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Fourth General Population and Dwelling Survey 2009
April 1 to 14, 2009
Survey Agent Manual

[Omitted Cover Page]

[Omitted Index]

[Pg. i]

Acronyms and Abbreviations

[Translation note: The acronyms of the French words have been translated so the letters do not match up.]

AMALDEM Malian Association for the Fight against Mental Disabilities
AMADER Malian Agency for the Development of the Rural Electrification
BCR Central Census Bureau
CM Head of Household
COMANAV Malian Navigation Company
DD Enumeration District
DNSI National Office of Statistics and Data
DSD Demographic Statistics Division
EDM Malian Energy Company
EDS Demographic Health Survey
HUICOMA Oil mill for cotton in Mali
NH Not Occupied
DK Do not Know
PADEM Household Survey Program
RA Absent resident
RGPH General Census of Population and Housing
RP Resident Present
SE Enumeration Section

[Omitted Preface]

[Omitted Introduction that states the importance of the Census]

I. The Population and Housing Census: Definition and Objectives
The population and housing census is a complex operation that will not fail to provoke interest and therefore a lot of questions from the people involved in the operation. Thus, it is essential for the enumerator who conducts the interviews to understand the purpose and objectives of this operation in order to properly inform the population during enumeration. This chapter is a summary of the purpose and objectives of the survey and serves as a reminder of some uses of data that will be collected.

[Pg. 1]

1.1 Definition of the General Census of Population and Housing

The census of population and housing is a set of operations with an exhaustive enumeration of the population, that is to say a count of all residents or persons present in the national territory at any given time, without omission or double counting. It allows for the collection of general information on demographic, economic, social and cultural characteristics.

This RGPH [General Census of Population and Housing] allows in particular:

1. Collect data on the number of live births and deaths during the year preceding the census (events of the last 12 months);
2. Establish an inventory of all locations of residential use and collect information on the characteristics of construction and sanitation methods (questions about Housing);
3. Collect information on migration (domestic and international);
[Pg. 2]
4. Produce data on maternal mortality;

The census has been designed to be executed on the territory within its present borders. The operation of census mapping has the authority to divide the country into Enumeration Sections (SE) grouped into Enumeration Districts (SD). Each DD contains on average 5 SE. This division allows us to reach all sections of the population (villages, hamlets ...). The sedentary and nomadic populations are all relevant to the enumeration. Each individual in the population and each residential location use will be surveyed. The measures provided for and programmed by the census will be conducted on a specific date so that the data collected can have a precise reference. The period chosen for this census is that from April 1 to 14, 2009. Once the data collected, it will be grouped, evaluated, used and published for planning purposes.

1.2 Objectives of the Census of Population and Housing

The following specific objectives are assigned to this census:

1. Know the total number of the population of Mali and its distribution between the regions, districts, townships, sedentary and nomadic villages, urban and rural milieus;
2. Know its structure by sex and age, that is to say the total number of men and women by age;
3. Know the total number of births annually and the total number of deaths annually;
4. Know the availabilities of housing for households and their living conditions in housing regulations;
5. Bring general information on demographic characteristics (sex, age, infant mortality, migrations ...) economic (occupation, main economic activity ...) and sociocultural (marital status, nationality, literacy, spoken language ...).

1.3 What is the use of the census data?

The fundamental objective of the economic and social development plans in Mali consists of the improvement of living conditions of populations, of production capacity and of social conditions. The actions necessary for the completion of this objective affect all sectors of national life. Some of them deserve special attention:

1. Food self-sufficiency for populations in whatever weather conditions that may occur;
2. Public schooling to allow a majority of children of school age have access to the basic education;
3. Intensification of practical literacy training
4. Pursuit of the policy of primary health care;
5. The establishment of industrial units;
6. The construction of affordable housing for households etc...

The RGPH is a valuable tool best suited to determine these needs. It produces detailed information necessary for the Government to make decisions. Indeed, these different needs cannot be properly appreciated by the Government if it does not have, in principle, detailed data on:

[pg. 3]

1. The total population and its geographical distribution to determine on a rational basis the food needs of the population, decide on a health policy and on the choice for sites of industrial units;
2. The total number of children of school age and the total number of adults in the country, to decide the number of schools to build and practical actions for literacy;
3. The data relating to the housing situation that will be needed to develop housing programs for households

The RGPH is the main source of data for planning and administration within the framework of their economic and social development actions. Thus, efforts will be made to ensure a good execution of the census.

Of legislative texts, conferring on the operation all its national and legal character, creating all the consulting and executing bodies for its organization, were adopted by the government to ensure its correct operation.

[Omitted: Section 2- Organizational chart of survey personnel]

[pg. 4]

III. The concepts and definitions

The following concepts will be used during the operation of the census: some concepts are used as a common term throughout this manual and others are used to fill the "household" questionnaire and data collection sheets. The enumerator must assimilate the definitions given to him and follow them with maximum conformity during the active phase of the census. We ask the enumerator to use the following definitions of these different concepts.

Demography: Demography is the study of human populations living in a given geographic location.

[Omitted Example]

Counting districts (DD) DD is an enumeration area consisting of an average of five SEs. Thus, a DD has about 5500 inhabitants in urban areas and 3,500 inhabitants in rural areas. In the example below, the 032 SE belongs to DD "D."

Enumeration section (SE) is an enumeration area entrusted to an enumerator for the census period. This area is determined based on a population of about 1 100 inhabitants in urban areas and 700 inhabitants in rural areas. An SE can be constituted of a part of a town, village or several villages or part of a neighborhood in an urban area.

[Omitted Example]

Concession is space that may or may not be fenced in, with an interior with one or more buildings of various use (dwellings and outbuildings, public or private buildings etc.). A concession is usually surrounded by a wall or hedge. It may in some cases be made up of a set of independent constructions, not necessarily surrounded by a wall

[pg. 5]

or hedge. It can also be reduced to a single building used for specific function or not (block of dwellings). Thus they may be considered concession buildings concerning administrative purposes, public or religious, industrial, commercial, etc. The concession can be occupied by one or more households and can be made up of one or more dwellings. The concession is usually under the responsibility of a concession head (owner or not).

Construction: A construction is a stand-alone unit containing one or more rooms separated by walls and intended for use as housing or as an outbuilding. However, the construction can be formed by any material (wood, sheet metal, straw) covered by a roof, without permanent walls. Example: A construction can be a building with multiple dwelling units, a house, a kitchen, toilets, attic etc.

Housing: This is the unit used for the surveying of the housing. The accommodation is a housing unit (set of constructions) intended for a household. The following types of housing are distinguished.

Fixed housing: This is a room or set of rooms located in a permanent building, meaning one that can remain in place for quite a long time (ranging from 1 to more than 10 years, for example). This category includes: permanent houses (cement walls or concrete) such as villas, apartment buildings, other buildings of this type etc ..., semi-hard houses (walls of mud or baked bricks, plastered cement) and houses of mud or straw, round huts.
Mobile housing: This type refers to an installation for residential use, built so that it can be transported or made of a mobile unit that is used as a dwelling at the time of the survey. This category includes: nomadic tents, railroad cars, boats, canoes and fishing vessels, etc. These houses will be taken into account if they are occupied at the time of the census.

Household: The household is made up of an individual or a group of individuals related or not, living under the same roof under the responsibility of a head of household whose authority is recognized from all members. The household is characterized by these three key criteria (related or not, living under the same roof and recognizing the authority of a head of household). It can simply be a person living alone or with his or her children.

[Omitted Example]

[pg. 6]

1.Ordinary household
The ordinary household is made up of a head of household, his wife/wives and their unmarried children, possibly with others who may or may not be related to them. It can be a sedentary household as well as a nomadic household. A nomadic household is defined as being a household living in a mobile home (tent) and undertakes periodic or continual displacements.
Special cases
1. What to do with a polygamous household?
If the wives are in the same concession: they are part of a same household.
If the wives are not in the same concession each one constitutes a separate household. In this specific case, the husband is surveyed in the household he is in when the enumerator is there. Thus, in the absence of the husband, the other wives will be heads of their own household.
2. A tenant who does not take his meals where he lodges is a separate household.
3. In the case of a concession where a man lives with his wives and children. Each married child is a new household with his or her spouse(s), children and their potential unmarried dependents.
4. Each member of group of unmarried people, related or not, living together and independently providing their own meals, constitutes a single-person household.

[Omitted enumerator's Instructions]

2. Communal household
A communal household is a group of several people who do not meet the criteria established by an ordinary household: no head of household, no spouses and children, etc. These are people who live together in a lodging or in individual or collective rooms, for reasons of study, health, work, travel, correction, communal interest.

The collective household can be: a hospital or health center with hospitalization, an educational boarding establishment (High school or middle school, Colleges of Education, Institutes etc.), a reeducation center (Bolle center, for example), a hotel, a convent, and other religious communities, a military camp, etc.

Special cases: The ordinary households that are housed in dwellings in the same courtyard as a communal household are identified and surveyed separately on an ordinary household sheet. For example: the Director of the hospital who has a home in the courtyard of the hospital.

[Omitted Instructions]
[Omitted Examples]

[pg. 7]

Resident: A resident is a person who has spent six (6) months or more in his or her current place of residence or intends to settle there for a period of more than six (6) months.

[Omitted Examples]

Location of residence: A resident who has spent the night preceding the passage of the enumerator in the household is a Present Resident (PR) If the resident did not spend the night preceding the passage of the agent in the household, he or she is denoted Resident Absent (RA). A resident who leaves the household for more than six (6) months is not counted in this household. The resident who did not spend the night preceding the passage of the agent for service reasons and did not leave the locality is considered RP

[Omitted Example]

Visitor : A visitor is a person who is in the household for less than six (6) months and who does not intend to stay more than six (6) months. A visitor is a person who is traveling who is not at his usual place residence.

[Omitted Example]

Migration: Migration is the movement of the population. Internal migration (in the interior of a country) and international migration (to the outside of a country) are distinguished. For each type of migration, emigration and immigration are distinguished.

Under RGPH 2009, the enumerator collects information on international emigration (Section V of the questionnaire): a Malian who crossed the borders for any reason during the past five years. It is considered an international emigration when a person leaves the Mali to go to another country. A Malian living in Benin is an emigrant in his native country (Mali).

It is international immigration when a person leaves his country of residence or origin to go to another. An Ivorian resident in Mali during RGPH is an immigrant in the host country (Mali).

[pg. 8]

IV. General indications on the work of the agent

The success of RGPH depends largely on your good command of the manual present, including your dedication, your behavior towards the population census and your interest in the national cause.

[Omitted: 4.1- Role and tasks of the enumerator, 4.2- Behavior vis-a-vis the population, 4.3 - Professional obligations of the enumerator, 4.4 - Prohibitions, 4.5 ? Sanctions, 4.6- File of enumerator agent, 4.7 - Recording period, 4.8- Collection method]

[pg. 11]

V. Concession and household numbering

The first step of your work is the recognition of the SE with your team leader (see diagram p.4). Once the recognition of the SE is completed, the numbering of concessions should be started immediately. This is an operation that must be completed on the territory before the beginning of the counting from April 1-14, 2009. If the agent has not finished numbering before April 1, he/she starts counting in the numbered concessions first and resumes numbering and counting through his/her progression in the SE.

The numbering of concessions is meant to accurately determine the number of concessions, of households to survey per concession and get an idea of the number of buildings in each concession well before the counting.

[pg. 12]

5.1 How to number concessions?

The numbering of concessions is related to the inhabited concessions and concessions for residential use including those uninhabited at the time of the survey. The numbers are marked legibly and visibly with chalk above the entry door in 3 positions (or on the entryway door frame), and out of reach of children. Precede this number entitled "RGPH" by putting a slash (/) between the two.

[Omitted example]

The numbering is done in "block" method. One must number each concession precisely square by square in urban areas or part by part in rural areas. In general, the block bound by streets. To help you, sometimes you will have a sketch or plan to identify your "blocks" (see diagram p.4).
From a block of the SE, the agent chooses his/her starting point, which is the first concession in the block. He/she circles the block while numbering the concessions without omission or duplication (see diagram p.4). At the same time, the agent numbers the households in the various concessions as well as the buildings for each household.

The agent numbers all concessions block by block, circling each block and numbering the concessions "1," "2," "3" ... until "n" (last concession). The agent must not skip any number.

For areas without sketches (a village which makes up a SE), the same block method is recommended. The agent, with the help of his/her team leader, identifies blocks without marking them and numbers the concessions as in the first case.

Instruction: When a concession is not fenced in, put the concession number on each building occupied or intended to be inhabited.

[Omitted example]

When the SE includes two villages "A" and "B," first number the concession of the first village "A." If the last concession of the village A has, for example the number 26, the number of concessions in village B will start with 27, 28, 29, etc.

All the concessions of the SE including uninhabited concessions for residential use will be numbered. In cases where the concession is not inhabited, follow the NH number which means Not Inhabited.

For all collective households identified, signal their existence to your team leader

Some uninhabited concessions that are not for residential use will simply be marked with a cross. These include public buildings and office buildings, business establishments, uninhabited shops, schools without boarding, mosques and churches, industrial buildings.

However, there may be buildings or dwellings in some concessions inhabited for administrative or religious use. In this case, the agent is asked to verify the presence or absence of a household to number the concession.

[Omitted example]

[pg. 13]

5.2 How to number households?

In a concession, households are numbered sequentially from 1 to n. The household number is composed of three (3) digits. You need to base the numbering of households with three (3) digits, preceding the number of the concession by putting a slash (/) between the two on each household's dwelling. When a house is uninhabited, it must be numbered "000."

[Omitted examples]

5.3 Numbering of concession buildings

The numbering of buildings relates to the inhabited buildings and those intended to be inhabited. The buildings that are not for residential use, such as outbuildings (attics, bathrooms, hallways, henhouses, stables etc.), uninhabited shops etc., should not have numbers, but just a cross and will be recognized and recorded in the columns of the visit register. However, when these buildings are used for housing, it must be a numbered.

The numbering of buildings is done at the same time that of concessions and households. Once a concession is given a number, the agent will come and bring a number on each building it contains. Buildings are numbered from 1 to n in each concession.

[Omitted example]

Special case: When the household occupies several buildings in the concession, put the same household number on each of the constructions.

[Omitted Section 5.4 Reminder for the entire numbering operation, Section 5.5 How to complete the concession numbering and the household verification forms?, Section 5.6 Filling out the first part of the visit register ]

[pg. 16]

VI. Tasks for the enumerator agent during the census

The tasks of the enumerator for the census are:

1. Filling out the household questionnaire
2. A summary of the persons enumerated
3. Statistical control. The first two operations are performed using the "household" questionnaire.

6.1 General presentation of "household" questionnaire
The household questionnaire consists of six major parts in the form of a pre-coded questionnaire that requires two modes to fill it out depending on the type of information requested. Some questions have numerical codes already assigned to each response. You have to circle or write, as appropriate, code corresponding to the reported response.

[Omitted Examples]

Questions where the full answer must be written: This is the case, for example, questions relating to the main economic activity (P25) and industry (P27).

"Household" questionnaire (see Appendix 2) is completed for each household and includes the following parts:

1. Identification: This important part is the identity card of a household. The completeness of the operation requires that this part is filled with care and precision.
2. Summary: This section allows knowledge of the number of people (men, women) and their residency status, the number of emigrants at the end of the completion of the questionnaire. The "administrative use" part is necessary for the control, and helps locate of the responsibilities [liabilities]. The "observations" part is intended for the important information that may eventually arise (problems, refusal to answer ...)
3. Individual information: This part is about the demographic and economic characteristics for each individual in the household column (P1 to P33)
4. Deaths in the last 12 months: The agent collects information on deaths that occurred in the household during the 12 months preceding the RGPH. This refers only to 'ordinary' households.
5. International Emigration (variables relating to emigration).
6. Dwelling. The agent collects all the dwelling characteristics of the household (type of roof, type of walls ...)

[Omitted: Section 6.2 - Filling out the "household" questionnaire]

[pg. 17]

6.2.1 Part I: "Identification"

[Omitted the section. It details how to fill out the identification section in the census form]

6.2.2 Part II "Summary"

This table is completed at the end of the interview based on the question on the status of residence (P5): it adds, based on sex, number "1" (RP), then "2" (RA) and "3" (visitors). The agent must simply add the "RP" and "RA" to complete the column "3." A second subtotal determines the actual population: it is RP + V. Finally, a line is reserved for the Total

[pg. 18]

Surveyed (RP + RA + V). The agent completes column 7 (emigrants) in the summary table from Part V of the questionnaire and from questions E2 and E6.

[Omitted Example and Summary table graphic]

6.2.3 Part III: "Individual Characteristics"

The first few questions (P1 to P17) affect all household members (regardless of age). These questions collect information on sex, date of birth, age, filiations, disability, and parental survival. Column P0 is reserved for the computer, nothing to register. Order number, first and last name (Column P1 and P2)
[Section Omitted. It details the order in which the details of the household members are to be filled out]

[pg. 19] Sex (Column P3)
In case the name can be used for both sexes, the agent asks "Is [NAME] a man or a woman?." Note the sex of each individual in the household. Write the code corresponding to the sex in the box: 1 for Male and 2 for Female.

[Omitted: Instructions to the enumerator] Relationship with CM (Column P4)
For this question, refer to the order that you have followed in column P2 listing the members of the household. If the advised order registration is respected, column P4 is easily completed by writing the code corresponding to the modality. The CM code is "01"; his wife is "02," his children "03" and so on in accordance with the planned codes at the bottom of the questionnaire (page 2).

[Omitted example] Status of residence (Column P5)
The reference set to collect data on the state of residence is the night before the passage of the enumerator in the household. The different categories of residents (PR and RA) and visitor status will be distinguished by referring to that night. Refer to the definitions of residents and visitors provided in the concepts.

[pg. 20]

The agent must write the code corresponding to the location of residence in the box: "1" for RP (Present Resident), "2" for RA (Absent Resident) "3" for V (Visitor). A head of household is never "visitor" in his household.

[Omitted examples]

Special cases:

1. Field staff (enumerators, team leaders, supervisors, etc.) is identified as Present Resident (RP) in their respective households.
2. Newly transferred government officials to a location are identified in RP in this location;
3. Women who have gone to give birth at a relative?s home are recorded as a "visitor" (code "3") with her parents. However, they are recorded "RA" (code "2") in their husband?s household.
4. Students living in boarding schools, those staying in hospitals or rehabilitation centers (prisons, Bollé), nuns living in convents are surveyed in these institutions called "collective households" as present residents (code "1").

Special cases for the residential state of nomadic households

Nomadic households are surveyed in the areas where it is assumed they will be found (usual residence or gathering point). When preparing RGPH, these collection points will have been identified. We call these zones that correspond to their usual place of residence "usual corridor of nomadism."
In the case where the agent surveys a nomadic household in their "corridor," residency status is "RP" for all household members present. If a household member has not spent the night before the agent?s visit with the household, but spent the night in the "corridor" or out of "corridor," he is noted "RA."
In the case where the nomadic household is located outside the "corridor," we still consider the household as "RP" (code "1") even if the stay is less than 6 months. A household member is noted "RA" if he did not spend the night with the household (whether inside or outside the "corridor").
Thus, an individual member of a nomadic household living outside the household is considered a visitor in the place of enumeration (where he will be seen). Religion (Column P6)
Ask the question "What is (Name?s) religion?" and write the corresponding code. The response categories are:

01= Muslim
02 = Christian
03 = Animist
04 = Other religion
05 = No religion

Children do not necessarily have the same religion as their parents. For children below six years, write the code of the religion of their mother or the person responsible for the child.

[pg. 21] Birth certificate (Column P7)
The purpose of this question is to find out if household members have a birth certificate or a suppletory judgment. This question allows for the introduction of questions related to the date of birth (check the accuracy of the age). If the respondent has a birth certificate or a suppletory judgment, age is easily obtained. If the person has a birth certificate or a suppletory judgment, the agent records the code "1," otherwise, he noted "2." In case the respondent does not know (DK), the agent records the code "3." Date of birth (Column P8)
The collection of this information is important to understand the age structure of the population.

a. Situation where a person has a birth certificate: For the people in the household who answered "Yes" in P7, the agent complete column P8 from the birth certificate. The agent must push to obtain with the greatest possible accuracy for the date of birth of children under 5 years.

[Omitted example]

Documents to be considered to find the date of birth are 1) the birth certificate 2) the Family book or booklet 3) the identity card 4) passport 5) driver's license 6) baptism card

b. When a person has a suppletory judgment or does not know the birth month: These cases will be most common in the field (e.g., "born around"). In the situation where the respondent does not know his birth month, the agent records the code "99" in the "Month" box and writes the year in the "Year" box. The documents may be: 1) the suppletory judgment, 2) the identity card...

[Omitted example]

c. When a person does not know the month or year of birth: Do not be surprised by the number of situations like these you will face. Know that most people who answered "No" in the column P7 will be in this situation. To estimate the age of a person, the agent uses several methods: the estimation method from the historical calendar (see Appendix 1) or the method of ranking.

Instruction: If the person was born before 1909 (100 years or more), the agent records "99" in the "Month" box and "0000" in the "Year" box.

If the person does not know the month or the year, the agent records "99" in the "Month" box and "9999" in the "Year" box.

[pg. 22] Age (Column P9)
Age must be inquired on regardless of the method used to determine the date of birth for any individual. After asking date of birth and determining the age in completed year, the agent records the age in the two boxes provided. The agent must specify the unit (day, month, year) by circling the appropriate code ("1" = day, "2" = month, "3" = year).

The age in "completed years" refers to the age at last birthday. Age will be determined in completed years for people over a year and in months for children under one year (twelve months).

[Omitted examples]

Instructions: Write in the age column "99" for the people over 99 years.

Age must be obtained in completed years for those over one year of age, in months for those who have not reached a year, and in days for infants less than one month.

Special Case: People who don't know their age - During the enumeration, you may encounter of people who do not know their age. The agent must help these individuals to determine their age by one of the two methods below.

Method 1: Estimated from historical calendar
The historical calendar is a list of important events (national or local) with the dates, influencing national life or the life of local communities. Determining the age of a person from this calendar is to identify the date of the event closest to his birth date. From that date, the officer estimates the year of birth of the individual and his age by subtracting (RGPH Year (2009) - Year of birth estimated).
More specifically, we proceed as follows:
1. The officer estimated by observation the age of the individual (example of an individual whose age is estimated at 30 years). The first estimate is a starting point in the calendar. The agent adds 5 years over and under to this age for a period of estimation. In this case, it is estimated that the individual is between 25 and 35 years old, so that the event period nearest to his birth is: 1974-1984 (2009-25 = 1984 and 2009-35 = 1974).
2. The agent searches the calendar an event occurring in 1974 and asks the individual: "Do you remember this event?"

a. If the answer is "Yes," ask him: "How old were you at that time?"

[pg. 23]

Suppose he confidently answers 10 years. Yet this individual was born in 1964 (1974-1910) and his age then 45 years (2009-1964).
Suppose he answers: "This event took place when my mother got married, two years before I was born." The year of birth is 1976 (1974 + 2). (The agent estimates the age of the individual at age 33 (2009 - 1976).
b. If the answer is "No," then the agent proposes another date of an event falling in the period and again raises the question: "Do you remember this event?"
The agent asks these questions to obtain the age. For this information, he can ask other questions such as: "Are you born before or after this event?" Or "How much time elapsed between this event and your birth?"

Method 2: Classification
Some household members do not know their age, but know how to situate their age according to the age of household members or their families. Thus, if the agent can determine the exact age of one or two of these people, he can deduce an estimate of the age of the individual.

[Omitted example] Place of birth (Column P10)
The purpose of this question is to know the birthplace of household members. For this, the enumerator asks the CM the following question: "Where was [Name] born?" and writes out answer in full.

a. In the case where the person was born in Mali: the enumerator writes the name of the Circle of birth on the line provided. When a respondent gives place of birth as the name of a locality, the agent must determine the circle belonging to this locality. If the person and / or agent do not know the name of the Circle, write the name of the region.
[Omitted example]
b. If the individual was born abroad (outside of Mali), enter the name of the country of birth (Senegal, Gambia, Guinea, France, etc.).

Instruction: Do not fill in the shaded boxes (reserved for codification)

In cases where the agent does not know the name of the circle of birth of the respondent, he can ask his team leader or his team.

If the place of birth coincides with the main regional location, the agent records: C / "name of circle" to designate the circle of birth. If the circle of birth is not known, the agent records R / "name of region" to designate the region of birth. This instruction is valid for P13 and P15 columns.
[pg. 24]

If the place of birth is the district of Bamako, the agent writes the name of the municipality (eg CI for Commune I and CII for Commune II, etc). Nationality (Column P11)
This question aims to determine the nationality of members of the household. The question to ask is: "What is the nationality of [NAME]?." The officer writes the response in column P11 He notes "Mali" for "Mali," the name of the country to foreigners (Côte d'Ivoire, Senegal, Cameroon, Togo, France etc. ....).

For people with dual nationality, the agent records the declared nationality. For people in the process of naturalization or for those whose nationality is not well defined, the agent records the country of origin.

[Omitted example]

Instruction: Do not fill in the shaded boxes. They are for codification. Disability (Column P12)
This question covers the main disabilities encountered in the Malian population. The term "disability," refers to a physical, auditory, hearing, visual or mental disability in everyday life resulting in a slowdown of the productive activity of the individual. In some cases, disability can result in complete incapacitation. The question to ask the CM for each household member: "Does [Name] have a disability?"

The agent records:

0 No: Person with no disability
1 Physical Disability: This is a person who, for various reasons (injury, heredity ...), lost or has deformations of its upper or lower members
2 Hearing impairment: This is person affected by a difficulty related to hearing (ears)
3 Visual Impairment: This is a person affected by an difficulty related sight (eyes)
4 Special Needs: This is about a difficulty related to the nervous system
5 Polyhandicaped: This is a person who suffers from several disabilities at once
6 Mute: This is a person who does not have the ability to speak
7 Other Disabilities: This is any other disability outside of everything already mentioned.

[Omitted example]

Instructions: A disability is an everyday disturbance. The agent must verify that it is not a temporary illness (malaria, diarrhea, influenza, leprosy, tuberculosis ...).

[pg. 25] Former residence (Column P13)
The agent ask the following question: "Has [NAME] ever have stayed elsewhere for more than six (6) months?." If the answer is "No," enter "No" on the line provided in column 13. However, if the answer is "Yes," the agent then asks the question: "Where was [NAME] living immediately before settling where he now resides?"

a. If the person lived in Mali, the agent writes the name of the circle if it is known or region when the name of the circle is not known.
b. If the person resided abroad (outside of Mali), the agent writes the name of the country.


For visitors, it is necessary to distinguish between the place of enumeration, usual place of residence and place of previous residence.

Place of Census: this is where the person was surveyed

Usual place of residence: it is current place where he is staying or intends to stay longer than 6 months

Previous place of residence: it is the last place of residence before moving to current place of residence.

Do not fill in the shaded boxes (reserved for codification) Duration of residence (Column P14)
This question is intended for residents of the household (PR and AR). The length of residence is the period since the respondent first resided at the place of enumeration. It is expressed in completed years. Ask the following question: "For how many years has [NAME] regularly lived here?."

a. For individuals born in the circle of the census and have never made a trip to another circle or abroad for a period of more than six (6) months, the agent reports the age of the column P9 in column P14. This involves people who answered "No" to question P13.
b. For individuals who have already spent at least six (6) months outside the circle, the length of residence is the time in years passed since the last entry into the circle of the census. This involves people who answered "Yes" to question P13.

[Omitted example]

[pg. 26]

Instructions: For a person who has resided for more than 6 months in another village of the same circle where he is surveyed, the agent should not consider the previous village as a place of previous residence. The previous place of residence is outside of the circle in which the person is surveyed.

We must remember that all lengths of residence should be recorded in completed years.

The agent must put "00" for individuals whose length of residence in the circle is less than one year. Usual place of residence (Column P15)
This question is only asked to visitors. The agent asks, "Where does [Name] usually live?." The usual place of residence is the place where the person lives most of the year (more than 6 months) or the place where the person intends to reside for more than 6 months. Enter the name of the circle if it is known or region if the circle is not known. In a situation where the person normally lives in a foreign country, enter the name of the country.

Instruction: For those persons not relevant in this situation, that is to say, the present and absent residents, put a dash in the space provided for this purpose. Living father (Column P16)
Ask the following question: "Is [Name]?s father still alive?" Enter in the box the code of the response: "1" for "Yes," "2" to "No" and "3" for "DK" (Do not know).

Instruction: This question relates to the father whether he is present or not in the household. Living mother (Column P17)
Identical to that of column P16, except that the question relates to the mother.

Questions (P18 to P23) about members of the household three (3) years or older. These questions collect information on education (attendance, level, class) and languages (native and spoken). School attendance (Column P18)
The agent asks the question: "Has [NAME] ever attended or does he/she currently attend school?." We consider this attendance regardless of the type of school (regular or not, full-or part-time, day or evening). Enter the appropriate code: "0" for "No, never attended" "1" for "Yes, attended" and "2" for "Yes, currently attending."

[pg. 27] Education level (Column P19)
The agent ask the following question: "What is [Name] educational level?." Enter the appropriate code (available at the bottom of the page of the questionnaire). If the person is not applicable (less than three years), enter the code "00" and if the person does not attend school, enter the code "01."

00 = Not relevant (under 3 years)
01 = None (uneducated)
02 = Education of the Koran
03 = literate
04 = Preschool
05 = Fundamental 1st cycle
06 = Fundamental 2nd cycle
07 = 1st cycle Medersa
08 = 2nd cycle Medersa
09 = Secondary
10 = Technical and Vocational
11 = Teacher training
12 = University
13 = Post University Class (Last class taken) (Column P20)
The enumerator asks the question: "What is the last class that [Name] took at this level of education?" This is the last class or year successfully completed by [NAME] at the level of education.

[Omitted example]

Instruction: For those not relevant (less than 3 years old), people without any education, for those who attended school on the Koran or a literacy program, the agent records code "00." Diploma (Column P21)
Depending on the level of education (P19) and the last grade completed (P20), the enumerator can easily fill in the highest degree obtained. The agent asks the question: "What is the highest diploma that [Name] obtained?." The registered agent corresponding to the degree in the box provided (refer to codes on the bottom of the questionnaire) code.

00 = None, Koranic school, literacy program, or person not relevant
01 = Certificate of Primary Education
02 = Secondary school diploma (DEF)
03 = Secondary/Professional certificate (CAP)
04 = Preschool and special educator training
05 = Technical high school diploma (BT)
06 = Technician certificate (BTS) / University Diploma of Technology (DUT) (BAC 2.3)
07 = Diploma of Teacher Training (IFM)
08 = High school diploma
09 = General Diploma University (DEUG) (BAC +2) [two year college degree]
10 = Bachelor?s (BAC +3)

[pg. 28]

11 = Master?s (LAC 4)
12 = Post Graduate University (Masters, PHD, etc.). (BAC +5)

[Omitted example] Language (Column P22)
The enumerator asks the question: "What is [Name]?s mother tongue?." The mother tongue is the language usually spoken in the household during the person?s infancy. Enter the corresponding response (codes at the bottom of the page of the questionnaire) code. The code "00" is for children who do not yet know how to talk (less than 3 years).

00 = Person not relevant
01 = Bambara
02 = Malinké
03 = Peul/Foulfoulbé
04 = Sonrai/Djerma
05 = Maraka/Soninké
06 = Kassonké
07 = Sénoufo
08 = Dogon
09 = Maure
10 = Tamacheq
11 = Bobo
12 = Dafing
13 = Minianka
14 = Haoussa
15 = Samogo
16 = Bozo
17 = Arab
18 = Other Malian languages
19 = Other African languages
20 = Other foreign languages

[Omitted example]

Instructions: The enumerator should not confuse the native language with ethnicity. Indeed, one may be from an ethnic group without speaking the language of this ethnic group.

[Omitted example] Language spoken (Column P23)
The officer asked the following question: "What is the language that [Name] speaks fluently?." Enter the code in the box provided for this purpose (codes in the footer of the questionnaire). The fluently spoken language is either his native language or another language. Frequency is taken into account. A person can be from an ethnic group, have a native language that is different from that spoken by his/her ethnicity and fluently speaks a language other than the language of the ethnicity and the native language.

[Omitted example]
[pg. 29]

Questions (P24 to P28) are for members of the household who are six (6) years or older. This part of the questionnaire allows for the collection of information on employment, the type of employment, the branch of the industry. Particular emphasis is placed on farming due to its importance in the occupations of the population. Occupation situation (Column P24)
This question is used to get information on the main occupation of the respondent during the four (4) weeks prior to the visit of the enumerator. Depending on the answer given, the agent writes in the corresponding code in the boxes provided for this purpose (codes at the bottom of the questionnaire).

A person of independent means is a person who lives on annuity or on non-professional income. The annuity is an annual income from investment trusts or operations under favorable conditions (land income, guaranteed income....).

0 = Not relevant
1 = Employed
2 = Unemployed
3 = Looking for a first job
4 = Seasonal inactivity
5 = Works at home
6 = Student
7 = Person of independent means
8 = Retired, old
9 = Did not work

An unemployed person: is any person above a specific age (6 years) who during the reference period (4 weeks) was:

"Without work," i.e., who did not have one (paid or unpaid work).
"Available for work" in a paid or unpaid job during the reference period
"Looking for work," i.e. has taken specific steps during the reference period to seek employment.

A person classified as "4," that is to say, seasonal inactivity is a person who works periodically with the seasons: a HUICOMA worker (cotton mill in Mali) who cannot work because of absence of raw material or a COMANAV worker (Malian Navigation Company) that cannot work due to the decreased water level of the Niger River.

A person answering the code "5" is a person employed exclusively in the home. Main economic activity (Column P25)

Write clearly and legibly the wording of the main economic activity of household members who are six (6) years or older. This question is also for people who were employed but who are now unemployed.

For individuals who worked during the reference period (in the months before the agent?s visit), the main activity is the activity that occupied the individual for the most time.

For individuals who have not worked during the reference period (in the months before the passage of the agent), the main activity is the last activity that occupied the individual for the most time.

For students, senior citizens, those who work from home, and people of independent means, the agent records based on the situation of the student, the senior citizen, the person who works at home, or the person of independent means.

[pg. 30]

The agent records the activity exercised by the person who was surveyed. It is neither the rank nor the learned profession, but the activity performed by the individual.

[Omitted example]

You must urge people surveyed for maximum accuracy on the work done, especially among civil servants. Economic activity must be registered with the greatest possible precision. The table below gives some examples of wrong answers (to avoid) and correct answers (to remember).

Wrong answers: Public official, civil servant
Correct answers: Typist, architect, ticket salesperson, statistician, accountant, driver, customs inspector, financial controller, Police Commissioner, PTT Agent [job in telecommunications], tax collector, switchboard, civil servant, etc.

Wrong answers: Worker
Correct answers: Baker, bricklayer, plumber, electrician, mechanic, radio repairman, carpenter, etc.

Wrong answers: Artisan
Correct answers: Basket maker, tailor, potter, weaver, blacksmith, jeweler, etc.

Wrong answers: Laborer
Correct answers: Messenger, sweeper, night watchman, farm laborer, etc.

Wrong answers: Trader
Correct answers: Seller of cigarettes, cakes, vegetables, condiments, spare parts, "aprons"[tablier], shopkeeper, etc. Main occupation (Column P26)
The agent collects information about the status of a person in relation to his/her main current or previous occupation if it is a person who has already worked and is now unemployed. The agent asks the following question: "What is the status of [NAME] in the exercise of his main economic activity?" and writes the corresponding code. The possible situations are as follows:

00 = Not applicable: Persons under the age of 6 , the elderly who no longer work , people looking for a first job.
01 = Freelancer: This is a person who is self-employed, but has no employees . However, he may have help from family or unpaid apprentices.
02 = Employer / Boss: This is a person who runs his own economic enterprise or practices his own trade. An employer employs one or more paid employees.
03 = Paid employee / Permanent Employee: Employed permanently, working for a public or private employer in exchange for monetary compensation or compensation in kind.
04 = Paid employee / Temporary Employee: A person employed temporarily working for a public or private employer in exchange for monetary compensation or compensation in kind. Compensation may be paid by the hour, day, week or month.
05 = Apprentice: Someone who learns a manual craft through an apprenticeship in the workshop or in the field with a master. He/she receives no compensation in cash or in kind in return for work done.
06 = Family Help: Person who works in a family business without being paid . These people are generally encountered in agriculture, commerce and transportation. They are usually fed, housed and cared for when they are sick . They receive occasional gifts.
07 = Other (specify): People whose occupation situation cannot be classified in any of the categories mentioned.
Agricultural sector
[pg. 31]
08 = Independent: Person who is self-employed in agriculture, but has no employees. However, he may have help from family or unpaid apprentices.
09 = Household with primary responsibility: Household (primary responsibility) with one or more partners (secondary household) working in agricultural.
10 = Household with secondary responsibility: Household (secondary responsibility) associated with another household working in agricultural. This household is not primarily responsible.

Instruction: A person who employs one or more servants is not considered an employer, even if he/she pays. Branch of economic activity (Column P27)

The purpose of this question is to understand the nature of the activity of the establishment or the business where the enumerated person works. This is the main activity (industry) of the employer or the company to which the respondent belongs. Always specify the name of the company if possible. Do not confuse the industry with the type of work performed by the individual.

[Omitted example]

Instruction: The industry of a servant is "Service to individuals."

This question is also for the unemployed. In this case we determine the industry from his lat main occupation.

This question does not apply to people seeking their first job and the elderly who do not work.
Do not fill in the shaded boxes (reserved for codification) Agricultural activity (Column P28)
This issue is completed only for workers in the agricultural sector (agriculture, livestock, fishing, forestry, hunting, gathering). The agent asks the following question: "What is the main type of farming practiced by [NAME]?" The agent writes the code corresponds to the response.

00 = Person not relevant
01 = dry grain crops (millet, sorghum, corn, fonio, beans)
02 = rice
03 = Industrial farming (cotton, sugar cane, tobacco, wheat)
04 = Vegetables farming (tomatoes, leeks, onions, carrots, lettuce, potatoes ...)
05 = fruit tree farming (watermelon, oranges, grapefruit, mangos)
06 = Livestock farming
07 = Fishing
08 = Forestry

[pg. 32]

09 = Gathering
10 = Hunting
11 = Other farming

Questions P29 to P33 are for people aged 12 years or older. Questions P31 to P33 are only for women aged 12 to 49 years. Marital status (Column P29)
The agent asks the following question: "What is (name)?s marital status?." Before asking, the agent already has an idea of marital status from the asked in questions in P2 (order) and P4 (relationship). Marital status is marriage vis-à-vis the laws and customs of the country. The agent records the code corresponding to the reported marital status.

0 = Person not applicable
1 = Single
2 = Married, monogamous
3 = Married, polygamous
4 = Widow / widower
5 = Divorced / Separated (e)
6 = partnership / Cohabitation

Because marital status is marriage under the laws of his/her country, you may find specific situations for foreigners. The agent must enter the code closest to the reported status.

[Omitted example] Literacy (Column P30)
The data collected through this question will allow us to distinguish the illiterate from the literate in the population. A literate person is able to read and write in any language. He is able to understand written text related to his everyday life. In contrast, an illiterate is a person who cannot read or write.

Instruction: A person who only speaks one language (e.g. French) without knowing how to read and write is illiterate. Similarly, a person who can only read and write his name and numbers or who can read and write a very basic expression is illiterate.

The question that must be asked to address the ability to read and write for household members aged 12 years or more is: "Can [NAME] read and write in French, Arabic, the national language or any other written language?"

0 = Person not relevant
1 = Can read and write French only
[pg. 33]
2 = Can read and write a national language only
3 = Can read and write another language only
4 = Can read and write French and the national language
5 = Cannot read or write

a. If the answer to the question is "Yes," enter the code corresponding to the answer in accordance with the terms listed at the bottom of the questionnaire.

b. If the answer to the question is "No" Enter Code "5" for "a person who can neither read nor write."

Instruction: Enter "0" for all persons under the age of 12, i.e. people not relevant for this question. Total live births (Column P31)

This question is for women aged 12 to 49 years. The purpose of this question is to collect information on children born alive. A live-born child is a child who, at birth, has shown signs of life (crying, breathing, heartbeat, etc.) even if it he/she subsequently died. The agent asks the following question: "How many total live births did [NAME] have?"

The agent records for every woman the number of live births since her first delivery up to the census date (including un-surveyed children in the household and those who died). These are the biological children of women and not adopted children. Abortions, miscarriages and stillbirths are not taken into account. Enter the number of live births in the boxes for each sex: "M" for male or "F" for female. Enter "00" if there are none.

[Omitted example]

Instruction: For people who are not relevant to this question (women under 12 and women over 49 years) put a hyphen in reserved space. This instruction is for columns P32 and P33. Surviving children (Column P32)
The purpose of this question is to obtain information on the number of children still alive at the time of interview among those who were born alive. The agent asks the following question:

"Among the live births reported previously, how many are still alive?." The agent records the number of surviving children in the corresponding boxes for each sex: "M" for male and "F" for female.

There can be no more survivors than live-born children.

[Omitted example]

[pg. 34] Live birth from the last twelve (12) months (Column P33)

The agent asks the following question: "How many of [Name]?s children were born alive in the last twelve months?" If the answer is "Yes," have sex. The agent fills in the corresponding box. If the answer is "No," the agent enters "0" in the boxes "M" and "F."

A woman can give birth to twins of different sex. In this case, the agent records "1" in the box corresponding to "M" and "1" in the box corresponding to "F."

6.2.4 Part IV: Death in the last 12 Months

The questions in this section apply only to "ordinary" households (sedentary and nomadic). This section is devoted to the deaths of the last 12 months (one year before the visit from the agent). It applies only to persons residing in the household prior to death.

The purpose of this table is to collect information on all deaths in the household (children, adults and seniors) during the last twelve months preceding the date of the visit of the enumerator.

The agent must record these deaths faithfully and accurately in order to avoid omissions that may affect data quality. To do this, he must pay particular attention to the twelve-month period selected as the reference period. The date of the enumerator?s visit in the household will be a point of reference for determining the period.

[Omitted example] Deaths in the last 12 months (D1)
The enumerator asks the question "Have there been any deaths in your household in the last twelve (12) months? That is to say, since [date] 2008. "

[Omitted example]

Based on the answer given, circle the appropriate code.

a. If the answer to the question is "No," circle "2" and put a line through the table related to deaths in the last twelve months, following the diagonal line and go to the section V (emigration).
b. If the answer to the question is "Yes," circle "1" and continue with the questions. But before completing this table, be sure that the death did in fact occur during the period of twelve months prior to your visit in the household.

Instructions: In the situation where the CM is illiterate, the agent can refer to the lunar month corresponding to the month of the Muslim calendar.

[Pg. 35]

Caution: Avoid attaching the same death in several households. A death must be registered once and in a single household. Order number, first and last names (Column D2 and D3)
The order numbers are already on the questionnaire. The agent records the first and last name (s) of the deceased. Each line corresponds to a death. Sex (Column D4)
Circle the code corresponding to sex: "1" for "male" and "2" for "female." Date of birth (Column D5)
The date of birth of the deceased must be provided in months and years while respecting the instructions of the P8 column. Date of death (Column D6)
The agent collects the date of death by writing in the boxes the month and year. The question asked is: "On what date did [NAME] died?." The agent can use the death certificate if it exists. In cases where there is no death certificate, the agent must be tactful, the issue is very sensitive. Age at death (Column D7)
The officer asked the age at death of the person: "How old was [the respondent] at the time of death?"

When age at death is greater than one year, enter the age in completed years and circle "A."

When age at death is less than twelve months, enter the age in completed months and circle "M."

When age at death is less than one month, enter "00" in the boxes provided for this purpose.

[Omitted example]
Instructions: Children who died before one year are taken into account in Part III of the questionnaire on total live births (P31 column).

The agent should ask questions about the deaths in each household, even though in many households previously interviewed there were no deaths.

[pg. 36]

Questions D8 to D10 are related to the deaths of the last 12 months for women aged 12-49 years at the time of death.

To determine the maternal mortality, it is necessary to have three types of information: 1) women 12-49 years who died during pregnancy (pregnant), 2) women 12-49 years who died during childbirth; 3) women 12-49 years died in the two months after giving birth due to complications from childbirth.

Depending on the situation (died before, during or after birth), the agent fills in the codes in D8, D9 and D10 (example below). Deaths during pregnancy (Column D8)
This question is used to collect information on deaths of women aged 12 to 49 years during pregnancy. Ask the question as follows: "Did [the respondent] die during a pregnancy?" If the answer is "Yes," the agent circles code "1." If the answer is "No," it circles code "2." Deaths during childbirth (Column D9)
Question D9 is used to collect information on deaths of women 12-49 years during childbirth. The agent asks, "Did [the respondent] die in childbirth?" If the answer is "Yes," circle code "1." If the answer is "No," circle code "2."

Instructions: If a woman died during pregnancy (code "1" to question D8), the agent no longer needs to ask questions D9 and D10 and writes code "2" to both questions. Death after childbirth (Column 10)
This question captures the deaths of women aged 12-49 years due to complications related to childbirth in the two (2) months after delivery. Thus, the agent asks: "Did [NAME] die in the two months after a childbirth?" If the answer is "Yes," circle code 1 "and write down the exact number of days in the box. If the answer is "No," circle "2" and draw a line through the boxes.

Instructions: All matters relating to deaths are extremely sensitive, the enumerator must use tact and compassion with the respondents to avoid bringing about bad memories.

[Omitted example]

[pg. 37]

6.2.5 Part V: International Emigration

The questions in this section apply only to "ordinary" households (sedentary and nomadic).
The purpose of these questions related to emigration is to collect information on Malians living abroad (outside of Mali). These are household members who currently reside abroad (for more than 6 months or who intend there to stay longer than 6 months) and who left within the last five (5) years.

[Omitted example]

Instructions: Anyone person who is a Present Resident or an Absent Resident cannot be identified as an emigrant.

[pg. 38]

The objective is to collect the emigrants who were members of the household at the time of departure. The agent must be careful to explain that the household is not emigrants from the family, but household members who have emigrated in the last five years.

A visitor can also be identified as an emigrant in his original household.

A person who, during the year crossed the border several times and had a combined length of absence exceeding six months, will be counted as resident in the household and not as an emigrant. (BARRY?s situation in Example 5).

[Omitted example] Identification of emigrants (Column E1)
The agent asks the question: "In the five (5) years, have there been any people in your household who have emigrated and who now live abroad?" If there are emigrants ("Yes"), circle code "1." Otherwise, circle "2" ("No"), cross out with a line the table and go to Part VI of the questionnaire (questions on housing). Number of emigrants (Column E2)
If in the last five years, there has been one or more emigrants in the household ("Yes" to question E1), the agent records the number of people in the box provided for this purpose. Order number, first and last name, age and sex (Column E3 to E6)
The order numbers are already mentioned in E3. List the names of people emigrated in E4. For each individual, specify the following personal characteristics: Age (Column E5), Sex (Column E6). The agent enters the age in years completed and in two positions.

[Omitted example]

Regarding age (Column E5), it is the age of the emigrant at the time of departure and not his age at the time of the interview.

For the variable "sex" (Column E6), the agent circles code "1" for "Male" and the code "2" for "Female." Date of departure, destination, and reason for departure (Column E7 to E9)
Question E7 is meant to collect information on the departure date of emigrants from the household in the last five (5) years. The agent asks the question: "What was [name]?s date of departure?" and records the month and year of departure in the boxes provided for this purpose. In situations where the month and / or year is not known, the agent records "99" and / or "9999" respectively.

[pg. 39]

The agent then asks, "What is [name]?s country of destination?"(Column E8). The agent records the full name of the destination country. When the country is not known, enter "Unknown." the boxes are left blank for codification.

Finally, the agent asks the question: "For what reason did [NAME] leave?"(Column E9). He records completely the wording of the answer then records the code corresponding to the response in the box provided.

01 = economic reasons
02 = social reasons
03 = professional reasons
04 = political reasons
05 = study purposes
06 = health reasons

Instructions: For the registration of emigrants, make sure that the person was actually a member of the household in question. Probe to avoid recording a single emigrant in several households (related).

All the girls in the household who are married and who have lived in another household in Mali before emigrating are not taken into account.

The boxes of the column E8 should not be filled out (reserved for the coding team).

If the reason given is not one of the codes listed above, the agent records the wording of the response completely on the line and leaves the empty boxes.

6.2.6 Part VI: Questions on housing

The questions in this section apply to all households (sedentary, nomadic and collective).
This section is devoted to the collection of information on habitat characteristics (nature and type of housing, main materials of walls, roof, floor, lighting mode etc.). All this information can provide indicators on living conditions of households in Mali. The unit used for the census is housing. The housing is a dwelling (a building or set of construction) for one or more households.

[Omitted example]

The agent has already determined the number of buildings per concession, the number of households and therefore the dwellings from the concession numbering and verification of household.

[pg. 40]

The number of buildings for residential use was put in Column 6 of the agent?s visit register (diagram on page 5). Correct if necessary the number of buildings of the concession in columns 6-10 of the agent?s visit register.

Filling out the questions on housing
To complete Part VI of the questionnaire, either the agent circles the code corresponding to the answer, or the agent records the code in the box provided for this purpose. When a concession is occupied by a single household, take the characteristics of the main dwelling without taking into account the number of rooms.

Instructions: The enumerator must strictly respect the order of the questions, to not miss any of them. Type of housing (Column H1)
The aim is to collect information on the type of dwelling occupied by the household. If the dwelling in question is a "fixed" dwelling, circle "1." If the dwelling is a "mobile" dwelling, circle "2." This question is asked for every household. To distinguish a "set" dwelling from a "mobile" dwelling, refer to the section on definitions and concepts. Type of dwelling (Column H2)
Other than H1 and H11, the agent circles the code corresponding to the answer and records it in the space provided. Only one answer (the main one) is circled and recorded in the space.
There are several types of dwellings. The agent takes into account the main type of dwelling in which the household resides. The officer entered the code in the box provided for this purpose.

1 = Apartment building: Modern building of one or more levels ( floors ) divided into apartments. Each apartment can accommodate at least one household.
2 = Villa: House with a living room (family room), one or more bedrooms and the following interior amenities: indoor kitchen, shower, toilet with septic tank , independent from building materials of the house. Houses have a single level, duplexes are included in this category. The villas are usually intended for the accommodation of a single household .
3 = Simple single house: Single house does not have the quality of a villa, that is to say, does not having all of the following interior amenities: indoor kitchen, shower, toilet with septic tank.
4 = Concession several housing: Construction without levels (floors) consisting of several separate units and able to accommodate several households (e.g. célibatorium).
5 = Hut: Traditional style building, usually circular or rectangular, made of mud-brick or straw with a conical or pyramidal shaped roof made of branches covered with straw.
6 = Tent: Portable shelter with tight canvas or other materials that is erected outdoors.
7 = Precarious dwelling/shack: Shelter outside of any standard of comfort used by households in difficult times in their lives. It must be understood as a rough building built with makeshift items (reeds, planks, boards, sheet metal etc. .....)
8 = Other: All other dwellings not listed.

[pg. 41] Main material of walls (Column H3)
The purpose of this question is to describe the main material used for the exterior walls of the dwelling. The dwelling may be made up of one or more buildings, the agent must choose the main material.

When the dwelling of a household consists of a single building, there is no challenge.

When dwelling of a household consists of several independent units, the agent must choose the building he considers to be the main building, referring primarily to buildings for residential use then the criterion of durability.

The agent asks the question: "What is the main construction material of the walls?"and records the code corresponding to the answer.

1 = Hard: The walls are hard when made bricks of stone or cement. Also included are walls made of concrete (mixture of cement and gravel or stone) and covered or not with cement and walls made of baked brick bound with cement.
2 = Semi hard: The walls are semi-hard when made of mud brick covered with cement.
3 = Banco: The walls are made of mudbrick when made of covered or uncovered mudbrick
4 = Wood/Straw: The walls are made of straw, wood or bamboo, palm leaves, secco [dried] etc. and covered or not in mudbrick or cement.
5 = Other (specify): The walls do not have any of the above characteristics. The agent records in full words the main material of the walls.

[Omitted example]

If the structure is a tent, the agent records code "5" (Other) in the box provided for this purpose and marked "tent" in full letters on the corresponding line.

Instructions: "Makeshift" shelters, that is to say, precarious dwellings with walls that are made partially or completely of sheet metal or cardboard should be classified as "other specify." The agent records in full words: "makeshift shelter in sheet metal" or "makeshift shelter in cardboard" on the corresponding line. Main material of roof (Column H4)
The purpose of this question is to describe the main material of the roof of the main building. When the roof is composed of several materials, the agent uses the most dominant material. The agent records the code corresponding to the answer by referring to the definitions given.

[Omitted example]

[pg. 42]

1 = Sheet metal only: That is a sheet, corrugated or not of any quality. Note that plastic roofs are sheet metal roofs, but are classified as other .
2 = Sheet metal with ceiling: It is a sheet metal roof with a ceiling constructed to avoid the heat or to improve aesthetics.
3 = Tile: It is a roof made of tiles, that is to say, bricks in clay or terracotta.
4 = Concrete: It is a roof made of concrete (a mixture of cement, of gravel, of iron ... )
5 = Banco: The roofs are made of mud bricks when made mainly of wood covered with mud bricks.
6 = Thatch: Thatch is a roof made of straw, bamboo, palm leaves or other plant materials. It usually covers the majority of round hut homes.
7 = Other specify: Roof does not have the characteristics of sheet metal or tile, concrete, mud bricks or thatch listed above . The agent writes in full letters the main roof material. Main material of floor (Column H5)
The purpose of this question is to describe the main material of the floor in the dwelling. The agent is not required to ask the question directly; often a simple observation is enough to determine the type of floor. When the agent has no clear idea, he asks the question: "What is the main material of the floor?" He records the code corresponding to the answer in the box provided. When the agent records code "4," he must record in full words the response.

1 Cement
2 Tile
3 Clay [beaten earth]
4 Other specify

[Omitted example] Main mode of lighting (Column H6)

1= Electricity (EDM) [national energy company in Mali] Household with a permanent lighting system whose wires are connected to a source of electricity distribution (Energie du Mali)
2 = Rural Electrification / Multifunctional platform: This is a source of energy by battery systems (AMADER, etc.). [Malian Agency for Domestic Energy Development and Rural Electrification]
3 = Generator: Household with its own generator
4 = Solar Panel: Household with solar panels to supply the lighting
5 = Gas: This type of lighting is an installation supplied by gas
6 = Kerosene Lamp: Household is light by kerosene lamps, whatever its shape, size ...
7 = Oil Lamp: Traditional mode of lighting with shea butter usually called Fiténé Bambara
8 = Flashlight (batteries): All lighting installations requiring batteries
9 = Other specify: Can be Firewood, none...
[pg. 43]

The question allow for collection of information on the lighting mode used by the household. The agent asks the following question: "What is the mode of lighting used by your household?." He records the code corresponding to the response provided. When the agent records code "9," he writes out in full letters the exact response. Depending on the response, refer to the definitions above.
Instructions: When there are multiple lighting modes, the agent must take into account the main lighting mode.

[Omitted example] Main method to get drinking water (Column H7)
This question is about the main source of drinking water used by the household. Insist especially on the main source for the household because they can use several sources to obtain drinking water. The officer asks the question: "What is the main source for your drinking water?." The agent records the code corresponding to the correct answer.

When the officer enters code "7," he writes in full words the exact response.

1 = Tap: The tap can be in the yard, in the housing or in the concession. Generally, tap water comes from the EDM [Malian Electric Company] facilities.
2 = Drilling: A borehole is usually in the street and works with a pump (used by hand, by foot).
3 = Finished well: A well is said to be finished when surrounded by cement and covered with a lid. The wells are constructed to avoid external water filtration.
4 = Traditional Well: The traditional well is the most common. It is not finished.
5 = Public tap: It is tap for public use (often for a fee) in the street.
6 = Surface Water: It is stagnant water (ponds, puddles, oasis ...)
7 = Other specify: No terms listed in this table (river, dam ...)

[Omitted example] Main source of energy for cooking (COLUMN H8)
This is for the collection of information on the main source of energy used by households for cooking. The officer asks the question: "What is the main source of energy used by the household for cooking meals?." The agent records the code corresponding to the correct answer.

1 Electricity
2 Gas
3 Oil
4 Firewood
5 Charcoal
6 Animal Waste
7 Solar Oven
8 Other specify (wood chips ...)
[pg. 44]

When the officer enters code "8," he then records in full words the exact response.

Instructions: The agent must take into account only the main source of energy: the most widely used

[Omitted example] Type of toilet (Column H9)
The agent asks, "What kind of toilet does the household use?" Enter the code corresponding to the correct answer.

1 = Private interior with flush: Toilet located in the dwelling, with a bowl and a flush (usually going to a septic tank)
2 = Private outside with flush: Toilet located outside the dwelling (in the courtyard), with a bowl and a flush (usually going to a septic tank).
3 = Shared with many households with flush: Toilet located in the dwelling or the concession, with a bowl and a flush (usually going to a septic tank). It is a facility for many households (collective use).
4 = Private latrine: Latrine without slab covered by a ventilation shaft for the use of a single household
5 = Common latrine: Latrine without slab covered by a ventilation shaft for the use of several households
6 = Outdoors: Needs are relieved outdoors, in the bush or in the ruins of the house, etc.
7 = Other specify: Any other type of toilet not listed

For households with multiple types of toilets, consider the most used type of toilet.

[Omitted example] Occupation status (Column H10)
This question is used to determine in what way the household occupies the dwelling. The agent asks, "In what capacity does this household occupy this dwelling?." Refer to the definitions and write the corresponding code.

1 = Owner with land title
2 = Owner without land title: Person who owns the dwelling. The owner may be a legal owner of the property, buildings. He may therefore make rent or even sell all or a portion of the housing.
3 = Co-owner: Person sharing the property. This is often the case in inheritances.
4 = Renter: Person occupying a dwelling and pays rent on a periodic basis (weekly, monthly etc.)
5 = Rent-to-buy: Person occupying a dwelling and pays rent on a periodic basis (weekly, monthly etc.), but who becomes the owner after a certain time (social housing).
6 = Free housing: Person occupying a dwelling and does not pay rent.
7 = Other, specify: This category includes situations not included in the above categories.

[Omitted example]

[pg. 45] Number of rooms occupied (Column H11)
This is the total number of rooms occupied by the household. Enter the number in the spaces provided after count with the CM. To avoid errors, refer to the following definition.

The room is defined as space of the dwelling. It is surrounded by walls from floor to ceiling or roof, large enough to hold an "adult" bed and intended to be occupied.

[Omitted example]

Instructions: Verandahs and corridors, hallways, kitchens, toilets, barns and other outbuildings etc. are not counted.

If there are rooms that regularly used as a dwellings, then the agent must count them.

[Omitted example]

In nomadic areas, consider each tent as a room and give an indication of the number of occupied rooms. Existence of an improved stove (Column H12)
The improved stove is built of mud bricks, metal and mud bricks for the kitchen to minimize the consumption of fuel (wood, coal ...). The agent asks: "Is there an improved stove in your household?" The agent enters code "1" for "Yes" or code "2" to "No." Method of waste disposal (Column H13)
The aim is to collect information on the main method of waste disposal used by the household.
Ask the head of household: "How do you get rid of your household garbage?" Depending on the response, the agent enters the corresponding code.

1 Private Collection
2 Gutter / Collector
3 Collective trash
4 GIE [group of independent contractors who combine efforts to reduce costs]
5 Pile of rubbish
6 Ditch
7 Street
8 In nature
9 Other

[pg. 46] Evacuation method of wastewater (Column H14)
This question deals with the main method of evacuation of household wastewater. The agent asks the question: "What is the main method of household wastewater evacuation?" The agent enters the code corresponding to the answer. Once the officer enters the code "8," the agent must record in full letter the title of the response.

1 Courtyard
2 Street
3 Sump
4 Gutter / Collector
5 Septic
6 Sewer
7 in nature
8 Other specify

6.2.7 End of the questionnaire "household"
The period of the questionnaire is complete, but the agent?s work is not finished.

[Diagram omitted]

The enumerator must enter the letter "R" after the number recorded on the housing. This means "Surveyed." Once all households from a single concession are surveyed, the agent does the same on the wall of the concession following the recorded number.

[Omitted example]

The agent must enter the number of questionnaires used in the household (Part I "Identification")

The agent must thank the household for the time it took to answer all the questions.

The agent must complete the "observation" part of the first page of the "household" questionnaire. This section is reserved in case of difficulties or problems (household absences response refusal, missing information). In most cases, the enumerator will have nothing to record and can enter "RAS" meaning "Nothing to report." In other cases, available elements and information in this section will be used for field returns expected to complete the missing information.

The agent must sign and date the "household" questionnaire.

VII Duties after the survey

[Section Omitted: It details the duties of the enumerator once the enumeration is completed]

[pg. 48]

VIII Other aspects of the survey

Some aspects that are not directly related to the data collection are important: their consideration has an impact on data quality. As such, some people are not to be surveyed, other people like the nomadic population are subject to a specific treatment. It is convenient here to present some Instructions: to follow.

8.1 People not to survey
During this survey, you are asked not to survey the following categories of people:

1. Diplomatic agents of Malian nationality and their family members residing in foreign territory and who are not in Mali at the time of the census. They will be surveyed through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation.
2. The diplomatic and consular agents of foreign nationals and their family members of the same nationality.
[pg. 49]
However, the staff of the Malian embassy is normally surveyed. These diplomats are not to be confused with the residents of foreign origin (French, other Europeans, etc.) that are either people traveling abroad in lieu of military service or businessmen who need to be identified.
3. Household members who left for more than six months ago.
4. Military, police officers etc. (to be identified with the help of the armed security forces)
Note: Households of members of the military, of police officers, of any uniform wearer; residents in neighborhoods will be identified with civilian households by our officers. However, camps, garrisons and any other place usually reserved for men in uniform will be surveyed by the men in uniform who will be trained during the enumerator training.

8.2 Counting of nomadic population

The collection of information on nomads consists of searching the parts following the regrouping points provided by the cartography. These points are fixed on maps according to information provided by the heads of fractions and / or authorities.

At the time of the counting the Central Bureau of the Census (BCR) will provide all the information on the various regrouping points with easy access to the different fractions.

8.3 Counting the floating population
The objective of the census of population and housing is to survey all the people in a given geographic area. The floating population is usually composed of homeless or at least those who do not spend the night in a specific home: the mentally ill, or beggars ... Their counting is done by enumerators in collaboration with the police and social development agents.

[Omitted: Appendix 1 -9
Appendix 1- Excerpt of Mali?s historical calendar
Appendix 2: Calculation of age by date of birth
Appendix 3: Graphic of the household questionnaire
Appendix 5: Graphic of the enumerator?s visit register
Appendix 7: Meeting letter
Appendix 8: Map evaluation sheet
Appendix 9: Entry card]