Guidebook concerning methodology national census' performance in 1988
1. The census law basis, date and the range of the census [p.5]
2. Citizens' responsibilities [p.5]
3. Statistical confidentiality maintaining necessity [p.6]
4. Census forms and blanks [p.6]
C-obw form -- Population and housing' summary for a registered district
2. While census execution the enumerator will use following additional forms:
Buildings' cards - with information about occupied buildings, which are governed by socialized agricultural units.
Supportive forms - in which inhabitants, in an obligatory manner, will fill in information about dwelling's measurements and about employment in socialized agricultural units.
List of answers for some questions from the A form (printed on the inner side of the district's envelope).
5. Aims and powers of the registry's enumerator [p.7]
6. Pre-census course [p.8]
7. N-obw census form update during the pre-census round [p.8]
8. Pre-census briefing [p.10]
9. General rules of A census forms' filling [p.11]
10. Enumerator's activities during the census [p.12]
11 Post-census procedures [p.13]
12. Kind of housing (question 1) [p.15]
The type of a given object should be specified following definitions presented below:
2. If a registered object is a dwelling, in the answer for question 1, the 1 symbol should be indicated and the form's field called 'Dwelling's description' should be filled.
3. If a registered unit is a provisional housing or a mobile housing, then while answering the question number 1, the symbol 2 should be encircled, and appropriate description of the unit should be filled in, as well as the 'Dwelling's description' field should be crossed down.
4. In the case of registering a collective housing, full and valid name of the unit should be written down, the field for the symbol should be left blank and the 'dwelling's description' field should be crossed down. The name of the housing should be used on every form used for registering individuals occupying it.
1. Dwelling is a separate set of rooms or one room with separate supportive spaces bordered with solid walls, regardless whether it is inhabited according to one or more ownership titles. Supportive spaces are: hall, vestibule, bathroom, toilet, pantry, porch etc. A dwelling is a place, which was built to serve occupational purposes. In some case it can be modified (adopted) to serve such purposes, for example a modified attic. Every dwelling should possess a separate entrance, leading from a hall, lounge, collective vestibule or from a yard, garden or street, which defines the separateness of a dwelling.
2. Parts of multi-room constructional housing cannot be considered as a dwelling -- separate rooms or spaces consisting of few rooms -- occupied by separate families or lonely individuals (not related or related), maintaining separate households, even in the case, when these families or individuals obtained separate administrative decisions concerning them (separate allocation deeds) and are paying a separate rent - if in such a housing at least one useful room is collective, such as kitchen, bathroom or toilet.
3. Single-family dwellings should be considered as a single dwelling. However, if there are more than one housing in a given dwelling and occupied rooms comply to separateness requirements, then they should be registered as separate housing. While specifying dwellings' separateness, one should not only take the issue whether households have separate rooms for their own disposal into consideration, but also the fact whether they don't use any room which is located in the dwelling together except the vestibule, such as kitchen, toilet, bathroom.
4. In rural dwellings, which are typical for traditional peasant's constructions (which can sometimes be found also in cities), which are occupied by two or more households, a rule should be applicable, saying that if one room (space), which is used by one household is not connected with vestibule or hall with a room of the second household, then it must be stated that these households occupy separate buildings.
5. Private buildings, in which some rooms are used to be rented to pensioners, tourists or bathers -- if they are not registered as hotels, pensions, resorts -- should be registered on general basis that is while registering the whole building, rooms for rent should be also included.
In buildings, which are registered as pensions, resorts and hotels, only rooms which are occupied by the building's owner and his family should be registered.
6. Following rules should be used by the enumerator even in the case of pre-census round --during which, using N-obw form -- number of dwellings to be registered is specified. However, if during the pre-census round the enumerator didn't enlist a dwelling on the N-obw form, it should be filled in during the census, as follows:
If on the N-obw form the whole single-family housing was indicated, and the enumerator states that it consists of more dwellings, which are occupied by separate households, each of dwellings should be registered on a separate form. Discovered separate dwellings should be written down in the N-obw form, and in the rubric number 15, the 'dwelling in the building No?' should be written.
Provisional dwellings and mobile housing
1. Provisional dwelling is a dwelling which wasn't designed and is not prepared to serve occupational purposes, which, due to unexpected issues -- such as a natural disaster - is used by a family or a single person as a dwelling. It can be for example an attic, cellar, laundry, drying room, inventory space (stable, sheepfold, fold), agricultural space (barn, granary) r any other spaces, such as garage, storage or provisional shack, cell etc.
Occupied attic, which should be registered as a provisional dwelling, shouldn't be confused with a dwelling located on an attic. An attic is a space without ceiling, which is covered directly by the roof of the building. If an attic was prepared to be occupied permanently (it was equipped with plasters, ceilings, floors, windows, and technical appliances were connected), then it should be registered as a dwelling, not as a provisional dwelling.
Similarly, a dwelling which is located on the basement level of the building shouldn't be confused with an occupied ceiling. Typical basement is a room used for storage purposes, with small windows or without them, as well as without floors and plasters. In some new single-family buildings, such rooms are designed as serving for technical ceilings, laundries, drying rooms, etc., were prepared to serve occupational purposes (walls were plastered, floors were created, technical appliances were installed) and if they have a direct light source, then they should be considered as occupational spaces (or as a part of a dwelling), not as provisional housing.
2. Mobile housing is a place of occupation for a family or a single person, which is mainly connected with its working characteristic, life style or an unexpected situation. These mobile housing are mainly trailers, rail compartments, barges and ships.
It should be noted, that the N-obw form is used to register mobile housing rather occasionally. If they were observed by the enumerator during the pre-census round or during the census, they should be registered on the A form and on the N-obw form.
2) Hotels (communal, touristic), guest houses, tourists' hostels, weekly nurseries, hospitals, sanatoriums and other collective housing, in which individuals tend to stay temporarily.
Who is the owner of the whole dwelling located in a private building?
3. If there are two or more inhabitants with a granted dwelling's ownership and each of them has an equal right of ownership, then they should be considered as co-owners and their names should be indicated in the census form.
Names of tenants and dwelling's renting individuals shouldn't be indicated.
14. Number of rooms, kitchens and total number of chambers (questions 2-4) [p.17]
While gathering information for questions 2-4, a following definition of a room should be used.
A room is a space, which is separate from other spaces in the dwelling by stable walls, constructed on the whole length between floor and ceiling, with direct lighting, of measurements not lower than 4 cubic meters.
The direct lighting is considered as a window (or glass doors), which are located on an external wall, that is creating an entrance to yard, street, garden, vestibule etc.
If a room in a dwelling hasn't got a window with direct sun lighting, then even in the case of having a small window (skylight) which creates between the spaces and another room or vestibule and even if it has measurements of more than 4 cubic meters -- it cannot be considered as room.
Rooms are considered both as living spaces and kitchens, which fulfills these requirements. Vestibules, halls, bathrooms, toilets, pantries, enclosed porches and passages, storages, compartments and agricultural chambers -- regardless of their measurements and the way of lighting -- cannot be treated as rooms.
Number of rooms should include:
- Rooms designed to be rent for holidaymakers, tourists and bathers, excluding rooms in a dwelling registered as a pension.
- Rooms, which are used only for professional purposes (for example as tailoring workshop, doctor's consulting room), if they haven't got any additional entrance from the street or generally accessible hall.
- Rooms, which are used for agricultural purposes currently, for example to store old equipment, furniture, vegetables.
- Empty, not furnished rooms, for example in a newly built dwelling (but these rooms must be already finished).
Number of rooms shouldn't include
- Rooms, which are significantly damaged, which cannot be used for occupational purposes and are not occupied.
15. Total useful floor space of dwelling (question 5) [p.18]
Useful dwelling's space is the sum of all rooms' space, of kitchen with or without window, hall (vestibule), bathroom, toilet, pantry, agricultural chamber, enclosed porch and passage and all other rooms which are located in the constructional building.
In agricultural type buildings, the area of vestibule is also counted as dwelling's useable space. The vestibule shouldn't be included in the total useful space of dwelling and it is not considered as a part of dwelling, if:
- There is a hall used despite the vestibule.
- There are more flats in the housing, and the vestibule serves as a public hall accessible for all inhabitants.
Total space of rooms and other spaces, and therefore -- the total space of usable housing's space includes the space built-up by closets, furnaces plus the space of niches and crumbling.
In single-family dwellings, which are still in construction, but are also inhabited in a part, the total usable space of the housing should include only rooms which are fully finished and furnished.
The total useful space of the dwelling shouldn't include:
- Rooms used only for professional purposes, if such rooms have a separate entrance from the street, yard, or generally accessible hall.
- Porches and passages, which haven't got walls from floor to ceiling (glassed walls should be treated as walls.
- Rooms and other spaces which are significantly damaged which cannot be used for occupational purposes and are not occupied.
Area of all rooms and other facilities built-in the roof's construction should be specified as following:
- Area with roof on the height of 1, 10 to 1, 99 m should be measured in half.
- Area with roof on the height less than 1, 10 m shouldn't be measured at all.
Data about the usable space of dwelling should be rewritten from the table on the supportive form. Before registering this information, the enumerator should evaluate, whether such a space is probable. If the enumerator will state that such measurements are invalid, and in the case, if an inhabitant did not prepare information about dwelling's measurements, the enumerator should ask about this document. If the inhabitant has such document, then data contained on it should be considered as reliable and information should be rewritten directly into the A form. In the case, when the document is lacking, the inhabitant should be asked to measure the dwelling by himself, providing that the enumerator should support him both with measurement and calculations.
Data about space should be written down in full cubic meters, and the number after the coma should be rounded off according to the following principle: 0, 1 to 0, 4 cubic meters should be removed and measurements from 0, 5 to 0, 9 cubic meters should be rounded off to full 1 cubic meter, so while having measurements of 45, 1 -- 45, 4 -- 45 should be written down, and in the case of 45, 5 -45, 9 -- 46.
16. Technical appliances in the dwelling (Questions 6-10) [p.19]
Both working and broken technical appliances should be indicated. What is more, all appliances, which are in possession of inhabitants, but haven't been plugged in yet, should also be indicated (for example in a newly constructed building). However, appliances which are broken for longer than a year shouldn't be registered at all. For informational purposes -- piped water and flush toilet should be taken into consideration as plugged in and local appliances.
Dwellings equipped with a warm running water source are defined as dwelling, which has a gas stove, electric thermo, or boiler -- for water heating purposes -- installed, and these alliances are called water installation. Water heating with central heating stove in single-family building (regardless of stove's localization) should be also considered as water heating.
17. Heating of dwelling (Question 11) [p.20]
If inhabitants are using more than one way of heating, then the dominant way should be specified, that is -- covering the majority of dwelling, used more often or for longer.
Additional and supplemental heating sources (used during significant cold) shouldn't be registered.
Central heating is defined as any installation, which transports warm medium (warm water, steam or warm air) from the central production source to all rooms in a dwelling.
Collective central heating should be specified as such in the case, when installation transferring warm medium to dwelling is connected to heating plant's network, which is managed by electric heating plant, heating plant, communal or local heating plant.
An individual central heating is understood as a heating installation in a single-family building, which transports warm medium from one's own heating plant to a dwelling (dwellings) in this building, as well as in-hose installation, that is an installation located within the building, that is a fireplace or gas stove, which is located inside the building, for example in kitchen, and other rooms are heated by radiators.
While specifying an individual central heating, the type of used fuel should be determined additionally, and then such installation should be classified as follows:
- Central heating with other type of fueling -- it one of following materials is used to heat water: coke, coal, briquette, sawdust, wood or oil.
- Stove heating should be defined as using tiled stove or any moveable stove fueled with a fixed material (coal, coke, briquette, wood, sawdust, etc.) and so called, economic gas stoves. The latter ones shouldn't be confused with central gas heating. Economic gas stoves are not connected with a water circuit, as it can be observed in central gas heating installations, and warmth in the room is created by direct stove's heating.
- Electric accumulative stoves' heating should be understood as heating with 'Glow' or other tiled stoves' heating, which are equipped with additional electric heaters, and oil radiators supplied with power from a plug.
18. Who should be registered [p. 22]
People registry should be performed according to the state valid on 6th December, 12 PM (at midnight). This means that for specifying valid information, the state encountered by the enumerator in a particular housing (provisional housing, mobile housing, collective housing facility) is not important. The state valid in 6th December at midnight is the most important one and should be referred to while specifying, who should be registered.
In a given housing (flat) following individuals should be registered:
- All individuals inhibiting it temporarily on December 6th.
Individuals living in a housing permanently should be considered as such, while they are registered for a permanent stay in a particular housing, even if they are absent for a long time because he, for example, is abroad or is in a different town in Poland, is studying of performing his professional duties.
A newborn procreated before midnight 6th December, which is not yet registered, should be questioned in a mother's house as a permanent inhabitant, even if he is still in a hospital.
Individuals, who moved in housing for a permanent stay, even without all formalities connected with this activity filled, should be registered as permanent inhabitants of the new residence.
Individuals living in a housing (flat) temporarily should be considered as such, when they are registered to a temporal stay, as well as when they are not registered. Among people inhibiting a house (flat) without registration, one can encounter following cases:
People living there for a long time, because of renting or sub-renting a house or its part, taking care of an ill family member, of grandchildren or because of family supporting issues.
Individuals living there for a short period of time, including midnight between 6th and 7th December.
Individuals registered in a given housing (flat) for a temporal stay and individuals living there for a prolonging period of time (exceeding 2 months) without proper formalities fulfilled, should be considered as having a temporal stay, even if they were absent between 6th and 7th December. It may happen that these people will leave their accommodations, for example due to holiday or a visit in a family house, when they are registered as heaving a permanent stay. Even though they are absent in a moment, they should be registered as inhabiting temporarily a place of temporal stay (dormitories, workers' hotels) or in a place, when they stay for a longer period of time (as roommates, individuals caring about an ill family member, grandchildren etc.)
Individuals, who moved to another dwelling with their families -- even after midnight between 6th and 7th December -- should be registered in a new place of stay, after specifying if they weren't registered in their former place of residence.
If due to general renovation works, individuals were moved to provisional dwellings, this moving should be registered in provisional dwellings, as permanent stay (not as a temporal stay). Individuals shouldn't be registered in renovated flat at all.
Citizens of foreign countries and stateless individuals while staying in Poland should be registered on general rules, that is:
If they are in Poland for undefined time, they should be registered for permanent stay.
Individuals staying temporarily (a trip, kin and friends' visiting, job related issues, studies.) should be registered as inhibiting a housing temporarily.
19. People's division into household [p.23]
The statistical enumerator, after specifying individuals that should be registered in a given housing (flat), should divide them into households. Household is considered to be a group of related individuals, which are living together and earning for a living together.
The household includes also people unrelated with the family, under the condition that they live and earn for a living together. Family members living together, but earning for their living separately are considered as separate households. Lonely people, earning for their living separately create single, separate households.
If in a housing there are people creating more than one household, the first registered household should be that of the 'main resident', which is considered to be the owner, housing associations' member or the main landlord, that is the person specified on the first page of the A form. People involved in the second household should be registered using the same A form, directly after the last person from the first household.
Registering individuals from the one household should be made in a particular order. The first person registered should be the head of the household that is an individual, who is totally or in a major part responsible for supporting the household. When two or more people are supporting the household equally, the head of the household should be an individual who governs these resources. It should be noted that a person, who was registered as the first one (specified in the question number 5 of the A form as the head of the household), is not required to be owner of manager of the dwelling -- he should only fulfill requirements listed above.
Other individuals included in the household should be registered starting from the closest relationship with the head of the household (see 24).
In collective housing facilities, household grouping is not used at all.
20. No. of a person/surname/name (question 1) [p.23]
If the total number of individuals registered in a given housing (provisional housing, moveable housing) exceed 6, in order to register remaining individuals, additional questionnaire or questionnaires should be used. It this case it is also vital to change personal numbering on each page of the additional questionnaire, replacing it by an appropriate number (for example, 01 and 02 should be crossed out and 07 and 08 should be used instead).
21. Is the person living permanently (and was present or not at this address at 24.00 on 6. December 1988) or living temporarily? (question 2) [p.23]
'Permanently living -- present' should be indicated for those of inhabitants occupying a particular housing -- look 18 point 3, which were present there on midnight between 6th and 7th December and are not registered anywhere else for a temporary stay longer than 2 months.
- Being on a party with family, friends, or in a restaurant
- Have been in a penitentiary point, in custody or in a juvenile point (in an educational institution)
'Permanently living -- absent' should be used for inhabitants of a given housing, which were absent on midnight between 6th and 7th December, and the case of the absence was different than those mentioned in the point number 1.
- Are living in other place (for longer than 2 months) without registration for a temporal stay longer than 2 months.
'Temporarily leaving' - should be used for individuals registered for a temporary stay and for individuals occupying a dwelling without registration, regardless whether the duration of the stay is long or it will take only few days. Individuals, who are registered for a temporary stay or staying for a longer period of time (longer than 2 months) without registration should have this answer encircled, even if they were absent on midnight between 6th and 7th December.
22. Total duration of absence or temporary staying (question 3) [p.24]
Individuals, who have second answer 'Permanently living- absent' or third 'Temporarily leaving' specified in the question number 2, should have duration of stay or absence specified. These individuals should have answer A 'up to 2 months' or B 'more than 2 months' answer specified, considering not only duration of absence or temporal stay from the moment of census, but the whole planned (total) time of absence of temporal stay -- till planned moving.
Individuals, who have the first 'Permanently living -- present' answer indicated in the question number 2 should have answers provided in question number 3 crossed down.
23. Reason for absence or temporary staying (question 4) [p.24]
The reason of absence or temporary accommodation must be specified for individuals, who were defined by the '2' symbol in the third question 'Permanently living -- absent' or by the '3' symbol 'Temporarily leaving'.
The reason in the question number 4 should unequivocally state, why an individual was absent or is inhabiting a housing temporarily and properly specify the duration of absence or temporal inhabitation.
Individuals, who are absent in the place of inhabitance for longer than 2 months and temporarily living for longer than 2 months, should have one of following reasons specified in the 4th question:
- Professional work
- In a nursing house
In the case, when the absence or stay exceeds 2 months and reasons are different from these mentioned above, it should be properly described, for example: 'bringing up grandchildren', 'chronic illness', 'long-term stay with the family', 'arrested', 'in a penitentiary point'. Married couples and other people who rent a house due to lack of their own accommodation and this is the case of their stay or absence, their condition should be defined as 'accommodation's conditions'.
It the absence or temporal stay lasts no longer than 2 months, the reason of the absence or temporal stay should be also specified in the answer for question number 4, for example: 'holiday', 'in a hospital', 'in a business meeting', 'undergoing a professional training', 'on a training course', 'on artistic performances'.
Individuals, who are absent during the census due to:
- Individuals, who went abroad or arrived from a foreign country, the reason of absence (temporal stay) should be defined as 'abroad', 'form abroad' respectively.
- Individuals, absence (or temporal stay) of which is cause by leave (temporal stay) with a member of family (spouse, parent), because of professional work or studying should be defined in the question number 4 identically as individuals, who left (are staying temporarily), so 'working', 'education' --regardless of their age and sources of maintenance.
Permanent inhabitants -- which are present, should have a line indicated in the question number 4.
24. Relation to the person enumerated as first in household (question 5) [p.25]
According to law 19, point 4 of the Guidebook, an individual, who provides dominant part of maintenance sources for a given household, should be registered as the first one. In the question number 5, the relation to that person should be specified, following classification's included in 'List of some answers from questions provided in the A form' principles.
Other individuals involved in the household should be registered according to the closeness of their relationship with the head of the household, that is:
- Unmarried children
- Married children, their spouses and children
- Parents, grandparents, in-laws
Other relatives and unrelated individuals (these individuals should have in the question number 5 written, for example '8.aunt', ' 8.brother in law', '8. unrelated member of the household').
Stepchildren and adopted children should be also considered as children of the head of the household.
It should be noted that a relationship with the head of the household cannot be defined as 'tenant', 'subtenant', 'cotenant' -- these individuals create separate households.
Individuals, who live in the household due to a specific working conditions od due to studying in a particular locality, that is house help, farmers, house tenants, profession's students, and students on tenancy should be defined respectively as '9.house help', '9.house tenant', '9.student on tenancy'. These individuals (indicated in the 'list of answers' as special households) should be registered after the last member of the household.
25. Marital status (question 8) [p.26]
The marital status is registered according to surveyed individual's declaration. If a surveyed person has doubts, how to specify his marital status, a factual not formal one should be stated, so:
- Divorced individuals are those, who left (or are separated with) their spouse and do not live in a marriage, regardless of divorce formalities.
- Children should have 'bachelor' or 'maiden' marital status indicated
26. Date of marriage contracted in registration office (question 9) [p.26]
Individuals, who have 'married' and 'married couple' written in question number 8, and the current relationship can be considered as marriage (made in registration office or in a religious organization before 1946), then two last numbers of the year of marriage should be written down in question number 9.
All other individuals -- even those, who are formally married, but in fact they are not living in a marriage relationship, and those who are in an informal marriage relationship -- should have a straight line written down (outside gratings).
27. Educational attainment (question 10) [p.26]
All individuals born in 1973 and earlier (that is -- having at least 15 years) should have their highest level of education obtained in school specified.
Night schools and part-time schools should be treated in the same manner as day schools, as well as abroad schools. So called externs, who passed final exams (extern exams) outside the school on a level of particular school, should be considered as graduates of such schools.
While specifying the education level, the enumerator should follow principles presented below:
'2. Unfinished higher education -- after secondary general education' or,
'3. Unfinished higher education -- after secondary vocational education' -- should be indicated for individuals, who -- after graduating from high school or vocational school -- are attending university and finished at least two years of studies (four terms), but they haven't finished it yet, as well as for individuals with university's 'absolutory'. Appropriate term should be defined after specifying the last finished school.
'4. Finished post-secondary education' - should be indicated for individuals, who have a diploma (certificate) of post-secondary school finishing, attending to which was connected with obtaining secondary school leaving diploma, and up to 1972 -- only graduating from high school.
This category includes also individuals, who started education on university, but haven't finished 2 years (4 terms) of it.
'6. Unfinished secondary education' - Should be indicated for individuals, who attended (are attending) to high school after graduating from primary school, and have finished at least 2 years of education.
'7. Finished basic vocational education' -- should be indicated for individuals having a certificate of graduation from:
Vocational or agricultural preparation school
Remote agricultural course on the level of vocational school
Note. '7. Finished basic vocational education' should be indicated also for individuals, who attended (are attending) to high school after graduating from previous school, but they haven't finished it yet -- regardless of completed terms
Courses for workers on the level of primary school.
Individuals, who attended (are attending) to high school after graduating from primary school, but they haven't completed two years of education completed, should have this symbol indicated as well.
'0. Without school education' - should be indicated for individuals, who haven't attended to primary school, or who have attended, but haven't finished even 1 year of it..
Children in the age lower than 15 years old (born between 1974-1988) should have a straight line written down in this question.
28. Direction in education (question 11) [p.27]
Individuals with education higher than primary, should have their specialization indicated in the question number 11, even in the case of unfinished school indicated in the question number 10.
In order to specify this information, enumerator should ask about the name of educated profession, which is specified on a diploma (certificate) of school graduation or a particular section in a school and write, for example 'chemistry', 'mechanics', 'agricultural', 'commercial' or 'physics', 'architecture' etc. Graduates of general high school should be defined as 'general' Graduates of vocational schools can have their school specialization indicated, for example: 'hairdressing', 'grinding', 'tailoring', 'car servicing'.
Other individuals should have a straight line written down in this question.
29. School attendance at present (question 12) [p.28]
'1. Yes' answer should be used for individuals, who are currently studying in day schools (universities), night schools and part-time schools and attending courses, which grant them school privileges, for example remote agricultural course. Other individuals, as well as children attending to nursery school should have '2. No' answer indicated.
30. Total acreage of a farm (or agricultural field) (question 13) [p.28]
Individual agricultural holding is defined as organizational and production unit of total acreage of 0, 5 ha and more, if it is used for agricultural purposes even in a part (as a plowing plot, orchard, yard garden, meadow or pasture) and is used individually, regardless of ownership type and localization.
Agricultural plot is a land unit of acreage up to 0, 5 ha, providing that it fulfilled all requirements mentioned in agricultural holding's definition.
Information about the fact of agricultural holding's presence or agricultural allotment are included in the N-obw form, and they resemble the state from June 1988. During the pre-census round, the enumerator should ask inhabitants, whether information included on the N-obw form are still valid and if they are not -- specify accurate information about the current state of agricultural holding or plot, and any case of holding's usage ending should be presented to the census office.
In the case of dwellings, which are indicated on the N-obw form, without specifying of general acreage of agricultural holding or plot, it should be also specified, during the census, whether any individual in the household in the user of an agricultural holding.
In the case, when an agricultural holding weren't specified on the N-obw form, its acreage should be defined in the 'Notes' rubric.
If there is a user of agricultural holding of acreage of 0, 5 ha and bigger in a household, then:
- Specified acreage should be noted down in the question number 13 for the first individual registered in a given housing.
Regardless, whether the information about agricultural holding was specified on the N-obw form or not. Acreage of agricultural holding of acreage about 0, 5 ha or more should be indicated also in the case, when in 1988 there was no 3- month workload registered for this holding. Other individuals should have straight lines indicated in the question number 13.
In the case of any discrepancies with data specified on the N-obw form, the acreage specified by the user should be assumed as valid and no amendments should be done in rubric number 11 of N-obw form. If there is an agricultural holding noted on the N-form, which isn't present factually, such an issue -- after specifying it with an individual providing answers and after confirmation of census office -- should be described on the N-obw form, in the 'Notes' rubric, specifying a reason of liquidation of an agricultural holding, for example 'Holding was sold', 'transferred into pension', 'holding leased'.
If these is an user of agricultural holding of acreage up to 0, 5 ha present, then it should be specified, whether at least one person has worked for at least 3 months on it; if someone has worked there, then the holding's acreage should be specified for a first individual registered in a given household. In the case, if no one has worked on the holding for more than 3 months in a given holding, then its acreage shouldn't be specified on the A form, even if this information was provided in N-obw form. All individuals in such holding should have straight lines written down.
In the case, when all individuals in the households are not using the holding, they all should have straight lines written in this question.
- Income obtained instead of earnings.
- Support of another family member or any other person.
Information about one's personal job should be gathered from individuals older than 15 years old (born in 1973 or earlier), which work during the period of census, regardless, whether they started their work.
Individuals should be considered as working, even not working during the period of census, if:
- State that they are living thanks to incomes from work performed earlier, which cannot be performed currently due to its seasonal character. Noting this work is appropriate only in cases, which it lasted longer than 3 months in 1988. This issue includes forestry workers, constructional workers, water supply workers, fishermen etc.
- Are changing their workplace -- they are not yet registered in a former workplace, but they haven't worked in their new workplace either. It the break between works did not exceed 3 months, last performed work should be registered.
- Working on an individual agricultural holding (agricultural allotment) --as its users or supporters -- should be indicted for individuals, who worked on these holdings for more than 3 months in 1988 and didn't study in day schools simultaneously.
Individuals, who shouldn't be considered as workers are:
- Staying on educational leaves due to child caring and haven't take up any part-time job or home works.
- Made an agreement to be trained to perform a particular work or vocation with a company.
- Are performing social works only (without payment).
- Are working only within their households.
Individuals, who have only one job (even connected with low incomes and performed in a part-time), should have this work described while answering questions connected with work.
Individuals, who have two jobs, the first job (the basic one) should be indicated in questions 14-17 and the second job in questions 18 and 19.
The first job (the basic one) is defined as work, which is performed permanently, and if both works are performed in such manner -- then the more time consuming one.
While gathering information about the first job, individuals working in socialized companies should have information about company's name, localization and position should be rewritten from the supportive form, from the part concerning employment, after checking these information's validity beforehand. Individuals, who didn't fill in the form or filled it inappropriately, as in the case of individuals working in non-socialized companies, should have these information specified, by following regulations from sections below and examples presented in the table on the page number 34 and 35.
3. Information about non-earned source of income should be indicated in questions 21 and 22.
4. People, who are unemployed and don't having any non-earned source of income should be indicated as supported. These individuals, in question number 23, should have 'supported by person No?' inscription specified, with specifying rubric's number, in which a supporter was indicated. Direct regulations concerning this category are contained in 41 of the Guidebook.
5. Individuals, who:
- Are in penitentiary wards or in arrest should indicate source of income received before being arrested.
6. Individuals being abroad:
- In the case, when a person won't be able to provide sufficient information about this job, work performed in the country (before leaving) should be described.
- Because of reasons different then mentioned (for example because of searching for a job or visiting relatives), should have their source of maintenance valid before leaving specified.
32. Name of working establishment (question 14) [p.30]
Every working individual, should have a name of workplace in the question number 14 provided in its full form, without abbreviations, when it is possible. Workplace is defined as any commercial unit governed by the state, collectives, political organizations, social organizations and private enterprises. Workplace is for example: power plant, shipyard, glassworks, furniture company, constructional company, agricultural production collective, shop, caf?, school, tailoring workshop, theatre, hospital, bank and individual agricultural holding.
If a registered individual works in a company which is subjected to a multi-company enterprise then the name of company should be specified, as well as name of a particular section of it, for example: 'Local Collective Farmer's Self-Support -- bakery'.
If the name of the company doesn't specify its prevailing activity, it should be additionally provided, for example 'Odra Disablement Collective -- tailoring services', 'Unity Working Collective -- furniture production'.
Individuals working in franchises -- as franchise owners or workers employed by franchise owners -- should be registered with additional inscription 'franchise worker'.
In the case of individuals employed in foreign companies, if this information is not included in the name of the company, it should be additionally written, such as 'foreign company' or 'company for Polish immigrants'.
Individuals working on their own or leased agricultural allotments (measurements up to 0, 5 ha) should be defined as working in 'individual agricultural holding'.
Individuals working on their own agricultural allotments (measurements exceeding 0, 5 ha) should be defined as working in their own 'agricultural allotment'.
Individuals working in their own company (production, commercial) and hirelings in such individual company, should have the name of the company written, as well as name and surname of the owner, such as 'tailoring company of Anna Godlewska'.
33. Name of the locality in which the working establishment is located (question 15) [p.31]
In the question number 15, the name of the city or province, in which the company to which the individual is going or commuting on everyday basis is established, should be indicated. Answers for this question concerns the first work and should be provided for majority of working individuals.
- Individuals working from home
- Individuals performing free vocations on their own expense
- Individuals working on marine ships
- Individuals working as collectors, collecting payments for gas and electricity, PZU's insurance agents
- Individuals performing services in customers' places, that is -- individuals changing their place of work frequently due to work's characteristics
All indicated individuals and unemployed individuals should have a straight line indicated in the question number 15.
If the workplace is located:
- On the province's area, then the name of province should be specified and this workplace should have 'gm' symbol indicated before its name.
34. Status (kind of activity) (question 16) [p.31]
Every working person should have his working specification indicated:
'1. Socialized agriculture worker' -- should be used for individuals employed for a set workload in national companies, collective companies, social organizations, political organizations and in companies governed by these companies.
'2. Non-socialized agriculture worker' -- should be indicated for individuals:
- Employed in foreign companies or companies for Polish immigrants.
- Working in religious organizations, and in companies governed by these organizations (for example in monastery agricultural holdings).
- Individuals serving as religious leaders should have the symbol.
'3. Franchise owner' should be indicated for individuals:
- Receiving payments from franchise fund, for example kiosk sellers, milk suppliers, slaughter animals' surveyors.
- Individuals employed by franchise owners.
'4. Home worker' -- should be indicated for individuals, who have some raw materials delivered by companies, and they assemble or process them in their houses, transferring to contractors after finishing.
'5. Production collective's member' -- should be indicated for all production collectives' members.
'6. Agricultural holding user' 'Agricultural allotment user' -- should be indicated for individuals, who are earning for their maintenance by working on their own expense in own (own, leased or used in any other way) agricultural holding (garden, orchard, etc.), as agricultural production manager.
Agricultural housing or allotment's user should be specified on the basis of self-evaluation of inhabitants or registered dwelling. Individual, who will define himself as agricultural holding's user (agricultural allotment), should have at least 3 months workload specified in the question number 20.
'7. Working on ones' own expense' -- should be indicated for individuals, who have their own industrial workshop (manufacturing workshop), shop, stall, workshop, they are earning by driving their own taxi, are performing so called free professions (artists, writers, doctors with their own practice) or are tutoring individually.
'8. Work supporter' - should be indicated for all individuals, which supports family member in managing the agricultural holding (plot) or in any other work performed on one's own expense without any specified payment. It should be noted that individuals learning in day schools shouldn't be considered as supporters while managing agricultural holding (allotment). Workload of the supporter indicated in the question number 20 should be longer than 3 months.
The fact of not receiving any set payments by the supportive family member automatically shows his mutual persistence with an individual working on his own expense, or with an user of the agricultural holding (plot), which results in a situation, that the supporter and supervisor should be registered in one household.
35. Specify performed activities and duties. (question 17) [p.32]
Every working individual should receive a position, which is understood as type of job performed, which creates income and which is a source of payment. The position is in this case understood as performing managerial works, designing works, as well as executive works of office, technical, psychical or servicing character. The answer for this question should be precise and in the case of socialized workers and hirelings in individual companies, franchises and companies for Polish information, answer for this question should include:
While being on a managerial position -- specification of the level in the hierarchy, type of activity performed by the managed unit (it is cannot be concluded from the company's name) or type of activity performed by a managed unit or fields of interest, for example: company's director, company's vice-director in the field of economic issues, financial section's manager, the main specialist in the field of human resources.
In the case of other positions -- specifying the type of job and type of performed activity, for example: contracting specialist, marketing specialist, adviser -- financial analyst, vocational teacher, skin cutter, crane's operator, sugar crystallization supervisor, loading worker.
Foremen, despite of their position should have also range of their responsibilities specified, for example: foreman-grinder, foreman-plasterer, foreman cleaner.
Trainees and practitioners should be defined with a position that they perform of will be preforming after the training.
In the case of private companies' owners (franchisers) and production factories' managers, servicing or involved in the public section should be specified as 'company's manager', 'factory's manager', etc. (with specification of the activity, if it is not clearly stated by the question number 14) if the individual only managed and governs working processes performed by other employees. However, if despite of managerial function, a person performs also activities that can be considered as basic company's operations, an appropriate activity should be specified: seller, shoemaker, upholster.
Users of agricultural holdings (plots) and family supporters should be indicated as ' farmers' and in the case of specific activities performed ' orchard tender', 'gardener', 'beekeeper', 'animal breeder'.
While writing answer to this question down, general terms shouldn't be used, and the position shouldn't be mixed with learned profession, especially for individuals employed on non-working positions. The enumerator should carefully ask a person about profession and type of performed activities, without noting down such generalizations as: director, manager, official, railway man, worker, office worker, lawyer, engineer, and technician.
36. Second employment (questions 18 and 19) [p.33]
Individuals, who have two jobs, should have the less time consuming written as the second one.
Name of company and characteristic of employment should be defined by using rules applying for the first job (32, 34 of his Guidebook).
Issues of having two works are present mainly in the case of individuals living in households, which tend to manage agricultural holdings (agricultural allotments). These individuals tend to work outside their holdings.
If the work outside agricultural holding (agricultural plot) is performed in the full time and with commuting it takes more time than working on one's agricultural holding, then the latter should be treated as the second work.
Function of mayors is mainly performed by individual farmers. Some of mayors' activities are paid (in franchise system), they should be treated as professional work. However, considering the fact that it requires much less time than working on one's own agricultural holding, it should be considered as the second work. In the case, that function of mayor is performed by an individual without additional work, this activity should be registered as the first job. Methods of mayors' registering are provided in the next section.
37. Methods of registering some categories of workers [p.33]
In the table below, methods of providing answers for questions concerning the first employment (14-17) for some categories of works are presented. In the case of the second work, question 18 should be filled in just like the question number 14, and question 19 --as 16.
Category of working individuals: Number of question on the A form
Name of working establishment.
Status (kind of activity).
Users of individual agricultural holdings (plots) and supporting family members:
Straight line ('_')
'6. Agricultural plot's user'
'8. Work supporter: 'farmer'
'7. Working on one's own expense'
Individuals working in free professions on their own expense
Straight line ('_')
Individuals working outside companies on their own expense
Straight line ('_')
Hirelings on agricultural holdings (plots)
Name of town or province
Hired workers in individual companies
Name of town or province
Name of town or province
Workers in foreign companies and in companies for Polish immigrants
'Polish immigrants' Comindex company -- fruits and vegetables production'
'2. Work in a non-socialized unit'
Category of working individuals: Number of question on the A form
Name of working establishment.
Individuals working as mayors
Straight line ('_')
Soldiers of temporary and permanent military services (officers, ensigns, non-commissioned officers), MOD civil workers (MOI2), CP officers, penitentiary guards
Name of town or province
Straight line ('_')
In the part concerning individuals serving or employed in organizational units subjected to MOD and MOI, as well as in the case of Ministry of Justice, such inscriptions are used from ministers' documentation.
For civil employers working in organizational units subjected to MOD and MOI, such as industrial companies, constructional companies, hospitals, rest houses, sanatoriums, nursery schools -- questions should be filled in complying with general rules.
38. Input (helping) in agriculture (question 20) [p.35]
All individuals aged at least 15 (born in 1973 and earlier), inhibiting the holding with surrounding agricultural plot, and the user of it -- should be asked about workload used to manage the holding (plot) within last 1988 months.
While specifying a workload used in an agricultural holding (plot) should involve last 12 months, during which there were at least 20 working days, regardless of working hours during each day.
Individuals, who study at day schools, who also worked on the agricultural holding (agricultural plot), workload should be specified as 2 months even if they work on the property for longer than during holidays.
According to restriction specified in 31, paragraph 2 on the page number 29 of the Guidebook, individuals, who worked for 3 or more months on individual agricultural holding (plot) should have this work specified as the first or the second work.
Individuals, who didn't work for 20 days in any month during last year and all children aged 15 (born between 1974-1988) and individuals registered in household without agricultural holding's usage (agricultural plot)should have a straight line specified.
'2. Disability allowance' -- for individuals, who obtained a disablement classification. These individuals should have their disablement classification indicated in the question number 25 (I, II or III).
'3. Rehabilitation allowance' -- for individuals, who are still unable to perform work-related activities after ending of disability allowance granted by state.
'4. Children care allowance' -- for individuals obtaining this allowance because of taking care after a small children; while answering questions about first or second work, information about former workplace shouldn't be specified.
'5. Family allowance' - allowance granted to women, husband of whom died or an orphan, one or two parents of whom died, but it is granted for a person supervising these children and should be noted for him, not for children.
'6. Nursing house allowance' -- allowance granted for individual living in children's houses, educational points for children, newborn points, pensioner houses, welfare points for adults -- regardless whether payment for caring is full or partial.
'7. Welfare allowance' -- individual, who receive such allowance because of lack of other non-earned source of income. It shouldn't be confused with social allowance.
'8. Student's payment' -- should be indicated for students, who are working in order to learn for their new work of vocation. It includes individuals, who are under 18, and individuals, who started this kind of work before 18 and are still continuing it on the same basis. Student's payment shouldn't be indicated, while individual receiving it is mainly supported by his family (see 41).
'9. Monastery' -- for nuns and monks living in monasteries, if they don't work and don't receive any disability allowance.
'X. Social allowance' -- for individuals fulfilling following requirements: their disablement occurred before 16, they are now over 18, they haven't work professionally and received a statement from Doctor's Committee in the field of Disablement and Employment stating that they have I or II disablement group.
If a registered individual has other non-earned source of maintenance than these indicated above, in the field for answer number 21, '0' symbol should be indicated, and proper statement should be provided, for example '0.allimony', '0.Income from property', '0. Packages from abroad'. Alimony received by children should be indicated for individuals supporting these children.
It is forbidden to indicate non-earning source of income only as a 'pension'. In such situations it should be specified, is this pension a traditional pension, disability allowance, or family allowance. If it is not any of these allowances, the closest explanation of this pension should be provided in question number 21, for example 'accident allowance', 'military veteran's allowance', an also '0' symbol should be indicated in the field.
40. Maintenance got from previous work (question 22) [p. 37]
Non-earned source of maintenance obtained from one's own work is defined as a payment granted for individuals, who worked professionally, before it was obtained, so: pension, disability allowance, rehabilitation allowance, and children care allowance. Individuals obtaining incomes from these sources should have their workplace specified in the question 22. This workplace should be indicated for a moment of starting pension allowances or rents receiving, or before receiving rehabilitation or children care allowance. One of answers should be encircled: '1. Outside agriculture', '2.In individual agricultural holding', '3. In other agricultural points'.
While '2.In individual agricultural holding', should be indicated for individuals, who received their non-earned source of income for work in agricultural holding as its user or supporter. In majority of cases this allowance is granted after transferring the holding to superior or to state.
Individuals having other than specified sources of non-earned incomes, and those who don't receive it, should have '4. Not applicable' specified.
41. Main source of income (question 23) [p. 37]
Every registered person should have their main source of maintenance specified.
If an individual has only one source of maintenance -- it is the main one.
In the case of having more than one source of income, the enumerator should follow rules described below:
- Individuals, who work and have additional non-earned source of income, should have their main source of income specified (source connected with higher incomes).
- Individuals, who have non-earned source of income (except scholarship and student's payment), who are also supported by family -- non-earned source of income should be always specified, regardless of its amount, and supporting should be omitted.
- Students who receive scholarships or student's payment who are supported by family -- if they state that the scholarship or payment is their main source of income, the non-earned source should be indicated and the fact of supporting should be omitted. If they state that those sources are only additional for them, and the main source is obtained by supporting -- in the question number 23 they should have 'supported by person No?' specified (indicate supporting individual), the fact of receiving scholarship or payment should be omitted, in question 21 a straight line should be written down, and in question number 22 '4. Not applicable' should be encircled.
- Individuals, who are supported tend to live with their supporters, and in this case, in the question number 23 they should have 'supported by person No?' specified, which specifying number of field, in which the supporter was registered and in questions 14-19, 21 straight lines should be written down and in question number 22 '4. Not applicable' should be encircled.
In a supported person was not registered with a supported, in the question number 23 'supported by father (mother, bother) should be specified, so the level of kinship should be described and in fields concerning first work or non-earned sources of maintenance, the main source of income of supporter should be specified.
In the question number 13 'information concern father' should be written down:
In the case of multigenerational houses -- including two or more families -- children should be registered as supported by an individual providing income for the household, for example grandmother or grandfather.
42. Is the person fully or seriously unable to perform the tasks typical for his/her age due to disability or chronic illness? (question 24) [p. 38]
The aim of this question is to specify the number of individuals, who evaluate their health conditions as serious -- in a significant part or generally -- and making it impossible to perform their basic activities appropriate for their age, such as professional work, education, household's management, and for kids -- entertainment. Disability in this case does not need to be certified by a medical committee on disability and employment (KIZ). The reverse situation is possible, when an individual with certified inability and obtaining annuities may consider himself as healthy or at least able to perform basic activities for his age.
Two main limitations concerning these disabilities are applied:
- Full disability
In both cases only long term disabilities must be registered (exceeding 6 months), and must be caused by disablement or a chronic disease.
Basic activities in relation to one's age are:
- In the case of schoolchildren and pre-procreation age teenagers (age 7-17) -- going to a normal school and taking part in all obligatory activities (except PE lessons). Serious disability should be defined, when a child goes (or might have gone) to a school (or class) performed specially for disabled individuals or to a special educational point, as well as while going to traditional school he cannot perform his obligatory, but not psychical activities due to disablement or a chronic disease. Full disability is defined, when a child cannot go to any school, even to a special one. For children and teenagers with serious health disablement, parents -- besides the family pension -- additional nursing pension. Children with such pensions administered should be considered as individuals with limitations concerning performing their basic activities (partially or generally).
- In the case of individuals in the operation age (men aged 18-64, women aged 18-59) -- professional work, women household's management, going to a high school or to university (for individuals up to 25). Serious disability is defined, when an individual works (or might have worked) in a protected work's point or on a specially performed workplace, as well as one can perform only particular activities for a household. Serious disability is also defined in the case, when an individual must have limited his working hours or stops performing some activities, which had been considered as his responsibilities. It also applies to situations in which due to the health conditions an individual must have changed his working tools for specially adjusted ones. Full disability is defined, when an individual cannot perform any of basic activities or must have stopped them.
- In the case of individuals in the post-procreation age (men aged 65 and more, women aged 60 and more) -- possibility to perform basic self-servicing, as: self-dishes making, basic shopping, personal hygienic activities. Serious disability is defined when an individual needs some help to perform these activities. Full disability -- when these activities cannot be performed due to disablement or a chronic disease and a person needs a constant care.
Due to the fact that both asking and answering this question may be rather hard, it is advised to ask all household's members about this issue, providing it in a following way: 'Are there people among you, that have serious problems with performing their basic activities due to disablement or a chronic disease, that is they cannot perform them without problems, such as professional work performing, studying, household management, take part in children entertainment's activities or must be supported and cared about by others?'
If such individuals will be specified, they should be registered as '1.yes- seriously or as '2. yes- fully. Other, healthy individuals should be registered as '0.no'.
43. Has the person got a medical statement concerning any disability issued by KIZ (Medical Commission on Disabilities and Employment) (question 25) [p. 39]
For individuals, having a valid KIZ's (medical committee on disability and employment) statement, indicating level of disablement, formal disablement level (I, II or III) should be specified.
Information about formal disablement should be treated as additional for question number 24, not the other way round. Fact of having valid KIZ's statement is not always connected with limitations concerning basic functions' performance, as well as lack of this statement does not exclude possibility of limitations concerning basic functions' performance.
Due to the fact that disability allowance's obtaining is conditioned by having KIZ's valid statement, individuals who were registered as obtaining disability allowance in the question number 21, should have also formal disablement specified in the question number 25. This relationship shouldn't be used only for individuals, who received disability allowance in relation to work performed abroad (other regulations concerning disablement allowances can be used there). No reverse relationship should be used, that is not all individuals with formal disability must obtain disability allowance.
Individuals, who don't have KIZ's valid statement (regardless of answer in question number 24) should have '0.No' answer specified.
44. Date of settlement in the locality (Question 26) [p. 40]
Answer for question 'Since when does one live (stay) in this town' should be specified for individuals inhabiting permanently (present or absent) and for individuals staying there temporarily for more than 2 moths.
Individuals staying temporarily, who stay there up to 2 months should have a straight line indicated.
Individuals, who have lived in this town since birth, should have '00' symbol indicated in the field. Individuals, who have not lived in this town since birth, should have two last numbers of the stay initiation's year -- specifying factual year of arrival, not a year of registering for permanent stay. (Temporal stay).
Individuals, who returned to the place of living from other place in Poland: after finishing studies, after longer time of professional work or stay in a nursing point, should have the year of return indicated.
While specifying duration of the stay, following breaks resulting from mentioned issues shouldn't be taken into consideration:
- Being in penitentiary points
- Being abroad for prolonging period of time (in diplomatic points, commercial points, studying, scholarships, visiting someone privately, etc.)
- Foreign citizens, who arrived to Poland for a permanent stay, as well as Polish citizens returning to Poland (that is individuals living abroad permanently and now returning to - Poland for a permanent stay) -- the year of arrival should be specified.
45. Complete for persons settled in the locality after 1978, so between 1979 and 1988(Questions 27-30) [p. 40]
Former place of inhabitance (Question 27 and 28). Name of province, in which the town of former inhabitance is located, and was abandoned in order to change location to current place of inhabitance, and specify characteristic of this town in relation to administrative division from 1988.
Sources of maintenance in former place of living (Question 29). Individuals working on an individual agricultural holding (permanently or occasionally), should be defined as such, while they worked as an agricultural holding's user or supporter of an agricultural holding of acreage 0, 5 ha or more. Individuals working on agricultural plots shouldn't be indicated. Concerning, whether the work on an agricultural holding was main or additional source of maintenance, answer 2 or 4 should be indicated.
Individuals working outside agricultural holding should be considered as such while they worked in any other place in their former town of occupancy (including individuals working on agricultural plots as hirelings), regardless of having any non-earned sources of income despite work.
Was the person living with a farm user or was using the farm herself/himself? (Question 30). Answer '1.Yes' should be indicated for individuals, who were users of individual agricultural holdings of total acreage of 0, 5 ha and more, as well as for individuals, who lived in one housing with the user, even if they didn't create one household (didn't earn for their living together).
Foreign citizens and Polish re-immigrants should have 'abroad' explanation written down in the question number 27, and straight lines in questions 28-30.
Individuals living here since their birth, arriving before 1979 and individuals living here temporarily up to 2 months, questions 27-30 should be crossed down.
46. Rules of registering individuals in collective housing [p. 41]
1. Registering individuals in collective housing should be performed according to rules indicated in earlier paragraphs. There are, however some issues, which should be additionally explained, especially according information gathering and methods of filling in some answers.
2. Individuals living in permanent stay's collective housing, that is dormitories, students'' houses, Voluntary Work Point's hotels, child houses, educational points, small children' houses, welfare points for children, vocational rehabilitation points for handicapped people, pensioners' houses, welfare points for adults, monasteries and monastery houses, should always answer all questions from 2 and 3 page of the A form, regardless of reason and period of staying in an collective housing.
Individuals registered in temporary stay's collective housing, that is in communal hotels (tourist hotels), holiday resorts, tourist shelters, hospitals, sanatoriums, and penitentiary points, if they:
- Live there up to 2 months, should answer only 1-4 questions and other questions should be crossed down.
Number of an individual and his name and surname (question 1). While registering individuals in collective housing, numeration of census forms shouldn't be changed -- each form should have only rubrics form 01 to 06.
Kinship with an individual registered as first in the housing (question 5). All individuals should have straight line written down.
Individuals, who are supported, should have 'supported' explanation provided in the question number 23, adding the name of supporting person, and in questions 14, 16, 17concerning the first work or in question number 21concerning non-earned source of maintenance, the main source of maintenance of supporter should be indicated.
Characteristic of households
47. Source of maintenance of the household -- main and additional (Question 1) [p. 42]
For each household in a dwelling, provisional dwelling or mobile housing, the main and additional source of maintenance should be specified. Classification provided in: Summary of answers' includes both main and additional source of maintenance.
The source of household's maintenance (main and additional one) must apply to sources of maintenance received by household's members, specified on second and third page of the A form. If two or more individuals have their source of maintenance and these sources of income are classified as the same type of incomes (one type in classification), appropriate symbol should be indicated in 'the main source' field, and a straight line should be used in the case of 'additional source'.
In the case, when two sources of maintenance included in second and third page of the A form are classified as different types, choosing the main one -- providing bigger incomes -- should be specified by self-evaluation of household's members. The other source should be indicated as additional source of income.
While specifying three or more individual types of maintenance, the main and additional source should be specified.
While defining the main and additional source of maintenance for a household, which included an individual holding's owner, it should be noted, that income of the holding is not lonely limited to commodities sold in it, but also all products used directly for agricultural purposes.
If up to 3 households were registered in a given housing, part of table which wasn't filled in should be crossed down.
In the case, when there are more than 3 households, answers for fourth (and further) households should be included in additional A form. Numeration of households should also be changed, so 1, 2, 3 should be changed and replaced by 4, 5, 6 etc.
Methods of specifying sources of maintenance of a given household are provided below:
'2. Working outside agriculture on one's own account' -- It is a work of individuals obtaining incomes from maintaining their own industrial companies, workshops, shops, individuals having their own taxi, performing free vocations etc.
'3. Working outside agriculture in a non-socialized unit -- hireling' It is work of individuals employed as hirelings in non-socialized non-agricultural units, which are owned by individual entities, Polish immigrants' companies or foreign companies, religious organizations, and work performed by priests of all religions.
'4. Working in agricultural production collective' It is work performed in agricultural production collectives, as well as in subjected companies, regardless of employment type.
'5. Working in agricultural collective' -- It is a work performed by individuals employed in agricultural collectives, agricultural servicing collectives etc.
'6. Working in other units of socialized agriculture' -- It is a work performed in any other unit of socialized agriculture.
'7. Working on an individual agricultural holding, on agricultural plot' -- It is a work performed on own, leased, or used by other means agricultural holding or agricultural plot.
'8. Working in agriculture in non-socialized unit -- hireling' -- It is work performed by individuals employed as hirelings in individual agricultural holdings (plots) and in agricultural holdings of religious organizations.
'9. Pension' -- it is a source of maintenance of individuals who have pension granted for working or using agricultural holding.
'0. Disability allowance, family allowance, welfare allowance' -- It is a source of maintenance of individuals obtaining disability allowance, family allowance, welfare allowance and other allowances.
'X. ??.' It is a source of income specified for individuals, who have different source of maintenance than specified in questions '9' and '0', such as rehabilitation allowance, educational allowance, social allowance, alimony, scholarship.
48. Legal basis for occupancy of the dwelling (question 2) [p. 43]
While specifying the answer, all individuals of the household should be taken into consideration. Question concerns law ownership status, which is owned by one or more members of the household (for example in the case of collective housing this ownership is obtained by only one person --member of the collective, and in the case of single family hoses -- both married partners or house's co-owners). Individual having the right of ownership do not need to be the head of the household.
Few terms specifying dwelling's ownership, which may be problematic are provided below:
'3. Ownership of collective dwelling' -- should be indicated for individual having collective ownership right for a dwelling, regardless, whether it was obtained by initial grant or by purchasing it, as well as by inheritance or change of state of dwelling from rented to owned one. This title should be indicated in the case, when a full constructional works were made by the collective, as well as when these works were paid partially and rest of payment is paid in installments.
'5. Allocation of dwelling' -- (with specification -- occupational, office or functional) should be indicated for households which have a part or whole dwelling allocated by local administration authorities or socialized company. This allocation can be made on the basis of:
- Allocation from company, granting functional building (company building, vocational).
- Lease agreement with socialized agricultural unit, which owns this building (together with socialized company, local authorities, province's authorities).
'7. Lease or sublease' -- should be indicated for a household, who lease form a house's (dwelling's), or sublease a part of the whole dwelling from the main owner, frequently for a set payment or in exchange for providing services (for example for taking care about ill person, for tutoring). Individuals in such household are called 'subtenants'. This category includes also dwellings leased in the form of allocation -- without necessity to provide any services.
'0. Other' -- should be indicated, when a household occupies a dwelling:
- By transferring it into superiors or to state for agricultural allotment's pension with a dwelling, which can be occupied for free for life
- Located in a building owned by religious organization, regardless whether a household is created by a religious organization's member or a secular person
- Without law title to occupy a dwelling (so called 'wild inhabitant'), and in the case of occupying a dwelling from other reason than specified in categories above.
- Any case of indicating '0. Other' should be properly explained, by writing for example: 'for life', 'parsonage', 'without law title' etc.
49. Family connections between persons enumerated in different households (question 3) [p. 44]
If there were 2 households registered in a dwelling, then it should be specified, whether a person from the first household is related to someone form the second household, by specifying 1 or 3 symbol.
If there were 3 or more households registered in a dwelling, then, despite of situation where all households are related or all households are unrelated to one another, there is also a third possibility -- that some (not all) individuals in household are related. For this case additional answer is specified ' individuals from at least two households are related' and indicated by 2 symbol.
Characteristics of a building
50 General restrictions [p. 45]
A part of the page, entitled 'Building's description', should be indicated for a building, which includes at least one occupational dwelling.
If there is no occupied dwelling in the building, but a provisional dwelling or a mobile housing is occupied, the 'Building's description' should be filled in. Similarly, the 'description' shouldn't be filled in for inhabited mobile housing. In such cases this part of the form should be crossed down.
In multifamily buildings the 'Building's description' should be filled only once -- in the first registered dwelling, and in other dwellings this part of the form should be crossed down. It is advisable to register a dwelling with the lowest ordinal number as the first one, for example -- a dwelling with number 1, and in the case, when it is not occupied -- a dwelling number 2.
Number of filled in 'Buildings' descriptions' should be equal to the highest ordinal number in a district, written on the first page of the A form.
If a multifamily building was divided into few districts, 'Building's description' should be filled in, while registering every district.
In the case of buildings owned by socialized agriculture units and for some buildings, which are administered by socialized agriculture units (collective houses' administration, communal or company's houses), information included in the 'Building's description', excluding information about occupied dwellings in the question number 10, all information should be rewritten from the 'Building's card'.
Cards filled for these buildings will be given to enumerators in the census office with all census documentation. These cared are filled before the census by occupational houses' administration.
Building's cards shouldn't be destroyed, and after using them, they should be returned to the registry office with all census documentation.
For individual buildings, information about building should be specified by the enumerator during the census, and be written down on the A form.
If the enumerator will find out during the census, that a building owned by socialized agricultural unit has no filled building's card, he should specify these information by himself, by asking building's manager on in the first registered dwelling, or ask the unit owning it for such information, writing them on the census form.
51 Building separateness' specifying rules [p. 45]
Rules of specifying the building separateness used in the registry is based on criterions concerning property's numeration. According to these rules, a separate building is defined as a free-standing building, separated from other constructions, if it isn't signed with more than one ordinal number. If a free-standing building is signed with more than one ordinal number, but it creates a visible constructional whole (like a block of flats with few compartments, all of which are signed with a different ordinal number), then it should be also defined as a separate building. If a flat drawn for the registry is located in such building, if will be indicated in the N-obw census questionnaire as follows:
- In the rubric number 4, 1 symbol will be indicated, which should inform the enumerator that those buildings create one entity.
In the case of compact construction, a separate building should be indicated with different ordinal number. In the case of terraced house or a twin house, a separate building should be defined as a property with own entrance.
A separate buildings are also possessions which are fenced with vertical barriers, which are owned by different individuals (for example in the case of ownership's separation) and are signed with different ordinal numbers, even though their constructional features don't show any separateness.
If a possession signed with a single ordinal number there are two adhering buildings, then in the case, if walls are made from the same material, it should be considered as a single building. It may be otherwise, if walls of buildings are of different heights and there are no doubts that they are different buildings. Buildings created from different materials should be considered as separate buildings.
52. Who is the administrator of the building (or owner) (Question 1) [p. 46]
Answer to this question is based on specifying the full name of organization or name and surname of an individual, who is the owner of the building and encircling the symbol of classification range applicable for the organization (individual entity).
A building's owner is defined as institution or an individual, who has a title of ownership to this building, regardless, whether occupies this building by himself or rent it partially or wholly to other individuals or institutions.
If a building has the Building's card filled in, then name and surname of individual or name of institution should be rewritten from it (question 1). This information shouldn't be, however rewritten from the rubric number 6 of N-obw form, because an unit governing this building is specified, not a factual owner.
If the Building's card wasn't filled in, then owner should be specified during the census.
In the building is co-owned by various institutions or individuals, fields designed to write in name of the owner, should be filled in with names of all entities owning this building on the Building's card.
In the second part of the question, only one symbol should be encircled, applicable for an owner specified on the card as the first one.
While specifying symbol, which will refer to type of ownership, following rules should be applied:
The 1 symbol -- owned by territorial unit of state administration -- should be specified, when it was defined that the building is owned by:
- Municipal Management of Residential Buildings
- Municipal Public Utilities and Housing
- Municipal Public Utilities and Housing Company
- Board of Residential Buildings
- Board of Housing
- City Hall, Municipal Office
The 2 symbol -- owned by housing collective -- should be encircled, when owner's name includes such phrases as: housing collective, constructional and housing collective, collective settlements, single-family housing collective, etc. This category shouldn't include building owned by: working collectives, agricultural production collectives, manufacturers collective, Comestible Collectives like 'Spolem', and 'Rural Self-Support' collective.
The 3 symbol -- Owned by other socialized unit -- should be encircled, when a building is owned by socialized company (including all working collectives, agricultural production collectives, manufacturers collectives etc.), institution, office, university, school, political and social organization etc.
4 and 5 symbols -- individual ownership -- specifying an appropriate symbol requires specifying, whether there is at least one dwelling occupied on the basis of the allocation order. If such dwelling was registered, then 4 symbol should be indicated, if such dwelling wasn't registered -- 5 symbol should be used.
The 6 symbol -- owned by religious organizations -- should be indicated, when a building is owned by parishes, monastery, episcopal curies or any other religious organization.
For buildings, which are governed by institutions subjected to ministers: of National Defense, of Interior and of Judicial Issues, it should be written 'state owned building' and the 3 symbol should be specified
- Building prepared for occupation in half, providing that the rest is not used for agricultural purposes
An occupational and agricultural (which can be located in cities as well) is defined as a building, which has occupational part (including one or more dwellings), as well as agricultural part (including stable, cowshed, and piggery) or a part used in order to manage an agricultural holding. In the case of such building, it is irrelevant, whether bigger part is taken by occupational or agricultural spaces.
Before encircling this symbol, it should be properly examined, whether the one building has two separate parts, or there are two connected buildings -- one for occupational and second for agricultural purposes.
A collective housing is defined as a building, which has one or more occupational dwellings, which are inhabited (mainly be personnel) and which is used at least in half as a collective housing, for example as a dormitory, students' house, hotel, etc.
A non- occupational building is a building, which has one or more occupational dwellings, but is used in more than half for non-occupational purposes, that is: a factory, school, office, shop or storage is located there.
54. Material of outer walls of the building (question 3) [p. 47]
Non-flammable materials are defined as: all kinds of bricks, rocks, concrete, blocks, layers, hollow bricks (concrete, reinforced concrete, foam concrete, debits concrete, cement) as well as clay, Heraclitus, marl, supreme, slag, cinder, etc.
Buildings are from incombustible materials should also include buildings based on steel and reinforced concrete installation.
Flammable materials are: wood, Prussian wall, fiberboard, lumber, fascine etc.
If walls were made from both combustible and incombustible materials, the combustible material should be specified.
The 3 symbol -- 'tarred roofing paper' shield be indicated when the roofing paper is used to cover inflammable materials, as well as when it covers flammable surface.
'Others' category should be used to specify all materials, that are not specified in other categories, so artificial materials, shingle, straw, reed, lath, fiberboard, and others.
If the roof of the building is covered with numerous materials, the dominant one should be specified.
If the building was specified to be one-floor building, that is it has only one compartment, 0 symbol should be specified.
While specifying type of building, cellars and basements shouldn't be considered.
If a building has more than one compartment, that is 2 or more of them, number of compartments should be specified (in the dotted field, not in the symbol field).
If different parts of building have different number of compartment, a part with bigger number of compartments should be specified.
Ceilings and attics are not considered as compartments.
In the case of a building constructed on a mountain slope, number of compartments should be defined measuring It from the slope's side.
57 When was the building built? (Question 6) [p. 48]
The year of establishment is defined as the year, in which the construction was finished, so the building was ready to be used. If a building was finished partially, then the year of establishment is defined as the year of finishing the last part of it.
If the construction wasn't finished in the moment of the census, but the building is partially occupied, current year's symbol should be indicated if a construction was terminated and this condition has been fixed for few years, the year of establishment should be equal to the year of inhabiting the finished part of it.
If the building was completely renovated, the year of renovation shouldn't be considered, but only the year of establishment, and the issue of renovation should be noted.
If the building was reconstructed after being completely demolished, then the year of establishment is defined as the year of reconstruction's finishing (It may even apply to a part of the city).
58 Installations in the building (question 7-9) [p. 49]
While specifying answers for questions concerning installations, the enumerator should follow the same rules as while specifying technical appliances in a dwelling ( 16 point 1), that is:
- Working installations should be specified, as well as those, which are temporarily out of order and installations, which are installed, but haven't been connected to the network yet.
- Installation, which is out of order for longer than a year, shouldn't be registered:
- A network water supply should be understood as a system of pipes transporting water from the source (water supply) to buildings, providing that the length of these pipes do not exceed 250 m.
- A network is not only a city network, but also a local water supply network (exploited, for example by a housing collective) and company network (exploited by PKP or PGR), if only this network's length applies to restrictions below.
- A local water supply device should be understood as an installation, which supplies water to one or more neighboring buildings, and the total length of connections does not exceed 250 m.
- A local water supply is in majority of cases a private ownership of one or more buildings' owners, but it can be also owned by a socialized unit.
- In relation to gravitation water supplies, which can be encountered in some mountain buildings, length of which exceeds 250, it should be noted, that if the water supply connects 5 or more buildings, it is a water supply network. In other cases it can be specified as a local network.
- If there is no local or network water supply in a building, it should be specified, whether there is any water supply in the building at all, that is -- a tap with running water, which can be located on an external wall of the building or on an agricultural building.
- In the case of such water supply in the building, its presence should be only noted, without specifying, whether it is a networks or local water supply.
- A sewage with network drainage, should be understood as a network or a local device are based on the length of covered canals - underground (street canals and collectors), which transports used water and wastes from building to a set source (wastewater treatment plant, rivers, lakes, seas). If the total length of these canals (without housing' connectors) exceeds 250 m then this installation is considered as a network. It may be a general or industrial sewage system, as well as draining agricultural, rain wastes, as well as only agricultural or only natural wastes.
- Sewage system, as in the case of water supply -- may be considered as city-owned, local or company owned system.
- A local sewage system is an installation servicing one or more neighboring buildings and draining waste into cesspool (that is -- to covered cloaca hole) or to a lake, river, channel, upper part of the soil. Total length between the building and the place of disposal doesn't exceed 250 m.
- Local sewage devices, as well as local water supply devices can be owned by one or more buildings' owners or it can be owned by socialized unit.
- A multifamily building in which some --or all --of dwellings have central individual heating, that is radiators are sources of heating but there are also fireplaces located in such dwellings -- cannot be considered as having central heating. However, a single family house with such heating type should be considered as having central heating system.
- A central network heating should be understood as connection of building to a network powered by electro power plant, power plant or a local power plant, servicing more than one building.
- Dwellings located in a building connected to a heating network, which receive heating medias from this network should have it specified in 'Dwelling's description' (on the first page) and in the question number XI 'group central heating' should be specified (1 symbol encircled).
- A local central heating should be understood as heating provided from one's own power plant located in the building.
- If a building with its own power plant is considered as multifamily, and heat from this network is provided to a part or all dwellings (or other spaces) located in this building the in the 'Dwelling's description' (on the first page) and in the question number XI 'group central heating' should be specified (1 symbol encircled).
- In the case of single-family housing (in fact having 1, 2 or more dwellings), providing heat medium from one's own power plant should be specified as 'individual central heating' and -- concerning fueling type -- have 2 or 3 symbol specified.
59. Number of occupied dwellings in a building (question 10) [p. 50]
Information about number of occupied dwellings should be specified for each registered building, so even for a building, which has its own Building's card. On the card there is a number of all dwellings in a housing and during the census the enumerator specifies, how many of them are in fact occupied. So, the number of occupied dwellings in a building should be equal to number of separate A forms, specified on the 1st page of it registered in the building.
If a district includes only a part of the building, number of occupied dwellings should be specified only for this particular part.
Part vi. Rules concerning filling in the C-obw form
60. General rules concerning C-obw summary creation [p. 51]
General summary on the C-obw form is performed after the census completion in a given district and checking the census material by an authorized individual form the census office.
One line of the C-obw form is designed to rewrite data from one A form specified by a separate number. Writing should begin from the A form numbered as 1 and then should be registered according to growing ordinal number.
After filling in the first page of the summary, data should be summarized in the 'To transfer' field, and then these values should be rewritten in the 'From transfer' field on the second page of the form. In the case of additional C-form usage, in the first line 'from transfer' should be included, and in the second one -- proper values from preceding form.
The line designed to be filled in with summary for the whole district should be filled in on the second page of last C-obw form.
61. Method of C-obw form filling [p. 51]
B rubrics, as well as 3 and 4 should be filled in basing on information from the first page of the A form: The b rubric -- number of the next building in the district should be rewritten from a chart in the upper right corner of the form.
3 and 4 rubrics apply to dwellings only. Proper information should be rewritten from 'building's description' field, from 4 and 5 questions respectively. In the case of A forms filled in for provisional buildings, mobile housing and collective housing, straight lines ('_') should be used.
Rubrics 5-12 are used to specify individuals, according to their characteristics, duration and reason of absence or stay, according to inscriptions in questions 2-4 from the 2nd and 3rd page of the A form:
In the rubric number 5 -- number of all registered individuals should be specified.
In the rubric number 6 -- Number of all individuals living permanently -- present should be specified.
In the rubric number 7- Number of all individuals living permanently -- absent up to 2 months should be specified, regardless of the reason of absence.
In the rubric number 8 - Number of all individuals living permanently -- absent for more than 2 months should be specified, but for individuals staying in the country, and when the reason of absence is professional work, studying or being in a nursing point.
In the rubric number 9 - Number of all individuals living permanently -- absent for more than 2 months should be specified, when reasons are different than mentioned above. All individuals, prolonging absence of whom was caused by travelling to a foreign country, regardless of its reason and for individuals serving in the army.
In the rubric number 10 --Number of individuals staying temporarily up to 2 months should be specified, regardless of the reason.
In the rubric number 11 - Number of individuals staying temporarily for more than 2 months should be specified, if the reason is studying, professional work or being in nursing point.
In the rubric number 12 - Number of individuals staining temporarily for more than 2 months should be specified, when reasons are different than mentioned above. All individuals from abroad staying in the country for longer than 2 months should be also specified.
In the rubric number 13 -- number of factual permanent inhabitants registered on A forms should be specified. Number of factual permanent inhabitants is equal to sum of values from rubrics number 6, 7, 9 and 11 of the C-obw form.
In rubrics from 14 to 19, factual permanent inhabitants indicated in the rubric number 13 should be specified according to their sources of maintenance by using information from second and third page of the A form: in questions from 14 to 19 (concerning work), in question 21 (concerning non-earned source of maintenance) and in question number 23 (concerning being supported), that is:
In the rubric number 14 -- number of individuals, who are earning for maintenance from their 1st work (or from 1st and 2nd) should be specified, in the case, if none of works is performed in the agricultural holding (plot) as user or supportive worker. Individuals with additional non-earned source of maintenance should be also specified here, even in the case, when the non-earned source of income is the main source of maintenance, not a work (outside agricultural holding or agricultural plot).
In the rubric number 15 -- number of individuals earning for their living from working on agricultural holding (plot) as users or supports should be specified, in the case when they have no source of maintenance except this work on the holding (plot) and they do not have any non-earned source of income).
In the rubric number 16 -- number of individuals earning for their maintenance from two works (have their 1st and 2nd work described) should be specified, and one of them (no matter which) is performed on a n agricultural holding plot as user or supportive worker, regardless, whether they have non-earned source of maintenance.
In the rubric number 17 -- number of individuals, who earn for their maintenance from working on agricultural holding (plot) as users or supportive workers should be specified, if they also don't work outside the agriculture (have straight lines written by enumerator in fields concerning 2nd work) and they also have non-earned source of income, regardless of which source is their main source of maintenance: working on agricultural holding (plot) or non-earned source of maintenance.
In the rubric number 18 number of individuals, for whom a non-earned source of maintenance is the main source of earning - they have no information about work, should be specified.
In the rubric number 19 -- number of supported individuals should be specified, that is who have a supportive person indicated in the question number 23 - these individuals have no work or non-earned source of income specified.
Note. After specifying all factual permanent inhabitants according to their sources of maintenance specified in the A form, it should be checked, whether sum of values from rubrics 14-19 is equal to value in the rubric number 13.
Rubrics 20, 21 and 22 concerns A forms, which were used to register dwellings, provisional dwellings or mobile housing, that is -- these objects, where individuals were divided into households (in the case of collective housing, straight lines should be written down in rubrics 20-22).
In the rubric number 20 -- number of heads of households should be specified, that is individuals, who have '1' symbol specified in the question number 5 on 2nd or 3rd page of the A form.
In the rubric number 21 -- number of individuals, who have acreage of holding more than 0, 51 ha specified in question number 13 on 2nd or 3rd page of the A form should be specified.
In the rubric number 22 -- number of individuals, who have acreage of holding of 0, 5 ha and less specified in question number 13 on 2nd or 3rd page of the A form should be specified.
Data for summary lines ('To transfer', 'Generally') for 3-22 rubrics is gathered by vertical summing of specified numbers.
Data from 1, 2, 13a and 23 rubrics should be specified on the second page of the last C-obw form in the 'Generally' field. That is:
In the rubric number 1 (number of dwellings) 0 number of lines with rubric number 3 filled in should be specified, that is number of fields of C-obw forms with specified information about dwellings.
In the rubric number 2 (number of buildings) -- number of separate buildings in the district should be specified; this number should be equal to the highest number of the building in the district.
In the rubric number 13a -- Number of factual permanent inhabitants should be specified. In order to calculate this number, a figure from the rubric number 13 should have number of factual inhabitants of provisional dwellings, mobile housing and collective housing inhabitants distracted, that is, number of individuals who have straight lines written in rubrics 3 and 4 should be distracted.
In the rubric number 23 -- the highest number of filled B form should be indicated, but only in the case, when women fertility survey was held in a given district. If the district wasn't drawn for this survey, a straight line should be written down.