Data Cart

Your data extract

0 variables
0 samples
View Cart



[Ecuador]

Census 2010
Population and Dwelling

Open the door to the future!
Enumerator's Manual

INEC
National Institute of Statistic and Census

[Page 2-8 consisting of introduction and tables of content are omitted here.]

[Page 1]

1. The census

What is a census?
Census is to count determined elements such as: people, dwellings, economic establishments, etc., in a determined geographic area.

What is a population census?
This is the set of operations designated to collect and to share information about populations, economic and social characteristics of all the inhabitants of the country at a specific moment.

What is a dwelling census?
This is the set of operations designated to collect and share the data related to the dwelling and those structures that, not having been constructed for this purpose, lodge people.

2. The enumerator

Who is the enumerator?
This is the person responsible for collecting the information about the population and the dwellings for the enumeration area that has been assigned.

What and who is enumerated?
All of the dwellings and people who spent the night from the 27th to the 28th of November in the dwellings that are assigned to him/her according to his/her enumeration area.

[Pages 2-7 consisting of administrative information and examples are omitted here.]

[Page 8]

5. General standards about the registration form of the census questionnaire.

[Pages 8-9 explaning the way to make notations on the census questionnaire are omitted here.]

[Page 10]

What type of questions will I find on the census questionnaire?
There are several types of questions on the census questionnaire, whose answers get registered in different manners.

Registering the answer by observation.
These questions are filled out noting what you observe, as is indicated in this manual.

[Copies of questions III-V from the census questionnaire are omitted here.]

Remember to complete a census questionnaire for each dwelling, whatever its condition of occupancy.

Answer with a single registry.
This is what we call the questions that are marked with only one piece of information and that have no alert regarding its registry.

[Copies of questions 14, 21, and 22 from the census questionnaire are omitted here.]

[Page 11]

Answers with multiple registries:
In the questionnaire, there are four question, not more, in which you can mark an X in more than one circle. These are questions 9, 14, 15, and 18 of section 4. It is important to take into account the alert notices.

[Copies of questions 9, 14, 15, and 18 from the census questionnaire are omitted here.]

Answer with registries in sequence:
The question is called registries in sequence when you mark the first answer with a circle then follow this with an answer where you write out the answer completely in the space provided for this.

[Copies of questions 11 and 13 from the census questionnaire are omitted here.]

[Page 12]

How should these questions be read?
Reading the questions should be done just as it is found on the census questionnaire.

For the questions that have a semi-colon (:), you should read all of the categories of the answer. For example:

3. The predominant material of the exterior walls of the dwelling is:
1. Reinforced concrete?
2. Brick or concrete block?
3. Mud bricks or mud?
4. Wood?
5. Coated cane or mud-and-branches?
6. Uncoated cane?
7. Other materials?

You should read: The predominant material of the exterior walls of the dwelling is: Reinforced concrete?, Brick or concrete block?, Mud bricks or mud?, Wood?, Coated cane or mud-and-branches?, Uncoated cane?, Other materials?, and wait for the answer.

If the informant answers "no", you should insist that you need an answer and read the question and alternatives again.

If the question ends with a question mark (?), you should not read the alternatives. For example:

3. How old is [the respondent] in years completed?
Years completed ___
For boys/girls less than one year old, register 0. [A]

You should read: How old is Juan in years completed?

[A] The white boxes are instructions that you should follow.

  • The words in parenthesis ( ) serve as a guide so that you take them into account while completing them.
  • With a word that is found with the following symbol ( / ), you should read it according to the sex of the person to whom you are applying the example. For example: married [in Spanish with an o] should be read if it is a man and if it is a woman, you should read married [in Spanish with an a].
  • In the questions with a parenthesis with three dots (…), you should insert the name of the person you are enumerating.
Why is it that not all of the numbers of the questions are circled?
The circle around the number of the question indicates that this question can be part of the flow and does not necessarily follow the previous question. With the goal of maintaining a logical order to the census questionnaire, a flow or leap system has been established to allow the interview to continue with the information that is received.

5. Does [the respondent] hold an Ecuadoran citizenship document?
1. Yes / Continue with question 7.
2. No
6. Is [the respondent] registered in the Civil Registry?
1. Yes
2. No
7. Does [the respondent] have private health insurance?
1. Yes
2. No

If you register the answer "yes" in question 5, do not ask question 6 and follow the flow to question 7.

When there is no indication in the question of a flow or leap, it is understood that you should continue with the next question.

[Page 13]

6. Instructions for completing the census questionnaire.
Before beginning with the instructions for filling out the form, it is necessary that you know the content of the census questionnaire.

How many parts does the questionnaire have?
It contains two parts:

1. General information about the dwelling and household, which is then subdivided into:

I. Geographic location of the dwelling
II. Information about the enumerator
III. Type of dwelling
IV. Principal access to the dwelling
V. Occupancy condition of the dwelling
2. Detailed information with regard to the dwelling, household, and enumerated persons; divided into the following sections:
Section 1: Information about the dwelling.
Section 2> Information about the household.
Section 3: Money transfers and emigration.
Section 4: Information about the population.
A: Identification of the persons.
B. General characteristics: For all persons.
C: Educational characteristics: For persons five years old or more.
D. Economic characteristics: For persons five years old or more.
E. Marital status and social security: Persons twelve years old and older.
F. Fertility and mortality: Women twelve years old and older.
Important: Each census questionnaire has space for collecting the information for up to ten people. In the case that there are more than ten people in a household, you will use another census questionnaire.

[Page 14]

How should you fill in the questionnaire?

To fill in the census questionnaire correctly, you should follow the following steps:

[Sections I and II]

Step 1: Before you enter the dwelling, copy the information from the census folder and fill in the information about the enumerator:

[Copies of the census folder, an example of sections I and II from the census questionnaire, and steps 2 and 3 are omitted here.]

[Page 15]

[Sections III, IV, and V]

Step 4: Through observation othe dwelling, register: type of dwelling, principal access to the dwelling, and occupancy condition of the dwelling.

[Copies of sections III-V of the census questionnaire are omitted here.]

Important: The enumerator will investigate whether there is a private dwelling within the collective dwelling; which means that he/she should find out if within the collective dwelling there is a person or group of persons who live in the collective dwelling permanently; if this is the case, the interview should be done. For example: hotel owners, clinic caretakers, etc.

[Page 16]

Remember that for the dwellings that are occupied with persons absent (2), unoccupied (3), and under construction (4), you should open a census questionnaire and register it according to the following instructions:

[Copies of sections I-V of the census questionnaire are omitted here.]

(A) Register the I. Geographic Location of the dwelling, from number 1.1 to 1.7
(B) In identification of the dwelling and household, register numbers 1.9 and 1.12.
(C) Identify through observation and register the type of private dwelling.
(D) In principal accesss means and through observation, mark x as corresponds.
(E) In the condition of occupancy of the dwelling, register x in 2 when it is occupied with the persons absent, 3 when it is unoccupied, or 4 when the dwelling is under construction.
(F) Register your information.
Important: Once you have followed the instructions to cases of dwellings with the people absent, unoccupied, and under construction, leave the rest of the questionnaire blank, stick the enumerated label on the dwelling and continue with the next dwelling.

[Page 17]

[Section 1]

Step 5: If the dwelling is found occupied with people present, carry out the interview with the head of household or spouse about the information from section 1, information about the dwelling.

[A copy of section 1of the census questionnaire is omitted here.]

  • All of the questions of this section accept one answer only.
  • For registering question 12, you will take into account only the lightbulbs that are installed and you will not consider the lightbulbs used as Christmas ornaments.
  • In this section, there are leaps in questions 10 and 15.
  • Question 15 allows you to identify is there is more than one household in the dwelling.
[Page 18]

If there is more than one census household in the dwelling, you should use a questionnaire per household, starting with the second census household (second questionnaire) you should follow these instructions:

a) On the cover, repeat number 1, geographic location of the dwelling from the previous census questionnaire through question number 1.9.
b) In number 1.10 note the number of the census household that you are enumerating.
c) In number 1.11 complete the answer according to the number of census questionnaires used for each census household.
d) On the cover, leave blank number 1.12., number III - type of dwelling, number IV - principal access to the dwelling, number V - condition of occupancy, and section 1 - information about the dwelling.
e) Continue with the registry of the census questionnaire starting with section 2 (information about the household).

[Section 2]

Step 6: Continue with section 2, information about the household.

[A copy of section 2 of the census questionnaire is omitted here.]

Tips:

(A) You should mark the number of the household that you are enumerating, according to the number of household identified in section 1, questions 15 and/or 16.
(B) [In question 12] register whole numbers.
(C) In questions 13 and 14, if there is an affirmative answer you should register the quantity in the corresponding box (how many?).

[Page 19]

[Section 3]

Step 7: Continue with section 3, money transfers and emigration

[A copy of section 3 of the census questionnaire is omitted here.]

Tips:

(A) If in question 2, there is a positive answer you should register the amount in the corresponding box.
  • Register only the people who left the country as of November of 2001.
  • The registry of this section is in horizontal format, each row corresponds to the information of one person.
  • If there are more than seven persons in the home that have left the country as of year 2001, you will give priority to the people who left in the latest years.
  • If there are more than seven persons in the home that have left the country you should register this in observation (page 4 of the census questionnaire).

[Page 20]

[Section 4]

Step 8: Ask the questions from section 4, information about the population / A: Identification of the persons

[A copy of section 4A of the census questionnaire is omitted here.]

Tips:

(A) Ask for the total number of persons who spent the night from the 27th to the 28th of November of 2010.
  • Remind the informant that this should consist of all of the people who spent the night from the 27th to the 28th of November, 2010, the smallest (new borns), the oldest (the elderly), handicapped persons, and those who for reasons of work did not sleep the previous night (doctors, nurses, guards, etc.).
  • Register the total of men and women.
(B) List all the people who slept in the home, beginning with the head of household (male or female), and continue according to the established order in question 2, in relationship to the head of household (male or female).
  • Once you have listed names and last names, verify that the total men, women, and total people of question 1 agrees with the total of registered people.
(C) If the informant mentions that he/she only sleeps in the house, register 1 "yes", if the informant only eats in the house, register code 2 "no".

[Page 21]

Take into account: If there are more than 10 people in the home, you must use another questionnaire, following these indications:

a) On the first page of the census questionnaire, in the spaces located in the upper right-hand corner, copy the first seven digits of the first questionnaire used in the registry of the census household.
[A copy of part of the census questionnaire is omitted here.]
b) On the cover, repeat number 1, geographic location of the dwelling of previous the census questionnaire up to number 1.10.
c ) In number 1.11 write questionnaire 2 of 2 (because on the first questionnaire you should have written questionnaire 1 of 2).
d) On the cover page, leave blank number 1.12 to number II - information about the enumerator, number III - type of dwelling, number IV - principal access to the dwelling, number V - condition of occupancy, and number IV - summary of the population by household, and the sections:
1. Information about the dwelling
2. Information about the household.
3. Remittances and emigration.
e) Continue with the registry of the persons in section 4 (Information about the Population).

Step 9: Continue with section 4, information about the population / B: General characteristics.

Remember that you conduct the interview directly with each of the persons 12 years old and older. For the persons under 12 years old, ask for the presence of the head of household (male or female), his/her spouse, or the representative of the home.

Take into account that the names and last names of the first person must correspond to the person listed in section 4 - data of population, A: Identification of the persons, row 1; therefore all the information that is obtained must belong to this person, so on for the rest of the people.

[A copy of part of section 4 of the census questionnaire is omitted here.]

[Page 22]

Step 10: Section 4, information about the Population / B: General Characteristics, is divided into three parts: The first part corresponds to the questions that go from question one to ten.

[A copy of part of section 4B of the census questionnaire is omitted here.]

Tips:

(A) The information of the first person corresponds to the one listed this same section in subsection A - identification by person; row 1 (page 4 of the census questionnaire).
  • Follow the sequential order of the questions.
(B) Begin with the head of household (male or female), and for the rest of persons it register them according to the order established in relation to the head of the household. For each household, there should only be one head of household, and he/she will be registered as person 1.
(C) Register the exact age of the person in years completed. If a boy or girl is younger than one year, register 0 (zero).
(D) Pay attention to the leaps in question 5 and question 8.
(E) It will be registered that yes he/she has a citizenship certificate, even if it has been stolen or lost.
  • Pay attention to the instructions that are indicated in questions 3 and 9.
  • In question 7, do not include the insurance of the IESS.
(F) Remember that the question 9 can have several alternatives of answers.
  • The disabilities are of permanent nature and that prevent him/her from doing activities that other people would do without difficulty. If any person mentions that his/her hip hurts, that he/she has to use glasses because he/she no longer sees well, or that he/she must use an apparatus to hear because he/she no longer hears well, these will not be registered as disabilities.
  • If a person does not speak (mute person), register alternative 4 and note it in observations.

[Page 23]

Step 11: Continue with the second part (questions 11 to 13) of section 4, information about the population / B : General characteristics.

[A copy of part of section 4B of the census questionnaire is omitted here.]

Tips:

  • Follow the order sequential of the questions.
  • Remember the leaps in questions 11, 12, and 13.
  • Question 11 must have all of the categories read, like this:
  • Where was (Marco Méndez)born: in this city? , in another place of the country? or in another country?
  • In this example the informant was born in Bolivia, immediately you must ask the year in which he arrived in Ecuador.
  • Question 12 must have the categories read, like this:
  • In what place does (Marco Méndez) habitually live?: in this city?, in another place of the country? , or in another country?
  • In this example the informant lives in this same city, or marks x, in category 1 and continues with the next question.
  • Question 13 must have the categories read, like this:
  • 5 years ago, in what place did (Marco Méndez) habitually live?: in this city? , in another place of the country? or in another country?
  • In this example if the informant lived in another place of the country, mark x, in category 2.
  • Ask, In what Province?, in what county? and in what city or rural parish?
  • For the example, 5 years ago he lived in the province of Guayas, Guayaquil county, and Guayaquil City; write down these names.
(A) You should not register anything in the fields for the use of INEC.
  • Remember that if you are enumerating a child under 5 years of age, you should not ask question 13, just mark x in option 4 and continue with the next question.

[Page 24]

[Examples of how to fill questions 11-13 are omitted here.]

[Page 25]

Step 12: Continue with the third part (questions 14 to 18) of section 4, information about the population / B: General characteristics

[A copy of part of section 4B of the census questionnaire is omitted here.]

Tips:

  • Follow the sequential order of the questions.
  • Questions 14, 15 and 18 can have multiple answers.
  • If the informant indicates he/she speaks an indigenous language, immediately ask: what indigenous language or dialect do you speak? (question 15.1)
  • If the informant does not know the name of the language that he/she speaks, register that he/she does not know. You should not read the names.
  • Take into account the leaps with questions 16 and 17.
  • You should not register anything in the fields for the use INEC.
  • If in question 16 the informant responds "no", insist that you need an answer and reread the question with its alternatives.
  • If the informant does not know the name of the nationality or indigenous group to which he/she belongs, register does not know. You should not read the names.
  • Question 18 is multiple answer and will be asked regarding children under five years of age.

[A copy of question 18 of the census questionnaire is omitted here.]

[Page 26]

Step 13: Continue with section 4, information about the population / C. Educational characteristics.

[A copy of section 4C of the census questionnaire is omitted here.]

Tips:

  • Follow the sequential order of the questions.
  • Remember that this is only for people 5 years old and older.
  • If the person only knows to read or only to write mark x in box 2 and continue with question 21.
  • Questions 21, 23, and 25 have leaps.
  • Mark question 23 according to the answer of the informant. If the informant mentions having finished the school, register x in code 5; if the informant mentions that he/she is in basic education, you should mark code 6.
  • Question 24 will be registered according to the level of instruction marked in question 23.

The following is a table showing levels of instruction from question 23 and years that can be registered from question 24 [table]:

[Column headings:]
(1) Question 23 code
(2) Level of instruction
(3) Year that can be registered in question 24

Question 23: code 2
Level: centers of alphabetization
Year: 1, 2, 3

Question 23: code 3
Level: pre-school
Year: 1

Question 23: code 4
Level: primary
Year: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Question 23: code 5
Level: secondary
Year: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Question 23: code 6
Level: basic education
Year: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

Question 23: code 7
Level: baccalaureate - middle education
Year: 1, 2, 3

Question 23: code 8
Level: post-baccalaureate cycle
Year: 1, 2, 3, 4

Question 23: code 9
Level: superior
Year: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Question 23: code 10
Level: postgraduate
Year: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

  • The level of instruction pre-school refers to pre-kinder or pre-basic.
  • After question 23, ask question 24 and take into account the instruction in the white box to follow the corresponding flow.
  • (C) Question 25 should only be asked of persons who registered code 8 or 10 in question 23.
  • (D) Question 26 will be asked if code 1 or 2 was marked in question 25.

[Page 27]

[Examples of how to fill questions 19-26 are omitted here.]

[Page 28]

Step 14: Continue with section 4, information about the population / D: Economic characteristics (annex, pages 41-45)

[A copy of section 4D of the census questionnaire is omitted here.]

Tips:

  • Follow the sequential order of the questions.
  • Remember that the questions are for people 5 years old and older.
  • (A)The week of reference will be Sunday the 21st to Saturday the 27th of November.
  • Question 27 serves to identify people who did some activity for an income or not.
  • (B)Take into account the leaps of questions 27 and 28.
  • Question 29 is written literally, the activity of the business or company in which the interviewed person works or worked.
  • If the informant mentions having more than one job, you should register the one that he/she considers the principal one.
  • Question 30 is written very literally, what does the interviewed person do or what he/she did where he/she works/worked
  • Question 31 indicates the dependency relation that the person has in the place where he/she works.
  • Question 32 registers the total number of worked hours, at his/her principal work, in the past week or the last week that he/she worked.
  • In question 33, register if the activity that the person does is inside or outside the household.
  • If the person does more than one activity, as for example weave wool clothing in the household and leave to sell in the streets; for the registry of question 33 priority will be given to the production, therefore you will mark x in code 1 (within the home).

[Page 29]

Other examples of registering these questions:

[Examples of how to fill questions 27-33 are omitted here.]

[Page 30]

Step 15: Continue with section 4, information about the population / E: Marital status and social security.

[A copy of section 4E of the census questionnaire is omitted here.]

Tips:

  • Follow the sequencial order of the questions.
  • Remember that these questions are for persons twelve years old and older.
  • Marital status of the person who holds the position of head of household should be the same as his/her spouse; therefore, you will register the current marital status of the persons.
  • The persons who do not contribute to the agricultural insurance and are only beneficiaries of the same should register alternative 7 (does not contribute).
  • Pay attention to the indications of question 35.

Step 16: Continue with section 4, information about the population, / F: Fertility and mortality.

  • Follow the sequencial order of the questions.
  • Remember that the questions are only for women 12 years old and older.
  • All of the questions should have an answer, if the informant does not know, mark x as corresponds.
  • If the woman has never had children, mark x in 0 (none) and continue with the next person.
  • Pay attention to the leaps in questions 36 and 40.

[A copy of section 4F of the census questionnaire is omitted here.]

[Page 31]

Step 17: You should repeat steps 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 , 15 y 16 for each person who slept in the census household on the night of the 27th to the 28th of November and those who for reasons of work did not spent the previous night there (doctors, nurses, guards, etc.).

[A copy of part of the census questionnaire is omitted here.]

Step 18: Once you have registered all persons that slept the night of the 27th to the 28th of November in the household and those who for reasons of work did not spent the previous night there (doctors, nurses, guards, etc.) you must check the information to avoid omitting questions.

Important: Remember that the interview finishes when you enumerate the last person registered in section 4A, identification of the persons.

Step 19: Complete the information of identification of the dwelling and household.

[A copy of part of the census questionnaire is omitted here.]

Tips:

  • Number 1.10 corresponds to the number of the household that you are investigating within the dwelling.
  • Number 1.11 corresponds to the number of questionairres that are used for each household, remember that if there are more than ten people in the household you should use another questionnaire.
  • In number 1.12 you should register the address of the domicile.

[Examples of how to fill questions to identify the dwelling and the household are omitted here.]

[Page 32]

If in the dwelling there are two households and the first household has eleven persons and the other has four persons, you will use three questionnaires (two for the first household and one for the second).

[Examples of how to fill questions to identify the dwelling and the household are omitted here.]

Step 20: Once you have finished and reviewed the registry of the census questionnaire, you should complete the corresponding information in the block summary form-01-enumerator (fra-01-ea), according to the instructions.

[The rest of the section 6 and section 7, instructions for completing the summary blocked form, are omitted here.]

[Page 37]

Annex 1: Census dictionary

1. General definitions:
Factual or de facto census:
The enumeration is made taking as it bases the place in which the informant is located at the census moment (where he/she slept the previous night), independent of the habitual place of residence. The VII Population Census and VI Dwelling Census will be a Factual Census.

Day of the census:
This is the calendar day (November 28th, 2010) selected for carrying out the enumeration of dwellings and population.

Enumeration:
This is the collection the information in each of the dwellings.

Census questionnaire:
The instrument where we gather the information about the dwellings, households, and population.

Block:
It is the element most characteristic of a map and is result of the road structure (streets) that communicate houses seated in a populated center. It is important to note that a block can be formed by buildings, parks, seats, etc.

Block drawing (form ca 04):
This is the support instrument for identifying the dwelling of the enumeration area assigned to each student.

Building or construction:
This is any construction or structure that can be constituted as one or various dwellings, economic establishments, public or private institutions, that occupy a determined space. For example: houses, schools, religious temples, garages, warehouses, apartment and/or office buildings, etc.

Dwelling:
Dwelling is an enclosure of structurally separated lodging and with independent entrance, constructed, built, transformed or arranged to be lived in by one or more people, as long as at the moment of the census they are not used in their totality for a different purpose. Also considered as dwellings are mobile spaces (boats, cars, etc.) and spaces improvised as living spaces that are inhabited at the moment of completing the census. That a dwelling has independent access means that it has direct access from public ways or that it has access through spaces that are for common use of various dwellings, such as corridors, patios, stairs, elevators.

Private dwelling:
It is the place of separated and independent lodging, designated for housing one or more households. These dwellings can be occupied, unoccupied or under construction.

Census household:
From the point of view of the census, a household is constituted by one or several people, whom do not necessarily have a kinship relation, they sleep in the same house, they cook foods in joint form and share the same cost for the food, that is to say, they eat from a common pot.

Head of household (male or female):
This is the person who is recognized as such by the other members of the household for reasons of dependency, affinity, age, authority, respect, etc.

Block summary form (fra-01-ea):
This is the page where the total of population and dwelling is summarized by each enumerator.

Section head (male or female).
This is the person who is responsible for completing the census in the sector under his/her charge, on the day of the census. This person is in charge of directing, controlling and supervising the work of the enumerator under his/her charge.

[Page 38]

2. Types of dwelling
House:
This is all permanent construction made with resistant materials, such as: asbestos, reinforced concrete, stone, concrete block, brick, adobe, cane or wood. They generally have a water supply and sanitary services for exclusive use.

Apartment in a house or building:
This is a set of rooms that make up part of a building of one or more floors, characterized by being independent and, generally, has a water supply and sanitary services for exclusive use.

Cinderblock house [mediagua]:
This is a construction of only one floor, with walls made of brick, adobe, concrete block or wood, with a roof of clay tile, fiber-concrete sheets ('eternit' and 'árdex' [brands]) or zinc. The roof generally has one pitch and the house has one or two rooms maximum. If it has more than two rooms, it is considered a house.

Rental rooms:
These are made up of one or various rooms that are part of a house with a common entry and direct from a passageway, patio, hallway, or street, and generally does not have exclusive service of water or sanitary service.

[Page 39]

Shack:
This is a rustic construction, covered with zinc, palm or any other similar material, with walls of cane or mud and branches, and with a floor made of cane or wood. Generally, this type of dwelling is found in regions with a warm climate. In this category, you should not include the 'ranchos' of the rural properties or farms, these are considered as houses.

Small farm house:
This is the construction that has walls made of adobe, mud bricks, cane or mud and branches, with floors of dirt or wood and straw roof.

Hovel:
This is the construction which uses rustic materials without any treatment, such as: branches, cardboard, remnants of asbestos, cans, plastics, etc., with floor of wood, cane, or dirt.

Other private dwelling:
This is an improvised dwelling or place not built for this purpose, such as: garages, warehouses, truck trailers, tents, guardhouses, shipping containers, caves, ships, etc. In observations, you should register the type of improvised dwelling based on your observations.

3. Occupancy conditions of the dwelling
This permits identifying if the dwelling, at the moment of enumeration, is found:

  • With person present (complete all of the census questionnaire);
  • With people absent, there is nobody home and you will return as many times as necessary (complete the first page of the census questionnaire);
  • Unoccupied, without people, nor furniture, but ready to be occupied (complete the first page of the census questionnaire);
  • Under construction, without people, nor furniture, but in the process of being built (complete the first page of the census questionnaire).

[Page 40]

4. Identification of households in the dwelling
From the census point of view, households are formed by one or various persons who are not necessarily related, who sleep in the same dwelling, cook their food together and share the same budget for food, which is to say that they eat from a common pot.

For a better identification of households, below there are some cases that can be presented.

Case 1: The father, mother and children are living in a dwelling. In one bedroom of the same dwelling, the oldest daughter is living with her husband, cooking and tending to her husband, which is to say that they prepare their food separately. In this case, there are two households in the same dwelling, therefore you should use two census questionnaires.

Case 2: Taking the previous example, but in the supposed case that the married daughter and her husband do not cook their food separately, but instead all of them share, in this case there is only one household, for which you will only use one census questionnaire.

Case 3: If there are three students living in a dwelling, who only see each other at night, they eat separately, and the food expenses are paid individually. In this case, these are three separate single-person households, therefore, you will use three census questionnaires.

[Page 41]

5. Persons to be enumerated

Take into account that the census moment (00:00 hours of November 28th) -which is the beginning of the census- takes a photograph of the inhabitants of the country in the location where they are found.

In a census household, you should enumerate:

  • All of the persons who spent the night before the day of the census, including the persons who are domestic employees, relatives or non-relatives, who slept in this household the night before the day of the census or who passed the night in this household.
  • All of the persons who occasionally, for their work, are absent at night on the night before the day of the census, such as: doctors, nurses, guards, doormen, members of the military who are on duty.
  • All of the boys and girls who were born before zero hours of the day of the census.
  • All of the persons who died after zero hours of the day of the census.

You should not enumerate in the household:

  • Persons who habitually live in the household, but on the night before the census were housed in another dwelling, hotel or other place different from their census household. These people will be enumerated in the place where they spent the night before the census.
  • The members of the household who are found interned in hospitals or jails. They will be enumerated in the place where they spent the night before the census.
  • All of the children who were born after zero hours of the day of the census.
  • All of the persons who died before the zero hours of the day of the census.

6. Indigenous groups and nationalities (i)
Indigenous groups:
These are defined as "collective groups that originate from or are conformed by communities or centers with cultural identities that distinguish them from other sectors of Ecuadorian society, governed by their own social, economic and legal organizations."

Indigenous nationalities:
Understood as nationality is the set of previous millennium groups and constituted by the Ecuadorian state, that self-identify as such, have a common historical identity, language, culture and that live in a determined territory, through its traditional institutions and manners of social, economic, judicial, political organization and exercises its own authority.

(i) Source: National Commission of Statistics for Indigenous, Afroecuatorianos and Montubios Groups (Conepia).

7. Abbreviations
INFA: Childhood and Family Institute
CNH: Growing with our Children
CDI: Early Child Development Center
CEI: Early Childhood Educational Center.
EIFC: Community Family Early Childhood Education

8. Economic characteristics
Worked at least one hour:
This refers to the person who, during the week from the 21st to the 27th of November, did one or more activities, remunerated or not, inside or outside of the home, for at least one hour, excluding the domestic tasks done by housewives in their own homes.

[Page 42]

Did not work, but has a job:
When the person has a job but did not work during the reference period (from the 21st to the 27th of November) due to vacations, illness, strike, bad weather, or another reason.

For at least one hour, made some product or provided some service:
This is the activity that the person did for pay or without payment. This category helps us identify the work that is done by persons who do not consider the following activities as work, among others: weave, embroider, mow the lawn, to take care of cars, to clean houses, tend to the store, tend to telephone booths, or to do some activity in some business.

For at least one hour, helped in some way in a business or work of a relative:
This is the activity that the person does, with payment or without payment, in a family business or work. This category helps us to identify work that is done by the people.

Did at least one hour of agricultural labor or took care of animals:
In the same way, this category of answer helps to identify the activity that is done by the people, with or without payment. Especially for people who do agricultural tasks and take care of animals, without considering it to be work.

Is unemployed:
If he/she looked for work having worked before and it is available to work: that person who retired from his/her job, voluntarily or involuntarily, and who has looked for work during the week previous to the census (from the 21st to the 27th of November), and who is available to work.

Did not work:
When the informant responds that he/she has not done any economic activity to help maintain the household during the week before the census (from the 21st to the 27th of November).

[Question 28 is asked of persons who did no work during the week before the census]

Looked for work for the first time and is available to work:
When the person has never worked and in week previous to the census (from the 21st to the 27th of November) is looking for work for the first time and that he/she is available to work.

He/she collects rents:
A person who does not work and receives income that come from the rents of a company or business and/ or rents of buildings, machinery, or dividends that are derived from his/her properties or capital.

He/she is retired or a pensioner:
When the person who does not do any economic activity and receives income originating of a pension or retirement whether by having retired from a company or institution by fulfilling age requirements, years of service, old age, or by permanent incapacity and the established period of service; as well as those who receive a pension for widowhood, or being an orphan.

He/she is a student:
A person who is dedicated exclusively to studying.

Does household chores:
When the person does exclusively domestic chores in his/her own household. For example: The housewives who receive no payment for workings in the home.

Prevented from working by a disability:
That person who by his/her physical, sensorial or mental deficiency is prevented from working.

Branch of economic activity:
This is the diversification of the economic activities that allows for the classification of the establishment where the person works or worked, within a sector of the economy, according to the class of goods or services that are produced.

Occupation:
Understood by occupation are the different jobs that are carried out by persons in their work (or the one carried out in that occupation which the person carried out previously, if the person is unemployed), whatever be the branch of economic activity of the establishment where he/she works or the occupational position he/she holds.

[Page 43-54 consisting of examples, administrative information, geography codes for provinces and cantons, and a copy of the census questionnaire are omitted here.]