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Enumerator's Manual
Inter Census Population Survey
1995
Central Bureau of Statistics
Jakarta - Indonesia

[p.2]

Foreword
The Inter Census Population Survey 1995 (SUPAS95) is the third SUPAS since the Independence of Indonesia. The first SUPAS was conducted in 1976 and secondly in 1985. SUPAS95 is aimed to fulfill the population data needs between the 1990 Population Census and the Population Census in 2000. Compared to the last SUPAS, the specific matter in SUPAS95 is the data collection on Urbanization, which occurs for the first time. The Urbanization survey was conducted in six major cities, which are Medan, Jakarta, Bandung, Semarang, Surabaya and Ujung Pandang.

In the activity of SUPAS95, the Central Bureau of Statistics developed several guidebooks for the field officers and the Provincial Statistic Office, and also at the regency/municipality Statistic Office. In these guide books the target, coverage area, enumeration procedures, schedule, type of documents used, the organization, and the detail assignments of field officers are elaborated, in order that everything could be prepared in detail, directed and coordinated.

This book is a manual for the officers who are expected to do their assignments based on all the instructions in this book with full responsibility and discipline.

Jakarta, June 1995

Head of Central Bureau of Statistics

Sugito, MA
NIP. 340000452

[p.3]

Contents

General
I. Preface

1.1 Background
1.2 Objectives
1.3 Coverage area
1.4 Procedures on enumeration
1.5 Methodology
1.6 Household listing and enumeration of chosen households
1.7 Schedule
II. Implementation of the SUPAS95
2.1 Field Officers of SUPAS95
2.2 Tasks and duties of enumerators
2.3 Tasks and duties of the supervisors/investigators
2.4 Type of documents used by the enumerator
2.5 Schedule of household listing
2.6 Ethics on interviewing
2.7 How to fill in the list
III. Sketched map of segment groups and building numbering
3.1 Sketched map of segment groups
3.2 Procedures on building numbering
Building and household listing
IV. Building and household listing
4.1 Usage of SUPAS95-L list
4.2 How to fill in SUPAS05-L list
4.3 Checking the SUPAS95-L list by the enumerator
4.4 Example on Filling in the list
Enumeration on chosen households
V. SUPAS95-DSRT list
5.1 Block I and Block II: Identification of location and characteristics of the officers
5.2 Block III: Chosen households
5.3 Block IV: Notes
VI. SUPAS95-S list
6.1 Procedures on filling in the SUPAS95-S
6.2 Identification on location and characteristics of officers
6.3 Block III. Household members' classification
6.4 Block IV. Household characteristics
6.5 Block V. General characteristics on household members
[p.4]
6.6 Block VI. Activities of household members age 10 or older
6.7 Block VII. Women age 10-54 ever married
6.8 Block. Notes
Attachments
1. Example on how to fill in SUPAS95-L
2. Example on how to fill in SUPAS95-DSRT
3. Example on how to fill in SUPAS95-S

[p. 5]

General information

[p.6]

I. Preface

1.1 Background
Population census covers the whole process of collection, process, presentation, analysis and dissemination of population data that covers demographic and socioeconomic characteristics. Other population data sources are listing of the population and the demographic survey. The execution of population registration is not yet perfect, which causes the population census as a main data source. In Indonesia population census is conducted once every ten years. After Indonesia's independence the population census has been conducted four times, which were in 1961, 1971, 1980, and 1990. The next population census will be conducted in the year 2000.

The development of social economic development has to be supported by accurate and detailed data on the number, distribution and composition of the population based on age, sex, education and their activities. Nowadays the development is increasing and the population data as a base of planning are needed more frequently, that is why the result of a census can no longer fulfill the needs. To obtain data between two censuses a population survey is conducted namely Inter Census Population Survey (SUPAS).

SUPAS is conducted once every ten years on the year that ends with a five, except in 1976. SUPAS95 is the third SUPAS conducted by the Central Bureau of Statistics. The main subjects in SUPAS 95 cover fertility, mortality and migration, besides social economy information as a supporting subject. The most extraordinary matter in SUPAS95 is for the first time the data collection on urbanization in 6 major cities was conducted in Medan, Jakarta, Bandung, Semarang, Surabaya and Ujung Pandang. The study on urbanization is left behind and scarce but the impact of urbanization towards population characteristics and the social problems that emerges is important on fertility and mortality. In the last two decades the urbanization has speeded up and the tendency shows it will speed up faster and the impact towards various lifestyle in the urban area will enlarge.

The results on SUPAS95 are expected to bridge the needs of population data after the 1990 population census and towards the population census in 2000.

1.2. Objectives
SUPAS95 aims to:
1. Estimate the rate of birth, mortality and migration
2. Understand the migrants' characteristic
3. Obtain the detail population data on sex, age group, marital status, nationality, education, religion, activity, field of business, type of work, number of children born by a mother, migration and the condition of settlement.
4. Obtain the household list for the basic household sampling of SUSENAS96.

1.3. Coverage area
SUPAS95 covers the population that lives settled, either of Indonesian nationality or foreigners in the chosen enumeration area all over Indonesia.

1.4. Enumeration procedures
The enumeration of population in the SUPAS95 was conducted by de jure, which is interviewing the people at the place where they usually live (has lived in a place for 6 months or more and intends to stay).

[p.7]

1.5. Methodology
The SUPAS95 covers the activities as follows:
1. The listing of building and households is to understand the number of households; number of household members who migrated, and also the number of households based on the monthly expenditures in chosen segment groups. In order to conduct the listing of building and household, a number of enumeration areas have been chosen. From each enumeration area a segment group is chosen.
2. The enumeration sample is the enumeration [that includes] people who live in a chosen household. From the enumeration sample, 16 households were chosen by the supervisor/investigator from each chosen segment group.

1.6. Household listing and enumeration of chosen households
The chosen segment groups using the SUPAS95-L list conducted the listing of building and households in SUPAS95. The enumeration using the SUPAS95-L list was conducted towards chosen households and each household was interviewed using a SUPAS95-S list. The officer who lists households and enumerates chosen households is the same person.

1.7. Schedule
[The schedule of preparation of the SUPAS in the original document is not presented here]

[p.8]

II. Procedures on the implementation of SUPAS95

2.1 Field workers SUPAS95
1. Enumerators are statistics officers/statistic partners/staff of appointed statistic office
2. Investigators are statistics officers or staff of appointed statistic office

2.2 Enumerator's duties and obligation
1. Follow the enumerator's training
2. Use the sketched map of segment groups given by the supervisor. Be familiar with the location by rotating the segment boundaries; also plan for the listing of building and household use.
3. List the building and households using the SUPAS95-L list, draw building and household symbols on the sketch of the segment group map based on the layout and number the physical buildings in the symbol building based on the serial number in the SUPAS95-L list.
4. Submit the sketch of the segment group map and the filled in SUPAS95-L list to the supervisor/investigator.
5. Correct the contents of the SUPAS95-L list, which is declared incorrect by the supervisor/investigator.
6. Receive the SUPAS95-DSRT list that has been filled in by the supervisor/investigator.
7. Enumerate household samples using the SUPAS95-S list.
8. Submit the filled in SUPAS95-S list that was declared incorrect by the supervisor / investigator
9. Correct the SUPAS95-S list that was declared incorrect by the supervisor/investigator
10. Conduct all assignments based on the schedule.

2.3. Tasks and duties of the supervisor / investigator
1. Assist the regency/municipality Statistic Office in assigning officers
2. Follow the training together with the enumerators
3. Form and select the segment group during training under the supervision of Innas
4. Design a sketch of the segment group map used in the implementation of SUPAS95, and collect the enumerators after the enumeration has been conducted
5. Determine the work area (segment group) for enumerators
6. Arrange the distribution of documents to the officers
7. Conduct field supervision and provide guidelines if necessary
8. Select household samples for SUPAS95 and SUSENAS96 based on the SUPAS95-L list
9. Fill in the SUPAS95-DSRT and VSEN96-DSRT lists
10. Submit the SUPAS95-DSRT list to the enumerators and the VSEN96-DSRT to the regency/municipality Statistic Office.
11. Change the household samples if necessary
12. Collect all of the results of the enumeration from the officers in their working area, check the contents and submit it back to the enumerator to correct mistakes that may occur
13. Submit all the documents to the regency/municipality Statistic Office
14. Conduct all assignments based on the schedule

2.4. Type of document used by the enumerator
1. Enumerator's manual SUPAS95 (Book 3)
2. Age conversion manual, province code and regency/municipality and cases on the field of business (Book 4)

[p.9]

3. Sketch of segment group map
4. SUPAS95-L list
5. SUPAS95-DSRT list that has been filled in by the supervisor/investigator
6. SUPAS95-S list

2.5. Phases on implementation of household listing
1. Copying the sketch of the segment group map
The sketch of the segment group map is taken by the supervisor/investigator during training. The sketch of the map is taken from the last situation of the similar map. The sketched map has to be completed with the important legends, segment boundaries and natural boundaries. If the map is too large or too small compared to the provided paper, the supervisor/investigator has to change it into a smaller/larger size before submitting it to the enumerator.

2. Working area acquaintance
After receiving the sketched map of the segment group from the supervisor/investigator, the enumerator together with the supervisor/investigator becomes acquainted with the boundaries of the segment in the segment group. Also, [he/she] plans the activities by listing the building and household to avoid missing a household in a segment group or not enumerated at all.

3. Listing building and household
The listing of building and household was conducted by using the SUPAS95-L list. While listing the household building the officer draws the symbol of building on the sketched map of segment groups (see Picture 3.1). The drawing of building symbols are based on the type and location of the building. The symbol drawing of building are numbered based on the serial number of the physical building written in SUPAS95-L list.

4. Checking the SUPAS95-L list
The SUPAS95-L list has to be checked after the building and household listing. The SUPAS95-L that has been checked is used as the foundation for household sampling.

2.6. Ethics on interviewing
The data collecting of SUPAS95 is conducted by visiting households and conduct interviews with the household members based on the guidance in this book. To obtain maximum results, please observe these following:
1. Arrange the visit so that the person to be interviewed (respondent) is available at home. Do not conduct an interview during an important occasion such as a party or ritual.
2. Nobody is allowed to accompany the enumerator during the interview with the respondent except the supervisor/investigator or their superior.
3. When visiting please wear appropriate and decent clothing. Before entering the house for interviewing, ask for permission first and give greetings, knock on the door or other ways that usually occurs
4. Begin the interview by introducing yourself and explain the meaning of the visit. The official identification card may be shown if necessary.
5. Before asking questions, explain how important the survey is and convince the respondent that all information is confidential in accordance to law No. 16 1997 on Statistics.
6. Inform the respondent that the obtained data is used for the needs of development and is not related with investigation or taxes.
7. Always show a friendly and polite attitude to the respondent
8. Pay attention to communicate with the respondent in order that he/she is not reluctant to give the correct answers. If the respondent cannot speak the Indonesian language, use the language that the respondent can use as long as it does not change the meanings of the question.

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9. During enumeration, various attitude and behavior of the respondents such as honest and willing to participate, but also hesitate and are not distinct or suspicious. Please be wise, patient and polite during interviewing.
10. During the interview if the respondent changes the subject from the population survey, bring back the topic of conversation wisely.
11. Sometimes you will meet respondents that refuse to answer your questions. Please attempt wisely to obtain the information needed. If the respondent still refuses, report to your supervisor/investigator.
12. Do not comment and lose patience on the respondent's answer. Please be patient in this situation.
13. Please be patient to the respondent's curiosity and answer their questions correctly and clearly.
14. After the enumeration, do not forget to express thanks and inform that there may be another visit if more information is needed, and continue the visit to the next household.
15. Pay another visit if more information is needed. This may be needed if your first visit did not succeed to collect all the information needed or based on the order of the supervisor/ investigator.
16. The supervisor/investigator will give guidance and supervision on all phases of enumeration. They will help you in solving the problems that are found during implementation, specifically if not mentioned in the manual.

2.6. Procedures on filling in the list
1. Use a black pencil when filling in the list. Ink and colored pencils are prohibited
2. All contents has to be in the Indonesian Language, written clearly and easily read do not shorten unless using standard abbreviations and names that are too long. The numbers has to be written in common numerals (not Roman numerals).
3. The definition and procedures on how to fill in the list has to be mastered and not to be changed.
4. Fill in the respondent's data in order block by block. When collecting information on household members, complete the information per person then continue to the next household member based on the serial number of the household member.
5. Please check the list before leaving the respondent's house and submit it to the investigator if there are no more mistakes.
6. The data obtained should be confidential: do not tell the data to other respondents.
7. Do not ruin the list, take care it does not become dirty, wet or lost.
8. How to fill in the SUPAS95-L list are as follows:

a. Write the answers in the provided place
b. Write the answers in the appropriate place and write the code in the provided boxes
c. Cross out those which are not appropriate
d. Circle one of the appropriate codes, then put it into the provided boxes.
e. Please put a check mark in the appropriate place.

[P.11 illustrating the right way of filling the SUPAS95-L list in the original document is not presented here]

III. Sketched map of segment groups and building numbering

3.1 Sketched map of segment groups
Enumeration areas are a part of a village area/kelurahan that is a working area of an enumerator. An enumeration area must have clear boundaries, natural or man-made and is predicted not to change in a period of 10 years' time. In certain areas, the enumeration area may not be clear if the borders are forests, mountains, fields, rice fields or bordered with another sub regency, regency/municipality or province.

Besides the clear boundaries as a main condition, the other conditions covers 200-300 houses or non-residential physical buildings or the combination of a household and non-residential physical buildings. To clarify a clear boundary, the number of physical buildings/households may probably be less than 200 or may be more than 300.

[p.12]

The types of enumeration area are divided into three types: Ordinary enumeration area (B), specific enumeration area (K) and prepared enumeration area (P). In SUPAS95 only an ordinary enumeration area will be enumerated, but the specific and prepared enumeration areas will not be enumerated.

Segment is a part of an enumeration area with distinct boundaries. The size of a segment is not determined by the number of households or physical buildings. Because the enumeration area was formed from several segments, the enumeration area is divided into segments.

Segment group is one or a group of several close segments that are the enumerator's working area.

3.2 Procedures on building numbering
Building numbering is needed to assist the enumerator when [he/she is] enumerating to avoid missing enumeration or duplicate enumeration. This is useful during the field checking with the SUPAS95-S list by the supervisor/investigator, through these procedures:
1. Building and household listing starts from the building located at the South West end of the smallest segment number in the chosen segment group to the eastern direction in a zigzag pattern
2. Complete the listing of one segment, then continue to the next segment number until the last segment in the chosen segment group
3. Put the serial number of the physical building on the sketched map of the segment group.

[p.13 illustrating the sketch map in the original document is not presented here]

[p.14]

Listing of buildings and households

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IV. Listing buildings and households

4.1 Usage of SUPAS95-L list
The SUPAS95-L list is used to list all buildings and households that are in one segment group. The SUPAS95-L list that has been filled in is used as a foundation for household sampling of SUPAS95 and SUSENAS96.

4.2 Procedures on filling in the SUPAS95-L list

1. Block I. Identification of location
Question 101 to 104: Province, regency/municipality, sub-district and village / Kelurahan
Write down the name, province, regency/municipality, sub-district, village / kelurahan. Cross out the regency/municipality, sub-district, village / kelurahan that is not appropriate. Write down the code for each question inside the provided box.

Question 105: Classification of village/Kelurahan
If the village/kelurahan is an urban area circle code 1, and if it is a rural area circle code 2, then write the code into the provided boxes on the right. The information on urban/rural is obtained from the supervisor/investigator.

Question 106: Enumeration area number
Write down the provided enumeration area number. The enumeration area number consists of three numbers and one letter. The first two numbers indicate the enumeration number on the sketched map, followed by a letter that indicates the type of enumeration area, which is B (regular enumeration area). The last number indicates the serial number of a divided enumeration area.

Example:
02B0 means: regular enumeration area number 02 that is not divided
03B1 means: regular enumeration area number 03 first division
03B2 means: regular enumeration area number 03 second division

Question 107: Code sample number
Write down the code sample number of SUPAS95 in the provided place. The code sample number of SUPAS95 is obtained from the supervisor/investigator based on the sample list.

Question 108: Segment group number and segment number
Write down the segment group number and the segment number in the provided place. The segment group number and segment number is written in regular numbers (not roman numerals).

2. Block II. Summary
Block II is taken from the last page of Block IV. Before taken, Block IV has to be checked first.

Question 201: Number of occupied residential building census
This Question is taken from the last page of Block IV Column (4) of Row C.

Question 202: Number of unoccupied residential building census
This Question is taken from the last page of Block IV Column (5) of Row C.

Question 203: Number of non-residential building census
This Question is taken from the last page of Block IV Column (6) of Row C.

Question 204: Number of households
This Question is taken from the last page of Block IV Column (7) last serial number

[p.16]

Question 205: Number of male households
This Question is taken from the last page of Block IV Column (9) of Row C.

Question 206: Number of female households
This Question is taken from the last page of Block IV Column (10) of Row C.

Question 207: Number of migrant households
This Question is taken from the last page of Block IV Column (11) of Row C.

Question 208: Number of migrant household members
This Question is taken from the last page of Block IV Column (12) of Row C.

Question 209: Classification of monthly household expenditures
This Question is taken from the last page of Block IV Column (13) until (17) of Row C. Question 209a is taken from Column 13. Question 209b is taken from Column (14), Question 209c is taken from Column (15), Question 209d is taken from Column (16) and Question 209e is taken from Column (17). Question 209f is the total of Question 209a until 209e, or the same as the last serial number of the last page in Block IV Column (7).

Question 210: Information on sampling
This Question is filled in by the supervisor/investigator after choosing the sample for SUPAS95 and SUSENAS96.

3. Block III. Characteristics of officers
Block III is the explanation on the characteristics of the enumerator and the supervisor/investigator. This block is filled in after the enumeration of one segment group is complete and correct. The enumerator fills in the characteristic of enumerator and the characteristic of the supervisor/investigator is filled in by the supervisor/investigator.

Question 301 and 302: Name of officer and NIP/NMS
Write down the name and the Employment Identity Number (NIP)/ Statistic Partner Number (NMS) in the provided place. An Employment Identity Number (NIP) is only valid for an organic employee of the Central Bureau of Statistic Office or other civil servants that assists CBS. The Statistic Partner Number (NMS) is given to officers that do not work in the statistic office by writing the province code (2 digits), regency/municipality (2 digits), sub regent (3 digits) and the serial number of statistic partner in the sub regency working area (2 digits).

[An example illustrating how to fill out the NIP/NMS code in the original document is not presented here]

Question 303: Date of enumeration/checking
Fill in the date of enumeration and the date of checking in the provided places. The date of enumeration is written on the starting date of enumeration and the date of when the enumeration finishes. The same order is also done for the checking.

[p.17]

Question 304: Signature
The Enumerator and the Supervisor/Investigator should sign in the provided areas. Sign only if the assignments have been accomplished based on the given instructions. Supervisor/investigator should not sign if [he/she] has not done any supervision/investigation.

4. Block IV. Listing buildings and households
Column (1) to (6) is aimed to list the segment numbers, physical building numbers, census building numbers and the usage of census building. Before asking questions to obtain the above characteristics, the concept/definition on building should be understood.

A Physical building is a place of shelter that has walls, a floor and roof, either permanent or temporary, and either used as a residence or not. A building less than 10 square meters and no longer used as a residence is not considered a physical building. This condition does not apply to a residential building.

A kitchen, bathroom, garage and others that are separated from the main building are considered as one part of the main building if located in the same yard.

A Census building is a part or whole of a physical building that owns an exit/entrance and is used as one unit.

[Five examples of images of buildings are omitted here]

[p.21]

Based on its usage, a census building is categorized into three categories:

a. Occupied residential census building is a census building that is occupied partially or as a whole by a regular or a specific household.
b. Unoccupied residential census building is a residential census building that is unoccupied/not yet occupied. A house office that is unoccupied is categorized as an unoccupied census building
c. Non-residential census building is a census building that is not used as a residence. Example: office, shop, factory, mosque, church and others, including non-residential unoccupied building.
Information:
1. If an enumeration building is occupied by someone as head of a household who lives in a different place, and occasionally goes home (to his wife and children) in a period of less than 6 months, the enumeration building is categorized as an occupied residence.

2. If one segment group consists of 2 (two) buildings occupied by one household, where the first building is occupied by the head of the household and wife, and the second building is occupied by other household members, then both buildings are recorded as occupied census buildings. The building that is occupied by the children is considered as a part of building that is occupied by head of the household and his wife (this has to be considered when calculating the floor dimension).

3. During enumeration where the occupants of a census building have left for more than 6 months, the census building is categorized as an unoccupied census building.

4. A residential building that is used for business is not categorized as a residential building.

5. A non-residential building (office, shop, school) that is occupied, is still categorized as a non-residential building.

Column (1): Segment serial number
Write down the segment serial number. For example, the chosen segment group number 2 consists of segment number 030, 040, 060, 080 and 090; the recording of segment number begins from the smallest segment number until the largest segment number, so: 030, 040, 060, 080 and 090.

Column (2): Physical building serial number
Fill in the physical building serial number, beginning from the serial number 1 until the last, in one segment group.

Column (3): Census building serial number
Fill in the census building serial number, beginning from the serial number 1 until the last, in one segment group.

Columns (4) to (6): Use of census building
Ask the use of each census building. If the building is used as an occupied residence put in a check mark into Column 4, but Column (5) and Column (6) are left empty. If an unoccupied residence, put in a check mark in Column (5) but Column (4) and Column (6) are left empty. If the residence is not used as a residence, fill in a check mark in Column (6) but Column (4) and Column (5) are left empty.

Columns (7) to (12): Characteristics of households
Regular household is a person or a group of people who lives in a part or the whole physical building or census, usually lives together, and eats from one kitchen. "One kitchen" [means that] the daily needs are organized together as one. A regular household usually consists of father, mother and child. Other households that are considered as regular households are:

1. An individual who rents a room or part of the census building but provides for his/her own meals
2. A family living separately in two census buildings but eating from the same kitchen, as long as both census building are in the same segment group
[p.22]
3. Lodgers with meals, if fewer than 10 people. Lodgers are considered to be members of the landlord's household
4. Head of dormitory, orphanage, correctional institution, or other who lives alone or together with their child, wife, and/or other household members, who eat from the same kitchen separated from the institution they organize.
5. Several people who rent a room together in one census building or physical building; although they manage their own meals, they are considered to be a regular household.
Specific households cover:
1. People living in a dormitory, which is a place where the entire daily needs are under authorization of a foundation or organization. Examples: nurses' dormitory, college students' dormitory, or military barracks. A military member who lives in a dormitory with a family and provides their daily needs is not a specific household.
2. People living in a correctional institution, orphanage, prison, and so forth.
3. Groups of people living in lodgings with meals, where the total number is more than or an average 10 people.

Specific households are not covered in SUPAS95.

The Head of the household is an individual from a group of household members who is responsible for the daily household needs or someone/appointed as head of the household

Household members are everyone who usually live in a household, either when the enumeration was conducted or were temporarily unavailable. Persons who have left the house for 6 months or more, and those who have been gone for fewer than 6 months but intend to move/will leave the house for 6 months or more, are not considered household members. Persons who have lived in the household for 6 months or more or persons who have lived in the household for fewer than 6 months but intend to move/live in the household for 6 months or more, are considered household members.

Information:
a. A household helper or driver that lives and eats at their employer's [house] is considered as a household member of their employer, but those who only eat or live there are not considered to be members of their employer's household.
b. A head of a household who has more than one residence is recorded at the place where his wife and children live.
c. If a person has more than one wife, he has to be recorded at only once at the household of the wife where he stays the most. If the duration is the same at both places, write down the household of the wife he has been married to the longest.

Examples:
a. Atun is a lodger in Pondok Cina, Bogor Regency near the University of Indonesia, because she is a student at the Faculty of Technics University of Indonesia. Atun's parents and younger brother/sister live in the area of east Jakarta. Every Sunday she goes home to Jakarta. In this case Atun is recorded as a member of the community of Pondok Cina, Bogor Regency.

b. Syahroni is a CBS officer and lives in Jakarta. His child and wife live in the Regency of Bogor. To save money, he goes home to Bogor only on Friday afternoon and returns back to Jakarta every Monday morning. Because Syahroni is the head of the household, he is still recorded as head of the household in the Regency of Bogor.

Column (7): Household serial number
Fill in the household serial number, beginning from number 1 until the last serial number. This column is usually filled in if Column (4) has a check mark. For specific households, Column (7) is left empty. The officer has to be careful because the household usually is considered a family. A household cannot be considered a family.

[p.23]

Information:
When the listing process is conducted and a residential building with a household is not available, the serial number of physical building, census building and the serial number of household are written while Columns (8) to (17) are left empty (fill in when the household is available). If the total of households in the building are more than one, the serial number and characteristics of the second household and so forth (in that building) are recorded until the last serial number and the characteristics of the last household has been listed. The segment number, number of physical buildings and the number of census buildings is written based on the segment number, number of physical buildings and the number of census buildings of the first household.

Column (8): Name of head of the household
If Column (7) has a serial number, fill in the name of head of the household completely and clearly. When writing the name, do not use more than one line, shorten the name if necessary. If the household is specific, write "Specific household" in Column (8), and Columns (9) to (17) are left empty.

Columns (9) and (10): Number of household members
Write down the number of household members based on the sex. The number of household members includes the head of the household. If the household members consist of male only, write down the number of male household members in Column (9) and put a dash in Column (10), and vice versa if the household members consist of females only.

Do not record the household members from the Family Card (kartu keluarga) but ask directly based on the definition concept.

Columns (11) and (12): Household members who lived in another regency / municipality 5 years ago
If there are household members who lived in another regency/municipality, put a check mark in Column (11) and write down the number of household members in Column (12). If there were no household members who lived in another regency/municipality 5 years ago, put a dash in Column (11) and leave Column (12) empty.

Information:
Lived in another regency/municipality is based on being a de jure community member of another regency/municipality.

Columns (13) to (17): Classification of monthly household expenditures
Monthly household expenditures are the average expenses spent by a household each month for the household consumption. Household consumption is divided into two, which are food consumption and non-food consumption without considering the origin. The household expenditures are limited to the expenditures of the household needs only, not including consumption/expenditures for the needs of other households, businesses, or handed to another party. Food consumption that is recorded is the value of food that is actually consumed during the last month, and for non-food consumption the concept used is the purchase for the needs of the household. In the implementation officials should write down the detailed expenditures as notes, add it altogether, and give a check mark in the questionnaire based on the expenditure group.

Several examples which are not household consumption are:
1. Rice or other foodstuff used to cook food for sale, festivities, or received from another party
2. Food given to workers who help in a household business or to workers who are not household members
3. Furniture purchased for the needs of a stall or other business
4. Goods purchased as a gift or to be sent to another party that is not made of household members

Failing to categorize household expenditures will affect the estimation for SUSENAS96, so a maximum effort is needed to obtain the information that is closest to reality.

Ask the monthly household expenditures and fill in a check mark in Columns (13) to (17), based on the household expenditures category, and leave empty for what is not appropriate. Example: if the monthly household expenditures are less than 100,000, put a check mark in Column (13), and leave Columns (14) to (17) empty. The household expenditures are calculated in thousand rupiahs.

[p.24]

Page numbering
Write down the page number on the right hand corner of Block IV. The introduction page is page 1, so the first page of Block IV is page 2. If Block IV consists of 7 pages, in the right hand corner write page 2 of 8 pages, the second page of Block IV is written page 3 of 8 pages, and so on.

A. Total of this page
Count the check marks in the Column (4), (5), (6), (11), (13), (14), (15), (16), and (17), and total the numbers in each of the Column (9), (10) and (12), then fill in each column in row A.

B. Total until the previous pages
The contents of this line are the contents of row C in the previous pages.

C. Total until this page
The contents are row A added with the contents in row B. These numbers are then moved to row B on the next page, except the last page.

4.3 Checking SUPAS95-L list by the enumerator
1. The number of census building that is written in each page = the contents of Column (4) + Column (5) + Column (6) in row A.
2. The number of household written in each page = the total row that is written in Column (7).
3. The number of census building in one segment group = last serial number in Column (3) = the contents of Column (4) + Column (5) + Column (6) in row C on the last filled page.
4. The number of household in one segment group = the last serial number in Column (7) on the last filled page.

4.4 Example of filling in the list
Dendy Herdianto is an enumerator of the Grogol village, sub-regency Dukuh Turi, Tegal regency. Dendy will enumerate segment group number 2 in a regular enumerator area 02 (see picture 3.1). The situation and usage of physical buildings are as follows:

1. Physical Building Number 66 (seep.26)
A physical building consists of one census building where Mr. Asep's household uses all of it as a residence.

2. Physical Building Number 67 (see p.26)
A physical building consists of one census building where Mrs. Apsari and her family lives and she opens a beauty salon.

3. Physical Building Number 68(see p. 26)
A physical building consists of one census building and is used as an office and the place where the office guard lives.

4. Physical Building Number 69 (see p.26)
A physical building consists of two census building where Mr. Andi uses it as a residence and the other part is used as a small shop.

5. Physical Building Number 70 (seep. 27)
A physical building consists of one census building where it is used as a sub regent office

6. Physical Building Number 71 (see p.27)
A physical building consists of five census building. The household of Raden Adang, Rini Wibowo and Supriyadi occupies census building number 81 until 83. 2 households Wahyudi and Saleh occupy census building number 84. The household of Kusnawa occupies number 85.

[p.25]

7. Physical Building Number 72 (see p. 27)
In a yard owned by Mr. Aziz there is a main building, the WC/bathroom and the garage is separated. So there is one physical building and one census building used as a residence.

8. Physical Building Number 76 and 77 (see p. 28)
Picture of State Elementary School 07, Dukuh Turi, Tegal

The procedures of filling in the data in SUPAS95-L Block IV can be seen in Attachment 1.

[p.26-28 illustrating sketches of physical buildings in the original document are not presented here.]

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Enumeration of chosen households

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V. SUPAS95-DSRT list
After checking the SUPAS95-L list, the supervisor/investigator selects 16 households that are taken into the SUPAS95-DSRT list. The SUPAS95-DSRT that is written (see attachment 2) by the supervisor is used by the enumerator in the enumeration of chosen households.

5.1. Block I and Block II: Identification of location and characteristic of officers
The identification of location in Block I is taken mostly into the identification location of SUPAS95-L, Block I. The identification that is written in this block is declared to be the chosen samples and number of households included in them. The identification of officers in Block II informs the identity of the officer that selects the sample and the officers who are responsible on checking the samples.

5.2. Block III: Chosen households
Just as the case of Block I and Block II, the supervisor also fills in Block III. The information recorded is the household serial number and name of the chosen households; also the location of the household, segment numbers, number of physical building and number of census building of the chosen households. The information will be easier to use in finding the chosen household if integrated with the sketched map of segment groups as the results of household listing.

5.3. Block IV: Notes
The notes [records how] the supervisor conducts the selection of chosen households. If the enumerator during enumeration could not find the chosen households, the enumerator is obliged to make notes in this block and report to the supervisor.

V. SUPAS95-S
6.1 How to fill in SUPAS95-S list

The SUPAS95-S list is utilized to record the situation on selected households. The characteristics that are recorded for household members are: the relationship with head of the household, sex, age, life status of parents, place of birth, education, settlement of household members 5 years ago, the household members activities age 10 or older, marriage, birth, mortality, household characteristics and housing.

This list consists of 7 blocks:
Block I: Identification of location
Block II: Characteristic of officers
Block III: Household members' formation
Block IV: Household characteristics
Block V: General characteristics of household members
Block VI: Activities of household members age 10 or older
Block VII: Women age 10-54 ever married

Before filling in the SUPAS95-S list the procedures are as follows:
1. Fill in the answers in the provided place
2. Fill in the answers in the provided place and write in the codes in the provided boxes
3. Cross out the inappropriate [codes]
4. Circle one of the appropriate codes and put into the provided boxes
5. Circle one of the appropriate codes
6. Put in a check mark in the provided place
7. Follow the arrow
8. Write the answers completely and leave the empty box that is written: FILLED IN BY BPS.
9. When mistakes occur during filling in the list, mark it with two straight lines (--) and do the correction
10. Record the important matters that are considered important in the Note block to elaborate the contents of the list.

[p.31]

All answers and instructions for enumerators are printed in capital letters, questions that have to be asked to respondents are printed in lower case.

[An image of the form in the original document is not presented here]

[Page 33, which illustrates the right way of filling out the SUPAS95-S list in the original document, is not presented here]

[Pages 34-36, which illustrate how to fill the form correctly in the original document, are not presented here]

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6.2. Identification of location and characteristics of officers

1. Block I. Identification of location
Questions 101 to 107: Copy the name and province code, regency/municipality, village/kelurahan, number of enumeration area and sample code number from the SUPAS95-DSRT Block I, Questions 101 to 107.

Question 108: Segment group number/segment number. Copy the segment group number from the SUPAS95-DSRT Block I, Question 108 and write the appropriate segment number based on the SUPAS95-DSRT list Block III, Column (2).

Question 109: Physical building number/census. Write down the physical building number/census based on the physical building number/census in the SUPAS95-DSRT ListBlock III, Column (1).

Question 110: Serial number sample. Write down the number of the chosen household based on the household serial number in the SUPAS95-DSRT list Block III, Column (5).

Question 112: Number of Household Members. This question is written after Block III through Block VII SUPAS95-S is filled in. The contents are the same as the last serial number in Column (1), Block II where Column (2) is already filled in.

Question 113: Number of household members who migrated 5 years ago. This question is written after Block V SUPAS95-S is filled in. The contents are the same as in Question 514 (P514) which is already filled in.

Question 114: Women age 10-54 ever married. This question is written after Block VII SUPAS95-S is filled in. Please write the number of Block VII already filled in.

Question 115: Page number that is Written P514. This question is filled in after Block V SUPAS95-S is filled in. Cross out the appropriate page number that has page P514 already filled in.

2. Block III. Characteristics of members
The use of this block is to record all household members in selected households. When filling in Block III, it is preferable that the head of the household be interviewed or another household member who can represent him/her and hopefully understand the situation of all household members.

For Block III, read out all questions based on the sentence printed in lower case on the questionnaire.

Serial numbers of household members
The serial numbers provided are from numbers 01-15. If the number of household members is more than 15 people, add a new list of SUPAS95-S. Write the word "Continued" in the upper right hand corner of the cover of the first SUPAS95-S list and "Continuation" in the upper right hand corner of the extra SUPAS95-S list. Copy the characteristics on identification of location in the extra SUPAS-95-S list. The serial number in Column (1), Block III extra SUPAS95-S list is changed into 16, 17 and so on.

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Question 301 and 302: Name of household members and the relationship with head of the household
Ask P301 and P302 simultaneously after all the names are listed, then ask P303 until 309 to every household member.

Relationship with head of the household
The Head of the household is an individual from a group of household members who is responsible for the daily household needs or someone/appointed as head of the household.

  • "Wife/husband" is the wife/husband of the head of the household
  • "Biological children" are biological children of the head of the household
  • "In-laws" are the husbands/wives of the household head's biological children
  • "Grandchildren" are children of biological children of the head of the household
  • "Parents" are the biological fathers/mothers of the head of the household
  • "Mother/father in-laws" are the biological fathers/mothers of the wife/husband of the head of the household
  • "Biological brothers/sisters" are biological brothers/sisters of the head of the household
  • "Other relatives" are individuals who are related with the head of the household or with the wife/husband of the head of the household, for example younger/older sibling, uncle, aunt, grandfather, or grandmother
  • "Adopted" is a legally adopted child
  • "Foster child" is a person considered as a child by the head of the household.
  • "Stepchild" is the child of the spouse of the head of the household
  • "Others" are not related include people who live in the household and become members of a household but are not blood relations or relatives of the head of the household, including step-parents and step in-laws.
  • "Household helpers" are individuals who work as helpers and live in the household and receive salary/wages in cash or in goods, and are not blood relations of the head of the household

Write each name in a row in Column (2) and the relationship with the head of the household in Column (3) when the respondent mentions the household members one by one. Begin with head of the household, wife/husband, unmarried children, married children, in-laws, grandchildren, parents, biological siblings, other relatives, adopted/foster/step children, other household members, and household helpers.

After all names and the relationship with the head of the household is written, to make sure all household members have been recorded, do as follows:
1. Read out the names one by one

2. Ask Questions 1 to 4 at the bottom part of the page to make sure that there are no missing names such as:

a. An infant or baby
b. Other people such as friends or helpers that usually live there
c. A guest who has lived there for more than 6 months
d. A person who usually lives there but has left fewer than 6 months ago

If the answer is "Yes", put a check mark in box "Yes", then write down the names in the list using the next serial number. After writing the names, cross the check mark in "Yes" with two straight lines then give a check mark inside the box "No".

3. Ask Question 5 to check whether there is a person listed but has left more than 6 months ago. If the answer is "Yes", give a check mark in box "Yes" then cross the name of the person with two straight lines then give a check mark inside the box "No". Cross the check mark in the "Yes" box with two straight lines.

4. Organize Column (1) without looking at Column "Relationship with head of the household" except the name of the head of the household that is crossed out.

Question 303: Sex
Ask the sex of each person in Column (2), then circle code "1" for male and code "2" for female. Do not guess the sex of a person based on their names. The way of asking is by reading out the names printed in lower case and changing the [respondent] with the names written in Column (2).

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Question 304: Age
The characteristic of age is very important in the population data because it is the basic data to calculate the birth, death, population projections and others that are related to population.

Even if only estimated, please fill in the age.

Ask the age of the respondent and put the answer in the box. Age is counted in years rounded downwards or the age based on the last birthday. The age is calculated using the Roman calendar. Experience shows that the respondent's answer on age is generally rounded upwards. It is best to ask whether the respondent has reached the age of the given answer.

If the respondent is not sure of his/her age, try to obtain the age by using several ways as follows:

1. Ask for birth certificate or birth documents. For children younger than five ask for a patient card, immunization card and Road to Health Card or another document recorded by their parents. Examine the issued date of those documents (example: residency card or family card) if the age/birth date is not written there.
2. Convert the Arabic months or others to the Roman calendar if the respondent only knows the Arabic calendar or others. In several areas with the majority of Muslims, they only remember several important religious events such as fasting, Eid, Hajj or the prophet's birthday. Use the conversion of age guide (Book 4),

3. Associate the birth of the respondent with a date, month and year when an event happened or an important matter occurred in Indonesia or in other areas, which is known nationally or regionally.
Example: mountain eruption, flood, fire, election of head of the village/kelurahan, the landing of Japanese in Indonesia (1942), Indonesia's Independence Day (1945), First Election (1955) or the 30th September Movement/Indonesian Communist Party (1965)

4. If the respondents are children, compare the age of household members with other siblings. Start with predicting the age of the youngest child, compare with the second youngest by asking approximately the age or what their capabilities are. The elder sibling was starting to crawl, sit, stand up, or walk when the younger sibling was born or still in the mother's womb. Do this procedure to find information on the elder child.

5. Compare with the neighbor's children or relatives whose ages are known. Calculate how many months are those neighbor children or relative, whether older or younger from the respondent's age.

The boxes for age are two boxes: For those who are younger than 10, the first box should add a zero ("0") and write "95" for those who are age 95 or older.

Question 305 to 308: The life survival status and parents' residence
This question is aimed at household members who are younger than 15, and to understand if the biological parents live in the same household. For household members age 15 or older, Column (6) to (9) are empty. Question: "Is your biological mother still alive?" The biological mother is the

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mother who gave birth to the child. Record if the biological mother of the household member is still alive or has died by circling code 1 or code 2 in Column (6). If the respondent does not know, circle code 8.

If still alive, ask Question 306: "Does your biological mother live in this household?" If the answer is "Yes", ask her name. This person has to be recorded in the household member list in Column (2). Write the serial number of the biological mother in Column (7). If the mother does not live in that household, fill in "00". If the code in Column (6) is 2 or 8, leave Column (7) empty, and continue to P307 and P308. Ask if the biological father is still alive and follow the same procedures when filling in Columns (6) and (7).

Question 309: Marital status of women age 10-54
This question is only asked to women age 10 or older. Question: "Has [the respondent] ever been married?" If the answer is "Yes", circle Code 1 and if "No", circle Code 2.

Ever been married is the marital status divorced or widowed.

Married is the status of those bonded in a marriage during enumeration, either living together or separated. In this matter, not only those who are legally wed (custom, religion, state, etc.) are counted but also those who are living together and [are] considered by the community to be husband and wife.

Divorced is the separation between husband and wife due to divorce, but without having remarried. Included in this category are those who admit to being divorced although legally [they] are not. On the contrary, those who have lived separately for some time are not considered to be divorced. Example: husband/wife left the spouse to [travel to] another place due to study, work, seeking work, or the husband and wife are in a fight.

Widowed is the status of a husband or wife having died, and [the surviving spouse has] not remarried.

6.4. Block IV. Household characteristics
This block is used to record the household characteristics, such as household income one year ago, type of physical building, status of residence ownership also other household facilities.

Question 401: Source of household income during the last year
Ask the source of household income during a year ago. Circle the code that is appropriate to the respondent's answer.

Non-agriculture sector: if the household income only depends on a non-agricultural sector such as mining and quarrying, manufacturing, electricity, gas and water, building/construction, large and retail trade. Also included are: working in restaurants and hotels, transportation, warehouse and communications, finance, insurance, building rentals, land and services establishments, social and community services and others.

Example:
Civil servant, military, bank officers, driver, traders, course instructor, and factory workers.

Agriculture sector: the income/livelihood of a household only depends on an agricultural sector or as a farm worker, such as a farmer who cultivates food crops, field crops, livestock, fishermen, farm helper, livestock helper or fishery helper.

Combination, agriculture as the main source: if a household has several income sources, but the major income support of the household is from the agricultural sector.

Example:
Mr. Sudin's household consists of Mr. Sudin, his wife and 5 children. Mr. Sudin works as a watch guard in a Cinema Theater and also processes fish. The eldest child is a coconut farmer and the wife sells gado-gado [traditional salad with peanut sauce]. According to Mr. Sudin, the main income source of the household is from the eldest son. This household has income resources from the entertainment services industry, agriculture and trade, but the main source is from agriculture.

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Combination, non-agriculture as the main source: if a household has several income sources, but the main income source of the household is from the non- agricultural sector such as from mining and quarrying, manufacturing, electricity, gas and water, building/construction, large and retail trade. Also included are: working in restaurants and hotels, transportation, warehouse and communications, finance, insurance, building rentals, land and services establishments, social and community services and others.

Example:
1. Mr. Danil is a teacher (civil servant) who teaches in the morning at Sumbersari Elementary School. To use his leisure time in the afternoon, Mr. Danil plants cassava on the side of his house. Every 3 months Mr. Danil takes his cassava and sells it to the market. His wife is a dressmaker for children and women. Although the sources of Mr. Danil's income are social and community services, individual services and agriculture, Mr. Danil's main income source is from teaching at Sumbersari Elementary School (social and community services).

2. Mr. Aji works at the Statistic Office in Bogor Regency and his wife is a homemaker. Every Monday to Friday afternoon Mr. Aji works as a driver in city transportation. Besides that, every Saturday and Sunday he sells fruit at the road side of the main road to Puncak. From this example, Mr. Aji has income from social and community services, transportation and trade. Based on Mr. Aji's opinion, his main supportive income source is from working at the Statistic Office in Bogor Regency (social and community services sector).

Question 402: Farming land ownership
Ask if the household respondents own farming land. Circle one of the provided codes. If the answer is coded 1, continue to the next question and if the answer is coded 2, continue to P404.

Self-owned farming land is farming land claimed as owned by one of the household member, based on the legal status of the land or as defined by the local community. The farming land may come from inheritance, purchase or handed over by another party. A person who owns farming land, but at the time of the enumeration the land was rented out, shared, or was used by another party (other household), is recorded as owning farming land. On the contrary if a household rents, shares or uses land owned by another party (another household), it is recorded as not owning farming land.

Question 403: Area of owned farming land
Write the area in the provided place in hectares (Ha), rounded to two decimal points, and move it into the provided box. If the respondent mentions it in square meters or in local units, convert it into hectares.

Example:
Mr. Majid owns a piece of rice field of 0.75 ha and a year ago he bought a field of 0.50 ha. Mr. Majid rented 1.50 ha of Mr. Dedi's land to cultivate fruit. Due to lack of manpower to work in the rice field, Mr. Majid and Mr. Syarif made a deal to share the rice field. From this example, the area of farming land owned by Mr. Majid is: rice field 0.75 ha + field 0.50 ha = 1.25 ha.

In this matter the field rented from Mr. Dedi of 1.50 ha is not recorded as Mr. Majid's farming land. The rice field of 0.75 ha which is shared with Mr. Syarif is still considered as Mr. Majid's farming land.

Question 404: Type of physical building
Based on its types, physical building is categorized into 3 types:

1. Single building

a. Single story building
b. Two story building

2. Duplex building

a. Single story duplex
b. Two story duplex
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3. Multi building

a. Single story multi building
b. Two story multi building

[Examples depicting images of the six types of buildings are omitted here.]

Questions 405 and 406: Number of census buildings in a physical building and number of households in a census building
Write down the number of census buildings in the physical building that is occupied by the respondent's household in the provided place and move it into the answer box in P405. Also for P406, write the number of households in the census building occupied by the household respondent.

Question 407: Ownership status of residence
The ownership status is categorized into five types, which are: self-owned, rent and purchase, contract, rented, official residence and others.

Self-owned if during the enumeration the residence is actually owned by the head of the household or he/she is still paying installments to the bank.

Installments/rent and purchase if during the enumeration the residence is not yet owned by one of the household members, or if during the enumeration the household still pays installments to the previous owner of the building. The status of "Rent and purchase" is [applicable] if the residence was previously being rented, and after a certain period could be owned by one of the household members.

Contract if during the enumeration the residence was rented by one of the household members during a certain period based on a contract agreement between the owner and the tenant for a period of one or two years. The payment is usually done up-front or paid in installments. At the end of the contract the tenant must leave the house or, if agreed between both parties, the contract could be extended.

Rent/lease if the household or one of the household members pays the rent regularly and continuously without a contract valid for a certain time period.

Official residence if a certain state/private institute provides the house that covers the rent or rent purchase.

Other is if the house cannot be categorized into one of the categories above, for example, a house being owned together.

Note: ownership status of a residence should be observed from the household members who live in the house.

Example: Andi's household lives in the house for free, which is rented by Bambang's household from Cici's household -- the ownership status of Andi's residence is categorized as "Other".

Circle one of the appropriate ownership statuses. If the answer is categorized as "Other", write down the status between brackets. Continue the interview on P409 if the respondent's answer is not coded 1 or 2.

[p.43]

Question 408: Ownership status of land of residence
The ownership status of land of residence is asked if the house/residential building is self-owned or being paid in installments/rent and purchase -- P407 is coded 1 or 2.

Property right [Self-owned]: the right of land that can be owned without a time limit, can be inherited and can be handed to another party. This land can be used for all needs.

Right to build: the right of owning a land for a maximum of 20 years (could be extended a maximum of 30 years, to a total of 50 years) and can be inherited. This land can be handed to another party only for a building.

Right to use: is the right of owning a land with no limit (total of 10 years depending on the income). This land can be used for a building.

Other: is the land status not mentioned above.

Circle the appropriate code. If the answer category is "Other", write down the status between brackets.

Questions 409 to 411: Type of roof, walls and floor
If the roof/walls/floor is made from several types of materials, record the most used material. For a two story building the roof is the uppermost part (outside), and for the walls and floor, this is what exists in a census building of a household.

A roof is what covers the top part of a building so that people living beneath it are protected from the sun, rain, etc.

Walls are the outside/border of a building or that which divides it from other buildings. A room divider is not considered as an outside wall.

Circle the appropriate code for the type of roof, wall and floor of the building based on P409, P410 and P411.

Floor area is the area of the floor that is occupied and used for everyday use by the household members, including the terrace, garage, WC and storage room in one census building. For a two story building, the floor area consists of all stories that are occupied and used for everyday use.

Calculate the whole area of the building floor that is occupied by the household in square meters (rounded figures). If several households occupy one census building, the area of floor that is used together should be divided by the number of households that uses it. If there are two separate buildings that are occupied by one household and it is still in one segment group, the area of the floor is calculated as a whole.

Example:
Mr. Harris lives with his wife and two children in one census building. In that census building also lives Fatimah, a student that rents a room (3x4 sq. meters) who takes care of her own meals. Besides the room, Fatimah may use the bathroom owned by Mr. Harris's family that is (3x3 sq. meters) and she is also allowed to watch TV in the living room (4x5 sq. meters). Mr. Harris and his wife have a room (4x4 sq. meters) and both of their children sleep in a room of (3x4 sq. meters). Mrs. Harris cooks in a kitchen that is (2x4 sq. meters) and only Mr. Harris's family may receive guests in the living room which is (3x3 sq. meters).

From this example the content of P412 is:
Mr. Harris's household = 59.5 sq. meters, in box P412 = 060
Fatimah's household = 26.5 sq. meters, in box P412 = 026

Question 413: Area of building and yard
Fill in the area in square meters (rounded figures) and write into the provided boxes. The area of the building and yard is the building and yard which is usually limited by a fence. If there is no fence (is one

[p.44]

unit with the yard), included in this category is only the area of the yard that is usually cleaned up.

[An example depicting an image of a yard and building is omitted here]

Question 414: Type of lighting used
Record here the main lighting used in this place. Electricity is not only limited to the electricity from the National Electricity Office but also from a diesel/generator that uses diesel fuel or kerosene and electricity from rural electricity. Lighting using gas is coded 2. Lighting that uses kerosene and a light sock such as a pump lantern, "Aladdin" and others is coded 3. Kerosene lamps (lampu teplok/tempel using a glass lamp chimney, sentir/pelita) are coded 4. Other lighting that is not mentioned above is coded as Code 6. If the households use more than one type of lamp, select the type of lamp that has the highest degree (the smallest numeric code).

Question 415: Fuel for cooking
Ask the respondent what type of fuel is used for daily cooking at the respondent's household. If more than one type is used, ask what type is most used for daily household cooking. Circle the appropriate code.

Questions 416 and 418: Drinking, bathing/washing water resources
Ask the respondent the main source of drinking water used by the household. Please remember that the question asks about the source. If the household respondent obtains water from a water spring that is distributed to the house, the water source is the water spring. If the respondent uses water that comes from several water resources, select the water resource with the most water volume used by the household.

Tap water is water produced through a purification and sanitation process before being distributed to the consumer through an installation in the form of tap water undertaken by state/private companies. Example: Aqua, Vit, Moya and Aquaria are also categorized as tap water.

Pump water is ground water obtained by using pumps, including that obtained by electric pumps/generator.

Well water is water drawn from the ground. The way of taking the water is by using a water dipper or bucket.

Spring water is a resource of water at the surface of the ground where the water comes out by itself.

River water is a resource of water from a river.

Rainwater is a resource of water from stored rain water.

Other are other water resources not mentioned above such as from a dam, lake, or pond.

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Ask the question: "Where do you obtain drinking water and also water for bathing/washing for the daily needs in this household?" Circle the appropriate answer code in P416 and P418. If the source is by purchasing, ask where the source of the water is.

Information:
If a household uses a protected well as the source of drinking water, but obtains the water by using a pump (hand pump or electric pump), the source of water of this household depends on if the rim of the well is opened or closed:

  • If the rim of the well is opened, the household is categorized as using a "Water well" source
  • If the rim of the well is closed, the household is categorized as using a "Pump water well" source

Question 417: Distance to nearest cesspool
If P416 is "Pump well" (code 02) or "Water well" (code 03), ask the distance of the pump well or water well to the closest cesspool. If there is no cesspool because the people at the respondent's area go to the river for disposal, give code 96. Fill in the distance in meters (rounded figures). The distance here is from the drinking water source to the closest cesspool owned by the household or the neighbor.

Question 419: Bathroom
Private bathroom is a bathroom used only by the household, sometimes used by others to take a bath.

Sharing bathroom is a bathroom used by certain households and is not owned by a household.

Public bathroom is a bathroom where the use is not limited to a certain household and may be used by public.

Other is a bathroom that could not be classified into one of the categories above and is usually in an open area, and usually does not have a specific building for taking a bath (bathing in a river, lake, spring, water well and others).

Circle the code of bathroom that is usually used by the household members. If the answer is "Other", circle code 6 and write down the type of bathroom in the provided area.

Information:
If most of the members of household A take baths in another household, such as in household B, then the bathroom category of household A and household B is "Sharing bathroom" (code 2). But if household A takes a bath at several households, then the bathroom category of household A is "Other" (code 6) and write: "Has a bath at other households" in the provided place.

Question 420: Toilet
Private toilet with septic tank is a toilet that is used by only one household, made by using a passage directly to the disposal area that is water proof and has a septic tank, such as in Picture 6.8.

Private toilet without septic tank is a toilet that is used by a household, made by using a passage directly to another disposal area such as a river or pond.

Sharing if the toilet facility used by a household is also used by some households (limited to only a few households)

Public if the toilet facility used by a household is also used by other households who need to use it (anybody may use it).

Dry latrine (kakus cemplung) is a latrine where underneath the sitting/squatting unit there are no passages directed to the final disposal area.

Bushes/forest/yard if the disposal place is in an open air area

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Pond if the disposal place is in a pond

River/stream if the disposal place is in a river/river flow

Other if the disposal place is not categorized as above, for example in a lake or in the sea

Circle the code of toilet/disposal place that is usually used by the household members. If the answer is "Other", circle code 96 and write down the place of disposal in the provided places.

[Picture 6.8: "Toilet with a septic tank" in the original document is not presented here]

Question 421: Possession of valuables
The answer on the question of possession of valuables is used to determine the social economic status of a household. Ask one by one all the types of goods possessed by the household and circle code 1 if the respondent owns it and code 2 if the respondent does not own it. If the respondent possesses several commodities such as a radio or motorcycle but they do not work, then ask how long it has been damaged and if it is possible to repair. If the commodities can be repaired then it is still considered as possessed.

Example:
Alimin's household owns a large sideboard but because the space in his house is small then the sideboard is put in his brother's house. In this case, Alimin's household is considered as not possessing the side board.

6.5 Block V. General characteristics of household members
This block is used to record personal characteristics such as sex, age, mobility of living, attained education, school participation and the daily language used by each household members, starting from the first serial number of the household member until the last one.

Block V is asked to all household members
In order to fill in this block, the enumerator should try to directly interview the respondent.

Question 501: Name and household member serial number
Write down the name and household serial number as mentioned in Block III, Column (2) and Column (1).

Question 502: Relationship with head of the household
The relationship of respondent with head of the household is taken from P302. Ask once more to reconfirm. Correct the answers if there are mistakes.

Question 503: Sex: the answers of this question can be taken from P303.

Question 504: Date, month and year of birth
Ask the date, month, and year of birth of the respondent and fill into the provided boxes. If the respondent only knows the year and month of birth, write it into the provided places and put a dash on the provided line, leaving the answer box empty for date. If the respondent only knows the year of birth, the other two are crossed out and their answer boxes are empty. If the respondent does not know the year of birth, it has to be written based on the year written in P304.

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If the respondent knows the date, month and year of birth based on the Islam, Java or Sundanese calendars, write the information completely in the empty part of Block V. Use the Age Conversion Guide (Book 4) to change the information on the date, month and year to the Roman calendar.

[Three examples of images on how to fill out the form are omitted here.]

Question 505: Age (in years)
Calculate the age of the respondent based on the information in P504. If not the same as what is written in P304, the enumerator has to ask once more and correct the age in P304.

Question 506: Marital status
The concept and definition on marital status is elaborated in P309. Circle one of the appropriate codes based on the marital status of the respondent.

Question 507: Religion
Ask question: "What is your religion?" Circle the code based on the respondent's answer. For those that do not follow one of the five religions mentioned, circle Code 6 ("Other") and write the respondent's answer in the provided place.

Question 508: Nationality

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Indonesian nationality are people who are originally from Indonesia and foreigners that obtain the Indonesian nationality

Chinese are foreigners who have the foreign nationality of the People's Republic of China/Taiwan

Other foreign nationality are people with a nationality other than Indonesian or People's Republic of China/Taiwan, including people without nationality.

Question 509: Place of birth
Fill in the province and municipality/regency where the respondent was born. The birth place is the province and municipality/regency where the respondent's mother gave birth to the respondent. Example: if a mother lives in Central Jakarta and gives birth to a child in the Regency of Malang (East Java), and if the mother and child return to Jakarta during the following 6 months, the child will be registered as born in Jakarta. If the child stays in Malang for more than 6 months the child will be registered in the Regency of Malang (East Java).

Note: If the respondent was born abroad, write the name and place and put Code 96 in the provided box.

Question 509A: Ever lived in another regency/municipality?
Ask the respondent if he/she has ever lived in another regency/municipality. If "Yes", circle code 1 then continue to P510; if "No", circle code 2 then continue to P511.

Information:
If someone lives in a regency area, then when the enumeration was conducted the regency area was transformed into a municipality area, that person is not categorized as having lived in another regency.

Question 510: Last residence before living in the current residence
Fill in the province and municipality/regency of the respondent's last residence before living in the current province and regency.

Note: If the last residence of the respondent was overseas, write down the name and place of the last residence of the respondent and put Code 96 in the provided boxes.

Question 511: How long has lived in the current village / kelurahan
Fill in how many years the respondent has lived in the current village. If less than one year, put in a "0" and mark a "00" in the provided boxes.

Question 512: Filter
Observe P505. If the respondent is age 4 or younger, put a check mark in the box.
Age is 4 or younger and continue to Q501 for the next household member. If there are no more household members, continue the interview to P701 for household members that fulfill the criteria. But if the respondent is age 5 or older, put a check mark inside the box Age is 5 or older and continue to P513.

Question 513: Filter
Observe 511. If the respondent has lived five years or more, put a check mark in box "5 years or more" then continue to P516. But if it has been 4 years or fewer, put a check mark in the box of "4 years or fewer" and continue to P514.

Question 514: Place of residence five years ago
Ask the respondent the province, municipality, sub-district, and village of residence five years ago. Fill in the respondent's answer in the space provided.

Question 515: Main reason for moving
Ask the main reason why the respondent moved from the village five years ago, then circle the appropriate code based on the answer given by the respondent. If the respondent's answer is "Other", circle code 96 and write down the answer as completely as possible.

The reasons of moving are caused by:

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Occupation: if the respondent's main reason to move from to the village where he lives now is caused by a job, either transferring of changing jobs.
Example:
1. Mr. Mandra is a head section of a state office in the Regency of Padang, West Sumatera. Previously (5 years ago) Mr. Mandra was a member of staff at the same institution in Jakarta. The reason Mr. Mandra moved from Jakarta to Padang is because of a job.
2. Eko is an employee of the State Telephone Company in Jakarta. Five years ago Eko just graduated from the Faculty of Civil Technics in the Institute of Technology in Bandung and applied for a job in the State Telephone Company in Bandung. After accepted, Eko was placed in Jakarta. The reason of Eko moving from Bandung to Jakarta is because of a job.

Looking for workif the reason of the respondent moving to this village is to seek a job.
Example: Wika is currently a worker in a shop 'Selalu Maju' in Jakarta. Five years ago after graduating from the 2nd State High School in Denpasar, Wika moved to Jakarta to seek a job. So the reason for Wika moving from Denpasar to Jakarta is seeking a job.

Education if the reason of the respondent moving to this village is because of the respondent's own education or education of the household members, including educational assignments.
Example:
Jamhari is now studying in the last year at the University of Gajah Mada, and previously (5 years ago) he lived with his parents in Jakarta. The reason for Jamhari moving from Jakarta to Yogyakarta is because of education.

Change of marital status is caused by marriage, or becoming divorced or widowed.
Example:
1. Ani has been working in Jakarta since 1991 and has a boyfriend named Andri that has lived in Surabaya since 1980. In 1993 they became married and lived and worked in Jakarta. The reason for Andri moving from Suarabaya to Jakarta is because the change of marital status.
2. Mr. Malih who originates from Betawi, married a girl from Priangan. Because his wife did not want to move to Jakarta, they finally lived in Bandung. In 1994, Mr. Malih's wife passed away because of a heart attack. Because he was lonely, a month later he went back to Jakarta to meet with his relatives. The reason Mr. Malih moved from Bandung to Jakarta is because the change of marital status.

Following spouse/parent/children if the respondent moved to the current village to accompany a husband/wife/parents/child without being involved in the reason for moving for the person being accompanied.
Example:
Mr. Syahrul's wife and children are currently living in the regency of Medan because her husband has just started a new job. Previously (5 years ago) they lived in Bekasi. The reason for moving for Mr. Syahrul's wife and children is accompanying husband/parents.

Following brother/sister/other relatives if the respondent moved to the current village to accompany biological siblings/relatives without being involved in the reason for moving for the person being accompanied.

Housing: are those that moved to another house.
Example:
Atun and her husband live in a rented house in the Tanah Abang area. After saving money they bought a house (BTN type) in the Bekasi area. The reason for moving for this family is because of housing.

Other are besides the categories above.

Question 516: School participation

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Has never attended school: are those who never attended school, including those who have passed or never passed kindergarten and did not continue to Elementary School.

Attending school: are those who are still attending a formal school, starting from elementary, secondary or high school/equivalent.

Does not attend school anymore:are those who attended elementary school, secondary or high school, but during enumeration were no longer attending a school. Those following Study Group Package A1-A100 are considered as no longer attending school. Courses such as SESKOAD, SEPALA, SEPADYA, SESPA, etc. are not included as formal schools.

If the answer in P516 is coded 1 (not/never attended school), continue to P521.

Question 517: Highest education level ever attained/current education level
The highest education level that is ever attained is the education level that has ever been reached by someone who is no longer in school/the current education level of a person who is now attending school.

Example:
1. Syamsudin has passed a public high school, and during enumeration he was studying at the 2nd year of a Bank Academy so the highest education level that is currently attended is "Academy/Diploma III".
2. Cecep has passed a public high school, but during enumeration he was no longer attending a school, so the highest education level attained is "High school".
3. Ujang has passed a public high school and has followed a Diploma I program, so the highest education level attained is "Diploma I".
4. Djamil is now studying at the University of Halu Oleo so the highest education level that is currently attended is "University/Diploma IV".
5. Ir. Hasan is now studying at the University of Gajah Mada for his master's program so the highest education level that is currently attended is "University/Diploma IV".
6. Mardani, M. A. is now studying at the University of Sebelas Maret for her doctoral program so the highest education level that is currently attended is "University/Diploma IV".
7. Wati is an undergraduate student from the Faculty of Technics University of Hasanuddin and now is studying at the Bank of Indonesia Academy so the highest education level that is currently attended is "Academy/Diploma III".

Question 518: Highest year/grade that has ever been attained/currently attended
Ask the highest year/grade that has ever been attained/currently attended, then circle the appropriate code.

Note:
1. A person who is attending a Master's program is coded 6 [University/Diploma IV]
2. A person who is attending a doctoral program is coded 7 [University/Diploma IV]
3. A person who is attending a Diploma I program is coded 1 and if has graduated code it 8
4. A person who is attending the first year of a Diploma II program is coded 1 and if has graduated, code it 8
5. A person who graduated from any formal education and did not continue afterward, code it 8 (graduated).

Graduated is: having completed studies from a class/highest level of a school/education level and received a certificate/diploma either from a state or private school. A person who has not attended classes from the highest level of a school but has followed an examination and passed is considered to have graduated.

Note:
1. For those who have/are attending a university that uses the Credit Point System, information on the level/class that is currently attended can be obtained by asking extra questions as follows: "How many Credit Points have you achieved?" As guidance, a year is valued as 30 credits, so in order to determine how many levels/class that have been achieved, please use the following conversion guide:

Total credit points achieved -- attending level/class

20 credits -- 1
31-60 credits -- 2
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61-90 credits -- 3
91-120 credits -- 4
121+ -- 5

2. A person who is following a transfer program from an academy/diploma III to a university with the level being determined by the total credit points that have been converted, added on to the points achieved at the university.

3. In a study group package, the equivalent grade/class to elementary school is as follows:

Current type of package/has attended -- equivalent grade

A1-A20 -- 1
A21-A40 -- 2
A41-A60 -- 3
A61-A80 -- 4
A81-A100 -- 5

A person who completed an A100 program but has not achieved an equivalent elementary school certificate is categorized as has completed the 5th grade, but is categorized as graduated elementary school if [he/she] achieved an equivalent certificate of elementary school.

Question 519: Highest education attained
Never/has not graduated elementary school is a category for those who attended a school but did not/have not yet passed elementary school for 5, 6 or 7 years, basic level of school for handicapped children, Islamic elementary school, Pamong elementary school (a school for children where the teachers are the community parents), small elementary school, Package A1 to A100, pioneer school or an Indonesian elementary school (overseas). Those that graduate from elementary school after three years or equivalent are considered to not have graduated elementary school.

Graduated elementary school is a category for those that have passed elementary school for 5, 6 or 7 years, basic level of school for handicapped children, Pamong elementary school (a school for children where the teachers are the community parents), Package A that receives an equivalent certificate to elementary school, Islamic elementary school, pioneer school or an Indonesian elementary school (overseas).

Graduated secondary school is a category for those that have graduated a general secondary school, for example: secondary school, (MULO = secondary school during the Dutch colonial period), HBS 3 years, secondary level of school for handicapped children, Islamic secondary school, pioneer school or an Indonesian elementary school (overseas) and a secondary school of sports.

Graduated vocational secondary school is a category for those who graduated from a vocational secondary school, example: SKP = home economics girl's school, SMEP = secondary school of economics, ST = technic school, SKKP = home economics secondary school, 4 years of vocational school, school of agriculture, secondary school of agriculture, SGB = school of teacher's assistant, 4 years of religion teacher or PGA, course on administrative officer or KPA and education on religion judicature officer. Also, [this category includes those who graduated from] health workers secondary school, Islamic secondary school or other secondary school education.

Graduated public high school is a category for those who graduated from a public high school, for example: high school, HBS 5 years, AMS (high school during the Dutch colonial period). Also [this category includes those who graduated from] an Islamic high school, preparation of development high school, pioneer high school, Indonesian high school (overseas) and athletics high school.

Graduated from vocational high school is a category for those who passed a vocational high school such as technology of housekeeping high school, social worker high school, school of handicraft Industry, school of arts. Also school of gamelan and singing, school of music, school of development technology, home economics high school, economy high school, high school of technology, high school of agriculture technology, school of shipping technology, school of mining technology,

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school of Graphic technology, school of sports teacher, school of teaching the handicapped (SGPLB), school for religion teacher 6 years, school for preschool teachers, course on teaching (KPG), school of chemical analysis, school of pharmacist assistant (SAA), school of midwives, school of radiology worker, school of nutrition, school of sailing, technology of trains, industry of tourism high school, and school for judge and attorney.

Graduated from Diploma I/II program is a category for those who graduated from a DI/DII program from a formal educational institution that give a diploma. Programs of Akta I and Akta II are also included in this level.

Graduated Diploma III/Academy is a category for those who graduated from an Academy/Diploma III, graduated from an Akta III program or attained a Bachelor's degree from a college. For a department that has Bachelor programs, the 4th or 5th program is still considered as graduating from a general/vocational high school.

University/Diploma IV is a category for those that have graduated from the programs of undergraduate, post graduate, doctoral, Diploma IV and V or Specialist I and II from a university/institute/high school. Programs Akta IV and V are equivalent to Diploma IV and V.

Circle the highest education attained in P519. If the answer of P519 is coded 01, continue to P521. If coded "02" to "04", continue to P522. If the answer is one of the codes between "05" to "09", continue to P520.

Note:
There is a possibility that a person completed a certain level of education and during the interview was attending a lower level education than what had been achieved. Reconfirm on this matter by asking the question once more. If this situation appears frequently, please elaborate in the Block of notes by writing the name and serial number of the household members.

Example:
Surya has graduated from a university and during the interview was attending the 2nd year at an academy/Diploma III. The recording in SUPAS95-S is as follows:
Circle code "07" in P517
Circle code "02" in P518
Circle code "09" in P519

Question 520: Field of study
Ask question: "What field of studies did you major in from the education department?" Fill in clearly based on the respondent's answer then continues to P522. The Central Bureau Statistic/Type A Provincial Statistic Office will fill in the codes for field of studies.

Example on level of education and the field of studies
Level of education (P517 or P519) -- Type of education -- Field of studies (P520)
1. Secondary education (P517=04 or P519=05)

1. School of religion teaching (4 years) -- Educational studies and religion teaching
2. Elementary, secondary and Islamic high school -- religion

2. High education (P517=05 or P519=06)

1. School of teaching -- Educational studies and teaching
2. School of religion teaching (6 years) -- Education studies and religion
3. Economy high school -- economy
4. Technology high school -- technic/technology
5. Health worker high school, school of midwives, high school of pharmacy -- medicine and health

3. Diploma I (P517=06 or P519=07)

1. Program D I, IKIP* -- mathematics
2. Program D I, IKIP Muhammadiyah -- languages

4. Diploma II (P517=06 or P519=07)

1.Program D II, IKIP -- sports
2.Program D II, IKIP -- electro-technical

5. Academy/Diploma III (P517=07 or P519=08)

1. Program D III, IKIP -- mathematics
2. Program D III, AIS** -- statistics
3. Program D III, Academy of Finance and Banking -- accountancy

6. University/Diploma IV (P517=08 or P519=09)

1. S1 (Undergraduate) -- general economics
2. S2 (Graduate) -- establishment economics
3. S3 (Doctoral) -- agronomy

Note: *IKIP = Institut Keguruan and Ilmu Pendidikan = Teacher and educational science institute
**AIS = Akademi Ilmu Statistik = Academy of statistics

Question 521: Ability to read and write
A person is said able to read and write if [he/she] is able to read and write a letter/simple sentences using a certain alphabet. This question is only asked to the respondents who did not pass elementary school (P519=01).
Note:

a. A blind person who can read and write Braille is considered as literate
b. A person who previously could read and write but because of a handicap is now incapable is considered literate
c. A person who can only read but cannot write or vice versa, is considered as illiterate

Ask question "Can you read and write using the Latin alphabet?" If the answer is "Yes/able", circle code 1. If the answer is "No", ask "Can you read and write using other alphabet such as Arabic, Chinese, Javanese and others?" If the answer is "Yes/able" circle code 2, but if the answer is "No", circle Code 3.

Question 522: Mother tongue
Mother tongue is the first language used by the respondent's mother to communicate with the respondent.

Local language is a language that can be categorized as a local language that exists in the areas of Indonesia.

Foreign language is a language that is not the Indonesian language or a local language; for example: English, Chinese, Arabic, Hindi, etc.

Circle one of the appropriate codes. Circle code 2 if "Local language", then write the name/type of local language under the words "Local language". The Central Bureau of Statistics/Type A Provincial Statistic Office will fill in the code of local language.

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Question 523: Language used at home
Ask question: "What language is mostly used daily at home?" Circle one of the appropriate codes based on the respondent's answer. If the answer is "Indonesian language", circle code 1 then continue to P525. If the answer is "Local language", circle code 2 then write the name/type of local language under the word "Local language". The Central Bureau of Statistics/Type A Provincial Statistic Office will fill in the code box.

Question 524: Ability to speak Indonesian language
Ask the question: "Can you speak the Indonesian language?" Do not translate into the local language although the interview was conducted in the local language. Circle code 1 if the respondent understands the question, then he/she is considered as capable of speaking Indonesian language. On the contrary if the respondent shows signs of not understanding, such as asking the meaning, he/she is considered as not speaking the Indonesian language, so circle code 2.

Question 525: Filter
See P505, if the respondent is younger than 10, put a check mark in the box "Age is 9 years or younger", then continue the interview to P501 for the next household member. If the respondent is 10 or older, put a check mark in the box "Age is 10 or older".

6.6. Block VI. Activities of household members age 10 or older
This block is used to collect characteristics on the economic activities of every household member who is 10 or older, such as field of business, type and work status and number of working days/hours during the past week.

The work force of the community age 10 or older is categorized into two groups: work force and non-work force. The work force are those who have jobs during the past week, those who are working or temporarily not working due to a certain cause such as waiting for harvest, on leave, etc. Also included in this group are those who do not have a job but are seeking one/hopefully obtaining a job. The non-working force are those who during the week only attended school, took care of a household, and others who do not do any activities that could be categorized as working, temporarily not working, or seeking a job.

There are several questions that are specifically asked to people who are either working or seeking a job, and also some for the non-working force who attends school, takes care of a household, elderly people, or other non-economic activities. Then there are some that confirm the number of people who are categorized as working force and non-working force.

This block consists of 16 questions: P601 to P615, beginning with the most frequent activity conducted during the week through the field of business during the previous year.

Question 601: The most frequent activity conducted during the past week
Activity covers the activity of working, attending school, homemaking and others (examples: actively seeking a job, taking courses, sports, or recreation). Those who are incapable of working are categorized as "Other".

Most frequent activity is the most time consuming activity conducted.

The most time consuming activity is calculated by comparing the time used for work, school, household work and others (actively seeking a job, incapable of conducting activities, courses and sports). Leisure time used for relaxing, resting, sleeping and dining for working people, attending school, or taking care of a household, is not used as a comparison.

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The previous week is a time period of seven consecutive days that ends one day before the date of enumeration. For example: if the enumeration was conducted on October 14, the previous week is from October 7 through October 13.

Working is the activity of conducting work and obtaining income or profits for at least one hour during the previous week. Working for an hour has to be conducted consecutively and continuously, including those that have a job but are temporarily not working. Earnings or profits covers salary/wages including all allowances, bonuses and earnings from leasing, interests, and profits in the form of cash or goods.

Information:

a. A person who conducts activities that produce cereals (rice, corn, sorghum) or palawija = second crop (cassava, sweet potato, potato) for self-consumption and main needs, not as a hobby, is considered as "Working".

b. A person who conducts activities that produce a product (not rice or a second crop) for self-consumption such as sewing [one's] own clothes, painting for a private collection, cooking for [one's] own family and fishing for pleasure, is not considered as "Working".

c. Household members who help the work of head of the household or other household members, for example in the rice fields, stall/shop, etc. are considered as working although they do not receive salary/wages ("Unpaid worker")

d. A person who hires machines/farm machinery, industrial machines, party instruments, transportation mode, or other is categorized as "Working".

e. Household helpers are categorized as "Working", [regardless of whether they are] household members of their employer's [household] or non-household members

f. A prisoner who does activities such as agriculture, making furniture and others is not considered as "Working".

g. A person who rents his farm to another person and shares the products is categorized as "Working" if he/she is responsible or is managing the farm.
Attending school is going to a school in a formal school at the primary level or other levels (secondary and high) including those on vacation. For those who go to school and work, the activity during the past week is whichever is most time consuming.

Housekeeping is an activity of doing household work/helping without receiving salary/wages.

Note:
A housewife, or her child who helps with the household activities, is categorized as taking care of a household. A helper who does the same activities but receives salary/wages is not categorized as taking care of a household but is categorized as "Working" instead.

Other are activities besides working, attending school, household work, and also those who are incapable to conduct activities, such as old aged people, handicapped people, and those who get pensions and do not work anymore.

Others are divided into two categories:

a. Seeking work, sports, courses, picnic and other positive activities (joining an organization, voluntary work and others)
b. Sleeping, leisure, socializing, and not engaged in any activities.

Activities that are used for comparison to determine the most time consuming activities are those categorized in group A.

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Circle one of the appropriate codes based on the respondent's answer, if the answer is coded 1, continue the interview to P604.

Example:
Ance is a homemaker who works 4 hours every day as a temporary worker in a company named PT Sukses Selalu and every Tuesday and Friday beginning at 15:00 until 16:30, she takes a beautician course. The remaining time is used for activities for the household. This example shows that Ance is categorized as taking care of a household because most of the time is used for household activities.

Question 602: Besides attending school/taking care of the household/other, [the respondent] also worked at least one hour during the past week
This question is asked to those who mostly did not conduct activities during the week. This question is to understand if besides attending school/taking care of the household and others, they also performed working activities for at least 1 hour during the past week. This is counted whether as a temporary worker and receiving wages, or as an unpaid worker in stalls or rice fields/gardens and others.

Circle code 1 if the answer is "Yes", then continue the interview to P604. If the answer is "No", continue to P603.

Question 603: Employed/temporarily not working during the past week
Circle code 1 if the answer is "Yes" then continues the interview to P604. If the answer is "No" circle code 2, then continue to P612.

Those who are categorized as employed but are temporarily not working are those who have a job but during the past week did not work because of various causes such as sickness, waiting for harvest, or on strike. Also counted are those who have just obtained a job but during the past week did not start working yet.

Example:
a. A freelance professional worker who is not working because he is sick or waiting for the next job such as a puppeteer, masseur, native healer or singer.
b. A civil worker or a private worker who is not working because of leave, sickness, on strike, or is temporarily relieved because the establishment has stopped its activities due to, for example: machinery problems, lack of raw materials, etc.
c. A farmer who is not working because he is sick or waiting for a next job such as waiting for harvest or the rainy season to work at the rice field.
d. A person who is in the process of waiting to be elected as a worker or has received a letter from the company (although has not started working).

Information:
Non-professional workers -- such as freelancers, persons who work, including farm workers and other freelancers who temporarily do not have a job or are not conducting activities as "Working" during the past week -- are not categorized as "Temporarily not working".

Question 604: Total of working days and working hours from the entire work day during the past week
Total working hours is the length of time (in hours) used for working starting from work being conducted during the past week. The estimation starts from a day ago (7th day) up to seven days ago (1st day), then totaling all the working hours. If the respondent is temporarily not working fill in with a dash.

For those who have regular jobs and fixed working times, ask the following questions:

1. How many average hours do you work every day?
2. On Friday/Saturday/Sunday do you work the same average hours?
3. Have you ever been absent from work during the past week?

For those who have irregular jobs, it is best to ask every day starting from how many hours [they worked] yesterday, two days ago and so on until seven days ago, then total all the working hours.

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From the information given, the enumerator can fill in the total working hours starting from day 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 until the 7th day. Write down the total working hours every day in the past week in Column 1, Column 2, etc., until Column 7 based on the days. The total [number of] workdays during the past week is written in the box "Total working days," and the total working hours during the past week is written in the box "Total working hours".

Workdays are the days when someone does a work activity for a minimum of 1 (one) hour continuously during the past week.

Working hours is the time period (in hours) used for working.

Information:

- For employees who usually have fixed working times, the calculation of working hours should subtract the official break times.
- For workers who do not have regular work times, the working time is calculated starting from preparation for a work period until work is over, subtracting a certain number of hours for break times and visiting a relative/friend's house.

Example of a work period is:
A food vendor covers the activities of purchasing basic materials for the market, cooking, and preparation of food merchandise, selling the merchandise and arranging the merchandise utensils.

How to fill in the list:

1. Write down the total working hours from each working day based on the respondent's answer.
2. Add all of the working hours during the past week in one number [including decimals] and fill in the total [number of] working hours into the box on the right in rounded figures.

Example:

1 -- 8
2 -- 8
3 -- 7.5
4 -- 7
5-- 0
6 -- 8
7 -- 8
Total -- 46.5

Total work days: 6
Total working hours: 46

Question 605: Total working hours of main work during the past week
Write the total [number of] working hours of the main work during the past week.

Main work:
If a person has only one job, that job must be recorded as the main job. If the person has more than one job, the main job is based on the length of time worked. If the lengths of time used for the jobs are the same, the job that contributes the most income is considered the main job. A person has more than one type of job if the management is done separately, except for a food crop farmer who works for several food crop farmers (separate management) -- this is categorized as one job.

Information:
a. A person who is on leave and during that period does not do any other work -- the main work is the work [for which he/she is] on leave.
b. A person who is on leave and during that period does another kind of work -- the main work is the one done during leave.

Example:

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a. A marketing manager of a real estate company who is on leave during the past week did not do any other work. This person is categorized as only having one job as a marketing manager of a real estate company.
b. During the past week a doctor who works in Sumber Waras hospital is on leave, and during that period helps his wife sell sports equipment. The main work of this person during the past week is selling sports equipment.
c. A farmer who plants rice in his own field, and besides that also plants rice in another person's field and receives payment, is categorized as having two jobs which are planting rice in his own field and a food crop worker. The working hours recorded in P605 are the longest working hours between those two jobs.
d. A teacher teaches in two schools, in the morning in a state high school and in the afternoon in a state secondary school. The teacher is categorized as having two jobs, being a high school as well as a secondary teacher, although the work status and field of work is the same. The working hours recorded in P605 is the longest working hours from those two jobs.
e. A person works in the morning as a worker who plants rice and in the afternoon works as a worker who plants vegetables for a different person. This person is categorized as having one job which is planting food crops.

Question 606: Type of main work during the past week
Write down the type of main work as completely as possible. The Central Bureau of Statistics/Type A Provincial Statistic Office will give the codes in the box. Use the Indonesian language, do not use the local terms (mocok-mocok, bawon, matun, etc.). If the provided place is not enough, use the empty space of the page.

Type of work is the type of work conducted by a person or assigned by someone.

Example on how to write the type of work:
Indescribable type of work -- Describable type of work

  • Farmer -- Process/develop field crops (rice, corn, tuber, string beans, etc.)
  • Official of an airline company -- Pilot; weighing passenger's luggage; airline administrative workers
  • International hotel workers -- Provide services to guests during their stay at a hotel, plan, manage and supervise internal work in the hotel
  • Workers at a shoe factory -- Prepare soles for shoes; operate sewing machine for shoes; night watch at a shoe factory
  • Construction workers -- Paint houses/offices/factories; dig in building foundation for residences/offices/factories; install floor tiles in a building
  • Hospital workers -- Provide care services and advice to patients at a hospital; cook vegetables, meat, fish and other food for the patients.
  • Merchant -- Sell food, beverages, fruit, vegetables at the roadside; sell various household needs from door to door.

Question 607: Industry of main work during the past week

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Please write down the field of the main work [done] during the past week. The coding will be conducted by the Central Bureau of Statistics/Type A Statistic Office.

Field of work is undertaking activities of an occupation/establishment/an institution where a person works.

Field of work in the agriculture sector covers food crop agriculture, field, forestry, livestock, fishery and hunting, including agriculture services.

1. Food crop agriculture is an undertaking of the preparation/planting, cultivation of seedlings, seedbed, maintenance and harvesting food crop that covers:
  • Cereal: rice, corn, wheat, and other cereals
  • Tuber: cassava, sweet potato, potato and other tuber
  • Legumes: peanut, soybean, mung bean, and other legumes
  • Vegetables: spinach, swamp cabbage, cabbage, pumpkin, carrot, spring onion, celery, cucumber, eggplant, etc.
  • Fruits: banana, papaya, mango, rambutan, oranges, avocado, durian, snake fruit, mangosteen, apple, pineapple, etc.
2. Other agriculture products is the undertaking of the preparation/planting, cultivation of seedlings, seedbed, maintenance and harvesting food crops. Other agriculture products are categorized into plantation crops and other plants besides plantation crops.
  • Plantation crops are those such as: tobacco, tea, eucalyptus, coffee, cocoa, coconut, pepper, nutmeg, vanilla, kapok, quinine, clove, sugar cane, agave and rubber.
  • Other plants are those such as: orchid, jasmine, rose, bougainvillea and other garden plants
3. Husbandry is the undertaking of raising large livestock, small livestock, poultry, bees, silk worms, including the breeding of livestock.
  • Large livestock such as: cows, milking cows, buffalo and horses.
  • Small livestock such as: goats, lamb, pigs and rabbits.
  • Poultry such as: chicken, broiler chicken, duck, manila duck (entok), swan, quail, doves and turkey.
4. Farming and husbandry services is undertaking the development of soil, fertilizing, seed planting, harvesting, pruning, sorting and gradation of farming products. Also included are skinning, grinding, packaging, irrigation, farming machine rental with operators, health services for husbandry, fur/wool shearing, services on grass for feed, and the development of husbandry which is conducted based on fringe benefits or contracts.

5. Forestry and timber industry is undertaking the plantation of forest wood, collecting forest products, forest wood, including those activities to fulfill forestry needs based on fringe benefits or contracts.
  • Plantation of forest wood covers the activities which include replanting and relocating various plants such as teak, pine, mahogany, sonokeling, jeunjing, sandalwood, etc.
  • Collecting forest products are activities which include seeking damar, forest rubber, rattan, bark, leaves, flowers, roots, honey, seagull nests and charcoal production in the forest.
  • Timber industry covers activities which include wood chopping that produce logs or rough wood such as meranti, meramin, pulai, keruing, iron wood, and black wood including bamboo.
6. Hunting/catching wild animal hunting with traps and propagating animals is an activity that includes hunting/catching wild animals with traps and breeding animals such as snakes, crocodiles, etc.

7. Sea fishery is an effort on cultivation, catching and taking sea products such as fish, shrimp, crab, shell fish, pearl, seaweed, reefs, jelly fish, etc., including the services of sea fisheries conducted based on fringe benefits or contracts, such as sorting, gradation and preparation of fish auctions.

8. Freshwater fishery is an effort on the cultivation, seedling fish/shrimp, fishing in salt water or fresh water, including the effort on services of freshwater fishery based on fringe benefits or contracts such as sorting, grading the freshwater fishery products, the maintenance and reparation of fish ponds, pest control, fertilizing, and the implementation of the watering system for fishponds.
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Mining and quarrying is undertaking the field of mining and quarrying such as coal mining, oil and natural gas, iron ore, stone mining, clay, sand, mining and quarrying of salt, mineral mining, chemical materials and fertilizer materials, the mining of gypsum, asphalt and limestone.

Handicraft industry (including industrial services) is undertaking the conversion of basic materials into ready-made commodities or converting commodities if lesser value into commodities with a higher value.

Electricity, gas and water

1. Electricity is an activity of electric generation and distribution, to be sold to households, industries and other commercial use.
2. Gas is an activity on the production and distribution of natural gas, to be sold to households, industries and other commercial use.
3. Water purification, provision and water distribution is an activity pertaining to the reservoir, purification and distribution of water to household industries and other commercial use.
Construction is an undertaking of construction, repairs, building demolition, roads and bridges, roads and train bridges, building tunnels, airplane runway, dock building, parking lot, sport field, electric power plants, transmission and distribution networks, network communication building, installation of water pumps, digging water wells/WC, rental of machinery/construction equipment including the operator, etc.

Trading is undertaking activities of selling/purchasing goods or services, including restaurants, diners/bars, caterers, restaurants on trains, cafeterias, stalls, and accommodation (hotels, motels, hostels and inns).

The sector of transportation, storage and communication

a. Transportation is undertaking the transportation of commodities or people by land, sea, river, lake, canal, and by air transport. Also included are expedition guides and travel bureau/agents.
b. Storage is the undertaking of storage of commodities in a warehouse, cold storage, or other certain areas.
c. Communication is the undertaking of communication services for the public through postal, telephone, telegram/telex or a pager device.
The sector of finance, insurance, including undertaking the rental of buildings, land and establishment services.
a. Financial institution is the undertaking of the banking business organized by the government/private institutions such as commercial banks, savings banks, credit banks, banks that offer services transferring reserve funds with stock, bonds (deposits, checks, giro, etc.). Also included are the business of mortgage, stock exchange, other financial services such as money changing, and lending.
b. Insurance is the undertaking of insurance such as life insurance services, accidents, health, and commodities including insurance services, insurance agencies, insurance consulting, and pension funds.
c. Lease/sell and purchase land, building, and establishment services are undertaking the lease/sale and purchase of immovable property, such as real estate agent, broker and manager who organizes the rent, transportation rental business on land/water/air without the operator, purchase, sale and property/building valuation based on fringe benefits or contracts. Also included are legal services, accounting services, book keeping, architectural services and techniques, advertising services, data processing services and tabulation, building services, marketing research and machinery rental services. The rental of machinery/agricultural instruments and construction that include the operator is categorized in the agriculture and building sector.
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Community, social and individual services are the undertaking of legislative institutions, state institutions, defense and security, international corporations and other extra territorial corporations including education services, health, sanitary, entertainment and culture, social welfare organized by the government or private institutions. Also included are individual services such as private tutors, native healers, launderers, barbers, repairmen, doctors who have private practices, midwives, welders, beauticians, photo studio workers, masseurs, helpers, etc.

Other is undertaking of an individual, institution not included in one of the sectors mentioned above, or not clearly defined, such as scavengers and creditors.

Please write clearly and complete the field of work/establishment/office of the main work to ease the coding by the Central Bureau of Statistics/Type A Provincial Statistic Office. Do not use the local language such as mracang, warung sampah; use Indonesian language to define the field of work.

Question 608: Status of main work during the past week
The working status is the position of someone in a job.

a. Self-employed is working at own risk and not using paid workers or unpaid workers.
Example:
1. Independent driver (does not receive salary) installment system
2. Becak (pedicab) driver
3. Workers at the market, train station, or other places that have uncertain employment

b. Helped by non-permanent/unpaid workers is working at [one's] own risk and using unpaid workers and non-permanent workers. Non-permanent workers are workers who work with other people or an institution/office/establishment and only receive salary/wages based on the length or volume of work done.
Example:

1. A shopkeeper who is helped by the household members/unpaid workers and/or helped by other people who receive wages based on working days.
2. Vendors helped by unpaid workers or other people who are given wages only when helping.
3. A farmer who works on his land helped by unpaid workers. Also when harvesting is shared, permanent workers are not considered permanent and the farmer is categorized as working with the help of family workers/non-permanent workers.

c. Helped by permanent workers [employer] is working at [one's] own risk, hiring a minimum of one permanent worker.

Permanent worker is someone who is employed by someone else or by a state institution/office/establishment and receiving salary/wages permanently, even if there is no activity.
Example:
1. A shopkeeper that employs more than one permanent worker
2. A person who owns a cigarette factory who employs permanent workers

d. Worker/employee is someone who is employed by someone else or an institution/state institution/office/establishment and receiving salary/wages in cash or in-kind goods. A farm worker, although [he/she] has no employer, is considered a worker; a freelance worker who has no employer is categorized as a worker/employee.

e. Unpaid worker is someone who works helping others while not receiving salary/wages, in cash or goods.

Unpaid worker consists of:

1. Household members of the person being helped such as a wife that helps her husband in the field.
2. Non-household members of the person being helped such as relative/family that helps selling in a stall.
3. Non-household members of the person being helped such as helping a neighbor who has a household industry weaving hats.
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Circle one of the appropriate codes based on the respondent's answer. If the answer is worker/employee circle Code 4 and continue the interview to P609. If the answer is other than code 4 (coded 1, 2, 3 or 5) continue to P610.

Several examples to consider type of work/occupation and work status are as follows:

1. Gino, Yanto, Yanti, Beny, Rano and Ramli work in a shoe establishment owned by Ms. Ati. Gino works purchasing materials, Yanto supervises the shoe maker, Yanti is a typist, Beny is a driver, Rano is a shoe maker and Mono is a helper. In her everyday work Ms. Ati is helped by her son Alan who is a bookkeeper and receives no pay. Ms. Ati is the manager of that establishment. The type of work/occupation and work status of these people is as follows:

Name -- Sector/work -- Type of work/occupation -- Work status
1. Ms. Ati -- Shoe establishment -- Manager of a shoe establishment -- Helped by permanent workers [employer]
2. Alan -- Shoe establishment -- Bookkeeper of a shoe establishment -- Unpaid worker
3. Gino -- Shoe establishment -- Material purchaser at a shoe establishment -- Worker/employee
4. Yanto -- Shoe establishment -- Supervisor of shoe makers at a shoe establishment -- Worker/employee
5. Yanti -- Shoe establishment -- Typist at a shoe establishment -- Worker/employee
6. Beny -- Shoe establishment -- Driver at a shoe establishment -- Worker/employee
7. Rano -- Shoe establishment -- Shoe maker at a shoe establishment -- Worker/employee
8. Ramli -- Shoe establishment -- Helper at a shoe establishment -- Worker/employee

2. Timan works as a rice farmer who is helped by his wife and children. Ms. Mimin weaves mats to be sold with no one's help. Handi is a driver for Ms. Prayogo and receives a salary. Jono is a tailor who is helped by his wife Inem and if busy hires workers. Iman is a driver for the Air Mancur Jamu factory and his wife Marni looks for firewood in the forest to be sold.

The type of work/occupation and work status of these people are as follows:

Name -- Sector/work -- Type of work/occupation -- Work status
1. Timan -- Rice field -- Farmer who owns a rice field -- Work is helped by non-permanent/unpaid worker
2. Mimin -- Weaving mat industry -- Makes mats to be sold -- Self-employed
3. Handi -- Individual services -- Private driver -- Worker/employee
4. Jono -- Services (tailor) -- Sewing -- Work is helped by non-permanent/unpaid worker
5. Inem -- Services (sewing) -- Help husband sewing -- Unpaid worker
6. Iman -- Ny. Meneer Jamu industry -- Driver at a Jamu factory -- Worker/employee
7. Marni -- Forestry -- Looks for firewood in forest -- Self-employed

Question 609: Average salary/net salary received during the past month from the main work
P609 is only asked if P608 is coded 4, with the status as a worker/employee.

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Wages/net salary is the income received by a worker/employee paid in cash or in goods by the establishment/employer after deductions with discounts, obligatory contribution, income taxes, etc. by the establishment/office/employer. Income received in goods is valued at the local price.

Write down the wages/net salary that is usually received by the workers/employee during the past month based on the respondent's answer.

1. Write in the provided space, then convert into a monthly [salary], the salary/net wages of workers who is paid every day, every several days, or per week for workers.

If the wages/salary is paid daily, multiply by 30
If the wages/salary is paid weekly, multiply by 30/7
If the wages/salary is paid every half month, multiply by 2

2. For workers who usually receive salary/net wages paid monthly, fill in the salary/wages in the month

If the wages/net salary usually received during a month is:
a. In cash, fill into P609 Question 1 in the provided space and move into the boxes, then fill in a dash in Question 2
b. In goods which have been valued with the local price, fill into P609 Question 2 in the provided space and move into the boxes, then fill in a dash in Question 1.
c. In cash and in goods, fill into P609 Question 1 for cash and the value of in goods then move into the provided boxes

Repeat the question once more if the salary/wages received seem too extreme

Example:
a. Mr. Maladi an employee of BSB Bank receives salary in cash Rp. 356,350 per month

1. In cash: Rp.356.350, [3][5][6][3][5][0]
2. In goods: Rp. --

b. A farmer hand each month receives an intensive 50 kg of rice and 10 kg of cassava. The local market price for rice is Rp. 350 per kg and cassava Rp. 80 per kg.

1. In cash: Rp.--
2. In goods: Rp.18,300, [0][0][0][1][8][3][0][0]

c. An armed forces member (ABRI) receives each month Rp. 150,000, rice 50 kg, granulated sugar 50 kg, compensation for side dishes Rp. 20,000; the local price for rice is Rp. 350 per kg and granulated sugar Rp. 500 per kg and a pair of clothes Rp. 15,000.

1. In cash: Rp. 170,000, [0][0][1][7][0][0][0][0]
2. In goods: Rp. 50,000, [0][0][0][5][0][0][0][0]

Question 610: Additional work during the past week
Additional work is other work besides the main work to obtain extra income

Circle code 1 if the answer is "Yes" and continue to the next question. Circle code 2 if the answer is "No" and continue to P612.

Question 611: Industry of additional job
Circle one code corresponding to the industry of additional job. If the respondent answers "Other", write in code 96 in the space available.

Question 612: Are you seeking a job?
Seeking a job is an activity of a person to try and obtain a job.
People who are seeking a job are categorized into:

a. Those who are working or have jobs, but because of a certain cause are still trying to obtain other jobs.
b. Those who are not employed and will be called back by a potential employer, but are still trying to obtain other jobs.
c. Those who worked at least one hour during the past week, and are also trying to obtain other jobs.
d. Those who have never worked and are trying to obtain jobs.
e. Those who have worked but because of a certain cause have quit or were fired and are trying to obtain jobs.

Information:
The activity of seeking a job is not limited to a period of the past week, but could be done several periods ago, as long as during the past week the status is still waiting for the answer of the work application.

Circle code 1 if the answer is "Yes" and continue to P614. Circle code 2 if the answer is "No" and continue the interview to P613.

Question 613: Main reason for not seeking a job
Did not need work: this category is aimed to those who already have jobs or have worked and consider it unnecessary to seek a job. Also, [this category includes] those who consider it unnecessary to seek a job because of savings, rental payments received from a house, and/or other means of income such as interest, lease income and others who do not need to work.

Gave up trying: the person has not succeeded in finding a job several times, and stopped trying to obtain a job again.

Attending school the reason for not seeking a job is because of current school attendance .

Housekeeping: the reason for not seeking a job is taking care of the household.

Incapable of work: the reason for not seeking a job is physical and mental incapacity such as being elderly, handicapped or paralyzed.

Others: the reasons for not seeking a job are not mentioned above. Write the reason in the provided area.

Question 613A: Do you want to receive a job?
Circle code 1 if the answer is "Yes" and circle code 2 if the answer is "No".

Question 614: Work during the past year

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A person is considered as working during the past year if in a year before enumeration the person has worked at least 2 months consecutively. If the respondent "Works" during the past week (P601 = 1) it does not always mean "Works" in a period during the past year (P614 = 1).

If the answer is "Yes", circle code 1 and continue to P615. If the answer is "No", circle code 2 and continue the interview to the next household member. If there are no more household members, continue the interview to P701.

Question 615: The industry of work during the past year
If during the past year a person works in more than one field of work, select the most time consuming job. Write the field of work completely using the Indonesian language; do not use the local language. The Central Bureau of Statistics/Type A Statistic Office will fill in the codes.

6.7 Block VII. Women age 10-54 who ever married
This block is only asked to women aged 10-54 years old who ever married in order to obtain information on marriage, number of children born alive, children currently alive and deceased children. The characteristics are very useful to count the total number of births and the number of stillbirths. Try to interview the mother in question.

Block VII is filled in after the characteristics of all household members are recorded into Block V and Block VI. In a set of SUPAS95-S there are 4 pages of Block VII that are in pages 26-29. Write the characteristics of ever married women age 10-54 first on page 26, then on page 27 and so forth. If in one household there are more than four ever married women aged 10-54 years old, use an extra page.

For Block VII, read the questions that are printed in small letters.

Question 701: Name and serial number of household members
Write the name and serial number of respondents that fulfill the criteria in the provided page of Block VII. A ever married woman age 10-54 can be seen in Block III Column 910) coded 1, then the names and the serial number of household members that can be seen from column (2) and (1).

Question 702: Number of marriages
Ask how many times the respondent was ever married. The marriage that is recorded here is a legal marriage based on the state law, religion, custom or the community's acknowledgement. In order to obtain the exact answer from the respondent, the enumerator has to be careful when asking the question.

Example:
a. A married woman: "How many times have you been married including the current husband?"
b. A divorced woman: "How many times have you been married including the previous ex-husband?"
c. A widower: "How many times have you been married including the deceased husband?"

Fill in the number of marriages ever had by the respondent in the provided places.

Question 703: Month and year of the first marriage
Ask the month and year of the respondent's first marriage based on the Roman calendar. If the respondent only remembers using another calendar, use the conversion guide. Fill in the month and year of the first marriage in the provided place.

If the respondent cannot remember the month and year of the first marriage, the month is coded "98" but the year should be considered based on P304.

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Question 704: Age when first married
Ask the age of the respondent at the first marriage. If the month and year of the first marriage is known, count the age when first married by relating the month and year of the first marriage with the month and year of birth.

As in the calculation of age, the age when married for the first time is rounded downwards. Write the age in the provided place.

Example:
Ms. Maryam was born on January 1939. She married for the first time in May 1964. The age when married for the first time is 25 years old (although actually it is 25 years 4 months).

Question 705: Age of husband (the latest) when married for the first time
If the respondent married once, ask the age of the respondent's husband at the time of marriage. If the respondent married more than once or is divorced, ask the age of the latest husband when married for the first time.

Information:
1. Ms. Weni is the second wife of Mr. Awan. Mr. Awans's first wife passed away two years ago. The age of Ms. Weni's first husband to be recorded here is his age when he married his first wife.
2. Ms. Harlina is the second wife of Mr. Yunus and both were widowers when they married. The husband's age that is recorded here is the age of Mr. Yunus when he married his first wife.

Question 706 to 716: Number of children born alive
These questions are to collect the characteristics on all of the children born alive to the respondent, regardless of who the father is. When collecting the data on this matter, please explain to the respondent that the events to be covered are the children born alive even if [they are] not living in the same household or have passed away. Born alive is a child who, when born, showed signs of life such as crying, moving or breathing, even if the child only lived a few moments.

Also ask the respondent not to report the number of stillbirths (when the child did not show signs of life), foster children, or stepchildren.

Question 706: Has ever given birth
Ask the respondent if she ever gave birth. If the answer is "Yes", circle code 1 and continue to P707. If the answer is "No", circle code 2 and return to P701 for the next ever married woman. If there are no more women [who] ever were married, the interview for this list is over.

Question 707: Number of born children who live with the mother
Read this question clearly. The data recorded here are for biological sons and/or daughters who usually live together with the respondent in the household where the interview was conducted. Fill in the number of biological sons and daughters who live together with the respondent. If only sons live there, write "00" in the boxes of "Daughters" and vice versa [if only daughters live there].

Question 708: Number of born children who do not live with the mother
This question is about live biological sons and/or daughters who do not live together with the respondent in the household, [are] living with other relatives, in a dormitory, [were] adopted by someone else, or are

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already adults and have left home. The enumerator has to be sure that the respondent does not include biological children who passed away.

Fill in the number of biological sons and daughters who are still alive but live elsewhere in the provided boxes. If only sons do not live there, write "00" in the boxes of "Daughters", and vice versa [if only daughters live elsewhere].

Question 709: Number of children who passed away
Fill in the number of children who passed away (not including stillborn) in the provided box based on the sex. If the respondent does not have any children who passed away, fill in "00" in the box "Son", and "00" in the box "Daughter".

Question 710: Table of birth history
The table of contents for [questions] P711 to P716 aims to obtain a complete list of all children who were born alive to the respondent based on the time of birth. Begin by asking all of the names of children born alive, starting from the eldest through the youngest, then write down all the names in P711. If a newborn baby has not been given a name, just write: "Baby". Continue to the eldest and ask questions P712 to P716. Ask the same questions for the second, third and so on.

The respondent has to put the children in sequential order based on the time of birth. [If], after writing several births, it turns out that the sequence is not in the correct order, do not erase the information -- rather, cross the serial number and change it with the correct sequence. Twins are written in a separate row and the names are related with a bracket '{}'.

Question 711: Names of children
Ask the names of the first born and write it on the first row, then the second child on the next row and so on. Write clearly so that each name of the household members could be [read] distinctively. For example, if in the household there are two children named Rina Tambunan and Ramli Tambunan, write Rina T. and Ramli T., do not write R. Tambunan and R. Tambunan. If the baby has not been named or died at a very young age, write down "Baby" as its name.

After all names are recorded, check if the total number is the same as [that] written in P710. If not, repeat the question. If it is the same, continue to P711 to P716 for each child.

Question 712: Sex of children
As in P712, ask by reading the sentence and change the word "Respondent" between brackets with the name of the children written in P711. Circle code 1 for "Boy" and code 2 for "Girl". Usually the sex of a child could be known by the name, but in this matter ask the respondent once again.

Question 713: Month and year of birth
Write down the month and year [of birth] of each child without paying attention to whether the child is still alive or passed away. If the respondent does not use the month and year in the Roman calendar, write the month and year in the empty space of Block VII then convert [it] to the Roman calendar using the conversion table (Book 4). Example: if the daughter was born in 1974 but the month was unknown, ask if the child was born before or after Lebaran (Muslim holiday) then try to obtain the exact name of the month. The enumerator has to convert the name of month into numbers. If the month could not be figured out, write "98" for the month. The year of birth has to be written, even if only inferred.

Question 714: Child survival status
Circle code 1 if the child is still alive, and continue the interview to P715. If the child passed away, circle code 2 and continue the interview to P716.

Question 715: Age of child

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This question has to be answered for all live born children. The age of the child must be consistent with the month and year of birth written in P713. If there are any difficulties for this question, see the elaboration in P304.

Question 716: Age of child when [he/she] passed away
Write the age of the children who passed away, even if only estimated. The age when [he/she] passed away is recorded in months or years. If the age is younger than 2, circle code 1 and write down the answer in months. If the age is 2 or older, circle code 2 and write the answer in years.

Write the answers in rounded numbers. Example: a respondent said 4 1/2 months, write "04" besides "Months". If the respondent gives answer in weeks, decide if the age is more than 1 month (4 weeks or more). If less than a month, circle code 1 and write "00" in the month boxes. If the respondent says "One year", ask the exact number of months.

Example:
Answer -- How to fill in

"He/she died when he/she was only 15 days"

1 [0][0] months
2 [ ][ ] years

"He/she died when he/she was 3 years 10 months"

1 [ ][ ] months
2 [0][3] years

"He/she was only 1 year and 4 months when he/she died"

1 [1][6] months
2 [ ][ ] years

"He/she died when he/she was 4 1/2 months"

1 [0][4] months
2 [ ][ ] years

Remember that this column is only for children born alive. If the respondent said that her baby was stillborn, ask if the child cried when born or showed signs of live. If not, the baby was a stillborn, so cross the related answer. Do not forget to put the serial number in this matter.

After [asking] all questions in Block VII to the first ever married woman aged 10-54, continue to the next person who fulfills the criteria. If [there are none], the interview for this household is over.

Several notes on the table of life history
a. Recording the age of death, the year of birth, and the age of children still alive: for the name and month in P713, the enumerator may record the answer as "Don't know" or code "98". But for year of birth (P713), the age of the child born (P714), and the age of death (P716) the enumerator must write an answer although only estimated, because these are very important matters.

b. Recording the information on twins: Each child has to be recorded in one row. Relate the two of them with a bracket '{}' on the left hand side of the table.

c. Recording characteristics on more than 10 births: In the table there are rows to record 10 births. If a respondent has more than 10 births, use the next page of Block VII as an addition. Copy the names and the serial numbers of household members on P701 of the additional page. The next step is changing the serial numbers in P711, from 01 to 10 into 11 to 20.

d. Correcting the reported sequence of birth: If the respondent reports a birth that is not in the sequence, cross the serial number and correct the serial number.

6.8. Notes block
This block is provided to report important matters that have to be elaborated found in the enumeration, such as the inability to communicate with the people interviewed.

[p.69]

Example on how to fill in the SUPAS95-S can be seen in Attachment 3.