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Population, Housing and Establishment Census 1986

Enumeration Instructions

Contents

Part four: The Enumerator's work

The introduction to census
The definitions used
How to reach the household
How to cooperate with the public
General duties and guidelines to the enumerator
The questionnaires used:

Households special questionnaires
Public living quarters questionnaires

Field reviewing:
Probable errors and its correction
Office reviewing:
The use of primary results and reports records

The following is a full explanation of these topics.

Introduction to population census

Population census is defined in a general and simple way as "Enumerating all persons, citizens and foreigners who are alive at a certain data (census night / census moment) within certain geographic boundary (usually a state) with collecting data of their economic, social, demographic characteristics. These persons may be within households or public living quarters (hospitals, hotels and prison population etc).

The census data is published by a scheduled plan distinguishes the different relations to population characteristics and others on different geographic levels.

This census shares with other previous Egyptian censuses as it is not only population census but, it includes listing to the buildings, housing units, establishments and data on housing conditions.

[p.1]

In this census the people are enumerated at the place of their presence on the enumeration night and this is called de facto method.

The population questionnaire includes detailed data on the persons' characteristics as age, sex, educational status, marital status, the employment status and multiple data on the household housing conditions.

The person is considered as an essential element of production elements; therefore, the census provides population data and persons' characteristics by sex, age, geographical distribution and social status etc.

And this achieves:
The study of gender, age, martial and occupational component.
The study of population growth with regard to the rotating change in their population number and characteristics.
The study of population mobility between different areas.
The provision of what the government needs of data to be a basis of social, economic and population policy design.
The provision of the required data related to population studies.
The provision of households frames to choose sampling.

The process of population census is preceded by sequence field steps take many months and aims a universal listing of the Shyakatcomponents by divisions and villages in the republic governorates.

The steps are here under: [Table omitted]

[p.2]

At the end of the registrar's work in households and housing units listing the picture of the total population and households becomes clear. Every registrar provides a frame of the households and public living quarters and that will be a base on distributing the work on the enumerators.
The registrar is the direct guide to the enumerator.

Definitions used

Enumeration:
The household is considered as the enumeration unit in population census for population living as households. The person is the enumeration unit residents living in public living quarters.

The census household:
The household is defined by de facto method used in this census as:-
A person or a group of persons Egyptians or foreigners connected or unconnected with blood relation, sharing the same living quarter, food and spending the night together.
This definition includes the following members of a household:

1. The resident members of a household who reside in the living quarter at the night of census (civil or armed forces).

2. The original members of the household who are absent on the census night and they are not enumerated in other place, for example:

Those who have night jobs, factories' workers, hunters and other who spend the census night in work.
Those who are absent from their households because of traveling inside their country and spending the night in the road.
[p.3]

3. Different degrees and ranks of members of armed forces who are away from their households on the census night but, they are within the boundaries of the republic

4. Servants and the like who reside with the household.

5. Visitors who spend the census night with the household (except the visitors of the armed forces, they are always enumerated within their own households

6. The Egyptians working on Egyptian or non-Egyptian transportation (planes, ships etc) who are inside the provincial boundaries or abroad as they have no resident place abroad.

The members of a household who are absent temporarily or permanently are not included within the members of a household they are enumerated as population living in one of the public living quarters or visitors to other households and the members of the household who reside abroad.
The person who has more than one wife is enumerated within the members of his household in the housing unit that he is present in on the census night.

The block:
It is a building or a group of buildings that are close to each other and there are no partitions between them and they are surrounded by a space from all sides (roads, farms etc).

The usual housing unit:
The place that is originally used for residence, for example (apartment, independent room or rooms, rural house and villa).
There may be one household or more in the housing unit or it is occupied by establishment or more. Sometimes it is occupied together by a household and an establishment at the same time. Sometimes the household occupies more than one housing unit.

Marginal living quarters:
They are places that are not basically established for residence but, they are occupied by households at the time of listing. For example, parts of establishments' buildings that are occupied by guards, the shop or the garage that is occupied by household, graves enclosures that are occupied by households, or places under stairs or ladders that are occupied by households etc.

[p.4]

Public living quarter:
It is a place that is specialized for residing a group of persons to benefit from a service presented by that public living quarter or other reasons. The public living quarter may occupy a building or more or a housing unit or more inside a building and is deemed within the public living quarters: (hotels, apartments, prisons, asylums boarding sections in hospitals, university cities, workers' camps, convents).

Enumeration process:
Each enumerator is given a certain number of households and public living quarters if they are distributed in a group of buildings within determined roads in cities or within determined blocks in villages, this size of work called the process of enumeration.

The registrar has the responsibility to inform each enumerator the location of his work officially and in field (on nature), in the enumerator's reports record for households and public living quarters that he is going to collect its data is recorded the following:

The number of households in each building in his area
The names and addresses of sample households represents 20% of the enumerator's area household
Names and addresses of the households that reside in unseen locations they must be regarded and not forgotten.
Names and addresses of public living quarters in his area
Big public living quarters (hospitals, hotels, prisons) it is preferred to ask the help of one of its workers to be an enumerator.

While dividing the registrar area into enumeration areas, the numbers of the blocks, buildings in cities and the number s of the blocks and buildings in villages must he in sequence.

The night of census 17/18 November 1986:
The night of 17/18 November 1986 is chosen as a census moment as a data base for a household and persons according to the definition of a census household. The period of enumeration is extended to fifteen days following this night from 18/11/1986.

[p.5]

The enumerator and the responder must know the following:
The exact definition of a census household.
Collecting data on status at the census moment (17/18 November 1986) whenever the enumerator's visit to the household or public living quarter.

How to reach the household

The enumerator follows these explanations and guidance in collecting data on households and public living quarters:

In cities:
Each city consists of a number of sections and each section consists of a number of Shyakhas. The city (the capital of the center) consists of one Shyakha. Each Shyakha is divided into different roads that take different names (street, sika, hara, Zukak, Atfa, darib etc), and each road is given a census number and specific signs are put on each road prior to population census. These signs are:

[Table omitted]

[p.6]

Beforehand, each building is given a census number and is written by paint on the right side of the building entrance.

The enumerator starts his work on the building that carries the smallest census number in his area, the enumerator enters the building and checks the housing units in it to enumerate the households beginning with the basement if there is any, then the ground floor, the first floor and so on until he reaches the roof.

The enumerator passes through each floor. The entrance of those housing units must be on his right, he starts collecting data on a household or households that reside in the first housing unit on his right then the housing unit that comes next and so on until he finishes collecting data on households in that housing unit in that floor, thus he continues listing households in all housing units in all the building floors.

In cases of more than one household residing in the housing unit (an apartment) the enumerator goes inside the housing unit and lists the households as he did in the previous floors.

The enumerator transfers to the next building, he continues going through the buildings according to the sequence census numbers until the last building in the enumeration area.

The enumerator has to regard that if the household uses marginal living quarters such as a shop according to the definitions above, he has to fill household data for it. The enumerator then fixes a square on the entrance of the housing unit, recording on it the number of households inside according to the following:

The housing unit has more than one household.
The housing unit has a household or an establishment or more.
Any marginal living quarter occupied by a household.

After filling the households' data in these places, the enumerator has to relate the number of the households questionnaires with the number recorded on the entrance of the housing unit.

[p.8]

In villages:
There is a distinction in villages' buildings in that each block is attached with another. The blocks are surrounded by roads or spaces and it is easy to go around the blocks in a full circle.

The enumerator will find at the beginning of each block the sign B [image omitted]: as it is fixed in a prior to him starting his work he also finds at the end of the block and next to the first sign [image omitted].

The enumerator will find that all the buildings of the block are enumerated in serial numbers and fixed with paint on the right of the entrance of each building.

The enumerator starts his work from the sign at the beginning of the first block that carries the smallest block number in his area, and continues in the direction of the arrow and enters the first building (that carries the smallest census building number in his area). Then the enumerator starts collecting data for the households in the building with the same procedure that was used inside the building in cities, then transfers to the next building. The enumerator thus continues walking round the block until he reaches its end, then he transfers to the next block (that carries the next number to the first block number), work starts in the first building that he is in (he will find that it carries census number the next building to census number of the last building in the first block) and so on until he finishes collecting households data of all the buildings in his area.

How to cooperate with the public
The success in filling household and housing conditions questionnaire data depends on how the responder cooperates with the enumerator.

Probably the enumerator might meet different kinds of responders according to the educational, cultural, and social level, and in this way the scope of cooperation and responses will differ and this calls for the enumerator to be flexible and to have full understanding of his job in order to satisfy persons. It is necessary for the enumerator to maintain formal composure and to inform respondents that the required data is secret by law and it is only used in the form of aggregates tables and will not appear as a single datum.

[p.9]

The enumerator has to abide by the followings when cooperating with the public:

The enumerator has to follow cooperative discipline to acquire the responder's trust by introducing himself to the household and inform them the purpose of his duties. He has to cooperate with the household with great respect. He expresses the importance of universality and accuracy of data that is collected for planning purposes in educational, health, social, demographic, etc.

Sticking to the traditions in all places without ignoring any data given by the respondent.

The enumerator has to cooperate with each person according to his educational level and in a proper way that prevents misunderstanding.

The enumerator has to collect data from an adult.

The enumerator has to eradicate rumors that accompany data collecting, such as rumors on collecting tax data, distributing living quarters, or ration cards.

Census data are collected by law Number 35 of year 1960, renewed by law Number 28 of year 1982, which obliged persons to give correct and full data. It also obliges the statistical organization to keep the data secret and impose punishments on anyone who refuses to respond, puts an obstacle in one of the census works or discloses a secret on persons' data.

The enumerator is helped by an active media campaign, which is backed by the government. Its aim is to inform the public on the importance of the census, its multiple uses, and the dangers of the inaccurate data and its bad impact on misleading the decision makers.

The plan starts with the beginning of the census field work in June 1986 and reaches its peak during the population census in November 1986.

The organization hopes that the different media programs in (broadcasting, television, journalism, meetings, posters, etc.) provide the suitable climate for collecting active and accurate data.

[p.10]

General guidance and duties for the enumerator

The enumerator implements an essential, basic duty in the census. He takes the responsibility of collecting data from households and public living quarters. With his full understanding of his duties as well as his contact with the public, he can achieve a universal listing to households and public living quarters and full and accurate data on persons' characteristics.

The enumerator has to make full use of the training time before his field work to understand:

Work procedures, especially how to go through roads (in cities), blocks (in villages), and inside buildings to ensure universality.

Questioning procedures to ensure the responder's trust.

The contents of each questionnaire used.

Revising The Enumerator Instructions Book and not hesitate in asking his superiors if there is any misunderstanding.

The enumerator has to receive his enumeration area from the registrar.

The enumerator has to receive his enumeration area locally from the registrar.

Through his local tour, the enumerator knows the cases that need his care.

The enumerator has to carry the record of his reports during his field work, so that it can be a guide for him in his work area on sampling households, households with special conditions and locations, and so on.

The enumerator must be accurate in his job. This census includes for the first time in the history of Egyptian censuses, a post census. The post census is done right after finishing the census on a plan metric sample at some locations in cities and villages. The post census aims on the evaluation of listing universality and data accuracy by comparing the results with census data. It also aims achieve an average that shows the coverage and accuracy in census data.

The enumerator has to put the sign (check) in white chalk on the right of the square that contains the number of households before entering any building to collect data on resident households. After he finishes collecting data on resident households in the building he has to put the sign (check) on the left of the square when leaving the building taking into consideration the following:

[p.11]

Below each building census Number, there is a quire recorded inside it the number of households in the building (inside the building or in one of the shops in it) or the sign (--) means that there are no households in it.

The enumerator has to fill the household and housing conditions questionnaire for all households that reside in buildings in his work area and not be limited by the number of households recorded in the square below each building's census number. The enumerator will probably find in the building a number of households different from that listed on the square. Therefore, the enumerator has to compare the number he gets with what is recorded inside the square and check the accuracy of his work and the reasons for the difference if any and give a notice to the registrar.

If the enumerator finds a building with no census number, but is within his geographical frame, then the former and latter buildings from the said building are in his work area. Therefore, he has to list the households that reside in this building and giving those households serial numbers. He also has to fill for each household a short questionnaire. The sample households are previously indicated previously in a record of reports and are not renewed any more. Hence, the enumerator has to warn the assistant and the registrar to make the required correction in the field and records.

The enumerator has to make sure that the branch entrances for the buildings with the letter (T) fixed on them do not lead to other housing units different from those that the main entrance of the building lead to them, but if those entrances with the letter (T) lead to other housing units, the enumerator has to consider this branch entrance independent and part of his work area and he has to list the households within that building and give a warning to the registrar.

The enumerator has to list independent rooms' residents in buildings, gardens, guards' rooms, rooms under the stairs or rooms on roof. The enumerator also has to list the persons of a household that reside in shops of the buildings in his enumeration area.

[p.12]

Foreigners' enumeration:

The foreigner who resides in a public living quarter:

If the foreigner is working in Egypt the columns (1-11) are filled according to the employment status in Egypt, in the public living quarter's resident's questionnaire or the single questionnaire.
If the foreigner is in Egypt - as a tourist, for treatment, or the like - columns (1-6) are filled along with the occupation in columns number (11) by his employment status in his own country in the public living quarters residents questionnaire or the single questionnaire.

The resident foreigner in a housing unit:

Single, with his family or with an Egyptian family, all data is filled in the (short) household and housing conditions questionnaire or (long) questionnaire.

The questionnaires used

Households questionnaires
The enumerator uses two kinds of questionnaires in enumerating the households:

Short household and housing conditions questionnaire. This is for 80% of the households in the enumeration area.
Long household and housing conditions questionnaire. This is for 20% of the households in the enumeration area.

For each of these two kinds is a separate record:

The record of short household and housing conditions questionnaire contains (40) groups of questions.

The record of long household and housing conditions questionnaire (20) groups of questions.

The long and short household and housing conditions questionnaires have fifteen similar questions on the characteristics of members of a household in part (B). In addition to some questions on housing conditions in part (A), the long questionnaire has a group of additional questions related to internal emigration indicators, external emigration, fertility and some additional questions on housing conditions.

Each enumerator has a collection of short and long questionnaires in Arabic (separate) and also long and short questionnaires (separate) in English and French, the enumerator leaves it to the household to complete. These questionnaires are then collected and revised by the enumerator. If the household is not present during the enumerator's visit, the separate questionnaire is left to the neighbors for each household whose absence is repeated during the enumerator visit, but the enumerator has to go back again to the household and receive the filled questionnaire.
The supervisors (supervisor, assistant, and registrar) have a collection of separate questionnaires in all types in order to use them in field checking the enumerators' work.

[p.13]

Public living quarter's questionnaire

Each record of the public living quarters residents contains a collection of questionnaires each questionnaire is enough for (7) persons and each public living quarter has one particular record or more, but total data must be obtained for each public living quarter.

Persons' data in public living quarters by the enumerator or an agent of the public living quarter and its data is recorded directly in the public living quarters record. The enumerator has in addition to the public living quarters records, a collection of single questionnaires (Arabic /English, Arabic /French) and each questionnaire contains data on a single person and it is filled by the person in the public living quarter according to his demand.

As for the quick population mobility in some of public living quarters, such as hotels, a collection of records and single questionnaires are delivered to each public living quarter by size and kind before the census night and before the departure of the public living quarter population.

Explanation of census population questionnaires and their filling

The enumerator uses the following kinds of questionnaire:

1. Household questionnaires:
a) Short household and housing conditions questionnaire.
b) Long household and housing conditions questionnaire.
c) Short household and housing conditions questionnaire in Arabic (separate).
d) Long household and housing conditions questionnaire in Arabic (separate).
e) Short household and housing conditions questionnaire in English and French (separate).
f) Long household and housing conditions questionnaire in English and French (separate).

[p.14]

2. Public living quarters questionnaires:
a) Public living quarters resident questionnaire
b) Public living quarters resident single questionnaire (Arabic /English, Arabic /French)

The questionnaire (A, B) from (1), and questionnaire (A) from (2) are found within records in different sizes
The questionnaires (C, D, E, F) from (1), and questionnaire (B) from (2) are found loose as it is used for special cases.

The enumerator has to follow the following guidance in his work:
Recording the data on records covers and in the different questionnaires in clear hand writing and dry ink.

Filling the identification data on the filled questionnaires.

The enumerator gives the households within his work area serial numbers beginning with number (1) and he has to regard the arrangement of the household as they are mentioned in the local listing, and the sampling of households that require the long questionnaire, taking the sequence as it is used locally.

A circle is put on the responder number

Regarding accuracy on putting the circle on the number of correct answer.

If the circle is put on the wrong answer, the sign X is put inside this circle and this means that it is cancelled and another new circle is put on the correct answer.

Each household is given one short questionnaire of two pages and long questionnaire of four pages and each questionnaire is enough for seven person data.

In cases that the number of the members of a household is more than seven, another questionnaire is used to cover the household members with writing the word (continue household Number) in front of the household serial number, it is not permitted to distribute the one household data in more than one record. All data come in one record.

All filled data in separate long or short questionnaires (Arabic, English or French) are transferred to its sequence in the records, each by its series in long or short household or housing conditions record, besides fixing them at the end of each record while indicating on each separate questionnaire that there is benefit from transferring its data in the record.

[p.15]

The single questionnaires that are filled by some public living quarters population are given serial numbers begin in number (1) till the last person filled on him such questionnaires in the enumerators area, the questionnaires are given in the cover of the single questionnaires, the number of the questionnaires must be put on the cover and the data for each person questionnaire is transferred to public living quarter's record with an indication on the single questionnaire to benefit from transferring its data to the record and recording its number in front of person's data.

It is recorded on the questionnaire the number of the person in the record.

The enumerator uses the "separate" and "single" questionnaire when necessary.

The questionnaires of each household, housing conditions (long or short) and public living quarter's records are numbered in sequence begin in number (1) and the number of the filled questionnaire is recorded on the cover of each record after finishing it, this numbering has no relation with the number of households or persons mentioned in the records.

Each kind of records that are mentioned below and used by the enumerator is given separate serial numbers:

Short household and housing conditions questionnaire record
Long household and housing conditions questionnaire record
Public living quarters resident record

It is in the form of a fraction its numerator the serial of the record inside each kind and its denominator is the total of the used records from each kind with regarding the sequence of the geographical locations.

Households' special questionnaires

Short household and housing conditions questionnaire (Model Number 8 T.s)

This questionnaire is only for 80% of the households in the enumerator's area. This means that its data are filled from all households in his area except the indicated sampling households by name in his reports record.

[p.16]

Instructions on filling the short questionnaire

The short household and housing conditions questionnaire consists of six parts:
a) The housing conditions
b) The characteristics of household members (inside the Republic)
c) Data summary of household members
d) Married legally, but they are not living as wife and husband
e) Number of handicaps
f) The number of those who are aboard

In addition to identifying and geographical data on top of the questionnaire and also the table on the right part (A) and its is left for management use.
The enumerator has to regard the following when filling the different parts of the questionnaire:

household identification data
part (A) then (B, D) then (E) then (F) then part (C)

Part (A): Household housing conditions
This part is filled by putting a circle around the number of the suitable answer on the type of living quarter, source of water, whether the living quarter has a pipe water installation, the main means of lighting, and the number of rooms in the living quarter.

On filling the type of living quarter, the enumerator has to regard the following:

Apartment
It consists of one room or more in addition to the facilities. It has an outside main door, a living quarter that consist of two floors in some buildings, and is connected by internal stairs is one housing unit (apartment).

Villa
It is an independent building consisting usually two floors and is connected by internal stairs. It has a garden and often the villa is of a splendid type. The villa is considered as a one housing unit.

The rural house
A building that usually consists of one or two floors and contains one or more rooms and the outside door for the building is locked. It is not necessary that the building have a toilet as this is usually found in villages. The building is usually built of mud. The rural house is considered one housing unit, regardless the number of households.

[p.17]

The independent room:
It is an independent room has no facilities in the inside. It is used originally for residence and it is often on the roofs and the internal rooms in a rural house are not considered independent rooms even they are occupied by independent households.

Water source:
The aim of this question is to know the source of water for the household regardless whither it is inside or outside the building. The household that uses the water from a public network from a public tap on the road the answer is to put a circle round number (1) and in this way the circle is put round the number of the suitable answer. The aim is the source of water used.

Water supply system:
If a public network water supply is available inside the living quarter a circle is put round number (1)
If a public network water supply is available inside the building and not inside the living quarter a circle is put round number (2)
If a public network water supply is not available inside the living quarter or the building a circle is put round number (3)

Main type of lighting:
The main type of lighting may be electricity or Kerosene or Butagas or other.

The number of rooms:
The number of rooms that a living quarter consists of is recorded and the hall is considered a room (the kitchen, the bathroom, the toilet, corridors are not rooms) if there is more than one household in the one housing unit, the hall is added to the rooms of one of the resident households in the housing unit.

Notice: if one of the questions on the housing conditions has no answer among the fixed answers a circle is put round number "other".

[p.18]

Part (B): The characteristics of household members

This part is specialized to collect data on the characteristics of a household members (inside the Republic) it includes (15) questions all the questions share with the long questionnaire. This part consists of (8) columns. On the first column the questions on (persons' data) are recorded while each column from the other (7) columns is for person data of a household members.
In filling this part the followings are regarded:

Putting a circle round the suitable answer or writing the answer if there is no fixed answer in the column.
Filling the person's name and its relation to the head of the household horizontally for all household members. The other data is filled in each member vertically and in sequence.
The data must base on census night (17/18 November 1986).
Regarding the previously explained household definition.

The steps of filling the questionnaire questions:

Full name: column number (1)
Write the name of the household members in full, there is a column for each member of a household begins with the name of the head of a household, then his wife, then the name of the unmarried sons and daughters descending according to age, then the rest of the household members according to sequence of relation. The married members, their wives and children are recorded in sequence according to age, then the visitors are recorded finally the servants that reside with the household.

Relation to the head of the household column number (2)
The enumerator finds that he has recorded in this column for the first person in the household the word "Head of the household", he has to record the relation for each member of the household begins from person number (2) husband/ wife, son/ daughter, father/ mother, grandson/ granddaughter etc., other relation, no relation, servant.

If the person is present temporarily within the household members either relative or not the word (visitor) is recorded next to the relation to the head of the household.

[p.19]

The sons and daughters of the head of the household who are not from his wife and present within the members of the household are distinct by writing (son and daughter from other wife)

The children of the wife who are present with the household and from another husband that is not the head are distinct by writing (the wife's son or daughter)

The household that its members are more than (7) persons continues the persons' data in another questionnaire with changing the printed serial numbers next to persons' data in the other questionnaire beginning from (8) instead of number (1) and so on till the last member of a household. The printed word the head of a household is omitted from the first column which is specialized for person data number (8), and recorded instead of it the relation of this person to the head of the household.

Notice: begin filling all data for each person vertically next to column number (2)

Sex: column number (3)
Put a circle round the suitable number (male/ female)

Religion: column number (4)
Put a circle round a suitable number (Moslem/ Christian/ Jewish/other)

Nationality: column number (5)
Put a circle round number (1) for the Egyptian person and record the nationality of the non-Egyptian person near the word foreigner for example (Pakistani, German, American, French, Sudanese etc)

Data of birth or age in completed years: Column number (6)
Record the date of the person's birth relying on his birth certificate or his identification card or any formal document of the responder. If the date of birth is not available, record the age of the person in completed years and neglecting the months even if they are (11) months.
If the age is less than one year write (months) and if the age is less than one month write (days)

Educational status or the last certificate: Column number (7)
For the person who is less than (10) years put a circle round Number (1)
For the person (10) years and over put a circle:

Circle number (2) for the illiterate person
Circle number (3) for persons who read and write but, they have no educational certificate
If the person has an educational certificate writes the last certificate he has got next to the word certificate with mentioning the specialization if there is any:
Bachelor of accountancy trade

Bachelor of electric engineering
Agricultural secondary school
Azharya secondary school etc.

[p.20]

Employment status: Column number (8)
For the person less than (6) years put the circle round number (1)
For the person (6) years and over put a circle:
Circle number (2) who runs a work on his own account and employs others

Or circle number (3) for the person who works on his own account and doesn't employ others
Or circle number (4) for worker who is paid by others even those others are his relatives
Or circle number (5) a family unpaid worker
Or circle number (6) for the person seeking work but, he was previously working
Or circle number (7) for the person seeking work and has no previous work

The person seeking work means that he is able and willing to work but, he can't find it

Or circle number (8) for the student of full time study
Or circle number (9) for the female who has a full time housework
Or circle number (10) for the person who is able to work but, unwilling to work
Or circle number (11) for the pensioner because of age (60 years but, not reaching 65) and he is not working now either willing or unwilling
If the pensioner is working after the legal age; therefore, number (11) is not given to him but, it is given the suitable employment status "retired" if the retired is under the age of retirement (60) years and he is able to work, the suitable recent employment status and not the employment status before his retirement
Or circle number (12) for the person who is (65) years old and over and he is not working
Or circle number (13) for the person (6) years and over and less than (65) years and not working because he is unable to work

[p.21]

The name of the establishment in which the person is working: Column number (9)
For the person who is less than (6) years old, the word "under age" is put. The person who is (6) years and over follows the following:

The person who is working in an establishment, the name of the establishment is filled for example, (ministry . . . . school . . . . company . . . . Factory . . . . etc.)
For the person outside the establishments such as street vendor, farmer, daily paid builder, a taxi driver and all the persons who have no fixed work the word "outside the establishments" is recorded.
The name of the last establishment he is working in, is recorded for the person whose employment status is unemployed but, previously working
It is recorded "unemployed" for the persons whose employment status is one of the following: (newly unemployed, student, housewife, not willing to work, retired, aged not working, unable to work)

Sector: Column number (10)
The suitable answer is chosen a according to type of sector the establishment follows:
The person less than (6) years put a circle round number (1) and the person (6) years and over put a circle:
Circle number (2) for those who are working in the government or any ministry or any of the general commissions that belong to those ministries and in the local Rule units, or circle number (3) for the person who is working in one of public sector companies for example, bank of Egypt /Egypt. Hilwan company /Omer Afandi etc. or circle number (4) for the person who is working for his own account or in one of the establishments of the private sector either the establishment follows the ordinary laws or the laws of the investment companies. Circle number (5) for the person who is working in a foreign establishment as the branches of foreign banks and companies working in Egypt and also those who are working in international commissions and foreign Embassies.

[p.22]

The main economic activity: Column number (11)
For the person less than (6) years write "under age" as for the person (6) years and over and working record in this column the type of the establishment's work regardless the nature of his work and occupation, the electric engineer and working in a cotton textile company, the economic activity for him is cotton weaving and the driver who is working in macaroni factory his economic activity is macaroni manufacturing and so on.
The person working outside the establishments the economic activity that he is working in is recorded, the agriculture worker or a farmer; the economic activity for him is recorded "agriculture" and so on.
The economic activity must be detailed, clear and fixed for example, whole sale groceries, Retail cereal trade, Soft drinks manufacturing, Shoes manufacturing
The person whose employment status "unemployed" but, previously working, the last economic activity is recorded for him that he was working before his unemployment.
The person who are not working write "unemployment".

Main occupation: Column number (12)
The person less than (15) years write "under age".
The person (15) years and over and working record the type of his specified occupation or skill regardless the establishment's main economic activity and without mixing between the occupation and job, the occupation of the person must be specified clearly for example, (engineer assistant, the head of the weaving workers, diesel engineer, taxi driver, general surgeon and brain surgeon etc.)
The person (15) years and over and not working write:

His occupation in the previous work if the employment status is unemployed but, previously working
Unemployed if he is newly unemployed (he has no previous work) student, housewife, not willing to work, pensioner, aged not working, unable to work.

Marital status: Column number (13)
For male less than (18) years and female less than (16) years and he has not previously got married and she has not previously got married, put a circle round Number (1) for male (18) years and over and female (16) years and over, put a circle:

Circle number (2) for those who have not married.
Or circle number (3) for those who are married.
Or circle number (4) for those who are contractually married but, they are not living as a husband and wife.
(The Number of this person and the date in year of the marriage contract is filled in part (d) of this questionnaire at the same time).
Or circle number (5) for the divorced female or male.
Or circle number (6) for the female whose husband has died or the male whose wife has died

[p.23]

The number of the current wives: Column number (14)
The number of wives for the married male is recorded at the time of census and the female who is contractually married but, she is not living as wife and husband is included in this number.
Put (-) in any of the following status:

For male (18 years and over) and not married
All female even those who are under age of marriage

For male less than (18 years) and not married write "under age."

Place of usual residence: Column number (15)
Write the name of the city or village of the place of usual residence for the visitor only and also the division, center or governorate that this village or city depends to.
Put (--) in this column with its entire three parts (city/ village division/ center, governorate) for its resident household members, the place of their usual residence is the place of their presence in the census.

Part (C): Data summary of household members

After filling the whole questionnaire the person's data in part (B) is summarized and recorded in part (C) with regarding the following:

If the enumerator uses more than one questionnaire for the one household as the number of the persons is over than seven persons, the summery is filled in the second page where the household data is completed.

The household members are distributed by sex into (male/ female) for the questions that require summarizing its data.

It is necessary to equalize the number of the household members (male/ female) with the number of the filled columns on household members.

[p.24]

The total of the household members (M/ F) for columns (religion, nationality, age group) mast be equal to the recorded in columns household members (M/ F).

It is recognized that the total population of both sex in summarizing the educational status is less than the total of household members in a number equalizes the persons who are less than (10) years.

The employment status summarizes into two columns

Employed:
This is for persons of both sexes and their employment status one of the following answers (2) employer (3) self employed (4) employee (5) unpaid family worker
Unemployed:
For persons in Number (6) unemployed but, previously working. The total population of male and female in summarizing the employment status is less than the total household members in the number of persons whose employment status is one of these answers (1), (8), (9), (10), (11), (12), (13).

The marital status in the summary of household members is distributed on four columns for persons male and female and correspond with the answers in part (B) in the questionnaire except the answer (5) and the answer (6), they are in one column in the summary, the total population male and female in the summary of the marital status is less than the number of the household members in a number of those under age in answer number (1)

Part (D): Legally contracted but, they are not living as husband and wife

This is filled at the same time with part (B) arrange the serial number and the year of the marriage contract for the person whose marital status answer is number (4) "marriage contract" in question number (12) in part (B) from the questionnaire.

Part (E): Handicapped

The handicap is (the blind / one-eyed / deaf / mute / the loss of one or both hands/ the loss of one or both legs / paralytic and handicap poliomyelitis / mental retarded or mentally subnormal / mongolism) the data is recorded "in number " without giving a description of the type of handicap and the responder is asked on the household members whose data is filled if they are from those handicaps.

[p.25]

Part (F): The population aboard

This data is on persons who were living with the household and then they travel aboard. This recorded "in number " and distributed according to their places of residence (Arab countries/ African countries/ non Arab countries/ Asian non-Arab countries/ European countries/ northern and southern American/ Australia).
The Egyptians who are working on Egyptian or non Egyptian transportation and those who are present on the night of the census outside the provincial boundaries are not included in this data as they have no resident place aboard their data is within part (B) from this questionnaire.
As for the Egyptian abroad for (employment or study) but, they are present in the living quarter on a holiday on the night of census, they are included in data part (F) and at the same time included in part (B).

B. Household and housing conditions questionnaire (long) (model Number (9) T.s)

The long household and housing conditions questionnaire is collected from a sample of households within each enumerator area as 20% from the households of each area, these households are chosen by the registrar in a systematic random with regard to the spread of sampling households. The data of sampling household questionnaire is filled after filling the data of the short household and housing conditions data on a number 4 of (4) households.

The same enumerator collects the households' data in his area that is required for both long and short questionnaire.

It is mentioned within the data in the enumerator's area in his record of reports the names and addresses of the sample households (long questionnaire), the sampling households must be taken into consideration and any of the sampling households should not be exchanged with others. The following is regarded:

1. The following sampling households must not be exchange with other households

The absent household during the census period
The closed housing unit and nothing known about its residents
The household that refuses to response
[p.26]

2. The sampling household if it sounds to the enumerator that it is more than one household, all these households are taken into consideration and the long household and housing conditions questionnaire is filled for each household.

Each enumerator presents a report of the range of response to the long questionnaire (sampling) in his reports record at the end of the enumeration in which he explain:

The total household in the enumeration area after finishing the work and these households include the households that he uses the long and short questionnaire to fill its data.

The number of the sampling households as it is mentioned in his reports record and recorded by him and this includes:
1. The number of the households which is filled the long form (except the household which is abroad).
2. The number of the households on which classified data is not filled because of the following :
a) An absent household during the whole enumeration period
b) The living quarter is closed during the enumeration period
c) The household refuses to response
d) Other reasons (explained)

Instructions on filling the long questionnaire:
The long household and housing conditions questionnaire consists of a number of (8) part:

Housing conditions.
The characteristics of household members "inside the Republic".
Data summary of household members.
Contractually married but, not living as wife and husband.
The number of the handicaps.
Married, divorced, widowed women.
The characteristics of population aboard.
Data summary of population aboard.

In addition to the geographical and identification data on top of the questionnaire and the table on the top left of the first page of the questionnaire is left for the organization use.

[p.27]

The following arrangement is followed in filling the deferent parts of the questionnaire:

The household identification data.
The parts (a) then (b, c) then (g) then (h) then (f) then (c, e).

As the long and short household and housing conditions questionnaire are sharing a number questions inside the deferent parts for each one of them. This explanation shows only the questions and additional parts that are not included in explaining the short questionnaire.

Part (A): A household housing conditions

Put a circle around the suitable answer for each question from the housing conditions questions.

Tenure
Put a circle around one of the number s from (1) to (6) according to the status but, if one of these status doesn't correspond put a circle round Number (7) in case if part of the living quarter is owned by inheritance and renting the other part (owned by the other heirs), the following is regarded in choosing the type of tenure.

1. Privately owned: This means if the household owns its living quarter by inheritance or by buying a part in a building or buying the whole building or by building it directly
2. Publicly owned: If the living quarter is bought by the publicly owned system which is used recently.
3. Grant: If the living quarter is owned freely (without money) as a result of a private relationship between the holder and the owner of the housing unit.
4. Issued by employer: In case the worker holds the living quarter free of cash rent with the permission of the owner or giving simple rent as part of his salary.

Fuel and energy used:
The suitable answer is chosen by type of fuel or energy used either in cooking or operating electric equipment used by the household.

[p.28]

Monthly rent in Egyptian Pounds
The monthly rent is recorded in Egyptian pound for the rented units (ordinary or furnished) if the rent of the living quarter is less than half a pound, it is recorded one pound.

Facilities:
1. Kitchen: means the place that takes the shape of a big or small room and is basically used for cooking food.
2. Bathroom with toilet: means the bathroom that has a toilet in it.
3. Separate bathroom: means the bathroom with a toilet inside.
4. Separate toilet: means a toilet without a bathroom.

In all cases a circle:

number (1) that mains if the kitchen or bathroom or the toilet etc. are used by the household only.
number (2) if the household share with other household the used of kitchen, bathroom or toilet.
number (3) if the kitchen or bathroom etc. are not available.

The domestic appliances:
The answer to this question is to make known how the household is living and it is allowed to give multiple answers, the multiple household holding of these appliances whether they are used or not, the aim of the holding is for use and not for commerce.

Means of transportation owned:
The answer to this question helps to know if a private main of transportation is available for the household and it is allowed to give multiple answers. The answer number (1) doesn't include the vehicles

Part (B): The characteristics of the household members

This part contains (21) questions given to the members of the household who are present in the living quarter. It is previously explained how to fill the questions from (1) to (15) in the short household and housing conditions questionnaire.

Here under is an explanation of the rest of the questions:

[p.29]

The place of birth: column number (16)
Write the name of the city or village where the person was born and the section or center and governorate that this city or village depends to, if the place of the birth is the same as the place of the recent residence, the same data of the place of recent residence is written.

Place of employment or study: column no (17)
For the person less than 6 years write "under age". For the person 6 years and over and his employment status is employed or study write the name of the city or village of the person's place of employment or study and the section or the center and governorate that this city or village depends to.

Write "outside the establishments" for those who are working and their work are not in a fixed place. For the person 6 years and over and his employment status is unemployed or not studying write "unemployed".

The previous place of residence to the recent one: column (18)
Write the name of the city or village where the person was resident prior to the city or village of his recent presence (the usual place of residence) the date of the section or center and governorate that this city or village depends to is filled. The mobility of the person from one administrative division to another administrative division within the one city is not considered a change in the place of residence.

The reasons of changing the place of residence: column (19)
If there is a previous place of residence as in the answer to the question Number (18), the column Number (19) is filled by putting a circle round one of the answers from (1) to (6).
If there is no previous place of residence put a circle round number (7)

The duration of residence in the recent place of residence in years: column number (20)
The duration of residence in the present place of residence is deemed by complete years from the date of the person's presence in that place of residence even if the place of residence is changed with the place of recent residence (city/ village).
If the duration of residence is less than one year, write (months).
If the duration of the residence in the recent city or village was temporarily disrupted, writes the last duration of residence.
The temporary visit, summer holiday and tourism exclude the duration.

[p.30]

Handicap column number (21)
The type of the person's handicap is specified either because of impairment or more such as:
The loss of one of the eyes or both of them / the loss of one of the hands or both of them / the loss of one of the legs or both of them or the person is either deaf or mute, poliomyelitis, paralysis and handicap, mental retarded, mentally subnormal and mongolism.

The parts (C, D)
Go back to the explanation of the short questionnaire.

Part (E):
The number of the handicaps is filled according to type (male/ female) as it is recorded in column number (21)

Part (G): Married, divorced and widowed women
Write in the column of this table the data of the married, divorced or widowed women from the members of the household whose data is mentioned in part (b) according to the following :

Person's data
Write in this column the serial number of the married women or divorced or widowed mentioned within the members of a household in part (b) from this questionnaire.

The age of the first marriage column number (1)
Write the age of the married, divorced or widowed female at the first marriage by complete year.

[p.31]

The total duration of marriage life by complete years column number (2)
Write the total of actual marriage life (recent and previous) by complete years and the time of divorced or widowed are not deemed within this number. The time of separation between the wife and husband without being divorced is considered within the marriage life.

The rank of the recent or last marriage column number (3)
Write in this column the marriage rank:

The recent rank for the recent married female
the last rank for the divorced or widowed female

The number of living children from all marriages column number (4)
Write the total number of living children from male and female who have births during the marriage life (recent and previous).

The number of still alive children columns number (5, 6)
Write in the column (5) the number of children born alive and still reside with the household male or female and write in the column (6) the number of children born alive and not still reside with the household male or female.

Part (H): Population abroad

Column number (1)
Write in this column the person's full name who was living with the household but, at present he is abroad or the name of the person who resides abroad but, at the census moment he is on a visit to the household; therefore, in this case his name is mentioned within the members of a household in part (B) from this questionnaire.

Columns from number (2 to 6)
The data of each column is filled according to the status by the instructions on filling the persons' characteristics in part (B), in column number (4) the age in complete years is required.

[p.32]

Columns from number (7 to 10)
The presence abroad.

Column number (7)
Write the person's employment status abroad according the instructions on filling the population employment status in part (B).

Column number (8)
Write the name of the state where the person is present aboard.

Column number (9)
Write the period in complete years that the person spent abroad (in one country or more) continuously or separately.

Column number (10)
Put a circle in the person's suitable answer.

Notice:
The enumerator has to record the suitable answer for all the questions in the deferent parts of the questionnaire and not to leave any column without an answer. Any part of the parts of the questionnaire that not suits the household members status and it has no answers put (/) on the whole part for example,

Part (d) if there is no person in the household who is contractually married
Part (e) if there is no handicap in the household
Part (h) if there are no persons abroad in the household

C. The short household and housing conditions questionnaire
(Model Number 8 T.s) separate (Arabic)

It is the same short household and housing conditions questionnaire which is previously explained in (A) and the previous instructions are followed in filling it.

[p.33]

D. The long household and housing conditions questionnaire
(Model Number 9 T.s) separate (Arabic)

It is the same long household and housing conditions questionnaire which is previously explained in (B) and the previous instructions are followed in filling it.

E. The short household and housing conditions questionnaire
(Model Number 10 T.s) separate (English)

It is the same short household and housing conditions questionnaire but, it is written in English and the previous instructions are followed in filling it.

F. The short household and housing conditions questionnaire
(Model Number 11 T.s) separate in (French)

It is the same short household and hosing conditions questionnaire but, it is written in French and the previous instructions are used in filling it.

G. The long household and housing conditions
(Model Number 9 m T.s) separate (English)

It is the same long household and housing conditions questionnaire but, it is written in English and the previous instructions are followed in filling it.

H. The long household and housing conditions questionnaire
(Model Number 9 m/a T.s) separate in (French)

It is the same long household and housing conditions questionnaire but, it is written in French and the previous instructions are followed in filling it

[p.34]

I. Public living quarters residents questionnaire (model number (12 T.s)

The public living quarter's questionnaire is defined with the short household and housing conditions questionnaire in most of its contents except the following:

Leaving the question on the relation to the head of the household as there is no household system in public living quarters but, if the household of the hotel manager is present in the public living quarter it is regarded as a household and the household and housing conditions questionnaire is filled for him and for his household.

The handicap status is asked in question Number (15) if there is any in public living quarter residents questionnaire in order to make comprehensive listing for handicaps according to the type of handicap for those in asylums hospitals, care centers etc. but, it is asked in number in the short household and housing conditions questionnaire.

The identification data of the public living quarter is a substitute to the identification data for the household in the short questionnaire.

The previous instructions are followed in filling public living quarter's questionnaire.

J. The single questionnaire for public living quarters residents
Arabic / English (model Number 1/13 T.s)
Arabic / French (model Number 2/13 T.s)

It is the same questionnaire for public living quarters residents but, it is in Arabic or English once or Arabic and French in other time to suit the foreign population and it has no difference in filling and reviewing it from the public living quarters questionnaire and it is filled by the person himself (person living in a hotel) and it is on one person.

Reviewing the enumerator's field work

The enumerator's duty:

The enumerator should follow a field check method and daily field reviewing of what he has filled during the day to make sure that he has covered all the households or public living quarters in his area.

[p.35]

Compare the number of the households that he has filled data on, inside each building with the number of the households that are previously listed in the same building by the register and mentioned in the record of the enumerator's report and recorded inside a square below the number of census building. The aim is to know the reason of any difference if there is any before leaving the building with explaining the specified design in his reports record.

Make sure that the sampling household on which the long questionnaire is filled is the same which is mentioned in model "sampling households" in the record of his reports.

The enumerator should collect data from a person who is in charge of the household (adult) and he should know the detailed data on the household members. The data must not be collected in front a neighbor unless the data on a household whose members are aboard.

The enumerator has to make sure of the following before leaving the household:

There are answers to all the questions and on the whole household members in the questionnaire. The require data to all the household members must be filled during the visit.
Reviewing data and fitting it according to the one person and the person's relation with others according to office reviewing instructions that will be mentioned later with making the necessary correction on it.

The supervisor's duties (registrar, assistant, supervisors):
The registrar, assistant and supervisor have to concentrate on the enumerator's field check on the first days of their work to make sure of the enumerator's correct work in his area and his understanding of data collecting method and his following to the instructions.
Filling the jashny questionnaire on a sample of households of each enumerator as 1% for the registrar and ½% for the assistant. The jashny questionnaire is filled in field without the presence of the enumerator. After filling and relating them with the questionnaires that are filled by the enumerator on the same households and giving the enumerator the required instructions if there are any mistakes.

The supervisor during their field check have to make sure that each enumerator should stick to the fixed instructions on sampling households and to stick to what is previously fixed of sampling households and not to substitute one household with other.
[p.36]
Checking the area on which the enumerators have finished their work and to make sure that each enumerator has entered the buildings in his own area by noticing identifying signs near the squares recorded on the right of the entrance of the building and also by asking the population on the enumerator's visit for them especially marginal living quarters
Office reviewing on the works of each enumerator at the stage of population numeration as 5% for the registrar 2% for the assistant 10% for the inspector and making sure that enumerators have understood the instructions and collecting correct data and giving them the required instructions if there is any.

The probable errors and how to correct them

The probable errors:
1. An error in the enumerator's tour within the enumeration area.
2. The projection of a whole building from enumeration.
3. The projection of some of the households from the enumeration process.
4. The projection of some of the household members.
5. Repeating some of the households in the enumeration process.
6. The data of some of the sampling households (previously specified) are not filled and substituted them with other household.
7. The data of more than a household is mentioned in one questionnaire and this not according to the instructions.
8. The one household is considered more than a household by dividing it and this is against the instructions.
9. The projection of one of the public living quarters.

The method of correcting errors:
Here under is the method of correcting errors arranged by the arrangement of the kinds of the previous errors:

[p.37]

If the enumerator at the beginning of his work doesn't make his tour in the proper way within the enumeration area this is cured by stopping the work and repeating the explanation of the process to the enumerator, then repeating the work that is previously done as this type of error causes other errors such as dropping or repeating some households.

If a whole building is dropped from the enumeration process, the households data in it is filled after finishing the work in the building on which the work is on and directly in the next place in the household and housing conditions record with indicating in the record the cause of the lack in building sequences.

If one of the households is dropped during the enumeration process, the enumerator has to record the households data in the building on which work is going on, then the data of the dropped households are recorded and this is indicated in the record.

If one of the members of a household is dropped from collecting data, his data is filled as the last person in the household besides indicating the cause of not mentioning it in the sequence.

If the household data is repeated during the enumeration process, the repeated data is omitted in this que4stionnaire and the serial number is corrected.

In filling the short questionnaire incorrectly for the sampling households with filling a long questionnaire for another household and not within the instructions. It is corrected by transferring the household data on which a long questionnaire is filled on the work area to the short household and housing conditions record or filling the data of the original sampling household in the long household and housing conditions record with canceling the questionnaires that are filled in a wrong way and modifying the households' sequences.

As a result of the error in the application of the census household definition, the members of two households are filled in one questionnaire; in this case the enumerator has to cancel this household and allocating another questionnaire for each household and correcting the household serial number s.

The enumerator sometimes makes an error by dividing the one household into more than a household in this case such households are given the series of one household and the series of the persons is modified and indicated in the next questionnaire that it is related to household No., the household serial number is modified in the record.

If the public household is dropped and is not given the record of the public living quarter's record, the data of this public living quarter is filled in a special record for it.

[p.38]

Office reviewing for the enumerator's works

Office reviewing is the duty of the enumerator and the supervisors at the same time and this requires at least one daily meetings between the enumerator and his heads (assistant, registrar) at the supervisors office or the cities' assistant if he has any office and in the office of the village assistant or the village registrar for the enumerators in the village. This meeting must be in the morning before the beginning of the work or in the afternoon after finishing the daily work.

Office reviewing aims at:

reviewing universality
objective reviewing

Reviewing universality includes:
Making sure that all the identifying data is on the two covers of the record and on the top of the pages of each filled questionnaire.

Reviewing records data to make sure that if covers all the buildings situated in the enumeration area with regarding the following:
Making sure of the sequence ascending for the number s of the buildings in the household and housing conditions record and without leaving a building without recording except if the building is vacant or an establishment.

Making sure if the ascending serial number s are correct and the households in the down floors are recorded before households on top floors. Making sure that the sampling areas enter the general sequence. The difference between each serial number of a sampling household and the serial number of the next or previous sampling household is 5(five) if the range increases or decreases than (five) it must be reviewed because there may be an error in choosing the sample on purpose (leaving one of the sampling households applying to the instructions) or an error not on purpose and in this case the correction must be according to the enumerator's special instructions under probable errors and their correction.

Reviewing the record data to make sure that all the columns in the questionnaires and the summarized data down the questionnaire are filled.
[p.39]

Making sure of covering all public living quarters' data in the enumerator's area and giving special regard to the public living quarters with big size and it is necessary to list all present population on the night of census.

Making sure that the rate of production goes with the normal rates between (15-20) household daily and this make them finish collecting data in the limited time period which is (15) days

The enumerator's primary results and the reports records should be used step according to the instructions

Making sure of the correspondence of the indicated sampling households in the enumerators reports record with the households on which the long questionnaire is filled and also the special sample of the status of the sampling households in the record of reports is filled.

Making sure of covering the households residing in unlisted places. (Indicated in the enumerators' reports record with the knowledge of the registrar).

Reviewing objectively (consistency):
The enumerator himself and the supervisors begin reviewing the consistency of the data of one person and the data of the persons of the one household and this make a union between them and cancel the contrast.

Office reviewing takes into consideration the following:

Housing conditions part (A) from the questionnaire:
1. The joining between the location and type of living quarter from the building. The living quarter is not considered "a whole Villa" unless the location of the living quarter is "the whole building" with regarding if the living quarter is "a whole Vila" only one household is present in this building with the exception of servants/ workers households etc. who reside in rooms or annexes inside the villa and it is the same if the living quarter is a "whole rural house".

2. The joining between the type of tenure and the monthly rent in Egyptian Pounds if there is a monthly rent, the type of tenure is either ordinary or furnished.

3. The relation between the source of water and the connection of the living quarter with a water supply system if the answer of the connection of the living quarter with a water supply system (1) "Tap inside the building" ; therefore, the answer in source of water is (1) piped public system but, if the answer in the connection of the living quarter with water supply system is (3) "none" ; therefore, the source of water is (1) piped public system, the household can get water from a piped public system outside the building.

[p.40]

Persons' characteristics part (B) from the questionnaire:

4. The name: column number (1)
The name of the person and his relation with the head of the household.
The relation between the name and the type, this is for the names that are not used for both sexes such as (Mohammed/ Mustafa for male. Zainab/ Fatima for female).
The relation between the name and religion, this is for names that belong for one religion such as Mohammed, Mustafa (for Moslems) Hanna (for Christian).

5. The relation with the head of a household: Column number (2)
This has benefit in reviewing age relation between the head of the household and its members for example corresponding the father's age with the age of his children and also the mother's age is compared with the children's age and the children's age with one another.

6. Type: column number (3)
The relation between type and marital status, the columns number (12, 13) on one side and the number of current wives column number (14) on the other side as there is no data on the number of wives but, only for married males.
The relation between type, religion and marital status columns (3, 4, 13) on one side and between the number of current wives column number (14) as there is no more than one wife for the non-Moslem male.

7. The date of birth or age: Column number (6)
The relation between age and educational status column number (7), the answer in the educational status "under age" for those who are less than 10 years old. The age of the person must suits the qualification he has got. It is often 14 years and over and he has got the preparatory and over the one who has got the secondary the one who has got a university degree regarding the relation of age with employment status and the name of the establishment and the economic activity if the age of the person is less than 6 years the answer is "under age".

Regarding the relation of age with the occupation column number (12) and if one year less than 15 years the answer is "underage".

Regarding the relation of age with the marital status number (13). The fixed date of marriage is 18 year and over for male and 16 years and over for female; therefore, the marital status for persons who are less than this age and they have no marital status is "under age".

If there are ages around the zero number s or end by five they must be checked.

[p.41]

8. The educational status: Column number (7)
The relation between the educational status and age columns (6, 7) and between the employment status column number (8) within the employment status "student" and he is 10 years old and over and he has no qualification in front of the word certificate ; therefore, his educational status must be read and write.

The relation of the educational status "the certificate the person has got with main occupation data column number (12)", there is a relationship between the qualification and occupation "bachelor of laws" works as a lawyer or "bachelor in commerce or the like works as an accountant or "bachelor in medicine" works as a doctor.

9. The employment status: Column number (8)
The relation between the employment status and age columns (6, 8) and between the establishment's name and the economic activity columns (9, 10, 11).
If the employment status for any person "employed" and his age is (6 years and over) the answer must be in columns number (9, 10, 11).
The relation between the employment status and age columns (8, 6) and between the main occupation column number (12).
If the employment status for any person whose age is (15 years and over) "employed" he has certainly an occupation written in column number (12).
The relation the employment status and age columns (8, 6) and between employment or study in column number (17) and that is in the long questionnaire only.

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If the person age (10 years and over) and his employment status is "student" there must be an answer to this person in column number (17) for this person.
If the employment status to any person "employed" and his age is (6 years and over) it must be a written answer in column number (17) for this person.

10. The name of the establishment: Column number (9)
The relation between the establishment's name column number (9) and the sector column number (10) the name of the establishment indicates the type of sector (governmental/ public/ private) the name "Central Statistic Organization" means that the sector is governmental "textile and spinning company at Al-Mahala or Al-Kubra" "the bank of Egypt" means that the sector is public
The relation between the name of the establishment in which the person is working column number (9) and the main economic activity column number (11). The name of the establishment indicates the economic activity of the establishment for example, Abraham Smithy company-Mohammed Saloon for hair dressing and so on.

11. The main economic activity: Column number (11)
The relation between the economic activity and occupation. It is necessary of the availability of main occupation column number (12) for each person who has a main economic activity column number (11) with exception the ages from 6 to 14 as there is an economic activity available but, the occupation is not available because the occupation is required for persons from (15 years and over).

12. The marital status: Column number (13)
Regarding the relation between the marital status column number (13) in part (B) and part (D) for those who are contractually married. There must be an identical data in part (D) for persons of both sex and those whose marital status, contractually married.
Regarding the relation between the marital status column number (13) and part (F) in the long questionnaire which is specialized in women, married, divorced and widowed, part (F) is filled for all women, married, divorced and widowed in the household and their data is mentioned in part (B) in this questionnaire.

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13. Place of employment or study: Column number (17)
While reviewing column number (17). It is regarded that all its data are filled if there is (a circle) on one of the answers of the employment status number s (2) or (3) or (4) or (5) or (8).

14. Place of residence prior to present residence: Column number (18)
If there is previous place of residence column number (18). It is necessary to be an answer in column number (19) on the cause of changing it.

15. Duration of residence in the place of present residence: Column number (20)
It is necessary to correspond the duration of residence in the place of present residence by years column number (20) with the age of the person column number (6) and if there is no prior place of residence to the present column number (18).

Summary data of a household data part (C) from the questionnaire
The number of the household members must be equal to type (male, female) and equal their number in religion, nationality and age groups. It is previously explained how to fill this summary.

Married, divorced and widow women part (F) from the questionnaire
The age of the first marriage + the total marital duration the questions (1, 2) in part (F) for any married female. The answer number (3) question (13) in part (B) with the age of this female is mentioned in question number (6) in part (B) and this is if the order of current or last marriage it is filled, the question (3) in part (F) by the word "first". Reviewing the number of survival births and reside with the household, question number (5) in part (F) by sex with indicating the members of the household in part (B) the number of survivals births is either equal or less (male/ female) questions (5, 6) resident or non resident with the household in part (F) with indicating the special question of the number of live births (male/ female) from all marriages question(4) but, this doesn't increase on that at any rate.

A comparison between the number of live births from all marriages with the total marital duration and the mother's age.

Those who are abroad part (G) from the questionnaire:

There must be an emphasis on the question on those living abroad in part (G) of the questionnaire but, there are no members of a household abroad, the sign(/) must be put on the whole part (G) and if this part is found without this sign, the enumerator has to go back to the household to complete the answer.

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If part (G) and part (h) from the long questionnaire or part (F) from the short questionnaire are filled only with no other parts, this mains that all the members of the household are abroad; therefore, the questionnaire takes no serial number for the household. It is not considered as census household and it is recorded "abroad" in the place of the household serial number .

The use of reports records and primary results

The enumerator's report record (model Number 25 T.s):
This record aims to help the enumerator to know his work area and recording his daily work.
The enumerator should fill the identification data on the record cover and on top of the models used step by step.

Here is an explanation of the record contents by sequence of the models

Acknowledgement of receiving the work (model Number 1/25 T.s)
It is filled by the enumerator as an origin and a copy and the origin is given to the registrar.

The prints and equipment (models Number 2/25 T.s)
The prints and equipment are defined by registrar and their names must be written to fascinate the work. The enumerator has to fill a data of the amount by type as it is received from the registrar.

The enumerator's area building level (model Number 3/25 T.s)
This explains the specialization of the enumerator from the household inside each building which is previously listed with the knowledge of the registrar.
The column from (1) to (5) is filled by the knowledge of the registrar but, columns (6, 7) are filled by the enumerator after finishing his daily work.

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The enumerator's area "resident households in unlisted places"
(Model Number 4/25 T.s)

This is filled by the acknowledgement of the registrar and explains the location and description of the place that the resident households in unlisted places occupy and the name of the head of each household to guide the enumerator to such households aiming for listing universality.

The enumeration area "sampling households" (model Number 5/25 T.s)
This is filled by the knowledge of the registrar and explains the location and description of the place that the household occupies and the name of its head. This is for sampling households.

The enumeration area "public living quarters" (model Number 6/25 T.s)
It is filled by the knowledge of the registrar and explains the name of the public living quarter, his address and the number of census building and the location and description of the place that public living quarter occupies from the building.

Delivering and receiving public living quarters records (model Number 7/25 T.s)
Specialized for delivering public living quarter's records in a period prior to census night and the enumerator comes back to receive it after it's being filled.

The daily production in population enumeration step (model Number 8/25 T.s)
It is recorded daily; the enumerator's daily production for households and public living quarters the households' data of the short questionnaire must be separate from the households data of the household long questionnaire and also separate from public living quarters data.

Delivering the prints and equipment and the primary results (model Number 9/25 T.s)
This sample is used to deliver the prints, equipment and primary results to the registrar. The register records his name and signature down the sample on the origin and copy and indicating the data of the delivery and gives the enumerator the origin.

The acknowledgement of freeing from obligation (model number 10/25 T.s)
This is shown in origin and copy with the knowledge of the registrar and the origin is given to the enumerator to free him from the obligation of the works of population, housing and establishments census 1986.

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The enumerator's primary results record (model number 33T.s)
The aim of this record is to assist the enumerator to extract the primary results on the level of his area by the details mentioned in the person' data summary in both long and short household and housing conditions questionnaire and the public living quarters questionnaire.

Here under is an explanation of the contents of this record according to the models/ sequence.

Household and housing conditions data (household level) (model number 1/33 T.s)
It consist of four pages (a, b, c, d) the characteristics data of the persons inside and abroad are recorded and the data of the housing conditions. A line in the four pages is specified for each "household" data. The data in this model is not transferred until reviewing the questionnaires to avoid errors in the insults.
The household are recorded according to its serial number; the beginning must be to the record of household and housing conditions number (1) In the enumerator's area then the record number (2) and so on. The households' data of the short questionnaire comes first on separate pages, then the households' data of the long questionnaire to form total for each record separately.

Household and housing conditions data (record level) (model number 2/33 T.s)
It consist of four pages (a, b, c, d) recorded in it the total of each record from the previous model (1/33 T.s). A line is allocated in the four pages for the one record data, the short records are recorded first, then the long records with collecting data for each kind of the records separately to form the total.

The household and housing conditions data (public living quarters) model number 3/33 T.s)
It consists of three pages (a, b, c) recorded in it the characteristics of the resident persons in the public living quarters one line is allocated for the total of each record of the public living quarters records, it is found and filled on the last page of each record. The data of all public living quarters records in the enumerator's area must be recorded in this model and the total of public living quarters are found at the end of this model.

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Total primary results of households and housing conditions and public living quarters (model number 4/33 T.s)
It consist of four pages (a, b, c, d) the persons' characteristics data for those who are inside the republic and abroad are recorded and also the data of the housing conditions.
One line on each page of the four pages is allocated for the total of each type form the records:

total records of the short questionnaires
total records of the long questionnaires
(1+2) total records long and short questionnaires
(1+2)+3 total enumerator's area

This model is filled from a basic model (2/33), (3/33).
This model comes out in its four pages origin and copy by the knowledge of the enumerator, the origin is given to the registrar and he will sign on receiving it.

The result of the range response of the sampling households (model number 5/33 T.s)
It consist of one page explains the range of the response of the sampling households in filling its data in the long household and housing conditions questionnaire the following data is recorded :

Total households long and short questionnaires in the enumeration area, column (1).
Total households the short questionnaire, column (2).
Total households long questionnaire sampling households', column (3).
Then showing the range response for the sampling by explaining:
The number of the responsive households, column (4).
the number of non-responsive households and the reason of non-responsive
Non-response households, column (5).
absent households during the enumeration period, column (6)
The living quarter is closed and nothing is known about the households, column (7).
Others, column (8).
The columns from (5) to (8) are the total of the non-responsive households, column (9).

This sample is done from origin and a copy by the enumerator and the origin is given to the registrar and he will sign in the record for receiving it.