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[p.1]


Republic of Mozambique
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STATISTICS (NIS)
GENERAL CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING - 1997

[p.2-3] omitted
[p.4]
Introduction
The Republic of Mozambique held in 1980 the first Census of Population and Housing. This Census was a success and thus we gained considerable experience which is worth preserving.
The situation that prevailed in the country during the year 1990 did not permit the holding of the Second Census of Population and Housing, and in its place it was held in 1991 the first National Demographic Survey.
The completion of the Second Census of Population and Housing is a need for updated knowledge of population dynamics, housing conditions of the population and the existing housing stock, in order to better planning national reconstruction and development of the country
As these objectives are achieved, it is necessary to have sound at all levels, a broad awareness and participation. The valuable experiences gained both in 1980 and in 1991 are, without doubt, references required.
This Guide aims to help you for the correct formulation of the questions and filling in the Census Bulletin. During training, you will be able to conduct the correct completion of the Bulletin and receive practical instructions on how to conduct the interview listed.
Carefully read this manual. Your questions will be answered by your instructor during training, or his controller during the census.
[p.5]

1. General Principles of the Census
[p.5]
1.1 – Objectives of the Census
The Census of Population and Housing aims to obtain statistical data that allow knowing precisely the number and characteristics of the inhabitants of the country, and the housing stock available.
[p.5]
1.2 - Who must be recorded?
The Census will cover all Mozambicans and all persons residing in the country.
Since the number of people and their characteristics change with time, it is necessary that all the answers to the questions in the Census Bulletin are referred to the same time, called census date.
Knowing the census date is essential to know the exact number of people attending and resident in each Province, County, City, Town, etc.., in a precise moment. In the Second Census, to be held from 1 to 15 August 1997, the census date will be 0 hours of 1 August this year.
In practice, it is not possible to contact all households on August 1. Thus, the bulk will be contacted by enumerators after August 1, and another bulk on August 15, last day of the census period.
Thus, the census must carefully observe the following cases:
Must be included:

All people who LIVE OR DO NOT USUALLY LIVE at home, but there spent the night of July 31 to August 1, 1997;
People who died AFTER THE ZERO HOUR of August 1, 1997;

Must not be included:

All persons BORN ON DAY 1 AUGUST 1997 OR LATER;
All the people died before the 1st DAY OF AUGUST 1997.
The method of data collection in the census will be taken from house to house interview of the population that live in private households. The resident population in collective dwelling (hotels, boarding homes, asylums, orphanages, prisons, etc...), shall be recorded in these establishments.
Who must be recorded?
Nationals:

Residents present at the census date
Residents temporarily absent at the census date
Nonresidents present at the census date

Foreigners:

Residents that are not dimplomats and are present at the census date
Residents that are temporily absent in time or after the census date
Nonresidents that are present at the census date
[p.7]
1.3. Who Should Answer to the Census?
Data on housing characteristics (Section E), Agro-Livestock Activities (Section F), mortality (Section G), as well as the individual information of minors, persons absent and disabled will be provided by the household head. All adults and good reputed persons, living both in households and in collective dwellings, will personally answer the questions of the Bulletin, by providing their individual data.
If the household head is absent, ill or unable to provide the information, it should be provided by a member designated by the household.
[p.7]

2 – Definitions and Concepts
HOUSEHOLD - is defined as household the entire group of people related or not by kinship, who live in the same house and share household expenses.
If there are dependencies in a house or rooms occupied by domestic servants with their families or rented to another family, these groups should be considered as independent households.
HOUSEHOLD HEAD - is the person responsible for the household or the one that, for the purposes of the census, are reported as such by other members. In each household there must be a head and always should be a person who resides there, might be present or not at the census date, provided his/her absence for less than six months.
COLLECTIVE DWELLING - is the establishment where people live, temporarily or permanently, that do not constitute family or household, sharing meals and are subject to an interest or common scheme.
For the purposes of the census, fall into this category hotels, homes, schools, asylums, barracks, hospitals, pensions, prisons, and other similar establishments.
If there are family habitations within the collective dwelling, designed to administrative or service purposes, they must be considered as independent households.
Census date - It is the time to regard all information that is collected in the Census. For the case of the Second Census of Population and Housing it is considered as the census date 0 Hours of August 1997.
NATIONALITY - It is the legal citizenship of the individual at the census date. Consider the nationalities listed in the Identity Card, Passport or Identity Document of the Foreign Resident (IDFR).
PLACE OF BIRTH - It is the birthplace of the individual.
CENSUS - A set of operations aimed at gathering, analyzing and publishing demographic, economic and social data of a population in a given area at a given time. Therefore, it is a very important statistical operation for the planning of economic and social development of the country.
PRESENT RESIDENT - should consider as present resident every person who has his habitual residence in the household and then spent the night of July 31 to August 1 in the property, regardless of whether or not physically present at the time of the Census.

Examples:

Must include all people who spent the night of July 31 to August 1, 1997 in the household, whether or not physically present at the census time.
Must consider these people as residents on the evening of reference if they did not sleep in their homes for reasons of service or who were at a party or nightclub.

You should not consider how this people have passed the household the night of July 31 to August 1, 1997, whether or not present at the time of the census. These should be classified as visitors in the house where they spent the night of reference.
Examples:

Persons who, during the census, are visiting or Living in the household;
Foreign tourism in the country;
Passengers on board the ships docked in ports of the census.
MISSING RESIDENT - A person who usually lives in the household, but who did not sleep in the residence for various reasons in the reference week (July 31 to August 1, 1997).
Examples:

- Must be consider as missing resident the person months and there is an intention of returning.
- (In a polygamy situation) Must not be considered as mising residentthe person who spent the reference night at another woman's house. He must be enumerated where he/she spent the night in question, as a present resident, whether or not present at the census time.
VISITOR - Refers to persons who are not habitually resident in the household, but who spent the night of reference and are at home at the census time.
RESIDENCE - is the place where the person usually lives.
MARITAL STATUS is the situation of the individual under the laws and customs, due to marriage or living-together.
The marital statuses that are object of the census are:

SINGLE - is a person of both sexes aged 12 years or more who is not or never has been married by civil registration, church or traditional ceremony;
MARRIED - is the person who is united by civil or religious marriage;
MARITAL UNION - is the person who has married life according to local custom, but is not married by the registrar or the church;
SEPARATED/DIVORCED - is the person who is separated or divorced from your husband or wife, either by law or not. If the person remarried consider he/she as "married";
Widow(er) - the person who was married and her/his husband/wife died. If the person remarried you must consider he/she as "married";
Live births - the number of children a woman had during her life, whether child are alive or not, or whether or not physically present at the census time, or not living in their country.
MUST also include children born alive (shown signs of life), but who died after childbirth.
MUST NOT include children who were born already dead, that is, after the time of separation from the mother's body, the child who was not breathing or showed signs of life. Also, MUST NOT include adopted children or those who are of child that the husband had with another woman or grandchildren living with her.
CHILDREN CURRENTLY LIVING - is the number of children who are currently living, whether or not physically present at the census time, or not normally live in the household, for example, married children who live in their own homes, children who work or study inside or outside the country, etc.
CHILDREN BORN IN THE LAST 12 MONTHS - is the number of children born from 1 August 1996 and July 31, 1997.
HABITATION (HOUSE) for the purposes of the census is considered as a dwelling (house) the site destinated for the accommodation of persons.
[p.11]
3 – The Enumerator
[p.11]
3.1-GENERAL FUNCTIONS AND METHOD OF WORK
The main task of the enumerator is to interview the households correctly, to collect data and enter them in the Bulletin. Data collection will be made in every house.
People living on the streets, avenues, parks, public places, etc. should be surveyed, preferably on the first day of the Census. These people will be surveyed by special brigades organized by the Executive of the Census (Suburb, City). The place where these people spend the night must be identified before the beginning of the Census.
In the Census there will be Urban and Rural enumerators. The first will work in cities and towns in brigades composed of four enumerators. Each Urban Enumerator will work on an Urban Enumeration Area which consists of approximately 150 households. Rural Enumerators will work in rural areas in brigades composed of three enumerators. Each Rural Enumerator will work on a Rural Enumeration Area which consists of approximately 100 households.
Each brigade will constitute a Control Area which will be headed by a Controller.
Each Enumerator must:

Be engaged in work with discipline, good behavior and responsibility;
Recognize the limits of his/her Enumeration Area before start working;
Fill in the Bulletins properly and without errors, i.e., omissions or duplications of households and persons;
Issue an enumeration card for each person surveyed, regardless of their age;
Deliver daily to the Controller each bulletin completed;
Ensure a good cooperation with the population;
Maintaining permanent contact with the Controller, and refer to HE/SHE whenever you have doubts about completing the Bulletin or other aspects of work;
Tell your Controller about problems that require his/her intervention.

[p.12]

3.2. CENSUS DOCUMENTS AND MATERIALS
The Controller will distribute to each enumerator documents and the material necessary to fully accomplish his/her task, which he/she will be personally responsible for (2 pens, plastic bag, Bulletins, tabulation sheets, sketches, enumeration cards, enumerator id, approval certificates and return material and labels).
At the end of the Census the enumerator should return to the Controller the following material:

All completed bulletins (in sequential order, from first to last);
All unused and leftover bulletins;
Tabulation sheets;
Sketches;
Enumeration cards and enumerator id and
Labels of surveyed houses (leftovers).

[p.13]

3.3-Interview
[p.13]
3.3.1How to Avoid Duplications and Ommissions?
The enumerator must be careful to avoid errors of omission or duplication of persons or households.
[p.13]
3.3.1.1. Duplication
Duplications may occur when a household or a person are counted twice or more.
For example, there will be duplication when a worker is enumerated at the region where he/she works and is enumerated again when he/she spend the weekend with the family. Similarly, if a child is surveyed at home and then becomes ill during the census and has to be taken to hospital, there will be duplication if this child is re-surveyed.
Situations like these reinforce the importance of the enumeration card and the need to respect the concept of census time. The enumerator, in order to identify a household, should always issue an enumeration card for each person surveyed. The card is proof that the person has already been counted. When issuing the enumeration card, the enumerator must tell the person that he/she should not be re-surveyed during the period census date and keep the card until the 1st of October 1997.
To avoid double counting the Enumerator should never start without a household survey without confirming that people were not surveyed in a different place, and should ask where they spent the night of 31 July to 1 August 1997. Those with enumeration cards cannot be surveyed again.
To avoid duplication, the Enumerator should record only those of his/her Enumeration Area, within the limits defined in the sketch.
[p.13]
3.3.1.2. Ommissions
Omissions occur when a household or a person are not enumerated.
Each enumerator will have a sketch that will support his/her orientation within the Enumeration Area, where he/she will work during the census. To avoid duplications or omissions of households or persons, the enumerator must also adhere strictly to the limits of sketches, enumerating all persons who were there in the census date. If he/she cannot find anyone at a certain address, he/she must make sure that people live there or not. If yes, he/she has to complete the header of the bulletin with all the information you can get and come back later or another day to find the household.
Coordination with local authorities is also important to avoid omissions and duplications.
At the end of the work in the Enumeration Area, the Enumerator should meet with the local responsible person to make sure, once again, that all households were covered.
If you have missed a household, must go to the local in order to enumerate. The Controller must be informed of this movement.
[p.14]
3.3.1.3. Sketches
The sketches allow enumerators to locate their Enumeration Area and correctly identify their limits, and thus avoiding duplication or omission of households.
Here are a few elements that appear in the sketch.

a) Scale
Each sketch has a range indicating the distance between two points. The scale of the sketches of urban areas and 1/5000, which means that one centimeter on the map is equivalent to 50 meters on the ground. For example, a distance of 10 cm on the map represents 500 meters (1/2 km) on the ground.
Most of the sketches were drawn from rural areas on a scale of 1/50,000, which means that one centimeter on the map equals 500 meters (1/2 km) on the ground. For example, a distance of 10 cm on the map represents 5 km on the ground.
b) Limits of the Enumeration Area
Most Enumeration Areas were defined to coincide with the boundaries of the lower level administrative division. Therefore, the Urban Enumeration Areas may be established by one or more blocks. Similarly in rural areas, enumeration areas coincide with the administrative boundaries of the village/ district, etc.
Each enumeration area has a number. However, in rural areas, some villages/towns/etc., has a higher number of inhabitants than expected for an Enumeration Area. In these cases, they were divided into two or more Enumeration Areas. In some cases the limits of each Enumeration Area within the village/town were not defined, then the sketches will have a code with a break. For example, Enumeration Areas 009-010.
If you and other enumerators were assigned to an enumeration area of this type, your controller will decompose this area into individual areas after a consultation with local structures. This should be done before the beginning of the census and based on the estimated population of that area. The controller will indicate the enumeration area of each enumerator, as well as their limits.
To avoid duplication and omission of households, the enumerator should respect the limits of the Enumeration Area, recording all persons residing there, and do not work outside this area.
c) Prior recognition of Enumeration Area
Two days before the beginning of the Census, the Enumerator should make recognition of its Enumeration Area to know its extent, identify its limits and living areas.
Most of the limits of Enumeration Areas are visible. In the urban areas they are roads, avenues, and while in rural areas they are rivers, roads, mountains. However, the help of a local guide is very useful to check the limits of Enumeration Area and locate dwellings, as well as to identify mine sites.
d) Inclusion of additional information/correction of information from sketches
While using the sketch, you should keep in mind to update its content by adding information or correcting what is wrong. For example, roads, paths, places that you may consider important. This is useful for the future use of sketches, mainly for other activities to be undertaken later in the Enumeration Area, for example, coverage surveys that will take place one month after the census (15 to September 30, 1997).
e) Return of sketches
You should use sketches with caution, keep it well and return it after the census, along with bulletins and other material which was delivered to you by the controller.

[Two pages with examples of sketches]
[p.18]
3.3.2. How to Enumerate in Cohabitations?
Cohabitation is an establishment where people live temporarily or permanently. Examples of cohabitation include: hospitals, maternity hospitals, orphanages, nursing homes, education centers, hotels or guesthouses, homes for students, workers camps, and jails. In these cases, the census must be organized in coordination with the chief or director of the cohabitation to identify people who are there and have spent there the reference night.
In the cohabitation may be three categories of persons:

Those that are working there but live in their households should be counted in those households;
Those that work, live and spend their meals there must be registered within the cohabitation;
Those that are there temporarily as residents or as internal cohabitant (patients, orphans, students, guests, etc..) should be counted within the cohabitation.

People living in cohabitation will be surveyed by a special brigade consisting of local officials, duly qualified to do so.
[p.18]
3.3.3. Confidentiality
All statistical information provided by households or individuals are confidential.
What does confidentiality mean?
It means that the statistical information reported by the census is confidential, should NOT be divulged to any other person.
It also means that the Bulletin should NOT be seen filled by anyone except by your controller and the upper structures of the Census.
It also means that neither the local authorities, judicial, police nor others may have access to bulletins filled.
The confidential nature of the data is given in the Law of the General Census of Population and Housing and the National Statistical System. Its objective is to create a situation of trust, where people can give truthful answers with no risk of any actions against them.
The data collected may be disclosed only in the form of pooled statistical data, for example, by province, city, village, etc., and never on a household or a specific person.
The Enumerator should strictly observe the requirements of confidentiality at all stages of their work, otherwise he/she may be penalized under the law.
In order to gain the confidence of the population, the enumerator must:
Explaining his role correctly, show his/her enumerator card and stress the confidentiality of responses;
Conduct interviews with every household or person in a separate room without other people present that do not belong to the household;
Keep in safe place completed applications and deliver them always to your controller at the end of each working day;
"Forget" the information provided by the family, in other words, you should not tell anyone what is answered by households.
[p.20]

4. Census Bulletin
[p.20]
4.1. General Instructions for Completing the Bulletin
Do not omit persons in the household, list in Section C all members and visitors.
Write down the first the name of the household head and then list the remaining members in order of degree of kinship in relation to the head, starting with the spouse and single child(s) in descending order. Then write down the other relatives and unrelated people.
If the household head has more than one wife, then the head of household register his first wife and their children, then the second wife and their children, whether they live in the same yard and live as a single aggregate family. Otherwise, consider them as independent households.
If there are visitors in the household, these must also be listed. After writing all the names, go to Section D to collect data from individual household members.
Remember that adult people should personally provide the individual data. For children, missing persons and the mentally disabled your data will be declared by household head or a person nominated by the unit itself.
When finished proceed to Section D Section E to collect data on housing.
In questions where there is a space of type |_| place an |x| the number corresponding to the answer;
In questions where the answer is numerical, i.e., is a number, so must fill |1|2| if the number is 12, |0|5| if the number is 5; where it says "for internal use", you should not use this space.
All questions should have only one answer. Whenever you have any difficulty or doubts you should ask for the support of your controller.
Questions that do not apply to the individual, for example, if the age is not appropriate, dispose of the space with a dash.
Avoid erasures bulletin, type the answer when you are sure that the respondent correctly understood the question and the answer is correct. If you registered the answer in the wrong place, you should blot it completely and write legibly in the correct space.
Do not write out the smudged Bulletin to avoid errors in transcription.
[p.21]
4.1.1. HOW TO CONDUCT THE INTERVIEW?
In order to obtain a good collaboration of population the enumerator, when starting the interview in the household, must:

Greet, say his/her name and show enumerator card;
Explain briefly what is your role, the objectives of the Census and type of information that will be collected;
Highlight issues of confidentiality of information collected;
Request full and truthful answers to all questions of the Bulletin;
When prompted, to the extent possible, clarify the purpose of each question of the Bulletin. However, the response should not induce the person enumerated;
Always accept the responses recorded and only raise doubts as to verify that this is a problem of comprehension or inconsistency;
At the end of the interview thank the cooperation of the household by their participation in the Census.
[p.22]
4.1.2. How to Formulate the Questions Bulletin?
It is very important the way you make the questions and record answers in the Census Bulletin. By asking the questions, speak slowly. You should read the questions in the Bulletin and the response alternatives, where such exist. Wait for the answer and then write it down correctly in the appropriate space. Sometimes you should repeat the questions in order to get correct answers. If after repeated, the interviewer is still with comprehension difficulties, explain what you want using your own words or translate to the local language, but you must not change its meaning or either suggest the answer.
[p.22]
4.1.3. Form of Competion of the Bulletin
In order to save time, the location of the house should be made in advance, preferably on the day preceding the interview or even in a few days before. Copy to Section A the names and codes that are in the sketches of your Enumeration Area.
[p.22]
4.1.4. Number Of Bulletins For Household/Cohabitation
You should use a census bulletin for each household/cohabitation. The Bulletin is designed to accommodate a maximum of 9 persons. However, if the number of resident people is greater than 9, you should use and extra bulletin to complete the enumeration of the household/cohabitation.
Please pay attention to the following:

a- Place just one label on houses that have two or more independent households;
b- Where there are two or more homes, but which are part of the same household, you should place a label in the main house.

[p.23]
4.2. Specific Instructions For Completing The Bulletin
[p.23]
4.2.1. Section A: Geographical Location Of The House
This section should be completed by the Enumerator before beginning the field work in order to avoid wasting time. All bulletins shall contain the names and codes of the geographic area of the house (Section A).
EXAMPLES:

A1. PROVINCE INHAMBANE ... |_0_|_8_|
A2. DISTRICT Vilanculos ...|_1_|_3_|
A3. DESK ADMINISTRATIVE Mapinhane ... |_0_|_2_|
A4. URBAN AREA ... |__|
A5. Town/Village ... |__|__|
A6. Suburb ... |__|__|
A7. Number of Enumeration Areas ... |__|__|__|
A8. Number. of Blocks ... |__|__|__|
Name City / Town ________________________
A11. House number ... |__|__|__|
A12. Number of households in this house ... |__|
A13. Number of this household ... |__|
A4. RURAL AREAS ... 2 |_X_|
A5. Location ... |_0_|2__|
A7. Number of Enumeration Areas ... 0 |_2_|_2_|
A9. Name of Village: Mamina |_1_|_1_|
A10. Name of the zone/district ___________ |_9_|_9_|
A11. House number ... 0 |_1_|_5_|
A12. Number of households in this house ... |_2_|
A13. Number of this household ... .|_1_|

To complete Section A, from A1 to A8 in Urban Areas and A1 to A10 in Rural Areas, copy the names and codes of your sketches. Mark with an x in 1 if it is in the urban area, and 2 otherwise.
[p.24]
A11. House number
Write in this field the sequential number that you assigned to households to the extent that you finish enumerating them. For example, the first enumerated will have |0|0|1|, the second |0|02|, and so on.
If there are two or more households living independently in the same house, each one will have the same house number.
[p.24]
A12. Number of households in this house
On this question you must indicate the total number of independent households that you have enumerated and that live in the house. You should write down only in the Bulletin of the main household. If you use more than one bulletin for the same household, type the number in just the first one.
[p.24]
A13. Number of this household
On this question you should indicate the sequential number of independent households that exist in the same house. For example, in the same house there are two separate households, the first household has the number 1 the second has the number 2.
Keep in mind that this numbering is sequential only within the same house, in other words, that the numbering should start from the start whenever you change the house, not from the last one that you enumerated in the previous house.
[p.25]
A14. House Address
Write down the street name, number, floor and flat number. The description space should be used in cases where there are no numbered streets, and there you must indicate one or more reference points to facilitate the location of the house. For example: near the Central Market; on the right side of St. Anthony Church, etc.
[p.25]
4.2.2. Section B: To Be Completed After The Interview
[p.25]
B1. Name of household/cohabitation head
As already mentioned, each housing unit must have a head, which is indicated by its members. Write down in the Bulletin the household/cohabitation head's name.
[p.25]
B2. Number of enumerated persons
At the end of the interview, the enumerator should count all enumerated people and write them down by gender. You only need the clearance of persons who normally reside in the housing unit. To facilitate the clearance, count all those that were listed in Section C with a circle on the letter R (Resident).
When a household or cohabitation has more than 9 people and you must use two or more bulletins, the clearance should be done only in the first bulletin, including all those recorded in that household.

B2.1 Male |0|4|
B2.2 Female |1|1|
B2.3 Total |1|5|

[p.26]
B3. Number of visits
It is possible that over the work you will not find anyone in a household, and it is necessary to get back once again. Write down the number of times each time you visit the household by inserting an X in appropriate box (B3). For example, if a household has been visited three times, write |X in box number 3.
[p.26]
B4. Declaration
After completing the Bulletin and before saying goodbye, the Enumerator should review it, see if has forgotten to ask a question, make sure that all were well completed, must write its number, name, sign and put the date in the Bulletin. The same will be done by your controller, after making the revision.
[p.27]
4.2.3. Section C: Persons' Names
In this section you should first list all the people who usually live in the household and then the visitors who spent there the night of July 31 to August 1, 1997, whether or not physically present at the census time. When listing people, start with the household head, his wife and their children, from youngest to oldest.
To the extent you fill in the persons' names, ask if they are residents or visitors and circle the letters R (Resident) or V (Visitors), as appropriate. This will facilitate the preliminary clearance that you will make after the interview, in Question B3.

If there are in the household more than 9 persons, use additional bulletins and indicate on the top right that the bulletin will be continued, identifying the number of the first out of many. For example, if in a housing unit were used two bulletins, the first should be "Bulletin 1 of 2" and the second "Bulletin 2 of 2"
[p.27]
4.2.4. Section D: Questions About The Population.
In this section the Enumerator will interview each of household members listed in Section C. Before you start filling keep in mind the following:

Use one page of the bulletin for each person, including children;
Present Adults must personally answer the questions of the Bulletin. The household head will respond by minors, the disabled or absent,
Each block of questions is an indication of the age of persons who must answer them. For example:

P1 to P10 - these questions should be addressed to all persons,
P11 should only be addressed for people aged one year or more,
From P12 to P20b - should only be addressed for people aged 5 years or more,
From P21 to P26 - should only be addressed for people aged 7 years or more,
P27 - should only be addressed for people aged 12 years or more,, from P28 to P31 should only be addressed for women aged 12 to 50 years.
[p.28]
QUESTIONS FOR ALL PERSONS LISTED IN SECTION C
PERSON NUMBER |_|_|
NAME ___________________
Write down in the Bulletin number and name of the person following the order indicated in Section C. The first person to be included in the Bulletin should be the household head, regardless of their sex, then the spouse and their children, from the youngest to the oldest.
As the Bulletin do not have much space, it is not necessary to write down the full name, just the first and last. For example: Cassandra Xavier, Ignatius Munguambe, Amelia Francis, etc.
In the case of an unnamed child, place an "X" or write BABY. Often children who have yet to name are omitted, leading to an under enumeration of the population under 1 year. In this case, the Enumerator should ask if there are children in the household that does not yet have a name and have to include them in the Bulletin.
Enumerator, pay attention:

- To avoid duplication of polygamists, in the cases in which the household head is not at home on the interview time, ask if he slept at home the night of July 31 to August 1, 1997.
- If yes, you can collect your data. If not, ask where he is. If you have spent the night at another woman, then he must be enumerated there. Scratch his name on the list and the wife will be the household head.
- If he is out of home for a period exceeding six months, cross out his name, and then his wife should appear as the household head.

[p.29]
P2. What is your kinship with the household head
Read the question and wait for the answer and then tick the corresponding number. There should be only one answer.
[p.29]
P3. Indicate sex
Indicate the sex of the respondent with X indicating whether it is male or female.
[p.29]
P4. How old are you?
This is one of the most important questions of the Census, since all data analysis is done on the basis of information crossed with the age of the respondents. For example, rates of illiteracy, unemployment, mortality, etc., are calculated using data on age. Therefore, one must correctly identify and write down the age of each household member.
The age of each person should be given in number of completed years. For example, if the person has less than 1 year of age (had not yet completed one year of age in August 1, 1997), then you should write: |0|0|.
If the person is 9 years old, write this: |0|9|, etc.
Keep in mind that:

Age is recorded in 2 digits. If registered to vote has one younger than 10 years, type 0 before the age. For example, a person with 7 years of age, write down: 07.
If age is over 99 years (e.g. 100, 101) you can write the last digit in two boxes for example, |1|0|1|

To determine the age you should:

1 - Ask the age and year of birth of the person.
2 - Ask for ID Card, Voter Registration Card, or equivalent document which can be recorded the age or year of birth (SEE TABLE FOR CONVERSION) of the respondent.
If using this method you are still not able to determine the age, the Enumerator should try to get it through comparisons with other surveyed with a known age or by the following:
a) Use dates of historical local or national events who can recall their age or date of birth. From the age that the person had at the time of the historical event you should add the years since that time and calculate his/her current age.
b) Compare the physical characteristics of the person whose age is unknown, with another person with known age
- Special attention should be given to children (see if they already run - 1 year or already speak - 2 years).
c) To determine the age of a child, and the mother has more children, you should proceed as follows:
- Knowing the age of one of them,
- Following the order and interval in which the mother gave birth, calculate the age of the child whose age is unknown.
d) In cases where it is difficult to estimate the age you should not look for an arbitrarily solution assigning ages ending in zero or five. You should always distinguish between the ages year by year, for example: 36, 43, 78, etc..

[p.31]
P5. Say at the 0:00 of 1 august 1997, in this household were:
Read the question and each response alternatives (present resident, absent resident or visitor).
Keep in mind that:

- The condition of presence refers to the night in question, i.e. whether the person was present or not in the household on the night of July 31 to August 1, 1997.
- If in the reference night the person was present and resident of the household, mark an X box number 1, whether it is or is not physically present at the census time.
- If the person is resident, but at night reference he/she did NOT sleep at home in your household, mark X in the box the number 2 (resident missing) regardless of whether he/she is or is not physically present at the census time.

For example, a household member who is overseas on a mission of service, or someone who spent the night in their household reference for being in the hospital, etc..;

- if a person spent the night visitor reference in the household and at the time of the census is present in the household, mark X in box 3;
- There should be only one answer.

[p.31]
P6. What is your race/origin?
Read the question and each answer choices (black, mixed, white, Indian, Pakistani or other). Mark X in the box the number corresponding to the response.
[p.31]
P7. Where you were born?
Read the question and wait for the answer.
Keep in mind that:

- if the interviewee answer here, write down the name of the Province, District or City where you are enumerating;
- if the person was born in another location within the national territory, he/she shall indicate the name of the Province, District or City. The Enumerator should avoid writing the name of locations, administrative posts or settlements;
- if the person was born abroad, write down the name of the country.

[p.32]
P8. What is your nationality?
Read the question and wait for the answer. The base should be the nationality indicated in a national ID card, Passport or Identification Document for Foreigners (DIRE).
For Mozambicans, just check the X 001 [] Mozambican
For foreigners, it should indicate their nationality. Example: Angolan, Brazilian, British, Portuguese, Peruvian, Tanzanian, etc.
For people who have no nationality must write "NO".
[p.32]
P9. Do you have any disability?
This question is very delicate, some people do not like to talk of their disability or the disability of their relatives, especially that of the minors. So try to be gentle when asking the question. Consider as physical or mental disability of the following impairments: blindness, deafness, muteness, mental retardation, disability of the arms or legs, etc.
If the respondent has no disability, mark X in box number 1. Mark X in box number 2 if the respondent has a mental disability, the number 3 if present physical disabilities and the number 4 if present both defects, i.e. mental and physical.
[p.33]
P10. what is your religion or belief?
Read the question and write down the answer.
Keep in mind that:

- For purposes of the census, you must consider all religions or beliefs, whether or not registered or organized;
- If you have questions about the religion of minors, you must register the religion professed by country.

Questions Only For People With 1 Year And Older
[p.33]
P11. Where did you reside at 1 August 1996?
This question aims to find out where the respondent had resided for one year before setting the current residence at this location.
Read the question and wait for the reply.
Keep in mind that:

- if the interviewee answers "Here" write down the name of the Province, District or City where you are enumerating;
- if the person was born in another location within the national territory, he/she shall indicate the name of the Province, District or City. The Enumerator should avoid writing the name of locations, administrative posts or settlements;
- if the person was born abroad, write down the name of the country.

[p.34]
Questions Only Directed For People With 5 Years And Older
P12. Where did you resid when the war ended (October/1992)?
This question aims to find out the place of residence of the respondent five years before setting the current residence at this location.
Keep in mind that:

- if the interviewee answers "Here" write down the name of the Province, District or City where you are enumerating;
- if the person was born in another location within the national territory, he/she shall indicate the name of the Province, District or City. The Enumerator should avoid writing the name of locations, administrative posts or settlements;
- if the person was born abroad, write down the name of the country.

P13. Is your mother alive?
This question should only indicate the orphanhood of the biological mother, that is, you should not consider as mothers:, stepmothers, tutors or others caring for the education and other charges.
Read the question and wait for the reply. Check box number 1 if the person has a mother alive, number 2 if the person has not and 3 if the person does not know.
P14. Say if:
This question aims to find out: the interviewee: knows only how to read; knows only how to write, or not does read or write in any language.
Keep in mind that:

- must consider that the person can read and write in any language. Mark X in box number 1;
- when a person only know how to read mark X in number 2;
- if the person cannot read or write mark X in number 3;
- there should be only one answer.

[p.35]
P15. Know to speak portuguese?
Read the question and wait for the reply. You must consider that the person can speak Portuguese when he/she can talk, understand and express themselves in Portuguese, yet they do not speak the language correctly. In these cases, mark X in box number 1. If the person does not speak Portuguese, check the X in box number 2.
P16. In which language have you learned to speak?
Read the question and wait for the reply. Write down the name of the language in which the respondent learned to speak in childhood, regardless of whether or not he/she speaks it now.
For example, Mr. John learned to speak in Echwabo, then the answer is Ehwabo, whether or not to he speak other languages.
There can be only one answer.
P17a. In which language do you speak more frequently at home?
Read the question and wait for the reply. This question seeks to know the language that is used most often at home regardless of whether or not the respondent speaks other languages at school or at work.
Continuing with the example of Mr. John, we know how he learned to speak in Echwabo, but at home he speaks Portuguese more often. So the language that he speaks most often is Portuguese.
P17b. In addition to the above, what other languages you use in your communication?
Read the question and wait for the reply. This question aims to find out if the person enumerated, beyond the language she learned to speak and who speaks most often, uses different language in his/her communication.
Continuing with the example of Mr. John. As we know he learned to speak in Echwabo, but at home he speaks in Portuguese more often. Besides these two languages he also can speak French, English and Xitsonga. Only of those that he dominates is the Xitsonga and uses it in his communication. Then, write Xitsonga.
[p.36]
P18. Say if:
This question refers to attendance at a regular educational institution, official or private.
Keep in mind that:

- it is not considered as participation in school-year: courses in sewing, computing, languages (except if it is a requirement to obtain an academic degree, etc.).
- Check box number 1 if the interviewee is attending any school;
- Check box number 2 if the respondent is not attending any educational establishment, but he had attended before;
- Check box number 3 if the respondent has never attended any educational establishment. Skip to P21.

P19. What level of education are you attending or what is the highest level of education that you had attended (even if incomplete)?
Must answer this question people who answered 1 or 2 at question P18. For example, if Mr. Taibo attends technical education, then mark X in box number 8.
If the person answered 1 at question P18 (attends school), you must indicate the level of education that the person is attending.
If the person answered 2 at question P18 (attended an educational institution), you must indicate the highest level that the person attended, even though the person has not completed. For example, if Mr. Taibo attended higher education, but did not complete, then you should mark X in box number 10 - Tertiary.
Keep in mind that you must include:

- At "Literacy" all persons who participated in the literacy courses offered by the structures of the Ministry of Education, business, religious, etc.
- At "Training course for teachers" all teachers who participated in training courses for teachers of primary and secondary schools. In this case you should always ask the interviewee the level of the course they'd participated;
- At "Higher education" all the people who attended or were attending any course of higher level, either within or outside the country. In this category includes the Eduardo Mondlane University, Pedagogical University, Catholic University, Institute of International Relations, Higher Polytechnic and Universitary Institute.

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P20a. Have you completed the level indicated in the previous question?
All respondents to P19 must indicate whether or not completed the level declared. If the answer is 1 (yes) go to P21, otherwise mark 2 (No) and go to P20b.
Keep in mind that:

- to decide whether or not the respondent completed the level indicated, ask the class or year level of instruction that stated at P19. See the last page of the bulletin for the length of each level of education.

P20b. If not completed, and indicate the grade level/year higher you concluded:
All respondents stated that the question P20a who did not complete the levels indicated in question P19, either because they are still studying or dropped out, should indicate the level and class or higher years that has completed.
Keep in mind that:

- The most higher class (or year) that attended and always previous of the one that attends (in the case of those still studying) or attended (for those not attending);
- there can be only one answer.

PRIMARY

- at the census time the respondent attends a university degree (2nd year of Mechanical Engineering), the highest level and class completed is the first year. Write in the space reserved:

TERTIARY |

- the respondent who attends or attended the 1st year of college, the highest grade and level completed, must be one of the above previous levels. For example, the 3rd year of Technical Education School.

[p.38]
Questions Only For People With 7 Years And Older
P21. Did you work last week?
Read the question and each of the alternatives to get a response. Then mark the number corresponding to the response.
If you checked the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, go to P23. If you checked the number the number 5, go to P22, and ask if in last week the respondent was in the farm, producing or selling products on the market, informal trade, dumba-neng or at home.
If you checked the numbers 6, 7, 8, 10 or 11, go to P27.
Keep in mind that:

- "a week before" refers to the week from 25 to 31 July 1997;
- In rural areas there is a tendency of farmers to respond that they are not working, particularly by the fact that the month of August is a weak month in agricultural terms. If the respondent actually did not work, mark X in box number 2 of the question P21 "Did not work but have a job."
- You should consider the people who worked in one of the following situations:
- Employees on vacation at the time of the census. Tick the box of number 2;
- Hospital patients, persons on leave for childbirth, not workers who worked during the reference week due to pregnancy, strike, natural calamity, provided that in the reference week still maintain the link with the employer usually made or any activity. Mark X in box number 2 of P21.;
- Seasonal workers. Mark X in box number 2 of P21.;
- household members who helped in the reference week (without pay) in the work of the chief farm trade, business, workshop, sewing, etc. Mark X in box number 3 of P21. These people should be considered in P25 as unpaid family workers, alternative 6.
Consider that:
- one person who works beyond home work is usually working for sale, for example, cakes, sewing, or has other business paid to improve the performance of household. You should not regard the person as housewife;
- "Person who did not work, but has a job", refers to a person with a regular occupation which did not in the reference week worked for being sick, vacation, maternity leave, labor strike or other reason. Mark X in box number 2. Skip to P23;
- "Person helped family", a person who supported the family members at their occupations or work for them, but without pay. For example, a daughter who helped her mother in the fields.
- "sought new employment" refers to the person that during the reference week did not work because he/she was fired, resigned or terminated employment before his contract and is waiting for another job opportunity. Mark X in box number 4;
- "Housewife" if the person in the reference week was occupied with only the work of your own home. Mark X in box number 5. Skip to P22;
- "Looking for a job for the 1st time" if the person has never worked and was looking for his/her first paid employment. Mark X in box number 6. Skip to P27, if applicable;
- FADM if the person in the reference week was a member of the Armed Forces of Mozambique (FADM). Mark X in box number 7. Skip to P27.
- It should only be considered as the student who found himself enrolled in a school or institution official, private or community in the reference week. Mark X in box number 8. Skip to Q27, if applicable.

Do not consider student-workers as students. These should be framed among the alternatives of work.

- Consider as retired the person who has not worked, who depends on retirement or pension during the reference week. Mark X in box number 9 and skip to Q27.
- However, if a pensioner or retiree is engaged in any gainful employment, he/she must be included in an alternative work (1, 2 or 3);
- Consider as "disabled" person that has not work because he/she is permanently unable to work due to age or some physical or mental impairment in the reference week. Mark X in box number 10 and skip to Q27;
- Consider as "other "if the person was not framed in any of the above. Mark X in box number 11. Skip to Q27.

[p.40]
P22. If you were housewife, say if, in the last week:
All persons who declared themselves to be housewives on question P21 (Alternative 5), ask if, in the reference week, they went to the farm, if so mark X in box number 1;
If the person produced or sold products on the market, trade, informal, for example, cakes, fish, fruit, etc, tick the box of number 2. If the person dedicated to tailoring, shoe repair, tin etc.. to make money, also check alternative (2).
Finally, if the person devoted exclusively of home care and arrangements of children and family, then mark X in box number three and skip to P27.
P23. What was your main occupation in the week before or the last time you worked?
You must answer this question all those in P21 X in the box marked number 1, 2, 3 or 4.
Keep in mind that:

- For those who are in search of new employment, you should indicate their occupation in the last time they worked.
- if the respondent has more than a profession/occupation, you must indicate the one that he considers the principal (the one that generates the most revenue or in which he/she spend most of the time);
- you should avoid writing in the Bulletin general responses or incomplete, such as: employee, worker, technician, assistant, employee, etc. .. You must, for example, indicate if the person is a record employee travel agency, employee in the warehouse, factory worker of biscuits, radio technician, telecommunications technician, farmer, auto mechanic, manager of agricultural, secretary-typist, an elementary school teacher, administrator, administrative public accountant firms, pastor, miner, etc.

[p.41]
P24. What kind of business is held in place where you usually work?
Read the question and then write the specific name of the company's main activity or institution in which the interviewee works or activity that the respondent performs on your own.
Keep in mind that:

People who have stated that the P21 sought new employment should indicate the activity they were familiar in the place where they worked last time.

[p.42]
P25. Say if you are:
This question should be answered according to the occupation/profession indicated by the interviewee in P23.
Please keep in mind the following definitions:

- Employee of the State Apparatus includes all people who work for the state, local or central level. Mark X in box number 1;
- Employee of Private Sector includes all employees of fully private companies. Mark X in box 2;
- Employee of the Public Company include all workers of public enterprises such as TDM, EDM, Post Office, CFM, RM, TVM, etc. .. Check the box 3;
- Worker of the Cooperative Sector includes every person who works in a cooperative. Mark X in box number 4;
- Self-employed includes any person who, while practicing his/her profession, does not employ personnel and the earnings of his/her work is reversed to him/herself. For example, a farmer working in his farm without employees, a mechanic who works alone in his workshop with no employees, etc. .. Mark X in box number 5.

If in the person's work, he/she is only helped by members of his/her family without compensation should be considered the same as "self-employed".

- Family workers without pay includes any person who is working for the household, without receiving any compensation. Mark X in box number 6.

Here it should be considered as "family workers without pay" for example, the household members who help the household head's work in the farm, workshop, etc., provided that they do not receive any compensation payment.

- "Member of cooperative" comprises all members of the cooperative production. For example: the farmer who is a member of a cooperative of agricultural production, the craftsman who is a member of a cooperative of crafts, etc. Mark X in box number 7.
You must not include people who are members of a consumer cooperative.
- "Employer/Business" comprises the people who own a business, industrial, farm, etc., which employ salaried workers. Mark X in box number 8.

[p.43]
P26. How many hours you worked a day in the last week?
You must indicate the number of hours that the respondent worked per day during the reference week. The number of hours worked serves to identify people within the population with employment (paid or independent), and also the subgroups with different degrees of participation in manpower.
Keep in mind that:

- Work refers to any activity aimed at producing goods and services for self-consumption or market. People can pursue their activities in several ways: as workers in paid employment, employers, self employed, family workers, etc..;
- If the respondent has more than one occupation, you must count all hours spent on these activities.

[p.44]
P27. Which is your marital status?
Read each question and answer choices.
Keep in mind that:

- Single is a person of either sex who never married or lived in marital union. Mark X in box number 1;
- Married is the person who has contracted a civil or religious marriage and lives with her spouse. Mark X in box 2;
- Marital Unions is the person who has been cohabiting with his spouse, or according to local custom. Mark X in box 3;
- Divorced or Separated is the person who was married or lived as husband and now it is in a dissolution of marriage (by the law or not). Mark X in box number 4. If the person had remarried, you should consider it as married or under the Marital Union, as appropriate.
- A widower is a person who was married and is no longer due to the death of a spouse. Mark X in box number 5. If that person had remarried after the death of a spouse , then you should declare it as married or under the Marital Union, as appropriate.

Questions for women only from 12 to 50 years of age
The following questions are extremely important and at the same time very sensitive. Try to obtain accurate answers, formulating the questions clearly and correctly record the answers.
Pay attention to the responses to detect whether there are inconsistencies, because the questions are interrelated.
To identify women who should answer the following questions should check the age stated in P4.
P28. How many children born alive have you had?
Read the question, wait for the answer and ask how many children born alive of each sex the respondent had. Then note the number stated in the space provided.
Keep in mind that:

- Every woman should indicate their own children, by gender, whether living with them or not. You must not include in this question the adopted children or those who are of marriage the husband with another woman. For example, the stepmothers should not consider their children as stepchildren;
- It is considered "child born alive" the child who, at birth, showed any sign of life: breathed, cried, or moved, even if they died shortly later;
- You should not include as the answer to this question the children who were born dead, that is, the children who, after the time of separation from the mother's body, have not breathed or showed any other signs of life;
- You should also include in this question the children born after 1 August 1997.

Example of completing the report:

a) if a woman has never had children, fill in the P28 and P29 as follows:
Men 1 |0|0| 2 Women |0|0| and end the interview with this woman;
b) if she has had three children, 1 being a male and 2 female, complete this:
Men 1 |0|1| 2 Women |0|2|

[p.45]
P29. How many children of you are currently alive?
Read the question, wait for the reply. This question is related to P28. The interviewee must declare the number of children of each sex who are still alive of the total she declared at P28. Write down the number stated in the space provided.
Keep in mind that:

- You must regard all children, whatever their age and sex, whether or not living with the declarant;
- You should not include at this question adopted children or those who are of marriage the husband with another woman;
- You should not also include in this question the children born after 1 August 1997.

The completion of this question is similar to P28.
[p.46]
P30. How many children born alive did you have in the last 12 months?
Read the question, wait for the reply. This question is also related to P28. The interviewee should say, of all children declared in Q28, how many children were born during the year preceding the census, that is, between 1 August 1996 and July 31, 1997. Write down the number stated in the space provided.
Keep in mind that:

-You should not include in this question the children born after 1 August 1997.

[p.47]
P31. Of your children born alive in the last 12 months, how many of them are still alive?
Read the question, wait for the reply. This question is also related to P30. The interviewee should say, of all children declared in Q30, how many are alive at census date. Write down the number stated in the space provided.
Keep in mind that:

- You must include this question only the children themselves;
-You should not include in this question the children born after August 2, 1997.

The census enumerator must pay close attention when filling this question, because the number obtained in this question may not be superior to the previous question (P30). Can only be equal or lower.
Continuing with the example of P30, but assuming that the male child died. We will have:
Men 1 |0| 2 Women |1|
CENSUS ENUMERATOR: Once you finish the interview with the woman, go to the next page and continue with the next person in the house/cohabitation. If this is the last person, go to Section E - Housing.
[p.47]
4.2.5. - SECTION E: Characteristics And Housing Conditions
This section must be answered by the household head or person who is identified as such. If a household have more than one housing units, the following questions refer to the main unit.
For purposes of the Census, housing is any site that is intended for human habitation, provided that at the time of the census is being used for this purpose.
For purposes of the Census, we will consider two types of housing: Individual and Collective.
Consider as "individual housing" the one that serve as housing to households and can be of type: House, Flat/Apartment, Palhota, Poor houses (tents, house built of tin, cardboard, tents, etc..), etc..
Consider as "collective housing" institutional settings such as schools, prisons, barracks, hotels, etc.. The independent dwellings occupied by employees should be treated as private households.
Please have the following definitions of households:

- Residence is a house built with conventional materials (concrete block, brick block, cover plate or zinc plate Lusalite, tile, concrete slab), designed to house one or more families.
- Flat/Apartment is a space dedicated to housing built within a building.
- Palhota is a house whose dominant material used is of vegetable origin (grass, straw, palm thatch, bamboo, etc.)..
- Poor houses are built with improvised material and precarious, such as paper, bags, cans, tree bark, etc. ..
- House of wood and zinc are dwellings whose walls and ceilings are built with wood and zinc.

Cohabitations are occupied by persons whose relationship is restricted to the subordination of administrative and compliance with standards of living. Should be considered as cohabitations the hospitals, clinics, hotels, barracks, military camps, convents, seminaries, boarding schools, homes of students or workers, orphanages, asylums, etc.
[p.48]
E1. Type of housing?
Tick X in the type housing that you are working. There can be only one answer, or a private or collective, whether, for example, a house or hut, a hospital or school. A house will never has two characteristics simultaneously. After answering, you must correctly complete the type of dwelling, and repudiating the cases that do not apply with a horizontal line.
If the property is of type "Collective", do not proceed to the questions in Section D (housing), or those of Section G (Death) and Section F (farming and ranching). Dispose with a vertical line the question F6. Proceed to Section D (questions about the population).
Read the question and each alternative. Wait for the reply. Tick X in the number corresponding to the answer.
[p.49]
E2. The house where you live is:
Consider the following definitions:

Rented - when the house is occupied by tenants of APIE, EMOSE, or another owner, who pay a monthly or periodic income
Own - when the property right of the house belongs to the household,
Courtesy - when the house was loaned by the employer for people friends or relatives,
Another way - includes any form of occupation of the house (if the house is not rented, not owned or not it was sold), and
Vacancy - is the house that in the census date is not occupied by people, being the sale or rental, reconstruction, or other reason. Try to obtain as much information about the characteristics of housing. As minimal information, please complete the E1 (private housing type), E2, E3 and E4.

[p.49]
E3. A house is built with walls:
Read the question and each alternative. Wait for the reply. Tick x in the number corresponding to the predominant material in the construction of the walls of the house. We consider the following types of material of wall construction: Concrete Block, Brick Block, Wood/zinc block adobe, reed/sticks/bamboo/palm Paus matic, other materials. There should be only one answer
.
[p.49]
E4. A house is covered by:
Read the question and each alternative. Wait for the reply. Tick X in the number corresponding to the predominant material in the construction of the roof of the house.
We considered the following types of coverage: Concrete Slab, Tile, Lusalite plate, zinc plate, grass/thatch/palm, and others. There should be only one answer.
[p.50]
E5. The floor of the house is made of (not accounting with kitchen and bathrooms)
Read the question and each alternative. Wait for the reply. Tick X in the number corresponding to the predominant material used for flooring in the house.
We considered the following types of building materials: wood or parquet., Marble/granulite Cement, Mozaico/Brick, Adobe, beaten earth, others.
[p.50]
E6a. How many divisions has the house? (not accounting with kitchen and bathroom)
Read the question and wait for the reply. Write down the total number of divisions that the house has, excluding the kitchen and bathrooms. Write down the number, even if some are not sleeping quarters, such as dining room, living room, etc.. The so-called common rooms (dining and seen) have a rather two divisions.
[p.51]
E6b. How many divisions do you use to sleep?
Read the question and wait for the reply. Of the total number of divisions mentioned in E6a, write down how many are used for sleeping. Write down the number, even if some are not sleeping quarters, such as dining room, living room, etc.
[p.51]
E7. What is the main source of water which is used to drink in this household?
This question refers to the main source of water used for drinking at home. Read the question and each alternative. Wait for the reply. Tick X at the corresponding number of the answer. So you can only have a single answer.
Please note the following definitions:

Piped water inside the house - where the water connection is inside the house,
Piped water outside the home - where the water connection is located outside the home, or go cart water in the neighbor's house
Water from standpipes - when the house is supplying water from a fountain,
Well - when the house is supplying water from a well, itself, public or private
Hole - when the house filling up with water from underground through a tube and is pulled by hand, electric power or wind.
Rivers or lakes - when the house is supplying water from a river, lake or similiar, regardless of how it is accumulated and distributed in the house,
Other - when the house filling up with water from sources other than those mentioned above, for example: storm water, etc.

[p.52]
E8. The house has:
This question refers to the type of toilet or latrine available at home.
Read the question and each alternative. Wait for the reply. Tick X at the corresponding number of the answer.
Keep in mind the following definitions:

Flush toilet - when the toilet is located inside the house or yard and has a water discharge system that works,
Toilet without flushing - when the toilet is located inside the house or yard, but does not have an exhaust system for lack of water or does not work,
Latrine - when the house is the latrine,
Do not have toilet/latrine - when the house has no toilet or latrine.

E9. This house has electricity?
Read the question and each alternative. Wait for the reply. Tick X at the corresponding number of the answer.
E10. Does this household has radio?
Read the question and wait for the reply. Tick X the answer.
Assume that the household has a radio, whatever its size (small, medium, large). If it is good, but without batteries, consider having a radio.
[p.52]

4.2.6. Section F: Agricultural Activities
This section aims to meet some structural aspects of farming and livestock carried out in the household. The results form the basis for the creation of the Agricultural Census. The questions in this section shall be made only on households who own farms and or livestock.
[p.53]
F1- Does this household has a field?
Read the question and write down the answer. This question relates to the fields that belong to members of the household. If one or more household members have farms, mark X in box number 1. Otherwise mark X in the box the number 2 and go to F5, with a vertical disabling questions F2, F3 and F4.
[p.53]
F2. How many have farms does the household head have?
In formulating this question, the Enumerator should explain to the household head or the person who represents he/she that the question refers to the total number of farms that the household head owns.
Members who in the previous question claimed to have farms now must say the number. If the household head is absent, then any member must answer for him.
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F3. How many field have been sown in the last season (1996/1997)?
This question aims to find out, the total fields that the aggregate hold, how many were sown in the last season (1996/1997). The Enumerator should go only to household members who reported having farms.
For example, in the household of Mr. Sito is the total of three farms, but only 2 were sown in the 1996/1997 campaign, then the answer is 2.
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F4. How many members of household have a field?
On this question, the Enumerator should record the number of household members who have farms, whether or not they are physically present at the census time.
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F5. This household has cashew?
This question is to find out whether the household possesses cashew trees, wherever they have them.
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F6. How many animals do all members of the household have?
In formulating this question, the Enumerator should ask the household head or the responsible person the total number of animals the members of the household owns, according to the species type.
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4.2.7. SECTION G: Mortality
This section aims to understand the structure and level of mortality by sex and age. Mortality is one of the important indicators to measure the health of the population and level of development of a country.
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G1. There were people who died in this household in the last 12 months?
Ask if during the past 12 months died someone in the household.
By formulating the question, keep in mind that this question is very sensitive and can give up the case of the household have been a death recently, mainly of newborn children where the tendency is to omit these deaths to give the answers.
Enumerator: make sure the respondent understood very well the reference period (last 12 months), i.e., the 1st of August 1996 to July 31, 1997, and that the question refers only to members of the household.
Tick X in the number corresponding to the answer.
If the answer is "no" to dispose of a vertical line and finish the question G2 interview.
If the response is "yes" proceed to G2 and get the sex and age that had each deceased person.
G2: Specify age and sex of people who died
If you marked with an X on the question G1, then indicates the number of people who died, the sex and age.

5. HOW TO FINISH THE INTERVIEW
At the end of surveying a household or a cohabitation, the Enumerator should review the bulletin as follows:

a) Check that the header has all the identifying data and if they have been filled more than a bulletin, check the bulletin numbering-up;
b) Check that all questions have answers of the Bulletin or if the space was scratched when the answer such questions do not apply;

Once you have finished checking the filling of the Bulletin, the enumerator must deliver the enumerator card with their name on each of the persons listed in the Bulletin.
The enumerator ends the interview with the family, thanking them for their contribution and offer to clarify any doubts that still exist.
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6. PRELIMINARY CLEARANCE (FORM No. 1)
Once you finish the interview, the surveyor must make daily discharge of the household/cohabitation, from the question B2. To do this, please note the following:

If more than a bulletin for the same household or cohabitation, the clearance should be done from the 1st bulletin (which must have the sum of the number of people on both bulletins).

The preliminary clearance is made in the schedule 1 which summarizes the results of each Enumeration Area, i.e. each Enumerator.