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[Paraguay 1982 Enumerator Instructions]

[Enumerator's Manual, General census of population and housing, 1982]

General Directorate of Statistics and Census

Enumerator's manual

General Census of Population and Housing 1982

[Pages 1-14 were not translated into English]

[P. 15]

4. Basic definitions

4.1 Census household: a group of people, relatives or not, who occupy all or part of a dwelling; they eat from a common pot, that is to say, they share the principle meals and together attend to other basic necessities. As an exception, a household constituting a single person should also be considered a Census Household.

This picture is an example of a typical census household:

[A drawing of several people in a home is omitted here.]

4.2 Dwelling: For the purposes of the census: dwelling is every location or building (composed of one room or a group of rooms) structurally separate and independent, meant to lodge one or more households.

A location that has not been earmarked for the lodging of persons, but that is occupied as a place of habitation by a census household at the moment of the taking of the census, is also considered a dwelling.

"Separate" means a dwelling which is encircled by walls and covered by a roof, and which permits one person or a group of persons to isolate themselves from others that form part of the community.

"Independent" is when one has direct access to the dwelling from the street by way of stairs, a hallway, passage, etc., or by way of a path, road (in the case of a rural dwelling). That is to say, when the occupants can enter and exit their dwelling without crossing through rooms occupied by persons who are not part of the household.

Following is a drawn representation of the concept of separate and independent.

[A drawing depicting the layout of a household is omitted here.]

[P. 16]

According to this drawing, how many dwellings exist?

If we follow the definition of dwelling, there are 2; that of household "A" and that of household "B." Both have the characteristics of separate and independent, because they are encircled by walls and their occupants do not have to pass through rooms occupied by other people in order to exit and enter the dwelling.

Household "C" is not considered a dwelling because it does not have the characteristic of independence; in order to exit or enter, the occupants have to pass through the living room of Household "B."

In conclusion, there are two dwellings, one which lodges Household "A" and the other which lodges Households "B" and "C."

4.3. Private dwellings. A dwelling which is meant to serve as lodging for one or more census households.

4.4 Group quarters. A special lodging location, in which the occupants are subject to administrative norms and obligated to follow group norms. For example: a hotel, a hospital, a prison, a boarding school, etc.

[Pages 17-19 and portions of page 16 and 20 were not translated into English]

[P. 20]

B. Second part: Data about the dwelling and the household

Question 1: Type of dwelling

A. Private dwelling

According to the [enumerator's] observation of the dwelling, and taking into account the following definitions, determine the type of dwelling and mark an X in the corresponding box.

[A depiction of question 1 to the left of preceding text is omitted here.]

[P. 21]

a) Private dwelling

Independent house or hut. A dwelling which has a direct exit to the street, road, path, etc. and which constitutes a single dwelling. In the example we can see two independent cases.

[A drawing of two homes to the right of preceding text is omitted here.]

Apartment or floor [piso]. A dwelling which forms part of a building of two or more floors and which has access to the street by way of a hallway, passage, stairs and/or elevator.

[A drawing of buildings to left of preceding text is omitted here.]

Rental rooms. When the dwelling independently occupies one of the rooms, among various similar rooms, in a building or in a single yard. Generally, sanitary services are used in common.

[A drawing of an improvised dwelling to the right or preceding text is omitted here.]

Improvised dwelling. When the dwelling is constructed with discarded materials (carton, reeds [pirĂ­], cans, heavy fabric, rubber molding, woven straw [tacuarillas,], packaging material, etc.).

[A drawing of persons and dwellings to the left of the preceding text is omitted here.]

[P. 22]

Other: (specify). This category includes locations that are not meant for human habitation, but which are used as places of habitation on the census day. For example: factories, storehouses, businesses, offices, garages, vessels, rural hut [chata], old carriages, tests, guardhouses [garita], stable, etc.

[A drawing of building, boat, store, and tent to the left of the preceding text is omitted here.]

b) Group quarters. The possible types of group quarters are found on the form. Make an X in the corresponding box. If the type of group quarters is not indicated on the list, mark the box "other," specifying the nature of the group quarters.

[A depiction of section 1.b of census form to the left of the preceding text is omitted here.]

Remember that within a "collective dwelling" one can find one or more "private dwellings."

[A drawing of buildings is omitted here.]

[P. 23]

[A depiction of section 2 of the enumeration form is omitted here.]

Question 2. Occupancy status

Determine if the dwelling is inhabited or uninhabited and make an X in the corresponding box.

Inhabited with dwellers present: a dwelling which, on the census day, is occupied and the people who live in it are present.

Inhabited without dwellers present: a dwelling which is permanently occupied, but on the census day, the people who inhabit it are absent. This condition can be confirmed by the neighbors.
If the neighbors indicate that the occupants are momentarily absent, reserve the corresponding Form for the dwelling and continue the Enumeration. When finished with the area, return to the dwelling that was left undone; if the occupants are still absent mark an X in the corresponding box and communicate this to your supervisor.

Uninhabited: a dwelling which, on the Census day, is not inhabited due to the following causes:

It is for rent or sale.
It is in repair, litigation, abandonment, etc.
It is a vacation or summer home.

The rest of the data about the dwelling in this category can be obtained by simple observation or by asking the neighbors.

Question 3. Predominant material

a) What material is predominant on the exterior walls?
Ask the question, read each of the following options, and mark an X in the corresponding box.
If the material is not indicated, mark "other," [and insert] the name of the material.

[A depiction of section 3 of the enumeration form to the left of the preceding text is omitted here.]

[P. 24]

[A drawing of four walls, with the words, "brick," "stucco," "wood," and "stone," written under each of the walls, respectively, is omitted here.]

b) What material is predominant on the roof?

Ask the question, read each of the options, and mark an X in the corresponding box.
If the material is not listed, write the name of the material under "other."

When the dwelling is in a middle section of a building with several floors, the roof of the roof of the building is considered.

[A drawing of four roofs, with the words, "shingle," "straw," "wood," and "cement," written under each of the roofs, respectively, is omitted here.]

[P. 25]

[A depiction of question (3)c. to the left of the following text is omitted here.]

c) What material is predominant on the floor?

Ask the question, read each of the options, and mark an X in the corresponding box.
If the material is not listed, write the name of the material under "other."

[A drawing of four floors, with the words, "brick," "wood," "tile," and "dirt," written under each of the floors, respectively, is omitted here.]

Question 4. Rooms in the dwelling

Read each question and write down:

- On the line corresponding to questions a) and b), the number of floors declared by the informant.
- In questions c) and d) make an X in the corresponding box, depending on the case.

[A depiction of questions 4a, b, c, and d, to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

Keep in mind the following definition:

"Room:" a space enclosed by walls that are elevated from the floor to the roof and which have an area large enough to fit at least a bed for an adult. An attic that fits this definition and is at least 2 meters high is considered a room.

[P. 26]

The bathroom, the kitchen, and the rooms that are utilized exclusively for commercial, industrial, or service purposes, such as storehouses, stores, consulting offices [i.e. for a doctor, other professional], offices, hallways, etc. are not included in the number of rooms. If the kitchen is also used as a dining room, it is included as a room.

Question 5. Water service.

Reach each of the following questions and the possible answers; make an X in the corresponding box. If it is a source of water which is not listed, annotate the name of the source on the line for "other."

Keep in mind the following definitions:

[A depiction of question 5a and b, to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

A. The source of water is:

Well or spring: If the inhabitants of the dwelling obtain their water from under the ground.

Tank: If the inhabitants of the dwelling obtain their water from rain water collected in the tank.

River or Stream: If the inhabitants of the dwelling obtain their water from a river or stream.

Public Network: If the inhabitants of the dwelling obtain their water from a system of pipes. For example: "Corposana," "Senasa."

Other: If the water supply is of a different form than the preceding examples. For example: water truck.

[A drawing of a stream, well, and faucet is omitted here.]

[P. 27]

b) The place of the water supply is:

Inside the dwelling: When the well, tank, or pipes are situated inside one of the rooms; in the kitchen or in the hallway of the dwelling.

Outside the dwelling but in the yard: when the place of water provision is in the yard of the dwelling.

Outside the yard: when the inhabitants of the dwelling have to leave the limits of the dwelling to obtain water. Water truck is also included in this category.

[A drawing of a sink, water truck, and yard pump, with persons using each, is omitted here.]

Question 6. Sanitary services

Reach each of the following questions and the possible answers; make an X in the corresponding box. If it is a source of water which is not listed, annotate the name of the source on the line for "other."

Keep in mind the following definitions:

[A depiction of question 6a and b, to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

W.C. connected to the public sewer system: when the service has a system of tubes (sewer) into which the human residues flow.

W.C. with a different excremental system (latrine): when the human residue is eliminated by way of some other flushing system.

Municipal-type latrine: When the excavation or well is protected by a stall of material or wood and covered with a sheet of cement or wood.

Common latrine: A case in which there is a simple excavation or well covered with tree trunks, boards, without or without an isolating stall.

Does not have: When the dwelling does not have any system for the elimination of human residue.

[P. 28]

[A drawing of persons going to the bathroom: in a house, outhouse, nature is omitted here.]

Question 7. Lighting

Read each question and make an X inside the corresponding box.

[A depiction of question 7, to the right of the preceding text, is omitted here.]

[A drawing of light bulb and gas lamp is omitted here.]

Question 8. Trash disposal.

Read the questions and the options; make an X in the corresponding box.

[A depiction of question 8, to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

[P. 29]

[A drawing of waste disposal systems is omitted here.]

Question 9. Domestic appliances.

Complete the question by reading all the options and make an X in the corresponding box.

If they do not have any of the appliances, make a diagonal line through the box.

[A depiction of question 9, to the right of the preceding text, is omitted here.]

[A drawing of several appliances is omitted here.]

Question 10. Tenancy.

Complete the question by reading each option, and make an X in the corresponding box.
If they are in a type of tenancy not indicated, write this type on the line for "other."

Keep the following definitions in mind:

[Depiction of question 10, to the right of the preceding text.]

[P. 30]

Owner: A dwelling who's property right has been acquired by a member of a the household in cash (on credit, national system of savings for a dwelling), inheritance, or by some other way.

Rented: A dwelling which is occupied in exchange for a specific payment made on a periodic basis, usually monthly.

Other: Includes any form of tenancy not included in the previous categories. One example can be a "de facto occupancy," when the dwelling is occupied without the authorization of the owner, "usufruct" or "cede," when the occupancy is with the consent of the owner, without the payment of rent (caretaker, etc.).

Question 11. Determination of the number of households.

Ask question a) and mark an X in the corresponding box.

If the answer is yes, go on to question 12. If the answer is no, ask question b) and write down the number of households that occupy the dwelling. Remember that you should use a different census form for each household.

[A depiction of question 11a and b to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

Remember that:

Census home: a group of people, relatives or not, who occupy all or part of a dwelling, eat from a common pot, and together provide other vital, basic necessities.

All the characteristics for the dwelling and the available services should be written on the form for the first household (question 1 thru 10). On the 2nd or 3rd household forms, depending to the case, only register the first part, "geographic Location," copying this information from the form for the 1st home. Make a diagonal line through question 1 thru 10 and go on to question 11 and those that follow it.

[P. 31]

Question 12. Language.

Ask the question and make an X in the corresponding box.

If it is a language not indicated, annotate the name of the language on the line for "other."

[A depiction of question 12 to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

Remember that: The language that is spoken most frequently in the household is the language that the members of household utilize in their daily contact within the home.

Summary

The box "summary" will be filled out after having enumerated all the people from each household.

[A depiction of the box "summary" to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

Observations

Any further clarifications of importance can be written in the box "observations," whether they refer to the dwelling or the people.

[A depiction of box "observations" to the left of the preceding text is omitted here.]

Annotate the date in which the enumeration was completed and sign on the corresponding line.

[A depiction of signature box to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

[P. 32]

III. Population information

Instructions for filling out the data for population.

The information should refer to "0" o'clock on the 11th of July.

[Picture of a clock at exactly 12:00.]

In soliciting the information:

a) Enumerate:

1) All members of the household who slept in the dwelling the night before the census day.

2) Relatives or friends who are residing in the dwelling, be it for reasons of health, vacation, etc., and who slept [in the dwelling] the night before census day.

3) The domestic servant who slept in the dwelling the night before the census day.

4) The children who were born before "0" o'clock of the census day.

5) The persons who died after "0" o'clock of the census day.

6) Any member of the home who, for social reasons or because of work, did not sleep in the dwelling on the night before the census day, but who are present when the enumeration is done.

[A drawing of a birth and a death is omitted here.]

[P. 33]

Only for rural enumerators:

For each census household in your area, remember instruction a), even when members of the Census household are not present in the moment of the enumeration.

b) Do not enumerate:

1) People who died before "0" o'clock of the census day.

2) Children who were born after "0" o'clock of the census day

[A drawing of a death and a birth is omitted here.]

c) Make certain that the person who is giving the information is the person for whom the data applies, unless the person is less than 12 years old, or is incapacitated, in which case the information will be given by a parent or other adult responsible for the person.

[P. 34-35, and part of P. 36 are omitted here.]

[P. 36]

6.1.2 Specific instructions for filling out the population data.

I. For all persons. General characteristics

Question 1. What is your first and last name?

[A depiction of question 1 is omitted here]

Ask this question of the head of household and write the first and last names of each of the members of the household in the first line of each column. Remember that:

a) The head of household, who belongs in the first column, will give the information for the first and last names of each one of the members of the household who are in the dwelling.

[P. 37]

b) If the head of household is absent, they will be enumerated in the first column, and the wife or companion [i.e. significant other] or the person whom the group considers to be the head will give the information for each question.

c) The information will be written down in a horizontal manner from left to right.

d) The members of the household will be registered in the following order:

First, the head; in second place, the wife or companion; in third place each unmarried son or daughter in decreasing order of age; then the married children and their spouses or companions living with them and their children (grandchildren of the head who live in the household); following this, the parents and/or parents-in-law; other relatives; domestic servants; and finally, other residents of the dwelling who are not related to the Head.

[A drawing of several people is omitted here.]

3) The first and last names will be written in the following way:

Maria Ester Gonzales de [of] Lopez (if married)
Juana Benitez Vda. [Widow] of Torres (if widow)
Carlos Daurte Median (if single)

Enumerator: Remember that if the census household has more than 9 members, another form should be utilized and given the same number as the main Form. Draw a diagonal line through the data for the dwelling.

In the population data, also draw a diagonal line through the first column, which corresponds to the head of household, and register the data for the rest of the people in the remaining columns, following the correlating numeration 10, 11, 12, etc.

Question 2.What is their relationship to the head of the household?

Read each of the options and then mark an X in the corresponding box.

[A depiction of question 2 to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

[P. 38]

[A picture of several people is omitted here.]

Remember that:

Other relative includes: the siblings, uncles/aunts, cousins, parents/siblings-in-law, stepchildren, etc.
Other non-relatives include: the godchildren, foster children, lodged guests, pensioned individuals, etc.

Question 3. Man or woman?

Make an X in the corresponding box.

[A depiction of question 3 to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

Question 4. What is the attained age?

Write the age on the line for "attained age."

[A drawing of people and depiction of question 3 is omitted here.]

[P. 39]

If the person giving the information does not know their age help them in some of the following ways:

Ask some of the other members of the household about their age.

Ask for their birth years and make the corresponding calculation. If they say that they were born in 1932, they will be 50 years old (1982-1932 = 50 years). Ask them for a personal identification document (I.D. card, baja [dismissal], election card, proof of conscription, etc.) or deduce their age, in the way done in the previous example.

By making a relation to certain historic, national, local or family events, such as: their age at the time of the revolution of 47, age when they were married and how many years of marriage they have, age when their oldest child was born and the actual age of that person, etc.

If it impossible to determine their age through these resources, estimate the age by simple observation.

Question 5. Is your mother alive?

Make an X in the corresponding box.

[A depiction of question 5 to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

Question 6. Where were you born?

If they were born in Paraguay, write down the name of the district. If they were born outside of Paraguay, write down the name of the country.

[A depiction of question 6 to the right of the preceding text and a drawing of a man below the text is omitted here.]

[P. 40]

Only for those born outside of the country

Question 7. In what year did you settle in Paraguay?

Write down the year that they settled in Paraguay

[A depiction of question 7 to the right of the preceding text and a drawing of a man below the text is omitted here.]

The date of arrival of foreigners to the country refers to the date on which they came to settle in Paraguay. Other trips that they might have made, for reasons of business, tourist visits, or to visit relatives, do not count.

Question 8. Where did you live in July of 1977?

Don't forget that this question is only asked of persons age 5 and older.

[A depiction of question 8 to the right of the preceding text and a drawing of a man below the text is omitted here.]

[P. 41]

If the person lived in that district in 1977, or in one of its colonies or companies, etc. make an X in the box corresponding to the answer "here."

If the person lived in another district, write down the name of the District and make an X in the box corresponding to urban area or rural area, depending on the case.

If they do not remember the name of the district, write down the name of the Department.

If they were in a foreign country, write down the name of the country.

Question 9. What language do you usually speak?

Make an X in the corresponding box.

If they speak a language that is not indicated, annotate the name of the other language under "other language."

[A depiction of question 8 to the right of the preceding text and a drawing below the text is omitted here.]

The language that a person currently speaks is that language that they use to communicate with others in the household, school, college, work, or in society.

Question 10. Have you had children born alive?

Do not forget that this question is only for women, 14 years old and older.

Enumerator: Previously inform the informant that a child is considered to have been born alive if the birthing occurred after the 6th month of the pregnancy, and if, upon being born, the child cried, screamed, or made any signs of life, even if they died few hours afterwards.

[P. 42]

Make an X in the corresponding box.

Question 10

[A depiction of question 10 to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

If the answer is no or do not know, annul the rest of the questions in this box. If the answer is yes, ask the following questions.

How many children born alive have you had in total?

On the corresponding line write the total number of children born alive; the number of men and women, including those who are absent or who have died.

[A depiction of the question to the right of the preceding text and a drawing below the text are omitted here.]

How many of them currently live in Paraguay?

Write down the total number of men and women children who currently live in Paraguay, be it in the place of enumeration or in another district.

[A depiction of question to the right of the preceding text and a drawing below the text is omitted here.]

[P. 43]

How many of them currently live outside of the country?

Write down the total number of men and women children who currently reside outside of the country. Do not include those who are outside of the country on a visit or for business.

[A depiction of question and a drawing to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

How many children have died?

[A depiction of question below the preceding text and a drawing to the left of the text is omitted here.]

Write down the total number of children, men and/or women, who have died. Do not include those born dead.

On what date was your last child born? Is that child still alive?

On the corresponding line write the day, month, and year of birth of the last child born alive.
Make an X in the corresponding box, indicating if this child is alive or dead.

[A depiction of question to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

[P. 44]

Question 11. What is your current marital status?

Do not forget that this question is only for persons age 12 and above.

Read each of the options and then make an X in the corresponding box.

[A depiction of question 11 to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

Remember that:

Married: A person who has entered into a civil and/or religious marriage bond, and currently lives in that bond.
United: A person who lives with their spouse without having entered a civil and/or religious marriage bond.
Widow: A person who, after the death of their spouse, has neither remarried nor lives in a de facto union.
Separated or divorced: A person who is legally separated from their spouse and who has neither remarried nor lives in a de facto union.
Single: A person who has never been married, nor lives in a de facto or free union. [Free union refers to category "united"].

[A drawing representing marital status is omitted here.]

[P. 45]

II. For persons age 7 and older. Educational characteristics

Question 12. Do you know how to read and write?

[A depiction of question 12 is omitted here.]

Make an X in the box corresponding to "yes" if the person knows how to correctly read and write in any language.

If they only read or write, make an X if the box corresponding to "no."

If the person giving the information does not know if the individual knows how to read and write make an X if the box corresponding to "does not know."

Question 13. What is the last grade or course attained in regular instruction?

Read each of the options. Write down the grade or course in the corresponding life. Make an X in the box corresponding to none if the person did not attain any grade. Make an X in the box corresponding to unknown if the person giving the information does not know the level of instruction of the person.

[A depiction of Question 13 to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

Regular instruction means the instruction imparted in schools, high schools [colegios], and Universities (public or private), and the instruction imparted by other institutions that offer equivalent titles, even if they are of a distinct nature: military academies, religious schools [Salesianos], technical and vocational schools, agricultural school, etc.

[P. 46]

For those persons who have completed adult literacy courses, use the following equivalencies:

Adult literacy :

1st course attained
2nd course attained
3rd course attained

Regular instruction:

3rd grade attained
5th grade attained
6th grade attained

Titles obtained: On this line, write the titles obtained by the person in the institutions of regular teaching.

Example: Bachelor of commerce, bachelor of humanities, lawyer, civil engineer, etc.

Question 14. Do you currently attend an establishment of regular instruction?

Make an X in the corresponding box.

[A depiction of question 14 to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

Those people who are enrolled in an institution of regular instruction but who are not attending classes at the moment of the census, because of illness or vacation, should be marked as "yes."

Question 15. What is the cause of your not attending school?

Do not forget that this question is only for persons aged 7 to 14 who do not attend school.

Make an X in the box corresponding to the reason given for not attending school.

[A depiction of Question 15 to the right of the preceding text, drawing of people below text is omitted here.]

[P. 47]

Question 16. Do you attend a technical/vocational or professional school?

Make an X in the corresponding box. If the answer is "yes," write down the specialty.

[A depiction of question 16 to the right of the preceding text, drawing of people below text, is omitted here.]

Some examples of technical/vocational courses:

Waiter, construction worker, dairy manager, automobile electrician, etc.

III. For people 12 years old and older. Economic characteristics.

Question 17. What did you do with most of your time last week?

Read each of the options until receiving an affirmative answer and make an X in the corresponding box.

If it is a case not specified, specify the case on the line "other situation."

[A depiction of question 17 to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

[P. 48]

If you have marked the boxes corresponding to 1, 2, or 3, continue with questions 18, 19, and 20. If you have marked the boxes corresponding to 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 or "other situation," end the interview, unless dealing with the head of household, who should answer question 21.

Keep in mind the following definitions:

Work: Includes all persons who work for pay or salary, "in cash" or "in kind," for "tip or commission" or for "themselves." Also if they work, without remuneration, for a family business.

[A drawing of men working is omitted here.]

Does not work, but has a job: Includes all persons who have a job or business, but who in the week being asked about, did not work for reasons of illness, vacation, machine malfunction, lack of work material, bad weather, accidents, etc.

[A drawing of men who did not work but had a job is omitted here.]

Seeking work having worked before: This refers to persons who, having worked before, in the week before the Census did not work and spent their time seeking another job.

[P. 49]

[A drawing of men seeking work is omitted here.]

Seeking their first job: Includes the people who, not having worked before, desire to do so, and have made an effort to find work, personally offering themselves to possible employers or registering themselves at job placement offices, putting notices in the newspaper, etc.

Living from their retirement or pension: Includes the persons who did not have a paid occupation the week before the census, and maintained themselves solely from what they received by way of retirement or pension.

[A drawing of men receiving pension is omitted here.]

Lived from their investments: Includes persons who received income solely from the product of their holdings or capital.

Studied: Refers to persons who dedicated themselves exclusively to studying, without having done any paid work.

Work in one's own home: Includes persons who dedicated themselves to domestic labors in their own home, such as homemakers, and other relatives who do domestic chores without pay. If the enumerated does work in someone else's home, and is paid "in cash," make an X in the box corresponding to "work."

[P. 50]

[A drawing of people working is omitted here.]

Disabled: Includes those people who cannot work or seek work because of their advanced age, physical disability, or chronic illness.

Other situation: Includes any other reason for why they neither work for pay nor seek paid work.

[A drawing of man in jail and old man is omitted here.]

Question 18. What occupation, office, or profession did you do last week (or in the last job that you held)?

Write the name of the specific occupation, office, or profession that the informant declares to have executed in the last week or the last time they worked in the corresponding box.

[A depiction of question 18 to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

Do not forget that this question is only for those people who, in question 17, declared options 1, 2, or 3.

Following are given some examples that permit one to appreciate the correct way to write down the information:

Incorrect annotation:

Professional
Employee
[P. 51]
Merchant
Worker
Mechanic
Construction worker

Correct Annotation:
(Annotate, depending on the case)

Civil Engineer, dentist, pharmacist, lawyer, school teacher, etc.
Typist, secretary, personnel director, manager, administrator, etc.
Wholesaler, small-items seller, fruit vendor, etc.
Iron worker, welder, bread maker, restaurant chef, etc.
Automobile mechanic, typewriter mechanic, etc.
Mixer [hormigonero], tile setter [azulejista], floor installer [pisero], caster [encofrador], etc.

Enumerator:

a) If the informant has two or more occupations, write down the one that provides him with the greatest income. If they both provide him with the same income, write down the one which he spends more time doing. If he receives the same income and spends the same amount of time on both, write down the one that he considers the most important.

b) If, for example, the informant is a lawyer working as a school director, he should be annotated as being a school director.

Question 19. What is the main activity of the business or institution where you work?

Write the specific name of the principal activity that the informant enacts at their employment, or what they do for themselves, in the corresponding box.

[A depiction of question 19 to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

Following are some examples that will help one to understand the correct way to make this annotation.

Incorrect annotation:

Workshop
Commerce
Factory
Public administration

Correct annotation:
(Annotate, depending on the case)

Metal shop, automobile repair shop, bicycle repair shop, carpenter shop, etc.
Shoe sales, Vegetable sales, Restaurant, etc.
Shoe factory, cheese factory clothes maker, soap factory, alcohol factory, bottled beverage factory, etc.
Education ministry, housing ministry, statistics and census, etc.

[P. 52]

Question 20. What category or position do you hold in your occupation?

Read each of the options and make an X in the corresponding box.

[A depiction of question 19 to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

Keep in mind the following definitions:

Public or private employee: A person whose occupation involves intellectual effort more than physical effort, who works for a set pay, salary or commission, for an owner or employer (be they public or private). Managers, directors, secretary, office personnel, etc. are all employees.

[Drawings of employment status categories are omitted here.]

Worker, journeyman, domestic servant: A person who's occupation involves mainly physical work, and is paid daily, monthly, weekly, or by contract, "by tips" or "in kind." This group includes construction workers, foremen, estate or yard workers, domestic employees, milkmen, drivers, etc.

Employer or owner: A person who runs their own economic company or exercises a profession or office, having one or more paid employees (employees or workers), not including domestic servants.

[P. 53]

Self-employed: A person who runs their own company or business and who exercises a profession or office on their own, without having any paid employees under them.

Unpaid family worker: A person who works 15 hours or more during the week in a company or business run by a member of their family, without receiving any pay for their work.

IV. For the head of household or main informant

Question 21. Is any member of your family blind, dumb, deaf, or do they have any physical impediments or other deficiencies?

[] 1 Yes
[] 2 No

If you have marked the box corresponding to Yes, ask who?, and in the column pertaining to each affected person, make an X in the box or boxes corresponding to the situation, or specify the situation under other. If you marked the box corresponding to no, continue with the next person.

[A depiction of question 21 to the right of the preceding text is omitted here.]

[P. 54]

Keep in mind the following definitions:

Blind: Without the ability to see. Example: unable to recognize written words, colors, persons, or objects.

Deaf: Without sensibility in the ear or the ability to hear.

Dumb: Unable to speak

Paralytic: Without the capacity to move one or various body parts.

Other: This category includes mental deficiency, that is to say, a person who has alterations in their mental functioning, memory, comprehension, capacity to learn, or ability to calculate. Example: Down syndrome, mental retardation, demented, etc.

[A drawing of men with some disability is omitted here.]