Manual for enumerators
Any Census Officer who:-
[a]without sufficient cause refuses or neglects to act as such or to use reasonable diligence and care in performing any duty imposed upon him;
[b]willfully puts an offensive or improper question or knowingly makes any false return;
[c]asks, receives or takes from any person otherwise than an authorized officer of the
Government any payment or reward;
[d]divulges any information obtained during the performance of his duty as a Census Officer; shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable to a fine of four hundred pula and to imprisonment for twelve months.
In undertaking the work of an enumerator you have to become a Census Officer and these provisions apply to you.
[i] 3 enumeration books
[ii] a file containing EA map and locality list
[iii] 1 printed white adhesive label
[iv] 1 printed red adhesive label
[v] 5 ball point pens
You should keep your equipment carefully because at the end of the enumeration you will be required to return it, and you cannot be paid until all these items have been accounted for to your supervisor.
Start your enumeration with the first dwelling on your list. After completing enumeration in the dwelling you should fill in your control list, i.e. Columns 5 to 9 in the list. In column 5 you will enter as appropriate:-
 1 if enumeration has been effected
 2 if you have to make a revisit for a complete enumeration
 3 if the dwelling is unoccupied
 4 other, specify
After enumeration in the dwelling, enter in column 6 the number of households enumerated; in column 7 enter the number of persons you have enumerated in the household(s) now outside Botswana. Write any comments you may have in column 9. [see Appendix 1 for the control list]
If on revisit to the dwelling you are still unable to enumerate it, enter code 2 again in column 5 of the control list. You must make at least three visits to a dwelling.
[a]others can read what you have written
[b]all columns are filled in where they should be and the answer codes are correctly entered
[c]the household number has been entered
[d]you have affixed the white tape
When you are satisfied that all this is in order you should sign the questionnaire.
 -  For the first household enumerated
 -  For subsequent households
Write down the names in the following order:-
Head or Acting Head of Household
Spouse of Head
Never married children of head or spouse
Ever married children of head or spouse and their children
Non-relatives and visitors
in this column.
For the head of household enter 1
For his/her spouse enter 2
For his/her son/daughter enter 3
For his/her brother/sister enter 4
For his/her nephew/niece enter 5
For his/her in-law enter 6
For his/her grandchild 7
For his/her father/mother enter 8
For other relations enter 9
For any persons not related enter 10
Visitors enter 11
Before going on to complete other columns make sure that you have written down the names and entered correct relationship codes of every person who spent the previous night in the house.
For females enter 2
Sometimes it may be clear to you from the name and relationship which sex the person is, but be careful to get the sex of young children right-don't guess it, ask.
For children who are under one year of age at the time of enumeration, enter 0000.
For a person who is living in the same dwelling now as last year, enter 0001.
For a person who was living somewhere else in the locality enter 0002.
For a person who was living somewhere else in Botswana, write down the name of the place and also check the appropriate code from the village list. Enter the code below the name of the place you have just written.
For a person who was living outside Botswana a year before the census enter the code number for the country. See column P7 for the list of the country codes. If the country is not listed, write down the name of the country.
Column [P10] Enter the answer code as appropriate
Column [P11] Enter the highest school grade the person has passed.
If Standard 1, enter 11
If Standard 2, enter 12
If Standard 3, enter 13
If Standard 4, enter 14
If Standard 5, enter 15
If Standard 6, enter 16
If Standard 7, enter 17
[If somebody has passed old Sub A or Sub B enter 11. The instruction remains the same for all other standards]
If the person has attended or is attending secondary school enter the highest form passed as follows:
If Form 1, enter 21
If Form 2, enter 22
If Form 3, enter 23
If Form 4, enter 24
If Form 5, enter 25 and
If Form 6, enter 26
If the person has attended or is attending University enter the number of years the person has spent attending University as follows:
Year 1, 31
Year 2, 32
Year 3, 33
Year 4, 34
Year 5 and over, 35
These questions must be answered for all females aged 12 years and over, whether they are single, married, widowed or divorced or separated, whatever their relationship to the head of household. For all males and all girls under 12 years of age enter '0' in these columns.
Columns H2, H3 and H4
This refers to arable farming by the household. Enter the appropriate code in the box if any member of the household planted any crops during the past 5 years.
01 Tribal authority
02 Land Board
05 Rent : BHC
09 Self allocation
10 Provided by employer
99 Don't know
Some of the above codes need further explanations:
Inheritance-enter code 04 for plots by inheritance, regardless of means of previous allocation.
Rent-for any household renting from Botswana Housing Corporation or Council enter code 05 or 06; for any household renting (making payment to the owner for the right to stay on the land and/ or to occupy a building owned by the owner) enter 07 if the owner is an individual, 08 if the owner is a company/government/ university.
Self allocation-for tribal/ state land where no allocation was made by any authority enter code 09; for any household where no one member of the household is employed by the owner [individual, company, government, university] and stays rent-free also enter code 09.
Provided by employer-in cases where housing is provided by the employer rent-free enter code 10.
 Conventional Housing Units: these units may be in a block of flats , bungalows , chalets, malwapa, huts built of wood and poles, etc. Generally all housing units in building intended for human habitation are regarded as conventional building.
 Improvised Housing Units: are those housing units made of waste materials like polythene, tin cans or plates, cardboards or packing cases. Such units are largely found in squatters areas near large towns.
 Housing units in permanent buildings not intended for human habitation-for example stables, mills, garages and warehouses being used as housing units.
 Movable housing units-tents, caravans.
 Occasionally there may be some households who have no living accommodation, for them enter code 5. Special arrangements will be made to enumerate hotels, hospitals, boarding schools, prisons, military camps and other institutions.
Columns [H9, H10 and H11] material of construction