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Kingdom of Morocco
Ministry of the Interior
General Census of Population and Housing, 1982

Census definitions
Census: Is all operations to gather, analyze and disseminate demographic, economic and social data about all population in a specific time.

Census reference date: All gathered questionnaires during census, refer to September 3rd, 1982 at 0 hours.

Administrative division considered in the census is about the same as the official one. National territory is divided into regions. Each region is divided into provinces. Each province is divided into municipalities in urban areas and into cercles in rural areas. cercles are composed of rural communities, whose population belongs to mashikhat and douars. Sometimes it may contain other centers considered as urban areas. The geographic code manual presents all names and corresponding codes of different divisions.

Census district is an urban or rural area with clear geographic limits. Each census district is enumerated by a census enumerator. Each census district is made up of part, whole or several lots in urban area, or of a whole or several lots in rural area. A lot is made up of several continuous constructions. It is generally limited by several public roads.

Lot in urban areas is made up of a group of continuous buildings and limited usually by several public roads (street, avenue, roads) or empty land. Lots are very diverse in form and number of buildings it contains. We may find large lots as we may find small ones with few building if not only one building.

Lot in rural area is defined as a geographical area with natural or physical clear limits, which contains a group or more of residential buildings. The latter is made up of housing units and rural buildings close to each other and gathered with no separation such as mountains, rivers or large empty land. These rural residential areas could be classified as douar (village), part of douar or several douar.

Dwelling: a residence is made of one room or several rooms prepared for residence. It has one or more direct entry. The direct entry may open up on a hall, stairs, another premise for professional use, public way or empty land. To be be noted that a hotel should not be considered only as one residence. Each of its rooms is a residence, unless several rooms are used by the same household. Regarding traditional hotels (foundouk) found usually in old neighborhoods, each room or several rooms occupied by a household is considered as a dwelling, likewise each empty room is considered a dwelling. The same goes for a group of dwellings occupied by one household. These dwellings are considered as one, and hence the number of rooms is the total number of rooms of theses dwellings. A dwelling could be not prepared for residence in the origin, but parts within it are being used as residence. In this case these parts should be considered as a dwelling.

Types of dwellings
Villa or flat in a villa according to its normal definition is every building prepared for residence, separated from its architectural stand of point and not over two stories, usually having a garden. A villa could be used for other things than residence during the census period.

Apartment is within a building that is prepared for collective housing and made up of several standalone apartments. It could be used for residential or other purposes.

Moroccan traditional house is an individual building, with traditional architecture or those other than villas and apartments.

Room in an institution is a room or several rooms in an institution (hotel, school, factory, mosque) used for residence during the census period.

Construction not designed for housing is every location that was built for other purposes than residence but it is being used as residence during the census period.

Other cases about other types not mentioned above.

Household: is a group of person, related or not, that usually lives in the same dwelling and have common expenses. A person living alone is considered a one-person household.

Household head: is the individual resident declared as household head by household members. He enjoys moral or material obligations, or both. The head of household is not necessarily the oldest, the one who earns the most or the one related to all family members. Also, household head could be either a man or a woman. She could be the widow living with her son's family or the person who decides about the use of agricultural land regarding agricultural families or the elderly who isn't participating any longer in agricultural activities.

Status of residence in dwelling: During the census reference date, residents of a dwelling could be present or temporarily absent. A dwelling could be under construction, empty, secondary or seasonal. The following are definitions of these cases.

[] "Dwelling where residents are present during the census": is about every dwelling usually occupied by one or several households during the census reference date.

[] "Dwelling where residents are temporarily absent": is about every dwelling usually occupied by one or several households, but absent during census reference date.

[] "Secondary or seasonal dwelling": is every dwelling used as a secondary residence by the household that has a primary residence. In this category we find also dwellings owned by Moroccan residents abroad but occupied during vacations.

[] "Empty dwelling": is a non-secondary or residential dwelling not occupied by any household during the census reference date. Only dwellings prepared for residence and not demolished are considered such. In addition, only certain types of dwellings are considered: villa, apartment, Moroccan modern house or Moroccan traditional house. Hence, rural houses and slums are not to be considered.

Residence: resident is anyone living in a place or planning to live in it for at least 6 months. In the census context:

[] "Present resident" is anyone present at his usual place of residence during the census reference date.
[] "Resident temporarily absent" is anyone absent from his usual residence for a period of fewer than 6 months.
[] "Transit individual" is anyone living in a place different than his usual residence for a period fewer than 6 months. Transit individuals, whether living in hotels or ordinary households, are not counted towards the legal population.

Counted population during census: counting legal population is primary objective of census. It's made up of two categories: municipal population, and separately counted population.

Municipal population: Counted as usual resident within census district among normal household or grouped household. And they are:
  • All persons residing usually in the dwelling at the census reference date, whether they were present or temporarily absent for a duration no more than 6 months.
  • All persons residing in the census district, if they were living in car, etc.
  • All homeless individuals, after they have been gathered by local government at a specific date during the census (15 September 1994).
  • Foreign employees at consulates and embassies should be counted if they are residing outside these establishments.
  • Foreigner residing in Morocco even if they were abroad during census. They would be counted as temporary absent during that period. Regardless of their activity status: students, employees, retired, landowners, etc.
  • All transit/visiting persons not usually residing within the household but present during census period for less than six months should be registered in specific table. But, if their presence is over 6 months they should be counted as members of household.
Persons that should not be counted at all are:
  • Foreigners of diplomatic corps residing at embassies and consultants
  • Any person out of the country for a period over 6 months.
  • Every person departed his original household for over 6 months.
Exceptional cases:
  • Every student residing in schooling in dormitories during the school year is counted with his household only if he was present at household during census reference date.
  • In case of person owning several residences, every person found in his primary residence is counted as resident present. If he/she happens to be in secondary residence then they should be considered as transit, because they will be counted as absent resident in their primary residence by other enumerator.
  • Persons who changed residence permanently should not be counted as absent residence because they will be counted as present residence within their primary residence, even if their period of residence in their new home is fewer than 6 months.
  • Persons often on the move, such as conductors, should be counted as absent resident in their primary residence if they were absent during census reference date, or present resident if they were present.
Persons counted separately: Persons counted within the establishment where they live. They are:
  • Military and other officials residing in military buildings or similar
  • Individuals being treated in hospitals for a period over 6 months
  • Prisoners
  • Residents of child care establishments
  • Residents of community housing
  • Students present at such schools at census reference date
  • Workers residing in their place of work and with no usual residence, or for a period over 6 months

Geographic code

1. Province:

3. Cercle:

4. Municipality or rural community:

6. Center:

7. Machikha:

9. Douar:

11. Census district number:

14. Dwelling unit number, in the Census track:
Numbers from "001" to the total number of dwelling units within census district. No number can be duplicated or omitted. Include professional premises used as residence.

17. Number of households in the dwelling:
It is possible to have one household, several or none if the dwelling unit is empty (e.g. secondary residence). In such case "00" is used as code.

19. Household number, in the dwelling:
Begin from "01" household to the last household within the dwelling.

21. Number of questionnaires filled for this household:
For each household whose total members are more than 9, additional questionnaires are provided. Enumerators need to write down number of filled questionnaires per the underlying household and "00" for empty dwellings.

Civil status
22. Does the head of the household have a civil status booklet?

23. If yes, please indicate year of issue

Total number of household members
All usually resident members, present or temporarily absent, during the census reference date. It is total number of Moroccan and foreigners. Of which:

[] Moroccans
[] Foreigners
Total ___

Precise address of the dwelling unit:
Name of the census enumerator:
Name of respondent:
Date of interview:
Name of controller:
Date of control:
Observations:

Individuals: (multiple records)

1. Number of household members:
It's the order number of usual resident belonging to a household. It is preprinted.

2. Last and first names of household members (resident present or resident temporarily absent) written in table 1 to determine household members according to rank, [as] explained in the instruction manual.

3. Relationship to household head:

[] 1 Household head
[] 2 His wife
[] 3 Son or daughter
[] 4 Father or mother
[] 5 Son-in-law or daughter-in-law
[] 6 Other relative to determine
[] 7 No relationship

4. Status of residence:

[] 1 "Resident present" is anyone present at his usual place of residence during the census reference date
[] 2 "Resident temporarily absent" is anyone absent from his usual resident for a period shorter than 6 months.

5. Sex:

Always ask this question

[] 1 Male
[] 2 Female

6. Date of birth or age

Show clearly date of birth or age according to declaration.

a. Date of birth example: Declared 9 July 1953, write "07" "1953"

b. Age in years example: Declared [to be] 48 years old. Put "48".

For [persons] younger than 1 year, write "00".

7. Marital status:

[] 1 Single: never married
[] 2 Married: is anyone legally/religiously married even if the marriage has not been consummated yet
[] 3 Widowed: husband or wife died
[] 4 Divorced: is everyone legally/religiously divorced with a judgment

8. Nationality:

[] 01 Moroccan
[] 02 Algerian
[] 03 Tunisian
[] 40 French
[] 41 Spanish, other nationality mention but do not code. Coding [will be] applied at later stage of questionnaire processing.

9. Place of birth.
If the place of birth is in the same town or village, write "MRA" [Same as current residence]. Otherwise, mention the name of the town (or village and community with the closest city).

10. Place of last residence prior to the current residence.

[] In case of residence in the same house, write "MRA"
[] In case of changing house, but still at the same town or village, write "MRA"
[] In case of changing town or village, write the name of the town or [the name of the] closest town from the village.

11. Length of residence
Remember the length of the residence in the town or village where the person lives. For people who never changed their town or village of residence, write "MRA".

12. Place of residence at the time of the "Green March" (6 Nov. 1975).

[] In case of residence in the same house, write "MRA"
[] In case of changing house, but still on same town or village, write "MRA"
[] In case of changing town or village, write the name of the town or [the name of the] closest town from the village.

13. For married, widowed, divorced women age 50 or younger, write the total of children born alive (male and female)

During the life span of the mentioned women:
a. Who live currently within the household
b. Who do not live currently within the household, but lives in Morocco
c. Who died

During the last 12 months, write the total of children for women younger than 51:
d. Who are still alive
e. Who died

For persons age 10 or older

14. Read and write:

[] 0 None
[] 1 Only Arabic
[] 2 Arabic and French alone
[] 3 Arabic, French and other languages to be mentioned
[] 4 Arabic and other languages excluding French
[] 5 Other cases to be mentioned

15. Highest educational degree:

[] Primary
[] Secondary
[] Tertiary or professional

16. Last educational level attained in public school:

17. Activity type:

"Actively employed": Considered actively employed are every person, man or woman, age 7 or older who declared at the census reference date that he/she has a professional activity. According to this definition, individuals who have certain jobs (farmers, individuals with periodical jobs), even if they were not practicing their activity during the census period, are considered to be actively employed. Include also individuals with a job but [who were] absent from their job during the census period because of annual leave, sickness, accident.

"Unemployed, never worked before": Active unemployed is anyone no younger than 15 years old, and declared that he/she has no job at the census reference date, but is looking for it. These individuals have worked in the past.

"Unemployed, has worked in the past": Active unemployed is anyone no younger than 15 years old, and declared that he/she has no job at the census reference date, but is looking for it. These individuals never worked before.

"Housewife": Every girl or woman age 15 or older who does not practice any work but takes care of the house and household members (cleaning, cooking). Not all women are to be automatically classified in this category. The enumerator should separate housewives and women that do some activities (weaving, agriculture, servant) for money or in-kind value. These women should be classified in the former categories according to the status during the census.

"Student": Every individual whose primary activity is limited to going to school or a professional training establishment during the 2003-2004 school year, also if he was not planning to attend next year. But the student who finished his schooling is considered active: occupied or unemployed depending on his situation.
If a student has a part-time job, even it was paid, he is still considered to be a student. In addition, a student civil servant is considered a student even if receiving salary. However, an employee who is a taking night classes or education to improve his skills is considered as actively employed.

"Landlord or retired": He/she is not active. His earnings are from renting out properties (apartment, farmland) or his earnings are from retirement plans from private or government establishments. But, if this person is practicing economical activities, then he/she should be considered actively employed.

"Sick or handicapped" is every person whose handicap/illness prevents him from doing any job.

"Child" [Too young to work]: Age 15 or younger, does not work and is not in school.

"Other cases"

Ask only housewives and other inactive [persons], except students.

Did you practice a job during the period from 23rd of July 1982 to the census reference date?
18. If yes, note the number of days you worked; otherwise, note "00".

19. If no, [give] reason:

[] 1 Work not available, or in despair of finding a job
[] 2 Hands full doing household work
[] 3 Spouse or parent does not agree
[] 4 Not capable of working
[] 5 Does not want to work
[] 6 Other reasons to mention

20. Primary profession carried on:
[Asked to every actively occupied or unemployed]

This question was coded at a later stage (please see instructions for codes [in the] profession manual). It concerns active occupied, active not working but had held a job in the past, and active never worked before but with qualifications.

21. Primary activity of the establishment or professional premises where the person is working or worked.
This question was coded at a later stage (please see activity code manual). It concerns active occupied and active not working but had held a job in the past.

22. Status in primary profession:

[] 1 "Employer": employs at least one salaried worker.

[] 2 "Independent with premises": works for his own and does not employ any salaried persons, although he/she may seek familial aid. This individual works at a specific premise other than his own home. This definition may be difficult to apply for self-employed farmers. We consider each farmer working on his own land within this category.

[] 3 "Independent, work from his home": works for his own and does not employ any salaried persons on a permanent basis, although he/she may seek familial aid or apprentices. This individual works at his own home.

[] 4 "Independent, travelling or without premises": works for his own and does not employ any salaried persons, although he/she may seek familial aid. This individual does not have specific [working] premises.

[] 5 "Salaried employee": works for a salary, in-kind or both. This individual works for the public sector, such as government, local communities, external services of ministries, or for the private sector.

[] 6 "Family appointed [worker]": works for his family members with no salary and lives with them.

[] 7 "Trainee [apprentice]": works for an employer or self-employed in order to learn some skills. He/she may receive some salary.

Housing record

24. Status of housing:

[] 1 Dwelling whose inhabitants are present during census
[] 2 Dwelling whose inhabitants are temporarily absent
[] 3 Empty dwelling
[] 4 Secondary or seasonal dwelling

25. Type of dwelling:

[Urban dwellings only]

[] 1 Villa or level of villa according to its normal definition is every building prepared for residence, separated from its architectural stand of point and not over two story, has a usually a garden. A villa could be used for other things than residence during census period.

[] 2 Apartment within a building that is prepared for collective housing and made up of several stand-alone apartments. The latter could be used for residential or other purposes.

[] 3 Moroccan house is an individual building, with traditional architecture or other than villa and apartment.

[] 4 Room in an establishment is a room or several rooms in an establishment (hotel, school, factory, mosque) used for residence during census period.

[] 5 Dwelling not made for housing is every location that was built for other purposes than residence but it is being used as residence during census period.

[] 6 Other cases about other types not mentioned above

26. Basic construction material
[This is question 25 for rural dwellings]

a. Walls:

[] 1 Rocks or bricks with cement
[] 2 Rock with clay
[] 3 Rock only
[] 4 Tabia (clay and straw)
[] 5 Wood, zinc, grass, cane
[] 6 Other material

b. Ceiling:

[] 1 Dalla (reinforced concrete)
[] 2 Wood, grass covered with clay
[] 3 Wood, grass or cane not covered
[] 4 Iron or zinc
[] 5 Wood or bricks
[] 6 Other material

27. Housing equipment
[This is question 26 for rural dwellings]

a. Kitchen:

[] 1 Private
[] 2 Shared
[] 0 Not available

b. Bathroom within dwelling:

[] 1 Private
[] 2 Shared
[] 0 Not available

c. Modern bathroom or shower within dwelling:

[] 1 Private
[] 2 Shared
[] 0 Not available

d. Local bathroom within dwelling:

[] 1 Private
[] 2 Shared
[] 0 Not available

e. Public water supply network:

[] 1 Private
[] 2 Shared
[] 0 Not available

f. Water from well within dwelling:

[] 1 Private
[] 2 Shared
[] 0 Not available

g. Public electricity supply network:

[] 1 Private
[] 2 Shared
[] 0 Not available

28. Lighting method (for housing with no electricity):
[This is question 27 for rural dwellings]

[] 1 Lighting with gasoline
[] 2 Lighting with gas
[] 3 Kandil
[] 4 Candle
[] 5 Other cases

29. Status of occupation:
[This is question 28 for rural dwellings]

[] 1 Owner or associated partner
[] 2 Towards ownership
[] 3 Tenant
[] 4 Mortgage
[] 5 Accommodation that goes with the job
[] 6 Housed for free
[] 7 Other cases

30. Number of rooms inhabited by household
[This is question 29 for rural dwellings]