Manual for Enumerator
Population Census 2000
Coverage Area of the 2000 Population Census
The 2000 Population Census (SP2000) covered all Indonesian citizens and foreigners who reside in Indonesia's geographical areas, those with permanent residence or those without permanent residence (homeless, refugees, sailors, remote people, or boat people). Members of the diplomatic corps and their family who were residing in the Indonesian territory were excluded from enumeration, while the Indonesian diplomatic corps and their families living abroad were included in the enumeration.
2. Population Census, which was an enumeration of the population with permanent residence and non-permanent residence (homeless, refugees, sailors, remote people, or boat people) both of Indonesian nationality and foreigners, except the members of the diplomatic corps and their families.
A. Housing census
The enumerator of Housing and Population Census (PCL) conducts a listing of all the building and households in every census block in the entire Indonesian geographical region by using SP2000-L1 Questionnaire. In line with building and household listing, the enumerators should draw the symbols, numbered the physical building in the census block sketch map, and place the SP2000 sticker on the building that has been listed.
B. Population Census
The enumerators (PCL) enumerate all persons with permanent residence by using the SP2000-L2 Questionnaire, whereas the enumerators for Special Areas (PCDK) enumerate persons of non-permanent residence (homeless, refugees, sailors, remote people, or boat people) with the SP2000-L3 Questionnaire. The enumeration of homeless people and Indonesian sailors is carried out on 30 June, 2000.
The 2000 Population Census was conducted by two approaches:
2. De facto, population were enumerated where they were found by the enumerator on the census date, such as homeless, refugees, sailors, remote people, boat people, and people who are in transit and have not been enumerated yet.
To identify the changes on three demographic components (birth, death, and mobility) that occurred between the day after the census and 30 June, 2000, the enumerators (PCL) must do a review (moment telling) on 1 July, 2000.
A village refers to the territory that belongs to or is under the jurisdiction of the lowest administration unit of the Indonesian Government. This includes the community that is headed by a village head who ranks directly below a sub-district head. Villages are distinguishable according to the election system of their heads. Desa is a village whose head is democratically chosen by the community.
c. Local Administrative Unit (SLS)
is a local administrative level under the village/kelurahan. Terminology of SLS could be different between areas, such as neighborhood area (RT), community area (RW). SLS boundaries could be natural or man-made.
is part of a village which is formed based on government regulation.
e. Rukun warga (RW)/Community association and Rukun tetangga (RT)/Neighborhood association
is an administrative unit next to the lowest level in a city, consisting of several neighborhood areas (RT).
f. Census block
is an area of a particular village that is created for enumeration purposes. A Census block must have distinct boundaries, either natural or man-made, that are expected to remain unchanged for about 10 years. A Census block contains approximately 80 to 120 households or non-residential physical building units, or a combinations of the two.
is an area of a particular Census block that has clear boundaries, either natural or man-made. The size of the segment does not depend on households/physical buildings, [rather] it depends on clear boundaries.
Question 101 to 104: Province, regency/municipality, sub-district, and village
Write down the name of the province, regency/municipality, sub-district and village/kelurahan. Cross out the regency/municipality and village/kelurahan that is inappropriate. Write down the code for each question in the provided box.
Question 106: Census block number
Write down the number and type of census block in the provided box.
Question 107: Local administrative unit
Write down the local administrative unit with the number or name such as "Neighborhood association (RT)": RT 001, RT 002, etc; "Community association (RW)": RW 01, RW 02, etc; "Sub-village association (RK)": RK 01, RK 02, etc; Dusun: Dusun Makmur, Dusun Sukamaju, etc., that were covered at the Census block in Question 106.
Block II and Block III are explained after Block IV, in accordance with the activity sequence.
Question 401: Name/number of the local administrative unit
Write down in Column (1) the local administrative unit (SLS) name/number where the physical building visited is located in accordance with the local term (for example: RT001/ RW02, RT002/RW10, SLS I, RW01/SLS 1, etc.). If the building visited is located in the same SLS as the previous building, the SLS name/number for the related building does not need to be written.
Question 402: Segment number
Write down in Column (2) the segment number of the physical building or household residence visited. If the building visited is located in the same segment as the previous building, the segment number for the related building needs not be written.
Question 403: Serial number of physical building
Write down the serial number of the physical building in Column (3), beginning at number 1 up to the last one in the Census block. If the Census block visited is located in the same segment as the previous building, the physical building number for the related building does not need to be written.
b. Residential Census building is a census building that is occupied partially or as a whole by a regular or a special household.
c. Mixed Census building is a census building that is used as a residence on one side and for the other purpose on the other side. Example: Office house (rukan), Shop house (ruko), etc.
2. If one segment group consists of 2 (two) buildings occupied by one household -- the first building is occupied by the head of the household and wife and the second building is occupied by other household members -- then both buildings are recorded as occupied census buildings. The building that is occupied by the children is considered as a part of building that is occupied by head of the household and his wife (this has to be considered when calculating the floor dimension).
3. A residential building that completely changes function to non-residential is categorized as a non-residential census building.
4. A non-residential census block (office, shop, school) that is occupied partially is categorized as a mixed census building.
Fill in code 1 in Column (5) if the building is used as an unoccupied residence, and Column (6) and Column (7) are left empty. Fill in code 1 in Column (6) if the building is used as an occupied residence and Column (5) and Column (7) are left empty. Fill in code 1 in Column (7) if the building is used as a mixed residence, and Column (5) and Column (6) are left empty.
Question 406: Residence components
There are seven residence components that are asked in SP2000. These components make up the requirements of a complete residence. If the component number of the residential Census block or the non-residential Census block is fewer than seven, then it is categorized as an incomplete residence. Data on the complete residence and incomplete residence numbers can be obtained from the residence components information. A complete residence is a house that is permanent and has six house facilities, as noted below.
Permanent residence: if a census block covers the three requirements:
b. A large part of the walls is not bamboo matting or frond
c. A large part of the roof is not foliage
2. Kitchen, if a census building has a permanent space used only for cooking that is located inside or outside the house, without considering the location or its cleanliness.
4. [Water] Closet, if a census building has a special room to defecate either inside or outside the house that provides a closed basin of feces. The closet may not have a roof but it must have a wall that its material with material not foliage, sack, or transparent plastics.
5. Clean water, if a census building has its own clean water facility such as with water supply, well water, wellspring reservoir, or stored rain water. Clean water is drinkable water considered as such by the local resident.
6. Electricity, if a census building has electricity either from the National Electricity Company, Regional Electricity Company, or a Private Electricity Company, excluding electricity from neighbors or illegally accessed electricity.
Fill in code 1 in each column as follows: column (8) if the house is permanent, column (9) if the house has a bedroom, column (10) if the house has a kitchen, column (11) if the house has a bathroom facility, column (12) if the house has a toilet facility, column (13) if the house has clean water, and column (14) if the house has electricity.
Fill in a dash (--) in each column if the house does not have the facility in the census building. Column (8) up to Column (14) must be filled for residential census buildings and mixed census building.
Question 407: Complete conventional residence
Fill in code 1 in Column (15) if columns (8) to column (14) are recorded "1", otherwise fill in dash (--) if any of Column (8) through Column (14) has a dash (--).
Question 408: Occupied residence
Fill in code 1 in Column (16) if the house is occupied, otherwise fill in dash (--), and the questioning is stopped here.
2. If the occupant of a census building has left for more than 6 months, the census building is categorized as an unoccupied census building.
Question 409: Total number of households in the Census building
This column is filled if Column (16) coded 1, and asks total number of households that stay in this house. The enumerator must carefully determine the total number of households, because households [are] usually considered as a family.
Family usually consists of people who are related, like father, mother, and child. Whereas a household may consist of people who have or do not have kinship ties, like little sister/brother, daughter/son in-law, driver, house maid, etc.
Ordinary household is a person or a group of people who live in a part or the whole physical census building, usually live together, [and] also eat from one kitchen if the daily needs are organized together as one. An ordinary household usually consists of a father, a mother and children.
Other households that are considered as ordinary households are:
2. A family living separately in two census buildings but eats from the same kitchen, as long as both census buildings are in the same segment group.
3. Lodging with meals with fewer than 10 lodgers. Lodgers are considered as members of the landlord's household.
4. Several people who rent a room together in one census building or physical building, although they manage their own meals, are considered an ordinary household.
Special household covers:
2. People living in a correctional institution, orphanage, prison and so forth.
3. Groups of people living in lodging with meals, where the total number is more than or an average of 10 people.
2. Dormitory organizer, orphanage organizer, prison organizer and others who live alone or together with their children, spouses or other household members, are considered ordinary household.
Question 412: Name of the head of household
Head of household is an individual from a group of household members who is responsible for the daily household needs or someone/appointed as head of the household.
Write down in Column (20) the name of the head of household clearly. To write down the name, do not use more than one line. When needed, some parts of the name could be shortened. If it is a special household, write the name of a representative head of household. If it is a non-residential census building or mixed census building, write down the use of the census building as a non-residential building (bookstore, minimart, elementary school (SDN 06), mosque, church, Department of Forestry) or mixed census building (dendy - tailor, nuraini - beauty salon, sarjono - shop, etc.). If it is a non-residential census building, there are no more questions.
Write down the appropriate ownership status of the residence. If it is self-owned, then fill in code 1 in Column (21) and the questioning finishes; otherwise fill in dash (--) in Column (21) and continue to the next question.
Contract if during the enumeration period, the residence was rented by one of the household members for a certain period based on a contract agreement between the owner and the tenant for a period of one or two years. Rent is usually paid upfront or by installments. At the end of the contract the tenant must leave the house or, if agreed between both parties, the contract can be extended.
Fill in code 1 in Column (22) if the ownership status of the house is rent/lease, otherwise fill in dash (--), such as with official residences, places with free rent, and public property.
Question 415: Total number of household members
Fill in the number of male household members in Column (23), female household members in Column (24), and total male and female household members in Column (25).
Household members are persons who usually live in a household, either when the enumeration was conducted or were temporarily unavailable.
2. A person who lived in the household for 6 months or more, or a person who has lived in the household for fewer than 6 months but intends to move/live in the household for 6 months or more
3. A house maid or driver who lives and eats at their employer's [dwelling] is considered a household member of his/her employer
4. Lodging with meals, consisting of fewer than 10 people in total
2. A house maid or driver who does not live and/or does not eat at their employer's [dwelling].
3. Lodgers with meals, where the total number is more than or an average of 10 people.
b. Jamsari is a BPS staff and lives in Jakarta. His child and wife live in the regency of Bogor. To save money, he goes home to Bogor only on Friday afternoon and returns back to Jakarta every Monday morning. Because Jamsari is the head of the household, he is still recorded as head of the household in the regency of Bogor.
c. Sinbad is a ship navigator who goes home to his wife and child every 6 months. Although he is responsible for the daily needs of his family, Sinbad is not recorded as the head of the household.
Explanation on how to fill in Column (1) through Column (25):
1. If during the enumeration period one of household members has been traveling, then the procedure of filling is as follows:
Columns (8) through (17) and (19) through (25) are left empty (to be filled in when the household member can be met).
If during the enumeration period the total number of households in one census building is more than one, then the serial number and the information of the second household and [that for] the next one are recorded after the serial number and the information of the last registered household. The procedure for filling is as follows:
Columns (5) through (16) = left empty
Column (17) = coded 1 for each household
Columns (18) through (25) = filled as referred to the concept and definition.
2. If the resident left the house for fewer than 6 months and has not returned at the end of the period of enumeration, then the procedure of filling is as follows:
Column (16) = coded 1
Column (18) = fill in the serial number of the household
Columns (17), (19) through (25) = ask the closest neighbor who knows
3. If a household occupied two census buildings that were located in one census block, (the first census building is occupied by the head of the household and the second one is occupied by another member of the household), then the procedure of filling in the SP2000-L1 Questionnaire for the second household is:
Column (16) = coded 1
Column (17) = coded 0
Columns (18) and (19) = left empty
Column (20) = [name of the household head]
Columns (21) through (25) = left empty
A. Total number of this page
Sum all numbers in each of Columns (5), (6), (7), (15), (16), (17), (19), (21), (22), (23), (24) and (25) then put the total number in each column in Line A.
B. Total number until the last page
Fill this line by copying the total number of Line C in the previous page.
C. Cumulative total number of this page
Sum the total number in Line A and Line B, then copy the results to Line B in the following pages, except in the last page.
Editing the SP2000-L1 Questionnaire
1. Check the serial numbers written in Questions 403, 404, and 410 (must be successive), and ensure there are no miscounts or people recorded twice.
2. Check the sum in each of Columns (5), (6), (7), (15), (16), (17), (19), (21), (22), (23), (24) and (25), and ensure that these are the same as the number written in Line A (total number on this page).
3. Check the sum in Line A and Line B on each page and ensure that this is the same as the number written in Line C (cumulative total number on this page).
Write down the page numbers in each page of Block IV in the top right corner. The page number of "Location identification" is page 1, so the first page of Block IV is page 2.
If Block IV has 7 pages, then the first page of the Block IV is written as page 2 of 8 in the top right corner, and the second page of the Block IV written as page 3 of 8, etc.
Question 201: Total number of households
Fill in the total number of households, copied from the last serial number of the last page in Block IV Column (18) or the last page of Block IV Column (17), Line C (cumulative total number on this page).
Question 202: Total number of male household members
Fill in the total number of male household members, copied from the last page of Block IV Column (23), Line C (cumulative total number on this page).
Question 203: Total number of female household members
Fill in the total number of female household members, copied from the last page of Block IV Column (24), Line C (cumulative total number on this page).
Question 204: Total number of male and female household members
Fill in the total number of male and female household member, copied from the last page of Block IV Column (25), Line C (cumulative total number on this page).
Check that the total number in Question 204 is equal with Question 202 + Question 203. If it is not so, check the sum in Columns (23), (24), and (25), which may be mistaken.
Block III: Enumeration particulars
Block III describes information about the enumerators' and the supervisors' identity. This block is filled after the enumeration in one Census block is finished and correct.
The enumerator's identity is filled in by the enumerator, and the supervisor's identity is filled in by the supervisor.
Question 301 and 302: Names of the enumerator and the supervisor, NIP/NMS
Write down the name [and] NIP/NMS of the enumerator and of the supervisor in the provided place. NIP is given to the enumerator from BPS staff or other PNS who assisted at the BPS Regional Office. The number of non-permanent workers is given to non-BPS Staff enumerator.
Question 303: Date of the enumeration/supervision
Fill in the date of the enumeration and the date of the supervision in the provided place. The enumeration may not be completed in one day, hence the enumeration date can be written as the starting date of the enumeration until the finishing date.
Question 304: Signature
Put the signature of the enumerator and of the supervisor in the provided box. Signing is only done if everything is done properly. The supervisor should not sign if he/she has not done any editing/supervision.
Use of the SP2000-l2 Questionnaire
The SP2000-L2 Questionnaire records the main characteristics of all household members. The recorded characteristics, among others, [are]: name, household member's relationship to the household head, sex, place of birth, age, marital status, religion, citizenship, ethnicity, place of residence five years ago, education, manpower, and fertility. One SP2000-L2 questionnaire will record a maximum 8 (eight) household members.
Please write down the area name and each of its area codes on the first block, among others: province, regency/municipality, sub-district, village based on local/government administration, Census block number associated with the SP2000-L1 Questionnaire. Please fill out the number of the physical building in ascending order. Please fill out the number of the physical building and the household number in ascending order as associated with the SP2000-L1 Questionnaire on the fourth block (Block-IV). Blacken [the oval] on the type of household that matches Column (9) of the fourth block in the SP2000-L1 Questionnaire.
Questions 01, 02 and 03 should be asked simultaneously. This should be done after all household members have been recorded. Subsequently, please continue to ask the 4th through 15th question to each of the household members
Question 01, 02 and 03: Name, relationship to the head of household, and sex
Question 01, 02 and 03 are asked simultaneously to all household members. Please ask all respondents in the household their relationship to the head of household. Please write down their names on the provided line of the first question, blackening [the oval] to match the person's relationship code for "Relationship to head of household" and "Sex".
Relationship to head of household
Head of household in a special household is an appointed person among the special household members.
2. Wife/husband is a wife/husband of the household's head.
3. Others include all persons who occupy and live in the household and are household members, among others:
b. Grandchild is the child of the household head's child/step child/adopted child.
c. Parent is a father/mother of the household head.
d. Other relatives are individuals who are related to the head of the household or to the wife/husband of the head of the household. Example: younger or older sibling, uncle, aunt, grandfather/grandmother.
e. Domestic workers are people who are working as domestic servants and stay and sleep in the household where they are working, receiving salary/wages such as money and goods.
f. Others are people who are not related to the head of household.
The best procedure to interview the respondents is to ask for the name of each person in the household so that no one is left out or counted twice, starting from head of household and going through the wife/husband, unmarried child, married child, child in-law, grandchild, parents, mother/father in law, other relatives, domestic servant, and others.
Please make sure that all HOUSEHOLD members have been recorded completely with name and serial number by:
1. Reading one by one the name of each HOUSEHOLD member.
2. Ask questions to ensure there will be no one missed and unrecorded to probe for:
b. Others like a friend or housemaid who stays/lives in the household.
c. Visitors who live for fewer than 6 months and intend to stay for 6 months and more.
d. People who usually live in the HOUSEHOLD but have left for fewer than 6 months.
If you found other persons with the criteria stated above, please add those names to the list, subsequently asking questions 01-03. When those questions have been completed, please ask questions 4 through 15 for each HOUSEHOLD member in order according to the serial number of the HOUSEHOLD member.
3. Please ask additional questions to guarantee the data are correct and no persons have been excluded. Meanwhile, if there is a household member who left for at least 6 months and is being counted as a household member, take him/her out from the list of questions 01-03 and reorder the serial numbers of each HOUSEHOLD member.
Make sure all household members have been recorded, and separate the total number of household members by sex. Please write down the total number of household members into the appropriate box provided. If, when comparing the total with the 4th Block in columns (23) and (24) of SP2000-L1, the totals do not match, please fix them accordingly.
The SP2000-L2 Questionnaire has been designed for 8 people maximum. If more than 8 household members are found, please use an additional SP2000-L2 Questionnaire and copy the location identification exactly as the first [page of the] SP2000-L2 Questionnaire is recorded.
Question 04: Regency/municipality and province of birth
Regency/municipality and province of birth pertains to the residential address of the respondent's mother when giving birth, under the condition that the address is the permanent de jure population address and not just the address at the time of birth.
Please write down the regency/municipality and province of birth into the correct boxes provided. The area codes of the area names will be filled in by the supervisor of the enumerator.
Note: When it is found that the respondent was born abroad, please write down the country name where the respondent was born and put the code "96" into the boxes of regency/municipality and province.
Question 05: Month, year of birth and age
Please ask for and fill out the month and year when the respondent was born. If the respondent remembers the year of birth only, please note the year and leave the space for month blank. If the respondent does not remember/know his/her age, please estimate his/her age and do not bother with the year of birth.
If the respondent does not know the month and year of birth based on the Islamic calendar, ask for the Javanese calendar and Sundanese calendar. Note: the characteristics of the calendars are available in the notebook and counted based on age conversion from the month and year into the Christian year.
Age data are very important for population data as the source of basic information for accounting and estimation of fertility, mortality, population projections and other population needs.
Age characteristics must be filled in, even if the result from best estimation
Please ask for the respondent's age and put it directly into the field box. Age is counted in rounded down years or according to the latest birthday celebration. Age counting is based on the Christian year. Field experiences on data collection show a tendency for the respondent to round up his/her real age. In order to ensure data quality, please reconfirm again whether he/she has passed his/her birthday age according to the prior answer.
In order to ensure the accuracy of the respondent's age, please probe [following] the steps below:
1. Go in search of personal identity information such as: official letter registration of birth, baptism card, immunization card, Health Monitoring Card (KMS, colloquially called kartu menuju sehat), other notes made by their parents. Please pay attention to the date of issue recorded.
2. Convert the respondent's birthday into the Christian year if respondents only remember and know how to account for their birthday in the Arabic calendar or others, as the majority of Indonesians are Moslem and only recognize and remember important Islamic occurrences, such as: Ied celebration, Hajj, Prophet Mohammad Birth Celebration. To do so, please apply the Age Conversion methods.
3. Please confirm the respondent's birth date by relating [it to] important well-known occurrences that happened in Indonesia at the regional and national levels; among others: disasters, floods, volcanic eruptions, fires, election of the village's head, Indonesian Independence Day (1945), the first Indonesian election (1995), September Communism Movement (G30 S/PKI).
4. The age of a child respondent can often be attained by comparing his/her age with [that of] a sibling. Please try to estimate the youngest child's age, subsequently tracing and comparing the age of older siblings and associated children with the abilities of the child at that age, such as: the first step, sitting, walking and standing when the younger sibling was born or during the mother's pregnancy.
5. Compare the age of the respondent's child with the age of neighbors' children and children of other relatives, then estimate the age.
6. For respondents with an age equal to or greater than 98 years old, please write "98" into the box.
[Three visual examples on the methods of filling out age are omitted here]
Question 06: Marital status
Married is a status for those who on the enumeration date were married, regardless of whether they live together or separately. This includes those who by law (e.g. tradition, religion, state, etc.) are formally married but also those who live together and are regarded by their surrounding community as husband and wife.
Divorced is a status for those who divorced their husbands or wives, and have not yet remarried.
Widowed is a status for those whose husbands or wives died, and have not yet remarried.
This question is directed to all household members. Please ask for a marital status of each household member, [and] blacken [the oval] of the appropriate answer in the box.
Question 08: Nationality/ethnicity
Please ask the respondent: "What is your father/mother/family citizenship?" Blacken [the oval] for the appropriate answer in the box. If the [code for the answer is] 1, namely Indonesian citizenship, please write down the respondent's ethnicity.
Ethnicity is the respondent's ethnicity according to the respondent.
The question of ethnicity is different from the usual language spoken; it could happen that people speak a local language (dialect) associated with an ethnicity but are children of parents of a different ethnicity.
If the [code for the answer is] 2, then please write down the respondent's nationality briefly and accurately. The code for ethnicity and foreign citizenship will be filled in by the supervisor of enumerator.
Indonesian citizen are Indonesian people or foreigners who obtained Indonesian citizenship. Foreign citizens are people who do not have Indonesian citizenship.
Question 09: Place of residence 5 years ago
Ask where the respondent lived 5 years ago (July 1995) and record the province and country names into the appropriate box.
Note: If the respondent's residence 5 years ago was overseas, please write down the country name and enter the code "96" in the box for province and regency/municipality.
Methods of interviewing:
1. Please ask first the length of residence at the respondent's current address. If the answer is 5 years or more, the address [from] 5 years ago is the same as the current address.
2. If the length of residence at the respondent's current resident address is fewer than 5 years, then obtain the previous regency/municipality of the respondent and the length of residence there, and add both lengths from the current and previous addresses.
3. If it is found that the total length of residence at the current and previous addresses is fewer than 5 years, please inquire further to get another previous address where the respondent lived 5 years ago.
1. During enumeration day Sindab has been living in Bogor for 2 years and before that he lived in Jakarta for 4 years. Therefore Sinbad's residence 5 years ago would be in Jakarta.
2. Currently Sariatun has been living in Bekasi for 1 year, and before that she lived in Jakarta Timur for 2 years, and before that she lived in Bogor for 2 years. For Sariatun's case, the place of residence 5 years ago will refer to Bogor.
Regency/municipality codes and province codes will be filled in by the supervisor of the enumerator.
Question 10: Highest certificate/diploma
The highest certificate/diploma is similar to the highest educational level [from which a person] graduated. Graduated is a classification for those who passed the highest level of a particular school with a certificate or diploma, regardless of whether the school is government or privately managed. In addition, a person who took the final examination at the highest level and passed is regarded as having graduated, even though the person did not go through the highest level. In the 2000 Population Census, highest education was divided into seven categories:
The highest certificate/diploma:
2. Primary school
3. Junior high school
4. Senior high school
Blacken [the oval] of the appropriate box for the highest level of certificate/diploma that the respondent received.
There is a possibility that a person completed a certain level of education, but that during the interview [he/she] was attending a lower level of education than what was achieved previously. Please reconfirm this matter by asking the respondent the question once more. If this situation appears frequently, please elaborate in the notes block by writing the name and serial number of the household member.
Question 11: Activities during the previous week
This question is intended to obtain all respondents' activities during the previous week. In order to achieve the best output, it is strongly recommended that the enumerator read and ask each respondent the activity in question in a series (the flow of questions is important). The activities are:
2. Seeking a job
Working is the activity of conducting work for at least one hour during the past week to obtain income or profits. Working for an hour has to be conducted continuously, including those who have jobs but are temporarily not working. Earnings or profits cover: salary/wages including all allowances, bonus and earnings from leasing, interests and profits in the form of cash or goods.
2. A person who conducts activities that generate a product (not cereals or crops) for self-consumption such as sewing [one's] own clothes, painting for a private collection, cooking for [one's] own family and fishing for pleasure is not considered as working.
3. Household members who help the work of the head of the household or other household members, for example in the rice field, stall/shop, etc., are considered as working although they do not receive salary/wages (unpaid worker).
4. A person who operates machines/farm machinery, industrial machines, party instruments, transportation modes and others is categorized as working.
5. Domestic workers are categorized as working; they may be classified as household members of their employer or as non-household members.
6. A prisoner who does activities such as agriculture, making furniture and others is not considered as working.
7. A person who rents his farm to another person and shares the products is categorized as working if he/she is taking responsibility for management of the farm business.
8. Those who have permanent jobs but during the previous week for a temporary period did not work/take on leave, sick, absent, etc., are considered as working.
Seeking a job is an activity of a person trying to obtain a job.
The activity of seeking a job is not limited to the period of the past week, but could have been done for several periods as long as during the past week the status is still waiting for the result of the work application.
People who are seeking jobs are categorized into:
b. Those who are not occupied and will be called back, but are still trying to obtain another job.
c. Those who worked at least 1 hour during the past week, and are trying to obtain another job.
d. Those who never worked before and are trying to obtain another job.
e. Those who worked but because of certain circumstances have quit or were fired and are trying to obtain another job.
f. Those who are usually in school or doing domestic work and are trying to find a job.
Attending school is attending a formal school at the primary level or at other levels (secondary and high), including those on vacation. For those who go to school and also work, the activity during the past week is the one that is the most time consuming.
Others are activities besides working, attending school, seeking work, or doing household work. Also, it includes those who are incapable to conduct activities, such as elderly persons, handicapped people, and those who receive a pension and do not work anymore. [Persons who engage in] sleep, leisure, socialization, sports, courses, picnics and other positive activities ([such as] joining an organization and voluntary work) are not [considered to be] engaged in "Other" activities.
Blacken [the oval] for the box of the activity's code during the previous week.
Question 12: Main industry
Main industry is based on the activity of the enterprise/corporation/institution where the respondent works or previously worked. If the respondent works in more than one industry, the industry recorded is the industry where the respondent works for the longest time. If the work time is distributed evenly at all types of jobs held by the respondent, please choose the one that is the highest paid. Moreover, if the salary level and time work is evenly distributed across all types of main industries, then the answer is based on the respondent's preference.
1. Food crops
4. Animal husbandry
5. Other agriculture
1. Food crops is the undertaking of preparation/planting, cultivation of seedlings, seedbed, maintenance and harvesting food crops, which covers: cereal, herbs, vegetables, beans, fruits.
2. Plantation is the undertaking of preparation/planting, cultivation of seedlings, seedbed, maintenance and harvesting plantation crops. Other agricultural products and other plants are categorized into plantation crops. Plantation crops include: tobacco, tea, coffee, eucalyptus, palm oil, nutmeg and rubber. Other plants include: orchid, jasmine, rose, bougainvillea and other garden plants.
3. Fishery sector includes sea fishery and freshwater fishery production.
Freshwater fishery is an effort in cultivation, seedling fish/shrimp, fishing in salty water or fresh water, including the services of freshwater fisheries based on fringe benefits or contracts such as sorting and grading the freshwater fishery products. Also included are the maintenance and reparation of fish ponds, pest control, fertilizing, and the implementation of the watering system for fishponds.
4. Animal husbandry is the undertaking of raising large livestock, small livestock, poultry, bees, and silk worms, including the breeding of livestock.
Small livestock such as: goats, lamb, pigs and rabbits.
Poultry such as: chickens, broiler chickens, ducks, manila ducks (entok), swans, quails, doves and turkeys.
Minimum numbers for husbandry (MBH) in livestock/poultry
[Livestock]/Poultry type - MBH
Milking cow - 1 head
Cow - 2 heads
Buffalo - 2 heads
Horse - 2 heads
Pig - 3 heads that are age 2 months or older
Goat - 6 heads
Sheep - 6 heads
Local chickens - 30 heads
Broiler chicken for egg production - 12 heads
Broiler chicken for meat production - 12 heads
Duck + manila duck (entok) - 15 heads
Specific for poultry production, the age must be at least 1 (one) month.
If the household has more than one type of poultry/livestock, then do not apply MBH. Also, if the output production value is more than Rp. 200,000, it should be included into husbandry production.
5. Other agriculture:
Collecting forest products covers activities that include seeking dammar, forest rubber, rattan, bark, leaves, flowers, roots, honey, seagull nests and charcoal gathering in the forest.
Timber industry covers activities that include wood chopping which produces logs or rough wood such as meranti [shorea], ramin, pulai, keruing, iron wood, and black wood including bamboo.
iii) Agriculture and husbandry services sector covers activities that include preparation/planting, cultivation of seedlings, seedbed, maintenance and harvesting food crops and husbandry, including packaging, sorting, irrigation, agricultural operation, provider of poultry/livestock food services, and shepherding by contract or on freelance basis.
6. Manufacturing (including industrial services) is the conversion of basic materials into ready-made or half-made commodities, or those that provide a value-added product.
7. Trading covers activities that include selling/purchasing goods or services, including restaurants, diners/bars, caterers, restaurants on trains, cafeterias, stalls, and accommodation (hotels, motels, hostels and inns).
8. Community, social and individual services sector covers activities in legislative institutions, higher state institutions, defense and security, international corporations and other extraterritorial corporations including education services, health, sanitary, entertainment and culture, private or government sponsored social welfare. Also included are individual and household services such as private tutoring, native healing, laundry, barbershops, repairmen, personal practice doctors with a private practice, midwife, welder, beauty salon, photo studio, masseur, domestic worker, etc.
9. Transportation, storage and communication sector:
ii) Storage is undertaking the storage of commodities in a warehouse facility, cold storage, or specific areas.
iii) Communication is undertaking activities in communication services for the public through postal, telephone, telegram/telex or a pager device.
10. Others sector covers the activities of an individual in an institution not included in one of the sectors mentioned above or is not clearly defined, such as scavengers and creditors.
ii) Electricity, gas and water:
b. Gas covers the activities in the production and distribution of natural gas to be sold to households, industries and for other commercial use.
c. Water purification, provision and water distribution covers the activities pertaining to reservoirs, purification and distribution of water to household industries and for other commercial use.
iv) Financial institution, insurance, leasing/selling and purchasing land, building, and establishment services sector
b. "Insurance" covers the activities in the businesses such as life insurance, services, accidents, health, and commodities, including insurance services, insurance agencies, and insurance consulting and pension funds.
c. "Leasing/selling and purchasing land, building, and establishment services" covers the activities of leasing/selling and purchasing stationary building such as real estate agencies, brokers and managers who manage the rentals, transportation rental business on land/water/air without the operator, and purchasing, selling and property/building valuation based on fringe benefits or contracts. Also included are legal services, accounting services, book keeping architectural services and techniques, advertising services, data processing services and tabulation, building services, marketing research and machinery rental services. Rentals of machinery/agricultural instruments and construction including the operator are categorized in the agriculture and building sector.
Pak Mardani is a postman and his working hours are 08.00-16.00. He also has a business at a small retail shop that sells cigarettes only at his home during 18.00-21.00. He would be categorized into the "Transportation, storage and communication" sector (code 9).
Imam (the oldest son of Mr. Mardani) is self-employed in the poultry business with working hours from 8.00-14.00 (6 hours) and income Rp. 150,000 monthly. During 17.00-23.00 (6 hours) he works in a personal transportation service by motorcycle with income on average Rp. 750,000 monthly. Total working hours of each employment are the same, but the level of income in both of his jobs are different. Because of this, Imam would be included into the "Individual services" sector (code 8) since the level of income for personal services is greater than for husbandry.
Question 13: Employment status
Employment status is status of employment on the job.
1. Self-employed are those who work at their own risk and do not have any assistance.
1. Taxi drivers who assume the entire risk of their business.
2. Pedicap drivers who assume the entire risk of their business.
3. Laborers who operating in the market, railway station or similar places who have no particular employer.
2. Self-employed assisted by temporary employees are those who run their own business at their own risk with assistance from their family members and/or temporary workers.
1. A shop owner is assisted by household members/unpaid workers or other people who receive their wages based on the working days.
2. Vendors running their business assisted by unpaid workers or other people who are given wages based on the amount of labor productivity only.
3. Farmer who runs business on his/her own land helped by unpaid workers. Although during harvest season the labor was given part of the paddy production by the owner/employer, the laborer is not considered as a permanent worker.
3. Self-employed assisted by permanent workers are those who run their own business at own risk assisted by at least one employee/permanent worker.
1. Shop owner is assisted by at least one permanent worker.
2. Andi is an employee of a cigarette company, so Andi is categorized as a permanent worker.
4. Worker/employee is an employee for an employer/state/institution/office/establishment receiving salary/wages in cash or in goods permanently, regardless of the availability of economic output/activity. Agriculture laborers without employers are included into "Worker", as well as freelance workers who have no employer.
5. Unpaid worker are permanent and non-permanent workers/laborers who are employed without salary/wages in cash or in goods.
1. Household members assisting/working for family business without payment.
2. Non-household members assisting/working for family business without payment, such asÂ shopkeepers.
3. Non-household members and non-family members of the business owner who they assisted, such as workers in a handicraft home industry.
Blacken [the oval] for the appropriate box as provided.
Some examples to accurately determine the occupational status and employment status:
1. Gino, Yanto, Yanti, Beny, Rano and Ramli work in a shoe industry that is owned by Ms. Ati. Gino is responsible for buying raw materials of industry. Yanto supervises shoe makers, Yanti is a typist, Beny is a driver, Rano is one of the shoe makers and Mono is an office boy. In her daily duties Ms. Ati is helped by her son Alan who is a paid book keeper. Ms. Ati is the manager of company.
The occupational status/main industry and employment status of those people in detail are:
1. Ms. Ati - shoe industry - self-employed assisted by permanent employees
2. Alan - shoe industry - employee
3. Gino - shoe industry - employee
4. Yanto - shoe industry - employee
5. Yanti - shoe industry - employee
6. Beny - shoe industry - employee
7. Rano - shoe industry - employee
8. Ramli - shoe industry - employee
2. Triman is a self-employed farmer on his own paddy field land. He is helped by his wife and children in running his business. Ms. Mimin weaves mattresses for selling without employees. Nandi is a driver of Ms. Prayogo and is paid. Jono is a tailor with assistance from his wife Inem, and during peak production Jono will employ some laborers who are not household members with payment. Iman is a personal driver of the Air Mancur Herbal Factory and Iman's wife Marni looks for firewood in the jungle for selling.
Main industry/occupational status and employment status of the people above in detail are:
1. Triman - Agriculture/farmer - Self-employed assisted by temporary employees
2. Mimin - Manufacturing industry - Self-employed
3. Nandi - Personal services - Employee
4. Jono - Personal services (Tailor) - Self-employed assisted by temporary employees
5. Inem - Personal services - Unpaid worker
6. Iman - Manufacturing industry - Employee
7. Marni - Agriculture - Self-employed
Specific characteristics of ever married women age 10 or older
These two questions, 14 and 15, are directed to ever married women age 10 or older only in order to collect data on: children ever born and children still alive. To ensure the accuracy of data collection in this stage, please interview the women directly.
Information on children ever born and children still alive is collected regardless of the father of the child. During data collection at the first step of interview, the enumerator should add some explanation about occurrences and event coverage such as: children ever born who are no longer in this HOUSEHOLD, childbirth and children still alive.
Children ever born are any children who at the time of birth showed any signs of life, even if momentarily, such as heart beat, breathing, crying and other signs of life.
It is very important to explain the concept clearly so that the respondent understands. In order to do so, the enumerator is advised to add some examples of reported occurrences like stillbirths, adopted children and step children.
Question 14 : Total number of children ever born
Write down the total number of children ever born in the appropriate box. If there are no children ever born, then fill in the box with "00".
Question 15 : Total number of children still alive
Write down the total number of children still alive in the appropriate box. If there are no children still alive, then fill in the box with "00".
6.3 Function of SP2000-KBL2 Questionnaire
The SP2000-KBL2 Questionnaire is the checking tool for total numbers and the total of HOUSEHOLDs derived from each census block of the SP2000-L2 Questionnaire.
6.4 Procedure for filling in the SP2000-KBL2 Questionnaire
Filling in the SP2000-KBL2 Questionnaire will be done when the enumeration is completed for the SP2000-L1 Questionnaire and SP2000-L2 Questionnaire in one census block.
SP2000-KBL2 Questionnaire consist of two blocks:
Block I: Location identification
Block II: Enumerator's identification
Questions 101 through 106 : Province, regency/municipality, sub-district, village, urban/rural classification and Census block number.
Questions 101 through 106 are copied from the SP2000-L1 Questionnaire, Block I and question 101 through 106. Blacken [the oval] for each appropriate code of province, regency/municipality, sub-district, village, urban/rural classification and Census block number.
Specifically on question 106, the box should be filled in for the Census block like in the SP2000-L1 Questionnaire, Block I, question 10, while blackening [the oval] for each type of census block, namely:
Preparation census block (P) = 0
Ordinary census block (B) = 1
Special census block (K) = 2
Question 107: Local administrative unit
Question 107 copied from the SP2000-L1 Questionnaire and Question 107.
Question 108: Total number of HOUSEHOLD members
The total number of HOUSEHOLD members is copied from the SP2000-L1 Questionnaire, Block II, question 206, blackening [the oval] for the appropriate code.
Question 109: Total sheets of the questionnaire
Please count the total number of sheets of the SP2000-L2 Questionnaire for one Census block, then put this total number into the field box provided, blackening [the oval] for the appropriate number.
Block II: Enumerator's identification
This block will be filled out after the SP2000-KBL2 Questionnaire has been filled completely and accurately. The identification of the enumerator should be made by the enumerator only on the left side, and [that of the] supervisor on the right side.
Questions 201 and 202: Name and ID of the enumerator
Please write down the name and ID of the enumerator and signatures of the enumerator and of the supervisor into the provided fields. Enumerator ID is given by BPS staff.
Question 203: Date of enumeration/supervision
Please fill the dates of enumeration and supervision into each appropriate field.
Question 204: Sign
Please sign in the appropriate field for [one's] own responsibility as enumerator or supervisor accordingly.
6.5 Procedure of arranging documents
1. The SP2000-L2 Questionnaire, which is completed from the field enumeration area, should be arranged according to the serial numbers of the HOUSEHOLDs and put into a package box.
2. If there happens to be a double enumeration of one HOUSEHOLD for the SP2000-L2 Questionnaire, it is recommended to keep the order of document sheets.
3. Please attach all these questionnaires based on the similarities of Census block and in the order as follows: the SP2000-L2 Questionnaires (bottom pile), the SP2000-KBL2 Questionnaires, the SP2000-L1 Questionnaires, and the copies of sketch maps of the census blocks (on the top) into one pile.
4. One box of SP2000-L2 questionnaires should be distinguished by attaching all level area identification (started from province up to census block name and code) on the top outer surface of the box cover before sending these boxes to the supervisor of the enumerator accordingly for the next checking and editing process.