Census Guide 2001
[Index skipped. See original for details.]
In Canada the census is mandated by the Constitution and the Statistics Act.
The Census of Canada is conducted once every five years. The 2001 Census will be held on Tuesday, May 15, 2001.
Custom services and tabulations are offered on a cost-recovery basis to businesses, governments, other organizations and individuals. No identifiable individual information is ever provided in either free or cost-recovery products.
Questions 2 to 6 ask about the people living in the household. From these questions we can learn about living arrangements, family size, the number of children living with one parent or two parents, and the number of people who are alone. This information is used for planning social programs, such as Old Age Security and the Child Tax Benefit. It is also used by towns and cities to plan a variety of services such as day-care centers, schools and senior citizens' homes.
Question 2 -- Sex
Question 3 -- Date of birth
Question 4 -- Marital status
Question 5 -- Common-law status
Question 6 -- Relationship to Person 1
Question 8 -- Reduction in activities due to physical or mental conditions or health problems
For young children, include only those conditions or problems that have been diagnosed by a professional.
Question 10 tells us the citizenship status of our population. This information helps in electoral planning; by combining it with age data, we can calculate the number of potential voters. This question also provides information used to plan citizenship classes and programs.
Questions 11 and 12 tell us the number of immigrants and non-permanent residents in Canada, and the year people immigrated to Canada. Information from these questions is often used in combination with other census data to study conditions of immigrants over time; to review immigration policies and programs; and to plan education, health, and other services.
Question 17 provides information about the ethnic and cultural diversity of Canada's population. This information is used to administer the Canadian Multiculturalism Act. It is also used extensively by ethnic and cultural associations, as well as by agencies and researchers, for activities such as health promotion, communications and marketing.
Questions 18, 20 and 21 provide information about Aboriginal or First Nation, Inuit and Métis peoples that is used to administer legislation and employment programs under the Indian Act of Canada and the Employment Equity Act. The information is also used by researchers and Aboriginal governments and associations to explore a wide variety of
demographic and socio-economic issues.
Question 19 tells us about the groups that make up the visible minority population in Canada. This information is required for programs under the Employment Equity Act, which promotes equal opportunity for everyone.
Question 22 provides information on religion and is used to assess the need and potential for separate religious schools in some provinces. In addition, federal and provincial human rights legislation depend on this information to protect Canadians from discrimination based on their religious beliefs.
For persons born in Newfoundland or Labrador before that province joined Confederation in 1949, report Newfoundland.
For persons born in any of the six counties of Northern Ireland, report United Kingdom. For persons born in one of the counties of the Republic of Ireland, report Eire.
For persons born in the former U.S.S.R., the former Yugoslavia, or the former Czechoslovakia, report the name of the independent country or republic according to the boundaries in existence on Census Day--May 15, 2001.
For persons who are not sure of their country of birth because its boundaries have changed since the time of their birth, report the name of the nearest city, state or province.
Exception: Some persons who are born in Canada should not mark Canada, by birth, if at the time of their birth: one or both parents were government representatives of another country (diplomatic service); and neither parent was a Canadian citizen or a landed immigrant. Mark Canada, by naturalization for persons who have become Canadian citizens. These persons have been issued a Canadian citizenship certificate. This includes persons born in the United Kingdom or in other Commonwealth countries who have immigrated to Canada and have become Canadian citizens.
For persons who were born outside Canada and have not become Canadian citizens, report under Other country the name of the other country or countries for which they hold citizenship(s).
For persons who are dual citizens of Canada and another country, do not report "dual citizenship". Mark either Canada, by birth or Canada by naturalization, and report the name of the other country.
Mark Yes for persons who are: Canadian citizens by naturalization; permanent residents under the Immigration Act. Permanent residents have been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities but have not yet obtained Canadian citizenship.
For persons who are deaf or hard of hearing, or who have a speech disability: report knowledge of English, French, or other languages, including sign language; report the language used most often at home to communicate, including sign language.
For a child who has not yet learned to speak: report the language(s) that the child is learning to speak at home: English, French, both, or neither.
For a child who has not yet learned to speak: report a language other than English or French that the child is learning to speak at home.
For a person who lives alone: report the language in which you feel most comfortable.
For a child who has not yet learned to speak: report the language spoken most often to this child at home. If two languages are spoken, report the language spoken most often. If both languages are used equally often, report both languages.
Part (b): Report any other languages that the person speaks at home on a regular
basis, but not as often as the language reported in part (a).
For a child who has not yet learned to speak: report the language spoken most often to this child at home. Report two languages only if both languages are spoken equally often so that the child learns both languages at the same time.
For all persons, report the specific ethnic or cultural group or groups to which their ancestors belonged, not the language they spoke. For example, report "Haitian" rather than "French", or "Austrian" rather than "German."
For persons of East Indian or South Asian origins, report a specific group. Do not report "Indian". For example, report "East Indian from India", "East Indian from Guyana", or indicate the specific group, such as "Punjabi" or "Tamil."
For persons with Aboriginal ancestors, report a specific group. For example, report "Cree", "Micmac", "Ojibway", "North American Indian," "Métis". Do not report "Indian."
Aboriginal people are usually those with ancestors who resided in North America prior to European contact and who identify with one of the three Aboriginal groups listed on the questionnaire.
Persons who consider themselves to be East Indian or Asian Indian, or who have ethnic roots on the subcontinent of India, would normally respond No to this question.
Individuals who refer to themselves as Métis in the context of mixed ancestry but who do not have North American Aboriginal ancestry--for example, those from Africa, the Caribbean and South America--would normally respond No.
For persons who belong to more than one group, mark all the circles that apply. Do not report "bi-racial" or "mixed" in the box provided.
All other persons should mark No, including persons who may be entitled to register under provisions of the Indian Act, but for some reason have not.
For infants or children, report the specific group or denomination in which they will be raised.
For persons who have no connection or affiliation with any religious group or denomination, mark No religion. Report "atheist" or "agnostic" if applicable.
Only respondents born before May 15, 1986 should answer Questions 24 to 51.
For persons who lived in a different city, town, village, township, municipality or Indian reserve in Canada on May 15, 2000: mark that circle and print the name of the city, town, village, township, municipality or Indian reserve, and print the name of the province or territory, and print the postal code.
For persons who lived outside Canada on May 15, 2000: mark that circle and print the name of the country according to its present boundaries.
For persons who lived in a different city, town, village, township, municipality
or Indian reserve in Canada on May 15, 1996: mark that circle and print the name of the city, town, village, township, municipality or Indian reserve, and print the name of the province or territory.
For persons who lived outside Canada on May 15, 1996: mark that circle and print the name of the country according to its present boundaries.
Question 29, which provides information on school attendance, is needed for planning and financing postsecondary and adult education programs under the Canada Student Loans Act. It is also used to develop incentives and programs that help people remain in school or return to school.
For persons who obtained their education outside Canada, report the estimate of the highest grade or level according to the educational system of the province or territory where they now live.
For persons who studied in the classical colleges of Quebec, the Versification year is equivalent to Grade 11.
For persons who are currently completing a school grade by private instruction or correspondence, or who are completing a school grade by attending school part time during the day or evening, report the equivalent grade in the regular daytime program.
For persons who attended special education classes or an institution where classes were ungraded, estimate as closely as possible the equivalent level in the mainstream school system of the province or territory where they now live.
For persons who attended a university on the semester system, consider two semesters with a regular course load equal to one academic year.
For persons who received university training by correspondence, or attended classes part time during the day or evening, convert accumulated credits to the equivalent number of years in the university's full-time regular program.
For persons who studied in the classical colleges of Quebec, consider Philo I and Philo II equal to first- and second-year university. Do not, however, include Belles-Lettres and Rhétorique as university education.
Teacher training received from a faculty of education that was associated with an accredited university should be reported as university education. Otherwise, report this type of training in Question 28.
Include schooling in all postsecondary institutions other than university, whether or not a high school diploma was required for entrance. These include non-university teachers' colleges and police colleges.
Report the number of academic years successfully completed, regardless of the length of time it may have taken to complete them.
For persons who received non-university training by correspondence, or attended classes part time during the day or evening, convert accumulated credits to the equivalent number of years in a full-time, regular program.
Career-oriented, technical-vocational courses are postsecondary programs in the province of Quebec and are similar to community-college programs in other provinces.
For persons who studied in the classical colleges of Quebec, consider Belles-Lettres and Rhétorique equal to first- and second-year, non-university training.
Report the attendance of persons who have been enrolled in school or an educational institution at any time since September 2000, even if they were registered but subsequently dropped out. Educational institutions include seminaries, schools of nursing, private business schools, private or public trade schools, vocational schools, or schools for people who are deaf or blind.
Mark Yes, full time for persons who were taking 75% or more of the regular course load in the grade or year in which they were registered. Consider any day courses of six weeks or less as part-time attendance.
For persons who attended both full time and part time since last September, mark only "Yes, full time".
Mark Trades certificate or diploma for persons who have received a certificate or diploma through in-school training in trades-level vocational and pre-vocational courses. Such courses are given at community colleges, institutes of technology, and similar institutions. Persons who have a trade certificate or diploma may or may not also have apprenticeship or journeyman training. Include all training where the minimal entrance requirement was less than secondary or high school, junior or senior matriculation, or the equivalent.
Mark Other non-university certificate or diploma for persons who have received a certificate or diploma (other than a trades certificate or diploma) from a community college (both transfer and semi-professional career programs), CEGEP (both general and professional), institute of technology, or any other non-degree-granting educational institution.
Mark University certificate or diploma below bachelor level for persons who have a teaching certificate awarded by a provincial department of education at an approved institution such as a normal school or college of education. For persons who earned their teaching qualifications at an accredited university's faculty of education, mark Bachelor's degree(s).
For persons who have a diploma, certificate or licence from a professional association and whose course of study was conducted through a university, mark University certificate or diploma below bachelor level (provided that a bachelor's degree was not required to enrol in these programs).
For persons who specialized in more than one field of study while earning their degrees, report the area in which the greatest number of credits or courses were earned.
Wherever possible, report the subcategory of specialization within a broad area of training--especially for graduate studies or other advanced training.
For persons who are not sure of the country because its boundaries have changed since the time of their parents' birth, print the name of the nearest city, state or province in the box provided.
Do not include hours this person spent: working for pay (report paid work in Question 34); doing unpaid, volunteer work for a non-profit or religious organization, charity or community group.
People often perform more than one unpaid activity at the same time. For example, a person may spend one hour preparing a meal while at the same time looking after his or her children. This person should report one hour of housework in part (a) and one hour of child care in part (b) of Question 33. It does not matter that these activities took place at the same time.
Part (a) -- Doing unpaid housework, yard work or home maintenance
Include the hours this person spent doing unpaid housework, yard work, or home maintenance for: him or herself; members of his or her own household; other family members outside the household; friends or neighbors.
Part (b) -- Looking after children without pay
Include hours spent doing activities such as talking or playing with children if during these activities this person was responsible for their care.
Part (c) -- Providing unpaid care to seniors
Seniors include all persons aged 65 and over and some individuals close to age 65 who suffer from age-related infirmities. Include the hours this person spent providing care or assistance to: a senior family member such as a spouse, parent or grandparent; senior friends or neighbors.
Some retired persons may have returned to the workforce following official retirement. All retired persons who returned to the workforce between January 1, 2000 and May 12, 2001 should answer Questions 34 to 50.
Hours spent working directly towards the operation of a family farm or business without formal pay arrangements. This means working for a spouse or another relative who is a member of the same household. Include any work that helped the relative run his or her farm or business. For example, include bookkeeping for a farm or business owned by a spouse.
Hours spent working in one's own business, farm or professional practice, alone or with a partner. This means hours worked by persons who are self-employed, with or without paid help, including: all time spent maintaining and administering the operation of a farm, business or professional practice; fishing, trapping or hunting for profit or to maintain the community, with equipment that is rented, owned or owned in part; for fishers, hours spent preparing and maintaining boats, nets, etc.; for farmers, hours spent maintaining farm fences, buildings or machinery, cultivating, sowing, milking, etc.
Hours spent working for wages, salary, tips or commission. See Question 44 of this guide for examples.
If the number of hours is not known, report the best estimate.
Mark Yes, on temporary lay-off for persons who expect to return to the job from which they were laid off, no matter how long ago they were laid off.
Mark Yes, on vacation, ill, on strike or locked out, or absent for other reasons for persons who had a job or business last week and were absent with or without pay for the whole week.
Include absence because of maternity leave, bad weather, fire, personal or family responsibilities, etc.
Mark No, because of personal or family responsibilities for persons who could not have started work last week because of family illness, childcare difficulties, jury duty, etc.
Mark No, other reasons only for persons who: did not already have a job; were not temporarily ill or disabled; were not going to school; were no longer interested in working; were out of town last week.
payment in kind (payment in goods and services rather than in money); work done in self-employment; work done without formal pay arrangements by family members for family businesses, farms or professional practices.
Do not include: volunteer work; unpaid housework; unpaid child care; unpaid care to seniors; unpaid home maintenance; leisure activities.
For persons 15 and over who work as employees in someone's home (for example, nannies), report the name of the family worked for, then report private household.
A more complete response would be: electrical equipment maintainer; electrical motor repairman; typist, general office work; industrial engineer; industrial engineering technician; electronic equipment inspector; aircraft assembly supervisor; health-care planning consultant.
Mark working without pay for his / her spouse or another relative in a family farm or business for persons aged 15 and over who worked: without money wages at a task that contributed to the operation of a farm or business that belongs to a spouse or relative who is a member of this household.
Mark self-employed without paid help or self-employed with paid help for persons aged 15 and over who: operated their own business, farm or professional practice (alone or in partnership) even if no goods or services were sold; operated their own business, farm or professional practice (alone or in partnership) whether it made a profit or suffered a loss; operated a farm, whether they owned or rented the land; worked on a freelance or contract basis; provided meals and /or room or daycare services in their own home for boarders, roomers or neighbours' children; operated a direct distributorship selling and delivering products such as cosmetics, newspapers, brushes or cleaning products; fished, trapped or hunted for profit or for the maintenance of the community, with their own or rented equipment or with equipment in which they had part ownership; were setting up a business, farm or professional practice.
An unincorporated business or farm has no separate legal existence, but may be a partnership, family business, or owner-operated business.
For persons who worked part of the time at home and part of the time at an employer's address: mark worked at home if most of the time was spent working at home (for example, three days out of five); mark worked at the address specified below and print the employer's address if more time was spent working at an employer's address.
Mark No fixed workplace address for persons who go from home to various work locations--for example, building and landscape contractors, travelling salespersons, or independent truck drivers.
Mark worked at the address specified below for persons who worked at an employer's address most of the time. Give a complete address including street number, name, type and, if applicable, direction. If the employer's address is unknown, print the name of the building or of the nearest street intersection. Report this person's regular place of work, even if he or she was temporarily on assignment, training or holiday last week.
For persons who work at a different job site or location every day: mark worked at the address specified below and specify the address or name of the headquarters or depot if they report there before starting work each day.
For persons whose job requires mostly dealing with customers, clients or peers, report the language used most often.
For persons whose job requires mostly writing, report the language written most often.
For persons who are deaf, hard of hearing or who have a speech disability, report a sign language if it is used most often at work.
Report only languages used in performing a job or a major task.
Report two languages only if they are used equally often.
Do not report a language used only during coffee, lunch or other rest breaks.
Report any other languages that this person may use on a regular basis in performing a job or a major task, though not as often as the main language reported in part (a).
Do not report a language used only during coffee, lunch or other rest breaks.
Exclude weeks on leave without pay.
Include weeks on leave with pay. (Include weeks in which training paid for by the employer was received. Include weeks of paid vacation and sick leave with pay.)
Report 52 weeks for persons who worked less than a year but who were paid on a 12-month basis, such as school teachers.
Report 52 weeks for persons who operated a farm, business or professional practice for the full year, including weeks on vacation or sick leave (paid or unpaid).
Mark part time for persons aged 15 and over who worked less than 30 hours per week at all jobs during most of the weeks they had worked in 2000.
Governments use income statistics to develop income support programs and social services, such as Old Age Security Pension, provincial income supplements, social assistance, and welfare payments. They also use these statistics to ensure that programs supplementing family incomes do so efficiently and to identify specific geographic areas that need assistance.
Businesses, large and small, use these statistics to locate stores near consumers and to develop new products and services.
Personal or identifiable information is never sold or given to mailing lists. No one, including government departments, has access to income or other personal information collected in the census. All your answers are kept confidential. This is the law.
Complete Question 51 for all persons aged 15 and over, whether or not they worked or had income in 2000.
Report annual income received from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2000 for each applicable source in parts (a) to (j) as well as the total income from all sources. If you are not sure of the exact amount for a source, give your best estimate. If necessary, consult your 2000 income tax return and information slips.
Report income obtained from outside Canada in Canadian dollars.
Part (a) -- Total wages and salaries
Include: total wages and salaries from all jobs before deductions for income tax, pensions, etc. (Do not report take-home pay only.); commissions, tips, cash bonuses and casual earnings; military pay and allowances; benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans; employer or union supplementary unemployment benefits.
Report retirement allowances and severance pay in part (j).
If using T4 slips to answer part (a), report the amount in Box 14 minus the amounts in Boxes 30 to 40.
Part (b) -- Net farm income
Persons who operated an agricultural operation in 2000, alone or in partnership, should report net farm income (gross receipts minus operating expenses such as wages, rents or depreciation) in part (b).
In the case of a partnership, report only this person's share of net income.
Agricultural operations produce any of the following items intended for sale: crops, livestock, poultry or other agricultural products (greenhouse or nursery products, Christmas trees, sod, honey, maple syrup, furs, eggs, milk, etc.)
Include: cash advances in gross receipts received in 2000; all rebates and farm-support payments from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs such as dairy or milk subsidies; marketing board payments and dividends received from co-operatives; gross insurance and program proceeds such as payments from crop insurance or Net Income Stabilization Account (NISA).
Report income from incorporated farms in part (a) and/or in part (h).
For persons who rented out their farms, report the net rent in part (h).
Mark Yes in part (c) for: persons who owned and operated a non-farm, unincorporated business or professional practice in 2000, alone or in partnership, including: self-employed fishers, trappers and hunters; persons doing casual work, such as babysitting in their own; home, or selling and delivering cosmetics or newspapers; freelancers, such as artists, writers or music teachers; persons providing room and board to non-relatives.
Report net income (gross receipts minus operating expenses such as wages, rents or depreciation). Do not subtract personal deductions such as income tax and pension contributions.
In the case of a partnership, report only this person's share of net income.
Report income from incorporated businesses in part (a) and /or in part (h).
Part (d) -- Old Age Security Pension, Guaranteed Income Supplement and Spouse's Allowance
Mark Yes in part (d) for: persons 65 years and over who in 2000 received Old Age Security Pension (and Guaranteed Income Supplement); 60 to 64-year-old spouses of Old Age Security Pension recipients and widow(er)s who in 2000 received Spouse's Allowance.
Report only money received from the federal government.
Report provincial or territorial income supplements in part (g).
If using T4A (OAS) slips to answer question (d), report the sum of amounts in Boxes 18 and 21.
Include these CPP/QPP payments: retirement pensions; survivors' benefits; disability pensions; orphans' benefits; a combination of these pensions and benefits.
Do not include: contributions to the plan; lump-sum death benefits.
Report income from employee pension plans in part (i).
Report old age, retirement and war pensions received from foreign sources in part (j).
If using T4A(P) slips to answer question (e), report the amount in Box 20.
Part (f) -- Benefits from Employment Insurance
Include benefits received: for unemployment; for sickness; for maternity, paternity or adoption; for work sharing or training; by self-employed fishers.
If using T4E slips to answer question (f), report the amount in Box 14.
Report in part (g) income received from federal, provincial, territorial and municipal governments in 2000 and not reported in other parts of Question 51.
Include: provincial or territorial income supplements to Old Age Security pension recipients; provincial or territorial payments for rent or lodging expenses for senior citizens; workers' compensation benefits; veterans' pensions; war veterans' allowances; pensions to widows and dependants of veterans; refunds of Goods and Services Tax (GST) or Harmonized Sales Tax (HST); refundable provincial or territorial tax credits; cash benefits for food, fuel and shelter from social assistance (welfare) programs; cash assistance to persons who are handicapped or disabled; payments received from training programs sponsored by government; regular payments from provincial automobile insurance plans (exclude lump-sum payments).
Do not include: income tax refunds; Canada Child Tax Benefit (CCTB) and any provincial or territorial child tax benefits such as: Nova Scotia Child Benefit, New Brunswick Child Tax Benefit and Working Income Supplement, Quebec Family allowance, Ontario Child Supplement for Working Families, Saskatchewan Child benefit or Employment Supplement, Alberta Employment Tax Credit, British Columbia Family Bonus or Earned Income Benefit, Yukon Child Benefit, Northwest Territories Child Benefit and Nunavut Child Benefit.
Part (h) -- Dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income
Include: the actual (not the taxable) amount of dividends received from Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds; interest from deposits in banks, trust companies, co-operatives, credit unions and caisses populaires; interest on savings certificates, guaranteed investment certificates (GICs), Canada Savings Bonds, other government or corporate bonds and debentures or treasury bills; cash dividends and interest from insurance policies; net rents from real estate, including farm land; mortgage and loan interest received; regular income from an estate or trust fund; investment income received from abroad (report in Canadian dollars).
In the case of a joint investment, report only this person's share.
Part (i) -- Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs
Include: pension income or survivor benefits from an employee pension plan; payments received from all annuities, including payments from a matured RRSP in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, a RRIF or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and RCMP officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund or an insurance company.
Do not include: lump-sum benefits; withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP; refunds of overcontributions.
Report severance pay, retirement allowances, and old age, retirement and war pensions received from foreign sources in part (j).
Report in part ( j) any other regular cash income received in 2000 and not covered in parts (a) to (i).
Include: alimony, child support and any periodic support from persons not in the household; non-refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and research grants; severance pay and retirement allowances; royalties; non-investment income from outside Canada (report in Canadian dollars).
Do not include: money received from gambling, lotteries, the sale of property or loan repayments; Canada Child Tax Benefit (CCTB) and other provincial or territorial child tax benefits; a cash refund of pension fund contributions; lump-sum death benefits or any other one-time, lump-sum payment; lump-sum inheritance or insurance policy settlements or cash gifts; capital gains or losses; income tax refunds.
Information on the number of rooms and bedrooms in homes and on housing costs is combined with data on the number of persons in households to assess the economic situation of families in different regions. Provincial and municipal governments use this information to measure levels of crowding within households and to develop appropriate housing programs.
Information on the age of dwellings and their need for repairs is used by municipalities to develop neighborhood improvement programs.
Mark Rented in all other cases, even if: the dwelling you occupy is provided without cash rent or at a reduced rent (for example, a minister's residence or superintendent's dwelling in an apartment building); the dwelling is part of a co-operative.
If a room is partially divided by a fixed or movable partition, or has two parts used for different purposes such as an L-shaped living and dining room, count it as two separate rooms.
Do not include any room used for another purpose during the day and as a bedroom at night (for example, a living room that is used as a bedroom at night).
If no rooms are used primarily for sleeping, report zero.
For a one-room dwelling or bachelor apartment, report zero.
If some part of your dwelling is damaged, defective or not operating properly, mark minor repairs or major repairs. Choose major repairs if your dwelling needs repairs to structures such as walls, floors, ceilings, or needs major replacements such as a new roof or new external siding.
If your dwelling needs both minor and major repairs, mark only major repairs. Do not mark both circles.
For condominium owners, if electricity or other service charges are included in the condominium fee, mark included in rent or other payments.
Include parking fees paid with rent, if any.
If this dwelling is in a building that contains several dwellings, or includes both residential and business premises, estimate the portion of the market value that applies only to the dwelling in which you live.