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The 5th National Population Census Enumeration
Instructions for Enumerator

Compiled by the Census Office of the State Council
China Statistics Press

[p30]

Chapter 5: Methods to Fill in Census Forms and Variable Description

[omitted two paragraphs about the background and significance of census]

I. Registration objectives of different census forms
The 5th National Population Census includes four different forms: census short form, census long form, population morality survey form, and census appendix form a.k.a. temporary resident survey form.

1. Registration objectives of census short form and census long form
Census short form and census long form target permanent residents (definition provided in Chapter Three under the section "Standard Time and Census Objects")

2. Registration objectives of population morality survey form
Population morality survey form targets people who died between Nov. 1st, 1999 and Oct 31st, 2000.

3. Registration objects of the temporary resident survey form
Temporary resident survey form targets people who have lived in current neighborhood for six months or less, or those whose household registration is not local and has been away from his or her registered home place for six months or less (excluding people who are travelling for business, family visits, or tourism purposes at current location). These people should fill in temporary resident survey form at current location as well as census short or long form at their home place.

[p31]

II. Fill-in order of the census form
[omitted instructions on the order to fill in different forms]

III. Methods for filling in the census form
[omitted instructions on how to fill in the census form]

[p32]

IV. Methods for correcting mistakes while filling in the census form
[omitted]

V. Variable description of the census short form
The census short form has ten household variables and nine personal variables. All households should fill in the first eight items of the household section. The ninth and tenth items are intended for family-based households. All individuals should fill in the first seven items of the personal section. The eighth and ninth items are intended for person who are six years or older.

Part One. Personal records

All persons should respond to R1 through R7.

R1. Name
Enumerator should put down the formal name of the person (refer to his/her household registration document or national ID card.) In cases that the person does not have a formal name, use their nickname or family name. Do not use pen name or code name. Babies without names can be put down as "no name".

R2. Relation to the head of household
There are ten standard answers to this question.

1. Head of household - head according to family daily customs. During the census, determining the head of household is mainly for statistical purposes. Therefore, enumerator should avoid listing kids as head of households. In cases that one household has three generations or more, list someone from the middle generation as the head. Enumerator should ask for consent from the person to be listed as head.
2. Spouse of the head - wife or husband
3. Children of the head
4. Parents of the head - also include step parents or adaptive parents
5. Parents-in-law of the head - spouse's parents, step parents, or adaptive parents
6. Grandparents - grandparents of the head or his/her spouse
7. Son-in-law or daughter-in-law
8. Grandchildren or grandchildren-in-law
9. Siblings - sisters or brothers of the head or his/her spouse
10. Others

[p33]

[omitted three paragraphs on how to mark answers on the form]

R3. Gender
Mark 1 for male; 2 for female

R4. Age
Age should be based on Gregorian calendar instead of lunar calendar.
For babies, if younger than ten months (including ten months), age = 2000 - birth year;
If older than ten months (eleven or twelve), age = 2000 - birth year - 1.
[omitted the details of age conversion between lunar and Gregorian calendar.]

R5. Ethnicity
Do not use acronyms for ethnicity. Put down official names.
[omitted details of writing convention of ethnic names]

[p34]

R6. Household Registration Status
This question includes two parts.

The first part is the household registration status. It includes five standard answers.

1. Reside in current village/town/neighborhood and household registration also located at the same place.
This applies to anyone as long as his/her household registration is from the current census location. Please note the following special cases:
Circle this answer if a person moved to current census location for six months or less, and has not obtained household registration here.
Do not circle this answer if a person moved out from the current census location for six months or less, despite the fact that he/she still had household registration here.
If a person's current residence location is different from his/her household registered location, circle this answer as long as the person is currently residing at the current census location.
2. Reside in current village/town/neighborhood for more than six months, yet household registration locates elsewhere.
3. Reside in current village/town/neighborhood for six months or less, yet away from household registered place for more than six months.
4. Reside in current village/town/neighborhood for more than six months, but unsure of household registration location.
5. Used to reside in current village/town/neighborhood, but no longer has local household registration due to working or studying abroad.

[p35]

The second part is the household registered location.
People who choose 2 or 3 in the first part will need to answer this question. There are eight standard answers.

1. Household registration is at a different village, but the same county, county-level city, or county-administered districts.
2. Household registration is at a different town but the same county, county-level city, or county-administered districts.
3. Household registration is at a different neighborhood but the same county, county-level city, or county-administered districts.
4. Household registration is at a different village but the same city district.
5. Household registration is at a different town but the same city district.
6. Household registration is at a different neighborhood but the same city district.
7. Household registration is at a different county (city) or city district but the same province.
8. Household registration is at a different province.

R7. Type of registration
Person does not need to fill in this part if he or she chose 4 or 5 of the first part of R6.
Farmers, who have moved to cities and obtained township household registration, will choose 2 (i.e. non-rural) in this question.

R8 and R9 are for people who are six years or older.

R8. Literacy
Literacy standard is set by the State Council, which refers to city residents and employees of village or township enterprises who are capable of reading 2,000 Chinese characters, and rural residents who are capable of reading 1,500 Chinese characters.
All full-time primary school students should automatically be considered as literate.

[p36]

R9. Education level
According to national education system, education level refers to the highest obtained degree of a person. If a person obtained a degree and passed national standard tests by self-learning or adult education, they can also be categorized to corresponding education levels.

The question has nine standard answers.

1. Never been to school - never received any education from national or other institutions.
2. Basic literacy class - has been to anti-illiteracy class or adult literacy class, but received no formal education.
3. Primary school - has been to primary school, regardless of completing the study or not
4. Junior high school - has been to junior high school or equivalent skills-training school, regardless of completing the study or not
5. Senior high school - has been to senior high school or equivalent skills-training school, regardless of completing the study or not
6. Secondary training school - has been to secondary training school, regardless of completing the study or not
7. College - has been to college, regardless of completing the study or not. People who obtained college degree and passed the national standard test by self-learning also applies to this category. People who obtained college degree by attending nationally recognized broadcast or TV university, employee university, distance-learning organized by universities, or other forms, all apply to this category.
8. University degree - has been to universities, regardless of completing the study or not. People who obtained bachelor degree by attending to nationally recognized broadcast or TV university, employee university, distance-learning organized by universities, or other forms, all apply to this answer.
9. Graduate degree - has been in school for master or doctoral degrees, regardless of completing the study or not. People who pursued on-job master or doctoral study but fail to obtain degrees do not apply to this category.

[p37]

Part Two. Household records

Every household should fill in items H1 through H8.

H1. Household registration number
Put in the ID shown at the end of the document "Names of the Head of Household".

997: all members of household temporarily reside in current place and are away from their registered place for six months or less. In this case, household only needs to fill in H1 and H6 of this part.
998: all members of household do not reside in current place. In this case, household only needs to fill in H1 and H5.
999: all members of the household have passed away. In this case, household only needs to fill in H1 and H8.

H2. Type of household: family-based household or collective household
Collective household is defined by individuals sharing a same room. For example, a company has 30 employees that each of them holds a collective household registration. They live in five rooms of the same building. Therefore, each room is a collective household. The 30 employees form five collective households (rather than one).

[p38]

H3. Number of persons in the census registered household
Need to fill in the number of males and females separately.

H4. Number of persons in the census registered household who has been away for six months or less
Need to fill in the number of males and females separately. This question captures people who are the first category of registration objects of the census. Their information should be reported by members of the household or other informed individual. People who are away due to business travel, work-related absence, family visits, or tourism do not apply for this question.

H5. Number of persons in the census registered household who has been away for more than six months
Need to fill in the number of males and females separately. This question captures people who are not the registration objects of the census since they have been away from the place for more than six months.

H6. Number of persons who have temporarily lived in census registered household for less than six months.
Need to fill in the number of males and females separately. Individuals in this category should also fill in the temporary resident survey form.

H7. Number of persons in census registered household who were born between November 1st, 1999 and October 31st, 2000.
Need to fill in the number of males and females separately. It should also include babies who died shortly after birth.

[p39]

H8. Number of persons in the census registered household who were died between November 1st, 1999 and October 31st, 2000.
Need to fill in the number of males and females separately. It should also include babies who died shortly after birth.

H9 - H10 should only be filled by family-based household

H9. Number of rooms in the household (excluding kitchen, bathroom, living room, or expanded room).
Please note:
If a unit is shared by several families, record the rooms that are independently and exclusively used by each household.
If the actual use of a room is different from its designed use (e.g. to use living room as bedroom or vice versa), record room number based on designed use.
If a room is also used for business purpose, include the room in the count. However, if a room is only used for business purpose, do not include it in the count.
People with collective household registration and live in enterprise- or school- owned apartment, hotel, restaurant, or guesthouse, do not apply to this question. However, if it is families that live in those places, we can include them in the question. The number of rooms should reflect the actual rooms used for living purposes.
Put "0" for people who do not have a regular living place, including those who live under bridges, in parks, in train stations, etc.

H10. Household construction area
It refers to the total construction area of the household. If only actual usage area is known of, use the following formula: construction area = actual usage area / 0.7
Actual usage area is defined by the net area within a unit's interior walls, including areas of bedrooms, living rooms, garret, inside hallways, kitchen, bathrooms, stairways, cabins, attic, balcony, basement, etc.

[p40]

Please note:

If a household lives in hotel or rental rooms, use the actual living space to answer the question.
If a household lives in working places, use the construction area of the place to answer the question.
If a household moves from elsewhere to operate small business at the census location, and if its business space is also used as living space, estimate its living space based on number of beds.
Shared households in a unit should report space of their respective bedrooms plus space of any shared rooms. For example, if two households share one kitchen, then use ½ of the actual kitchen area to calculate one household's living area.

VI. Variable description of the census long form
The census long form contains 23 household items and 26 personal items. All household should answer items 1 through 8 on the household section; items 9 through 23 are only for family-based household. All persons should answer item 1 through 12 on the person section; item 13 is for person five years or older; items 14 through 16 are for persons six years or order; items 17 through 24 are for persons 15 years or older; items 25 and 26 are for females who are between 15 and 50 years old.

Part One. Personal Records

All persons should report R1 - R12.

[R1 - R7 are the same as the short form.]

R8. Birthplace
This should be the same as the permanent living place of a person's mother.
There are three standard answers for this question.

1. The same county/city/district
2. A different county/city/district in the same province
3. A different province

A person's birthplace is usually the same as their mother's permanent living place. In cases that a person's birthplace is a hospital, put their mother's permanent living place.

R9. Date that moved in to the current village/town/neighborhood
This question asks the most recent date that a person moved to the current census location. There are eight standard answers to this question.

Since birth. This also includes people who have been away for less than six months consecutively.
Before Oct 31st 1995. This also includes people who have been away for less than six months consecutively since moving in.
Between Nov 1st 1995 and Dec 31st 1995. This also includes people who have been away for less than six months consecutively since moving in.
In 1996. This also includes people who have been away for less than six months consecutively since moving in.
In 1997. This also includes people who have been away for less than six months consecutively since moving in.
In 1998. This also includes people who have been away for less than six months consecutively since moving in.
In 1999. This also includes people who have been away for less than six months consecutively since moving in.
In 2000. This also includes people who have been away for less than six months consecutively since moving in.

R10. Previous residence
This question will only be filled in by persons who moved in to current census location during and after Nov 1995 (that is, persons who circled 3-8 in R9)

[omitted two paragraphs about how to fill in the question]

[p42]

R11. Type of previous residence
This question asks the rural/urban status of previous residence. There are four standard answers.

1. Village or rural-based
2. Township-level residential committee
3. Township-level village committee
4. Neighborhood

Type of previous residence should reflect rural/urban status at the time of moving. If a place changed type after the person moved, use the old type for this question.
People from Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, or other foreign countries do not have to answer this question.

R12. Reasons for relocation
There are nine standard answers for this question.

1. Business or work-related - persons who are 15 years or older and relocated due to work reasons
2. Job transfer - persons who are 15 years or older and adopt different jobs. Retired military persons should choose this one.
3. Job arrangement - persons who are 15 years or older and were arranged to work here by school or recruitment agency.
4. Training - persons who are 6 years or older and attend schools or training sessions in current census location.
5. Demolition - persons who relocate after the old residence being demolished.
6. Marriage - persons who are 15 years or older and relocated after getting married.
7. Relocate with family- persons who relocate with family members who came to work in current census location
8. Live with relatives/friends
9. Others

If a person has more than one reason to relocate, choose the primary reason.

[p43]

R13. Place of residence five years ago (that is, Nov 1st 1995)
R13 applies to persons who are 5 years or older.

R14 through R16 apply to persons who are 6 years or older.

R14. Literacy
Same as R8 of the short form

R15. Education level
This question has two parts. The first part is the same as R9 of the short form.
The second part - if the person has completed adult education - refers to any education received outside the national standard educational system. This part only applies to persons who answered 5 - 8 in the first part of this question.

R16. School completion
Only persons who received higher than primary school degree will answer this question (that is, those who answered 3-9 in the first part of R15).
There are five standard answers.

1. In school - currently attending schools and are full time students
2. Graduated - have completed all the school curricula and passed the graduation exam.
3. Incomplete - have completed all the school curricula but failed to pass the graduation exam.
4. Drop-off - have not completed all the school curricula.
5. Others - attend home-based schools, self-learning, or acquire education through other means.

The following questions reflect economic characteristics of the population.

R17 through R24 apply to persons who are 15 years or older.

R17. If employed or not one week before the census (i.e. Oct 25 - 31, 2000)
Being employed means having conducted more than one hour of paid work.

[p44]

Paid work includes activities that come with salary, profit, or family-based income, both in monetary and material forms. Payment can be both received or pending (e.g. will actualize by the next pay period).

This question has three standard answers.

1. Yes. It includes being employed for permanent, temporary, or part-time jobs.
2. No, due to training, vacation, or seasonal holidays. It also includes persons who are on sick leave, maternity leave, etc., who leave for full-time study, who cannot work due to weather or mechanical reasons, or who work on seasonal or rotational basis. People who choose this do not have to answer R18.
3. Not employed for other reasons. This category also includes those who have certain source of income but are not employed, e.g., those who receive money from investment, renting, patent royalty, or pensions. People who choose this do not have to answer R18 - 20.

R18. Days of work
If a person worked for less than 24 hours, count it as one day.
Please note:

If a person has multiple jobs, count the total working days.
If a person works in research institutions or other organizations that do not require fixed working hours, report the actual days they worked.
Rural persons, who do both household work and agricultural work, report only the days of work that come with payment.

[P45]

R19. Industry
It refers to the type of production and business activities or social economic activities that a person engages with. It should be filled in with detailed company name, types of product or business domain. This question should be answered by persons who replied 1 or 2 for R17.

China currently defines 16 industries that include 92 major categories. Each major category has sub-categories.

The 5th Population Census Enumeration uses unit of industrial activity to distinguish different industries. Therefore, each census-registered unit should be a unit of industrial activity. Unit of industrial activity is defined by 1) a geographic location for the purpose of at least one economic activity; 2) independent organization of production, management, and business activities; and 3) independent accounting and evaluation - this is the most important criterion.

If one geographic location has two or more types of economic activity, or the same economic activity happens at various locations, as long as each unit has accounting capacity, they should be considered as separate units of industrial activity.

Closely associated to the unit of industrial activity is the notion of legal unit. A legal unit must demonstrate three characteristics: 1) established legally with a name, an organizational institution, and a geographic location, and capable of independently fulfilling civil responsibility; 2) independently possess and utilize (or being authorized to utilize) assets, capable of assuming outstanding debt and signing contracts; and 3) independent accounting and capable of compiling balance sheet - this is the most important criterion. The unit of industrial activity is interior to the legal unit.

Persons who work for corporate, enterprise, government, social organizations, and their subsidiaries should report the full name of their employer organization or the primary domain of business. Please note:

Write down the full name of employer organization
Specify the domain of business
For confidential units, use their publicly-known names
For self-employed persons, use the types of business they engaged with
For individuals who do not have a fixed, regular job, put down the types of work they have done in the previous week.
For rural people, do not just put "agriculture", specify the types of agricultural work.
For rural people, as long as he/she has a relatively fixed job in town or village enterprise, put down that job.
If persons who work two or more different jobs in the previous work, choose the one with longer working days.
For persons who are unsure of their jobs or types of industry, be patient and help them to identify.
[p46]

R20. Occupation
It refers to any kinds of paid social activities a person undertakes. Need to fill in the detailed work. This question should be answered by persons who chose 1 or 2 in R17.
Categorization of occupation follows the principle of "uniformity" of the nature of work. Uniformity means persons who conduct uniform types of work, regardless of their economic sectors, contract terms, or industrial focuses, should be put in the same category. The census defines 8 major categories, 65 secondary categories, and 410 minor categories for occupation.

Filling in this question should pay attention to the following things:

Fill in the detailed work. For example, avoid using general terms such as "worker", but be specific about the types of work such as "locksmith", "mine worker", etc. Persons work in government agencies also need to specify the detailed work content, such as "typist" and "statistician" rather than simply putting them as "cadre". For technical staff, write down their fields of expertise instead of putting them as "researcher" or "engineer".
For persons who take senior positions of technical or administrative rank, include their specific titles and posts in the answers.
If a person's work duties are not yet decided or a person is not undertaking any specific tasks, put "undecided" in the answer.
If a person does not have a regular or permanent job, record the work he or she undertook during the week prior to the census.

If a person engages in agricultural work, as long as he or she has a relatively stable job in village- or township- enterprises, put down the enterprise job (even if the person works on farmland a week prior to the census).
If a person engaged in more than one types of work the week prior to the census, record the one that he or she worked for the longest period of time. If time is unknown, record the one with the highest pay. If a person engages in different jobs at the same workplace, record the one that is more "technically advanced".
If encountering a person who is unfamiliar with types of occupation or is illiterate, ask carefully before recording his or her answers.
If encountering a person who does not know his or her or their family member's occupation, ask carefully before recording answers.

This question is the last one asking about economic activities of employed persons. Those who answered this question can skip R21 and R22 and go directly to R23.

[pg 47]

R21. Status of the unemployed persons
This question should be answered by people who chose 3 in R17. There are seven standard answers to this question.

Students, meaning those enrolled and receiving education at different types of schools at different levels.
Household work, meaning those engaged in unpaid household work in their own households. In rural families, persons who do both household work and agricultural work are considered working persons and should answer R20. Those who are on the job market and about to be employed should also answer R20.
Retired, meaning those who are retired workers or cadres and those depending on retirement pension. Those retired persons who return to engage in social works and receiving reimbursement (or payment) are considered employed persons and should answer R20.
Disabled, meaning those who lost their ability to work due to mental, physical, or health reasons. Those who receive retirement pensions do not apply to this category.
Never employed but on the job market, meaning those who are never employed but capable to work, and are actively looking for jobs.
Unemployed but on the job market, meaning those who lost their previous jobs but are capable to work. They are not employed during the week prior to the census but are actively looking for jobs. Persons who chose this answer also need to report their previous occupation.
Others, meanings any status that are not captured by the above categories.

[pg. 48]

R22. Sources of living expenses for unemployed persons
The question has six standard answers. If a person has multiple sources of income, record the one that is his or her major income source.

Retirement pensions, meaning those retired and live on pensions. Those retired persons who return to engage in social works and receiving reimbursement (or payment) are considered employed persons and should answer R20.
Receiving basic stipend for living, meaning receiving support according to basic living necessities (not to the salary standard). This includes stipend offered by closed-down enterprises or social security funds offered to laid-off workers, disabled persons, families of martyrs, or families who qualified as "five guarantees".
Supports from family members, meaning the person receives subsidies from other family members.
Property-related incomes, meaning the person lives on interests, dividends, or rents from savings, loans, stock shares, property rentals, etc.
Insurance, meaning the person lives on insurance provided by insurance companies.
Others, meanings any status that are not captured by the above categories.

R23. Marital status
This question asks a person's "actual" marital status rather than legal marital status at the time of census. Those who are below the legal marital age but in marital relations should answer according to their real status.

1. Single. Those who are in domestic partnership, if they reject to report themselves as married, choose single.
2. First-time married with spouse.
3. Re-married with spouse. It also covers those who married for more than twice.
4. Divorced, meaning those who already divorced or in the process of filing divorce.
5. Widowed, meaning those who lost their spouse but not yet re-married.

[pg. 49]

R24. Date of first marriage
It asks about the year and month of a person's first marriage. Those who chose 2 to 5 in R23 should answer this question.

R25 and R26 only apply to female between age 15 and 50.

R25. Number of children born to the respondents
Fill in the number of children ever born to the female respondents by the time of census. Record the number of boys and girls separately.

Number of live-born children records the number of live new-born children the female respondent gave birth to. It includes those born alive but died soon after. Fill in the number of females and males separately. Live-born means: at the time of delivery (no matter how long the duration of pregnancy was), the baby had breath, heartbeat, umbilical pulse, voluntary muscle contraction, or other signals of life.

Number of living children records the number of living females and males that the respondent gave birth to. It includes those who live in the household as well as those who do not.

This question asks about only the biological children and do not include those of husband's ex-wife, step children, and in principle adopted children. For some women who keep the adoptive relationship confidential, the adoptee can be considered as biological children and living children.

R26. Fertility between Nov 1, 1999 and Oct 31, 2000
This question asks if the female respondents have given birth to children during the 12 months before the census.

No birth.
If the respondent has given birth during the 12 month period, record the months of birth and the gender of the children. Those who gave birth twice or to twins, record information of the second child to the right. The census does not record information for the third or later children.

[pg50]

Part Two. Household Records

H1 to H8 apply to every household

H1. Household registration number
Same as H1 in the short form.

H2. Type of household
Same as H2 in the short form.

H3. Number of persons in the census registered household
Same as H3 in the short form.

H4. Number of persons in the census registered household who has been away for six months or less
Same as H4 in the short form.

H5. Number of persons in the census registered household who has been away for more than six months
Same as H5 in the short form.

H6. Number of persons who have temporarily lived in census registered household for less than six months
Same as H6 in the short form.

H7. Number of persons in census registered household who were born between November 1st, 1999 and October 31st, 2000
Same as H7 in the short form.

H8. Number of persons in the census registered household who were died between November 1st, 1999 and October 31st, 2000
Same as H8 in the short form.

H9 - H10 should only be filled by family-based household

H9. Number of rooms in the household
Same as H9 in the short form.

H10. Household construction area
Same as H10 in the short form.

H11. Function of the Room
There are two standard answers to this question.

Residential
For residential and commercial use. For example, a household operates a tailor shop in the room. The room hence is not only used for living but also for working purposes. If a household chooses this answer, it does not need to answer the rest of questions in this section.

If a family lives in a shared housing offered by employer or university, or they live in hotel, restaurant, or guesthouse, their room should be recorded as Residential.

H12. If more than one family occupy the unit
This question asks if the same unit is shared by two or more families. It does not include two or more families sharing a residential compound or yard.

H13. Construction year of current residential building
If the year is unclear, record the approximate time (e.g. which decade) or refer to the important historical period (e.g. around the foundation of China in 1949 or around the national reform in 1978).

[pg. 51]

If the unit has been renovated, record the year of renovation. If the area of unit was expanded after renovation or reconstruction, record the year of renovation/reconstruction. If the area was shrunk, record the construction year of the old unit.

H14. Classification of the building
It refers to the architectural structure of the unit, not the specific story that the household resides. There are three standard answers to this question.

Bungalow, meaning household resides in a single story building.
Buildings with six stories or less. It includes simple storied buildings, modular buildings, or detached house.
Buildings with more than six stories. It includes simple storied buildings, modular buildings, or detached house.

H15. Construction materials of outer walls
It refers to the main material of the building's outer walls.

H16. If the household has a kitchen
It refers to the place for cooking purpose inside the unit, no matter if there is sewage system or permeant stoves installed. Kitchen used by one family is considered for exclusive use, while used by two or more families is considered for shared use. Cooking facilities set up in hallways or living rooms do not count as kitchen. Those temporarily built along the street or in the residential yard also do not count as kitchen.

H17. Type of fuel used for cooking
It refers to the major fuel type that is used for cooking.

H18. Drinking water facilities in the building
It refers to piped water supplied to household through pipelines after purification, which can be used exclusively by one family or shared by several families. It does not include motor-pumped wells in the residential yard.

H19. Bathing facilities in the building
It refers to bathing facilities in the unit such as bathtubs or shower faucets. There are four standard answers to this question.

Hot water provided for all households in the building by property management companies or public facilities.
Water-heating facilities installed by individual household, including electric water heater or gas water heater.
Others.
No bathing facilities in the building.

[pg. 52]

H20. Toilet facilities in the building
Toilet facility means formal installation of toilet (flushed or other types) or pit, which can be used exclusively by one family or shared by several families. In rural areas, if a toilet is installed in the residential yard, no matter what type it is, circle "yes" in the question.

H21. Types of residence
There are seven standard answers to this question.

Self-constructed housing. It means self-built houses in urban or rural areas, with property owned privately.
Purchase of commercial housing. It means self-purchased unit at the market price, with full property rights.
Purchase of affordable housing. It means self-purchased affordable unit reserved for middle to low income families at subsidized cost. The unit fulfils the basic residential needs and includes those constructed under government housing projects or with collectively raised funds.
Purchase of former public housing. It means the purchase of public housing from work unit at low or subsidized cost, with full property rights.
Rental unit from public institutions. It means renting a unit from work unit as part of employee benefits. The tenements pay very low rents. The property is owned by the work unit or government institutions. Jump to H23 if choosing this answer.
Rental unit from commercial agent. It means renting a unit at a market price. Jump to H23 if choosing this answer.
Others.

H22. Amount paid to construct or purchase house
This question applies to those who chose 1 - 4 in H21. Respondents can answer this question based on the receipt from the construction or purchase.

H23. Amount paid to rent the unit
This question applies to those who chose 5 or 6 in H21. Respondents can answer this question based on the rent they paid for the previous month.

[pg. 53]

VII. Variable description for the population morality survey form
Households that answered more than 0 in H8 of the short and long census forms should fill in this form. There are eight items on this form.

Information for every deceased person should be recorded in S1 to S6.

S1. Household registration number
It means the household registration number before the person died. If the census household has only one person who died prior to the census, fill in 999 to the household registration number to both census forms and this form.

S2. Name

S3. Sex

S4. Birth date
Fill in the year and month of the person's birth date. If the information is unknown, estimate birth date based on the age when the person died and his or her Chinese traditional zodiac signs.

S5. Death date
Fill in the year and month when the person passed away.

S6. Ethnicity
Refer to R5 of the census short form.

S7. Educational level
S7 applies to persons who were 6 years or older by the time of death.
Refer to R9 of the census short form.

S8. Marital status
S8 applies to persons who were 15 years or older by the time of death.
Refer to R23 of the census short form.

[ pg. 54]

To ensure the quality of the information, please refer to the following rules while filling the form:

Use the household residence location instead of the location that persons passed away as the registered locations of death.
If a permeant resident died in the household, no matter if he or she is part of the family resided in the household, record the death under that household.
For persons with unknown household residence location, record the location that they passed away as the registered location of death.

VIII. Variable description for temporary resident survey form
Households that answered 3 in H6 of the short and long census forms should fill in this form.
There are five items on this form.

Z1. Household registration number
Refer to S1 of the deceased persons form.

Z2. Name

Z3. Sex

Z4. Age

Z6. Household registration status
Refer to R6 of the census long from.

[Omitted three pages of charts for converting age between Gregorian calendar and lunar calendar]