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[Paraguay 2002 Enumerator Instructions
National Census of Population and Housing, 2002]

Census 2002
Manual for the census taker

[Table of contents in the original document is not presented here.]

[p. 1]

Manual of the census taker

Welcome friend:

Starting at this moment, you are part of this national project. Our country is preparing to carry out the National Census of Population and Dwellings, 2002, as has been done already in almost all of the countries of Latin America. The General Directorate of Statistics, Surveys, and Censuses [DGEEC for its initials in Spanish] is the institution officially in charge of the mentioned census.

On the day August 28, together with you, about 100,000 census takers, in voluntary and responsible fashion, will undertake the principal task of the census taking.

This manual was designed to support you in your training, in which you will be prepared, and also in the practice of your tasks on the day of the census.

We recognize your participation as a very valuable contribution to the success of this great country-wide project, for which we invite you to learn with enthusiasm, the contents and procedures that are described by the manual.

The success and validity of the conclusions that are obtained in the census 2002 is in your hands, your obligations are great, but even greater is the confidence that we deposit in you. Do not disappoint us.

Paraguay is counting on you! Join us!

[p. 2]
1. Manual of the census taker

What is the manual of the census taker?

This is a guide that contains all of the procedures and information that as a census taker you will need for carrying out your task in the 2002 National Population and Dwelling Census.

When will it be used?

This manual, together with the census questionnaire that you will use for the practice, will be given to you before you begin the census training course. You should read it very carefully and once you understand the instructions given here, you should complete the questionnaire as a practice exercise, with the data for your dwelling and your household to achieve the optimal care in completing the questionnaire on the census day.

How will it be used?

- Reading it parallel to the census questionnaire and form C1.
- Highlighting the principal ideas so that you do not forget them.
- Marking the parts that are not clear to you so that you can ask the trainer during the course.
- Taking it to the training course so that it will help you follow along the development of the classes and for consulting when necessary.

The task that you will carry out as a census taker is fundamental. All of the inhabitants of Paraguay will open their doors to the census, answering the questionnaire conscientiously and truthfully. The data that you obtain will permit us to know the territorial distribution and the living conditions of the population of our country.

[p. 3]

2. General information

The Paraguayan census is a factual census. This means that each person will be enumerated in the place where he/she spent the night on Tuesday the 27th to Wednesday the 28th of August, 2002.

Why do we do a census of population and dwellings?

The census is an irreplaceable step for understanding our social and human reality of our identity as a nation. To know:

How many of us are there?
Where do we live?
What do we have?
What do we need?

The census is an integrating civic act because all of the inhabitants of the country participate in it. With the answer to these questions, we can look for ways to improve our quality of life, according to our needs and the best use of the economic resources.

[p. 4]

What information will be obtained with the 2002 census?

The quantity of men and women, boys and girls, their ages, the language or languages that they speak in the household, the educational level, in what they work, if they have any physical or mental limitation, etc.

The quantity of dwellings, the materials with which they are built, the services that the households have available (water, electricity [specifically, light], telephone), the equipment that they have, etc.
Which is the institution responsible for the 2002 census?

The General Directorate of Statistics, Surveys, and Censuses [DGEEC for its initials in Spanish]

Who will carry out the 2002 census?

Students from public schools, teacher's training schools, universities, teachers, community authorities and the population in general who will provide information required by the census.

When will the 2002 census be taken?

On Wednesday, August 28th, 2002. In the rural areas, it could extend for up to 15 days.

Where will the 2002 census be taken?

The National Census of Population and Dwellings 2002 will cover all of the country and approximately 1,300,000 dwellings and 6,000,000 million persons will be enumerated.

How will the 2002 census be organized?

Geographically, the district is the working unit. Administratively, within the district, the hierarchies are: district leader, district coordinator, supervisor, and enumerator. The immediate leader of the enumerator is the supervisor.

Who will be enumerated?

Those who at the 0 hours of the census day were in the dwelling that is visited will be enumerated in the same.

Tuesday, August 27th / 0 hour / Wednesday, August 28th

[p. 5]

You should enumerate in the visited dwelling all of the persons who:

1) Spent in the same, the night of Tuesday the 27th to Wednesday the 28th of August of 2002, including domestic employees, relatives or friends who live there or are visiting for various reasons (health, vacations, etc.)

2) Did not spend the night from Tuesday the 27th to Wednesday the 28th of August 2002 but who live in it and will not be enumerated in another place. For example, because they were on labor shifts (guards, personnel in hospitals or health care centers, security guards, sex workers); traveling for various reasons; were in recreational gatherings or because they are present in the visited dwelling and live alone in another place and will not return to his/her dwelling.

3) Were born before the 0 hour of Wednesday the 28th of August, 2002 and are present.

4) Died after the 0 hour of Wednesday the 28th of August, 2002.
You should not enumerate in the visited dwelling all of the persons who:

1) Did not spend the night of Tuesday the 27th to Wednesday the 28th of August, 2002, in the dwelling, and will be enumerated in another place.

2) Were born after the 0 hour of Wednesday the 28th of August, 2002, even if they are present.

3) Died before the 0 hour of Wednesday the 28th of August, 2002.


Question: Yesterday at 11:30 at night my sister-in-law who lives in Argentina arrived. Will she also be enumerated?
Answer: Yes, because she spent the night here.

Question: My father had to make an emergency trip to the East City and will return next Saturday. Where will he be enumerated?
Answer: In the East City, because he spent the night before the census there.

In the case of doubts of whether it corresponds to enumerate a dwelling or a person or not, make the decision to enumerate it/him/her and later you should inform your supervisor.

The 2002 Census is like a photograph of all of the dwellings, households, and the persons who are in our country at the moment of the Census.

[p. 6]

3. Materials and functions of the census taker

Who is the census taker?

This is the key person in the census tasks; in a large part, the success of the census depends on him/her. This is the person in charge of collecting the census information from each of the households and each person who integrates the households, within his/her enumeration area.

As an enumerator you should:

Be punctual to all of the activities programmed for the enumerator.

Always carry your credential in a visible place.

Be friendly at all times, which means before the interview, during the interview and at its conclusion.

Check that you are not missing any information on the questionnaire before you leave the dwelling. If this is the case, complete the information with the head of household, male or female.

Organize all of your materials, verify your C1 and turn in all your materials to the supervisor.

Work with enthusiasm and as a team with the rest of the enumerators.
As an enumerator, you should not:
Make any comment about the information obtained during the census.

Request money or in-kind-goods from the persons who you are enumerating.

Fail to attend to your work as an enumerator.

Ask questions that are not part of the census.

Keep the census materials after you have completed your work.

Place the census questionnaires in places that are accessible to persons who are not part of the census or where they can deteriorate.

[P. 7-8, containing a description of the materials given to each enumerator and instructions for logistical instructions for the enumerator during training and on the census day are not presented here.]

[p. 9]

4. Enumeration area (EA)

Of the materials mentioned above, the first that you will use is the map of your enumeration area (EA) which indicates the territorial segment where you will have to work on the day of the census.

The enumeration areas can be formed:

In the urban areas by:

A block
Part of a block
All of a building
Part of a building
Two or more continuous blocks. In this case, for each block the enumerator should prepare a C1 form: Enumerator's summary.

In rural areas by:

A locality, a colony or a company.
Part of a locality, a colony or a company.
More than one locality. In this case, for each block the enumerator should prepare a C1 Form: Enumerator's Summary.

If on your map of EA you find points that have the same order number, you should not take it into account, since it is of no utility for your work.

[P. 10-11, containing instructions for the numerator to orient him/herself in the enumeration area, are not presented here.]

[p. 12]

5. Beginning of the census work

Identification of the dwelling

Before you knock at the door of each dwelling, do not forget to fill out chapter A of the census questionnaire and the order number of the dwelling

The introduction

The introduction is the first contact that you will have with the informant.
An example of introduction can be the following:

"Good day, my name is ..., I am an enumerator of the National Census of Population and Dwellings 2002. I need to ask you some questions" or "... could you answer some questions for me?"

In the case of doubts on the part of the persons being enumerator about providing the information you could respond: "Do not worry about the answers. They are protected by the statistical secret". Nobody who participates in the census can share the information that will permit identifying an informant.


-You should read the questions in order and in the form that they appear on the census questionnaire, which means, textually.

-You should read each question slowly and in some cases, each one of the options of answers, so that that each informant can understand them.

-If you note that question was not understood, you should repeat it and if necessary, make the necessary corresponding clarification or translation to GuaranĂ­ or another language, taking care to not change the meaning.

-You should not suggest the answers, let the informant answer freely.

-As an enumerator you should give the interviewee the security and confidence that the information that he/she provides is confidential and that it cannot be revealed even if a judicial order is issued.

-Be friendly and respectful. During the interview you should pay attention to the answers that the informant gives you. In no case should you show surprise at the answers that are received.

-You should forget that all of the persons who are interviewed are important and that the information that they give will be valuable for the country.

[p. 13]

6. Contents of the questionnaire and instructions for filling it out.

Now we will learn how we are going to do our work. The most important thing is to know how to manage the questionnaire from the beginning to the end.

Parts of the questionnaire: observe the census questionnaire that you have among your materials and recognize the different chapters that are contained in the same.

A. Geographic location

B. Information about the dwelling

C. Information about the household

D. List of persons who spent the night in the household

E. For all of the persons

F. Persons who are five years old and more

G. For persons who are ten years old and more

H. For women who are twelve years old and more

I. Information about handicaps

J. Information about indigenous persons

Name and last name of the enumerator

List of departments and districts

[P. 14-15, containing specific instructions for filling in the questionnaire, are not presented here.]

[p. 16]

7. Definitions for completing the census questionnaire

Information will be compiled from all of the dwellings, the households, and the persons. To facilitate your task, you will need to manage the following concepts:

Private dwelling: Structure habilitated for permanently or temporarily housing persons, with separate and independent access. It can be: non-mobile or mobile, made of diverse materials, and house one or more households.

Household: This is the single person or groups of persons who can be related or not who habitually reside in a private dwelling, occupying it totally or partially and who attend to food needs in common (they share the expenses of the common pot).

Person: Each of the members of the household.

Head of household, male or female: This is the person considered as such by the rest of the members of the household. A census household should always have a head of household, male or female. Also, there should only be one head of household.

If a couple declares shared head-of-household, you should request that they choose one person of reference, with the exclusive goal of establishing the relationships within the household.

[p. 17]

Identification of households

Household = are or are not related to each other + shared food expenses (common pot) + share the same dwelling

The dwellings are the places where one or more households can live.

Private household with only one household

Teodoro, his wife, their two daughters, and his niece live under the same roof and share the food expenses.

Private dwelling with two households:

The family made up of Maria, Juan and Javier eat together. Juan provides the food and Maria cooks.

Nancy buys the food for herself and her children.

Private dwelling with three households:

Carolina cooks for her spouse and her son Miguelito.

Magdalena cooks her food separately.

Ana is a student and cooks separately from the other occupants of the dwelling.

[p. 18]

Special cases that you should consider:

The married couple Juan and Maria with their youngest children and a relative cook and eat together.

Julio, the eldest child of Juan and Maria, lives with his wife and their son in the back of the house, in a small dwelling with an independent exit. They generally cook and eat separately.

One plot
This is a case of two private dwellings.
Mr. Luis and Mrs. Felicia live in this dwelling.

Ana, the daughter of Mr. Luis and Mrs. Felicia, lives with her children in a building in the back of the plot, but cooks for her parents and her children.

One plot
This is the case of a private dwelling with only one household.

Collective dwelling: Dwelling that houses a group persons who are not related to each other and who make a common life for reasons of health, work, religion, study, discipline, etc.

Hotel or pension / police station / religious community

If in a collective dwelling you find that there is a private home (for example the caretaker of the building and his/her family) you should enumerate it in a different questionnaire and you should consider it as a private dwelling.

[p. 19]

8. Census questionnaire

This theme demands the indispensable reading of this manual of the census taker parallel to the census questionnaire.

Order number of the dwelling and order number of the household:

You should assign a number to each dwelling (occupied or unoccupied) in the order indicated for following the route of your enumeration area (EA), indicating with number 1.

Order number of the dwelling: []
Order number of the household within the dwelling []

If in the dwelling visited you find only one household, the order number of the household will always be 1.

Order number of the dwelling: [1] First dwelling
Order number of the household within the dwelling [1] First household

If there is more than one household in the dwelling, you should repeat the order number of the dwelling and increase the unit of the order number of the household in the following manner:

Order number of the dwelling: [1] First dwelling
Order number of the household within the dwelling [2] Second household

[p. 20]

A. Geographic location

In this box we present all of the data necessary for the identification of the dwelling and the household to be enumerated.

You should complete the information corresponding to department, district, sector, EA and block before you begin the route and you will find the necessary information on the map of the enumeration area, on the cover of the folder.

When you arrive at each dwelling you should complete the information that corresponds to street and house number, floor, and apartment in the case that this is necessary.

[p. 21]

B. Information about the dwelling

This chapter will permit us to know about our dwellings, if we have basic services available such as: potable water, electric light, etc.

Question 1: Type of dwelling

You can complete this question through simple observation, which means, observe the dwelling that you will enumerate and then mark the corresponding option: house, ranch house, etc.

[Text from the enumeration form is not presented here.]

[p. 22]

Question 2: Condition of occupancy of the dwelling.

You can complete this question through simple observation. For example: if you arrive at the dwelling that you will enumerate and someone opens the door, you should mark the option "occupied, persons present". You should only mark one answer.

[Text from the enumeration form is not presented here.]

If the construction is prepared for dwelling and is unoccupied, which means nobody lives there, you should complete a questionnaire with the corresponding dwelling number and mark the alternative according to the observation that you make. Then you should move on to the next dwelling that you should enumerate.

If in you EA you find constructions prepared for industries, commercial spaces or services, find out if anyone lives in them. If someone lives there, you should enumerate it as a private dwelling and do not forget to note it on your summary form (C1). If nobody lives in the construction, you should not prepare a questionnaire for it.

Questions 3, 4, and 5: Construction materials of the dwelling.

The construction materials allow us to obtain information about the real conditions of the dwelling in Paraguay.

3 Wall
4 Floor
5 Roof

[p. 23]

Question 3: What is the predominant material of the external walls?

What is the predominant material of the external walls? When two or more materials are used, you should mark the one that is used the most, the predominant. You should only mark one option.

Question 4. What is the predominant material of the floor?

What is the predominant material of the floor? Remember that you should only mark one single option with the type of material that the informant considers to be the most used.

Question 5: What is the predominant material in the roof?

What material predominates in the roof? In the case of apartments, you should ask about the roof of the top floor of the building. You should mark only one option.

For all three questions: If there are different materials in the same proportion, you will register the one that is the best quality. For example, between stray and clay tile roof, you should select clay tile.

[p. 24]

Question 6: How do you habitually dispose of the trash?

With this question we collect information about the different means of eliminating trash generated in the dwelling.

Questions 7, 8, and 9: Basic services

The electric light, the origin and supply of water and the hygienic services demonstrate the living conditions of our country.

Question 7: Do you have electric light?

[p. 25]

Question 8: From where does the water used in the dwelling originate? (origin of the water).

If the dwelling has more than one source for the provision of water, you should mark the one that is the most used. If they use water from 2 sources in equal proportion, mark the one that is the better quality. For example, between Essap (Ex Corposana) and a well, you should mark Essap (Ex Corposana).

You should ask the questions by reading slowly through the point where the question mark closes the question. Then read each of the options. When you have an answer, mark the corresponding circle and move on the next question.

Question 9: The water gets to the dwelling through ... (delivery of water to the dwelling).

Piped water is understood when there is a faucet in the patio or inside the dwelling. Once the kitchen has a faucet, you should mark option 2.

[p. 26]

Question 10: Where does the drinking water come from?

If the answer includes two options, you should ask again, requesting that the person tell you the source that is most used for drinking, writing the answer clearly. For example: Essap (Ex Corposana), mineral water, private network. In the cases of wells, note whether it is with or without a well.

Question 11: Is this property... ? (Ownership of the dwelling).

If any member of the household is the owner of the dwelling, you should mark the option "owned".

Question 12: The lot or land where the dwelling is built...

Many times the owned dwelling is built on land that is still being paid for. Therefore, do not assume that when the dwelling is owned that the land is also owned.

[p. 27]

Questions 13 and 14: Identification of the quantity of households.

These questions will permit determining how many households there are in the dwelling.

Remember the concepts given previously about the household.

Question 13: Do all of the persons who occupy this dwelling share the expenses of food?

If the answer to this question is "yes", this means that there is only one household and you should continue the interview with chapter C (Question 15). If the answer is "no", this means that there is more than one census household and in question 14 the number of households will be determined.

Question 14. How many households are there in this dwelling?

When in the dwelling there is more than one household, starting with the second household you should:

Use a questionnaire for each additional household and register the geographic location on it.

Repeat on these additional forms the dwelling number, and note the corresponding order number.

Leave chapter B. Information about the dwelling-questions 1 to 14 blank.

Begin the interview with chapter C-information about the household- starting with Question 15.

[p. 28]

C. Information about the household

Question 15: How many rooms are for the exclusive use of this household?

Room: this a space that is generally closed by four walls and a roof. For example: bedroom, living room, dining room, kitchen-dining room, study, etc.)

If the dwelling has one single room, where they also cook, it will be considered as one room. If the kitchen is designated only for cooking it should not be counted as a room.

Question 16: In this household, how many rooms are used for sleeping?

If in the household they use the living room, the dining room or any other room for sleeping in habitual manner, it should be counted as a room for sleeping.

Question 17: Does this household have ...

You should not assume the answer through simple observation of the conditions of the enumerated household since it could be that you are looking at a television that does not work.

[p. 29]

Question 18: For cooking, they use principally...

Remember that you should mark only one option, the predominant fuel.

Question 19: Do you have a bathroom?

The alternative "no" corresponds to households that use a public bathroom, the neighbor's bathroom or open air.

Question 20: How many bathrooms do you have?

You should count all of the bathrooms independent of the type of bathroom.

Question 21: The bathroom drains to...

21. The bathroom drains to...

Public network (sewer): when the bathroom has a system of pipes through which the human residue drains.

Septic well: when the bathroom is connected to a septic tank.

If the dwelling has more than one type of bathroom, note the most modern drain.

[p. 30]

Question 22: To speak to each other, the persons of this household habitually use...

You should mark only one option and identify the habitual language of communication. If in the household they speak another language that is not on the list, you should specify the name on the space designated for this.

Questions 23, 24, 25 26, 27: General and maternal mortality.

These questions permit us to capture the deaths occurred in the household, especially maternal deaths and their characteristics in the period considered.

23. During the year 2001, did any person who lived with you die?

If in the year 2001 more than one person died and one of them was a woman, you should register her death. If both deaths were women, you should register the death of the one who was between 12 and 50 years old. If both were between 12 and 50 years old, you should register the most recent death.

24. In what month did this person die?

You should complete this box with numbers. If the month is August, you should write "08".

[p. 31]

D. List of persons

Question 28: List of persons who spent the night in the household.

This is designated for the registry of the names and last names and the relationship of each person who spent the night in the household with the head of household, male or female. By doing this list first, you will avoid the omission of any member of the household.

Chapter D. List of the persons who spent the night in the household

28. What are the names and last names of the persons who spent the "night before" the day of the census in this household?

Write the order number of the persons, the names and last names and the relationship to the head of household, male or female, beginning with the head of household, followed by the spouse (male or female), children from oldest to youngest, other relatives, etc. (See the order that is presented in question 2 of chapter E).

[Sample of a filled out household list from the enumeration form is not presented.]

[p. 32]

When there are more than ten persons in the household:

1. Use another census questionnaire
2. Copy the same data for geographic location on the second questionnaire (additional questionnaire).
3. Repeat the order number of the dwelling and the number of the household.
4. Complete starting with chapter D List of persons. Question 28, beginning with number 11 and on and continue by completing chapter E for Information about the population for each of the persons listed.

Question 29. Summary of all of the persons.

If you used more than one questionnaire, question number 29 should be completed only on the first questionnaire, including all of the persons of the household.

[p. 33]

E. Population information for all persons

Before enumerating each of the members of the household, you should note the order number, the name and last name and relationship on the page that corresponds to each of them in the same order as chapter D (Question 28). After registering all of the persons, you should complete the information for each of them, beginning with the head of household, male or female.

Question 1:
Order number: You should register the order number that you assigned on the above list of persons.

Name and last name: If this is a baby who does not have a name, on the corresponding line you should write the letters "NN" followed by the last name of the father or the mother, depending on the situation.

Do not forget that the questionnaire is prepared for obtaining information for up to ten persons. If a household has a greater number of members (more than ten), use an additional questionnaire for the rest of the integrants.

Question 2: Relationship as relatives

The relationship as relatives should be established with regard to the first person on the list (head of household, male or female). Complete only one alternative according to the answer given by the person being enumerated.

[p. 34]

The adoptive children should be registered as children of the head of household, male or female, but write the word "adopted" next to the option son/daughter to clarify this situation.

Other relative: this includes the blood relative and relatives through marriage in regard to the head of household, male or female: uncles/aunts, cousins, great-grandchildren, grandparents, great-grandparents, nephews/nieces, siblings.

Non-relatives: this includes godsons/daughters, godparents of one's children, guests, employees, friends.

Domestic personnel or his/her family: this includes the gardeners, launderers, cleaners, drivers, housekeeper, nannies, etc. who work without leaving the dwelling you are visiting.

Question 3: Is this a man or woman?

If the name of the person does not reveal the sex, you should not hesitate to ask the person being enumerated.

Question 4: How old is the person in completed years?

The age of each person is one of the most important pieces of information for the analysis.

You register the age in years completed, which means, the number of years completed at the date of the interview and not the age that the person will soon complete.

[p. 35]

If the birthday of the person being interviewed is the day of the interview, you should consider as years completed those that the person completes on this day.

If you encounter twins or triplets, you should write the word twin or triplet next to the age.

Question 5: Do you have or did you have a birth certificate, which means, was the birth registered in the courts or the civil registry?

This allows the classification of persons whose births were noted or not noted in the office of the Civil Registry.

Question 6: Do you have a national identification card?

If the person being enumerated lost his/her national identification card and has not requested another, you should mark "does not have".

If the person lost it and is requesting a replacement (has the ticket), you should mark one of the first three options as corresponds.

[p. 36]

Question 7: Where do you currently live?

To the enumerator: Take into account the following instructions for questions 7, 8, and 9:
a) Mark "in this place" if it corresponds to the district where the person is being enumerated.
b) Mark "in another place" if it corresponds to another district, and specify the name of the district, if it is city/town or company/colony/indigenous community and the name of the department.
c) If you marked "in another country", write the name of the country.

7. Where do you live currently?

Part 2 should be completed only if the district is different from the one where you are enumerating and you should not forget to mark the circle.

If the person being enumerated spent the night of the census in the place where you are enumerating but his/her place of residence is in another country, you should mark "in another country" and then you should write the name of the country where the person currently resides.

Question 8: Where did your mother live when you were born?

You should always refer to the place of residency of the mother of the person whose information you are taking.

Part 2 should only be completed if the district is different from the district where you are enumerating and you should not forget to mark the circle.

Do not forget to write the year of arrival of the person being enumerated, in the case where his/her mother had been living "in another country".

[p. 37]

F. Information about the population
For persons 5 years of age and older

Question 9: Where did you live five years ago, which means, in August of 1997?

You should emphasize the date when you ask this question, which means, August 1997.

Part 2 should be completed only if the district is difference from where you are enumerating and you should not forget to mark the circle.

Question 10: Did you ever attend a school, private school, or institution of regular [formal] education?

This question will permit classification of the population in two groups: those who at any time attended any institution of formal education, whether public or private, at elementary, basic school education, or secondary, and those who never attended.

Question 11: Do you currently attend a school, private school or institution of formal education?

[p. 38]

Question 12: What is the highest level and grade, cycle or course that you passed?

This refers to the last grade, cycle or course passed, and not the one that is currently being taken.

Special education: This is the formation given to special persons with some type of physical and/or mental alternation that impedes that said person form part of students in regular [formal] education.

Upper non-university: includes primarily the institutions for teacher's training, police and military training.

Excludes: private academies and institutions that do not belong to the formal system. For example: courses for foreign languages, musical instruments, teacher's continuing education, hairdressing courses, brief courses in computers, electricity, auto mechanics, etc.

Question 13: Are you studying or did you study a higher non-university or university career?

Question 14. Did you complete the higher non-university or university career?

[p. 39]

Question 15. What is the name of the higher non-university or university career that you study or studied?

Here you should write, with clear letters, the name of the career. For example: business administration. If he/she has more than one career completed, you should only write one of them, which would be the one that the person being enumerated considers the most important.

Question 16: What languages or dialects do you speak?
Remember that here you can mark more than one circle.

If the person speaks a language or dialect that is not on the list, you should specify it on the designated space.

[p. 40]

G. Population information
For persons 10 years of age and older

Question 17: What is your religion?

Any religion that is not Catholic, should be specified on this space.

Question 18: What is your current civil or marriage status?

Single: this is a person who has never been married by a religious or civil ceremony, and is not joined [in a consensual union] with another person.

The civil status of the head of household, male or female, and his/her spouse, must necessarily be the same.

Question 19: During the past week (from Sunday to Saturday) did you do any work, even if it was just for one hour?

Work: This is economic activity that all persons do for which he/she receives income, whether in currency or goods. The activity that is done by a person in a family business should be considered work, even when he/she does not receive payment for it, as long as he/she completes at least fifteen hours a week.

Last week: From Sunday the 18th to Saturday the 24th of August.

[p. 41]

Do not include as work the unpaid domestic activities (housewife). Nor should you include activities as a volunteer.

Question 20: During the past week, did you have a job but not work because you were sick, on leave, on vacations, or for other causes?

Question 21: During the past week did you do a small job or did you make some product inside or outside of your dwelling to sell or did you provide some service or help someone in their work, business or rural property?

Small jobs are circumstantial activities that are paid for, which suppose a punctual completion of a task and are limited in terms of time for execution and that do not exceed the period of one month. For example: cleaning a patio, arranging a garden, helping to move, etc.

Question 22: During the past four weeks (July 28th to August 24th) did you look for work?

"Look for work" means an active search, such as respond to or publish ads in newspapers or other means (relatives and/or friends) requesting employment; look for financial resources or materials for starting a business; request authorizations and licenses to begin a labor activity; ask in places of employment, rural properties, ranches, factories, markets, etc.

[p. 42]

Question 23: Have you worked previously?

We are not interested in the time that has passed since you stopped working and the census day.

Question 24: Why did you not work last week?

You should mark only one circle. The informant should determine the option that best represents him/her.

Question 25: What is (or was) your principal occupation in your job? Specify the task.

You should write the occupation in detail. For example: auto mechanic. If the person has more than one occupation, the informant should define the principal occupation.

Leave the space at the bottom blank. It is for office use.

[p. 43]

Below you will find a list of some examples of occupations and the correct manner for writing them.

Incorrect annotation / Correct annotation

Builder / Reinforced concrete installer, tile installer, floor installer, plasterer, etc.

Mechanic / Automobile mechanic, clothes washing machine mechanic, chroming mechanic, dental mechanic.

Worker / Blacksmith, welder, baker, restaurant cook, etc.

Vendor / Sidewalk vendor of corn bread, fruits and vegetables, small items, etc.

Employee / Fingerprint specialist, secretary, head of personnel, general manager, computer operator.

Painter / House painter, automobile painter, bridge painter, picture painter

Professional / Civil engineer, Dentist, pharmacist, lawyer, professor of elementary education.

Technician / Electronics technician, electrical technician, telecommunications technician.

Driver / Collective transportation driver, automobile driver, tractor driver, etc.

Small jobs / Patio cleaner, gardener, moving assistant, etc.

Question 26: What is the place where you work (or worked) dedicated to or what does it produce?

You should ask the person being enumerated for the activity that is done by the establishment, business, institution or place, indicating the good produced, commercialized or service provided.

If the institutions are well recognized, it is enough to write the name: example: Ministry of Education, Ande, Senacsa, General Directorate of Statistics, Surveys, and Censuses, Catholic Church, Hospital San Roque, National University, Itaipu, Yasyreta, etc.

[p. 44]

Below, we present some examples of activities and the correct way to write them on the census questionnaire.

Incorrect annotation / Correct annotation

Crops / Corn crops, soy bean crops, wheat crops, cotton crops, etc.

Factory / Dairy goods factory, construction material factory, pasta factory, oil factory, footwear factory, etc.

Clothing manufacture / Manufacture of leather clothing, manufacture of children's clothing.

Construction / House construction, road construction, etc.

Installation / Electrical installation in houses.

Commerce / Retail sale of clothing, wholesale commerce of construction materials, retail sales of shoes, supermarket, dispensary, bar, etc.

Transportation / Passenger transportation, cargo transportation via highways, school transportation, etc.

Breeding / Beef cattle breeding, sheep breeding, poultry breeding, chicken breeding, etc.

Question 27: In this work, are (were) you?

You should formulate the question by reading slowly until the end of the question mark. Then read each of the options. When you obtain an answer, mark the corresponding circle and move to the next question.

[p. 45]

To facilitate filling in this question, we present the following clarifications:

Self-employed worker: This is the person who has his/her own company or business, or who practices a profession or occupation on his/her own account, without having a paid employee nor depending on an employer. He/she can work with the assistance of family workers or apprentices or without their help. For example: Tailor, furniture carpenter, plumber, traveling salesman, etc.

Unpaid family worker: This is the person who works two hours or more per day or more than fifteen hours per week in the company or business of a member of his/her family, without receiving any pay for his/her work.

Employer: This is the person who is the owner and/or partner in a company or business that provides goods and/or services that contracts one or more paid workers (employees or workers) in temporary or permanent manner, without including the domestic employees. For example: factory owners, owners of mechanic shops (with employees under his/her charge), contractors for construction sites, etc.

Domestic employee [male or female]: This is the person in charge of household tasks who is paid. For example: cook, cleaning servant, salaried gardener and others.

Employee or worker: This is the person who works for a company, institution, business, or household and who depends upon an employer or boss and receives payment in currency and/or goods for the work that he/she does.

[p. 46]

Question 28: Do you work (or did you work) in the sector...

Public sector: Includes the ministries, municipalities, public schools, public hospitals, heath centers and offices, police and military forces, and other entities that depend on the state, such as: Petropar, Ande, Essap (ex Corposana), Copaco (ex Antelco), Ips, Paraguayan Mail, airport, Electoral Justice, court system, etc.

Question 29: Are you (were you) an officer...?

You should only ask this question of enumerated person who declared working in the public sector.

Question 30: Approximately how many persons work in the company or business?

You should read the options to the person being enumerated so that he/she can place himself/herself in one of them.

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H. Population information
For women twelve years old and older.

Question 31, 32, 33, 34, 35: Fertility, infant-juvenile mortality

31. Did you have a son (or daughter) born alive?

If at birth, [the child] cried, breathed, or moved and then died, [the child] should be considered born alive.

32. How many sons and daughters born alive have you had in total?

You should note the quantity of all of the children born alive, whether they are currently alive or not. You should also include the children who were given up for adoption, if this were the case.

33. How many sons and daughter are currently alive?

If the woman being enumerated declares that currently she has no child alive, you should write "0".

You should include all of the children, whatever the age and sex, whether they live with the mother or not and do not include the step-children or adopted children.

34. Of the sons and daughters born alive, how many died?

You should ask about the sons/daughter who were born alive and then died (question 32). You should not register those that were born dead.

35. On what date was your last son (or daughter) born alive?

You should Arabic numerals to write the day, the month of birth and write the year with four digits.

Example: Day [12] Month [05] Year [1979]

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I. Information about disabilities

Do not forget to ask this question.

Question 36: Is there a person in this household who has a permanent physical of mental disability?

Exclude the incapacities due to temporary problems, such as broken bones or illnesses.

J. Information about indigenous persons

Question 37: Is there any person in this household who is considered indigenous or who belongs to an indigenous ethnic group?

[p. 49]

[Example of a completed census summary form is not presented.]