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Enumerator's Manual
Census of Population and Housing: 1990

Republic of the Philippines
Manila, Philippines
November 1989

[on page 5:]

1.6 Date and time reference

May 1, 1990 has been designated as Census Day for the 1990 Census of Population and Housing, on which date the enumeration of the population and the collection of all pertinent data on housing in the Philippines shall refer.

All information to be collected about the population and about living quarters, except for a few, will be counted as of 12:01 A.M., Tuesday, May 1, 1990.

[on pages 11-27:]

Chapter III
Basic Units of Listing and Enumeration

This chapter discusses the basic units of listing and enumeration in a census of population and housing, namely: buildings, housing units, institutional living quarters, households, and institutional population. Guidelines on how to identify them are also discussed in this chapter.

3.1 Building

Definition of Building

A building is defined as any structure built, designed or intended for the enclosure, shelter or protection of any person, animal or property comprising of one or more rooms and/or other spaces, covered by a roof and usually enclosed within external walls or with common dividing walls with adjacent buildings, which usually extend from the foundation to the roof.

Buildings to be Listed

Each building within an enumeration area will be assigned a building serial number as it is being listed in the listing booklet.

For purposes of the census of population and housing, not all buildings, however, will be included in the listing. As a general rule, only those buildings which contain living quarters, whether occupied or vacant, are to be listed. Living quarters are structurally separate and independent places of abode. They may:

a. have been constructed, built, converted or arranged for human habitation, provided that they are not at the time of the census used wholly for other purposes; or

b. although not intended for habitation, actually be in use as such at the time of the census.

More specifically, the buildings to be listed are the following:

a. residential buildings which are presently occupied by a household;

Residential buildings are buildings which, by the way they have been designed or constructed, are intended for abode such as single houses, multi-unit residential buildings, etc.

b. vacant residential buildings except those which are open to the elements, that is, if the roof, walls, windows, and/or doors no longer protect the interior from wind and rain as a result of fire, deterioration or vandalism.

c. vacant deteriorated residential buildings which show some signs that deterioration is being prevented to some extent such as when windows and/or doors are covered by wood, metal, or other materials to keep them from being destroyed or to prevent entry into the building or secondary posts are added to prevent it from collapsing;

d. new residential buildings which are still not occupied or still under construction, if at the time of the visit, the roof and walls are already in place;

e. residential buildings which are presently not occupied by a household but are used for purposes other than as residence, provided they still have one or more vacant housing units;

Example: an apartment building with 3 units, two of which are used as business offices, and the other one is vacant.

f. institutional living quarters which are in operation such as hotels, motels, dormitories, lodging houses, seminaries, mental hospitals, etc.;

g. non-residential buildings presently occupied by a household;

Non-residential buildings are buildings which have been designed or constructed for purposes other than as abode. These include commercial, industrial, and agricultural buildings such as offices, rice mills, barns, etc.; and other non-residential buildings such as churches, etc.;

h. non-residential buildings which have one or more vacant housing units with complete facilities for cooking, dining and sleeping, with or without inner partitions; and

i. Other structures not intended for human habitation but are presently occupied by a household such as caves, old railroad cars, old buses, culverts, trailers, barges, boats, etc.

3.2 Housing Unit

Definition of Housing Unit

A housing unit is a structurally separate and independent place of abode which, by the way it has been constructed, converted, or arranged, is intended for habitation by one household. Structures or parts of structures which are not intended for habitation, such as commercial, industrial, and agricultural buildings, or natural and man-made shelters such as caves, boats, abandoned trucks, culverts, etc., but which are used as living quarters by households, are also considered as housing units.

How to Identify Housing Units in a Building

A building usually comprises one housing unit being occupied by one household. However, in some cases, two or more households share the same building or the same housing unit as their place of habitation. The building may have more than one housing unit but from its physical layout, the different housing units may not be discernible.

Discussed below are the guidelines on how to identify and count the housing units in a building.

A portion of a building (a room or a group of rooms) qualifies as a separate housing unit if it meets both the following requirements:

1. Separateness - the portion of the building must have facilities for sleeping and preparing/taking meals and its occupants must be isolated from other persons in the building by means of walls or permanent partitions;

2. Direct access - the occupants must enter the portion of the building directly from the outside of the building (from the street, pathway, alley, callejon, road, yard, catwalk, etc.) or through a common hall, i.e., the occupants must enter the portion of the building without passing through anybody else's premises.

If the portion of the building is vacant, the above guidelines will apply to the intended occupants.

[Two pictures illustrating direct access]

Illustrations of housing units are given below for a better understanding of the guidelines on how to identify them in a building.

1. A single house has been modified, the structure of which is shown below. The modified structure has four rooms, a common hallway, a common toilet and bath and one main entrance from the outside. The individual rooms can be accessed from the common hallway. The occupants take their meals and sleep in their respective rooms. This building has four (4) housing units.

2. A house has two rooms. The occupants of the rooms share all other areas in the house including the kitchen and dining area. Since the occupants of either rooms have no private area for dining and have to pass thru the common premises to reach their own room, this structure actually contains only a single housing unit.

3. A house has two levels. The first floor of the house is subdivided into two units, each having a separate entrance from the outside. The access to the second floor is the stairs in the living room of one of the units on the first floor.

[Two pictures: floor plans of a house]

This house has two (2) housing units; one is the unit on the ground floor covering only the area which has a bedroom, a kitchen and a toilet and bath, and the other one is the unit covering the rest of the ground floor and the entire second floor. Note that in this case, the second floor cannot be considered as a separate housing unit even though it has facilities for sleeping and preparing/taking meals because its access is only through the premises of the ground floor.

[Two pictures: floor plans of a house, first and second floor.]
Housing Units to be Listed

The housing units within an enumeration area will likewise be identified and listed in the listing booklet.

Not all housing units, however, will be assigned housing unit serial number and listed. To be included in the listing are the following housing units:

a. occupied or vacant housing units in single residential houses;

b. occupied or vacant housing units in multi-unit residential buildings such as duplex, accessoria, row house, condominium, tenement house, townhouse, etc.;

c. occupied barong-barong or shanties;

d. vacant housing units in residential buildings used for purposes other than as residence;

e. housing units which are still under construction, but the roof and walls are already in place;

f. occupied housing units in institutional living quarters such as hotels, motels, dormitories, seminaries, etc.;

g. occupied housing units in non-residential buildings such as offices, barns, churches, etc; .

h. vacant housing units with complete facilities for cooking, dining and sleeping in institutional living quarters and non-residential buildings;

i. occupied mobile housing units such as boats, trailers, etc.;

j. occupied improvised housing units in structures such as culverts, abandoned trucks, caves, container vans, tents, railroad cars.

The following are to be excluded from the listing of housing units:

a. housing units which are still under construction with walls and roof not yet in place;

b. vacant housing units which are open to elements, that is, when the roof and the walls no longer provide protection from the wind and rain and there are no signs that deterioration is being prevented;

c. vacant housing units which are being demolished;

d. vacant housing units without complete facilities for cooking, dining and sleeping in institutional living quarters and non-residential buildings;

e. vacant mobile housing units such as boats, trailers, etc; and

f. vacant improvised housing units in structures such as caves, culverts, railroad cars, container vans, carts, etc., even if they had been used as place of abode in the past.

If a housing unit appears to be vacant because nobody responds to your call, ascertain from neighbors whether or not it is indeed vacant. Note that a housing unit used only during vacation, weekends or only during certain times of the year is considered vacant even though at the time of your visit, somebody is occupying it. The persons using them should be enumerated in their usual residence.

3.3 Household

Definition of Household

A household is a social unit consisting of a person living alone or a group of persons who

1. sleep in the same housing unit; and

2. have a common arrangement for the preparation and consumption of food.

In most cases, a household consists of persons who are related by kinship ties, like parents and their children. In some instances, several generations of familial ties are represented in one household while, still in others, even more distant relatives are members of the household.

Household helpers, boarders, and non-relatives are considered as members of the household provided they sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangement for the preparation and consumption of food and do not usually go home to their family at least once a week.

A group of unrelated individuals, as in the case of a group of students or workers who decide to rent a place and make common arrangements for the preparation and consumption of their food, constitutes one household.

Usually, a household is the entire group of persons who customarily live in the same housing unit. However, there are cases when two or more distinct family groups or groups of unrelated persons maintain separate food arrangements even though they share one housing unit. Each of these two or more distinct groups constitutes a household.

A person who shares a housing unit with a household but separately cooks his meals or consumes his food elsewhere is not considered a member of the household he shares the housing unit with. That person should be listed as a separate household.

Furthermore, if two groups of individuals prepare and consume their meals together but sleep in separate housing units, then the two groups constitute two different households.

Household Membership

Include as members of the household, the following persons:

a. Those who are present and whose usual place of residence is the place where the household lives.

Usual place of residence is the place where the person usually resides. This may be the same or different from the place where he was found at the time of the census. As a rule, it is the place where he usually sleeps.

b. Those whose usual place of residence is the place where the household lives but are temporarily away at the time of the census because they are:

1. on vacation, business/pleasure trip or study/training somewhere in the Philippines and are expected to be back within six (6) months;

2. on vacation, business/pleasure trip or study/training abroad and are expected to be back within a year;

3. working or attending school in some other place but comes home at least once a week;

4. confined in hospitals for a period of not more than six (6) months at the time of enumeration except when they are confined as inmates of such institutions as:
- tuberculosis pavilions
- mental hospitals
- leprosaria or leper colonies
- drug rehabilitation centers;


5. detained in national/provincial/city/municipal jails or in military camps for a period of not more than six (6) months at the time of enumeration except when their sentence or detention is expected to exceed 6 months;

6. training for not more than 6 months with the Armed Forces of the Philippines;

7. on board coastal, inter-island or fishing vessels within Philippine territories; and

8. on board ocean-going vessels but are expected to come home at least once a year.


c. Boarders/lodgers of the household or employees of household-operated business who do not usually go to their respective homes weekly.

d. Citizens of foreign countries, excluding members of diplomatic missions and non-members of international organizations, but including Filipino Balikbayans who have resided or are expected to reside in the Philippines for more than a year from their arrival.

e. Persons temporarily staying with the household who have no usual place of residence or who are not certain to be enumerated elsewhere.

Take note of the following special cases:

a. Boarders are members of a household if they fall under rule #3 above. However, if there are 10 or more of such persons in the household, do not include them as members of the household with whom they board. These boarders will all be considered as institutional population and will be enumerated separately from the household.

b. A person who lodges with a household but makes arrangements for his own meals or takes his meals outside (e.g., bed-spacer) is not a member of that household. He constitutes a one-member household provided he does not usually go home to his family at least once a week.

c. Two or more families who share the same housing unit are considered one household if they have common arrangements for the preparation of food. They comprise different households if they prepare their food separately.

d. Two or more unrelated individuals who share the same housing unit also constitute one household if they have common arrangements for the preparation and consumption of food. If each of them takes care of his own meal, then each one is considered a one-member household.

e. Persons who take their meals with a household but sleep elsewhere are not considered members of that household.

f. Family members who are overseas workers and who are away at the time of the census are considered members of the household even though they are expected to be away for more than a year.

3.4 Institutional Living Quarter

Definition of Institutional Living Quarter

Institutional living quarters are structurally separate and independent places of abode intended for habitation by large groups of individuals. Such quarters usually have certain common facilities such as kitchen and dining rooms, toilet and bath, and lounging areas which are shared by the occupants.

The occupants of institutional living quarters are usually subject to a common authority or management or are bound by either a common public objective or a common personal interest.

Institutional Living Quarters to be Listed

Institutional living quarters in operation at the time of the census are also to be listed in the listing booklet and to be assigned institutional living quarter serial numbers.

Among the common institutional living quarters are the following:

a. hotels, motels, inns, dormitories, pension and other lodging houses which provide lodging on a fee basis

b. hospitals, sanitaria, rehabilitation centers

c. orphanages, homes for the aged

d. seminaries, convents, boarding schools

e. penal colonies, prisons

f. military camps and barracks, refugee camps, and camps established for the temporary housing of workers in mining, agriculture, public works and other types of enterprises

Institutional living quarters which are in operation but at the time of the census have no residents that qualify for enumeration are also to be listed. An example is a dormitory whose residents all went home for vacation.

Do not list those previously used as institutional living quarter but are no longer used as such or are already abandoned at the time of the census.

3.5 Institutional Population

Definition of Institutional Population

Institutional population comprises persons who are found living in institutional living quarters. They may have their own families or households elsewhere but at the time of the census, they are committed or confined in institutions.

Institutional Population Membership

Consider the following persons as members of the institutional population:

a. permanent lodgers in boarding houses

b. dormitory residents who do not go home at least once a week

c. hotel residents who have stayed 6 months or more at the time of the census

d. boarders in residential houses, provided that their number is ten (10) or more. (Note: If the number of boarders in a house is less than 10, they will be considered members of regular households, not institutional).

e. patients in hospitals who are confined for at least 6 months

f. wards in orphanages

g. inmates of penal colonies or prison cells

h. seminarians, nuns in convents

i. soldiers residing in military camps

j. workers in mining and similar camps

It should be noted here that within the premises of institutional living quarters, there are persons who are not members of the institutional population. They should be included in the household where they are actually a member of.

Examples:

a. military officials (and members of their households) who have housing units within military installations or camps

b. the managers (and members of their households) of refugee camps, dormitories, hotels, hospitals, etc. who occupy and regularly use as their place of abode living quarters in the institutions that they manage

Chapter IV
Field Enumeration Forms and Procedures

This chapter discusses the field enumeration procedures. It includes instructions on how to identify enumeration areas, how to determine whom to enumerate, how to conduct an enumeration, and how to handle enumeration problems. It also describes the basic census forms to be used during the field enumeration and gives a brief outline of the fieldwork procedures. Some of these topics are discussed with more details in the succeeding chapters.

4.1 Basic Census Forms

Listed below are the basic census forms that you, as an enumerator, will use during the field enumeration.

a. CPH Form 1 - Listing Booklet

This is a booklet of 10 listing pages wherein you will list the buildings, housing units, households and institutional living quarters within an enumeration area (EA). You will also record other information pertaining to the population of households and institutional living quarters.

b. CPH Form 2 - Common Household Questionnaire

This is the basic census questionnaire which you will use for interview and for recording information about the common (non-sample) households. This questionnaire gathers information on the following demographic and social characteristics of the population: relationship to household head, date of birth, age, sex, marital status, religious affiliation, citizenship, disability, residence five years ago, literacy and highest educational attainment. This also gathers information on building and housing unit characteristics and household characteristics and amenities.

c. CPH Form 3 - Sample Household Questionnaire

This is the basic census questionnaire which you will use for interview and for recording information about the sample households. This questionnaire contains the same questions as in CPH Form 2 and additional questions, namely: mother tongue, mother's usual residence, previous residence, duration, language, school attendance, place of school, usual occupation, kind of industry, employment status, occupation and industry in the past week, place of work, availability of work, looking for work, reason for not looking for work, and some items on fertility. It also asks additional questions on household characteristics and amenities.

d. CPH Form 4 - Institutional Population Questionnaire

This questionnaire records information about persons considered part of the institutional population. It contains questions on residence status, date of birth, age, sex, marital status, religious affiliation, citizenship and disability.

e. CPH Form 7 - Notice of Listing/Enumeration

This is a sticker which you will post to all housing units and institutional living quarters which you have listed and enumerated within the enumeration area. You will post one sticker for every institutional living quarter and as many stickers as there are housing units within the building. A space is provided for the household/institution serial number(s).

f. CPH Form 8 - Appointment Slip Form

You will use this form to make an appointment with any responsible member of the household in case you fail to interview one during your first visit. You will indicate in this form the date and time of your next visit.

4.2 Enumeration Area Assignment

As an enumerator, you will be assigned one or more enumeration areas (EAs) depending on your workload and on the expected duration with which to cover the EAs. An EA usually consists of about 300 to 400 households. An EA may be part of a barangay or may be an entire barangay by itself.

If a barangay is divided into several parts, each part constitutes one EA. All EAs within a barangay will be serially numbered beginning with serial number 01. An entire barangay which is not split will be assigned an EA number of 00.

Example:

If Barangay San Miguel with an estimated number of 550 households is divided into two (2) parts, then the enumeration areas will be identified as EA 01 and EA 02 of Barangay San Miguel.

The EA or EAs that will be assigned to you should already have a pre-assigned serial number. Make sure that you know what this or these numbers are.

4.3 Whom to Enumerate

Persons to be Included in the Enumeration

The persons whom you will enumerate during the census will be those who are alive as of 12:01 a.m. of May 1, 1990 and who are:

a. Filipino nationals permanently residing in the Philippines;

b. Filipino nationals who are temporarily at sea or are temporarily abroad as of census date;

c. Filipino overseas workers as of census date, even though expected to be away for more than a year;

d. Philippine government officials, both military and civilian, including Philippine diplomatic personnel and their families, assigned abroad; and

e. Civilian citizens of foreign countries having their usual residence in the Philippines or foreign visitors who have stayed or are expected to stay for at least a year from the time of their arrival in this country.

Take note of the following cases:

a. A person who died at exactly or after 12:01 A.M., May 1, 1990 should be included in the enumeration.

Example:

The enumerator interviewed the Reyes household on May 10, 1990, and he was told that Mario died on May 4, 1990. The enumerator should include Mario along with other members of the household because he was still alive on May 1, 1990, which is the reference day of the census.

b. A person who died before 12:01 A.M., May 1, 1990 should be excluded from the enumeration.

Example:

Anselmo Gaspar died from a heart attack at midnight (12:00 P.M.) of April 30, 1990. The enumerator should exclude Anselmo from the enumeration of the Gaspar household. He was no longer alive at 12:01 A.M., May 1, 1990 and therefore, he is not part of the population as of the census date.

c. A baby born before 12:01 A.M., May 1, 1990 should be included in the enumeration.

d. A baby born at exactly or after 12:01 A.M., May 1, 1990 should be excluded from the enumeration.
Persons to be Excluded from the Enumeration

You should exclude the following persons from enumeration although they happen to be within the territorial jurisdiction of the Philippines at the time of the census enumeration:

a. Foreign ambassadors, ministers, consuls or other diplomatic representatives, and members of their families (except Filipino and non-Filipino employees who have been residents of the Philippines prior to said employment);

b. Citizens of foreign countries living within the premises of an embassy, legation, chancellery or consulate;

c. Officers and enlisted men of U.S. Military or Naval Forces and non-Filipino members of their households, irrespective of residence; foreigners who are civilian employees in U.S. military or naval stations and members of their families living within the premises of said stations or reservation; (Note: for foreigners who are civilian employees of said stations living outside the station or reservation, see Item 5.);

d. Citizens of foreign countries who are chiefs or officials of international organizations like United Nations (UN), International Labor Organization (ILO), Asian Development Bank (ADB), Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), the US Agency for International Development (USAID) who are subject to reassignment to other countries after their tour of duty in the Philippines, and members of their families;

e. Citizens of foreign countries together with non- Filipino members of their families, who are students or who are employed, or have business in the Philippines but who are expected to stay in the country for less than a year from arrival;

f. Citizens of foreign countries and Filipinos with usual place of residence in a foreign country who are visiting in the Philippines and who have stayed or are expected to stay in the country for less than a year from arrival (e.g., a Balikbayan who will return to his usual place of residence abroad after a short vacation or visit in the Philippines);

g. Citizens of foreign countries in refugee camps/vessels; and

h. Residents of the Philippines on vacation, pleasure or business trip, study or training, etc. abroad who have been away or expected to be away from the Philippines for more than one year from departure.

Although the persons listed above are not to be enumerated, you should still visit their households. Persons working for them or living with them may be among those who should be included according to the rules of enumeration.

[on page 52:]

Col. 7 - Name of Household Head or Name/Type of Institutional Living Quarters

The head of the household is an adult person, male or female, who is responsible for the organization and care of the household or who is regarded as such by the members of the household.

[page 59]

6.2 How to Identify and Select the Sample Households

In the 1990 CPH, there are basically two types of questionnaires to be used for the enumeration of household members. These are CPH Form 2 or the Common Household Questionnaire and CPH Form 3 or the Sample Household Questionnaire. As mentioned earlier, CPH Form 3 contains more questions than CPH Form 2. There are procedures for selecting those households to whom CPH Form 3 will be administered. All enumerators are required to strictly follow these procedures.

The sampling rate, or the proportion of households to be selected as samples within each EA, varies from one EA to another. It can be either 100%, 20% or 10%. If the sampling rate applied to an EA is 100%, it means that all households in that EA will use CPH Form 3. If it is 20% or 10%, it means that one-fifth or one-tenth, respectively, of all households will use CPH Form 3 while the rest will use CPH Form 2.

Ascertain from your team supervisor, the appropriate sampling rate for the EA assigned to you. If it is either 2 0% or 10%, ask from him/her the random start number that you will use. The random start is a number from 1 to 5 (in the case of 20% sampling rate) or from 1 to 10 (in the case of 10% sampling rate) which is used to select the cluster where the first sample household in an EA, and subsequently the other sample households are included. Remember that the random start is pre-determined for each EA. You should not change the random start assigned to your EA.

The scheme for the selection of sample households is known as systematic sampling with clusters as the sampling units. Under this scheme, the households in an EA are grouped in clusters of size 5 . Clusters are formed by grouping together households that have been assigned consecutive serial numbers as they are listed in the listing booklet.

Listed below are the household serial numbers comprising the first 10 clusters in an EA.

Cluster Number -- Households in the Cluster

1 -- 001 to 005
2 -- 006 to 010
3 -- 011 to 015
4 -- 016 to 020
5 -- 021 to 025
6 -- 026 to 030
7 -- 031 to 035
8 -- 036 to 040
9 -- 041 to 045
10 -- 046 to 050

[on pages 98-144:]

Chapter VIII
How to accomplish CPH form 3 - Sample household questionnaire

This chapter provides the detailed instructions on how to fill up CPH Form 3, the Sample Household Questionnaire. This 7-page questionnaire booklet, like CPH Form 2, gathers information on the demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the population as well as the characteristics of the buildings and housing units. It also gathers information on household characteristics and amenities.

8.1 Contents of CPH form 3

CPH Form 3 is the form that you will use to enumerate all sample households.

Like CPH Form 2, CPH Form 3 contains questions on population and housing. However, the population portion of CPH Form 3, which contains questions P1 to P35, aims to gather not only data on the demographic and social characteristics of the population but also on their economic characteristics.

The housing portion contains questions on building characteristics (B1 to B5); housing unit characteristics (D1); and household characteristics and amenities (H1 to H13).

Note: You should accomplish this form even for vacant housing units and housing units used only as rest house, vacation house, etc. in order to get complete information about all housing units in the country. Likewise, accomplish it for occupied housing units whose occupants are excluded from enumeration as in the case of the housing units occupied by foreign diplomats. In these instances, however, fill up only the geographic items (province, city/municipality, barangay, enumeration area number, and the serial numbers) and the housing items B1 to B5; and D1. Cross out the rest of the questionnaire items.

8.2 Identification items

[The publication states: "Refer to Sec. 7.2 (p. 67) for the instructions in filling up these items". This section is pasted from Common Household Questionnaire instructions, section 7.2]

Booklet Number

A booklet of CPH Form 2 can accommodate only a total of 8 household members. Hence, if a particular household has more than 8 members, then another booklet will have to be filled up for this household.

In order to properly account for all booklets which have been utilized to record the information about all the members, you must always fill up this portion of the questionnaire.

If a household has 8 or less members, and hence, only 1 booklet is used, indicate this by:

Booklet 1 of 1 Booklets

However, if 2 or more booklets are used, number these booklets in consecutive order as:

Booklet 1 of n Booklets
Booklet 2 of n Booklets

and so on up to

Booklet n of n Booklets,

where n is the number of booklets used.

Geographic Identification

Copy the geographic identification (province, city/municipality, barangay and enumeration area number) from the cover page of the listing booklet - CPH Form 1. You should do this before you go to the field for enumeration.

During the actual visit of the household, transcribe the CB building serial number, building serial number, housing unit serial number and household serial number from the corresponding line of columns 2 to 5 of the listing page. If there is no CB serial number, leave the code boxes blank.

Line Number of Respondent

You should fill this up after you have listed in item P1 all the members of the household. It is in this way that you can determine the corresponding line number of the respondent. Enter in the code boxes the 2-digit code line number of the respondent. The respondent is the member of the household who provides information for the household. However, if the respondent is not a member of the household (e.g., neighbor), or if this item is not applicable (i.e., housing unit is vacant or household members are not eligible for enumeration) enter 00 in the code boxes.

Name of Household Head

Transcribe the name of the household head from the corresponding line in column 7 of the listing page. If the housing unit is vacant, this item is not applicable. Simply leave it blank.

Address

Transcribe the address of the household from column 8 of the listing page.

Certification Portion

You will fill up this portion only after you have completed the interview and edited the questionnaires.

Print your name clearly on the space provided for the enumerator and sign your name over it. Your signature certifies that the questionnaire is complete and accurate to the best of your knowledge and ability. Enter also the date you conduct the interview. Do not fill the portion for the supervisor.

All questionnaires that you have accomplished should bear your name and your signature.

8.3 Instructions on the population census questions

In accomplishing the population portion of CPH Form 3, take note that P1 to P14 will be filled up for all persons; P15 to P22, for persons 5 years old and over; P23 to P31, for persons 10 years old and over; and P32 to P35, only for females 15 to 49 years old.

During the interview, you must always refer to the age of the person in P5 since it is an indicator whether a certain question is still applicable to the person.

Encircle or enter the codes, as the case may be, for the answer of the respondent. The pre-coded answers are found at the bottom of the questionnaire. If the answer of the respondent is not among the pre-coded answers, write the answer on the space provided in each cell.

Line Number

[The publication states: "Refer to Section 7.3 (p. 68) for the instructions in filling this up". This section is pasted from Common Household Questionnaire instructions, section 7.3]

Every questionnaire is provided with eight (8) lines or rows. You will write in these lines the names of all the members of the household and their characteristics. Each line has a pre- coded number printed at the leftmost column. This is the line number. This number automatically identifies each member of the household. Thus the first member is entered on the first row with line number 01; the second member will be on the second row with line number 02, and so on.

Ask the respondent the question "How many persons are in this household?". If the respondent answers 6, check line number 06. This will guide you later in determining whether or not you have listed all the members of the household in PI. As you ask this question, be sure to explain to the respondent what we mean by household and household members.
If there are more than eight (8) members in the household, an additional CPH Form 2 is necessary to list all the members. In this case, you have to renumber the line numbers of the members listed in the additional booklet. Thus line number 01 in the second booklet will be line number 09; line number 02 will be 10; etc. When renumbering the subsequent line numbers, cross out the original line number and write the correct line number above it.

The shaded question "Are there more than 8 members in this household?" found at the bottom of the page of CPH Form 2 is not to be asked from the respondent. This question is meant for you, the enumerator. If there are more than 8 members in the household, encircle 1-Yes, and get another booklet for the household; otherwise, encircle 2- No.

After listing the names of the household members, encircle the line number of the respondent. If there are two or more respondents, encircle only the line number of the one who answers most of the questions. If the respondent is not a member of the household, write a remark at the bottom of the page stating the identity of the respondent (e.g. neighbor) and the circumstances why he became the respondent.

Transcribe the encircled line number to the code box provided for the line number of the respondent at the cover page.

P1 to P12 Name of Household Members to Disability

[The publication states: "Follow the instructions and concepts in Section 7.3. (p. 69) in filling up the same items in CPH Form 2". This section is pasted from Common Household Questionnaire instructions, section 7.3]

P1 - Name, P2 - Identification of Overseas Worker, P3 - Relationship to Head

Data on the relationship to head of household identify the different types of family groups and their structures within a household. They provide an indication of the typical relationships among household members. Knowledge of changing family characteristics is needed for the development of social security and welfare programs.

Write the names of the members of the household in column P1 and the codes corresponding to their relationship to the head of the household in P3.

You begin to ascertain the members of the household by asking the respondent: "Who is the head of this household?" Write the name of this person on the first line.

You then proceed to ask the names of the other members of the household by asking, "Who are the persons usually residing here as of May 1, 1990?" Inform the respondent that you want to list the members in the following order:

a. Head

b. Spouse of the head

c. Never-married children of head/spouse from oldest to youngest, regardless of sex

d. Ever-married children of head/spouse and their families from oldest to youngest (son or son-in-law first, followed by daughter-in-law/daughter and grandchildren)

e. Parents, grandparents, brothers, sisters, parents-in- law and other relatives of the head or the spouse of the head

f. Non-relatives of head (boarders, household helpers, friends, etc.)

Ask the respondent if there are members of the household who are overseas contract workers. You should also include them in the list of members.

Overseas contract workers are Filipino workers who are presently out of the country to fulfill an overseas work contract for a specific length of time or who are presently at home on vacation but still have an existing overseas work contract.

In writing the names of the members of the household, enter the surname first, followed by a comma and then the first or given name and middle initial, if given. If the surname of a member is the same as the one immediately preceding him, just draw a horizontal line and a comma (______, ) in place of his surname and write the first name of the person as illustrated in the following example:

Santiago, Ismael
________, Rodora A.
________, Teresa
De la Fuente, Jose
________, Karmela

Note that in some parts of the country, people do not have surnames. If you encounter such a case, just write the name as given.

As the respondent mentions a name, immediately ask him the relationship of this person to the head of the household. Of course, each member of the household has a specific relationship to the head by virtue of his presence in the household. Such relationship may or may not be based on kinship.

Enter the appropriate code for the relationship of each household member to the head in P3. The code should be one of those listed at the bottom part of the questionnaire.

If the person is an overseas contract worker, enter 1 in P2, otherwise, enter 2.

In the interpretation of relationship, "children" of the head are the sons/daughters of the head, regardless of age or marital status. A married son, who, together with the members of his family, is a member of his father's household, should be reported as "son " and his wife and children, "daughter-in-law" and "grandson"/"granddaughter" of the household head, respectively.
"Other relatives" includes such relatives as parents-in-law, cousins, grandparents, sisters/brothers-in-law, etc.

Members of the household who are related to the head by blood or affinity but who are boarders, or household helpers should be considered as "non-relatives".

Verify whether you have listed all the household members correctly. Read your list to the respondent and ask "Have I missed anyone?" Then ask: "Is there anyone who is usually a member of this household, but is presently away from home on business, on vacation, in school, etc.?" If another name is given, determine if the person is a member according to the rules on household membership. If he is, add his name to the list and correct the line number checked in the first column.

Draw a diagonal line after the name of the last member of the household.

As mentioned earlier, you have to use another booklet if the household has more than 8 members. In this case, list in the first line number of the second booklet (which you have to renumber to 09) the 9th member. Cancel the pre-printed code 01 in P3, relationship to household head and write above it the correct code for the relationship of this person to the household head.

P4 Date of Birth

The information to be asked for all persons in this column is the specific month and year when the person was born.

Ask the respondent the month and year of the date of birth of each person. Enter the month in word (abbreviate such as Oct., Nov., Dec.) and the year as 194 5, 1964, etc.

Example: A person born on March 7, 1947 will have an entry of:

Mo. March
Yr. 1947

P5 What is age as of his/her last birthday?

Age, sex and marital status are essential for inclusion in a census for the purposes of analyzing factors of population changes and preparing population estimates and forecasts. Information on these topics are also needed for actuarial analysis of probability of survival and other related life-table functions.

For purposes of this census, age as of last birthday refers to the interval of time between the date of birth and before May 1, 1990, expressed in completed years.

Determine the age of each household member by asking the respondent "What is ______'s age as of his/her last birthday?".

If during your visit, a member of the household has just celebrated his last birthday on or after May 1, 1990, then you have to report his age in his previous birthday. For example, a person has just celebrated his 24th birthday on May 2, 1990, then the age to be reported for this person should be 23 and not 24.

Enter the age of every person 1 year old and over in completed years. However, for persons less than 1 year old, enter 00. Entries on age should consist of two digits. For ages 1 to 9, prefix zero (0). For example, 02, 07, etc.

However, for persons 100 years and over, enter the age in three digits as reported.

Always ask the age of the person even if the date of birth is already given. Do not compute for the person's age from the reported date of birth.

If the exact age is not known, ask for an estimate.

Note that the examples are expressed in whole years. Never make an entry containing a fraction such as 7 1/2, 5 years and 2 mos., etc.

Extra care should be exercised as the respondent may give incorrect information either from ignorance or forgetfulness, or for some other reasons like a desire to conceal one's age. Therefore, probe the answer for unreasonable inconsistencies of the ages among husband and wife and children.

It may also help to ask an aged person to recall some well- known local, national or world event in the past by which his age may be associated, or if he is older or younger than some prominent persons. If all possible means have been exhausted and the respondent is unable to give the correct information, enter his best estimate.

Age as of Last Birthday Conversion Table (Appendix D) will help you check the reported age of a person against his date of birth. Refer to this table when checking your entries on age for consistency.

P6 Sex

Sex holds a position of prime importance in demographic studies. Separate data for males and females are important in themselves, for the analysis of other types of data, and for the evaluation of the completeness and accuracy of the census counts of population.

The sex of each household member can usually be determined by his name or relationship to the head, hence, in most cases there would be no need to ask the respondent whether the person is male or female. However, some names such as Chito, Cielito, Loreto, Trinidad, Dakila, Resurreccion, Rosario, Joey, Regine, Gene (Jean), etc., could be those of male or female persons. When the name is common to both sexes, ask: "Is ________ male or female?"

Encircle 1 for Male and 2 for Female.

P7 Marital status

Marital status refers to the personal status of each individual in reference to the marriage laws or customs of the country. It is the same as "civil status", the term usually used in official and private records, documents, transactions, etc., in the country.

For persons 10 years old and over ask: "What is 's marital status?" For persons below 10 years old, enter 1 (Single) without asking the question.

Encircle the code for the person's marital status as reported by the respondent. Avoid antagonizing the respondent. Do not refute the reported marital status of any person. Disregard your personal knowledge about the person or your knowledge of any official record.

Determine the appropriate code for the person's marital status as defined below;

1 Single - for a person who has never been married.

2 Married - for a person married in a religious or civil ceremony, either living together with spouse at the time of the visit, or temporarily living apart because his spouse is employed elsewhere or is in the Armed Forces, etc.

3 Widowed for a married person whose spouse died and who has not remarried up to the time of visit.

4 Separated/Divorced - for a person who is permanently separated from his spouse, legally or through mutual consent. Also for a person whose marriage with another has been annulled or dissolved and can therefore remarry.

5 Others - for persons or couple living consensually together (by mere consent) as husband and wife without the benefit of a legal marriage.

6 Unknown - for a person whose marital status is not known to the respondent, or whose marital
status is being concealed by the respondent.

P8 Religious Affiliation

Religious affiliation refers to a particular system of beliefs, attitudes, emotions and behaviors constituting man's relationship with the powers and principles of the universe. Data on this are required for the planning of religion-related and religion-sponsored activities. They may also be used for an examination of ethnic characteristics of the population.

Enter the code for the religious affiliation of each person as reported by the respondent.
If the reported religious affiliation is not among the pre- coded answers provided in the questionnaire, write the specific religious affiliation on the space provided.

An infant who is not yet baptized must carry the religious affiliation of his mother.

Take note that the "Protestant" religion has different denominations, and so with "other" religions. In case you are in doubt on how to classify a certain religious sect, write the specific religion on the space provided.

There are Roman Catholics, Protestants, etc. who joined some charismatic movements or fellowships and now claim themselves as "born-again" Christians or charismatics. In this case, verify where they are attending religious services.

Ascertain if his conversion as a "born-again" Christian/charismatic makes his religion different from Catholic, Protestant, etc. If this is so, write "born-again" or "charismatic" for other religion. However, if the person considers himself as a born-again Christian but is still attending mass in his respective church, then classify him according to the religion with which the church is associated.

P9 and P10 Citizenship

Citizenship is defined as the legal nationality of a person. A citizen is a legal national of the country at the time of census, while an alien is a non-national of the country. The collection of data on citizenship permits the classification of the population into (a) citizens and (b) aliens.

Data on citizenship are valuable in the study of problems relating to the legal status and civil rights of immigrants.

A person's citizenship depends on the country to which he owes legal allegiance or where he exercises the right of suffrage.

P9 - Is ____ a citizen of the Philippines?

Ask the question in P9, "Is ______ a citizen of the Philippines?" for all persons. This question determines who among the members of the household are citizens of the Philippines and who are not. If the household member is a citizen of the Philippines, encircle 1 for Yes in P9 and enter a dash (-) in P10. However, if the household member is not a citizen of the Philippines,, encircle 2 for No in P9 and ask the question in P10, "What country is ______ a citizen of?"

P10 - What country is ____ a citizen of?

Enter the appropriate code for the country of citizenship of household members who are not Filipinos. The codes are listed at the bottom of the questionnaire. For persons with dual citizenship, both aliens, inquire which one should be reported and enter the code for the preferred country of citizenship. However, for those with dual citizenship, Filipino and an alien citizenship, encircle 01 for Yes in P9. For persons whose citizenship is other than those provided with codes at the bottom of the questionnaire, write on the space provided the name of the country to which they owe legal allegiance to.

If the person being interviewed hesitates to answer this question, remind him that the information will be held strictly confidential and no reference to individual persons will be made.

P11 and P12 Disability

Disability refers to any restriction or lack (resulting from an impairment) of ability to perform an activity in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being. Data on disability will enable planners to prepare plans for rehabilitation, education development and preventive programs.

P11 - Does ____ have any physical and mental disability?

Ask the question in P11, "Does ____ have any physical or mental disability?" for all persons. If the answer is Yes, encircle 1 in P11 and ask the question in P12, "What type of disability does ____ have?". Otherwise, encircle 2 in P11 and enter a dash (-) in P12.

P12 - What type of disability does ______ have?

A person is considered physically or mentally disabled if he has any of the following impairments:

1 Blindness - if one eye or both eyes are reported totally blind and have no vision.

2 Deafness - if one ear or both ears are reported the incapable of hearing sounds or noises. A person can be completely deaf or partially deaf. Completely deaf persons do not hear sounds or noises at all. Partly deaf persons can hear or respond to loud noises only, but not to soft or low noises. Persons who are partly deaf hear a little when people speak to them.

3 Muteness - if the person is unable to speak or utter words.

4 Deafness and Muteness - if the person is reported to be both deaf and mute.

5 Speech Impairment - if the person can speak but not sufficiently clear to be understood. This also includes those people who can only make meaningless sounds.

6 Mental Illness - if the person suffers from schizophrenia, manic depressive illness, psychosis, or severe depression characterized by strange behavior.

7 Mental Retardation if the person has disorders/damage of the brain resulting in mental retardation.

8 Orthopedic handicap - if the person suffers from bone deformities or has the following impairments:

- absence or deformity of one or both hands or arms
- absence or deformity of one or both feet or legs
- fractures
- severe scoliosis kyphosis third degree burns, etc.


9 Multiple Disability - if the person is reported to have a combination of two or more disabilities.

0 Others - if the answer does not fall in any of the pre-coded answers, write the answer as stated by the respondent on the space provided. Examples: cancer, leprosy, paralysis, cerebral palsy, cross-eyed, etc.

NOTE: For persons below 5 years old in P3, end interview in P12. Questions P17 to P22 are not applicable for persons below 5 years old. Draw a straight line from P17 to P22.

P13 Mother Tongue

Mother tongue refers to the language/dialect spoken by a person at his earliest childhood or the language/dialect that a person first learned to speak.

Data on this are used primarily in the analysis of the ethnic origin of a person long after assimilation to the other customs of the majority population has taken place. Mother tongue serves as a sensitive index of ethnic origin.

Ask the respondent the question in P13 , "What was _____'s dialect or language spoken at earliest childhood?" for all *members of the household. The languages/dialects and their corresponding codes are printed at the bottom of the questionnaire. If it is not among the pre-coded answers, write the language/dialect on the space provided.

Note that "Visaya" is not a specific dialect. There are different types of Visayan dialects such as Hiligaynon (Ilongo), Cebuano, Waray, etc.

For a child too young to be able to talk or for a person who is mute, the code for this particular question should be the same as that of his brothers and sisters. In case he has no brothers or sisters, follow that of his mother.

P14 Mother's Usual Residence at Person's Birth

Data on mother's usual residence at person's birth are used as an indicator of the ethnic origin of the population. It can also be used to provide a measure of life-time migration.

All persons must have an entry in this column. If at the time of the person's birth his mother was usually residing in the same municipality or city where the person is enumerated, enter code 8 in the code box. However, if the mother was usually residing in another city/municipality, enter the name of the city/municipality and province of which she was a usual resident at the time of the person's birth on the space provided.

If the mother's usual residence at the time of birth was in a foreign country/ enter code 7 in the code box.

In case a child is an adopted child, report here the usual residence of his/her real mother, if known. However, if the respondent does not know the usual residence of the real mother at the time of the child's birth, enter code 9 for unknown.

In case a municipality/province was divided into two separate and independent municipalities/provinces, the PRESENT geographic location of the place of mother's usual residence at person's birth will prevail.

Examples:

a. Juan Hernandez and his mother are enumerated in Sara, Iloilo. His mother has lived in this municipality and province since her marriage to Juan's father. Therefore, when Juan was born his mother was usually residing in Sara, Iloilo. Hence, you should enter code 8 in P14.

b. Evelyn Rodriguez, together with her parents and sisters, is enumerated in Calape, Bohol where she now resides. At the time of her birth, her mother was usually residing in Clarin, Bohol.

When Evelyn was born, her mother was residing in a municipality (Clarin) different from the municipality where Evelyn is enumerated (Calape). Therefore, the entry in P14 should be Clarin, Bohol.

c. Julio Iglesias and his family are enumerated in Agno, Pangasinan where they reside. Before Julio's birth his mother went and stayed temporarily in Dagupan City, Pangasinan to deliver Julio, and a few weeks thereafter, returned home. In this case code 8 will be entered because Julio Iglesias is enumerated in Agno, Pangasinan and his mother's usual place of residence when he was born was also Agno, Pangasinan (not Dagupan City).

d. Luisa Sarmiento and her mother are enumerated in Plaridel, Quezon. Luisa's mother was a usual resident of this place when Luisa was born. But during Luisa's birth, Plaridel was only a barrio of Atimonan, Quezon. The code for Luisa should be 8 (same municipality) because the usual residence of Luisa's mother during her birth and their present residence did not change.

NOTE: For persons under 5 years old in P5, end interview in P14. Draw a straight line from P15 to P35; these questions are no longer applicable to those who are less than 5 years old.

P15 and P16 Previous Residence

Data on previous residence are vital for projects concerning housing and industrial development. Estimates of migration are needed for preparing population projections necessary for planning and policy purposes. Distribution of internal migration at certain geographic level will be better judged as to its implications to social changes given a detailed analysis of the volume and trend of internal migration.

The questions on previous residence pertain to the place where a person has lived before his present residence and when he moved to his present residence.

Ask the question in P15, "In what city/municipality did _____ live before moving to this place?" for all persons 5 years old and over. Enter code 8 in P15 if the person's previous residence is the same as his present residence. However, if his previous residence is in another city/municipality, write the name of the city/municipality and province on the space provided.

For those whose previous residence is in a foreign country, enter code 7 in the code box provided in P15.

If the respondent does not know the previous residence of the members of the household, ask the person himself about his previous residence. However, if the person does not recall or know the name of the city/municipality where he lived before his present residence after exhaustive probing, enter code 9 for unknown in the code boxes.

Ask the respondent the question in P16, "When did move to this city/municipality?" for all members of the household who are 5 years old and over. Specify the month and year where each person moved to the city/municipality (present residence).

For example:

Mo. JAN.
Yr. 1978

If the person has lived in his present residence since birth, enter 0 (zero) in the code box.

P17 Residence 5 Years Ago

[The publication states: " Follow the instructions and concepts in Section 7.3 (p. 77) in filling up this item." This section is pasted from Common Household Questionnaire instructions, section 7.3]

The question on residence 5 years ago pertains to the place where a person was residing 5 years ago. Data on this are vital for projects concerning housing and industrial development. Estimates of migration are needed for preparing population projections necessary for planning" and policy purposes. Distribution of internal migration at certain geographic level will be better judged as to its implications to social changes given a detailed analysis of the volume and trend of internal migration.

Enter code 8 in P17 if the person's residence 5 years ago is the same as his present residence. However, if his residence 5 years ago is in another city/municipality, write the name of the city/municipality and province on the space provided.

For those whose residence 5 years ago is in a foreign country, enter code 7 in the code box.

If the respondent does not know the residence of the members of the household 5 years ago, ask the person himself about his residence 5 years ago. However, if the person cannot recall the name of the city/municipality and province where he lived 5 years ago after exhaustive probing, enter code 9 for unknown in the code box.

P18 Language

Knowledge on the ability of the population to speak a language or dialect is important in a country like the Philippines since more than one dialect/language are used as teaching media in schools. Moreover, such data serve as input to studies on communication and education of linguistic minorities.

Filipino is the national language of the Philippines based on Tagalog, and is taught in schools and colleges throughout the country. On the other hand, Tagalog is the language generally spoken in Tagalog provinces such as Batangas, Bulacan, Cavite, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal and Manila.

Ask the question in P18, "Is ________ able to speak Tagalog/Filipino?" for all persons 5 years old and over. Encircle code 1 for Yes and code 2 for No. A person is said to be able to speak Filipino if he understands the language and can communicate in Tagalog even with a very limited vocabulary. A person who understands Tagalog/Filipino but cannot communicate in Tagalog/Filipino at all is considered not able to speak Tagalog/Filipino.

Persons having difficulty in speaking due to physical defects or illness but can communicate in Tagalog/Filipino through sign language, braille, etc. are considered able to speak the said language.

P19 Literacy

[The publication states: " Follow the instructions in filling up this item in Section 7.3 (p. 77)." This section is pasted from Common Household Questionnaire instructions, section 7.3]

Data on literacy provide an important indication of the capability of the nation for economic, social and cultural development. Such data serve as guide to planners concerned with the policies for the development of the educational system.

Literacy is the ability to read and write a simple message. A person is literate when he can both read and write a simple message in any language or dialect. A person who cannot both read and write a simple message is illiterate. Also consider a person illiterate if he is capable of reading and writing only his own name or numbers, as well as a person who can read but not write, or vice versa.

A person who knows how to read and write but at the time of the census he/she can no longer read and/or write due to some physical defects or illness is considered literate. Example of this is an aged person who knows how to read and write but can no longer perform these activities due to poor eyesight.

Disabled persons who can read and write through any means such as braille are considered literate.

Ask the question in P19, "Is ____ able to read and write a simple message in any dialect/language?" Encircle code 1, Yes, for those persons who are literate, and code 2, No, for those persons who are illiterate.

P20 School Attendance

Data on school attendance provide a description of the school-age population actually in school. The proportion of the school-age population which is able to take advantage of the educational system is necessary in the assessment of the adequacy of the educational system of the country.

Ask the respondent the question in P20, "Did _______ attend school at any time from June 1989 to March 1990?" for all persons 5 years old and over. If the answer is Yes, encircle code 1 ; if No, encircle code 2 .

School Attendance means attendance at any educational institution, public or private, for formal academic education at the elementary, high school, college or university level at any time during the school year June 1989 to March 1990.

Attendance in these schools leads to a higher grade and ultimately, to an academic title/degree. It includes attendance in night classes.

Include school attendance that is leading to a high school diploma in vocational high schools such as schools of arts and trades or technical high schools, and rural or agricultural high schools. Also include attendance in post secondary vocational/technical schools which are within the regular system of education such as universities and colleges.

Examples:

a. Eulogio "Amang" Rodriguez Institute of Science and Technology (EARIST)

b. San Carlos Rural High School

Exclude, however, attendance in vocational schools outside the regular system of education, in such short courses as dressmaking, beauty culture, hair science, auto mechanic, motor vehicle driving, typing, stenography, bookkeeping, etc. Also exclude day care centers which teach children the alphabet just to pass away their time.

Examples:

a. A-l Driving School

b. CWL Vocational Center

c. Twinkle Twinkle Little Star Day Care Center

Also exclude training received by mail from correspondence schools like ICS (International Correspondence School). However, if the correspondence courses are given by a regular school such as a university, and they are considered toward promotion in the regular school system, such schooling should be included. Also exclude school attendance in review classes for bar or board or other examination for the practice of a profession or trade.

If a person was enrolled at the beginning of the school year or on the second semester but subsequently dropped out from school, also encircle code 1 for him.

If an answer of Yes is given for a person who is old enough to have graduated from college (25 years old and over), verify the answer, especially in barangays far from colleges and universities, before you encircle code 1.

P21 Place of School

The purpose of this question is to determine the number of students who study in places outside the city or municipality where they are usually residing. Such data are vital in transport planning i.e., in the analysis of trip patterns, forecasting public transportation patronage and projecting fuel usage and the number of non-resident students in the receiving municipality/city.

For every person 5 years old and over and whose answer in P20 is code 1 (Yes) , ask the question "In what city/municipality did ______ attend school?".

For a person whose place of school is the same as his present residence, that is, the school is located within the city/municipality where he resides, enter code 8 in the code box. However, if the place of school is in another city/municipality, specify on the space provided the city/municipality and province where he attends school.

Enter code 7 for those whose place of school is in a foreign country.

P22 Highest Educational Attainment

[The publication states: "Refer to Section 7.3 (p. 78) in filling up this item." This section is pasted from Common Household Questionnaire instructions, section 7.3]

Data on highest educational attainment furnish material for a comparison of the present educational equipment of the adult population with the present and anticipated future requirements of manpower for various types of economic activities.

Highest educational attainment refers to the highest grade or year completed in school, college or university.

Ask the question in P22, "What is the highest grade/year completed by ___?" for all persons 5 years old and over.

If the answer given is in terms of the level of the school only and not the specific grade or year completed, determine the specific grade or year by asking the respondent additional questions. The answer "Elementary" or "High School" is insufficient. It is necessary to know the highest grade or year of elementary school or high school attended and passed.

Enter in P22 the code corresponding to the highest educational attainment. For example, enter 1100 if the person has only completed Grade 1, 1300 for Grade 3 or 2200 for 2nd year High School. If the person has not completed any grade at all, enter 0000. Codes for highest grade completed are listed at the bottom of the questionnaire.

Report also in P22 the post secondary course that a person has completed. Post secondary course refers to the stage of formal education following the secondary education level covering non-degree programs that have varying duration lasting up to three years, concerned primarily with developing strong and appropriately trained middle level manpower.

Include here those vocational/technical courses under post secondary education (formal education). These courses are offered in school, university/college and require completion of high school course (high school graduate). Exclude those post secondary courses taken in NMYC and other schools that are not within the regular system of education.

In order to determine whether the vocational/technical course reported by the respondent is under post secondary education (formal education) the following probing questions should be asked:

a. Is the course offered/taken in school, college/ university or NMYC? If in NMYC, the course is non-formal and therefore, will not be considered as post secondary education. If in school, college/university, the following question should be asked:

b. Is completion of high school course a requirement for admission? If yes, the course is considered formal.
Undergraduate post secondary students - refer to those who have taken a post secondary course at least a year but have not completed the course. For example, a person, who at the time of census, is a 2nd year student of a 2-year Automotive Technology. If he has finished his 1st year in Automotive Technology, he is considered as undergraduate post secondary student.

If the person has successfully completed his post secondary education, specify the title of the course/certificate completed and its corresponding duration on the space below the code boxes.

Examples:

2-Yr. Associate in Arts
2-Yr. Certificate in Physical Education
6-Mo. Basic Computer System
6-Mo. Auto Diesel Technology

Take note of the following cases:

1. If a person finished a post secondary course and is currently a 1st year college student, his post secondary course should be reported.

2. If a person is currently enrolled in a 6-month or 1-year post secondary course but has not finished the course, he should be reported as a high school graduate.

3. If a person is currently in 1st year college or post secondary, do not assume that he is only a high school graduate. Verify if he has taken/completed other courses (degree or non-degree courses).

Usually, it is difficult to differentiate certificate and diploma courses that are under post secondary education from post graduate courses. In order to determine whether the course reported by the respondent is a post secondary or post graduate course, the following question should be asked:

a. Is a baccalaureate or a college degree a requirement for admission to certificate or diploma course? If yes, the course is considered under post graduate course. Otherwise, it is classified as post secondary course.

Examples:

Certificate in Development Economics - post graduate course
Diploma in Population Communication - post graduate course
Diploma in Junior Secretarial - post secondary
Certificate in Agri-Business - post secondary

If the person is a college undergraduate, i.e., he has not earned a degree, enter the code for the year of his completed education as 3100 for 1st year college, 3400 for 4th year college, etc. Note that code 3500 stands for 5th or higher year in college, without earning a bachelor's degree.

The acquisition of a college degree implies the successful completion of a course study. Information on degree received should be collected only for persons who have completed a course study at the third level of education. Such information should include the title of the highest degree received, and an indication of the field of study if the title does not make it clear.

For a college graduate, enter in the space provided the specific Bachelor's or higher degree obtained.

Examples:

BS Commerce
BS Chemical Engineering
BS Math
Doctor of Medicine

For law or medical students who have earned a degree, e.g.., BS Political Science, BS Zoology, BS Med Tech, etc. but are still in law or medical school, report the specific degree obtained. The same rule applies to graduate students who are still working for their master's degree. For students taking doctorate studies, report master's degree completed, if any.

For those who have pursued and completed two or more degrees of the same level and duration, report only one degree or whichever degree the person preferred to be reported.

Verify from the respondent if a very high educational attainment in relation to the age of the person is reported. For example: 3rd year high school for a boy who is 13 years old or BS Commerce for a person who is 17 years old.

On the next page is the correct way of filling up items P13 to P22.

[Picture: Illustration 8.1 Filling up items P13 to P22 of CPH form 3]

Note: For persons below 10 years old in P5, end interview in P22. Draw a straight line from P23 to P35. P23 to P35 are no longer applicable for persons below 10 years old.

P23 Usual Activity/Occupation

Data on occupation are essential for analyzing the growth, composition and distribution of the work force. They provide information on socio-economic status of the population which is essential in planning the necessary training programs aimed at full and effective utilization of the country's human resources.

Ask the question in P2 3, "What was ________ 's usual activity/occupation during the past twelve months?" for all persons 10 years old and over.

Through this question we can determine whether a person is a gainful worker or is a non-gainful worker.

The term usual activity/occupation refers to the kind of job or business which a person was engaged in most of the time during the last twelve months preceding the interview. In other words, usual activity/occupation is the person's principal means of earning a living like a palay farmer, carpenter, retail merchant, elementary school teacher, telephone operator, etc. during the past twelve months.

For persons who did not work during the past 12 months, their usual activity/occupation relates to the non-gainful activities they usually do most of the year or to their status. They will be reported in either of the following:

1. Housekeeper, own home

2. Student

3. Pensioner (quite old to work and receiving monthly pension or annuity. Report under "Disabled" if disabled but still young.)

4. Retired (quite old to work and not receiving monthly pension or annuity, including those retired from the government service or private employment who can still work but do not care to work anymore)

5. Disabled (suffering from permanent illness or permanent disability)

6. Dependent (other than above), etc.

For purposes of this census, a person is considered as gainful worker or usually working most of the time during the past 12 months if he works for at least 10 hours a week for 6 months (26 weeks) or longer, including vacation or sick leave, in one or more of these classes of work:

1. work for pay (wage, salary, commission, tips, etc.);

2. work for profit in own farm, business, private practice of a profession or trade, and;

3. work without pay on own family farm or business.

For persons whose activities varied during the preceding 12 months, report as his usual activity/occupation that which he was engaged in for more than six months. However, if none of these activities lasted for more than six months, report that which had the longest duration.

For persons working at two permanent jobs, the job at which they work longer hours should be reported. If they spend the same number of hours on both jobs, report the job from which they earn greater income.

Take note of the following cases:

1. If a person worked most of the time during the past 12 months but actually devoted more time to studying or housekeeping most of the year, report the gainful occupation he did and not student or housekeeper.

2. If a person doing housekeeping at home or studying most of the time happens, to be working on census day at a temporary job lasting for less than six months, she should still be reported as housekeeper or student, as the case may be. For instance, a farmer's wife or daughter who is housekeeping most of the year and helps occasionally on the farm should be reported as housekeeper. On the other hand, if a person who used to do housekeeping at home is already employed on census day in a permanent job or job lasting for six months or longer (at least 10 hours a week) e.g., as a saleswoman, then she should be reported as saleswoman and not as housekeeper.

3. If for several years a person had been a school teacher but on May 1, 1990 has already quit his teaching job and is operating a palay farm, his usual occupation is palay farmer and no longer elementary school teacher.

4. During the census, a person may be working in a job other than his usual occupation. For instance, an elementary school teacher works during the long school vacation as a merchant or a palay farmer or fisherman works temporarily as a carpenter. In these cases, the report should be "Elementary school teacher", "Palay farmer", or "Fisherman", respectively, and not the temporary jobs they are presently doing.

Always describe the specific job or occupation performed by the person in the establishment, office, farm, etc., such as radio technician, records clerk, typist, stenographer, lawyer, farm manager, elementary school teacher, bill collector, carpenter, hospital attendant, etc.

Answers such as agent, engineer, mechanic, employee, etc., do not describe adequately the work performed. Ask the respondent additional questions like "Does this person work for a life insurance company, advertising agency, etc.?" or "What kind of engineer/mechanic is he?"

If the respondent gives a long description of the actual duties of work of the person, report the occupation that fits the description.

Avoid such ambiguous descriptions as owner, partner, businessman, etc. They do not adequately describe the occupation of the person. They simply indicate the proprietary relationship of the person to the business and some owners do not do any work in connection with their business.

If a person is the owner of an enterprise and he manages it or participates in its management, report "Manager" as his occupation. However, in such enterprises as wholesale or retail trade, hotel, dormitory, restaurant, cafeteria or other lodging or eating place, said owner managing or participating in the management of the enterprise should be reported as "wholesale merchant", "retailer", or "working proprietor". Note however, that a partner in a business who is paid by the partnership to manage the business should be reported as "manager" and not "working proprietor".

Jobs/Occupations which need special care in reporting

Below are examples of jobs or occupations which need special care in reporting:

[In format "Unacceptable Entry: Acceptable Entries"]

Agent: Insurance agent, real estate agent, etc. Note that a PC agent should be reported as "enlisted man", "PC lieutenant", etc. Report a police agent as "detective".

Apprentice: An entry should include both occupation and the word "apprentice". The correct entry should be apprentice plumber, apprentice printer, etc.

Assemblers: Specify type of machinery or products being assembled, e.g., mechanical machinery assembler, electrical machinery assembler, wood and related materials product assembler, etc.

Attendant: Bar attendant, hospital attendant, etc.

Businessman: Wholesale merchant, retailer, manager, etc.

Clerk: Accounting clerk, filing clerk, records clerk, etc.

Collector: Bill collector, garbage collector, market collector, toll collector, etc.

Contractor: A contractor is engaged principally in obtaining building and/or other contracts and supervising the work. He should be reported as "building contractor", "road contractor", etc.

Craftsman or skilled worker: Specify type of skill such as miner, quarry worker, bricklayer, stone mason, concrete finisher, carpenter, roofer, plumber, pipe fitter, spray painter, metal molder, sheet metal worker, black- smith, toolmaker, metal worker, metal grinder, metal polisher, motor vehicle mechanic and fitter, radio and TV servicer, telephone installer, electrical line installer, glass engraver, printing engraver, basket weaver, wood treater, cabinet maker, etc.

Driver: Tricycle driver, taxi driver, jeepney driver, heavy equipment driver, calesa driver, light van driver, bus driver, tram driver, heavy truck driver, heavy van driver, etc.

Employee: Specify whether the employee is a statistician, receptionist, typist, etc.

Engineer: Civil engineer, mining engineer, marine engineer, etc.

Factory worker: Weaver, knitter, sewer, tinsmith, etc.

Farmer: Rice farmer, corn farmer, sugarcane farmer, coconut farmer, etc.

Farm worker: Skilled rice farm worker, skilled corn farm worker, etc.; farmhand, farm laborer, etc.

Fireman: Locomotive fireman, city fireman (for city fire department) , fire fighter (as in airfields), etc.

Fisherman: Fisherman in deep-sea, fishpen, fishpond, coastal, inland, etc.; fishpond operator, prawn grower, prawn farm machinery operator, etc.

Foreman: Foreman-carpenter, foreman-electrician, etc.

Government official: Specify position such as: mayor, congressman, senator, cabinet secretary, asst. cabinet secretary, commissioner, justice, councilor, barangay chairman barangay councilman, etc.

Helper: Store helper, bakery helper, etc.

Inspector: Meat inspector, market inspector, etc.

Manager: Board Director, specialized company manager such as: production and operations manager, finance and administration manager, personnel and industrial relations manager, sales and marketing manager, advertising and public relations manager, supply and distribution manager, computing services manager, research and development manager, small firm manager, etc.

Mechanic: Auto mechanic, airplane mechanic, radio mechanic, etc. Do not confuse mechanic with machinist who is a skilled craftsman and who constructs and repairs all kinds of metal parts, tools, and machines through the use of blueprints, machine and hand tools, and precision measuring instruments.
Midwife: Differentiate the "licensed midwife" from the "practical midwife", "hilot", etc.

Nurse: Registered nurse, practical nurse, nurse's aide, etc.

Operator: Bulldozer operator, elevator operator, telephone operator, mining plant operator, mineral ore and stone treating plant operator, well driller and borer, ore smelting operator, metal melter, caster and rolling-mill operator, metal heat- treating plant operator, metal drawer and extruder, glass and ceramics kiln operator, papermaking plant operator, chemical processing plant operator, power- generating plant operator, steam turbine operator, automated assembly-line operator, machine tool operator, chemical products machine operator, rubber and plastics products machine operator, wood products machine operator, printing machine operator, binding machine operator, paper and paperboard products machine operator, spinning and winding machine operator, weaving and knitting machine operator, sewing and embroidering machine operator, textile bleaching, dyeing and cleaning machine operator, meat and fish processing machine operator, dairy products machine operator, grain and spice milling machine operator, fruit, vegetable and nut processing machine operator, sugar processing and refining machine operator, tea, coffee, cocoa and chocolate preparing and producing machine operator, tobacco products processing machine operator, brewer and wine and other beverage machine operator, etc.

Police: Police officer, detective, patrolman, traffic police, etc. Note that in municipalities with a small police force an entry of policeman may be satisfactory.

Secretary: The title "secretary" should be used for persons doing secretarial work in an office. The secretary who is an elected or appointed officer of a corporation, firm or other organization, should be reported as "executive secretary".

Skilled Laborer: Carpenter, driver, electrician, watch repairer, goldsmith, blacksmith, etc.

Supervisor: Principal, superintendent, sales supervisor, teacher-supervisor, transport supervisor, housekeeping supervisor, farm overseer, etc.

Teacher: Elementary school teacher, high school teacher, professor, instructor, substitute teacher or teaching assistant (elementary, high school or college), private tutor, university instructor, vocational- technical skill instructor, specialized trainer such as sales trainer, management trainer, instructor-trainer, etc.

Technician: Civil engineering technician, quantity surveyor, surveyor's technician, mining technician, electrical engineering technician, electronics engineering technician, telecommunications technician, mechanical engineering technician, aeronautical engineering technician, automotive engineering technician, chemical engineering technician, metallurgical technician, mining engineering technicians; production engineering technician draftsman, etc. Note that an engineering graduate or a licensed engineer is an engineer by qualification but may be hired as a technician and performing technician jobs. Report him as a technician, specifying his field.

Unskilled Laborer: Whenever possible specify the unskilled laborer as "street sweeper", "janitor", "stevedore", etc.

P24 Kind of Business or Industry

This refers to the nature or character of the business or enterprise or the place wherein the person works. Data on this provide information on the level and trend of industrialization and on important aspects of the country's potential for economic development.

For persons 10 years old and over with report of gainful usual activity/occupation in P23, ask the question in P24 "In what kind of business or industry did ____ work during the past twelve months?". However, for persons 10 years old and over who are non-gainful workers (housewife, students, retiree, disabled, etc.) and for those below 10 years old, enter a dash in P24.

The entries in this column and in P23 should be consistent with each other. The business or industry should describe specifically and adequately the character and nature of business or industry or the place where the work is being performed in connection with the job or occupation, such as palay farm, sari- sari store, gold mine, leather shoe factory, rice mill, etc. Do not be satisfied with answers like firm names such as Soriano and Co., LM Enterprise, etc., since they do not necessarily describe the business or activity. Probe and try to elicit from the respondent information about the kind of product (if manufacturing firm) or the kind of service that the company is engaged in.

Moreover, if work is pursued in a big company that is engaged in several types of activities, report the nature of the particular activity of that company in which the person is working.

If work is for government office or institution, the name of the office, bureau, public school, etc. may be accepted. If work is for the executive branch of a local government, indicate whether provincial, city or municipal government. Moreover, when the government office engages in services other than administrative such as education, communication, health, transportation, construction, etc., persons working in such office must be reported in their corresponding activity, such as railroad, airport, insurance, high school, highway construction, etc.

Below are examples of how some officials and employees of the government should be reported:

Usual Occupation - Business or Industry

Accounting Clerk - Central Bank

Registered Nurse - Puericulture Center

Market Collector - Municipal Government

Bill Collector - Waterworks (MWSS)

Bulldozer Operator - Road Construction (DPWH)

Stenographer - Provincial Government

Distinction should be made between manufacturing and retailing in cases where an establishment engages in both activities. The entry in this column should be according to the part of the establishment in which the person works. Likewise, manufacturing should be differentiated from wholesaling.

Example:

A traveling salesman working for a distributor of soft drinks will have an entry of "soft drink distribution" for industry. A traveling salesman for a soft drink factory itself will have "soft drink factory" for industry.

You must distinguish between two kinds of business specializing in selling. A wholesale store sells primarily to retailers, while a retail store sells directly to consumers.

For a person conducting his business in his own house, report his business just as you are reporting a regular establishment, such as dressmaking or tailoring shop, radio repair shop, law office, dental clinic, etc.

If a person does not have a permanent job and usually pursues his usual occupation by working for several employers engaged in different kinds of business or industry like many farm and manual laborers, report the kind of business or industry in which he usually works longest during the past 12 months.

Industries which need special care in classification

In certain industries, the common titles are inadequate. Enter the specific kind of business or industry. Below are examples of industries for which special care must be taken:

[Format: Unacceptable Entry: Acceptable Entries]

Agency: Real estate agency, travel agency, etc.

Assembly Plant: Motor vehicle assembly plant, motor/bicycle assembly plant, etc.

Box Factory: Paper box factory, wooden box factory, etc.

Business: Wholesale/retail of fish, dry goods/textiles retail, etc.

Buying and Selling: Egg wholesale, vegetable retail, etc.

Canning Factory: Fruit canning factory, fish canning factory, etc.

Factory: Candy factory, soap factory, etc.

Farm: Corn farm, sugar cane farm, etc.

Fishing: Fishpond, lake or river fishing, deep sea fishing, etc.

Manufacturing: Manufacture of household appliances, garments, toys, etc.

Mill: Rice or corn mill, flour mill, sugar mill, knitting mill, etc.

Mining: Coal mine, gold mine, copper mine, etc.

Office: Law office, life insurance company, savings or commercial bank, etc.

Plant: Ice plant, electric power plant, etc.

Private Firm: Specify kind of business engaged in by firm

Public Utility: Bus or taxicab company, gas company, telephone company, waterworks, etc.

Repair Shop: Shoe repair shop, radio repair shop, auto repair shop, welding shop, etc.

Shoe Factory: Leather shoe factory, rubber shoe factory, wooden shoe factory, etc.

Shop: Dress shop, beauty parlor, barber shop, etc.

Store: Wholesale dry goods store, sari-sari store, etc.

Textile: Knitting, weaving or spinning mill, etc.

Pay special attention to the preceding instructions because ambiguous reporting of the kind of business or industry will result in inappropriate or wrong codes and consequently affect the data on economic characteristics of the population.

P25 Employment Status

The job or business in this item refers to any work or job that a person does for pay, in cash or in kind, in an establishment, office, farm, private home or for profit or without pay on family farm or enterprise.

The question in P25 "Did ____ have a job or business during the past seven days?" aims to gather data on how many of the population have ever worked or engaged in any economic activity for the past seven days. Past seven (7) days refer to the last seven calendar days, prior to the day of visit.

A person is considered as having a job/business if he was engaged in any gainful activity during the past 7 days. Encircle code 1 for a person who was engaged in a gainful activity during the past 7 days. However, for persons who are not engaged in any gainful activities (i.e., housewife, student, etc.) during the past 7 days, encircle code 2 for No and enter a dash (-) from P26 to P28.

Some persons might not have worked at all during the past 7 days but might actually have jobs or businesses which they are temporarily not reporting to, as in the following cases:

-An employee on strike

- A person temporarily laid off due to non-economic reasons like machine breakdown for not more than 30 days

- A person with a new job to begin within 2 weeks from the date of interview

- Regular and temporary teachers, excluding substitutes, during summer vacation who still receive pay and who expect to go back the next school year

- A person who is a farmer or a fisherman by usual occupation is considered employed throughout the year. Hence, a farmer who at the time of the enumeration reported that he did not do any work at all for the past 7 days because there was no work to be done at the farm since the planting season was over or he was waiting for harvesting time, should be reported as "having a job", although not at work. Similarly, a fisherman who was not working for the past 7 days because of inclement weather or because the period is off-season for fishing, should be reported as "having a job".

-A farmer's son who usually works without pay on family farm but did not work at all during the past 7 days because of illness, although there was work to do on the farm is considered as with a job.

These persons are considered as with jobs or businesses. They should have an answer of code 1 in P25.

P26 Occupation in Past Week

Ask the question in P26, "What was ________'s activity/occupation during the past seven days?" for all persons 10 years old and over and whose entry in P25 is code 1.

Occupation refers to the type of work performed, and/or trade or profession being pursued by the person during the past seven days such as farm helper, fruit picker, truck driver, typist, beauty parlor operator, etc. If he is not at work but with a job, occupation refers to the kind of job he was doing or will be doing if merely waiting for a new job to begin within two weeks from the date of interview.

If a person has two or more jobs, consider the one where he works more hours as his occupation. If, however, he works in equal hours for the two jobs, consider the one where he derives more income.

P27 Industry in Past Week

Conceptually, industry here refers to the activity of the firm where the person works.

The question in P27, "In what kind of business or industry did ____ work during the past seven days?" should be asked only for persons who are 10 years old and over and whose answer in P25, "Did ____ have a job or business during the past seven days?", is code 1 Yes.

Ask the respondent to give a description of the economic activity where the employed person works during the past seven days such as rice farming, deep sea fishing, sari-sari store, bus company, coal mine, automobile repair shop, private household (household helper).

P28 Place of Work

This question aims to determine the number of workers who commute to places outside the city/municipality where they are usually residing for the purpose of working.

Ask the question in P28, "In what city/municipality did ______ work during the past seven days?" for every person 10 years old and over and whose answer in P25 is 1 - Yes, had a job or business during the past seven days.

For persons whose place of work is the same as his present residence, that is, the establishment or office where he works is located within the city/municipality where he resides, enter code
in P28. However, if the place of work is in another city/municipality, specify on the space provided the city/municipality and province where he works.

For persons whose place of work is in foreign country as in the case of overseas workers, enter code 7 in the code box.

For traveling salesmen and their helpers, drivers and conductors of public utilities, officers and crew of inter-island vessels or of commercial fishing vessels, report the location of establishment or its branch office from which their trip originated and to which they report on their return. If there are two or more of these branches, including the main office, report the location of the branch where they usually collect their salaries or wages.

Always bear in mind that the name of the city/municipality alone is not sufficient; neither is the name of the province alone. The entry in this column must always be complete to include both city or municipality and province.

P29 Availability for Work

This question aims to determine how many from those who had no job are available for work. This is one of the concepts used in determining the unemployed.

For a person to be available for work, he must have the time to work during the past seven days. He must not have any reason at all for refusing a job, if offered, during the past seven days except for minor illness.

Ask the question in P29, "Was ____ available for work during the past seven days?" for those whose answer in P25 is No, code 2. Encircle 1 - Yes for those who are available for work during the past seven days. Otherwise, encircle 2 for No and enter a dash (-) both in P30 and P31.

P30 Looking for Work

Ask the question in P30, "Did ____ look for work during the past seven days?" for those whose answer in P29 is 1.

This question is asked to determine who among those who are available for work during the past seven days had really done something to look for work. A person is said to have looked for work during the reference week if he had taken specific steps to seek paid employment or self-employment. In other words, he must have tried to secure a job or to establish a business or practice of a trade during the past seven days. Looking for work includes doing any of the following during the past seven days:

1. Registering at a public or private employment agency.

2. Contacting prospective employers or persons who might have been able to secure a job for the person.

3. Placing or answering advertisements.

4. Writing letters of application.

5. Securing letters of recommendation.

6. Participating in competitive examination especially given for a particular job.

Encircle 1 for a Yes answer and 2 for a No answer. If the answer is 1, enter a dash in P31.

P31 Reason for Not Looking for Work

This question seeks to determine the main reason why a person did not look for work. Ask this question only if the answer in P30 is 2.

Use the code indicated at the bottom of the questionnaire to record the reason for not looking for work. If the reason is other than those provided with codes, specify the given reason.

1 Believe no work available - if a person did not look for work because he believed that there was lack of job opening to suit his skills in his locality so that looking for work was deemed futile.

2 Awaiting results of previous job applications - if a person did not look for work during the past week because he was expecting to be considered for interview in the establishment where he had an application for a job. The person might have filed his application before the reference week but during the past seven days he did not do anything because he was awaiting a reply to this application.

3 Temporary illness - if the reason for not looking for work by a person who did not have a job/business was that he was suffering from a temporary illness or temporary disability.

4 Bad weather - if a person did not look for work during the past seven days because of bad weather conditions like flood, heavy rain, etc.

5 Waiting for rehire/job recall - if a person was temporarily laid off from his job due to economic reasons like retrenchment, lack of raw materials, transfer of management, etc., and he did not look for work during the past seven days because he was expecting his former employer to hire him again.

6 Too young, too old or retired, permanent disability if a person felt that he was too young or too old to work or that he had worked enough, that he would want to rest or if the person is suffering from permanent disability.

7 Housekeeping - applies to persons who did not look for work because they were doing household chores in their own home most of the time during the past seven days.

8 Schooling - applies to person who did not look for work because he was still attending school or was expected to attend school within the next three months.

9 Others - if the answer does not fall in any of the pre-coded answers, write on the space provided the reason for not looking for work.

Shown on next page is an illustration on the correct way of filling-up items P23 to P31.

[Picture: Illustration 8.2 Filling up items P23 to P31 of CPH form 3]

NOTE: Questions P32 to P35 are different fertility indicators and should be asked for all females 15-49 years old. These fertility indicators are indispensable bases for studying the prospects of population growth, the probable development of the population's age structure and its possible effects on economic and social changes.

P32 Number of Children Born Alive

Data on the number of children ever born alive to a particular woman is an aggregate measure of her lifetime fertility experience up to the moment the data are collected. Cross tabulation with other variables will enable computation of principal measures such as gross fertility ratio, the average number of children born alive to women who have reached the end of child-bearing period, the proportion of women who are childless by the end of their reproductive life, etc.

Information on the number of children born alive should be asked for all females 15 to 49 years old only. Number of children born alive should include all children born alive during the lifetime of the woman up to the census date. Exclude fetal deaths or stillbirths.

Born alive children should comprise all live-born children to the woman, whether legitimate or illegitimate, born of present or of previous marriages, and regardless of whether her children are living or dead, or might be living elsewhere at the time of the interview. Exclude fetal deaths or stillbirths; also adopted children and stepchildren.

The following definitions may help you in filling up this column:

1. Stillbirth -a birth in which the infant never showed any sign of life at the time of birth.

2. Adopted - a child or ward who is considered part of the family although may not be related by blood to the guardian.

3. Stepchild -a child of a woman's husband by a previous marriage.

Entry for this column should consist of 2 digits; thus, for women with 1 to 9 live-born children, prefix 0 .

Examples: 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, etc.

In the case of a woman who has not given birth to a live baby, enter 00 in this column.

P33 Number of Children Still Alive

Data on the number of children still living serve as an indicator of the mortality of live-born children.

The entry in this column refers to the live-born children reported in P33. Ask the question in P33, "How many of these are still living?".

Enter in this column the number of children who are still alive as of census date, 12:01 A.M. of May 1, 1990 whether such children are presently living with the household or not. Prefix 0 to entries less than 10.

In no case should the number in P34 exceed that in P33. If it does, verify from the respondent. It is possible that the respondent got mixed-up in reporting the number of children.

Thus, if a woman has an entry of 03 in P33, the same number should be reported in P34 if all' 3 children are still living as of census date.

If the entry in P33 is 00, enter also 00 in P34.

P34 Number of Children Born Alive from May 1, 1989 to April 30, 1990

Data on the number of births in the last twelve months can be used in estimating the current fertility of women. These also serve as bases for studying the prospects of population growth, the probable development of the population's age structure and its possible effects on the economy and society.

The question in P34, "How many children were born alive to ____ from May 1, 1989 to April 30, 1990?" is applicable to every woman aged 15-49 years old including the widowed, separated or divorced. However, you need not ask the question for those with 00 entries in P33.

The question refers to the number of children born alive to a woman during the last 12 months, from May 1, 1989 to April 30, 1990. Probe further if the respondent gives an answer of 2 or more children born alive to a woman (which is unusual but possible). It is possible that a respondent will erroneously include a stillbirth or miscarriage, or a child born before or after the reference period of 12 months.

An answer of two or more children born alive to a woman is acceptable in cases of twins, triplets, etc., or if there was rather a short interval between two live-births, say one was born in May 1989 and the other in April 1990.

Enter the actual number of children born alive in the past twelve months like 1 for one child born alive, 2 for two children, and 3 for three live-born children and so on. If no child was born alive to the woman, enter 0.

P35 Age at First Marriage

Age at first marriage when tabulated with number of children ever born provides information on the fertility patterns of women on their first marriage.

Ask the question "What was ____'s age at first marriage?" only for females aged 15 years old to 49 years old and with entries of either of codes 2, 3, 4 ,5 or 6 in P7 (Marital Status).

Marriage here may either be a legal or consensual union (where the man and woman decide to live together without the benefit of clergy or civil ceremony).

Enter in this column the age when the woman first entered married life or a consensual union, even if she was married more than once. Normally in legal marriages, it is the age when the marriage was solemnized. In cases wherein the spouses lived together before legal marriage, the age to be reported would be the age when the spouses began to live together. However, if in spite of their living apart, they had intimate relations (and this fact is volunteered by the respondent) , then the age of the woman to be reported should be her age when she had her first intimate relations after the marriage. In a consensual marriage, it is the age of the woman when she and the man began to live together as husband and wife.

See the illustration on the next page for the correct way of filling up the fertility items (P32 to P35).

[Picture: Illustration 8.3 Filling up the fertility items of CPH form 3]

8.4 Instructions on the housing census questions

[The publication states: "The general instructions that can guide you in filling up the housing portion are in Section 7.4 (p. 83)." This section is pasted from Common Household Questionnaire instructions, section 7.4]

The housing portion consists of questions on building characteristics (Bl to B5), housing unit characteristic (Dl) and household characteristics and amenities (H4, H7, H11 and H12).

Generally, be guided by the following in filling up the housing questions:

1. For all housing questions, enter code in the box provided. Only one code must be entered.

2. Fill up Items B-l to B-4 (Type of Building/House, Construction Material of the Roof, Construction Material of the Outer Walls, and State of Repair) by observation. Even before you enter the building, you can already determine the answers to these questions. However, if doubtful, ask the respondent.

3. If you use two or more booklets (for households with more than 8 members), fill up only the housing portion of the last booklet used. Cross out (X) the housing portion of the other booklets.

In cases where there are more than 1 housing unit in a building or there are more than 1 household in a housing unit, the following guidelines should be followed:

5. Ask question B-5 Year Built, only from the respondent of any household in the same building, preferably from the first household interviewed.

6. Transcribe the same entries for B-l to B-5 to the corresponding questionnaire items for other households living in the same building.

7. Ask Item D-l Floor Area from any household in the housing unit. If there are two or more households living in the same housing unit, ask this item from any of the households, preferably from the first household interviewed. Trancribe the same entries for D-l to the questionnaires of the other households residing in the same housing unit.

Bl to B5 Type of Building the Year Building/House was Built and Dl Floor Area of this Housing Unit

[The publication states: "Refer to Section 7.4 (p. 83) for filling up the same items in CPH Form 2." This section is pasted from Common Household Questionnaire instructions, section 7.4]

B1 Type of Building/House

The distribution of households by type of building supplies information about the available housing accommodation at the time of the census, patterns of living, and building trends. Such details are essential for planning future housing needs. For housing programmes, information is required on the number of households that need to be provided with housing. The number of households living in marginal housing units (commercial/-industrial/agricultural buildings used as living quarters such as barns, warehouses, mills, offices, etc., and other housing units such as boats, caves, etc. ) provides a first approximation of this element of housing needs.

Enter in the box provided the code applicable to the type of building occupied by the household. The types of building and their corresponding codes are as follows:

1 Single house - This is an independent structure intended for one household separated by open space or walls from all other structures. It includes the so-called "nipa hut" or a small house that is built as a more or less permanent housing unit or a "barong-barong" made of salvaged/makeshift/improvised materials.

2 Duplex - This is a structure intended for two house- holds, with complete living facilities for each. It is divided vertically or horizontally into two separate housing units which are usually identical.

3 Multi-unit residential (3 or more units) - This is a building intended for residential use only, consisting of 3 or more housing units. These houses may consist of one or more storeys in a row of three or more housing units, separated from each other by walls extending
from the ground to the roof or a building having floors to accommodate three or more housing units.

Examples:

a. Apartment Building - a structure usually of several stories, made up of three or more independent entrances from internal halls or courts. An apartment has one common entrance from the outside.

b. Accesoria - a one or two-floor structure divided into three or more housing units, each housing unit having its own separate entrance from the outside. Another name for accesoria is row house.

c. Residential Condominium -a high-rise building where the housing units are owned individually but the land and other areas and facilities are owned in common.

NOTE: A building that was originally constructed as a single house or duplex, but now partitioned into three or more rooms/groups of rooms (with separate entrance from a common hall or passage) without changing the outside structure or appearance, will be classified as a single house or a duplex, as the case may be.


4 Commercial/Industrial/Agricultural: office, factory, rice mill, barn, etc. - These buildings are not intended mainly for human habitation but used as living quarters of households at the time of the census.

A commercial building is a building built for transacting business or for rendering professional services, such as a store, office, warehouse, rice mill, etc.

An industrial building is a building built for processing, assembling, fabricating, finishing, manufacturing or packaging operations, such as a factory or a plant.

An agricultural building is any structure built for agricultural purposes, such as a barn, stable, poultry house, granary, etc.

5 Institutional living quarters: hotel, lodging house, dormitory, hospital, convent, school, penal institution, refugee camp, military camp, etc. - Hotels, motels, inns, boarding houses, dormitories, pensions and lodging houses fall within this category. This group comprises permanent structures which provide lodging and/or meals on fee basis. Institutional buildings are buildings intended for persons confined to receive medical, charitable or other care/treatment such as hospital and orphanages, for persons detained such as jails and penal colonies, and other buildings like convents, school dormitories, etc.

Also included in this category are camps which are defined sets of premises originally intended for the temporary accommodation of persons with common activities or interests like military camps, and other camps established for the housing of workers in mining, agriculture, public works or other types of enterprises.

6 Other housing units: natural shelter, boat, etc. - This refers to living quarters which are not intended for human habitation nor located in permanent buildings but which are nevertheless, used as living quarters at the time of the census. Caves, old railroad cars, other natural shelters and mobile housing units such as trailer, barge, cart, boat, etc., fall within this category.

NOTE: When a building is intended partly for residential purposes and partly for commercial or industrial purposes, report as residential (code 1, 2, or 3 ) if half or more of the building is residential. Thus, if the ground floor of a two- storey building is for business establishments and the second floor for housing, the building should be classified as residential. Likewise, if a one- storey building is divided into several units, and the front part of each unit is for business purposes and the back part is for living quarters, also report the building as residential.

See Illustration 7.2 for the types of buildings.

[Picture: type of buildings]

B2 Construction Material of the Roof

The construction material of the roof and walls provides information on the construction, replacement and improvement of housing units.

This indicator provides data in evaluating construction statistics, programme implementation, and for estimating the investment, past and future, in housing construction. It also determines how many of the households are housed in structurally acceptable housing units. Structural acceptability of housing units implies that these be built of durable construction materials that will safeguard the household occupants from adverse climatic effects and provide protection and privacy.

Enter in the box provided, the code corresponding to the kind of material used in the construction of the roof. This item can be filled up through observation but if you are in doubt, ask the respondent.

The kinds of materials used and their codes are as follows:

1 Galvanized Iron/Aluminum
2 Tile/Concrete/Clay Tile
3 Half Galvanized Iron and Half Concrete
4 Wood
5 Cogon/Nipa/Anahaw
6 Asbestos
7 Makeshift/Salvaged/Improvised Materials
8 Others, specify ___________

If two or more kinds of materials are used, report the material most used. Thus, for a house with different kinds of roofs, report the material used in the main portion (usually containing the living room/sala and bedrooms). Specify the kind of construction material used for the roof if it is not one of those described in codes 1 to 7.

Bamboo used as roofing is included in code 4 Wood.

Housing units in structures such as culverts, bridges, etc. should have an entry of code 7 Makeshift/Salvaged/ Improvised Materials in this item.

B3 Construction Material of the Outer Walls

Enter in the box the code applicable to the kind of materials used in the construction of the outer walls. Fill up this item only through observation but if in doubt, ask the respondent for the material mainly used for the outer walls.

The kinds of materials used and their codes are as follows:

01 Concrete/Brick/Stone
02 Wood
03 Half Concrete/Brick/Stone and Half Wood
04 Galvanized Iron/Aluminum
05 Bamboo/Sawali/Cogon/Nipa
06 Asbestos
07 Glass
08 Makeshift/Salvaged/Improvised Materials
09 Others, specify _________
10 No Walls

For a house or building in which half of the storeys is walled with concrete/brick/stone and the other half, with wood, enter code 03. Enter also code 03 for one-storey buildings wherein the walls are made of about half of each of the two groups of materials.

For a two-storey house especially in rural areas wherein the ground floor is used for poultry, storage of grains, farm implements, etc., report the material used in walling the second floor, unless the walls can be classified under code 03. In other cases wherein the walls are made of different materials, report the material dominantly used.

Housing units in non-building structures such as culverts, bridges, etc. should have an entry of code 08 Makeshift/Salvaged/Improvised Materials in this item.

Specify the kind of material used for the outer walls if it is not one of those described in codes 01 to 08.

B4 State of Repair

This provides information on the current status of the building which is of special significance to housing programmes. It is also useful for housing priorities and for the identification of groups in need of housing repair.

Determine the current state of repair of the building/house and enter in this frame the appropriate code.

1 Needs no repair/needs minor repair - This building is usually new or has a good building maintenance, i.e., no deterioration is apparent from the outside.

2 Needs major repair - The building cannot fully protect the occupants from the elements (rain, wind, temperature) . It may have cracks in the interior walls, leaking roof, holes on the floors, broken windows, etc. which can only be mended by major repair.

3 Dilapidated/condemned - This building is beyond repair. Dilapidated parts are found on pillars, roofs and outer walls needing renovation. Condemned buildings, wherein substandard materials/procedures were used in the construction or which are structurally defective, are also included here.

4 Under renovation/being repaired - This is a building which was fully constructed and finished but is now being repaired for some deterioration or damages. This also includes buildings being renovated to make additional structures or to modify/repair existing structures.

5 Under construction - The construction work has started but not yet completed and the construction is still going on.

Construction means all on-site work done from site preparation, excavation, foundation, assembly of all components and installation of utilities and equipment of buildings/structures.

6 Unfinished construction - This is a partly constructed building but at the time of visit, construction is temporarily or permanently stopped. That is, no construction activity is going on for quite sometime.

B5 Year Building/House was Built

This provides the basis for appraising the building/house inventory in terms of durability, the expected rate of replacement, the estimate of the annual rate of building/house construction during the inter-censal period or the preceding 10 years. It also provides the estimate for maintenance costs and an insight into the housing patterns of the population.

The year the building was built refers to the year when the construction was completed and when ready for occupancy and not when construction began. Generally, building construction commenced and finished within the same year, although there are cases when the period of construction extends to several years. Report the year when the building was finished.

If the building is being constructed and vacant, enter 98 to signify that the question is not applicable to the building. If the building is being constructed but already occupied, enter the year when it was occupied.

Enter the appropriate code as per coding scheme below:

01 1990
02 1989
03 1988
04 1987
05 1986
06 1981 - 1985
07 1971 - 1980
08 1961 - 1970
09 1951 - 1960
10 1950 or earlier
98 Not Applicable
99 Don't know

If the respondent finds difficulty in giving the year the building/house was ready for occupancy, help approximate the year by mentioning some historical/national events. The respondent himself may mention an event that occurred when the building was built.

Examples:

a. 1950 or earlier
Prior to 1945 - President was either Osmena, Laurel, or Quezon
1945 - Liberation
1946 - Independence Day
1948 - Death of President Roxas
1948 - 1953 - President was Elpidio Quirino

b. 1951 - 1960

1954 - President Magsaysay was elected president
1957 - Death of President Magsaysay in a plane crash
1957 - 1960 - President was Carlos Garcia

c. 1961 - 1970

1961 - Diosdado Macapagal was elected president
1965 - Ferdinand Marcos was elected president
1968 - Ruby Towers was ruined by an earthquake
1969 - Ferdinand Marcos was re-elected (Sergio Osmena, Jr. was the presidential candidate
by the other party then)

d. 1971 - 1980

1972 - President Marcos declared Martial Law
1978 - Elections for Interim National Assembly (Ninoy Aquino was a candidate)

e. 1981 - 1985

1981 - Pope John Paul II came to the Philippines
1983 - Former Senator Benigno Aquino was assassinated

f. 1986

President Corazon Aquino was proclaimed president via People's Power/February Revolution

Dl Floor Area of this Housing Unit

Density of occupancy in terms of floor area per person is a measure of the adequacy of housing. In line with the aim of housing policy to provide adequate housing space to a level consistent with the maintenance of health of the occupants, it is important in planning to adopt housing standards.

The data on floor area will provide planners information on the current status of the density of occupancy of existing housing units in the country.

Enter in the box the code applicable to the estimated floor area of the housing unit.

Square Meters / Square Feet

01 less than 10 / less than 108
02 10 - 19 / 108 - 209
03 20 - 29 / 210 - 317
04 30 - 49 / 318 - 532
05 50 - 69 / 533 - 748
06 70 - 89 / 749 - 963
07 90 - 119 / 964 - 1286
08 120 - 149 / 1287 - 1609
09 150 - 199 / 1610 - 2147
10 200 and over / 2148 and over
Floor area refers to the space enclosed by the exterior walls of the housing unit. In case of several floors, get the area of each floor in square meters or square feet and add together to get the total floor area of the housing unit.

There are many ways in approximating the total floor area. You may use any method which is more convenient to you. You may use a meter stick, visual approximation (using your eyes only) or your pace factor (see Appendix E) . In case the respondent does not know the floor area of the housing unit, you can approximate the floor area using any of the above mentioned methods. Familiarize yourself with the length of a meter so that you can do visual approximation.

An example of getting the estimate of floor area is shown in Illustration 7.3. In this illustration, it is assumed that the width and length of the floor spaces are already determined using one of the methods discussed above.

H1 Fuel for Lighting

The proportion of households with access to electricity can provide planners useful indication of areas where community lighting needs to be extended. Data on types of fuel can be analyzed to forecast future demands for various sources of energy and hence plan for power installations.

Enter in the box provided, the code which corresponds to the fuel used by the household for its lighting facility. If the household is using electricity, enter 1 even if it is not used most of the time. If two or more types of lighting are used, except electricity, e.g., kerosene and oil, oil and candles, etc., report the type of lighting which is used most of the time. Enter, therefore, the code corresponding to the type of lighting used more often than the other.

The types of fuel for lighting and their codes are as follows:

1 Electricity
2 Kerosene (gaas)
3 Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)
4 Oil (vegetable, animal, etc.)
5 Others, specify

If the household uses a generator, report the fuel being used to run the generator.

Refer to Illustration 8.4 for the different types of fuel for lighting.

[Picture: Illustration 8.4 Fuel for lighting]

H2 Fuel for Cooking

The information on fuel for cooking is relevant in assessing energy planning decisions, energy conservation programs and in developing marketing strategies. It also serves as a benchmark for the study of changes in household energy used and user patterns over time. It is also useful in monitoring supply and demand requirements for alternative fuels.

The question in H2 asks for the kind of fuel the household uses most of the time for cooking. Enter in the box the code for the appropriate item. If two or more kinds of cooking fuel are used, e.g., electricity and LPG; LPG and wood; kerosene and charcoal; etc., report the fuel which is used most of the time for cooking.

1 Electricity
2 Kerosene (gaas)
3 Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)
4 Charcoal
5 Wood
6 Others, specify
7 None

For power from generators, report the fuel used to run the generator.

See Illustration 8.5 for the different kinds of fuel for cooking.

[Picture: Illustration 8.5 Fuel for cooking]

H3 Main Source of Drinking Water

The information on main source of drinking water provides the number of households with ready access to a potable water supply, as well as the availability of piped water for each housing unit. The provision of a piped water installation for every housing unit should be one of the primary objectives of housing policy as well as of public health policy.

Enter in the box the appropriate code for the household's main source of drinking water. If there are two or more sources of water for drinking, report the source used most of the time during the past twelve months.

The different sources of drinking water and their codes are as follows:

1 Own use, faucet, community water system - The household gets its water supply from a faucet inside the house/yard directly connected to a water pipeline from the community water system such as the Metropolitan Waterworks and Sewerage System (MWSS) or the local water network system. The method on how they purify the water or the real source of water is irrelevant. Thus, for water systems which have deep well as their source of water, report under this category as long as they subscribe to community water system.

2 Shared, faucet, community water system - The household gets its water supply from the faucet of another household, establishment, or office, which is connected to the community water system.

3 Own use, tubed/piped deep well - Water is taken from a tubed/piped well which is at least 100 feet (5 pcs. of 2 0 ft. pipes) or 30 meters deep and for private use of the household or households in the same building or compound.

4 Shared, tubed/piped deep well - Water is taken from a deep well, which is at least 100 ft. or 30 meters deep of another household, establishment, or office or from a deep well which was constructed for public use.

5 Tubed/ piped shallow well - Water is taken from a tubed/piped well which is less than 100 feet deep.

6 Dug well - The household gets its water supply from a well which may be provided with a protective device against contamination or pollution. A shallow well (dug and with water depository) which is provided with a pump and cover and is free from seepage from the side, and an ordinary dug well ("balon") also belong to this type.

7 Spring, lake, river, rain, etc.- The household gets its water supply from natural bodies of water, or water is accumulated from rainfall.

8 Peddler - The household does not directly get its water supply from any of the sources mentioned above. Included in this item are bottled water like mineral water, water bought in drums, pails, etc. (peddler). These are the usual sources of water supply of households in low water pressure areas with no community water system.

Refer to Illustration 8.6 for the different sources of drinking water.

[Picture: Illustration 8.6, Sources of drinking water]

H4 Tenure Status of the Housing Unit

[The publication states: "Refer to Section 7.4 (p. 93) for the instructions in filling up this item." This section is pasted from Common Household Questionnaire instructions, section 7.4]

The extent to which households own or rent the living quarter which they occupy is of special significance to housing programmes. This is useful for housing priorities and policies, also in promotion of house ownership and identification of groups in need of housing assistance.

Ask the respondent the question, "Is this housing unit (read the categories to him) by this household?".

Enter the code corresponding to the tenure status of the housing unit by the household.

[Two pictures: Illustration 7.3 Estimating floor area, with explanations]

The tenure status of the housing unit and their corresponding codes are as follows:

1 Owned/being amortized - The household is the owner and has legal possession of the housing unit or the household claims to own it. Include also the housing units which are being amortized or on mortgage.

2 Rented - The occupant actually pays rent either in cash or in kind.

3 Being occupied for free with consent of owner - The household occupies the housing unit with the permission of the owner and without paying any rent in cash or in kind to the owner, tenant/lessee or subtenant/sublessee. Included here are the households of farm tenants/lessees who occupy rent-free houses belonging to the owner of the lands they farm; also those employees given free housing as part of fringe benefits (they are made to vacate the housing unit upon separation from work).

4 Being occupied for free without consent of owner - The household occupies the housing unit without the consent or knowledge of the owner. Examples are squatters who are occupying public and private buildings.

Like in CPH Form 2, this item has a "skip instruction" in CPH Form 3.

Specifically:

1. If the answer in H4 is code 2, go to H8.

2. If the answer in H4 is code 3 or 4, go to H9.

3. If the answer in H4 is code 1, proceed to the next question.

H5 Acquisition of Housing Unit

Ask the question in H5, "How did you acquire this housing unit?" only if the entry in H4 is code 1 (owned/being amortized). Enter the code which describes how the household acquired the housing unit.

The different categories for this item are:

1 Purchased

2 Constructed by the owner/occupants with or without the help of friends/relatives

3 Constructed by hired/skilled workers - The owner of the housing unit took charge of purchasing construction materials and hiring construction workers and directly supervised the construction of the housing unit.

4 Constructed by an organized contractor - The owner entered into a contract with a general contractor for the latter to supply either labor only or both labor and materials.

5 Inherited

6 Others (lottery, gift)

If the answer in this item is code 5 or 6, go to H7.

H6 Sources of Financing

The data on source(s) of financing give information on the extent to which housing assistance is provided by the government. Specifically, these will monitor government participation in terms of financing or administering the construction of new residential units.

Ask the question in H6 only if entry in H5 is code 1, 2, 3, or 4.

The different sources of financing are:

a. Own resources/interest-free loans from relatives/friends

b. Government assistance: PAG-IBIG, SSS, GSIS, DBP, etc.

c. Private banks/foundations/cooperatives

d. Employer assistance

e. Private persons

f. Others, specify

For each of these sources of financing, enter either code 1 for Yes or code 2 for No.

If the household has availed of a source of financing not included on those listed, enter code 1 on "Others" and specify the source of financing, otherwise, enter code 2.

H7 Tenure Status of the Lot

[The publication states: "Refer to Section 7.4 (p. 95) for the instructions in filling up this item. This item also has "skip instructions" in CPH Form 3." This section is pasted from Common Household Questionnaire instructions, section 7.4]

Ask the respondent the question, "Is this lot (read the categories to him) by this household?".

Enter in the box the code corresponding to the tenure status of the lot on which the housing unit is built.

The tenure status of the lot and their corresponding codes are as follows:

1 Owned/being amortized - Ownership of land includes mere occupancy of any public land in rural areas. This also includes house owners paying the land on installment basis or holders of certificate of land under the Land Reform Program or house/lot awardees of housing loan from PAGIBIG, SSS, GSIS or commercial banks.

2 Rented - There is a fixed amount paid by the occupant in cash or in kind.

3 Being occupied for free with consent of owner - The household occupies the lot with the permission of the owner and without paying any rent in cash or in kind to the owner, tenant/lessee or subtenant/sublessee.

4 Being occupied for free without consent of owner - The household occupies the lot without the consent or knowledge of the owner.

If the answer in this item is code 1, 3 or 4, go to H9; if code 2, proceed to the next question.

H8 Monthly Rental of Housing Unit and/or Lot

The information on monthly rental of housing unit and/or lot is used in reviews of government housing policy, and in considering matters such as the need for rent controls. It enables analysis of income level to rental level for particular groups.

Ask the question in H8, " How much does this household pay monthly for rental?" only if entry in H4 and/or H7 is code 2 (rented).

The total monthly rental of the housing unit should exclude rental for furnishings and payment for electricity and water. Rental for the housing unit which includes furnishings and/or payment for electricity and water, can be estimated by subtracting the estimated rental for furnishings and/or amount for the consumption of water and electricity from the total monthly rental.

Report the monthly rental even if the rent is still unpaid or paid by someone who is not a household member.

Enter the code corresponding to the monthly rental of housing unit and/or lot.

01 Below P50
02 50 - 99
03 100 - 149
04 150 - 199
05 200 - 299
06 300 - 499
07 500 - 699
08 700 - 999
09 1000 - 1499
10 1500 - 1999
11 2000 - 4999
12 5000 and over

H9 Kind of Toilet Facility

The data on kind of toilet facility provide the minimum data required for the evaluation of facilities available to the housing units. The proportion of households with access to sanitary toilet facilities is an indicator of health and sanitation status of households.

Enter the code corresponding to the type of toilet facility used by the household.

The different types of toilet facilities commonly used in buildings and houses throughout the country and their corresponding codes are:

1 Water-sealed, sewer/septic tank, used exclusively by the household

2 Water-sealed, sewer/septic tank, shared with other households

3 Water-sealed, other depository, used exclusively by the household

4 Water-sealed, other depository, shared with other households

Water-sealed - as the name implies, is the type of toilet where after water is flushed or poured into the bowl, a small amount of water is left in the bowl and seals the bottom of the bowl from the pipe leading to the depository.

Sewer/septic tank - a tank in which the solid matter or sewage is accumulated to be disintegrated by bacteria. This is commonly called "Poso Negro".

Other depository - if the depository is other than a sewer/septic tank.


5 Closed pit - it is a type of toilet without a water- sealed bowl and the depository is constructed usually of large circular tubes made of concrete or clay covered on top and has a small opening. It may or may not have a box for sitting or squatting over the opening. Example: antipolo, etc.

6 Open pit - it is the same as closed pit but without covering.

7 Other (pail system, etc.) - classify here a toilet wherein fecal matter is accumulated in a pail to be picked up for disposal from time to time or any kind of toilet facility not belonging to the preceding types.

8 None - for households using no toilet facility.

Refer to Illustration 8.7 for the different types of toilet facilities.

[Picture: Illustration 8.7 Types of toilet facilities]

H10 Usual Manner of Garbage Disposal

The proportion of households with access to sanitary manner of garbage disposal provides knowledge of the environmental living conditions and is therefore essential for health planners in the formulation of plans and programs to improve general health conditions.

Inquire from the respondent the manner by which the household disposes its kitchen garbage such as left-over food, peelings of fruits and vegetables, fish and chicken entrails, etc. If the household has various ways of disposing its kitchen garbage, ask for the manner used most of the time.

Described below are some of the more common methods of disposal used in the country. Determine which of these methods best describes the practice of the household. Enter in the box the code of the response.

1 Picked up by service garbage truck - when the local government or a private contractor manages the systematic collection of garbage in the community through the use of garbage trucks/carts.

2 Dumping in individual pit (not burned) - when garbage is simply thrown in pits whether inside the yard or vacant lots and left to decay.

3 Burning - when the household dumps its garbage in an open space or pit and burns it.

4 Composting - when garbage is composted, that is, allowed to decay under controlled conditions and the composted materials are collected later for use as soil conditioner or fertilizer.

5 Burying - when the garbage is thrown in pit and then covered with soil.

6 Feeding to animals - when the garbage is given to animals as feed.

7 Others - if the household you are interviewing disposes its kitchen garbage in a manner different from those mentioned above (thrown in esteros, vacant lots, rivers, etc.)

H11 Presence of Household Conveniences

[The publication states: "Refer to the instructions in Section 7.4 (p. 96) in filling up this item." This section is pasted from Common Household Questionnaire instructions, section 7.4]

This provides information on selected household conveniences, the presence of which in the household is considered important in connection with programs of public information or education to know by what means of communication the population can be most easily reached. It is also important in assessing the impact of new radio and TV stations. This also provides a basis for leisure statistics. The presence of motor vehicles in the household provides data about access to private transport. It can also provide information for the construction of roads and solution to traffic problems.

If the household has a radio/radio cassette (including transistor or radiophone), enter 1 for Yes. If none, enter 2 for No. Do the same for television (TV) , for refrigerator/freezer, for telephone and for motor vehicle.

Motor vehicles include motorcycles, cars, jeeps, tricycles, etc.

Exclude here radios, televisions, telephones, refrigerators/freezers or motor vehicles that have not been in working condition for six months or longer (although intended to be repaired). Also exclude those motor vehicles which are used exclusively for business purposes.

H12 Land Ownership

[The publication states: "Follow the instruction in Section 7.4 (p. 96) in filling up this item." This section is pasted from Common Household Questionnaire instructions, section 7.4]

If a household owns residential land(s) other than what is being occupied by the housing unit, enter 1 for Yes, otherwise, enter 2 for No. Do the same for agricultural land(s) and other land(s).

Other lands include commercial and industrial lands.

H13 Language/Dialect Generally Spoken

Language/dialect generally spoken at home provides a measure of the linguistic homogeneity or difference in the population. It can also be used to measure the extent of actual use of the language/dialect within a household.

Ask the question in H13, "What is the language/dialect generally spoken at home by members of this household?"

The languages/dialects and their corresponding codes are printed in the frame. If it is not among the pre-coded answers, write the language/dialect on the space provided.

If two or more languages/dialects are spoken in the household, enter the code for the language/dialect which is commonly spoken by majority of the household members.
Note that "Visaya" is not a dialect. Inquire if it is Hiligaynon (Ilonggo), Cebuano, Waray, etc.,
Illustration 8.8 on the next two pages shows an example of the correct way of filling up the housing census questions.

[Two pictures: Illustration 8.8 Filling up the housing questions of CPH form 3]

Chapter IX
Enumeration of institutional population

This chapter discusses the detailed instructions on how to accomplish CPH Form 4 - the Institutional Population Questionnaire. This questionnaire which is a 4-page booklet gathers information about persons considered part of the institutional population.

9.1 Who will enumerate the institutional population

As an enumerator, you will be responsible for the distribution of CPH Form 4 to the manager/head/person-in-charge of the institutional living quarters found in your assigned enumeration area. However, for institutional living quarters, namely, hotels, dormitories, lodging houses and boarding houses, which have 20 or less residents, it is your responsibility to enumerate and accomplish CPH Form 4.

If you will have to leave a CPH Form 4 to an institutional living quarter, contact first the manager/head/person-in-charge. Ask him to supply the required information about the residents or inmates. Suggest that it would be easier and more expeditious if anyone from his staff members accomplishes CPH Form 4 with the aid of their records. In such a case, it is necessary that you explain to the staff member as to whom to enumerate and exclude. Remind the staff member that the instructions on whom to list are printed at the back of the form.

Before you leave CPH Form 4 to the manager/head/person-in- charge, ask him the total number of female and male population in the institutional living quarter and enter in columns 9 and 10, respectively of CPH Form 1. The total number of institutional population will help you determine the number of CPH Form 4 which you have to leave to the manager/head/person-in-charge. Inform him that the accomplished form(s) will be collected by your team supervisor exactly a week after. Do not forget to write in the remarks column of CPH Form 1 "c/o TS".

For hotels, dormitories, lodging houses and boarding houses, ask the total number of residents from the manager/head/person- in-charge. If the number of residents is more than 20, distribute CPH Form 4 following the procedures discussed above. However, if the number of residents is 20 or less, accomplish CPH Form 4 following the instructions in Section 9.3. Do not forget to write in the remarks column of CPH Form 1 "c/o (your name)" for all institutional living quarters which you have interviewed.

For institutional living quarters wherein nobody is eligible for enumeration, still assign CPH Form 4. However, you have to fill up only the geographic identification (province, city/municipality, barangay, enumeration area number, the serial numbers, type of institutional living quarters and address). Write on the remarks column of CPH Form 1 "c/o (your name)".

9.2 Persons to be enumerated as members of the institutional population

The following are to be included as members of institution for each type of institutional living quarters:

a. Hotels, lodging houses, dormitories, etc.

1. Proprietor, manager and employees living in the establishment, except those living therein with their own families and those who usually go home to their respective - families at least once a week.

2. Permanent lodgers/boarders (those who have stayed or are expected to stay for one year or longer) and those temporary lodgers/boarders who have stayed for six months or longer as of May 1, 1990, or have been away from their own families for the same period. However, exclude those who usually go home at least once a week.

3. Lodgers/boarders who are not residents of the Philippines and who have been in the Philippines for one year or longer as of May 1, 1990, or are expected to stay in the Philippines for one year or longer. However, exclude those who have a temporary place of residence elsewhere in the Philippines to where they usually go home. Exclude also diplomatic representatives or UN, ILO, USAID officials who, like diplomatic representatives, are subject to reassignment to other countries after their tour of duty in the Philippines, and members of their families.


b. Hospitals and Nurses' Home

1. All patients, including those confined, in mental hospitals, leprosaria or leper colonies, pavilions of tuberculosis sanitaria where patients stay more or less permanently, and rehabilitation centers for drug addicts.

2. Patients who have been confined for six months or longer as of May 1, 1990 in other kinds of
hospitals and in wards for temporary confinement in tuberculosis sanitaria.

3. Nurses in nurses' homes who do not usually go home at least once a week.

4. Staff members and employees living in hospitals/nurses' homes, except those living therein with their families and those who usually go home at least once a week.


c. Welfare Institutions (Home for the aged and Infirm, Orphanage, Boys' Town, etc.)

1. All inmates or wards, including those who have just been confined.

2. Staff members and employees living in the institutions, except those living therein with their families and those who usually go home at least once a week.


d. Corrective and Penal Institutions

1. All prisoners in national prisons and reformatories (Welfareville).

2. Prisoners and detainees in provincial or city/municipal jails who have been continuously confined for six months or longer, including confinement in another jail elsewhere, as of May 1, 1990, or those whose sentence is for six months or longer even if the sentence is on appeal.

3. Staff members and employees living in these institutions except those living therein with their own families and those who usually go home at least once a week.


e. Convents, Nunneries, Seminaries, and Boarding Schools

1. Monks, priests, ministers, nuns, seminarians, etc. However, priests or ministers of sects other than the Roman Catholic Church who live in the convent or house close to church or chapel with their own families are to be considered as members of households.

2. Students in boarding schools (schools where students are required to stay in the school campus).

3. Staff members, employees and helpers living in the premises, except those living therein with their own families and those who usually go home at least once a week.


f. Military Camps, Stations (PC, Army, Air Force and Navy) and Philippine Military Academy (PMA)

1. Officers and enlisted men/draftees, except those who live in the premises with their own families and those who usually sleep most nights with households or in hotels, lodging places or dormitories. Include those belonging to the unit in the camp or station but who are, away on military operation or mission or aboard naval vessels, except those whose families are living in the camp or station (their own families will report them).

2. PMA cadets and trainees whose training will last for six months or longer.

3. Detainees who have been continuously confined for six months or longer, including confinement in another camp or station elsewhere, as of May 1, 1990.

4. Civilian employees living in the camp or station, except those living therein with their own families and those who usually go home at least once a week.


g. Logging, Mining and Construction/Public Works Camps; Plantations and Agricultural/Fisheries Experimental or Breeding Stations, etc.

1. Proprietor, manager, contractor and employees who do not live with their own families in the camp/station premises and are supplied with lodging (beddings, etc.) and/or meals by the company, firm contractor or agency, except those who usually go home at least once a week.


h. Ocean-going and Inter-island/Coastal Vessels or Deep-sea Fishing Vessels

1. Filipino crew members of ocean-going vessels (whose own families live in the Philippines) at port as of 12:01 A.M. May 1, 1990, except those who usually go home to their own families in the Philippines at least once every six months.

2. Any crew member of inter-island/coastal vessel or deep-sea fishing vessel at port on any day during the enumeration, if the crew member has no home other than the vessel.


i. Refugee Camps

1. Filipino citizens working and living inside the camps except those living therein with their own families and those who usually go home to their respective families at least once a week.