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In Cuba we all count
September 15-24, 2012
Havana, April 2012
54th Year of the Revolution

Cuba 2012
Population and Housing Census
Enumerator Instructions

National Office of Statistics and Information
Republic of Cuba

[p. 1]

The National Office of Statistics and Information is responsible for directing the technical execution of the 2012 Population and Housing Census to obtain information by means of the application of a Questionnaire capturing a series of basic characteristics of both the homes and every one of the inhabitants of the country.
The instructions included in this manual are intended for the Census Survey Enumerator so they may carry out their activities in accordance with the instructions presented in this document.
The Enumerator is responsible for directly recording the census information as stated by the people in their homes. This makes the enumerator a fundamental part of ensuring the high-quality collection of Census data, hence the importance of their performance.
Havana, April 2012
"Year 54 of the Revolution"

[Page 2 is blank and has been omitted. Pages 3-4 contain a table of contents for the instruction manual and have also been omitted.]

[p. 5]


What is a Population and Housing Census?
It is the research that allows each country internationally to have precise knowledge of its inhabitants and their homes.
A Population and Housing Census is the set of operations that allow for the collection, processing, analysis and publication of information about a country's population and its homes, referring to a particular moment.
The Population and Housing Census covers the entire national territory and constitutes the most important, comprehensive, complex and costly statistical research carried about by the majority of the world's countries, normally once every 10 years.
Censuses are such complex operations that they require trials in which all of the organizational mechanisms and methodological tools are tested so that they may be adjusted before the final survey. They are normally held one year in advance on a date similar to that of the census survey. This instruction manual has been adjusted according to the experiences obtained from the Census Trials carried out in the municipalities of Candelaria and Segundo Frente, in the provinces of Artemisa and Santiago de Cuba, respectively.

Who is in charge of its completion?
It is organized, designed and carried out under the direction of the National Office of Statistics and Information (ONEI), but it is a very collective work in which the entire population participates in one way or another.

What information is collected?
The total population of the country, sex, age, educational level, occupation; total housing, housing types, predominant building materials in housing, water, electricity and sewage services, among other information.

What is this information used for?
The information collected serves to provide the Government with statistical information for the development and evaluation of various socio-economic development plans for the country, related to the population and its living conditions, while also satisfying the informational needs of various national and international bodies.
For example, by knowing the school-age population, the government may plan in advance the number of schools needed to serve this population according to teaching model, as well as the total number of teaching personnel needed. By knowing the total number of disabled people in the country, according to the type of disability, the necessary resources to assist those citizens to have a healthier life and promote an active social life may be planned in greater detail.

When will it take place?
The 2012 Population and Housing Census will be conducted from September 15 to 24 of this year, over a 10-day period, known as the Enumeration Period.

[p. 6]

Where will it take place?
The Population and Housing Census will encompass the Cuban archipelago consisting of the Island of Cuba, Isla de la Juventud, and other adjacent islands and cays that constitute the national territory, with the exception of the territory illegally occupied by the Guantanamo Naval Base, belonging to the United States government.

How will it be carried out?
Each of the country's Housing Units will be visited (this concept will be seen below) in order to conduct an interview using a Questionnaire to obtain information about all people and the homes in which they reside.

How will it be prepared?
The Census is a task that requires several years of preparation, through intense and constant work; this makes it possible to visit all of the country's housing units. Therefore, a census structure has been developed which coincides with the official organizations established in the current Political-Administrative Division, with offices existing at the municipal, provincial and national levels.
Territorial subdivisions within the municipality are also established by organizational requirements, which are defined as:
- Census area
In all municipalities of the country, control offices will be created for a period of approximately 3 months, each constituting a Census Area that will control as a rule 12 to 18 Districts (urban areas), or 6 to 9 Districts (rural areas), according to the territory-specific characteristics, which will facilitate the various operations of Census preparation, execution and control. In mixed areas (urban/rural), the rules will be set in accordance with the specific characteristics of the area, decreasing the number of districts in mountainous areas (between 7 and 11 Districts). Some Census Areas may have a lower number of Districts than that established by rule, because they span areas that are very large, topographically complex, difficult to access, or in order to make the Areas coincide with the boundaries of the Popular Councils.
- Census District
Historically, the District has been defined as the territory served by a Supervisor in the enumeration period; the District comprises 2 to 4 Segments with an average of 3 as a general rule, taking into account the specific characteristics (topography, roads, population density, etc.) of each location.
Given that the District is a structure geographically delimited on a map, its use from census to census without changes to its boundaries is beneficial. For the 2012 Census this idea was adopted whenever possible; as such, Districts exceeding the rule in terms of Segments and even number of Supervisors may exist.
- Census segment
It is the territory covered by an Enumerator during the enumeration period. In general its surface area is dependent on the average daily interviews that can be conducted as determined by the characteristics of the terrain, either in urban or rural areas. Throughout the 10 days of the census survey, each Enumerator must visit between 60-80 housing units (urban areas) and 60-70 housing units (rural areas).

[Figure omitted]

[p. 7]

Is the population required to provide the information?
The population is obligated by legislation to provide the information requested in the Census Questionnaire, as corroborated by Article 8 of Decree 291 of September 9th, 2011, signed by the President of the Council of Ministers. It is also established that persons who collect such information have an obligation not to disclose it, which is known as data confidentiality. When ONEI publishes the results, it will do so in a generalized form as statistical summaries, without referring to a particular person or housing unit.

Who is the Enumerator?
The Enumerator is responsible for visiting people's residences to complete the enumeration and acquire information about the home and each person. Internationally, the job of Enumerator is considered to be of great esteem and honor due to its importance and responsibility as well as its civic character and patriotism. The success of the Census will depend largely on the careful, selfless and competent work carried out by the enumerator. The Enumerator will carry out their work by applying the knowledge acquired during training seminars, assisted by these instructions and also taking into account the instructions received from their supervisor.
[Figure omitted]

Who is the Supervisor?
The supervisor is your immediate boss, the one who tells you where you are going to work, supports you in solving problems and reviews your work. You must interact with them constantly and consult them in case of any doubts.

Article 8. - Persons included in the conduct of the census are obliged to provide the information requested by the National Bureau of Statistics and Information, with disclosure or use for any other purpose being strictly prohibited.

[p. 8]

Always remember this example which illustrates very well the importance of the Enumerator.
Approximately 56,000 Enumerators like you will work on the Census. If each one of them neglects to include one residence in the Census, at the end there will be 56,000 residences not enumerated in the country.
Considering that the average number of people per household is 3, 56,000 x 3 = 168,000 people would not be included in the Census.
That means an entire municipality the size of one of the largest in the country would not be entered in the Census, approximately the size of East Havana.

Duties and Prohibitions
Above all you must know the duties you have in the different stages of enumeration as well as those activities that you must never perform under any circumstances.

a) Before enumeration
1. Receive training through Seminars.
2. Know the census material properly, as well as instructions for its use contained in this manual.
3. Complete rounds in the assigned Segment prior to the collection of census information
b) During enumeration
1. Start enumeration on the indicated day (September 15, 2012).
2. Adhere to the instructions at all times, without making any modifications to procedures or definitions.
3. Keep the material you receive for census work in good condition.
4. Receive and abide by the guidance you receive from the Supervisor.
5. Clear up any questions you have about your work with the Supervisor.
6. Make sure that the documentation and materials you receive for your work are complete.
7. Carry out your work smoothly, avoiding unwarranted delays.
8. List all housing units and permanent residents included in the assigned Segment.
9. Present yourself appropriately in the housing units, both in physical appearance as well as in the kind and courteous treatment with which you must conduct the interview.
10. Take these Instructions with you as reference material to use in case of doubts in your work.
11. Deal only with the enumeration, making an effort to carry out the work as efficiently as possible.
12. Be truthful, express yourself honestly.
13. Do the job yourself.
14. Exhaust all persuasive resources in cases where you encounter resistance or difficulties in enumeration.
15. Immediately notify your Supervisor of any circumstances that may affect the enumeration work.

[p. 9]

16. Deliver the duly completed Questionnaires to your supervisor daily for review and approval at the agreed time and place.
17. Correct the errors or omissions on the questionnaires pointed out to you by the Supervisor, visiting the Housing Unit again should it be necessary.
18. When it is necessary to return to the housing unit to complete the interview or for another reason (residents not present), fill and leave the form "Notice of next visit".
19. You must use the articles provided for enumeration (pullover, cap, and credential).
c) After enumeration
1. Deliver the duly reviewed and organized census material to the Supervisor.
2. Stay in the area for any inquiries by the Supervisor.

1. Do not allow people outside the organization to accompany you in interviews. In rural areas, you may use a guide to locate housing units, as well as utilizing the presidents of the CDRs (Committees for the Defense of the Revolution) in urban areas; however, said persons should not be present at the time of the interview for the enumeration.
2. Do not threaten or make comments that might be misinterpreted by the interviewees.
3. Do not show or tell persons outside of the census organization the information contained in the completed Questionnaires, thereby violating the legal provisions.
4. Do not discuss the data collected with other Enumerators when there are doubts about its veracity. In these cases, you should discuss the matter only with your Supervisor.
5. Do not make deliberately false annotations or alter the annotations made.
6. Do not leave work within the established workday without informing the Supervisor.
7. Do not perform any other activity during the enumeration.
8. Do not leave the census materials in places where they could be misplaced, damaged or misused, or leave the completed questionnaires in places where they could be examined by persons outside the census organization.
9. Do not use the material for purposes other than those corresponding to this job. If for any reason you need to void any sheets, it must be marked with the word "void" but not destroyed, and it must be returned with the rest of the excess material.
In this manual you will find the knowledge and instructions necessary to successfully complete your work as an enumerator. Study it and use it as reference material during interviews. It is part of your duties and will help you perform your functions more efficiently.

Basic definitions
To do your job well you must know the definitions of housing units, permanent resident, census household, head of census household, family and census period.

[p. 10]

What is a Housing Unit?
It is known that all people need to:

- Sleep
- Prepare and consume food,
- Protect against inclement weather, etc.

And to do this they need a suitable place to meet those vital needs, or in other words, a place to live.
We will refer to that place where people live as a Housing Unit, defined as any premises or enclosure structurally separate and independent, that has been built or adapted, in whole or in part for purposes of permanent or temporary accommodation of people; as well as any other type of fixed or mobile Housing Unit occupied as a place of residence at 12pm on September 14th.
Separate will be understood to mean having its own boundaries formed by walls, ceilings, etc. Independent will be understood to mean having an entrance or direct access from the street, hallway, stairwell, patio, etc., meaning that in order to enter or exit it is not necessary to pass through the interior of another home.

What types of Housing Units are considered for the Census?
For the purposes of the Census there are three types of Accommodation Units: private housing, workplaces and collective housing.
- Private housing:
Private housing occupied by one or more census households according to the definition given for census household below, as well as one that is in able to be occupied, even if it is vacant. The private home may consist of:

a) A room or set of rooms intended for the accommodation of one or more people, regardless of the name given to it: house, apartment, room in a bunkhouse or apartment house, bohío, etc.
b) Any construction built with waste materials (cardboard, metal sheets, fiber cement, etc.)
c) Any type of personal accommodation built to be transported or made up of a mobile unit or permanently parked vehicle that is no longer used as a mode of transportation; also natural refuges (caves, grottos) and canvas tents used for this means on the Day of the Census.

One of the characteristics that defines private housing is that the room or set of rooms has an independent entrance, meaning that to enter it, it is not necessary to pass through other rooms belonging to another home or workplace.
It is not necessary for the home to have an independent entrance from the street; it could be from a patio, corridor, hallway or staircase, even if it is shared between various homes.
The majority of the population resides or lives with their family in a home, which we will call private housing. Note that the term has nothing to do with the legal status of the home.
Private homes are easily recognized because families or groups of people reside within them; they may or may not have family ties, but:
- They have a common budget, that is, they share housing and food expenses.
- They habitually live in the home, meaning they sleep and keep their belongings in it.
There are several types of private homes: Houses, Apartments, rooms in Bunkhouses, Bohíos, Improvised Homes and Others. Their definitions are given below.

[p. 11]

A house is a building structurally separate or connected to another, constituting one single home made up of one or more floors connected to each other internally. This includes a set of two or three homes connected vertically or horizontally where each floor is considered an independent house, having a direct entrance from the street.
Expansions will be considered as part of a house even if they have a separate entrance from the street, and during the Census Period, are occupied by one census household. Note that it constitutes a single home occupied by a single census household.
A home that occupies part of a building and has its own sanitation system and bathrooms. It may occupy one floor or part of a floor.
Also included in this category is a room within what is commonly known as a bunkhouse or tenement which has had its internal structure modified and has a bathroom, sanitation system and kitchen for exclusive use within the home; in these cases the home has a common entrance from the street.
Room in bunkhouse or tenement:
This refers to accommodation with characteristics such as a sanitation system and bathroom shared with other units, and water outside the unit; occasionally one or two of these are in the unit, but never all three. This usually consists of the rooms in buildings normally called bunkhouses, tenements, housing complexes, etc.
It includes isolated rooms that neither fit the requirements for apartments nor improvised housing.
This is a home with exterior walls constructed of palm fiber or boards and a roof made of palm leaves. The materials indicated must be predominant in order to be classified as a bohío. If the walls are made of boards other than palm, it will be considered a House.

[p. 12]

Includes homes build with unsuitable materials or waste products such as: cardboard, sheet metal, fibrocement, etc.
Those that do not fall within the previous categories. This also includes mobile homes (boats, train cars, trailers, containers, etc.), caves, other natural refuges, canvas tents, etc.
The situations in the following outline can be applied to homes.

Occupied by permanent residents:
Homes which, at midnight on September 14th, were occupied by people who habitually reside within and are permanent residents of the country, meaning they do not have another home where they sleep and store their belongings on a regular basis. It includes people who are renting the home, as long as this is their usual residence.
People who are in the home for the following reasons should not be included as permanent residents: illness, vacation, just visiting for a few days, or those who have a habitual residence elsewhere.
Occupied by temporary residents:
Homes occupied at midnight on September 14th by people who reside temporarily in the country. For example: foreign technicians and students, accredited diplomatic staff in the country and their families, etc.
All homes and apartments occupied temporarily by foreigners must be visited; fill out the appropriate section for the home but never for the people.

[p. 13]

Seasonally occupied:
Homes that are used only for the purposes of temporary or seasonal residence by their owner or tenant, for example: houses for private use on beaches or in the countryside. This will include those homes that are unoccupied because their owners or tenants do not reside in them permanently.
If people are present on the day of enumeration, they must have their habitual residence in another home within the country.
All private homes used as temporary or seasonal homes will fall under this category, regardless of whether or not the owner or tenant is present during the enumeration period.
Homes that cannot be enumerated because all residents are absent throughout the enumeration period. In this case the occupants occupy it permanently.
Do not include "Seasonally Occupied" homes that are closed because their occupants are in their usual residences, in which case they will be included in the previous alternative.
Homes that have neither permanent nor temporary residents, meaning no one resides in them.
This includes homes sealed by the agencies authorized to do so.
This also includes private homes that are nearing completion of construction and are fit to be occupied.
- Workplace:
An area used as accommodation in a workplace that does not constitute a separate unit. It generally has no separate entrance and will only be included when used to sleep habitually by former or current employees of the workplace, who do not have another place of habitual residence.
Example: Employees living in a garage, warehouse, hall or other parts of the premises.
Note that these areas where people live do not meet the condition of being separate and independent, therefore they are not considered a home, rather a place of accommodation within a workplace. If such conditions are met, it will be considered private housing within a workplace. Example: An administrator whose home is within the establishment that he directs.
- Collective housing:
Housing used as a place of special, temporary or permanent lodging, usually by a group of people without familial connections that generally live together for reasons of convenience, health, work, education, military discipline, religion or other reasons, having to comply with certain cohabitation standards.

[p. 14]

Collective housing can be:
Permanent residence:
Homes which are primarily intended for people to live permanently in general rooms, where people are not bound by familial ties, such as:
Nursing homes, invalid homes, pensioners homes, medical institutions for chronic illnesses, orphanages, rehabilitation homes, convents, military camps, and other similar locales intended for prolonged stays.
This category includes so-called transit hostels where people reside indefinitely without having another place of habitual accommodation. All the people who live in these permanently form a household census collective.
Temporary residence:
Collective housing used for purposes of temporary accommodation of people, such as:
Hotels, Guest Houses, Rest Houses, Resorts, Hospitals and similar places for temporary residence.
These collective homes will only be included in the Census if, for any reason, someone resides permanently in them.
If a hotel, guest house, boarding school, hospital, nursing home, military camp, etc. has rooms or sets of rooms permanently occupied by guests or employees with or without family members, or the occupants possess their own furniture and other household goods and do not use common facilities with other guests (other than water and plumbing/sanitary services) and do not share cleaning services, that will be considered for census purposes as independent private housing.

What is a permanent resident for census purposes?
For census purposes, people who live permanently in the housing unit, i.e. those who regularly sleep and store their personal belongings in them, shall be considered as residents.
Resident status for the Census is independent of the "Address Register" held by the CDRs, or the "Ration Book."
The above definition notwithstanding, they do not lose their residency status in the location of the census household to which they belong.
a) Those who frequently sleep outside the housing unit where they reside for work-related reasons, including FAR (Cuban Revolutionary Armed Forces), SMA (Active Military Service) and EJT (Youth Labor Army) members.
b) Those who frequently sleep outside the housing unit or abroad for study-related reasons.
c) Members of the Diplomatic Corps and similar bodies who are outside the country carrying out their duties, or other residents of Cuba temporarily abroad (official arrangements, family members, including those with residence permits abroad, artistic, cultural or sports activities, illness, etc.).

[p. 15]

d) Those who are performing jobs or other international cooperation functions (medical, technical staff, etc.).
e) Merchant marines and fishermen residing in the country who are on the high seas during the census period, as well as other workers whose duties require them to leave the country with some regularity (aircraft personnel, etc.).
f) Those held in medical centers (hospitals, clinics, etc.) where patient stays are not permanent.
g) Foreigners residing permanently in the country.
h) Those absent from their home because they are in pre-trial detention, pending sentencing.
i) Those who died after and those born before midnight the night before Census Day.
j) Those serving house arrest and those on parole.

According to this definition, the following are excluded from the permanent resident population:
a) Foreign technicians who have a fixed-term contract and who must leave the country upon its completion.
b) Foreigners who are temporarily located in the country for various reasons (studies, medical treatment, tourism, etc.) and who do not normally reside in Cuba.
c) Members of the foreign Diplomatic Corps accredited in Cuba, and their families.
d) Personnel of aircraft, ships, etc. from other countries located temporarily in the country.
e) People who are being held in prison, that is, inmates or prisoners.

What is a census household?
A census household is the person or group of people, with or without familial ties, who have a common budget, cook for the whole and live together on a regular basis, occupying a housing unit or a part of one.
Census households are classified according to the type of Housing Unit where they reside, as resident households in private homes, residents in collective housing and in workplaces.
Be careful, as there are people who financially aid the members of a census household but do not belong to it, because they are not permanent residents of that home.
You must not correlate the number of census households in a housing unit to the number of "Ration Books" present in the same household given that a census household may have more than one book, or vice versa.
Persons who are occasionally present in the housing unit visited will not be included, as they are not residents of the home, therefore not belonging to the housing unit's census household. These persons will have their permanent residence in another housing unit, and will be registered in the census there, even if they are absent at the time of the Census.

[p. 16]

Who is the head of a census household?
Head of Census Household means a resident of the housing unit that is considered and recognized as such by the other members of the house; that is, the person whom is consulted on household decisions or whose decision carries the most weight. It should be noted that the concept of Head of Household is not necessarily associated with the person having the highest income or contributing the most financial resources, nor with the one who appears as Head of Nuclear Family in the Ration Book, nor with the person legally considered the owner of the home. In households whose members have no familial relation, the Head of Household shall be the resident person whom the other members consider as such or the oldest resident.
A person who is not a resident of the housing unit should not be listed as a Head of Household, even if they are the financial breadwinner of the household and are or are not legally related to any member of the household. They must also be 15 years of age or older.
In the case of Collectives, the Director or Administrator of the Collective will appear as the Head of Household, if they reside there without being part of a private census household. If they do not live in the collective, they will be enumerated in the household to which they belong, and the second page of the questionnaire will be voided.

What is a family?
A group of two or more people constituting the same census household, related to each other up to the 4th degree of consanguinity (parents, children, grandparents, grandchildren, great grandchildren, siblings, aunts and uncles, cousins, nieces and nephews) and up to the second degree of affinity (spouse, mother-in-law, father-in-law, son-in-law, daughter-in-law, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, daughter or son-in-law's parents). In a census household there may be one or more families, or none.

Differences between Household and Family
a) The household can be one person, while the family must consist of at least two members.
b) Members of a multi-person household do not necessarily have to be related, while family members do.
c) A household may consist of more than one family, one or more families along with one or more people unrelated to them, or exclusively unrelated persons.

What is the Census Moment?
For census purposes, midnight of the night before the start of the census is known as the Census Moment. For this census, it will be September 14th, 2012; that is, the information will reference the population and households extant at that moment as if a photo were taken of Cuba at that point in time and the Census will collect what is shown in that photo.
- If a person is born before 12am on September 14th they will be registered in the census. On the other hand, if they are born after, they will not be included.
- If a person passes away before 12am on September 14th, they will not be registered in the census, but if they die after they will be included.
[Figure omitted]

[p. 17]

Documents and materials to be used by the enumerator
The Enumerator will receive the following material to complete their work:
1. Enumerator instructions
This is the document that contains all of the necessary instructions for the successful completion of the Enumerator's work. After its study, it will serve as reference material.
2. Census questionnaire (forms C-1, C-1a, C-1b)
The basic Census document. It contains all the questions that will allow you to obtain information relevant to the Population and Housing Census. In addition, sheets (form C-1a) are included for those households with more than three residents, as well as worksheets to list all of the residents in a housing unit (form C-1b).
3. Credential (form 1)
This is a document that identifies you as a Census enumerator, accredited by the Municipal Census Management Directorate of the Municipal Bureau of Statistics and Information.
4. Folder containing the enumeration guide (Urban or rural, forms 2 and 3)
This document lists in order all of the housing units that the Enumerator must visit in his/her segment, either in a rural or urban area. It includes addresses, the name of the main head of household and the number of permanent residents in each housing unit, among other information.
5. Return visit (Model 4)
Document that will be used to list the housing units to which the Enumerator must return because the interview was not able to be conducted, or was only partially completed.
6. Notice of next visit (Form 5)
Notice informing those absent from a closed home or a person who is yet to be enumerated of the hour and date of the next visit.
7. "Enumerated home" label (form 6)
This label will identify those housing units that were enumerated, and will be adhered to the front door as proof that it was documented. This will be done only after you have enumerated all of its members.
8. Auxiliary materials
Each Enumerator will receive: pen, board to support documents and a bag to protect them.
Each of these documents will be explained in more detail at a later time.

[p. 18]

Enumeration guide

What is the Enumeration Guide?
This is a basic model for the Enumerator, as it contains the location data for each of the Housing Units that make up the assigned Segment. In addition, it will note the number of residents and households that make up the Housing Unit, as well as the results of the visit. There are two types of Guide, Urban, and Rural.

Urban Enumeration Guide (Form 2)
Form Header: contains information identifying the segment under your charge (Province, Municipality, Settlement, Area, District and classification, and Segment), which are already annotated.
Body of form: Consists of 15 columns including information in columns 1 through 3 and 5 through 12, with columns 4 and 13 to 15 blank.
Column 1: Order number of the Housing Unit.
Column 2: Number of Popular Council to which the Housing Unit belongs:
Column 3: Block number where the Housing Unit is located.
Column 4: As stated previously, this column appears blank so you can make note of the number(s) of the questionnaires that you used in the Housing Unit.
Columns 5-9: These columns reflect the address of the Housing Unit (street or avenue, house number, floor, apartment or room and cross-streets)
Column 10: Name of the Housing Unit's Head of Household, and in the case of Collectives, the name of the Collective and of the person in charge (director, administrator, etc.).
If the private home has no residents at the time of the Census, the reason will be noted in this column: under construction, vacant or sealed.
Column 11: The total number of census households that make up the Housing Unit is recorded, which can be rectified if at the end of the enumeration if necessary (circling the previous response and writing the new one). Given that each household will fill out its own Questionnaire, this will serve to tell us the number of Questionnaires that will be recorded in Column 4.
Column 12: Number of permanent residents; the information contained in this column is from the previous Registry, therefore it will not necessarily match the number that you have upon completing the enumeration. If they do not match, circle the number that appears and write the new one.
Column 13 and 14: These columns reflect the state of the Housing Unit's enumeration.
The first (13) indicates when information about people or a Housing Unit is pending collection, necessitating a return to the home. In this case, mark it with a slash (/), also checking off the corresponding boxes on forms 4 and 5 "Return Visits" and "Notice of Next Visit." If the enumeration was fully performed, mark the column with an X.

[p. 19]

Marks (established codes) are only made in column 14 when the data of the persons residing there cannot be obtained for the following reasons:
AP: the household is absent from the home, but they are within the country.
AE: the household is absent from the home, and they are abroad.
T: the home is occupied seasonally.
D: the house is vacant.
O: other situations, which must be specified at the bottom of the form
The instructions for completing columns 13 and 14 appear at the bottom of the form
Column 15: This column is left blank as it will only be used by the sample manager in the Area Office.

[Figure omitted]

Rural Enumeration Guide (Form 3)
The Rural Enumeration Guide differs from the Urban one in that the data related to the address is expressed as follows:
Column 5: These columns reflect the address of the Housing Unit, name of the Settlement, village, plantation, farm, camp, etc. where it is located.
Column 6: The settlement code where the home is located.
Column 7: Reference that identifies the Housing Unit, highway, next to the store, in front of the school, the first home by the embankment that goes to Joturo, etc.
The rest of the data in the Rural Enumeration Guide matches the Urban guide, although the numbers of the columns are different, so you should carefully follow the same descriptions that were offered for the first one, making sure to check the columns.
The back of both forms contains the same columns as the front.
[Figure omitted]

[p. 20]

Visit prior to and during enumeration

When will you find out what Segment you will work in during the Census?
One or two days prior to the start of the Census count, as enumerator you will perform a Pre-Census Tour of your Segment, with the objective of confirming its boundaries and checking your "Enumeration Guide, "finding possible omitted or duplicated Housing Units in the assigned territory, changes caused by moves, and other information that will allow you to schedule your work.
This tour should be done with the following in mind:
1. Start your Segment tour in the same order in which the Housing Units appear in the "Enumeration Guide".
2. If you find any building on the tour (building, house, workplace, etc.) that is not listed in the "Enumeration Guide," please do the following:

a) If it is a collective home or workplace, find out if there are permanent residents inside. If no residents live there, do not annotate it in your guide.
b) If there are permanent residents in the collective housing, workplace or if it is a private home (occupied or not) you must do the following:
i) Make note of the building's address.
ii) Communicate the situation immediately to your supervisor.
iii) Whether the Housing Unit is included in your "Enumeration Guide" depends on the instructions you receive from the supervisor; if it is to be included, record all of the necessary information in your Guide.

3. After the tour, you will meet with the Presidents of the CDRs who belong to the assigned Segment and do the following:
Indicate which parts of your Segment belong to each CDR, as generally a Segment contains homes on various streets, which are attended to by different CDRs. Therefore, the enumerator shall clearly define the fractions of the Segment that belong to each CDR.

i) Take note of possible home visitation schedules, with those in which the Head of Household or eldest person capable of providing information may be interviewed considered suitable. If possible, you will inform the president of the possible date of enumeration in their CDR.

[p. 21]

4. After making the authorized changes in the "Enumeration Guide", communicate all of them to the supervisor so that both Guides contain updated information for the Segment.
5. With the previous knowledge you have obtained from your Segment, proceed to plan the route you will take during the enumeration period in an organized manner, making a visit schedule.
6. Establish a meeting point and time where you will meet with your supervisor every day to turn in the completed or problematic questionnaires, as well as receive new instructions or clear up questions that arise during the enumeration.
When receiving the materials, verify that you have all the necessary forms to perform your work.

How will you complete the tour during enumeration?
The Segment tour during enumeration will be done taking into account the following:
1. On the day of the census you will start by registering the residents in the Housing Units that are listed in the "Enumeration Guide" according to the program prepared during the pre-enumeration tour.
2. If, during the tour, you find a Housing Unit that is not listed in the "Enumeration Guide," proceed as you were instructed in the pre-census tour, immediately informing the supervisor so they can instruct you on whether or not to include it. Should it be included, make note of the required information in the Guide after the last Housing Unit; if there is no space, add it to a separate sheet that will be attached to the Guide.
3. You must make return visits to the Housing Units in which you failed to conduct the interviews or where you were only partially successful, in addition to returning to those indicated by the supervisor due to errors or omissions in the questionnaires handed in for review.
4. The CDR must be informed of the date interval when the Enumerator will be working in the area and the Housing Units that could not be visited.

The interview

What is an interview?
An interview is a respectful conversation that you must have with the informant to obtain the Census data, using the Census Questionnaire as your tool to ask questions and obtain answers.

What must be done in the interview?

The introduction is your first contact with the person to be interviewed; wear your 2012 Census Enumerator Credential (Form 1) in a visible place, as this builds trust. It is recommended that you first greet the person and ask for the head of the household; if they are not available, verify that the person you are speaking with is a resident of the housing unit and is at least 15 years of age, and knows the other members of the household's information.

[p. 22]

Introduce yourself to the person to be interviewed, letting them know that you are carrying out the Population and Housing Census and ask them to answer a few questions.
Example introduction:

Good morning, my name is Rodolfo Fraga and I am conducting the 2012 Population and Housing Census (show credential). Would you allow me to ask you a few questions about your home and the people who live here?

You should always keep in mind the following:
1. In a Housing Unit there can be more than one census household, with each household occupying a part of the unit; in that case ask the head of household for more information about the Unit. If the head of household is not present, ask if there is an older person who can provide the information. If this is a collective home, ask for the Director, Administrator, Manager or any other person who could put you in direct contact with those staying there. Under no circumstances should you attempt to obtain information from minors or other persons who, due to age or physical or mental condition are not in a position to answer accurately.
If for any reason no one who can provide the necessary information is present in the Housing Unit, don't waste time, making a note on the form "Return Visits" and leaving the form "Notice of Next Visit," containing the date within the enumeration period when the next visit will be made. You will also proceed in this manner if, when arriving at a home, you find a wake, accident or any situation in which it would be inappropriate to conduct an interview.
2. You will briefly explain the reason for your visit by also emphasizing the confidential nature of the information they provide.
3. You will politely request their cooperation in completing the Census Questionnaire and ask to go inside to complete the process more comfortably; if you are not invited to do so, complete the interview at the door.
4. Determine the number of residents, census households, and number of members of each household in the home, using form C-Ib.
5. If there is more than one census household in the home, start by filling out the main household's questionnaire, which is where the housing data will be recorded.
6. Record the information of the people making up each census household in the corresponding questionnaire. Whenever possible, directly question each person in the household.
7. Fill out the "Summary of Household and Housing" box on each household's questionnaire, which is explained later in this manual.
8. Write down your name and surnames as well as the day and month in which the interview was conducted at the bottom of Census Questionnaire form C-I.
9. Review all questionnaires to see if there are incorrect annotations or omissions of data or people.
10. Record the necessary information on the "Enumerated Home" label and stick it to the exterior of the door of the home (so long as the questionnaire has been totally completed).
11. Say goodbye politely, thanking them for their cooperation. One way to say goodbye may be as follows:

Thank you for your time and attention; I ask that you show my colleagues the same courtesy if they need to visit again to confirm any information. May I attach the "registered home" label?

[p. 23]

12. Make the corresponding annotations in the "Enumeration Guide,"(No. of questionnaire used in the home, number of permanent residents, number of households and whether the enumeration of the household was completed).
Try to memorize the order of the activities to be performed during the interview and be patient with yourself, you'll get to know them better and feel more comfortable as you advance through these instructions.
In order for the interview to be carried out well and to completely fulfill its objectives, you must keep in mind:

- Only ask the questions that appear on the questionnaire in the same order and without variations. You must be guided by the questionnaire.
- Express yourself clearly, speak slowly, using correct vocabulary. Don't be impatient if you have to repeat a question. In these cases, try to use other, simpler words to match the educational level of the person being interviewed without changing the meaning of the question.
- Don't argue with the answers even if you find them dubious; the answers should be accepted in good faith, without demanding proof.
- Avoid any disrespectful comments about any response that seems exaggerated or out of the ordinary.
- If you believe an answer to be false because it does not appear to match the situation of the interviewee, repeat the question, assuming that it was misunderstood.
- Act with confidence, demonstrating that you know your work well, don't hesitate or show doubt when asked questions by the interviewee in regards to the census. This will give you confidence and lend more prestige to your work. You must be at all times a friendly collaborator with the interviewee to achieve that same collaboration from them.
- Do not attempt to give special political significance to the Census or discuss it. The Population and Housing Census is an operation carried out in all countries, regardless of their socio-political system.
- If, during the interview, someone refuses to provide the requested information, you must attempt to convince them amicably, proceeding as follows:
a) Briefly explain the purpose of the Census.
b) Avoid any sort of argument.
Inform them that the information provided by the interviewee are confidential in character and cannot be legally disclosed in individual form, nor used for any non-statistical means.
c) Emphasize that the questions are simple, and briefly mention them: age, sex, level of education, occupation, etc.
d) If the person continues to refuse to cooperate, inform your supervisor.

The census questionnaire

Description of the Questionnaire:
The questionnaire consists of four sections (Geographical Location of Housing, Classification of Housing Units, Private Housing Data and Personal Data), supplemented by additional documents containing only the section that collects population data, and allows enumeration of all members of a census household on the same questionnaire, regardless of its size. In addition, there is a form where the relationship of all persons residing in the home is listed according to the household to which they belong.

[p. 24]

Use of the Questionnaire
The Census Questionnaire will be used to conduct two simultaneous and independent investigations: the Housing Census and the Population Census.
The Questionnaire will record the Census data obtained from the residents in the private home, collective home or workplace.
The questionnaire has the ability to record information about a home and also collect information about the people comprising a census household.
If the census household has more than 3 members, an additional sheet containing only section lV "Personal Data" (form C-1a) will be placed within the Questionnaire, thus allowing the Questionnaire to be used for up to 5 members of the same census household. If the size of the household is greater than 5, sheets should be inserted as needed.
Section IV starts on the second page of the Questionnaire and is used to collect the head of household's information, who is always considered person No. 1 of the household.
In collective housing where the Head of Household does not reside, this page will be voided by making two diagonal slashes, going on to annotate the data of its residents starting on the next page, giving each a consecutive number starting at 2.
When starting a new household, a new Questionnaire will be used; therefore, each census household will have its own questionnaire number.
Now we'll see how to use the Census Questionnaire in private homes occupied by permanent residents, by temporary residents, private homes occupied seasonally, and closed or vacant private homes.

Housing occupied by permanent residents
- If all residents are present, or just some are absent, all sections of the Questionnaire should be filled out for this home.
- If the home is closed, Sections I and II of the Questionnaire should be filled out, as well as the data about the home which can be collected from Section III.
It is also possible that upon visiting the home, the members of the household that reside within are present, but in addition all members of another household who live in a different home are present; that is, they are considered "visitors" regardless of the reasons for their presence. If the members of said household are going to remain in this home throughout the entire census period (September 15th through the 24th) and no members of their household have stayed behind in their own home, a Census Questionnaire will be prepared for them, completing all sections from I to IV.
On the visiting household's questionnaire, record the address of their habitual residence in Section I. We will include this home that does not belong to the Segment in the Enumeration Guide, leaving columns 1 through 4 blank. We will put the number of the questionnaire that was used in column 5, as well as the address that appears in Section 1 of the Questionnaire. In column 11 or 9 depending on the Guide (Urban or Rural), put the name of the Head of Household with Traveler Questionnaire in parentheses, which indicates that the home does not belong to the Segment.

[p. 25]

Home occupied by temporary residents
In this case, the objective is not to count temporary residents in the Census. Nevertheless, the home should be counted
Temporary resident status for census purposes should not be confused with the status legally established in the regulations pertaining to Identity Cards for temporary or transitional residents.
In this case, Sections I to III (only Questions 1 and 2 of Section III) will be filled out in the Census Questionnaire.

Seasonally occupied home
- If there is no one present in the home on the day of the interview, Sections I and II, as well as questions 1 and 2 from Section III, should be completed.
- If people are present that form part of a Census Household in the seasonally occupied home on the day of the interview, you will proceed in the same manner - that is, filling out Sections I and II, and questions 1 and 2 from Section III of the Census Questionnaire.
The people who are present in the seasonally occupied home will not be counted in this home, as their information will have been collected in their habitual residence from the members of their household who remained there.
- If all permanent residents of a private home are absent from their habitual residence on the day of the census, and are instead in a home classified as seasonally occupied, you should:
- Complete Sections I and II, and questions 1 and 2 from Section III, on a Questionnaire for this seasonally occupied home.
- Fill out all sections of another Questionnaire (I, II, III and IV) for the habitual residence of these people, putting the address where they habitually reside in Section I, leaving columns 1 and 4 blank. This will be added to the end of the Enumeration Guide. Note the number of the Questionnaire used in column 5, as well as the address that appears in Section I of the Questionnaire; in column 9 or 11, depending on the guide used (Urban or Rural), place the name of the Head of Household and then write Traveler Questionnaire in parentheses, which indicates that the household does not belong to the segment.

Closed housing
- If a home is closed on the day of the interview because all of its occupants are absent throughout the enumeration period (in another area of the country or abroad), complete sections I and II and as much data as can be obtained in Section III of a Questionnaire. Section IV will contain information from questions 1, 4 and 5 for each member of the household, obtained from the person from the CDR responsible for the Address Registry, or from its president.

[p. 26]

Vacant Home
- If the home is unoccupied on the day of the interview, complete Sections I and II and questions 1 and 2 of Section III on a Questionnaire.
- If the vacant home becomes occupied during the enumeration period, complete all sections (from I to IV) on a Questionnaire with information from the home's new inhabitants, where the information from their previous residence will be collected if all of them form one single census household.
In this case, in Section I, record the address where this household resided. This will be added to the end of the Enumeration Guide, leaving columns 1 through 4 blank. In column 5 we will put the number of the Questionnaire used, as well as the address that appears in Section I of the Questionnaire. In column 11 or 9 depending on the Guide (Urban or Rural), put the name of the Head of Household with Traveler Questionnaire in parentheses, which indicates that the household does not belong to the Segment.

Annotations in the Questionnaire
After briefly analyzing the structure and use of the Questionnaire, we will see how annotations should be made in the Questionnaire.
The Questionnaire will use three types of annotations: letters or words, numbers, and marks with an X in pre-prepared boxes.
Annotations of letters or numbers should be made clearly, preferably in print (not cursive) and a size appropriate to the available space. Abbreviations should not be used and numbers should be clear so as to avoid confusion, primarily between 1 and 7, 4 and 9, 3 and 5 or 8, and 0 with 6.
Marks on all boxes will be made with only one (X) and not with any other type of mark. Example:
[Figure omitted]
An incorrectly annotated answer or incorrect mark must not be erased. Circle it and make the correct annotation. Example: If it is necessary to void a questionnaire, two diagonal slashes will be marked and the word "null" will be written.
If you have started a person's individual annotations and you notice that it should not be included in the Questionnaire, mark that person's page with two diagonal slashes to avoid wasting the questionnaire and reuse the number given for the next person to be interviewed in the household.
When the "Private Housing Information" section has been filled out on a Questionnaire on which it should not have been, you will void it by making two diagonal slashes across the form, and you will be able to use the rest of the Questionnaire on this form.
It is essential that you follow the question indicators which will tell you the sequence of the interview.

[p. 27]

[Figure omitted]
Keep in mind the age cut-offs, as these will tell you which questions should be asked depending on the person's age. Example:
For people over 6 years of age (end of interview with minors under this age)

How is the Questionnaire completed?

Section I. Geographical location and address of the Housing Unit.

This Section will be used to record information regarding the location of the Housing Unit, including the address, containing the following: Province, Municipality, Settlement (urban or rural), Plan Turquino , District, Census Segment, Block and Popular Council; street, number and cross-streets or farm, highway, road, etc., depending on whether it is an urban or rural address.
[Figure omitted]
The data to fill out this section will be taken from the enumeration guide, verifying them and transcribing them into the Census Questionnaire.

This section will be filled out on all questionnaires.
No annotations will be made in:
- The upper right box (Sheet No., Housing Unit No.), before Section I.
- The box that says "for office use" before the end of Section I and below the Household Summary box.
Directions on how to fill out the household summary, found below Section 1 and before the section For Office Use, are found below.
[Figure omitted]

[p. 28]

[Figure omitted]
After you have asked all members of the household the questions from Section IV, the Summary will be completed as follows:
Housing Unit No.: Transcribe here the number associated with the Housing Unit from the Enumeration Guide.
Total households: The total number of households that exist within the Housing Unit will be noted. The same number shall be recorded in the questionnaires of all households that reside within the Housing Unit.
Household No.: The number of the household within the Housing Unit will be annotated, always starting with the primary household, which will be that which is considered to be such by the rest of the households within the Housing Unit.
Total people in this household: Here you will record the total number of people in the household by sex and age group.

By sex: the residents making up the household will be classified by sex; that is, how many males and how many females. The total column is the sum of the two sex. When there is no sex, place a dash (-).
By age groups: household members will be grouped by age groups (0 to 16; 17 to 59 and 60 and older), the sum of these groups should be equal to the total that appears by sex, when there are no people in an age group, place a dash (-).

Examples: Supposing that within a home (No. 005 of the Enumeration Guide) there are two households, and the first household listed 4 people, 2 men and 2 women, with age groups as follows: two under 16 years old, one from 16 to 59 and the other 60 years and over; while in the second household 3 people were listed, 1 man and 2 women where two are under 16 years and one is from 16 to 59 years old.
[Figures that show examples are omitted]

[p. 29]

How is the summary filled out for different Housing Units?
Private homes occupied by permanent residents: In Housing Unit No., record the corresponding number from the Enumeration Guide. In Total Households. If more than one household is present in the home, a questionnaire will be completed for each one, reflecting the information of the corresponding household while using the same Housing Unit No. and in Total Households in the Housing Unit, the number of households who exist in said unit. In Household No., write the corresponding household number. If there is a household in the Housing Unit, a (1) will be marked.
Private homes occupied by temporary residents: In Housing Unit No., record the corresponding number from the Enumeration Guide and fill out the rest of the blanks with zeros (0).
Private homes occupied seasonally: The same procedure is followed as is used for those occupied by temporary residents.
Closed private homes: for these homes, inquire with the neighbors about the number of households and the age and sex of those who reside in the home. If you are not able to obtain the information, direct an inquiry to the CDR to obtain this information from the Address Registry. The summary may not come without annotations.
Vacant private homes: In Housing Unit No., record the corresponding number from the Enumeration Guide and in the rest of the columns, fill in the corresponding blanks with zeros (0).
Workplaces with permanent residents: The same procedure is followed as with private homes occupied by permanent residents.
Collective housing with permanent residents: In Housing Unit No., record the corresponding number from the Enumeration Guide; in Household No.. and Total Households write "one" (1). The number of people by sex and by age will be obtained by summing the total members of the collective.
Should the collective be a segment, that is, it is found alone in the Enumeration Guide, it is because it has more than 99 people. Therefore, it will be necessary to fill out more than one Census Questionnaire. Use the same Housing Unit number on the second form, and in Household No. and Total Households, write "one" (1). The rest of the boxes will be completed according to the results of the sums generated by residents (each questionnaire will have its total).
Remember that in the box "Household Summary," at least some annotations should appear in all questionnaires used in the housing unit.

Section II. Classification of Housing Units.
[All figures in Section II are omitted]
This section will be completed for all Housing Units that have permanent residents, regardless of whether it is a private home, workplace or collective, according to the definitions provided for each.
In the case of a Private Residence, check box (1) and proceed to Section III "Private Home Data."
In the case of a Workplace with permanent residents, check box (3) and proceed to Section IV, "Personal Data." Void Section III by marking it with two slashes.
In the case of a Collective, mark box (5), void Section III by marking it with two slashes and proceed to Section IV.

[p. 30]

Section III. Private housing data.
If the accommodation in question is a private home (occupied by permanent residents or not), proceed to complete Section III: Private housing data.
Private homes under construction should be included, so long as their state of construction on the day of the Census would allow them to be inhabited. Include those that have roofs, walls, doors and windows, even if they are missing interior doors and windows, the floors or painting haven't been finished, etc.
Do not include buildings under construction that will be used for other purposes, such as factories, workplaces, etc.

Question 1. Type of housing:
This question is not directed toward the person to be enumerated, but rather answered by a simple inspection, using the basic definitions to classify the type of home.
This question only allows one mark.
If you choose an option between 1 and 5, proceed to question 2; if you mark option 6, skip to Section IV - Personal Data.
[Figure omitted]
In the case that you are inside a bunkhouse or tenement, keep in mind that there may be rooms that have been modified and the common areas like the kitchen, bathroom, and sanitation system are no longer in use because they are now incorporated in the interior of the home. In those cases, they will be considered apartments; therefore you must ask if these services are found within the home.
Homes listed as "other" must have occupants in order to be included in the Census.

Question 2. The home is occupied by:
This question concerns how the home is occupied. For the purposes of the Census it refers to:
Keeping the basic definitions in mind (which appear on previous pages), ask this question to the person being enumerated and classify it according to the response provided.

[p. 31]

[Figure omitted]

Remember that this question only allows one mark, and continue to question 3 if the home is occupied by permanent residents.
[Figure omitted]
In the event that the person being enumerated does not know how to classify themselves, or does not understand the question, briefly explain each one of the options.
If you choose options 3-5, do not complete Section IV, given that with Option 3, the residents are not permanent in the country, in the case of Option 4 people in the home have their permanent residence elsewhere in the country and finally Option 5 implicitly states the home has no occupants, and the enumeration of this home should therefore be concluded.

How do I fill out the Questionnaire for each of the options?
For homes Occupied by Permanent Residents, do the following: if all or some residents are present, complete all sections of the Questionnaire for this home.
If the home is Occupied by Temporary Residents (foreigners), complete Sections I, II and questions 1 and 2 from Section III, leaving Section IV blank.
For Seasonally Occupied Homes.

- If there is no one present in the home on the day of the interview, Sections I and II of the Questionnaire, as well as questions 1 and 2 from Section III, should be completed.
- If someone forming part of a Census Household is present in the seasonally occupied home on the day of the interview, and other members of the same household are in their habitual home, proceed as instructed in the previous point. That household's information will be completed by the members of the household who remained in their habitual home.
- If all members of a Census Household are present in the seasonally occupied home on the day of the interview (no one is in their habitual home, where they are permanent residents) and they will remain there throughout the entire census survey period, a survey should be completed for the seasonally occupied home, filling out Sections I and II, and questions 1 and 2 from Section III, also completing another questionnaire with the address where the Household normally resides and all sections filled out accordingly. In the Enumeration Guide, the annotation Traveler Questionnaire should be made in parentheses followed by the name of the Head of Household, to indicate that the Questionnaire does not belong to the Segment.
[p. 32]

In any case, the Supervisor must be informed of the actions taken for the seasonally occupied home.
If the home is occupied with absent permanent residents (closed), Sections I and II of a questionnaire should be completed, as well as the information that can be gathered from Section III for this home. In Section IV, the information from questions 1, 4 and 5 for each of the members of the household will be obtained from the Address Registry in the CDR, and the Household Summary will be completed in its entirety.
If the home has no residents (vacant), complete Sections I and II, as well as questions 1 and 2 from Section III on a Questionnaire.

Question 3. What is your home's status?
This applies only to homes and apartments and refers to the status of the home as declared by the household. What we are interested in is the status of the home, not the ownership of the person or family that occupies it. There is no need to show any documents in support of what is stated in this question.

Personal property: A home for which an administrative, notarial or judicial document exists recognizing the ownership of the property by one or more people who may or may not occupy it.
State Lease: A home that pays rent to the State according to a rental agreement.
"Vinculada" or "medio básico" ("linked homes" or "basic means"): Homes that are assets of state entities (civil-military or political organizations, social or publicly owned, or of interest to the defense or security of the country) to provide security, permanence and stability to the workforce.
Other: This may be in usufruct or without documents; those that do not have the corresponding documentation, either because it is not required or because the residents have not kept it. This category includes all other types of occupancy not listed previously.

[Figure omitted]

Question 4. What is the construction date of the home?
This question will determine the date on which construction on the home was completed; bearing in mind that it will only apply to Houses or Apartments.
The question should be asked as follows: What is the date of construction of the home?
Begin to list the periods until the interviewee identifies the one to which it belongs.
Check the box for the period that includes the year given by the interviewee; remember that only one period should be marked.
If the home was expanded or partially renovated later, the year in which the main section was built will be recorded.
Note that the first period (box 1) covers constructions made up to the year 1919, meaning it does not include those from 1920.
[Figure omitted]

[p. 33]

Question 5. What is the predominant material in the home's construction?
This question will gather the construction materials making up the majority of the roof, exterior walls and floors of the homes, as specified in the census questionnaire.
You should ask it taking into account the header of the question, linking it to the subsections as follows:

Is the predominant material in the roof concrete slabs or plates, beam and slab, wood and tile, wood and tarpaper, fiber cement sheet, etc.?
Is the predominant flooring material ceramic slab, granite or tile, cement, etc.?
Is the predominant material on the walls concrete, blocks or brick, wood, etc.?

If a ceiling, exterior wall or floor is constructed of more than one material, you must mark the one that makes up the majority.
Example: if the floor of a home consists of wood and cement, the Enumerator must ask what percent of the home has each, and which occupies a greater area. If most of it is cement, the box corresponding to that flooring material will be checked. If half of the home is made up of one material and half the other, then mark the one that the interviewee states is predominant.
This question will always have three marks, one for each subsection.
[Figure omitted]

Question 6. What defects are present in the home?
This refers to possible faults in the structure present in the predominant materials of the home and will be asked in the same form as the prior question, by linking the header of the question with the subsections:

Does the home have, in the floors or mezzanines, partial collapse, leaks, moisture, warping or dents, cracks, etc.?
Does the home have any cracks or splits, exposed steel, etc., in columns, beams or architraves?
Does the home have any cracks, collapsed areas, sunken floors, etc.?
Does the home have internal and/or external underpinning?

This refers to the faults that the home may have in the ceiling and mezzanine, on columns, beams and architraves, and on the wall and floor. The types of faults can be as follows:

[p. 34]

Partial collapse: refers to parts of the housing structure that have partially collapsed, affecting only part of the home.
Leaks: refers to water leaks through one of the structures of the home; water must pass through to the home's interior, generally by dripping.
Moisture: Occurs as a result of water leaks in the construction elements and manifests through stains in the concrete covering, walls and others, but does not lead to dripping or water inside the home.
Swelling or chipping: The increase in volume of construction elements in the affected areas. When swelling is expelled, it causes chipping.
Crack or split: Identified by the separation in affected areas of construction elements, can be vertical, horizontal and diagonal.
Exposed steel: Steel inside reinforced concrete that has become exposed due to the loss of covering as a result of an increase in volume and corrosion caused by moisture. In column and beams, it is a result of corrosion of steel, due to failure of the foundation or difference in expansion of the construction elements.
Rotten wood in supports: These are homes with wooden roofs or columns in poor condition caused by rot.
Bracing: For census purposes, bracing is understood as the propping up of a provisional structure (wood or metal) that is constructed to give stability to the structural elements (columns, walls, beams, roofs, mezzanines) until the necessary repairs or replacements are completed. The bracing can be vertical, horizontal, or mixed.

These types of defects will be counted regardless of the dimension of the area of the home that is affected.
For subsections A, B, and C, if None is checked, the rest of the boxes will appear blank.
[Figure omitted]

[p. 35]

Question 7. How many rooms does the home have?
This question is related to the number of rooms the home has, how many are typically used to sleep, and how many are used exclusively as bedrooms.
The format on this question is different as the response is not marked with an X, but rather the number of rooms (with numerals) is marked as reported by the interviewee. Note that the number must contain two digits, so if the number is not greater than nine, place a zero (0) before the number.
Bear in mind that generally the rooms are spaces of the home, referred to as bedroom, living room, dining room, entrance hall, library, garage, etc., so long as they are separated by fixed walls at least 2 meters in height, with an area of at least 4 square meter and the kitchen is of sufficient size to allow for a table and chairs to eat in the room.
The following are not considered rooms, even if they have a surface area of more than 4 square meter: bathrooms, closets, interior hallways, open galleries, sanitation systems, open portals, patios, balconies, terraces, etc.
In subsection A) of the question, the total number of rooms in the home should be noted, taking the above into consideration.
Subsection B) lists the number of rooms that were built with the sole function of serving as a bedroom or sleeping quarters. All bedrooms will be included, whether or not they are used for sleeping.
In C), include all of the rooms that are used for this purpose, whether they are bedrooms or not.
Keep in mind that these are all the rooms used for sleeping, that is, the housing spaces that you determined to be rooms in subsection A) of this question and that are used for the aforementioned purpose.
As such, a living room that meets the conditions to be a "room" and is habitually used by one or more people to sleep will be considered a room for sleeping.
If you are told that a home has two bedrooms, but in addition the living room and dining room are commonly used for sleeping, you will note the number of rooms used for sleeping as: (04).
Example of how to answer this question:
The apartment that you visit has the following spaces:

- Two bedrooms, each one measuring 6 square meter
- A 6 square meter living room.
- A 5 square meter dining room.
- A 4 square meter kitchen with a table.
- A 5 square meter bathroom.
- A 1 square meter closet.
- A 5 square meter open terrace.

You are told that in addition to the two bedrooms, the living room is used to sleep.
Remember that subsection A) is the total number of rooms, therefore subsection C) must be lesser than or equal to A), and B) must always be lesser.
As you can see, the bathroom, closet and terrace do not count as rooms.
[Figure omitted]

[p. 36]

Question 8. Does the home have a place to cook?
With this question, you want to know if the home has an area for cooking, either for use by only one home or shared between several, or if it does not have a place for this. Therefore you must ask the question as it appears.
This is understood to mean any space separated from other rooms of the home, regardless of its size, that is used specifically to prepare food, store products, wash and store dishes - what is commonly known as a kitchen.
Note that this space does not necessarily have to be a room, so its area may be greater than or less than 4 square meters, although it must be separated by walls.
This includes kitchen spaces that also have a table with chairs used for eating. Those homes in which the dining room and kitchen make up one room because they are not separated by walls should be considered a kitchen, and of course count as one room.
If you are told that the home has a place to cook, in the box you will mark 1 (if it is only used by this home) or box 2 (if it is shared between several homes).
If there is no place to cook, mark the box not present.
[Figure omitted]

Question 9. Energy or fuel used most often for cooking.
In this question, mark one of the 8 boxes listed. In boxes 2, 3 and 4, the most current meaning of the term appears in parentheses.
The interviewer will mark an (x) in the box corresponding to the fuel used primarily in the home for cooking.
In the event that the home is occupied by more than one census household, and where each household cooks separately, using different fuels, you should count the energy or fuel used for cooking by the primary household.
Box 7 will be used for any other fuel not previously mentioned, as well as for wood or charcoal. When no energy or fuel is used, mark box 8, "None".
[Figure omitted]

Question 10. Water supply in the home

This question consists of five subsections, collecting information about the manner in which the home is supplied with water, the source of the water, the frequency with which it is received or acquired, storage methods and the way in which water reaches the elevated tank, if applicable.
The question should be formed by reading the subsection plus the possible answers.

10. A) How is water supplied to the home?
For this question, only mark one option. This refers to the way in which a home receives its water, either through pipes or haulage. The pipes may be inside or outside of the home, and the haulage may be done manually, by animals or by water truck.

10. B) What is the source or origin of the water consumed in the home? This refers to the source or origin of the water consumed in the home, which may be:

Aqueduct: the public system through which water is captured and flows to be delivered to points inside or outside of the home by pipes.
Well: a method of collecting water for one or more homes, using manual or mechanical excavation in the ground.
River or spring: a surface-level water catchment that flows from the ground, either permanently or temporarily.
Other: less frequent methods not included previously, such as rainwater, barges or trains.

This subsection, like the previous ones, only allows one selection.
[Figure omitted]

[p. 37]

10. C) How often do you receive or acquire water?
This refers to the frequency with which water is received or acquired in the home, with the choices being: daily, on alternating days, weekly or other. In houses and multifamily buildings with a cistern, you must clarify that it is when the water arrives to the cistern, not to the home.

10. D) Does the home or building have a cistern or elevated tank for water storage? This refers to the existence in the home or building of water storage capabilities - if it has a cistern or elevated tank.

10. E) How does the water flow into the tank?
This refers to the mechanism uses in the home or building to get the water to the elevated tank, whether that is through the force of the aqueduct itself, an electric or internal combustion pump, windmill, hand pump, etc.

Elevated tank: A tank supplying water to the rest of the home that does not rest directly on the ground, but has supports which elevate it.
Gravity or the aqueduct's water pressure: Through the force of the water moving through the aqueduct, which is capable of elevating water into the tank without any other type of additional energy.
Electric pump: When the water is deposited or when it arrives without the sufficient force to make it into the tank, the force is amplified using a pump or turbine to elevate it to its place. Example: Cistern-pump-tank, well-pump-tank.
Internal combustion pump: Similar to the previous response, except instead of electricity, it uses fuel - either gasoline or diesel.
Windmill: In less inhabited areas where wind energy can be harnessed, windmills are used to lift water from the well to the tank.
Hand pump: When the water is deposited or when it arrives without the sufficient force to make it into the tank, the force is amplified using a pump, but the energy is provided manually.
Other: includes any other method of water lifting not included in the previous responses; for example, a hydraulic ram, which is a type of hydraulic mechanism that harnesses the water's energy using the water hammer principle.

[Figure omitted]

[p. 38]

Question 11. What kind of wastewater system does the home have?
With this question we will establish the type of wastewater system present in the home, meaning the system of removal of sewage, which may be by means of:

Sewage system: A public system of removal of wastewater, shared by a city, town, neighborhood, etc.
Pit or septic tank: A place where putrefaction and liquefaction of solid residual substances occurs, and through which liquids pass to the septic tank, cesspool, etc.
Other: Any other form of wastewater removal not included in the previous options; for example, dumping wastewater in a river or lake, etc.

Mark an (x) in the box corresponding to the answer provided; therefore, there will be only one mark.
[Figure omitted]

Question 12. How is garbage normally disposed of in the home?
This refers to the method used to eliminate solid waste from the home, commonly known as trash. The following options may be considered:

Collection in the home: trash is placed in a receptacle from the home (plastic bag, trash can, etc.) and placed in a nearby location, generally in front of the home.
Container or public receptacle: solid waste is dumped in a container or public receptacle
Landfill or common area: trash is placed in uncovered public landfills
Burned: Trash is gathered in a place relatively close to the home and later burned with some regularity
Buried: Trash is gathered in a place relatively close to the home and later buried with some regularity
Other methods of removal: For example, dumping in rivers, etc.

[Figure omitted]

Question 13. Does the home have a shower room or bathroom with running water and plumbing?
This question asks whether the home has an area for person hygiene, and its location. Any designated space or area separated from other rooms or bedrooms of the home, regardless of its size, which is used specifically for bodily hygiene and has running water and drainage is considered a bathroom or shower room. It may or may not additionally contain a sanitation system.
The question contains two subsections and is asked as follows:
A) Does the home have a bathroom or shower room with running water and drainage used exclusively by this home, shared by several homes, or is none present?
If box 3 is marked (not present) do not ask subsection B) and go directly to question 14.

Subsection B) will be asked of homes which marked box 1 or 2, asking:
Is the bathroom or shower room located inside or outside of the home?
In the event that the home has more than one bath or shower room, and they are located in different places in the home (one inside and one outside), gather the information of the one that is most frequently used.
[Figure omitted]

[p. 39]

Question 14. Sanitation system.
With this question, we aim to find out if the home has a sanitation system, if it is exclusive or shared, the type of system, and its location.

Subsection A) asks "Does the home have its own sanitation system, shared system, or none?"
If boxes 1 or 2 are checked, go to subsection B), while if box 3 is checked (None), go directly to question 15, leaving subsections B) and C) blank.

Subsection B) is meant to find out what kind of sanitation system the home has. Only one should be marked, asking "What type of sanitation system does the home have: flush toilet, latrine, outhouse or cesspool?"
In the event that the home has more than one sanitary service and the use, type and locations are different, mark the one which is more frequently used.

Subsection C) deals with the location of the sanitation system, asking the question as follows: Is the sanitation system located inside or outside of the home, checking the box that the interviewee indicates. Only one may be checked.

Flush toilet: A sanitary system with water directed by pipes and drainage to the sewage network, or to a trench, etc.
Latrine: A trench or hole of sufficient size and depth, with a mouth or rim and a cement bowl (with lid), of wooden or concrete construction, no less than 5 meters away from the home and 15 meters from the well. Has a cabin with complete privacy.
Outhouse or cesspool: A trench or hole that does not meet the requirements of a latrine, with varying dimensions; may have a cabin and wooden floor.

[Figure omitted]

Question 15. What source of energy do you use to light the home?
This question will establish which source of energy is used in the home for lighting; only one may be checked.
When asking this question, you must read the list of possible answers "Which source of energy is used for lighting the home: Unión Eléctrica (national grid), industrial plant, kerosene, mini hydroelectric, solar panel, biogas, private generator or other source?
You must know what each source is prior to the interview.

[p. 40]

Unión Eléctrica: The energy used for lighting comes from the country's general grid, supplied by the electric company.
Industrial plant: Cases in which electricity is provided by state-owned centers, such as: sugar plants, factories, mines, etc., or by Poder Popular (local assemblies of People's Power, the legislature).
Kerosene: Lighting uses energy from kerosene, brillantine, coal oil. etc.); or other fuel derived from petroleum (gasoline, etc.)
Mini hydroelectric: Includes mini hydroelectric plants and systems that use water to generate electricity.
Solar panel: A system that transforms solar energy into electricity using panels containing semiconductors to capture solar rays.
Biogas: A system capable of producing fuel through the decomposition of organic matter.
Private generator: Electrical energy for lighting is obtained from domestic electrical plants owned by the occupants of the home.
Other: Includes those not listed previously, such as carbide, candles, vegetable oil, animal fat, etc.

Question 16. Of the follow items, state how many are owned and how many are functional.
You will ask about the presence in the home of all types of equipment specified in the census questionnaire.
Subsection b) Audio players includes:

- Recorders
- Cassette recorder-radios
- CD radio recorders
- Other equipment with the sole purpose of playing audio

In the first column, note the number of pieces of equipment present in the home, functional or otherwise. In the case of some light deterioration or imperfection in its technical condition that does not prevent its function, it should be included. Also include equipment that is broken but awaiting repair, so long as that is considered possible.
Do not include broken equipment that has been discarded and may not be fixed.
In the second column, note the number that are functioning.
The question should be asked exactly how it is written, reading the list of equipment to the interviewee and noting the response in the correct box.

[p. 41]

A response will be recorded for each piece of equipment. If the interviewee states that they do not have the equipment indicated, place a zero (0) in the "Number" column and leave the "Functioning" column blank.
If there is more than one census household in the home, you must keep all existing equipment in mind, marking them on the first census household's questionnaire (the primary household), where the "Private home data" is collected even if the members of that household are not the owners of the equipment.
In the event that the person responding for the primary household does not know what equipment is owned by the other households in the home, when the other households are questioned, the information will be filled in on the primary household's questionnaire.

On question 16, finish Section III "Private home data." Naturally the home's information will only be taken once, therefore only one questionnaire should exist with this information for each private home visited, regardless of whether another questionnaire was used. Remaining questions from this home should be voided by making diagonal slashes across it. Be careful to make the slashes only in Sections II and III.
Thus, the information in Section III will only be annotated in the first Questionnaire used in the home, that is, the first questionnaire for the first household (primary household). On the rest of the questionnaires, this section must be voided.

Section IV. Personal Data.

Once Section III is filled out as needed, therefore having obtained the Household Census information, you will move on to Section IV to obtain information about the population residing within, that is, the Population Census. Section IV is composed of four parts: the first made up of 10 questions about general characteristics encompassing all ages, the second made up of 5 questions related to education for those 6 years and older, the third contains one question about the marital and civil status of those above 12 years of age, and the fourth made up of 7 questions, of which 6 have to do with the economic situation of those above 15 and one about the daily movement of said people.

General Characteristics: 10 questions for all ages
Educational Characteristics: 5 questions for all people 6 years and older
Civil and Marital status: 1 questions for those 12 years and older
Economic Situation: 7 questions for those 15 years and older
[p. 42]

Before beginning Section IV you should ask those present in the home:

- How many people are permanent residents of the home
- How many census households are there in the home
- How many people make up each household
- Which is the primary household

To obtain this information, you will ask primarily:

How many people live permanently in this home?
Remember the definition: clarify immediately that these are the people that regularly sleep in the home and keep their belongings in it.
With the information obtained, make sure that:

- No residents have been forgotten because they are not present or because they died since September 14th.
- No residents have been listed who are living temporarily in the home.

With the number of residents determined, you will ask:

How many households are there in the home?
Immediately clarify that this is a group of people that have a common budget and make their meals for the group; this has nothing to do with the "Ration Book."
Next you will ask "How many people make up each household?" checking that all of those listed are residents of the home; next you will find out who is the Head of Household.

In order to know who is the Head of the Census Household, you must find out who is considered to be such by the other members of the household; that is, the person who is consulted before a decision is made, or the person who carries the most weight in those decisions. It should be noted that the concept of Head of Household is not necessarily associated with the person having the highest income or contributing the most financial resources, nor with the one who appears as Head of Nuclear Family in the Ration Book, nor with the person legally considered the owner of the home. All private homes must have a head of household.

Next you will prepare form C-1B "List of permanent residents in the home, by household," keeping in mind that you must begin with the primary household, which will be Household 1 that appears in Section 1 "Household Summary". Next you will ask who is considered to be Head of Household; they will be Person 01, with the rest ordered as follows:

- Spouse or partner
- Children, in this order:
a) Single children (from oldest to youngest)
b) Children who are not married or in a civil union, meaning those who are divorced, separated, or widowed, in any order
c) Married children or those in civil unions
- Stepchildren or adopted children in any order.
- The head of household's sons and daughters-in-law; if there is more than one, they may be listed in any order.
- Grandchildren, in the same order by civil or marital status as the children (single grandchildren, unmarried and not in a civil union, married or in a civil union).
- Father, mother, father-in-law, mother-in-law.
- Other relatives of the Head of Household.
First list the spouses and their children together if applicable under "Other relatives" and then list the rest.
- Non-relatives of the head of household; first list the spouses and their children if applicable within "Other non-relatives", then the rest.
[p. 43]

Family: For census purposes, a group of two or more people constituting the same census household, related to each other up to the 4th degree of consanguinity (parents, children, grandparents, grandchildren, great grandchildren, siblings, aunts and uncles, cousins, nieces and nephews) and up to the second degree of affinity (spouse, mother-in-law, father-in-law, son-in-law, daughter-in-law, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, daughter or son-in-law's parents). In a census household there may be one or more families, or none.

If more census households are present in the home, they will be listed after the Primary Household, following the same procedures.

Which is the primary household?
The primary household is considered the one declared as such within the home. If the home's residents are not in agreement about which household is the primary, the Enumerator will consider it to be that of the person in charge of the home.
The part of the Questionnaire containing questions related to homes (Section III) will be used to record information about the entire home, regardless of whether more than one census household lives within, in which case it will only be filled in on the Questionnaire for the members of the primary household. In the basic Questionnaire, Section IV is capable of registering the information of up to three people. For households containing more than three people, you must add sheets (form C-Ia) that only Section IV contains.
The sheets will be placed within the Questionnaire so that it becomes a booklet, identifying each sheet by the household to which it belongs. You will mark the top part of the first page of the sheet with the Household Number, District, and Segment where the Housing Unit is located, as well as the Questionnaire number that it will be part of, information which will be transcribed in said Questionnaire. Do not make any annotations in the space designated page No.
[Figure omitted]

[p. 44]

If more than one household is present in the home, you will use as many Questionnaires as there are households, completing Section I (Geographical Location and Address of the Home) in each and voiding Sections II and III by marking them with two diagonal slashes.
With the questionnaires prepared, proceed to complete Section IV (Personal Data), always starting with the primary household of the home.
First interview all members of one household and then the members of another, starting a new Questionnaire for each household.

Remember that Sections II and III will only be filled out in the first Questionnaire for the primary household. Generally you will find only one household in each Housing Unit.

Questions 1, 2 and 3 must be completed consecutively for all members of the census household before moving on to the rest of the questions in Section IV, as follows:

Question 1. Names and Surnames
Note the number of the person with their name and surnames.
[Figure omitted]
This question will be transcribed on form C-Ib "List of permanent residents in the housing unit, by household", keeping in mind that the first person appearing on the sheet is the Head of Household, therefore they will be Person 01 in Section IV.
When additional sheets are present (form C-1a), you will note in the box following "Person No. the order number that corresponds to each member of the census household in the order previously established in form C-Ib. Here person numbers from 01 to 03 correspond to the Head of Household and the other two members that follow according to the order indicated above, and come preprinted in the Census Questionnaire (form C-1). On the sheet, they will be numbered consecutively starting from 04 up to a number equal to the total number of members of the census household appearing on form C-1b.
Next you will make note of the two first names (if applicable) and two surnames of each member of the census household.
The head of household will be listed on the second page of the Questionnaire in the space reserved for person No. 01.
In collective homes, you will list all members one after the other without any pre-established order.
Remember to list all members of the census household on the Questionnaire before moving on to question 2.

You will record the names and last names of all residents of the housing unit that make up the same household on the questionnaire, whether they are present or absent.

Listing a person as Head of Household who is not a resident of the Housing Unit is not acceptable, even if that person is the breadwinner of the household.

[p. 45]

Question 2. Relationship with the Head of Household.
The objective of question 2 is to find out the relationship or cohabitation status of the listed person with the head of household
In "Private Homes" or "Workplaces", the second page of the Questionnaire will only be used for the Head of Household, where an "x" is already pre-printed in the box corresponding to code "0."
In "Collective Homes," this page will also be used for the collective's Head of Household, so long as they are a permanent resident; if not, this page will be voided using two diagonal slashes.
Starting from page 3 of the Questionnaire, you will check the box corresponding to the type of relationship the person has with the Head of Household, for example, spouse, child, son or daughter-in-law, etc.
Third Page:
[Figure omitted]
Fourth page of Form C1 and all pages of Form C1a:
[Figure omitted]
This question may be formulated in such a way that it serves to confirm the information already provided by the interviewee when preparing form C-1b.

[p. 46]

Examples:You told me that Esperanza is Luis' wife, and Luis is the Head of Household - is that correct?
Vicente is the eldest son of Luis.
The box "Other relative" will be marked when the person is related to the Head of Household in a way not reflected in boxes from 1to6, such as:

a) Grandparents, siblings, aunts and uncles, nieces and nephews, cousins, great-grandchildren and great-great-grandchildren.
b) Brothers or sisters-in-law, siblings of a brother or sister-in-law, parents-in-law of the head of household's child, other in-laws and stepchildren.

Certain personal relationships of religious origin are not included, for example: godchildren, godparents, the godparents of a person's child, etc.
Box 8 indicated, "Other non-relatives," is marked for the rest of the people living in the same individual census household not included in the previously listed relationships in boxes 1 to 7.
If the person is a member of a Collective, they will be listed starting on page three, checking box 9.

Question 3. What is your mother's, father's, and spouse's questionnaire order number?
This question serves to link each child with their mother and father, and each spouse/partner with their spouse/partner and vice versa, notating the order number that they have been assigned on their census questionnaire. Therefore it is important to have correctly put the members of the household in order previously. Now we'll see an example explaining how to ask this question:
The person listed on Form C-1b as Number 03 is named Yaquelín; the Enumerator must ask "Does Yaquelín's mother live in this home?" If the answer is yes, ask "Who is her mother?"
If the answer is Juana, the Enumerator must find the number that has been assigned to her on Form C-1b, 05 for example, and make note of it in the box.
Son/Daughter of Mother ____

The Enumerator will proceed in this manner, asking each person in the Household if their mother, father and spouse/partner lives with them in the home. These should not be confused with people who have said familial relationship and live in the same house, but do not form part of the same Household.
This question is asked with the intention of defining families
The order number is that which was annotated on question 1, in the box following "Person No." before "Name(s) and surnames" (that of the Head of Household is 01 and is pre-printed).
[Figure omitted]

Son/daughter of mother
In this space, the order number (that which appears on question 1 as Person No.), corresponding to this person's mother will be recorded if she lives with them in the same Census Household. If she does not live with them, write "00"

Son/daughter of father
In this space, the order number (that which appears on question 1 as Person No.), corresponding to this person's father will be recorded if he lives with them in the same Census Household. If he does not live with them, write "00"

The mother or father whose order number (Person No.) is annotated on their child's page for this question 3, may have any civil or marital status, as this may include children of single parents.
For stepchildren or adopted children, note the order number (Person No.) corresponding to their stepmother/stepfather and adoptive parent, as applicable.

Spouse of ...
For Census purposes, a spouse/partner is one of two members of a partnership between two people who are either legally married or consensually united in a stable manner. In this case same-sex partners are included, as long as they live together in the same census household.
In this space, reciprocally record the questionnaire number (Person No.) of each member of the couple living in the household, which appears on the line for question 1. If they do not reside in the household, write "00."

[p. 47]

Verify upon completion of Section IV on the questionnaire that the people mentioned in this response who have their spouse or partner's number recorded must also be listed with a civil or marital status of married or united (question 16). If not, the code "00" must appear.
In the case of minors under age 12, this space must be left blank, due to their not having a recorded civil or marital status.

It may be helpful to analyze other examples of the correct annotation of order numbers (Person No.) of a mother, father and spouse/partner.
a) In this example, Luis Pérez Rodriguez (Head of Household) is the son of María Rodríguez Hernández (Person No. 03). Her parents, and those of Pedro Pérez Suárez (Maria's husband and Luis' father, Person 02) are deceased (00). As spouses, "03" will be written in the section for Pedro's spouse, and "02" in the section for Maria's spouse. Luis is not married or in a civil union.
[Figures omitted]
In this example, Marcia Pacheco Alonso is the Head of Household; her parents are deceased, and she is the wife of Mauricio Prats Ochoa, (Person No. 02) whose parents do not live in the household. Mónica Ferrer Pacheco is Marcia's daughter (03), who is 5 years old. Eloísa is the Head of Household's single sister.
[Figures omitted]

Starting from this question, the individual information of each person making up the household will be recorded, asking all questions in order to each person, that is, one person will be asked all of the questions before moving on to the next.

[p. 48]

Question 4. What is your sex?
This question is very simple, you must only mark if the person is male (box 1) or female (box 3).
If the person is present, do not ask, just mark the correct response; if they are not present, ask if the absent person is male or female. The question refers to the biological sex of the person.
[Figure omitted]

Question 5. What is your date of birth and age in full years?
For question 5, you will record the day, month, and year of birth, as well as their age, by asking the person the day, month and year of their birth, as well as their age.
Next, verify that the age stated matches with their stated date of birth by consulting the "Conversion table for birth dates to years on the day of the census" which appears in Annex 1of this manual.
This is one of the most important pieces of information in the census; do not to forget to consult said Annex. For those who are less than 1 year old, write 0/0/0 in the boxes for age.
If the person does not remember their date of birth, you will record their age in full years in the corresponding box, placing dashes in the spaces for day, month and year.
If the person does not even remember their age, you should refer to historical events to help them determine their age, for example:
In general people who do not remember their age tend to give numbers ending in 0 or 5, saying they are 20, 65, 80 years old, etc. In those cases do not put those ages, instead you will ask the person again to better clarify their stated age, thus avoiding the error created by the tendency to state ages ending in those numbers.

Historical events
Second American Occupation - 1906
Start of the economic boom - 1915
Bankruptcy of the banks - 1920
Fall of Machado - 1933
End of World War II - 1945
Triumph of the Cuban Revolution - 1959

[p. 49]

Question 6. What is your skin color?
The purpose of this question is to know the skin color of the listed person, with the aim of carrying out demographic studies of the Cuban population.
For this we will classify skin color in three categories: white, black, and mulatto or mestizo.
As you can see, these categories reflect the thoughts generally held by the population and do not reflect the concept of race or ethnicity, only skin color without taking any other cultural or physical attributes into account.
You will mark the corresponding box as stated by the interviewee.
If any doubts arise you may explain these simple rules to determine the skin color:

White: Those people who, due to their skin tone, are considered white. This includes those with some Asian ancestry, but whose primary skin color characteristics are white.
Black: Those whose skin tone is dark brown or black. Mulatto or Mestizo: Includes those who present characteristics of a mix between white and black or Asian and black, as well as Asians. Include here those referred to as mulatto, Indian or albino.

[Figure omitted]

Question 7. Where did your mother live when you were born?
This question intends to find out the place (settlement) or country where the interviewee resided at birth; therefore, the question focuses on the mother's residence at that moment, given that they could have been born in a different municipality or country than the one in which the mother permanently resided.
The question must be asked as follows: Where did your mother reside when you were born? Here or in another place or country?
If they answer "in this place or settlement," it means that it is the same one where the interview is being conducted so box 1 is checked and you will move on to question 8A).
If, on the contrary, they reply that they were born "in another place, settlement or country", box 3, then subsection B of question 7 itself is asked, asking them in which place or settlement, municipality, province or country they were born in, recording the name on the blanks provided.
In the event that the settlement, municipality and province are in Cuba, the name of the country will not be noted. This will only be used for those born abroad, where only the name of the country will be noted.
If the person replies that they do not know where their mother resided when they were born, check box 9 "Does not know" and move on to question 8A.
It should be borne in mind that the requested information refers to the current Administrative Political Division, i.e. Artemis and Mayabeque in place of Havana, Santiago de Cuba and Las Tunas and not Provincia de Oriente. This is also true for Country, so USSR should not be recorded. but rather Russia, Belarus, Lithuania, etc.
The boxes for codes that are located next to Place or Settlement, Municipality, Province and Country should be left blank, as they will be filled in by the Provincial Census Department.
[Figure omitted]

[p. 50]

Question 8. Have you always lived in this place or settlement?
This question is intended to find out if the person has ever moved to a different settlement, and if so, to which one.
The question is asked as follows: Have you always lived in this place or settlement? Yes or no.
If yes (box 1) go to question 10, but if the answer is No (box 3) you will proceed to ask Subsection B) of the question.
In which place or settlement, municipality, province and country did you reside before moving here? If it is a place or settlement of Cuba, proceed to ask its name and write it down on the corresponding line, and then ask about the municipality and province and write it down on the corresponding line. In this case the space corresponding to country will remain blank.
If they state that they resided in another country, ask for its name and write it down on the corresponding line, leaving the lines for settlement, municipality and province blank.
The boxes for codes that are located next to Place or Settlement, Municipality, Province and Country should be left blank, as they will be filled in by the Provincial Census Department.
[Figure omitted]

Question 9. How long have you lived here since moving from the previous place of residence?
This question asks for the amount of time that has passed since the person's last change of residence.
You will ask: How long have you lived here since moving from the previous place of residence?
Write down the number provided by the interviewee. In the event that one year or more has passed, the numbers will be noted in the boxes next to the option "Years"; if the declared time is less, then the box "Less than one year" will be checked. If the time is not known, mark box 99 ("Does not know").
[Figure omitted]

[p. 51]

Question 10. Do you suffer from any of the following?
This question will find out what disabilities the population suffers from. The question must be asked as follows: Do you suffer from any of the following? Permanent speech deficiency or muteness, poor hearing, deafness, blindness, poor vision, physical motor limitation (absence of any of the upper limbs, disability of upper limbs, absence of lower limbs, disability of lower limbs, chronic mental illness, mental retardation, chronic kidney failure or none of the above)? As you mention these conditions to the interviewee, you will mark the corresponding box should they state that they suffer from any of them. If none are applicable, mark the last option "None of the above."
There may be multiple answers to this question, but make sure that if any conditions are marked, you must not mark None of the above and vice versa.
To properly ask the question we must define some concepts such as:

Permanent speech deficiency or muteness: People who may or may not have aural function, but are unable to speak or have limited speech ability (except for those who stutter, as that is a curable limitation).
This includes, for example, those with problems with the larynx or hard palate, muteness caused by accidents, sickness or congenital deformity of the vocal cords, etc.
Poor hearing or hypoacusis: Hearing-impaired people who generally use hearing aids. Cases of weak hearing or hypoacusis are considered to be those where the use of devices or prostheses that facilitate hearing is declared.
Deafness: Person totally deprived of the sense of hearing.
Blindness: Person totally deprived of the sense of sight.
Impaired vision: Those with a several visual deficiency which may not be treated surgically, who, in order to see up close, require the use of lenses or glasses with a power of no less than 4 diopters.
Physical motor limitation: Includes absence or disability of the person's lower and/or upper limbs.
Chronic mental illness: Abnormal behavior evident in people who are commonly called crazy or insane.
Mental retardation: Mental retardation is often called mental weakness, and is manifested by a person's obvious difficulty in learning and behaving in a similar way to a group of people of equal age, in the social environment in which they develop.
Chronic kidney failure: When a person requires dialysis. Limitations do not include temporary paralysis produced by psychological or temporary physical trauma, or by accidents with more or less immediate recovery.

Annotations shall be made according to the declaration of the Head of Household or another household member, without verification or ratification.
This question ends the portion of section IV for all ages; from now on you will be working with population segments according to their age in increasing order. Now the questions that only apply to those 6 years and older will be asked (this is the end of the interview for those under this age).

[p. 52]

For persons 6 years and older (end of interview for those under this age)

Question 11. What is the highest grade or level of education passed?
This question refers to the highest grade or year of studies that the interviewee passed in the most advanced educational cycle they participated in through the National Education System, or abroad (if these are special studies abroad, request their equivalencies within the National System; if they do not know, write down in detail what they state).
To correctly ask this question it is necessary to know the different educational levels, as well as the school grades that each one includes, so it is necessary that you carefully read the contents of each educational level that are detailed below, attempting to memorize them with the goal of being able to correctly fill out the educational details of the population.
Elementary: The first level of education, whose primary function is providing the first elements of education that will allow students to move on to Secondary Education. From 1st to 6th Grade of General Education, and from the 1st to 4th semester (levels 11, 12, 21, and 22) of Basic Adult Education (EOC), includes the first level of art schools, sports initiation and special education (for children, adolescents and adults with mental or physical disabilities). See the conversion table in Annex 2 of this manual.
Basic Secondary: Includes the second level of education (middle basic), in which students acquire general knowledge to continue their pre-university or polytechnic studies. Completion of primary education is required for entry.
Currently students complete from 7th to 9th grade, although there were years that continued until 10th grade. There may also be cases where the interviewee states they have completed from the 1st to 4th semester (evening courses) and the 1st to 6th semester (distance learning) of Secondary Adult Education (SOC), in which case you must search for the equivalency for those semesters in relation to Basic Secondary in Annex 2 of this manual.
This includes the second level of art school, sports initiation and special education (for adolescents and adults with mental or physical disabilities).
If the person states that they have passed preparatory to enter Baccalaureate (1st or 2nd year), that would correspond to the 7th or 8th grade of Basic Secondary, as indicated in Annex 2. Likewise, if they indicate that they have completed the 1st year of Baccalaureate, that will be considered equivalent to the 9th grade of Basic Secondary as shown in Annex 2.
Qualified Worker: Corresponds to the second level of education (mid basic) for workers; its purpose is to prepare students specifically for a determined profession (non-teaching). This includes classes taught by other Bodies not specialized in education, so long as they are approved by the Ministry of Education.
This level includes Trade Schools which were initially conceived solely for youths with scholastic setbacks and today is made up of qualified workers. The corresponding equivalences between the semesters of these schools and their conversion to years of Qualified Workers are listed in Annex 2.

[p. 53]

Pre-university: Also corresponds to the second level of education (upper mid) and intends to provide the necessary knowledge to continue higher education or university studies whose entrance requires passing Basic Secondary Education.
Currently students complete from 10th to 12th grade, although there were years that continued until 13th grade. It may also be that they state that they have completed the 2nd to 6th semesters of the regular course in Higher Adult Education (FOC) or the 4th through 8th semesters of the distance learning courses through the FOC, in which case the equivalency in Pre-University years can be found in Annex 2.
If the person states that they have completed from the 2nd to 5th year of Baccalaureate, find the equivalency in Pre-University years using the table in Annex 2.
Intermediate Technical: Corresponds to the second level of education (upper middle) and is intended to prepare the student for a non-teaching trade or profession. It is taught in day courses or for workers. This includes classes taught by other Organisms not specialized in education, so long as they are approved by the Ministry of Education. It is completed over years and a degree is obtained.
Intermediate Pedagogy: It comprises the second level of education (upper middle) and is responsible for preparing teachers, primarily at the elementary level. These include elementary teachers, kindergarten teachers, teacher's aides, and physical education/sports teachers and coaches. Currently these types of studies are not taught at this level or at the beginner's level.
Higher Education or University: This comprises the third level of education, entrance to which requires successful completion of Upper Middle Education. It prepares highly qualified specialists, including teaching personnel. This includes taught courses or free learning which, although it is not completed on a yearly schedule, corresponds to this level.
In the case of interviewees who are studying at the Higher or University level in taught courses or free learning courses that are taken in cycles, that is, they are not taken in years, these will be made equivalent to the years of study. Therefore, if the interviewee reports that he is in the third cycle, he will be considered to be in the third year of University or Higher Education studies.
The question relates to any level of education in the National Education System, regardless of the date the course or school year was completed.
[Figure omitted]

[p. 54]

The following discusses how this question should be filled out. The question is asked as follows: "What is the highest grade or year of study which you passed?" Inform them that this includes those in the National Education System or those completed abroad. If there are any doubts, it may help to name the different educational levels that make up the question, as well as the years or grades that they encompass.
After receiving the information you will write down the grade or year passed in the corresponding educational level.
Note that at each educational level the grades or years they contain are listed, you only have to write down the grade or year.
When you are told a year or grade greater than those that appear in the corresponding level, note the last that appears in each level.
Zero ("0") will be marked in the "None" box when a person states that they have not completed any grades, and you will proceed directly to question 15.
Note that the different educational levels are arranged from lowest to highest rating or importance. For a person with completed grades at different levels, only the highest level will be counted.

Question 12. What is the highest level of educational you finished completely?
The objective of this question is to know what educational level the interviewee has completely finished.
It is understood that a level has been completely finished when the last year or grade has been passed, obtaining the academic title or diploma that accredits one as a graduate.
Note that the levels are the same (same code) as those listed in the previous question (11)
Mark the box corresponding to the level completed by the interviewee.
The "None" box will be used for people who claim not to have completely finished any educational level. Before marking, you must compare the information given to the previous answer, with this method giving you a method to rapidly determine if the response received is suitable or not.
Depending on the curriculum, passing a year or grade may or may not lead to completing the corresponding level.
9th grade of Basic Secondary:
12th grade of Pre-university: 3rd and 4th grade of Intermediate Technical
4th, 5th or 6th grade in Higher Education or University
Therefore it is extremely important that you ask "What is the highest level of education that you completely finished?"
[Figure omitted]

[p. 55]

[Figure displaying examples of the relationship between questions 11 and 12 has been omitted]

If the box for 0 "None" has been checked on this question, you should proceed directly to question 15 without asking questions 13 and 14.

Question 13. What is the highest degree or title you have achieved?
If any boxes from 2 to 8 are marked on the previous question (12), indicating that they have completely finished an educational level, you will always record the title obtained by completing that level. If you have checked the box "None" (1), you should not ask the question.
If the interviewee states that they have more than one degree from the same level, you will record the one that is most related to their occupation, or the one that they consider to be of greater importance because they dedicated more time to it.
The interviewee does not have to show the title, only declare it.
For the levels of Qualified Worker, Intermediate Technical, and Higher Education, you must write the specialty of the degree obtained with sufficient clarity.
Examples of titles: Intermediate Technical in Finance, Primary Certificate, lathe/milling machine operator, Basic Secondary Certificate, Flight Engineer, Electrical Engineer, Bachelor's Degree in Financial Management, Qualified Worker in Carpentry, Intermediate Technical in Metallurgy, etc.
In the case of persons with scientific degrees or another postgraduate degree, specify the degree that corresponds to their university studies and not their postgraduate specialty.
The interviewee's response will be noted in the lines provided for this purpose, leaving blank the box that says "According to CE classifications."
[Figure omitted]

[p. 56]

Question 14. Do you have any academic or scientific degrees?
This question is only asked of those that selected box 8 on question 12, that is, those who completed their university studies.
This is understood to mean the completion of a scientific or academic work done after the completion of university studies which is evaluated by a tribunal awarding a degree. These are the categories of Postgraduate Specialist, Master or Doctor
If the interviewee states that "Yes", they have an academic or postgraduate degree, they will complete subsection B), which may only contain one mark; in the event that the interviewee has all three, only mark the box for the highest achievement; in this case, Doctor, box 3.
If you check box 3 "No", go to question 15 and leave subsection B blank.
[Figure omitted]

Question 15. Do you know how to read and write?
A person is considered to be literate, i.e. that they know how to read and write when they are able to read and write at least a simple text related to their daily lives (the language this is done in does not matter). Someone who is illiterate is a person not meeting this requirement.
The answer to the question will be obtained by a statement and there will not be a test to prove that the interviewee can read and write.
This question will only be asked if the person selected "No grade passed" (question 11) or if they have only passed the first grade of Elementary Education. For all others (those who have passed the 2nd grade of elementary or higher), check "Yes" without asking the question.
Box 1 (yes) will be checked when the person states that they know how to read and write, or when they have previously stated that they have passed the second grade of elementary school or higher.
This will also include people who know how to read, but are unable to do so due to an accident, old age or illness.
Consider those who are blind and can read and write Braille to be literate. If they cannot do so, they are considered illiterate.
Check box 3 (No) when the person states that they cannot read and write, or if they can read but not write or vice versa, as well as if they state that they can only sign or write their name.
[Figure omitted. Examples of how the mark should be made are omitted.]

[p. 57]

Starting now we will begin to work with the segment of the population containing those older than 12 years; therefore, our interview with those younger than that age has concluded.

For persons 12 years and older (end of interview for those under this age)

Question 16. What is your civil and/or marital status?
The purpose of the question is to determine the marital status of the listed persons. You will need to ask the question and then read each of the boxes for the person to select their civil or marital status.
You must memorize the following definitions:

Married: The union of two people of the opposite sex formally recognized by law.
In a civil union: This refers to a person that lives together in a marital, stable form without having completed the legal steps to be recognized as marriage. This marital state is also called consensual union. Box 2 will be checked if the person is in this situation, even if they are divorced, widowed, or were only separated from their previous partner and are current in such a union.
Divorced: A person who terminated their legally married status through the dissolution of their marriage by juridical or notarial means, and does not currently live in a consensual union.
Separated: A person who is legally married, but is currently separated; that is, they no longer live with that person but have not yet divorced, nor do they live in a stable consensual union with someone else.
Widowed: A person who was married whose spouse or partner is deceased, who has not remarried and is not in currently in a civil union.
Single: A the person who has never legally married or lived in civil union.

Remember that people who claim to be Married or In a Civil Union, if they live in the same household with their spouse, should be marked with the corresponding number on question 3 of this Questionnaire. If the spouse does not reside in the household, "00" must be written in the space intended for "Spouse of."
This question ends the part of Section IV for those 12 years and older; from here on the survey applies only to those 15 years and older with questions about their economic situation.

[p. 58]

For persons 15 years and older (end of interview for those under this age)

Question 17. What did you do the week before September 14, 2012?
This block of questions should be answered by people 15 years and older. It is the most complex section of the Census Questionnaire, therefore it is recommended that you pay close attention.
The week from Sunday to Saturday prior to the day of the Census will be used as a reference period. If we consider the Census Moment to be midnight on September 14th, the reference week will be from Sunday the 2nd to Saturday the 8th of September.
The economic questions of the Questionnaire begin with question 17. You will ask each person 15 years old and above:
What did you do the week before September 14, 2012?
This question is related to the work or activities performed by the person throughout the week immediately prior to the Census Day (from Sunday the 2nd to Saturday the 8th of September). Therefore we need to know if the interviewee was working, studying, receiving a pension or any other situation that appears in the question.
Once you ask the question to the interviewee, without waiting for an answer, start reading each of the options, beginning to check (X) those that the interviewee answers affirmatively.
To select the correct check box, you must keep the following definitions in mind.
Worked: Those who worked at least 8 hours in an occupation from the following sectors: state, cooperative, private, or self-employed, whether this was done inside the national territory or abroad (embassies, consulates, commercial offices and other missions: doctors, other professions, etc.) throughout the week prior to the Census Day, as a reference period. The previous week means the period from Sunday to the Saturday before Census Day (Sunday the 2nd to Saturday the 8th of September) and not, for example, the period from Wednesday to Tuesday, if the interview is conducted on a Wednesday.
You will consider to have "worked":

- Unpaid family helpers.
- Members of the EJT (Youth Labor Army) or SMG (General Military Service).
- University graduates in the "social service" stage.
- Those who were presumably inactive (pensioners, those performing household work, etc.) that performed some paid work throughout the reference week.
- Those who work in their home on behalf of a state entity.
- Those who are being trained by the system of workers directly in production (Resolutions 21/99 and 29/06 of the Ministry of Labor and Social Security)
- Farmers who leased their land to the State and work in the state sector.
- This group includes those who are in qualification or requalification courses due to their job having been made redundant.
- People who have been sent by some body, business or budgeted entity for training, while said person remains employed by the entity which sent them.
[p. 59]

Not counted as having worked (Even if they work and/or receive a subsidy):
- Students sent to the countryside to work.
- Students inserted into agencies, companies, etc. that are not part of the "Workplace Employee Registry".
- Student-teachers and student-helpers of any level.
- Students in their last year of Medical Sciences, who perform internships in health centers.
- Persons who perform any unpaid work (volunteer work, etc.), except unpaid family assistants.
- People who performed paid work, but for a less than 8 hours in the reference week.
Whenever a person stated that they "worked", you should ask if the work performed is paid (not voluntary) and also the time worked in that week, to determine if it truly worked.
Consider "paid" to include payments in cash or in kind that the person receives in exchange for work performed.

Employed but did not work: Those who were employed but did not work throughout the week prior to the Census Day for one of the following reasons:

- Vacation.
- Temporary illness.
- Work accident or other type of accident.
- Unpaid leave.
- Maternity leave.
- Sports leave.
- Mobilized.
- Closure due to raw material, fuel, etc.
- Other temporary work stoppage that allows the person to go back to work later. This includes those who are in the process of retirement but have not yet severed their ties to the workplace.

Looking for work due to lost job: This includes people of working age (men between 17 and 64 years and women between 17 and 59 years) who, in the reference week, filed paperwork directly with Poder Popular's Municipal Directorate of Labor, with a business or Budgeted Unit, with a personal relation, or filed a request for permission to work independently, with the goal of getting paid work; or who were awaiting the result of said requests, so long as the person is willing to accept the job they are seeking or a similar job if offered; as long as they have been previously employed privately or by the state, who lost their job for any reason.
Remember that the people in this group stated that they did not work throughout the reference week, but that they were taking steps to get another job.
Included in this group:
- Self-employed workers seeking a job because they are no longer self-employed.
- Unemployed workers who are seeking work.
- Separated works who have not enrolled in courses run by an entity.
- Those who have not be able to carry out the steps indicated above due to temporary illness or other justifiable cause.
- Those who have been hired for a new job but have not yet started to work.
- Those who are waiting to begin working again due to violations committed within the workplace. An example of this could be the case of time-bound contracts, in non-vacant positions, whose violation was detected by an audit of the workplace.

[p. 60]

Looked for a job for the first time: Includes those of working age (men between 17 and 64, women between 17 and 59) who, in the reference week, took steps to acquire their first job, having not worked previously, either due to their age or due to having been classified as completing household work, as a student, or as inactive due to other reasons.
This includes members of the qualified job reserve who have not had previous employment, and who have not participated in work or training courses during the reference week.

Retired or pensioned due to age: Includes those who did not perform any paid work, or who worked less than 8 hours throughout the reference week, who receive funds from Social Security because they are above retirement age. These incomes come from a previous employment link for their benefit.
If a person receiving Social Security worked a minimum of 8 hours in the reference week, they are considered to have worked.
Note that this benefit is derived from a prior employment link of the worker for their own benefit. Therefore, financial support given from person to person is not included.

Other pensioners: This includes those who did not perform any paid work, or who worked less than 8 hours in the reference week, and receive income from Social Security due to being a widow/widower or orphan, or due to being unfit for work, or other benefits given to families of deceased workers. This income is also derived from a previous employment link of the worker for their own benefit or that of their families.
If a person receiving Social Security worked a minimum of 8 hours in the reference week, they are considered to have worked.
Therefore, financial support given from person to person is not included.

[p. 61]

Landlord or recipient of financial assistance: Includes those who did not perform any paid work or who worked less than 8 hours in the reference week, and receive income from:

- Rents or pensions as former home or land owners under the provisions of the Urban Reform Act or for other reasons. In the case of farmers who do not work the land, they will be included even if they work a plot for their own consumption; if they work more than 8 hours throughout the reference week for the state, private or cooperative sector, they will be considered as "workers" rather than landlords.
- Financial assistance given by bodies such as: The Ministry of the Interior, Poder Popular's Section of Social Security and Social Assistance (previously Social Wellbeing), etc. This group does not include farmers who leased their land to and work for the State, as they will be classified as workers.

Note that this income or financial aid does not come from laboral activity, although they must always be given by state agencies, and never from one person to another as in the case of alimony or financial support. This category should not be confused with the people who "rent" rooms in their home.

Household work: This includes housewives as well as other members of the household who dedicate their time primarily to work in the home (preparation of food, cleaning, caring for children and the elderly) and who do not perform any paid work, whether for the state, a cooperative, private business, or as a self-employed person, who spent at least 8 hours on these activities throughout the reference week.
They are generally female, but can also include males.
If any of the persons included in this definition additionally:
- Studies outside the National Education System (self-improvement course, sewing, etc.), they should be classified as performing household work and not as students.
- Receives income from a pension (due to age or otherwise), they will be classified as a pensioner (according to their case), if they receive income as a landlord or from financial aide, they will be classified in that category.

Student: Includes all those who systematically attend an educational establishment where they receive instruction in any of the levels of the National System of Education System, without performing any economic activity.
Included as students (even if they work or receive subsidies):
- People 15 and above, dedicated primarily to their studies, who regularly attend courses within the National Education System (scholarship recipients, day students, etc.)
- Students who work as a student teacher or teacher's assistant; although they receive some financial compensation, this is generally related to their studies.
- Students of the Higher School of Pedagogy who work as teachers as well as students in their final years of Medical Science, who receive a similar stipend.
- Those students inserted in agencies, companies or budgeted units, regardless of whether they perceive any stipend for such work since it is in relation to the practice of their future profession.
- Students who are abroad as fellows.
- Students with learning or behavioral problems who are doing their studies in the so-called workshop schools.

[p. 62]

Not included:

- Those who study as their secondary activity and who can be included in one of the previous groups due to their primary activities, such as working.
- People who have been sent by an entity or business for training, without said person losing their employment link with the entity or business which sent them.
- Those who are being trained by the system of worker education directly in production (Resolutions 21/9 and 29/06 of the Ministry of Labor and Social Security)
Disabled for work purposes: Includes those whose physical or mental state permanently prohibits the performance of any work activity as a result of a sickness, injury, or congenital or hereditary illness.
This includes those who worked prior to their illness or injury who were not protected by Social Security laws prior to the Triumph of the Revolution as well as those whose limitations date back to their birth, infancy or youth.
Generally this group includes: the blind, insane, cancer patients, tuberculosis patients, those with Down Syndrome, those with partial or total motor disability, rheumatics, those with neurological syndromes and other health problems which permanently preclude them from working.
Not included:
- People who are temporarily sick.
- Those who receive retirement, pension, financial aid, etc., in which case the corresponding subsections would be marked.

Did not perform any activity: This includes people of working age who neither worked nor studied, and state that they did not perform any activity.

In hospital, asylum or prison and did not work: This includes people who reside permanently in hospitals, asylums or other similar institutions or establishments as well as prisoners who did not work, i.e. those who did not perform any productive labor or service.
This box will only be checked in permanent collectives: hospitals, asylums, etc.
Those who reside permanently in hospitals, asylums, etc. and receive income from pensions, financial assistance, etc. will not be included in this group, but in the appropriate group previously mentioned.

[p. 63]

Other: This includes anyone who does not state or indicate an occupation as their livelihood, nor any situation which allows their inclusion in the previous categories, such as: training, outside of the working age that neither works nor studies, and others.

Training: This includes those who are training in a course offered by an entity or business, receiving a stipend for their participation but without an employment link with this or any other employer. This situation should not be confused with the one in which an entity, business or budgeted unit sends a person for training without said person losing their employment link with the entity, in which case the person is classified as working.
Outside of working age that neither works nor studies: Includes people outside of working age (men below 17 or above 64 and women below 17 and above 59) who do not work or study, and to whom the previous situations do not apply.
Other: It includes persons within working age (men 17 to 64 and women 17 to 59 years old) who do not declare or indicate something as a livelihood, nor a situation that allows them to be included in the above categories.

Keep in mind that the alternatives are in descending order of importance, so if a person states that they belong in two groups, you will mark the lower number.
For persons who answered in the affirmative to box 1 or 2 (as a worker), you should continue to ask the questions in the order in which they appear in the questionnaire.
To those who declared to be in one of the remaining groups (3 to 12), you will not ask the rest of the questions, concluding the interview.
For those who have a check in box 1 or 2 on question 17, you will continue to ask economic questions in the order in which they appear on the Questionnaire.
[Figure omitted]

Question 18. What is the primary trade or occupation that you perform in this job?
Question 18 asks you to record the activity or occupation that the interviewee performed in their job (regardless of the form which the job takes; state, self-employed, etc.), if they worked (01) or had a job but didn't work (02) throughout the reference week.
You must leave the blank for the code empty (according to CNUO Classifier).
The job or activity should be filled in as completely as possible, indicating the specialty of the occupation.
In the event that you declare as principal occupation Social Service, Training or Public Service Work, you should continue to ask about the work done in that workplace.
[Figure omitted]

[p. 64]

[Description of generic terms has been omitted]
You should also avoid using terms such as: employee, day laborer, worker, workman, etc.
If the person does not know the name of his job, ask him/her what is the main work he/she does and write: driving trucks, caring for animals, opening eyelets, folding sheets of metal, etc.
If the interviewee simultaneously worked more than one job, use the one which the person spent more time doing.
Remember that we are only interested in the actual work or job that the interviewee has, regardless of their profession or trade.

Question 19. What is the name of your employer during the reference week?
This question will find the name of the workplace where the interviewee worked as well as the kind of work done there. There are two parts or subsections; the first of which refers to the name of the place where the person worked and the second asks for the primary activity performed in that place.
You must attempt to write the interviewee's response in the blanks provided, keeping the following suggestions in mind for subsection A).
[Description of generic terms has been omitted]
In the case of subsection (B), the answers that the interviewee provides will be written in the blanks, always clarifying that we are referring to the primary activity carried out in the workplace, not necessarily the work that the interviewee performs.
You must leave the blank for the code empty (according to CNUO Classifier).
[Figure omitted]

[p. 65]

Question 20. In your main occupation, were you employed by...?
This refers to the conditions of employment, i.e., what is the relationship between the worker and the employer, which may be state, private, self-employed, cooperative, etc.
The State
The person was employed by a state business, entity, body, union, group or budget unit, whether national, provincial or municipal, receiving compensation in the form of a salary, hourly pay or pay on a job-to-job basis.
Conventionally this includes those who work for a salary in a political or popular body at any level, the military, as well as lawyers who work Collective Law Firms.
Workers at a Cuban Commercial Society
A person that works for a non-state corporation located within the national territory and receives pay for their work.
Corporation (used in Cuba to refer to "Holding or Parent" companies: These are companies whose goal is to control other entities by acquiring equity stakes in the companies. These companies are only Cuban capital.
Mixed Partnership Worker
A person that works for a non-state mixed partnership located within the national territory who receives pay for their work.
Mixed Partnership: As the name implies, this is a company in which both national as well as foreign capital are associated.
Worker in a Foreign Company
This is a person who works for a foreign company, located in national territory, who receives pay for their work.
This box will also be checked for those who work for a company or entity located abroad.
E.g. Those who work abroad and have Permission to Reside in the Exterior (PRE) or those who have a job abroad and enter the country on vacation and/or to maintain their Cuban residency.
Representation of Foreign Companies: These are direct offices of foreign companies established within the Republic of Cuba under the provisions in force in this area. They operate in accordance with the registration and license issued by the National Register of Foreign Representatives attached to the Chamber of Commerce of the Republic of Cuba.
According to the Law there are entities authorized to represent foreign companies in Cuba, which are duly registered in the National Register of Foreign Representatives.

[p. 66]

A person who works in their own business or economic enterprise, which may or may not have paid employees.
Worker in Basic Cooperative Production Unit (UBPC)
The Basic Cooperative Production Units (UBPC) are cooperative social production organizations whose fundamental difference with the CPAs is that the land is owned in usufruct.
A member of a UBPC belongs to the Agricultural Union, not to the National Association of Small Farmers (ANAP) as is the case with Cooperatives.
This box includes people working in such organizations.
CPA Worker
The fundamental distinguishing feature is collective ownership of the means of production.
This includes what were previously known as "small farmers," their families, collaborators, and farm workers united within the Agricultural Production Cooperatives (CPA).
Workers in other Cooperatives
The fundamental distinguishing feature is collective ownership of the means of production.
All workers in non-agricultural cooperatives are grouped here.
Small farmers, whether or not they are associated with the Credit and Service Cooperative (CCS)
This includes people who both own the land and work it, whether or not they have salaried employees or unpaid family assistants. These may or may not be associated with the CCS, or may be independent farmers.
Remember that only the landowner is considered a "Small Farmer," and not the family members or other employees.
In the cases of heirs who have not liquidated their inheritance (who have not legally carried out the partition of land) and continue working on the farm, they will be considered "Small Farmers."
This category will never include full-time salaried employees or unpaid family members that work the land of said farmers, as they will be considered "Private Employees" if they receive payment (in money or in kind) or as an "Unpaid Family Assistant."
Part-time salaried workers contracted by the Small Farmer will not be included either; they will be classified as "Self-employed workers without contracted employees."

[p. 67]

Beneficial owner of land associated or not associated with CCS
This includes people who are not the owner of the land which they work, whether or not they have salaried workers, and as a rule they are members of the Credit and Service Cooperatives (CCS).
This category will never include full-time salaried employees or unpaid family members that work the land of said farmers, as they will be considered "Private or Household Employees" if they receive payment (in money or in kind) or as an "Unpaid Family Assistant."
Part-time salaried workers contracted by the Beneficial Owner of the land will not be included either; they will be classified as "Self-employed workers without contracted employees."
Permanently or temporary contracted for agricultural activities
This is a person hired by a Small Farmer no a permanent or temporary basis to carry out labor related to agriculture or livestock, such as planting, weeding, harvesting, looking after animals, etc.
Privately contacted, non-agricultural, including household work
Those who work in a private workplace or household and receive compensation either in kind or in the form of pay (salary, commissions, or job-by-job), and others. This includes those who are individually employed.
This includes priests and other clergy of various beliefs who regularly perform services of this type, educational, etc., and receive income for this work (donations and others).
Not to be confused with unpaid family assistants, who constitute a separate category.
Unpaid family assistant
This includes people who regularly work for others to whom they are related by consanguinity, affinity or adoption, and do not explicitly receive a salary (monetary or in kind) for their work, even if they receive food; so long as they have worked less than 8 throughout the previous week (reference week).
[Figure omitted]

Question 21. In which municipality do you work?
This question aims to find out the daily movements made by the working population, if those are outside of the municipality or province. Check box 1 if the interviewee works in the same municipality in which they live, proceeding to question 22, and 3 if they work in another municipality or province. For option 3, note the municipality and province in which they work.
[Figure omitted]

[p. 68]

Question 22. Do you have a secondary occupation?
For this to apply, the worker must simultaneously hold more than one job. Example: professional with principal occupation in a factory as an engineer who is also self-employed (as a cabinet-maker). Keep in mind that less time is spent in a secondary occupation than in the primary.
If the interviewee performed a secondary occupation, you will check box 1 (Yes) and proceed to question 23; if they do not have a secondary occupation, box 3 (No) is checked and the interview is terminated.
[Figure omitted]

Question 23. What job or trade do you perform in your secondary occupation?
This question is similar to question 18, in that we will need to gather the activity or job that the interviewee performs in their secondary occupation (regardless of the form which the job takes; state, self-employed, etc.) if, throughout the reference week, the person worked (01) or had a job but did not work (02).
You must leave the blank for the code empty (according to CNUO Classifier).
The job or activity should be filled in as completely as possible, indicating the specialty of the occupation.
[Figure omitted]

[Description of general terms has been omitted]

With these notes, we have finished filling out the Questionnaire. Each time you finish filling out the Questionnaire at a Census Household, you should review it in order to detect omissions or errors in the annotated data.

[p. 69]

[Diagram of summary of steps to complete the questionnaire has been omitted]

[p. 70]

End of the interview
If all permanent residents of the Housing Unit were listed, please:
1. Review all Questionnaires that were filled out.
2. Fill out the corresponding information at the bottom of page 4 on each of the prepared questionnaires from the Housing Unit (your name and surnames, and the date on which the enumeration was completed).
[Figure omitted]
3. Complete and attach the Enumerated Home label.

On this label, you must note the number of the District, Segment, and Block where the home is located. This data will be taken from Section I of the Questionnaire.
Also note the day you performed the enumeration.
This label will be stuck to the outside of the main entrance door of the listed Housing Unit.
The label should be at a suitable height that it cannot be damaged or destroyed by children, but not so high that the annotations cannot be read easily.
When affixing the label, inform the household of these instructions, i.e., do not remove it until 30 days after the Enumerator's visit.

4. Politely say goodbye to the people you have enumerated.
5. Make the corresponding annotations in the "Enumeration Guide."
If any of the people belonging to one of the households in the Housing Unit remain to be interviewed, proceed as instructed in the previous point, but do not fill out the "Enumerated Home Label" (as you have not yet finished the enumeration of this Housing Unit), instead fill out the form "Return Visit" and "Notice of Next Visit" in order to remind the residents of the home what day and time you will make your return visit.
[Figure omitted]

[p. 71]

Instructions for completion
This form will be filled out only by the original Enumerator.
It will be used to list the homes to which return visits must be made. How to fill out the form

Form Header:
Province, municipality: The name of the Province and Municipality that appear in the Enumeration Guide will be noted.
Settlement: The name of the Settlement that appears in the Enumeration Guide will be noted.
District, Segment: The District number and its classification will be noted, as well as the Segment listed in the Enumeration Guide.
Page No.: The number corresponding to the page will be noted.

Body of the form:
Order Number of the Visit: The number will be noted in consecutive order of the visits to be repeated.
Line No. in the guide: The number of the line on which the home appears will be noted in the Enumeration Guide.
Street or Avenue, No., Floor, Apartment: The full address of the home requiring a return visit, which appears in the guide, will be noted.
Name of Head of Census Household: The name of the Head of Household will be noted when no home interviews could be conducted because its occupants were absent or no suitable person was present to provide the information, listing the name that appears in column 9 of the Enumeration Guide. In the event that one or more people are missing because information was required or because they were absent, you will record the name of the Head of Household where the return visit will be made.
Number of residents: The number of household members with missing information will be noted. If no interview was conducted in the home , you will write down the total number of residents in the home; this figure appears in column 10 or 12 of the Enumeration Guide, depending on whether it is Urban or Rural.
Reason: The reason for which a return visit is necessary will be noted.
Next visit: You will note the day and time in which the Enumerator will make the return visit to the Housing Unit, which will also be noted on the form (Notice of Next Visit).

[p. 72]

[Figure omitted]

This form intends to inform the residents of the visited Housing Unit of the day and time when the Enumerator will visit them again due to having not been previously able to conduct the interview in its entirety.
On this form, write the name of the Head of Census Household and note the day and time in which you will make your return visit to the Housing Unit to conduct or finish the enumeration. This day and time were written down on the form "Return Visit."
If you were not able to perform any enumeration in the Housing Unit due to the inhabitants being absent or not locating a suitable resident to provide the information, you must complete the forms "Return Visit" and "Notice of Next Visit," using the previously-provided instructions.

[p. 73]

Let's now review the steps to follow in the enumeration.
Summary of steps to follow for enumeration:

1 Kindly greet them and show your credential
2 Request the presence of the Head of Household or other responsible person.
3 Briefly explain the reason for the visit. Explain the confidential nature of the Census.
4 Ask them to answer the Census Questionnaire.
5 Fill in the home data on the first Questionnaire you use in the home (for the primary household, if there is more than one).
6 Determine the number of residents, census households, and the members of each household in the home.
7 Collect each member of the household's information on a separate Questionnaire.
8 Fill out the boxes "Household Summary" and "Number of Households in this Home" on all Questionnaires filled out for the home.
9 Review all questionnaires used in the home, looking for errors or omissions of data or people.
10 Fill out and attach the "Enumerated Home Label."
11 Say goodbye to the residents of the house.
12 Make the necessary annotations in the "Enumeration Guide."

End of the enumerator's work
Upon completion of the work, the Enumerator shall return all material received (used or not), duly ordered, to the Supervisor
Only after the Supervisor has reviewed or approved all material, as well as proven that all Housing Units and residents of the Segment have been registered, will the work of the Enumerators be deemed completed. However, inquiries may be made throughout the post-enumeration period to clear up any doubts related to their work.
Keep in mind that the enumerator is managed directly by the supervisor, so you must always take their instructions into account while carrying out your work.
With this we have finished the study of all the documentation and activities that you must know to develop your role as an enumerator.
If you have any questions on any topic, revisit the appropriate chapter. However, if you still do not understand, ask the instructor in the seminar.

[p. 74]

You have noticed that the Census is not simple. It must collect and classify more than 11 million people and their information during the survey. Therefore, as you can imagine, situations that are unclear or were not covered by this manual may arise; special circumstances may be abundant and diverse.
As a result, this text merely set out the general principles, illustrated by the most typical examples and only a few special cases.
Due to the variety of situations that you will encounter in your work as Enumerator, you must apply the general concepts you have acquired here to the Census Questionnaire, but if that is not sufficient, ask your supervisor.
There is no doubt that the quality of the Census depends on the efficiency of your work and we have full confidence in your ability, honesty, and civic spirit, so we are sure that your performance as an Enumerator will be a success.

[Pages 75-76 contain Annex 1, which consists of a conversion table for birth dates to years on the day of the Census. Annex 1 has been omitted.]

[Pages 77 and 78 contain Annex 2, which consists of an adult education conversion chart. Annex 2 has been omitted.]