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Ministry of Planning and Regional Development
Republic of Cameroon
Peace - Work - Fatherland


Second General Population and Housing Census
The Census Enumerator's Handbook
January 1987

[Text omitted, forward]

Chapter I

I.1 The purpose of the General Population and Housing Census

You are going to take part in the second General Population and Housing Census. Unlike the administrative census which is taken for taxation purposes (to determine the number of people who are supposed to pay taxes), the General Population and Housing Census has other objectives, in particular:

- To make an inventory of the people and houses in the country;
- To determine the population figures of each administrative unit according to age, sex, occupation, etc…
- To update present data on population and housing in the country; the available data are out of date because most of them were obtained from the first census taken in -1976 .

The desire of the Government is to ensure the well-being of the people by constructing roads, building maternities, hospitals and schools, digging wells for drinking water, etc. However, to enable it make good decisions and choices, that is, determine the various types of infrastructure and the best sites for them, the Government needs detailed information on the people; such information should be updated from time to time. These data are provided by the General Population and Housing Census.

I.2. The General Population and Housing Census is Legal

The Second General Population and Housing Census was instituted by Presidential Decree No. 85-506 of 11 April 1985. In accordance with this decree, every person within the Republic of Cameroon is bound to give correct answers to the questions posed by the enumerator.

I.3. Information gathered is confidential

Law No. 83-17 of 21 July 1983 relating to the obligations and secrecy of statistics compels any person taking part in the census not to divulge information on any individual obtained during the enumeration of the population.
Any person who refuses to comply with census formalities or makes false declarations shall be punished in accordance with the same law.

I.4. Organization of the Second General Population and Housing Census

The Second General Population and Housing Census is placed under the authority of the Ministry of the Plan and Regional Development and carried out by the National Directorate of the Census.
The Provincial Coordinator, the Divisional Supervisor, the controller and the team leader will be responsible for operations on the field. You will be directly under the authority of a crew leader who will supervise your work. He will check on you during the counting to ensure that you are doing your work properly. Your work consists in going to all the households in the enumeration area allotted to you for the census.
The counting will start on 10 April 1987. You will therefore start going from one household to another on that date and continue until 24 April 1987 when your work must be completed.

[Text omitted, Chapter II – Attitude and recommendations for the enumerator's work]

Chapter III - Detailed instructions on how to complete the forms and the 'Household housing unit' questionnaire
During your work, you will fill in three forms: RD1 (Structures information form), RD2 (household-housing unit questionnaire) and RD4 (summary form).
III.1. Information Structures

III.1.1 , System of numbering structure

A structure is one or more buildings or houses separated and isolated in space and used for residential purposes.

1. A group of houses that make up a compound
2. Apartment building
3. Detached house
4. House with several housing units
5. Compound

Where possible, you will first of all number with chalk the structures in your zone before the enumeration. Each number on any structure will be preceded by the abbreviation RD. You will then decide with your crew leader on a structure which you will number as RD001, the structure next to it will be numbered as RD002 and so on following the itinerary you have chosen with your crew leader. At the beginning of enumeration, you will come back to structure RD00l to enumerate all the households there and proceed to structure RD002 and so on following the numbers.

Where it is impossible to number the structures before enumeration you will do so as you do the counting. You will decide with your crew leader what structure will bear the number RD001 on the first day of the counting. After having counted all the households here, you proceed to the next structure which will beat the number RD002 and so on following the itinerary chosen with your crew leader.

Each structure should bear only one number and each household within the structure should bear only one number.

If you, cannot take a census of a household on your first round became there was no person to answer the questions, give a serial number to the household. Fill in the geographical identification number of the household on the first page of questionnaire RD 2. Write the numbers of the structure and household concerned and file the questionnaire with the others; you will come back later and fill it. Let the members of the- household or neighbors notify the head of the household that you will come back later.

Where after numbering a structure you realize that it is unoccupied, fill in the geographical identification number of the structure on questionnaire RD2. Write the number; note in the 'remarks' space on page 4, unoccupied- structure and file it with the other questionnaires.

III.1.2. Completing the structures information form or form RD1

This form will enable your crew leader to check the area covered. It has 3 columns.

Column 1: Structure number
In this column, you should write the number you have given to the structure. Therefore, it will be completed either before the counting if you numbered the structure before .counting- or during the counting if you number the structures as you do the counting. Structures shall be given numbers comprising three figures from 001 to 999, preceded by the abbreviation RD.

Column 2: Type of structure
After having written the number of the structure in column 1; you must specify the type of structure: modern villa, apartment building, story building, compound, saré etc.
For types other than those mentioned above, write them clearly.

Column 3: Number of households
This column will be completed after the interview in the structure. You will fill in the number of households living in the structure concerned. There are two types of households:
- Private households
- Collective households.

A private household comprises either one person who provides his own essential needs or a group of related or unrelated persons who join together to provide their essential needs. Such a group therefore recognizes the authority of one person: the head of the household.

A collective household is a group of persons who live in camps, institutions or boarding schools. They therefore fall under one of the following categories:
- Servicemen, policemen and gendarmes living in camps or barracks without their families
- Boarders in high schools, colleges and other institutions of learning
- Prisoners;
- Persons living in hotels, boarding houses or hostels ;
- Patients living in hospitals and other health establishments for more than 6 months
- Workers living in worksites without their families: members of religious communities living in convents or in boarding houses

III. 2. Completing the 'Household - Housing Unit', questionnaire or form RD2

It is on this questionnaire that you will write the information on the members of the private and ordinary households.

If you find a collective household in a structure in your enumeration area, number the structure, inform your team leader, and give him the number of the structure. He will himself come and take a census of it on a special form =: 'collective household questionnaire' or form RD 3.

A housing unit comprises all the premises (houses or buildings) used by a household for residential purposes. It may be part of a structure or form an entire structure on its own.

III.2.1 - Persons to be interviewed

The method you are going to use in gathering information from households is the direct interview method, in other words you are going to ask the questions on the questionnaire RD 2 to a member of the household that can answer the questions, It is advisable to question the head of the household. If he is absent and there is an adult member of the household who can answer the questions, talk to him and take a census of the household. If not, fill in the geographic identification number on page 1 of questionnaire RD 2, fill in the numbers of the structure and household concerned, file it with the other completed questionnaires and take an appointment to come back later.

During the interview, question each member of the household, if possible, to obtain information concerning them. Do not always rely on information given by very young children, house servants and neighbors; talk to them only as a last resort after having come to the household three times.

III.2.2 Persons to be counted

You should enumerate all resident members of the private households in your enumeration area and all the visitors in these private households.

Residents: These are the persons belonging to one of the following categories:

- Persons who have been living in the household for at least six months;
- Persons who have been living in the household for less than six months but have decided to remain in the household for more than six months.
Example: a civil servant who has just been posted to an area, a woman who has married in the household.

When you go to a household, a resident may be present or absent.

A present resident is a person who usually lives in the household and spent the previous night there or who is presents in the household during the interview, even if he spent the previous night out of the household.

An absent resident is a person who usually lives in the household but did not spend the previous night there and did not return before you came. If he has been absent from the household for more than Six months, he is no longer considered a resident in-the household.

Examples: when you come to the household: A woman has gone to the fields but spent the previous night in the household, then she is a 'present resident'
A man left the previous day for the market in a neighboring town; if he returns in the morning before you come, he is a permanent resident. If he does not return before you come, he is an absent resident.
A child or a member of the household has been hospitalized for more than .six months; he should not be counted as a member of the household.
A member of the household left seven months ago, he should not be counted as a member of the household.

N.B.: All night workers (doctors, persons on call) must be counted as present residents if they spent the previous night at their worksite.

Visitors: These are persons who spent the previous night in the household whereas they do not usually live there and did not leave before you came.

If they left before you came, they should not be counted.

Special cases

Entire household has travelled.
An entire household may leave the housing unit in which it usually lives. If the household left more than six months ago, its members should no longer be counted as members of that unit. If they left less than six months ago and if it is temporary travel, they should be counted as absent residents of the housing unit; ask for information from the neighbors.
You should count all foreigners who are not members of the diplomatic and consular corps.
Some groups of students.
A group of students who rent a house together and share feeding costs should be considered as a private household.
N.B.: Boarding students should be counted as visitors if they are with their families when the census is being taken, students living in rented dormitories or halls of residence should be considered as a collective household.

III. 2.3. Presentation of questionnaire. RD 2.

Questionnaire RD 2 of the-Second General Population and Housing Census has four pages:
Page 1 contains: the geographic identification of the household, a space for the number of questionnaires completed in the household, a space for reminders, a table for preliminary summary of resident population.

Pages 2 and 3 contain questions that you will ask the persons counted in the household.

Page 4 contains questions on housing, a space for deaths that occurred within 12 months prior to the census, a space for your remarks during your interview in the household, visa spaces for the field personnel.

III.2.4. How to complete questionnaire RD 2.

a) General recommendations
Fill in this questionnaire very carefully. Avoid counting persons twice or leaving them out; in other words, all the members of the household (including babies, old and sick persons) must be counted, each only once.

Write legibly, delete mistakes with one stroke. Do not use ordinary or colored pencils, red ball point pens nor red ink.

Where a question does not apply to a person because of his age or sex, put a dash in each of the corresponding columns.

You should make every possible effort to obtain an answer for each question. Where you cannot get an answer for a given question, leave the corresponding space blank (with nothing written, nor dash put).

The questionnaire should be completed on page 1 first, then pages 2 and 3 and finally page 4.

b) Filling in page 1
Page 1 of questionnaire RD 2 should be filled in for each household counted. Write out, without abbreviating the name of the Province, Division, Subdivision, District (as the case may be), town or village, quarter of a town or locality in which the household you are counting is found, Then write the code of your enumeration area, the number of the structure in which the household to be counted is found and the number of the household.

Households are numbered within structures. Where a structure contains only one household, the latter will still bear the number 01.

In structures with many households, the numbers of these households shall be in succession.
Examples:

1. Structure 032 has 4 households.
The first household counted will bear the number 01
The second household counted will bear the number 02
The third household counted will bear the number 03
The fourth household counted will bear the number 04
2. The next structure 033 has only one household; the said household will bear the number 01.

Where a household has; more than 10 residents or more than 4 visitors, you should use extra questionnaires. Information on the geographic identification of the structure and household should be written on page 1 of each questionnaire used. However, you should write the number of each questionnaire as you take a census of the household. At the end of the interview in the household, write on page 1 of each questionnaire used, the total number of questionnaires used in the household.
Examples:

1. A household has 4 residents and 2 visitors. You should use only one questionnaire; on page 1, you should write:
Total number of questionnaires used in the household: 1.
Questionnaire No. :1
2. A household has 8 residents and 5 visitors; you should use two questionnaires. You should write on page 1 of, the first questionnaire used:
Total number of questionnaires used in the household: 2.
Questionnaire No. :1
On page 1 of the second questionnaire used
Total number of questionnaires used in the household: 2.
Questionnaire No. :2
3. A household has 24 residents and 2 visitors; you should use 3 questionnaires. You should write on page 1 of the first questionnaire used:
Total number of questionnaires used in the household: 3.
Questionnaire No. :1
On page 1 of the second questionnaire used
Total number of questionnaires used in the household: 3.
Questionnaire No. :2
On page 1 of the third questionnaire used
Total number of questionnaires used in the household: 3.
Questionnaire No. :3

You should go about it in this way irrespective of the total number of questionnaires used in the household. If you use many questionnaires in the household, file them as follows:

The second in the first
The third in the second
The fourth in the third and so on.

c) Filling in pages 2 and 3

1. Columns P1 to P14: The whole population
These columns are to be filled in for all the members of the household: residents and visitors.
Ask the head of the household or the person who answers your questions to give you the names of all present and absent residents (for less than six months) of the household. Classify them under column P2 in the following order:

- Head of household,
- Unmarried children of the head of the household whose mother does not live in the household
- Spouse of the head of the household followed by his or her unmarried children beginning with the oldest.

Where the head of the household is a polygamist, each of his wives must be followed by her unmarried children beginning with the oldest, if they are members of the household.

- Married children of the head of the household or of his wife (wives) followed by their spouses.
- Relatives of the head of me household or of his spouse(s): ascendants (father, mother, grandparents), descendants (grandchildren, great grandchildren) whose parents are not members of the household; collaterals (brothers, sisters, uncles, aunts, nephews, cousins)
- Persons not related to the head of the household or to his spouse(s): friends, lodgers, house servants, employees who are members of the household

All these persons who are related or not to the head of the household will be followed if necessary by their spouse (s) and children if the latter are members of the household
If after such classification, the head of the household realizes that he has forgotten a resident member of the household, write down his name after the other resident members.
Once all the residents of the household have been listed, ask if there are visitors in the household. If so, also classify them as in the previous case.

After this inventory of the members, first fill in columns P1 to P5 for all the members and, as from column P6 fill in, line by line, the individual questions for each of them.

Column P1: Serial number.

The serial number is the one you give each member of the household and that you write in column PI. According to the classification already made, the head of the household should have no 01, the person after him no 02 and so on. If there are more than 10 residents in a household, the first resident of the second questionnaire used should have no 11 and the first resident of the third questionnaire no 21.

The first visitor in the household should have no 01 the second no 02 and so on. Where there are more than four visitors, the first visitor in the second questionnaire should have no 05 and so on.

Column P2: Name and surnames

Write the name, surname and even nicknames of all the members of the household in this column.

Where a child has not yet been named or where a person refuses to give his name and you cannot get it from neighbors, mark an 'x' in the column for the person concerned and fill in the other columns.

Column P3: Relationship with the head of the household.

Note that the head of the household is a person recognized as such by the other members.
The relationship to be written in this column is only that with the head of the household (by blood or by marriage).

Write in this column, for each member of the household, one of the following abbreviations:

CM for the head of the household.
EP for the spouse of the head of the household.
ENF for a son or daughter of the head of the household.
AP for other relatives of the head of the household.
NP for persons not related to the head of the household.

Column P4: Sex

For each member of the household, encircle the number corresponding to the sex. Encircle 1 for male or 2 for female.

Column P5: Status of residence.

Note that this column concerns only resident members of the household. You should encircle one number for each member depending on whether he is present or absent.
Encircle 1 for present residents or 2 for absent residents. This column has already been filled for visitors.

Column P6: Date of birth

Write the first three letters of the month in which the person was born (write JUN for June and JUL for July) followed by the last 2 figures of the year of birth.

Examples: A person was born on 4 January 1962. Write in column P6: JAN 62. Another was born on 13 June 1954: JUN 54. For persons born before 1900, write 00 as the year of birth. A person was born on 12 October 1891, write in column P6 OCT 00.
If a person does not know the month in which he was born but knows the year, write the last 2 figures of the year of birth.
If a person knows neither the month in which he was born nor the year of birth, put a dash in column P6 and proceed to column P7.

Column P7: Age

Fill in this column only for persons who do not know their date of birth, that is those for whom you put a dash in column P6. Write their age in complete years (age at the last birthday).
Example:

39 for a person aged 39 1/2 years
00 for a child of 7 months
26 for a person aged 26 1/2 years.

If a person does not know his age; do your best to estimate it based on the age of his parents, children or information given by the person himself or other persons. You can also base your estimate on historic events.
Example:

- a person tells you he was born two years before Cameroon became independent:
Calculate his age as follows:
probable year of birth : 1960 - 2 = 1958
probable age: 1986 - 1958 = 28

To calculate the probable age, subtract the year of birth from 1986 and not 1987. This is because since the census will be conducted early 1987, most persons would not yet have celebrated their birthday in 1987.

Column P8: Place of birth.

a) For persons born in Cameroon

Write the name of the subdivision or district in which the person was born if he tells you.
If he knows neither his subdivision nor district of birth, write the name of the locality followed by the division, in brackets, in which the said locality is found.

b) For persons born out of Cameroon

Write the name of the country in which the person was born

Column P9: Nationality

Nationality is the legal belonging of a person to a country, Write what the person tells you.
CAM for those who declare themselves Cameroonians, or the name of the country in letters for those who are not Cameroonians.

Examples : Nigeria for persons of Nigerian nationality ;
Niger for persons from Niger;
Central Africa for Central Africans.

Column P10: Place of usual residence

Note that this question is only for visitors in the household.
The visitors' usual residence is the subdivision or district in which he has lived for more than six months or that in which he has decided to establish for more than six months if he has been living there for less than six months.

a) For visitors whose usual residence is in Cameroon, write the name of' the subdivision or district in which the visitor has his usual residence, if he tells you.
If he does not know the subdivision nor district, write the name of the locality followed by the division, in brackets, in which the said locality is found.

b) For visitors whose usual residence is out of Cameroon, write in letters the name of the country in which the visitor has his usual residence.

Example: A visitor in a household in Yaounde tells you that he has been in Yaounde for a week and intends to return the following week to Mbalmayo where he has been living for 8 months. You will count him as a visitor in Yaounde. His usual residence is therefore: Mhalmayo.

Column P11: Place of previous residence

This question concerns all the members of the household, residents and visitors.
The place of previous residence is the subdivision or district in which the counted person had lived (for at least 6 months) before coming to establish in the place of residence during the census, if it is in Cameroon. However, if it is abroad, write the name of the country.

Fill in this column as follows: first of all, ask if the person has lived for more than 6 months in any subdivision or district other than the one in which-he is residing at the time of the census.
If he answers no write 'the person has never lived in any other subdivision or district'
If he answers yes, there will then be two possibilities.

a) Former residence is in Cameroon: write the name of the subdivision or district of the former residence if it is given.
If he does not know the subdivision nor district, write the name of the locality followed by the division, in brackets, in which the locality of the former residence is found.

b) Former residence is out of Cameroon: write in letters the name of the country in which the former residence is found.

Examples:

1) A resident in a household in Yaounde tells you that he was born in Yaounde and has never lived for more than six months out of Yaounde. For him, write no in column P11.
2) A resident in a household in Yaouride tells you that he has been in Yaounde for one year; he lived in Mbalmayo for 8 months before establishing in Yaounde. For him, you should write Mbalmayo in column P11
3) A visitor in a household in Yaounde tells you that he has been in Yaounde for one week, has lived in Mbalmayo for one year and lived in Sangmelima for 8 months before going to Mbalmayo. For him, you should write Sangmelima in column P11

Column P12: Duration of residence

Note that this column concerns only persons for whom you have written a sub-division or district, a locality or a country, in column P11.
Their duration of residence is therefore the number of years spent in their place of usual residence.

a) If you have written no for a person in column P11: put a dash in column P12.
b) If you have written a sub-division or district, a locality or a country in column P11 for a person: write in column P12 the number of complete years since his last change of residence if the date of settling is known. Write 00 for all those whose duration is less than one year.
If the only the year of settling is known then subtract that year from 1986 to obtain the number of complete years since his last change of residence.

Taking the previous examples:

1) You have written no in column P11: put a dash in column 12 because the person has never changed residence.
2) You have written Mbalmayo in .column P11: write 01 in column. P12 because the person has been living in Yaounde for one year since he left Mbalmayo.
3 )You have written Siingrnelima in column P11: write 00 in column P12 because the person has been living in Mbalmayo for 8 months since he left Sangmelima.

Columns P13 and P14: Survival of parents

The parents referred to here are the biological parents, in other words the persons who effectively 'gave birth to him'.
In each column, encircle only one number as the case may be:

1. Yes if the father (mother) is still alive
2. No if the father (mother) is dead
3. Does not know if the person does not know whether his father (mother) is still alive.

Columns P15 to P18: Population of 3 years and older (born before April 1984)

Note that these columns concern only persons aged 3 or more, in other words who were born before April 1984.
a) For children who are less than 3 years old, put a dash in columns P15, P16 and P17.
b) For persons aged 3 or more, ask if the person has been to school or not, If not put a dash in column 15, and then put a dash in columns P16 and P17.
If yes, proceed as follows:

Column P15: Type of Education

This is the type of school last attended by the person; write one of the following abbreviations:

MAT the person last attended (or is attending) a nursery school
COR the person last attended (or is attending) a koranic school;
PF the person last attended (or is attending) a francophone primary school
PE the person last attended (or is attending) an Anglophone primary school
POST the person last attended (or is attending) a post-primary school such as the rural handicraft center, domestic science center, etc.
GEF the person last attended (or is attending) a francophone general education secondary school
GEE the person last attended (or is attending) an Anglophone general education secondary school

TEF the person last attended (or is attending) a francophone technical secondary school
TEE the person last attended (or is attending) an Anglophone technical secondary school
EF1 the person last attended (or is attending) a training school with the admission level of FSLC or CEPE
EF2 the person last attended (or is attending) a training school with the admission level of BEPC or GCEOL
EF3 the person last attended- (or is attending) a training school with the admission level of 'probatoire'
EF4 the person last attended (or is attending) a training school with the admission level of the 'BAC', GCEAL or higher.
UNIV the person last attended (or is attending) the university.
N.B. For any school other than those listed above, state it clearly. To do so, if you use an abbreviation not in the list, make remarks on the meaning of the abbreviation.

Column P16: Class

This column concerns only persons for whom you have recorded an abbreviation in column P15.
The class you should write in column P16 is the one last attended by the person in the type of school registered for him in column P15.

To fill in this column, comply with the following instructions.

Case 1. You-have recorded one of the following types of schools for the person in column P15:

MAT (nursery school)
POST (post-primary school)
EF1 (training school with the admission level of CEPE or FSLC)
EF2 (training school with the admission level of BEPC or GCEOL)
EF3 (training school with the admission level of 'probatoire')

For such a person, you should record in column P16 the abbreviation corresponding to the last year spent in this type of school;

1st for the first year
2nd for the second year
3rd for the third year
4th for the fourth year.

Case 2: If, for a person, you have recorded in column P15: COR (Koranic school), you should write in column P16 one of the following symbols corresponding to the number of books studied by the person:

1L for 1 book
2L for 2 books
3L for 3 books and so on.

Case 3: If, for a person, you have written in column P15: PF (francophone primary school), you should write in column P16 the abbreviation corresponding to his class:

12e or SIL for 'cours d'initiation'
11e or CP for 'cours préparatoire'
10e or CE1 for 'cours élémentaire 1'
9e or CE2 for 'cours élémentaire 2'
8e or CM1 for 'cours moyen 1'
7e or CM2 for 'cours moyen 2'

Case 4: If, for a person, you have written in column Pl5: PE (Anglophone primary school), you should write in column P16 one of the following abbreviations corresponding to his class:

CL1 for class one
CL2 for class two
CL3 for class three
CL4 for class four
CL5 for class five
CL6 for class six
CL7 for class seven

Case 5: If, for a person, you have written in column P15: GEF (francophone general education secondary school), you should write in column P16 one of the following symbols corresponding to his class:

6è for 'sixième'
5è for 'cinquième'
4è for 'quatrième'
3è for 'troisième'
2de for 'seconde'
1ère for 'premième'
Tle for 'terminale'

Case 6: If, for a person, you have written in column P15: TEF (francophone technical school), you should write in column P16 one of the following symbols corresponding to his class:

1ère A for 'premième année'
2ème A for 'deuxième année'
3ème A for 'troisième année'
4ème A for 'quatrième année'
2de T for 'seconde technique'
1ère T for 'premième technique'
Tle T for 'terminale technique'

Case 7: If, for a person, you have written in column P15 one of the following types of schools: GEE (Anglophone technical secondary school), you should write for the person one of the following abbreviations corresponding to his class:

CL1 for class one (first year in high school)
CL2 for class two (second year in high school)
CL3 for class three (third year in high school)
CL4 for class four (fourth year in high school)
CL5 for class five (fifth year in high school)
CL6 or LW6 for lower 6th form (6th year in high school)
CL7 or UP6 for upper 6th form (7th year in high school)

Case 8: If, for a person, you have written in column P15 one of the following types of schools: EF4 (training school with admission level of 'BAC', GCE AL or higher) or UNIV (university), you should write the number of years completed after the 'baccalauréat' or GCE AL – excluding the years he repeated any class.

1 A for one year
2 A for two years, and so on.

Column P17: Diploma

This column is filed only for persons who have attended school and for whom you have recorded one type of school in column P15.

Write SANS if the person obtained no certificate.

For the other cases, write the highest certificate obtained by the person, using the abbreviations below. If the certificate is in the following list, write the corresponding abbreviation; if it is not in the list, write it out in letters.

CEPE Certificat d'études primaires elémentaires
FSLC First School Leaving Certificate
CAM Certificat d'arts ménagers
CAP Certificat d'aptitude professionnelle
RSA Royal society of arts
BEPC Brevet d'études du premier cycle
BE Brevet élémentaire
GCEOL General Certificate of education ordinary level
CAFMEG Certificat d'aptitude aux fonctions de maître d'enseignement général
CAPE Certificat d'aptitude pedágogique élémentaire
PROB Probatoire
BAC Baccalauréat
GCE AL General certificate of education advanced level
CG City and Guilds
BTS Brevet de Technicien Supérieur
BSAEM Brevet supérieur d'aptitude de l'enseignement ménager
BSC Brevet supérieur de capacité
MEP Diplôme de maître d'enseignement populaire
MEPS Diplôme de maître d'éducation physique et sportive
LIC Licence
DES Diplôme d'études supérieures, Masters, Maîtrise
CAPCEG Certificat d'aptitude au professorat des CEG
CAPES Certificat d'aptitude au professorat de l'enseignement secondaire
CAPET Certificat d'aptitude au professorat de l'enseignement technique

Where you use abbreviations not included in the list above, you should clearly state their meaning in the remarks space on page 4 of the questionnaire.

Column P18: School attendance.

This, column is completed only for persons who have been to school, whether they are at present employed or not.

Ask if the person is attending a school, be it on a full or part-time basis or by correspondence, whether the person is employed or not. Do not take into account professional or any other training on the job.

Encircle the number corresponding to the appropriate symbol:
1. NO if the person is not attending any school
2. ER in the following cases:

- the person is attending only a regular school;
- the person is attending a regular school and is also following up courses by correspondence;
- the person is attending a regular school, attends evening school and follows up courses by correspondence
- the person is attending a regular school and attends evening school

3. CS: if the person attends only an evening-school or attends an evening school and also follows up courses by correspondence
4. CC: if the person is only following up courses by correspondence.

Columns P19 to P22: Population of 6 years and older (born before April 1981)

These columns concern only persons who are 6 or- more years old, in other words persons born before April 1981.
For all children who are less than six years old, put a dash in columns P19, P20, P21 and P22.
For all persons who are six or more years old, you should determine their economic activity during the reference week -that preceding the interview in the household.

Column 19: Situation of activity

You should record in this column what the person did during the reference week; write one of the following abbreviations as the case may be:
WK: all persons who worked for themselves,

- all persons who worked for any remuneration (wages, salary, pay in kind, etc.)
- all persons who worked for the family under the supervision of the family head, with or without remuneration.(Example: a child who tended his parent's flock)
- all women who, in addition to doing housework, worked either with an employer, for themselves of for their family (Example: farmer, seamstress, worker, sales woman)

Column P20: Employment.

This column concerns only persons who are six or more years old for whom you have written WK or UN in column P19.
For all persons who are six or more years old and for whom you have written WK or UN in column P19, put a dash in column P 20.
If you have written WK or UN in column P19 for a person, you should write in column P20 the person's job during the reference week or the job he had before he became jobless. If the person did many jobs during the reference week, write the job he considers to be his main job.
NB. You should clearly state the nature of the job during the reference week or before he became jobless.

For example, write:

- vehicle mechanic for a person who repaired or was repairing vehicles;
[pages 48 and 49 were mixed, so the content in pg 49 was moved before the content of pag 48]
- coffee farmer for a person who had or was engaged in coffee cultivation;
- cocoa farmer for a person who had or was engaged in cocoa cultivation;
- rice farmer for a person who had or was engaged in rice cultivation;
- food crops, farmer for a person who had or was engaged in the cultivation of food crops
- stockbreeder for ,a person who had or was engaged in cattle breeding;
- teacher for a person who-taught or was teaching as a profession
-.agricultural engineer for a person who exercised or was exercising the profession of agricultural engineer;
- salesman for a person who sold or was selling in a shop.

NB. Do not write vague answers such as:

- farmer for all persons engaged in soil cultivation;
- engineer for any engineer;
- civil servant for all employees of the administration.

All persons who have permanent jobs but did not work during the reference week because of illness, leave or slack periods in agriculture.

NB. Temporary agricultural workers who did not work because of the slack period are not recorded as WK.
- all students who went to school and also worked
UN For all persons who did not work during the reference week but had waked before the said week and are looking for another job.
LK For all persons who have not worked since they were born and are looking for their first job.
HK For all women who did only housework without any other economic activities such as working in the-farm, sewing, selling of 'puff-puff'.
ST For all students who were engaged only in their studies.
REN For all persons of private income, in other words persons who did no gainful job but received income from invested capital.
RET For all retired and old persons who did not work because they are retired or old.
HAN For all physical and mentally handicapped persons who could not work because of their handicap.
OIS For all persons you cannot classify under one of the above categories; in such cases, provide explanations in the 'remarks' space.

Column P21: work status

This column also concerns only persons who are six or more years old for whom you have written WK or UN in column P19.

For all persons who are six or more years old for whom you have written WK or UN in column P19, put a dash in column P21.

If you have written WK or UN in column P19 for a person, you should write in column P21 the status of such person in the job he did during the reference week or before he became jobless.
Write one of the following abbreviations as the case may be:

IND. For a self-employed person, in other words a person who worked for himself, alone or with other persons whom he did not remunerate or was not remunerating in any way (family help and unpaid apprentices).
EMP. For an employer, in other words a person who worked or was working in his own business with workers or employees whom he paid or was paying in any way (wages, pay in kind)
SAP. For a permanent wage-earner, in other words a person who worked or was working for a public or private employer on a permanent basis and received or was receiving remuneration.
SAT. For a temporary wage-earner, in other words, a person who worked or was working for a public or private employer on a temporary basis and received or was receiving remuneration.
APR. For a paid apprentice, in other words a person who was learning a trade form a master who remunerated him.
APNR. Foe an unpaid apprentice, in other words a person who was learning a trade from a master but received no remuneration.
AF. For a family help, in other words a person who helped in the work of a family undertaking without being remunerated.

Examples:

1) A farmer was cultivating his farm with the help of his wife and son
column P21, write
IND for the farmer
AF for his wife
AF for his son
2) A farmer was cultivating his farm with laborers hired for the season and they were paid.
column P21, write
EMP for the farmer
SAT for each laborer
3) For a person who is a teacher
column P21, write
SAP for him whether he is a civil servant or contract employee

Column P22: Branch of activity

This column also concerns only persons who are six or more years old for whom you have written WK or UN in column P19.
For all persons who are six or more years old for whom you have not written WK or UN in column P19, put a dash in column P22.
If you have written WK or UW in column P19 for a person, write in column P22 the activity of the enterprise undertaking in which the person worked during the reference week or of the undertaking in which he was working before he became jobless.
You should write clearly the major activity of the enterprise undertaking or employer.

Example:

Shoe manufacturer
Bicycle repairs
Retail sale of fabrics
Food crop cultivation
Housework where the employee is a house servant with a private individual
Building construction where a secretary is working in a building undertaking
Government services for all state employees

Columns P23 to P25: Population of 11 years and older (born before April 1976)

Note that these columns concern only persons who are 11 or more years old, in other words persons born before April 1976.

1) For persons who are less than 11 years old, put a dash in columns P23, P24 and P25.
2) For persons who are 11 or more years old. Fill in the following columns in compliance with the instructions below.

Column P23: Place of residence during the 1976 census

This requires the sub-division in which the person lived by the time the April 1976 census was conducted in Cameroon.

a) Persons who were living in Cameroon. Write the name of the subdivision or district in which the person was living, if given.
If the person does not know the subdivision in which he was living in April 1976, write the name of the locality followed by the division, in brackets, in which the locality of his residence was found.
b) Persons who were living out of Cameroon. Write the name of the country in which the person was living.

Column P24: Marital status

Write one of the following abbreviations as the case may be:

C. For any man or woman who has never married since birth
M1. For any man who has only one wife or any woman whose husband has only her as wife.
M2. For any man who has two wives or any woman whose husband has two wives.
M3. For any man who has three wives or any woman whose husband has three wives.
M4. For any man who has four or more wives or any woman whose husband has four or more wives.
V For any man whose wife is dead and he has not remarried or any woman whose husband is dead and she has not remarried (widower or widow)
D. For any divorced man or woman who has not remarried, or for any man or woman separated from his (her) spouse and who has not remarried.
NB. The number of wives to be taken into account is the number at the time of the census living with the husband or elsewhere (even out of Cameroon) provided that they are not divorced or separated.

Example:

1) A man had four wives, one of them died, he is divorced or separated from another, he therefore has only two wives left
You should write M2 for the man
M2 for the wives
2) A man had five wives, one died, he is divorced or separated from another, two live with him, one lives in the village, he therefore has three wives left.
You should write: M3 for the man
M3 for each of the wives

In this last case and, in general, where one or more wives do not live with the husband, indicate the total number of wives and specify in the 'remarks' space that some of the wives live elsewhere to show that you have not made a mistake in filing in the questionnaire.

Column P25: Illiteracy

Fill in this column by encircling one of the following numbers:

1. AF If the person can read and write French or English.
2. LN If the person can read and write only a national language in Cameroon.
3. AU If the person can read and write only another language.
4. IL If the person can neither read nor write any language.

Columns P26 and P27: Women of 12 years and older or born before April 1975.

Note that these columns concern only women aged 12 or more, that is, women born before April 1975.

1) For all men and women who are less than 12 years old, put a dash in columns P26 and P27.
2) For all women aged 12 or more: ask if the woman gave birth to life children between 1 April 1986 and 31 March 1987.

A life child is a child who when born shows signs of life (breathing, cries, heartbeat) even if it lives only for a few hours.

- If the woman has never given birth to a life child, put a dash in columns P26 and P27.
- If the woman has given birth to life children:
Write the number of baby boys she put to birth in column P26, whether they are alive or not.
Write the number of baby girls she put to birth in column P27, whether they are alive or not.

Filling in page 4.

Begin by filling in the space reserved for questions concerning housing and then fill in the space for deaths.

This page is completed only as concerns the first questionnaire used in the household.


1) Space for questions concerning housing. In this column, encircle only one number.

Example : The household is living in a modern villa, column H 1, encircle No. 3.
1 - Isolated house
2 - House with many self-contained flats
3 - Modern villa
4 - Apartment story building
5 - Compound or saré
6 – Other

If the housing unit is a compound or saré, the numbers to be encircled are those corresponding to the characteristics of the main house as concerns the materials used for the walls, roof, floor, type of lighting system, water supply, source of energy for the kitchen, type of toilet. However, the number of rooms to be written in column H10 is the total number of room used by the household in all the housed that make up the compound or saré.
The rooms to be taken into account are the bedrooms, sitting rooms, the dining rooms, rooms for house servants and kitchen; do not count corridors, verandahs, lobbies, bathrooms, toilets, rooms for professional practice such as lawyer's chambers, doctor's consultation room, tailoring workshop, street stalls, etc.

If a room is used by two or more households (examples: kitchens, dining rooms, etc.), record it in the name of one household and do not count it for any other household.
If in a housing unit you note many characteristics for the materials, record the main one:

Example: a mud wall plastered with cement (half concrete), record 6 – mud

2) Space for deaths during the past 12 months.

You should end your interview with these questions.
Note that reference is being made here to deaths of persons who were resident members of the household and not deaths of members of the family and visitors who were not resident members of the household.

a) If there was no death, encircle the figure 2 of question H11, close the interview by writing the date and your name at the bottom of the page.
b) If there were deaths in the household, firm encircle the figure 1 of question H11. Ask the sex and age of each deceased

There was only one death; ask the sex and age of the deceased, encircle.

1 if a man
2 if a woman

Then ask his age at the time of death and write the age in H13.
If there are many deaths, proceed in the same way for each death.

3) Visas
Date of the interview: Do not forget to mention the date of the interview.
Name of the enumerator: Write your name clearly on the first questionnaire used in each household.
Endorsement of crew leader: Write nothing there.
Endorsement of controller: Write nothing there.

III.4 Completing the summary form or form RD4

This form should be completed at the end of the day. Fill in all the information form questionnaire RD2 which you completed during the day.

When checking your questionnaires in the evening, take one household after the other; write the number of the structure on page 1 column 1 of form RD4.

The number of the household in column 2 of form RD4.

The residents of the household according to sex, men in column 3 and women in column 4.

You should write the total at the bottom of the form only after the page has been completed and this total will be written for each form RD4 used.