1995 Census of Population and Housing
State of Israel -- Central Bureau of Statistics
Enumerator's Manual for an Ordinary Enumeration-cell Pick-up and Pick-up Completion Stage (75002)
[p. 1-9 (Chapters 1-2) of the original document are not presented here.]
Chapter 3: Whose details should be written in the questionnaire?
1. Whose details should be written in the questionnaire?
A questionnaire has to be filled in for a person in the enumerated address, under two conditions:
On Census Day, Saturday night November 4th, 1995:
-- He has to be enumerated in the address that you are enumerating (See second part bellow)
First Part -- The census population
The census is conducted in the area of the state of Israel and in the Jewish localities in Judea, Samaria and the Gaza strip.
We distinguish between the population to be enumerated (people that you have to fill-in a questionnaire for) and a population not to be enumerated (for which you do not fill-in a questionnaire).
Although the population not to be enumerated is a small minority [has to be a minor group], it is worthwhile to get accurate data about its size and it is important not to include it in the enumeration.
3. The population to be enumerated
The population to be enumerated includes four groups:
3.1 Residents of Israel who were in the country on census day
The residents of the country are the citizens and permanent residents.
Do not forget to include:
Immigrants who arrived to Israel before census day
People who died after census day
[An illustration of a baby saying: "I'm also included in the census . . . . . Me too . . . . " is omitted.]
3.2 Israeli residents staying abroad less than a year
The questionnaires of these people will be fill-in by their family members, with whom they live. For example: Parents of a son, who is in the far-east for eight months, will fill-in his details [in their questionnaire].
If there are no family members -- the enumerator will fill-in the questionnaire for people staying abroad, with the help of the neighbors or the people who live in the apartment during the census (you will learn about it latter).
It is not always easy to find out that people who are abroad for less than a year lived in the apartment, however, it is important to the accuracy of the population data to enumerate them.
3.3 Tourists and temporary residents who live in Israel over a year
There are people who are not Israeli citizens or permanent residents in Israel, who live in the country long periods of time in a status of tourists or temporary residents (including foreign workers).
If they live in Israel over a year (even if they occasionally visit foreign countries), you have to enumerate them.
3.4 Residents of non-Jewish localities in Judea, Samaria and Gaza who live in Israel over a year
You have to enumerate residents of non-Jewish localities in Judea, Samaria and Gaza who live in Israel over a year.
If they live in Israel less than a year, do not enumerate them.
4. The population not to be enumerated
The population not to be enumerated includes the following groups:
B. Israeli residents who were abroad for over a year on census day.
C. Tourists and temporary residents who live in Israel for less than a year.
D. Residents from non-Jewish localities in Judea, Samaria and Gaza strip, who live in Israel for less than a year.
E. People who carry foreign-diplomatic passport and people with foreign-service passport are not to be enumerated in any case (even if they live in Israel over a year).
Census Day is Saturday night November 4th, 1995
[Population groups to be enumerated:]
a. Fill-in a questionnaire to all the Israeli residents, who are in the country on census day, including:
-- Not to fill-in a questionnaire, if born after census day
-- Not to fill-in a questionnaire, if died before census day
-- Not to fill-in a questionnaire, if arrived after census day
b. Israeli residents who live abroad
-- Not to fill-in a questionnaire, if live abroad over a year
c. Tourists and temporary residents who live in Israel (including foreign workers)
-- Not to fill-in a questionnaire, if live in Israel less than a year
d. Residents of non-Jewish localities in Judea, Samaria and Gaza, who live in Israel
-- Not to fill-in a questionnaire, if live in Israel less than a year
e. Holders of diplomatic passports, foreign-service passport and UN
Second Part -- Reference to an address
If a person is included in the population census, you have to check if he has to be enumerated in this address.
6. In what address to enumerate a person?
One of the objectives of the census is to get information about the population size in each locality, and the population size in each neighborhood in large localities.
In order to succeed in this task, it is important to enumerate the people in their permanent address.
7. A single dwelling address
Most of the people live in one address and they will be enumerated there.
Pay an attention to special cases of people changing apartments close to census day, Saturday night, November 4th 1995.
You have to enumerate in this apartment:
-- People who moved-out of this apartment after census day
(They will be enumerated with the help of the neighbors).
Do not enumerate in this apartment:
-- People who moved-in to this apartment after census day
8. More than one dwelling address
There are people who live in more than one dwelling address because of school, work, military service, hospitalization etc. It is important to know where to enumerate these people in order to avoid enumerating them twice, and to avoid the possibility of not enumerating them at all.
Part of the people will not be enumerated with their families (item 9), part of them with their families (item 10), and the enumeration address of the others depends on the number of nights they slept in each address during the last month (item 11).
9. People who will not be enumerated with their families
These are the people who will be enumerated in the address they usually live in, and not with their families.
Residents of Institutions, who live in long-term stay institutions, will be enumerated in the institutions. Examples: Hospital for chronically ill people, hospital for the mentally ill, old age home, a prison, rehabilitation institution, absorption center [for new immigrants].
Residents of dormitories, who study in schools with dormitories and sleep there, will be enumerated in the dormitories and not in their parents' house.
Examples: A dormitory for students in school, Yeshiva (religious school), students' dormitory [in university].
Soldiers in Hesder Yeshiva [A special arrangement for religious soldiers who combine studying in Yeshiva with their service], will be enumerated in the Yeshiva address. Attention! Soldiers in regular service, compulsory or as a career, are enumerated in their civilian address.
A Service-year or a national service: Girls who serve a year of national service (instead of regular military service [Military service is compulsory in Israel], who have another address used for the service -- will be enumerated in that address and not in their parents' house. Youngsters [usually boys] who postpone their military service in order to volunteer for a national service, after which they will serve the compulsory military service, will be enumerated in the address they use for the national service.
Foster family: Children in foster families will be enumerated with the foster families.
Attention: If any of the above people (resident of an institution, resident of a dormitory etc.) is listed in his family's questionnaire, you have to erase his details from the questionnaire, since he will be enumerated in the institution, dormitory etc. [that he lives in].
10. People who will be enumerated with their families
The following people will not be enumerated in the address of their stay on census day, but with their families.
Soldiers in a regular service (compulsory or as a career): Soldiers in a compulsory service or in a regular military service as a career, (including Shalat and Nahal), will be enumerated in their civilian address, since military bases are not enumerated. [Shalat is a civilian service without pay that usually lasts one year, before the military service. Nahal is a military force, in which the service is a combination of a military service and a civilian work, usually in a Kibbutz].
If a soldier has two civilian addresses (for example, his parents' house and another apartment used for the military service), he will be enumerated in the civilian address he spent most of his nights in, during the last month. As mentioned above, soldiers in Hesder Yeshiva will not be enumerated in their houses but rather in the Yeshiva.
Vacation, reserve duty, general hospital, detention station: People, who are in another address for a short-term stay, even if they spent most of their nights there during the last month, will not be enumerated in it, but in their permanent address.
-- Soldiers on reserve duty;
-- Sick people in a general hospital;
-- Detainees in a detention station (not prison).
Places for a relatively short-term stay, are not considered as dwelling addresses. It is very important to enumerate the people who are there with their families, to ensure their inclusion in the census population.
Additional address of people who have a spouse: People who slept most of the nights of the last month in additional address, for studies or work, who have a spouse in a permanent address -- are to be enumerated in the permanent address of their spouses, and not in the additional address they have for school or work.
Data about families in Israel is collected in the census. Therefore, people who have a spouse in a permanent address and an additional address for studies or work will be enumerated in a permanent address with their spouses, and not as a separate family.
Example: A person whose permanent address with his spouse is in Zefat, who live and work in Eilat during the weekdays, will be enumerated in Zefat.
11. People whose enumeration location is stipulated by the place in which they have spent most of the nights of the last month
People who have additional address for studies or work, who have no spouse in a permanent address, will be enumerated in the address where they have slept most of the nights during the last month.
If they lived most of the nights of the last month in the additional address, they will be enumerated in that address.
If they lived most of the nights of the last month in the permanent address, they will be enumerated in that address.
Example: A single student whose parents live in Beit-Shemesh, who studies and lives during the whole week in Haifa in a rented apartment, will be enumerated in Haifa (even if he visits his parents in weekends, holidays and vacations). If he slept most of the nights of the last month in his parents' house, he will be enumerated with them.
In a case of a doubt whether to list a person in the questionnaire or not -- do include him.
If a person is listed twice, by mistake, this duplication will be traced during data processing. If you do not list him and he is not listed in the additional address, he will be missing from the population of the country.
Summing up the instructions regarding the enumeration address of people with several addresses:
People who will not be enumerated with their families, but in their additional address: (Erase their details from the questionnaire of the family)
B. Residents of dormitories like, schools, Yeshiva with dormitory, students' dormitories [of universities];
C. Soldiers in Hesder Yeshiva;
D. Girls in service-year and youngsters in national service;
E. Children in foster families.
B. Guests in a hotel, in a recuperation house, recreation area, or in a relatives' house;
C. People hospitalized in a general hospital;
D. Detainees in a detention station (not prison);
E. People who have additional address for studies or work, who have a spouse living in a permanent address.
[p. 16 is omitted.]
Chapter 4: What is a household?
1. The need to identify households in an apartment
A questionnaire is filled-in for people who belong to one household.
Each household in the apartment fills-in a separate questionnaire.
When you enumerate an apartment, you have to decide how many households live in it. If you find out that there is more than one household, fill-in a questionnaire for each household separately.
In the drop-off stage, you have learnt that a household is usually a family. Now, in the pick-up stage, there is a need to be more accurate about the term 'household'.
2. Household definition
A household includes people, who live in the same apartment, who have a joint expenditure budget for food.
In most apartments there is only one family, and usually all the people of the family share their expenditure budget for food. Therefore, in most apartments you will find one household.
A person who lives on his own constitutes a household as well.
When people who live in one apartment have separate food budgets, they establish different households.
3. A single household in an apartment
In most cases there is no need to check the number of households in an apartment, since only one household lives in it.
B. There is a couple in the apartment, with or without children.
C. There is a single parent with his children in the apartment.
D. A grandfather or a grandmother lives in the apartment with one of their children and their grandchildren.
In these cases you do not have to check the households in the apartment, but to list all the people who live in the apartment in one household.
4. Several households in an apartment
There are apartments that accommodate two or more households.
B. A family lives in the apartment together with a sub-lessee who has a separate food budget: The family constitutes one household and the sub-lessee a second.
C. Two brothers who are new immigrants, live in the apartment together with their families, each has a separate food budget: There are two households living in the apartment.
5. When should you make an inquiry?
The following cases are those that you have to inquire in order to determine the number of households living in the apartment:
B. The people in the apartment answered question 1 "Relation to the person listed first" with one of the following options:
10 -- Other relative
11 -- Not a relative
After deciding that an inquiry is required, ask the people if they share their budget for food expenses.
b. If the people who live in the apartment have separate food budget, each group of people who share food budget will be considered as one household that will fill-in a separate questionnaire.
Example: Three people are living in the apartment. Two have a joint expenditure budget for food, while the third has a separate budget. There are two households living in the apartment.
Attention! If the residents of the apartment oppose the division to households according to the above instructions, accept their division to households.
-- All the households in the same apartment fill-in the same questionnaire type (Short or long-form).
-- Each household in the apartment gets the same apartment number in the cell.
The process of filling-in the questionnaires in the apartment is described in chapter 12, second part: Several households in the apartment.
Chapter 5: The short-form questionnaire (or part A of the long-form)
In the pick-up stage, you have to collect the filled-in questionnaires from the residents.
There are families that fill-in the entire questionnaire, others only part of it, and some families do not fill-in the questionnaire at all.
If the family completed the questionnaire, check it. If the family answered only partially or not at all, you have to fill-in the questionnaire with them.
In this chapter, and in chapters 6 and 7, we will introduce you with the short-form and the long-form questionnaires, by their structure, and we will explain the questions in them in details.
In chapters 11 and 12 we will introduce the process and the relevant operations related to the questionnaire.
The success of the census is stipulated by the filling-in the questionnaire in the right way and in full.
Do not hesitate to use this manual during your visit with the family, when you receive the questionnaire. Using the manual in cases of a doubt or when you do not remember how to answer the questions prevents getting an erroneous questionnaire.
First Part -- First page of the questionnaire
2. The details to be filled-in by the enumerator in the drop-off and pick-up stages
You have attached a cell number sticker to the questionnaire, in the drop-off stage, and you have written the address and the apartment number in the cell.
In the pick-up stage, after checking the questionnaire, you have to fill-in the details in the boxes titled "In the pick-up stage" (Explanations will be presented later in this chapter).
3. Telephone number
The family starts filling-in the questionnaire with the telephone number.
The telephone number will enable you to ask for missing information or unclear data in the questionnaire, if needed (according to the supervisor's instructions).
4. The list of people living in the apartment
The list of people living in the apartment is located in the center of the [first] page.
The family is asked to list, by name, all the people who lived in the apartment on Saturday night, November 4th 1995, on a permanent basis.
The list enables the enumerator to see a centralized list of all the people who belong to the household and those among them, who have to be enumerated in this address.
4.1 Who has to be listed in the list?
The family gets basic instructions with regard to the people who have to be listed in the list. These instructions are printed on the questionnaire on the right-hand side of the list, and also in the explanations leaflet attached to the questionnaire.
You, the enumerator, have more detailed instructions in chapters 3 and 4 of this manual, and you have to make sure that the list will include, as instructed, the names of all the people who live in the apartment, who
Belong to this residential address
Belong to this household
You have to make sure that the family has not skipped over anyone and that has not listed a person who is not to be included.
Pay a special attention to babies and small children [who tend to be omitted].
Not filling-in details of a person may cause his erroneous omission from the census. On the other hand, filling-in details in two questionnaires, in two addresses, will be discovered in the data processing stage and the surplus questionnaire will be pulled out.
If you are not sure, write or leave in the details [of the person in the list] and report it to the supervisor.
4.2 Who has to be listed first in the list?
Selecting the person to be listed first is important. This person listed first has to appear in the first column in the questionnaire. The rule by which this person is selected to be listed first is as follows:
If there is a couple in the apartment, one of them has to be listed first. Otherwise -- list an adult, who is 15 years old and over.
B. The apartment accommodates a divorced woman and her daughter, together with the woman's parents. You have to list first the father or the mother of the woman, using the rule that if there is a couple in the apartment one of them has to be listed first. The decision whether it is the father or the mother is the family's decision.
C. A person, who is a single parent, lives in the apartment with his 5, 16 and 19 years old children. According to the family's decision the parent or one of the two older children, who are 16 and 19 years old, is to be listed first.
If anyone in the household has additional residential address, in which he has slept most of the nights during the last month, it has to be written in the designated area.
According to the instructions on the first page of the questionnaire and the explanations in chapter 3 above, you will be able to determine if those who have additional address have to be enumerated in the address that you are in, or in the additional address.
4.4 Different last names in the list
If there are people with different last names in the list of people living in the apartment, they may belong to separate households and then you have to fill-in separate questionnaires for them.
In this case, check the possibility of belonging to separate households, using the question about a joint or a separate food budget.
Remember: A separate household fills-in a separate questionnaire.
5. The partition to columns
Each of the pages 2-4 is divided to three columns, and in total there are nine columns in the questionnaire. Each column is designated to the details of one person. If there are more than nine people living in the apartment, you have to give the family a continuous questionnaire (See chapter 12, third part: Continuous questionnaire to a household).
A. Whose details are to be written in the first column?
In the first column you have to write the details of the person listed first in the list of people living in the apartment, on the first page of the questionnaire.
If the family did not write the details of the first person in the list in the first column, do not change it.
B. The other columns
The other columns are to be used for the other persons who live in the apartment, whose names are listed in the list on the first page of the questionnaire. Make sure that the number of names in the list is identical to the number of columns filled-in.
6. Name and Personal Identification Number [PIN]
The details to be filled-in for each person are: Last name, first name, father's name, and PIN.
The PIN enables us to make sure that people who were enumerates erroneously several times, will be included in the count of the country's population only once.
These details are written in question 1 in the first column.
In the other columns, these details are written above question 1, at the most upper part of the column.
Copy the PIN from the personal identification card, including the control number (See chapter 9 regarding the writing of a 9 digits PIN).
The answers to questions 1-5 are the source of data supplied by the census of the number of residents in the whole country and in each locality and neighborhood, and about their basic characteristics: Sex, age, marital status, country of birth and year of Aliya [migration to Israel].
Likewise, it is possible to learn about the number of households, their size and type (like households comprised of parents and children, a single parent with children, couples with no children).
(The tick-boxes in all questions are inserted here as symbols. Since an optical reader has been used for data capture, the tick-boxes were crucial to the process.)
1. Your relation to the person listed in the first column
6 Brother in law/sister in law
7 Son in law/daughter in law
8 Father in law/mother in law
10 Other relative. Specify __________
11 Not a family relative, Specify __________
This question is not included in the first column. It is included in all other columns and refers to the relation of the people whose details are written in the other columns to the person in the first column.
-- The woman (the children's mother) is listed in the first column of the questionnaire.
-- For the husband mark answer 2 "Female/male spouse"
-- For the grandmother mark answer 4 "Father/mother"
-- For each child mark answer 3 "Son/daughter"
-- Mark "Son/daughter" for a son or a daughter of a spouse from previous marriage also.
-- Mark "Son/daughter" for an adopted child.
8.1 Other relative (answer 10)
If the relation to the person listed first is not one of the answers 1-9, like: nephew, uncle, cousin -- mark "Other relative" (answer 10) and write the type of relation.
8.2 Not a relative (answer11)
A person who belongs to the household, but is not a family relative of the person listed in first column, will mark "Not a relative" (answer 11) and will specify his association with the person listed first. Examples: Sub-lessee, roommate, male/female housekeeper (who manage a joint budget with the household).
In a case of a person who has two wives who live in the same apartment: If one of the wives is listed first, the other will be "Not a relative".
8.3 Checking the association with the household
In cases of "brother in law/sister in law", "not a relative" or "other relative" you have to check if the person belongs to the household. If he is a separate household, you have to fill-in a separate questionnaire for him.
 2 Female
Mark X in one of the two boxes
3. Date of Birth
Month _ _
Year _ _ _ _
Date of birth includes the year of birth, month and day.
10.1 Year of birth
Write the Gregorian year of birth of a person, like: 1937, 1992. You may encounter cases in which the Gregorian year of birth is unknown, but the age or the Hebrew date of birth is known. For these cases use tables g and i in the enumerator's report book (On the inner side of the back cover).
a. The age is known
By using table g you will be able to determine the year of birth.
-- A 52 year old was born on December: His year of birth is 1942.
b. The Hebrew date of birth is known
By using table i you will be able to determine the year of birth.
If the age in unknown and the Hebrew year of birth is unknown: Do not answer this question. Leave the boxes empty.
10.2 Month of birth
Month of birth is needed for determining the exact age of a person, and to know who are 15 years old and over who have to fill-in Part C of the long-form questionnaire. Those who were born before November 4th 1980 (including), will be considered 15 year old and over and will fill-in Part C. Those who are younger will not fill it in.
Write the number of the month in two digits: January will be written as 01, February as 02 etc.
If the Gregorian month of birth is unknown but the Hebrew month is: Use table h in the enumerator's report book -- "Conversion of Hebrew month to Gregorian month".
If the Hebrew month of birth is also unknown, do not answer the question. Leave the boxes [of the month] empty.
10.3 Day of birth
If the day of the month of birth is unknown, leave the boxes empty.
If the day in the Hebrew month is written (For example: [Hebrew letters]) -- it is not possible to convert it. If the Hebrew day is written with pencil, erase it with an eraser and leave the boxes empty. If it is written with a pen, cross it with several lines.
4. Marital Status
 2 Divorced
 3 Widow/er
 4 Single
Ask the person for his marital status. His answer is sufficient. Do not ask for any documentation to verify his answer.
Do not determine his marital status according to your impression. For example, if a couple lives in the apartment, do not write that they are married without getting the answer from them.
For an Agunah ["chained" woman -- a woman bound in marriage by a husband who refuses to grant a divorce or who is missing and not proved dead] answer "married".
5. Country of birth (according to present borders) and year of Aliya [Migration to Israel]
 2 Ukraine
 3 Morocco
 4 Iraq
 5 Poland
 6 Romania
 7 Yemen
 Other country ____
 2 Ukraine
 3 Morocco
 4 Iraq
 5 Poland
 6 Romania
 7 Yemen
 Other country ____
Your country of birth:
 3 Morocco
 4 Iraq
 5 Poland
 6 Romania
 7 Yemen
 Other country ____
The question is comprised of several parts:
Each person is asked if he is an Israeli born or a foreign born.
Israeli-born is asked about the country of birth of his father and his mother.
Foreign-born is asked about his year of migration to Israel and his country of birth.
12.1 Country of birth
a. If the name of the country is printed in the list, mark an X in the appropriate box. If the name of the country is not listed, write it in the boxes under the list.
b. Write the name of the country according to current borders and not the borders as used to be when the person was born.
This rule applies to the changes taking place during the last years in different countries, like in Eastern Europe, and to localities in which the governance moved from one country to another. The people born in these countries are asked to write the current name of the country or republic.
2. A person who was born in the city of Aden, which is currently belonging to Yemen, will mark "Yemen" in the questionnaire.
3. A person who was born in the Soviet Union is asked to write the name of the republic, like Latvia. If he does not know the name of the republic today, he should write "Former Soviet Union".
Comment: If a foreign born wrote his father's or mother's country of birth, leave his answer as is.
12.2 Year of Aliya
Pay an attention to the right way to write the year of migration in the following cases:
A. The person does not know the year of Aliya, but he knows the number of years he is in Israel: Use table g in the enumerator's report book to convert number of years to a date.
B. The person has a status of an immigrant, but he was in a status of a tourist or a temporary resident in the country before: The year in which he received his Ole [immigrant] status.
C. The person is not an immigrant. He is a tourist or a temporary resident, who stays in Israel for over a year: Year of entrance to the country.
D. The person made an Aliya more than once, and stayed abroad over ten years: The later year of migration.
E. The person made an Aliya more than once, and stayed abroad less than ten years: The first year of migration.
Chapter 6: Part B of the long-form questionnaire
1. The objective of the questions
Part B of the long-form questionnaire includes questions about the apartment and the house appliances (questions 6-11) and about the car (questions 12-13).
The data will provide us with information about the housing conditions and standard of living of the population. We can learn about the correlations between the housing conditions and other characteristics of the people like: education, income, number of years in Israel etc. Updated information about the housing conditions can improve the construction planning and the relevant financial allocation for different geographic areas in the country.
6. How many rooms are occupied by your family?
 1 one room
 2 1 1/2 rooms
 3 2 rooms
 4 2 1/2 rooms
 5 3 rooms
 6 3 1/2 rooms
 7 4 rooms
 8 4 1/2 rooms
 9 5 rooms
 10 5 1/2 rooms
 11 6 rooms and over
The answers will enable us to learn about the housing density of the families in Israel.
A. Mark an X next to the appropriate answer.
B. Include all rooms and half rooms used for the residence of the family.
If the family counts the hallway or the dining room as a room or as a half room -- include it in the count.
C. If the family has difficulty determining what a room is and what a half room is, use this rule: An area of 6 sq. meters is a room (like 2x3 sq. meters), a smaller area will be considered as a half room.
D. Do not include in the total number of rooms: kitchen, bathroom and a room used for business only.
E. A room used for dwelling and for a business will be counted as a dwelling room.
Example: A room used by a seamstress for her work and for dwelling after working hours, will be considered as a room for dwelling.
2.1 An apartment with two or more households
A. In this type of apartments you have to count only the rooms used for the household for which the questionnaire is filled in.
B. If the households who live in the same apartment share a room -- add half a room to each household.
Example: Two students who are two separate households live in a three-room apartment. Each student has her room but they share the guests' room. For each student the count is 1 1/2 rooms (the room that she lives in and half of the shared guests' room).
C. Even when a shared room is used by three or more people [households] it is counted as half a room [for each household] and not a third, quarter etc.
Example: Three people, each one constitutes a separate household, live in a 4-room apartment. Each one lives in his room but the guests room is used by all three.
You have to mark the 1 1/2 room answer in each questionnaire.
D. If several people live in one room only, and each one of them is a separate household, mark the answer 1 room since half a room is not an option in the questionnaire.
7. When was the construction of this apartment completed?
 2 1948-1954
 3 1955-1964
 4 1965-1974
 5 1975-1984
 6 1985-1989
 7 1990
 8 1991
 9 1992
 10 1993
 11 1994
 12 1995
A. Mark an X next to the appropriate years.
Example: If the building of the apartment was completed in 1970, mark an X in the box next to 1965-1974 (answer 4).
B. If the respondent does not remember the exact year, he has to estimate the year.
C. In a case of hesitation between two answers, he has to write the later year.
Example: If a person does not remember if the completion year of the construction was 1990 or 1991, he has to mark the 1991 (answer 8).
D. Refer to the year in which the construction of the whole apartment was completed.
If the apartment went through renovation in a later year, rooms added or a balcony was closed, do not refer to the renovation year as the year of completion of the construction.
8. Is this your own apartment or do you rent it?
 2 The apartment is rented with key money rights
 3 The apartment is rented without key money rights
 4 The apartment is not owned or rented. Please specify and go to 10 ____
A. A rent with key money is a type of rented apartment. The person who lives in the apartment will get paid a lump sum, "key money", once he leaves the apartment
[Key money is money paid by the tenant to the owner to have the right to live in the apartment for a relatively small rent for as long as he wishes]. He will get it from the owner of the apartment or from the new tenant who replaces him.
B. The apartment is not owned or rented (answer 4): This is an apartment that its tenant lives in it without pay. For example: An apartment of family relatives who do not ask for rent, or an apartment that belongs to the workplace.
9. Who do you rent the apartment from?
 2 From a public company (like: Amidar, Amigur, Prazot, Halamish)
 3 Not from a private landlord and not from a public company. Specify: ________
A. The question is to be answered only by people who answered in previous question (question 8) that they rent the apartment.
B. Not from a private landlord and not from a public company (answer 3).
Example: The people rented the apartment from a private company (Mark an X and write the name of the company).
10. Is there a bath-tab or a shower in this apartment?
 2 There is a shower only
 3 There is neither a bath tab nor a shower
Mark the answer that there is a bath tab and/or a shower in the apartment even if --
B. The bath tab / shower is shared by several apartments.
11. Do you have the following items at your disposal?
_ VCR (not a camera)
_ Personal Computer
_ Air-conditioner (Cooling or heating)
_ Sun-heated water boiler
The aim of the question is to provide data of the standard of living of the households in the country.
A. If the item is at the disposal of the family, mark an X in box 1, under Yes. If the item is not at the disposal of the family, mark an X in box 2, under No. Mark an X and not the number of appliances in the house.
Example: If there are two telephone instruments in the house, or even two separate telephone lines, write an X in box 1 and not the number of telephone instruments.
B. Mark an X in box 1 (Yes) even if the items are not owned by the tenants, but used by them.
Example: A person, who lives in a rented apartment and uses the washer of the renter, has to mark an X in box 1 next to the washer.
C. If there are two or more households in the apartment, and the items are at the disposal of all people in the apartment, each household will mark the Yes answers next to these items in the questionnaire.
D. Pay an attention to the following items:
2. VCR -- does not mean a video camera, but a device for recording and playing video movies.
3. Personal computer -- not a calculator.
4. Air-conditioner -- for cooling, heating or both.
12. Do you have a car at your disposal?
 1 No car -- mark an X and go to Part C on the next page (p. 7)
 2 one car
 3 Two cars
 4 Three cars and over: Write their number
A. Mark an X in answers 2, 3 or 4 even if the car(s) is not owned by the family, but uses by it.
B. A household that uses 3 cars or more will mark an X in answer 4 and will write the number of cars.
13. Who owns the car?
 2 The car(s) is owned by the employer or the company
 3 Some of the cars are owned by us and some by the employer or the company
 4 Other. Specify ____
A. The question is to be answered only by households who answered in previous question (question 12) that they have one car or more at their disposal.
B. Other (answer 4). Example: A friend, who is abroad, owns the car.
[p. 38 is omitted.]
Chapter 7: Part C of the long-form questionnaire
Part C of the long form questionnaire is to be filled in by people in the household who are 15 years old and over, i.e., people who were born before November 4th, 1980.
Each person who is 15 year old and over answers questions 14 to 38 that can be found on a pair of pages: 7-8, 9-10, 11-12, 13-14, 15-16.
There is enough room to fill-in the details of five persons in Part C.
At the top of each pair of pages, the family fills-in the last name and the first name of the person who will answer to the following questions 14-38.
The questions refer to five topics:
Dwelling Address: Questions 17-18
Marriages and Births: Questions 19-20
Work: Questions 21-33
Income: Questions 34-38
The questions in these subjects are of simple details, and known to each respondent. However, detailed explanations are presented in the manual, in order to enable you to have answers to most questions and problems encountered during the interview. In case of questions, do not hesitate to use the manual.
First Part -- Education (questions 14-16)
2. The objective of the questions
The objective of the questions about studies is to get information about the education level of the population.
The provided data will enable us to learn about the number of people who studied in vocational high school, how many have a matriculation certificate, how many have academic degrees in Israel, how many have first, second and third degree.
The data will reveal the correlation between education and occupation in the workplace, or the correlation between education level and income etc.
For example: What is the number of people who studied only in elementary school, their age today, occupation and income?
14. Do you attend school now or have you attended school in the past?
 1 Presently attending school
 2 Attended school in the past but not presently
 3 Did not attend school at all -- Mark an X and go to 17
There is an explanation of the concept 'school' on the next page -- what it does include and what it does not.
Attention: The concept 'school' as will be explained here, applies to all education questions.
3.1 'School' includes also:
A. Heder [religious Jewish school], Talmud Torah [orthodox religious studies to children at the ages of elementary school]
B. Khutab (religious school in Moslem countries, at the level of elementary school)
C. School of the independent and ultra-orthodox education system
D. School for special education
E. Evening school
F. School for external matriculation exams [not part of the high schools system],
G. Industrial school
H. Apprenticeship school
I. Yeshiva [A religious studies school]
J. University, Technion [Tech University], college
K. A course lasting at least one school year.
3.2 'School' does not include:
B. A course conducted via correspondence
C. Enrichment courses
D. Hebrew studies in Ulpan [Hebrew course for new immigrants]
E. Language course
F. Military or pre-military course
G. A course lasted less than one school year.
3.3 Studies in the Open University
Studies in the Open University toward first academic degree or toward a practical engineer certificate are considered as studies in school.
Courses in the Open University not toward academic degree or a practical engineer certificate are not to be listed as studies in school.
15. For how many years have you attended the different types of schools?
If you presently attending school -- include the present school year in the count.
Including: Heder, Talmud Torah, Khutab
If not (Mark an X) 1 _
Including: vocational Yeshiva high school, apprenticeship school, Industrial school
If not (Mark an X) 1 _
Including: Yeshiva high school, 'Small Yeshiva', a prep school for external matriculation exams
If not (Mark an X) 1 _
Except for high school Yeshiva and Small Yeshiva
If not (Mark an X) 1 _
Like: School for practical engineers and technicians, qualifying institution for teachers and kindergarten teachers, nurse school
If not (Mark an X) 1 _
University, Technion, etc.
If not (Mark an X) 1 _
If not (Mark an X) 1 _
Question 15 includes two questions:
A. What are the types of school attended by the respondent in the past, or currently at the time of the census?
B. How many years did the respondent attend each type of these schools?
There is a list of types of school in the question. The respondent has to refer to each type: If he attended a specific type of school, he should write the number of years he attended this school. If he did not attend a specific type of school, he should mark an X in the box under the title 'If not'.
4.1 Number of school years
Include in the count of years
Do not include in the count
-- Additional school year in the same grade (to those who were not advanced to a higher grade)
-- School years in institutions not considered as 'school'.
4.2 Types of school
The following table is of types of school and clarifications and comments referring to each type of school.
A. Elementary School. Include also:
- Heder, Talmud Torah, Khutab
Junior high school. Include also:
B. Vocational or agricultural high school. Include also
-- Apprenticeship school
-- Industrial school
-- Vocational or agricultural track in vocational school or in comprehensive school
-- Military boarding school associated with a vocational high-school
C. High school: regular (theoretical) track. Include also:
-- Small Yeshiva (1)
-- School preparing for external matriculation exams
-- Regular (theoretical) track in vocational or comprehensive school
-- Military boarding school associated with regular high school
Comments on a, b, and c
If a person born in such a country, has difficulty dividing the years between the two types of school, write: 8 years in elementary school, 2 years in high school.
The two years in high school has to be written under the type of school he learnt in: Vocational high school or Regular high school
D. Yeshiva (big): (not a high school Yeshiva or a small Yeshiva (1)). Include also:
Comments on d
-- A person who is still in service will write the number of years he has learnt till now.
-- Studies in a Kollel (2) will not be counted as school years.
E. Higher education school, not toward academic degree. Include also:
-- Qualifying institutions for teachers and kindergarten teachers,
-- Nurses school (not in academic track)
-- Film and acting school
-- School for medical technology
-- IDF course for command and HQ, that lasts at least one year
-- Studies in the Open University toward a practical engineer certificate
-- Teknikum, Uchilishe (3)
-- Studies not in academic track in an institution that also has studies toward academic degree (4)
Comments on e.
At the end of the studies a completion diploma is granted, like a technician certificate.
F. Institution for studies toward academic degree (including academic diploma). Include also:
-- Weizmann Institute
-- Studies toward first academic degree in a college or an institution that grants first academic degree.
-- Studies toward first academic degree in the Open University
-- Studies toward an academic degree in an institution in which there are studies not toward academic degree (4)
Comments on F.
G. Other school. Include also:
-- Pre-academic prep school
-- Pre practical engineering prep school
-- School for the Islam religion studies, with no academic track.
-- Other school in Israel or abroad, which does not fit to one of the above.
Comments on g.
You have to write the type of school or its name in addition to writing the number of years.
(1) 'Small Yeshiva' is a Yeshiva for students in high school age, in which they study religious studies only.
(2) Kollel is a place for learning orthodox religious studies, for married men only.
(3) Teknikum, Uchilishe: Higher education schools in the former Soviet Union.
(4) Example: A qualifying college for teachers and kindergarten teachers that grants a teaching certificate only and a track that grants teaching certificate and first academic degree.
A person, who has studied in such a college in the teaching certificate track, has to write the number of years under answer 'e' -- Higher education school.
A person, who has studied in such a college in the academic track, has to write the number of years under answer 'f' -- Institution for studies toward academic degree.
16. What is the highest diploma (or degree) that you have received during your studies?
 1 Never received a diploma
 2 Elementary or junior high school diploma
 3 High school diploma, which is not a matriculation certificate
 4 Matriculation certificate
 5 Higher education diploma, which is not an academic diploma
Like: teacher's certificate, practical engineer certificate, technician, nurse etc.
 6 First academic degree -- BA or parallel degrees
 7 Second academic degree -- MA or parallel degrees
 8 Third academic degree -- PhD or parallel degrees
 9 Other diploma. Specify ____
It is the highest diploma a person received for graduating from an institution considered as school.
It does not include certificates for distinguished achievements, participation in competitions, honorary certificates, driver's license etc.
Mark also the diploma the person is entitled to, since he has finished his studying obligations, even if the diploma is not in his hands yet.
Example: A person who has successfully passed all the matriculations exams, but has not received the certificate yet, will mark answer 4 -- matriculation certificate.
The following table presents a list with different types of diploma, with explanations and comments concerning each type.
1. Never received a diploma
2. Elementary or junior high school diploma
3. High school diploma, which is not a matriculation certificate. Include also:
Comments: To those finished studies in high school, who are not eligible to matriculation certificate.
4. Matriculation certificate. Include also:
-- A certificate from abroad, parallel to matriculation certificate that opens the possibility to be accepted to academic studies.
5. Higher education diploma, which is not an academic diploma. Include also:
6. First academic degree
-- In the former Soviet Union: A teaching certificate for elementary school is parallel to first academic degree.
Comments: If a person has an academic degree and an academic certificate, he has to mark the academic degree and not the certificate. For example, If a person has a BA in Sociology and a teaching certificate, he has to mark an X next to the first academic degree (answer 6).
7. Second academic degree
-- In the former Soviet Union: Diplom ob okonchanii Vuza
8. Third academic degree
- In the former Soviet Union: Candidat Nauk or Doctor Nauk
9. Other diploma
Second Part -- Dwelling address (questions 17-18)
6. The objective of the questions
The dwelling address data will provide information on the tenure of the population in the different localities and information about the internal migration in Israel.
For example: It will be possible to know how many people have moved (in the 5 years prior to the census) from a rural to urban locality and vice versa, or how many people have changed address in the same locality.
17. In what year did you move to the locality you are presently living in?
 2 Does not live in this locality from birth.
A. If the person knows only the number of years he lives in the locality, use table g in the enumerator's report book: 'Conversion of number of years to a date'.
B. If the person knows the Hebrew year only, use table i in the enumerator's report book: 'Conversion of Hebrew year to Gregorian year'.
C. If the person has difficulties remembering in what year he has moved to the locality, try to help him by referring to outstanding events, like: Did you move to the locality before or after Six Day War? In this case write the assumed year.
D. If the person left the locality for less than 10 years and then moved back, write the first year of moving in.
E. If the person left the locality for 10 years or over and then moved back, write the year of return to the locality.
18. What was your permanent address five years ago, namely in November 1990?
 2 In a different address in this locality -- Please specify:
____ House Number
____ House Number
In answer 2 or in answer 3 mark an X in the box and also write the address.
B. Those who were in a compulsory military service or in regular service in the IDF will write their civilian address at the time.
C. Abroad: Those who have lived abroad at the time, on a permanent basis, will mark an X in answer 4. It does not apply to a short stay abroad.
Third Part -- Marriage and Births (questions 19-20)
The data on marriages and births will provide information on marriage customs and fertility in different population groups.
Examples: In what year men are getting married comparing with women; what is the age difference between the couple; how many children are born to people with high income.
19. Have you ever been married?
 2 I was married once in the year 19 _ _
 3 I was married more than once
The first time in 19 _ _
Those married more than once will mark an X in the box of answer 3 and also will write the year of the last marriage and the year of the first marriage.
20. Did you bear any children?
Include children born alive even if they are no longer alive.
 1 I did not bear any children
 2 Yes, I did bear children > Write the number of children _ _
The question is for women only. Number of children means all the children the woman gave birth to, including children from previous marriage, and children who died. Do not include abortion and stillborn.
Fourth Part -- Work (questions 21-33)
11. The objective of the questions
The objective of the questions regarding work is to get information on the characteristics of the workers and of the people who are not working and looking for work, by their place of residence, age, education, marital status etc.
In addition, there are data on quantity and type of work, different places of work -- in industry, agriculture, services and more.
The data enables the planning and development of employment sources, transportation networks, vocational studies and more, according to the needs of the area, locality and neighborhood.
Questions 21-33 serve to know if the respondent worked and how much, where he worked and what he did, and how he arrived to his workplace.
12. 'Work' definition
Only civilian workers in the civilian or military sector are to supply details regarding their work.
Soldiers in a regular or compulsory service answer that they are serving in the IDF but they are not asked about their work in the army.
In the census questionnaire, work is any full time or part time work for a pay, profit, or any other compensation, and work without pay of a family member in the family business or farm.
12.1 Activities considered as Work
The following activities are considered as work in the census questionnaire:
-- Work of a student in an agricultural school;
-- Work of trainees for a pay, in a professional course;
-- Work of a student in a Kibbutz, not done in school or as a national service;
-- Work of a Yeshiva student, 18 years and over, who teaches in the Yeshiva;
-- Work in a hospital of a student in nurses' school;
-- Work of students as tutors.
Army, air-force, navy
-- Regular service on the Borders Guard, or work as a policeman in the police;
-- Work of a civilian worker in the military forces;
-- Work of aircrew members in civilian airplanes and of seamen in civilian ships.
Private lessons, babysitter, foster family
-- Babysitting for a pay;
-- Work of a caretaker or a housekeeper who get paid or get accommodation, food and pocket money;
-- Taking care of children within a foster family. If a couple takes care of the children in this arrangement and they are not employed in any other work, only one of them has to be referred to as employed while the other will be considered as unemployed.
Examples: Embassy worker, worker of Keren Kayemett LeIsrael [Jewish National Fund], a worker of a construction company who is sent abroad to work in a construction project.
-- Work of a self-employed, who is abroad less than a year, for his business in Israel.
Example: An owner of a cloths shop who travels abroad to import merchandise.
-- Civilian work of a soldier in a compulsory service, whose civilian work is in addition to his military service.
12.2 Activities not considered as work
The following different activities are not to be marked as work in the census questionnaire:
A. Work of a housewife in her house;
B. Volunteering work -- without pay;
C. Work of a student in vocational high school, as part of studying (excluding agricultural school);
D. Work of an Israeli abroad who stays there less than a year and work for non-Israeli institution, factory or business.
E. Inactive partnership in a business or factory.
F. Work of an institution resident for the maintenance of the institution. For example: Work of a prisoner in the prison's kitchen.
14. Did you work last week even one hour (the week ended last Saturday)?
Those worked as volunteers or in house work only, mark X in answer 4.
 1 I was in a regular military service [as a career]: Mark an X and go to 34
 2 I was in a compulsory service (not including reserve duty): Mark an X and go to 24
 3 I worked > Mark and go to 24
 4 I did not work and was not in a regular military service: Mark X and go to 22
People are directed to different answering paths according to their answer to this question. Be strict about filling in the right answer to question 21 and about proceeding in the path according to the instructions.
14. Question 22
22. Do you have work or business (including agricultural farm) from which you have been absent all last week because of sickness, vacation, reserve duty or other reason?
 2 No
Only those answered option 4 in previous question (question 21), are to answer this question.
Distinguish between people who did not work last week because of absence from a workplace due to different reasons (sickness, vacation, reserve duty), and those who did not work last week because they do not have a workplace and they do not work at all.
The people who were absent from their workplace will mark an X in answer 1. Those who do not have a workplace will mark an X in answer 2.
14.1 Considered as absent from work
A. A woman in a leave of absence because of birth, up to 12 weeks (The length of time for which the National Security Institute pays maternity allowance).
B. A person in a leave of absence without pay for less than 30 days.
C. A person sent by his workplace to participate in a professional course, for less than a year.
D. A person absent from work without pay up to 30 days, because of a strike in the workplace, or because of a temporary break in agricultural work.
14.2 Not considered as absent from work
A. A woman who extends her leave of absence because of birth, over the 12 weeks period.
B. A worker in seasonal jobs, like a life guard or a worker picking up fruits, whose work ended and therefore he did not work last week.
C. A person in a Sabbatical or in a course to which he was sent by his workplace for over 12 months.
D. A person who is not working on a regular basis, but is called to do a job from time to time, who did not work last week.
E. A person who was promised a job.
F. A person who was absent from work without pay, for over 30 days period, because of a strike in the workplace, or a temporary break in agricultural work.
23. Did you actively look for work during the last four weeks?
 2 No
A person considered as looking for a job will mark an X in answer 1.
A person who is not considered as looking for a job will mark an X in answer 2.
15.1 Considered as looking for work
A. A person who did not work even one hour during last week, and did actively look for a job during the last four weeks, like applying to the work-bureau, to a manpower company, writing or applying to workplaces published in wanted ads in the newspapers, asking friends, trying to start a business, etc.
B. A person promised a job in 4 weeks.
C. A person waiting to an answer from a workplace will be considered as looking for a job for 4 weeks since the application.
15.2 Not considered as looking for work
A. A person who did not look for a job actively;
B. A person who looked for a volunteering work, without pay or any other compensation.
C. An independent professional (painter, seamstress), who has no regular working hours or working days.
D. A person that an employer, who has his details, call him to do a certain job at a time of need, like a nurse who does not have a regular job but is called for private surveillance [of sick or old people].
24. In the last 12 months, in how many months did you work in Israel, in all places of work (do not include compulsory or career military service)?
 2 I worked in all 12 months in Israel.
 3 I worked less than 12 months
16.1 What is a working month?
A working month is considered as such even if a person worked only one week (in a full or part time job).
Also include in the count of working months the months in which a person was absent from work with pay, because of a vacation, birth vacation, reserve duty or sickness.
Also include work of an Israeli who is abroad less than a year, who works for an Israeli institution, factory or business.
16.2 How to answer
A. Those who did not work at all during the last 12 months or were in a compulsory military service, or worked abroad for a non Israeli institution, factory or business -- will mark answer 1.
B. Those worked in all last 12 months will mark answer 2.
C. Answer 3 will be marked by those who worked in less than 12 months (during the last 12 months). In addition to the X mark, they have to write the number of months they worked in.
16.3 A soldier
A soldier who is less than 12 months in the compulsory service at the time of the census, who has worked before he was recruited (during the last 12 months) -- will write the number of months he worked in and will continue to the following questions regarding work.
25. How many hours per week did you usually work in all workplaces?
A. The answer is of the number of hours that a person works usually in a week. If a person worked on a regular basis in several workplaces, write the total number of weekly hours he worked in all workplaces.
B. A person who did not work last week will refer to the last workplace (workplaces) he worked in, in Israel, during the last 12 months.
17.1 Include in 'working hours':
A. Extra working hours in addition to the hours usually worked.
B. Waiting hours to customers (of a physician, driver, porter etc.); include all hours he stays at the workplace. Stand-by hours are not considered as working hours.
C. Preparation hours related to work, even if not done in the workplace; like a teacher checking homework, a dancer in rehearsals.
D. Working hours of a person who worked without pay in the family business or farm.
17.2 Do not include in working hours:
Travel to work and from it, when the travel is not part of work, even if the worker is paid for travel time.
18. Question 26-30 General description [has to be questions 26-31]
Questions 26-30 refer to work in the last week.
If the person did not work last week, but worked in another period of time during last year -- he has to refer to the last workplace in which he worked in the last 12 months.
If the person worked in several workplaces simultaneously, he has to refer to the main workplace, i.e. the workplace in which he worked most of the hours last week (or worked in, in the last 12 months).
The questions are divided to two groups:
Question 30 -- refer to the work the person does in the workplace.
26. Name of the workplace (factory, business, institution or employer) ____
A. Write in detail the name of the institution, factory, business or employer.
2. (Wrong) Histadrut [trade union] , (Right) Tax bureau of the General Histadrut
4. (Wrong) A lawyer's office, (Right) Aaharonny Advocates' office
5. (Wrong) Factory, (Right) 'Angel' Factory
6. (Wrong) Local Municipality, (Right) HaEmek Local Municipality
7. (Wrong) Investment Company, (Right) HaHashkaa Investment Company
B. If the person is self-employed and the name of the workplace is his name - write the occupation in addition to the name.
2. Sarah is a private piano teacher -- write 'Piano Teacher'.
3. A person working in the IDF or in the Ministry of Defense -- should write "IDF" or "Ministry of Defense" with no further details.
C. Those who work in other companies belonging to the defense system like The Military Industry or The Armament Development Authority, will write the name of the company in full.
D. A worker in a Kibbutz or Moshav [agricultural village], will write the name of the Kibbutz or the Moshav and the industry or factory he works in.
2. Tzur Company in Kibbutz Tzurim.
3. Chicken Farm in Moshav Dluiim.
20. Question 27
27. Address of the workplace
____ Street/Neighborhood (or a recognized place)
____ House number
Write the exact address of the workplace: Name of locality, street name and house number.
Be strict about writing the locality name of the workplace even if it is the same as the locality the person lives in.
20.1 Unknown address
If the exact address is unknown, write a general location, proximity to a known place etc.
2. Next to Jaffa Port.
20.2 Main address
If there is a main address that a person arrives to and from which he goes to different locations, write the main address.
B. An 'Egged' bus driver will write the address of the parking area in which the bus he drives parks.
20.3 There is no fixed address
A. If there is no fixed address and the work is done in a fixed locality or area, write the name of the locality or the name of the area and write.
Example: Piano tuner who works in Haifa will write -- Haifa, there is no fixed address.
B. If the work is not done in a fixed locality or area, but outside a locality -- write "There is no fixed address".
Example: A person who paves roads in different locations in the country will write "There is no fixed address".
28. Main activity of the workplace (Description of activities, products or services):
Examples: Importing food products, manufacturing refrigerators, car body-work, wholesale cloths sale, elementary school, rehabilitation hospital ________
21.1 Activity of the workplace
Describe the activities of the workplace (not the activities of the person in the workplace).
B. A person working as a printing worker in advertisement office will write "advertisement office".
21.2 Exact writing
Write the exact activity of the workplace.
(Wrong) Electricity work, (Right) Sub-contracting and electricity work in buildings
(Wrong) Electricity works, (Right) Fixing electric home appliances
(Wrong) Cloths, (Right) Manufacturing children's cloths
(Wrong) Government office, (Right) Agriculture Office
21.3 Workplace engaged in several [economic] activities
People who work in a factory that produces products of different types, or is dealing with different kind of activities -- will write the main activity of the factory, institution or agricultural farm.
C. A person who works in a shoemaker's workshop that manufactures and repairs shoes, where most of the workers manufacture shoes -- will write "Shoes manufacturing".
If it is impossible to determine what activity of the workplace is the main one -- write them all.
B. A person who works in a company that provides security services and cleaning services - will write "Security and cleaning services".
21.4 Daughter company
A person works in a daughter-company that is engaged in activities different from the mother company (main company), will write the activity of the daughter company.
22. Question 29
29. Name of department or division (if there is) that you have worked in ____
22.1 There is a division to units [in the organizational structure]
In many workplaces there is a division to different [organizational] units.
A. Write the name of the unit (department or division) the person works in.
2. A person who works in plastics factory in the department that manufactures children toys will write "Manufacturing department of children toys".
B. A person who works in several departments or divisions will write the one he worked in most of the hours last week.
22.2 There is no division to units
If there is no division to units or the person does not know what department he belongs to, skip over this question and write nothing in it.
23. Question 30
30. Description of your work
In this question you have to write the actual activities performed by the person at his workplace. This description of activities in the workplace gets, in the data processing stage, a code (number). Each code represents a specific occupation.
Examples: Electric practical engineer is coded "120"and a tailor is coded "741".
It is important to specify exactly the activities of the worker in his work place in order to enable the interpretation of the written answer to a code.
23.1 Description of the work (part a of the question)
A. Write a detailed description of the work.
(Wrong) Worker, (Right) Electronics worker
(Wrong) Farmer, (Right) Chicken farmer
(Wrong) Driver, (Right) Bus driver
(Wrong) Lecturer, (Right) Bio-chemistry lecturer
(Wrong) Nurse, (Right) Operation room nurse
B. If the person performs several work types in the same workplace -- refer to the work he invests most of the time in.
Example: A person who works in a book store as a cashier and also sells book, if most of the time he sells books, write: books seller.
C. Write the actual work the person does in his workplace.
Do not write a profession he learned but is not practicing.
- A jurist who works as a tax collector in the IRS will not write "Tax collection clerk".
23.2 Specification of the activities (part b of the question)
A. In this section the respondent has to elaborate on the main work activities he is doing in his workplace.
In order to distinguish between the different types of work, the answer in part a of question 30 is not enough. There is a need for detailed description of the activities done within the framework of the job. The reason for that is that people can do different activities under the same job definition.
2. Air conditioners repairman: One can repair car AC, the second, home AC, while the third repair industrial air conditioners.
In the above cases, each type of activity will get a different code, therefore maximum details are required.
B. The following examples present detailed activities to be written in part b:
If the work described in Part a is "Chicken farmer", Specified activities in Part b is "Orders chicks, check the quality, instruct the workers and make marketing decisions".
If the work described in Part a is "Bus driver", Specified activities in Part b is "Checks the bus, sells tickets to the passengers, and drives the bus between stations".
If the work described in Part a is "Operation room certified nurse", Specified activities in Part b is "Assists the surgeons during the operations".
If the work described in Part a is "Computers technical assistant", Specified activities in Part b is "Advise the customers with the model that suits their needs".
If the work described in Part a is "Construction worker", Specified activities in Part b is "Roof sealing".
If the work described in Part a is "Construction worker", Specified activities in Part b is "Pouring cement".
If the work described in Part a is "Construction worker", Specified activities in Part b is "Floorer".
31. What is your status in this workplace?
 2 Self-employed who does not employ workers
 3 Self-employed with 1-2 employees
 4 Self-employed with 3-9 employees
 5 Self-employed with 10 employees and over
 6 Cooperative member
 7 Kibbutz member (who is not an employee)
 8 Family member working without pay in the family business or farm
24.1 An employee
An employee is a person working for someone else for a daily-pay, monthly wage, as a contractor or any other pay.
An employee is also:
A. A company owner that for taxes reasons has the status of "an employee who is the company owner".
B. A person working in a cooperative, who is not a cooperative member, who gets a salary only.
C. An apprentice or a trainee who receives an income.
D. A Yeshiva student who is 18 years old and over, who teaches in the Yeshiva.
E. A student in agricultural or vocational school, who receives an income.
F. A civilian working in the IDF.
G. A housekeeper, nursemaid etc.
24.2 Self-employed who does not employ workers
This is a person who works in his own business or agricultural farm, who does not hire employees for a pay or any other return.
B. A person who employs workers without pay or return, like a person who employs family members in a family business or farm without pay.
C. A teacher whose main income comes from private lessons he gives.
24.3 Self-employed with employees
This is a person who works in his business or agricultural farm and also employs others for a wage or other return.
Self-employed who employs others is also:
- An active partner in a business that hires workers;
- A craftsman who employs an apprentice or apprentices
24.4 Cooperative member
This is a person who gets his share in the cooperative profits, in addition to his salary.
A member in a Collective Moshav [agricultural village] is also considered as a cooperative member.
24.5 Kibbutz member
A kibbutz member (who is not an employee) -- is a status given to a person who lives and works in the kibbutz without pay. Personal budget [allowance] is not considered as income. Children of kibbutz members are also considered as kibbutz members.
Also considered as Kibbutz members:
-- A candidate to be a Kibbutz member
-- A member in qualifying programs for new immigrants in the Kibbutz, a person who combines work in the Kibbutz with his military service, a teenager who lives and works in the Kibbutz.
-- A Kibbutz member who works outside the Kibbutz but his income is transferred to the Kibbutz.
Not considered as Kibbutz members:
-- A person who studies in the Ulpan [Hebrew course organized by the Immigration Absorption Ministry].
-- A volunteer in the Kibbutz.
-- A Kibbutz member who works outside the Kibbutz and his salary is not transferred to the Kibbutz.
24.6 Family member working without pay
This is a family member who works without pay in the family business or farm.
B. A son employed by his father in his workshop or agricultural farm, without getting paid.
25. Travel to work (questions 32-33)
It is important to get the information about traffic congestion (at the time of getting out to work) and about the type of vehicle with which people arrive to work, in order to plan roads and public transportation.
32. How did you arrive to work on most days of last week?
 1 I worked at home [Mark and go to 34]
 2 I walked
 3 I rode a bicycle
 4 I used a motorcycle, motor scooter, motorbike etc.
 5 In transportation organized by the workplace
 6 In a private or a commercial car -- as a driver
 7 In a private or a commercial car -- as a passenger
 8 In public bus -- using one bus line
 9 In public bus -- using more than one bus line
 10 By train
 11 In service taxi
 12 In other vehicle, please specify ____
Refer to the workplace written in previous questions (questions 26-29).
26.1 Concentration site [Meeting location]
If a person arrives to a workers concentration site from which he gets out to work, he has to mark the answer referring to the way he reached the concentration location.
Example: telephone technician who works for the Communication Office, travels to the main office in his private car and then to the customers in a commercial vehicle of the office. He has to mark answer 6: In a private car -- as a driver.
26.2 Different vehicles throughout the week
If a person travels to his workplace in different vehicles in the different days of the week, he will mark the vehicle he has used most days.
Example: A person travels with his neighbor four days a week, and in buses two days a week. He has to mark answer 7: In private car -- as a passenger.
26.3 Different vehicles on the same day
If a person uses different types of transportation on his way to work, mark the vehicle he travels the longest distance with.
Example: A person travels to work: 3 km. by bus to the train station, 20 km. by train, and then 5 km. in a taxi -- He will mark answer 10: By train.
26.4 Several bus-lines
If a person switches bus lines on his way to work, he has to mark answer 9: Public bus in more than one bus-line.
26.5 Organized travel
If a person belongs to a pool of people who travel to work together, and each day someone else takes his friends to work in his car, mark answer 7: In a private car as a passenger.
26.6 Service taxi
Answer 11 refers to any use of taxi, including special drive.
In other vehicle (answer 12), for example: A tractor.
33. At what time did you leave home for work on most days of last week?
_ _ Minutes
 2 PM
In this question too, refer to the workplace written in question 26.
27.1 Departure time
Departure time -- means the time the worker leaves home and not the time he arrives to his workplace.
A worker who is not traveling directly to work, but stops in another place first (like working out in a Gym) has also to write the time of departure from home.
27.2 Before noon/afternoon [AM/PM]
Mark if the departure time is before noon or afternoon.
Example: A person, who leaves his home to work at 7:30 in the morning, will mark an X in the AM answer.
27.3 Split working day
A person, who works a split day, i.e. works till noon, goes home and returns to the same workplace, will write the time of the first departure.
A person, who works shifts, will write the departure time to the shift he worked most days last week.
Example: A nurse who worked morning and night shifts last week but most shifts were night shifts -- will write the time she left home to the night shifts.
Fifth Part -- Income (questions 34-38)
The income questions refer to income derived from work and income not derived from work.
The collected data will be used for statistical aggregates of income in different population groups: Income of men vs. income of women; income of young people vs. old; income by education, residence area, work area; income in different economic industries and income by occupation.
If the people refuse to answer these questions, it is important to remind them that the answers are confidential and will not be transferred to any private or public body.
The data on the household income provide information about:
A. Standard of living of families.
B. Sources of income: what part of the income derives from work and what part is not (pensions, social security, property etc.).
C. Type of breadwinners in the family (father, mother, sons/daughters, others).
D. Number of providers in the family.
The two questions ask if the respondent had a salary as an employee, on the month of September, and if yes, how much it was and for how many working days it was given.
34. What was your gross income (before deductions) from your salary, in September 1995?
Include all payments from all workplaces you have worked in.
Please, copy your gross income from the paycheck.
Write the sum in whole Israeli Shekels.
Gross _ _ _ _ _ _ IS
Net (If the gross income is not known) _ _ _ _ _ _ IS
29.1 Gross income from salary
Gross income from salary includes all the payments the worker received from his work as an employee for the month of September.
Gross income includes the basic payments and all the extra payments, like: payments for extra hours, premium, 13th month salary, payment for recreation time, clothing, board and lodging, payments for car maintenance etc.
Gross income is the income before deductions of revenue taxes, National Security [Social Security], health insurance, payments to insurance funds, pension and compensation funds, to return a loan or any other deduction from the salary.
The gross income is important since it is uniform [in its components] and is not influenced by random deduction in one month or another, or from deductions related to the personal status of the worker (like: place of residence [along the borders and in developing towns the taxes are lower], number of children, loans, savings etc.).
29.2 Net income from salary
Only if there is no way to get the gross income, write the net income.
Net income is the sum remains after the deduction of income tax and social security from the gross income, and before the deduction of all other payments.
29.3 Additional explanations to question 34
A. A person who did not work as an employee in September has to answer question 34 too. He has to mark an x in the box on the left, and to go to question 36.
B. In order to avoid errors, the employees are asked to copy the gross income from their paycheck.
C. Those who were absent from work on September, because of illness, vacation, reserve duty, accident etc, are to include in the gross income the payments received for the time of absence, from the employer or from other sources.
D. A person who worked as an employee in several workplaces in September has to sum up all the gross income received from all workplaces.
E. If on September, a person had an income from work as an employee and as a self-employed, he will write his income as an employee in this question (question 34) and his income as a self-employed in question 36.
F. Cooperative members will include in this question their income from work as employees and also their income from the cooperative revenues.
G. If the employee does not get a paycheck, and gets his salary in cash, he has to write it as a net income.
H. If on October, the person has not received his salary for the month of September, he has to write the salary paid for August.
29.4 How to write [the answer]
Write the income from right to left, in whole Israeli Shekels (without the Agorot).
Examples: 1. Income of 3,200.35 IS, Write: [Illustration]
30. Question 35
35. For how many work days were you paid in the month of September 1995?
 2 For part of the month
30.1 For the whole month
A person who received a full salary will mark the "for the whole month" answer, even if he was absent from work because of a holiday, reserve duty, sickness or any other reason.
A person who is usually employed part time, who received the full usual salary, will mark this answer too.
30.2 For part of the month
A person, whose salary for September was not a full salary, will mark an X in the box and will write the number of days he was paid for.
30.3 More than one workplace
A person, who received an income on a monthly basis and worked in more than one workplace, will refer to the main workplace, for example:
A person, who received a salary for the whole month from his main workplace, and also received a salary for part of the month from additional workplace, will mark an X in answer number 1: "For the whole month".
30.4 Daily pay
A person, who received an income on a daily basis and worked in more than one workplace (or changed his workplace in September), will sum-up the number of days he was paid for.
If he received a salary for the whole month, he will mark an X in answer 1.
If he received a salary for part of the month, he will mark an X in answer 2 and will write the number of days he was paid for.
31. Income from work as self-employed
In question 36, we would like to know if the respondent had an income as self-employed, and if he had, how much it was in September, and how much in the whole year of 1994.
36. What was your gross income from your work as self-employed or as a farm owner?
A. Gross income in September 1995.
 If you had no income, mark an X.
 If you had no income, mark an X.
32.1 Gross income from work as self-employed
It means the revenues of the business after deducting the current expenditures for the maintenance of the business (like materials, wages, rent for the building) and before the deduction of individual taxes like income tax, social security, and health insurance.
Revenue is what the business is paid for the products or services it sells.
Include in the gross income of self-employed the payments received from the National Security Institute like maternity allowance, reserve duty payment, accident insurance payment, workers' compensation and payments from other insurance funds.
32.2 Additional explanations to question 36
A. Mark an X in each of the boxes on the left, if there was no income as self-employed:
2. For the year of 1994.
B. If a business belongs to several partners, write the respondent's part only.
C. If a person had an income as self employed only in part of 1994, write this income.
D. If a person had an income in 1994, but in 1995 he is not working as self-employed (He is not working, or he works as an employee), write the income in 1994.
E. If there were losses in September 1995, or in all 1994, write the number "0".
F. If a person works as self-employed and as an employee, he has to write his income from work as self-employed in this question (question 36) and his income as an employee in question 34.
33. Income not derived from work
The questions about income not derived from work are to supplement the income data of the family.
In the two questions in this subject (questions 37-38) we would like to know if the respondent had an income not derived from work, and if he had, what it was and from what sources.
37. Did you receive any National Security annuities in September 1995?
Please answer all parts.
A. National Security children's pay
 2 No
 2 No
(Like survivors' allowance, unemployment, general disability)
 2 No
A. A person who does not have income not derived from work has to answer these questions too. He has to mark an X in the boxes under the title NO.
B. A person who has income not derived from work, has to mark an X in the boxes titled YES and to write the annuities sums [This instruction is erroneous. No figures were asked for in this question. They were added by the means of cold-deck imputation from the Social Security files, after the census].
34.1 Children's pay
This annuity is paid for all the children to a single bank account.
Write this annuity only once in the questionnaire of one of the parents.
34.2 Old age pension
This annuity can be paid to one person in the household or separately, to several people in the household. Old age pension from the Social Security can also be paid for a couple, together.
- If the annuity was paid separately, write the amount in the questionnaire of the receiving person only.
- If the annuity is paid for a couple, write the whole amount in the questionnaire of one of the couple only.
34.3 Other annuities
It means annuities like survivors' allowance, unemployment pay, disability allowance etc.
The annuities referred to in this question are those paid by the National Security only.
38. Did you have income, in September 1995, from the following sources?
Joint income (like income from property) is to be written in a questionnaire of one person only.
Please answer all the parts.
 2 No
 2 No
apartment rent, absorption basket [for new immigrants]
scholarships, income of a soldier in a compulsory service.
 1 Yes: Sum in IS _ _ _ _ _
 2 No
A. A person who received an income [annuity] for the month of September will mark an X under YES and will write the amount next to it, from right to left. A person, who did not get an income for September, will mark an X under NO.
B. If the income is regular and received each month, but accidentally it was not paid for September -- write the amount paid for August 1995.
A joint income for several people in the household (like property income), should be written in the questionnaire of one person only.
35.1 Pension in Israel
It means a regular pay a person gets from the workplace he has worked in, in the past, or from a compensation fund he has saved in.
35.2 Pension and rent from abroad
Pension from abroad: like an old age pension from the USA.
Rent from abroad: It is usually people who migrated from Germany and other countries who receive a monthly allowance from the government of Germany.
35.3 Other income
It means a regular income like an allowance from the Defense Ministry, apartment rent, absorption basket [for new immigrants], scholarships, and income of a soldier in a compulsory service.
Do not include income received only once, like: reparation, heritage, sweepstake etc.
[p. 75-159 are omitted.]