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[The following form contains instructions for the 2011 Population Census. The subsequent form contains instructions for the 2011 Housing Census.]

Central Statistics Office
Ministry of Finance and Economic Development
2011 Population Census
Republic of Mauritius


Instructions for field staff [person variables] and instructions for chief enumerators [household variables]

[Start of instructions for field staff that includes the description of person level variables.]

Instructions for field staff

April 2011

[Omitted table of contents]

[p. 1]

1. Introduction

1.1 About this manual

This is the field staff's manual for the 2011 Population Census. It has two main purposes; it acts both as a training manual and as a reference manual. You should use it while attending training sessions and also as a reference guide during fieldwork.
1.2 Note to field staff
Your appointment has been made by the Director of Statistics on the advice of a Selection Board under the powers delegated to her by the Public Service Commission. The terms and conditions of your appointment are as in your letter of appointment. You will perform your duties outside office hours, and according to instructions in this manual, and any other you receive from your supervisory officers.
Please refer to the timetable below and check your availability for the fieldwork. If for some reason, you are unable to undertake or complete your task according to the timetable, immediately inform your immediate supervisory officer so that timely arrangements can be made for a replacement without delaying the fieldwork.

1.3 Time table for the 2011 Population Census fieldwork

1 - 31 May
Recruitment of enumerators
Oath of office of enumerators
Preparation of identity cards for enumerators
15 May - 16
June preparation of workloads and listings for enumerators
28 - 29 May
Training of senior supervisors and supervisors
4 - 5 June
Training of chief enumerators
11 - 12 June
Training of enumerators
17 - 24 June
Issue of census forms, listings C3 and sheet E1 to enumerators
Making enumerators familiar with area to be canvassed
25 Jun - 1 Jul
Delivery of leaflets to households
2 - 3 July
Meeting of enumerators with chief enumerators
Meeting of chief enumerators with supervisors
3 - 4 July
Census Night
4 - 17 July
Filling in of 2011 Population Census questionnaires
18 - 31 July
Call-backs to correct errors and inconsistencies

[p. 2]

2. The 2011 Population Census

2.1 What is a Population Census?

The Population Census is the largest statistical collection undertaken by the Central Statistics Office on the people in Mauritius. It is a count of the country's population on Census night where various demographic, social and economic facts are collected about the people who live in the country. It aims to provide high quality and relevant data for small geographic areas.
2.2 Date of the 2011 Population Census
The 2011 Population Census will be the 18th for Island of Mauritius and the 8th for Island of Rodrigues. It will be taken between 19 June and 1 August 2011 in respect of all persons alive at midnight on Census night, i.e. the night of 3-4 July 2011.
2.3 Coverage of the 2011 Population Census
The Population Census will cover the island of Mauritius, Rodrigues, Agalega and St. Brandon.

Who will be counted?
The 2011 Population Census will include all people in the Republic of Mauritius on Census Night, with the exception of foreign diplomats and their families. Visitors to the Republic of Mauritius will be counted regardless of how long they have been in the country or how long they plan to stay.
2.4 Objectives of the population census
The Population Census aims to provide government planners, policy makers and administrators with information on which to formulate their social and economic development plans and programs. The following examples illustrate the usefulness of the Population Census data:
(i) Census data are used for making projections of the population by age, sex and marital status, and to determine future demands for housing, schools and training facilities, hospitals and health services and social security benefits.
[p. 3]
(ii) Information on geographical characteristics of the population in sub-regions such as Municipal Wards and Village Council Areas can be obtained only at a census. This is useful for regional planning and for the estimation of per capita grants to local authorities.

(iii) Migration questions provide estimates of the rate of movement of population from one region to another; these estimates are useful for town and country planning and for determining the size of population by region during intercensal years.

(iv) Census data on literacy, educational and technical training are used to assess improvements in the educational level of the population and to assess the stock of qualified manpower with different skills and training backgrounds.

(v) Census data on economic characteristics indicate how many persons are working, how many are available for work, how many are not available for work. Coupled with data on education and training they provide essential information required for estimating the supply of qualified manpower in different occupations and industries.

(vi) Information on the geographical distribution of the population with different religious and cultural backgrounds is useful for socio-cultural organizations to plan and provide the necessary facilities for the enhancing the religious and socio-cultural development of the population.
2.5 The Census field force
The field force will consist of about 5,500 officers operating in a structure involving six layers of hierarchy as follows:
Figure 1: Pyramid of hierarchy for field staff [figure omitted]
The Supervisory Staff consists of 1 Chief Supervisor (CS), 3 Assistant Chief Supervisors (ACS), 21 Senior Supervisors (SS) and 171 Supervisors (S). Each Senior Supervisor is in charge of up to 9 Supervisors and 75 Chief Enumerators (CE) for the Housing Census, and around 300 Enumerators (E) for the Population Census. Each Supervisor will have up to 10 CEs and 70 enumerators to work with him/her.

[p. 4]

3. Legal provisions for the census

3.1 Legal authority

The 2011 Population Census is being conducted by the CSO according to the provisions under Section 9 of the Statistics Act 2000.
The National Assembly approved at its sitting on 22 March 2011 that the census be taken between 19 June and 01 August 2011, in respect of all persons alive at midnight on 3 July 2011. The President of the Republic of Mauritius made the Census Order and the Census Regulations on 12 April 2011. These were published in the Government Gazette as Government Notice No. 61 of 2011.
3.2 Confidentiality of census data
The Statistics Act permits the collection of data on a large number of topics. But at the same time, it lays down strict rules to ensure that the information is kept strictly confidential.
The Act provides for an obligation on
- the selected respondents to furnish the required information according to the approved questionnaires and documents,
- the Central Statistics Office (CSO) and its employees (including temporary) to treat in strict confidence all individual information obtained during the census.
This applies not only to the information recorded on the census form, but also to any other information which may come in the possession of census officers by virtue of their employment. Census staff is not permitted to divulge, directly or indirectly, any such information, or to show the contents of the census forms to any unauthorized persons. Penalties are provided for any breach of confidentiality. The penalty is a fine not exceeding Rs 50,000 and imprisonment for up to one year.
3.3 Oath of secrecy
The need for confidentiality is so important that the Statistics Act requires all census staff to make and subscribe before a magistrate or the Director of Statistics, an oath to the effect that they will perform their duties faithfully and honestly.
[p. 5]

3.4 Identity card

In order to ensure that the public does not give information to unauthorized persons who may then use the information for wrongful purposes, each census officer will be provided with a special identity card with a photograph of himself/herself on it. This card, signed by the Director of Statistics and the census officer, is your legal authorization to interview members of the households in connection with the Census.
It is very important that you take your ID card with you all the time during fieldwork and always present your ID card to household members when you introduce yourself.
After completion of the Census enumeration, all officers have to return their identity cards to the CSO through their immediate Supervisors.

[p. 6]

4. Organization of the fieldwork

4.1 How is the fieldwork organized?

The 2011 Census is being conducted in two rounds like the previous four Censuses. The first round consisted of a Housing Census which was conducted from the end of January 2011 to the middle of April 2011. After completion of the Housing Census field work, a personalized Population Census questionnaire (with the name and address of the Head of Household) has been printed for each household, hotel, institution, and collective quarters.
The Population Census fieldwork will start with the distribution of a census leaflet to individual households a few days before Census night of 3-4 July 2011. After Census night, each Enumerator will have to visit all households and institutions in the Enumeration Area (EA) assigned to him/her and carry out an interview with them to fill in the census population questionnaires.
4.2 Main grades of field staff carrying out the Population Census enumeration
The Population Census enumeration is the main task of the Enumerator (E). However, some Chief Enumerators (CE) may also be called upon to do some enumeration at the Population Census, particularly to compensate for unduly small workloads at the Housing Census. In such cases, the instructions to Enumerators will apply to them as well.
4.3 Role of the enumerator

4.3.1 Main duties of the enumerator

The main duties of the Enumerator (E), who will be working under the direct supervision of the Chief Enumerator (CE), are as follows:
(i) Attend briefing and training sessions with a view to mastering the various concepts and procedures necessary for the good conduct of interviews and obtaining reliable and relevant data from household members.

(ii) Deliver Census leaflets to around 50 - 75 households from 25 June to 1 July 2011.

(iii) After Census night, call on each of the households, interview the head or another responsible adult member to obtain information on all persons therein and fill in the census questionnaire.

(iv) Scrutinize all completed questionnaires at the conclusion of each interview to ascertain their completeness and correctness, making further enquiries if necessary.
[p. 7]
(v) Complete editing of all questionnaires.

(vi) Return the questionnaires to his/her Chief Enumerator for scrutiny.

(vii) Make callbacks to households to correct errors or obtain missing information, if necessary.

(viii) In case of spoilt questionnaires, copy the information on fresh questionnaires.
4.3.2 Route for enumeration of household
Your CE will indicate to you the area in which you will be working, and the place from which you should start. If necessary, he or she will draw a sketch of the area for you. It is important that you follow the route indicated by your CE; this will simplify your work because the route will respect the ordering of the addresses on the list of households (See form C3 at Appendix 1) to be enumerated.
4.3.3 Issue of census materials to enumerator
During the 2nd fortnight of June, your CE will provide you with the following materials:
(i) A list (C3) of about 50 - 75 addresses to be visited.

(ii) A personalized census questionnaire for every entry on list C3, relating to a private household, institution, hotel, collective quarter for foreign workers and homeless persons.

(iii) A few non-personalized census questionnaires to cater for households in your EA but not found on the list. (These may now be occupying housing units which were vacant or under construction or used as secondary residence etc. at the time of the Housing Census.)

(iv) A form (E1) on which to note down the name and address of heads of households for whom you do not have a personalized census questionnaire. A specimen of form E1 is at the Appendix 2.
4.3.4 Delivery of census leaflets and updating of list C3
From 25 June to 1 July 2011, you will deliver census leaflets to each address on your list C3. At the same time, you will request for a convenient date and time for interviewing a responsible adult member of the household to fill in the Population Census questionnaire.
The different possible cases, and how to deal with them are described in Table 1.
[p. 8]

4.3.5 How to approach the head of household when delivering the leaflet

You should deliver the leaflet to the head or to another responsible adult member of the household.
Follow the following guidelines while approaching the household member:
(i) Introduce yourself and show your identity card to indicate that you are an authorized Census officer;

(ii) Refer to the Housing Census carried out earlier and mention that the CSO is now proceeding with the Population Census (PC), which is the second round for the Census;

(iii) Briefly give some explanations about the PC, show and give the census leaflet to the person;

(iv) Inform the person about the information to be collected at the PC while stressing on confidentiality;

(v) Ask for an appointment for filling in the PC questionnaire;

(vi) Request that the household members be ready with relevant information/documents such as national identity card, educational qualifications, occupation etc. of each member;

(vii) Thank the person and depart in a courteous manner.
4.3.6 Meeting with CE after delivery of the leaflet
The delivery of the leaflets should be completed by Friday 1 July 2011. Your CE will arrange a meeting with you during the weekend 2 - 3 July. You should bring along with you the following:

(i) the list C3 duly updated;
(ii) the list E1 filled in with relevant entries for each household falling in your EA but not found on list C3;
(iii) all leaflets which could not be delivered for whatever reason;
(iv) all personalized PC questionnaires;
(v) all blank PC questionnaires.

It is very important that you attend this meeting because your CE will:

(i) discuss and, if possible settle immediately any problems which you may have encountered;

(ii) ensure that your amendments to list C3 have been made properly;

(iii) ensure that you have properly issued a leaflet to households for which you did not have an entry in C3 and that each such household is entered on your list E1;
[p. 9]
(iv) complete your list E1 by filling in the missing location and identification codes for the households listed;

(v) collect all PC questionnaires that will not be needed for the PC enumeration, check the reason why and identify any households that were wrongly allocated to you; and

(vi) collect all leaflets that would not be needed.

At the end of the meeting, the CE will return your lists C3 and E1 to facilitate your work at the enumeration stage.
4.3.7 Enumeration
As from Monday 4 July 2011, you must call at every household as appropriate, and fill in the Population Census questionnaire. The filling in of the questionnaires should be completed as rapidly as possible, and in any case, not later than 17 July 2011.
After you have filled in a questionnaire for a particular household put a bar across the tick (v) against the corresponding name on your lists C3 and E1.
When going out to fill in the questionnaires always have one or two blank ones with you. They will be needed if you come across an occupied housing unit or a household that was not detected during delivery of the leaflet.

Whenever you use a fresh questionnaire, you should:

(i) write the name and address of the head of household on each census questionnaire in the space provided. Do not write anything in the boxes reserved for identification codes; your CE will fill them for you;

(ii) write an explanatory note on the cover of the census questionnaire at "Remarks";

(iii) inform your CE as soon as possible about the household.

There may have been changes on the field since the time you delivered the leaflet and when you call back on the household for the PC interview. The different possible situations and how to deal with them are given in Table 2. Note that, in a situation where a household has moved out and a new household has moved in, you should:

(i) enquire whether the new household has moved in before or after Census night;

(ii) if it is before Census night, enumerate at present address;

(iii) if it is after Census night, firstly make sure that the household has not been enumerated at its previous address and enumerate it at previous address.
The aim is to enumerate households at the address where they were on Census night.

[p. 10]

4.3.8 Count of number of persons on census documents

List C3
There are three columns in the list C3 which shows the number of persons in the household at the Housing Census.
If the situation at the Population Census is the same as that at the Housing Census, then you should put a tick (v) against the appropriate entry. If not, you should cross the entry and insert the correct information. For example, if there were 8 persons in a household at the Housing Census, but 10 persons are listed on the Population Census form, you should strike out 8 and enter 10 in the column "T" of sheet C3 and correct the number by sex also.

List E1
Similarly, you should confirm the information regarding the number of persons in each household listed on E1 by putting a tick (v) against the appropriate entry. You should also make corrections for any changes in household size.

4.4 Enumeration of persons other than in private households
Special arrangements should be made with managers and responsible officers of hotels, institutions, collective quarters, captain of ships, etc. for the enumeration of guests, inmates, employees on duty on Census night as well that of foreign workers in collective quarters.
One week before Census night, you should pay a visit to the hotels/institutions and take an appointment for some time soon after the Census night. You will be given a letter to inform the institution about the coming Census. The letter must be submitted to the manager of the institution. Explain to the manager which information will be required and if possible to get the information ready when you call to collect it.
Take sufficient number of questionnaires to fill information for hotels, institutions and collective quarters.

Hotels
In the case of hotels, only questions P01 to P10D need to be filled in for non-Mauritians usually residing outside Mauritius.

Hospitals, infirmaries, asylums and prisons
For hospitals, infirmaries, asylums and prisons, it may be difficult to obtain answers to all questions on the questionnaire. However, it should be possible to fill in many of the questions from administrative records. Every effort should be made to obtain as much information as is reasonably possible in the given circumstances. It should be possible in most cases to fill in at least questions P01 to P11B.

[p. 11]

Collective quarters, Orphanage and Homes
For collective quarters for foreign workers, orphanages and homes, it should be possible to fill in many of the questions from administrative records. However, every effort should be made to obtain information for all questions.
To note:

(i) all guests or inmates are to be considered as one institutional household and should be listed together;

(ii) any guest or inmate may be entered as head;

(iii) households of staff members residing on the premises are to be enumerated separately as private households, each household having its own census questionnaire;

(iv) employees who do not reside on the premises but were on duty on Census night should be enumerated separately; any employee may be entered as head.
Ships, barges or other vessels
In the case of ships, barges or other vessels in any port or harbor in the Republic of Mauritius, only questions P01 to P10D need to be filled in for crew usually residing outside Mauritius.

Naval forces, Air forces, Special Mobile Force or Police Training force
For Naval forces, Air forces, Special Mobile Force or Police Training force, it should be possible to fill in many of the questions from administrative records. However, every effort should be made to obtain information for all questions.

4.5 Enumeration of homeless persons
It will not be easy for enumerators to locate homeless persons as per list C3, given the constant mobility of the latter during the day. CEs will have to help their enumerators to locate and also to interview the homeless, since they would have already established contact with them at the Housing Census. Efforts should be made to obtain as much information as possible; at least questions P01 to P11B should be filled in.

[p. 12]

4.6 Submission of census questionnaires and documents to the Chief Enumerator
After you have completed enumeration in the EA assigned to you, you should

(i) separate the questionnaires listed on E1 from those listed on C3;
(ii) arrange the questionnaires on lists C3 and E1 in the order they appear on the list;
(iii) check that all questionnaires issued to you have been filled in;
(iv) check that you have made the necessary amendments and entries on lists C3 and E1; if there are no entries on list E1, write "NIL" across it.

When the above tasks have been completed, and in any case not later than Sunday 17 July 2011, you must personally deliver to your CE:

(i) all completed questionnaires;
(ii) the list (C3) of households given to you;
(iii) the list (E1) of additional households for which you did not have personalized census questionnaires; return the list even if it indicates a "NIL" return;
(iv) all unused census questionnaires, including blank ones, addressed questionnaires that could not be delivered and spoilt questionnaires.

4.7 Duties of Chief Enumerator
The CE has to be completely familiar with the duties of Enumerators, not only to ensure that they are doing their work properly, but also to deal with any problems they may have. He / she should seek the help of his/her supervisor when preparing workloads for his/her enumerators and also whenever he/she encounters any problem which he/she cannot solve on his/her own.

4.7.1 Specific duties
The more specific duties of the CE are:

(i) attend training sessions and complete any training assignment on time;
(ii) be in charge of a team of about 7 Enumerators at the Population Census and ensure that they perform their duties in accordance with the instructions given;
[p. 13]
(iii) keep any records as directed for control purposes;
(iv) prepare lists of addresses to be visited by each of his/her Enumerators, taking into account the spatial distribution of households to ensure an equitable allocation of workloads. A copy of the list C3 will be used for distribution to Enumerators;
(v) prepare batches of census questionnaires for each Enumerator and arrange the questionnaires in the same order as on the list C3 prepared for the E.
(vi) ensure that each E knows his area, and the place where to start;
(vii) distribute census materials to each E before Friday 24 June 2011:
(viii) ensure that enumerators visit all addresses by Friday 1 July 2011 at latest to deliver leaflet;
(ix) arrange a meeting with all enumerators together on Saturday 2 July 2011 or Sunday 3
July 2011 to:
- complete geographical and identification codes for households on list E1 or missing personalized questionnaires;
- check the reason why any leaflet could not be delivered and take necessary action if required;
- deal with any problem which enumerators may have.
The Supervisor should be informed in advance of the exact date, time and place of the meeting.
(x) supervise the work of enumerators during the enumeration stage from Monday 4 July to Sunday 17 July 2011;
(xi) collect all census questionnaires and other census materials from enumerators, check that they have done their tasks properly and edit the questionnaires for completeness;
(xii) control the work of his/her Enumerators and check for errors and omissions;
(xiii) in case of spoilt questionnaire, copy the information on fresh questionnaire and write "spoilt" across the questionnaire on the cover;
(xiv) make call-backs if necessary to obtain missing information and correct errors;
[p. 14]
(xv) insert geographical and identification codes in appropriate boxes of the completed census questionnaires for households listed on sheet E1;
(xvi) arrange all census questionnaires by EA.
Note that any completed census forms that do not belong to any EA falling under your responsibility should be submitted separately;
(xvii) prepare a count of persons by sex for each Enumeration Area from the completed Population Census questionnaires;
(xviii) return the following to the S:
- all completed census questionnaires after having verified that all households enumerated by him/her at the Housing Census have been accounted for;
- the lists C3 used by enumerators as well as your own listing book C1;
- the list E1 for each E, even if it is a NIL return;
- all CE's location and individual EA maps duly updated.

4.7.2 Possible problems when preparing batches of questionnaires for each E:

(a) You have an addressed census questionnaire, which does not correspond to any of the addresses in your listing C3. Hand the questionnaire to your S as soon as possible.
(b) You have an addressed census questionnaire, but there are some discrepancies on the address printed as compared to your listing. Do not change anything on the questionnaire, but write down the correct information for "G/Dist, M/VCA, EA, Block no., HU no. and HH no." above the appropriate boxes. Write a note on the cover of the questionnaire at "Remarks". You should also report it to your S.
(c) You have not received an addressed questionnaire for a household or a housing unit on your list C3. Check again through your questionnaires, particularly since they may not be ordered exactly according to your list. If you still do not find it, prepare a census questionnaire by transcribing the relevant information such as G/Dist, M/VCA, EA, Block no., HU no. and HH no., surname, other names and address from your list C3 to the boxes of the blank questionnaire. Immediately write "MD" (for misdirected) on the cover of the questionnaire at "Remarks" as well as on the list C3 (at the appropriate entry).
[p. 15]
Inform your S as soon as possible: if he can hand you the addressed questionnaire before delivery of the census questionnaires to households, use the addressed questionnaire and cancel the one you have prepared; also strike out "MD" from your listing book. Otherwise use the questionnaire you have prepared to enumerate the household.

4.7.3 Materials to be distributed by CE to E:
(a) list C3 of addresses to be visited by the E;
(b) Population Census leaflets;
(c) the corresponding batch of personalized Population Census questionnaires;
(d) sufficient number of blank questionnaires if the E has to cover hotels, institutions, collective quarters, ships or households with more than 8 members;
(e) one listing sheet E1.

4.8 Duties of Supervisor
The S has to know the duties of both the CE and the E for proper supervision and control of the fieldwork. His/her more specific duties will be to:

(i) Attend briefing and training sessions;
(ii) Assist the SS in having all enumerators sworn in, and in the training of field staff;
(iii) Prepare workloads for each E in consultation with the CE;
(iv) Ensure that all CEs and enumerators are performing their duties properly at all stages of the Census fieldwork;
(v) Keep records as directed for control of progress and quality of fieldwork;
(vi) Meet all CEs before issue of Census questionnaires to enumerators to ensure that listings and batches of questionnaires have been properly prepared, and to deal with any problems, in particular with respect to wrongly allocated questionnaires;
(vii) Meet all CEs (with or without enumerators) on Saturday 2 July or Sunday 3 July 2011 to settle any problems, which enumerators may have encountered during the delivery of leaflets to households;
(viii) Carry out and document random field checks;
[p. 16]
(ix) Ensure that all questionnaires are completed in accordance with guidelines set for optimal scanning and recognition;
(x) Collect all census questionnaires from CEs as well as E's lists C3 and E1;
(xi) Collect CE's listing C1 and all CE's maps;
(xii) Check the CE's count of persons by EA;
(xiii) Return all Census questionnaires, materials and documents to the SS.

[p. 17]

5. The interview process

5.1 Cooperation of the public
Although the Statistics Act empowers authorized census officers to enter premises, at all reasonable times to collect census data, the success of the census depend largely on the officers' ability to obtain the confidence and co-operation of the public. Hence, a publicity campaign is being launched to inform the public of the taking of the census and the need to solicit its co-operation.
If in the course of the fieldwork, you come across respondents who refuse to co-operate in spite of your explanations, conciliatory efforts, and tactful references to their legal obligation, you should not threaten them with possibilities of legal action. You should rather immediately report the case to your Supervisory officer.

5.2 Role of enumerator as interviewer for the population census
You will act as interviewer for the Population Census and will collect individual items of information directly from the respondent and enter them on the questionnaire. You are therefore in a good position to evaluate and ensure the plausibility of the answers obtained before recording them. Please note that the respondent may not be the least conversant or interested in the census, so keep the following points in mind while conducting the interview:

(i) Interviewing is conversation with a purpose, and our purpose here is to take back a questionnaire, duly filled in with responses reflecting faithfully the characteristics of the persons forming part of the household being enumerated;
(ii) Whether we have inspired enough confidence in the respondent for his/her responses to our questions to be reliable - the first impression you create is decisive in determining the degree of cooperation of the respondent;
(iii)Whether the respondent is not too uncomfortable for the interview, in a way which can distort his/her answers;
(iv) Whether the proper meaning of our question has been understood by the respondent;
(v) Whether we have completely/clearly understood his/her answer before recording it.
5.3 General rules to be observed
An interview is a conversation between the interviewer and the respondent with the purpose of obtaining information from the latter. To pave the way for a successful interview, you should follow the general rules as below: -

(a) Be neatly and properly dressed.
(b) You should not be accompanied by unauthorized persons. Do not take anyone with you (e.g. a friend) who is not a Census official.
(c) Be patient. Do not impose yourself on the respondent if it is apparent that you have called at the wrong moment. Ask for another appointment.
(d) Only enter the dwelling if allowed to do so.
[p. 18]
(e) If there are dogs, ask in a friendly manner that they be restrained.
(f) When you have permission to enter, do not sit down without being asked to.
(g) Do not conduct the interview if a member of the household is seriously ill or has died recently, or if a wedding or other religious ceremony is taking place. In such cases you should make arrangements to call at a later date.
(h) Restrict yourself to census matters only. Do not discuss politics or any other controversial matter during the interview. Do not discuss personal problems during the interview
(i) Respect the privacy of people. Be aware that some people may prefer to answer questions separately from others in the household
(j) At the end of your visit, thank the member(s) of the household for their time and co-operation.
5.4 Introducing and conducting the interview
(i) A census officer should always introduce himself/herself to a household by showing his/her identity card and indicating that he/she has been authorized by law to collect information for the Census.
(ii) You should say that the information will be treated as strictly confidential and that no information about named individuals is ever passed on by the CSO to any other government department or any other authority or person.
(iii) Establish and maintain a feeling of cooperation with the interviewee
(iv) Conduct the interview in a pleasant but business-like manner
(v) Speak slowly and distinctly, emphasizing where necessary, to make yourself understood.
(vi) Listen carefully to your respondent's responses.
(vii) Do not assume/prejudge the respondent's understanding of concepts and procedures. He/she has to be clear about what you want.
(viii) Probe where necessary, without influencing the response, to help recall or to ensure completeness/accuracy of the answers.
(ix) Do not show your reactions or voice out your feelings to unusual facts/criticisms/bad temper on the part of the respondent.

[p. 19]

6. Population census topics and their usefulness

The Census form contains a lot of questions. Some of them may look irrelevant, but each question taken on its own or in relation to other, provides valuable information on the people in different areas. This information can be used by both public and private institutions to determine and plan for the type of services needed by the country. When compared with results of previous censuses, it shows how we have been growing and developing as well as the direction in which we are going. The questions being asked at Census 2011 and some of the reasons for their inclusion are given below.

P02A - Name
We need to list names on the Census form to ensure that we have not missed someone in the household. The names also help the enumerator to check that all questions have been correctly answered for each person. Later on, the names will help us understand the household composition for coding purposes.

P02B - National ID Card Number
This information will be used to set up an integrated population database that will be regularly updated with available information from surveys and administrative sources to obtain more up to date statistics on the population for broader and deeper analysis.

P03 - Relationship to head
The relationship of a person to the head of the household is needed to identify different types of family groups within households.

P04, P05 and P06 - Sex, age and Date of Birth
Almost all decisions made by government and businesses depend on knowing how many men, women and children of different age groups are located in each part of the country. This helps to work out the needs for services such as schools, retirement homes and health services.

P07A and P07B - Citizenship
Citizenship helps to distinguish Mauritian nationals from other people present in the country, and gives the number of potential voters when combined with age data.

P08 and P09A - Whereabouts on Census night and usual address
The data are used to estimate the population present in an area on Census night as well as the usual resident population of that area.

P10A and P10B - Place of residence
The objective of this question is to identify usual residents as recommended by the United Nations Statistics Division.

P10C and P10D - Reason for living abroad and for staying in the Republic of Mauritius
This information will be used to obtain an estimate of the number of enumerated Mauritians who are living abroad by reason of stay, e.g. studying and working abroad; and an estimate of the number of enumerated non-Mauritians who are staying in the Republic of Mauritius by reason of stay.

[p. 20]

P11 - Usual address 5 years ago
This information will show the movement of people from one area to another. To help with future planning, it is important to know where people are making new homes and where they come from. Such information also helps to prepare future estimates of population by region.

P12A and P12B - Disability
The question provides information which is needed for the formulation and implementation of programs in support of the disabled (e.g. special education, employment and social aid).

P13 - Marital status
Marital status is essential for the analysis of other characteristics of the population, and also for planning of services needed by special groups such as single-parent families and elderly widowed persons living alone.

P14, P15 and P16 - Age at first marriage, whether married more than once and number of children ever born
Answers to these questions provide data on marriage and fertility patterns. They are used to calculate measures of fertility, including average number of children born to women and childlessness.

P17, P18 and P19 - Religion, languages of forefathers and language usually spoken
These questions together with others help to determine the size and geographical distribution of different religious and socio-cultural groups. The information is useful to both public and private institutions in the planning of facilities for the religious and socio-cultural development of the different components of the population.

P20 - Language read and written
The answers to this question help to assess the level of literacy and the need for literacy programs.

P21 - School attendance
Answers to question on school attendance provide information on participation in primary, secondary and post-secondary institutions. The proportion of school-age population taking advantage of the educational system will help in the assessment of the adequacy of the school system of the country.

P22 - Primary and Secondary education
Information on level of education is used to measure the national capacity for technological development, and the need for further education in the light of the requirements of the sectors of employment.

P23A and P23B - Tertiary education, professional, technical and vocational course/qualifications
The questions help to determine the resources of the country in terms of specialized manpower and to show whether there are too few or too many people with specific qualifications and skills to satisfy the needs of the labor market. The information is useful to measure the need for continuing education and retraining programs that would respond to the changing demands of the labor market.

[p. 21]

P24, P25, P26 and P27 - Current Activity
The questions on type of activity during the past week (current activity), coupled with others, provide detailed information on the geographical distribution and characteristics of the employed and unemployed population. The information is of fundamental importance for making manpower projections and for formulating programs aimed at making the most effective use of the human resources of the country.

P28 - When last worked
When last worked supplements the information on type of activity and also assists in the analysis of unemployment by duration.

P29 - Name of establishment
The name of the establishment is needed only to ensure correct coding of the kind of business or industry as well as the sector of employment.

P30 - Industrial activity
Kind of business, industry or service provides information on the number of people working in each industry, and coupled with other data, assists in the analysis of the growth or decline of industries and their employment prospects.

P31A and P31B - Place of work
Place of work shows the areas in which employment is concentrated and therefore helps in the planning of services such as transport, parking and banking.

P32 - Occupation
The number of employed people in each occupation, coupled with other job market information, helps to determine whether there is any shortage or surplus of manpower in specific fields. The information is needed to forecast the demand for certain occupations and to prepare people for these jobs.

P33 - Employment status
Employment status is not only a useful socio-economic indicator, but is also needed for planning insurance and social welfare schemes for different categories of workers.

P34 - Length of service
Length of service provides a measure of job security and is also needed for planning pension schemes.

[p. 22]

7. Concepts and Definitions

7.1 What is a household?
This term is being used throughout this manual, so it is very important that you fully understand the concept of household which is based on the arrangements made by persons, individually or in groups, for providing themselves with food or other essentials for living.
A household may be either:

(i) a one-person household, that is, a person who makes provision for his own food or other essentials for living without combining with any other person to form part of a multi-person household; or
(ii) a multi-person household, that is, a group of two or more persons living together who make common provision for food or other essentials for living. The persons in the group may pool their incomes and have a common budget to a greater or lesser extent; they may be related or unrelated persons or a combination of both.
It follows from the definition that two families living in one housing unit constitute one household if they have common housekeeping arrangements; otherwise they should be considered as separate households. The extent of common housekeeping may vary from one case to the other, but if there is any arrangement to share at least one meal a day, consider all the persons concerned as constituting one household.

7.2 Who is the head of household?
The head of household is any adult member, male or female, who is acknowledged as such by the other members of the household.

[p. 23]

8. How to fill in the Population Census Questionnaire

Name, address and particulars of Household
The information would have already been filled in for most questionnaires, which have been personalized.
In case you do not have a personalized questionnaire for a given household, write surname, other names and full address of household. The codes for the district, M/VCA, EA, Block no., HU no., HH no. and HH TP should be inserted by the CE.

i. Number of persons - Housing Census
[figure omitted]
For personalized Population Census questionnaires, these boxes would be filled with the number of persons present in the household as at Housing Census, e.g. if at Housing census, 8 persons (4 Male and 4 Female) were enumerated; the no. of persons printed on questionnaire would be as follows:
[figure omitted]

ii. Number of persons - population census
Record the number of persons by sex enumerated in this particular household at Population Census, e.g. if at "P01 - Person Number", there are 5 persons, and at "P04 - Sex", there are 3 Male and 2 Female, write in the boxes as follows:
[figure omitted]

[p. 24]

iii. Discrepancies
If the number of persons enumerated at Housing Census differs from that of Population Census; shade "Yes" and state reasons for discrepancies by shading the appropriate box.
[figure omitted]
Note: Multiple answers are possible for the discrepancies.

iv. Number of questionnaires completed for this household.
A Population Census questionnaire can cater for only up to 8 persons. If there are more than 8 persons in a household, you must use additional questionnaires to enumerate the other members of the household, e.g. for a household with 10 members, you will need 2 PC questionnaires; for a hospital with 120 inmates, you will use 15 questionnaires.
Write the number of questionnaires used in the boxes.
[figure omitted]

v. Barcode of the first questionnaires for this household
This is applicable if more than 1 questionnaire has been used for this particular household. In case more than one questionnaire is used for a household, the barcode of the 1st questionnaire (as printed on the left top corner of each PC questionnaire) must be recorded in the boxes as below:

Enumerator ID
Write your Enumerator ID in the boxes provided.
[figure omitted]

[p. 25]

Remarks
After you have completed the interview, insert any pertinent comments on the dotted lines at "Remarks" and shade the box to indicate that there is a comment for this questionnaire.
[figure omitted]

Name and signature of the Enumerator
Write your name in the space provided.
[figure omitted]

Signature of the Enumerator
It is very important that you sign on the PC questionnaire, certifying that all the information collected is true.
[figure omitted]

P01 - Person Number
[figure omitted]
Insert 1 (as above) for the head of household, 2 for the next member in the household, 3 for the following one and so on. The numbers are codes that distinguish the different persons on the form. If there are more than 8 persons in the household, use a second questionnaire and insert the person number to 9, 10…etc.
Note: You should write the person number on each and every page of the PC questionnaire.

[p. 26]

P02A - Surname and Other names
[figure omitted]
Complete one line for every person who:

(i) spends Census night 3-4 July 2011 on the household's premises, whether he or she is a member of the household, a visitor, a guest, a boarder or a servant;
(ii) usually lives in the household, but was away on Census night; e.g.:
a) on night work, staying overnight or temporarily with relatives, friends, staying in secondary residence, resort hotel, in hospital, even if person is being enumerated elsewhere;
b) on vacation outside Mauritius;
c) on business trip;
d) studying abroad;
e) working abroad, provided his/her usual place of residence is still at this address.
(iii) Arrives on the premises and joins the household on Monday 4 July 2011 without having been enumerated elsewhere.
Write the surname first in the range of boxes-i and the other names in the range of boxes-ii as below:

[figure omitted]

It is important that surname and the other names are written as they appear on the Identity Card or Birth Certificate. Enter the surname and other names of every person in the following order:
- Head of household (on the first line of the 1st questionnaire)
- Spouse of head;
[p. 27]
- Unmarried children of head (from eldest to youngest);
- Married children of head and their families;
- Other relatives of head (father, mother, mother-in-law, father-in-law, nephew, niece, etc.);
- Other persons (visitor, lodger, servant, etc.).
Babies born before midnight on Sunday 3 July 2011 should also be included, even if still in clinic/hospital. If the baby has no name, write surname at (i) and "Baby" at (ii).
To make sure that no person is omitted, list all of them at P02A before completing the remainder of the form for each person.
Note: Use one and only one line for every person; do not enter two persons on the same line and do not skip any line between persons. All unused lines should be left blank. If the surname is the same as the one on the preceding row; write "same".

P02B - Person's National ID Card Number
[figure omitted]

This question is applicable to Mauritian citizens only.

The ID card number is available for:

- all persons aged 18 and over;
- all children born as from November 2001 (on their birth certificate) and
- all persons for whom a new A-4 size birth certificate has been issued

Insert the ID number which is composed of 14 characters with one character per box as shown in the example below:

[figure omitted]

[p. 28]

P03 - Relationship to the head
[figure omitted]

Shade only one box to state the exact relationship of each person to the head who is entered on the first row, e.g. "2" for spouse, "3" for son or daughter, "4" for son-in-law or daughter-in-law, "5" for grand-child, "6" for father/mother of head, "7" for other relatives of head and "8" for non-relative of head.

The entry must be in relation to the head and not to any member in the household. Thus, the wife of a married son living with his father who is the head, should be reported as "daughter-in-law" and not as spouse and box "4" should be shaded instead of box "2".

Note: Step children and adopted children should be classified as sons or daughters

P04 - Sex
[figure omitted]

Shade only one box: "M" for Male and "F" for Female

[p. 29]

P05 - Age
Write the age of the person in completed years, e.g. if the person is 25 years and 11 months old on Census night, write "25 "with one digit per box.

For a baby who has not yet attained 1 year, write "0" as follows:

[figure omitted]

If you are not sure about the age of the person, consult the ID card or birth certificate, if available; otherwise, enter the best estimate and write "EST" in the grey space just below the box for the respective person.

P06 - Date of birth
[figure omitted]

Write the date of birth (day, month and year) of the person.

E.g.: 15 January 1986 should be written as 15 01 1986 with one digit per box.

If the day is not known, write the month and the year. If the month is not known, write the year only.

If the year is not known, give your best estimate and write "EST" in the grey space just below "YYYY" for the respective person.

[p. 30]

P07A and P07B Citizenship
Shade the appropriate box for the person's citizenship:

- Mauritian, born in Island of Mauritius: for persons who are citizens of Mauritius by reason of being born in the islands of Mauritius,
- Mauritian, born in Rodrigues
- Mauritian, born in Diego Garcia/Chagos
- Mauritian, born in Agalega, St Brandon
- Mauritian by descent: for persons who are born outside Mauritius of Mauritian parents;
- Mauritian by registration: for any Commonwealth citizen who has been registered as a citizen of Mauritius;
- Mauritian by naturalization: for any person, other than a Commonwealth citizen, who has become a citizen of Mauritius by naturalization.
- Non Mauritian

[figure omitted]
Note that P07B is applicable to non-Mauritian citizens only. Write the country of which he/she is a citizen; an example is given below

[figure omitted]
For Mauritians, the boxes should be left blank.

[p. 31]

P08 - Whereabouts on Census night
[figure omitted]
Shade box "1 Here" for

- persons who spent Census night at this address (as on Cover), whether they live here or not; and
- persons who usually live in this household but who were out on night work on Census night.

Shade box "2 Elsewhere in Mauritius" for a person who was elsewhere in the Republic of Mauritius, whether in the island of Mauritius, Rodrigues, Agalega or St. Brandon
Shade box "3" Outside the Republic of Mauritius" for a person who was not in the Island of Mauritius, Rodrigues, Agalega or St. Brandon.

[p. 32]

P09A and P09B - Usual address
[figure omitted]

Shade box "1 Here" for a person who usually lives at this address, and go to P10A, even if he/she was temporarily away on Census night (e.g., on night work, staying temporarily with relatives, on vacation elsewhere in Mauritius, in secondary residence, in hospital, on business trip, studying abroad, on vacation outside Mauritius).

If the person does not usually live at this address but lives elsewhere in the country, shade box "2 Elsewhere in Mauritius" and write his/her usual address at P09B. You should specify the Municipal Ward or Village Council Area where possible. If the person has more than one usual address, write the address of his/her principal residence at P09B as below

[figure omitted]

Note: Use a separator "X" to distinguish Street/Road/Lane, Locality and Town/Village.

For persons on visit to Mauritius, shade box "3 Outside the Republic of Mauritius" and write the country of residence at P09B as below:

[p. 33]

P10A and P10B - Place of residence
[figure omitted]

Shade box "Y" for a person who lived in the Republic of Mauritius continuously for the past 12 months and go to question P11A. Note that if the person has been temporarily absent during the past 12 months for holidays or work assignment, you can consider that person as having lived in the country continuously.
For a person who did not live in the Republic of Mauritius continuously for the past 12 months, shade box "N" and go to question P10B.
Shade box "Y" for person who intends to live in the Republic of Mauritius continuously for at least 12 months and go to question P11A.
For a person who does not intend to live in the Republic of Mauritius continuously for at least 12 months, shade box "N".

[p. 34]

P10C - Reason for living abroad
[figure omitted]

This question is applicable for all Mauritian citizens who did not live in the Republic of Mauritius continuously for the past 12 months and who do not intend to live in the Republic of Mauritius continuously for at least 12 months.
Shade the relevant box; for instance, if the person is working abroad, shade box "1".

P10D - Reason for staying in the Republic of Mauritius
[figure omitted]

Answer this question for all non-Mauritian citizens who did not live in the Republic of Mauritius continuously for the past 12 months and do not intend to live in the Republic of Mauritius continuously for at least 12 months.

Shade the relevant box, e.g. if the person is working in the Republic of Mauritius, shade box "1". Box "4" is mainly applicable for tourists coming on vacation in Mauritius.

[Stop here if answer at P10D is either "3 - On medical treatment" or "4 - Other"]

[p. 35]

P11A and P11B - Usual address 5 years ago (on 3 July 2006)
[figure omitted]

P11A
Shade the appropriate box.

P11B
This question is applicable for:

(i) those who answer "2. Elsewhere in Mauritius" at P11A; in this case write the full address of the person 5 years ago in adjacent boxes at P11B, e.g.
[figure omitted]
Note: Use a separator "X" is used to distinguish Street/Road/Lane, Locality and Town/Village.
(ii) those who answer "3. Outside the Republic of Mauritius" at P11A, in this case write the country of residence of the person 5 years ago at P11B e.g.
[figure omitted]

[p. 36]

P12A and P12B - Disability
[figure omitted]
This question should be asked tactfully to obtain information as to whether the person has any difficulty to perform a daily-life activity (as listed at P12B - A to I) considered normal for his/her age. If the answer is "Yes", ask for the severity of all applicable difficulties as follows:

1. Some difficulty
2. A lot of difficulty
3. Cannot do at all

[figure omitted]
Shade the degree of severity for all applicable difficulties. If a difficulty is not applicable, leave the corresponding boxes blank.
If a person has reported that he/she is experiencing "I - Other difficulties" at P12B, specify the nature of the difficulty in the adjacent boxes.
[figure omitted]

[p. 37]

P13 - Marital status
[figure omitted]

Shade the appropriate box. Please note that:

- 0 Widowed (not remarried) applies to a person who is widowed and has not remarried;
- 1 Divorced (not remarried) applies to a person who has legally obtained a divorce and has not remarried;
- 2 Separated applies to a person who is living separately from his/her spouse (wife or husband) and no divorce has been obtained;
- 3 Married religiously and civilly applies to a person who is currently married both religiously and civilly;
- 4 Married religiously only applies to a person who is currently married religiously only;
- 5 Married civilly only applies to a person who is currently married civilly only;
- 6 In a union but not married religiously or civilly applies to a person who is living in a free union with another, without being married religiously or civilly;
- 7 Single (never married) applies to a person who has never been married religiously or civilly and has never lived in a free union;
- 8 Unmarried Parent
- 9 Other - for persons, who do not fall in any of the above categories; give details in the adjacent boxes.

"Widowed" and "Separated" can apply to a person who had been previously married, either civilly or religiously, and also to a person who had been in a free union. However, "Divorced" can apply only to a person who had been married civilly, or civilly as well as religiously.
If more than one response applies, shade the box that shows the marital status most closely as at Census Night. For instance if a divorced person is living in a free union with another person, then his/her marital status should be recorded as "6 - In a union but not married religiously or civilly" but not as "1 - Divorced (not remarried)".

[P14, P15 and P16 are for persons not reported as single in P13]

[p. 38]

P14 - Age at first marriage
[figure omitted]

This question is applicable for every person, male or female, who is not single at P13. In this case, write the age, in completed years, at which he/she got married for the first time. Marriage includes civil and religious marriage as well as free union.

For example, if a person started living in a free union at the age of 25 years, got civilly married at the age of 28 years, and then married religiously at the age of 29 years, write "25" years.

Similarly, if a person first married at the age of 20 years, obtained a divorce at 30 years, and then married again two years later, write "20" years as follows:

P15 - Whether married more than once
[figure omitted]

For every person, male or female, who is not single in P13, and who has been married more than once: shade box "Y".

For those married only once: shade box "N".

A person married religiously on one date and civilly on another date, is considered to have been married only once provided it is to the same partner.

[p. 39]

P16 - Number of children ever born
[figure omitted]

For every woman, who is not single at P13, write the number of children that were ever born to her.

Count all live born children, whether born of the present or previous marriages or free unions, including those who may have died since birth and those who may not be living with her any more.

Do not count still births and do not include step-children and adopted children. If she has never had a live born child, write "0".

P17 - Religion
[figure omitted]

This question is very sensitive. It is very important that you write the religion as reported by the person and do not discuss further if he/she mentions a religion of which you are not aware.

For infants and children, write the religion in which their parents are raising them

[p. 40]

P18 -Languages of forefathers
[figure omitted]
Write the language spoken by the person's ancestors. It does not matter whether the person himself/herself speaks the language or not.

If the language of the paternal ancestors is different from that of the maternal ancestors, write both as provision has been made for inclusion of 2 languages of forefathers.

P19- Language usually spoken
[figure omitted]

Write the language usually or most often spoken by the person in his/her home.

For children not yet able to speak: write the language spoken by the mother.

For a person who cannot speak: write the language usually spoken in his/her home.

For census purposes, consider Creole, Bhojpuri, etc. as languages.

[Stop at P19 for children under 2 years of age]

[p. 41]

P20 - Languages read and written
[figure omitted]

State the language(s) in which the person can, with understanding, both read and write a simple statement in his/her everyday life by shading the appropriate box.

Do not include a language in which the person can read and write only his/her name, figures and memorized phrases.

For persons (including children), who cannot read and write any language, shade box "0" for None.

For census purposes, consider Creole, Bhojpuri, etc. as languages.

For persons (including children), who can with understanding, both read and write (i) Creole; (ii) English and (iii) French; shade boxes "1" for Creole; "6" for English and "7" for French.

For a person who reported "9 - Other languages", write in the adjacent boxes, the other languages the person can both read and write, with understanding. An example is given below:
[figure omitted]

Note: Multiple answers are possible for question on "Languages read and write".

[p. 42]

P21 - School attendance
For every person aged 2 years and over, shade as appropriate:

[] 1 Now - Full Time - for a person who is now attending school full-time, whether it is a pre-primary, primary or secondary school, a university or a vocational or technical school.
[] 2 Now - Part Time - for a person who is now following a course on a part time basis. This is also applicable to those following correspondence course or undertaking any other type of private studies on a part time basis.
[] 3 Past - for a person who has attended school, college, university, vocational or technical school in the past.
[] 4 Never - for a person who has never attended school, even if he/she has obtained educational qualifications.
[] 5 Child not yet at school - for any child aged 2 years and over and who has not started going to pre-preprimary school yet.

[p. 43]

P22 - Primary and secondary education
[figure omitted]

Question P22 applies only to primary and secondary education.

For persons reporting "1 Now - Full Time or "2 Now - Part Time" at P21

(i) If the person is now attending pre-primary school: Write "1" in the boxes provided.
(ii) If the person is now attending primary or secondary school, write the Standard or Form being attended.
(iii) If the person is presently in Form I or Form II or Form III, you should enquire whether he/she is following the academic stream or prevocational stream.
- Write "21"for Form I academic or "31" for Form I prevocational
- Write "22" for Form II academic or "32" for Form II prevocational
- Write "23" for Form III academic or "33" for Form III prevocational
(iv) If a person is attending a specialized school for example APEIM; write "98".

For persons reporting "3 Past" at P21

(i) If the person has attended pre-primary or primary and secondary school in the past, write the highest Standard or Form completed or the highest certificate obtained, if any. E.g.: For a person, who has completed only Standard III, write "23".
(ii) If the person who has completed only the primary cycle, insert "17" if he/she has passed the Certificate of Primary Education or the Primary School Leaving Certificate; if not passed CPE or PSLC; write "16".
(iii) For a person who has completed only Form IV, write "24".
(iv) For a person who has completed Form V or an equivalent level, write "26" only if he/she has obtained the relevant certificate; if not, write "25".
(v) For a person who has studied up to the Higher School Certificate or an equivalent, write "28" if he/she has obtained the relevant certificate. If he/she has studied up to Lower VI or up to Upper VI but not passed HSC, write "27" in the boxes.

For persons reporting "Never" or "Child not yet at school (CNYS)" at P21

Write "0" in the boxes provided.

For persons who have not attended school in the past but have studied either privately, or by correspondence, or by following any special education classes (such as schools for the disabled, adult education programs)

[p. 44]

State the equivalent level of primary or secondary education completed or the highest primary or secondary school certificate obtained.

For persons who are not presently attending school but are studying either privately, or by correspondence, or by following any special education classes (such as schools for the disabled, adult education programs)

State the equivalent level of primary or secondary education completed or the highest primary or secondary school certificate obtained.

Please use the equivalence table below if a person has followed an English or French system of education. You should record the equivalent level of primary or secondary education completed or the highest primary or secondary school certificate obtained as per list below:
[equivalence table omitted]

[Stop at P22 for persons under 12 years of age]

[p. 45]

P23A-Education other than those of the primary and secondary levels - now
[figure omitted]

If a person is now undertaking studies other than those of primary/secondary levels, e.g. degrees, diplomas, certificates, nursing or teaching qualifications, professional qualifications, technical or vocational training; write (i) the course and (ii) the field of study. An example is given below for a person now following a Certificate course in land surveying.

[figure omitted]

If the person is not currently following any course, go to P23B

P23B- Education other than those of the primary and secondary levels - past
[figure omitted]

Enter information related to the 3 highest qualifications other than those of the primary and secondary levels (e.g. degree, diploma, certificate or other qualifications) that the person has obtained in the past.

Please note that P23B is applicable for all persons who have qualifications other than those of the Primary and Secondary levels, even though they are now following another course.

[p. 46]

Start with the highest qualification. For each qualification, write the following in the boxes provided:

(a) Duration of the course
Insert the duration of schooling/training in full time equivalent months. For full-time regular courses, consider one academic year as equivalent to 12 months, even though the actual course/training during the year may have been less than 12 months.
For a person who received training by correspondence, or through private or part-time study, convert the accumulated training to the equivalent number of months in the full-time regular program.
(b) Qualification received
For each qualification received, write the title of the qualification, e.g. BSC, diploma, certificate, etc., in boxes labeled as (i).
(c) Major field of study
For each qualification obtained, write the corresponding major field of study, e.g.: hospitality management, civil engineering, agriculture, teacher training, etc., in the boxes labeled as (ii).

An example is given below for a 2-year course to obtain a diploma in hospitality management.

[figure omitted]

If a person does not have any such qualifications, leave P23B blank

[p. 47]

P24 - Hours worked during the past week
[figure omitted]

For the purposes of the Census, work is defined as any work, except volunteer work and housework in the person's own home. It includes:

(i) work done for wages, salaries, commissions, fees and piece-rate payments;
(ii) work done for payment in kind, e.g. services rendered by a member of a religious order who is provided with lodging or food or other supplies;
(iii) work done by a self-employed person (alone or in partnership) in his/her own enterprise, trade, business, farm or professional practice, whether alone or with employees;
(iv) work done without pay in a family enterprise, plantation or farm owned by a member of the same household or another relative;
(v) work done by apprentices and trainees, whether paid or unpaid.

For every person aged 12 years and over, indicate the number of hours worked for pay, profit or family gain during the week from Monday 27 June to Sunday 3 July 2011.

Time spent on activities such as shop-keeping; growing vegetables or other crops; livestock or poultry keeping; fishing; making and repairing fishing boats, nets and basket traps; curing and preserving fish and octopus; making baskets, hats, mats and bags; making handicraft products; preparing food products for sale; construction and repair of own dwelling and buildings used for agricultural, commercial and industrial purposes; keeping tea shops; street vending, etc. should also be included in the total number of hours worked.

Insert the actual number of hours worked by the person, irrespective of whether it is less or more than his/her normal hours of work per week. Include overtime hours and short rest periods such as tea breaks; but exclude lunch hours as well as period of sick leave, casual leave, time-off, etc.

If the person did several kinds of work during the past week, insert the total number of hours worked at all jobs. E.g. if during the past week, he/she has worked for 36 hours as teacher, 6 hours giving private tuition, and another 7 hours assisting in the family shop, write "49" hours in the boxes provided as shown below:
[figure omitted]

Report also the number of hours, if any, worked during the past week, by a student, an old age pensioner, a worker retired from a previous employment or a home-maker who has worked outside his/her home.

For a person who did not work during the past week for any reason whatsoever, or if he/she worked for less than one hour, write "0" in the boxes:
[figure omitted]

Note: If the person worked for one or more hours during the past week; go to P29.

[p. 48]

P25 - Whether temporarily away from work
[figure omitted]

If the person was temporarily away from work, shade box "Y" and go to P29; otherwise shade box "N" and continue with P26.

[p. 49]

P26 - Job search
[figure omitted]

Shade box "Y" if the person took any active steps to look for work or to set up a business of his/her own, any time during the past 4 weeks. The person is considered to have taken active steps if he/she has checked with employers or at private residences, factories and work sites, placed or answered job advertisements, sought assistance and advice to set up his/her own enterprise, maintained registration with an Employment Exchange, etc.

If the person did not take any active steps to look for work or set up a business during the past 4 weeks, shade box "N".

P27 - Availability for work
[figure omitted]

If the person was available for work during the past week, shade box "Y" and go to question P28- When last worked.

If the person was not available for work during the past week, shade box "N" and give the reason by shading the appropriate box. Please note that

- 1 Household duties applies to a person who was engaged in or helping with household duties in his/her own home;
- 2 Studies applies to a person who was studying;
- 3 Disability, illness, injury applies to a person who was sick, injured or disabled;
- 4 Wholly retired applies to a wholly retired person;
- 5 Other applies to a person who was not available for work because of other reasons. In this case, write the reason in the adjacent boxes e.g. person not interested to work, child not going to school and too young to work, etc. An example is given below.

[figure omitted]

[p. 50]

P28 - When last worked
[figure omitted]

For a person who has worked before, write the number of completed months that have elapsed since he/she last worked. If the person last worked for only a few days (less than 1 month), write 0.

[For a person who has never worked; write "998" and stop here.]

Questions 29 to 34 refer to the person's work during the reference week Monday 27 June to Sunday 3 July 2011. If the person is retired or had no job during that week, answer for his/her last job. If the person has more than one job, answer for the job at which he/she worked the most hours

[p. 51]

P29 - Name and type of establishment
[figure omitted]

Write the name of the establishment, factory, firm, government ministry, municipal or district council, parastatal body, co-operatives enterprise, etc., for which the person worked, including details of branch, division, department, etc. Please do not use abbreviations. An example is given as follows:
[figure omitted]

If the establishment has no name (e.g. a sugar cane plantation, an attorney's office, a medical practice); write the name of the employer.

If the person was self-employed; write the name of his/her business, shop, agency, etc. If the business does not have a name, write the person's own name.

If the person worked as an employee in a private household (e.g. as cook, gardener, driver, watchman, laundress, maidservant, etc.); write "private household".

[p. 52]

P30 - Kind of business, industry or service
[figure omitted]

Write in the boxes a complete description of the kind of business, industry or service carried out at the place where the person worked.

Do not use vague terms such as agriculture, repairs, factory, school, shop, etc. Give a complete and precise description: for example, sugar cane cultivation, tea cultivation, anthurium plantation, car repairing, bicycle repairing, sugar factory, pullover knitting factory, manufacture of knitted gloves, cutting and sewing shirt, primary education, secondary education, household furniture shop, household appliances shop, groceries retailer, etc. An example is given below.
[figure omitted]

If more than one activity were carried out at the place where the person worked; describe the business, industry or service in which the person's main occupation was performed. For instance, if the establishment was engaged in both sugar cane plantation and anthurium cultivation, and the person worked in connection with the anthurium cultivation, write "anthurium cultivation".

For persons in Government Service, do not write "Government Service", but describe the activity carried out by the office/department where the person worked, e.g., Administration, collection of statistics, police, livestock breeding, plant nursery, agricultural research station, printing, primary education, health services, etc.

For a person who worked as employee in a private household (e.g. cook, driver, watchman, gardener, laundress, maid servant, etc.): write "household services" as below.
[figure omitted]

But if the person worked as a driver or watchman or gardener, etc. in an establishment or in connection with the professional activities of a self-employed person, then you should describe the activity of the establishment or of the self-employed person.

Do not forget to describe the kind of business or service in case of persons who were self-employed or worked in their home: e.g., dress-making, tailoring, curing of fish, basket making, cattle keeping, preparation of foodstuffs for sale, sale of vegetables, taxi service, etc.

[p. 53]

P31 - Place of work
[figure omitted]

For a person who worked at a "Fixed place of work outside home", shade box "1" and write in adjacent boxes the full address of the place of work including the locality or Municipal Ward/Village Council Area. For example, if a person employed by the Ministry of Social Security was posted in a Social Security office at Royal Road, Quartier Militaire, the address would be recorded as follows:
[figure omitted]

Note: Use a separator "X" to distinguish Street/Road/Lane, Locality and Town/ Village.

For a person who had no fixed place of work, shade box "2" and give the full address where the person reported for work e.g. depot, garage, taxi stand, etc.

For street vendors and door-to-door salespersons, give the address (locality, Municipal Ward/Village Council Area) where they worked most of the time. For example, if a street vendor works most of the time near LIC Building, Port Louis; the address would be recorded as follows:
[figure omitted]

For a person who "Worked at home", shade box "3", and write "home" in adjacent boxes as follows.
[figure omitted]

For a person who worked abroad (outside Mauritius), shade box "4" and write the name of the country where he/she is working.

[p. 54]

P32 - Occupation
[figure omitted]

Describe as clearly and as precisely as possible the work, which the person was doing during the reference week. Do not describe the job for which the person has been trained, but the job, which he was actually doing. For example, if during the reference week, a lorry driver worked as a bricklayer, write 'Bricklayer'.

Do not use vague terms such as clerk, driver, factory worker, supervisor, repair technician, teacher, etc. Use precise terms such as filing clerk, accounts clerk, bus driver, bus conductor, cabinet maker, supervisor of sewing machine operators, supervisor of road repair workers, car repair mechanic, television repair technician, telephone operator, pre-primary school teacher, etc.

An example is given for a pre-primary school teacher. [figure omitted]

For members of religious orders engaged in activities such as primary school teaching, nursing, etc., report these activities rather than their religious activities.

[p. 55]

P33 - Employment status
[figure omitted]

Shade only one box as appropriate. Note that

[] 1 Self-employed with employees stands for a self-employed person operating (alone or in partnership) his/her own business, trade, enterprise, farm or professional practice, with the help of one or more paid employees;
[] 2 Self-employed without employees stands for a self-employed person operating (alone or in partnership) his/her own business, trade, enterprise, farm or professional practice, without the help of paid employees;
[] 3 Working without pay for spouse or other relative in his/her farm or business stands for a person who worked without pay in a business, trade, enterprise or farm operated by a member of the same household or by another relative;
[] 4 Apprentice/ trainee with or without pay stands for an apprentice/trainee with or without pay;
[] 5 Employee paid by the month: self-explanatory;
[] 6 Employee paid by day, week, fortnight, job stands for an employee paid by day, week, fortnight or by the job, even if payment was made at the end of the month. It also applies to persons who worked for commissions, payments on a piece rate basis or for payments in kind;
[] 7 Member of producers' cooperative stands for an active member of a producer's cooperative;
[] 8 Other relates to a person whose employment status does not fall in any of the above categories; in this case write the full description in the adjacent boxes provided.

[p. 56]

P34 - Length of Service with employer
[figure omitted]

This question is applicable to all persons who are working or who have worked in the past.

For persons who held a job during the reference week; write the number of completed years they have worked for their present employer.

For persons who had no job during the reference week; write the number of completed years they worked for their most recent employer.

For self-employed persons; write the number of completed years during which they were self-employed.

For persons who worked without pay for a member of the same household or for another relative; write the number of completed years during which they have operated as unpaid family workers.

If the period was less than one year; write "0".

Note that it is the length of service with the employer that is required, and not the time during which the person worked at his/her job. Thus, for persons in public service, give the total length of service and not the time spent in their present grade or post.

Approved leaves should be included when counting the length of service. If the person had a work interruption implying a breach of contract with his/her employer, or a resignation from his/her job, then count the length of service from the date of re-employment.

[p. 57]

9. Recording the answers for optimum scanning and recognition

9.1 Introduction
For the 2011 Housing and Population Census, the Central Statistics Office is, for the first time, making use of new technology to process the questionnaires, namely:

- use of high speed scanners
- marks and character recognition tools
- key from image techniques

This implies a new way of filling in the questionnaires. There are two types of boxes for recording answers in the questionnaire:

(i) the rounded check box _
(ii) the rectangular alphanumeric boxes _ _
9.2 5 golden rules to remember
1. Use the black ball point pen 0.7mm provided to you by CSO

2. Shade the rounded check box _ starting from the center

3. In the center of each rectangular alphanumeric box _, write using

(i) block letters,
(ii) numbers, and
(iii) only the following special characters if so required:
- Hyphen
' apostrophe

4. Do not cross off boxes if not applicable or if information is not available. Do not
cross off barcodes.

5. Handle questionnaires with great care.

[p. 58]

Rule 1
Use the black ball point pen 0.7mm provided by CSO

The pen is being provided to you. Test the pen on some scrap paper before beginning to write on the questionnaire.
Rule 2
Shade the rounded check box starting from the center

[figure omitted]

Shade the rounded check box starting from the center taking care not to tear the paper

Don'ts
[figure omitted]

Do not use ticks
Do not use cross
Do not use dots
Do not overlap

[p. 59]

Rule 3
Write using block letters or numbers, special characters - or ' in rectangular alphanumeric zones in the center of each box

(i) Write only in boxes reserved for that purpose.
(ii) Write only one character per box. Pay attention not to go outside the box.
(iii) Use numbers, block letters, - and ' only. Do not use accents (é, à, ù, etc.).
(iv) For numbers use 1 for 'one' and not 1, for seven use 7 and not 7
Note
Shape and close letters / numbers for them to be well interpreted. If you do not close the letter R for example, it can be interpreted as a K.

Pay attention to the letters:

O and Q
I and L
B and D
C and G
E and F
H, M and N

Separate words by leaving 1 empty box (space) between them.

Detach letters and numbers. Letters or numbers should not touch each other.

In the boxes where only digits are required, e.g. Date of birth

(i) Do not use separators such as / or -
(ii) Do not use full stops
(iii) For figures, use only whole numbers: no decimals, no fractions.
[p. 60]

[figures omitted]

[p. 61]

Don'ts
[figure omitted]

Do not use / or -

[figure omitted]

Do not go outside each box.

Write only 1 character per box.

[figure omitted]

No decimal or fraction allowed

[p. 62]

Rule 4
Do not cross off boxes if not applicable or if information is not available. Do not cross off barcodes.

Do not block or cross a zone if not applicable. Leave the zone empty if no information is available.

Don'ts
[figure omitted]

Rule 5
Handles the questionnaires with great care

1. Always place the questionnaire on a hard surface for writing.
2. Always keep the questionnaire in a clean and dry place away from humidity.
3. Do not fold the questionnaire and do not crease the questionnaire.
4. Do not use

(i) Blanco or Tippex,
(ii) adhesive,
(iii) staples or any element which can disturb the recognition and the automatic reading.
[p. 63]

9.3 Error correction for check
[figure omitted]

1. If you make a mistake, cross out the wrong answer.
2. Shade the right one and circle it.
3. If the answer is still not good, cross it out, shade the right one and circle it.
4. Tick the final answer to confirm that it is the right one

9.4 Error correction for rectangular boxes
[figure omitted]

1. If error found immediately, simply correct it and write next to it.
2. If error found later, try using as far as possible immediate space available.

If no space available, then only use Remarks field on cover page.

[p. 64]

9.5 Typical character sets
[figure omitted]

[p. 65]

Table 1 - How to deal with different cases upon delivery of census leaflet

Case no. 1

Case
Household listed on C3 and occupying same Housing Unit as at Housing Census (HC)

How to deal on field?
1. Deliver Population Census (PC) leaflet to Household.
2. Fix appointment for PC interview.

What to record on C3?
1. Put a tick in the appropriate column of C3 to indicate that PC Leaflet has been delivered to the household.
2. Record date and time of appointment for PC interview.

What to record on E1?
Not applicable

How to treat personalized questionnaire during meeting on 2 - 3 July with CE?
1. Personalized questionnaire is available.

Case no. 2

Case
Household listed on C3 is temporarily away

How to deal on field?
1. Enquire from neighbors if household will be back by 31 July; if yes, call again when household will be back

What to record on C3?
If household is temporarily absent up to 31 July 2011
Write 'Temporarily absent up to 31 July' in the column 'Remarks'

What to record on E1?
Not applicable

How to treat personalized questionnaire during meeting on 2 - 3 July with CE?
If household is temporarily absent up to 31 July 2011
1. Personalized questionnaire is available.
2. On the cover page of the questionnaire, write 'Temporarily absent up to 31 July' at 'Remarks' (after confirming through field visits that household is still away)

[p. 66]

Case no. 3

Case
Household listed on C3 has moved out. Another 1 or more households is/are now occupying the housing unit

How to deal on field?
1. Deliver Population Census (PC) leaflet to moved in household/s.
2. Fix appointment for PC interview.
3. Ask for new address of household which has moved out

What to record on C3?
1. Strike out the name of the head of household which has moved out.
2. Write 'Moved out and occupied by ____ other household/s' in the column 'Remarks'

What to record on E1?
1. Make an entry for each moved in household, i.e. record Address, Name of head and No. of persons. (Leave out G/Dist, M/VCA, EA, Block no., Bldg no., H/Unit no. to be filled in by CE)
2. Put a tick in the appropriate column of E1 to indicate that PC leaflet has been delivered to the household/s.
3. Record date and time of appointment for PC interview.
4. Write 'Moved in from another address' in the column 'Remarks'

How to treat personalized questionnaire during meeting on 2 - 3 July with CE?
For household listed on C3
1. Personalized questionnaire is available.
2. On the cover page of the questionnaire, record 'Moved out to ____ (specify new address if available )' at 'Remarks'

For moved in household/s
1. Personalized questionnaire is not available.
2. Prepare a questionnaire for the moved in household/s, make the appropriate entries on the cover of a blank questionnaire and record 'Moved in from another address' at 'Remarks'

Case no. 4

Case
Household listed on C3 has moved out; the housing unit is now vacant (after seeking confirmation that the occupants are not temporarily away)

How to deal on field?
1. Ask neighbors for new address of household which has moved out.

What to record on C3?
1. Strike out the name of the head of household which has moved out.
2. Write 'Moved out and now Vacant' in the column 'Remarks'

What to record on E1?
Not applicable

How to treat personalized questionnaire during meeting on 2 - 3 July with CE?
For household listed on C3
1. Personalized questionnaire is available.
2. On the cover page of the questionnaire, record 'Moved out to ____ (specify new address if available)' at 'Remarks'

[p. 67]

Case no. 5

Case
Head of household listed on C3 has died; other household members are occupying same Housing Unit as at Housing Census (HC)

How to deal on field?
1. Deliver Population Census (PC) leaflet to Household.
2. Fix appointment for PC interview.

What to record on C3?
1. Strike out the name of the head who died and replace by the name of the new head.
2. Put a tick in the appropriate column of C3 to indicate that PC Leaflet has been delivered to the household.
3. Record date and time of appointment for PC interview.

What to record on E1?
Not applicable

How to treat personalized questionnaire during meeting on 2 - 3 July with CE?
1. Personalized questionnaire is available.
2. On the cover page of the questionnaire, strike out the name of head who died and write the name of the new head.

Case no. 6

Case
Head of household listed on C3 has died; he/she was the only member of the household. No other households have moved in.

How to deal on field?
Not applicable

What to record on C3?
1. Write 'Dead' in the column 'Remarks'

What to record on E1?
Not applicable

How to treat personalized questionnaire during meeting on 2 - 3 July with CE?
1. Personalized questionnaire is available.
2. On the cover page of the questionnaire, write 'Dead- only member' at 'Remarks'.

[p. 68]

Case no. 7

Case
Housing unit recorded as 'Vacant' on C3 and still vacant at PC

How to deal on field?
Not applicable

What to record on C3?
1. Write 'Still vacant' in the column 'Remarks'

What to record on E1?
Not applicable

How to treat personalized questionnaire during meeting on 2 - 3 July with CE?
1. Personalized questionnaire is not available.

Case no. 8

Case
Housing unit recorded as 'Vacant' on C3 but occupied at PC

How to deal on field?
1. Deliver PC leaflet to household/s now occupying the housing unit.
2. Fix appointment for PC interview.
3. Ask for the number of male and female persons in the household/s

What to record on C3?
1. Write 'Occupied by --- - household/s' in the column 'Remarks'

What to record on E1?
1. Make an entry for each household, i.e. record Address, Name of head and No. of persons. (Leave out G/Dist, M/VCA, EA, Block no., Bldg no., H/Unit no.to be filled in by CE).
2. Put a tick in the appropriate column of E1 to indicate that PC leaflet has been delivered to the household.
3. Record date and time of appointment for PC interview.
4. Write 'No longer vacant at PC' in the column 'Remarks'

How to treat personalized questionnaire during meeting on 2 - 3 July with CE?
1. Personalized questionnaire is not available
2. For household now occupying the Housing unit, prepare a questionnaire. Make the appropriate entries on the cover of a blank questionnaire and record 'No longer Vacant Household' at 'Remarks'.

[p. 69]

Case no. 9

Case
Housing unit recorded as 'Under Construction' on C3 and still under construction at PC

How to deal on field?
Not applicable

What to record on C3?
1. Write 'Still Under Construction' in the column 'Remarks'

What to record on E1?
Not applicable

How to treat personalized questionnaire during meeting on 2 - 3 July with CE?
1. Personalized questionnaire is not available.

Case no. 10

Case
Housing unit recorded as 'Under Construction' on C3 but occupied at PC.

How to deal on field?
1. Deliver PC leaflet to household/s now occupying the housing unit.

2. Fix appointment for PC interview.

3. Ask for the number of male and female persons in the household/s

What to record on C3?
1. Write 'Occupied by ____ household/s' in the column 'Remarks

What to record on E1?
1. Make an entry for each household, i.e. record Address, Name of head and No. of persons (Leave out G/Dist, M/VCA, EA, Block no., Bldg no., H/Unit no.).
2. Put a tick in the appropriate column of E1 to indicate that PC leaflet has been delivered to the household.
3. Record date and time of appointment for PC interview.
4. Write 'No longer under construction' in the column 'Remarks'

How to treat personalized questionnaire during meeting on 2 - 3 July with CE?
1. Personalized questionnaire is not available.
2. For household now occupying the Housing Unit, prepare a questionnaire. Make the appropriate entries on the cover of a blank questionnaire and record 'No longer under construction' at 'Remarks'.

[p. 70]

Case no. 11

Case
Housing unit recorded as 'Secondary residence' on C3 and still used as a secondary residence at PC

How to deal on field?
Not applicable

What to record on C3?
1. Write 'Still Secondary Residence' in the column 'Remarks'

What to record on E1?
Not applicable

How to treat personalized questionnaire during meeting on 2 - 3 July with CE?
1. Personalized questionnaire is not available.

Case no. 12

Case
Housing unit recorded as 'Secondary Residence' on C3 but occupied as primary residence at PC

How to deal on field?
1. Deliver PC leaflet to household/s now occupying the housing unit as a primary residence.
2. Fix appointment for PC interview.
3. Ask for the number of male and female persons in the household/s

What to record on C3?
1. Write 'Primary residence occupied by ____ household/s' in the column 'Remarks'

What to record on E1?
1. Make an entry for each household, i.e. record Address, Name of head and No. of persons. (Leave out G/Dist, M/VCA, EA, Block no., Bldg no., H/Unit no. for CE to fill in).
2. Put a tick in the appropriate column of E1 to indicate that PC leaflet has been delivered to the household.
3. Record date and time of appointment for PC interview.
4. Write 'No longer secondary residence' in the column 'Remarks'

How to treat personalized questionnaire during meeting on 2 - 3 July with CE?
1. Personalized questionnaire is not available.
2. For household now occupying the Housing unit as Primary Residence, prepare a questionnaire, make the appropriate entries on the cover of a blank questionnaire and record 'No longer secondary residence' at 'Remarks'

[p. 71]

Case no. 13

Case
Housing unit recorded as 'Part of household' on C3 and still occupied by part of a household at PC

How to deal on field?
Not applicable

What to record on C3?
1. Write 'Still Part of household' in the column 'Remarks'

What to record on E1?
Not applicable

How to treat personalized questionnaire during meeting on 2 - 3 July with CE?
1. Personalized questionnaire is not available.

Case no. 14

Case
Housing unit recorded as 'Part of household' on C3 but occupied by a full household at PC

How to deal on field?
1. Deliver PC leaflet to household/s now occupying the housing unit as a primary residence.
2. Fix appointment for PC interview.
3. Ask for the number of male and female persons in the household/s

What to record on C3?
1. Write 'Occupied by _ _ full household/s' in the column 'Remarks'

What to record on E1?
1. Make an entry for each household, i.e. record Address, Name of head and No. of persons. (Leave out G/Dist, M/VCA, EA, Block no., Bldg no., H/Unit no. for CE to fill in).
2. Put a tick in the appropriate column of E1 to indicate that PC leaflet has been delivered to the household.
3. Record date and time of appointment for PC interview.
4. Write 'Occupied by a full household' in the column 'Remarks'

How to treat personalized questionnaire during meeting on 2 - 3 July with CE?
1. Personalized questionnaire is not available.
2. For household now occupying the Housing unit as 'Full household', prepare a questionnaire, make the appropriate entries on the cover of a blank questionnaire and record 'Occupied by a full household' at 'Remarks'

[p. 72]

Case no. 15

Case
Household not on list C3; was missed at HC

How to deal on field?
1. Deliver PC leaflet to household
2. Fix appointment for PC interview.
3. Ask for the name of head and number of male and female persons in the household

What to record on C3?
Not applicable

What to record on E1?
1. Make an entry for the household, i.e. Record Address, Name of head, No. of persons. (Leave out G/Dist, M/VCA, EA, Block no., Bldg no., H/Unit no. for CE to fill in).
2. Put a tick in the appropriate column of E1 to indicate that PC leaflet has been delivered to the household.
3. Record date and time of appointment for PC interview.
4. Write 'Missed at HC' in column 'Remarks'

How to treat personalized questionnaire during meeting on 2 - 3 July with CE?
1. Personalized questionnaire is not available.
2. For missed household at HC, prepare a questionnaire, make the appropriate entries on the cover of a blank questionnaire and record 'Missed at HC' at 'Remarks'

Case no. 16

Case
Household not on list C3, newly formed after HC

How to deal on field?
1. Deliver PC leaflet to household
2. Fix appointment for PC interview.
3. Ask for the name of head and number of male and female persons in the household

What to record on C3?
Not applicable

What to record on E1?
1. Make an entry for the household, i.e. Record Address, Name of head, No. of persons. (Leave out G/Dist, M/VCA, EA, Block no., Bldg no., H/Unit no. for CE to fill in).
2. Put a tick in the appropriate column of E1 to indicate that PC leaflet has been delivered to the household.
3. Record date and time of appointment for PC interview.
4. Write 'Newly formed household' in column 'Remarks'

How to treat personalized questionnaire during meeting on 2 - 3 July with CE?
1. Personalized questionnaire is not available.
2. For newly formed household, prepare a questionnaire, make the appropriate entries on the cover of a blank questionnaire and record 'Newly formed household' at 'Remarks'

[p. 73]

Table 2 - How to deal with special cases on field when calling for Population Census interview

Case no. 1

Case
Household listed on C3 is temporarily away

How to deal on field?
1. Ask neighbors if household will be back by 31 July and enquire about household whereabouts (whether abroad or in Mauritius); if yes, call again when household will be back.

What to record on C3?
If household is temporarily absent up to 31 July 2011:
Write 'Temporarily absent up to 31 July' in the column 'Remarks'

What to record on E1?
Not applicable

What to record on cover of Population Census questionnaire (to be done jointly with CE)
If household is temporarily absent up to 31 July 2011:
On the cover page of the questionnaire, write 'Temporarily absent up to 31 July' at 'Remarks' (after confirming through field visits that household is still away)

Case no. 2

Case
Household listed on C3 has moved out before 4 July. Another household is occupying the housing unit before 4 July.

How to deal on field?
1. Deliver census leaflet to new household.
2. Fix appointment for PC interview.
3. Ask for new address of household which has moved out.

What to record on C3?
1. Strike out the name of the head of household which has moved out.
2. Write 'Moved out and occupied by another household' in the column 'Remarks'

What to record on E1?
1. Make an entry for the moved in household, i.e. record Address, Name of head and No. of persons. (Leave out G/Dist, M/VCA, EA, Block no., Bldg no., H/Unit no. for CE to fill in).
2. Put a tick in the appropriate column of E1 to indicate that PC leaflet has been delivered to the new household/s.
3. Record date and time of appointment for PC interview.
4. Write 'Moved in from another address' in the column 'Remarks'

What to record on cover of Population Census questionnaire (to be done jointly with CE)
For household listed on C3:
On the cover page of the questionnaire, record 'Moved out to ____ (specify new address if available)' at 'Remarks'

For moved in household:
Prepare a questionnaire for the moved in household/s, make the appropriate entries on the cover of a blank questionnaire, record 'Moved in from another address' at 'Remarks'.

[p. 74]

Case no. 3

Case
Household listed on C3 has moved out on or after 4 July. Another household is occupying the housing unit on or after 4 July.

How to deal on field?
If household has moved out on or after 4 July and new household has moved in on or after 4 July:
1. Ask if new household has been enumerated at previous address.
2. If "No", deliver census leaflet to new household. Fix appointment for PC interview.
3. Ask for new address of household which has moved out.

What to record on C3?
1. Write 'Moved out after 4 July and Not enumerated here' in the column 'Remarks' for the household which has moved out.

What to record on E1?
If new household has not been enumerated at previous address:
1. Make an entry for moved in household, i.e. record Address, Name of head and No. of persons. (Leave out G/Dist, M/VCA, EA, Block no., Bldg no., H/Unit no. to be filled in by CE).
2. Put a tick in the appropriate column of E1 to indicate that PC leaflet has been delivered to the new household.
3. Record date and time of appointment for PC interview.
4. Write 'Moved in from another address-Not enumerated elsewhere' in the column 'Remarks'

If new household has been enumerated at previous address:
Not Applicable.

What to record on cover of Population Census questionnaire (to be done jointly with CE)
For household listed on C3:
On the cover page of the questionnaire, record 'Moved out to ____ and not enumerated here (specify new address if available)' at 'Remarks'.

For new household not enumerated at previous address:
Prepare a questionnaire for the moved in household, make the appropriate entries on the cover of a blank questionnaire and record 'Moved in from another address' at 'Remarks'.

The address should be the previous one, where the household was living on census night.

[p. 75]

Case no. 4

Case
Household listed on C3 has moved out before 4 July. Another household has moved in after 4 July.

How to deal on field?
1. Ask if new household has been enumerated at previous address.
2. If "No", deliver census leaflet to new household. Fix appointment for PC interview.
3. Ask for new address of household which has moved out.

What to record on C3?
1. Strike out the name of the head of household which has moved out.
2. Write 'Moved out and occupied by another household' in the column 'Remarks'

What to record on E1?
If new household has not been enumerated at previous address:
1. Make an entry for moved in household, i.e. record Address, Name of head and No. of persons. (Leave out G/Dist, M/VCA, EA, Block no., Bldg no., H/Unit no. to be filled in by CE).
2. Put a tick in the appropriate column of E1 to indicate that PC leaflet has been delivered to the new household.
3. Record date and time of appointment for PC interview.
4. Write 'Moved in from another address on ....... Not enumerated elsewhere' in the column 'Remarks'.

If new household has been enumerated at previous address:
Not Applicable.

What to record on cover of Population Census questionnaire (to be done jointly with CE)
For household listed on C3:
On the cover page of the questionnaire, record 'Moved out to ____ and not enumerated here (specify new address if available before 4 July)' at 'Remarks'

For moved in household:
Prepare a questionnaire for the moved in household, make the appropriate entries on the cover of a blank questionnaire and record 'Moved in from another address on ____' at 'Remarks'.

Note: The address should be the previous one where household was living on Census night.

[p. 76]

Case no. 5

Case
Household listed on C3 has moved out; the housing unit is now vacant (after seeking confirmation that the occupants are not temporarily away)

How to deal on field?
1. If the household has moved out before 4 July, ask neighbours for new address of household which has moved out.

What to record on C3?
If household has moved out before 4 July:
1. Strike out the name of the head of household which has moved out.
2. Write moved out before census night in Col. "Remarks"

If household has moved out on or after 4 July:
1. Write 'Moved out after Census night and now Vacant' in the column

What to record on E1?
Not applicable

What to record on cover of Population Census questionnaire (to be done jointly with CE)
On the cover page of the questionnaire, record 'Moved out to ____ (specify new address if available)' at 'Remarks'

[p. 77]

Case no. 6

Case
Head of household listed on C3 has died; other household members are occupying same Housing Unit as previously.

How to deal on field?
1. Ask if head of household died before or after 4 July.
2. Review appointment for PC interview if the household members so request.

What to record on C3?
1. If head of household died before 4 July, strike out the name of the head who died and replace by the name of the new head.
2. If head of household died after 4 July, do not strike out the name of the head who died.
3. Amend date and time of appointment if need be.

What to record on E1?
Not applicable

What to record on cover of Population Census questionnaire (to be done jointly with CE)
If head died before 4 July:
1. On the cover page of the questionnaire, strike out the name of head who died and write the name of the new head.
2. Information pertaining to previous head who died will not be recorded in PC questionnaire.

If head of household was still alive on census night of 3-4 July:
1. Do not amend cover page of PC questionnaire
2. Record all information pertaining to head when filling in the Population Census questionnaire.

[p. 78]

Case no. 7

Case
Head of household listed on C3 has died; he/she was the only member of the household. No other households have moved in.

How to deal on field?
Not applicable

What to record on C3?
If head of household died before 4 July
1. Strike out the name of the head who died.
2. Write 'Dead before 4 July' in the column 'Remarks'

If head of household died after 4 July
1.Do not strike out the name of the head who died.

What to record on E1?
Not applicable

What to record on cover of Population Census questionnaire (to be done jointly with CE)
If head of household died before 4 July:
On the cover page of the questionnaire, write 'Died before 4 July-only member' at 'Remarks'.

If head of household died after 4 July:
Write 'Died after 4 July-only member' at 'Remarks'.
Note: The PC questionnaire should be filled in with information available from neighbours.

[p. 79]

Case no. 8

Case
Housing unit which was 'Vacant' earlier, is occupied before 4 July.

How to deal on field?
1. Deliver PC leaflet to household now occupying the housing unit.
2. Fix appointment for PC interview.
3. Ask for the number of male and female persons in the household.

What to record on C3?
1. Write 'Occupied by another household' in the column 'Remarks' on the entry for the given housing unit.

What to record on E1?
1. Make an entry for the new household, i.e. record Address, Name of head and No. of persons. (Leave out G/Dist, M/VCA, EA, Block no., Bldg no., H/Unit no. for CE to fill in).
2. Put a tick in the appropriate column of E1 to indicate that PC leaflet has been delivered to the household.
3. Record date and time of appointment for PC interview.
4. Write 'No longer vacant at PC' in the column 'Remarks'

What to record on cover of Population Census questionnaire (to be done jointly with CE)
For household now occupying the Housing unit, prepare a questionnaire and make the appropriate entries on the cover of a blank questionnaire and record 'No longer Vacant Household' at 'Remarks'. A PC questionnaire should be filled in at the present address.

[p. 80]

Case no. 9

Case
Housing unit which was 'Vacant' earlier, is occupied on or after 4 July.

How to deal on field?
1. Ask if household has been enumerated at previous address.
2. If "No", deliver census leaflet to household now occupying the housing unit. Fix appointment for PC interview.
3. Ask for the number of male and female persons in the household.

What to record on C3?
1. Write 'Occupied by household after Census night' in the column 'Remarks' on the entry for the given Housing Unit.

What to record on E1?
If new household has not been enumerated at previous address:
1. Make an entry for new household, i.e. record Address, Name of head and No. of persons (Leave out G/Dist, M/VCA, EA, Block no., Bldg no., H/Unit no. for CE to fill in).
2. Put a tick in the appropriate column of E1 to indicate that PC leaflet has been delivered to the household.
3. Record date and time of appointment for PC interview.
4. Write 'No longer vacant -New household Moved in after Census night' in the column 'Remarks'

If new household has been enumerated at previous address:
Not applicable

What to record on cover of Population Census questionnaire (to be done jointly with CE)
If new household has not been enumerated at previous address:
For household now occupying the Housing unit, prepare a questionnaire and make the appropriate entries on the cover of a blank questionnaire and record 'No longer Vacant. A Household moved in after Census night' at 'Remarks'.
Note: The address should be recorded as the previous one where the household was living on census night.

[p. 81]

Case no. 10

Case
Housing unit which was 'Under Construction' on C3 earlier, is now occupied before 4 July.

How to deal on field?
1. Deliver PC leaflet to household now occupying the housing unit.
2. Fix appointment for PC interview.
3. Ask for the number of male and female persons in the household

What to record on C3?
1. Write 'Occupied by household' in the column 'Remarks' on the entry for the given housing unit.

What to record on E1?
1. Make an entry for each household, i.e. record Address, Name of head and No. of persons (Leave out G/Dist, M/VCA, EA, Block no., Bldg no., H/Unit no. for CE to fill in).
2. Put a tick in the appropriate column of E1 to indicate that PC leaflet has been delivered to the household.
3. Record date and time of appointment for PC interview.
4. Write 'No longer under construction' in the column 'Remarks'

What to record on cover of Population Census questionnaire (to be done jointly with CE)
1. Make an entry for each household, i.e. record Address, Name of head and No. of persons (Leave out G/Dist, M/VCA, EA, Block no., Bldg no., H/Unit no. for CE to fill in).
2. Put a tick in the appropriate column of E1 to indicate that PC leaflet has been delivered to the household.
3. Record date and time of appointment for PC interview.
4. Write 'No longer under construction' in the column 'Remarks'

[p. 82]

Case no. 11

Case
Housing unit which was as 'Under Construction' on C3 earlier, is now occupied on or after 4 July.

How to deal on field?
1. Ask if household has been enumerated at previous address.
2. If "No", deliver census leaflet to household now occupying the housing unit. Fix appointment for PC interview.
3. Ask for the number of male and female persons in the household.

What to record on C3?
1. Write 'Occupied by household after Census night' in the column 'Remarks' on the entry for the given housing unit.

What to record on E1?
If new household has not been enumerated at previous address:
1. Make an entry for new household, i.e. record Address, Name of head and No. of persons (Leave out G/Dist, M/VCA, EA, Block no., Bldg no., H/Unit no. for CE to fill in).
2. Put a tick in the appropriate column of E1 to indicate that PC leaflet has been delivered to the household.
3. Record date and time of appointment for PC interview.
4. Write 'No longer under construction - new household moved in after Census night' in the column 'Remarks'

If new household has been enumerated at previous address:
Not applicable

What to record on cover of Population Census questionnaire (to be done jointly with CE)
If new household has not been enumerated at previous address:
For household now occupying the Housing Unit, prepare a questionnaire for the household and make the appropriate entries on the cover of a blank questionnaire and record 'No longer under construction - household moved in after Census night' at 'Remarks'.
Note: The address should be recorded as the previous one where the household was living at Census night.

[p. 83]

Case no. 12

Case
Housing unit used as 'Secondary Residence' earlier, is now occupied as primary residence before 4 July.

How to deal on field?
1. Deliver PC leaflet to household now occupying the housing unit as a primary residence.
2. Fix appointment for PC interview.
3. Ask for the number of male and female persons in the household.

What to record on C3?
1. Write 'Primary residence occupied by a household' in the column 'Remarks'

What to record on E1?
1. Make an entry for the household, i.e. record Address, Name of head and No. of persons (Leave out G/Dist, M/VCA, EA, Block no., Bldg no., H/Unit no. for CE to fill in)
2. Put a tick in the appropriate column of E1 to indicate that PC leaflet has been delivered to the household.
3. Record date and time of appointment for PC interview.
4. Write 'No longer secondary residence' in the column 'Remarks'

What to record on cover of Population Census questionnaire (to be done jointly with CE)
For household now occupying the Housing unit as Primary Residence, prepare a questionnaire, make the appropriate entries on the cover of a blank questionnaire and record 'No longer secondary residence' at 'Remarks'. A PC questionnaire should be filled in at the present address.

[p. 84]

Case no. 13

Case
Housing unit used as 'Secondary Residence' earlier, is now occupied as primary residence after 4 July.

How to deal on field?
1. Ask if household has been enumerated at previous address.
2. If "No", deliver census leaflet to household now occupying the housing unit. Fix appointment for PC interview.
3. Ask for the number of male and female persons in the household

What to record on C3?
1. Write 'Primary residence occupied by a household' after Census night in the column 'Remarks'

What to record on E1?
If household has not been enumerated at previous address:
1. Make an entry for the household, i.e. record Address, Name of head and No. of persons (Leave out G/Dist, M/VCA, EA, Block no., Bldg no., H/Unit no. for CE to fill in)
2. Put a tick in the appropriate column of E1 to indicate that PC leaflet has been delivered to the household.
3. Record date and time of appointment for PC interview.
4. Write 'No longer secondary residence - new household moved in after Census night' in the column 'Remarks'

If household has been enumerated at previous address:
Not applicable

What to record on cover of Population Census questionnaire (to be done jointly with CE)
If household has not been enumerated at previous address:
For household now occupying the Housing unit as Primary Residence, prepare a questionnaire, make the appropriate entries on the cover of a blank questionnaire and record 'No longer secondary residence - household moved in after Census night' at 'Remarks'.
Note: The address should be recorded as the previous one where the household was living at Census night.

[p. 85]

Case no. 14

Case
Housing unit used as 'Part of household' earlier, is now occupied by a full household before 4 July.

How to deal on field?
1. Deliver PC leaflet to household now occupying the housing unit.
2. Fix appointment for PC interview.
3. Ask for the number of male and female persons in the household.

What to record on C3?
1. Write 'Occupied by full household' in the column 'Remarks'

What to record on E1?
1. Make an entry for the household, i.e. record Address, Name of head and No. of persons (Leave out G/Dist, M/VCA, EA, Block no., Bldg no., H/Unit no. for CE to fill in).
2. Put a tick in the appropriate column of E1 to indicate that PC leaflet has been delivered to the household.
3. Record date and time of appointment for PC interview.
4. Write 'Occupied by a full household' in the column 'Remarks'

What to record on cover of Population Census questionnaire (to be done jointly with CE)
For household now occupying the Housing unit as 'Full household', prepare a questionnaire, make the appropriate entries on the cover of a blank questionnaire and record 'Occupied by a full household' at 'Remarks'. A PC questionnaire should be filled in at present address.

[p. 86]

Case no. 15

Case
Housing unit used as 'Part of household' earlier, is now occupied by a full household after 4 July.

How to deal on field?
1. Ask if household has been enumerated at previous address.
2. If "No", deliver census leaflet to household now occupying the housing unit.
Fix appointment for PC interview.
3. Ask for the number of male and female persons in the household.

What to record on C3?
1. Write 'Occupied by full household after Census night' in the column 'Remarks'

What to record on E1?
If household has not been enumerated at previous address:
1. Make an entry for the household, i.e. record Address, Name of head and No. of persons (Leave out G/Dist, M/VCA, EA, Block no., Bldg no., H/Unit no. for CE to fill in).
2. Put a tick in the appropriate column of E1 to indicate that PC leaflet has been delivered to the household.
3. Record date and time of appointment for PC interview.
4. Write 'Occupied by a full household after Census night' in the column 'Remarks'

If household has been enumerated at previous address:
Not applicable

What to record on cover of Population Census questionnaire (to be done jointly with CE)
If household has not been enumerated at previous address
For household now occupying the Housing unit as 'Full household', prepare a questionnaire, make the appropriate entries on the cover of a blank questionnaire and record 'Occupied by a full household after Census night' at 'Remarks'.
Note: The address should be recorded as the previous one where the household was living at the Census night.

[p. 87]

Case no. 16

Case
Household not on list C3, newly formed before 4 July after delivery of leaflet.

How to deal on field?
1. Deliver PC leaflet to household
2. Fix appointment for PC interview.
3. Ask for the name of head and number of male and female persons in the household

What to record on C3?
Not applicable

What to record on E1?
1. Make an entry for the household, i.e. Record Address, Name of head, No. of persons. (Leave out G/Dist, M/VCA, EA, Block no., Bldg no., H/Unit no. for CE to fill in).
2. Put a tick in the appropriate column of E1 to indicate that PC leaflet has been delivered to the household.
3. Record date and time of appointment for PC interview.
4. Write 'Newly formed household' in column 'Remarks'

What to record on cover of Population Census questionnaire (to be done jointly with CE)
For newly formed household, prepare a questionnaire, make the appropriate entries on the cover of a blank questionnaire and record 'Newly formed household before Census night' at 'Remarks'. A PC questionnaire should be filled in.

[p. 88-89, which contain appendix 1 (list C3) and appendix 2 (E1), have been omitted]

[End of instructions about the person variables.]

Central Statistics Office
Ministry of Finance and Economic Development


2011 Housing and Population Census
Republic of Mauritius
Instructions for Chief Enumerators

[Instructions for answering household questions.]

December 2010

[p. 2-30 contain a table of contents, an introduction, information about legal provisions for the census, an overview of the 2011 Housing and Population Census, and information about field organization, pre-enumeration activities, and the interview process. These pages are omitted.]

[p. 31]

7. Concepts and definitions

7.1 Introduction
In order to ensure that terms used for the Housing Census are interpreted in the same way by everyone it is necessary to define them and to specify what should or should not be included under each heading. The following notes which relate to the concepts and applicable to the Housing Census topics have been derived from the UN handbook ‘Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing Censuses" (Statistical Papers Series M No. 67/Rev. 2). Please study them carefully.

7.2 Buildings

7.2.1 Definition of building
A building is any independent free-standing structure, comprising one or more rooms and other spaces, covered by a roof and usually enclosed within external walls or dividing walls which extend from the foundations to the roof. Dividing walls, rather than external walls, are quite common in densely built commercial areas of mainly urban regions.
A building may be used or intended for residential, commercial, industrial or for the provision of services. It may be a detached housing unit, a block of flats, shop, warehouse, factory, workshop, school, church, and so forth.
For the purposes of the housing census, detached structures such as toilets, bathrooms, kitchens and garages are not counted as separate buildings; they are accounted for as facilities available to the housing unit to which they belong.
However, detached rooms used for living purposes, are to be counted as separate buildings. Similarly if a garage, a store-room, or any other temporary or improvised structure is being used for living purposes at the time of the census, then it should be considered as a distinct building.

[p. 32]

7.2.2 Census coverage of buildings
The census will cover all buildings or structures used for living purposes and all other buildings except those used for agricultural purposes. Thus stables for livestock, pens for poultry, greenhouses, tea and tobacco weighing offices on estates, stores on agricultural establishments, etc, are to be excluded.
However, buildings used for processing of agricultural products must be included, e.g. sugar, tea and tobacco factories, fruits and vegetables processing and canning factories, fish canning plants, etc.
More specifically the following must be enumerated:

(i) all buildings used at the time of the census for residential, commercial or industrial purposes or for the provision of services, including hotels, institutions and public buildings;
(ii) all buildings intended for residential, commercial or industrial purposes or for the provision of services, which are vacant at the time of the census;
(iii) any shelter which, although not in conformity with the definition of a building, is being used for habitation at the time of the census;
(iv) any place being used by a homeless person for living or sleeping;
(v) buildings under construction.

The following must not be enumerated:

(i) all buildings used for agricultural purposes as described above;
(ii) garages when they are not being used for habitation or for commercial or industrial purposes;
(iii) temporary shelters and improvised housing units that are not occupied at the time of the census;
(iv) buildings being demolished or awaiting demolition;
(v) dilapidated buildings which are uninhabited and totally uninhabitable;
(vi) embassy buildings except those where Mauritians are residing.

It is important to note that Embassies should not be entered for obtaining information, but personnel residing in housing units therein should be treated as any other household. Do not insist if a member of the Diplomatic Corps refuses to give information, but ask whether there are Mauritians residing on the premises; such Mauritians, if any, should be questioned fully.

[p. 33]

7.3 Housing units

7.3.1 Definition of housing unit
A housing unit is a separate and independent place of abode intended for habitation by one household, or one not intended for habitation, but occupied for living purposes by a household at the time of the census. Thus a housing unit may be:

(i) an occupied or vacant place of abode;
(ii) an improvised structure which is occupied for living purposes at the time of Census;
(iii) any other place, not intended for habitation, but occupied for living purposes at the time of the Census; please note that the place where a homeless person sleeps is not to be considered as a housing unit.

Although intended for one household, a housing unit may be occupied by more than one household or by part of a household.
It is stressed again that housing units located on the grounds of, or within the buildings containing institutions, hotels, industrial and public establishments should be identified separately. Thus, a separate and independent self-contained apartment in a hotel building should be counted as a housing unit if it is used for habitation by the manager.

7.3.2 Separateness and independence
It will be noted that the attributes of separateness and independence are essential for a housing unit to be considered as such. These concepts are defined as follows:

(i) Separate. An enclosure may be considered as separate if surrounded by walls, fences, etc., and covered by a roof, so that a person or a group of persons can isolate themselves from other persons in the community for the purposes of sleeping, preparing and taking their meals or protecting themselves from the hazards of climate and environment.
(ii) Independent. An enclosure such as the above may be considered as independent when it has direct access from the street or from a public or communal staircase, passage, gallery or grounds, that is, when the occupants can come in or go out of their living quarters without passing through anybody else’s premises.
[p. 34]

7.3.3 Census coverage of housing units
For the purpose of the Census the term housing unit refers to all places of abode, whether they are the standard houses, flats and apartments, or improvised and makeshift shelters. Census coverage extends to all housing units. However, improvised structures are to be included only if they are occupied at the time of the Census, whereas the conventional places of abode is to be covered whether they are occupied or vacant. A place where a homeless person sleeps is not to be considered as a housing unit.

7.4 Households

7.4.1 Definition of household
The concept of household is based on the arrangements made by persons, individually or in groups, for providing themselves with food or other essentials for living. A household may be either:

(i) a one-person household, that is, a person who makes provision for his own food or other essentials for living without combining with any other person to form part of a multi-person household; or
(ii) a multi-person household, that is, a group of two or more persons living together who make common provision for food or other essentials for living. The persons in the group may pool their incomes and have a common budget to a greater or lesser extent; they may be related or unrelated persons or a combination of both.

It follows from the definition that two families living in one housing unit constitute one
household if they have common housekeeping arrangements; otherwise they should be considered as separate households. The extent of common housekeeping may vary from one case to the other, but if there is any arrangement to share at least one meal a day, consider all the persons concerned as constituting one household.
Most households are of the type which occupy one housing unit or, in some cases, part of a housing unit or more than one housing unit. Such households will be called private households to distinguish them from inmates of institutions, who will be referred to as institutional households, and also from guests in hotels and guest house and tourist residence houses who will be referred to as hotel populations.

[p. 35]

7.4.2 Census coverage of households
The Census will cover all households and persons except members of Diplomatic Corps. This implies that both private and institutional households will be included, as well as guests in hotels and guest house and tourist residence houses irrespective of their nationality.

7.5 Room
A room is defined as a space in a housing unit enclosed by walls reaching from the floor to the ceiling or roof covering or at least to a height of two metres, and of a size large enough to hold a bed for an adult, which is at least four square metres. A room which has been partitioned by means of curtains or pieces of furniture should be counted as a single room.

7.6 Establishments

7.6.1 Definition of establishment
For the purposes of the Census, an establishment is defined as a place of work situated in a permanent or semi-permanent structure where an activity is carried out to produce or distribute goods and services.
If part of a housing unit is used for formal industrial or commercial activity (shop, video rental, tobacconist, etc.) then that part should be considered as an establishment. If part of the housing unit is used for a professional or ‘informal’ economic activity such as (private tuition, consultation, sewing for remuneration, etc.), then the activity is to be reported upon as if it were being carried out in an establishment, even though the building containing the housing unit has been reported as wholly residential. Similarly, if an economic activity is carried out in
the yards of a permanent structure such as a housing unit (e.g. car repairing, stone cutting, handicrafts, fruits and vegetables selling) then such activity has to be reported upon even if it is not located inside a permanent or semi-permanent structure.
However, mobile street vendors and street vendors selling goods on pavements or alongside streets should not be considered as establishments. Markets, which are public buildings, should also not be considered as establishments for the purpose of the Census.

[p. 36]

7.6.3 Census coverage of establishments
All non-agricultural private establishments will be covered, including hotels and guest house and tourist residence as well as establishments engaged in small crafts.

[p. 37]

8. Enumeration of buildings

8.1 How to enumerate buildings?
The enumeration of all buildings falling within the scope of the Census has to be done block by block within each EA, that is, you have to complete one block before starting with the next one.
To identify a building uniquely it is necessary to assign a number to it. This number should indicate both the block identification number and the building itself. The block number is made up of up to two digits and the building number of up to 3 digits since it possible for some blocks to have up to 200 buildings, though most of them will contain 30 to 50 of them. Thus the first building of the first block in a given EA will have number 1/1; the second building will have number 1/2 and so on. Similarly 4/1 identifies the first building of block number 4 and 4/100 identifies the hundredth building of the same block.

8.2 Numbering of buildings
Assign a number to each building falling within the scope of the census starting with the first building in the block you are enumerating. Proceed in a logical order bearing in mind the instructions as regards the designated starting point and the path of travel.
Obtain the permission of the respondent before numbering the building. Write the number with the lumber crayon provided, high enough to avoid erasing by children, and in a visible place in order that it may be spotted easily by the Supervisor for control purposes, and also by the Enumerator for the Population Census enumeration. Take care to write the number neatly so as not to irritate the occupants of the building. It is important that you write the number properly, with a slash separating the block number from the building number, in order to distinguish the census enumeration number from numbers that may have been written on the building or the fence by other authorities. Ask the occupants not to erase the number before August 2011.

8.3 Recording building numbers on the map
Although you will have to number all buildings falling within the scope of the census, it will not be possible to show the position of all these buildings on your EA map. However, you should indicate on the map the position and number of the first building in each block, the direction of travel, the position and number of the last building, and the position and number of any out-of-the-way or strategically placed building.

[p. 38]

8.4 Enumeration and numbering of residential buildings
Give a building number to each residential building.
At times you will come across a household occupying two or more buildings. For instance, a household may occupy two housing units each of which is in a separate building; or a household may occupy a housing unit in one building plus a separate detached room. In such cases a distinct serial number must be given to each building. Thus in the example where a household occupies a housing unit plus a detached room, the building in which the housing unit is located could have the number 1/125 whilst the detached room would be numbered 1/126 (see Appendix F2).
However, facilities usually provided by a housing unit which are located in two or more detached structures, as when a kitchen or bathroom or toilet or garage are in separate structures, then such structures are not to be numbered. (See Appendix F1).

8.5 Enumeration and numbering of non-residential buildings, hotels and institutions

(i) For institutions, industrial establishments and public buildings, give a building number to the main building, and the same number with a numerical subscript to the other buildings, if any. For example if there are three buildings and the main building has number 1/5, then the other two would be numbered 1/5 (1) and 1/5 (2) respectively.
(ii) As regards hotels, give a building number to the main building only. Do not number the other buildings which are used for occupation by hotel guests.
(iii) If a building is used partly as a hotel or guest house or tourist residence or institution on the one hand, and partly for residential purposes by private households or for commercial and other non-residential purposes on the other, then two building numbers should be given to the building. One number will be for that part which is used as a hotel, guest house and tourist residence or institution. The second number will be for the rest of the building which can be wholly residential, wholly non-residential or partly residential and partly non-residential. This is a rare complicated case which will be made clearer by studying the example in Appendix F10 after going through the notes on type of building given in the next section.

The procedure of giving two numbers to one and the same building is inconsistent with the definition of building, but it has to be adopted on the field to ensure that persons in hotels, guest house and tourist residences and institutions are not only counted, but are counted separately from persons in private households.
It is to be noted that any building on the grounds of hotels, institutions, industrial and public establishments, which is partly or wholly used as place of residence for a private household (such as that of a watchman, an employee or a director), should be numbered and enumerated separately (see the cook’s housing unit in Appendix F9).

[p. 39]

8.6 Enumeration of the homeless
It is important not to miss homeless persons at the Census. Consult your Supervisor for such cases before proceeding with the enumeration of the homeless.
For data processing purposes it is necessary to allocate a block number and a building enumeration number to the place where such a homeless person is staying or spending the night. These numbers need to be entered on the appropriate box in the Housing Census questionnaire only and not on any physical structure.
You should include in this category any place, e.g. a shop verandah, a bench in a public garden, etc. where a homeless person may be staying or sleeping, although such a place is not strictly a building or structure. Please note that if a shop verandah is being used by a homeless person then two building numbers should be given – one for the building itself and another for the place where the homeless is staying or sleeping. This is necessary to identify the homeless person.

[p. 40]

9. Completion of the housing census forms

9.1 The housing census questionnaire
The Housing Census questionnaire has been designed to record information on one building, one housing unit within that building, up to two households, up to three planters, and one commercial establishment. It has eight sections:

I. Location of building
II. Type of building
III. Characteristics of building
IV. Address of housing units/households/commercial establishments
V. Housing units
VI. Households
VII. Agriculture
VIII. Commercial and industrial establishments, hotels, guest house and tourist residence

9.2 Filling the housing census questionnaire
Before filling the questionnaire, remember the important points mentioned at paragraph 6.5. Please note that leading zeros are not needed in the alphanumeric boxes; for example if you are entering the questionnaire number for the first questionnaire, the entry should be:
[Figure omitted]

C.E ID: It is essential to write your CE ID in the four boxes provided on the questionnaire.

[p. 41]

Section I - Location

C00 Questionnaire number: In the first 3 boxes preceding ‘of’, write the number to indicate whether it is the first, second or the nth questionnaire being used for the particular building.
If it is the first questionnaire being used for the building, the entry should be 1; If it is the second questionnaire, the entry should be 2.
In the next 3 boxes after ‘of’: This information should be written after all housing units/households/establishments in the building have been enumerated. Write the total number of questionnaires used for the particular building.

C01 Geographical district, C02 Municipal ward/village council area, C03 Enumeration area: They are the same as those on the maps. These items uniquely identify an EA.

C04 Block No.: This is the number you have ascribed to the particular block of the EA in which you are working. Write this number in the boxes provided.

C05 Building enumeration number:
Write in the boxes the number you have assigned to the building. Please note that the block no. and the building no. are entered separately on the questionnaire, although on the building you separate them by a slash. Remember that for institutions, industrial establishments and public buildings, only the main building is enumerated, and that no questionnaires should be filled in for the other buildings numbered with a subscript.

C06 Number of housing units in building:
This information should be written in the boxes provided after all housing units in the building have been enumerated. If there are no housing units in the building, write 0 in the boxes.

C07 Number of establishments in building:
Write in boxes the number of establishments in this building. If the building has no commercial establishment write 0 in the boxes. Note that if the building has more than 1 establishment a fresh questionnaire should be used for each establishment.

[p. 42]

Section II - Type of building

C08 Type of building:
Shade only one of the boxes as appropriate. Whenever instructions are given on the questionnaire to skip some sections, do not write anything on or cross the sections which are skipped. Note in particular that for a public building we stop at C08, so that all the remaining sections are left blank.
For the purpose of Housing Census, buildings have been divided into twenty types grouped under five broad headings. These are described below.

(A) Under construction and not inhabited
It is clear which buildings fall in this category, but please note that buildings still under construction but which are already occupied, are classified under the appropriate wholly residential or partly residential types.

(B) Wholly residential building
(i) Building used wholly as one housing unit
A large majority of residential buildings in Mauritius is of this type.
(ii) Building containing more than one housing unit.
A building should be included in this category only if it is wholly residential; otherwise it should be considered as partly residential. Since wholly residential buildings containing more than one housing unit may be of different kinds, the following distinctions will have to be made:
(a) Semi-detached houses
There is one wall between them, so they are built in pairs. This is a half-way solution between a house that is detached, when they are on their own, or terraced, that is, built in a row. For census purposes, they also include one-storey houses having a complete apartment on each floor and also side-by-side apartments on a single lot that share a common wall. They are known as 'duplex' houses. These houses contain 2 housing units.
(b) Blocks of flats
It is a building or structure used for residential purposes and which contains more than 2 housing units.
(c) Buildings intended to be used as one housing unit but crudely subdivided into smaller housing units
It is common practice to subdivide a building originally intended for habitation by one household into smaller housing units. Such divisions are sometimes effected by inadequate conversions, the most rudimentary being simply the locking of doors between adjacent rooms.
(d) Other wholly residential buildings containing more than one housing unit
This type will include mainly buildings containing one or more housing units plus one or more rooms occupied by members of a household living in another building (See Appendix F6).

[p. 43]

(iii) Detached room intended for use by part of a household
This is a separate building consisting of one or more rooms, but without cooking facilities, which is used, or intended to be used by one or more members of a household living in another building. However, a detached room which is not used by part of the household, but occupied by other persons (such as a watchman), should be considered as a building used wholly as one housing unit. Please note again that bathrooms, kitchens, garages and stores are not considered as detached rooms and are not to be enumerated as separate buildings.
(iv) Building or structure occupied as improvised housing unit
This is either an independent makeshift shelter built without any predetermined plan for the purpose of habitation, or a structure that has not been built or converted for human habitation, but is used for that purpose at the Census (e.g. garage, tent). Such improvised housing units should be enumerated only if there are people living in them at the time of the Census.
(v) Homeless
You should include in this category any place where a homeless person may be staying or sleeping, although such a place is not strictly a building or structure. This is necessary to identify the homeless person.

[p. 44]

(C) Partly residential
(vi) Building used partly for residential and partly for other purposes
This category consists of buildings having housing units as well as commercial, industrial or other non-residential quarters. Examples are shop-dwellings and blocks of flats with commercial establishments on the ground floor.
A building designed to be used wholly as a housing unit should be considered as wholly residential even if a room is subsequently used, by members of the resident household, for professional or "informal" economic activities, such as private tuition, consultation, and sewing for remuneration.

(D) Hotels and institutions
(vii) Tourist residence
This is any premises, other than a hotel or a guesthouse, which offers sleeping accommodation to tourists, with or without meals, for a fee.
(viii) Guest house
This means any premises where lodging and sleeping facilities, and breakfast, are provided against payment.
(ix) Hotel
This means any premises where (a) lodging and sleeping facilities (b) ancilliary services and amenities and (c) breakfast, meals and refreshments at reasonable hours are provided against payment.
(x) Institution
This category includes all buildings, used as convents, infirmaries, orphanages, hospitals, clinics, old people’s homes, prisons, barracks and the like.

[p. 45]

(E) Non-residential
(xi) Public building
This category includes all buildings, whether owned by the public or the private sector, which are used entirely (and not partly) by central and local government, semi-governmental bodies, and public corporations, for general administrative purposes and for the provision of social services (except institutions), or for general repair work.
Examples are District Court buildings, markets, town halls, community and social welfare centers, maternity and child welfare centers, police stations, water-works offices, experimental stations, museums, public places of worship. All school and college buildings which are government funded are to be considered public, whether they are Government owned or not.
Buildings containing publicly owned and controlled enterprises are also to be classified as public. A list of such enterprises is given at Annex 3.
It must be stressed that buildings are considered public only if they are entirely used for the purposes described above. If any of the buildings is used for residential purposes as well then the appropriate procedures described earlier should be used to determine the type of the building. Note also that Government buildings used exclusively as residential quarters, e.g. police flats, are to be considered as residential buildings.
(xii) Commercial building
A building is commercial if it is used entirely for commercial purposes, or if it is used mainly for commercial and partly for industrial or other non-residential purposes. Commerce means wholesale and retail trade such as is carried on in shops, drug-stores, tea shops, restaurants, tobacconist shops, hardware shops, etc. However markets as well as buildings occupied entirely by Government enterprises should be classified as public.
(xiii) Industrial building
A building is industrial if it is used entirely for industrial purposes, or if it is used mainly for industrial and partly for commercial or other non-residential purposes. Industrial activities are those that are carried out, for example, in textiles and garments factories, tailors’ and shoemakers’ workshops, tea and sugar factories, breweries, bakeries, tinsmiths’ and blacksmiths’ workshops, cabinet makers’ workshops, workshops for making ships’ models, handicrafts workshops, etc. Repair workshops will go under category "Other" described below. Note again that buildings occupied by Government enterprises are classified as public.
(xiv) Commercial and industrial
In this category are included buildings which are used equally for commercial and industrial purposes either by the same establishment or by different establishments. Examples are a bakery where cakes are made and sold, or a shirt maker’s workshop where shirts are manufactured and sold, or a building containing several establishments, some of which are engaged in commercial (selling) and others in industrial (manufacturing) activities. The condition is that again no part of the building should be used for residential purposes.
(xv) Warehouse
For the purpose of the Census a warehouse is defined as a building used solely for the storage of goods by wholesalers. Dock and harbor buildings do not fall in this category and should be classified in the category "Other" described below. Note however that buildings for government stores should be classified under "Public building".
(xvi) Other non-residential building
This category includes all buildings falling within the scope of the Census, but which do not belong to any of the categories mentioned above. In particular, all buildings used by the services sectors should be included here: for example, cinemas, banks, beauty parlors, barbers’ shops, attorneys’ and solicitors’ offices, accountants’ offices, doctors and dentists’ surgeries, dry cleaning establishments and repair workshops. Private pre-primary, secondary and tertiary schools are also classified in this category. Please note that you have to give a full description of any building reported as "Other", and therefore if you have doubts about the classification of any building, you can enter it in this category with the appropriate description.

[p. 46]

Section III – Characteristics of buildings

This section must be filled in only for wholly and partly residential buildings (i.e. types 02-08 and 10 in Section II). It does not apply to buildings under construction which are not inhabited, to hotels, institutions and non-residential buildings as well as the homeless.

C09 Storeys above ground floor:
This is the number of floors above the ground floor. However, an attic is not counted as a storey even if it is occupied. If there are no storeys above the ground floor, write 0 in the box, do not leave it blank.

[p. 47]

C10 Year of completion:
The year or period of completion refers to the age of buildings in which housing units are located. The exact year may not be known to the occupants, especially if they are renting accommodation in relatively old buildings, but extensive probing should be resorted to in order to arrive at an estimate of the period of completion.
If the period of completion cannot be estimated even after probing, then, as a last resort, report "Not known".
Buildings which are still under construction but are inhabited after the occupants have made makeshift arrangements should be reported as 02, i.e. building used wholly as one housing unit. However if part of the building, such as the ground floor, is completed and inhabited, the year of completion of this part should be reported, even if additions or improvements are in progress.
In cases where parts of buildings have been constructed at different times, the period of completion should refer to the major part.

C11-C12 Principal material of construction used:
The material of construction relates to the permanency and durability of the building. Information is to be recorded separately for the roof and walls. If more than one material is used, the predominant material should be reported, or the material used for the major part of the roof or walls.

Section IV - Address

C13 Address:
In the first row of boxes, write the apartment/flat name if applicable. If it is not an apartment or flat leave blank. On the second row, first write the street/road/lane number in the 4 boxes provided. Then write the street/road/lane name. On the third row, write the name of the locality and on the fourth that of the town or village Remember to allow a blank box between two words.
An example of how to record the address is given below:
[Figure omitted]
Here is another example of how to record the address if the locality is not needed:
[Figure omitted]

[p. 48]

Section V - For all housing units

This section applies to wholly and partly residential buildings except detached rooms (building type 07 in Section II), that is, it applies to building types 02-06, 08 and 10 in Section II.

CHU1 Serial No. of housing unit:
Write in the boxes provided the serial number of the housing unit under consideration. Thus the first housing unit in this building should be 1; the second housing unit (on a new questionnaire) should be 2 and so on.

CHU2 No. of households in Housing Unit:
Write in the boxes the total number of households in this housing unit of the building you are enumerating.

HU1 Ownership:
Shade in the appropriate box. For Owner-occupied and non-owner-occupied the question of mortgage should be ascertained.
Ownership refers to that of the housing unit itself, and not to the building or the land where the housing unit may be located. Two types of ownership are distinguished:

Private
For the category owner-occupied this includes all housing units which are owned by the private sector (households, private corporations, co-operatives, etc). It does not matter whether the housing units have been fully paid for, are mortgaged, or are being purchased in installments from a municipality, or a private or public corporation. However, owner- occupied private housing units which are mortgaged should be distinguished from those which are not. A non owner-occupied housing unit refers to one which is occupied by a household which does not own the housing unit.
Public
Housing units owned by central or local government and public corporations fall in this category. (Public corporations are listed at Annex 3). Some organizations (e.g. Mauritius Housing Company Ltd, NHDC, Municipal Councils) offer housing units for rent as well as for sales on a hire purchase basis. Probing is necessary to establish whether a given housing unit is being rented or purchased in installments. If it is being purchased in installments, then the ownership is private, whatever the organization from which it is being purchased.

[p. 49]

HU2 Occupancy:
This question may be a little difficult to answer at times, so you should carefully study the information below before shading in the relevant box.
A housing unit may be either occupied or vacant at the time it is visited by the Chief Enumerator. Furthermore, a housing unit may be occupied even though the occupants may not be living there at the time of visit. If the housing unit is occupied it is necessary to check whether it is occupied as a principal residence or a secondary residence.

Principal residence
An occupied housing unit is considered as a principal residence when it is the main place of abode of its occupants. Hence, if a bungalow ("campement") is occupied all year round by its owner or by a tenant it should be considered as a principal residence.

Secondary residence
An occupied housing unit is considered as a secondary residence if the occupants have a principal residence elsewhere.
[p. 50]
Vacant
If there are no occupants in a housing unit, then it may be difficult to obtain detailed information on its occupancy status. However, as much information as possible, should be obtained from watchmen, if any, and from neighbors. There may also be "for sale" or "for rent" signs posted on or near the dwelling to indicate the type of vacancy. Vacant housing units have to be classified according to whether they are for rent, for sale, provided by employer, or under repairs. If none of these apply then the reason of vacancy should be ascertained and specified in a separate residual category.
It must be noted that an apparently unoccupied housing unit may not necessarily be vacant. If the occupants are temporarily absent, then the housing unit is to be considered as occupied. Furthermore, if it is the main place of abode of the temporarily absent occupants, then it is to be reported under "principal residence". If, however, the housing unit is not used as a main place of abode, as for example in the case of a seaside bungalow ("campement"), then some caution has to be exercised before reporting it as a secondary residence: if a vacant housing unit is kept for seasonal occupation exclusively by members of the owner’s household and their friends and relatives (i.e. if it is not available for rent or for sale), then it should be reported as an occupied secondary residence; otherwise, the housing unit should be considered as vacant, and the reason for vacancy should be investigated and reported.
It should also be remembered that temporary shelters, improvised housing units and buildings awaiting demolition are to be enumerated only when occupied. Hence, the question of vacancy does not arise in their case.

HU3 Water supply:
Shade in the appropriate box; if several alternatives are available to the housing unit, shade the box corresponding the best source.
This question on water supply allows us to know whether there is a piped water installation inside the housing unit. If there is no such installation, then it is important to know if the housing unit has access to piped water on the premises or from a public fountain. If the housing unit does not have access to piped water then the source of water has to be spelled out (tank-wagon, well, river, or other specified source).
Piped water means water conveyed under pressure in galvanized iron pipes or polypipes which are usually fixed. An installation by which water is brought inside a housing unit by means of a plastic or rubber hose should not be considered as "piped water inside housing unit".

[p. 51]

HU4 Domestic water tank/reservoir:
Shade in the appropriate box. If more than one type of water storage facility is available, indicate the main one.
Information is here required on whether the housing unit has a tank or reservoir to store water to be used for domestic purposes. For the purpose of the Housing Census, a tank or reservoir means a container made of fibre-glass, concrete or concrete blocks. The water stored in the tank or reservoir is conducted through pipes and tap to the occupants of the housing unit. Sometimes, a pump is also required; this is usually the case for large tanks and reservoirs used in common by several housing units like for a block of apartments.
Buckets and metal casks used for storing water as well as reservoirs and tanks used for non-domestic purposes (like livestock or poultry rearing, kitchen garden, etc.) should not be considered as domestic water tanks or reservoirs.

HU5 Electricity:
Shade in the appropriate boxes. Since this question has multiple possibilities, multiple answers are allowed. Note however that for each source of electricity (CEB, photovoltaic, wind turbine/eolienne, other), you should shade either the box marked ‘Yes’ or the one marked ‘No’.
Availability of electricity within the housing unit, as distinct from the building, needs to be ascertained.
Please note that photovoltaic technology (PV) uses the sun’s energy to make electricity. PV technology produces electricity directly by the interaction of sunlight with certain semiconductor materials, such as silicon, in the PV module.
As for wind turbine, it is a machine that converts the wind's energy into electricity by using a generator.

[p. 52]

HU6 Toilet facilities:
You should shade in only one of the twelve boxes. If more than one type of toilet facility is available indicate the main one.
Toilet facilities refer to installations for the disposal of human excreta. They fall into the following categories:

Flush toilet connected to a sewerage system
This is a toilet connected to a sewerage system. The household must be located within a sewered area. Indications will be the presence of manholes in the nearby street and evidence of connection will be seen in the CWA monthly bill.
Flush toilet connected to absorption pit
An absorption pit is an unlined pit which is dug for the purpose of disposal of toilet waste and other liquid from inside the household.
Flush toilet connected to septic tank
A septic tank unlike a pit is a lined (walled) structure, usually of concrete, fibre or polyethylene that comprises not less than two chambers and provides some form of treatment to the waste. The effluent from the septic tank usually flows into an adjacent pit which is filled up with stones and smaller aggregates on top.
Pit latrine with water seal
This is an installation built on a pit with a "water seal". The "water seal" type is equipped with a receptacle having a water trap similar to the one used for a conventional flush toilet, but without a flushing device.
Pit latrine (other)
This is also an installation built on a pit. It is a simple slab with a hole usually located as a stand-alone unit outside the house.
Other
This implies that the housing unit has a toilet facility different from those mentioned above.
None
This implies that no toilet facilities are available in this housing unit. However, before reporting a housing unit as having no toilet makes sure that it is not sharing a toilet with another housing unit.

HU7 Bathing facilities:
You should shade in only one of the 9 boxes to indicate the type of bathing facilities available to the housing unit and whether or not it is shared with other housing units.
Please note that a bathroom is a separate enclosed space where an individual can have a bath or shower in complete privacy. Such a space may be located either inside or outside the housing unit, and in each case it may or may not have running water (i.e. a fixed piped installation). If water is brought into the bathroom in a pail or by means of a hose, then the bathroom is not considered as having running water.

[p. 53]

HU8 Kitchen:
You should shade in only one of the 5 boxes. If unshared cooking facilities are available both inside and outside the housing unit, shade box 1 (inside, not shared).
Information is here required on whether the housing unit has a kitchen or not, and if it has, whether the kitchen is inside the housing unit, or located outside in a separate detached structure.
A kitchen is defined as an enclosed space covered by a roof and used solely for cooking purposes, or for cooking and eating ("office-cuisine"). A kitchen may sometimes be of an improvised nature, but should be considered adequate when the user can stand comfortably within its walls and when it is covered by a roof.

HU9 Refuse disposal:
Shade in the appropriate box.
Solid waste generated by a housing unit can either be collected by an authorized collector or disposed of by the occupants by different means. If the refuse is collected by some authorized body, distinguish whether the collection is done on a regular or irregular basis. If the refuse is not collected by some authorized body it is important to know how it is finally disposed of by the occupants of the housing unit.
If different ways are used for disposal of garden rubbish and kitchen refuse, information should be sought on disposal of kitchen refuse. For instance, if garden rubbish is burnt in an ash pit whilst kitchen refuse is dumped on the premises, it is the latter method which should be reported. When several methods are used for disposal of kitchen refuse, the method employed most frequently is to be indicated.

[p. 54]

Sharing of facilities by housing units
Some of the facilities (toilet, bathing and cooking) described above may not be available for the exclusive use of the occupants of a housing unit. It is therefore important, in such cases, to investigate whether each of the facilities is for the exclusive use of the occupants of the housing unit being enumerated, or whether it is being shared with the occupants of another housing unit.
It must be noted that all the facilities, except those for refuse disposal, refer to the housing unit, and not to the occupants, although it is the occupants of the housing unit who use the facilities. It follows that if two households are living in one and the same housing unit, the facilities of that housing unit are not to be reported as shared. It is only when the occupants of another housing unit are also using the same facilities that sharing occurs.
It also follows that even if a housing unit is not occupied at the time of the census visit, attempts should still be made to obtain information on the facilities available.

HU10 Availability of other amenities:
For each amenity, shade the appropriate box to indicate whether it is available or not.
Information is here required on the availability of a solar water heater, water pump, air conditioner and residual current device. As for water pump a clear distinction should be made between a water pump that pumps water from a pipe to a container/reservoir and a water pump in-built in electric showers. For the purpose of the housing census the latter is not to be considered as a water pump.

HU11 Kitchen garden:
Shade in the appropriate box to indicate whether or not a kitchen garden is available. If the answer is ‘Yes’, shade the box corresponding to the area of the garden.
A kitchen garden is a backyard garden used for growing vegetables (e.g. thym, cotomili, piment etc.) and fruits mainly for household use. The area of a kitchen garden should normally be less than 5 perches, i.e. 211 square meters or 55 toises or 2000 square feet. If the area of a land is approximately 5 perches or more, it could be used for commercial purposes.

[p. 55]

HU12 Fruit trees:
Shade in the appropriate box to indicate whether or not there are fruit trees on the premises. If the answer is ‘No’, leave the rest of HU12 blank. If the answer is ‘Yes’, write the number of each type of fruit tree of bearing age on premises. For instance if there are 15 lemon trees, write 15 in the boxes for lemon. If there are 6 banana trees write 6 in the boxes for banana. If there is no tamarind tree, leave the box blank but put a cross next to the text ‘Tamarind’ (but not on the grey zone) to indicate that there is no tamarind tree in the garden.
This question applies only to the premises of wholly residential and partly residential buildings. If there is more than one housing unit then HU12 in Section V should be filled in as if all fruit trees were on the premises of the first housing unit only.
A fruit tree of bearing age is defined as one which has produced fruits at least once, even though during the current year or the past year, it might not have produced any fruit. (A non-bearing fruit tree is one which has never produced any fruit). As for banana, a bearing tree is one which has a bunch of bananas (whatever be the stage of growth of the bunch) at the time of enumeration.

Section VI - Households

The information recorded in this section will provide the names of all heads of households, all homeless persons, all hotels, guesthouses, tourist residences, institutions, as well as all those housing units that are vacant at the time of the Housing Census. This will enable the preparation of a Population Census questionnaire for every private and institutional household, every homeless person, every hotel population, and every housing unit which, although vacant or under construction at the Housing Census, could be occupied at the Population Census. The aim is to ensure that all persons in Mauritius are counted at the Population Census.

HH01 Household number:
This number is used to identify each household separately when there is more than one in the same housing unit. If there is only one household in the housing unit, write the number 1 and leave the boxes for the second household blank. If there are 2 households, enter the data for the first household then proceed with the second household.
Although the "Household No." will most often identify private households including homeless persons, the number should also be written when names relating to hotels and institutions have to be recorded.

[p. 56]

HH02 Household type:
Shade the appropriate box.
The term household type as used in the Housing Census questionnaire is not strictly a concept to be defined in terms of the inter-relationships between household members. It is used merely to categorize the Housing Census data on households and housing units in such a way as to ensure a proper and complete enumeration of all persons at the Population Census. Households are to be categorized in the following types:

Single
A household is considered as single when all its members occupy a single housing unit in one and the same building.

Combined
When a household occupies two (or more) buildings, that is when some members of the household occupy a housing unit in a main building whilst one or more members occupy another building or buildings, then the term "combined" is used to describe the household type for the housing unit in the main building. The main building is not necessarily the bigger building: it is the one where the household carries most of its activities, and in particular, where meals are taken in common. The other building(s) can be either detached room(s) or buildings containing housing units.

Part of household
This term is used to describe the household type for the detached room(s) or the secondary building(s).

Institutional
The term institutional household includes all the inmates of an institution such as a hospital, home/convent, infirmary, orphanage, prison, etc. It excludes staff members and their households who may be residing on the premises: these should be enumerated separately as private households.
[p. 57]
Hotel population
This question refers to all guests in a hotel, guesthouse or tourist residence. It excludes any hotel employees or managers and their households who may be residing on the premises.

Collective quarters
The term "collective quarters" is used to identify a group of foreign workers living together in one or more apartments, lodgings, temporary shelters, etc. Such quarters may have certain more or less common facilities, such as cooking and toilet installations, baths, dormitories, which are shared by the whole group.

Homeless
This refers to persons who do not have a shelter. They carry their few possessions with them, sleeping under shop verandahs, in doorways, in the streets or in any other space on a more or less random basis. If, as sometimes happens, a homeless person refuses to give information or cannot be awakened, it will still be necessary to enumerate that person. What can be done in such cases is to complete a questionnaire that indicates location details and the person’s gender. The address to be reported is where the homeless person usually spends most of his nights.

HH03 Name of head of household:
Write the title of the head in the first row of boxes next to ‘Title (e.g. MR, MS, DR, HON, etc.)’. Write the surname in the row of boxes next to ‘Surname of Head of Household’; if there is not enough space for the surname then continue on the row underneath. Similarly write the other name in the row of boxes next to ‘Other name’. You may refer to the following example:
[Figure omitted]
The head of a household is any adult member, whether male or female, who is acknowledged as head by the other members of the household. Although there is no need to identify a head of household for inmates of institutions and hotel residents, the person in charge should be considered as head for the purpose of supplying the census information.

[p. 58]

For Household types 1 (single) and 2 (combined), it is important that the names of the head of household be written neatly in block letters because they will be printed on an addressed Population Census questionnaire.
For Household Type 3 (part of household), Write "PART OF HOUSEHOLD" in the boxes reserved for ‘Surname of head of household’ and leave the rest of section VI blank.
For Household type 4 (Institutional) and 5 (Hotel population), write the title as well as the surname and other name officer in charge of the institution/hotel in the appropriate boxes. Also fill in boxes for HH04 and stop here
For Household Type 6 (Collective quarters), write the title, surname and other names of the leader of the group of workers in the appropriate boxes. Fill in boxes HH04 and stop here.
For Household Type 7 (Homeless), write the title, surname and other names of the homeless person if this can be obtained. Otherwise, write "HOMELESS" in the boxes reserved for Surname of head of household. Also fill in boxes HH04 and stop here.

HH04 No. of persons:
First ask for the total number of persons in the household, institution or hotel, and enter the figure in the boxes of the first row. Then obtain the number of males and females separately and write the figures in the boxes of the second and third rows respectively. Make sure that the number of males and females add up to the total.
If there are persons of one gender only in the household, hotel or institution, write 0 for the other gender; do not leave the boxes blank and do not use a dash (-).
The persons to be included for each different household type are as follows:

[p. 59]

For Household Type 1 (single), include all persons who usually form part of the household, even if they are temporarily absent from home, e.g. persons in hospital, persons who reside on their site of work during week days and come home for week-ends, persons visiting relatives, children living with relatives on week-days and coming home at week-ends and during holidays; persons on vacation or studying abroad. Exclude visitors and servants who do not usually form part of the household.
For Household Type 2 (Combined), Include all usual members of the household including those in the main building as well as those in the secondary building or detached room.
For Household Type 3 (Part of household), Leave blank, since persons have to be included with type 2 (combined) in the main building.
For Household Type 4 (Institutional), write in the boxes the number of inmates who are in the institution at the time you visit the institution. If exact figures are not readily available ask for approximate figures by gender. Leave the rest of Section VI blank.
For Household Type 5 (Hotel population), write in the boxes the number of guests in the hotel or guest house and tourist residence at the time of your visit. If an exact count is not readily available obtain approximate figures by gender. Leave the rest of Section VI blank.
For Household Type 6 (Collective quarters), write in boxes the total number of workers living at the address. Leave the rest of Section VI blank.
For Household Type 7 (Homeless), consider each homeless person as a household on his own. Leave the rest of Section VI blank.

The total number of persons in a private household is either one for one-person households or the total number of persons who are living together and making common provisions for food and other essentials for living.
An institutional household consists of all the persons who are inmates of an institution, whilst the population of a hotel or guest house and tourist residence house consists of all the guests of the hotel or guest house and tourist residence house.
All foreign workers living together in collective quarters are considered to be members of the same household.

[The following questions HH05 to HH10 are applicable to household types 1 (single) and 2 (combined) only.]

[p. 60]

HH05 Number of rooms:
Write in the respective boxes the number of rooms used by each household for living purposes and for business or professional purposes. Two categories of rooms need to be distinguished:

- The rooms occupied by a household for living purposes include rooms used or intended for living purposes, that is, bedrooms, dining-rooms, living rooms, studies, habitable attics, and closed verandahs. Kitchens are also to be counted as rooms for living purposes if they satisfy the definition of a room (walls at least 2 metres high and size at least 4 square metres). The following are not to be considered as rooms: open verandahs, corridors, lobbies (vestibules), bathrooms, toilets, stores and garages not used for living purposes.
- Rooms for business or profession are used exclusively for business or professional purposes. If a room is used partly for living and partly for business or profession, it should be considered as a room for living purposes.

Number of rooms for living purposes:
If a housing unit is occupied by more than one household and some rooms are shared by the households, assign each shared room to that household with the largest number of persons using the room. Furthermore check that shared rooms are not counted by more than one household, by obtaining a direct count of all the rooms in the housing unit.
For building still under construction but occupied, report on the number of rooms occupied.
The question applies only to household types 1 and 2. But for type 2(combined) include the rooms in any secondary building occupied by part of the household.

Number of rooms for business or profession:
Include in this category only those used exclusively for business or professional purposes. If a room is used partly for living and partly for other purposes, count it in the number of rooms used for living purposes, write 0 if no rooms are used for business or professional purposes.

[Note that if a business or profession is being carried out in a housing unit or on its premises, then section VIII (Establishments) should be filled in, irrespective of whether a room is being used for that purpose or not.]

[p. 61]

HH06 Tenure:
Shade in the appropriate box. Please note that the question applies only to household types 1 and 2.
Tenure refers to the arrangements under which a household occupies its housing unit. The information is needed for private households occupying their principal residence only. The categories defined are as follows:

Owner
When a member of the household owns the housing unit occupied even if it is being purchased in installments and is not completely paid for.

Tenant
When the household rents the housing unit as the main tenant.

Sub-tenant
When the household rents the housing unit it occupies from another occupant who is the main tenant.

Free
When the household does not own the housing unit it occupies and yet does not pay any rent at all. Such free housing may be provided by the employer of a member of the household, by a relative or other person who does not form part of the household occupying the free accommodation.
However, if a member of the household receives a house allowance from his employer to cover part or the whole of the rent, the household is considered to be paying for the housing unit, and should be classified as a tenant or subtenant as the case may be.

Other
This is when the household occupies its place of abode under some form of tenure other than the four described above.

It will be noted from the above definitions that the concept of tenure is related to the household, and not to the housing unit. The question has to be asked of all households; otherwise there is a danger that it may be omitted in cases where more than one household occupies a single housing unit.

[p. 62]

HH07 Monthly expenditure (Rs)

Rent: This is the monthly rent paid (to the nearest rupee) by a household which is renting the accommodation it occupies. Leave the boxes blank if the household does not pay rent.
Rent is the amount paid periodically for the space occupied by a household. For the purposes of the Housing Census the monthly equivalent of the rent is to be reported, whatever be the interval at which the rent is payable. It is to be noted that the information required is the rent paid by individual households for the space they occupy. This implies that if a space is shared by two households then the rent paid by each household is to be reported separately. It is frequent in some regions that the rent paid includes water or waste water or even electricity charges. Rent can also include furnished accommodation. What is sought is in fact the "pure" rent component, i.e. excluding water, waste water and, electricity charges and furniture accommodation.

Average monthly household expenditure: This is the total monthly household expenditure usually incurred for a normal month. It includes expenditure on food, beverages, clothing, rent, electricity, water etc. as well as for the repayment of household debt such as housing, furniture and household appliances.

HH08 Principal fuel used

Principal fuel used for cooking: Shade in the appropriate box for the principal fuel used for cooking by each household in the housing unit. Information is here required on the type of fuel used for the preparation of meals by each household. This could be LPG, electricity, kerosene, charcoal, wood or some other material which needs to be specified. If more than one fuel is used by the same household then the one used most often is to be reported.

Principal fuel used in bathroom: Shade in the appropriate box for the principal fuel used for heating water to be used for bathing purposes. Information is here required on the type of energy, if any, used for heating water to be used for bathing purposes, e.g. LPG, electricity, solar etc. It must be noted that the water need not be heated in the bathroom itself. If several forms of energy are used by the same household then the one used most often is to be reported.

[p. 63]

HH09 Availability of (i) Refrigerator, (ii) Washing machine, (iii) Radio, (iv) TV, (v) Fixed telephone line, (vi) Mobile phone, (vii) Computer, (viii) Internet via ADSL computer, Internet via other devices:
Shade in the appropriate boxes to indicate whether or not each amenity (refrigerator, washing machine, etc) is available or not.

[Note that HH09 (viii) should read ‘Internet via computer’ and not ‘Internet via ADSL’.]

HH10 Land cultivation:
Check if any household member is engaged in land cultivation (of size 5 perches or more) mainly for commercial purposes and shade in the appropriate box. If the answer is ‘Yes’, you should fill in Section VII.

Section VII - Agriculture

This section has been included is to allow for the compilation of a frame for future agricultural surveys. It is to be emphasized that this section pertains to all plots of land whose area are 5 perches or more and used mainly for commercial purposes. All individual members of the household will be requested to furnish information on agricultural activities undertaken by him/her. Note that sugar cane, tea and tobacco cultivation should not be included in this section.

Household number/household member:
This refers to the household number while the second pertains to the household member doing land cultivation. For instance if there are 2 members engaged in land cultivation in the 1st household, we should proceed as follows:
[Figure omitted]

Surname/other name of the planter:
Write clearly the Surname on first line and the other names of the planter on the second line. Please differentiate between a planter and a worker in the plantation. For census purposes, a planter is someone cultivating at least 5 perches of land (owned or lease land) under a crop.
If in a household there is more than 1 planter and:

- they are cultivating the same field, you should collect information on the main planter
only;
- they are cultivating different fields then you should collect information on all of them.

[p. 64]

Location of field:
Write the full address of the field, i.e., street, locality then the town or village. In this case, separate the street from the locality by space, followed by X, and followed by another space. Similarly separate the locality from the town/village by space, followed by X, and followed by another space. An example is given below:
[Figure omitted]
Note that the separator between street and locality and between locality and town/village is space, followed by X, and followed by another space.

Area:
Ask the planter for total area of the field (to the nearest perche) under cultivation for all crops grown. If the latter does not know the exact area, ask for an estimate.

Crop description:
Write in the boxes the main crop(s) the planter cultivated during most of the year 2010 (a maximum of 3 is allowed). The crop pertains to vegetables (e.g. tomato, potato, etc.), flowers (e.g. anthurium, gerbera, rose, etc.), fruits (litchi, mango, strawberry, etc.) the planter cultivated during most of the year 2010 (a maximum of 3 is allowed).

Type:
Shade in the appropriate box to indicate the type of cultivation technique used for each crop. A description of the three techniques to be chosen is described below:

Open fields
It is a conventional type of agriculture whereby the plants are exposed to prevailing environmental condition.
Greenhouse (Hydroponics)
Hydroponics refers to the growing of plants in a medium other than soil. Under this technique, the plants are fed with a nutrient solution which consists of water into which are mixed all the essentials mineral elements needed by the plants for their growth and development.
Greenhouse (non-hydroponics)
Soil production under protected condition (Non Hydroponic) whereby the plants are protected against certain climatic conditions, e.g. use of shade house for ornamental culture or plastic greenhouse for vegetables and fruits.

[p. 65]

Section VIII – Commercial and industrial establishments, hotel, guest house and tourist residence

This section caters for only one commercial/ industrial establishment/hotel/guest house/tourist residence as well as one ‘informal’ activity being carried out by a private household per questionnaire.
You will be required to enumerate all commercial/industrial establishments found in the building. However due to time constraint for the preparation of addressed questionnaires for all households, the enumeration of commercial/industrial establishments will be done in two phases. At the first phase during the period 31 January to mid March 2011 you are required to enumerate up to nine establishments though there may be more establishments in the building. At the second phase you will enumerate the remaining establishments.
When you have to fill more than one questionnaire for this section you just have to repeat all information of Section I - Location and Section IV- Address on each additional questionnaire and then proceed to fill only Section VIII.

E00 Serial number of establishment:
In the first box preceding ‘of’ write the number to indicate whether it is the first, second or ninth establishment being enumerated. If it is the first establishment being enumerated, the entry should be 1; if it is the second establishment, the entry should be 2 and so on. In the next box after ‘of’: Write the total number of establishments found in this building.

E01 Name of establishment:
Write the name of the establishment as on its signboard. If the establishment has no name, write the full name of the working proprietor/manager. If an economic activity is carried out by a person in his house or on his premises, write the full name of the person.

[p. 66]

E02 Main activity in which the establishment is engaged:
Write precisely the kind of work done in the establishment or by the person. This is a description of the work or business being done or the services being offered by the establishment. If more than one activity is being carried out then the main one should be given. For example, if making shoes is the main activity of an establishment which also repairs shoes as a secondary activity, then manufacture of shoes should be reported.
The nature of work being done needs to be described precisely. Vague terms such as repair work, commerce, textiles, etc. should not be used. They should be replaced by precise terms such as motorcar repairs, radio and television repairs; manufacture of garments, etc.

E03 Business Registration Number (BRN):
Write in the boxes the 9 alpha-numeric code in the boxes for establishments having a BRN. If the establishment does not have a BRN leave blank.
With the coming into force of the Business Registration and Facilitation Act in 2006, all economic operators have to be registered with the Companies Division in order to be able to operate. At time of registration, the operator is issued a business registration card and assigned a unique Business Registration Number (BRN). This is being used by all stakeholders like the Ministry of Social Security, Customs Department etc. It is a 9 alpha-numeric code.

E04 Number of persons engaged:
Write in boxes the number of persons engaged in this establishment at the time of enumeration. This includes, not only full-time employees, but also working proprietors, unpaid family workers, paid and unpaid apprentices, as well as full-time employees who are temporarily absent from work because of sickness, accident, holiday or strike.

Comments and full details of unusual circumstances
If you come across a rare case which is not covered by the provisions on the questionnaire or in the instructions, give all details in the space provided on the last page of the questionnaire in the Section "Comments and full details of unusual circumstances". Consult your immediate supervisor for advice.

9.2 Sections to fill in by type of building
A table showing the sections to fill in according to the type of building is given at Annex 1.

[p. 67]

9.3 Completion of the listing sheet C1
After you have filled in the Housing Census questionnaires, you should complete a list of all buildings, housing units, establishments and households in each E.A as per the listing sheet C1 (Annex 4). Please fill in the listing sheet in block letters and do not wait until an EA is completed to start filling in the listing sheet. You should proceed as and when you have completed a few questionnaires.
An example of how the listing sheet C1 should be filled in is given at Annex 5.

[p. 68]

10. Special cases

Although this manual has catered for most of the enumeration procedures which are to be adhered to, some complicated situations may crop up. The treatment of some of these complications is given at Annex 2 (F1 to F10).

10.1 Omission of buildings
It may happen that in spite of your vigilance you miss a building, or your Supervisor comes across a building which you should have enumerated but have not. You should proceed as explained below.

(a) Block not completed. If you are still enumerating the block in which the omitted building is found, then complete the enumeration of the block. Note the position and number of the last building on your EA map. Give the next building number to the omitted building and show it also on your EA map. Enumerate the omitted building and all the housing units, households and establishment in a questionnaire.
(b) Block completed, EA not completed. Enumerate the omitted building in a questionnaire but give it a number next to the last building number in the block where it ought to have been. Also show it on your EA map
(c) Block and EA completed. Enumerate the omitted building in a new questionnaire and show it on your EA map.
10.2 Omission of housing units in enumerated buildings.
Use a new questionnaire to enumerate each omitted housing unit. Complete Section I-Location, Section IV- Address and Section V- Housing Unit and proceed as warranted.

10.2.1 Omission of households in enumerated buildings.
Section VI-Households caters for two households in a housing unit. If there are 2 households in a housing unit and you have missed one, then retrieve the questionnaire for the given housing unit and proceed as follows:

(a) Correct CHU2: No. of household in housing unit; strike 1 and write 2 underneath;
(b) Fill in Section VI for the second household and proceed as warranted.

If there are three households in a housing unit and you have missed one, then you should use a new questionnaire. See section 10.5 below.

[p. 69]

10.3 Non-contacts
The procedures described for omissions should be followed for non-contacts as well. However, your explanation and cross references should indicate whether we are dealing with omissions or non-contacts.

10.4 More than one housing unit in a building
On the first questionnaire, complete all relevant sections for the first housing unit as follows: CE ID, Section 1, Section II, Section III, Section IV, Section V, Section VI (if housing unit is not vacant), Section VII (if applicable) and Section VIII (if applicable, i.e. a household member is engaged in ‘informal’ activity in his/her premises).
On the second questionnaire for the second housing unit, there is no need to complete Section II and Section III. You should complete only the following sections:
CE ID, Section 1, Section IV, Section V, Section VI (if housing unit is not vacant), Section VII (if applicable) and Section VIII (if applicable, i.e. a household member is engaged in ‘informal’ activity in his/her premises).
Proceed in the same way for housing unit number 3 if any, and continue until all housing units have been covered.

10.5 More than 2 households in a housing unit (rare)
On the first questionnaire, complete all relevant sections for the housing unit and the first 2 households as follows:
CE ID, Section 1, Section II, Section III, Section IV, Section V, Section VI, Section VII (if applicable) and Section VIII (if applicable, i.e. a household member is engaged in ‘informal’ activity in his/her premises).
On the second questionnaire for the third household (and fourth household, if any) in the housing unit there is no need to complete Section II, Section III and HU1 to HU12 in Section V. You should complete only the following sections:
CE ID, Section 1, Section IV, Section V (only CHU1 and CHU2), Section VI, Section VII (if applicable) and Section VIII (if applicable).

[p. 70]

10.6 More than 3 planters in a housing unit (rare)
On the first questionnaire, complete all relevant sections for the housing unit, the first 2 households and the first 3 planters in the housing unit as follows:
CE ID, Section 1, Section II, Section III, Section IV, Section V, Section VI, Section VII and Section VIII (if applicable).
On the second questionnaire, for the 4th planter in the housing unit there is no need to complete Section II, Section III, HU1 to HU12 in Section V, Section VI. You should complete only the following sections:
CE ID, Section 1, Section IV, Section V (only CHU1 and CHU2), Section VII and Section VIII (if applicable).

10.7 More than 1 person in a housing unit engaged in informal activity in his/her premises (rare)
On the first questionnaire, complete all relevant sections for the housing unit, the first 2 households and the first ‘informal activity’ (establishment) as follows:
CE ID, Section 1, Section II, Section III, Section IV, Section V, Section VI, Section VII (if applicable) and Section VIII.
On the second questionnaire, for the 2nd person engaged in ‘informal’ activity in the same housing unit, there is no need to complete Section II, Section III, HU1 to HU12 in Section V, Section VI. You should complete only the following sections:
CE ID, Section 1, Section IV, Section V (only CHU1 and CHU2) and Section VIII.

10.8 More than 1 establishment in a non-residential building
On the first questionnaire, complete all relevant sections for the non-residential building and its first establishment as follows:
CE ID, Section 1, Section II, Section IV and Section VIII.
On the second questionnaire, for the 2nd establishment in the building, there is no need to complete Section II. You should complete only the following sections:
CE ID, Section 1, Section IV and Section VIII.

[p. 71]

11. Issue and return of housing census questionnaires

11.1 Delivery and quality control of Housing Census questionnaires
Your Supervisor (S) will issue housing census questionnaires to you as follows:

(a) The housing census questionnaires will be delivered in a carton box containing 350 blank questionnaires with printed barcodes.
(b) The carton box of 350 questionnaires will bear a label with the following information:
[Figure omitted]

You should carry out the following checks:

(a) Check that the box actually contains 350 questionnaires
(b) Check whether the questionnaire barcodes conform to the range of barcode on the box label
(c) Check whether the range of barcodes is continuous as indicated on the box.
(d) Check whether all the questionnaires are in good condition, i.e. they are free from smudge, crease, tears, spots and stains etc. Any defect noted during this exercise should be immediately reported to the Supervisor.
[p. 72]

11.2 Return of Housing Census questionnaires
As soon as you complete one EA, you should put all completed questionnaires for that EA in a ‘pizza’ box (carton box, similar to a pizza box, specially designed to accommodate the questionnaires by EA). Please ensure that all questionnaires pertaining to a given EA have the same location codes, i.e. C01: Geographical district, C02: MW/VCA, C03: Enumeration Area. Fill in the entries on the box appropriately and submit the box to your Supervisor.
The information to be recorded on the ‘pizza’ box is:

- EA number
- Name of supervisor
- Name of CE
- No. of completed questionnaires
- No. of Housing units
- No. of households
- No. of persons (Total, Male, and Female)
- Date submitted to Supervisor

Please note that a ’pizza’ box is designed to contain not more than 150 completed questionnaires. If there are more than 150 questionnaires for a completed EA, use another ’pizza’ box to store the rest of the questionnaires.
At the end of enumeration, all unused questionnaires should be placed in an envelope. Write ‘UNUSED’ across the envelope and return it back to your supervisor.
After the Housing Census enumeration is completed, the CE should then return all fieldwork materials (listing sheets, EA maps) except his/her ID card and sign the control form C2 (Annex 6).

[Annexes 1-6 and Specimen Housing Census Questionnaire are omitted]