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Hellenic Republic
Ministry of Coordination
National Statistical Service of Greece (NSSG)

Census Directorate

Population-Housing and Agriculture Census
of March15th 1981

Document 5
Instructions
to the Enumerators
For the execution of the Population-Housing and Agriculture Census

Part A
(Population and Housing Census)

Athens-November 1980

[Pages 2 - 3 omitted]

[p. 4]
Memorandum of the enumerator's work

For the execution of the population-housing and agriculture census of 15th March 1981.

1. Participation in the seminars for their education and briefing on their duties and the way the census is to be executed.

2. Receiving and keeping the census documents from their Head of the sector.

3. Studying the instructions and the documents related to the census, and discussing with their Head of the sector any questions they might have.

4. Locating the Enumeration Section with the help of the Head of the sector.

5. Updating the chart or sketch of the Enumeration Section.

6. Preparation of forms P-1, P-2 and CK-2 by inserting the geographical characteristics on their first page.

7. Presenting themselves to the Head of the sector of their areas or informing them for the commencement of their work on the 8th, 15th and 16th of March 1981.

8. Commencement of the housing census on the 8th of March 1981, based on the List-Frame of Edifices and Buildings (Form O-1) of their Head of the sector.

9. Informing the householders for the execution of the census on Sunday, 15th of March 1981.

10. Inserting the completed housing census forms in the respective aggregate list (Form K-1).

11. Execution of the population on Sunday the 15th March 1981 based on the aggregate list of dwellings they enumerated (Form K-1), completing and giving the confirmation for participating in the census document (document D.T. 3) to all enumerated.

12. Inserting the household census forms in the aggregate list of enumerated households (Form K-2).

[p. 5]

13. Execution of logical and completion checks of all questions of the completed housing and population (household) census forms, Forms P-1 and P-2.

14. [Omitted, referring to the census of agriculture]

15. Handing over the completed census forms, documents, the charts as well as the non completed forms to the Head of the sector.

16. [Omitted, referring to the census of agriculture]
[p. 6]
Instructions for the execution of the population-housing and agriculture census of March 15th 1981

[Omitted, for all concerned with the census]

Introduction

[Pages 6-9 omitted]

[p.10]

17. [Omitted, on the complete coverage of the recorded data]

18. Each enumerator will be working in one Census section, -sometimes in two small ones-, and will have to do the following:

a) The census of dwellings -occupied and vacant- that will be executed during the 8th to 14th of March 1981.
b) The census of households and all their members that will be executed on Sunday, 15th of March 1981.
c) [Omitted, the agricultural census, executed from the 16th to 29th of March 1981].

19. Detailed instructions to the enumerators on the above are to be found in this document under the heading "Enumerators' Instructions". [Omitted, on their training].

20. [Omitted, on being handed over the relevant charts and List-Frame of Edifices and Buildings (Form O-1) of their census sector].

21. [Omitted, on locating the census section, checking and updating the chart and List-Frame of Edifices and Buildings].

[p.11]

22. [Omitted, on inserting the relevant geographical information on the identification of the dwelling in Form P-1].

23. From the 8th of March 1981, the enumerator will begin the housing census recording the dwellings of his census section, informing the Head of the section for the commencement of the work. In order to do this, the enumerator has to visit one by one all the regular dwellings -occupied or vacant- and all the buildings intended or not for housing. For each dwelling or building intended for housing the housing data must be completed (section A, Form P-1). The work will be continued until all dwellings are recorded at the latest on the 14th of March.

24. For the occupied dwellings and the other buildings intended for housing the householder data must be completed (section B, From P-1).

25-26. [Omitted, the housing census will be carried out in the order indicated by the List-Frame of Edifices and Buildings (Form O-1)].

[p.12]

27. The required information for the completion of the housing questions of Form P-1 is to be obtained by the dweller owner or renter.

If the dwelling is vacant, the information is to be obtained by the owner, his relations or the best well informed next door neighbour. The enumerator, during 8-14 of March, will have to visit the dwellings of his section at an appropriate hour, so that he will be able to find a suitable respondent in each household in order to elicit the necessary information required for the completion of the relevant questions.
[Bottom of p. 12, 13-16, and top of p. 17 omitted]

[p.17]
Chapter B Housing Census

General Information

50. The enumerator is to record the dwelling in his section according to the List-frame of edifices and buildings (Form O-1) given by his head of the section. The housing census is to take place during the 8-14 of March (see paragraph 65).

I. Basic definitions useful for the Housing Census

51. Edifice: is an ensemble of buildings or off-hand structures built on the same independent plot, having access to the street, regardless of the number of the plot legal owners (e.g. a block of flats). Consequently, an edifice may include one, two or more buildings, e.g. a farm with the storehouse and stables on the same plot, a factory with many buildings built on the same plot etc.

52. Building: is every permanent and independent structure having walls and roof, composed of one or more rooms or other space (i.e. of area more than 4 m2).
As a rule, buildings are having four (4) walls. But as a building is also considered a permanent structure that may be open in one or two sides as long as it is roofed (e.g. car workshop).

53. Dwelling: is, in general, a place distinct and independent from construction, built or converted in order to be used for housing, or if it were not intended for housing, it was used so during the census taking.

[p. 18]

Places intended for housing, but used during the census taking on the whole for other purposes and not housing, are not to be considered as dwellings.

Consequently, as a dwelling is considered:

a) An occupied or vacant dwelling, flat, room or series of rooms.
b) An occupied hut, shed, rovers' wagon, boat, tent, hotel etc.
c) A storehouse, mill, cave or any other roofed place used for housing during the census taking.

The basic element of a dwelling is its "distinct and independent" characteristic. A space is considered "distinct" if it is surrounded by walls, fences etc. and is covered by a roof, so that the individual or group of persons may be isolated from other persons in order to sleep or prepare and have his meals or be protected from the elements.

A space is considered "independent" if it has a direct entrance from the street, or a common staircase, a passage or arcade, when the inhabitants may come and go without having to go through the space occupied by another household.

54. Dwellings are distinguished as regular, non-regular and collective ones.

55. Regular dwelling: is considered the permanent and independent structure, composed of one regular room at least and intended to be used as a residence of a household.

56. Regular room: is considered the space inside the building that is 2m high and of area 4m2 at least and of shape allowing for a regular bed. In this respect, regular bedrooms, dining rooms, drawing-rooms, habitable basements and attics, servants' rooms, kitchens and other separate spaces used or intended for housing are considered as rooms.

[p. 19]

Corridors, verandas and halls are not considered as rooms. (* Halls that commune (lighted and aired directly from the outside grounds) and satisfy the conditions of a regular room are considered in exemption as rooms).

Spaces intended for laundries, baths, storerooms and toilets are not considered as rooms even if are of area more than 4 sq.m.

57. Non-regular dwellings: the following cases of dwellings are to be included in the census only if they were found to be inhabited during the census taking.

a) Other spaces intended for housing: are considered the structures constructed with off-hand and cheap material, such as huts, sheds, booths, without any preconceived design, in order to be inhabited by a household
b) Other spaces not intended for housing: are considered spaces like stables, barns, mills, garages, storehouses, offices, shops and basements that are not regular dwellings, nor were constructed or converted as such, but were inhabited during the census taking by one or more households.
In this category, the caves that were inhabited during the census taking are included.
c) Mobile home: is a type of lodging whose transport is possible due to its construction (caravan or tent) or it is a mobile unit (ship, yacht, boat, barge or rover's wagon), intended for housing.
Gypsy encampments are included in this category.

58. Collective dwellings: in this category the hotels (a), collective residences (b) and temporary quarters (c) are included.

[Pages 19-20, omitted, detailed definitions of a, b and c].

[p. 21 and top of p. 22 omitted]

[p. 22]

IV. The dwellings to be enumerated

62. Dwellings to be included in the census:

a) All types of regular dwellings, e.g. houses, flats, one bedroom flats, farms etc. either occupied or vacant.
b) The non-regular dwellings as long as they are inhabited during the census taking, e.g. shop, shed, hut, booths, caravan, tent, basements that are not regular dwellings etc.

The before mentioned regular or non-regular dwellings are to be enumerated even if they are not included in the List-Frame, and the enumerator has to insert them in the list according to the given instructions (paragraph 61).

63. Dwellings not to be included in the census:

a) Uninhabited ruined regular dwellings.
b) Old regular dwellings which are uninhabited now or in the future due to their condition.
c) Regular dwellings that are under construction on the 15th of March 1981 and are uninhabited and their construction is not on its final stages.
d) Other spaces intended for housing and are uninhabited (see paragraph 57).
e) Other spaces not intended for housing and are uninhabited (see paragraph 57).
f) Dwellings constructed for housing but are used on the whole for other purposes e.g. flats that are used as offices, workshops etc.
g) Collective dwellings, such as hotels, hospitals, prisons etc.
[p.23]

64. Specialists will enumerate the dwellings:

a) Of foreign diplomats and the members of their staff in cooperation with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
b) The regular dwellings in barracks where officers are staying or citizens, with or without their families.
c) Dwellings within collective residences of 30 persons and more that were considered as special census sections (e.g. director's residence in a hospital, clinic, prison, orphanage, factory etc.).
V. On how the housing census form is to be completed
(Page 1 of Form P-1)

65. Information on the housing census will be recorded in the first page of the Form P-1. For each dwelling a different Form P-1 is to be completed. The data on the housing census refers to the 15th of March, the day of the census taking.

The collection of the housing data will take place during 8th to 14th of March so as to make easier the enumerators' task.

The enumerator has to visit again the dwellings on the 15th of March for the population census, and to check whether the housing data inserted is in accordance with that of the 15th of March (e.g. regular dwelling inhabited on the 10th of March might be vacant on the 15th of March or visa versa).
[Bottom of p. 23 and page 24 omitted]

[p.25]
The question of the Form

A. Housing Data

68. Question 1, Type of dwelling
[Omitted, question 1 is repeated]
The definitions of each type of dwelling are given in paragraphs 53-58.
[Bottom of p. 25 and top of p. 26 omitted]

[p.26]
69. Question 2, Characteristics of regular dwelling

[Omitted, question 2 is repeated]

Occupied regular dwellings

In case 1 of regular occupied dwellings only the main residences will be recorded.

As main residence is considered that where the household resides for the main part of the year and is located as a rule close to the work place of its members.

The main residence is occupied:

a) If on Saturday night to Sunday 14th to 15th of March 1981 were sleeping in it one or more persons and
b) If the residence is occupied in general and its inhabitants did not sleep in it on Saturday night to Sunday 14th to 15th of March, because they were temporarily absent (e.g. on vacation, professional trip, party, night work, illness etc.).

In the cases where the household is using two or more residences for the same more or less period of time, as a main residence is considered the one that they reside during winter and the rest are to be considered as vacation or secondary residences.

[p.27]

In cases where these residences are used at the same time by a multi-member or well-off household and are close are to be considered as a single main residence (e.g. two flats in the same block or two separate dwellings in a single plot used by a single household).

70. In case 2, the answer for vacation or secondary occupied dwellings is to be recorded.

Vacation residence is the regular dwelling located usually far from the main residence of the household (on a mountain, near the sea, etc.) and is used for relaxation during summertime or at intervals during all seasons.

Secondary residence is considered the dwelling that is used at the same time with the main residence and is not a vacation one.

The main types of secondary residences are:

a) Dwelling close to the work place of the household, used continually all year, or at periods or at seasons by a member or members of the household along with the main residence (e.g. businessman's residence close to his business, farm, stock farmer's residence far from the locality of his main residence, summer residence of nomad stock farmer etc.).
b) Residence used by a household or member of the household at a certain period instead of their main residence, e.g. Athens residence of a household having its main residence in the country.

The vacation or secondary residences are considered as occupied if on Saturday night to Sunday 14th to 15th of March 1981 one or more persons were spending the night in them.

Vacant regular dwellings

71. For the vacant dwellings an answer is to be recorded in cases 3 and 4 of question 2.

Vacant is considered the dwelling that was uninhabited during the census taking because:

a) Is intended to let or for sale.
b) The owner immigrated or settled elsewhere.

[p. 28]

c) It is a new building in the stages of finishing or it is repaired and
d) It is used at certain periods as vacation or secondary residence (and there were not any persons spending the night on Saturday the 14th to 15th of March in it).

72. To let or for sale is considered the dwelling that is for these reasons vacant on the day of census taking.

Inhabited dwellings on the day of the census taking but that are soon to be inhabited by other people and are advertised as to be let or sale are to be considered as occupied.

73-74. [Omitted]

75. In the second part of question 2 the number of regular rooms excepting the kitchen of the dwelling is to be recorded in the spaces provided.

In this case there must always be an answer since it is not possible to be a regular dwelling without at least one (1) regular room.
[Omitted, the definition of a regular room is repeated].

If the dwelling has only one regular room that serves at the same time for all needs of the household, i.e. for sleeping, dining etc. this room is to be recorded in this case and in the Question 3 it must be noted that there is no kitchen. If kitchens are regular rooms they are not to be included in the number of regular rooms recorded in question 2, but they must be recorded on the number of rooms of the household in part B of Form P-1 (DATA Pertaining to the Householder).

[p. 29]

76. In the last case of the question, the number of regular rooms that are used exclusively for professional purposes is to be recorded. These rooms must not used at the same time or at are periods for the needs of the household (e.g. for sleeping, dining, or as drawing room, etc,), but only for professional purposes.

Regular rooms are considered to be used exclusively for professional purposes if there is in operation a workshop producing, repairing or assembling goods or it is a services shop (e.g. hairdressing etc.) or they are offices of professionals (of lawyers, engineers, doctors etc.), or where goods are stored or materials needed by the professional.

If there is not a regular room used for professional purposes a - is to be recorded.

77. Question 3, Kitchen
[Omitted, question 3 is repeated]

Kitchen is a separate space, equipped and intended from its construction or renovation to serve for the preparation of the household's meals.

This space must be used for the before mentioned purposes regardless of whether or not is used for other purposes as well, i.e. dining, sleeping etc.

[p. 30]

The space will be considered as equipped if there is a permanent installation for the preparation of meals like a fireplace, electricity, gas.

If, there is a kitchen as described above, an answer on whether it meets the requirements of a regular room must be recorded.

Case 3 will be recorded if there is no kitchen available in the dwelling.

78. Question 4, Electricity

[Omitted, question 4 is repeated]

Yes will be recorded if there is electricity, even if it is for a few hours per day regardless of its source.

79. Question 5, Bathing facilities

[Omitted, question 5 is repeated]

Yes will be recorded if there is in the dwelling a bath or shower permanently installed and outside the dwelling a hydraulic installation for their water supply as well as the flush toilet's.

[p. 31]

80. Question 6, Water supply

[Omitted, question 6 is repeated]

The question refers to the household's drinking water regardless of whether its quality.
There must be recorded only one answer even if the enumerated declare that they do not have drinking water.

Case 1 is recorded when there is a tap (hydraulic installation) connected to water supply network, inside the dwelling and not in any other space of the building.

Case 2 is recorded if the tap is outside the dwelling but inside the building, in a communal space of the building, in the courtyard or the building site.

Case 3 is recorded if the tap is on the street, the pavement, the square and in general outside the building.

In this case any other means of supplying water are included, i.e.:

a) Well or spring,
b) River, rivulet or lake (without network),
c) Cistern,
d) Cask

81. Question 7, Type of heating

[Omitted, question 7 is repeated]

[p. 32]

The question refers to the central heating in block of flats, houses or flats.
A dwelling is considered to be centrally heated if heating is provided by a permanent installation found in a certain space of the building, dwelling or flat regardless of the energy source.

82. Question 8, Toilet

[Omitted, question 8 is repeated]

Toilet is a specially built space so that the sewage is directly disposed in a sink or sewage network.

Cases 1 and 2 refer to flush toilets and cases 3 and 4 to toilets without a hydraulic installation.

In order to be a flush toilet the water supply must be through pipes and the water sewage outside the dwelling.

Case 1 is recorded if there is flush toilet inside the dwelling.

Case 2 is recorded if the flush toilet is outside the dwelling.

The toilet is considered outside the dwelling if it is in any other space inside the building.

Case 3 is recorded if the toilet without flush is inside the dwelling.

Case 4 is recorded if the toilet without flush is outside the dwelling.

[p. 33]

Case 5 is recorded if the household is using a toilet outside the building.

83. Question 9, Sewage disposal system

[Omitted, question 9 is repeated]

Case 1 is recorded if the sewage disposal system is connected to the sewage network.

Case 2 is recorded if the sewage disposal system is a sink or other system.

Sewage in a sink is when the sink is located away from the toilet but is connected to it by a pipe or it is directly underneath of the toilet (like in some agricultural areas).

In this case, sewage directly to the sea or river is included.

If the sewage does not end to a sink or sewage network or river or sea then case 3 is recorded.

84. Question 10 Ownership

[Omitted, question 10 is repeated]

Case 1 is recorded if the owner of the dwelling is an individual, like the householder or any other member of the household or any other person that is not a member of the household.

Case 2 is recorded if the owner is a Legal Entity or Private Law (e.g. company, union etc.).

[p 34]

Case 3 is recorded if the owner is the State or Legal Entity of Public Law (e.g. Municipality, University, School, Hospital, Asylum, and any legal entity of public law).

Owner of the dwelling is the individual or legal entity that the dwelling belongs to and not the tenant that resides in it paying rent, without leave, or is allowed to use it without paying rent.

B. Data pertaining to the householder

85. Data is to be completed for all occupied dwellings, regular and non-regular.

[Bottom of p. 34 and top of p. 35 omitted]

[p. 35]

If the occupied dwelling is non-regular i.e. shed, hut, tent, note "-" at the number of rooms.

When a regular dwelling has only one regular room that is used by two households, this room is to be accounted for the more populous household. If the households are of the same number, the room is to be accounted for the household that owns or rents it and "-" is to be recorded for the other household.

If two adjacent dwellings are used by one household, e.g. two dwellings on the same site or bedrooms and a separate kitchen in the courtyard, a usual case in the country, one dwelling form is to be completed (see paragraph 69), where all the amenities and other relevant data are to be recorded.

In the case where there are e.g. two dwellings with 5 regular rooms in total, number 5 is to be recorded and the amenities of the two dwellings, water supply, electricity etc.

The category "other" is recorded if the dwelling is occupied without leave, or is allowed to use it without paying rent.
[Bottom of p. 35, pages 36-37 and top of p. 38 omitted]

[p. 38]
C. Household data

I. Basic Definitions

88. [Omitted, the purpose of the definitions]

I. Household

89. As household is considered

a. Two or more individuals residing together, providing commonly for the essentials of their livelihood, eating as a rule together (multiple person household). This multiple household may be composed only of relations, or only of unrelated individuals or, finally, of a combination of both cases. In this category boarders are included but not renters.

b. Every individual that is residing on its own in a separate dwelling or is residing with other individuals in the same dwelling but is unrelated to them, i.e. does not eat with them so as to be considered as a member of their household (single person household).

90. In the household are included as well

a. Boarders that are eating with the other members of the household and using all its amenities.

b. Servants that are eating with the other members of the household, reside in the same dwelling and are dependent on the household.

[p. 39]

91. Members of the household are considered the relations of the householder that reside in the same dwelling even if because of their work are not eating every day with the other members of the household.

92. The individuals that are not related to the householder but reside in the same dwelling are considered as members of the household if the eat at least once in a week with the other members of the household.

93. In the household are not included

a. Renters that even though have rented part of the same dwelling of another household are not eating with this other household.

b. Domestics who although are eating with the household are residing outside its dwelling, i.e. are not residing in the same dwelling.

94. House guests for a short period of time in a household are considered as temporarily house guests and not as members of the household.

If in a household there are more than 5 boarders, it is considered that a boarding house is in operation, and its boarders are considered as separate single person households if they are single - or multiple person households- if they are families.

95. According to the above, the household is not always identical to the commonly defined as a family.

Basically, the household is comprised by individuals that reside together, provide commonly for their livelihood and eat as rule together. A family is comprised by individuals that are related. For instance, a pupil residing in another city for his studies is a member of his family but not a member of the household. The householder working away from his family even if he does visit on the week-ends, is a member of the family but not of the household. The householder and pupil are a different household because according to its definition they do not reside and eat with the other members of the household.

96. According to the above a household is

[p. 40]

a. A single person residing on his own in a dwelling or a room, as long as he is providing for his meals even if he eats in a restaurant.
b. A couple.
c. A family, e.g. parents and their children.
d. A family living with one or both the parents of their respective spouses, and probably with the servant.
e. A family where one or at the most five pupils are residing as boarders.
f. Two or more -five at the most- students or workers that are renting a flat or a room as long as they are commonly providing for their meals.

97. Nonmember of a household is considered

a. The child of the householder that resides in another city because of his studies, either as a boarder of another household or renter of a flat or room.
b. The householder or some other member of the family which because of his work is residing in another city all the working days even if he comes back to his family on Sundays and bank holidays.
c. The children of the householder or some other member of the household serving (conscript) in the Army.
d. Family members that are studying or working abroad.
2. Householder

98. For the census purposes every household must have a householder.
Householder is the individual that is a member of the household and is recognized as head by all the other members. In most cases, where the household is comprised by the parents and the unmarried children, the father is considered as the householder. Many a times as well, where married children are still residing with their parents, they consider their father as the head.

99. If the household is comprised by unrelated persons, as householder is considered the economically active man or woman, i.e. the one that works for profit. If on the other hand, everyone is working or not, as householder is considered the older man or woman.

[p. 41]

3. Present on the census day members and nonmembers of the household

100. Present on the census day members and nonmembers of the household are considered all the individuals that spent the night of Saturday to Sunday, 14th to 15th of March 1981 in the respective dwelling.

4. Members of the household temporarily absent

101. Members of the household temporarily absent are considered the individuals that are members of the household, but during the census taking happened to be absent -for a short period of time- either from the dwelling of their household or their residence e.g. for tourism, professional reasons, hospitalization, detention etc.

102. The individuals that are imprisoned and those that are hospitalized for a long period in Sanatoriums, Psychiatric hospitals, Asylums etc. are not considered as temporarily absent.

103. Temporarily absent, in exemption, are considered sailors and fishermen working in ships that are traveling independently of the period of their absence.

5. Temporarily present individuals in the household

104. Temporarily present individuals in the household are considered the temporarily house guests, members of another household that were found in the household on the night of Saturday to Sunday, 14th to 15th of March.

105. Temporarily present individuals in the household are considered as well the head or other member of the family that reside in another city because of their studies or work and during the week-end (14-15/3) came back to their family.
[Bottom of p. 41, p. 42 and top of p. 43 omitted]

[p. 43]
II. Which individuals are included in the census

114. In the census, as a general rule, are included all individuals of every age and sex and any nationality that are located within the boundaries (terrestrial, sea, aerial) of Greece on the midnight of Saturday to Sunday, 14th to 15th of May 1981.

115. According to the above:

a. In the census are included infants born before the midnight (before 0 hour) of Saturday to Sunday, 14th to 15th of May. But, infants born after the same midnight are not to be included.
b. In the census are also included those that passed away after the midnight of Saturday to Sunday, 14th to 15th of May. But, those that passed away before midnight are not to be included.
c. In the census are included individuals traveling abroad by any means (ship, airplane, railway, car) after the midnight of Saturday to Sunday, 14th to 15th of May 1981, i.e. as long as at the 0 hour were within the boundaries of Greece.
d. In the census are also included all travelers arriving to Greece from abroad, i.e. entering the Greek boundaries before midnight of Saturday to Sunday, 14th to 15th of May, even if the were at the entering stations of the country (ports, airports and other terrestrial stations) for passport control, on the ships, trains or the waiting travel lounge.
[p.44]

Travelers who have not arrived on time to their lodging quarters on census taking day are to be enumerated by special enumerators appointed at airports, ports and all entering stations of the country.

116. In the census are also included the foreign diplomats and the members of foreign missions with their families and servants comprising either by Greeks or foreigners. The individuals of these categories are to be enumerated by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. To the enumerators visiting them they will have to show their identification or the enumeration certificate so as to avoid duplication. The Enumerators are to note in the List-Frame of Edifices and Buildings (Form O-1) in the respective building that dwelling is occupied by a foreign diplomat or other member of a foreign mission.

117. All other foreigners -except foreign diplomats and members of foreign missions- that are found within the boundaries of Greece either at their dwellings or as house guests in other households or as clients or boarders in a collective dwelling or residence (e.g. hotel, boarding house etc.), are to be enumerated in the same way as the Greek population.

118. Finally, in the census the Enumerators and all census personnel -Head of the section, interpreters, assistant supervisors, supervisors- are to be included according to the general before mentioned rules.

III. Where the present on the census taking day members and non members of the household or collective dwelling are to be enumerated

119. Every individual is to be enumerated in some private dwelling (household) or collective dwelling -or other place that spent the night of Saturday to Sunday, 14th to 15th of May 1981.

120. Most individuals are to be enumerated at their dwellings, either as single persons if they reside by themselves or with the other members of their household and their house guests. The rest are to be enumerated in collective dwellings, hotels, hospitals, barracks, homes for the aged etc., either residences or not, or as house guests in dwelling of another household, where they spent the night of Saturday to Sunday, 14th to 15th of May.

[p. 45]

121. In their dwellings are to be enumerated the members of the household that spent the night of 14th to 15th of May outside the dwelling either because they were working, e.g. night watch, night shift etc., or were entertained and were to return on the morning (15 March) to their dwelling. Farmers and stock-farmers that spent the night outdoors or somewhere else, e.g. hut or cave that usually is not inhabited and it were not possible for the enumerator to be located are to be enumerated in their dwelling.

122. House guests in a household that departed on the morning of 15th March before the enumerator's visit are to be enumerated in the household where they were guests on the night of 14th to 15th of March 1981.

123. Those traveling -within Greece- on the night of Saturday to Sunday, 14th to 15th of May, by car, railway, ship or airplane and arrived at their dwellings not having being enumerated by the special enumerators at the city entrances, on the trains or ports and airports, are to be enumerated by the Enumerator at their dwellings.

124. Present on the census taking day members or non members of the household, i.e. all spending the night of 14th to 15th of March in the dwelling of the household are to be included in the first part of the second and third pages of the Household and Housing Census Form (Form P-1) indicated as "present on the census taking day members and non members of the household". In the first part of the questionnaire, the householder absent temporarily for a short period of time is in exemption to be included first before the other members of the household.

125. Omitted, referring to the collective dwellings.
[p. 46]
IV. How and where the members of the household temporarily absent are to be enumerated

126. The temporarily absent members of the household, i.e. those that are absent for a short period of time during the census taking are to be enumerated as present at the place where they are to spend the night of 14th to 15th of March, either as house guests of another household, or as clients or patients in a collective dwelling (e.g., hotel, hospital etc.). The same applies to the members of a collective residence that are to spend the night elsewhere.

127. During the completion of the form for the respective households of which this or these individuals are temporarily absent but are its members, they are to be included but the information concerning them is to be inserted in the second part of pages 2 and 3 Form P-1 under the heading "temporarily absent members of the household".

128. In the second part of Form P-1 and the space provided for the temporarily absent members of the household, in exemption, sailors and fishermen are to be included regardless of the duration of their absence. These individuals are not to be found and enumerated as house guests or another household or clients or patients in a collective dwelling within the boundaries of Greece.

V. How the household and housing census form is to be completed (Form P-1)

[Bottom of p. 46, page 47-49 and top of p. 50 omitted]

[p. 50]

145. The completion of the household data will begin by inserting the householder data according to the definition given before.

146. After the householder data the personal data referring to the other members of the household present or not is to be inserted according to their kinship or relation to the householder. Consequently, after the householder data that of his spouse is to follow and then that of his unmarried children according to the descending order of their age (starting with the older irrespective of their sex), followed by the married children and their families in the same order, the parents of the householder or his spouse, the servants, boarders and houseguests, such as friends, travelers etc.

147. [Omitted, on how the temporarily absent members of the household are to be inserted]

[p. 51]

Sailors and fishermen of this category can not be considered as householders because they are usually absent for a long period of time.

Sailors that are absent for a short period of time may be considered as householders and are to be included in part A of Form P-1 as temporarily absent.
[Omitted, repeating the written instructions on the form]
Special Instructions for the Completion of the Personal Data of pages 2 and 3 of the Household and Housing Census Form (FORM P-1)

a) Completion of the first part of the form referring to the present members and non members of the household

[Bottom of p. 51, pages 52-3 and top of p. 54 omitted]

[p. 54]

Question 7: "Citizenship". If they are citizen of another country write both answers.

162. Citizenship (nationality) is ascertained by official documents. If not, the respondent's answer is inserted. Married women usually have their spouses citizenship, and the under age lawful children that of their fathers, unlawful children that have not been recognized or adopted that of their mothers.

163. Persons "without nationality" are to be met in cases of immigrants or gypsies. Without nationality are certain other persons -even Greeks- that have been legally deprived of it.

164. Citizenship of two countries may have Greek immigrants -men and women- that returned to Greece, as well as immigrants from other countries that resided permanently in Greece and have both citizenships. These persons are to declare them both.
[Omitted, how the answers are to be inserted]
Question 8: "If Greek citizen, in which Municipality or Commune is he or she registered"

[p. 55]

166. [Omitted, it applies only to Greek citizens]

167. As a general rule, every Greek citizen, regardless of his sex and age, is registered in a Municipality or Commune, specially:

a. Greek adult citizens, men or women, are registered in a Municipality or Commune, regardless of where they vote.
b. If they are not registered in a Municipality or Commune, they are to be considered as citizens of the place where they voted in the last elections.
c. Those that they did not vote are considered as citizens of the Municipality or Commune of their usual residence, i.e. where their household resides.
d. Married women who have not changed their Municipality or Commune registration after their marriage by application are considered as registered in that Municipality or Commune.
e. Minors regardless of their sex:
i. Lawful children have the citizenship of their father.
ii. Unlawful children have the citizenship of their mother.
iii. Children of unknown parents are considered as registered in the Municipality or Commune of the enumeration place.

168. According to the above the citizenship of the adults is recorded as an answer to the relevant question and not to be ascertained by out of date official documents.

169. [Omitted, how the answers are to be recorded]

[p. 56 and to of p. 57 omitted]

Questions 10-15 should only be completed for persons born in 1970 or before

[p. 57]

[Omitted, question 11 as in the form]

178. The enumerated is to be considered (by the Enumerator) as working at the day of the census taking if he has a job that provides his or/and the household's livelihood. That is, that the individual is working in order to:

-profit, as in case of a businessman
-pay, i.e. salary, a day's wages, contract work etc.
or finally,
-assist in the family business or agricultural land without pay (apart from his livelihood).

179. The respondent's work during the census taking may be seasonal so that he may be not working that certain period as in the case of a farmer whose work covers a period of 8 months or a manager of a hotel that is closed during the winter months. [p. 58] These individuals are to be considered as working although due to the nature of their jobs were not working at the time of the census taking.

180. As working are to be considered all individuals having a job as was defined in paragraph 178 but during the census taking were not working due to leave, sickness, accident, weather conditions, strike etc. or just started working (employed a few days before the census taking).

181. The individual assisting in the family business without pay (salary or day's wages) is to be considered as working if he is systematically working i.e. daily (except bank holidays) and at least of 1/3 of the business's usual operating time. If the member of the family is working on the agricultural land in order to be considered as working he will have to be working full time for a period of more than three months per year or more than 90 days of work a year.

But the member of the family working in the family or agricultural land occasionally and for less time that the before mentioned is not to be considered as working and on occasion that is active in the household (household activities).

182. Individuals which even the day before the census taking stopped or lost their work e.g. someone who on Friday the 13th March 1981 got his pension or were dismissed from the shop he were working are not to be considered as working.

Finally, those serving in the Army either as conscripts (draftees) or reserves are to be considered as conscripts and not working even if they were working before their conscription and are to go back when dismissed.

In contrast, all permanent personnel of the armed forces either officers or non-commissioned officers or soldiers are considered as working.

[p. 59]

183. The enumerated is to be considered as job seeker (by the Enumerator) if during the census taking is not working and is seeking work, i.e. taking initiatives towards that end.

In this category are included:

a) Individuals that lost their work for any reason (such as an individual who was dismissed or left his work because the working conditions were unprofitable or unhealthy, or his business was closed etc.) and are seeking work.
b) Individuals seeking work for the first time e.g. having just finished school, or their studies or professional training and are seeking work for the first time.

184. In the cases of job seekers the enumerator apart from the fact that they are not working has to find out that they are not only intended to seek work but are making certain efforts to do so and specially for the individuals of case (b).

185. If the respondent is not working or seeking work (as defined before) on the day of the census taking then will be considered as:
Household activities, as in the case of a housewife
or
pupil or student if he is mainly studying
or
conscript serving as conscript or reserve
or finally,
as belonging to any other case when is not working at all or seeking work and has to clarify in this case whether e.g. his main source of likelihood is capital income, or has stopped working due to age, health or any other reasons.

[p. 60]

186. If the respondent is working or seeking work then he has to answer the following questions:

[Omitted, a), b) and c) as in the form]

187. The type of work he is or was doing the last time he worked must be very clear so as to be coded according to the occupational codes.

If his answer is general or vague, e.g. "technician", "employee" or "merchant" or "public servant", more questions are needed so as to clarify e.g. "what kind of technician', "what kind of employee", "what kind of trade, whole sale or retail" etc.

[Bottom of p. 60 and p. 61 omitted]

[p. 62]

190. Question (b) "what is the type of establishment, enterprise, agricultural land, service etc. he works (or was the last time he worked)" refers to the type of economic activity (industry branch) of the establishment, enterprise etc. the enumerated is working or if he is seeking work to the establishment, enterprise etc. he was working last. If seeking work for the first time as before "young" will be recorded.

191. The answer to this question must not be general or vague as e.g. "shop" or "factory" or "company" but must clarify the economic activity of the establishment or service he is working (or was working last). [Examples omitted]

[p. 63 omitted]

[p. 64]

194. Question (c) "occupational status" the enumerated must answer whether he is (or was) employer, self-employed, assistant in the family business or agricultural land, or employee or wage earner.

These categories are clarified as following:

i) Employer is considered the owner of the establishment (either by himself or with partners) and is employing salaried or wage earning staff.
ii) Self-employed is the one that works in his own work without employing salaried or wage earning staff apart maybe a member of his family as unpaid assistant.
iii) Assistant in the family business or agricultural land is the family member working in the family business or agricultural land without pay, except his livelihood, within the time limits defined in paragraph 181.
iv) Employee or wage earner is the person who for his work is having a salary or a day's wage or by contract or percentage on the sales.

195. The employee or wage earner that works on contract but has the materials or is working with percentages on the profits is not to be considered as employee or wage earner. In these cases, he will be considered as employer (if he employs staff) or self-employed (if not employing staff).

196. Question 13, "how many hours did he work during the previous week (8-14 March)" must be answered only if the answer to question 11 is working.

The actual sum of hours they worked must be recorded. It is considered that the enumerated has worked as many hours as he was present in his work, e.g. the establishment, enterprise, service or/and outside work, regardless of whether or not during this time he did not worked. So, the shopkeeper opening his shop is considered that worked as many hours as the shop were open regardless of whether or not they were any sales during that time.
[Rest of the document was not translated into English]