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Morocco 2004 Enumeration Instructions
Kingdom of Morocco
Ministry of Interior/High Commission for Planning
General Census of Population and Housing, 2004

Census definitions

Census: is all operations to gather, analyze and disseminate demographic, economic and social data about all population in a specific time.

Census district is an urban or rural area with clear geographic limits. Each census district is enumerated by a census enumerator. Each census district is made up of part, whole or several lots in urban area, or of a whole or several lots in rural area. A lot is made up of several continuous constructions. It is generally limited by several public roads.

Lot in urban area is made up of a group of continuous buildings and limited usually by several public roads (street, avenue, roads) or empty land. Lots are very diverse in form and number of buildings it contains. We may find large lots as we may find small ones with few building if not only one building.

Lot in rural area is defined as a geographical area with natural or physical clear limits, which contains a group or more of residential buildings. The latter is made up of housing units and rural buildings close to each other and gathered with no separation as mountains, rivers or large empty land. These rural residential could be classified as "douar" (village), part of douar, or several douars.

Building: has been constructed to house people and their belongings or just to keep such belongings, or to be used for professional, administrative, service, religions purposes. A building may have a unique or multiple uses, such as buildings that have residential areas and professional areas.

Types of buildings:
Villa: according to its normal definition, it is every building prepared for residence, stands alone from its architectural stand of point and not over two story, and usually has a garden. A villa could have been used for things other than residence during the census period.

Story building: is prepared for collective housing and made up of several apartments. It could be used for residential or other purposes.

Modern Moroccan house: is an individual building, made up of one or several stories used for residence or other purposes. There are no similarities between modern Moroccan house, villa or traditional Moroccan house.

Moroccan traditional house: found usually in old/traditional neighborhoods. It is characterized by a hall in the middle, surrounded by rooms for residence.

Slum, informal construction: it's about unique constructions from architectural material such as wood, zinc.

Administrative, professional or service: all independent locals, whose architecture is different than those constructions mentioned above and not used only for residence.

Other buildings: It's about other constructions that cannot be classified above.

Dwelling: a residence is made of one room or several rooms prepared for residence. It has one or more direct entry. The direct entry may open up on a hall, stairs, another premise for professional use, public way or empty land. It is to be noted that a hotel should not be considered only as one residence. Each of its rooms is a residence, unless several rooms are used by the same household. Regarding traditional hotels (foundouk), [they are] found usually in old neighborhoods, each room or several rooms occupied by a household is considered as a dwelling, likewise each empty room is considered as a dwelling. The same goes for a group of dwellings occupied by one household. These dwellings are considered as one, and hence the number of rooms is the total number of rooms of theses dwellings. A dwelling could be not prepared for residence in the origin, but parts within it are being used as residence. In this case these parts should be considered as a dwelling.

Types of dwellings: As mentioned above, types of dwellings are villa, apartment in a story building, Moroccan modern building, Moroccan traditional building and slums. In addition, the following types should be added:

Rural dwelling: are all dwellings which are enumerated in the rural areas and suburban areas, which are not within the former types.

Room in establishment: is a room or several rooms in an establishment (hotel, school, factory, mosque) used for residence during the census period.

Premises not prepared for residence in the first place: are locations that were built for purposes other than residence but are being used as residences during the census period.

Other cases: about other types not mentioned above, such as car, tent.

Professional premises: are all premises that are being used for professional purpose, even if they were not prepared to these end in the first place.

Household: is a group of person, parented or not, that usually lives in the same dwelling and have common expenses. A person living alone is considered as a one-person household.

Status of residence in dwelling: During the census reference date, residents of a dwelling could be present or temporarily absent. A dwelling could be on construction, empty, secondary or seasonal. Following are definitions of these cases.

Dwelling whose residents are present during the census it's about dwelling usually occupied by one or several households during the census reference date.

Dwelling whose residents are temporarily absents: it's about dwelling usually occupied by one or several households, but absent during the census reference date.

Secondary or seasonal dwelling: is dwelling used as a secondary residence by household who has a primary residence elsewhere. In this category we find also, dwelling owned by Moroccan resident abroad but occupied during vacations.

Empty dwelling: is non-secondary or residential dwelling not occupied by any household during the census reference date. Only dwellings prepared for residence and not demolished are considered such. In addition only certain types of dwellings are considered: villa, apartment in a story building, Moroccan modern or traditional house. Hence, rural houses and slums are not to be considered.

Dwelling under construction: is a dwelling being constructed but its primary features are apparent and can be classified. These dwelling could be occupied sometimes by household(s) during the census reference date.

Residence and census reference date:
Residence: resident is anyone living in a place or planning to live in it for at least 6 months. In census context:

Present resident is anyone present at his usual place of residence during the census reference date.
Resident temporarily absent is anyone absent from his usual resident for a period less than 6 months.

Transit individual is anyone living in a place different than his usual residence for a period less than 6 months. Transit individuals, whether living in hotels or ordinary households, are not counted towards legal population.

Census reference date: All gathered questionnaires during census, refer to 1st of September, 2004 or end of 31st August, 2004. Hence an enumerator will count: a person who died on the 1st of September, 2004 but not on the 31st of August. Likewise a person born on the 31st of August, 2004 is counted but not if he/she was born on the 1st of September, 2004.

Household and dwelling questionnaire
Act No: 001-71 of June 16, 1976 (22 Rabia II 1391) related to the General Census of Population and Housing of the Kingdom.

Article No 2: Any person who participates in any way to the conducting and the processing of the Census shall fulfill the obligations of confidentiality (professional secrecy); trespassing will be punished by appropriate legal sanctions. The individual information written on the Census questionnaires, which deals with personal and family life, and more generally with private facts and behaviors, shall not be communicated in any way by the services in charge of keeping the data. This information cannot be used in any way for legal pursuits, for tax purposes, or for economic repression.

Article No 3: Any person who refuses to answer the census or will on purpose make false declarations will be punished according to article 609-11 of the criminal law [code penal].

[p. 1]

Geographic code of census district: is composed of codes of region, province, circle, municipality or rural community, center and census district number and codes regarding "mashikhat" and "douar" (villages).

E1. Region: (please see geographic code manual)
E2. Province / préfecture
E3. Cercle
E4. Municipality/rural commune
E5. Centre
E6. Census track/census district
E7. Fraction
E8. Douar

E9. Dwelling unit number, in Census track: Numbers from 001 to the total number of dwelling units within census district. No number can be duplicated or omitted. Include professional premises used as residence.

E10. Number of households in the dwelling: It is possible to have one household, several or none if the dwelling unit is empty (e.g. secondary residence). In such case, "00" is used as code.

E11. Household number, in the dwelling being from "01" household to the last household within this dwelling.

E12. Number of questionnaires filled for this household: for each household whose total number of members is over 9, additional questionnaires are provided. Enumerators need to write down number of filled questionnaires per the underlying household and "00" for empty dwellings.

E13. Questionnaire number filled for this household: for each household that has more than 9 members, additional questionnaires are provided. Hence this code will differentiate between questionnaires for the same household.

E14. Total number of household members: All members, usually resident members, present or temporarily absent during the census reference date. It is total number of Moroccan and foreigners. These questions should be filled at the end of enumerating all household members. Also, in case of using more than one questionnaire per household, only the first questionnaire should be filled. If dwelling is empty, these questions take "00".
Of which:
E15 Moroccans
E16 Foreigners
E17 Handicapped/disabled persons
E18 Visiting persons, transiting individuals

Precise address of the dwelling unit:
Date of interview:
Name of the census enumerator:
Name of the supervisor:
Date of the supervision:
Observations:

[p. 2]

Individual form/population structure

Q01: Line number: It is the order number of usual resident belonging to a household. This number is preprinted in the questionnaire. Do not change it even if additional questionnaires are being used for the same household.

Q02: First name and last name

Write in this column the list of household members [who are] resident present and resident temporarily absent, as determined in Table 1, which determines the residence status and the specific order as specified in the Manual of Instructions.

Q03: Residence status

1. R.P. Resident present is anyone present at his usual place of residence during the census reference date. Resident temporarily absent is anyone absent from his usual resident for a period shorter than 6 months.
2. R.T.A. Resident temporarily absent is anyone absent from his usual resident for a period shorter than 6 months.

Q04: Country of citizenship (nationality)

01 Morocco
02 Algeria
03 Tunisia
10 Libya
40 France
41 Spain
Other nationality: specify ____

Q05: Relationship to the head of household

0. Head of household
1. Spouse of the household head
2. Child (son, daughter)
3. Grand children (grandson, granddaughter)
4. Parents (father, mother)
5. Brother, sister
6. In-law children (son-in-law, daughter-in-law)
7. Other relatives
8. Servants
9. Not related by blood

An additional three cases are on the questionnaire, reserved for administration and hence [should] not to be coded by the enumerator. But enumerators should write down the relationship on the area reserved to this end (just above codes place).

Q06: Sex

1. Male
2. Female

Q07: Date of birth or age

(Specify the date of birth, the year of birth, or the age of the enumerated person, depending on declaration)

Q07A: Date of birth / year of birth

Q07M MM in months
Q07A YYYY in years
Examples:
If the date is June 9, 1953, write down June 9, 1953, and code: [0][6][.][1][9][5][3]
If the year is 1953, write down 1953, and code:[ ][ ][ ][1][9][5][3]

Q07B: Age

Example:
If the age is 49 years, write down "49" and code: [4][9]

Q08: Marital status

1. Single: never married
2. Married: is anyone legally/religiously married even if the marriage has not been consummated yet.
3. Widowed: anyone whose husband or wife died
4. Divorced: is anyone legally/religiously divorced with a judgment.

[p. 3]

Fertility
For non-single women (i.e., married, widowed, or divorced), specify the total number of live births

Lifetime fertility
Number of children born alive (with sign of breathing, crying) during lifetime of women. Ask next questions successively, and write corresponding numbers, if none code "00".

Q09A: Number of children living in the household: _ _

Q09B: Number of children living outside the household (living elsewhere) _ _

Q09C: Number of children who died _ _

Fertility in the past 12 months
The following questions are about all children born alive in the [previous] 12 months, which means between 1st of September, 2003 and 31st of August, 2004. Only non-single women younger than 50 years old are concerned. Although these children have been already counted in previous life time fertility questions, they will be counted again.

Q10A: Number of children still alive at the reference date of census _

Q10B: Number of children who died before the census reference date _

Literacy and education
For persons age 10 or older

Q11: Literacy: languages read and written. Every person capable of reading and writing a simple paragraph related to its daily life is literate. Hence, a person is illiterate if his/her capabilities do not go beyond reading and writing his own name, numbers or a memorized poem. Blind persons mastering the Braille methods to read and write are considered literate. Enumerator should indicate which language the person reads and writes, by noting the appropriate code. Leave empty for persons younger than 10.

0 None
1 Arabic only
2 Arabic and French only
3 Arabic, French and other languages
4 Arabic and languages other than French, specify ____
5 Other cases, specify ____

Q12: Level of education:
Q12A: Highest grade completed in school:

[] 00 None
[] 03 Koranic school
[] 10 Basic education, first grade (1st primaire)
[] 11 Basic education, second grade (2nd primaire)
[] 12 Basic education, third grade (3rd primaire)
[] 13 Basic education, fourth grade (4th primaire)
[] 14 Basic education, fifth grade (5th primaire)
[] 15 Basic education, sixth grade (6th fondamental)
[] Other, specify _______________

For people who are in professional training, enter the last year in school before the professional training. For current students, enter the level attained in the 2003-2004 school year. Regarding persons who never went to school or Koranic school, enter "00".

Q12B: Type of school

1 Public
2 Private

Q13: Local language used (dialect)
The enumerator should identify the local language(s) used on daily basis by the respondent. Please enter code of primary language and secondary language if there is one.

Q13A: Primary language

1 Arabic (colloquial)
2 Tachalhit
3 Tamazight
4 Tarifite
5 Hassania

Q13B: Secondary language

1 Arabic (colloquial)
2 Tachalhit
3 Tamazight
4 Tarifite
5 Hassania

Handicap
A handicapped person is anyone who is unable to practice daily activities in a normal way (without the help of others or tools) because of mental or corporal handicaps. It is not automatic that a handicapped person not be economically active. In fact, there are handicapped people who practice activities in different areas. There are different types of handicaps: mobile, visual, hearing, vocal and chronic diseases.
For all household members

Q14: Type of handicap

1 Mobility (limbs): total or partial
2 Visual (blind): total or partial
3 Hearing (deaf): total or partial
4 Vocal (mute): total or partial
5 Chronic disease (heart, diabetes)

Economic activity

Q15: Activity status

0. AO Active, employed: Is considered active employed every person, man or woman, age 7 or older, who declared on the census reference date to have a professional activity. According to this definition, individuals who have a certain job (farmers, individuals with periodical jobs), even if they were not practicing their activity during the census period, are considered to be active employed. Also includes individuals with a job but absent from their job during the census period because of annual leave, sickness, or accident

1 CH1 Jobless, never worked: Active unemployed is anyone age 15 or older who declares that he/she has no job at the census reference date, but is looking for it. These individuals never worked in the past.

2 CH2 Jobless, has worked before: Active unemployed is anyone age 15 or older who declares that he/she has no job at the census reference date, but is looking for it. These individuals have worked before.

The following types are not active: anyone who declares that he holds no job and is not looking for it.

3 FF Housewife, girls at home: every girl or women age 15 or older who does not practice any work but is taking care of the house and household members (cleaning, cooking.). Not all women are to be automatically classified in this category. Enumerator should separate between housewife and women who do some activities (weaving, agriculture, serving) for money or in-kind values. Therefore these women should be classified in the former categories according to their status during the census.

4 EC Student, pupil: every individual whose primary activity is limited to going to school or professional training establishment during 2003-2004 school year, if he was not planning to attend next year. But, the student who has finished his schooling is considered active: occupied or unemployed depending on his situation.
If a student has a part time job, even if it paid, he is still considered to be a student. In addition, a student civil servant is considered a student even if he is receiving a salary. However an employee who is a taking night classes or education to improve his skills is considered as an occupied active.

5 REN Living on private belongings: he/she is not active. His earnings are from renting properties (apartment, farming land).

6 RET Retired: he/she is not active. His earnings are from retirement plan from private or government establishments. But, if this person is practicing economical activities, then he/she should be considered occupied active.

7 MAL Disabled, handicapped, sick person: is a person whose handicap/illness prevents him from doing any job.

8 JEU Child: younger than 15, doesn't work and is not in school.

9 AUT Other cases, specify: for instance an elder person with no income.

Q16: Employment status
An occupied active individual could be an employer, self-employed, salaried, family aid or an apprentice. Enumerators should consider the person's status within his/her primary profession.

1 Employer: employs at least one salaried person

2 Self-employed, with premises: works on his own and does not employ any salaried person, although, he/she may seek familial aids. This individual works on a specific premise other than his own home. This definition may be difficult to apply for self-employed farmers. We consider each farmer working on his own land within this category.

3 Self-employed, at home: works for his own and does not employ any salaried person on a permanent basis, although, he/she may seek familial aids or apprentice. This individual works at his own home.

4 Self-employed, traveling or without premises: works for his own and do not employ any salaried person, although, he/she may seek familial aids. This individual does not have specific premise.

5 Salaried, public sector: woks for a salary, in-kind or both. This individual works for the public sector, such as government, local communities, external services of ministries.

6 Salaried, private sector: woks for a salary, in-kind or both. This individual works for the private sector.

7 Family aid: works for his family members with no salary and lives with them.

8 Apprentice: works for an employer or self-employed to learn some skills. He/she may receive some salary.

[p. 4]

Housing characteristics (living conditions of the household)

L1: Mode of occupancy of the dwelling unit

1. Dwelling occupied by a household present at time of the census: it's about every dwelling usually occupied by one or several households during the census reference date.

2. Dwelling occupied by a household temporarily absent at time of the census: it's about every dwelling usually occupied by one or several households, but absent during the census reference date.

3. Dwelling empty/vacant: is non-secondary or residential dwelling not occupied by any household during the census reference date. Only dwellings prepared for residence and not demolished are considered such. In addition only certain types of dwellings are considered: villa, apartment in a story building, Moroccan modern or traditional house. Hence, rural houses and slums are not to be considered.

4. Secondary or seasonal dwelling is every dwelling used as a secondary residence by household who has a primary residence. In this category we find also, dwelling owned by Moroccan residents abroad but occupied during vacations.

5. Dwelling under construction: is a dwelling being constructed but its primary features are apparent and can be classified. These dwelling could be occupied sometimes by household(s) during the census reference date.

6. Other

L2: Type of construction

0. Villa, or flat in a villa: according to its normal definition is every building prepared for residence, separated from its architectural stand of point and not over two story, has a usually a garden. A villa could be used for other things than residence during the census period.

1. Apartment, flat in a building: within a building that is prepared for collective housing and made up of several standalone apartments. The latter could be used for residential or other purposes.

2. Moroccan traditional house: found usually in old neighborhoods. It is characterized by a hall in the middle surrounded by rooms for residence.

3. Moroccan modern house: is an individual building, made up of one or several stories used for residence or other purposes. There are no similarities between modern Moroccan house, villa or traditional Moroccan house.

4. Room in an institution: is a room or several rooms in an establishment (hotel, school, factory, mosque) used for residence during the census period.

5. Informal construction, slum: it's about unique constructions from architectural or materiel made up of materials, such as wood, zinc.

6. Construction not designed for housing: is every location that was built for purposes other than residence but it is being used as residence during the census period.

7. Rural house: are all dwellings that are enumerated in the rural areas and sub urban area, and are not within the former types.

8. Other cases, specify about other types not mentioned above, such as car, tent.

L3: Tenant status of the dwelling

1. Owner or co-ownership: owner is the person who lives in a place his owns. Co-owner he is an associate in the ownership of the place, where the household lives.

2. In process of becoming owner: about to finish [paying a] loan (in favor of promoter or others) to become owner of place he lives in.

3. Tenant: is a person who pays rent in order to use the premise.

4. Housing provided by employer: provided by public or private employer for small payment.

5. Free lodging: is someone who does not own or pay rent for the places he lives in. Employer provided housing is not included in this category.

6. Other cases: all other cases not mentioned above.

L4: Age of the dwelling: is the age of construction. If the dwelling was built in phases, please consider the oldest age.

1. Fewer than 10 years
2. 10-19 years
3. 20-49 years
4. 50 years or more

L5: Number of rooms occupied by the household: Rooms counted as living rooms are: bedroom, living room, servant room. Do not count kitchen, bathroom, hallway, and balcony.
At least one room is occupied by the household, so it should not be coded "00".

Equipment of the housing unit (mode of utilization of housing amenities)
Either private, shared or not available

L6A. Kitchen: is a room specific to preparing food. If a hallway or a bedroom is used to prepare food, then the dwelling is considered without a kitchen.

1. Yes, private
2. Yes, shared
3. No

L6B: Toilet/WC: is place prepared to this end.

1. Yes, private
2. Yes, shared
3. No

L6C. Modern bathroom or shower: with shower or bathtub.

1. Yes, private
2. Yes, shared
3. No

L6D. Traditional Moroccan bathroom: found in traditional houses. It is equipped for this end. [It is] not an ordinary room used for bathing.

1. Yes, private
2. Yes, shared
3. No

L6E. Dwelling connected to a public water supply network:

1. Yes, private
2. Yes, shared
3. No

L6F. Dwelling connected to a public network of electricity

1. Yes, private
2. Yes, shared
3. No

L7. Source of lighting

(Multiple answers are possible)

1. Petrol lamp
2. Gas lamp (butane)
3. Traditional lamp (kandyle), candle
4. Solar energy
5. Electricity generator
6. Other cases, specify ____

L8. Source of water (for households not connected to a public network)

(Multiple answers are possible)

1. Well
2. Spring
3. Public tap/fountain
4. Other cases, specify ____

L9. Waste water disposal

(Multiple answers are possible)

1. Public sewage
2. Septic tank: emptied when necessary
3. Pit/cesspool: not emptied, just left after being full.
4. Other cases, specify: such as open waste water ___

L10A.Television

1. Yes
2. No

L10B.Parabolic antenna/dish aerial

1. Yes
2. No

L10C. Landline phone

1. Yes
2. No

L10D. Cell phone (number)

L11. What is the distance from the housing unit to the nearest tarred road? (for rural areas). Distance in kilometers. For distances shorter than 1 km, code "00"; for distances of 2.5 km, code "02"; for distances of 100 km and above, code "98".

[p. 4]

Outmigration and deaths in past 12 months
Outmigration to foreign countries, and deaths which occurred between September 1, 2003 and August 31, 2004

E00. First name and last name of the person ____

E01. Type of event

1. Death
2. Outmigration

E02. Date of event

MM month ____
YYYY year ____

E03. Age: in years ____

E04. Sex: (same as Q06)

E05. Marital status: (same as Q08)

E06. Type of economic activity (same as Q15)

E07. Main occupation ____

[p. 6]

Q18: Primary profession: This question was coded at a later stage (please see instructions to code profession manual). It concerns active occupied, active not working but had held a job in the past, and active never worked before but with qualifications.

Q19: Primary activity of establishment of professional premises: This question was coded at a later stage (please see activity code manual). It concerns active occupied and active not working but had held a job in the past.

Q20: Highest educational or professional diploma: This question was coded at a later stage (please see diploma code manual).

Q21: Place of residence before current residence: This question was coded at a later stage (please see geographic code manual). It is about place of residence (rural community, municipality) before current residence. For individuals who lived abroad note the country where they lived before. For individuals who have never changed their place of residence note the commune of residence. Place of residence means commune of residence and not housing.

Q22: Duration of residence: at current residence. For individuals who have changed place of residence note the number of years in the current place of residence.

Q23: Place of residence when SM Mohamed VI became King (same as Q21)