Census of Canada
Census Questionnaires, 1971
Dominion Bureau of Statistics
Instructions for Questions 1 to 7
2 Wife of household head
3 Unmarried children in order of age, eldest first
4 Married children and their families
5 Other relatives and their families
6 Lodgers and their families
7 Employees and their families
8 Other members of the household.
(ii) persons living apart because one person is in a hospital or sanatorium.
"Separated" is to be marked for persons (whether or not legally separated) who have been deserted or who have parted because they no longer want to live together but have not obtained a divorce.
"Divorced" is to be marked for each person who has obtained a legal divorce and has not remarried.
7. Be sure to mark "Yes" or "No" to this question, which appears at the top of page 3. If there are more than 7 persons in your household, the eighth person in your household will be entered as Person 1 on the second questionnaire with which you have been provided, the ninth person as Person 2, etc.
H1. Mark "Owned or being bought by you" if the dwelling belongs to you, or some member(s) of the household whether it has been fully paid for or not. Mark "Rented" if you are a tenant, even if no cash rent is paid to the landlord. A dwelling which is rented with an option to buy is considered "rented" until the option is taken up.
H2. According to census definition a dwelling must be structurally separate and have a private entrance from outside or through a common hall or stairway.
If you have to go through someone else's living quarters to enter yours, you should be enumerated as part of that household.
H3. Fill the circle opposite the description which best describes your dwelling; the sketches and comments below will help you decide which circle should be filled.
[Sketches skipped. See original for details.]
apartments. This includes dwelling types such as triplex, quadruplex, etc., or apartment(s) in a non-residential building such as a school, or over a store.
H4. In the case of apartments, check with the building superintendent or janitor, if you are in doubt as to the number of units.
H5. You should included rooms occupied by servants or lodgers, and summer kitchens, recreation rooms, etc., if they are finished rooms suitable for year-round living. Remember that you do not include garage, pantries, closets or halls, or rooms used solely for business purposes.
H9. If you have no telephone, try to give a Telephone number at which you can be reached.
H10. The period in which this building was constructed refers to the completion date of the original building. If exact age of this building is not known, please make the best guess you can.
H11. Fill the circle opposite the period in which the Head of this household has continuously lived in this dwelling. If the person has moved away and back again, report the period since last move.
H12. Fill circle "Owned" if you, as Head of this household, owned your most recent previous dwelling even if it was not fully paid for. Fill circle "Rented" if you, as Head of this household, were a tenant, even if no cash rent was paid to the landlord.
H13. Include all rooms designed and furnished as bedrooms and used mainly for sleeping purposes, even though the use may be occasional, as in the case of a "spare" bedroom.
Do not include rooms used regularly, as dining-rooms, etc., during the day, but as bedrooms at night.
H16 and H17. If in doubt in the case of apartments, contact the superintendent or janitor.
H17. Make certain that one circle is filled under each column, i.e., one under "House heating", one under "Cooking", and one under "Water heating". Show the fuel used most often. Piped gas refers to metered gas, such as natural gas distributed by a pipeline. Bottled gas refers to propane or other gas distributed in pressurized containers. Include other liquid fuels, such as kerosene under "Oil or other liquid fuel".
H18. Include station-wagons, but no panel or other trucks. Do not count cars permanently out of working order. Do not count company cars if used entirely for business purposes.
H19. A vacation home includes hunting cabins, ski chalets, summer cottages, or any other dwelling used mainly for recreational purposes on a seasonal basis only.
H21. See instructions for Question H1 concerning rules for "owned" and "rented".
H22 to H25. These questions are to be answered by owners only.
H22. For owners only. If you have marked your dwelling as a single house, state and the value of the entire house, including the value of the land it is on and of any other structure, such as a garage which is on your property. If you occupy a dwelling (other than a single house) within a building which you own, do not give the value of the entire building. Estimate the value of your dwelling by multiplying by 100 the amount of rent per month which you could obtain for that one dwelling.
H23. Remember that a house is mortgaged until it is fully paid for.
H24. The holder of the first mortgage is the person or organization to whom you make your mortgage payments.
H26 to H29. These questions are to be answered by tenants only.
H26. Either a "Yes" or a "No" circle must be filled for every part of this question.
H27. Report total cash rent for your dwelling, adding together the rent paid separately by different members of your household if the rent is shared. You must enter as rent the total amount of case you pay to your landlord even if this amount includes any of the facilities listed in H26 and H28. Report dollars only for this question.
H28. If payment for water, electricity, gas (piped or bottled), and fuel is included in your total cash rent, fill the circle opposite "None".
If fuel is not included in your rent, enter last year's cost of fuel for this dwelling. New tenants who do not know the additional cost of these services make the closest estimate possible.
H29. If your rent is reduced for any of the reasons listed, or you pay no rent at all, mark the correct reason. Otherwise, be sure to mark "No reduced rent".
Persons born outside of Canada who have obtained Canadian citizenship papers should fill the circle for "Canada".
Persons who have not yet become Canadian citizens and have lost their former citizenship, or have no citizenship for any other reason, should write "Stateless" in the space provided above "Other, write here".
Persons who are citizens of more than one country should enter only one citizenship, preferably the last one acquired.
2 In born in Canada, the language spoken by your ancestor on the male side when he came here.
2. a secondary school (high school, collegiate institute, technical high school, vocational
high school or junior high school);
3. a university (including colleges which offer courses leading to a degree);
4. other institutions such as seminaries or schools for the blind or deaf which provide an
equivalent type of general education leading to an elementary or high school diploma;
5. a technical institute;
6. a teachers' college, community college, or nursing school not affiliated with a
7. a private business college; or
8. a private or provincial trade or vocational school.
A person should be considered as attending full-time if he is taking 75% or more of the normal course load in the grade or year in which he is registered.
Part-time courses should include only organized instructional classes aimed at expanding knowledge or skills. Exclude activities which have no educational aim or which are not planned in systematic sequence (e.g., isolated public lectures).
Fill one circle only to indicate highest grade or year attended. (Persons currently enrolled should give their present grade or year.)
Fill the circle for "No schooling" for children in day nurseries and nursery schools that do not have an educational programme.
Persons studying to complete a regular school grade by private instruction, correspondence or part-time attendance at class should report the grade or year in which these courses would be included in the regular day-time programme.
Persons who received their education outside of Canada or who did not attend a regular graded school, should make the best possible estimate of the level of schooling completed. The following guides may help:
(2) Grade 12 is the Senior Matriculation year in Nova Scotia, Quebec and the Prairie
(3) Newfoundland, New Brunswick and Prince Edward island do not have Senior
Matriculation. The normal school leaving years (Junior matriculation) are Grade 12 in Prince Edward island and New Brunswick, and Grade 11 in Newfoundland.
(4) In the Classical Colleges of Quebec, "Versification" is considered equivalent to Grade
11, and "Belles-Lettres" as beyond the secondary level (see Question 23).
(5) In the British school system, 5th Form (Grammar school or Public school) is to be
equated to Grade 13, and 6th Form to the first year at university.
(6) In the continental system, the first four years of Middle School (Lyceum, Gymnasium, College, etc.) correspond to Grades 9 to 12.
Fill one circle only on each line.
If you have attended only part of a year at university or have attended the qualifying year, fill
the circle for "University 1".
If you have completed the 2nd (Sophomore) year at university but have taken three years to do
so, fill the circle for "University 2".
If you completed the 1st year in an Arts course then transferred to Medicine (or any other
faculty) and completed the 1st year of it, fill the circle for "University 2".
"Other" type of post-secondary schooling includes trade or business schools, institutes of
technology, community colleges, CEGEP's (in Quebec), teachers' colleges, schools of nursing, etc. Be sure to fill the appropriate circle (None, 1, 2, 3 +).
If you took one year in each of two different types of post-secondary schools (e.g., one year at
a technical institute and one year at teachers' college), fill the circle for "Other 2".
"Yes, a university certificate or diploma (below Bachelor level)"
"Yes, Bachelor degree"
"Yes, First Professional degree"
"Yes, a Master's or equivalent, or earned Doctorate"
This question refers to full-time vocational or occupational courses of at least 3 months duration taken by you at any time.
Do not include courses leading to a high school diploma or to a university degree, certificate or diploma.
Do not include courses which you are presently taking but have not yet completed, or courses which you commenced but dropped before completion.
Include the following only if they were taken to improve your occupational qualifications: (1) arts and craft programmes; (2) literacy or language courses; (3) investment or homemaking courses; (4) music or other cultural courses.
Courses within the Armed Services should be included, provided they are of 3 months full-time duration and are useful in civilian life.
For recording apprenticeship training, mark in part (b) the entire length of the apprenticeship, not just the part spent in formal class-room or shop instruction.
Be very specific in describing your course (e.g., "house wiring" is more specific than "electricity"; "cabinet-making" is more specific than "woodwork").
Be sure to fill one and only one of the four circles.
If you have filled the bottom circle, be sure to enter the name of your locality of residence 5 years ago and the county and province in which it is located. Where a name is used both for a parish and a town, etc., please indicate which is correct by adding the type, i.e. Granby town or Granby parish. If you were living in a suburban municipality, enter its name rather than the name of the large metropolitan area of which it forms a part, e.g., East Kildonan rather than Winnipeg.
If you came to this country from abroad, do not include your arrival in Canada as a "move", but count each later move within Canada since June 1, 1966.
Students who have left their home base temporarily to attend university or to take summer employment, should not count these as moves.
28. If you have been married more than once, report only the date of your first marriage.
29. Count all babies born alive that you have ever had, whether born of this marriage or any previous marriage. Include those who died after birth and those now residing elsewhere. Do not include adopted or stepchildren. Fill the "None" circle if you never had a baby.
30. Include any service during wartime in the active military forces (Army, Navy, or Air Force) of Canada or its allies of that war. If you have had service in both World War I and World War II, be sure to fill in both the "Yes" circles.
Do not include service in the following semi-civilian organizations:
St. John Ambulance Corps
Civilian Fire Fighters
Knights of Columbus War Workers
Civilian instructors in service schools or establishments
Civilians attached to reserved units of the military.
(a) Fill the circle opposite 1-19 or 20+ hours according to the actual hours you worked last week under on one or more of the following conditions:
for wages, salary, piece-rates, tips, commission, or payment "in kind" (such as room, board, or supplies received in place of cash wages).
(3) You operated your own farm, either owned or rented, alone or in partnership. Mark hours worked even if no profit was made.
(4) You preformed services last week for which you were paid in kind (or cash) while undergoing training, for example, a nurse-in-training in a hospital.
(5) You served in the Armed Forces.
(6) Your worked with pay for non-family members at such jobs as baby-sitting, keeping house, sewing, delivering papers, etc.
(7) You served as a member of a religious order as a priest, monk or nun.
Note that "hours without pay, worked for a related member of our household" should be reported in part (b).
Fill the circle opposite "None" if none of these conditions apply. Housework in your own home, volunteer work and school homework are not to be considered as work for the special purposes of this question.
(b) Fill the circle opposite 1-19 or 20+ hours as appropriate if you worked without regular money wages for a related member of your household in a family business or farm. Otherwise, fill the circle opposite "None".
Note: Self-employed persons should report their hours in part (a) and not in part (b).
(c) Fill the "Yes" circle if, at any time last week, you:
placing or answering advertisements;
writing letters of application for jobs;
registering at a private employment office;
meeting with prospective employers; or
(d) Fill the "Yes" circle if, at any time last week, you were on temporary lay-off (for not more than 30 days) from your job.
(e) Fill the "Yes" circle if, at any time last week, you were absent from your job because of:
reasons, etc.; or
(2) training courses or educational leave with or without pay provided your job is being
held for your return.
This question is asked to determine the number of people with recent or any work experience.
If you worked last week, please fill the circle "In 1971".
If you did not work last week but have worked at any time in 1971 or 1970, you should fill the circle "In 1971" or "In 1970" according to when you last worked.
If you did not work at all in 1971 or 1970 but have worked at any time in your life before 1970, fill the circle opposite "Before 1970" and skip to Question 40.
"Never worked" should be marked only if you have never had a job or business, or never been in the Armed Forces in your lifetime.
If you had a job last week, answer these questions for your job last week even if you were absent from work because of temporary lay-off, illness, vacation, labour dispute, training courses, etc.
Answer the questions for the same job. If you had more than one job last week, give information for the one at which you worked the most hours.
If you had no job or business last week (with or without pay), give the information for your job of longest duration since January 1, 1970.
34. Enter the complete name of the employer for whom you worked, for example, "Canadian National Railways, Freight Office" (not CNR). In doubtful cases, give the name of the agency or person paying your wages or salary, for example, "Canadian Corps of Commissionaires". Enter your won name if self-employed without a business name.
Electrical appliance repair shop
Retail gasoline station
(b) Electrical repair and maintenance
(c) Apprentice electrician
2. (a) Operating a packaging machine
(b) Wrapping paper serviettes
(c) Wrapping machine operator
3. (a) General office work
(b) Typing and filing
4. (a) Electronic testing and inspection
(b) Testing electronic components
(c) Electronic inspection technician
5. (a) Wheat farming
(b) Operating a wheat farm
(c) Wheat farmer
6. (a) Operating a pharmacy
(b) Dispensing and selling drugs
(c) Proprietor--Retail drug store
(b) Repair work
2. (a) Factory work
(b) Operating a machine
(c) Machine operator
3. (a) Clerical
(b) Office work
4. (a) Technical
(c) Inspection technician
5. (a) Farming
(b) Farm work
6. (a) Owner
(2) you worked for payment "in kind" in non-family enterprises, e.g. as a member of a
(3) you worked on commission as a salesman for only one company and did not maintain
an office or staff;
(4) you worked for various people as an odd-job labourer or as a baby-sitter, etc.
Fill the circle opposite "working without pay in a family business or farm" if you worked without regular money wages for a relative who is a member of the same household, at tasks which contributed to the operation of a business or farm owned and operated by the relative.
Fill either the circle opposite "Self-employed without paid help" or "Self-employed with paid help" as appropriate and indicate whether your business or farm was incorporated if you:
(2) operate a farm, whether you own or rent the land;
(3) work on a free-lance basis or contract to do a job;
(4) work as a private duty nurse.
38. If possible give the full address, e.g., 121 Main Street, Home-town, Queens County, Ontario, if the full address is not known, use one of the following suggestions:
(b) name of building; e.g., Hometown Civic Hospital;
(c) side of street and nearest corner; e.g., South side, Main Street at First Avenue.
If in the job reported you had no usual place of work, see the following instructions:
(2) Your home or the farm on which you live was your place of work;
(3) You have neither a fixed place of work nor a usual headquarters (other than home).
(2) Fill the circle "At home";
(3) Write in the address where you most often worked in the job described.
(a) Please note that in counting weeks worked during 1970 you should:
hours in that week;
(2) include weeks of self-employment, weeks of paid vacation, paid sick-leave, etc.;
(3) fill the circle opposite "49-52" if you are a school-teacher or hold a similar job in which you are paid for the full year, even though you are not actually working at this job for the full year.
(b) Be sure to indicate whether these weeks reported were mainly full weeks of work or mainly weeks in which you worked only part of a week.
(a) and fill the circle opposite "Part-time" in part (b).
(2) If you worked full-time for 9 months (39 weeks) and part-time for 4 weeks, fill the circle opposite "40-48" in part (a) and opposite "Full-time" in part (b).
1. Information on your questionnaire is strictly confidential by law and no individual or department outside of DBS has access to your personal records.
2. Just as your census questionnaire can never be seen by the Taxation Department, your income tax form can never be seen by the Dominion Bureau of Statistics. This is why we ask you to report income again on your census document.
3. Income reported in this question should be the total received during the calendar year 1970.
4. Please give amounts in dollars only. Do not report cents.
5. If you are not sure of an answer, make your best estimate.
6. Please answer every part of this question whether you were working or not. If you had no income from a given source, fill the "None" circle.
7. If you received income from abroad, please quote it in Canadian dollars. However, if you immigrated to Canada since January 1, 1970, do not report income received before your arrival in Canada.
In case of a partnership, report only your share of the earnings. If you lost money, give amount and write "Loss".
2. Do not include retirement pensions to civil servants, RCMP or military personnel. These should be reported in (d) 4.
3. Include here also workmen's compensation, mothers' allowances, pensions for widows, the blind and the disabled, as well as cash welfare payments and training allowances from all levels of government. Include veterans' disability pensions and allowances. Retirement pensions for career military personnel should be reported in (d) 4.
4. Report here any income you received as a result of previous employment by yourself or a deceased relative. Include pensions to retired RCMP, career military or Civil Service employees, and all annuities regardless of who purchased them. Do not include cash refunds made in a lump sum.
5. Report interest from deposits in banks, trust companies, co-operatives, Credit Unions, etc., as well as bound and debenture interest and all dividends.
6. Include here net rents from real estate (including farm land), mortgage and loan interest, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. If this total is a loss, write "Loss" beneath the entry.
7. Include here all regular income (not one-time lump-sum payments) not covered in the questions above. Examples are:
(ii) Child support;
(iii) Payments from Children's Aid for care of wards;
(iv) Periodic support from persons not in the household;
(v) Net income from roomers and boarders;
(vi) Income from abroad (i.e. pensions) except dividends and interest, which should go into (d) 5; and