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Manual of Sample Census Enumeration
of the 1990 Population Census

BPS-Statistics of Indonesia

III. Household sample enumeration

A. Purpose
To enumerate the selected household using form SP90-S Questionnaire. The information registered in this list, for example household member [variables] like age, birth place, education, job, and residence building, [is obtained during enumeration].

B. Sample Census enumeration
1. Recognition of region and selected household location
2. Using SP90-S Questionnaire
3. Editing of SP90-S Questionnaire

C. Replacement of household ordinary sample/special household member
If in the enumerator's area of responsibility there is an ordinary/special household member that cannot be enumerated whether because the respondent refuses, there is difficulty in finding the respondent, the interview was stopped, there is a change in address, or the address does not match, etc., then the enumerator should report such an issue to the PKSK.

D. Procedures of interview
Data collection for SP90 is conducted by visiting the household and conducting an interview with household members based on the information in this book. To get maximum results, the enumerator must pay attention to the procedures of the interview as follows:

1. A visit to a respondent can be arranged in such a manner that an interview with the (respondent) can be held when [he/she] is residing in the house. Don't perform the interview if there [is an ongoing event], for example a party or ceremony.
2. No one is allowed to accompany you to interviews with respondents, unless it is your supervisor or superior.
3. The supervisor will supervise and observe at every phase of the census. He/she will help you solve all problems that you meet in the execution [of the interview], especially if the problem is not explained in the handbook.
4. Before you enter a house to perform an interview, you must request permission by saying a greeting, knocking at [the door], or in a different way [that you typically request permission to enter someone's home].
5. Introduce yourself and explain the intention of your visit. When needed, show a duty letter or your badge.
6. Before [starting the interview process], explain the importance of the resident census and assure them that all responses given will be kept confidential, in accordance with Law No.6 in the year 1960 about the Census.
7. State that the answer asked from them will be used for development planning, and there is no [connection] to investigation or tax.
8. Always show a friendly and polite attitude to the respondent.
9. The enumerator must pay attention to communication with the respondent in such a manner that the respondent doesn't feel unwilling to give a precise and correct response. If necessary, use language that the respondent understands as long as it doesn't alter the meaning of the question being asked.
10. In executing the census, you will encounter various attitudes of respondents, including downright honesty and willingness to [accept] help [with the questions], hesitant and irresolute, and a small fraction will be suspicious and have an attitude of opposition. Use efficiency, patience, and your sociability in order to successfully [complete] the interview.
11. If the respondent turns the conversation to things that differ from the execution of the resident census, bring the conversation back to the question at hand.
12. Sometimes you will meet a respondent who refuses to give an answer to the question that you ask. Try to get a roundabout explanation. If the respondent continues to refuse to answer the question, report the incident to your supervisor.
13. Do not make negative comments to an answer given by a respondent or lose patience. [Keep] peace [and stay calm] despite an undesirable atmosphere.
14. [Answer] their curiosity and their question correctly and clearly.
15. After [the conclusion of the enumeration for] the census, do not forget to render thanks to the respondents [for their help.] Tell the respondent that there possibly will be [another officer coming to the residence] if there is [further] information needed. Then continue visit to the next household.
16. Conduct repeat visits if needed. This condition may occur if either you fail to get the all explanations during the first visit or if ordered to do so by your supervisors.

E. Filling procedure of SP90-S Questionnaire
Before starting to fill in SP90-S Questionnaire it is important to know that there are two admissible ways of filling [in the form.] The first way is to write down words/numbers in the available space and the second is to encircle codes matching with respondent's answers, and then move stuffing is referred [as] at available box.

1. Public

a. All answers must be written with black pencil. Ink and colored pencils may not be used.
b. All answers must be in Indonesian and must be written clearly in order to easily read, and may not be shortened unless [it is a standard] abbreviation for an excessively long name. Numbers must be written using usual numbers.
c. Definitions and examples of admissible answers that have been determined must be checked, remain consistent, and may not be altered.
d. Examine every item in the questionnaire before leaving the respondent, and do not deliver [the questionnaire] to PKSKjika if there is insufficiency or mistakes.
e. Conceal explanations that you obtain from respondents from others who [do not have permission or authority to see it.]
f. [Keep] the questionnaire in good order. [Do not allow it to get] dirty, wet, destroyed, or lost.
2. Write down words/numbers in the available spaces
Words/numbers clearly in the available spaces. Write down words clearly, easy to read, and complete. Don't make abbreviation unless there is a standard like "Haji" written H, "Superintendent Tata Usaha in Biro Pusat Statistik" (Superintendent of Administration in the Central Bureau of Statistics) written Ka.Bag. Arrange Enterprises in the Central Bureau of Statistics (Usaha in Biro Pusat Statistik). Numbers are clearly written with the usual number so it can be differentiated between one number and another.

F. Information collected
Information that collected with from the SP90-S Questionnaire cover 8 blocks that are:

Block I: Place recognition
Block II: Information of enumerator
Block III: Structure of household member
Block IV: Residence building
Block V: Ownership/possession of farmland target
Block VI: General information of household members
Block VII: Activities of persons age 10 or older
Block VIII: Woman who are married, divorced, or widowed
IV. PLACE OF RECOGNITION AND OFFICER INFORMATION

A. Block I. Place Identification

Question 1 through Question 7
Copy the name of province, regency/municipality, district, village, urban/rural area, enumeration area number, and sample code from the sample list SP90. Code of province, regency/municipality, district, village, urban/rural area, enumeration area number, and sample code [must be] in accordance with the filling of space of Block I, Questions 1 to 7, SP90-DSRTs (Sample list, Enclosure 1). Sample list SP90-S can be seen in Appendix 2.

Question 8: Serial number sample (NUS)
Write down NUS in the available place and move to the box on the right. NUSs are copied from the SP90-sample list Block III column (1).

Question 9: Physical building number (NBF)
Write down the NBF in accordance with the SP90-sample list Block III column (2).

Question 10: Census building number (NBS)
Write down the NBS in accordance with the census building number in the SP90-sample list Block III column (3).

Question 11: Selected household number
Write down the selected household number in accordance with the household serial number in SP90-sample list Block III column (4).

Question 12: Household
Encircle code 1 if the household is an ordinary household, and encircle code 2 if the household is a special household. Write down the selected code in the available box.

An ordinary [private] household is an individual or a group of people living in a physical/census building unit or [any] part thereof who make common provisions for food and other living essentials.

Example:
1. Someone who rents a room or is part of a census building (in some areas called lodging), but manages for food by himself, is considered as one ordinary separate household.
2. Some people live together in one room or in one census building or physical building and they manage for food by themselves. This is assumed to be one ordinary household.
3. Two families stay together in a census building, and management of food is done by one of the household members. [This] is considered one ordinary household.
4. Two families that stay disjointed in two census buildings, and management of food is done by one of the household members, are therefore considered one ordinary household, if the census building referred to is still in one segment. But if that census building is located on different segments, then [the two] families referred to are assumed to be two ordinary households.
5. A housemaid who lives in their employer's house is considered a household member of her employer. On the contrary, if [she is] living outside her employer's household, she is considered to be a household member [in the household] where he/she resides.
Institutional households consist of:
1. One who lives in a dormitory, that is a residence that manages everyday needs and is arranged by a foundation (non-profit institution) or body, for example nurse dormitory, students' hostel, ABRI (National Army) dormitory, etc. A member of ABRI who lives in a dormitory with relatives which is managed every day by the household itself is not considered a special [institutional] household.
2. One who lives in a reformatory, prison, and other similar types of housing.
3. Ten people or more who lodge together.

Explanation:
1. A household that rents a room or a part of a building lodging fewer than 10 people is considered one ordinary household. If those lodgers total 10 people or more, it is considered a special [institutional] household.
2. Dormitory, reformatory or institutional society official members and other similar persons who stay by themselves and also with their wife, child and/or other household members are considered ordinary households.

Question 13: Total number of households
This question is to be filled in after Block III is completed. Its total should be equal to the number of household members in Block III column (2) and equal to the number of individual information recordings filled in Block VI. Write down and move this into the available box. For special households, this question is filled with the number of selected household members.

Question 14: Total number of special [institutional] household members
This question is filled if the household selected is a special [institutional] household - question 12 code 2. Total number of special [institutional] household members can be asked of the special household head or Assistant of District Coordinator Statistics or from SP90-LI Questionnaire. Move it into the box provided.

Question 15: Total number of households in enumeration area
This Question is copied from the SP90-sample list Block I Question 8a and 8b.

B. Block II. Information of enumerator

This Block consists of four questions: name of the enumerator, NIP/NMS (Identity number), date [of the] enumeration/inspection, and signature.

Question 1: Name of enumerator
Fill in the name of the enumerator (PCS) and examiner (PKSK) in the appropriate column.

Question 2: Identity Number
Every PCS and PKSK will get an identity number (NIP/NMS) from KSK. Fill in NIP/NMS in the box that is provided in the appropriate column.

Question 3:Date of enumeration/Inspection
Fill in the date of the enumeration/inspection for every SP90-S Questionnaire.

Question 4: Signature
The signature of the enumerator and the assistant of statistics district coordinator's are required in the column provided.

V. BUILDINGS AND HOUSEHOLDS

A. Block III Structure of household member

1. Purpose
The intention of this block is to note all ordinary household members and, for selected special households that are noted in this block, the selected household members. For filling in Block III, it is better to interview the household head who knows the situation of all the household members.

2. The procedures of filling in questions

Column (1): Serial number of household member
The number has been provided from number 01 up to 15. If the number of the household member is more than 15 people, then add [pages] with a new SP90-S Questionnaire. Write down the word "JOINT" in the right corner of the cover page of the first SP90-S Questionnaire, and the word "JUNCTION" in the right corner of the cover page of the SP90-S Questionnaire addition. Copy the place recognition information in the SP90-S Questionnaire addition. The serial number in column (1) of the Block III SP90-S Questionnaire addition should be changed to become 16, 17, and so on.

Column (2): Name of household member
Household members are those who usually live in a particular household, regardless of their location at the time of the enumeration, and are classified as a household member. A person is to be no longer regarded as a member of his or her former household if the person has been absent from home for six months or longer, or has left home for the purpose of moving away even when the six-month limit has not been reached. On the other hand, a guest who has stayed for six months or more, or even for fewer then six months but intends to move in is recorded as a household member.

Explanation:

a. A housemaid/driver who lives in the employer's house is considered to be a member of the employer's household. On the contrary, if the housemaid/driver does not live in the employer's house, he/she is considered to be a household member where he/she lives.
b. Someone who has no residence will be noted at the place where he/she was met by the enumerator
c. A household head who has more than one residence is enumerated in the house where their spouse and child live.
d. If the husband has more than one wife, then he must be noted in the residence (household) where he remains the longest. If the duration he spends in each household is the same, then he is to be noted in the oldest wife's house.
Example:
a. Tuty lodges in Pondok Cina close to the University of Indonesia (UI) campus because she takes courses in the Department of Technology at UI. Her parents and little sister/brother live in Kelurahan Duren Sawit, East Jakarta. Every week Tuty goes home to Jakarta. Tuty should be noted as a resident in Pondok Cina, region of Bogor.
b. Supangat is an employee of BPS, and all household members live in the Bogor region. To economize on transport, he comes home to Bogor every Saturday afternoon until morning Monday only. Because Supangat is the household head, he is noted as a resident in the Bogor region.
c. Amir is a household head with four household members living in the Desa Kamojang region of Garut. Since March he lived in Jakarta because of family needs. Three days ago the SP90 was executed, so Amir is noted as resident of Jakarta.
d. Surya has three children. Hasan lives in Semarang, Badu lives in Solo, and Rachmat lives in Yogyakarta. Surya visits his children and stays at each child's place for about a month. When the SP90 is conducted, Surya had been residing in Rachmat's house during the week before enumeration. Surya will be noted as resident of Yogyakarta.

Write down the names of all household members in Column (2). Sort [them], beginning with the household head, wife/husband, unmarried child, married child, daughter/son in law, grandchild, parent/parent in law, relatives, assistant, and other household members. After all individuals have been recorded, read [the names] off one by one, then ask whether there is any name that was left out, such as a newborn baby, a temporary household member gone on travel, or an servant who lodges [with the household]. If yes, add their name to the list of household members.

Column (3) : Relation to the household head

  • Household head is the one household member who controls the everyday needs of the household, and is referred to as the one who is assumed to be the head. The household head in a special household is the one of the household members who is selected to be the first. Thus special name of household head here can differ from special name of household head at SP90-Sample list.
  • Wife/husband is the spouse of the household head.
  • Child is the child, stepchild or foster child of the household head.
  • Daughter/son-in-law is husband/wife of the child, stepchild or foster child.
  • Grandchild is the child of [the head's] child, stepchild, or foster child.
  • Parent/parent-in-law is the father/mother of the household head or the father/mother of household head's spouse.
  • Relative is someone who has a relation to the household head or to the wife/husband of the household head, for example: little sister/brother, sister, cousin, aunt, uncle, in-laws, grandfather, and grandmother.
  • Household servant is someone who works as an assistant, stays with the household, and accepts a fee/salary of money or goods.
  • Other is one who does not have any relation to the household head or the wife/husband of the household head, such as one who lodges.

Ask the relation of each household member, and afterwards fill in Column (3). The first name on the household member [list] is always the household head.

To assure that any household member is already registered:
1. Read off the names one by one
2. Ask whether any name is missing in the enumeration:

a. child or baby
b. others like friend and the household servant who usually lives in
c. guest who lives in 6 month or more
d. one who usually lives in but travels for fewer than 6 months

If there are any, write [the name] down, check the box "Yes", record the name under the corresponding box, and write on the next line in Column (2).
[] Yes -- Murniati
[] No

Afterwards, check the "Yes" box and not the "No" box.
[x] Yes -- Murniati
[] No

If no name is missing, check the "No" box
[] Yes
[x] No

3. Ask whether there is someone who has been recorded but travels for 6 months or more. If so, check the "Yes" box and write down the name is under the corresponding box. Cross out that name in Column (2).
[x] Yes -- Murniati
[] No

Afterwards, check the "Yes" box and not the "No" box.
[x] Yes
[] No

4. Sort Column (1) regardless of column "Relation with household head".

B. Block IV. Residence building

Question 1: Type of physical building
Physical building is a fixed or temporary shelter that has a wall, floor and roof, and is either used for residence or not. A building not for residence is considered to be one physical building if its floor area is at least 10m wide. This width requirement is not applicable to residence buildings.

According to its type, physical buildings are differentiated into three categories:

a. Multiple dwellings building
i. Single story multiple dwellings building.
ii. Multi-story multiple dwellings building.
b. Duplex building
i. Single story duplex.
ii. Multi-story duplex.
c. Single dwelling building
i. Single story single dwelling building.
ii. Multi-story single dwelling building.

Question 4: Ownership status of residence
The ownership status is classified into six types, which are: self-owned, rent and purchase, contract, rented, official residence, and others.

Self-owned is if, during the enumeration, the residence is actually owned by the head of household or the head of household is paying installments to the bank.
Installments/rent-to-buy is if, during the enumeration, the residence is not yet owned by one of the household members, or during the enumeration the household still pays installments to the previous owner of the building. The status of rent-to-buy is if the residence was previously in the status of rent, and after a certain period could be owned by one of the household members.
Contract is if, during the enumeration, the residence was rented by one of the household members for a certain period based on a contract agreement between the owner and the tenant for a period of one or two years. The payment is usually done up-front or paid by installments. At the end of the contract the tenant must leave the house or, if agreed between both parties, the contract could be extended.
Rent/lease is if the household or one of the household members pays the rent regularly and continuously for an unspecified period of time.
Official residence is if a certain state/private institution provides the house and covers the rent or rent-purchase.
Other is if the house cannot be categorized into one of the categories above, an example a house owned together.
Note: ownership status of a residence should be recorded from the household members who live in the house.

Example: A's household lives for free in a house that is rented by B's household from C's household; the ownership status of A's residence is categorized as "Other".
Circle one of the appropriate ownership statuses and put the code in the box that is available on the right side [of the form].

Question 5, 6, and 7: Type of roof, wall, and floor
If the roof/walls/floor is made from several types of materials, record the most used material. For a [multi]-story building, the roof is the uppermost part; outside walls and floor are what constitute a census building for a household.

A roof is what covers the top part of a building so that people living beneath it are protected from the sun, rain etc.
Walls are the outsides/borders of a building or what divides the house from other buildings. A room divider is not considered an outside wall.

Circle the appropriate code type for roof, wall and floor of the building based on Question 5, Question 6, and Question 7

Question 8: Floor area
Floor area is the dimension of the floor that is lived on and is used for everyday use by the household members, including the terrace, garage, WC and storage room in a single census building. For a two story building, the floor is all stories that are lived in and used for everyday use, and needs to be calculated.

Calculate the whole dimension of the building floor that is occupied by the household in square meters (rounded figures). If several households occupy one census building, the dimension of the floor that is used together could be divided by the number of households that use them. If there are two separate buildings that are occupied by one household and are still in one segment group, the dimension of the floor is calculated as a whole.

Question 9: Type of lighting used
Record here the main lighting used in this place. Electricity is not only limited to the electricity from the National Electricity Office but also from diesel/a generator that uses diesel fuel or kerosene, and also electricity from rural electricity. Lighting using gas is coded as 2. Lighting that uses kerosene and a light sock such as a pump lantern, "Aladdin" or others is coded as 3. Kerosene lamps (lampu teplok/tempel using a glass lamp chimney , sentir/pelita) are coded as 4. Other light that is not mentioned above is coded as 5. If the households use more than one type of lamp, select the type of lamp that is used the most.

Question 10: Fuel for cooking
Ask the respondent what type of fuel is used for daily cooking in the respondent's household. If more than one type is used, ask what type is used the most for the daily household cooking. Circle the appropriate code.

Question 11 and 12: Drinking, bathing/washing water resources
Ask the respondent [what is] their main source of drinking water used by the household. Please remember that the question asks the source. If the household respondent obtains water from a water spring that is distributed to their house, the water source is the water spring. If the respondent uses water that comes from several water resources, select the water resource from which the most water volume comes.

Tap water [piped] is water distributed through a purification and sanitation process before being distributed to the consumer through an installation in the form of tap water undertaken by state/private companies. Example: Aqua, Vit, Moya and Aquaria are also categorized as tap water.
Pump water is ground water obtained by using pumps, including those obtained by electric pumps/generator.
Well water is water drawn from the ground. The way of taking the water is by using a water dipper or bucket.
Spring water is a resource of water at the surface of the ground where the water comes out by itself.
River water is a resource of water from a river.
Rainwater is a resource of water from stored rain water.
Others are other water resources not mentioned above, such as from a dam, lake, or pond.

Ask the question: "Where do you obtain drinking water and water for bathing/washing for the daily needs in this household?" Circle the appropriate answer code in Question 11 and Question 12

Question 13: Bathroom

Private bathroom is a bathroom used only by the household, sometimes used by others to take a bath.
Sharing bathroom is a bathroom used by certain households and is not owned by a household.
Public bathroom is a bathroom which is not restricted to a certain household, and may be used by the public.
Others is a bathroom that could not be classified into one of the categories above and is usually in an open area, usually does not have a specific building for taking a bath (bathing in a river, lake, spring, water well and others).

Circle the code of bathroom that is usually used by the household members. If the answer is "Other", circle Code 4 and write down the type of bathroom in the provided area.

Question 14: Toilet

Private toilet with septic tank is a toilet that is used by only one household, made by using a passageway directly to the disposal area that is water proof and has a septic tank.
Private toilet without septic tank is a toilet that is used by a [single] household, made by using a passageway directly to another disposal area such as a river or pond.
Sharing if the toilet facility limited to only a few households
Public if the toilet facility used by anybody may need it
Others if the disposal place is not categorized above, for example in a lake or in the sea

Circle the code of toilet/disposal place that is normally used by the household members.

Question 15: Possession of valuables
The answer on the question of possession of valuables is used to determine the social economic status of a household. Ask one by one all types of goods possessed by the household and circle Code 1 if the respondent owns it and Code 2 if the respondent does not own it. If the respondent possesses several commodities such as a radio, motorcycle but it does not work then ask how long it has been damaged and is it possible to repair it. If the commodities could be repaired then it is still considered as possessed.

C. Block V. Ownership/possession of farmland
The objective of this block is to collect information about the household's ownership of farmland, either owned or not, both for planting or not. Dimension of the farmland might be reported by the respondent in a local measurement, and in this case it must be converted into Ha (hectares). Land for residence buildings or others are not recorded in this block.

A. Concept/definition

Self-owned is a farmland status based on law or local society. It is recorded as owned by one of the household members. Self-owned farmland can be from purchase, heritage, donation, land reform.
Farmland from others is obtained by rent, sharing holder status, free rent, etc. These farmlands are possibly used by others during the enumeration.
Farmland used by others is a farmland status [where the land] was owned by the household or obtained from others but during the enumeration is rented, shared, or given to others.
B. Filling in procedures

Question (16), (17), and (18): Possession of farmland by the household that is self-owned, from others, and being used by others.
In each question, fill in the farmland area in hectares (two digits after the comma). If PCS does not know the conversion of local measurement into standard hectares, ask the KSK, PKSK, or the village head.

Question 19: Area of farm land possession
Calculating the total size of the farmland area [owned by each] household as a whole.
Question 19 = Question 16 + Question 17 - Question 18.

C. Block VI. Information on household members

1. Purpose
The objective of this block is to record individual information like sex, age, educational attainment, school status, and daily language used by each household member, starting from the first serial number of the household member up to the last one

2. Filling in procedures
Circle one of the codes according to [the respondent's answer], fill in the place/line provided, then write down the code in the box provided.

A. Sub-block VIa. All ages

Name and serial number of household member (ART)
Write down the name and serial number of the household member as mentioned in Block III Column (1) and Column (2).

Question 1: Relationship to the household head
The concept of household member is already explained in sub-chapter V.A.2.

Question 2: Sex
Ask the sex of each person then circle Code 1 for male and Code 2 for female. Do not guess the sex of a person based on their names.

Question 3: Date, month, and year of birth
Ask date, month, and year of the respondent's birth. Fill in the date, month, and year in the box provided. If the respondent only knows the year and month of birth, write down year and month whereas the birth day is a line (--) in the available place (not in the box). If only the birth year is known, the two others are lines (--).

If the respondent only knows another calendar system, then the information obtained is changed to agree with the Christian calendar. In this handbook is enclosed a conversion [table] between the Java, Sunda, and Islam calendars (Appendix 3 and 4).

If the respondent knows the date, month, and birth year based on one of the three kinds of calendars above, the information is noted completely on the top Block VI. Use conversion I in Appendix 3 to convert the date, month, and year information into the Christian calendar.

Question 4: Age (year of birth)
Information about age is very important, hence it should be asked correctly and carefully. Age is counted in years rounded downwards, or the age based on the last birthday.

If the respondent only knows another calendar system, then the age information should be converted into the Christian calendar. This manual only includes the conversion [table] between Javanese, Sundanese and Islamic calendars (Attachment 4 and Attachment 5).

Attachment 6 describes the method to calculate the age of the respondents if the date, month and year of birth are known. This list is made to calculate the age of respondents who were born from 1964/1965 onward.

There are some ways of calculating the age based on information gained from the respondent.

1. If the date, month and year in the Christian calendar are known, then age can be directly calculated.
2. If the date, month and year are known in the the Islamic calendar, then use Conversion I in Attachment 4 for birth years 1982-1990 (1402 H - 1410 H). Use Conversion II in Attachment 5 for birth years before 1982 (1402 H).
3. If month and year are known in the Islamic calendar, use Conversion II in Attachment 5 for birth years 1938-1981 (1356 H - 1401 H).
4. If only the month and year are known in the Christian calendar, then age can be calculated using the Assistance list in Attachment 6.
5. If only the year of birth is known in the Islamic calendar, use Attachment 4 and Attachment 5 for the birth years 1938-1990 (1356 H - 1410 H).

If the month of birth is unknown, try to gain this information using several ways that have been explained before in the procedure of getting information of age section.
Example:

1. Suwardi was born on January 1946 and the interview is held on October 1990; subtract 1946 from 1990, and because January is before October, then his age is (1990-1946) = 44 years.
2. Purwanti was born on the 30th of December 1954 and the interview is held on the 10th of October 1990. Thus the time between year of birth and year of interview is (1989-1954) = 35 because on the enumeration date Purwanti is not yet 36 years old, thus Purwanti's age is 35 years.
3. Aminudin says that he was born in 1925, but he does not know the exact date and month. Because the SP90 is conducted in October, then it is assumed that he is (1990-1925) 65 years old.

Enumeration is conducted in a society that uses the Islamic calendar. A child was born on the 12th of Zulkaidah two years before the interview. In Attachment 4, Table D (1987) can be seen that Zulkaidah can be converted [to a date between] June 27 and July 27, 1987. Therefore, the 12th of Zulkaidah equals (26 + 12 - 30) = July 8, 1987.

If the respondent was born on the 3rd of Zulkaidah two years before the interview, then the respondent was born on (26 + 3) = June 29, 1987.

If the respondents only know the age/birth year outside the Christian calendar, such as the Javanese calendar, Sundanese calendar, or Islamic calendar, convert the age/birth year into the Christian calendar.

If the respondents do not know their age at all, try to obtain the age by using [one of] several ways as follows:

1. Ask for the identity card, birth certificate or baptism letter that can give information about their age. Subtract the the date of issue of those documents from the date of the enumeration.
2. Relate the age of that person to the age of other household members whose age is known. For example, a mother says that she was 19 years old when her first child was born and her child is 13 years old now. Therefore, the calculation of the mother's age is (19 + 13) 32 years.
3. Associate the birth year with the important national/local event, then subtract [that year] from the year 1989. In some areas, age may be predicted from the seasons, cultural/religious ceremony, seed time/crop time, etc. Some important events are:
  • Indonesia's Independence Day: August 17, 1945
  • First election: 1955
  • The 30th September Movement/Indonesian Communist Party (1965): September 30, 1965

4. When obtaining information on age using the second and the third method above, an opinion from the religious/society leader or village administrator is needed.
5. Use the methods above to gain information about age. The enumerators are not allowed to fill out the age of respondent in the Questionnaire with N/A (not answered) or leave it empty.

Ask the date, month and year of birth for every household member. Write it down on the paper provided, and then calculate age using the methods that have been elaborated above.

Question 5: Marital status

Married is the status of those bonded in marriage during enumeration, either living together or separated. In this matter not only those who are legally wed (custom, religion, state, etc.) but also those who are living together and are considered to be husband and wife by the community.
Divorced is the separation of husband from wife due to divorce, but the respondent has not remarried. Included in this category are those who admit to being divorced although legally they are not. On the contrary, those who temporarily live separately are not considered divorced; for example, a husband/wife that leaves their spouse to [go to] another place due to studying, working, seeking a job, or the husband/wife is in a fight.
Widowed is the status of those whose husband/wife died and have not remarried.

Circle one of the appropriate codes for the respondent's marital status.

Question 6: Religion
Ask: "What is your religion?" For those who do not follow one of the five religions mentioned, circle Code 6 ("Other") and write the respondent's answer in the provided place.

Question 7: Nationality

Indonesian nationality are people who are originally from Indonesia and foreigners who obtain Indonesian nationality
Chinese (People's Republic of China/Taiwan) are foreigners who hold the foreign nationality of the People's Republic of China/Taiwan
Other foreign nationality are people with a nationality other than Indonesian or People's Republic of China/Taiwan, including people without nationality.

Circle one of the appropriate codes with the respondent's nationality and write the code in the available box.

Question 8: Place of birth
Fill in the province where the respondent was born. The birthplace is the province where the respondent's mother gave birth to the respondent. Example: if a mother lives in Bandung (West Java) and gives birth to a child in Solo (Central Java) and if the mother and child return to Bandung after fewer than 6 months, the child will be registered as born in the Province of West Java. If the child stays in Solo for more than 6 months, the child will be registered in Province of Central Java.
Write the name of the province where the respondent was born and put the code into the provided box.

Question 9: Ever lived in another province?
Ask the respondent if he/she ever lived in another province for a period of six months or more. If the respondent answers "Yes" then circle code 1 and put the code into the available box. If the respondent answer "No" circle code 2 and put the code into the available box and go to Question 12.

Question 10: Last residence before living in the current province
Fill in the name and code of the respondent's last province of residence before living in the current province in the provided box.

Question 11: The duration lived in the current province
Fill in how many years has the respondent lived in the current province.
Note: Code province for Question 8, 10, and 14 can be seen in Block III of the SP90-S Questionnaire

Example for questions 8-11
During enumeration Bakri has already lived in Surabaya for 1 year and 11 months. Before he lived in Surabaya he has lived in Bogor for 2 years and 6 month for study. Before living in Bogor Bakri has worked in Kabupaten Situbondo for 5 years. Bakri was born in Semarang, though his parents at that time lived in Kecamatan Cakung, Kabupaten Bekasi, West Java. His mother went to Semarang and back to Cakung when Bakri was 2 weeks old. Bakri lived in Cakung until he finished his senior high school (SMTA) and moved to Kabupaten Situbondo. It should be noted that because of the extension of Province DKI Jakarta, Kecamatan Cakung became part of the DKI Jakarta province.

Question 12: Mother lives in the current household
Ask the respondent if his/her mother lives in this household. If "Yes", circle code 1 and put the code into the available box. If "No", circle code 2 and put the code into the available box, and continue to Block VIb.

Question 13: Name and serial number of mother
If in question 12 the answer is "Yes", write down the name and serial number of the respondent's mother in the available space. Name and serial number of the mother are taken from Block III column (2) and column (1). Put serial number into the box.

B. Sub Block VIb. For respondents age 5 or older

Question 14: Place of residence five years ago
Ask the respondent in which province he/she lived five years ago.
Example Question 8-11, Bakri worked for for years in Kabupaten Situbondo; then the answer to Block VIb question 14 is East Java province.

Question 15: School status
School status shall be as follows:

Never attended school: are those who never attended school, including those who have passed or never passed kindergarten and did not continue to elementary school.
Attending school are those who are still attending a formal school, starting from elementary, secondary or high school/equivalent.
No longer attending school are those who have attended elementary school, secondary or high school but during the enumeration are no longer attending a school.

If the answer in question 15 is coded 1 ("Never attended school"), continue to question 20. Leave questions 16 through 19 blank. If the answer is 2 or 3, then continue to question16.

Question 16: Highest education level attained/current education level
The highest education level attained is the highest education level that has ever been reached by someone who is no longer in school, or the current education level of a person who is now attending school.

Example:

1. Abdullah graduated from a public high school; during enumeration he was studying in his second year of Bank Academy. So the highest education level he currently attended is Academy/diploma III.
2. Arman graduated from a public high school, but during enumeration he was no longer attending school. So the highest education level attained is high school.
3. Audi graduated from a public high school and has earned a Diploma I program. So the highest education level attained is Diploma I/II.

Question 17: Highest year/grade ever attained/currently attending
Graduated is: has completed studies from a class/highest level of a school/education level and received a certificate/diploma either from a state or private school. A person who has not attended classes from a highest level of a school but has followed an examination and passed, is considered to be a graduate.
Explanation:

a. A person who has graduated from any formal education level is coded 8 ("Graduated").
b. A person who is attending a master program is coded 6
c. A person who is attending a doctoral program is coded 7
d. A person who is attending a Diploma I program is coded 1; if he/she has graduated, he/she is coded 8
e. A person who is attending the first year of a Diploma II program is coded 1; if he/she has graduated, he/she is coded 8
Note
For those who attend a university that uses the Credit Point System, information on the level/class that is currently attended can be obtained by asking extra questions as follows: "How many credit points have you achieved?" As guidance, a year is valued at 30 credits, so in order to determine how many levels/classes have been passed, please use the following conversion guide:

Total credit points achieved attending level/class:
0-30 credits = 1
31-60 credits = 2
61-90 credits = 3
91-120 credits = 4
121+ credits = 5
Example: if 57 credit points have been reached, then the respondent is in grade 2.

Question 18: Highest education attainted

Never/has not graduated elementary school is a category for those who have attended a school but did not/have not yet passed elementary school for 5, 6 or 7 years, [or equivalent] basic level of school for handicapped children, Islamic school.

Elementary school, public elementary school (a school for children where the teachers are the community, parents and teachers). Small elementary school, package A1 till A100, pioneer school or an Indonesian elementary school (overseas). Those who graduate from elementary school after 3 years or equivalent are considered to have not graduated from elementary school.

Graduated elementary school is a category for those who have passed elementary school for 5, 6 or 7 years, basic level of school for handicapped children, Pamong elementary school (a school for children where the teachers are the community, parents and teachers), Package A who receive an equivalent certificate to elementary school, Islamic elementary school, pioneer school or an Indonesian elementary school (overseas).

Graduated secondary school is a category for those who have graduated from a general secondary school, for example: secondary school, (MULO = secondary school during the Dutch colonial period), HBS 3 years, secondary level of school for handicapped children, Islamic secondary school, pioneer school or an Indonesian elementary school (overseas), or a secondary school of sports.

Graduated vocational secondary school is a category for those who graduated from a vocational secondary school, for example: SKP = home economics girl's school, SMEP = secondary school of economics, ST = technic school, SKKP = home economics secondary school, 4 years of vocational school, school of agriculture, secondary school of agriculture, SGB = school of teacher's assistant, 4 years of religion teacher or PGA, course on administrative officer or KPA and education on religion judicature officer. Also health workers secondary school, Islamic secondary school or other secondary school education.

Graduated public high school is a category for those who graduated from a public high school, for example high school, HBS 5 years, AMS (high school during the Dutch colonial period). Alternatively, they graduated from an Islamic high school, preparation of development high school, pioneer high school, Indonesian high school (overseas) and athletics high school.

Graduated from vocational high school is a category for those who graduated from a vocational high school such as technology of housekeeping high school, social worker high school, school of handicraft industry, school of arts. Alternatively, [they graduated from the] school of Gamelan and Singing, school of music, school of development technology, home economics high school, economy high school, high school of technology, high school of agriculture technology. Alternatively, [they graduated from the] school of shipping technology, school of mining technology, school of graphic technology, school of sports teacher, school of teaching the handicapped (SGPLB). Alternatively, [they graduated from the] school for religion teachers [after] 6 years, school for pre-school teachers, course on teaching (KPG), school of chemical analysis, school of pharmacist assistant (SAA), school of midwives, and school of radiology worker. Alternatively, [they graduated from the] school of nutrition, school of sailing, technology of trains, industry of tourism high school and school for judge and attorney.

Graduated from diploma I/II program is a category for those who graduated from a diploma I/II program from a formal educational institution that offers a diploma program. Programs of Akta I and Akta II are also included in this level.

Graduated diploma III/academy is a category for those who graduated from an academy/diploma III, graduated from an Akta III program or attained a Bachelor's degree from a college. For a department that has Bachelor programs at the 4th or 5th program, [the respondent] is still considered a graduate from a general/vocational high school.

University/diploma IV is a category for those who graduated from the programs of undergraduate, post graduate, doctoral, diploma IV and V or specialist I and II from a university/institute/high school. Programs Akta IV and V are equivalent to Diploma IV and V.

Circle the highest education [degree] attained in question 18. If the answer to Question 18 is coded 01 to 04 continue to Q20, if the answer is one of the codes between 05 to 09 continue to Q19.

Question 19: Field of study
Ask the question: "In what field of studies did you major?" Fill in clearly based on the respondent's answer, then continue to Question 20.

Note:
There is a possibility that a person has completed a certain level of education and during the interview was attending a lower level education than what has been achieved. Reconfirm this answer by asking the question once more. If this situation appears frequently, please elaborate in the Notes section by writing the name and serial number of the household member.

Example:
Irman already finished university, and during enumeration he is attending at Academy/diploma III grade II. Recorded in the SP90-S Questionnaire is:

- Question 16 code 7.
- Question 17 code 2.
- Question 18 code 9.

Question 20: What is your mother tongue?
Mother tongue is the first language used by the mother's respondent to communicate with the respondent.

Circle one of the appropriate codes. Circle Code 2 if [it is] a local language, then write the name/type of the local language under the word "Local language"

Local language is a language that can be categorized into a local language that exists in the areas of Indonesia.
Foreign language is a language that is not an Indonesian language or local language such as English, Chinese, Arabic, Hindi, etc.

Question 21: The daily language used at home
Ask the question: "What language is most used daily at home?" Circle one of the appropriate codes based on the respondent's answer. If the answer is Indonesian language, circle code 1 and continue to question 23.

If the answer is local language, circle Code 2 and write the name/type of the local language under the words "Local language". The Central Bureau of Statistics/Provincial Statistic Office will fill in the code box.

Question 22: Ability to speak the Indonesian language
Ask the question: "Can you speak the Indonesian language?" Do not translate into the local language although the interview was conducted in the local language. If the respondent understands the question, then he/she is considered capable of speaking the Indonesian language. On the contrary, if the respondent shows signs of not understanding, for example if the respondent asks the meaning, he/she is considered as unable to speak the Indonesian language. Circle one of the appropriate codes

Question 23: Ability to read and write
A person is said to be able to read and write if he/she is able to read and write a letter or a simple sentences using a certain alphabet.
Note:

a. A blind person who can read and write Braille is considered to be literate.
b. A handicapped person who previously could read and write but because of a handicap is now incapable is considered literate.
c. A person who can only read but cannot write, or vice versa, is considered illiterate.

Ask the Question "Can you read and write using the Latin alphabet?" If the answer is "Yes/able", circle Code 1.

If the answer is "No", ask "Can you read and write using another alphabet such as Arabic, Chinese, Javanese or anothers?" If the answer is "Yes/ able" circle Code 2; but if the answer is "No", circle Code 3.

D. Block VII. Activities of persons age 10 or older

1. Purpose
The purpose of the questions in this block is to collect characteristics on the economic activities of every household member age 10 or older, such as field of work, type of work, work status and number of working days/hours during the past week. The work force of the community age 10 or older is divided into two categories: labor force and not in labor force. The population age 10 or older included in the labor force are those who had a job in the past week, those who are working or temporarily not working due to a certain cause such as waiting for harvesting time, or is on leave, etc. Also included in this group are those who do not have a job but are seeking one, hopefully to obtain a job. Populations that are not in the labor force are those who in the [previous] week only attended school, took care of a household, or others who did not do any activities that could be categorized as working, temporarily not working, or seeking work. There are several questions that are specifically asked to people who are either working or seeking a job. Also there are some [questions] for the non-working force that attends school, takes care of a household or elderly people, or [performs] other activities. In order to gain confirmation of the total population that is or is not included in the labor force, several questions will be asked in this block. Pay attention to the arrows and instructions that arrange the sequence of questions.

2. Filling procedure

Question 24: Most frequent activity conducted during the past week

A week ago is a time period of 7 consecutive days that ends a day before the date of the enumeration. For example, if the enumeration was conducted on October 14, the week before began from October 7 until October 13.

Activity covers the activity of working, attending school, a homemaking and others (for example, actively seeking a job, join courses, sports, or recreation). Those who are incapable of working are categorized as "Other".

Most frequent activity is the most time consuming activity compared to the others.

The most time consuming activity is calculated by comparing the time used for work, school, household work and others (actively seeking a job, incapable of conducting an activity, courses or sports). Leisure time used for relaxing, resting, sleeping and planting for working people, attending school, or taking care of a household are not used as a comparison.

Working is an activity of conducting work in order to obtain income or profits at least for one hour during the previous week. Working for an hour has to be conducted consecutively and continuously, including those who have a job but is temporarily not working. Earnings or profits cover salary/wages including all allowances, bonus and earnings from leasing, interests and profits in the form of cash or goods.

Explanation:

a. A person who conducts activities that produce grain (paddy, maize, sorghum) or palawija = second crop (cassava, sweet potato, potato) for self-consumption and mainly for fundamental needs, not as a hobby, is considered to be working.
b. A person who conducts activities that produce goods (not rice or a second crop) for self-consumption such as sewing one's own clothes, painting for a private collection, cooking for one's own family and fishing for pleasure, is not considered to be working.
c. Household members who help the work of the household head or that of other members, for example in the rice field, stall/shop, etc. are considered to be working, although they do not receive salary/wages ("Unpaid worker")
d. A person who hires machines/farm machinery, industrial machines, party equipments, transportation vehicle or others is categorized as "Working".
e. Housemaid/servant is categorized as "Working", whether or not they are a member of their employer's household.
f. A prisoner who conducts activities such as planting, making furniture or other is not considered to be working.
g. A person who rents his farm to another person and shares the products is categorized as "Working" if he/she is responsible or is managing the farm.
Attending school is attending classes in a formal school at the primary level or other levels (secondary and high), including those on vacation. For those who also go to school and work, the activity during the past week is the one which is the most time consuming.

Taking care of the household is the activity of doing household work/helping without receiving salary/wages.

Example:
A housewife, or her children who help with household activities, is categorized as "Taking care of a household". A helper who does the same activities but receives salary/wages is not categorized as "Taking care of a household", but rather is categorized as "Working".

"Other" are activities besides working, such as attending school, household work, those who are incapable of conducting activities, such as elderly people, handicapped or those who obtain pension and do not work anymore.

Circle one of the appropriate codes based on the respondent's answer; if the answer is Code 1 continue the interview to Question 28.

Question 25: Did you work at least one hour during the past week?
Circle code 1 if the answer is "Yes" then continue to Question 28. Circle code 2 if the answer is "No" then continue to Question 26.

Question 26: Employed but temporarily not working during the past week?
Circle code 1 if the answer is "Yes" then continue to Question 30. Circle code 2 if the answer is "No" then continue to Question 27.

Those who are categorized as employed but are temporarily not working are those who have a job but during the past week did not work because of several causes such as illness, waiting for harvest, or on strike. Also [include] those who had a job but did not start work in the previous week.

Example:

a. A freelance professional worker who is not working because he/she is sick or waiting for the next job, such as a puppeteer, masseur, native healer and singer.
b. A civil worker or a private worker who is not working because on leave, sick, on strike, or is temporarily relieved because the establishment has stopped its activities due to for example: machinery problems, lack of raw material, etc.
c. A farmer who is not working because he/she is sick or waiting for a next job, such as waiting for harvest or the rainy season to work at the rice field.
d. A person who is in the process of waiting to be selected as a worker or has received a letter from the company (although has not started working).

Question 27: Have you ever worked before?
Circle code 1 if the answer is "Yes" and code 2 if the answer is "No", then continue interview to Question 35.

Question 28: Total working hours from all work, for each day during the past week
Total working hours is the length of time (in hours) spent working, including work conducted during the past week. The estimation starts from a day ago (7th day) 2 days ago (6th day), etc., up to 7 days ago (1st day), then sum up all the working hours.

Method of interviewing
For those who have an irregular job, it is best to ask every day starting from how many hours the day before, two days ago and so on until 7 days ago, then total all the working hours.

Workdays are the days when someone does a working activity for a minimum of 1 (one) hour continuously during the past week.

Working hours are the time period (in hours) used for working.
Move the code into the box as follows:
Box 73 used for entering total working days during past week.
Box 74 and 75 used for entering total working hours during past week.
Explanation:
- For employees who usually have a fixed working time, the calculation of working hours should exclude official break times.
- For workers who do not have a regular work time, the working time is calculated starting from preparation until the series of work is over, minus the number of hours dedicated to break time and visiting a relative/friend's house.
Example
- Total working days = 6
- Total working hours = 46,1 hour and rounded down to become 46.

Maximum number of working hours for each person is 98.

Question 29: Total working hours of main work during the past week
Write the total [number of] working hours for your main work during the past week. Total working hours in Question 29 should be equal to total working hours in Question 28.

Main work
If a person has only one job, that job must be recorded as the main job. If a person has more [than one job], the main job is based on the quantity of time [spent on each job.] If the time spent at each job is the same, the job that contributes the largest income is considered to be the main job. A person has more than one type of job if the management is done separately, except a food crop farmer who works for several food crop farmers (separate management) who categorized as [having] one job.

Example:

a. A farmer who plants rice in his own field, [and] also plants rice in another person's field and receives payment is categorized as having two jobs, which are planting rice in his own field and a food crop worker.
b. A teacher teaches in two schools, in the morning in a state high school and in the afternoon in a state secondary school. The teacher is categorized as having two jobs, which are a high school teacher and a secondary teacher, although the work status and field of work are the same.

Question 30: Type of main work during the past week
Write down the type of main work as completely as possible. BPS-Statistics of Indonesia will give the codes in the box. Use the Indonesian language, do not use the local terms (mocok-mocok, bawon, matun, etc).

Type of work is the type of work that is conducted by someone or assigned by someone.

Example:
Non-descriptive type of work: descriptive type of work
a. Farmer: plant/cultivate field crops (rice, corn, tuber, string beans, etc).
b. Airline employees: pilot; weighing passenger's luggage; airline administrative workers.
c. International hotel workers: provide services to guests during their stay at a hotel. Plan, manages and supervises internal work in the hotel.
d. Workers at a shoe factory: prepare sole for shoes; operate sewing machine for shoes; night watch at a shoe factory.
e. Construction workers of C.V Mulia: paint houses/offices/factories; dig in foundation building for residences/offices/ factories; install floor tiles in a building.
f. Hospital employees: provide care services and advice to patients at a hospital. Cook vegetables, meat, fish and other food for the patients.
g. Merchant: sells food, beverages, fruit, vegetables at the roadside, sells various household needs from door to door.

Question 31: Field of main work during the past week
Please write down the field of the main work during the past week.

Field of work is the activity undertook by the establishment/institution where a person works.

Field of work in the agriculture sector covers food crop agriculture, field, forestry, livestock, fishery and hunting, including agriculture services.

1. Food crop agriculture is an undertaking of the preparation/planting, cultivation of seedlings, seedbed, maintenance and harvesting food crop which covers:
Grain: rice, corn, wheat, and other grains.
Tuber: cassava, sweet potato, potato and other tuber
Beans: peanut, soybean, mung bean, and other beans
Vegetables: spinach, swamp cabbage, cabbage, pumpkin, carrot, spring onion, celery, cucumber, eggplant, etc.
Fruits banana, papaya, mango, rambutan, oranges, avocado, durian, snake fruit, mangosteen, apple, pineapple, etc.

2. Other agricultural products is the undertaking of the preparation/planting, cultivation of seedlings, seedbed, maintenance and harvesting food crop. Other agriculture products are categorized into plantation crops and other plants besides plantation crops.
Plantation crops such as: tobacco, tea, eucalyptus, coffee, cocoa, coconut, pepper, nutmeg, vanilla, kapok, quinine, clove, sugar cane, agave and rubber.
Other plantation crop products such as: orchid, jasmine, rose, bougainvillea and other garden plants.


3. Husbandry is the undertaking of raising large livestock, small livestock, poultry, bees, silk worms, including the breeding of livestock.
Large livestock such as: cow, milking cow, buffalo and horses.
Small livestock such as: goat, lamb, pig and rabbit.
Poultry such as: chicken, broiler chicken, duck, manila duck, swan, quail, doves and turkey.


4. Farming and husbandry services is undertaking the development of soil, fertilizing, seed planting, harvesting, pruning, sorting and gradation of farming products. Also including skinning, grinding, packaging, irrigation, farming machines rental with operator, health services for husbandry, fur/wool shearing, services on grass for feed and the development of husbandry that is conducted based on fringe benefits or contract.

5. Forestry and timber industry is undertaking the plantation of forest wood, collecting forest products and forest wood. Also includes activities to fulfill forestry needs and based on fringe benefits or contract.
Plantation of forest wood covers the activities that include replanting, also relocating various plants such as teak, pine, mahogany, sonokeling, jeunjing, sandalwood, etc.
Collecting forest products is an activity that includes seeking damar, forest rubber, rattan, bark, leaves, flowers, roots, honey, seagull nests and charcoal production in the forest.
Timber industry is an activity that includes wood chopping, which produces logs or rough wood such as meranti, meramin, pulai, keruing, iron wood, and black wood including bamboo.


6. Hunting/catching wild animals, hunting with traps, breeding animals is an activity that includes hunting/catching wild animals with traps and breeding animals such as snakes, crocodile etc.

7. Sea fishery is an effort on cultivation, catching and taking sea products such as fish, shrimp, crab, shell fish, pearl, seaweed, reefs, jelly fish etc, including the services of sea fishery conducted based on fringe benefits or contract, such as sorting, gradation and preparation of fish auction.

8. Freshwater fishery is an effort on the cultivation, seedling fish/shrimp, fishing in salty water or fresh water, including the effort on services of freshwater fishery based on fringe benefits or contract such as sorting, grading the freshwater fishery products. Also [includes] the maintenance and reparation of fish ponds, pest control, fertilizing and the implementation of the watering system for fishponds.

9. Mining and quarrying is undertaking the field of mining and quarrying such as coal mining, oil and natural gas, iron ore, stone mining, clay, sand, mining and quarrying of salt, mineral mining, chemical materials and fertilizer materials also the mining of gypsum, asphalt and limestone.

10. Handicraft industry (including industrial services) is undertaking the conversion of basic materials into ready-made commodities or half made commodities, or of commodities with less value into commodities with a higher value.
Electricity, gas and water
1. Electricity is an activity of electric generation and distribution, which is sold to households, industries or others for commercial use.
2. Gas is an activity on the production and distribution of natural gas, to be sold to households, industries and others for commercial use.
3. Water purification, provision and water distribution is an activity pertaining to the reservoir, purification and distribution of water to household industries and others for commercial use.
Construction is undertaking works of construction, repairs, building demolition, roads and bridges, roads and train bridges, tunnels, airplane runway, dock building, parking lot, sport field, electric power plants, transmission and distribution network, and network communication. Included in this category is the installation of water pumps, digging water well/WC, rental of machinery/construction equipment including the operator, etc.

Trading is undertaking activities of selling/ purchasing goods or services, including restaurants, diners/bar, caterer, restaurant on trains, cafeteria, stalls, an accommodation (hotels, motels, hostels and inns).

Transportation, storage and communication

1. Transportation is undertaking the transportation of commodities or people by land, sea, river, lake and canal also air transport. Also includes transportation, expedition, travel bureau/agents.
2. Storage is the undertaking of storage of commodities in a warehouse with its facilities, also the storage of commodities in a cold storage and a warehouse for commodities in a certain area.
3. Communication is the undertaking of communication services for the public through postal, telephone, telegram/telex or a pager device.
Finance, insurance, included the undertaking of the rental of buildings, land and establishment services.
1. Financial institution is the undertaking of banking business organized by the government/private companies such as commercial banks, savings banks, credit banks also banks that offer services transferring reserve funds with stock, bonds (deposits, checks, giro, etc). Also includes the business of mortgage, stock exchange, and other financial services such as moneychanger, lender and thrifts.
2. Insurance is the undertaking of insurance, such as life insurance, services, accidents, health, and commodities including insurance services, insurance agencies, and consultant for insurance and pension funds.
3. Lease/sell and purchase land, building, and establishment services are undertaking the lease/selling and purchasing of real estate, real estate agency, broker and manager who organize the rent, transportation rental business on land/water/air without the operator, purchase, selling and property/building valuation based on fringe benefits or contract. This also includes legal services, accounting services and book keeping architectural services and techniques, advertising service, data processing services and tabulation, building services, marketing research and machinery rental services. The rental of machinery/agriculture instruments and construction including the operator is categorized in the agriculture and building sector.
Community, social and individual services is the undertaking of a legislative institution, highest state institution, defense and security, international corporation and other extra territorial corporation including education services, health, sanitary, entertainment and culture, social welfare organized by the government or private. Also individual services and households such as private tutors, native healer, laundry, barber, repairmen, doctor who has private practice, midwife, welder, beauty salon, photo studio, masseur, helper, etc.

Other is undertaking of an individual or institution not included in one of the sectors mentioned above or is not clearly defined, such as scavengers and beggars.

Please write clearly and complete the field of work/establishment/office of the main work to ease the coding by the BPS-Statistics. Do not use the local language such as mracang, warung sampah if there are no terms in the Indonesian language to define the field of work.

Question 32: Status of main work during the past week
The working status is the position of someone in a job.

a. Self-employed is undertaking [a job] at one's own risk and not using paid or unpaid workers.
Example:

1. Independent cab driver (does not receive salary) with an installment system.
2. Becak (pedicab) driver.
3. Workers at the market, train station, or other places that have unclear employer
b. Helped by non-permanent workers/unpaid workers is working at one's own risk and using unpaid workers and non-permanent workers.

Non-permanent workers are workers who work with other people or an institution/office/company and only receive salary/wages based on the length of the work is or the volume of work done.
Example:
1. A shopkeeper who is helped by household members/unpaid workers and or helped by other people who receive their wages based on the working days.
2. Vendors helped by unpaid workers or other people who are given wages when helping only.
3. A farmer who works on his land helped by unpaid workers. Although when harvesting is shared, workers are not considered permanent and the farmer is categorized as working with the help of family workers/non permanent workers.
c. Permanent workers is undertaking [a job] at one's own risk and hiring a minimum of one permanent [worker].

Permanent worker is someone who is employed by someone else or by a state institution/office/company and receives salary/wages permanently, even when there is no activity.
Example:
1. A shopkeeper who employs more than one permanent worker.
2. A person who owns a cigarette factory and employs permanent workers.
d. Workers/employees are those who are employed by someone else or an institution/state/institution/office/establishment with receiving salary/wages in cash or in-goods. A farm worker, although he/she has no employer, is considered to be a worker; a freelance worker who has no employer is categorized as a worker/employee.

e. Unpaid worker is someone who works helping others and does not receive salary/wages, in cash or in goods.

Unpaid workers consists of:

1. Household members of the person being helped, such as a wife who helps her husband in the rice field.
2. Not a household member of the person being helped, such as relative/family who helps selling at a food stall.
3. Not a household member of the person being helped, such as helping a neighbor who has a home industry weaving hats.

Circle one of the appropriate code based on the respondent's answer and write down the code in the appropriate box on the right hand side.

Question 33: Additional work during the past week
Circle code 1 and fill in the box if the answer is "Yes" and continue to next Question. Circle code 2 and fill in the box if the answer is "No" and continue to Question 35.

Question 34: Field of additional work
Encircle one of the appropriate codes of the work field and fill in the provided box. If the answer for other respondents is "No" (code 0), write down in the provided box.

Question 35: Were you seeking a job during the past week?
Seeking a job is an activity of a person to obtain a job. People who are seeking a job are categorized into:

a. Those who are working or have a job, but because of a certain cause are trying to obtain another job.
b. Those who are not employed and will be called back, but are still trying to obtain another job.
c. Those that have never worked and are looking for a job.
Explanation:
The activity of seeking a job is not limited to the period of the previous week, but could be ongoing from several weeks before, as long as the current status is still waiting for the answer of the work application.

Circle code 1 and fill in the box if the answer is "Yes" and continue to Question 37. Circle code 2 if the answer is "No" and continue to Question 36.

Question 36: Reason for not seeking a job during the last week.
Circle one of codes 1 up to 6 that is matched with the answer and fill into the box on the right side.

Unnecessary: This reason especially addressed to those who already have a job or worked and consider it unnecessary to seek a job. Also those who consider it unnecessary to seek a job because they have savings, collects rent or [have] other means that produce income such as interest, lease income, and others who do not need working.
Hopeless/gave up: The reason is having failed several times in finding a job and gave up trying to obtain a job again.
Still in school: The reason for not seeking a job is because [the respondent] is still attending school.
Taking care of the household: The reason for not seeking a job is because [the respondent] is taking care of the household.
Incapable of working: The reason for not seeking a job is being physically and mentally incapable to work. [This category includes] the elderly, handicapped, or paralyzed.
Others: The reasons for not seeking a job are not mentioned above. Write the reason in the provided area.

Question 37: Worked during the last year
A person is considered as having worked during the past year if, in a year before enumeration, he/she has worked at least two months consecutively.
If the answer is "Yes" circle code 1, and continue to Question 38. If the answer is "No" circle code 2, and continue to Block VIII.

Question 38: Field of work during the last year
If during the past year a person works in more than one field of work, select the most time consuming job.
Write the field of work completely using the Indonesian language; do not use the local language.

Example of classifying field of work, type of job, and job status
1. Wagino, Yanto, Fenty, Anton, Diman, and Ramli are employees at the shoe industry owned by Mr. Firman. Wagino works as the materials buyer, Yanto is a supervisor, Fenti is a typist, Anton as the driver, Diman is a shoes maker, and Ramli as the courier. Mr. Firman as the manager in this company is also helped by his child Firdaus as unpaid finance officer.

Field of work, type and status of those people's job are as follows:

Name, field of work, type of job, job status
Firman, shoe industry, manager, helped by permanent workers
Firdaus, shoe industry, finance officer, unpaid worker
Wagino, shoe industry, materials buyer, labor/worker
Yanto, shoe industry, supervisor, labor/worker
Fenty, shoe industry, typist, labor/worker
Anton, shoe industry, driver, labor/worker
Diman, shoe industry, shoes maker, labor/worker
Ramli, shoe industry, courier, labor/worker

2. Madun as a paddy farmer and is helped by his wife and children. Mrs. Siti produces mat by herself to be sold, Sutoyo is a private driver of Mrs. Prayogo, Mamad is a taylor helped by his wife and if there are many orders he hires people, Tamin is a driver at Air Mancur herbal factory, and Mami is collecting wood in the forest to be sold.

Field of work, type and status of those people's job are as follows:

Name, field of work, type of job, job status
Madun, agriculture, paddy farmer, helped by unpaid worker
Mr. Siti, mat making, mat maker, self-worker
Sutoyo, individual service, driver, labor/worker
Mamad, service (sew), tailor, helped by unpaid worker
Tamin, herbal industry, driver, labor/worker
Mami, forestry, wood searcher, self-worker
Mrs. Mamad, service (sew), tailor, unpaid worker

F. Block VIII. Women who are married, divorced, or widowed

1. Purpose
This block is only to be answered by women who were ever married, divorced, or widowed, to obtain information about marital status, children ever born alive, children still alive, and children who have died. Try to interview the referred women (respondents).

2. Filling procedure

Question 39: Month and year of first marriage
If the referred woman was ever married, ask the month and year of her first marriage in the Christian calendar. If the respondent only knows the month and year of her first marriage in another calendar system, use the provided conversion [table].

Fill in the month and year of her first marriage in the provided space.
If the respondent cannot tell the month and year of her first marriage, the enumerator must estimate it using the method that was used before when calculating age (Block VIa).

Question 40: Age at first marriage
Ask the mother's age at her first marriage.
If the month and year of the first marriage is known, calculate the age at first marriage by connecting the month and year of her first marriage with the month and year at the current marriage. Similar with the age calculation, the age at first marriage is rounded down. Write down this age in the appropriate space.

Example:
Someone was born in January 1939. He/she married for the first time in May 1964. Then the age at first marriage is 25 years (although in fact it is 25 years and 4 months).

Question 41: Total number of marriages
In order to get a precise answer from the respondent, the enumerator should be careful in asking such questions.

Example:

a. For married women, "How many times have you ever been married (including the current husband)?"
b. For divorced women, "How many times have you ever been married (including the ex-husband)?"
c. For widowed women, "How many times have you ever been married (including the husband who has passed away)?"

Fill in total number of marriages of respondent in the appropriate space.

Question 42: Total number of children ever born alive
Fill in total number of children ever born alive in the provided space. Fill in box number 104-105 for boys, and fill in box number 106-107 for girls.

Children ever born are any children who at the time of their births showed any signs of life, even if momentarily, such as heart beat, breathing, crying, or other signs of life. Children who at the time of their birth did not show any signs of life are called stillbirths.

Question 43: Total number of children still alive
Fill in number of children still alive in the provided space, [including] both those who are staying in the household [and those living] outside the household. Fill in the total number at Question 43a, for those living inside the household at Question 43b, and for those who are living outside the household at Question 43c. Move the content to the provided space in accordance with the sex.

Question 44: Total number of children who died
Fill in number of children who died (excluding stillbirths) in the available space, and the content of the box is categorized by sex. If respondents do not have any children who died, write down "00" in the box provided for men and "00" in the box provided for women.

Question 45: Month and year of birth of the last child born alive
In the case of twin children who were born alive, the first born child will be written as the last child born alive. Write down the month and year of the last child born alive. The last child born alive is not always the same as the [last] child still alive. To make it clear, pay attention to the following examples.

Example:

a. First child was born in October 1982 and until the enumeration time is still alive.
b. Second child was born in December 1985 and die at the age of 2 month.
c. Child was born in November 1987, but was a stillbirth
From the example above, the last child is the second child.

Question 46: The last born child is alive
Circle one code based on the respondent's answer, and write down the code in to the appropriate box. From the case above, circle code 2 ("No") as well and fill in number 2 in the right hand side box.

F. Filling procedures and notes
Pay attention to the filling procedure on the last page of SP90-S Questionnaire.

Section notes

This block is provided to note important information that needs to be explained and the problems that occurred in the enumeration process, such as difficulties in communicating with the respondents.