General Population Census 1975
Minister of the Interior
National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies
Manual for Enumerators
The 1975 census with which you are going to help out is part of a long series: it is the thirtieth census to take place since 1801. The census, simple data collection in the beginning, has progressively created huge lists of scientific data and statistics essential to the knowledge of our era and to a better sense of direction for our future. They provide a very great part of the statistics necessary about the national and regional levels. Also it provides almost all of the statistics available about small units of the population: the city and even as small as the neighborhood.
Seen now as a publication, as fast as it can be done, numerous and detailed results, the endless analysis of the census makes greater use of more modern techniques. But, without the meticulous care taken in the collection of information, the most elaborate techniques would remain useless. Also, in the course of these months of February and March 1975, the thoughts of the General Director of the National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies will not hesitate to frequently turn toward each of the hundreds of thousands of census agents charged with taking inventory of the French population.
The success of the great statistical operation you are participating in depends on you and your work. The task which you have to accomplish assumes a meticulousness pushed to the smallest detail and a responsibility which relies on you, a responsibility you are worthy of.
This manual must serve as your guide. Study the first part of it carefully. Always have it with you during your rounds in order to consult the glossary each time a special case presents itself. If some point seems obscure to you, ask for some additional explanations at city hall or consult your delegate.
The experience of the preceding census shows that the French save a warm welcome for census agents. Without a doubt there are some people who are difficult to contact. If you happen to run into them, don't be discouraged. Attempt to persuade them calmly and thoughtfully. If the difficulties appear insurmountable to you, refer some of them to the city council which will send you the necessary help.
I am grateful to you for all the efforts that you are going to put forth in order to make the census a successful national operation. In advance, I very sincerely thank you.
The General Director of the National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies
First Part: General Instructions
1.1. Goals of the census (p.6)
1.2 Legal and mandatory nature of the census (p.6)
1.3 General organization of the census (p.7)
1.4 Your district for the census (p.10)
1.5 Your census agent folder (p.10)
1.6 Basic Information about your pay (p.11)
2 The General Rules of the Census
2.1 The main forms for the census (p. 12)
2.2 Date of the census (p. 14)
2.3 Familiary with your district(s) (p. 16)
2.4 First round: inventory of the houses and dwellings
Distribution of forms 1 and 2
2.4.1 Inventory of houses (p.17)
2.4.2 Inventory of dwellings (p.17)
2.4.3 Giving out forms 1 and 2 to residents
2.4.4 The case of vacant dwellings and secondary residences (p.18)
2.4.5 The case of shared households (p.19)
2.5 The following rounds: collection of forms 1 and 2 (p. 19)
2.6 After the collection, putting in definitive order and numbering of the forms
2.6.1 Establishments of the population counted separately (p.20)
2.6.2 Municipal population (p. 20)
2.6.2.A. Complete checking of dwelling forms and individual forms (p. 21)
2.6.2.B. Classifying and numbering forms (p. 21)
2.7 Important notes (p.22)
2.8 General recommendations on how to fill out the forms (p. 26)
3. The house form
3.1 Definition of a house (p. 26)
3.1.1 When should one establish a house form (p. 26)
3.1.2 Structures for which you do not need to establish a single house form and structures for which you do need to establish several (p. 26)
3.2 Using the house form (form 4) (p. 29)
3.2.1 The first round (p. 29)
3.2.2. Checking of the documents (p. 30)
3.2.3. Filling out column number 1 (p. 30)
3.2.4. Special case of one building containing more than 66 dwellings (p. 30)
3.3. Answers to questions on page 4 of the house form
3.3.1 Question 1: Kind of building (p. 31)
3.3.2 Question 2: Principal materials (p. 31)
3.3.3 Question 3: Year of the end of construction (p. 32)
3.3.4 Question 4: Number of floors above ground floor (p. 33)
3.3.5 Question 6: Water source for domestic use (p. 33)
3.3.6 Question 8: Drainage of the lavatory and water for households (p. 34)
3.3.7 Question 9: Central heating (p. 34)
3.3.8 Question 10: Farms
4. The dwelling form
4.1 General definition of dwellings (p. 36)
4.2 Page 1 of the housing form (p. 36)
4.2.1 Category 1: Ordinary dwelling (p.38)
4.2.2 Category 2: Independent rooms rented, sublet, or loaned to particular people (p. 38)
4.2.3 Category 3: Furnished rooms in a hotel, a boarding home, a furnished room (p. 39)
4.2.4 Category 4: Temporary structures used for dwellings (p. 40)
4.2.5 Category 5: Make- shift structures (p. 40)
4.2.6 Category 1: Ordinary dwelling (p. 40)
4.2.7 Category 7: Secondary residence (p. 41)
4.2.8 Category 6: Vacant dwelling (p. 41)
4.2.9 Category 8: Trailer, Gypsy wagon, mobile home (p. 41)
4.3 Page 4 of the housing form
4.3.1 Questions 1 to 3 (p. 42)
4.3.2 Question 4: Occupation status (p. 43)
4.3.3 Question 5: Water supply (p. 44)
4.3.4 Question 6: Gas supply (p. 44)
4.3.5 Question 7: Sanitary installations (p.45)
4.3.6 Question 8: Toilets (W.C.) (p. 45)
4.3.7 Question 9 and 10: Heating (p. 45)
4.3.8 Question 11: Telephone (p. 45)
4.3.9 Question 12: Vehicle for personal use (p.45)
4.3.10 Consistency between the answers to questions on the house form and the housing form (p. 46)
4.4. Pages 2 and 3 of the dwelling form
4.4.1 Lists A and B of the dwelling form (p. 47)
4.4.2 Box C on the bottom of the third page of the housing form (p.47)
4.4.3 Box D on the bottom of the third page of the housing form (p. 50)
4.4.4. The case of foreigners (p. 50)
5. The Individual Form
Question 2: Address (p. 52)
Question 5: Date and place of birth (p. 52)
Question 7: Residence on January 1st, 1968
Question 8: Among the following degrees, choose the ones you have (p. 53)
Question 10: Age at the end of your studies (p. 53)
Question 11: Main profession (p. 54)
Question 12: People working without pay while helping another person in their profession (p. 54)
Question 13: Professional status (p.56)
Question 14: Qualification (p. 56)
Question 16: Where do you work? (p. 56)
Question 17: The case of people without work and who are looking for work (p. 57)
6. Important special cases
6.1 Establishments of populations counted separately (p. 58)
6.2 Shared households (p.60)
6.3 Census at a set date, February 20, 1975 (p.61)
6.3.1 Hospitals, clinics, maternity clinic, nursing homes (p.62)
6.3.3 The case of traveling people (p. 62)
7. Calendar of operations which concern you.
Third Part: Glossary (p. 75)
Translation of pamphlets into foreign languages (p. 88)
Pamphlet in Spanish (p. 90)
Pamphlet in Portuguese (p. 92)
Pamphlet in Italian (p. 94)
[Pages 5 - 25 were not translated into English.]
3.1 Definition of a house
In the vocabulary of the census, the word dwelling has an extremely broad meaning which is the equivalent of "building, inhabited or not."
3.1.1. When must you establish a house form?
A dwelling form must be established:
1) For all inhabited structures, including:
- run- down residential buildings
- make- shift housing
- buildings under construction but partially inhabited, whatever the nature of the construction materials.
2) For all structures used as abodes, even unoccupied at the time of the census (vacant dwelling, secondary residence, for example).
3) For all groups of administrative, industrial or commercial building, even uninhabited.
The table to the left specifies the case where a house form must or must not be established.
[pictures of factory, church, small cabin, rooms in residential building for sale]
3.1.2 Structures for which you should not establish anything but one single house form and structures for which you should establish several.
In some special cases (large apartment complexes, HLMs, workers' housing development, miner's terraced houses, bungalows, etc.) as well as in the case of agricultural buildings, you can ask yourself if there is a place that is the time to establish one or several house forms. In this respect, it is not possible to give extremely precise rules, but here are some indications of the general order able to help you to decide.
When to establish a house form [Left column]
- individual houses (consisting in general of one single dwelling)
- shared housing units (always consisting of several dwellings)
- groups of shacks inhabited for the purpose of temporary work sites
- huts or shelters in fact inhabited, even if these are provisionary edifices, in a bad state or not fit for living (shanty town hut, etc.)
- temporary constructed shacks in devastated cities, which are used as abodes or for professional use.
- industrial buildings (factories, warehouses, etc.)
- commercial buildings (banks, movie theaters, hotels, service stations, etc.)
- administrative buildings (city halls, courthouses, barrack, etc.)
- hospitals, clinics, hospice, sanatoriums, etc.)
- teaching establishments (schools, high schools, boarding school, etc.)
- various public buildings (post offices, train and bus stations, churches, museums, etc.).
- important public monuments, castles, etc.
- stadiums with buildings (ticket offices, locker rooms, showers, etc.)
and for new buildings:
- or whether inhabited, even partially and even if they are not totally completed (1).
- or whether they are finished (1), even if they are not yet inhabited.
[Footnote] (1) You will consider a building completed when the electric wiring has been set up.
When not to establish a house form [Right column]
- buildings under construction not yet inhabited.
- buildings in ruins or which have become totally uninhabitable (that is to say where there is no chance it can be inhabited again) because of dilapidation or devastation (unless they are still inhabited at the time of the census.
- structures of little importance not used as abodes (gardening sheds, shelters, private garages, isolated warehouses, etc.)
- trailers, Gypsy wagons, or other mobile homes.
- simple sports terrains (soccer, tennis)
The case of residential buildings
The rule is to consider a residential building having a certain independence, needing its own distinct housing form as a distinct building when:
- having its own entrance
- not connected with the neighboring buildings through the interior
- having electrical wiring, gas and water on its own and, more generally speaking, a unit of services of its own (concierge, trash, distribution of mail, etc).
- in the case of a workers' housing development (miner's terraced house in mining regions), you will establish as many house forms as there are private houses; in the same way, in the case of a twin bungalow, you will establish two house forms.
- in the case of an important block of houses (like an HLM), even if there is only one common entrance on the street, with one single street number and one common garden, you will consider each portion of the block when having its own distinct entrance (either on the street or in the garden, with a yard or a private driveway) as a distinct building, and when the portions of the block have letters or numbers (stairs or building A, B, C, etc. or 1, 2, 3, etc.)
In general, you will split the important blocks into several portions, considering distinct buildings as the kind where all connections between the two portions is impossible (or exceptional) through the interior of the buildings.
The number which you will attribute to each dwelling among the dwellings of the residential building (see the third page of the district form) does not include any more than two numbers: it cannot therefore pass 99.
As a result, all the 99 dwellings together will be necessarily fractioned into two (or several) portions, each being considered, from the point of view of the census, as a distinct building and counted with a distinct house form. In this case, you will not forget to indicate the location of each of these portions very carefully on the form of the corresponding house.
The case of agricultural buildings
You will consider that the various agricultural buildings belonging to the same farm and gathered together in the same place (group surrounding the main house and dwelling [p.29] stables, sties, barns, etc) make up one single residential building for which you need to establish one single house form, even if some of these buildings are on the other side of the street or path.
The case of the administrative, industrial and commercial buildings.
As in the case of agricultural buildings you will consider various buildings belonging to the same industrial, commercial or administrative establishments (workshops, hangars, stores, etc.) as one single building for which you will establish one single house form. Thus, for a train station and its diverse annexes (depot, signaling posts, etc) you will establish only one single house form.
3.2 The use of the house form (form number 4)
The house form should be filled out directly by you; at no time should you give it to the occupants to fill out or to the concierge.
3.2.1 During the first round (giving out forms to the residents to fill out), you will establish a house form for each house or building while writing on it:
1) The exact address.
Write this address at the time of the first round. Make it as specific as possible while keeping in mind the instructions indicated on 2.8.e.
2) The list of the dwellings which make it up, while specifying for each:
- its location in the building (column 2),
- the name of the occupant (column 3)
- the category of the dwelling (column 4)
Do not forget that the dwellings occupied by the population counted separately or the shared households should not be included in this list.
Write down the dwellings following the same order that is in the Rounds Notebook (see paragraph A on page 39 of this manual).
3) The answers in the questions of page 4: "Characteristics of the building".
3.2.2. At the time of the review of the documents mentioned in paragraph 2.6.2A, page 21 you will fill out column 5 and point out in the squares reserved for this purpose the number of main residences (categories 1 - 5), vacant dwellings (category 6) and secondary residences (category 7) obtained from deciphering column 4 from the list.
3.2.3. Finally, do not fill out column 1 (number of dwellings) until the time of the enumeration of the documents (see page 3 of the district form).
You will proceed to the enumeration of the completed house form by including in the upper right box on page 1:
- the district number
- the number order of the apartment building.
3.2.4 Special case of a building comprised of 66 dwellings.
In this case, you will use a second housing form as a divider, on which you will indicate the remaining dwellings.
In order to establish it:
1 - Write the note "Description" in the upper left corner of page 1 of the divider.
2 - Assign the numbers 5, 6, and 7 to pages 1, 2 and 3 of this divider.
3 - Record the address and description of the building involved (page 1 of the first house form) which are: the district number, order number of the building and specific address.
4- Record on the first line of the list of dwellings from the divider the "subtotal" from page 3 of the first BM (house form). Then, after that, write down the remaining dwellings while not forgetting to add the previous totals.
5 - Cross out page 4 of the divider all the way through without filling it out.
6 - Place the divider on the inside of the first BM.
3.3. Answers to questions from page 4 of the house form
It is necessary to know well the meaning of the questions asked, because, other than their own importance (example: question 1 "type of building"), they are closely related to some questions appearing on the housing form which is studied in the following chapter.
So, here are some explanations completing those which are already found on page 4 of the house form.
You will check one and only one of the six boxes.
Type 1: farm, agricultural buildings. You will classify the buildings used for a farm in this section.
Type 2: Make- shift dwellings: This type of dwelling consists of shelters not meant to be used for housing or totally unfit to be lived in but nevertheless are used as abodes. This includes wagons or other immobilized vehicles, immobilized boats impossible to navigate (1), blockhouses, fortifications, shanty town shacks, houses falling into ruin, etc.
Do not count these places unless they are lived in. In the same way, only count the dwellings within them which are occupied.
Warning: The buildings built as dwellings but which have become more or less unfit to live in as a normal abode, either through dilapidation or insufficient maintenance, must be classified in sections 5 and 6 as long as they have not fallen into ruin, even if their facility installations do no longer hold up to the modern norms for building facilities.
Type 3: Temporary structure. This means structures destined for habitation but having a temporary nature: shacks constructed from devastated dwellings, workers on a temporary building site, etc.
[Footnote] (1) Barges and tug boats of inland navigation will be counted by agents of navigable waters. You should only count boats which are no longer licensed.
Type 4: Only enter in this category buildings for which the whole thing or the largest part of it is reserved for this use. A private house where the rooms are rented out occasionally to people on vacation during holiday times should be classified in 5.
Type 5 and 6: The buildings which do not fit into types 1 to 4 will be classified in 5 or 6 provided that they are mainly used as abodes or, on the other hand, mainly used for industrial, commercial, administrative use.
Usually, the houses consisting at the same time of a single dwelling and a single professional location (store, shop, artisan's workshop) will be classified in category of type 6.
N.B. For buildings of types 2 or 6, don't omit to specify the kind of structure in as much detail as possible.
If you are worried by a special case, describe it at the end of question and you might want to point it out to the delegate.
Walls - Check one box and one alone.
If you have checked box 2, make an effort to specify the material or materials used.
In more of the materials explicitly numbered in section 2, you will classify the nondurable materials used for temporary structures in this section. For the buildings made of wood, wooden panels and cob, always check box 2 even if this is a durable structure (it is question 1 which will inform others on the subject of the temporary nature or durability of the structure.)
In a situation where two of the same kinds of materials (section 1 and 2) are used (in the case of farms or agricultural buildings, for example), check the only section corresponding to the kind of material principally employed in the building or the part of the building which is lived in.
Roof - The explanations given above for the walls are to be applied as well for the roof.
This information is very important.
You will be obtain it by questioning the owner, the concierge, the people who have lived in the house for a long time, the neighborhood or the community. Some buildings bear the year of completion engraved on the side.
For the four first sections, it often suffices to know the date of completion within a certain number of years in order to answer without it being considered an error. In the absence of direct information, you will sometimes be able to classify buildings by comparing them to others, typical with some time periods. City hall might be able to tell you if, in your district, there some important apartment building complexes constructed in well- determined time periods.
The ground floor should not be counted.
- Do not count anything but water serving domestic use (especially for the kitchen) and not water used, possibly, for hoses and sprinkling systems, to water cattle, etc.
- Check box 1 (building connected to a shared water main or box 2 (building connected by way of a pipe to a water extension) in the situation where a pipe brings water inside of a building.
- Check box 3 when water needs to be carried in.
- mark only one of the two boxes in question 8a and only one of the two boxes in question 8b.
- Do not check box 1 in either of these two questions except if there is in your district some sewers capable of receiving the effluents of the lavatory and the domestic water used.
- City hall must inform you of the existence and the nature of the sewer systems
a) They say that one shared building has one shared installation of central heating when it is supplied, for the most part from its dwellings, by one single source of heat (one furnace for example) ; are equally considered as such the buildings using "integrated electric heating" or "central heating by hot air heating."
- Concerning the source of shared heat, it can be:
- either right to the building: in this case, check box 3 ;
- or shared among a group of buildings (generally neighboring buildings): in this case, check box 2 ;
- or shared among an important number of buildings dispersed on common territory and dependent on a communal institution or shared between districts (urban heating): in this case, check box 1.
- check box 4 in ALL other cases, even if it concerns a shared apartment building in which most of the dwellings have installations of individual central heating.
b) If you have checked boxes 2 or 3 of the main question, do not forget to specify the fuel used.
You will define a farm as any group of cultivated earth with the purpose of agricultural production (with the exception of woods, moors, building land, parks and flower gardens) having:
- at least one hectare of land if this is about mixed farming (workable lands, prairies, crops),
- or at least 20 acres if this is about specialized crops (marketable crops, fruit trees, flowers, vines, etc.)
and that no matter what the main activity of the person who farms it.
Virtually a building (or a group of buildings) of type 1 building (farm, agricultural buildings) is always the center of agricultural production (answer "yes" to question 10) if the farmer resides in this building (or this group of buildings).
4. The housing form (form 1)
During your first visit to a building, you should take inventory of the dwellings and establish a housing form for each one (form 1) of which you yourself will fill the "box to be filled out by the census agent" on the bottom of page 1 (1).
In numerous special cases, the definition of a dwelling rests necessarily on to conventions. The general census of the population has some conventions which are related to it: they are listed below and you should know them well. You yourself are alone to decide, by applying the rules stated below, if such and such a place, room, or group of rooms should be considered as a distinct dwelling: You should neither let the residents decide for themselves, according to their personal discretion. It is only under these conventions that the census of the places of abode will have the desired precision.
If the building is made up of more than one housing form, you should indicate its location inside the building in a very precise way. Do not forget the general rule that has been pointed out to you (see 2.8e): someone who has nothing but the notes you provided on forms 4 and 1 should be able to find each house on the terrain and each dwelling of your district without a mistake.
- and used as an abode
1 - The place (a single room or a group of rooms) should be separate, that means that it must be completely closed off by walls and partitions. It should not be in contact with another place if it is not by shared parts of the building (stairs, entryways, etc.)
[Footnote] (1) You will not have to finish the numbering of the housing form (box on the top of page 1) until after the collection (see form number 6 page 3).
2 - The place should be independent, that is to say that it should possess its own independent entrance looking out on the outside, whether directly or by the intermediary of the shared parts of the building, without it being necessary to cross through another place occupied by other people.
3 - The place should be used as an abode. You will keep track of the current purpose of the places and not the original purpose of the structure.
Thus, you will not establish any housing form for former dwellings integrally transformed into (or used as) offices, stores, workshops, etc.
On the other hand, you will establish a housing form for a make- shift dwelling (type 2 building in question 1 of the house form - See 3.3.1) serving as a shelter for a person, a household or a family, in the absence of another residence.
Note: You will keep track of the current arrangement of the places and not their original arrangement (at the time of their construction).
For example, if two dwellings have been put together by opening a connection between them in order to make one larger apartment occupied by a single household, you will only establish one single housing form.
On the other hand, you will establish two housing forms when a dwelling is divided into two independent parts (each part having its own special access, all connection between them having been cut off and each is occupied by a distinct group of people).
Important special cases
It happens that two households, in the meaning that one usually gives for this term (1), live together in the same dwelling while using some shared facilities (kitchen, bathroom, etc.). In such a case, you should fill out one single form number 1 and not 2: remember that the form number one is a housing form.
This rule should be observed especially in the two following cases, which are frequent:
[Footnote] (1) We often mean by a household a group of people living together (for example, taking their meal together), and even more restrictive yet, a household is sometimes synonymous with a married couple.
a. When newlyweds live at their parents' home while waiting to have a personal dwelling of their own, you should fill out only one form 1 for the dwelling used by both the young couple and the parents (in order for it to be conducive to establish two forms number 1, it would be necessary that the dwelling be renovated into two parts completely separated: see above).
b. When one non- independent part of a dwelling is rented out, sublet or lent to renters, people who sublet, boarders or to other sheltered people, this part should not become the subject of a distinct housing form. The people lodged in these situations will be written down in List A of the landlord below the people of the landlord's household, even when they take their meals outside of the home.
Situation of the bungalow or the two- story villa (ground floor and first floor).
You will establish two dwelling forms only if the bungalow is occupied by two households living independently from each other (this is not the case, especially when the meals are eaten together).
4.2. Page 1 of the dwelling form
You should classify each dwelling in one of the seven categories (1 to 7) appearing at the bottom of the first page of the dwelling form. Attentively read the explanations below which specify the notion of a dwelling in some special cases.
The category of dwelling should always be indicated as well as the accuracy demanded for category 2 (independent rooms) and category 5 (make- shift dwellings). In case of doubt on which box to check, do not hesitate to describe the particular case encountered on the bottom of the page in as much detail as possible.
The first five categories of dwellings regarding "main residences."
When people have several residences, their main residence is the one in which they spend the majority of their time during the year.
4.2.2 Category 2 - Independent rooms rented, sublet, or leased to certain people
Some dwelling sometimes have an independent annex, that is to say which has access to the outside, either directly, or by the intermediary of shared parts of the building, without it being necessary to go through places occupied by other people. This is the case, for example, for dwellings having a maid's room situated on another floor (frequently the case in the Parisian neighborhoods).
If the owner of the main dwelling has such an annex for himself (in order to shelter a member of his family, a maid, etc) or if the independent room is unoccupied at the time of the census, it is not necessary to establish a distinct form number 1 for the room.
If, on the other hand, the annex is rented, sublet or leased to particular people, you should establish a distinct number one form for it by checking box 2 of the category of dwelling and by adding the name of the owner of the main dwelling . (This information will possibly permit considering the main dwelling and its annex as a single unit, in some uses of the census.
The rooms classified in category 2 should always join up to a main dwelling.
4.2.3 Category 3 - Furnished rooms in a hotel, a boarding house, a furnished room, etc.
Some clients of these establishments reside there for most of the year (for example, students residing for the whole school year in a hotel room); some have no other residence (for example, young married couples not having found a place to live elsewhere).
In such a case, you will establish dwelling form for each bedroom (or possibly apartments) occupied by a household or a person living alone.
You will check box 3 of the category of dwelling and, in question 4 on page 4 of the dwelling form, it's box 5 which should be checked.
For people passing through in hotels, Refer to 6.3.1. C2.
Note: Dwelling category 3 should be used only for bedrooms or furnished apartments of hotels, youth hostels, boarding houses, furnished rooms (building type 4 on question 1 of the house form).
It should certainly not be used either for students living in university dorms or homes, or for workers residing in hostels (see 6.2 page 60).
4.2.4 Category 4 - Temporary structure used as a habitation
This category will naturally be used for all main residences of a type 3 building (question 1 of the house form) Exceptionally, you will be about to use it for a type 1 type 5, or type 6 building, of which one part alone would be a temporary structure. If you encounter such a case describe it on the bottom of the section on page one in as much detail as possible.
4.2.5 Category 5 - Make- shift dwelling
This category will naturally be used for all abodes of type 2 (question 1 of the house form).
You will classify as well in category 5 an impromptu shelter in an place unfit for habitation, situated inside of an ordinary building (cellar, attic, shop, barn, workshop, etc.) Specify the characteristics of the place in as much detail as possible.
Note: The preceding explanations show the close relationship which exists between question 1 of page 4 of the house form and page one of the dwelling form.
4.2.6 Category 1 - Regular dwelling
This category is comprised of all the dwellings with the exception of special cases listed in categories 2 to 5, provided that they are occupied as the main residence.
4.2.7 Category 7 - Secondary residence
This category will consist of regular dwellings used as secondary residences: country houses, villas and vacation dwellings, etc.
You will classify here as well the dwellings or furnished apartments, rented or to be rented during tourist seasons in the seaside and health resorts, winter sports resorts, etc.
Important note: A dwelling used as a secondary residence should obviously be the subject of a housing form. On the other hand, there does not have to be an individual form of the people who may occupy it at the time of the census: Indeed, these people already appear in List A of the housing form established at the place of their main residence, that is to say there where they living usually (see 4.4. page 47).
The only exception is when these people would be absent from their regular residence during the whole operation of the census and where no one will be able to fill out their forms in their place. In this case, you will consider them as people passing through and you will classify the individual forms collected in that capacity in folder number 20, while checking that there is no one written down in list A of the housing form established for this secondary residence (see 4.4.2).
4.2.8 Category 6 - Vacant dwelling
This category consists of vacant regular dwellings, meaning not occupied either as a main residence or as a secondary residence.
Usually, such a dwelling is available for sale or for rent ; but it also can be neither. For example, you will check box 6 for a brand new dwelling, already attributed, but not yet occupied by its renter or its owner. In such a case, you will not establish any individual forms for the future occupants.
Note: For secondary residences and vacant residences:
- No person should be written down in Lists A and B
- No individual form should be filed in the housing form
4.2.9 Category 8 - Trailer, Gypsy wagon, mobile home
You should count this category on a set date, that is to say during the day on February 20, 1975, in order to avoid omissions or successive interrogations by several census agents (see 6.3 page 61).
4.3 Page 4 of the housing form
For vacant dwellings and secondary residences, you yourself should fill out page 4 of the housing form (except for questions 4 to 12) by making use of the information which you can gather at that place or at city hall.
For main residences you will have to check and complete the answers provided by the inhabitants:
- each of the twelve questions should receive an answer (with the exception of questions 2 and 10 which may not be included ;
- It is imperative to check the consistency of some of the answers with those written in the house form (the comparisons to carry out will be specified at the end of this paragraph)
Taking a census of the rooms
- The same room should never be counted at the same time in response to question 1, in the answer to question 2 and in the answer to question 3. It should be counted only:
- in question 1 if it is considered a kitchen (answer YES to question 1);
- in question 2 if it is considered as a room exclusively for professional use ;
- in question 3 if it is considered as a room in a dwelling.
In some dwellings, there is no separation (or there is a removable partition) between the two "rooms", for example the dining room and the living room. In such a case, you will count:
- two rooms if there is a partition
- one room if there is no partition
Dwelling not consisting of one single room
It in the country, you may often encounter some regular dwellings (dwelling category 1) made up of one single room serving as a shared room, with some kitchen facilities (sink, stove, etc.). In the city, it is frequent to find some places (furnished bedrooms, for example) made up of a single room (dwelling category 2 or 3).
In all these cases, you will answer 1 for question 3 (number of rooms in the dwelling) and you will check box No (no kitchen) for question 1 ("Do you have a kitchen?").
In the case of the furnished bedroom where someone has installed a simple portable stove and where there is no sink, you will complete the answer to question 1 by checking the numbered box 6 (No) and not box numbered 5.
According to the rules above, for all dwellings consisting of at least one room for living:
You should never have a blank response to question 3.
Question 4 should receive one single answer among the five answer choices proposed.
Are in this case:
- the owners of a private house living there;
- the owners of the whole residential building of in which they live in one of the apartments;
- people who live in a dwelling in which they are co- owner or member in partial ownership of a building in a business. (1);
- The beneficiaries of a succession who live in a property in joint ownership.
Among the owners you must include the people who had the building constructed on advanced credit by a construction company, whether the payment has been completed or not.
[Footnote] (1) In the case of a building belonging to a business, the actions give right to the life interest of a dwelling.
Box 2: They are only to include in this category people who work and who are sheltered there by their employer, for free or through payments, and for which the dwelling is a requisite of the work contract linking the employer and the employee (that is to say that, if the person changes employer, he must leave his dwelling). Examples: teacher having professional accommodations, stationmaster, concierge or caretaker of a factory living within factory property, etc.
These especially are to be excluded and classified in box 4:
- people, for example, retirees, having kept their former professional accommodation.
- renters of a dwelling belonging to their employer, but for which the dwelling is not mentioned in the work contract and which could be, as a consequence, kept when changing employer.
Box 4: You will check box 4 for all the renters or persons who sublet an empty rented place, with the exception of those who are sheltered by their employer (box 2).
You will check one and only one of the four boxes. Box 1 corresponds to the situation where at least one faucet provides hot water (water heater or shared supply).
Boxes 1 and 2 can both be checked here (dwelling connected to a public gas main but whose occupants use, at least in part, bottled gas).
Box 1 will not be checked except if the dwelling is connected through a pipe to a public distribution network (the occupants can have or not have a contract subscription at the time of the census).
You will only take note of facilities to the exclusive use of the occupants of the dwelling. Thus, for a hotel, you will check box 3 (not bathtub, not shower) for a shower or bathroom shared by all the furnished bedrooms of a floor (dwelling category 3).
In the case of bathrooms with toilets only, shared by all the occupants of several dwellings, this is box 5 (other cases) which is necessary to check.
A dwelling is considered to have central heating (check box 1 or 2 of question 9), when the different heating extension of each of the parts (or rooms) which make it up are supplied by a shared heating source (a furnace for example).
Central heating is:
- private (answer 1 on question 9) if the source of the heat is used by only a single dwelling,
- shared ( answer 2 to question 9) if the heat source supplies other dwellings in the same building or in the same group of buildings (Refer to page 4, question 9 of the house form).
Assimilated with private central heating (with answer 1 on question 9) integrated electric heating and central heating through hot air heating.
A heated dwelling by one single stove placed in one of its rooms is to be classified under section 3, "Other modes of heating" , although the source of heating is only for one dwelling.
The telephone extensions installed in the rooms for professional use only (and counted in question 2 of the housing form) belonging to the dwelling should be considered as installed in the dwelling.
You must check "Yes" if at least one of the inhabitants of the dwelling DISPOSE of a Personal vehicle: in this case, you should not forget to mention the number of personal vehicles (one or several) which these people use.
"Have" should be understood in the sense of "use", "to have at one's disposition": As a result, you should keep track not only of cars personally owned by one of the inhabitants of the dwelling, but company cars as well.
Company vehicles used for households for the week- ends or vacations will be included in the category of personal vehicles.
4.3.10 Consistency between the answers to questions on the house form and the dwelling form.
When the operations of the collection and at the time of the review of the documents mentioned in paragraph 2.6.2. above, you will try to detect the contradictions which may exist between the answers to questions on the house form and those on the dwelling forms.
You will especially check that the answers to questions 5, 6, and 9 of the housing forms are consistent with the answers 6, 7, and 9 of the corresponding house form.
- Question 5 of the dwelling form - Question 6 of the house form.
If boxes 1, 2, and 3 of question 5 (water supply) have been checked on at least one of the housing forms of the building, boxes 1 or 2 should have been checked on question 6 (origin of water for domestic use) on the house form.
- Question 6 of the dwelling form - Question 7 of the house form.
If box 1 of question 6 (gas) has been checked on at least one of the housing forms of the building, then box 1 should have been checked on question 7 (gas) of the house form.
- Question 9 of the dwelling form - Question 9 of the house form.
If box 2 of question 9 (mode of heating) has been checked on all or most of the dwellings for of the building, then boxes 1, 2 or 3 should have been checked in the first part of question 9 (central heating) of the house form.
In case of no consistency, before correcting the house form, you will make sure first of all that the information given in the housing forms are correct.
4.4. Pages 2 and 3 of the housing form
Only people who normally live in the dwelling considered should be written down in the lists A and B of the housing form, with the exception of those people who are present there by chance at the time of the census.
After the elimination of the people explicitly listed in the front of list B, the general rule is to write down in list A all people who have the dwelling in question as their regular main residence.
Generally speaking, the occupants of the main residence (dwelling categories 1- 5) should themselves fill out the lists A and B of their housing form and establish an individual form for every person written down in list A.
In order for the occupants to be counted without omission or counted twice, you should check carefully that the instructions given on top of pages 2 and 3 of the housing form have been following.
On the other hand, the additional signs are given to you below in order to help you to decide in special cases.
4.4.1 Lists A and B of the housing form.
For most people, the usual residence is the same thing as the home, but there can be some exceptions. Indeed, for usual residences, it is necessary to understand this as the place where one usually lives, which can be different than the legal residence.
The regular residence consists thus of a fact and not a legal situation.
[Page 48 was not translated into English.]
You will have an individual form number 2 filled out for all people written down in list A and only for those people.
The forms of the people written down in list B will be filled out there in the place where those people normally live (1), in other words, in the following situations:
- in an establishment of the population counted separately (sick people being treated in a sanatorium, preventorium, psychiatric hospital; military people; student interns);
- or in a shared household (old people living in a retirement home, students living in a university dorm) ;
- or in another dwelling (children sent to daycare, children hired as servants, etc. ; students living in a hotel room or with certain individuals during the school year).
Military people stationed outside of the city limits as well as marines on- board war ships will be counted through the care of the Minister of Defense.
a. It sometimes happens that the head of household lives in a workplace during the week (for example in a furnished bedroom) and returns to his home at the end of the week and for vacations ; in this exceptional situation, he should be counted with his family and not at his workplace.
b. Concerning sick people undergoing treatment in a care center, those who live in a sanatorium, a preventorium or a psychiatric hospital (restrictive list), should be written down in list B. People who make a trip to a regular hospital or a clinic (for example, in or to undergo an operation) or in a maternity clinic should be written down in list A.
Note: After the collection of the forms, check that there is an agreement between the individual forms filled out and list A:
- You should have an individual form number 2 for each person written down in list A.
- If the individual forms number 2 have been established for the people written down, with good reason, in list B, destroy these forms.
[Footnote] (1) Even if, in exceptional cases, they are not found there at the time of the census (military on leave, student interns on vacation, etc.)
4.4.2 Box C, on the bottom of the third page of the housing form.
Some people will be absent from their usual residence during the entire duration of the census ; if there will be no one at their home to answer in their place, they will risk being omitted or, at the least, their form risk being incomplete or badly filled out.
If the people passing through in your district find themselves in this situation, you will have them fill out some individual forms number 2, while mentioning their usual address in the box especially made for this purpose at the bottom of the back of the individual form.
After having checked that these people are not written down either in list A or B, you will file these forms in the special folder number 20 and you will give them separately to city hall now and then during the collection.
You will receive for these forms the same lump sum payment as for the others.
4.4.3 Box D, on the bottom of the third page of the housing form.
This box should allow you to more easily recognize the special cases which can exist. When you pick up the housing form, systematically look to see if a person has been written down. In the affirmative, examine the situation of this person and make a decision: if the form has been filled out incorrectly, destroy it and cross out the person from list A. If, on the other hand, the person has not been written down in list A when they should have been, write him down and have that person fill out his form.
As for the vacant dwellings and the secondary residences (dwelling categories 6 and 7), you should never fill out lists A and B, and you should obviously not establish individual forms.
4.4.4 The case of foreigners
They should not be counted:
- Foreigners, members of a diplomatic body
- Foreign personnel of embassies living in a building who benefit from a status of extraterritoriality;
- Military people from a foreign army living in a barrack or in a camp.
- Foreigners passing through in France at the time of the census: tourists, people on a business trip;
- Foreigner workers living near the border who come regularly into France in order to work who, in the evening, return to their country.
On the other hand, these people should be counted:
- Military or foreign government employees living in town;
- Foreigners settled in France.
You will consider people as being settled in France and, as a result, you will count (and you will count in the legal population) the same way as you do a French citizen:
1 All foreigners who study or work in France (thus, naturally, also a member of his family, if the person lives with him) with the exception however of those listed above and seasonal workers. These latter have a seasonal work contract stamped by the services of the foreign labor and a visa given them by the International Office of Immigration carrying the document " Visa for foreign workers".
However seasonal workers coming out of a country from the Common Market (the Federal Republic of Germany, Belgium, Denmark, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Holland, United Kingdom) are exempt from having a passport and of a visa and are official as soon as they have a seasonal worker contract.)
2 All foreigners who live in France, that is to say who occupy a dwelling as a main residence (1)
In case of doubt (especially in the case of foreigners living in a hotel at the time of the census and not practicing any profession), you will count foreigners settled in France, authorized to settle or likely to do so, that is to say provided with a resident's permit or a privileged permit, with a receipt of their request for a resident's permit or another sort of temporary permit authorization.
[Footnote] (1) However, you will not count a foreigner who has nothing in France but a secondary residence (country home, vacation home, etc.) His secondary residence will nevertheless be counted, as pointed out in paragraph 4.2.7.
Question 2: Address
The address to indicate here is always that of the dwelling, that is to say the address which has been written down by the census agent on the housing form.
On the individual forms gathered for the people passing through, their address should be indicated in the box on the bottom of page 2, and not question 2 which should remain unanswered. (Remember that these forms should be filed in collection folder number 20 and given quickly to city hall.)
a) The department to write down here is the present name of the place of birth, meaning at the time of the 1975 census. Thus, a person born in the Seine community or the Seine- et- Oise before July 10, 1964 will have to indicate, whatever the case may be, one of the seven new departments of that Parisian region, that is to say: Paris, Essonne, Hauts- de- Seine, Seine- Saint- Denis, Val- de- Marne, Val- d'Oise or Yvelines.
b) Ask for a complete birth date for each person. Then, carry out the following checks:
- a person born before January 1st, 1968: make sure that question 7 always has an answer.
- a person of 16 years of age or more (that is to say born before February 20th, 1959): make sure that questions 7 to 10 are always answered and check questions 11 to 18 on the back page of the individual form (see hereafter).
Make sure that the answer is complete.
The people who have not changed dwellings since January 1st 1968 do not have to check anything but box 1. However, if boxes 1 and 2 have been checked, you should not make any correction to the forms.
Keep track of the people who were living outside of France on January 1st, 1968 have correctly indicated the year of their arrival in France. This applies as well to French citizens as well as foreigners who were living outside of Metropolitan France on January 1st, 1968.
In the situation where some people would have made several visits since 1968 in France, it will be necessary to indicate the corresponding year at the beginning of the current visit. However, you should keep track of the absences from Metropolitan France which have lasted more than 3 months.
Example: A house servant who was living in Spain on January 1st, 1968 came to work in France during the whole year of 1968. Returning to Spain at the beginning of 1970, she comes back to France in September 1972. She has spent her vacation of 1973 (August) in Spain. In this situation, answer: 1972.
Just as for question 8a (general education or college- level studies) as for question 8b (technical school and professional school), several boxes can be checked.
People who really have a diploma given should check the box which refers to it.
Those who have taken corresponding studies, without however obtaining the diploma, should not check the box which refers to it (even if they believe to have attained the level of the diploma).
When the box 0 (answer "no") has been checked for question 9, make sure that question 10 has received an answer.
What we mean by "regularly attends a scholastic university establishment (including professional or technical)" is to take classes during the normal length of the school year.
Corresponding studies constitute then, for the person concerned, his only activity, or, at least, his main activity.
Question 11 to 18: Professional activity.
The part of the individual form related to professional activity (questions 11 to 18) is particularly important. You should keep track of what is filled out with care and accuracy. Do not accept answers which aren't specific enough like "worker", "merchant", employee, artisan, etc.
Attentively read the explanations and the examples given on the individual forms, as well as the instructions hereafter.
a) If a profession has been declared on question 11:
- make sure that one of the six boxes of question 13a has been checked, at least box 1 of question 12 has not been;
- make sure that the salaried people (answer 7 of question 13) have answered correctly questions 14a, 14b, or 14c ;
- make sure that question 16 has been correctly filled out (see question 16 page 57): especially make sure that questions 16a, 16b, and 16 are always filled out, even for people who work in an administrative service and especially for government employees.
b) If no profession has been declared for question 11 and if the person concerned is 16 or older:
Refer to questions 17 and 18 to see if there is an answer indicated there.
If none of questions 17 to 18 have received an answer, Make sure that is the real situation of the person concerned and:
- if there is no professional activity, mention in great detail "without profession" on question 11.
- if he currently practices a profession which he would have forgotten to declare it, ask him to answer questions 11 to 16 of his individual form.
Examples of bad answers not to accept in any situation. [left column] / Remarks [right column]
1) Bad answers because they aren't specific enough.
Employee, worker, building worker, engineer, executive, director / Indicate exactly the job of the person concerned, for example: salesperson at a department store, bank employee, lathe operator, chemical engineer, plasterer, expert forester, business director.
government employee, SNCF employee, EDF employee / For government employees and public service employees, specify the rank or the job, for example: representative of the prefecture, clerk of the PTT, second class stationmaster, driver of a diesel locomotive, EDF dispatcher.
Merchant, industrialist, farmer, entrepreneur, craftsman, administrator / Answer, for example: retail grocer, wholesaler in pharmaceutical products, masonry entrepreneur, residential building director, movie theater employee
2) Bad answers because they are incomplete.
O.S., O.P., Qualified worker, team leader, foreman / These labels indicate the situation in the professional hierarchy, but do not give any information on the individual profession of the person concerned. On the other hand, the following answers are satisfactory:
O.S. (ouvrier specialisé) in rope or yarn winding, textile mill foreman
It sometimes happens that some people - especially women - work by helping another person in his profession, without receiving a salary for it. These people will answer "yes" to question 12, even if they only work part time in these situations.
For example, this question effects the wife of a farmer who participates in the work of the farm, the wife or daughter of a merchant who spends several hours per day in the shop to ensure the sales or to operate the cash register.
These people should indicate the profession which they practice on question 11.
Category 5: "Worker at home for a total of one or more businesses" does not allow for people who work at their home for their own business (artisans, sewers, stylists). This category applies on the other hand to people who do work at their home, often as they will, for the affairs of an industrial or commercial establishment who reimburses them for this. Such is the case, for example of some newspapers designers, of people working for clothing industries or performing secretarial work for the affairs of some administrations, etc.
Paid managers should check box 7 even when they are partially reimbursed in the form of commiseration.
Make sure that the people who have declared to be salaried on question 13 specify their certification, rank or hierarchical position on questions 14a, 14b or 14c, according to the situation.
This question affects each person who has declared a profession in question 11, including employees of public services, of local communities and government employees who should indicate in 16b the name of the administration which employs them.
Some people have several employers (housemaids working for several individuals). In this case, indicate the main employer (this is to say the individual where the person completes the most number of hours).
In some cases, the address of the workplace (question 16a) can coincide with that of the home (merchants especially): it is necessary nevertheless to write it down again.
This question concerns all people having or having not already worked, who fulfill the following conditions simultaneously:
a) do not have a job:
b) are actively looking for work.
Do not apply to these people the label "unemployed" which is sometimes judged offensive and which has a slightly different connotation.
Signature of the declarant
The individual form should be signed by the person who has filled out the individual form (father of the family for his children, yourself for people temporarily absent from their home, the illiterate, etc.).
6.1 Establishments of the population counted separately
The people living in some communities make up what one calls the population counted separately. The list of these people appears on form number 3, under the heading: "Category of the population counted separately". Carefully read this list, which is restricted, as well as the explanations which are given to you on page 1 of this form.
In the establishment where they are living (barrack, boarding house, etc.) the people of the population counted separately (and only those), will be written down on form number 3 (in place of form number 1).
A. The people in categories 1 through 4 will always fill out side A of the individual form number 2b. Furthermore, if they have a personal residence in the city, they will fill out side B of form 2b, which will sent quickly through your city hall to the city hall of their personal residence (at their personal residence, these people will be written down on list B of the housing form and you will not fill out form number two for them.)
B. People in categories 5 and 6 will fill out individual form number 2 C.
If in your district is found an establishment of the population counted separately, it should be pointed out to you by the city hall on the corresponding district form (page 5), table 1 of form number 6). You will count this establishment according to the specific instructions which you will give to city hall and you will give to city the forms number 3, 2b or 2 C filled out and checked over, on February 22nd at the latest.
If, during your rounds, it appears to you that a community belonging to the population counted separately (like, as a general rule, for each building or group of buildings), but the corresponding population does not have to be represented.
Note: for the individual cases (barrack, teaching establishment, sanatorium, psychiatric hospital, prison, etc.) Refer to the alphabetic dictionary appearing in the third part of this manual.
For the numbering of the forms concerning the population counted separately, refer to the district form (page 4).
[Page 59 was not translated into English.]
6.2 Shared households
All the people living in communities, not enumerated in the population counted separately, make up those which we call shared households. A shared household is a group of people who do not live in ordinary dwellings, but live in individual establishments, individual or shared bedrooms, and often, eat their meals together, for example:
- nurses or home nurse, service personnel, etc., living in a hospital establishment public or private;
- professors and supervisors, service personnel, etc. living in a public or private boarding house;
- The service personnel of a hotel, living in an establishment;
- the members of a religious community;
- sick people or boarders of particular establishments
- workers living in a home (for example, home for young workers);
- students living in a university dormitory or a student home;
- seniors living in a retirement home or a nursing home
For each shared household
- You yourself will fill out a shared household form (form number 1b), while paying attention to the instructions appearing on page 1 of this form;
- You will fill out an individual form number 2 for each person written down on the list for pages 2 to 4 of the shared household form.
- You will give these individual forms to the members of the shared household. Then you will pick them up in the appropriate way, explained on 2.5 page 00.
Generally speaking, the shared households that you will have to count will be pointed out to you by city hall on the district form (page 5, table 1b). However, if during your rounds, it comes to your attention (according to the instructions on form number 3) that a shared household has not been mentioned on the district form, you will make it known to city hall and you will count it in the same conditions as the others while not forgetting to write it down in table 1b.
Concerning the classification and numbering of forms number 1b and 2 of the shared household form, refer to the district form (pages 3 and 4).
Note: For special cases, consult the glossary at the end of this manual.
6.3 Census at a set date, February 20, 1975.
The itinerant populations and certain individuals in the middle of moving should be counted on a set date in or not to be omitted or questioned successively by several census agents.
6.3.1 The case of hotels, youth hostels, boarding houses, furnished houses, furnished rooms, etc.
Hotels, youth hostels, boarding houses, furnished houses, furnished rooms will be counted on February 20, 1975.
For each of these establishments which will have been pointed out to you by city hall and for those which you will have located at the time when you find out to what district you are assigned (before February 20th) or during your first round, you should carry out the following operations (1):
a. For the hospital owner (or manager) and his family:
have them fill out a housing form (form 1) and individual forms 2.
b. For the members of the staff living nowhere other than in the hotel:
Have them recorded on the housing form of the hotel owner and have them fill out the corresponding forms, since it's the general situation of all salaried staff living at their employer's.
However, in hotels which employ more than two salaried employees living in the establishment, consider them as making up a shared household, fill out for them a shared household form (number 1b) on which you will check box 3 on question 1, and have them fill out the corresponding number 2 individual forms.
Of course, if some members of the staff live with their family in an ordinary dwelling in the establishment, you will count them with the help of a housing form (form 1) per household.
c. For the clients, you are to distinguish between these two situations:
c.1 Clients who live in the hotel for the greater part of the year (like students living for the whole school year in a hotel room or who have no other residence (such as single people living permanently in a hotel, young married couples not yet having found a place to live elsewhere, foreigners who are tenured lecturers with a visitor permit, etc.)
[Footnote] (1) In order to facilitate your contacts with the hotel owners, a memorandum explaining these operations will be addressed to them by their professional organization.
Thus, establish a housing form 1 (dwelling category 3, check box 5 for question 4) for each bedroom (or possibly each apartment) occupied by a household or a person living alone and have them fill out the corresponding number 2 individual forms.
c.2. Clients passing through the nights of February 20th and February 21st.
Make contact with the hotel owner on February 20th and ask him, while giving him the necessary forms, to have the clients passing through the night of February 20th and 21st fill out a number two form, if they are in the situation stated in box C of page 3 of the housing form number 1, that is to say that they are absent from their usual residence for the entire duration of the census (February 20th to March 15th 1975) and if there is no one at that residence to answer in their place.
Forms 2 gathered for these people will be collected in folder number 20 and given as soon as possible to city hall.
There are no forms to be established for the bedrooms reserved for clients passing through.
Note: do not have any foreigners passing through France for a short time (tourists, businessmen, etc.) fill out any individual forms. On the other hand, count the foreigners residing in France as it is indicated in 4..4.4, page 51.
6.3.2. Hospital establishments, clinics, maternity clinic, nursing homes.
Hospital establishments (with the exception of sanatoriums, preventoriums and psychiatric hospitals, a situation already mentioned in 6.1, page 58), clinics, maternity clinics, nursing homes, will be equally counted on February 20th, 1975. You will proceed with the sick as for the clients passing through in hotels (see 6.3.1. c2 above).
6.3.3. The case of traveling people.
People without any fixed home (especially nomads and "tramps") will be counted February 20th. Naturally, the people who do have a residence (traveling showmen, traveling merchants, campers), will be counted in normal situations, at this residence. You will proceed therefore in the following way:
[Footnote] (1) You will make an exception for a head of a family who, living for one week in a hotel near the place of his work, returns regularly to his home at the end of the week and for vacations: a head of a family in this situation will be counted at his home, not in the hotel.
a. Nomads and other people without a home a fixed home who are parking in your district or districts on February 20th, 1975:
- establish some number 1 forms, one per household or for single people (dwelling form 8 ; do not fill out page 4 ; for the address, indicate: "without a fixed home" ) ;
- have each person fill out an individual form
- do not establish any house form
- for the classification and numbering of the forms, refer to the district form (page 3).
b. People who have a residence:
For the people who have a residence, you will proceed as you do for people passing through hotels. If the people must be absent from their residence during the entire period from February 20th to March 15th, and if there is no one at this residence capable of answering in their place, have the individual forms number 2 filled out that you will collect in folder number 20 and that you will give as soon as possible to city hall.
Note: Barges and tugboats of inland navigation will be counted by agents of the waterways. You will therefore have no form to fill out for the boats nor for the people who are on board. However, you will count boats which are no longer licensed. (see 3.3.1, page 31).
a. People taking a short trip at the home of parents or friends.
These people should be counted at the place of their personal residence and not at their parents or the friends at whose homes they are found at the moment of the census.
However, if there is no one at the personal residence to answer in their place, you will have them fill out an individual form number 2 in accordance with the instructions laid out in box C on page 3 of the housing form: you will file these forms in folder number 20 and you will give them as soon as possible to city hall.
b. People with several residences.
As it is indicated in 4.2.7, page 41, a housing form must be established for each secondary residence, but no person should appear on list A of this housing form.
[upper right- hand corner: picture of gypsies playing guitars and dancing in a wagon; picture of census agent sitting down talking to three people away from their regular residence]
[Pages 64 - 73 were not translated into English.]
[Page 74 is missing in the original language document.]
Both dictionary and directory, this third part gathers in alphabetic order the main terms employed in the vocabulary of the census. Its purpose is:
- to permit you to find the part of the manual answering the question which you ask;
- complete your information, if need be.
You should refer there every time a special case presents itself during your rounds. Therefore always have the census agent manual with you at all times.
Note: The paragraph numbers refer back to the first part "General Instructions".
In each of the cases mentioned hereafter, the general instructions concerning the establishment of the house form have not been repeated systematically. But it is well understood that you should establish a house form for building no matter what it is, lived in or not. The only exception concerns mobile homes.
[The following is a list of selected terms from the original language document. The reported terms are those for which the original language document provided some clarification.]
Fishing boats or commercial boats.
The fishers and the sailors of the Marine Merchants will be counted in their residence eon land, of which they will be considered as temporarily absent if they have EMBARQUES at the time of the census. It is therefore necessary to write them down in list A of the housing form number 1 of their residence and fill out individual forms number 2 for them. You should not count anyone on board the fishing boats, or the marine merchant boats.
Barrack, Military quarters, military camp
The instructions which follow are valid for the Air Force and the Army, for establishments on land of the Marines, for the "Centres d'Instruction de Gendarmes Auxiliaires" (C.I.G.A.) (Police Training Center) and for the firehouses of the city of Paris.
a - In the military institutions, they belong to the population counted separately (category: 1):
2) The military by career living in the Barrack, with the exception of those who live with their family. As a result, you should have filled out form 3 for all of these military people and, for each of them, individual form 2b with two sides: A and B.
The military of these categories, absent at the tie of the census (on leave, in transfer, on duty, hospitalized, etc.) should be written down on form number 3 of the barrack; the individual forms 2b concerning them will be established by the military authorities with the help of the information which they possess.
b - The civilians (supervisors, service personnel, etc.) living in individual or shared bedrooms inside of a military establishment (notably for teaching institutions and hospitals, etc.) make up shared households and should be counted with the help of a shared household form and with individual forms number 2.
c - For the military by career and for the civilians living with their family in some normal dwellings situated inside.
For the case of a military enclosure, you will have them fill out housing form 1 (dwelling category 1) and some individual forms number 2.
d - For each military enclosure, consisting of one or more bodies of buildings, you will, generally speaking, establish one single house which you will file with the other house forms of the district and on which you will indicate on page 1, question 1, building type : building mainly for industrial, commercial, or administrative or public use.
However, if in this enclosure, soldiers are found one or more regular dwellings, you should establish a house for each building including at least one regular dwelling and answer questions 1 to 10 (on page 4) according to the characteristics of the corresponding building.
e - All the people living in a military institution (whether they belong or not to the population counted separately) will be counted between February 12th and February 21st 1975.
Note: These rules do not apply in the following cases:
- CRS, Guards, Customs officers, firefighters (except in Paris) as well as those living in specialized barracks: see explanations on the bottom of form number 3 ;
- Police officers: see explanations under "Police station";
- Military by career (including the navy sailors) living in town who must be counted in normal conditions.
- Marines already on their way, even if they are found on board a ship still at the port you will not count them. They will be counted directly by the military authorities.
- The military of foreign armies living in barracks or in camps should not be counted.
Temporary work site: 3.3.1 and 6.1 A.
The people living in the shacks of a temporary worksite belong generally to the "population counted separately" (category 4)
As a result you will establish for these people a number 3 form and the individual forms number 2b.
For all of these shacks, establish one single house form (building type 3) which you will classify with the other house forms of the district.
Note: The staff living with their family in these trailers situated inside of a temporary work site will be considered like the population counted separately. All the members of their families will be counted with the help of forms number 2b and written down on the form of the establishment of a building site. (population category 4). There will be no housing form established for their caravans.
University dormitory: 6.2 and explanations from page 1 of the form number 1b.
Students, even married ones, living in a university dorm, make up shared households. You should therefore establish for them a form number 1b (shared household category 6) and have them fill out individual forms number 2. You will be able to do each bungalow, a shared household, for example.
For the staff living in the individual or shared rooms, you will make up a shared household which you will count with form 1b (shared household form, category 2) and some individual forms 2.
For the staff (director, caretaker, etc.) living in normal dwellings, you will fill out the housing forms number 1 (dwelling form 1) and some individual forms 2 in the usual circumstances.
Only count the permanent staff of the institution, in the same way as you do the staff of a hospital (see this word). Do not count the children who are vacationing in the camp at the time of the census.
Moving out, moving in
In the case of change in the situation of people, and certainly in the case of a change of home (moving out or moving in), the date to take into consideration to complete the answer correctly is February 20th at midnight. Therefore, if you find some people who are going to move and leave your district, you must count them, because they were on the grounds of your district on February 20th.
For the people who move into in your district during the period of February 20th to March 15th you must consider them as "people passing through" and establish for them some individual forms that you will file in folder number 20 and that you will give as soon as possible to city hall.
Teaching institution, school
a - Institution without a boarding school: see "Administrative, industrial, or commercial building"
b - Institution with boarders: high schools, middle schools, Primary Training School for Teachers, seminaries and all public or private teaching institutions with a boarding school.
As a result, you should have them fill out, for all of the students, form number 3 and, for each of them, an individual form number 2b with two sides: A and B.
Those of these students who are temporarily absent at the time of the census (on break, sick, etc.) should also be written down on form number 3 of the institution and forms number 2b should be filled out for each of them by the institution.
c) the people living in the institution in individual or shared bedrooms (supervisor of boarders, service staff, etc.) make up a shared household category 2 and should be counted with the help of a shared household form 1b and with individual forms number 2.
d) For the management (headmaster, bursar, teachers) and of the service staff (concierge) occupants in the institution of the regular dwellings, you will have them fill out housing forms 1 (dwelling category 1 and some individual forms number 2.
e) For each teaching institution containing one or more bodies of buildings, you will establish, in theory, one single house form which you will clarify with the other house forms of the district and on which you will indicate on page 4, question 1, building type 6: building mainly for industrial, commercial, administrative or public use.
However, if in the institution more regular dwellings are found, you should establish a house form for each building containing at least one regular dwelling and answer question 1 to 10 (on page 4) according to the characteristics of the corresponding building.
f) In order to keep track of the period of scholastic breaks, the census of the teaching institutions will be carried out:
- between February 12 and 21s in zone A ;
- from February 4th to February 8th and from February 18th to 21st in zone B ;
- from February 7th to 15th in zone C.
Note: for the summer camps: see this word
University students, high school commuter students not living with their parents.
The university and high school students not living with their parents during the school year, as well as the commuter boarders" should be counted in the place where they live during the school year, that is to say, according to the situation:
a - In a hotel, a boarding house or a furnished home (see 4.4.1, 6.3.1.c.1 and part 2 (situation number 5).
For each bedroom occupied by some university or high school students, establish a housing form number 1 (dwelling category 3 and box 5 checked in question 4) and have them fill out the corresponding individual forms number 2.
b - With some individuals, in a bedroom sublet or leased.
- If the bedroom or annex is separated from the main dwelling, establish one dwelling form number (dwelling category 3). For it, while adding there the name of the landlord, and have them fill out the corresponding individual forms number 2. See 4.2.2.
- If, on the other hand, the bedroom makes up part of the main dwelling, do not fill out any distinct dwelling form number 1 for it ; write down the university or high school students on list A of the housing form number 1 of their landlord and have them fill out the individual forms number 2. See 4.1 special case.
c - In a university dormitory or in a student home: see "dormitory".
Note: In the home of the family of a student entering into one of the preceding cases, jot down that:
- the commuter students not living with their parents should be written down in list B on the housing form of these:
- a student on break at his parents' home at the time of the census should not be counted in list A, but in list B of the housing form of those, except if he is absent form his usual home, you should not have a individual form filled out for him.
Farm: see 3.3.8
Anything can be considered as a farm if:
- some acreages of less than 20 acres, dedicated to very productive crops (such as: garden flowers, greenhouses, plots of very well-known wine- producing vines.)
- some important raising of pork, poultry, veal, etc.
In these cases, the farmer will usually declare himself in question 11 of the individual form as a farmer, market gardener, winegrower, cattle breeder, etc.
Most often, but it is not necessarily always the case, a farm (such as what is defined in 3.3.8 page 34) is managed by a person having declared a agricultural profession in question 11 of his individual form (main profession), profession which he carries out as owner, farmer or sharecropper (section 2 of question 13 in the individual form).
However, the management of the farm could be an additional or secondary occupation of the people having declared other main occupations in question 11 of the individual form (factory workers, merchants, rural craftsmen, etc.) It could even happen that the person who manages such a farm could declare himself without a profession (retired, retired from business, etc.)
When a building (or a group of buildings) becomes the subject of a house form (farmer, agricultural building) does not make up a dwelling. It is the building in which the farmer lives which will be considered as the seat of the farm, unless you do not the certain source which the farm in question lives in city or in the small town in a building exclusively for the use as an abode. In this case, you will consider all the same the agricultural building as the seat of the farm.
Inversely, when you find yourself at the home of a person making an argument that he has a farm (even if it is not his main activity) you will always consider the building where he lives as the seat of the agricultural production, unless it is about a building reserved exclusively used as an abode and that this person declares to have and make use of a different building on the farm which would be considered as the seat.
Police station. In the institutions of the French police force, you will comply with the following rules:
a - Census of the Dwellings
You will establish house form (form number 4) for the entire group of buildings making up the barrack and, if need be, a house form for each building containing at least a regular dwelling.
b - The census of staff lodged in the barrack:
2) The staff living in the barrack in individual or shared rooms make up "Shared households". You should therefore count them with the help of a shared household form 1b and individual forms 2.
3) The military soldiers of the conscripts fulfilling their national duty in the police/military service belong to the population counted separately in category 1.
You should therefore count them with the help of a form of establishment form 3 and individual forms number 2b.
4) The students of the schools of the French police force belong to the population counted separately from category 2. You should count them by using an establishment form 3 and individual forms 2b.
c - Dates of the census::
As a general rule, the establishments of the French police force must be counted between February 20th and March 15th 1975, the exception made however for some institutions consisting of the staff included in Article B3 (soldiers of the conscripts serving in the French military force) and B4 (students of the schools of the French military force). For those two groups, you must count them between February 12th and February 21st.
Note: The staff living outside the barrack with their family will be counted the same way as the other occupants (housing form and individual forms number 2).
Hospital, clinic, maternity clinic, nursing home, rest home, house of convalescence, etc. 6.3.2
The rules which follow are valid for all the Hospital establishments excluding:
- some sanitoriums, preventoriums: see "sanatorium".
- some psychiatric hospitals: see this word.
a - Census of the dwellings:
You will establish a house form (form number 4) for all of the Hospital establishments and, if need be, a house form for all buildings including at least one regular dwelling.
b - Census of the staff:
Some members of the staff can belong to a religious community ; they constitute a shared household distinct from category 4: in this case, see "Religious community".
2) For the management personnel (director, burser, etc.) and the service staff (concierge, caretaker, etc.) occupying regular dwellings in the institution, you will establish, in normal conditions, a housing form 1 and some individual forms 2.
c - Census of the sick people
For sick people, there can be three cases:
2) Sick people having a residence where no one can answer for them in their absence, the census agent of this residence will have one of the individual forms number 2 filled out which will be collected in folder number 20 (4.2.2).
3) Sick people not having any other home but the hospital where they find themselves presently (incurable for example): to establish, for all of these sick people, considered as constituting a "shared household" form 1b (shared household category: 5). Then have them fill out individual forms number 2.
These sick people should be counted on February 20th 1975.
d - Special cases:
In some hospitals, there exist special wards which you can assimilate in sanatorium, in an assylum, a hospice, etc. If the case comes up, proceed in the following way:
Tuberculosis ward (or Phtisiology service): fill out, for the sick people in this section, a number 3 form and some individual forms 2b just as for a "sanatorium" (see this word).
Psychiatric ward: fill out, for the sick in this section, a number 3 form and some individual forms number two C as for "Psychiatric hospital" (see this word).
Senior citizens quarters (or gerontology service): fill out, for the sick people in this section, form 1b (shared household form 8) and some individual forms number 2 like for a "Old Folks Home" (see this word).
Military quarters: Generally speaking, you will not have any individual forms nor population forms counted separately from establishing for these sick people, who should be counted, (as temporary absence) through the care of their unit.
Note: The staff living outside of the institution with their family will be counted in their home with the help of a dwelling form number 1 and some individual forms number 2.
a - Census of the dwellings: see "Hospital" A.
b - Census of the staff: see "Hospital" B.
c - Census of the soldiers making up the conscripts:
For the military fulfilling their national duty in the hospital, have them fill out institution form number 3 of the population counted separately and some forms 2b, unless these military have already been counted by another unit.
d - Census of the sick
For the sick, you do not have to, generally speaking, establish individual forms nor forms of the population counted separately, because they should be counted (as temporarily absent) through the care of their unit.
Psychiatric hospital, Insane Asylum, 6.1
a - Census of the dwellings: see "Hospital" A.
b - Census of the staff: see "Hospital" B.
c - Census of the sick:
Sick people being treated in a psychiatric hospital belong to the population counted separately category 5. As a result, you should have them fill out for all of these sick people establishment form 3 and individual forms 2c.
Note: The staff living outside of the establishment with their family will be counted in their home with the help of a housing form number 1 and individual forms number 2.
Senior Citizens Home, retirement home.
a - Census of the dwellings: see "Hospital" A
b - Census of the staff: see "Hospital" B
c - Census of the boarders:
The boarders in an old folks home (or a retirement home) make up a shared household of category 8).
For all of these boarders (including for those living in individual rooms) you will have established a shared household form 1b and some individual forms number 2).
The boarders who are temporarily absent should be noted down as well on the shared household form. Also, some individual forms number 2 should be established for them.
Note: The staff living outside of the establishment with their family will be counted in their home with the help of a housing form number 1 and of individual forms number 2.
Hotel, Inn, boarding house, furnished house, furnished bedroom, 4.2.3 and 6.3.1
These establishments are to be counted on February 20th.
Administrative, Industrial, or Commercial building
Filling out a house form:
If dwellings exist in the building (for the director, teachers, various government employes, caretaker, concierge, etc.), proceed in the same way for each of these dwellings, that is to say to fill out a housing form 1 and some individual forms 2. In this category include city halls, prefectures, courthouses, ministries, administrative tenements, post offices, etc. as well as industrial or commercial buildings. These are to be handled in the same way as religious buildings, monuments and historic castles, etc.
Note: In theory, there will be one single house form establish per establishment (3.1.2)
Brand new building
You will count such a building with the dwellings that it includes in the following two cases:
- Whether if it is lived in even partially (even if it is not yet completely finished);
- Or if it is finished (even if it is not yet lived in).
On the other hand, you should not count a brand new building unfinished and not lived in.
Note: You will consider as finished a building in which the electric wiring has been completed.
Professional place (workshop, lawyer's or doctor's office, business, laboratory, etc.)
Whether this is the case of a professional place in an entirely commercial building or in a residential building, you will not have to establish housing form 1 for the place, even if this is a former dwelling which has been transformed. (4.1)
Dwelling in which the occupants are absent during the entire duration of the census.
If this case is about a "secondary residence" refer to that word. If, on the other, it is more about a main residence, establish housing form number 1 and individual forms 2 of the occupants as if they were present, while making all efforts to gather all the necessary information. And especially don't forget to write down the occupants in list A of the dwelling form.
Vacant dwelling: 2.4.4, 4.2.8, and 4.4.3 ; dwelling category 6. You yourself should fill out a dwelling form number 1, answer questions from page 4, except for questions 4 and 12, while gathering information from the neighbors on the layout and the facilities of the dwelling, and classify this housing form in the house form of its building.
Obviously, no individual forms to be filled out.
Note: You should consider as "vacant" the dwellings not yet lived in of the brand new buildings finished (see "brand new building": Note).
Bargement: Barges and tugboats of inland navigation will be counted by the agents of the waterways. You will therefore not have any form to fill out for these boats nor for the people who are on board. However, you will have to count the boats with are no longer licensed (see 6.2.3, note).
Military: see "barracks"
In the home of a family where a soldier is fulfilling his legal service (or having enlisted in the military before the call- up date) do not have any individual form filled out but write him down on list B of the housing form of his family (even if, for example being married, he is authorized to live at his house). If you find the soldier on leave with his family you should proceed as it is stated above, because an individual form 2b will be filled out for him in his unit, even if he is stationed outside of the country (see barrack and 4.1).
Soldiers stationed outside the Metropolitan France.
Write down the soldiers on list B of their family. Their individual forms number 2b will be filled out in their unit, through the care of the Ministry of Defense (see barrack 4.1.)
Minors (Correctional center for juvenile delinquents): see "Prison".
Note: The minors of a Correctional center for juvenile delinquents, placed like boarding students, in a teaching institution, must be counted under the list of this teaching institution and classified in the population counted separately of category 2.
Daycare (Children placed in): 4.4.1 and second part (box number 12)
These children are to be counted at the home of the person with home they [p.84]
are placed. Have them written down on list A of the housing form of this person and have filled out for them an individual form 2.
Note: In the home of their parents, these children should have been written down in list B (and no tin list A) of the corresponding housing form 1.
Orphanage: see "Teaching institution".
The children who do not take any teaching courses (especially very young children) make up a shared household (shared household category: 9).
The children of an orphanage (or a social aid house for children) placed as boarding students in a teaching institution must be counted in the title of this teaching institution and classified in the population counted separately of category 2).
Civilians who are traveling abroad for a short time (less than six months) are counted normally in their residence (written down in list A, with an individual form 2)
If the trip lasts for more than six months, they are written down in list B, without filling out an individual form 2. You will make an exception, however, for the head of the household who has left his family (wife and kids) in France: you will record him on list A with his family and you will fill out an individual form 2 for him.
People passing through: 4.4.2 and 6.3.
a - Census of the dwellings:
You will establish a house form (form 4) for all of the establishment and, if need be, a house form for all buildings containing at least one dwelling.
b - Census of the staff:
For the management staff (director, supervisors, etc.) and of service (concierge, occupant of the institution with regular dwellings, you will establish some housing forms 1 and some individual forms 2.
c - Census of detainees:
The prisoners of a penitentiary, without making a distinction between those held for questionning and those who are sentenced, including prisoners undergoing treatment in a hospital establishment, belong to the population counted separately of category 6. You should have filled out for all of these prisoners an establishment form of the population counted separately form 3 and some individual forms 2c.
d - Date of the census:
All the people living in a penitentiary will be counted between February 12th and February 21st, 1975.
Note: The staff living outside of the penitentiary will be counted at their home with the help of a housing form 1 and individual forms 2.
Secondary residence: 2.4.4, 4.2.7, 4.4.3.
Dwelling category 7; answer all questions from page 4 (except questions 4 and 12).
You yourself should fill out a housing form 1 while gathering information possibly from neighbors about the composition and the facilities of the dwelling and classify this housing form in the house form of its building.
On the other hand, you will not have individual forms to fill out except for the inhabitants present at the time of your visit, answer based on the conditions stated in box C of the housing form, that is to say that they will be absent from their main residence for the whole duration of the census and if anyone cannot answer for them in their place.
a - Census of the dwellings
You will establish a house form (form 1) for the entire establishment and, if need be, a house form for ever building containing at least one dwelling.
b - Census of the staff.
Some members of the staff may belong to a religious community: they make up a shared household distinct from category 4: in this case, see "Religious community".
2) For the management personnel (director, bursor, etc.) and the service staff (concierge, caretaker, etc.) occupant of a normal dwelling in the institution, you will establish, in normal circumstances, one housing form 1 and some individual forms number 2.
3) The staff living outside of the institution with their family will be counted in their home with the help of a housing form number 1 and some individual forms number 2.
c- Census of the sick:
The sick undergoing treatment in a sanatorium, a preventorium or a sanitarium makes up of the population counted separately of category 3. As a result, you should have recorded all of the sick people on housing form 3 and for each of them form 2b with two sides: A and B.
d - Date of the census:
All the people living in a sanatorium or preventorium (whether or not they belong to the population counted separately) will be counted between February 12th and February 21s.