be counted in the household, as a visitor, if they intend to leave (came for the holidays, Magal, Gamou, etc.).

D03: order number
In the questionnaire there are some lines that correspond to the maximum amount of emigrants that could be identified in the household in the last 5 years. Emigrants must be numbered from 1 to N. If there are more emigrants in the household than specified lines, use a second questionnaire to register the others and continue numbering.

D04: first and last names
Record usual forenames and surname of each individual who has emigrated in the last five years.

D05: sex
Record 1 for male and 2 for female

[p. 55]
D06: relationship to the head
The relationship is that which [the emigrant] had with the CM [head] before he left. As a result, first identify the CM at the time of the emigrant's departure before asking this question.
Record the code corresponding to the relationship declared:

1. Head of household (CM)
2. Spouse of CM (EP);
3. Child of CM (son or daughter) (ENF);
4. Brother and sister of CM (F/S);
5. Father or mother of CM (PAR)
6. Grandson and granddaughter of CM (PF);
7. Nephew/niece;
8. Uncle/aunt;
9. Son in law/daughter in law;
10. Other relative of CM (AP);
11. Domestic servant;
00. Not related (SL).

To find the relationship of [the emigrant] with the CM at the outset, the household must be reconstituted before the emigrant's departure.
Example: Mamadou is a Senegalese emigrant in France. He lived with his father who was head of household two years ago. One month after he left for France, he discovered of his father's death.
Mamadou's link of relationship with the CM on departure is: 3: Child of the CM (son or daughter) (ENF).
NB: On the PDA, you will choose the answer on a drop-down list.

D07: date of departure
This is the exact date on which the emigrant left Senegal. Use estimation procedures to determine the month and year if not known accurately.

D08: age at departure
This is the age that the emigrant had when he left Senegal. As with the previous chapters, the procedures for estimating the age already used are valid.
NB: For the following variables (D09, D10, D11, and D12), you will have to choose the answers on a drop-down list.

[p. 56]
D09: educational level at departure
Record the code corresponding to the educational level of the member of the household who emigrated: 1. None 2. Elementary 3. Middle 4. Secondary 5. Superior 9. Do not know.

D10: profession at departure
This question is posed to emigrants aged 6 or older at the time of their departure.
Record the immigrant's profession at the time of his departure.

D11: country of destination
This is the country that has received the member of the household who has emigrated in the last five years. Clearly enter the name of the country of destination.

D12: reasons
Record the code corresponding to the reason for departure of the household member:

- 1 for work (TRA);
- 2 for study/learning (ET/AP);
- 3 for marriage (MA): these are emigrants who have left the household for reasons of marriage;
- 4 for health reasons (SAN);
- 5 for family reasons (FAM). This is for example a member who joins his family;
- 6 for others to be specified (AUT);
- 9 does not know why.

4.5 Part E: characteristics of the dwelling

E01: type of dwelling
E01: Record the main type of dwelling occupied by the household by circling the corresponding code:

1 for case; (traditional type construction, usually in circular or rectangular form, in adobe or straw with a conical or pyramidal roof made of straw-covered branches)
2 for hut (construction made of planks)
3 for low house;
4 for multi-story house (less than or equal to 3 floors, R + 3);
5 apartment building (greater than or equal to 4 floors, R + 4);
0 for other.
NB: The lower house must be brick or adobe.
The multi-story house is a modern-type building of one or three levels (floors) housing one or more households.
[p. 57]
An apartment building is a modern type building of level ≥ R + 4 (4 floors) divided into apartments. Each apartment can house at least one household.

E02: number of rooms for residential use
You must enter the number of rooms for residential use: those that are actually occupied by the household including bedrooms, living rooms, dining rooms, and unoccupied rooms. The rooms rented and inhabited by one or more household members are also taken into account.
For example, kitchens, bathrooms, and toilets are not taken into account; unless they are used for sleep (as in the case of a servant who spends the night in the kitchen of the house where she works).
In the case of room occupied in common by several households, they must be assigned to one of them. For example, a living room for two households.

E03: occupation status
Circle as appropriate:

1. Owner: The dwelling must belong to at least one member of the household.
2. Co-owner: This is the case when the household has property rights at the same time as another household or jointly with a private or public body on the dwelling that it occupies.
3. For ''tenant'': if the household has rented the construction or the dwelling it occupies.
4. For ''co-tenant'': If more than one household have rented together the construction or housing they occupy.
5. For ''rental sale'': In the case where the household is bound by a contract to pay regularly the fixed-term tenancy at the end of which, the household becomes owner.
6. ''Housed by the employer'': in the case where the household occupies a dwelling which is assigned to it by an employer.
7. For ''housed by relatives or friends'': This is a household lodged by its relatives in the broad sense of the word, or by friends.
8. Other: These are all other situations not previously mentioned.

If the answer is equal to 3, 4, 6 or 7 go to E05.
NB: if there are several households in the same compound, occupancy status is referenced to the building. In other words, the person who constructed the building without the support of other people, even if it is on the land of others, is considered to be the owner. Example: A son who builds in his father's compound is considered owner.

[p. 58]
E04: method of acquisition of dwelling
Circle the method of acquiring the dwelling; in other words, how the household has acquired the dwelling it occupies. This question concerns households that replied 1, 2 or 5 to the previous question.
Circle:

Self-construction... 1
Real estate developer... 2
Co-operative of habitat... 3
Inheritance... 4;
Other... 5
NB: ''Self-construction'' is the name given to the action of an individual carrying out a construction (e.g. his own house) without or practically without the help of real estate developers, housing cooperatives, etc. In general, they rely on the services of a mason.

E05: nature or covering of the wall of the main building
A wall or cladding is understood to mean the front that ensures the closing of the structure of the building. In our case it can be made up in different ways.
For each type of front encountered by the AR, they are asked to circle the code corresponding to the appropriate modality.
Observe and if possible ask questions.
If the main building wall is made of cement only, the AR will circle code ''1''. If in addition to cement, the wall has coatings with tiles (marble, wood, respectively), the AR circles code ''2'' (respectively ''3'' and ''4'').
For walls that are based on ''wood'' or ''adobe'', the AR will circle codes ''5'' or ''6'' respectively. If, in addition to the adobe, the wall is coated with cement, the RA will record code ''7''. They will circle code ''8'' for straw or stem walls.
If different cases from the eight (8) quoted above are encountered by the AR, they will circle code ''9'' which corresponds to the ''other'' option.

E06: nature or covering of the roof of the main building
Circle the option corresponding to the nature of the dominant material used for the roof of the dwelling occupied by the household.
[p. 59]
Observe and if possible ask questions to determine the nature of the roof.
The categories are as follows:

1. Concrete
2. Tile/slate;
3. Zinc
4. Stubble/straw;
0. Other

E07: nature or covering of floor of the main building
Circle the option corresponding to the nature of the dominant material used for the floor of the dwelling occupied by the household.
Observe and if possible ask questions to determine the nature of the floor.

1. Tiling;
2. Cement;
3. Clay/adobe;
4. Sand;
5. Carpet;
6. Carpeting;
7. Waxed wood;
8. Other.

E08: main type of toilet
The type of toilet used is an important indicator of the hygienic conditions in which the household lives. For a good classification of households, the types of toilets are defined in advance.
Flushing is the type of toilet where water flushes waste through pipelines. This water can come from a tap or be poured by means of buckets. For these types of toilets, the waste 'goes' directly to the sewer or into a pit that will be emptied when it is full.
The AR will circle code ''11'' (Flushing connected to the sewer) if the waste goes directly to the sewer and code ''12'' (flushing with septic pit) if it is a pit that receives the waste through a pipeline (pipe or tube installed for the circumstance) originating from the commode.
The codes ''21'', ''22'' and ''23'' are allocated respectively to households using covered latrines, those not covered, and those with improved ventilated.
Dry latrines or pits are holes dug to receive the waste directly;
They can be covered or not.
[p. 60]
[Illustrations are omitted].
Improved ventilated latrines are toilets that, in addition to the pit, are equipped with additional facilities (e.g. a pipe) that allow gas to be evacuated.
For households declaring that they use public buildings ''toilets in markets, schools and so on'', the AR will circle code ''31''.
If the respondent replies that the members of the household go to a corner of the compound or use bowls, buckets or other chamber pots, the AR will circle the code ''41'', which corresponds to the modality ''in nature''.
For any other means declared, different from those declared above, the AR will circle the
code ''88'', corresponding to ''other'' modality.

E09: main method of water supply
Because water is one of the basic human needs, it is the subject of many investment programs (among other programs, we can cite the PEPAM) from the government and the community. The purpose of this question is to assess the main mode of water supply used by the household. Further (in question E10), we will deal mainly with water used for drinking only.
[p. 61]
We distinguish safe water sources, including water vendors, tanker services, taps (indoor, neighboring, public) and other protected sources (protected wells, boreholes) on the one hand and, on the other hand, unsafe water sources which are unprotected sources (unprotected wells) and open-air water points (source/waterways).

01. Faucet in housing
02. Faucet in the yard/plot
03. Public faucet/Public fountain
04. Borehole or pump wells
05. Protected wells
06. Unprotected wells
07. Water sellers
08. Tanker truck
09. Rainwater
10. Source, waterway
98. Other

Just circle the code of the option corresponding to the most used mode declared by the household. If the household has a mode or several modes of water supply, go with hold the most used type. If the source varies depending on the season, go with the source at the time of your visit.

E10: origin of household drinking water
The assessment of water quality from information on the source of supply is based on a number of assumptions. For example, water supply facilities may experience malfunctions which, by affecting water quality, present certain risks to households. Similarly, pipes and wells may be damaged or contaminated. However, it is difficult to ask a respondent to assess the quality of the water that the members of their household drink. The possible sources are clearly specified, and the AR will simply have to register the source reported by the respondent. If the household uses more than one source of water supply, record the main source, which is the most commonly used. If the source varies depending on the season, record the source used at the time of the interview.
Circle the code corresponding to the method cited as the main source of the water used by the household for drinking.

11. Faucet in dwelling
12. Faucet in yard/plot
13. Public faucet/hydrant
21. Pump wells or borehole
31. Protected well
32. Unprotected well
[p. 62]
41. Protected source
42. Unprotected source
51. Tank truck
61. Small tank wagon/barrel
71. Surface water
81. Mineral/improved water
NB: the ''faucet in dwelling'' (code 11) modality: it refers to a faucet not shared by several households.
On the other hand, ''the faucet in yard/plot'' (code 12) is shared by several households.

E11: main mode of lighting
Most Senegalese households connected to electricity are powered by the SENELEC network. Some are supplied using a generator or solar energy. In rural areas, households generally use the gas lamp, the hurricane lamp, the homemade oil lamp or the candle. An oil lamp (or one of artisanal manufacture) can be a jar of brand ''Nescafe'', a bottle, a box of jam, etc., where oil or petrol is used for lighting. The hurricane lamp is an oil lamp but of industrial manufacture.
Circle the option corresponding to the mode of lighting most used by the members of the household. If there are several lighting sources, circle the most used source.

01. Electricity
02. Solar
03. Generator set
04. Gas
05. Artisanal oil lamp
06. Hurricane lamp
07. Candle
08. Wood
09. Refillable lamp
98. Other

E12: main fuel for cooking
Circle the main fuel used for cooking. The fuels here are: wood, charcoal, gas, electricity, cow dung and other.

1 Wood,
2 Charcoal,
3 Gas,
4 Electricity,
5 Cow dung,
8 Other.
[p. 63]
Cow dung: dung is the excrement of ruminant mammals like the cow. Once dried, the dung, also called ''cow's wood'', can be used as fuel.

Note: For the following questions (E13 to E15), record all equipment goods, means of transportation, and production owned by the household by entering the number 1 in the appropriate boxes. Enter 0 if the household does not have one.

E13: household equipment goods
This information provides a measure of the socioeconomic status of the household. Cite each good and record code 1 if the household has this good. For a good that the household does not have, record 0.
NB: The household has equipment goods if they are functional or momentarily broken down. There are several possible answers.

- Radio
- Television set
- Video/VCD/DVD
- Refrigerator/freezer
- Landline telephone
- Mobile telephone
- Energy efficient stove
- Air conditioner
- Sewing machine
- Ventilator
- Internet/Wi-Fi
- Computer/laptop
- Solar panel
- Electric generating set
- Fax
- Electric iron
- Hot water
- Cooker
The energy efficient stove, which is an equipment good, property, is cylindrical in shape, about 40 cm high. On the front part an opening is used to supply the stove with wood. Inside the stove, 3 stones are sealed in a triangle in order to support the pots. Clay is often used for its manufacture.
Energy efficient stoves allow a decreased consumption of wood, reduce the time that women devote to cooking and also reduce the risk of burns, especially to children. The ''Jambar'' ovens are modern energy efficient stoves
[p. 64]
Example of an energy efficient stove
[Illustrations are omitted.]
As for the solar panel, it must be remembered that it is a device intended to recover solar radiation to convert it into electric energy usable by humans. In some villages that are not connected to the electrical grid, the solar panel is generally used (by some households) for the production of electricity.

E14: means of transport of the household
As in the case of question E13, this also makes it possible to give a gross measurement of the socioeconomic status of the household. It is asked if one of the members has a car, a bicycle, a moped, a carriage, a canoe or other. Cite each method and enter code 1 if the household has it and 0 otherwise.
NB: There are several possible answers. By default, a child bicycle is not a means of transportation, it is a toy. It all depends on how you use it. If the bicycle is used as a transport to the child, in this case it must be counted among the means of transport.

E15: means of production of the household
Ask whether the household has a means of producing goods and/or services. Cite each method and enter code 1 if the household has it and 0 otherwise.
The modalities are as follows:

- Hoe/plough/seeder
- Carriage/cart
- Draught animal
- Tractor
- Car/truck
- Moped/motorbike
- Canoe
- Refrigerator/freezer
- Sewing machine
- Music equipment
- Chairs/tarpaulins
[p. 65]
- Telephones/fax
- Photocopier
- Computer/Wi-Fi
- Mill/husker
- Photographic device/camera
- Land/building
- Motor pump
- Oil press
- Electric generating set
Oil Press (Machinou séguèle in Wolof)
Peanut oil is derived from a mechanical extraction process using an ''oil press''. The process consists of squeezing peanut seeds allowing two related products to be obtained: on the one hand vegetable oil (recoverable as an oil for consumption (dewlignou séguèle in Wolof) and on the other hand a co-product (rakal or gabar in Wolof) which can be turned into animal feed.
NB: There are several possible answers (see questionnaire). Take into account only means of production in working condition or temporarily broken down.

E16: main method of disposal of household refuse
By household refuse, we mean waste from domestic household activity. Here we try to identify the main modes of disposal of this household garbage by encircling the codes of the appropriate modalities.
The AR circles the code:

- ''1'' if the household uses the services of a pickup truck
- ''2'' if it is using a carriage/cart
- ''3'' for disposal in an authorized depot
- ''4'' for disposal on an unauthorized site

For households that bury their garbage (the practice of pouring garbage into a hole, which is then closed), the AR will circle code ''5''. Code ''6'' is circled for households that incinerate their garbage (action to destroy waste by burning it). For cases different from the six (6) dealt with above, the AR will circle code ''8'' corresponding to ''other'' modality.

E17: main method of waste water disposal
Waste water designates water already used in human activities (e.g. domestic, agricultural, etc.).
Here the goal is to find the methods of waste water disposal used by the household.
Record the mode of disposal declared by the household using the proposed modalities.
[p. 66]
An inlet drain is a trap seal device intended primarily to collect runoff water or clean soil.
The wash house is a landscaped area, built on a light stripping of 10 cm on a surface of 2.2 m x 2.2 m. It is bounded by a 2 m square wall and is built on 5 cm OF clean concrete.
The sump is a circular pit with a diameter of 1 m and a depth of 2 to 3 m depending on the quantity of wastewater produced. It receives and allows the infiltration of wastewater into the soil:
[Illustrative diagram is omitted.]
The modalities are as follows:

Sewer system = 01
Closed channel = 02
Open channel = 03
Grid, inlet drain = 04
Pit/sump = 05
In the sea, river = 06
Watercourse = 07
Dug hole = 08
In the street/nature = 09
Other = 98

Questions relating to poverty

E18: meals in the household over the last 7 days
Circle the appropriate code:

1 Yes if a meal has been missed because of lack of resources over the last 7 days,
0 No if meals were not missed because of lack of resources in the last 7 days.

[p. 67]
E19: household meals in the past 12 months, outside of the last 7 days
Circle the appropriate code:

1 Yes, if a meal has been missed because of resources in the last 12 months,
0 No, if no meal has been missed because of lack of resources during the last 12 months.

E20: medical care of household members
Circle the appropriate code:

1 Yes, if it has happened that a member of the household could not receive care because of lack of income in the last 12 months.
0 No, if it did not happen that a member of the household could not receive care due to lack of income in the last 12 months.
2 No illness, if the household has not recorded any illnesses in the last 12 months (or else there was sickness, but it was not considered necessary to go to get treatment).

4.6 Part G: General Census of Agriculture

GO 1: is there at least one member of the household who practices an agricultural activity in the broadest sense without being employed in the last crop year 2012-2013?
This part is to identify agricultural households, i.e. households in which at least one member engages in some form of agricultural production activity on their own behalf. A household practices agriculture (in the broad sense) or is said to be an agricultural household if one of its members at least practices agriculture (in the broad sense) without being solely an employee in agriculture. Agriculture is referred to in the broad sense if at least one of the following activities is practiced:

Rain-fed or arable cultivation;
Flood cultivation;
Shallow cultivation;
Market gardening;
Fruit plantations;
Floral or ornamental cultivation;
Forage cultivation;
Livestock farming;
Fishing
Forestry.

If this is the case, the AR is requested to circle code ''1'', corresponding to the ''yes'' option, and to complete the ''identification of the questionnaire'' parts up to the level of education of the head of household, which corresponds to ''B7'', by copying the same information already collected with the ''Population and Dwelling'' questionnaire.
[p. 68]
If no member of the household practices an agricultural activity, as described above, then the AR will circle code ''0'' corresponding to the ''no'' option, which terminates the interview for that household.
NB: The household with an allotment is considered as an agricultural household if the income from cultivation goes to the household.

GA: agricultural activities in the household
The AR should refer to the ''concepts and definitions'' section of this handbook to find information on the various agricultural activities listed in question GA (from GA. 1 to GA. 9).
He will ask the head of household for agricultural activities in the household and will record code 1 for yes and code 0 for no from questions 1 to 9.

GB: household plots in 2012-2013

GB.1: total number of plots worked by the household during the crop year 2012-2013
The total number of plots worked by the household during the 2012-2013 crop year is to be indicated.
NB: The household will identify without omission or duplication all of the plots it works, irrespective of the size of the plot and whatever the nature of the crop.

GB.2: total number of plots worked only by women.
You will ask in the total of plots worked by the household in GB.1, the part (in number) of plots worked by women.

GB.3: total area of the plots of the holding (all enterprises combined)
Indicate the total area (in hectares) of the plots (of all enterprises combined) belonging to the household all enterprises combined.
Example: If the household indicates 4 hectares, record /_0_/_0_/_4_/, /_0_/_0_/ Ha; the comma that separates the first box from the right and the second one corresponds to the decimal point. If this area is expressed by the household in any local unit of measure, it is the result of the conversion into hectares that must be recorded.
[p. 69]
NB: The areas of plots outside the national territory are not concerned.
Reminder:
1 hectare = 10000 m2 = a square of 100 meters on 100 meters.
1/4 of hectare = 2500 m2 = a square of 50 meters on 50 meters also called a corde.
1 corde = 0.25ha = 2500 m2
Equivalents in kg of local units of measure
(Average values)

[The original document includes a table below.]
[Column headings:]
(A) [Unit of measurement]
(B) [Equivalence in kg]
[Unit of measurement]: [1] bag.
[Equivalence in kg]: 65 kg.
[Unit of measurement]: [1] boot.
[Equivalence in kg]: 1.6 kg.
[Unit of measurement]: [1] ass cart.
[Equivalence in kg]: 650 kg.
[Unit of measurement]: [1] cattle cart.
[Equivalence in kg]: 975 kg.
[Unit of measurement]: [1] horse cart.
[Equivalence in kg]: 1300 kg.
[Unit of measurement]: [1] cart (without precision of form).
[Equivalence in kg]: 975 kg.

GB.4: total area of plots worked by women (all enterprises combined) in ha
Same as for GB.3, but only for the work done by women.

GB.5: total area of plots worked by the household during the crop year 2011-2012
The total area (in hectares) cultivated and/or planted by the household during the 2011/2012 crop year is to be indicated.
NB: This area may be less than or equal to that indicated in question GB.1. Sometimes for example a household borrows or rents plots in the course of a crop year. In this case the sown area is greater than the total area available.
Example: If the household indicates 2.5 hectares, record /_0_/_0_/_2_/, /_5_/_0_/ Ha; the comma separating the first box from the right and the second one corresponding to the decimal point.
If this area is expressed by the household in any local unit of measure, the result of the conversion into hectares must be entered.
[p. 70]
Table of equivalences
[The original document includes a table below.]
[Column headings:]
(A) [Product]
(B) [Quantity of seed]
(C) [Equivalent in ha]
[Product]: peanuts.
[Quantity of seed]: barigo = 100 kg hull.
[Equivalent in ha]: 1 ha.
[Product]: peanuts.
[Quantity of seed]: barigo = 100 kg husked.
[Equivalent in ha]: 2 ha.
[Product]: peanuts.
[Quantity of seed]: 50 to 60 kg husked.
[Equivalent in ha]: 1 ha.
[Product]: millet.
[Quantity of seed]: 4 kg.
[Equivalent in ha]: 1 ha.
[Product]: cowpea.
[Quantity of seed]: 16 kg.
[Equivalent in ha]: 1 ha.
[Product]: maize.
[Quantity of seed]: 20 kg.
[Equivalent in ha]: 1 ha.
[Product]: sorghum.
[Quantity of seed]: 8 kg.
[Equivalent in ha]: 1 ha.
These are only products for which the Analysis, Forecasting and Statistics Directorate (DAPS) has reliable information provided by the ISRA.

GB. 6: location of the principal place of operation
It is necessary to enter the code of the option corresponding to the location of the principal place of operation which may be a plot, a lake, a river, a sea, a forest, an area, a site, etc.
If the main operating site is located:

- In the compound, then the AR will record code ''1'';
- Outside the compound, but in an immediate environment, then the AR would record code ''2'';
- Somewhere in the village/district, then the AR would record code ''3'';
- Outside the village/neighborhood, the AR would record code ''4''.
If the answer is equal to option 1, 2 or 3 go to H1.

GB. 7: how far away is the main place of operation
This is to indicate, in km, the distance of the main place of operation. If the distance is less than 1 km put 000. The census fieldworker must do everything to estimate the distance. In case an estimate is not possible, the AR will put 999 for ''do not know''.

4.7 Part H: household agricultural data

H1: arable crop cultivation carried out by the household
It is for the head of household to answer yes (corresponding to code ''1'') or not (corresponding to code ''0'') if a member of the household practices arable crop cultivation in the rainy season, the dry season, or during the period of flooding (which lasts from October to January).

H1.a: rainy season column
The AR shall record:

1 if a member of the household practices arable crop cultivation during the rainy season.
0 otherwise.
[p. 71]
NB: In the event the answer is ''yes'' (code 1), the census fieldworker proceeds line by line and a response will be made for each cultivation in that column. If the code 0 is registered, the AR will go to H1.b.
Groundnut (Gadianga in Wolof): Groundnut is widely grown for its bean-like seeds and harvested underground, like peanuts. Groundnut seeds are consumed boiled or fried. They are also used to make cakes and doughnuts, and are tastier before full maturity.
[Illustration is omitted.]

H1.b: dry season column
The AR will record:

1 if a member of the household practices arable crop cultivation in the dry season;
0 if not.
NB: If the answer is ''yes'' (code 1), the census fieldworker proceeds line by line and a response is provided for each cultivation in this column. If it is the code 0 that is registered, the AR will go to column H1.c.

H1.c: flood period column
The AR will record:

1 if a member of the household practices arable crop cultivation in the flood period;
0 if not.
NB: If the answer is ''yes'' (code 1), the census fieldworker proceeds line by line and a response is provided for each cultivation in this column. If it is the code 0 that is registered, the AR will go to column H2.

H2: market gardening or floral cultivation carried out by the household
It is for the head of household to answer yes (corresponding to code ''1'') or not (corresponding to code ''0'') if a member of the household practices market gardening or floral cultivation in the cold out of season (which lasts from October to March), the hot out of season (which covers the months of April to June) or in the Winter season.

H2.a: cold out of season column
The AR will record:

1 if a member of the household practices market gardening or floral cultivation in the cold out of season period;
0 if not.
[p. 72]
NB: If the answer is ''yes'' (code 1), the census fieldworker proceeds line by line and a response is provided for each cultivation in this column. If it is the code 0 that is registered, the AR will go to column H2.b.

H2.b: hot out of season column
The AR will record:

1 if a member of the household practices market gardening or floral cultivation in the hot out of season period (which covers the months from April to June);
0 if not.
NB: If the answer is ''yes'' (code 1), the census fieldworker proceeds line by line and a response is provided for each cultivation in this column. If it is the code 0 that is registered, the AR will go to column H2.c.

H2.c: rainy season column
The AR will record:

1 if a member of the household practices market gardening or floral cultivation in the rainy season period;
0 if not.

NB: If the answer is ''yes'' (code 1), the census fieldworker proceeds line by line and a response is provided for each cultivation in this column. If it is the code 0 that is registered, the AR will go to column H3.

H3: arboriculture practiced by the household
It is for the head of household (or the respondent) to answer by 1 (yes) or 0 (not) if fruit arboriculture is practiced by a member of the household. If this is the case, the census fieldworker will proceed line by line and a response will be made for each cultivation. If fruit arboriculture is not practiced, the census fieldworker will enter code 0, and go to H4.

H4: fishing and aquaculture
It is for the head of household (or the respondent) to answer by 1 (yes) or 0 (not) if fishing activities or aquaculture are practiced by a member of the household. If this is the case, the census fieldworker will proceed line by line and a response will be made for each activity. In case of none of these activities are practiced by the household, the census fieldworker will enter code 0, and go to H5.

H5: forestry and forest production practiced by the household
It is for the head of household (or the respondent) to answer by 1 (yes) or 0 (not) if forestry and forest production are practiced by the household. If this is the case, the census fieldworker will proceed line by line and a response will be made for each activity. If none of these activities are practiced by the household, the census fieldworker will enter code 0, and go to H6.

[p. 73]
H6: livestock farming
It is for the head of household (or the respondent) to answer by 1 (yes) or 0 (not) if livestock farming is practiced by the household. If this is the case, the census fieldworker will proceed line by line and collect information on the total number of heads for each animal species, then from this number he will deduct the number of heads belonging to women. If livestock farming is not practiced by the household, the census fieldworker will enter code 0, and go to H7.
NB: Livestock farming is practiced in the household which host animals.
Bee (hive), it is about the number of hives and not of bees.

H7: draught animals
It is for the head of household (or the respondent) to answer by 1 (yes) or 0 (not) if there are draught animals in the household. If this is the case, the census fieldworker will proceed line by line and a response will be made for each animal species. If there are no draught animals inside the household, the census fieldworker will enter code 0, and go to H8.

H8: production equipment owned and used
It is for the head of household (or the respondent) to answer by 1 (yes) or 0 (not) to the possession of functional production equipment by the household. If this is the case, the census fieldworker will proceed line by line and a response will be made for each type of equipment. In the case of possession of a tractor, combine harvester or motor pump, the head of household will respond by 1 (yes) or 0 (not) if these types of equipment are used in single usage or not.
If these items of equipment are not possessed by the household, the census fieldworker will enter code 0 and go to H9.
NB: Equipment is used in sole usage if the household possesses it first and does not share it with other households.

H9: organization of producers
It is for the head of household (or the respondent) to answer by 1 (yes) or 0 (not) if a member of the household is linked to a producers' organization (cooperative, EIG, other).

H10: quota of women
For households that reply ''yes'' to H9, the AR will ask if there is at least one woman of the household who is a member of this organization of producers, cited in H9. If the response is yes, the AR will record code ''1''; if not, the AR will record code ''2'' and end the interview for this household.

[p. 74]
Chapter 5: final general recommendations on collection

You are strongly advised to perform the following checks:

5.1 At the end of each interview
- Have you counted all the people in the household?
- Have you filled in all the column-by-column boxes?
- Have you entered the respondent's name?
NB: Do not forget to thank your respondent.

5.2 At the end of each day
- Check the summary table of all computer application questionnaires;
- Make a summary of your appointments and draw up your work schedule for the next day;
- Check if all the equipment you need is complete;
- Review cases of refusal with your controller.

5.3 At the end of enumeration
- Check that all households in your district have actually been enumerated at the end of the count using the PDA computer application;
- In rural areas, do not wait until the end of operations to carry out this check, do it each time you have completed a census of a village or hamlet; this to prevent you from returning to the field.;
- Finally, in an area, if you meet a house with members of a population counted separately, it should be reported to your controller (case of religious, boarding schools, Daaras, etc.). Paper questionnaires will be used to identify them and the information will then be returned to the PDA.

[p. 75]
[Thank-you section is omitted.]