The Republic of Indonesia
Sample Census Enumerator
1.1. Population Census 1971 has the purpose to obtain information on population numbers and demographic, economic, and social characteristics, as well as the situations in housing. This Population Data is required urgently to help policy and planning preparation by the Government or by the Private Sector in the coming years.
1.2. Population Census 1971 is carried out on the basis of:
a. Law No. 6 in 1960 about Census as follows:
Section 2: Census Implementation is assigned to Central Bureau of Statistics
Section 3: (1) Population Census was performed in 1961 and for the coming years ending with zero.
The times of performing other Censuses are determined by Government ordinance, but at least every 10 years it must be performed once. Execution and regulation for every type of Census is arranged with government ordinance.
b. Government ordinance R.I. no. 29 in 1970, about the Population Census Implementation 1971, as follows:
Section 2.2: In this census, everybody will be enumerated wherever residing in the geographical area of the Republic of Indonesia and living at the time of the census in Indonesia.
Section 3.2: In every village or area at the same level as the village, a census enumerator is assigned for a certain time to implement enumeration.
Section 4.4: The Census enumerator defined in verse (3) of this section is hired and laid off by the Head of Subdistrict on behalf of the Head of BPS Statistics Indonesia, and before conducting the enumeration, they taken an oath to hold position as defined in Law no. 6 in 1960 section 9.4.
e. Instruction Population R.I. no. 2 in 1970. To the Head of BPS Statistics Indonesia.
For: Executing Population Census in 1971.
b. Sample Enumeration Procedure, starting 20 September 1971.
Ad a. Complete enumeration procedure
People who should be enumerated in the complete enumeration procedure are defined to all the population, either as Indonesian or as foreign citizens residing in the Republic of Indonesia geographical area. The purpose of completing the Population Census 1971 is to obtain the number of the entire population classified into age, sex and citizenship.
Questionnaires usually consist of:
Questionnaire El is to recapitulate every Census block.
Questionnaire E2 is to recapitulate every village.
Questionnaire E3 is to recapitulate every subdistrict.
Questionnaire E4 is to recapitulate every regency/municipality.
Ad b. Sample enumeration procedure:
People who should be enumerated in the sample enumeration procedure are defined as the entire population residing in the selected Census Block as a sample.
The purpose of the Sample Population Census is to obtain estimations of population numbers and characteristics and other population information.
The questionnaire usually consists of:
Questionnaire F2 is for individual information.
The advantages of sample procedure compared to complete procedure are as follows:
Cost is not expensive
More information can be collected
2. Duty and obligation
2.1 Join training
Before conducting the enumeration, all enumerators will be taught in the training centers based in location that have been determined, and will be led by trainers from BPS Statistics Indonesia.
This training consists of:
a. General Explanantion of Population Census 1971.
b. Duty and obligation.
c. Explanation of the use of concepts and definitions
d. Procedure of Filling Questionnaire E and recapitulation as well as quality control Questionnaire E.
e. Procedure of Filling Questionnaire F1, F2, Assistant Questionnaire and quality control Questionnaire F1, F2.
f. Procedures of enumeration and procedures to treat documents.
g. Procedure to train Questionnaire E.
h. Enumeration exercise on the field with Questionnaire F1 and F2.
i. Exercise result discussion.
Job and materials that will be used in carrying out the Sample Census are:
1. Official Identification Card:
This official idenitification card is given by Head of Subdistrict on behalf of Head of BPS Statistics Indonesia, and should always be carried in conducting enumeration.
2. Badge: a sign used to show to the the population, to identify enumerators as Census Enumerator during the enumeration.
3. Questionnaire F1 and F2 in carton box
One Questionnaire F1 to enumerate 1 household.
One Questionnaire F2 to enumerate 1 person.
4. Population Census 1971 plastic bag:
A place to keep, to order, and to bring Questionnaire F1 and F2 in daily enumeration. It is not allowed to wear other bags or folder. It is a cover to protect the questionnaire from water, dirt, creases, dispersal, etc. It can be used as a board when writing during enumeration. This bag should be carried during enumeration.
If the enumerators find difficulties, use [this manual] as an assistant during enumeration, for example, for concept and definition.
6. Black pencil (HB.6271 J.S. Staedtler Eamel brand):
Use only black pencil that has been assigned (HB.6271 J.S. Staedtler Eamel brand), to fill Questionnaire F1 and F2. It is not permited to use other pencils.
7. Rubber eraser (animal picture):
The rubber eraser which has an animal picture should only be used to erase writings or wrong signs, but should be done carefully and clean.
2.2. Training the enumerator questionare E.
In training the enumerator Questionnaire E, it should be explained as follows:
a. Purpose and objective of Population Census 1971
b. Concepts, definitions and procedures on filling urban/rural box and Place Identification section in Questionnaire E. Give examples (see manual for enumerator Questionnaire E).
c. Procedure of filling column part "Household information" in Questionnaire E. Examples (see manual).
d. Procedure to make recapitulation of Questionnaire E in Questionnaire E1.
e. Interview procedure to fill Questionnaire E.
f. Enumeration Area Division.
g. Procedure to examine numeration area/Census Block as well as building number.
h. Procedure to give new building number.
i. Procedure to submit enumeration result to supervisor.
2.3. To select the appropriate particpant to be hired as enumeration supervisor of questionare E.
2.4. Training supervisor questionaire E.
For those selected to be hired as enumerator supervisor Questionnaire E requires [them] to receive additional training concerning as follows:
a. Procedure to manage enumeration,
b. Procedure to supervise enumerator including quality research enumerator using a separate questionnaire,
c. Procedure to examine result filling E and E1.
d. Procedure to make recapitulation Questionnaire E2.
e. Procedure to make report to Non Permanent Enumerator.
2.5. Things that should be noted
a. Every Sample Census enumerator should understand and know the procedure of filling every Questionnaires in Questionnaire F1 and F2 by following practices conducted diligent and truly.
b. Because Questionnaire F1 and F2 is used for collecting household and individual information after collected entirely in BPS Statistics Indonesia, then it will be directly processed by computers. So [he/she] should pay attention to the following issues:
- the Questionnaire should not be folded.
- the Questionnaire should be complete; it should not be lost or separated.
- the Questionnaire should not be dirty/destroyed due to falling, rain, sweat or too many erasing.
c. To keep confidential enumeration result.
Section 7 verse (1) Law no. 7 in 1960 about Statistik, is to guarantee individual confidential information of people. Consequently, nobody is allowed to see the enumeration result besides the Census enumerators for editing requirements.
2.6. Executing enumeration
The execution of the Census Block enumeration is assigned in accordance to the instruction and in the range of time determined.
2.7. Executing other duties assigned by Head of Census Office and BPS Regional Office.
3. Ethics of executing enumeration
3.1. Enumeration Preparation
1. Defining the Census Block enumeration area
a. In Population Census Preparation 1970, every village or area at the same level all over the Republic of Indonesia territory (either in urban/rural area, and also village) has formed Census Blocks.
b. Samples are conducted in those Census Blocks.
c. Selected Census Blocks are used as samples in the enumeration area, whereas,
d. Selected Census Block Numbers from a certain village in a Subdistrict have been written in the sample questionnaires provided by BPS Statistics Indonesia.
e. Selected Census Blocks can be identified from the Sample Questionnaire, which then recognizes the position and the boundariess that could be used:
Borrow the village map from the Head of the village. From the map find the selected Census Block position which will be the working area for the enumerator and pay attention to the boundaries of Census Block.
ii. Census block map
(See Census Block Map borrowed also from the head of village)
From the Census Block Map, the Census Building Number can be seen, so that enumeration can be planned starting from the household in Census Building Number 1 and following in the direction of Census Buildings.
iv. Questionnaire B Census preparation
Questionnaire B could also be used as guidance for the direction of enumeration from one household to another in the Census Block.
Questionnaire B could be borrowed from the Head of the village.
In recognizing the position and boundaries of the Census Block, area inspection should be carried out around while examining building numbers or identifying new buildings.
Before enumerators leaves the enumeration [area], fill in column Place Identication and Block Sample Code that existed in F1 and F2 as many times as required for one day of enumeration.
Fill the column Place Identification and Block Sample Code Number by copying it from the sample questionnaires that have been provided.
[An example of a sample questionnaire is omitted here]
3. After filling the Place Identification and Block Sample code number in Questionnaire F1 and F2 then:
Keep enumerator's official identification card in the pocket outside of the plastic bag.
Keep enumerator's pencil in the pencil case in the plastic bag.
Wear enumerator's identity badge.
Do not forget to bring an eraser and the manual/guide. Put the Questionnaire F1
and F2 that has been filled with the Place Identification and Block Sample code number in order into the plastic bag as follows:
i. Questionnaire F2 should be placed above the last plastic string in the plastic bag.
ii. Questionnaire F should be placed in between the middle and the top plastic bag.
After the preparations above have been conducted then the enumerators could conduct the enumeration.
3.2. Execution of enumeration
3.2.1. Time of conducting enumeration
a. Carry out enumeration in an appropriate situation and time, in order to obtain the right information.
b. If the situation and time is not appropriate, for example:
ii. An event is taking place (marriage, genital cutting, other ceremonies, etc.).
iii. The head of household or the person capable of giving the information is not at home. Then, the enumeration could be delayed to another time as long as it does not pass the time limit of enumeration.
c. When the enumerator intends to visit a household yard, pay attention to things that could help him/her such as a board with "Enter from other side" and also pay attention to things that tell caution such as: "Beware of dogs".
3.2.2. Enumeration target
a. The entire population in the select Census Block will be enumerated.
b. People who should be enumerated in a household could be seen in Questionnaire E manual.
c. With guidance from Census Block Map, [the enumerator] will identify the sequence of residence's building that will be visited, and will obtain household and household members that will be enumerated.
d. The enumeration should start from building no. 1 of that Census Block, where the building number could be seen in Census Block Map or Questionnaire B.
e. Find hidden residence:
Covered by big and leafy plants.
Guard residence at cemeteries.
Behind or besides main building (building, office, school, store, mosque, hospital, prison, etc).
f. Investigate buildings that are not included as resident building such as: school, store, guesthouse, resort, ships, unused trains, garage, etc).
3.2.3. Filling procedure
a. Concepts and definitions, as well as filling procedures described in the manuals, should always be followed.
b. For Questionnaires that require [asking] questions, ask the question as [reported] in the manual so that enumerators can obtain the right information.
c. For questions with an answer box, put a dash (-) in the appropriate answer box and the strip sign should not cut through the box.
Other signs such as V, X, O are not admissible.
The edge of pencil should not be too sharp or too blunt.
[Example showing marked boxes omitted]
d. Do not mark questionnaire items that must remain empty.
e. Before questionnaire F1 and F2 are placed in the plastic bag, make sure once again whether there are pervious questionnaires that should be have been asked/filled.
f. After completing one household enumeration, fill the assistant questionnaire to recapitulate the Census Block provided, then arrange the questionnaires that has been filed into the plastic bag as follows:
g. Then, fill all Questionnaires and assistant questionnaire column to recapitulate Census Block.
h. If one Census Block Enumeration has been completely filled, questionnaire F1 is used to recapitulate the Census Block using the assistant questionnaire above; and keep this F1 questionnaire above questionnaire F1 starting from the first enumerated household (see picture 3.2.3). .
3.2.4. Enumeration observation
In conducting the enumeration, the enumerator will be guided by a supervisor. If enumerator finds difficulties either in conducting the enumeration or even in filling in the questionnaire, [he/she] should immediately see the supervisor and ask for guidances.
The person who will be assigned as supervisor will be determined in the training. Besides guiding enumerators, the supervisor will collect and check the entire questionnaire F1 and F2 that have been conducted by the enumerator.
3.3. Enumeration results submission
3.3.1. Before the enumeration results are given to the supervisor, [the enumerator should be] precise and check the enumeration results once again, whether there are still previous questionnaires (that should be filled) in questionnaire F1 and F2. Is the household member that appeared in the "assistant questionnaire" in accordance with the number of household members in questionnaire F1? [Is] the number of household members in questionnaire F1 equal to the number in questionnaire F2 used for the related household?
As explained in the information 3.2.3., part g, if the enumeration in one Census Block has been completed, the enumerator should make a summary from that Census Block using a sheet of questionnaire F1. The summary is copied from the assistant questionnaire provided.
3.3.2. Place the questionnaires F1 and F2 from one Census Block that is completely filled, including the assistant questionnaire and the summary Census Block, into the carton box provided in the follwoing order:
[Image of census block omitted]
If the enumerator conducts the enumeration in two Census Blocks, the enumeration results from the second Census Block are compiled as in the example above, and are kept separately in other carton box.
After all the F1 and F2 questionnaires are compiled and kept in the carton box provided, the enumerator should submit the box him/herself to the supervisor. Write the Place Identification such as: name of the subdistrict, name of the village, Census Block Number and Block Sample Card Code on the carton box (top part)
II. Guidance of filling questionaire F1
1. Usefulness of questionaire F1
The purpose of questionnaire F1 is to obtain "Household and Place of Residence Information" from every household that lives in the selected "Sample" Census Block. Selected Census Block can be seen in Sample Questionnaire.
For every household, one questionnaire F1 will be used.
Questionnaire F1 should be filled in advance before filling in questionnaire F2 because questionnaire F1 will be used to fill questionnaire F2; for example, to determine how many questionnaires F2 will be used, to fill information on age, on the relationship with the head of household, etc.
2.1. Concept and definition
Villages that are included in urban areas and in rural areas are inserted into the Sample Questionnaire that is provided by BPS Statistics Indonesia. That Sample Questionnaire is made for every Regency area. Census Office and BPS Provincial Office receives three sets of Sample Questionnaire for their province.
Census Office and BPS Regional Office receives the sets of Sample Questionnaire for their Regency/Municipality whereas the Non-Permanent Enumerator/Employee assigned for that [subdistrict] receives one set of the Sample Questionnaire per subdistrict. Then, the Non-Permanent Enumerator/Employee assigned for that [subdistrict] informs all enumerators in their subdistrict whether their enumeration area is include as an urban area or a rural area and also informs the Block Number and Block Sample Code.
(Table showing an example of sample questionnaire omitted)
From the sample questionnaire above, it could be identified whether a Census Block's location is in the urban area or the rural area.
2.2. Filling procedure
On the left side of questionnaire F1, there are two boxes: urban and rural.
Put a dash (-) in the "Urban" box if the enumeration is conducted in the Census Block that exists in an urban area.
Put a dash (-) in the "Rural" box if the enumeration is conducted in the Census Block that exists in a rural area.
[Examples of filling out urban/rural are omitted]
3.2. Filling procedure
On the right side of the Urban/Rural boxes there are two boxes: Ordinary household and Special household. Put a dash (-) in the "Ordinary household" box if the enumeration is conducted in an ordinary household. Put a dash (-) in the "Special household" box if the enumeration is conducted in a special household.
[Examples of filling out Special/Ordinary household are omitted]
For box Number 3 on the left side with an arrow below it, put a dash (-) if Questionnaire F1 is used to summarize the Census Block. If Questionnaire F1 is used for one household, then this box should not be filled.
5. Part I: Place identification and code identification
5.1. Place identification
(See concept, definition and procedure to fill Questionnaire E).
This Place Identification should be filled before conducting the enumeration by copying [the information] from the Sample Questionnaire, except for Questionnaire F from the part of "Place Identification" where new census building numbers could be filled when conducting the enumeration.
5.2. Identification code
5.2.1. Question I: Block Sample Code.
The Block Sample Code Number for every selected Census Block can be seen in the Sample Questionnaire. Fill in the Sample Code Number in the 'pr', 'rb', 'rt', 'p' and 's' boxes that exist in Question 1 before conducting the enumeration. After this Block Sample Code Number is filled in the boxes, put a dash (-) in the boxes below that are appropriate to the numbers above. Be careful in filling those boxes, do not make mistakes. For the meaning of 'pr', 'rb', 'rt', 'p' and 's', see Question Fl on the bottom left corner.
5.2.2. Questionnaire 2: Household serial number
To identify the first unit number of the household that exists in the selected Census Block, use assistance from Questionnaire B or the Census Block Map. Questionnaire B and this Census Block Map have been created at the time of Population Census Preparation in 1970 and now are kept in every village. Questionnaire B and this Census Block Map should only be used as guidance to identify from which building the enumerator should start, and also to identify Census Block boundaries which become the working area.
Besides that, Questionnaire B can also be used to estimate how many households should be visited and how many Questionnaires F1 and F2 will be used for the related Census Block.
Fill in the Household Serial Number that is enumerated in the 'rt', 'p', and 's' boxes and move these numbers to the small boxes below.
5.2.3. Question 3: Number of household members
Before filling this Question 3, part II of the left side should be completed first. The last serial number, column (1) part II, defines the number of people enumerated in the household and this number will be filled in Question 3 part I.
For more clear information, examples of pictures and filling procedures are in:
Question 2 concerning Household serial number.
Question 3 concerning Number of household members.
For example, the enumerator is conducting an enumeration in the rural area of Gampang Baro village, Piddie subdistrict, Piddie regency, Aceh province. The selected Census block is number 6 with Block sample code number 11237. The household enumerated is the 47th, whereas the number of household members is 9 (9 is the last serial number column I part II Questionnaire F1).
[An image of the above example with correct filled-in boxes is omitted)
Then, write down everybody who usually lives in that household, starting from the head of household, wife, unmarried child, married child, son or daughter in-law, grandchild, parent, parent in-law, other family, servant, and others. After their names are enumerated, ask the question:
"Is there someone here who has a residence here and also in another place?"
If the answer is yes, then ask:
"Do you more often live here or in other place?"
If the answer is more often living here, then enumerate that person in column (2), except if that person lives in another place as the head of household.
The next question:
"Is there anyone who usually lives here who is away?"
If the answer is yes, ask:
"How long have they been away?"
If the answer is fewer than 6 months, still enumerate [him/her] as a household member, but if the answer is 6 months or more, then that person should not be enumerated as a household member. Then ask:
"Are there any guests in this house?"
If the answer is yes, then ask that guest: "Have you been enumerated/counted in another place?"
If the answer is yes, then the name should not be written in column (2) part II, but if the answer is no, then ask:
"For how long have you been away from your residence?"
If the answer is 6 months or more, write down the name of the guest below the names of those that usually live in the enumerated household, but if the answer is fewer than 6 months, the name should not be written.
In case the guest is not available and it is not clear whether the guest has been enumerated in another place or not or whether the guest has left home for 6 months or more, the enumerator should return to visit that household again.
The last question:
"Are there still other people living in the household who have not been enumerated?"
If the answer is yes, then write down the name(s) in column (2) if according to the rules of who should be enumerated (see number 2.6, guidance of Questionnaire E on page 7) they should be enumerated in that household.
6.3. Column (3): Relationship with head of household
In this column write down the relationship with the head of household of those people whose names are written in column (2), for example: wife, son/daughter, step-child, foster child, granddaughter/son, parent in-law, grandfather, grandmother, etc.
In filling this column (3), it should be written clearly whether the person is a male or female.
6.4. Column (4): Date of birth
Ask the date of birth of everyone whose names are written in column (2) and fill in the answer in this column. Date, month and year of birth should be written in the Christian calendar. If the date of birth is unknown, ask the month and year of birth. If the month of birth is also unknown, ask just the year of birth and write it in this column.
6.5. Column (5): Age
Based on the information in column (4), which is date of birth, the age of that person should be filled in column (5). Age should be rounded down (see Attachment I). If the date, month and also year of birth are unknown, then try to obtain information about age by relating to the person some important national or regional events, for example: The Landing of Jepang (1942), Republic of Indonesia Independence Proclamation (1945) and other events. For households that will be visited again, after filling columns (1) to (5), do not fill the section in Question 3, Number of Household Members. Fill it after the second visit.
b. Contract: Residence rented where rent is paid for a certain time period, usually in advance.
c. Rent: Residence rented with regular rent payments usually per month. Rent for Official purposes is excluded from this group.
d. Rent purchase: Residence rented, but after a certain time, the property becomes owned by the renter.
e. Official: Residence provided by a Government Institution or private sector company, either with rent obligations or not.
f. Others: Residence that is not defined by one of the categories above such as free rent and others.
Procedure of asking question:
"Does this residence belong to you, or is it contracted, rented, rent purchased, official or others?"
Fill the answer in the appropriate answer box in Questionnaire I, part II.
If the answer is "No," fill in the box "Entire housing unit"; if the answer is "Yes", then for every household who lives there, fill in "Part of housing unit".
If one household occupies one unit of the tenement, then that household is identified as occupying the "Entire housing unit".
To determine whether a household occupies part of housing unit or part of a store, mosque and others, examine the largest part of that building and whether it is used for home/residence or as a store and others.
[Example table omitted]
A room can be: guest room, eating room, bedroom, study room, servant's room, or kitchen. Also can be another indoor room used for sleeping, for example: warehouse, garage, etc.
Do not include rooms such as: toilet, bathroom, terrace or animal cage.
Procedure of asking question:
"How many rooms do you occupy?"
Fill in the answer in Question 3.
If the house is occupied by two households or more, then record the number of rooms occupied by the household [that is being interviewed].
A house consists of 6 rooms. The house is occupied by household A, the owner of that house, whereas household B stays/lives in one of the bedrooms. The number of rooms occupied by household A is 5, and the number of rooms occupied by household B is 1, for a total of 6 rooms.
6.9. Questions 4, 5 and 6: Wall, roof and floor
6.9.1. Concept and definition
Wall is defined as an external wall of the building where the household resides. For multiple story houses, the roof is defined as the ceiling except for at the highest floor.
Fill in Questions 4, 5 and 6, part II, Questionnaire F1, of what material the wall, roof, and floor of the household residence are made of?
If the materials used for the wall, roof or floor consists of more than one type, fill in the material most used. If the use of materials is the same, then choose the material that has the largest amount.
6.10. Question 7: Lighting
Procedure of asking question, if necessary:
"For lighting in this house, do you use electricity or kerosene?"
Fill the answer in the pertinent box.
If that household does not use electricity or kerosene, fill box "Other".
If the respondent does not understand the meaning of fuel, then ask:
"Do you use kerosene, wood or other fuels?"
Fill the answer in the pertinent box.
If the household utilizes many types of fuel for cooking, ask:
"Which type of fuel is used the most?"
Based on the type of fuel that is used most, fill the answer in the pertinent box.
Fill the answer in the pertinent box for this question. If the household uses more than one type of water for drinking, fill the type of drinking water that is used most.
Based on the respondent's answer, fill in the pertinent box for this question, whether it is obtained from inside or outside the yard.
If the answer is "Yes", answer the same box as in Question 9 above; if the answer is "No", then ask:
"So, what type of water is used for those other needs?"
Fill the answer in the pertinent box for this question.
If that household does not have a place to pile their garbage, for example, it is collected in a basket, etc., fill in "Other".
If the piling place is "Other", usually the procedure to throw that garbage away is also "Other", but not necessarily. For example, maybe the place for piling garbage is "Other" whereas the procedure to throw away garbage could be "Burned".
7.1. Concept and definition
This part is only filled for Questionnaire F1 and is used as recapitulation of the Census Block (by putting a dash (-) in the box above the arrow sign, which is located on the right top corner).
If the enumeration in one Census Block has been completed, then make the recapitulation with this Questionnaire F1.
For Questionnaire F, questions that should be filled to recapitulate the Census Block are as follows:
- Urban/rural box located on the left top of this questionnaire.
- Boxes that are given the arrow sign (Recapitulate Block Box) located on the right top of this Questionnaire.
- Questions A, B, C, D, E and 1 in part I.
- Questions 1 and 2, part III, that is, the number of households and the number of household members.
So, those that should be empty are:
- Ordinary household/Special household box.
- Questions 2 and 3, part I.
- All questions in part II.
1. For Urban/Rural boxes, the procedure is the same as Questionnaire F1 used for one household.
2. Put a dash (-) on the Recapitulation Blocks that are given the arrow sign.
3. For questions A, B, C, D, E and 1, part I, the procedure is the same as Questionnaire F1 used for one household.
4. Questions 1 and 2, part III (Number of households and number of household members) are copied from the help Questionnaire (worksheet), Census Block Recapitulation where the example is printed below.
[Recapitulation table omitted]
1. Usefulness of questionnaire F2
The purpose of Questionnaire F2 is to obtain information about the migration of people, demography, labor force, and fertility characteristics of the household from the selected Census Block. One Questionnaire F2 is used for one household member. So, if the number of household member in one house is ten, then ten F2 questionnaires will be used.
6. Part 11: For all ages
Refer to the Household Information column (2) in Questionnaire F1. The number of Household members in Questionnaire F2 must be in the same sequence as in the Household Information in Questionnaire F1.
6.2 Question 1: Sex
Fill in the male box if the enumerated person is male. Fill in the female box if the enumerated person is female. If the person who gives the information is not the person involved, then ask the sex of the person involved and fill in the answer in one of the boxes.
[Image of example omitted]
6.4. Question 3: Relationship with the head of household
Refer to Household information, column (3) in Questionnaire F1. Move the written information in the Household information column (3) in Questionnaire F1 to Question 3 in Questionnaire F2 by filling in the appropriate box.
[Image of example omitted]
2. Married: For those who are married during the enumeration whether they live together or separately. They are considered married not only if by law, religion, custom, and so on, but also if they have been living together and are considered married by the society.
3. Divorced: For those who are divorced from their husband/wife and have not remarried. This is also including those who have separated or have divorced without going through legal action.
4. Widow/widower: For those that have had their spouse pass away and have not remarried.
Ask the question:
"Have you been married?"
If the answer is "Single" then fill in the single box. If the answer is "Married" ask the question:
"Are you still married?"
If the answer is "Yes", fill in the married box. If the answer is "No", ask: "Are you divorced or a widow/widower?"
If the answer is "Divorced", fill in the divorce box.
If the answer is "Widow/widower", fill in the widow/widower box.
[Image of example omitted]
If the answer is "Indonesian citizen", fill in the Indonesian box.
If the answer is "Foreign citizen", then ask: "What is your citizenship?"
Fill in the answer in the appropriate box.
[Image of example omitted]
Fill the answer in the appropriate box. It is possible for one household to have different religions or beliefs. So, if necessary, ask this question to every member of the household or ask if the household has the same religion/belief with the head of the household, after the religion of the head of the household is known.
[Image of example omitted]
If the answer is "Yes", fill in the Indonesian language box. Move on to Question 8. It is unnecessary to ask other languages (leave empty the other boxes).
If the answer is "No", ask this question:
"Can you speak local languages?"
Local languages are not only the languages of the enumeration area but also all local languages in Indonesia. For example, the enumeration is held in West Java but a person in this area can not speak Sundanese or Javanese. However, he/she can speak Acehnese. This language is also categorized as one of local languages.
If the answer for the second question is "Yes", fill in the local languages box.
If the answer for the first and second question is "No", ask this question:
"Can you speak foreign languages?"
If the answer is "Yes", fill in the foreign language box.
2. For people with speaking and/or hearing disability, fill in the box with the local language in the enumeration area.
[Image of example omitted]
- Those who can read and write letters or simple sentences.
- Blind people who can read and write in Braille letters
- Disabled people who could read and write, but because of their disability, they no longer can read and write.
Note: A person who can only read but can not write is categorized as illiterate.
Ask this question:
"Can you read or write in Latin characters?"
If the answer is "Yes", fill in the Latin characters box and move on to Question 9.
If the answer is "No", ask this question:
"Can you read or write in Arabic letters?"
Or if the household in question is of Chinese descent, the question should be:
"Can you read or write in Chinese letters?"
Fill the answer in the appropriate box.
If a person can not read and write in Latin, Arabic, or Chinese, ask this question:
"Can you read and write in any characters, for example, ancient or Braille letters?"
If the answer is "Yes", fill in the other box.
If a person can not read or write in any letters, then this person is categorized as illiterate.
[Image of example omitted]
Has never gone to school.
2. Not graduated elementary school
Those who currently study in a 6-year elementary school or have studied in elementary school but never graduated. Those who only studied in elementary school for 3 years are also considered not graduated from elementary school.
3. Elementary school
Those who have graduated from a 5-7 year elementary school or Madrasah Ibtidaijah [Islamic primary school].
4. Junior high school
Those who have graduated from junior high school, for example, M.U.L.O., 3-year H.B.S., S.M.P., or Madrasah Tsanawiyah [Islamic junior secondary school].
5. High school
Those who have graduated from High School, for example, 5-year H.B.S., A.M.S., S.M.A., Madrasah Alijah [Islamic secondary school], etc.
6. Vocational school
Those who have graduated from vocational school, for example, S.G.B., S.K.P., S.T. ,S.M.E.P., P.G.A., etc.
7. Higher vocational school
Those who have graduated from higher vocational school, for example, S.G.A., S.G.K.P., S.G.T.K., S.T.M., SMEA, SKMA, SPMA, etc.
Those who have graduated from Academy, for example, Indonesian Flight Academy (A.P.I.), Academy of Studies (A.I.P.), Foreign Language Academy (A.B.A), etc.
9. University or higher
Those who have graduated from a faculty in any university or institution, for example, Medical Faculty, Economics Faculty, Law Faculty, Military Law Institution, etc.
Ask this question:
"What school did you graduate from?"
Fill the answer in the appropriate box. If the answer is in the vocational schools category, fill in the field of study box in Question 10. If the answer is otherwise, skip Question 10 and move on to Question 11.
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Universities, academies, and higher learning that focus on or are related with agriculture, marine biology, veterinary, animal husbandry, etc.
Universities, academies, and higher learning that focus on or are related with civil engineering, electrical engineering, architecture, etc.
3. Communication and information
Universities, academies, and higher learning that focus on or are related with telecommunication, transportation, etc.
4. Health science
Universities, academies, and higher learning that focus on or are related with medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, nursing, etc.
Universities, academies, and higher learning that focus on or are related with teaching, education studies, higher education, sports for education, etc.
6. Other areas of study
Other areas of studies that have not been mentioned above.
If the answer for Question 9 can be categorized as "Higher vocational school, academy, or university", fill the field of study in Question 10. Usually, based on the answer in Question 9, the field of study can be identified.
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Ask this question:
"Have you completed your studies?"
Fill in the answer in the appropriate box.
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6.13. Question 12: Place of birth
6.13.1. Concept and definition
Place of birth is defined as the province where the mother lives when a person is born. If a child is born in a different province from his/her mother, for instance, if the child is born in a hospital that is located in a different province from his/her mother's province, the child's place of birth still follows his/her mother's province.
For example, a mother who lived in Bekasi gave birth to a child in a hospital that is located in DKI Jakarta; therefore the child's place of birth is Bekasi. If a person is born in a province that is now divided into two provinces, then the place of birth should be recorded as the new province. For instance, a person is born in Bengkulu, which was still a part of South Sumatra province at that time, but his/her place of birth would still be recorded in Bengkulu not in South Sumatra province, even though Bengkulu did not exist yet.
Ask this question:
"Where were you born?"
If the province of the place of birth is known, tick the appropriate province code.
Amat was born in Semarang. Now, Semarang is located in the Central Java province. The code for Central Java province is 11, therefore put a dash (-) in the number 1 for the tens box and the number 1 for the ones box.
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6.14.1. Concept and definition
"Has lived in other province"
This is defined for those who have lived in another province aside from their current province.
"Last province before the current province"
This is defined as the prior province lived in for those who have lived in another province before the current one.
To fill in the question of "Lived in another province" ask the question:
"Have you lived in other places before?"
If the answer is "Yes" then ask again:
"Where have you lived?"
Match this answer with a province.
If the current resident is still in the same province as the last province, then ask the question as follows:
"Where was your last place of residence?"
If the answer is still the same place in the same province, then the enumerator should ask about places and urban areas in other provinces, aside from the current province. Therefore, the enumerator should find out whether the enumerated person had lived in another province or not. Moreover, the enumerator should find out the last province the person had lived in.
If a person has lived in another province aside from the current province, cross in the "Yes" box for Question 13, then fill the province code for Question 14 by putting a dash (-) in the appropriate numbered box.
Note: If a person has lived abroad for more than 6 months, then the person is considered to have lived abroad.
Circle the province code for DKI Jakarta which is 09, then put a dash (-) in the "Yes" box for the "Lived in another province" question. Put the DKI Jakarta province code (09) in "Last Province before the Current Province" by putting a dash (-) in the appropriate numbered boxes. [Image of example omitted]
B. M. Simatupang was born in Sibolga that is located in North Sumatra province with province code of "02". Now, he lives in Tanjung Karang, Lampung province with province code of "08". He never lived in other provinces aside from his place of birth, which is Sibolga, and his current residence, which is in Tanjung Karang. In this case, the last province where he lived was the same province of his place of birth. Therefore, the procedure for "Lived in another province" is the same as the example above, by putting a dash (-) in the "Yes" box for Question 13. The province code for North Sumatra is the same as the province code for his place of birth, therefore circle the number "02" for the province code. [Image of example omitted]
If a person has lived in other places but still lives in the same province or has always lived in the same province since he/she was born, then put a dash (-) in the "No" box for Question 13. Leave Questions 14 and 15 blank.
C. Umar was born in Muara Enim. Afterwards, he moved to Gerong River and has not moved ever since. Therefore, he has always stayed in South Sumatra province. The procedure for Question 13 is to put a dash (-) in the "No" box.
6.15. Question 15: Length of living in current province
6.15.1. Concept and definition
This is defined as the number of years a person has lived in the current province, starting from the day he/she moved from the last province up until the enumeration of the 1971 Census.
Amat, who was born in Semarang, moved and lived in DKI Jakarta for 3 years. Then he moved back to Semarang. Therefore, the length of living in the current province starts from the day he moved back to Semarang after he lived in DKI Jakarta in 3 years.
Question 15 is only defined for a person who has lived in another province before the current province. For this case, ask this question:
"How long have you lived here?"
Fill in the question by putting a dash (-) in the appropriate box. If the answer is less than a year, then fill in "00".
Amat, who was born in Semarang and had lived in DKI Jakarta for 3 years, moved back and stays in Semarang.
The length of living in the current province starts from the day he moved back to Semarang from Jakarta, up until the day of the enumeration. For example, he arrived in Semarang on 15 August 1967 and the enumeration was conducted on 25 September 1971. Therefore, he has lived in Semarang for 4 years.
Note: For a person who has lived in the current province for more than 50 years, put a dash (-) in the "more than 50 years" box only and leave the other boxes blank.
The questions for this part cover only women with married, divorced, and widowed as their marital status (refer back to Questionnaire F2, Question 4, regarding marital status).
Before filling this part, look back to Question 1 "Sex" and Question 4 "Marriage status". If the sex is male on Question 1 or the marital status is single on Question 4, leave part III blank.
This part consists of Question 16 "Number of children born alive" and Question 17 "Number of child still alive"
2. Children still alive are those who are still alive during the enumeration, whether living with their mother or in a separate place.
To help the procedure in Question 16 "Number of children born alive" and Question 17 "Number of children still alive", there is a provided space in Questionnaire F2 on the right side of Question 16. The space is labeled:
"For married/divorced/widowed women"
The space is intended for information about the number of children who are still alive, who have passed away, and the total number of children.
To fill in this space, ask the following questions to the mother:
1. The information about the number of children who are still alive.
Write the answer in Information 1a, "Children who live as members of the household."
"Are there any of the children that live in other places?"
If the answer is "No" put a dash (-) in Information 1b, "Children who are not household members."
If the answer is "Yes" ask this question:
"How many children live in other places?"
Write the answer in Information 1b, "Children who are not household members."
Sum up the numbers in Information 1a and 1b.
The children who are enumerated as part of the household are those born from the same mother and also live in the household during the enumeration.
The children who are not part of the household are the children who are born from the same mother but are recorded in another household during the enumeration.
The children who have passed away are the children who were born from the same mother and have shown vital signs, even if momentarily, before they passed away. Stillborn babies do not count as the children who passed away.
2. "The children who passed away" information
"Do you have any children that have already passed away?"
If the answer is "No" then put a dash (-) in the "Children who passed away" information space.
If the answer is "Yes", ask the mother:
"How many of your children have passed away?"
Write the answer in "Children who passed away" information space.
"How many children do you have?"
Before filling the answer, check whether the answer is valid or not. If it is valid, the answer must be identical with the number from "Children who are still alive" information (1) and "Children who passed away" information (2).
To put the formula briefly:
Information (1) + Information (2) = Information (3)
If the answer does not match with the formula, then the enumerator must investigate whether they have missed information on "Children who are still alive" or "Children who passed away". Check the answer again.
Mrs. Aminah is a 43 year-old widow. She lives with her daughter, her daughter's husband, and her daughter's children. The head of the household is Mrs. Aminah's son in-law. Mrs. Aminah has given birth 10 times. The first child was born caesarean and turned out as a stillborn. The fourth child passed away two hours after birth. Two others passed away when they were 6 and 10 years old. The rest of her children either have work or are still in school.
Ask Mrs. Aminah these questions:
"How many of your children live in other places?"
Answer: "Five people"
"Have any of your children passed away?"
"How many of your children passed away?"
Answer: "Four people"
Answer: 1. "Four people" (false), 2. "Three people" (correct)
The no. 1 answer is false because the first child was a stillborn (refer back to the information of the children who are still alive).
Fill in information 1a "Children that are part of the household" with the answer from question 1 = 1.
Fill in information 1b "Children that are not part of the household" with the answer from question 3 = 5.
Then, sum up 1a + 1b; 1+5 = 6.
Next, fill in the number 3 from the answer of question 5 into information 2, "Children who passed away". Fill in the number 9 from the answer of question 6 into information 3, "Children who were born alive".
Check the answer again by adding the numbers from information 1 and 2. The result number must be identical with the number from information 3.
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b. Not as a part of the household
3. Children who were born alive.
All this information must be given a dash (-) and "00" in the appropriate boxes.
8.1. Questions 18 to 23
The Questions are:
Question 19: "What have you been doing in the past week?"
Question 20: "Have you worked before?"
Question 21: "Type/status of job"
Question 22: "What is your job?"
Question 23: "Industry"
2. Those who did not work in the past week or worked fewer than 2 days but are still categorized as working are:
b. Farmer who has the same reason as in part a. and is waiting for the next job.
c. People who are self-employed and missed work for the same reason as in part a.
b. Farmer who is waiting for harvesting season or rain season is still categorized as working, even though he did not work in the past week.
c. Barber, doctor, puppeteer, etc., is still categorized as working, even though he did not work in the past week.
2. Those who worked before but have been laid off or quit and are still looking for work.
3. Those who applied for work and have not yet obtained a called back, so they are still looking for work.
The efforts for seeking a job are:
2. By applying to private or government institutions
3. By answering job advertisements in newspapers
Even if these efforts were not done in the past week, those who have made the efforts are categorized as "Work seekers".
- The main activity for school is going to school or still in school [on break].
- The main activity for managing household is to manage the household but not receiving any payment.
- Being an income recipient means a person does not work and does no other activity but receives an income. For example, income from retirement savings, interest, rent payments, etc.
- Senior citizens, persons with disabilities, and persons who are mentally challenged are categorized as others because they depend on other people.
- If a person does more than one activity, for example, she manages the household and still goes to school or he is retired but has re-entered school, then that person should be only be categorized by the main activity.
- Businessmen or women who do not employ any employees.
- People who are involved in business partnerships and do not employ any employees.
- Farmers who work on their own or with the help of family members.
- Barbers who are self-employed
- Craftsmen or women who are self-employed
- Rickshaw (becak) drivers who take a risk in hiring their own rickshaw.
- Taxi drivers, bus drivers, etc., who run their own businesses.
- Farmer who hires people to help run the farm.
- Factory owner who has many paid laborers.
- Private/government/small business employee.
- Waiter/waitress, sales person, hotel employee
- Paid housemaid
- People who are paid by working on other people's farm and land.
- Drivers who work in offices or for an employer.
- Wife who helps in her husband's shop.
Lawyer, advocate, prosecutor, judge
Architect, designer, technician, engineer
Writer, author, journalist, newscaster
Interior decorator, planner
Composer, musician, conductor
Clerk, stenographer, postman
Receptionist, correspondent, analyst, travel agent
Merchant, chef, waitress/waiter, bartender, street vendor.
Coal mining, gas and oil mining
Food manufacturing, household appliance manufacturing
Electricity, gas, water purification
Trade, restaurant, hotel, inn, café
Navy, marine, army, communications
Banking, insurance, services
Government, defense, social services, entertainment, etc.
8.1.2. Filling procedure for Questions 18 to 23
The accuracy of the answer for these Questions depends on the enumerator's ability to ask the questions. To obtain the best results, follow these directions:
Firstly, ask this question:
"Have you worked in this past week?"
There are two possibilities; the answer could be "Yes" or "No". Do not fill in Question 18 yet. Obtain the complete answer first by further asking this question:
"Is this work a permanent job?"
If the answer for the second question is "Yes", then fill in the "Yes" box for Question 18 and move forward to Question 21.
If the answer is "No", ask the third question:
"How many days did you work in the past week?"
If the answer is "More than 2 days", then fill the "Yes" box for Question 18 and move on to Question 21.
If the answer is "Less than 2 days", then fill the "No" box for Question 18 and move on to Question 19.
The question sequence above is applicable if the first answer is "Yes". If the first answer is "No" the second question is:
"You did not work in the past week, are you temporarily out of work?"
If the answer is "Yes", ask the third question:
"Do you have a permanent job?"
If the answer is "Yes", fill the "Yes" box for Question 18 and move on to Question 21. If the answer is "No", fill the "No" box for Question 18 and move on to Question 19.
If both of the first two answers are "No" then ask the third question:
"In the past week, did you help your relative's business, for instance, at the shop or at the farm?"
If the answer is "Yes", ask the fourth question:
"How many days did you help your relative's business?"
If the answer is "More than 2 days", fill the "Yes" box for Question 18 then move on to Question 21. If the answer is "Less than 2 days", fill in the "No" box on Question 18 and move on to Question 19.
If all the answers are "No", fill in the "No" box on Question 18 and move on to Question 19.
"In the past week, did you try to seek work?"
If the answer is "Yes", fill in the "Job seeker" box for Question 19 and move on to Question 20. If the answer is "No", ask the second question:
"In the past week, why did you not seek work?"
If the answer are "Waiting for a reply of a work application", "Just obtained a job and have not started to work", or "Work suspended but will work again," then fill in the "Job seeker" box for Question 19 and move on to Question 20.
If the answers are "Still in school", "Managing household", "Retired" and so on, then fill in one of the appropriate boxes for Question 19. Move on to Questionnaire 24.
If the answer is "Yes", fill in the "Yes" box for Question 20 then move on to Question 21. If the answer is "No" or "Not yet", fill in the "No" box for Question 20 and move on to Question 24.
Fill in the answer for the appropriate box on Question 21 and move on to Question 22.
If the answer for Question 20 [Have you ever worked?] is "Yes", ask for Question 22:
"What was your previous job?"
Write the complete answer for Question 22. Use the type of job in the previous page. For instance, if a person works as a laborer, do not only write "Laborer" but elaborate whether he/she is a stenographer or a clerk; if a person works to produce something, write whether he/she is a shoemaker or a dressmaker, etc.
If the answer for Question 20 [Have you ever worked?] is "Yes", ask for Questionnaire 23:
"What was the industry of your previous work?"
Write the complete answer for Question 23. Use the example of industry from the previous page. Do not write only the name of the company, but also the activity of the company.
Farming includes activities that cover agriculture, plantation, animal husbandry, fishery, forestry and other type of farming.
If the answer is "Yes", fill in the self-employment box for Question 25. If the answer is with paid helpers, fill in the employer/owner box for Question 25.
If the answers are not self-employed nor with paid helpers, then ask: "Are you working for other people's farms and getting paid?"
If the answer is "Yes" then fill in the agricultural employee box for Question 25. If the answer is working at a family-owned farm, fill in the family worker box for Question 25. If the answer for Question 24 is "Yes" while the answer for Question 20 is "No", then check your answers again starting from Question 20.
If the answer for Question 20 is "No" then the answer for Question 24 must also be "No", but if the answer for Question 20 is "Yes", then the answer for Question 24 can be "Yes" or "No".
The definition of work is the same as the definition for Question 18.
After completing the interview, check whether all of the information/questions/columns/parts of Questionnaires F1 and F2 have been filled. If there are information/questions/columns/parts that have not been filled, ask the relevant question again unless the information/questions/columns/parts are left out on purpose.
If the answer for Question 1 ("Sex") is female and the answer for Question 4 (marital status) is married, divorced, or widowed, then Questions 16 and 17 (the number of children who were born alive and the number of children who are still alive) must be filled. On the other hand, if the answer for Question 1 on Questionnaire F2 is male, or female with the answer for Question 4 being single, leave Questions 16 and 17 blank.
In every Question, from Questions 1 to 25, there must be only one box filled, with the exceptions of Questions 2, 12, 13, 14 and 15, where there should be two boxes filled for the tens and units boxes.
[Instructions for removing and packaging Questionnaires are omitted here]